UK, New York, Mortuary Practices, London, International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, Burial, University of Pennsylvania, Burial Customs, Cambridge University Press, Washington, D.C., American Anthropologist, Historical Archaeology, Galen Press, Current Anthropology, editor, American Southwest, Physical Anthropology, Judy L. Brunson-Hadley, University of Indianapolis, London, UK, Forensic Science International, Walnut Creek, California, Academic Press, Leicester University Press, Grave Reflections, New York, NY., Manchester University Press, Journal of Archaeological Science, British Archaeology, Death and Dying, Cemetery, Burial Practices, Douglas R. Mitchell, Burial Grounds, Charles M., J. Herring, Death Ritual, Post-Medieval Archaeology, Forensic Science, Charles E. Cleland, American Academy of Forensic Sciences, New York, NY, Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, South London, Iowa Archaeological Society, Alfred A. Knopf, Underwater Archaeology, S.R. Saunders, Asian American Culture History, CBA Research Report, University Microfilms, Washington, Farmingdale, New York, Kandus C. Linde, Middle Mississippian Culture, Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, Indiana University, Department of Anthropology, University of Alabama Press, Archaeological Review from Cambridge, Suzanne M., Human Remains, North American Archaeology, University of Michigan, Ann Herring, Department of Anthropology, Forensic Anthropology, Past Through Cemetery Studies, D. Ann Herring, Material Culture, Youth Advocate Program International, John Hopkins University Press, American History, Michael P. Heilen, Social Dimensions, Archaeological Perspectives, Statistical Research, Nineteenth Century America, International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, South Cemetery, John Hopkins University, M. Shoja Mohammadali, Galveston Bay Area Mortuary Practices, Chinchorro Mummies, Jutland Archaeological Society Publications, Glyn Daniel, State University, American Folklore, John Murray, Arctic Anthropology, University Museum Publications, Left Coast Press, Scientific American, Signs of Death, American Monument Association, Cultural Anthropology, Cultural Behavior, Premature Burial, Burial Practice, Smithsonian Institution Press, Miscellaneous Mummies, Ohio Historical Society, American Medical Association, Nancy L. Wicker, Australian Archaeology, Southern New England, National Museum of Natural History, Donald P. Irish, Charles C. Thomas Publisher, American School of Prehistoric Research Bulletin, Utah State University Press, Vivian Jenkins Nelson, American Culture, American Antiquity, J. Paul Witmer, Cemeteries, Oakland Cemetery, Native American Perspective, Traditional Upland South Cemetery, Central Andean Social Organization, Smithsonian Institution, Oxford University, University of Tennessee, Archaeological Journal, University of Texas Press, Southeastern Archaeology, Mortuary Analysis, Donald Gregory, R. Kalish, York University Archaeological Publications, Kathleen F. Lundquist, Arthur James, Albuquerque, New Mexico, Aarhus University Press
Funeral Columns in Thailand
General and Cultural Anthropology of Death The use of cultural anthropology in examining ritual or cult crime scenes is well documented. The compiler contends that a general knowledge of various cultures' attitudes toward death and the handling of the dead, may become useful in analyzing inter- and intra-cultural homicides. This is not to say that homicides are committed in the same manner a traditional death or burial/disposal might be treated. We all carry, however, "cultural baggage" which has ingrained beliefs, customs, rituals, and practices to a degree where they might be subconsciously acted on in the commission and concealment of crimes. The compiler is aware of at least one reported case in which, when interviewed, the subject claimed he had to bury the spouse he just killed in a particular place and position, because of the family's religious and Cultural background
. Articles related to prehistoric burials are included for the contextual information they may provide. They offer an evolutionary view, across cultures, of funerary customs and perspectives on death. Citations in this section may be inter-related to those under "Criminal and Cultural Behavior" and even "Taphonomy-Decomposition" ie. bog bodies. This section is even more closely related to the next concerning "Criminal and Cultural Behavior". (1056 citations) Abatelli, Carol 1991 Ethics of Reburial: Perspectives from Southern New England. Masters of Arts Thesis, Manhattanville College, State University of New York, Purchase, NY. 2414
1993 Ethics of Reburial: Two Case Studies from Southern New England. Man in the Northeast, 45:87-100. Abercrombie, J.R. 1979 Palestinian Burial Practices from 1200 to 600 B.C.E. PhD Thesis, University of Pennsylvania. Abraham, Terry, and Priscilla and Wegars 2003 Urns, Bones and Burners: Overseas Chinese Cemeteries. Australasian Historical Archaeology, 21:58-69. Acht, Kalle 1980 Death and Ancient Finnish Culture. In Richard A. Kalish, editor, Death and Dying: Views from Many Cultures, Baywood Publishing, Farmingdale, NY, pp.3-13. Agelarakis, Anagnostis P., Samuel Paley, Yosef Porath, and Jennifer Winick 1998 The Chalcolithic Burial Cave in Ma'avarot, Israel, and Its Palaeoanthropological Implications. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 8(6):431- 443. Agutter, Paul S., M. Shoja Mohammadali, R. Shane Tubbs, Mohammad Rexa Rashidi, Majid Khalili, Seyed Fazel Hosseini, Kamyar Ghabili, Aaron A. Cohen-Gadol, and Marios Loukas 2013 Hysterical Paralysis and Premature Burial: A Medieval Persian Case, Fear and Fascination in the West, and Modern Practice. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 20(3):133-135. Ahern, E. 1973 The Cult of the Dead in a Chinese Village. Stanford, CA. Aiken, L.R. 1994 Dying, Death and Bereavement. Third edition. Allyn and Bacon, Boston, MA. Alekshin, V.A. 1983 Burial Customs as an Archaeological Source. Current Anthropology, 24(2):137-149. Alexander, M. 1980 The Rigid Embrace of the Narrow House: Premature Burial and the Signs of Death. Hastings Cent Rep,10:25-31. Alger, Alexander 1996 The New (and More Convenient) American Way of Death. Forbes, 158(10):324-326. Ali, A.K. 1962 Introduction to Islamic Culture. Mohammadi Book House, Dacca, Pakistan. Allison, M.J., and A. Pezzia 1974 Preparation of the Dead in Pre-Colombian Coastal Peru. Paleopathology Newsletter, 5:7-9. Alison, Newby, C., D.M. Riley, and T.O. Leal-Almeraz 2006 Mercury Use and Exposure Among Santeria Parctitioners: Religious Versus Folk Practice in Northern New Jersey, USA. Ethn Health, 11:287-306. American Monument Association 1947 Memorial Symbolism, Epitaphs and Design Types. American Monument Association, Olean, New York. Anderson, B.G. 1965 Bereavement as a subject of Cross-Cultural Inquiry: An American Sample. Anthropology Quarterly, 38:181-200. Anderson, Sue, and Katherine Boyle 1996 Ritual Treatment of Human and Animal Remains: Proceedings of the First Meeting of the Osteoarchaeological Research Group, Cambridge, 1994, Oxbow Books, Oxbow. Anderson, T.E. 1962 The Human Skeleton, A Manual for Archaeologists. National Museum of Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Anderson, T., and K. Parfitt 1998 Two Unusual Burials from Medieval Dover. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 8(2):123-124. Anderton, Douglas L. and Susan I. Hautaniemi 2004 Grammars of Death: An Analysis of Nineteenth-Century Literal Causes of Death from the Age of Miasmas to Germ Theory. Social Science History, 28:111-143. Anima, N. 1978 Childbirth and Burial Practices Among Philippine Tribes, Omar Publishing, Quezon City, Philippines. 2415
Andrews, P. and S. Bello 2006 Pattern in Human Burial Practice. In R. Gowland and C. Knusel, editors, Social Archaeology of Funerary Remains, Oxbow Books, Oxford, UK. pp.14-29.
Andrushko, Valerie A.,Michele R.Buzon, Arminda M. Gibaja, Gordon F. McEwan, Antonio Simonetti, and Robert A. Creaser 2011 Investigating a Child Sacrifice Event from the Inca Heartland. Journal of Archaeological Science, 38(2):323-333.
Anonymous 1886 Report on Cremation. Journal of the American Medical Association, 6(22):606-607.
1973 Fire as a Symbol and as a Weapon of Death. Medicine Science and the Law, 13(2):79-86.
1994 Female Genital Mutilation: Report No. 47. Queensland Law Reform Comission, North Quay, Australia.
Dead Space: St. Louis Cemetery No. 1. Historic Preservation Program, Graduate School of Fine Arts, University of Pennsylvania, Philadlephia http://cml.upenn/nola/14project/L1projecthome.html
Anson, Tim J., and Maciej Henneberg 2004 A Solution for the Permanent Storage of Historical Skeletal Remains for Research Purposes: A South Australian Precedent that Keeps Scientists and the Church Community Happy. Australian Archaeology, 58:15-18.
Anthony, Z. and Bhana K. Kastoor 1989 An Exploratory Study of Muslim Girls' Understanding of Death. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 19(3):215-227.
Antуn, and D.W. Steadman 2003 Mortuary Patterns in Burial Caves on Mangaia, Cook Islands. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 13(3):132-146.
Arcini, C. 2005 Pyre Sites Before Our Eyes. In T. Artelius, and F. Svanberg, editors, Dealing with the Dead. Archaeological Perspective on Prehistoric Scandinavian Burial Ritual. Swedish Naitonal Heritage Board, Stockholm, Sweden. pp.63-72.
Arden, Harvey 1989 Who Owns the Past? National Geographic, 175(3): 376-392.
Armit, I. 2006 Inside Kurtz's Compound: Headhunting and the Human Body in Prehistoric Europe. In M. Bonogofsky, editor, Skull Collection, Modification and Decoration, Oxford, UK. pp.1-14.
Arnal, Jean 1973 Sue les Dolmens et Hypogйes des Pays Latins: Les V-Boutons. In Glyn Daniel and Poul Kjжrum, editors, Jutland Archaeological Society Publications, 11, Copenhagen, Denmark, pp. 221-226.
Arnold, Bettina, and Nancy L. Wicker (editors) 2001 Gender and the Archaeology of Death. Altamira Press, Walnut Creek, CA. (ISBN: 0-7591-0137-X)
Arriaza, Bernardo T. 1995 Beyond Death, The Chinchorro Mummies of Ancient Chile. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. (ISBN: 1-56098-512-7)
Aries, Philippe 1974 Western Attitudes Toward Death: From the Middle Ages to the Present. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland. (also cited as published by Galen Press, Tucson, Arizona)
1981 The Hour of Our Death. Harmondsworth.
1985 Images of Man and Death. New York.
Arnold, Bettina and Nancy L. Wicker 2001 Gender and the Archaeology of Death. Alta Mira Press, Walnut Creek, California. (ISBN: 0-7591-0137-X or 0-7591-0136-1)
Artamonov, M.L. 1965 Frozen Tombs of the Scythians. Scientific American, 212: 101-109.
Ascenzi, Antonio, Aidan Cockburn, and Ekkehard Kleiss 1980 Miscellaneous Mummies. In Aidan Cockburn and Eve Cockburn, editors, Mummies, Disease, and Ancient Cultures, Cambridge University Press, London, UK, pp.224-238.
Ashbee, Paul 1970 The Earthen Long Barrow in Britain, J.M. Dent, London, UK Aten, Lawrence E., Charles K. Chandler, Al B. Wesolowsky, and Robert M. Malina 1976 Excavations at the Harris County Boys' School Cemetery: Analysis of Galveston Bay Area Mortuary Practices. Texas Archaeological Society, Special Publication, Number 3, Dallas, Texas. Atkinson, David 1999 Magical Corpses: Ballads, Intertextuality, and the Discovery of Murder. Journal of Folklore Research, 36: Attneave, C. 1982 American Indians and Alaska Native Families: Emigrants in Their Own Homeland. in Ethnicity and Family Therapy, M. McGoldrick, J.K. Pearce, and J. Gordinano, editors. Guilford Press, New York. Avni, Gideon, and Zvi Greenhut 1996 Architecture, Burial Customs and Chronology. In The Akeldama Tombs: Three Burial Caves in the Kidron Valley, Jerusalem. G. and Z.G. Avni editors, IAA Reports, Volume 1, Ahva Press, Jerusalem, pp. 1-39. Baadsgaard, Aubrey, Alexis T. Boutin, and Jane E.Buikstra 2012 Breathing New Life into the Evidence ofDeath Contemporaryh Approaches to Bioarchaeology. School for Advanced Research Press, Santa Fe, New Mexico. Baby, Ray S. 1954 Hopewell Cremation Practices. Papers in Archeology, 1. Ohio Historical Society, pp.1-7. Bachman, David C., and Wade P. Catts 1990 Final Archaeological Investigations of the Lafferty Lane Cemetery, 7K-D-111, State Route 1 Relief Corridor, Dover, Kent County, Delaware. Delaware Department of Transportation
, Archaeology Series 80, Dover, DE. Bachman, Ronet 1992 Death and Violence on the Reservation: Homicide, Family Violence, and Suicide in American Indian Populations. Auburn House, New York, NY. Bacvarov, K. 2008 Babies Reborn: Infant/child Burials in Pre- and Proto-history. BAR International Series 1832, Archaeopress, Oxford, UK. Badgam, P., and L. Badgam 1987 Death and Immortality in the Religions of the World. Paragon House, New York. Bahn, Paul G. 1997 Bodies of the Bogs. Archaeology, July/August, 50(4): 62-67. Bahn, Paul G. (editor) 1998 Tombs, Graves and Mummies, Phoenix Illustrated, London, England. Bailey, James Blake 1896 The Diary of a Resurrectionist. S. Sonnenschein, London, UK. Ball, Donald B. 1977a Observations on the Form and Function of Middle Tennessee Gravehouses. Tennessee Anthropologist, 2(1):29-62. 1977b Wooden Gravemarkers: Neglected Items of Material Culture. Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin, 43(4):167-185. Ball, James Moores 1928 The Sack-'Em-Up Men: An Account of the Rise and Fall of the Modern Resurrectionists. Oliver and Boyd, London, UK. Barber, Edwin A. 1877 Aboriginal Funereal Customs in the United States. American Naturalist, 11(4): 197-204. Barber, Elizabeth Wayland 1999 The Mummies of rьmchi. W.W. Norton & Company, New York, NY. Barber, J., P. Halstead, H. James, and F. Lee 1989 An Unusual Iron Age Burial at Hornish Point, South Uist' Antiquity, 63:773-778. Barber, P. 1988 Vampires, Burial and Death Folklore and Reality. Yale University
Press, New Haven, CT. 2417
Barber, Russell J. 1993 The Agua Mansa Cemetery: An Indicator of Ethnic Identification in a Mexican-American Community. In Richard E. Meyer, editor, Ethnicity and the American Cemetery Traditions, Bowling Green State University Popular Press, Bowling Green, OH. Bardis, P.D. 1981 History of Thanatology: Philosophical, Religious, Psychological, and Sociological Ideas Concerning Death from Primitive Times to the Present. University Press of America, Lanham, MD. Barfield, Lawrence 1994 The Iceman reviewed. Antiquity, 68: 10-26. Bar-Gal, Y., and M.Azaryahu 1998 Israeli Cemeteries and Jewish Tradition - Two Cses.In H. Brodsky, editor, Visions of Land and Community, University of Maryland Press, CollegePark, MD. pp. 105-128. Barley, Nigel 1997a Grave Matters: A Lively History of Death Around the World. Henry Holt and Company. (ISBN: 0805048243) 1997b Dancing on the Grave: Encounters with Death, Abacus, London, UK. Barrett, John C. 1992 Comment. Archaeological Review from Cambridge, 11(1): 157-162. Bartel, Brad 1982 A historical review of ethnological and archaeological analyses of mortuary practice. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 1(1): 32- 58. Bass, W.M. 1983 The Occurrence of Japanese Trophy Skulls in the United States. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 28(3):800-803. Bass, W.M., D. Evans, and D.H. Ubelaker 1971 The Leavenworth Site Cemetery: Archaeology and Physical Anthropology
. In Anthropology, 2. University of Kansas Publications. Bassett, S. (editor) 1992 Death in Towns: Urban Responses to the Dying and the Dead, 100-1600. Leicester University Press, UK Bathrick, M. D. and C.M. Niquette 1994 Bibliography of Funeral and Burial Practices. http://www.wings.buffalo.edu/academic/department/anthropology/documents/deathbib Beattie, O. and J. Geiger 1987 Frozen in Time: Unlocking the Secrets of the Franklin Expedition. E.P. Dutton, New York, NY. Beck, Lane Anderson 1995 Regional Approaches to Mortuary Analysis, Plenum Press, New York. Beck, L.A., and A.K. Sievert 2005 Mortuary Pathways Leading to the Cenote at Chichen Itza.In G.F.M. Rakita, J.E. Buikstra, L.A. Beck, and S.R. Williams, editors, Interacting with the Dead: Perspectives on Mortuary Archaeology for the New Millenium, University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida. pp.290-340. Becker, C. 1973 Problems of the Megalithic "Mortuary Houses" in Denmark. In Glyn Daniel and Poul Kjaerum, editors, Megalithic Graves and Ritual, Jutland Archaeological Society, Copenhagen, Denmark, pp. 75-79. Beinert, H.D. 1991 Skull Cult in the Prehistoric Near East. Journal of Prehistoric Religion, 5:9-23. Beisaw, A.M. 2000 Cultural Influences on the Differential Decomposition of Animal Bone. A Presentation before the Society of American Archaeology, Philadelphia, PA. Bйland, B. 1984 Comments on Fire Investigation Procedures. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 29(1): Belfer-Cohen, Anna, and Erella Hovers 1992 In the Eye of the Beholder: Mousterian and Natufian Burials in the Levant. Current Anthropology, 33(4):463-471. 2418
Bell, Edward L. 1987 The Historical Archaeology of Mortuary Behavior at a Nineteenth-Century Almshouse Burial Ground. Unpublished Masters Thesis, Department of Archaeology, Boston University, Massachusetts.
1990 The Historical Archaeology of Mortuary Behavior: Coffin Hardware from Uxbridge, Massachusetts. Historical Archaeology, 24:54-78.
Vestiges of Mortality and Remembrance: A Bibliography on the Historical Archaeology of Cemeteries. Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, N.J.
Bellous, Betty Marie 1989 More About Graveshelters. Newsletter of the Association for Gravestone Studies, 14(1):1-3.
Bement, Leland C. 1994 Hunter-Gatherer Mortuary Practices during the Central Texas Archaic. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.
Bendann, E. 1930 Death Customs: An Analytical Study of Burial Rites, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY.
Bengston, V.L., J.A. Cuellear, and P.K. Ragon 1976 Group Contrasts in Attitudes Toward Death: Variation by Race, Age, Occupation, Status, and Sex. unpublished manuscript.
Bennett, Agneta 1989 Iron Age Graves as Social and Religious Symbols. In Thomas B. Larson, and Hans Lundmark, editors, Approaches to Swedish Prehistory, Bar International Series, 500, Oxford, UK, pp.367-372.
Benson, Donna Lynn 1985 "Prepare for Death and Follow Me": Perceptions of Death in Pleasant Bottoms. In Proceedings of the Symposium on Ohio Valley Urban and Historic Archaeology, Donald B. Ball and Philip J. Diblasi, editors, Archaeological Survey, University of Louisville, pp.4854.
Benson, Elizabeth P. (editor) 1975 Death and the Afterlife in Pre-Columbian America. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, D.C.
Berger, A., et al. (editors) 1989 Perspectives on Death and Dying: Cross-cultural and Multi-disciplinary Views. Charles Press, Philadelphia, PA.
Bernard, H.Y. 1979 The Law of Death and Disposal of the Dead, 2nd edition, Oceana Publishing, Dobbs Ferry, NY.
Berryman, Hugh E., William M. Bass, Steven A. Symes, and O'Brian C. Smith 1991 Recognition of Cemetery Remains in the Forensic Setting. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 36(1):230-237.
Bertasius, M., and L. Daugnora 2001 Viking Age Horse Graves from Kaunas Region, (Middle Lithuania). International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 387-399.
Bertilsson, Ulf 1986 Rock Carvings and Grave: Spatial Relationships. In Gro Steinsland, editor, Words and Objects: Towards a Dialogue Between Archaeology and History of Religion, Norwegian University Press, Oslo, Norway, pp. 9-20.
Billiman, Brian R., Patricia M. Lambert, and L. Leonard Banks 2000 Cannibalism, Warfare, and Drought in the Mesa Verde Region during the Twelfth Century A.D. American Antiquity, 65:145-178.
Binford, Lewis 1971 Mortuary Practices: Their Study and Potential. In Approaches to the Social Dimensions of Mortuary Practices, J.A. Brown, editor, Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology, No. 25, pp. 6-29.
Bienert, H.D. 1991 Skull Cult in the Prehistoric Near East. Journal of Prehistoric Religion, 5:9-23.
Binford, Lewis R. 1971 Mortuary Practices: Their Study and Their Potential. In J.A.Brown, editor, Approaches to the Social Dimensions of Mortuary Practices, Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology, 25:6-29.
Bird, J.B. 1975 The Copper Man: A Prehistoric Miner and his Tools from Northern Chile. Dumbarton Oaks Conference on Pre-Columbian Metallurgy of South America. Washington, D.C.
Black, Lindsay 1941 Burial Trees, Roberts and Mullins, Melbourne
Blackburn, E.T. 1970 Middle Helladic Graves and Burial Customs with Special Reference to Lerna in the Argolid. PhD Dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.
Blakely, Robert L. and Judith M. Harrington (editors) 1997 Bones in the Basement: Covert Medical Practices in Nineteenth-Century Georgia. Smithsonian Institution Press. (ISBN: 1560987502)
Bliatout, Bruce Thowpaou 1980a Causes and Treatment of Hmong Mental Health Problems. A paper presented to the National Refugee Conference, Irvine, CA.
Mental Health Problems of the Hmong Refugees in the United States. A paper presented to the Pan-Asian Conference at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.
1982a Hmong Sudden Unexpected Nocturnal Death Syndrome. Sparkle Publishing Enterprises, Portland, OR.
Understanding the Differences Between Asian and Western Concepts of Mental Health and Illness: Hmong and Lao. in Refugee Mental Health: Paths to Understanding and Helping, Department of Health and Human Services-Region VII, Kansas City, Missouri. pp. 17-28.
1990 Hmong Beliefs about Health and Illness. in Hmong Forum, Volume 1, S. Young, editor, Haiv Hmoob, Minneapolis, MN.
Hmong Death Customs: Traditional and Acculturated. in Ethnic Variations in Dying, Death, and Grief: Diversity in Universality, Donald P. Irish, Kathleen F. Lundquist, and Vivian Jenkins Nelson editors, Taylor and Francis, Washington, D.C. pp.79-100.
Bloch, M. and J. Parry 1982 Death and the Regeneration of Life. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Bloch-Smith, Elizabeth 1992 Judahite Burial Practices and Beliefs About the Dead. JSOT Press, Sheffield, England. (also cited as published by Sheffield Academic Press)
Bondeson, J. 2001 Buried Alive: The Terrifying Story of Our Most Primal Fear. W.W. Norton, New York, NY.
