Saudi Engineering Conference, CEREM, technology, CENTER OF EXCELLENCE, King Saud University, development, Engineering Materials, College of Engineering, human resource base, novel materials, Maher Alodan, economic development, research and development, Mohamed Elkady, Higher Education Ministry, Ministry of Higher Education, fundamental research, industrial collaboration, technologies, Research & Development Sector, international market place, Chief Research Officer, development services, sector, private sector, state-of-the-art instrumentation, transfer of technology, Abdulaziz Alhamid, center administration, materials engineering research, young researchers, Center of Excellence initiative, science and technology, address, fundamental science, science and engineering, human resources development, control materials, materials properties, Interdisciplinary Research Groups, materials technology, materials research, parallel processing, Conferencing Center Services Board of Directors Director Steering Committ Research, Materials Science and Engineering, Center of Excellence for Research in Engineering Materials, the Ministry of Higher Education, Abdulrahman Alarieni College of Engineering, services center, Public Relations, Materials Characterization Lab, Development SECTOR, Legal Publications, Saeed Alzahrani
ESTABLISHING A CENTER OF EXCELLENCE FOR RESEARCH IN engineering materials
Abduhakim Almajid, Abdulaziz Alhamid, Maher Alodan, Saleh Alsayed, Mohamed ElMadany, Mohamed Elkady, Saeed Alzahrani, Abdulrahman Alarieni College of Engineering, King Saud University
, P.O. Box 800, Riyadh 11421 ABSTRACT The Center of Excellence initiative set by the Ministry of Higher Education
(MHE) aims to support existing centers or to establish new centers in the Universities. One of the main objectives of MHE is to institute programs designed to improve the quality, distribution, and effectiveness of the Nation's human resource base. Now at the dawn of the 21st century, the Ministry of Higher Education has granted the College of Engineering at King Saud University a contract of sixty three million Saudi Riyals to establish a Center of Excellence in Materials Science and Engineering. This paper is concerned with the establishment of a Center of Excellence for Research in Engineering Materials, CEREM, at King Saud University. CEREM will explore not only methods of converting natural resources
to useful materials, but also the scientific basis of designing novel materials at the electronic, atomistic and molecular levels, as well as the techniques for producing them. The Center of Excellence initiative will support long-term materials research and development leading to potential breakthroughs in areas such as materials and manufacturing, electronics, medicine and healthcare, environment and energy, chemical, and computation. The paper aims at setting up a plan for structuring a center of excellence in materials science and engineering that will provide synergistic and interactive programs in research, industrial collaboration, information dissemination and technology transfer, and launch new initiatives to address the changing needs of our society. KEYWORDS Center of excellence, Engineering materials, Materials research and development 1. INTRODUCTION The role of materials in the advancement of science and technology that have transformed societies around the globe cannot be overstated. The importance of materials research to economic development
has been recognized by its designation in Proceedings of the 7th Saudi Engineering Conference (SEC7) 1
the past as a key technology. Materials research has generated countless advances in areas such as electronics, automotive and aerospace transportation, biomaterials, and nano-technology. Materials is a field that is both vast in scope and extreme in depth, and this sustains an extremely fertile arena for university research, education, economic and entrepreneurial impact that spans the sciences, engineering, and is rapidly moving into medicine and agriculture. It is essential for King Saud University (KSU) to be internationally prominent in this extremely important field. The Center of Excellence initiative will support long-term materials research and development leading to potential breakthroughs in areas such as materials and manufacturing, electronics, medicine and healthcare, environment and energy, chemical and, computation. The Center of Excellence incorporates fundamental research, grand challenges, centers and networks of excellence. This initiative also addresses development of a balanced infrastructure, novel approaches to the education and training of future advanced materials workers, the ethical, legal and social implications of advanced materials, and rapid transfer of knowledge and technology gained from the research and development efforts. The interplay between fundamental research and technology development will be supported for synergistic results. The country success and future depend on university-industry-government collaborative efforts to develop programs, partnerships and joint ventures which will build on the strengths of each, creating new vehicles for leadership in high technology