Boase, T.S.R. 1972 Death in the Middle Ages. McGraw-Hill, New York, NY.
Boddington, A., A.N. Garland, and R.C. Janaway 1987 Flesh, bones, dust and society. in Death, decay and reconstruction: approaches to archaeology and forensic science, edited by A. Boddington, A.N. Garland, and R.C. Janaway, Manchester University Press, Manchester, UK, pp. 3-9.
Boglioli, L.R., and M.L. Taff 1990 Religious Objections to Autopsy: An Ethical Dilemma for Medical Examiners. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 11:1-8.
Bolton, H. Carrington 1891 Decoration of Graves of Negroes in South Carolina. Journal of American Folklore
Bondeson, Jan 2001 Buried Alive: A Terrifying History of Our Most Primal Fear. W.W. Norton & Company, New York, NY. (ISBN: 0-393-32222-X)
Bonogofsky, M. 2004 A Bioarchaeological Study of Plastered Skulls from Anatolia: New Discoveries and Interpretations. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 15:124-135.
2005 Anatolian Plastered Skulls in Context. New Discoveries and Interpretations, 20:13-26.
Booth, Thomas J., and Richard Madgwick 2016 New Evidence for Diverse Secondary Burial Practices in Iron Age Britain: A Histological Case Study. Journal Archaeological Science, 67:14-24.
Bouwman, Abigail S., Keri A. Brown, A. John N.W. Prag, and Terence A. Brown 2008 Kinship Between Burials from Grave Circle B at Mycenae Revealed by Ancient DNA Typing. Journal of Archaeological Science, 35(9):2580-2584.
Bowen, Robert N. 1961 Hawaiian Disposal of the Dead. Masters Thesis, University of Hawai'I, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Bowman, Bradley F. 1991 The Foster Site Cremation, A Single Individual, Partition Cremation in Milam County, Texas. Plains Anthropologist, 36(133): 31-42. Bowman, L. 1959 The American Funeral: A Study in Guilt, Extravagance and Sublimity. Washington D.C. Reprinted 1973, Westport, CT. Boyle, A., D. Jenningsiles, and S. Palmer 1998 The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Butler's Field, Lechlade, Gloucestershire. Volume 1: Prehistoric and Roman Activity and Anglo-Saxon Grave Catalogue. Thames Valley Landscapes Monograph No. 10. Oxford Archaeological Unit, Oxford, UK. Boylston, A., S. Norton, and C.A. Roberts 1995 Ritual or Refuse? Late Bronze Age Mortuary Practices at Runnymede. Unpublished Bone Report, Bradford University, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. Boz,Baak, and Lori D. Hagar 2013 Making Sense of Social Behavior from Disturbed and Comingled Skeletons: A CaseStudy from Catalhoyuk, Turkey. In J. Osterholtz, K.M. Baustian, and D.L. Martin, editors, Commingled and Disarticulated Human Remains: Working Toward Improved Theory, Method, andData. Springer, New York, NY. pp.17-33. Bradley, Richard 1995 Trial and Error in the Study of Mortuary Practices Exploring the Regional Dimension. In Lane Anderson Beck, editor, Regional Approaches to Mortuary Analysis, Plenum Press, New York, NY, pp. v-ix. Brandon, S.G.F. 1970 The Judgment of the Dead. Scribners, New York. Brannon, Peter A. 1938 Urn-Burial in Central Alabama. American Antiquity, 3(3):228-235. Brehm, H.C., and E. Raymond Evans 1977 Preliminary Report on an Experimental Stone Box Burial. Tennessee Anthropologist, II(1):16-23. Brennan, Herbie 2002 Death, The Great Mystery of Life. Carroll & Graf Publishers, New York, NY. (ISBN: 0-7867-1044-6) Brink, Edwin C.M. van den 1982 Tombs and Burial Customs at Tell el-Dab'a and Their Cultural Relationship to Syria-Palestine During the Second Intermediate Period. Afro-Pub, Wien. Bristow, Peter H.W. 2001 Behavior and Belief in Mortuary Ritual: Attitudes to the Disposal of the Dead in Southern Britain 3500BC-AD43. Internet Archaeology, 11 http://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue11/bristow_index.html Brodman, B. 1976 The Mexican Culture of Death in Myth and Literature. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, FL. Brokenleg, Martin, and David Middleton 1993 Native Americans: Adapting, Yet Retaining. in Ethnic Variations in Dying, Death, and Grief: Diversity in Universality, Donald P. Irish, Kathleen F. Lundquist, and Vivian Jenkins Nelson editors, Taylor and Francis, Washington, D.C. pp.101-112. Bromberg, Francine W., and Steven J. Shephard 2006 The Quaker Burying Ground in Alexandria, Virginia: A Study of Burial Practices of the Religious Society of Friends. Historical Archaeology, 40(1): Bromberg, Francine W., Steven J. Shephard, Barbara H. Magid, Pamela J. Cressey, Timothy Dennйe, and Barnard K. Means 2000 "To Find Rest from All Trouble": The Archaeology of the Quaker Burying Ground, Alexandria, Virginia. Alexandria Archaeology Publication, Number 120, Alexandria, Virginia. Brookmeyer, Inez 1984 Notes from Analysis of Burial Materials. History Department , Oakland Museum, August 1, 1984. Manuscript on file, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Barbara
. Broster, John B. 1988 Burial Patterns for the Mississippian Period in Middle Tennessee. Tennessee Anthropologist, XIII(1):1-15. Brothwell, D.R. 2421
1987 The Bog Man and the Archaeology of People. British Museum Publications, London.
Brown, E.A.R. 1981 Death and the Human Body in the Later Middle Ages: The Legislation of Boniface VIII on the Division of the Corpse. Viator; Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 12: 221-270.
Brown, James A. (editor) 1971a Approaches to the Social Dimensions of Mortuary Practices. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology 25. Society for American Archaeology, Washington, D.C. pp.i-112.
The Dimensions of Status in the Burials at Spiro. In James A. Brown, editor, Approaches to the Social Dimensions of Mortuary Practices, Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology, Number 24, Washington, D.C., pp. 92-112.
Charnel Houses and Mortuary Crypts: Disposal of the Dead in the Middle Woodland Period. In David S. Brose and N'omi Greber, editors, Hopewell Archaeology: The Chillicothe Conference, Kent State University, Kent, OH.
Browne, Thomas 1658 Hyriotaphia, Urne-buriall, or, A Discourse of the Sepulchrall Urnes lately Found in Norfolk. Hen. Brome., London, UK. (reprinted in 1927 by Percy Lund, Humphries & Company, Bradford, UK.
Bruck, Joanna 2004 Material Metaphors: The Relational Construction of Identity in Early Bronze Age Burials in Ireland and Britain. Journal of Social Archaeology, 4(3):307-333.
Brush, K. 1988 Gender and mortuary analysis in pagan Anglo-Saxon archaeology, Archaeological Review from Cambridge, 7: 76-89.
Buck, Daniel D. 1975 Three Han Dynasty Tombs at Ma-wang-tui. World Archaeology, 7(1):30-45.
Buck, Peter 1957 Arts and Crafts of Hawaii: Death and Burial, Section XIII, Death and Burial. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Special Publications, 45, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Buikstra, J.E. 1981 Mortuary practice, paleodemography and paleopathology: a case study from the Koster site (Illinois), in Chapman et al., editors, pp. 123- 132.
Bullock, Peter Y. 1991 A Reappraisal of Anasazi Cannibalism. Kiva, 57:5-16.
Burgess, Laurie, Douglas Owsley, and John Imlay 2007 Death, Wealth and Ornament: Coffin Hardware from Congressional Cemetery. A Paper Presented at the Society for Historical Archaeology 40th Annual Conference on Historical and Underwater Archaeology, January 10-14, Williamsburg, Virginia.
Burley, David V. 1995 Contexts of Meaning: Beer Bottles and Cans in Contemporary Burial Practices in the Polynesian Kingdom of Tonga. Historical Archaeology, 29(1): 75-83.
Burns, Stanley B. 1990 Sleeping Beauty: Memorial Photography in America. Twelve Trees Press,
Burnston, Sharon Ann 1982 Babies In the Well: An Underground Insight Into Deviant Behavior In Eighteenth-Century Philadelphia. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, April, pp. 151-186.
The Invisible People: The Cemetery at Catoctin Furnace. In D.A. Poirier and N.F. Bellantoni, In Remembrance: Archaeology and Death, Bergin and Garvey, Westport, CT, pp:93-103.
Butler, C. 1989 The Plastered Skulls of Ain Ghazal: Preliminary Findings. In I. Hershkovitz, editor, People and Culture in Change, BAR International Series, 508, Tel Aviv, pp.141-145.
Byard, Roger W. 2010 Increasing Body Mass and the Mortuary. Forensic Science, Medicine and Pathology, 6:247-248. doi:10.1007/s12024-010-9161-1
2011 Indigenous Communities and the Forensic Autopsy. Forensic Science, Medicine and Pathology, 7:139-140.
Byard, R.W., and W. Chivell 2005 The Interaction of Death, Sorcery and Coronial/Forensic Practices within Traditional Indigenous Communities. Journal of Clinical and Forensic Medicine, 12:242-244.
Byard, R.W., W.C. Chivell, and J.D. Gilbert 2003 Unusual Facial Markings and Lethal Mechanisms in a Series of Gasoline Inhalation Deaths. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 24:298-302.
Byard, R.W., J.D. Gilbert, and R.A. James 2001 Traditional Punishment and Unexpected Death in Central Australia. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 22:92-92.
Bybee, Alexandra D. 2001 Bioanthropological Investigations of the Burning Spring Branch and Reynolds Cemeteries, Kanawha County, West Virginia. West Virginia Archaeologist
Bioanthropological Investigations of the Reynolds Cemetery (46Ka349) in Kanawha County, West Virginia. Cultural Resources Analysts, Incorporated, Lexington, KY and Hurricane, West Virginia, Prepared for Huntington District Corps of Engineers, Huntington, West Virginia.
Bioanthropological Investigations of the Burning Spring Branch Cemetery (46KA142) in Kanawha County, West Virginia. Culural Resource Analysts, Incorporated, Hurricane, West Virginia, Prepared for Huntington District Corps of Engineers, Huntington, West Virginia.
Bioanthropological Investigations of a Nineteenth Century Cemetery (15CP61) in Campbell County, Kentucky (Item No. 6-046.00). Cultural Resource Analysts, Incorporated, Lexington, KY, Prepared for Palmer Engineering, Winchester, Kentucky
Bioanthropological Investigations of an Unmarked Cemetery at 15Mm137, Montgomery County, Kentucky. Current Research in Kentucky Archaeology
Old Branham (15Fd94: Bioarchaeological Investigations of an Historic Cemetery, Floyd County, Kentucky (Item No. 12-301.00) Cultural Resources Analysts, Lexington, Kentucky. Prepared for Kentucky Transportation Cabinet, Division of Environmental Analysis, Frankfurt, Kentucky.
Bioanthropological Investigations of the Evans Cemetery (46MD62), McDowell County, West Virginia, Contract Publication Series WV07-03. Cultural Resource Analysts, Hurricane, West Virginia. Prepared for Potesta & Associates, Charleston, West Virginia.
Bioanthropological Investigations of Historic Cemeteries: What Can We Learn from Biological, Cultural, and Mortuary Remains? A Paper Presented at the 5th Annual Council for West Virginia Archaeology Spring Workshop. http://www.crai-ky.com/education/reports/bioanthropology.html
Byrd, Brian F., and Christopher M. Monohan 1995 Death, Mortuary Ritual, and Natufian Social Structure. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 14(3):251-287.
Cabak, Melanie A. 1994 "Gone by Not Forgotten": African-American Gravestone Art and Mortuary Beliefs in Aiken County, South Carolina. South Carolina Antiquities, 26(1&2):1-11.
Campbell, Stuart, and Anthony Green 1995 The Archaeology of Death in the Ancient Near East. Oxbow Books, Oxford, England.
Cannon, Aubrey 1989 The Historical Dimension in Mortuary Expressions of Status and Sentiment. Current Anthropology, 30: 437-458.
Gender and Agency in Mortuary Fashion. In F.M.R. Gordon, J.E. Buikstra, L.A. Beck, and S.R.Williams, editord, Interacting with the Dead: Perspectives on Mortuary Archaeology for the New Millennium, University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, pp.41-65.
Carlson, Lisa 1987 Caring for Your Own Dead. Upper Access, Hinesburg, Vermont.
1998 Caring for the Dead: Your Final Act of Love. Upper Access Incorporated, Hinesburg, Vermont.
Carlton, Bronwyn 1995 The Big Book of Death. De Comics. (ISBN: 1563891662)
Carr, Christopher 1994 A Crosscultural Survey of the Determinants of Mortuary Practices. In Douglas R. Mitchell, editor, The Pueblo Grande Project, Volume 7, Soil Systems Publications in Archaeology, Number 20, Phoenix, Arizona, pp. 7-69.
Mortuary Practices: Their Social, Philosophical-Religious, Circumstantial, and Physical Determinants. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 2(2):105-200.
Carretero, Jose Miguel, Rolf M. Quam, Asier Gomez-Olivencia, Maria Castilla, Laura Rodriguez, and Rebeca Garcia-Gonzalez 2015 The Magdalenian Human Remains from El Miron Cave, Cantabria (Spain). Journal of Archaeological Science, 60:10-27.
Chapman, R. 2005 Mortuary Analysis. A Matter of Time? In G. Rakita, J. Buikstra, L. Beck and S.R. Williams, editor, Interacting with the Dead: Perspectives on Mortuary Archaeology for the New Millenium, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, FL, pp:25-40.
Chapman, R.W. 1977 Burial Practices: An Area of Mutual Interest. In M. Spriggs, editor, Archaeology and Anthropology, Oxford, UK, pp. 19-33.
Chapman, Robert 1987 Mortuary practices: society, theory building and archaeology. In Death, decay and reconstruction. Boddington et alia editors, Manchester University Press, Manchester, U.K., pp. 198-216.
Chapman, Robert, Ian Kinnes, and Klaus Randsborg (editors) 1981 The Archaeology of Death. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY.
Charles, D.K., and J.E. Buikstra 2002 Siting, Sighting, and Citing the Dead. In H. Silverman and D.B. Small, editors, The Space and Place of Death, Archaeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association
, No. 11, American Anthropological Association, Arlington, Virginia, pp.13-26.
Chase, Theodore 1990 Markers, VII. Journal of the Association for Gravestone Studies, Needham, MA.
Cherryson, A.K., Z. Crossland, and S. Tarlow 2012 A Fine and Private Place: The Archaeology of Death and Burial in Post-Medieval Britain and Ireland. Leicester University Press, Leicester, UK.
Chesson, M., and R.T. Schaub 2009 Death and Dying on the Dead Sea Plain: Cemeteries of Fifa, Baba dh-Dhra and Khirbat al-Khanazir. In T.E. Levy, P.M. Michele Daviau, R.W. Younker, and M. Shaer, editors, Crossing Jordan North American Contributions to the Archaeology of Jordan. Equinox Publishing, London, pp.253-260.
Chestermann, J.T. 1977 Burial Rites in a Cotswold Long Barrow. Man, 12:22-32.
Childe, V. Gordon 1945 Directional Changes in Funerary Practices During 50,000 Years. Man, 45(4):13-19.
Chindarsi, N. 1976 The Religion of the Hmong Njua. Siam Society, Bangkok, Thailand.
Chong, Key Ray 1990 Cannibalism in China, Longwood Academic, Wakefield, New Hampshire
Chow, Chun-shing, and Elizabeth Kenworthy Teather 1998 Chinese Graves and Gravemarkers in Hong Kong. Markers, XV, Journal of the Association for Gravestone Studies, pp.286-317.
Chung, Sue Fawn, and Priscilla Wegars 2005 Chinese American Death Rituals: Respecting the Ancestors. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, California.
Clark, Peter, and Jeannette Hope 1985 Aboriginal Burial and Shell Middens at Snaggy Bend and Other Sites in the Central Murray River. Australian Archaeology, 20:68-89.
Clarke, Giles 1975 Popular Movements and Late Roman Cemeteries. World Archaeology, 7(1):46-56.
Clemens, Christopher, and Mark Smith 1982 Death: Grim Realities and Comic Relief. Delacorte Press, New York, NY.
Cobb, Augustus Gardiner 1892 Earth Burial and Cremation: The History of Earth-Burial with its Attendant Evils and the Advantages offered by Cremation. G.P. Putnam, New York, NY.
Coe, W.R. 1959 Piedras Negras Archaeology: Artifacts, Caches, and Burial. Museum Monographs, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Coelho, D. 1997 The Unclaimed Cadaver. Acad Med, 72(9):741-743.
Coffin, Margaret M. 1976 Death in Early America: The History and Folklore of Customs and Superstitions of Early Medicine, Funerals, Burials, and Mourning. Thomas Nelson, Nashville, TN.
Cohle, Stephen 1997 Embalming: History, Theory and Practice. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 18(1):111
Cole, Pamela 1894 Early New England Funeral Customs. Journal of American Folklore, 7.
Cole, Hubert 1964 Things for the Surgeon: A History of the Ressurection Men. Heinemann, London, UK.
Collis, John 1977a Pre-Roman Burial Rites in North-Western Europe. In Richard Reece, editor, Burial in the Roman World, Council on British Archaeology Research Report, Number 22, London, UK, pp.1-13.
Owslebury (Hants) and the Problem of Burials on Rural Settlements. In Richard Reece, editor, Burial in the Roman World, Council on British Archaeology Research Report, Number 22, London, UK, pp.26-34.
Colman, Penny 1997 Corpses, Coffins and Crypts: A History of Burial. Henry Holt and Company. (ISBN: 0805050663)
Combes, John D. 1972 Ethnography, Archaeology, and Burial Practices among Coastal South Carolina Blacks. The Conference on Historic Site Archaeology Papers, 1972, 7:52-61, Columbia, S.C. (also cited as published in 1974)
Comeaux, M.L. 1989 Burial: "Going Home." in Encyclopedia of Death, edited by R. Kastenbaum and B. Kastenbaum, Oryx Press, Phoenix, AZ., pp. 36-37.
Conlee, C.A. 2007 Decapitation and Rebirth: A Headless Burial from Nazca, Peru. Current Anthropology, 48:438-445.
Connerton, P. 2011 The Spirit of Mourning-History, Memory and the Body. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Connolly, Thomas J., Christopher L. Ruiz, Jeanne McLaughlin, Guy L. Tasa, and Elizabeth Kallenbach 2010 The Archaeology of a Pioneer Family Cemetery in Western Oregon, 1854-1879. Historical Archaeology, 44(4):28-45.
Constantine, Nathan 2006 A History of Cannibalism: From Ancient Cultures to Survival Stories and Modern Psychopaths. Arcturus Publishing Limited, London, UK (ISBN: 978-0-7858-2158-8)
Conze, E. 1959 Buddhism: Its Essence and Development. Harper Torchbook, New York.
Cook, Susan 1914 Old Stone-lined Grave Found at Monk's Mound. Prehistoric Illinois the Great Cahokia Mound. Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, 6(4): http://www.iltrails.org/moundshx.htm
Costello, Julia G., and Phillip L. Walker 1987 Burials from the Santa Barbara Presidio Chapel. Historical Archaeology, 21(1):3-17.
Counts, D.R., and D.A. Counts (editors) 1991 Coping with Final Tradegy: Cultural Variation in Dying and Grieving. Baywood, Amityville, NY.
Cowan, R.A., Carl William Clewlow Jr., Caroline Hills Yonge, and James F. O'Connell 1975 An Unusual Burial of a Bear and Child from the Sacarmento Delta. Journal of New World Archaeology, 1(2):25-30.
Cox, M. (editor) 1996 Life and Death in Spitalfields 1700-1850. CBA, York, UK.
Grave Concerns: Death and Burial in England 1700-1850. Council for British Archaeology Research Report No. 113, Council for British Archaeology, York, UK.
Coyle, Matt, Peter Lamb, and Matthew Coyle 1996 Registry of Death. Kitchen Sink Press. (ISBN: 0878164480)
Cragg, K. 1983 Finality in Islam. Studia Missionalia, 32:219-230.
Crane, O.N., M.P. hatfield, A.B. Perrigo, and H. Samson 1886 The National Funeral Director's Official Text Book. Donohue & Henneberry, Chicago, IL.
Crawford, A. 1961 Customs and Culture in Vietnam. Charles E. Tuttle, Tokyo, Japan.
Crawford, O.G.S. 1932 Communal Burial. Antiquity, 6(22):213-214.
Crawford, S. 1993 Children, Death and the Afterlife in Anglo-Saxon England. In, W. Filmer-Sankey, editor, Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History, 6:83-91. Crawford, Sybil F. 2001 19th, 20th, and 21st Century Gravestones. AGS Quarterly, 25(3):9-12.
Cremation Association of North America
Historical Cremation Data--United States Versus Canada
Crevecoeur, Isabelle, Aurore Schmitt, and Ilse Schoep 2015 An Archaeothanatological Approach to the Study of Minoan Funerary Practices: Case-studies from the Early and Middle Minoan Cemetery at Sissi, Crete. Journal of Field Archaeology, 40(3):283-299.
Crewe, L., K. Lorentz, E.J. Peltenburg,and S. Spanou 2005 Treatments of the Dead: Preliminary Report of Investigations at Souskiou-Laona Chalcolithic Cemetery, 2001-2004. Report of the Department of Antiquities,Cyprus, 41-67.
Crissman, James K. 1994 Death and Dying in Central Appalachia: Changing Attitudes and Practices. University of Illinois Press. Urbana, Illinois (ISBN: 0252063554)
Crist, Thomas A.J., and Daniel G. Roberts 1996 Engaging the Public Through Mortuary Archeology: Philadelphia's First African Baptist Church Cemeteries. Cultural Resrouce Management, 19(10):5-8.
Crocker, C. 1971 The Southern Way of Death. in The Not So Solid South: Anthropological Studies in a Regional Subculture. J.K. Morland, editor,University of Georgia Press, Athens, GA. pp.114-129.
Cronin, Xavier A. 1996 Grave Exodus: Tending to Our Dead in the Twenty-First Century. Barricade Books. (ISBN: 1569800952)
Crooke, William 1899 Primitive Rites of Disposal of the Deaad with Special References to India. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 29(3,4):271-294.
1911 Death and Disposal of the Dead (Indian, Non-Aryan). In James Hasting, editor, Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, 4:479-484.
Cummings, Vicki, and Alasdair Whittle 2003 Tombs with a View: Landscape, Monuments and Trees. Antiquity, 77(296):255-266.
Curl, James Stevens 1972 The Victorian Celebration of Death. The Partridge Press, Detroit, MI.
1991 The English Way of Death: The Common Funeral Since 1450, Robert Hale, London, UK.
2001 The Victroian Celebration of Death. Sutton, Gloucestershire, England.
Curry, Andrew 2002 Case of the Colorado Cannibal. Archaeology, May-June:50-53.
Curry, Dennis C. 1999 Feast of the Dead: Aboriginal Ossuaries in Maryland. Crownsville Archaeological Society of Maryland and Maryland Historical Trust Press.
Cybulski, Jerome S. 1978 Probable Archaic Period Human Remains from the Coteau du Lac Site. In William Englebrecht and Donald Grayson, editors, Essays in Northeastern Anthropology in Honor of Marian E. White, Frankling Pierce College, Rindge, New Hampshire, pp. 78-95.
A Greenville Burial Ground: Human Remains and Mortuary Elements in British Columbia Coast Prehistory, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Mercury Series Paper No. 146, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Ottawa, Canada.
Cytron, Barry D. 1993 To Honor the Dead and Comfort the Mourners: Traditions in Judaism. in Ethnic Variations in Dying, Death, and Grief: Diversity in Universality, Donald P. Irish, Kathleen F. Lundquist, and Vivian Jenkins Nelson editors, Taylor and Francis, Washington, D.C. pp.113124.
Cytron, B.D., and E. Schwartz 1986 When Life is in the Balance: Life-and-Death Decisions in Light of the Jewish Tradition. Youth Commission, United Synagogue of America, New York.
Danforth, L. and Tsiaras, A. 1982 The Death Rituals of Rural Greece. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
Daniell, Christopher 1997 Death and Burial in Medieval England 1066-1550. Routledge, London. (ISBN: 0415116295)
Dansey, H. 1992 A View of Death. In M. King, editor, Te Ao Hurihuri: Aspects of Maoritanga, Reed, Auckland, NZ, pp.105-106.
Darling, J. Andrew 1999 Mass Inhumation and the Execution of Witches in the American Southwest. American Anthropologist, 100:732-752.
Davidson, Daniel S. 1935 Burial Customs in the Delmarva Peninsula and the Question of Their Chronology. American Antiquity, 1(1):84-97.
1949 Disposal of the Dead in Western Australia. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 93(1):71-97.
Davidson, James M. 2004 Mediating Race and Class through the Death Experience: Power Relations and Resistance Strategies of an African-American Community, Dallas, Texas (1869-1907). PhD Dissertation, University of Texas, Austin, Texas.
Keeping the Devil at Bay: The Shoe on the Coffin Lid and Other Grave Charms in the 19th and 20h Century America. International Journal of Historical Archaeology, 14:614-649.
They Laid the Planks 'crost the Coffins: The African Origin of GraveVaulting in the United States. International Journal of Historical Archaeology, 16:86-134. DOI:10.1007/s10761-012-0170-5
Davies, Glenys 1977 Burial in Italy Up to Augustus. In Richard Reece, editor, Burial in the Roman World, Research Report, Number 22:13-19.
Davies, R. 1998 The Lazarus Syndrome: Burial Alive and Other Horrors of the Undead. Barnes & Noble Books, Lyndhurst, NJ.
Davis, Hester A. 1995 Folk Narratives and Archaeology: An African-American Cemetery in Texas. Journal of Field Archaeology, 22(3): 349-353.
Dawson, D., J.F. Santos, and D.C. Burdick 1990 Differences in the Final Arrangements Between Burial and Cremation as the Method of Body Disposition. Omega, 21(2):129-146.
Daye, Douglas D. 1996 A Law Enforcement Sourcebook of Asian Crime and Cultures, Tactics and Mindsets. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. (ISBN: 0-8493-8116-9)
Defleur, Alban, Timothy White, Patricia Valensi, Ludovic Slimak, and Evelyne Cregut-Bonnoure 1999 Neanderthal Cannibalism at Booula-Guercy, Ardeche, France. Science, 286:128-131. Deforce, K., and K. Haneca 2012 Ashes to Ashes. Fuelwood Selection in Roman Cremation Rituals in Northern Gaul. Journal of Archaeological Science, 39:1338-1348. Degusta, David 2000 Fijian Cannibalism and Mortuary Ritual: Bioarchaeological Evidence from Vunda. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 100:76- 92. (also cited as Volume 10) Delves, H.C. 1952 The Disposal of the Dead. Journal of the Town Planning Insititute, 38(10):261-265. DeRobert, L. 1951 Premature Burial. Ann Med Leg Criminol Police Sci Toxicol, 31:257-265. D'Errico, Stefano,Emanuela Turillazzi, Cristoforo Pomara, Carmela Fiore, Floriana Monciotti, and Vittorio Fineschi 2011 A Novel Macabre Ritual of the Italian Mafia ('Ndrangheta): Covering Hands with Gloves and Burying the Corpse with Burnt Lime after Execution. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 32(1):44-46. Dethlefson, Edwin S. 1981 The Cemetery and Culture Change: Archaeological Focus and Ethnographic Perspective. In B. Gould and M. Schiffer, editors, Modern Material Culture: The Archaeology of Us, Academic Press, New York. Dethlefson, Edwin S. and James F. Deetz 1966 Death's Heads, Cherubs, and Willow Trees: Experimental Archaeology in Colonial Cemeteries. American Antiquity, 31:502-510 (also cited as 35(3)) Dethlefson, Edwin and Kenneth Jensen 1977 Social commentary in the cemetery. Natural History, 86: 32-39. Dickel, David N. 2002 Analysis of Mortuary Patterns. In Glen H. Doran, editor, Windover: Multidisciplinary Investigations of an Early Archaic Florida Cemetery, University of Florida, Gainesville
, Florida, pp. 73-96. Dillehay, Tom D., editor 1995 Tombs for the Living: Andean Mortuary Practices, Dumbarton Oaks Research Laboratory and Collection, Washington, D.C. Diongson, Dominic 1993 Bones and Bureaucrats. Archaeology, March/April: 28-38. Dittrick, H. 1948 Devices to Prevent Premature Burial. J. Hist Med Allied Sci, 3:161-171. Dockall, H.D., D.K. Boyd, M.D. Freeman
, R.L. Garza, K.E. Stork, and J.E. Baker 1996 Confederate Veterans at Rest: Archaeological and Bioarchaeological Investigations at the Texas State Cemetery, Travis County, Texas. Reports of Investigations No. 107. Prewitt and Associates, Incorporated, Austin, Texas. Dockall, Helen Danzeiser, Joseph F. Powell, and D. Gentry Steele 1996 Home Hereafter: Archaeological and Bioarchaeological Investigations at a Historic African-American Cemetery (41GV125). Report of Investigation Number 5, Center for Environmental Archaeology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. Domanska, E. 2005 Toward the Archaeontology of the Dead Body. Rethinking History, 9(4):389-413. Donlon, S., and G.N. Rutty 2010 Reconstruction of the Body. In J.L. Burton and G.N. Rutty, editors, The Hospital Autopsy, Thrid Edition, Hodder Arnold, London, UK. pp.308-314. Donnan, Christopher B. 1995 Moche Funerary Practice. In Tom Dillehay, editor, Tombs of the Living: Andean Mortuary Practices, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library Collection, Washington, D.C., pp. 111-159. Donnan, Christopher B., and C. William Clewlow Jr. editors) 1974 Ethnoarchaeology, Monograph 4, UCLA Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles. Donnan, Christopher B., and Carol J. Mackey 1978 Ancient Burial Patterns in the Moche Valley, Peru. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas. 2428
Douglas, John E., Robert K. Ressler, Ann W. Burgess, and Carol R. Hartman 1986 Criminal Profiling from Crime Scene Analysis, Behavioral Sciences & the Law, Volume 4(4): 401-421.
Dowd, John T. 1972 The West Site: A Stone Box Cemetery in Middle Tennessee. Tennessee Archaeological Society Miscellaneous Papers, Number 10, Knoxville, Tennessee.
Duday, Henri, Anna Maria Cipriani, and John Pearce 2009 The Archaeology of the Dead: Lectures in Archaeotanatology, (Studies in Funerary Archaeology). Oxbow Books,
Ebersole, Gary L. 1989 Ritual Poetry and the Politics of Death in Early Japan, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Eerkens, Jelmer W., Eric J. Bartelink, Karen S. Gardner, and Randy S. Wiberg 2013 The Evolution of a Cemetery: Rapid Change in Burial Practices in a Middle Holocene Site in Central Alta California. California Archaeology, 5:3-35.
Eisenbruch, M. 1984a Cross-Cultural Aspects of Bereavement I: A Conceptual Framework for Comparative Analysis. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 3:283-309.
Cross-Cultural Aspects of Bereavement II: Ethnic and Cultural Variations in the Development of Bereavement Practices. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 4:315-347.
Elakkary Sally, Barbara Franke, Dina Shokri, Sven Hartwig, Michael Tsokos, and Klaus Puschel 2014 Honor Crimes: Definition, Diagnostic Criteria, and Risk Factors Through Presentation of Case Reports from Germany. A Presentation before the 66th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Academy
of Forensic Sciences, February 17-22, Seattle, Washington
Elfawal, M.A. 1999 Cultural Influence on the Incidence and Choice of Method of Suicide in Saudi Arabia. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 20(2):163-168.
Eliade, M., (editor) 1987 The Encyclopedia of Religion, Macmillan, New York, NY.
Eliopoulos, Constantine, Konstantinos Moraitis, Federico Reyes, Chara Spiliopoulou, and Sotiris Manolis 2011 Guidelines for the Recognition of Cemetery Remains in Greece. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 32(2):153-156.
Ellenberger, H.F. 1980 Corporal Mutilation Inflicted on Women: A Victimological Study. Criminologie, 13(1):80-93.
Elliott, J.R. 1990 Funerary Artifacts in Contemporary America. Death Studies, 14:601-612.
Ellis, Florence Hawley 1968 An Interpretation of Prehistoric Death Customs in Terms of Modern Southwestern Parallels. In Collected Papers in Honor of Lyndon Lane Hargrave, edited by Albert H. Schroeder, pp. 57-76. Papers of the Archaeological Society of New Mexico, 1. Museum of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM.
Enright, D.J. 1983 The Oxford Book of Death. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.
Etlin, R. 1984 The Architecture of Death. Cambridge, MA.
Evans-Wentz, W.Y. 1976 The Tibetan Book of the Dead. Oxford University Press, London, UK.
Evison, V.I. 1987 Dover, The Buckland Anglo-Saxon Cemetery. Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission Report 3, London, UK.
1994 Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Great Chesterford, Essex. CBA Research Report 91, CBA, York, UK.
Evison, V.I., and Hill, P. 1996 Two Anglo-Saxon Cemeteries at Beckford, Hereford and Worcester. CBA Research Report 103, CBA, York, UK.
Fabian, J. 1972 How Others Die: Reflections on the Anthropology of Death. Social Research, 39:543-567.
Fales, Martha G. 1964 The Early American Way of Death. Essex Institute Historical Collections 100
Farrell, J.J. 1980 Inventing the American Way of Death, 1830-1920. Philadelphia, PA.
Farrington, Karen 2000 History of Punishment & Torture. Sterling Publishing Company, New York, NY (ISBN: 0 600 60035 1)
Faust, D.G. 2008 This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War. Vintage, New York.
Feldman, George Franklin 2008 Cannibalism, Headhunting and Human Sacrifice in North America, A History Forgotten. Alan C. Hood & Company Incorporated, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania
Fell, C. 1956 Roman burials found at Arbury Road, Cambridge, 1952, Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society, 49: 13-23.
Fernandez-Jalvo, Yolanda, J. Carlos Diez, Isabel Caceres, and Jordi Rosell 1999 Human Cannibalism in the Early Pleistocene of Europe (Gran Dolina, Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain). Journal of Human Evolution, 37:591-622.
Finlay, Nyree 2000 Outside of Life: Traditions of Infant Burial in Ireland from Cillin to Cist. World Archaeology, 31(3):407-422.
Fisher-Carroll, Rita 2001 Mortuary Behavior at Upper Nodena. Arkansas Archeological Survey Research Series, Number 59, Fayetteville, Arkansas.
Fitzpatrick, Scott M. 2003 Early Human Burials in the Western Pacific: Evidence for a c. 3000 Year Old Occupation in Palau. Antiquity, 77(298):719-731.
Fitzpatrick, S.M., and G.C. Nelson 2008 From Limestone Caves to Concrete Graves: 3000 years of Mortuary Practice in the Palauan Archipelago, Micronesia. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 18(5):439-457.
Purposeful Commingling of Adult and Child Cranial Elements from the Chelechol ra Orrak Cemetery, Palau. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 21:360-366. DOI: 10.1002/oa.1136
Formicola, V., and A.P. Buzhilova 2004 Double Child Burial from Sunghir (Russia): Pathology and Inferences for Upper Paleolithic Funerary Practices. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 124:189-198. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.10273
Fox, A.A. 1984 A Study of Five Historic Cemeteries at Choke Canyon Reservoir, Live Oak and McMullen Counties, Texas. Choke Canyon Series, Volume 9, Center for Archaeological Research, University of Texas, San Antonio, Texas.
Fox, W.A., and J. Eldon Molto 1994 A Special Child: The Monarch Knoll Burial. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 19(1):99.
Francis, Doris 2003 Cemeteries as Cultural Landscapes. Mortality, 8(2):222-227.
French, S. 1975 The Cemetery as a Cultural Institution: The Establishment of Mount Auburn and the "Rural Cemetery" Movement. In D.E. Stannard, Death in America, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. pp.69-91.
Gadus, E.F., J.E. Baker, andA.E. Dase 2002 A Mother Left to Mourn, Archeological and Historical Investigations at a Nineteenth-Century Family Cemetery at the Jewett Mine. Reports of Investigations, Number 136. Prewitt and Associates, Incorporated, Austin, Texas.
Gale, R. 2011 Charcoal from the Cemetery. In N. Finn, editor, Bronze Age Ceremonial Enclosures and Cremation Cemetery at Eye Kettleby, Leicestershire.The Development of a Prehistoric Landscape. 4word Limited, Bristol, UK. pp.76-78.
This Church is for the Living: An Assessment of Archaeological Standards for the Removal of Cemeteries in Rhode Island and Massachusetts. Northeast Historical Archaeology, 25:1-12.
Gannal, J.N. 1838 History of Embalming and of Preparations in Anatomy, Pathology, and Natural History. Judah Dobson, Philadelphia, PA.
Garelik, G. and G. Maranto 1984 Multiple Murderers. Discover, July, pp: 26-29.
Garfinkel, Y. 1994 Ritual Burial of Cultic Objects: The Earliest Evidence. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 4(2):159-188.
Garland, R.S.J. 1985 The Greek Way of Death. London.
The well-ordered corpse: an investigation into the motives behind Greek funerary legislation, Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, 36: 1-15.
Garn, Stanley M., and Walter D. Block ____ Limited Nutritional Value of Cannibalism. American Anthropologist, 72:106.
Gates, C. 1983 From Cremation to Inhumation: Burial Practices at Iaysos and Kameiros during the Mid-Archaic Period, ca. 625-525 B.C., University of California at Los Angeles Institute of Archaeology, Occasional Paper 11, Los Angeles, CA.
Gavin, William Joseph 1995 Cuttin' the Body Loose: Historical, Biological, and Personal Approaches to Death and Dying. Temple University Press, Philadelphia, PA. (ISBN: 1566392985)
Gayton, Anna H. 1924 A Survey of Aerial Sepulture. Master's Thesis, University of California, Berkeley.
Geller,P. 2012 Parting (with) the Dead: Body Partibility as Evidence of Commoner Ancestor Veneration. Ancient Mesoamerica, 23:115-130.
Geiling, Jeanne Marie, and Ana B. Marin-Arroyo 2015 Spatial Distribution Analysis of the Lower Magdalenian Human Burial in El Mirуn Cave (Cantabria, Spain). Journal of Archaeological Science, 60:47-56.
Gill, James R., Christopher W. Rainwater, and Bradley J. Adams 2009 Santeria and Palo Mayombe: Skulls, Mercury, and Artifacts. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 54(6):1458-1462.
Gillespie, S. 2001 Personhood, Agency, and Mortuary Ritual: A Case Study from the Ancient Maya. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 20:73-112.
Giesey, Ralph E. 1960 The Royal Funeral Ceremony in Renaissance France. Librairie E. Droz, Geneva, Switzerland.
Gilanshah, Farah 1993 Islamic Customs Regarding Death. in Ethnic Variations in Dying, Death, and Grief: Diversity in Universality, Donald P. Irish, Kathleen F. Lundquist, and Vivian Jenkins Nelson editors, Taylor and Francis, Washington, D.C. pp.137-145.
Gillman, Henry 1878 Crania Utilized as Cinerary Urn in a Burial Mound in Florida. American Naturalist, 12(11):753-754.
Girard, R. 1977 Violence and the Sacred, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.
Gittings, Clare 1984 Death, Burial, and the Individual in Early Modern England. Croom Helm, London.
Giuffra, Valentina, Antonio Fornacian, Silvia Marvelli, Marrco Marchesini, Davide Caramella, and Gino Fornaciari 2011 Embalming Methods and Plants in Renaissance Italy: Two Artificial Mummies from Siena (Central Italy). Journal of Archaeological Science, 38(8):1949-1956.
Glencross, Bonnie 2013 Into the Kettle: The Analysis of Commingled Remains from Southern Ontario. In J. Osterholtz, K.M. Baustian, and D.L. Martin, editors, Commingled and Disarticulated Human Remains: Working Toward Improved Theory, Method, andData. Springer, New York,
Glob, P.V. 1969 The Bog People, Iron Age Man Preserved. Cornell University Press, New York. (also cited as Ballatine Books, New York).
Goldstein, Lynne Gail 1980 Mississippian Mortuary Practices: A Case Study of Two Cemeteries in the Lower Illinois Valley. Northwestern University
Archaeological Program, Evanston, IL.
1981a Mississippian Mortuary Practices. Northwestern University Archaeological Program, Scientific Paper, Number 4, Evanston, Illinois.
One-Dimensional Archaeology and Multi-Dimensional People: Spatial Organization and Mortuary Analysis. In Robert Chapman, Ian Kinnes, and Klavs Rendsburg, editors, The Archaeology of Death, Cambridge University Press, London, UK, pp.53-69.
The Alameda-Stone Cemetery and Mortuary Archaeology. In M.P. Heilen, editor, Uncovering Identity in Mortuary Analysis. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, California, pp. 227-249.
Goldstein, Lynne, and Sissel Schroeder
An Examination of the Practice of Secondary Disposal of the Dead. On File, Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin,
Goldstein, Lynne, Kristin J. Sewell, Michael P. Heilen, and Joseph T. Hefner 2012 Mortuary Synthesis. In M.P. Heilen, editor, Uncovering Identity in Mortuary Analysis. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, California, pp. 185-226.
Gonzalez-Wippler, M. 1996 Santeria: The Religion, Llewellyn Publishing, St. Paul, MN.
Good, B.J., M.D. Good, and R. Moradi 1985 The Interpretation of Iranian Depressive Illness and Dysphoric Affect. in Culture and Depression. A. Kleinman and B.J. Good (editors), University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, pp. 369-428.
Goodman, A.M. 1981 A Plain Pine Box: A Return to Simple Jewish Funerals and Eternal Traditions. KTAV, New York, NY.
Goodman, Norman R., Jeffrey L. Goodman, and Walter I. Hofman 2011 Autopsy: Traditional Jewish Laws and Customs "Halacha". American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 32(3):300-303.
Goodwin, Conrad M. 1981 Ethnicity in the Graveyard. Unpublished Masters of Arts Thesis, Department of Anthropology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA.
Goody, Jack 1962 Death, Property and the Ancestors: A Study of the Mortuary Customs of the LoDagaa of west Africa
. Tavistock, London.
Gorer, G. 1965 Death, Grief and Mourning in contemporary Britain
1967 Death, Grief, and Mourning. Doubleday, Garden City, NY.
Gosnell, Lynn, and Suzanne Gott 1989 San Fernando Cemetery: Decoration of Love and Loss in a Mexican-American Community. In Richard E. Meyer, editor, Cemeteries and Gravemarkers: Voices of American culture
, Utah State University Press, Logan, Utah, pp.217-235.
Gosse, R. 1976 The Provision of Funeral and Cemetery Services in British Columbia. A Report to the Honourable K. Rafe Mair, Minister of Consumer Services.
Gould, R.A. 1978 The Anthropology of Human Residues. American Anthropologist, 80: 815-834.
Gould, R.J. (editor) 1978 Explorations in Ethnoarchaeology. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM.
Gowland, Rebecca, and Christopher Knьsel 2007 Social Archaeology of Funerary Remains. Oxbow, Oxford, UK. (ISBN: 1 84217 211 5)
Gradwohl, David Mayer
Intra-Group Diversity in Midwest American Jewish Cemeteries: An Ethnological Perspective. In James B. Stoltman, editor, Archaeology of Eastern Norrh American: Papers in Honor of Stephen Williams, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, Mississippi, pp. 363-382.
Granqvist, H.N. 1965 Muslim Death and Burial: Arab Customs and Traditions Studied in a Village in Jordan. Helsinki, Finland.
Gras, M., P. Rouillard, and P. Teiidor 1991 The Phoenicians and Death. Berytus, 39:127-176.
Grдslund, Anne-Sofie, 2001 The Position of Iron Age Scandinavian Women: Evidence from Graves and Rune Stones. In Bettina Arnold and Nancy L. Wicker, editors, Gender and the Archaeology of Death, AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, California, pp.81-102.
Grauer, A. 1991 Patterns of Life and Death: The Palaeodemography of Medieval York. In H. Bush and M. Zvelebil, editors, Health in Past Societies, B.A.R. International Series, 567:67-80.
Grauer, A.L., and E.M. Mc Namara 1995 A Piece of Chicago's Past: Exploring Childhood Mortality in the Dunning Poorhouse Cemetery. In A.L. Grauer, editor, Bodies of Evidence: Reconstructing History Through Skeletal Analysis, Wiley-Liss, New York, NY.pp.91-103.
Graver, Elizabeth P. 1973 Amish Bury Their Dead as Their Ancestors Did 250 Years Ago. Casket and Sunnyside, April: 44-47.
Grayson, Donald K. 1990 Donner Pary Deaths: A Demographic Assessment. Journal of Anthropological Research, 46:223-242.
Green, Christopher 1977 The Significance of Plaster Burials for the Recognition of Christian Cemeteries. In Richard Reece, editor, Burial in the Roman World, Council on British Archaeology Research Report, Number 22, London, UK, pp. 46-53.
Green, J., and M. Green 2006 Dealing with Death: A Handbook of Practices, Procedures and Law, Second Edition, Jessica Kingsley Publisher, London, UK.
Green, M. 1998 Humans and Ritual Victims in the Later Prehistory of Western Europe. Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 17:169-189.
Greenhill, Thomas 1705 NEKPOKHDEIA: or the Art of Embalming, (publisher not cited), London.
Griffin, James B. 1930 Aboriginal Mortuary Customs in the Western half of the Northwest Woodland Area. Masters Thesis, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
Griffin, James B., Richard C. Flanders, and Pail F. Titterington 1970 The Burial Complexes of the Knight and Norton Mounds in Illinois and Michigan. Memoirs of the Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Number 2, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Griffin, James B., and Georg K. Neumann 1942 Burial Terminology and Description Number 2. Society for American Archaeology Notebook, 2(4):70-79.