innovation. This is in direct response to the Higher Education Ministry objective of instituting programs designed to improve the quality, distribution, and effectiveness of the Nation's human resource base. Now at the dawn of the 21st century, the College of Engineering with collaboration with other colleges at King Saud University is striding forward in establishing a Center of Excellence in Materials Science and Engineering. The Center of Excellence for Research in Engineering Materials (CEREM) will explore not only methods of converting natural resources to useful materials, but also the scientific basis of designing novel materials at the electronic, atomistic and molecular levels, as well as the techniques for producing them. 2. VISION, MISSION, AND OBJECTIVES OF THE CENTER 2.1 CEREM VISION The CEREM vision is to be recognized as the top and the leading center for research in Engineering Materials in the region. 2.2 CEREM MISSION The mission of the center is to promote international excellence in materials science and engineering through research and educational programs
. It emphasizes fundamental science and engineering issues that have benefits to the society and the global community. In order to accomplish the above stated mission of the center: · CEREM will advance the frontiers of knowledge through basic and advanced research of Engineering Materials. Proceedings of the 7th Saudi Engineering Conference (SEC7) 2
· CEREM will seek to accelerate transfer of technology to the private sector in order to strengthen industry's ability to compete in an extremely demanding international market place. · CEREM will be committed to educating young researchers who can fulfill university, government, and industrial needs. · CEREM will be committed to advancing the state-of-the-art in the manufacturing technologies, testing methodologies, utilization approaches and Performance assessment
techniques of engineering materials. · CEREM will be committed to securing and strengthening the stature of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the field of engineering materials. 2.3 CEREM OBJECTIVES The objectives of the center of excellence are: · To increase the number of researchers with Bachelors, Master's, and Ph.D. degrees in engineering materials who are capable of fulfilling university, industrial, commercial, and government needs, and to increase the opportunities for businesses to expand on their capability for high technology innovation and growth and to promote and exploit innovative uses of engineering materials beyond current state-of-the-art performance. · To facilitate the collaboration of engineers and researchers in engineering and science fields working on interdisciplinary teams to define and solve complex technical problems. · To respond to the demands of industry, government and universities for a more highly trained human resource base, greater intellectual exchange, and technology transfer, thus enhancing the ability of the Kingdom, as a nation, to compete in the global economy
. · To equip the center laboratories with state-of-the-art instrumentation and apparatus designed to facilitate the CEREM's "objective of excellence in science and research through commitment and perseverance." · To fund materials engineering research dedicated to the growth, characterization, and fabrication of novel materials and devices for high power, high strength, and high temperature applications. · To sustain support funds which are critical to the long-term institutionalization of the CEREM's science and engineering programs, by attracting industrial collaboration through provision of advanced technological support and development services related to engineering materials. 3. CENTER ORGANIZATION Proceedings of the 7th Saudi Engineering Conference (SEC7) 3
The flowchart of the Center Structure is presented in Figure 1. The organization of the center is shown in the figure, in addition to the administration, it has the following main sectors: 1. Research & Development Sector 2. Facilities Sector 3. Services and Support Sector The center is run by a Director who is also the Chief Executive Officer CEO. Each sector is headed by a Chief Officer. Chief Officers report to the Chief Executive Officer. The sectors are thus headed by: 1. Chief Research Officer - in charge of R&D Sector. 2. Chief Facility Officer - in charge of Facilities Sector. 3. Chief Services and Support Officer - in charge of Services and Support Sector. Details of each sector as well as departments within the sector are given in reference . 3.1CENTER ADMINISTRATION
The organization of center administration as shown in Figure 1 consists of: 1. Director 2. Board of Directors
3. Steering Committee 3.2 EXAMPLES OF CENTER TASKS The key opportunity for the interested parties
in CEREM to advance the vision of a strong long-term research and technological base will be through collaborative research and/or support of the center for activities within KSU and other organizations such as universities. Some representative activities are outlined below:
Identification of potentially attractive areas for collaborative research to
be discussed in more details by the steering committee.
Exchanges and seminars.
Sponsorship of professorial chairs, training, and support for researchers.
Support and cooperation for initiatives to broaden the awareness of
technology and science and related careers within the Kingdom
Student undergraduate and graduate scholarships as well as co-op
Finally, where Saudi institutions have unique technological expertise, the center and its
sponsors can utilize their presence and connections to promote broader international
recognition and utilization of this expertise.
3.3 DELIVERABLES The center is dedicated to scientifically serve the national interest and serve in the development of technologies in the field of Engineering Materials. Although some of the expected deliverables can be realized from the previous sections, we outline here the main deliverables of the center:
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An annual report that includes the activities of the center delivered to our
All results and reports obtained from research project
s performed or
sponsored by the center.