Grinsell, Leslie V. 1953 The Ancient Burial-Mounds of England, Second Edition. Methuen, London, UK.
1955 Death and the After-Life. Nature, 176(4487):809-812.
1961 The Breaking of Objects as a Funerary Rite. Folklore, 72(3):475-491.
1973 The Breaking of Objects as a Funerary Rite: Supplement. Folklore, 84(2):111-114.
1975 Barrow, Pyramid and Tomb, Thames and Hudson, London, UK.
Grof, S., and J. Halifax 1977 The Human Encounter with Death. Dutton, New York.
Grogan, E. 2004 Middle Bronze Age Burial Traditions in Ireland. In H. Roche, E. Grogan, R. Bradley, J.M. Coles, and B. Raftery, editors, From Megaliths to Metal: Essays in Honour of George Eogan, Oxbow Books, Oxford,, UK. pp.67-71.
Grollman, A. 1974 Concerning Death: A Practical Guide for the Living. Beacon Press, Boston.
Gruber, Jacob W. 1971 Patterning in Death in a Late Prehistoric Village in Pennsylvania. American Antiquity, 36(1):64-76.
Guernsey, Julia, and F. Kent Reilly 2006 Sacred Bundles: Ritual Acts of Wrapping and Binding in Mesoamerica. Ancient America Special Publication 1. Boundary End Archaeology Research Center, Barnardsville, NC. (ISBN: 0-9791052-0-3)
Gunaratne, V.F. 1966 Buddhist Reflections on Death. The Wheel, Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka, pp.102-103.
Gup, Ted 2000 Empire of the Dead. Smithsonian, 31(1): 106-113.
Gupta, S.P. 1972 Disposal of the Dead and Physical Types in Ancient India. Oriental Publishers, Delhi, India
Habenstein, Robert W. and William R. Lamers 1981 The History of American Funeral Directing, National Funeral Directors Association, Milwaukee, WI., Bulfin Printers.
1963 Funeral Customs the World Over. Bulfin Publishers, Milwaukee, WI.
2001 The History of American Funeral Directing, Fifth Edition, Burton and Mayer, Brookfield,Wisconsin
Hacker, Debi 2001 Iconography of Death, Chicora Foundation, Columbia, SC.
Hacker-Norton, Debi, and Michael Trinkley 1984 Remember Man Thou Art Dust: Coffin Hardware of the Early Twentieth Century. Research Series 2, Chicora Foundation, Incorporated, Columbia, South Carolina.
Hacker-Norton, Debi, and Michael Trinkley 1984 Remember Man Thou Art Dust: Coffin hardware of the Early Twentieth Century. Research Series 2, Chicora Foundation, Incorporated, Columbia, South Carolina.
Hadingham, Evan 1994 The Mummies of Xinjiang. Discover, April, pp. 68-77.
Haestier, R. 1934 Dead Men Tell Tales: A Survey of Exhumations, From Earliest Antiquity to the Present Day, John Long, London.
Hagberg, Elizabeth B. 1939 Southwestern Indian Burial Practices. Masters Thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
Haglund, Laila 1968 An Aboriginal Burial Ground at Broadbeach, Queensland: Excavation Report. Mankind, 6(12):676-680.
1976a An Archaeological Analysis of the Broadbeach Aboriginal Burial Ground. University of Queensland Press, Brisbane, Australia.
Disposal of the Dead Among Australian Aborigines: archaeological data
and Interpretations. Theses and Papers in North-European Archaeology, Number 5, University of Stockholm, St. Lucia.
Hallager, Birgit P., and P.J.P. McGeorge 1992 Late Minoan III Burials at Khania: The Tombs, Finds, and Deceased in Odos Palama. P. Еstrцms, Gцteborg.
Halporn, Roberta 2002 F.A.Q.: A Question Wrapped in a Conundrum: Why Do Jews Put Pebbles on Gravestones? AGS Quarterly, 26(1):4-27.
Hamlin, Christine 2001 Sharing the Load: Gender and Task Division at the Windover Site. In Bettina Arnold and Nancy L. Wicker, editors, Gender and the Archaeology of Death, AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, California, pp. 119-135.
Handler, Jerome S. 1994 Update # 4: New York's African Burial Ground. African-American Archaeology, 12: 1-2.
1995 An African-Type Burial, Newton Plantation, Barbados. African-American Archaeology, 15: 1, 5-6.
A Prone Burial from a Plantation Slave Cemetery in Barbados, West Indies: Possible Evidence for an African-type Witch or Other Negatively Viewed Person. Historical Archaeology, 30(3): 76-86.
Hannon, Thomas J. 1983 The Cemetery: A Field of Artifacts. In Albert E. Ward, editor, Forgotten Places and Things. Center for Anthropological Studies, Albuquerque, New Mexico, pp. 263-265.
Hanson, Douglas B. 1988 Prehistoric Mortuary Practices and Human Biology. In Brian M. Butler, editor, Archaeological Investigations on the North Coast of Rota Mariana Islands. Micronesian Archaeological Survey Report, Number 23, Center for Archaeological Investigations, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois, pp. 375-435.
Hanson, Douglas B., and Claire C. Gordon 1989 Mortuary Practices and Social Complexity in Micronesia: Problems and Prospects of and Emerging Archaeological Database. Man and Culture in Oceania, 5:37-66.
Hanzlick, R. 1994 Embalming, Body Preparation, and Disinterment: An Overview for Forensic Pathologists. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 15: 122-131.
Hдrke, H. 1997 The Nature of Burial Data. In C.K. Jensen and K.H. Nielsen editors, Burial and Society: The Chronological and Social Analysis of Archaeological Burial Data, Aarhus University Press, Aarhus,
Harmon, M., T.I. Molleson, and J.L. Price 1981 Burials, bodies and beheadings in Romano-British and Anglo-Saxon cemeteries, Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History, Geology), 35: 145-188.
Harrah, Barbara K., and David F. Harrah 1976 Funeral Service: A Bibliography of Literature on Its Past, Present and Future: The Various Means of Disposition and Memorialization. Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, New Jersey.
Harrington, J.M., and R.L. Blakely 1995 Rich Man, Poor Man, Beggar Man, Thief: The Selectivity Exercised by Graverobbers at the Medical College of Georgia 1837-1887. In S.R. Saunders and A. Herring, editors, Grave Reflections, Canadian Scholar's Press, Toronto, Canada. Pp.153-178.
Harrison, April K. 1982 Social Dimensions of Mortuary Practices of Late Nineteenth-Century Black Atlantans. Honors Thesis, College of Applied Sciences, George State University.
Harrison, Barbara 1967 A Classification of Stone Age Burials from Niah Great Caves, Sarawak. Sarawak Museum Journal, 15(30):126-200.
1962 Borneo Death. Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land-en Volkenkunde, 118(1):1-41.
Harrold, Francis 1980 A comparative analysis of Eurasian palaeolithic burials. World Archaeology, 12: 195-211.
Hartland, E. Sidney 1911 Death and Disposal of the Dead. In James Hasting, editor, Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, Scribners, New York, NY, pp. 411-444.
Hдusler, Alexander 1968 Burial Customs of the Ancient Hunters and Fishers of Northen Eurasia. Arctic Anthropology, 5(1):62-67.
Hayes, C., and R. Kalish 1988 Death Related Experiences and Funerary Practices of the Hmong Refugees in the United States. Omega, 18(1):63-70.
Hebenstein, R.L., and W.M. Lamers 1955 The History of American Funeral Directing. The National Funeral Directors Association/Bulfin Printers, Milwaukee, WI.
Hedager, L. 2010 Split Bodies in the Late Iron Age/Viking Age of Scandanavia. In K. Rebay-Salisbury and M.L. S. Sшrensen, editors, Body Parts and Bodies Whole, Oxbow Books, Oxford, UK. pp.111-118.
Hellbrom, A.B. 1971 The All Saints' Cult in Mexico. Tememos, 7:58-63.
Heilen, Michael P. 2012a Uncovering Identity in Mortuary Analysis. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, California (ISBN: 978-1-61132-183-8)
Historic and Archaeological Overview for the Alameda-Stone Cemetery. In M.P. Heilen, editor, Uncovering Identity in Mortuary Analysis. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, California, pp. 53-89.
Cultural Affinity,Identity, and Relatedness: Distinguishing Individuals and Cultural Groups. In M.P. Heilen, editor, Uncovering Identity in Mortuary Analysis. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, California, pp. 91-103.
Heisey, Henry W., and J. Paul Witmer 1962 Of Historic Susquehannock Cemeteries. Pennsylvania Archaeologist, 32(3-4):99-130.
Hencken, Hugh 1978 Mecklenburg Collection, Part II: The Iron Age Cemetery of Magdalenska Gora in Slovenia, American School of Prehistoric Research Bulletin 32, University Museum Publications, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA.
Henderson, A.B. 1976 Paupers, Pastors, and Politicians: Reflections Upon Afro-Americans Buried in Oakland Cemetery. The Atlanta Historical Bulletin, 20:97-111.
Henderson, George, and Dorscine Spigner-Littles
Practitioner's Guide to Understanding Indigenous and Foreign Cultures: An Analysis of Relationships Between Ethnicity, Social Class
and Therapeutic Intervention Strategies, (Second Edition). Charles C. Thomas Publisher, Springfield, Illinois.
Hertz, R. 1960 A Contribution to the Study of the Collective Representation of Death, Free Press, New York
Hirst, S.M. 1985 An Anglo-Saxon Inhumation Cemetery at Sewerby, East Yorkshire. York University Archaeological Publications, Volume 4, York.
Hodder, I., editor 1982 Symbolic and Structural Archaeology. Cambridge University Press.
Hofman, Jack L. 1986 Hunter-Gather Mortuary Variability Toward an Explanatory Model. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Tennessee.
Hogarth, A.C. 1974 Structural Features in Anglo-Saxon Graves. Archaeological Journal, 130:104-119.
Hogue, S.H. 2000 Burial Practices, Mortality, and Diet in East-Central Mississippi: A Case Study from Oktibbeha County. Southeastern Archaeology, 19:63-81.
Hohenschuh, W.P. 1900 The Modern Funeral: Its Management. Trade Periodical Company, Chicago, IL.
Hohmann, John W. 2001 A Study of Sinagua Mortuary Practices and Their Implications. In Douglas R. Mitchell and Judy L. Brunson-Hadley, editors, Ancient Burial Practices in the American Southwest: Archaeology, Physical Anthropology, and Native American Perspective, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, New Mexico, pp.97-122.
Hollinger, R.E., C. Botic, and S.D. Ousley 2004 Inventory and Assessment of Human Remains Potentially Affiliated with the Northwestern Band of Shoshone in the National Museum of Natural History, Repatriation Office, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Hollinger, R.E., E. Eubanks, and S.D. Ousley 2004 Inventory and Assessment of Human Remains and Funerary Objects from the Point Barrow Region, Alaska. In the National Museum of Natural History, Repatriation Office, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Hope, Jeanette 1998 Making Up Stories: Bias in Interpretations of Aboriginal Burial Practices in Southern Australia. In Mary Casey, Denise Danlon, Jeanette Hope, and Sharon Wellfare, editors, Redefining Archaeology: Feminist Perspectives, ANH Publishing, Canberra, Australia, pp.239-245.
Hope, V.M., and E. Marshall 2000 Death and Disease in the Ancient City. London
Howard, Anna (editor) 1997 Death: Breaking the Taboo. Arthur James.
(ISBN: 085305343X) Howarth, G. and O. Leaman 2001 Encyclopedia of Death and Dying. Routledge, London, UK Howell, T.L., and K.W. Kintigh 1996 Archaeological Identification of Kin Groups Using Mortuary and Biological Data: An Example from the American Southwest. American Antiquity, 61:537-554. Hudson, Kenneth 1984 Churchyards and Cemeteries. The Bodley Head, London, UK. Hughes, D. 1991 Human Sacrifice in Ancient Greece. London Humphries, S.C. and Helen King (editors) 1981 Mortality and Immortality. The Anthropology and Archaeology of Death, Academic Press, London. Humphry, D. 1991 Final Exit: The Practicalities of Self-Deliverance and Assisted Suicide for the Dying. Dell Publishing Group, New York, NY. Huntington, R., and P. Metcalf 1979 Celebrations of Death: The Anthropology of Mortuary Ritual. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England. Hurren, E. 2008 Whose Body is it Anyway?: Tracking the Dead Poor, Coroner's Disputes, and the Business of Anatomy at Oxford University, 1885- 1929. Bull Hist Med, 82(4):775-819. Huxley, Dawn 2002 Evidence Cited as Hard Proof of the Existence of Satanic Cults. The Skeptic Friends Network. http://www.skepticfriends.org/articles/showquestion.asp?faq-6&fldAuto=45 Hwa, Hsiao-Lin, Chih-Hsin Pan, Guang-Ming Shu, Chin-Hao Chang, Tsui-Ting Lee, and James Chun-I. Lee 2015 Child Homicide Victims in Forensic Autopsy in Taiwan: A Ten Year Retrospective Study. Forensic Science International, 257:413-419. Ingersoll, Ernest 1892 Decoration of Negro Graves. Journal of American Folklore, 5:68-69. Iriarte-Chiapusso, Maria-Jose, Alvaro Arrizabalaga, and Gloria Cuenca-Bescos 2015 The Vegetational and Climatic Contexts of the Lower Magdalenian Human Burial in El Mirуn Cave (Cantabria, Spain): Implications Related to Human Behavior. Journal of Archaeological Science, 60:66-74. Irion, P.E. 1968 Cremation. Philadelphia. Irish, Donald P. 1993 Memorial Services Among Quakers and Unitarians. in Ethnic Variations in Dying, Death, and Grief: Diversity in Universality, Donald P. Irish, Kathleen F. Lundquist, and Vivian Jenkins Nelson editors, Taylor and Francis, Washington, D.C. pp. 147-159. Irish, Donald P., Kathleen F. Lundquist, and Vivian Jenkins Nelson 1993 Ethnic Variations in Dying, Death, and Grief: Diversity in Universality. Galen Press, Tucson, Arizona. (also cited as published by Taylor and Francis, Washington, D.C.) Isabell, William H. 1997 Mummies and Mortuary Monuments: A Postprocessual Prehistory of Central Andean Social Organization. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas. Iscan, M.Y. 1995 Forensic Anthropology around the World. Forensic Science International, 74(1,2): 1-3. Iserson, Kenneth V. 1994 Death to Dust, Galen Press, Tucson, AZ. (ISBN: 1883620074) 2001 Death to Dust: What Happens to Dead Bodies?, 2nd Edition, Galen Press Limited, Tucson, AZ. Islam, K.M. 1976 The Spectacle of Death: Including Glimpses of Life Beyond the Grave. Tablighi Kutub Khana, Lahore, Pakistan. 2437
Jacobsen, T.W., and Tracey Cullen 1981 A Consideration of Mortuary Practices in Neolithic Greece Burials from Franchthi Cave. In Sarah C. Humphreys and Helen King, editors, Mortality and Immortality: The Anthropology and Archaeology of Death, Academic Press, New York, NY, pp.79-101.
Jackman, Tom and Troy Cole 1992 Rites of Burial. Windsor Publishing Corporation, New York, NY.
Jackson, Charles O. 1977a American Attitudes to Death. Journal of American Studies, 11(3):297-312.
1977b Passing: The Vision of Death in America.
Jackson, M. 1972 The Black Experience with Death: A Brief Analysis Through Black Writings. Omega, 3(3):203-209.
Jackson, Percival E. 1937 The Laws of Cadavers and of Burial and Burial Places.
James, E.O. 1933 Origins of Sacrifice. A Study of Comparative Religion. John Murray, London.
Jamieson, Ross W. 1995 Material Culture and Social Death: African American Burial Practices. Historical Archaeology, 29(4): 39-58.
Jeane, Donald Gregory 1969 The Traditional Upland South Cemetery. Landscape, 18:39-41.
1978 The Upland South Cemetery: An American Type. Journal of Popular Culture, 11(1):895-903.
1987 Rural Southern Graveswtones: Sacred Artifacts in the Upland South Folk Cemetery. Markers, 4:55-84.
The Upland South Folk Cemetery Complex: Some Suggestions of Origin. In R.E. Meyer, editor, Cemeteries and Gravemarkers: Voices of American Culture, Utah State University Press, Logan, UT, pp:107-136.
Jensen, Claus Kjeld, and Karen Hшilund Nielson 1997 Burial & Society: The Chronological and Social Analysis of Archaeological Burial Data. Aarhus University Press, Aarhus, Denmark or Oakville, CT.
Jiang, Yu 2004 Ritual Practice, Status, and Gender Identity: Western Zhou Tombs at Baoji. In Kathryn M. Linduff, and Yan Sun, editors, Gender and Chinese Archaeology, AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, California, pp.117-136.
Jiao, Tianlong 2001 Gender Studies in Chinese Neolithic Archaeology. In Bettina Arnold and Nancy L. Wicker, editors, Gender and the Archaeology of Death, AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, California, pp.51-62.
Jirikowic, Christine 1990 The Political Implications of a Cultural Practice: A New Perspective on Ossuary Burial in the Potomac Valley. North American Archaeologist, 11(4):353-374.
Johnson, E.C. 1955 A History of the Art and Science of Embalming. Casket and Sunnyside,
Johnson, E.C., G.R. Johnson, and M.J. Williams 1989 Homes Method of Preserving Remains. The American Funeral Director, February,
The Origin and History of Embalming. in Embalming: History, Theory, and Practice, edited by R.G. Mayer and G.S. Bigelow, Appleton and Lange, Norwalk, CT., pp. 23-57.
Johnson, Marilyn 2015 Four Funerals and a Wedding: Skeletons Unearthed at Pocahotas' Wedding Chapel Tell a Vivid Story of the Near Collapse of One of America's First Settlements. Smithsonian Magazine, September: 68-80.
Johnston, Richard B. 1979 Notes on Ossuary Burial Among the Ontario Iroquois. Canadian Journal of Archaeology, 3:91-
Jones, Constance 1997 R.I.P.: The Complete Book of Death and Dying. Harper Collins. (ISBN: 0062701401)
Jones, D.Gareth 1994 Use of Bequeathed and Unclaimed Bodies in the Dissecting Room. Clin Anat, 7(2):102-107.
2000 Speaking for the Dead: Cadavers in Biology and Medicine. Ashgate, Brookfield, England.
Jones, E.B. 1997 Labret Wear in Alaskan Remains. A paper presented at the 24th Annual Meeting of the Paleopathology Association, St. Louis, MO.
Jones, Rick 1977 A Quantitative Approach to Roman Burial. In Richard Reece, editor, Approach to Roman Burial, Research Report, No. 22, London, UK, pp.20-25. Jones, William 1906 Mortuary Observances and the Adoption Rites of the Algonkin Foxes of Iowa. Proceedings of the International Congress of Americanists, 15(1):263-277.
Jordan, Terry G. 1982 Texas Graveyards: A Cultural Legacy. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX.
Joyce, R.A. 2001 Burying the Dead at Tlatilco: Social Memory and Social Identities. In M.S. Chesson, editor, Social Memory, Identity, and Death: Anthropological Perspectives
on Mortuary Rituals. Archaeological Papers, Volume 10, American Anthropological Association, Arlington, Virginia. pp.12-26.
Jupp, Peter C. and Glennys Howarth (editors) 1997 The Changing Face of Death: Historical Accounts of Death and Disposal. St. Martins Press, New York. (ISBN: 0312164033)
Kahaner, L. 1988 Cults that Kill: Probing the Underworld of Occult Crime. (ISBN: 0-446-51375-X)
Kalish, Richard A. 1980 Death and Dying: Views from Many Cultures, Baywood, Farmingdale, New York. pp.72-91.
Kalish, Richard A.and David K. Reynolds 1976 Death and Ethnicity. University of Southern California Press, Los Angeles, CA.
1979 Death and Ethnicity: A Psychocultural Study, Perspectives on Death and Dying I: Views from Many Cultures. Baywood, New York.
Death and Ethnicity: A Psychocultural Study, Perspectives on Death and Dying IV: A Psychocultural Study. Baywood, Farmingdale, NY.
Kamerman, J.B. 1988 Death in the Midst of Social and Cultural Influences on Death, Grief, and Mourning. Prentice Hall, New York.
Kamler, Kenneth 2006 The Donner Party: A Medical Doctor's Perspective. A Paper Presented at the 39th Annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Sacarmento, California.
Kamp, K.A. 1998 Social Heirarchy and Burial Treatments: A Comparative Assessment. Cross-Cultural Research, 32:79-115.
Kaneko, Erika 1966 A Review of Yayoi Period Burial Practices. Asian Perspectives, 9:1-26.
Kania, R.R.E. 1983 Joining Anthropology and Law Enforcement. Journal of Criminal Justice, 11(6):495-504.
Kannegaard Nielsen, E., and E. Brinch Petersen 1993 Burials, People and Dogs. In S. Hvass and B. Storgaard, editors, Digging into the Past. Kшbenhavn, Nationalmuseet, pp.76-80.
Kapches, M 1976 The Interment of Infants of the Ontario Iroquois. Ontario Archaeology, 27:29-39.
Kastenbaum, R. 1977 Death, Society, and Human Experience. Mosby, St. Louis, MO.
Kastenbaum, R.K. and B. Kastenbaum editors
1989 Encyclopedia of Death, Oryx Press, Phoenix, AZ.
Kelly, E. 2006 Sacrifice and Kingship. Iron Age Bodies and Boundaries. Dublin
Kelly, I.T. 1965 Folk Practices in Northern Mexico: Birth Customs, Folk Medicine, and Spiritualism in the Laguna Zone. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX.
Kelly, P.F. 1975 Death in Mexican Folk Culture. in Death in America. D. Stannard, editor, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, PA.
Kemble, J.M. 1855 Burial and Cremation. Archaeological Journal, 12:309-337.
Kennedy, Kenneth A.R. 2002 Megalithic Pochampad: The Skeletal Biology and Archaeological Context of an Iron Age Site in Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Archaeology for Asia and the Pacific, 41:
Khantipalo, 1980 The Bag of Bones. The Wheel, Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka, pp. 271-272.
Kiernan, Kevin, John Spies, and John Dunkley 1988 Prehistoric Occupation and Burial Sites in the Mountains of the Nam Khong Area, Mae Hong Son Province, Northwestern Thailand. Australian Archaeology, 27:24-44.
King, Thomas F. 1970 The Dead at Tiburon, Mortuary Customs and Social Organization on Northern San Francisco Bay. Northwester California Archaeological Society Occassional Papers, Number 2, Santa Rosa, California.
Kinnes, Ian 1975 Monumental Function in British Neolithic Burial Practices. World Archaeology, 7(1):16-29.
1992 The archaeology of the archaeology of death. Archaeological Review from Cambridge, 11(1): 11-17.
Kirk, L., and H. Start 1999 Death at the Undertakers. In J. Downes, and T. Pollard, editors, The Loved Body's Corruption: Archaeological Contributions to the Study of Human Mortality, Cuithne Press, Glasgow, Scotland
Kjellstrцm, A. 2005 A Sixteenth Century Warrior Grave from Uppsala, Sweden: The Battle of Good Friday. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 15(1):23-50.
Klinenberg, E. 2001 Bodies that Don't Matter: Death and Dereliction in Chicago. Body and Society, 7(2-3):121-136.
Klug, Lisa Alcalay 2010 Jewish Funeral Customs: Saying Goodbye to a Loved One. The Jewish Federations of North America. http://www.jewishfederations.org/page.aspx?id=937
Knox, Jean 1989 Death and Dying (Encyclopedia of Health, the Life Cycle). Chelsea House Publishing. (ISBN: 0791000370)
Knusel, C., R. Janaway, and S. King 1996 Death, Decay and Ritual Reconstruction: Evidence of Cadaveric Spasm. Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 15(2):121-128.
Koch, Joan K. 1978 Mortuary Behavior Patterning in First Spanish Period and British Period St. Augustine. The Conference on Historic Sites Archaeology Papers 1977, 12:286-304.
Mortuary Behavior Patterning and Physical Anthropology in Colonial St. Augustine. In K. Deagan, editor, Spanish St. Augustine: The Archaeology of a Colonial Creole Community, Academic Press, New York, NY. pp.187-227.
Kogon, S.L., and R.G. Mayer 1994 Analysis of Coffin Hardware from Unmarked Burials Former Wesleyan Methodist Church Cemetery, Weston, Ontario. North American Archaeology, 16:133-162.
Kolatch, Alfred J.
1993 The Jewish Mourner's Book of Why. Jonathan David, New York, NY.
Korn, Daniel, Mark Radice, and Charlie Hawes 2001 Cannibal: The History of the People-Eaters. Channel 4 Books, London, UK.
Kselman, Thomas A. 1993 Death and the Afterlife in Modern France, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Kьbler-Ross, E. 1969 On Death and Dying. Macmillan, New York, NY.
1973 On Death and Dying. Routledge, New York, NY.
Kuhn, Dieter 1994 Decoding Tombs of the Song Elite. In Dieter Kuhn, editor, Burial in Song China, Edition Forum, Heidelberg, Germany, pp.11-159.
Kujit, Ian 1996 Negotiating Equality through Ritual: A Correlation of Late Natufian and Prepottery Neolithic A Period of Mortuary Practices. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 15(4):313-336.
Keeping the Peace: Ritual, Skull Caching, and Community Integration in the Levantine Neolithic. In Ian Kuijt, editor, Life in Neolithic Farming Communities: Social Organization, Identity and Differentiation. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press, New York, NY., pp.137-162.
Place, Death, and the Transmission of Social Memory in Early Agricultural Communities of the Near Eastern PrePittery Neolithic. In Meredith Chesson, editor, Social Memory, Identity and Death: Anthropological Perspectives on Mortuary Rituals. Archaeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association, 10. American Anthropological Association, Naperville, IL.
Kumar, Sachil, Anoop Kumar Verma, Wahid Ali, Abhishek Pandey, Irfan Ahmad, and Uma Shankar Singh 2013 A Study of Unnatural Female Death Profile in Lucknow, India. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 34(4):352-356.
Kurtz, Donna C. and John Boardman 1971 Greek Burial Customs. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.
Laderman, Gary 1996 The Sacred Remains: American Attitudes Toward Death, 1799-1883. Yale University Press. (ISBN: 0300064322)
Rest in Peace: A Cultural History of Death and the Funeral Home in Twentieth Century America, Oxford University Press, New York, NY.
Lambert, Patricia M., Brian R.Billiman, and L. Leonard Banks 2000 Explaining Variability in Mutilated Human Bone Assemblages from the American Southwest: A Case Study from the Southern Piedmont of Sleeping Ute Mountain, Colorado. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 20:49-64.
Lamm, Muarice 1969 The Jewish Way in Death an Mourning. Jonathan David, New York.
Landau, Simha F. 1968 Ethnic Patterns of Criminal Homicide in Israel. Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Law, Institute of Criminology, Jerusalem.
Lang, Kathryn A. 1982 Material Items Connected with the Disposal of Dead Infants. Term Paper in Historical Archaeology, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho.
Coffins and Caskets: Their Contribution to the Archaeological Record. Masters thesis, Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Justice Studies, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID. (also cited as Boise, ID)
Larsen, C.S., J. Craig, L.E. Sering, M.J. Schoeninger, K.F. Russell, D.L. Hutchinson, and M.A. Williamson 1995 Cross Homestead: Life and Death on the Midwestern Frontier, In A.L. Grauer, editor, Bodies of Evidence: Reconstructing History Through Skeletal Analysis, Wiley-Liss, New York. Pp.139-159.
Larsson, Lars 2002 Food for the Living, Food for the Dead. Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, University of Lund, Sandgatan 1, SE-223 50 LUND, Sweden.
Big Dog and Poor Man: Mortuary Practices in Mesolithic Societies of Southern Sweden. In T.B. Larsson and H. Lundmark, editors, Approaches to Swedish Prehistory: A Spectrum of Problems and Perspectives in Contemporary Research. , British Archaeological Reports International Series No. 500, Oxford, pp:211-223.
Late Mesolithic Settlements and Cemeteries at Skateholm, Southern Sweden. In C. Bonsall, (editor), The Mesolithic in Europe. Papers Presented at the Third International Symposium Edinburgh 1985, Edinburgh University
Press, Edinburgh, Scotland, pp:367-378.
Man and Sea in Southern Scndinavia During the Late Mesolithic. The Role of Cemeteries in the View of Society. In A. Fischer, editor, Man and Sea in the Mesolithic. Coastal Settlement above and Below Present Sea Level. Proceedings of the International Symposium, Kalunborg, Denmark. Oxbow Monograph 53, Oxford, England, pp:95-104.
The Mesolithic Period in Southern Scandinavia: With Special Reference to Burials and Cemeteries. In F. Ashmore, editor, Mesolithic Scotland. The Early Holocene Prehistory of Scotland and Its European Context. Edinburgh, Scotland.
Lassek, A.M. 1958 Human Dissection: Its Drama and Struggle. Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Illinois
Latta, Martha A. 2000 Review of The Feast of the Dead: Aboriginal Ossuaries in Maryland by Dennis C. Curry. Historical Archaeology, 34(4):102.
Lattanzi, Giovanni 1997 Umbrian Tombs. Archaeology, July/August, 50(4): 18.
Lee, Robert 1996 Death Rites. Routledge. (ISBN: 0415140269)
Lehner, P. and A. Julen 1991 A man's bones with 16th-century weapons and coins in a glacier near Zermatt, Switzerland. Antiquity, 65: 269-273.
Leigh Fry, Susan 1999 Burial in Medieval Ireland 900-1500: A Review of the Written Sources. Four Courts Press, Dublin, Ireland.
Leming, Michael R. 1991 Funeral Customs in Thailand. a paper presented to the Midwest Sociological Society, Des Moines, Iowa
Lanning, Michael R., and George E. Dickinson 1985 Understanding Dying, Death, and Bereavement. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, NY.
Leaney, Jennifer 1989 Ashes to Ashes: Cremation and the Celebration of Death in Nineteenth-Century Britain. In Ralph Houlbrook, editor, Death, Ritual, and Bereavement, Routledge, London. pp.118-135.
Lemoine, J. 1983 The Initiation of the Dead Among the Hmong. Pandora Press, Bangkok, Thailand.
Leshnik, Lorenz 1967 Archaeological Interpretation of Burials in the Light of Central Indian Ethnography. Zeitschrift fьr Ethnologie, 92(1):23-32.
Levin, Mary 1930 Mummification and Cremation in India. Man, 30(18):29-34.
Lewis, James R. (editor) 1995 Encyclopedia of Afterlife Beliefs and Phenomena. Visible Ink Press. (ISBN: 0787602884)
Lillios, Katina T., Anna J. Waterman, and Joe Alan Artz 2010 The Neolithic-Early Bronze Age Mortuary Rockshelter of Bolores, Torres Vedras, Portugal. Journal of Field Archaeology, 35(1):19-39.
Lincoln, Bruce 1991 Death, War and Sacrifice: Studies in Ideology and Practice. University of Chicago Press. (ISBN: 0226481999)
Lindsey, Arturo 1996 Santeria Aesthetics in Contemporary Latin American Art. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. (ISBN: 1-56098-644-1 or 1-56098-615-1)
Linebaugh, Donald W. 2003 Burying the Dead in Lincoln County: An Analysis of the Holmes-Vardeman-Stephenson Cemetery Mortuary Artifacts. Paper Presented at the Twentieth Annual Kentucky Heritage Council Archaeological Conference, March 1, 2003. Louisville, Kentucky
Litten, Julian W.S. 1985 Post-Medieval Burial Vaults: Their Construction and Contents. Bulletin of the Council for British Archaeology Churches Committee,
1991 The English Way of Death: The Common Funeral Since 1450. Robert Hale, London.
Little, Barbara J., Kim M. Lanphear and Douglas W. Owsley 1992 Mortuary Display and Status in a Nineteenth-Century Anglo-American Cemetery in Manassas, Virginia. American Antiquity, 57(3): 397-418.
Little, M. Ruth 1989 Afro-American Gravemarkers in North Carolina. Markers, 6:102-134.
1998 Sticks and Stones: Three Centuries of North Carolina Gravemarkers. University of North Carolina
Press, Chapel Hill, NC.
Littleton, Judith 1998 East and West: Burial Practices Along the Murray River. Archaeology in Oceania, 34(1):1-14.
Littleton, J., and R. Blair 1993 The Burialground at Sturts Billabong, Wentworth: A Preliminary Description. Report for New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service, Sydney.
Llewellyn, Nigel 1991 The Art of Death: Visual Culture in the English Death Ritual C. 1500-C. 1800. Reaktion Books Ltd. (ISBN: 0948462167)
Lobdell, J.E., and A.A. Dekin 1984 The Frozen Family from the Utqiagvik Site, Barrow, Alaska. Arctic Anthropology, 21(1): 1-154.
Lobel, Jarrett A., and Samir Patel 2010 Clonycavan and Old Croghan Man. Archaeology Magazine, 63(3): http://archive.archaeology.org/1005/bogbodies/clonycavan_croghan.html
Loendorf, C. 1996 Burial Practices at the Schoolhouse Point Mound, U:8:24/13a. In O. Lindauer, editor, The Place of the Storehouses: Roosevelt Platform Mound Study Report on the Schoolhouse Point Mound, Pinto Creek Complex, Part 2. Arizona State University
Office of CulturalResource Management, Tempe, Arizona, pp:681-759.
1998 Salado Multiple Interments. Kiva, 63(4):319-348.
Salado Burial Practices. In Douglas R. Mitchell and Judy L. Brunson-Hadley, editors, Ancient Practices in the American Southwest: Archaeology, Physical Anthropology, and Native American Perspectives, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, pp.123-148.
Lomnitz, Claudio 2008 Death and the Idea of Mexico. Zone Books, New York, NY.
Long, J.H. 1894 Funeral Customs of the World. Popular Science Monthly, 45(6):806-812.
Lopez, Julius, and Stanley Wisniewski 1958 Discovery of a Possible Ceremonial Dog Burial in the City of Greater New York. Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Connecticut, Number 29:14-19.
Lorkiewicz, W, 2011 Unusual Burial From and Early Neolithic Site of the Lengyel Culture in Central Poland: Punishment, Violence or Mortuary Behaviour? International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 21:428-434. DOI: 10.1002/oa.1149
L'Oste-Brown, Scott, Luke Godwin, and Mike Morwood 2002 Aboriginal Bark Burial: 700 Years of Mortuary Tradition in the Central Queensland Highlands. Australian Aboriginal Studies, 1:43-50.
Lovering, J.W. 1898 Monuments and Headstones. In Modern Cemeteries: A Selection of Papers Read Before the Annual Meetings of the Association of American Cemetery Superintendents, Association of American Cemetery Superintendents, Chicago, IL, pp. 95-97.
Lovis, W.A. 1992 Forensic archaeology as mortuary anthropology. Soc Sci Med, 34(2):113-117.
Lucy, Sam 1992 The significance of mortuary ritual in the political manipulation of the landscape. Archaeological Review from Cambridge, 11(1): 93-
105. 1994 Children in Early Medieval Cemeteries. Archaeological Review from Cambridge, 13(2):21-34. Lucy, Sam, and Andrew Reynolds 2002 Burial in Early Medieval England and Wales. Society for Medieval Archaeology, Monograph 17, Leeds, England (ISBN: 1 902653 65 3) Lundquist, Kathleen F. 1993 Personal Reflections on Death Crief, and cultural diversity
. in Ethnic Variations in Dying, Death, and Grief: Diversity in Universality, Donald P. Irish, Kathleen F. Lundquist, and Vivian Jenkins Nelson editors, Taylor and Francis, Washington, D.C.pp.29-47. Lynch, L., and L. O'Donnell 2007 Cremation in the Bronze Age: Practice, Process and Belief. In E. Grogan, L. O'Donnell, and P. Johnston, editors, The Bronze Age Landscapes of the Pipeline to the West: An Integrated Archaeological and environmental assessment
. Wordwell, Bray. pp.105-114. Lynch, Thomas 1997 The Undertaking: Life Studies from the Dismal Trade. W.W. Norton and Company. (ISBN: 0393041123) Lyons, Claire L. 1996 The Archaic Cemeteries. Volume V in Morgantina Studies, edited by Malcolm Bell, III and Christopher Moss. Princeton University Press, Princeton. Madsen, Torsten 1979 Earth Long Barrows and Timber Structures: Aspects of Early Neolithic Mortuary Practices in Denmark. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 45:301-320. Mafart. B., J.-P. Pelletier, and M Fixot 2004 Post-mortem Ablation of the Heart: A Medieval Funerary Practice. A Case Observed at the Cemetery of Ganagobie Priory in the French Department of Alpes de Haute Provence. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 14(1):67-73. Mair, Victor H. (editor) 1995a A Collection of Papers on the Mummified Remains Found in the Tarim Basin, Journal of Indo-European Studies, 23(3-4), University Museum Publications, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA. . 1995b Mummies of the Tarim Basin. Archaeology, March/April: 28-35. Malefijt, A. 1969 Religion and Culture. MacMillan, New York. Malim, T., and J. Hines 1998 The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Edix Hill (Barrington A), Cambridgeshire. CBA Research Report, 112, CBA, York, UK. Malinowski, Tadeusz 1983 More on Burial Customs as an Archaeological Source. Current Anthropology, 24(4):525-526. Malsbury, J.O. 1899 Burial, Putrefaction, Disease, Death and Sorrow. Cremation, Health, Happiness and Longevity. Journal of the American Medical Association, 32:1102-1103. Marden, Kerriann, and John W. Verano 2005 Anatomy of a Cauldron: Sociocultural Contributions to Understanding a Forensic Case. A Presentation before the 57th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, February 21-26, 2005, New Orleans, Louisiana. Marino, Daniela 1997 Prayer for a Sleeping Child: Iconography of the Funeral Ritual of Little Angels in Mexico. Journal of American Culture, 20(2):37-44. Marks, A.S., and B.J. Calder 1982 Attitudes Toward Death and Funerals. J.L. Kellogg Graduate School of Management, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL. Marriner, Brian 1992 Cannibalism: The Last Taboo, Arrow, London, UK. Marshall, C. 1999 The Romano-British Decapitation Ritual. M.Sc, Dissertation, University of Bradford, Bradford, West Yorshire, England. Marshall, L.G. 1989 Bone Modification and the 'Laws of Burial'. In R. Bonnichsen and M.H. Sorg, editors, Bone Modification, Institute for Quarternary 2444
Studies, University of Maine Center for the Study of the First Americans, Orono, Maine. pp.7-24.
Martin, D.P. 1996 On the Cultural Ecology of Sky Burial on the Himilayan Plateau. East and West, 46(3-4):353-370.
Martinez, R. And C. Wetli 1982 Santeria: a magico-religious system of Afro-Cuban origin. The American Journal of Social Psychiatry, II(3): 32-38.
Masamba, J., and R. Kalish 1976 Death and Bereavement: The Role of the Black Church
. Omega, 7(1):23-24.
Mason, Michael Atwood 1993 The Blood that Runs in the Veins: The Creation of Identity and a Client's Experience of Cuban-American Santeria Dilogъn Divination. The Drama Review 37(2):119-130.
"I Bow My Head to the Ground": The Creation of Bodily Experience in a Cuban-American Santeria Initiation. Journal of American Folklore, 107(423):23-39.
Practicing Santeria. Performing the Self: The Social Construction of Subjectivity in Humans and Gods in an Afro-Cuban Religion. PhD Dissertation, Indiana University.
Mather, G., and L. Nichols, (editors) 1989 Dictionary of Cults, Sects, Religions and the Occult, Zondervan Publications, Grand Rapids, MI.
Mathews, Robert H. 1909 Some Peculiar Burial Customs of the Australian Aborigines. William Brooks, Sydney, Australia
Mathison, J. 1970 A Cross-cultural View of Widowhood. Omega, 1:201-218.
Matternes, Hugh B. 1998 The Cool Branch Cemetery (40HK9). In Charles Benz, editor, Archaeological Investigations of Sites 40HK5, 40HK6, and 40HK9, State Route 31 Corridor from Mountain Valley Road to North of Cantwell Valley Road, Hancock County, Tennessee. Transportation Center, University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee. pp.130-186.
Mayer, R.G. and G.S. Bigelow (editors) 1990 Embalming: History, Theory, and Practice, Appleton and Lange, Norwalk, CT.
McCane, Byron R. 1997 Burial Techniques. In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, Volume 1. E.M. Meyers, editor, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK , pp.386-387.
McCann, Catherine J. 1947 Aboriginal Urn Burial in the Southeastern United States. Doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
McDonald, Morris J. 1973 The Management of Grief: A Study of Black Funeral Practices. Omega, 4(2):139-148.
McDowell, Peggy 1982 New Orleans Ceneteries: Architectural Styles and Influences. Southern Quarterly, 20:8-27.
McGrath, P. 2003 Religiosity and the Challenge of Terminal Illness. Death Studies, 27:881-899.
McGuire, Randall H. 1992 Death, Society, and Ideology in a Hohokam Community. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado.
McHargue, G. 1972 Mummies. MacMillan, New York.
McHugh, Feldore 1999 Theoretical and Quantitative Approaches to the Study of Mortuary Practice. BAR International Series. Archaeopress, Oxford, England. (ISBN: 1-84171-005-9)
McKee, T. 2007 Ressurecting the Rights of the Unclaimed Dead: A Case for Regulating the new Phenomenon of Cadaver Trafficking. Stetson Law Review, 36:843-879.
1990 The McClendon Site: A Protohistoric Cemetery in Southeast Arkansas. Arkansas Archaeologist, 29:37-99.
McKenzie, Douglas H. 1965 The Burial Complex of the Moundville Phase, Alabama. Florida Anthropologist, 18(2):161-174.
McNiven, Ian 1996 Ethnological Specimens or Aboriginal Graves. The University of Queensland Archaeological Services Unit Report, Number 261.
Meaney, Audrey L., and Sonia Chadwick Hawkes 1970 Two Anglo-Saxon Cemeteries at Winnall, Winchester, Hampshire. Society for Medieval Archaeology, Monograph Series, Number 4.
Meehan, B. 1971 The Form, Distribution and Antiquity of Australian Aboriginal Mortuary Practices. Masters Thesis, University of Sydney, Australia.
Melton, N.D., J. Montgomery, and C. Knusel 2013 Gristhorpe Man. A Life and Death in the Bronze Age. Oxford
Metcalf, Peter and Richard Huntington 1991 Celebrations of Death, The Anthropology of Mortuary Ritual Second Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Meyer, Richard E. 1989 Cemeteries and Gravemarker: Voices of American Culture. Ann Arbor, MI.
1993 Ethnicity and the American Cemetery. Bowling Greene State University Popular Press
Meyer, Richard E., and David M. Gradwohl 1995 'Best Damm Dog We Ever Had':Some Folkloristic and Anthropological Observations on San Francisco's Presidio Pet Cemetery. Markers, The Journal of the Association for Gravestone Studies, XII:160-203.
Meyers, Eric M. 1970 Secondary Burials in Palestine. Biblical Archaeologist, 33(1):2-32.
Burial Patterns During Times of armed conflict
in Cyprus in the 1960s and 1970s. A Presentation before the 64th Annual Meeting of
the Academy of Forensic Sciences, Global Research: The Forensic Science Edge, February 20-25, Atlanta, Georgia.
Miles, Douglas 1965 Socio-Economic Aspects of Secondary Burial. Oceania, 35(3):161-174.
Millar, J.F.V. 1981 Mortuary Practices of the Oxbow Complex. Canadian Journal of Archaeology, 5:103-118.
Miller, D., and F. Parrott 2007 Death Ritual and Material Culture in South London. In B. Brooks-Gordon, F. Ebtehaj, and J. Herring, editors, Death Rites and Rights, Hart, Oxford, UK.
Miller, Henry M. 1992 Mortuary Practices in the Seventeenth-Century Chesapeake Region. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology Conference on Historical and Underwater Archaeology, Kingston, Jamaica.
Miller, T. 1995 America's Alternative Religions, SUNY Press, Albany, NY.
Millett, M. 1986 An early Roman burial tradition in central Southern England, OJA, 5: 63-68.
Millaire, J.F. 2004 The Manipulation of Human Remains in Moche Society: Delayed Burials, Grave Reopening, and Secondary Offerings of Human Bones on the Peruvian North Coast. Latin American Antiquity, 15(4):371-388.
Mims, C. 1998 When We Die: The Science, Culture, and Rituals of Death. St. Martins Press, New York NY.
Mitchell, Douglas R., and Judy L. Brunson-Hadley 2001 An Evaluation of Classic Hohokam Burials and Society: Chiefs, Priests, or Acephalous Complexity? In Douglas R. Mitchell and Judy L. Brunson-Hadley, editors, Ancient Burial Practices in the American Soutwest: Archaeology, Physical Anthropology, and Native American Perspectives, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, pp.45-67.
1963 American Way of Death, Simon & Schuster, New York, NY.
1998 The American Way of Death Revisited, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY.
2000 The American Way of Death Revisited. Virago Press, London, UK.
Mohammed, Madadin, and Magdy A.Kharoshah 2014 Autopsy in Islam and Current Practice in Arab Muslim Countries. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 23:80-83.
Mollesan, Theya 1991 Demographic Implications of Age Structure of Early English Cemetery Samples. Actes des Journees Anthropologiques, 5:113-121.
Mortality Patterns in the Romano-British Cemetery at Poundbury Camp Near Dorchester. In Steven Bassett, editor, Death in Towns: Urban Response to the Dying and the Dead, 100-1600, Leicester University Press, Leicester, UK., pp.43-55.
Mollesan, Theya and Margaret Cox 1993 The Spitalfields Project. Volume 2. The Anthropology: The Middling Sort. Council for British Archaeology Research Report, Council for British Archaeology, York, UK.