All software developed by the center or research sponsored by the center.
All publications related to meetings/workshops or conferences supported
or organized by the center.
4. THE CENTER IMPACT AND RESEARCH APPROACH
4.1 CENTER OF EXCELLENCE IMPACT
The potential research areas of the Center of Excellence can be divided into two broad categories; i) metallic materials, ii) composite materials. Within these two categories emphasis will be placed on materials and technologies that have appeared during the last few decades or materials and technologies that are now emerging and that hold great promise in fulfilling future requirements. The center will focus on the areas that are within its member's expertise and areas that serve the Kingdom education goals and economy. For details examination of the status of each category with respect to its contribution to national needs and economic prosperity, the reader is referred to reference . 4.1RESEARCH APPROACH AND METHODOLOGIES
As a result of the highly competitive and dynamic nature of materials technology, of the clear need to create a balanced infrastructure for materials science, engineering, technology and human resources
development, and of the potentially immense return on investment, the time appears right for the nation to establish a significant R&D initiative to support Center of Excellence for Research in Engineering Materials (CEREM). The promises of CEREM can best be realized through long term and balanced investment in four R&D categories in particular: (1) Synthesis and processing: Enable the control of materials and develop engineering tools to provide the means to assemble and utilize tailored building blocks for new processes and devices in a wide variety of applications. Extend the traditional approaches to patterning and microfabrication to include parallel processing with proximal probes, selfassembling, stamping, and templating; (2) Characterization and manipulation: Discover and develop new experimental tools to broaden the capability to measure and control materials, including developing new standards of measurement. Pay particular attention to tools capable of measuring/manipulating single macro- and supra-molecules of biological interest; (3) Modeling and simulation: Accelerate the application of novel concepts and highperformance computation to the prediction of materials properties, phenomena, and processes; (4) Device and system concepts: Stimulate the innovative application of materials properties in ways that might be exploited in new technologies.
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5. CEREM PLANNED ACTIVIES 5.1 RESEARCH The Center of Excellence for Research in Engineering Materials (CEREM) addresses fundamental scientific problems of technological significance which require an approach that transcends traditional disciplines. The scientific program will be based on concept-driven approach. Interdisciplinary Research Groups will not be delineated by the specific type of materials investigated, but by the conceptual framework they address. This enables the Center to explore synergistic connections effectively and to exploit fundamental principles driving the behavior of many materials. The Center will also be based on collaborative and highly interactive approach. This will be reflected in the multidisciplinary make-up of the research teams. The center will provide synergistic and interactive programs in research, and launch new initiatives to address the changing needs of our society. The center will create a unique interdisciplinary and multi-disciplinary environment that allows members to undertake materials research of a scope and complexity that would not be feasible under traditional center. Center's research is designed so that members can work closely with their colleagues in industry, national labs, and academic institutions, allowing them to make significant advances in materials research, which will ultimately improve the quality of lives. 5.2 INDUSTRIAL OUTREACH The center will seek to maximize the impact of its research and to satisfy the missions of the CEREM and the goals of the Higher Education Ministry via interactions with industry. A highly effective set of programs for industrial outreach and knowledge transfer are envisioned: · Attract industrial collaboration to secure CEREM support and funding which are critical to the long-term institutionalization of the CEREM''s science and engineering programs. · Work with industry as a solution provider for short term research project. · Facilitate the development of new technologies resulting from university- industry research partnerships through promotion, administrative support, and initiation of new relationships. · Optimize the flow of research results from the CEREM to industry and government. 5.3 KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER One of the main objectives of the CEREM program is to enhance the transfer of technology and to have the know-how ability that can be attained by: · Support and promote the CEREM's interdisciplinary research activities and accomplishments. Proceedings of the 7th Saudi Engineering Conference (SEC7) 6