Moore, Clarence B. 1897 Certain Aboriginal Mounds of the Georgia Coast. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 11:1-138.
1905 A Form of Urn-Burial on Mobile Bay. American Anthropologist, 7(1):167-168.
Moore, Jerry D. 2004 The Social Basis of Sacred Spaces in the Prehispanic Andes: Ritual Landscapes of the Dead in Chimъ and Inka Societies. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 11(1):83-124.
Moore, Jerry, Cynthia Blaker, and Grant Smith 1991 Cherished are the Dead: Changing Social Dimensions in a Kansas Cemetery. Plains Anthropologist, 36(133):67-78.
Moore, Joan A. 1970 The Death Culture of Mexicans and Mexican Americans. Omega, 1:271-291.
Moore, Steve 1997 Strange Deaths. John Brown Publishing, London, UK.
Morgan, Ernest 2010 Dealing Creatively with Death: A Manual of Death Education and Simple Burial, 13th Edition. Galen Press, Tucson, Arizona.
Morgan, Ernest and Jennifer Morgan (editors) 1994 Dealing Creatively with Death: A Manual of Death Education and Simple Burial. Barclay House Books. (also cited as published by Galen Press, Tucson, Arizona as well as Zinn Communications, Bayside, NY) (ISBN: 0935016899)
Morris, Ian 1987 Burial and Ancient Society: The Rise of the Greek City State. Cambridge University Press, London, UK.
1992a Death-Ritual and Social Structure in Classical Antiquity, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY.
The Anthropology of a Dead World. In Death-Ritual and Social Structure in Classical Antiquity, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY. pp.1-30.
Morton, Robert J. 2004 "Viking Funeral" Ritual Murder or Suicide?". A Presentation before the 56th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Advance Program), February 19, 2004, Dallas, Texas.
Moskal-del Hoyo, Magdalena 2012 The Use of Wood in Funerary Pyres: Random Gathering or Special Selection of Species? Case Study of Three Necropolises from Poland. Journal of Archaeological Science, 39(11):3386-3395.
Mulhall, E.,a nd E.K. Briggs 2007 Presenting a Past Society to a Present Day Audience. Bog Bodies in Iron Age Ireland. Museum Ireland, 17:71-81.
Mullin, Glenn H. 1995 Death and Dying: The Tibetan Tradition. Penguin. (ISBN: 0140190139)
1974 Boat-Graves In Northern Europe. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration. 3(2):187-204.
Munro, R. 1911 Death and Disposal of the Dead. In James Hasting, editor, Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, Scribner's, New York, NY, 4:464-472.
Munson, Cheryl Ann, and Della Collins Cook 2001 Residential Mortuary Practices and Skeletal Biology at the Late Mississippian Hovey Lake Site, Posey County, Indiana. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 26:
Murphy, J.M. 1988 Santeria: An African Religion in America. Beacon Press, Boston, MA.
Murray, Peter 1971 Description and Analysis of the Lasanen Burials, In Charles E. Cleland, editor, The Lasasen Site, Publications of the Museum, Michigan State University
Anthropological Series, 1:1, East Lansing, Michigan, pp.2-18.
Mytum, Harold 1987 Recording Graveyards on the BBC Micro. In Peter Denley and Delan Hopkin, editors, History and Computing, Manchester University Press, Manchester, UK, pp.74-80.
Public Health and Private Sentiment: The Development of Cenetery Architecture and Funerary Monuments from the Eighteenth Century Onwards. World Archaeology, 21(2):283-297.
2000 Recording and Analysing Graveyards. Council for British Archaeology. Practical Handbooks in Archaeology, Number 15, York, UK.
2002 The Dating of Graveyard Memorials: Evidence from the Stones. Post-Medieval Archaeology, 36:1-38.
2004a Mortuary Monument and Burial Grounds of the Historic Period. Kluwer, Norwell, Massachusetts.
Rural Burial and Remembrance: Changing Landscapes of Commemoration. In D. Barker and D. Cranstone, editors, The Archaeology of Industrialization, The Society for Post-Medieval Archaeology Monograph 2. Maney Publishers, Leeds, England, pp.223-240.
Naess, Jenny-Rita 1970 The Significance of Orientation Elements in Iron Age Burial Customs at Voss: A Tentative Interpretation. Norwegian Archaeological Review, 3:73-83.
1972 Some Reflections on the Study of Iron Age Burial Customs in Norway. Norwegian Archaeological Review, 5:23-27.
Nash, J. 1967 Death as a Way of Life: The Increasing Resort to Homicide in a Maya Indian Community. American Anthropologist, 69:455-470.
Nelson, Andrew J. 1998 Wandering Bones: Archaeology, Forensic Science and Moche Burial Practices. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 8(3):192-212.
Nemo, Charles 1994 Serial Murders & The Satanic/Ritualistic Crimes Myth. http://members.aol.com/Karol666/page7/serial.htm
Newell, Katherine S., Elin Ross, Carrie McVicker, and Jen Cromwell 2000 Discrimination Against the Girl Child: Female Infanticide, Female Genital Cutting and Honor Killing. Youth Advocate Program International, Washington, D.C. (ISBN: 0-9663709-7-X)
Ngubane, H. 1986 The predicament of the sinister healer: some observations on ritual murder and the professional role of the inyanga. In M. Last and G.L. Chavunduka (editors), The Professionalization of African Medicine, Manchester, Manchester University Press, pp. 189-204.
Nigh, Robin Franklin 1997 Under Grave Conditions: African-American Signs of Life and Death in Northern Florida. Markers, 14:158-189.
Nilsson Stutz. L. 2003 Embodied Rituals and Ritualized Bodies. Tracing Ritual Practices in Late Mesolithic Burials. In Acta Archaeologica Lundensia, 46, Almqvist & Wiksell International, Stockholm, Sweden.
Nilsson Stutz L, and I. Kuijt 2014 Perspectives - Reflections on the Visibility of Cremation as a Physical Event. In I. Kuijt, C.P. Quinn, and G. Cooney, editors, Transformation by Fire. The Archaeology of Cremation in Cultural Context. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona. pp.143147.
Niquette, Charles M., and Nancy Ross-Stallings 1995 Deadmen Do Tell Tales: Comments on the Treatment of Historic Cemeteries as Archeological Sites. Manuscript, Cultural Resource Analysts, Incorporated, Lexington, Kentucky. Nissenbaum, A., and S. Buckley 2013 Dead Sea Asphalt in Ancient Egyptian Mummies--Why? Archaeometry, 55(3):563-568. Noblitt, J.R., and P.S. Perskin 1995 Cult and Ritual Abuse: Its History, Anthropology, and Recent Discovery in Contemporary America. Praeger Publishers, Westport, Connecticut (ISBN: 0-275-95281-9) Nock, D.B. 1932 Cremation and Burial in the Roman Empire. Harvard Theological Review, 25:321-359. Norton, Debbie, and Michael Trinkley 1984 Remember Man Thou Art Dust: Coffin Hardware of the Early Twentieth Century. Chicora Foundation Research Series 2. Chicora Foundation, Inc., Columbia, South Carolina. Novak, Axel E. 2008 House of Mourning: A Biocultural History of the Mountain Meadows Massacre. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, Utah. Nuland, Sherwin B. 1994 How We Die: Reflections on Life's Final Chapter. Galen Press, Tucson, Arizona. (also cited as Knopf, New York) Nusbaum, J.L. 1966 Burials within the Church. In W. Smith, R.B. Woodbury, and N.F.S. Woodbury, editors, The Excavation of Hawikuh by Frederick Webb Hodge: Report of the Hendricks-Hodge Expedition, 1917-1923. Contributions from the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, Volume XX:199-202. Nutty, Coleen L. 1984 Cemetery Symbolism of Prairie Pioneers: Gravestone Art and Social Change in Story County, Iowa. Journal of the Iowa Archaeological Society, 31:1-135. O'Gorman, Jodie A. 2001 Life, Death, and the Longhouse: A Gendered View of Oneota Social Organization. In Bettina Arnold and Nancy L. Wicker, editors, Gender and the Archaeology of Death, AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, California, pp.23-40. Olsen, Sandra L., and Pat Shipman 1994 Northern Plains Woodland Mortuary Practices. In Douglas W. Owsley and Richard L. Jantz, editors, Skeletal Biology in the Great Plains, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., pp.51-70. Oppenhiem, Roger S. 1977 Maori Death Customs. Reed, Wellington, New Zealand
. Oren, Eliezer D. 1973 The Northern Cemetery of Beth Shan. Brill, Leiden Orr, Phil C. 1941 Exceptional Burial in California. Science, 94(2449):539-540. Orser, Charles E., Jr. 1980 Toward a Partial Understanding of Complexity in Arikara Mortuary Practice. Plains Anthropologist, 25(88):113-120. O'Shaunghnessy, T.J. 1969 Muhammad's Thoughts on Death: A Thematic Study of the Qur'anic Data. E. Brill, Leiden Netherlands. O'Shea, John M. 1981 Social Configuration and the Archaeological Study of Mortuary Practices: A Case Study. in The Archaeology of Death, edited by R. Chapman, I. Kinnes, and K. Randsborg, pp. 133-134. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (also cited as pages 39-52) 1984 Mortuary Variability: An Archaeological Investigation. Studies in Archaeology, Academic Press, USA. Osuna, P. nand D.K. Reynolds 1970 A Funeral in Mexico: A Description and Analysis. Omega, 1:240-269. Oswalt, Wendell H. 1974 Ethnoarchaeology. In Ethnoarchaeology, Monograph 4, edited by C. B. Donnan and C. W. Clewlow Jr., pp. 3-11, Archaeological Survey, Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles. 2449
Owen, N.G. (editor) 1987a Death and Disease in Southease Asia: Explorations in Social, Medical, and Demographic History, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
Vietnamese Attitudes Regarding Illness and Healing. in Death and Disease in Southease Asia: Explorations in Social, Medical, and Demographic History, N.G. Owens, editor, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. pp.162-186.
Цzbek, Metin 2009 Remodeled Human Skulls in Kцk Hцyьk (Neolithic Age, Anatolia): A New Appraisal in View of Recent Discoveries. Journal of Archaeological Sciences, 36(2):379-386.
Panich, Lee M. 2015 "Sometime They Bury the Deceased's Clothes and Trinkets": Indigenous Mortuary Practices at Mission Santa Clara de Asis. Historical Archaeology, 49(4):
Pader, E.J. 1982 Symbolism, Social Relations and the Interpretation of Mortuary Remains. BAR International Series 130.), British Archaeological Reports, Oxford, U.K.
Palgi, P. and A. Abramovich 1984 Death: a cross-cultural perspective, Annual Review of Anthropology, 13: 385-417.
Paperno, I. 2001 Exhuming the Bodies of Societ Terror. Representations, 75:89-118.
Pardi, M.M. 1977 Death: An Anthropological Perspective, University Press of America, Washington, D.C.
Pardoe, C. 1988 The Cemetery as Symbol. The Distribution of Prehistoric Aboriginal Burial Grounds in Southeastern Australia. Archaeology in Oceania, 16:173-178. (also cited as 23(3):1-16).
1994 Wamba Yadu, A Later Holocene Cemetery of the Central River Murray. Archaeology in Oceania, 28:77-84.
Parfitt, K. 1995 Iron Age Burials from Mill Hill, Deal. London
Parker Pearson, Michael 1982 Mortuary practices, society and ideology: an ethnoarchaeological case study. In Symbolic and Structural Archaeology, I. Hodder (editor), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.
1986 Lindow Man and the Danish Connection: Further Light on the Mystery of the Bogman. Anthropology Today, 2(1): 15-18.
1993 The Powerful Dead: Archaeological Relationships Between the Living and the Dead. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 3:203-229.
1999 The Archaeology of Death and Burial. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas.
Parkes, Colin Maurray, Pittu Laungani, and Bill Young (editors) 1996 Death and Bereavement Across Cultures. Routledge. (ISBN: 0415131375)
Parler, Mary Celestia 1962 Folk Beliefs from Arkansas: Death and Funeral Customs, Volume VIII. University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR.
Parrington, Michael Parker., and D.G. Roberts 1984 The First African Baptist Church Cemetery. Archaeology, 37(6):26-32.
Demographic, Cultural, and Bioanthropological Aspects of a Nineteenth Century Free Black Population in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In A Life in Science: Papers in Honor of J. Lawrence Angel, J.E. Buikstra, editor, Center for American Archaeology Scientific Papers
6, Kampsville, Illinois.
Parrington, Michael and Janet Wideman 1986 Acculturation in an Urban Setting: The Archaeology of a Black Philadelphia Cemetery. Expedition, 28(1):55-62. The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Pasquali, E.A. 1994 Santeria. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 12:380-390.
Pate, F. Donald 1984 Mortuary Practices and Paleodiet as Archaeological Signatures of Social Organization and Status at Roonka on the Lower Murray River of South Australia. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Department of Anthropology, Brown University
, Providence, RI.
Patterson, Nancy-Lou 1989 United Above Though Parted Below: The Hand as Symbol on Nineteenth-Century Southwest Ontario Gravestones. Markers, 6:180-206.
Pawar, Mohan N., Deodatta M. Suryawanshi, and J. Praveen Kumar 2015 Myths and Misconceptions about Medico-legal Autopsies Among the People of Tamilnadu, India. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 34:159-163.
Paxton, Frederick S. 1996 Christianizing Death: The Creation of a Ritual Process in Early Medieval Europe. Cornell University Press. (ISBN: 0801483867)
Pearson, Lynn F. 2002 Mausoleums. Shire Publications, Risborough, Buckinghamshire
Pearson, Michael Parker 1993 The Powerful Dead: Archaeological Relationships between the Living and the Dead. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 3(2): 203-229.
The Archaeology of Death and Burial, Texas A&M University Anthropology Series No. 3, Texas A&M University Press, College Station, TX. (ISBN: 0890969264)
Peebles, Christopher S. 1971 Moundville and Surrounding Sites: Some Structural Consideration of Mortuary Practices II. In James A Brown, editor, Approaches to the Social Dimensions of Mortuary Practices, Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology, Number 25, Washington, D.C.
1972 Monothetic Dividsive Analysis of the Moundville Burials: An Initial Report. Newsletter of Computer Archaeology, 3(2):1-13.
Pellegrino, E.D. 2003 Moral and Religious Concerns about the Autopsy. In K.A. Collins and G.M. Hutchins, editors, Autopsy Performance and Reporting, Second Edition.College of American Pathologists, Northfield, IL. pp.27-38.
Perlmutter, Dawn 2002 Investigating Cult and Occult Crime. A lecture before the International Association for Identification, Las Vegas, Nevada, August 7, 2002.
Investigating Religious Terrorism and Ritualistic Crimes. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. (ISBN: 0849310342)
Mujahideen Blood Rituals: Forensic and Symbolic Analysis of al Qaeda Beheading, Mutilation and Prohibition of Images. A Presentation before the 91st International Educational Conference, The International Association for Identification, July 2-7, 2006, Boston, MA.
Blood Rituals: Ritualistic Crime Scene Investigation. A Presentation before the 91st International Educational Conference, The International Association for Identification, July 2-7, 2006, Boston, MA.
Blood Rituals: Ritualistic Crime Scene Investigation. A Presentation at the 92nd International Educational Conference of the International Association for Identification, July 22-28, 2007, San Diego, California.
Perry, Hosea L. 1993 Mourning and Funeral Customs of African Americans
. in Ethnic Variations in Dying, Death, and Grief: Diversity in Universality, Donald P. Irish, Kathleen F. Lundquist, and Vivian Jenkins Nelson editors, Taylor and Francis, Washington, D.C. pp.51-65.
Petrasek, Mary Beth, G. Randall Moshos, Marie-Lydia Pierre-Louis, and Wendy M. Gunther 2001 Religious Rituals in the U.S. Parklands: The Rock Creek Witch Project. A Paper Presented at the American Academy of Forensic Sciences 53rd Annual Meeting, February 19-24, 2001, Seattle, Washington.
Petrinovich, Lewis 2000 The Cannibal Within. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver, Canada
Pettigrew, T.J. 1834 A History of Egyptian Mummies and an Account of the Worship and Embalming of the Sacred Animals by the Egyptians with Remarks on the Funeral Ceremonies of Different Nations and Observations of the Canary Islands, of the Ancient Peruvians, Burman Priest & C, Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green & Longman, London, UK.
1994 Burials on the Crescent Beach Yacht Club, Niantic, Connecticut: There is Always a Lesson to be Learned. ASSEC News, 2:2-9. Philpott, Robert A. 1991 Burial Practices in Roman Britain: A Survey of Grave Treatment and Furnishing A.D. 43-410. Tempus Reparatum, British Archaeological Reports, British Series, 219. Pietrusewsky, Michael and Lisa M. Willacker 1997 The Search for Father Bachelot: First Catholic Missionary to the Hawaiian Islands (1827-1837). Journal of Forensic Sciences, 42(2): 208-212. Piga, G., M. Guirguis, P. bartoloni, A. malgosa, and S. Enzo 2010 A Funerary Rite Study of the Phoenician-Punic Necropolis of Mount Sirai (Sardinia, Italy). International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 20(2):144-157. Piggott, Stuart 1973 Problems in the Interpretation of Chambered Tombs. In Glyn Daniel and Poul Kjжrum, editors, Megalithic Graves and Ritual, Jutland Archaeological Society Publications, 11. Copenhagen, Denmark. Pine, V.R. 1969 Comparative Funeral Practices. Practical Anthropology, 16:49-62. Pita, F., and C. Carmona 2004 Cerebral Death: From the Fear of Premature Burial to the Myth of the Living Donor. Acta Med Port, 17:70-75. Pitchugina, Tatiana 2001 The Descendents of Horsewomen Buried Only Men. alphagalileo, http://www.alphagalileo.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=PrintRelease&releaseid=7467 Polfer, Michel, and Jos Thiel 1997 The GalloRoman Cremation Cemeteries of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg - Initial Findings of Current Research. Internet Archaeology. http://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue4/polfere_index.html Pollanen, Michael S. 2004 Alleged Lethal Sorcery in East Timor. Forensic Science International, 139(1):17-19. Polson, Cyril John, R.P. Brittain and Thomas Kenneth Marshall 1953 The Disposal of the Dead, English Universities Press, London, UK. 1962 The Disposal of the Dead, 2nd ed., Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, IL. Polson, C.J. and D.J. Gee 1973 Illegal disposal of the dead. Criminologist, 8: 3-14. Poirer, David A. 1996 In Perpetuity: The Northrup Cemetery. Cultural Resource Management, 19(10):12. http://crm.cr.nps.gov/archive/19-10/19-10-4.pdf Poirier, David A., and Nicholas F. Bellantoni (editors) 1997 In Remembrance: Archaeology and Death. Bergin & Garvey, Westport, CT. (ISBN: 0-89789-419-7) Porta, D.J., T.A. Kress, P.M. Fuller, et alia 1996 Spiral Fractures - Definition and Determination of Torsional Direction from Radiographs. A Paper Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Nashville, TN, February 19-24, 1996. Potter, Elisabeth Walton, and Beth M. Boland 1992 Guidelines for Evaluating and Registering Cemeteries and Burial Places. National Register Bulletin, 41 Powell, Joseph F., and Helen Danzeiser Dockall 1996 Mortuary Characteristics at Phillips Memorial Cemetery. In Helen Danzeiser Dockall, Joseph F. Powell, and D. Gentry Steele, editors, Home Hereafter: Archaeological and Bioarchaeological Investigations at a Historic African-American Cemetery (41GV125), Report of Investigations, Number 5, Center for Environmental Archaeology, Texase A&M University, College Station, Texas, pp.105-127. Praetzellis, Adrian 2000 Death by Theory: A Tale of Mystery and Archaeological Theory. Alta Mira Press, Walnut Creek, California (ISBN: 0-7425-0359-3 or 0-7425-0359-5) Price, Larry W. 1966 Some Results and Implications of a Cemetery Study. The Professional Geographer, 18:201-207. 2452
Pritchard, James B. 1963 The Bronze Age Cemetery at Gibeon, University Museum Monograph 25, University Museum Publications, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA.
The Cemetery at Tell es-Sa'idiyeh, Jordan, University Museum Monograph 41, University Museum Publications, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA.
Prothero, Stephen 2000 Purified by Fire: A History of Cremation in America. University of California Press, Berkeley, California
Proulx, D.A. 2001 Ritual Uses of Trophy Heads in Ancient Nasca Society, in E. Benson and A.G. Cook, editors, Ritual Sacrifice in Ancient Peru. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX, pp.119-136.
Puckle, Bertram S. 1926 Funeral Customs: Their Origin and Development. Werner Laurie, London, UK. (also cited as published by Singing Tree Press, Detroit, Michigan)
Purnell, Nanette Napoleon 1993 Oriental and Polynesian Cemetery Traditions in the Hawaiian Islands. In Richard E, Meyer, editor, Ethnicity and the American Cemetery Traditions, Bowling Green State University Popular Press, Bowling Green, Ohio, pp.193-221.
Pye, J.W. 2007 A Look Through the Viewing Glass: Social Status and Grave Analysis in a 19th Century Kansas Cemetery, Unpublished Masters of Arts Thesis, University of Arkansas, Little Rock, Arkansas.
Quinet, Kenna, Samuel Nunn, and Alfarena Ballew 2016 Who are the Unclaimed Dead? Journal of Forensic Sciences, 61(S1):S131-S139.
Quigley, Christine 1996 The Corpse: A History. McFarland and Company, Jefferson, North Carolina.
2001 Skulls and Skeletons: Human Bone Collections and Accumulations. McFarland Publishing Company, Jefferson, North Carolina.
Racy, J. 1969 Death in Arab Culture. Annals, New York Academy of Sciences, 64:871-880.
Radzinsky, Edvard 1993 The Last Tsar: The Life and Death of Nicholas II. Anchor. (ISBN: 0385469624)
Ragon, M. 1983 The Space of Death: A Study of Funerary Architecture, Decoration, and Urbanism. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.
Rahmani, L.Y. 1981a Ancient Jerusalem's Funerary Customs and Tombs: Part One. BA 44:171-177.
1981b Ancient Jerusalem's Funerary Customs and Tombs: Part Two. BA44(4):229-235.
1982 Ancient Jerusalem's Funerary Customs and Tombs: Part Four. BA45(2):109-119
Rahtz, Philip A. 1978 Grave Orientation. Archaeological Journal, 135(1):1-14.
Rahtz, Philip A., Tania Dickinson, and Lorna Watts 1980 Anglo-Saxon Cemeteries 1979. BAR, British Series, 82, Oxford, UK.
Rainville, Lynn 2000 A Review of Bereavement and Commemoration: An Archaeology of Mortality by Sarah Tarlow. American Antiquity, 65(3):581.
Rakita, Gordon F.M. 2007 Bioarchaeology. SAS Bulletin, 30(4):16-17.
Rakita, Gordon F.M., Jane E. Buikstra, Lane A. Beck, and Sloan R. Williams, editors 2005 Interacting with the Dead: Perspectives on Mortuary Archaeology for the New Millennium, University Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL. (ISBN: 0-8130-2856-6)
Burial and Early State Formation in Denmark. In Robert Chapman, Ian Kinnes, and Klavs Randsborg, editors, Cambridge University Press, London, UK, pp.105-122.
1989 The archaeology of the visual: burials past and present, Dialoghi di Archeologia, 7: 85-96.
Rankin-Hill, Lesley M. 1997 A Biohistory of 19th Century Afro-Americans: The Burial Remains of a Philadelphia Cemetery. Bergin Garvey, Westport, Connecticut.
Raschke, C.A. 1994 Satanic Ritual Abuse of Children is Widespread. In Child Abuse: Opposing Viewpoints, David Bender and Bruno Leone, editors. Greenhaven Press Incorporated, Sand Diego, CA, pp142-148.
Rascovsky, A. 1995 Filicide: The Murder, Humiliation, Mutilation, Denigration, and Abandonment of Children by Parents. Jason Aronson, Inc., Northvale, NJ. (ISBN: 1-56821-456-1)
Rasmussen, K.L., M. Torino, G. Glastrup, N.T. Ramseyer, and P. Bjerregaard 2012 On the Embalment of S. Francesco Caracciolo. Archaeometry, 54(6):110-1113.
Rathje, William L. 1979 Modern Material Culture Studies. In M.B. Schiffer, editor, Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, 2, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, pp: 1-38.
Rautman, Alison E., and Todd W. Fenton 2005 A Case of Historic Cannibalism in the American West: Implications for Southwestern Archaeology. American Antiquity, 70:321-341.
Ravesloot, John C. 1988 Mortuary Practices and Social Differentiation at Casas Grandes, Chihuahua, Mexico. Anthropological Papers of the University of Arizona No. 49, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.
Redmond, Brian 1982 Drilled Skulls and Eyes of Clay: Late Woodland Burial Ceremonialism in the Western Lake Erie Basin. Toledo Area Aboriginal Research Bulletin, 11:1-36.
Reeve, J., and M. Cox 1999 Research and Our Recent Ancestors: Post-Medieval Burial Grounds. In .J. Downes and T. Pollard, editors, The Loved Body's Corruption, Cruithne Press, Glasgow, Scotland, pp159-
Reimer, J. (editor) 1974 Jewish Reflections on Death. Schocken Books, New York.
Reimers, Eva 1999 Death and Identity: Graves and Funerals as Cultural Communication. Mortality, 4(2):147-166.
Reis, Joao Jose 1992 Death to the Cemetery: Funerary Reform and Rebellion in Brazil, 1936. In B. Schwartz, editor, Latin American History, Special Issue, History Workshop, 34:33-46.
Renteln, A.D 2002 The Rights of the Dead: Autopsies and Corpse Mismanagement in Multicultural Societies. South Atlantic
Renouard, A. 1878 The Undertaker's manual: A Treatise of Useful and Reliable Information; Embracing Complete and Detailed Instructions for the Preservation of Bodies, A.H. Nirdlinger & Company, Rochester, NY.
Resk, Thomas K., and Thomas A. Rudd 2004 Hmong Cultural Aversion to Forensic Austopsy: Bridging Communication and Cultural Barrier. A Poster Presentation before the 56th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Advance Program), February 19, 2004, Dallas, Texas.
Richards, Janet 2005 Society and Death in Ancient Egypt: Mortuary Landscapes of the Middle Kingdom. (ISBN: 0-521-84033-3)
Richardson, J.T., J. Best, and D.G. Bromley 1991 Satanism Scare. Aldine de Gruyter Publishing Company, Hawthorne, NY (ISBN: 0-202-30379-9)
Death, Dissection and the Destitute. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois (also cited as published by Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, UK).
Rieber, Robert W., and William A. Stewart 1990 The Language Scientist as Expert in the Legal Setting: Issues in Forensic Linguistics. New York Academy of Sciences, New York, NY.
Riley, Thomas J., and Hak Soo Kwon 1992 Postmortem Spouse Residence in Nineteenth Century Illinois Cemeteries: Patterns of Kinship and Land Tenure. Death Studies, 16(2):
Riordan, Timothy B. 1997 The 17th-Century Cemetery at St. Mary's City: Mortuary Practices in the Early Chesapeake. Historical Archaeology, 31(4):28-40.
Riordan, Timothy B., and Ruth M. Mitchell 2011 Eighteenth- and Nineteenth- Century Brick-Lined Graves: Their Construction and Chronology. Historical Archaeology, 45(4):91-101.
Ritchie, J., N. Graham, and Alastair Maclaren 1973 Ring-Cairns and Related Monuments in Scotland. Scottish Archaeological Forum, Number 4, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Ritchie, William A. 1955 Recent Discoveries Suggesting an Early Woodland Burial Cult in the Northeast. New York State Museum and Science Service Circular, 40.
Rivera, Mario A. 1995 The Preceramic Chinchorro Mummy Complex of Northern Chile: Context, Style, and Purpose. In Tom D. Dillehay, editor, Tombs of the Living: Andean Mortuary Practices, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, D.C., pp.43-77.
Roach, Mary 2003 Stiff: The Curious Lives of Human Cadavers. W.W. Norton & Company, New York, NY. (also cited as published in 2004)
Roberts, D. 1993 The Iceman. National Geographic, 183: 36-67.
2000 Dig a Grave Borh Wide and Deep. Historic St. Mary's City Commission, St. Mary's City, Maryland.
Robins, R.P., and G.L. Walsh 1979 Burial Cylinders: The Essence of a Dilemma in Public Archaeology. Australian Archaeology, 9:62-71.
Robinson, William J., and Roderick Sprague 1965 Disposal of the Dead at Point of Pines, Arizona. American Antiquity, 30(4):442-453.
Rodning, C. 2011 Mortuary Practices, Gender Ideology, and the Cherokee Town at the Coweeta Creek Site. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 30(2):145-173.
Roediger, David R. 1981 And Die in Dixie: Funerals, Death, and Heaven in the Slave Community, 1700-1865. Massachusetts Review, 22(1): 163-183. (also cited as pp. 163-175).
Rogers, T.L. 2005 Recognition of Cemetery Remains in a Forensic Context. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 50:5-11.
Rose, H.J. 1922 Celestial and Terrestrial Orientation of the Dead. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 52(1): 127-140.
Rose, Harold M., and Paula D. McClain 1990 Race, Place, and Risk: Black Homicide in Urban America. State University of New York Press, Albany, NY.
Rose, Jerome C. 1982 Cedar Grove Historic Cemetery: A Study in Bio-History. Arkansas Archaeological Society, Fayetteville, Arkansas. Submitted to New Orleans District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
, New Orleans, LA.
Gone to a Better Land: A Biohistory of a Rural Black Cemetery in the Post-Reconstruction South. Arkansas Archaeological Research Series No. 25. Arkansas Archaeological Survey, Fayetteville, AR.
Rose, Jerome C.,and Gene Santeford 1985 Cedar Grove Burial Interpretation. In Jerome Rose, editor, Gone to a Better Land: A Biohistory of a Rural Black Cemetery in the Post- Reconstruction South, Arkansas Archaeological Survey Research Series No. 25, Fayetteville, Arkansas, pp:130-145.
2004 Cremation in America, Prometheus Books, Amherst, NY. Rosenblatt, Paul C. 1993 Cross-Cultural Variation in the Experience, Expression, and Understanding of Grief. in Ethnic Variations in Dying, Death, and Grief: Diversity in Universality, Donald P. Irish, Kathleen F. Lundquist, and Vivian Jenkins Nelson editors, Taylor and Francis, Washington, D.C. pp. 13-19. Rosner, F. 1971 Autopsy in Jewish Law and the Israeli Autopsy Controversy. Traditio, 11:43-63. Ross-Stallings, nancy 1995 Bioanthropological Analysis of the Historic Interments in 15MC24, Metcalfe County, Kentucky. In M.A. Highes, editor, A National Register Evaluation of Twelve Sites in Adair, Cumberland and Metcalfe Counties, Kentucky, Cultural Resource Analysts, Incorporated, Lexington, Kentucky. Rothschild, Nan A. 1979 Mortuary Behavior and Social Organization at Indian Knoll and Dickson Mounds. American Antiquity, 44: 658-675. Rotman, Deborah, John Adams-Graf, Kathryn Jakes, Majorie Schroder, and Christina Fulton 2000 The Material Culture of Mortuary Behavior: Artifacts from the Grafton Cemetery. In Jane E. Buikstra, Jodie A. O'Gorman, and Cynthia Sutton, editors, Never Anything So Solemn, Kampsville Studies in Archaeology and History, Number 3, Kampsville, Illinois. Rotundo, Barbara 1994 Bibliography of Graveshelters. Newsletter of the Association for Gravestone Studies, 18(1):23. 1997 A Modern Gravestone Marker: Some Lessons for Gravestone Historians. Markers, 14:86-109. Rowe, John Howland 1995 Behavior and Belief in Ancient Peruvian Mortuary Practice. In Tom D. Dillehay, editor, Tombs of the Living: Andean Mortuary Practices, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library, Washington, D.C., pp.27-41. Ruby, Jay 1989-90 Portraying the Dead. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 19: 1-20. Rudenko, S.I. 1970 Frozen Tombs of Siberia, edited and Translated by M.W. Thompson. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. Rugg, Julie 2000 Defining the Place of Burial: What Makes a Cemetery a Cemetery? Mortality, 5(3):259-275. Ruiten beek, Hendrik Marinus 1983 Interpretation of Death. Jason Aronson. (ISBN: 0876686862) Rushton, Lucy 1993 Death Customs (Comparing Religions). Thomson Learning. (ISBN: 1568470312) Russell, M.D. 1987 Mortuary Practices at the Krapina Neanderthal Site. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 72: 381-397. Ruwanpura, Rohan 2011 Medico-Legal Practice and Its Interaction with Multitude of Socio-Religious Rites in SriLanka. Sri Lanka Journal of Forensic Medicine, Science and Law, 2(2):4-6. Sanders, William P. 2006 Law Enforcement Funeral Manual: A Practical Guide for Law Enforcement Agencies When Faced with the Death of a Member of Their Department, (Second Edition), Charles C. Thomas Publisher, Springfield, Illnois. Sandoval, M.S. 1983 Santeria. Journal of Florida Medical Association, 70:620-680. Sandweiss, Daniel H. and Elizabeth S. Wing 1997 Ritual Rodents: The Guinea Pigs of Chincha, Peru. Journal of Field Archaeology, 24(1):47-58. Sarkar, Haribishnu 1951 Disposal of the Dead at the Indus Valley and Its Survival Among the Aboriginal Peoples of India. Man in India, 31(1):23-32. Saunders, L. 2456
1954 Cultural Difference and Medical Care: The Case of the Spanish Speaking People of the Southwest. Russell Sage, New York.
Saunders, Shelley R., and Ann Herring (also cited as D. Ann Herring) 1995 Grave Reflections: Portraying the Past Through Cemetery Studies. Canadian Scholars' Press, Toronto, Canada.
Saunders, S.R., A. Herring, L.A. Sawchuk, and G. Boyce 1995 The Nineteenth-Century Cemetery at St. Thomas' Anglican Church, Belleville: Skeletal Remains, Parish Records and Censuses. In S.R. Saunders and A. Herring, editors, Grave Reflections: Portraying the Past Through Cemetery Studies. Canadian Scholar's Press, Toronto, Canada. Pp.93-117.
Saxe, Arthur A. 1970 "Social Dimensions of Mortuary Practices." Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan, University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, MI.
Social Dimensions of Mortuary Practices in Medolithic Population from Wadi Halfa, Sudan. In J.A. Brown (editor), Approaches to the Social Dimensions of Mortuary Practices, Washington.
Sayles, E.B. 1937 Disposal of the Dead. Gila Pueblo, Medallion Papers, 25: 91-100.
Schif, Jonathan 2000 Among the Hmong? Cops Cultural Testimony Is Not Expertise. The Forensic Echo, 4(8):
Schmidt, Christopher W., Stephen P. Nawrocki, Matthew A. Williamson, William Mangold 1995 Excavation of Three Historic Family Cemeteries in Southwestern Indiana. A paper presented at the 1995 meeting of the Midwest Bioarcheology and Forensic Anthropology Association
Scholtz, H. J., V.M. Phillips, and G.J. Knobel 1997 Muti or ritual murder. Forensic Science International, 87(2): 117-123.
Schorsch, Anita 1976 Mourning Becomes America: Mourning Art in the New Nation. Main Street Press, Philadelphia, PA.
Schroeder, Sissel 2001 Secondary Disposal of the Dead: Cross-Cultural Codes. World Cultures, 12:77-93.
Schultz, Suzanne M. 1991 Body Snatching: The Robbing of Graves for the Education of Physicians in Early Nineteenth Century America. McFarland, Jefferson, North Carolina.
Schurr, M. 1989 The Relationship Between Mortuary Treatment and Diet at the Angel Site (Middle Mississippian Culture), Ph.D. Thesis, Indiana University, Department of Anthropology, Bloomington, Indiana.
Schuyler, Robert (editor) 1980 Archaeological Perspectives on Ethnicity in America: Afro-American and Asian American Culture History. Baywood, Farmingdale, New York.
Scott, Eleanor 1992 Images and contexts of infants and infant burials: some thoughts on some cross-cultural evidence. Archaeological Review from Cambridge, 11(1): 77-92.
Sears, W.H. 1961 The Study of Social and Religious Systems in North American Archaeology. Current Anthropology, 2:233-246.
Secretan, Thierry 1995 Going into Darkness: Fantastic Coffins from Africa. Thames & Hudson, London, UK.
Sellier, P. 1985 Observations sur la position des corps dans les cimetiйres de Mehrgarh (Pakistan). In Mйthode s'Йtude des Sйpultures, Saint-Germain en Laye, France, pp.39-43.
Sempowski, Martha Lou 1986 Differential Mortuary Treatment of Seneca Women: Some Social Inferences. Archaeology of Eastern North America, 14: 35-44.
Sempowski, Martha Lou, and Michael W. Spence 1994 Mortuary Practices and Skeletal Remains at Teotihuacan. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, UT. (ISBN: 0874804132)
Sewell, Kritsin J., Michael P. Heilen, and Lynne Goldstein 2012 Deathways and Tucson's Living Population 1860-1880. In M.P. Heilen, editor, Uncovering Identity in Mortuary Analysis. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, California, pp. 165-183. Sewell, Kristin J., Kandus C. Linde, and Michael P. Heilen 2012 Adornment, Religious Objects, and Grave Inclusions.In M.P. Heilen, J.T. Hefner, and M.A. Keur, editors, The History, Archaeology, and Skeletal Biology of the Alameda-Stone Cemetery. Deathways and Lifeways in the American Southwest: Tucson's Historic Alameda-Stone Cemetery and the Transformation of a Remote Outpost into an Urban City, Volume 2, Technical Report 10-96. Statistical Research, Tucson, Arizona.pp.297-364. Sewell, Kristin J., Jeremy Pye, Michael P. Heilen, Kandus C. Linde, and Callie Unverzagt 2012 Graves, Burial Containers, and Undertaking. In M.P. Heilen, J.T. Hefner, and M.A. Keur, editors, The History, Archaeology, and Skeletal Biology of the Alameda-Stone Cemetery. Deathways and Lifeways in the American Southwest: Tucson's Historic AlamedaStone Cemetery and the Transformation of a Remote Outpost into an Urban City, Volume 2, Technical Report 10-96. Statistical Research, Tucson, Arizona.pp.209-296. Shaw, B.D. 1991 The cultural meaning of death, in The Family in Italy from Antiquity to the Present. D.I.Kertzer and R.P. Saller, editors, pp. 66-90. Shay, Talia 1985 Differentiated Treatment f Deviance at Death as Revealed in Anthropological and Archaeological Material. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 4(3):221-291. Sheikh, A. 1998 Death and Dying--A Muslim Perspective. Journal of The Royal Society of Medicine, 91:138-140. Shepherd, Deborah J. 1999 Funerary Symolism: An Interdisciplinary Interpretation of Burial Practices in Late Iron Age Finland. BAR International Series, Number 808, Oxford, UK. Sherlock, S.J., and M.G. Welch 1992 An Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Norton in Cleveland. CBA Research Report 82, CBA, York, UK. Shimabuku, Daniel M., and Gary F. Hall 1981 St. Paul's Cemetery, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada: Description and Interpretation of Gravestone Designs and Epitaphs. Saint Mary's University Occasional Papers in Anthropology, Number 10, Halifax, Nova Scotia. Shimada, I., K. Shinoda, J. Farnum, R. Corruccini, and H. Wantanbe 2004 An Integrated Analysis of Pre-Hispanic Mortuary Practices: A Middle Sicбn Case Study. Current Anthropology, 45:369-402. Shoesmith, R. 1980 Hereford City Excavations Volume 1: Excavations at Castle Green. CBA Research Report 36, CBA, York, UK. Shreeve, Jimmy Lee 2008 Human Sacrifice: A Shocking Expose of Ritual Killings Worldwide. Barricade Books, Shuy, Roger W. 1993 Language Crimes: The Use and Abuse of Language Evidence in the Courtroom. Blackwell, Cambridge, U.S., Oxford, U.K. Silva, A.M. 1999 Human Remains from the Artificial Cave of Sao Pedro do Estoril II (Cascais, Portugal). Human Evolution, 14:199-206. Simmons, A.H., L. Kolska Horwitz, and A.N. Goring-Morris 2007 What Ceremony Else? And the Ritual Treatment of the Dead in the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B Mortuary Complex at Kfar Hahoresh, Israel. In M. Fearman, L.K. Horwitz, T. Kahana, and U. Zilberman, editors, Faces from the Past: Diachronic Patterns in the Biology of Human Populations from the Eastern Meditteranean, BAR International Series, 1603: 100-126. Simmons, Boyd J. 1975 Caskets and Burial Vaults. College Association, State University of New York Agricultural and Technical College, Canton, New York. Simmons, Tal 2002 What Ceremony Else?: Ritual Treatment of the Dead in the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B Mortuary Complex of Kfar HaHoresh, Israel. A Paper presented before the 9th Annual Meeting of the Midwest Bioarcheology and Forensic Anthropology Association, University of Indianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana, October 19, 2002. Singh, Purushottam 1970 Burial Practices in Ancient India. Prithivi Prakashan, Varanasi. Sirianni, J.E., and R.L. Higgins 2458
A Comparison of Death Records from the Monroe County Almshouse with Skeletal Remains from the Associated Highland Cemetery. In S.R. Saunders, and A. Herring, editors, Grave Reflections. Canadian Scholar's Press, Toronto, Canada.
Sisk, G.N. 1959 Funeral Customs in the Alabama Black Belt, 1870-1910. Southern Folklore Quarterly, 23(3):169-171.
Skansie, Juli Ellen 1985 Death is for All: Death and Death Related Beliefs for Rural Spanish-Americans. AMS Press, New York.
Skartvedt, B. 1992 Anthropologist as Criminal Justice Policy Analyst. Practicing Anthropology, 14(3):29-31.
Slater, W. 2007 The Many Deaths of Tsar Nicholas II: Relics, Remains and the Romanovs. Routledge, Abingdon
Sledge, John S. 2002 Cities of Silence: A Guide to Mobile's Historic Cemeteries. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
Sloane, David Charles 1991 The Last Great Necessity: Cemeteries in American History. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland.
Sluka, Jeffrey A. 2000 Death Squad: The Anthropology of State Terror. University of Pennsylvania Press, Baltimore, Maryland. (ISBN: 0-8122-1711-X)
Smith, Daniel Jordan 2004 Burials and Belonging in Nigeria: Rural-Urban Relations and Social Inequity in a Contemporary African Ritual. American Anthropologist, 106(3):569-579.
Smith, J.I. 1979 The Understanding of Nafs and Ruh in Contemporary Muslim Considerations of the NAture of Sleep and Death. Muslim World, 69:151-162.
Smith, J.I., and Y. Haddad 1975 Women in the Afterlife: The Islamic View as Seen from Qur'an and Tradition. Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 43:39-50.
1981 The Islamic Understanding of Death and Ressurection. State University of New York Press, Albany, NY.
Smith, Maria 2002 The Social and Political Uses of Aggression. A Paper presented before the 9th Annual Meeting of the Midwest Bioarcheology and Forensic Anthropology Association, University of Indianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana, October 19, 2002.
Smith, P., and G. Kahila 1992 Identification of Infanticide in Archaeological Sites: A Case Study from the Late Roman-Early Byzantine Periods at Ashkelon, Israel. Journal of Archaeological Sciences, 19:667-675.
Smith, P., T. Zagersen, P. Sabari, J. Golden, T.E. Levy, and L. Dawson 2005 Death and the Sanctuary: The Human Remains from Gilat. In D. Alon,a nd T.E. Levy, editors, Archaeology, Anthropology and Cult The Sanctuary at Gilat (Israel), Leicester University Press, London, UK.
Soejono, R.P. 1969 On Prehistoric Burial Methods in Indonesia. Bulletin of the Archaeological Institute of the Republic of Indonesia, Number 7, Djakarta, Indonesia.
Solheim, Wilhelm G., II 1960 Jar Burial in the Babuyan and Batenes Islands and in Central Philipinesm and Its Relationship to Jar Burials Elsewhere in the Far East. Philippine Journal of Science, 89(1):115-148.
Sonsino, R., and D. Syme 1990 What Happens After I Die? Jewish View of Life and Death. UAHC Press, New York.
Soweileh, Abdulaziz 1995 A Typology of Dilman Burial Mounds. In Staurt Campbell and Anthony Green, editors, The Archaeology of Death in the Ancient Near East, Oxbow Books, Oxford, UK.
Sparey-Green, C. 1977 The Significance of Plaster Burials for the Recognition of Christian Cemeteries. London, UK.
A Saxon Bed Burial on Swallowcliffe Down. Historic Building and Monuments Commission for England. Archaeological Report, Number 10, London, UK.
Spence, M., C. White, F.J. Lonstaffe, and K.R. Law 2004 Victims of the Victims: Human Trophies Worn by Sacrificed Soldiers from the Feathered Serpent Pyramid, Teotihuacan. Ancient Mesoamerica, 15:1-15.
Spencer-Wood, Suzanne M., and Christopher N. Matthews 2011 Impoverishment, Criminalization, and the Culture of Poverty. Historical Archaeology, 45(3):1-10.
Spennemann, D.H.R. 1993 The Archaeological Manifestation of Contemporary Marshallese Burial Practices. Observations made during a series of exhumations on Mejatto Island. Case report prepared for the Institute for Energy and environmental research
, Washington/USA & Heidelberg/Germany as part of the Plutonium in Bone Study, Rongelap Resettlement Project. Pacific Cultural Resources Management Case Reports. Albury, NSW, Australia, Pacific Cultural Resources Management.
Spindler, K. 1994 The Man in the Ice. Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London. (ISBN: 0-297-81410-9)
Sprague, Roderick 1959 A Comparative Cultural Analysis of an Indian Burial Site in Southeast Washington. Master's Thesis, Washington State University
, Pullman, Washington.