· Impact positively, the community's orientation to science and technology, and thereby, increase the number of Saudi's motivated to seek science and engineering degrees at all levels, academic and other career opportunities in science and engineering research. · Initiate a systematic approach to stimulating intellectual exchange, technology transfer, and collaboration between CEREM researchers and relevant scientific and technical researchers in both the public and private sectors, and at other universities, with more frequency than presently exists. In this regard, an attention will be given to maximize the benefits of CEREM's research products by transferring the technology to the user sector through various programs and demonstrative projects. 5.4 GRADUATE STUDENT SCHOLARSHIPS The backbone of any research institute is the full time graduate students
who conduct the research activities. The CEREM is committed to attract the top graduate students and post doctorate to promote research activities in the center. The Center will give a priority to this matter. For this purpose, several International Student
s are expected to be hosted yearly from different countries. 5.5 MEETING AND SYMPOSIA · The Center will sponsor and organize scientific meetings in regular basis. Each meeting addresses an important and current scientific theme that is chosen because it either represents an important example of the relation between fundamental science and commercial opportunities or it provides a forum to consider new research project opportunities within the Center. The meetings will be organized by Center senior investigators and take one of two formats. · The Center will sponsor and organize symposia constituting one-day meetings that address topics of industrial interest. · The Center will sponsor and organize meetings in other formats, locally referred to as workshops, which run from one to several days and address substantial scientific issues in materials-related fields. 5.6 Intellectual property
The Center will have a commitment to transform its science into tangible benefits for industry in the form of patents, copyrighted software and other licensable intellectual property. 6. FACILITIES CEREM will coordinate, administer, and support several state-of-the-art research, fabrication, and characterization facilities at KSU in addition to facilities available through the various colleges, and departments. Many of the facilities below will have professional staff, and facilities will be available to graduate students, faculty, researchers, and to outside industry and government researchers. Proceedings of the 7th Saudi Engineering Conference (SEC7) 7
8.1 EXISTING EQUIPMENT 1. MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION LAB (MCL) MCL will be a full-service analytical laboratory, which serves the research community
by offering a range of state-of-the-art analytical techniques staffed by full-time professionals. Techniques offered may include: microscopy, surface and thin film analysis, trace Chemical analysis
, structural determination, and various physical property measurements. All of the analytical tools will be available for hands-on use by graduate students and faculty. Available labs and infrastructure to support the center are: (a) surface characterization, and (b) chemical characterization and analysis. 2. MECHANICAL TESTING LAB (MTL) The goal of the MTL is to provide a well maintained, User Testing
facility which allows mechanical evaluation of materials on length scales from nanometers to meters. Testing capabilities may include Nanomechanical Behavior (nanoscale elements such as molecules, cells, NEMS), Micromechanical Behavior (e.g., MEMS, thin films, and coatings), and Mechanical Behavior (bulk materials (ceramics, metals, polymers, composites). Available equipment and infrastructure to support the center include Universal Testing Machines (10kN-500kN capacity); Hardness tester; Impact testing machine; Fatigue testing machine; Creep testing machine; Ultrasonic resonance spectrometer; Amsler Press, capacity in compression = 1000 tons, in flexure =200 tons; Data logger (80 channel capacity) and High speed data acquisition
systems; and Different ranges of load cells, hydraulic jacks and displacement transducers 3. MATERIALS PROCESSING LAB (MPL) The center will be equipped by state-of-the-art facilities for the new generation materials such as Hot Isostatic Press (HIP), Centrifugal Casting (Rapid Solidification), Rolling Machines... etc. Available equipment and infrastructure to support the center include Mechanical Attrition machine; High Temperature Furnaces; Extrusion machine; CNC engraving milling machine; Gate Anilam CNC milling 3000M;Jessey Major Turning machine Mj2260; HS503 Hizal Horizontal milling machine HS503; Hizal Electric Discharge Machining. (EDM) S300; Shenzhen Wire Electric Discharge Machining; CMM measuring machine; Seam Welding machine; and Mechanical Workshop. 8.2 PROPOSED EQUIPMENT The following equipments are proposed for the center of excellence to achieve the proposed objectives: · High Resolution Scanning electron microscope equipped with EDS and EBSD; Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) · Hot Isostatic press (HIP); Rolling machine · High temperature control
led atmosphere furnaces; Centrifugal casting for rapid solidification ( for producing powders) · Extrusion machine equipped with a furnace; Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Molding (VARTM/RTM) · Automated tow placement; Autoclave molding · Lamination Press; Creep Testing Machine Proceedings of the 7th Saudi Engineering Conference (SEC7) 8
· Flat bet Universal Testing Machine; Optical Spectrum Analyzers; Fiber Optic Censers · Structure scan system (professional); Advanced field and laboratory corrosion measurements of reinforcing steel. 9. THE CENTER EVALUATION 9.1 GUIDELINES TO THE CENTER SUCCESS The CEREM has adopted a number of core values that define the behaviors that the center seek to reward and recognize. The CEREM reinforces these core values to accomplish its Mission and Vision. 1. Commitment to Personal and Scholarly Integrity Scholarly integrity will result in high quality publications and international recognition due to the strong scientific foundation and methodology used to produce results that are reproducible. 2. Teamwork We are dedicated to the precept that teams produce at a level that far exceeds the sum of individual efforts due to the synergy that results from effective teamwork. 3. Commitment to Excellence Every aspect of the organization should be focused on exceeding the expectations of customers whether internal or external. 4. Commitment to Personal/Professional Development A fundamental tenant of maintaining this resource is providing opportunities for personal and professional growth through participation in training, professional associations
, and other career enhancement activities. 5. Commitment to Continuous Improvement We will develop processes that will encourage and manage improvement on a continuous basis. 9.2 MEASURES OF THE CENTER SUCCESS The CEREM has adopted a number of performance assessment criteria
and strength measures to evaluate the center success. The CEREM `s performance assessment criteria will be: 1. Extent to which the Center is contributing to the development of local industries. 2. Extent to which the Center is interacting with industry clients for the purpose of providing advanced technological support and development services related to engineering materials. 3. Extent to which the Center is advancing the global state-of-the-art technologies related to engineering materials by collaborating with - and acquiring - international expertise in the area. Proceedings of the 7th Saudi Engineering Conference (SEC7) 9
4. Extent to which the Center is Promoting advanced research and development in engineering materials via solid contributions to international public
ations and global conference discussions. The CEREM strength measures will be: 1. Number of research and their corresponding funds conducted by the center. 2. Number of publications and patents and their quality. 3. Number of workshops conducted by the center for the local industry. 10. ESTIMATED BUDGET The estimated budget for the center will include purchasing the equipment and payment of the staffs. In addition, the center will fund solicited proposals in the area of the center. In the initial setup phase of the center, the center budget will be focusing in building the labs and recognizing the weaknesses of the center to strengthening it. The focus will be shifted toward technology transfer in the full operation phase where expert in the area of the center will be landed to help promoting the research activities. For a five-year plan, the total annual budget is estimated to be around SR 15,000,000. The equipments, researchers, and running expenses will consume around SR 11,000,000. The remaining budget will be directed toward funding proposals by the faculties of the engineering college and collaborating agencies. 11. CONCLUDING REMARKS In this paper, the vision, mission, goals, and objectives of the Center, together with the center tasks and duties in advancing the vision of a strong long-term research and technological base are set up. The proposed center organization with its various sectors, center administration, board of directors and steering committee are drawn together. The impact of the Center on the national needs and economic prosperity is highlighted. The investment opportunities of the nation to establish a significant R&D initiative to support the Center are discussed and stressed. CEREM plan activities including research, industrial outreach, knowledge transfer, graduate students scholarship, meeting and symposia, and intellectual property are presented. The establishment of several state-of-the-art research, fabrication, and characterization facilities at KSU in addition to upgrading the facilities available through the various colleges, and departments are proposed. In addition, some important issues, such as guidelines to the center success; core values that define the behaviors that the center seeks to reward and recognize, and measure of the center success are presented and emphasized. 12. REFERENCES 1. Almajid, A.A., et al, "Center of Excellence for Research in Engineering Materials (CEREM)", Report, College of Engineering, King Saud University, 2007. Proceedings of the 7th Saudi Engineering Conference (SEC7) 10
Advising Committ services center public relations
Financial Legal Publications and Conferencing Center Services
Board of Directors Director
Research and Development SECTOR Nanostructure properties Synthesis and processing Characterization and manipulation Modeling and simulation Device and system concepts
Facilities SECTOR Materials Characterization Lab Mechanical Testing Lab Materials Processing Lab Smart Materials Integration Lab Library
Figure 1. Layout of the Center structure Proceedings of the 7th Saudi Engineering Conference (SEC7) 11
Proceedings of the 7th Saudi Engineering Conference (SEC7) 12
A Almajid, A Alhamid, M Alodan, S Alsayed