1967 Aboriginal Burial Practices in the Plateau Region of North America. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.
Burial and Cremation: A False Dichotomy. Paper presented at the 67th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Seattle, Washington.
Sprague, Roderick, and Walter H. Birkby 1970 Miscellaneous Columbia Plateau Burials. Tebiwa, 13(1):1-32.
Stager, L.E., and S.R. Wolff 1984 Child Sacrifice at Carthage, Religious Rite or Population Control? Biblical Archaeology Review, 10:30-51.
Stannard, David E. 1975 Death in America, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia.
1977 The Puritan Way of Death: A Story in Religion, Culture and Social Change, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Starbuck, David R. 1993 Anatomy of a Massacre. Archaeology, November/December: 43-46.
Starrs, James E. 2008a A Chronicle of Death's Afterlife: Part I: Reverencing the Grave Site. Academy News, 38(1):27-29.
2008b A Chronicle of Death's Afterlife: Part II: Desecrating Human Remains and Their Burial Places. Academy News, 38(2):40-44.
Stead, I.M., J.B. Bourke, and D. Brothwell 1986 Lindow Man: The Body in the Bog. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.
Steere, Edward 1953 Evolution of the National Cemetery System 1865-1880. The Quartermaster Review, May-June http://www.qmfound.com
Steiner, Michael J. 2003 AStudy of the Intellectual and Material Culture of Death in Nineteenth Century America. Studies in American History, Volume 45, Edwin Mellen, Lewiston, New York.
Stewart, Marilyn C. 1973 A Protohistoric Susquehannock Cemetery. Bulletin of the New York Archaeology Association, 58:1-21.
Stewart, T. Dale 1941 An Ossuary at the Indian Village of Patowomeke (Potomac). Explorations and Field Work of the Smithsonian Institution in 1940, Washington D.C., pp.67-70.
Stirling, Edward C. 1911 Preliminary Report on the Discovery of Native Remains at Swanport, River Murray with an Inquiry into the Alleged Occurrence of a Pandemic Among the Australian Aboriginals. Hussey and Gillingham, Adelaide, Australia.
Stjernquist, Berta (editor) 1994 Prehistoric Graves as a Source of Information. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, Kungl, Stockholm, Sweden. (ISBN 91- 7402-243-1).
Stock, G. 1998 The 18th and 19th Century Quaker Burial Ground at Bathford, Bath and North-east Somerset. In M.Coxin, Grave Concerns: Death and Burial in England 1700-1850, Council for British Arhaeology Research Report 113, York, UK. pp.144-153.
Stoddart, Simon, M. Wysocki, and G. Burgess 1999 The Articulation of Disarticulation: Preliminary Thoughts on the Brotchorff Circle at Xaghra (Gozo). In Jane Downes and Tony Pollard, editors, The Loved Body's Corruption: Archaeological Contributions to the Study of Human Mortality, Cruithne Press, Glasgow, Scotland, pp.94-119.
Stoodley, Nick 2002 Multiple Burials, Multiple Meanings? Interpreting the Early Anglo Saxon Multiple Interments. In Sam Lucy and Andrew Reynolds, editors, Burial in Early Medieval England and Wales. Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph Series, Number 17, London, UK, pp.103-121.
Storе, Nils 1971 Burial Customs of the Skolt Lapps. FF Communications Number 210, Porvoo.
Strandberg, Keith W. 1998 Investigating Satanism and Cults. Law Enforcement Technology, 25(6): 52-57.
Strangstad, Lynette 1988 A Graveyard Preservation Primer. American Association for State and Local History
, Nashville, Tennessee
. (reprinted 1995 by AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, California)
Straus, Lawrence Guy, Manuel R. Gonzalez Morales, and David Cuenca-Solana 2015 The Magdalenian Human Burial of El Miron Cave (Ramales de la Victoria, Cantabria, Spain): Introduction, Background, Discovery and Context. Journal of Archaeological Science, 60:1-9.
Stroud, G., and R.L. Kemp 1993 Cemeteries of St. Andrew, Fishergate. The Archaeology of York: The Medieval Cemeteries 12/2, Council for British Archaeology for York Archaeological Trust, York.
Strub, C.G. and L.G. Frederick 1967 The Principles and Practice of Embalming, Fourth Edition. L.G. Frederick, Dallas, Texas
The Principles and Practice of Embalming. Professional Training Schools, Inc. and Robertine Frederick, Dallas, TX. (also cited as published in 1965)
Swauger, James L. 1959 An American Burial Technique of the Early 19th Century. Pennsylvania Archaeologist, 29(1):38-39.
Szoke, Bela Miklos 1995 Cemeteries of the Early Middle Ages (6th-9th Centuries A.D.) at Pokaszepetk, Akademiai Kiado, Budapest, Hungary.
Tainter, Joseph 1975 Social inference and mortuary practices: an experiment in numerical classification, World Archaeology, 7(1): 1-15.
Spatial Organization and Social Patterning in the Koloko Cemetery, North Kona, Hawaii. Archaeol. Phys. Anthropol. Oceania, 11:91105.
Mortuary practices and the study of prehistoric social systems, Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory , 1:104-141. Michael B. Schiffer, editor, Serial Publication Series, Academic Press, New York.
1980 Behavior and status in a Middle Woodland mortuary population from the Illinois Valley, American Anthropologist, 45: 308-313.
Tannahill, Reay 1996 Flesh and Blood: The History of the Cannibal Complex, Abacus, London, UK.
Tarlow, Sarah 1999 Bereavement and Commemoration: An Archaeology of Mortality. Blackwell Publishers, Malden, MA. (ISBN: 0-631-20613-2 or 0-631-20614-0)
The Extraordinary History of Oliver Cromwell's Head. In D. Boric and J. Robb, editors, Past Bodies: Body-Centered Research in Archaeology,Oxbow Books, Oxford, UK. pp.69-78.
Taylor, A.J. 1995 An Overview of Mortuary Traits at Loma Sandia and Certain Other Texas Sites. In A.J. Taylor, and C.L. Highley, editors, Archeological Investigations at the Loma Sandia Site (41LK28): A Prehistoric Cemetery and Campsite in Livev Oak County, Texas. Studies in Archaeology 20, Texas Archeological Research Laboratory, Volume 2. The University of Texas, Austin, Texas, pp.663-699.
Taylor, Jeremy 1857 The Rule and Exercises of Holy Dying. Oxford, London, UK.
Taylor, T. 2002 The Buried Soul: How Humans Invented Death. Fourth Estate, London, UK.
Tebb, W., and E.P. Vollum 1905 Premature Burial and How It May be Prevented, with Special Reference to Trance, Catalepsy, and Other Forms of Suspended Animation, Second Edition. Swan Sonnenschein & Company, London.
Tegg, William 1876 The Last Act: Being the Funeral Rites of Nations and Individuals. William Tegg& Company, London, UK.
Tesar, Louis Daniel 1976 The Humber-McWilliams Site, A Pre-Columbian Indian Burial Ground, Coahoma County, Mississippi, Exploration and Analysis 1975- 1976. Cottonlandia Museum Bulletin, 1, Greenwood, Mississippi.
The Shema Israel Torah Network International Burial Society
Dignity for the Body--Peace for the Soul
Thomas, D.H., S. South, and C.S. Larsen 1977 Rich Man, Poor Men: Observations on Three Antebellum Burials from the Georgia Coast. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, 54(3):393-420.
Thomas, Northcote W. 1908 The Disposal of the Dead in Australia. Folklore, 19(42):388-407.
Thomas, Ronald A. 1987 Prehistoric Mortuary Complexes of the Delmarue Peninsula. Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology, 3:35-47.
Thompson, A.J. 2003 Textiles as Indicators of Hopwellian Culture Burial Practices. PhD Dissertation, The Ohio State University
, Columbus, Ohio.
Thurman, A.F. 1994 The Tibetan Book of the Dead. Aquarian Press, London, UK.
Tierney, Patrick 1989 The Highest Altar: The Story of Human Sacrifice. Viking, New York.
Timby, J.R. 1996 The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Empingham II, Rutland, Oxbow Monograph 70, Oxbow Books, Oxford, UK.
Tiwari, Jagdish Narain 1979 Disposal of the Dead in Mahabharata: A Study in the Funeral Customs of Ancient India. Kishor Vidya Niketan
Topno, Martin 1955 Funeral Rites of the Mundas on the Ranchi Plateau. Anthropos, 50(4-6):715-734.
Toynbee, J.M.C. 1996 Death and Burial in the Roman World. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD. (ISBN: 0801855071)
Trinkaus, E. 1985 Cannibalism and Burial at Krapina. Journal of Human Evolution, 14: 203-216.
Trinkaus, E., and A.P. Buzhilova 2012 The Death and Burial of Sunghir 1. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 22:655-666.
Trinkaus, K.M. 1995 Mortuary Behavior, Labor Organization, and Social Rank. In Lane A. Beck, editor, Regional Approaches to Mortuary Analysis, Plenum Press, New York, NY. pp.53-75.
Trinkley, Michael 1984 Wood Analysis of Four Coffin Samples, Charleston County, South Carolina. Research Contribution 1, Chicora Foundation, Columbia, South Carolina.
Trinkley, Michael and Debi Hacker-Norton 1984 Analysis of Coffin Hardware from 38CH778, Charleston County, South Carolina. Research Series Number 3, Chicora Foundation, Columbia, South Carolina.
Additional Boundary Research at the Kings Cemetery (38CH1590), Charleston County, South Carolina. Research Contribution 214, Chicora Foundation, Columbia, SC.
Grave Inventory and Preservation Recommendations for the Maple Grove United Methodist Church Cemetery, Haywood County, North Carolina. Research Series 230. Chicora Foundation, Columbia, SC.
Grave Inventory and Preservation Recommendations for the Walker Family Cemetery, Greenville County, South Carolina. Research Series 248, Chicora Foundation, Columbia, SC.
Identification and Mapping of Historic Graves at Colonial Cemetery, Savannah, Georgia. Research Series 54, Chicora Foundation, Columbia, SC.
Trippe-Dillon, Tommie 1999 Grave Concerns: A Preservation Manual for Historic Cemeteries in Arkansas. Arkansas Historic Preservation Program, Little Rock, Arkansas.
Trubowitz, 1991 Funeral and Burial Customs: Past and Present. Heritage Quest,
Truitner, Ken, and Nga Truitner 1993 Death and Dying in Buddhism. in Ethnic Variations in Dying, Death, and Grief: Diversity in Universality, Donald P. Irish, Kathleen F. Lundquist, and Vivian Jenkins Nelson editors, Taylor and Francis, Washington, D.C. pp.125-136.
Tsaliki, A. 2008 Unusual Burials and Necrophobia: An Insight into the Burial Archaeology of Fear. In E.M. Murphy, editor, Deviant Burial in the Archaeological Record, Oxbow Books, Oxford, UK. pp.1-16.
Tuck, James A. 1970 An Archaic Indian Cemetery in Newfoundland. Scientific American, 222(6):112-121.
Tuckwell, Alexandra N. 1975 Patterns of Burial Orientation in the Round Barrows of East Yorkshire. Bulletin of the Institute of Archaeology, 12:95-123.
Tug, S. 1987
Death and Immortality in the Religions of the World. in Death and Immortality. P. Badham and L. Badham, editors, Paragon House, New York.
Turner, C.G. 1993 Cannibalism in Chaco Canyon: The Charnel Pit Excavated in 1926 at Small House Ruin by Frank H.H. Roberts, Jr. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 91(4): 421-439.
Ubelaker, Douglas H. 1974 Reconstruction of Demographic Profiles from Ossuary Skeletal Samples: A Case Study from the Tidewater Potomac. Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology, Number 18, Washington, D.C.
Ubelaker, D.H., and P. Willey 1978 Complexity in Arikara Mortuary Practice. Plains Anthropologist, 23:69-74.
Ucko, Peter .J. 1969 Ethnography and the archaeological interpretation of funerary remains, World Archaeology, 1(2): 262-280.
Unruh, David R. 1976 The Funeralization Process: Toward a Model of Social Time. Mid-American Review of Sociology, 1(1):9-25.
Van der Sanden, Wijnand 1996 Through Nature to Eternity, The Bog Bodies of Northwest Europe. Batavian Lion International, Amsterdam (ISBN 90-6707-4187.
Vandewiele, M. 1984 Attitudes of Senegalese Secondary School Students Toward Death. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 14(4):329-334.
Van Strydonck, M., L. Decq, T. Van den Brande, M. Boudin, D. Ramis, H. Borms, and G. De Mulder
2013 The Protohistoric 'Quicklime Burials' from the Balearic Islands: Cremation or Inhumation. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, Vaux, Kenneth L. 1992 Death Ethics: Religious and Cultural Values in Prolonging and Ending Life. Trinity Press International, Philadelphia, PA. Veatch, Robert M. 1989 Death, Dying, and the Biological Revolution: Our Last Quest for Responsibility. Yale University Press. (ISBN: 0300043643) Verano, J.W. 1995 Where do They Rest? The Treatment of Human Offerings and Trophies in Ancient Peru, in T.D. Dillehay, Tombs for the Living: Andean Mortuary Practices. Dumbarton Oaks, Washington D.C., pp.189-227. Verhoeven, Marc 2000 Death, Fire, and Abandonment Ritual Practice at Late Neolithic Tell Sabi, Abyad, Syria. Archaeological Dialogues, 7:46-83. Voegelin, Erminie W. 1944 Mortuary Customs of the Shawnee and Other Eastern Tribes. Indiana Historical Society, Prehistoric Research Series, 2(4): Von Hagen, Adriana, and Sonia Guillen 1998 Tombs with a View. Archaeology, 51(2): 48-54. Wade, Andrew D., Salima Ikram, Gerald Conlogue, Ronald Beckett, Andrew J. Nelson, Roger Colten, Barbara Lawson, and Donatella Tampieri 2012 Foodstuff Placement in Ibis Mummies and the Role of Viscera in Embalming. Journal of Archaeological Science, 39(5):1642-1647. Wade, Andrew D., and Andrew J. Nelson 2013 Evisceration and Excerebration in the Egyptian Mummification Tradition. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40(12):4198-4206. Wagner, Sarah 2014 The Social Complexities of Commingled Remains. In B.J. Adams and J.E. Byrd, editors, Commingled Human Remains: Methods in Recovery, Analysis, and Identification, Academic Press/Elsevier, San Diego, CA. pp. 491-506. Wagner, S.E. 2008 To Know Where He Lies: DNA Technology and the Search for Srebrenica's Missing, University of California Press, Berkeley, California Walker, Lucy 1984 The Deposition of the Human Remains. In Barry Cunliffe, Danebury: An Iron Age Hillfort in Hamshire, Volume 2, Research Report Number 52, London, UK, pp.442-463. Walshe, 1978 Buddhism and Death. The Wheel, Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka, p. 261. Walsh-Haney, Heather A., John J. Schultz, Anthony B. Falsetti, and Reinhard W. Motte 2003 Rituals Among the Santeria: Contextual Clues and Forensic Implications. A poster displayed at the 55th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Chicago, Illinois, February 20, 2003. Walthall, John A. 1999 Mortuary Behavior and Early Holocene Land Use in the North American Midcontinent. North American Archaeologist, 20(1):1-30. Walwer, Gregory F. 1996 Combining Archival and Archaeological Research: The Connecticut School for Boys Cemetery. CRM, 1996, no.10:8-11. Ward, Albert E. 1978 Navajo Graves: Some Preliminary Considerations for Recording and Classifying Reservation Burials. American Indian Quarterly, 4(4):329-346. Warner, John Harley and James M. Edmonson 2009 Dissection: Photographs of a Rite of Passage in American Medicine 1880-1930. Blast Books, New York, New York (ISBN: 978-0-922233-34-2) Watson, J.L. and E. Rawski (editors) 1988 Death Ritual in Late Imperial and Modern China, Berkeley, CA. Watters, David R. 1994 Mortuary Patterns at the Harney Site Slave Cemetery, Montserrat, in Caribbean Perspective. Historical Archaeology, 28(3): 56-73. Webster, J. 1987 The Aboriginal Cemetery at Nap Nap. Report to New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service, Sydney, Australia. 2464
Weed, Howard Evarts 1912 Modern Park Cemeteries. R.J. Haight, Chicago, Illinois. Weiss-Krejci, E. 2010 Heat Burial in Medieval and Earl Post-medieval Central Europe. In K. Rebay-Salisbury, M.L.S. Sшrensen, and J. Hughes, editors, Body Parts and Bodies Whole, Oxbow Books, Oxford, UK. pp.119-134. Wells, C. 1978 A Mediaeval Burial of a Pregnant Woman. The Practitioner, 221:442-444. Wells, Calvin, and Charles Green 1973 Sunrise Dating of Death and Burial. Norfolk Archaeology, 35:435-442. Wells, L.J. 1898 Vaults. In Modern Cemeteries: A Selection of Papers Read Before the Annual Meetings of the Association of American Cemetery Superintendents, Association of American Cemetery Superintendents, Chicago, IL, pp.98-100. Wertheim, Pat A. 1989 Investigation of Ritualistic Crime Scenes. Journal of Forensic Identification, 39(3):165-174. (also cited as 39(2):97-106. West, S.E. 1988 Westgarth Gardens Anglo-Saxon Cemetery, Suffolk: Catalogue. East Anglian Archaeological Report No. 38, Bury St. Edmunds, UK. Wetli, C. And R. Martinez 1981 Forensic sciences aspects of Santeria, a religious cult of African origin. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 26(3): 506-514. 1983 Brujeria: Manifestations of Palo Mayombe in South Florida. Journal of the Florida Medical Association, 70:629-34a Weyer, Edward Moffat, Jr. 1929 An Aleutian Burial. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, 31(3):219-238. Whimster, Rowan 1981 Burial Practices in Iron Age Britain: A Discussion and Gazetteer of the Evidence, 700 B.C.-A.D.43. BAR British Series, 90, Oxford, UK. White, T.D. and N. Toth 1991 The Question of Ritual Cannibalism at Grotta Guattari. Current Anthropology, 32(2): 118-138. Wiken, U. 1988 Bereavement and Loss in Two Muslim Communities: Egypt and Bali Compared. Social Science and Medicine, 27(5):451-460. Wilder, Harris H. 1905 Excavation of Indian Graves in Western Massachusetts. American Anthropologist, 7(2): 295-300. 1917 The Position of the Body in Aboriginal Interments in Western Massachusetts. American Anthropologist, 19(3): 372-387. Wilford, Lloyd A., Elden Johnson, and Joan Vicinus 1969 Burial Mounds of Central Minnesota, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. Wilkins, R. 1996 Death: A History of Man's Obsession and Fears, Barnes & Nobles Books, New York Willems, Willem J.H. 1978 Burial Analysis: A New Approach to an Old Problem. Proceedings of the State Service for Archaeological Investigations in the Netherlands, 28:81-98. Amsterdam, Netherlands. Williams, Howard 2003 Archaeologies of Remembrance: Death and Memory in Past Societies. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press, New York. Williams, M. 2003 Tales from the Dead. Remembering the Bog Bodies in the Iron Age of North-Western Europe. In H. Williams, editor, Archaeologies of Remembrance, Death and Memory in Past Societies, New York, pp.89-112. Williamson, R.F. 2007 "Otinontsiskiaj ondaon" -- "The House of the Cut-off Heads": The History and Archaeology of Northern Iroquoian Trophy-Taking. In R.J. Chacon and D.H. Dye, editors, The Taking and Displaying of Human Body Parts as Trophies by Amerindians, Springer, New York, NY. 2465
Wilson, Carter 1974 Crazy February: Death and Life in the Mayan Highlands of Mexico. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.
Wilson, L.E. 1963 history of 75 Years of Funeral Service. Iowa Funeral and Embalmers Association, Des Moines, IA.
Winchell, Frank, Jereome C. Rose, and Randall W. Moir 1992 Bioanthropological Investigation of Nineteenth Century Burials at Site 41DT105. Archaeology Research Program, Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas.
Wingate, R.J., and Thomas R. Hester 1972 Ten Burials from Green Lake, Texas. Florida Anthropologist, 25(3):119-227.
Wolfe-Steadman, Dawnie,and Anne L. Grauer 1997 Dunning II: The Sequesl. Creative Archaeology at the Dunning Poorhouse Cemetery. A paper presented at the 1997 meetings of the Midwest Bioarcheology and Forensic Anthropology Association.
Wood, W. Raymond 1967 The Fristoe Burial Complex of SOutwestern Missouri. Missouri Archaeologist, 29
Woodburn, J. 1982 Social Dimensions of Death. In M. Bloch and R. Parry, editors, Death and the Regeneration of Life, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp:187-210.
Wooten, Rae H. 2014 "Lover Come Back": Rituals, Ressurection, and Cultural Beliefs and Their Impact on Death Investigation and Grieving. A Presentation before the 66th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, February 17-22, Seattle, Washington
Wren, Christopher 1912 Some Indian Graves at Plymouth, Pennsylvania. Proceedings and Collections of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, 12:199-204.
Wright, G.R.H. 1988 The Severed Head in Earliest Neolithic Times. Journal of Prehistoric Religion, 2: 51-56.
Wright, Roberta Hughes 1993 Detroit Memorial Park Cemetery: The Evolution of an African American Corporation. Charro Book Company, Southfield, Michigan.
Wright, Roberta Hughes, and Wilbur B. Hughes III 1996 Lay Down Body: Living History in African American Cemeteries. Visible Ink, Detroit, MI.
Wuthnow, R., (editor) 1998 Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion, Congressional Quarterly, Inc., Washington, D.C.
Wylie, T. 1964-65 Mortuary Customs at Sa-skya, Tibet. Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, 25:229-242.
Yalom, M. 2008 The American Resting Place. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, Massachusetts
Yarrow, H.C. 1880 Introduction to the Study of Mortuary Customs among the North American Indians. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ethnology, Introduction Series, Washington.
A Further Contribution to the Study of the Mortuary Customs of North American Indians. Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology for 1880-81, 1:87-203, Washington, DC.
Yassine, Khair 1984 Tell el Mazar I: Cemetery A, Analysis of Iron IIC Jordan Valley Site. University Museum Publications, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA.
Yi, Zheng 1998 The Scarlet Memorial: Tales of Cannibalism in Modern China. Westview Press, New York, NY.
Younoszai, Barbara 1993 Mexican American Perspectives Related to Death. in Ethnic Variations in Dying, Death, and Grief: Diversity in Universality, Donald P. Irish, Kathleen F. Lundquist, and Vivian Jenkins Nelson editors, Taylor and Francis, Washington, D.C. pp.67-78.
1979 The Sign Language
of Hungarian Graveyards. Folklore, 90(2):131-140. Zheng, I. 1996 Scarlet Memorial: Tales of Cannibalism in Modern China. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado Ziegler, Philip 1982 The Black Death. Penguin Books, London, UK. Zimmerman, L.J., and L.E. Bradley 1993 The Crow Creek Massacre: Initial Coalescent Warfare and Speculation about the Genesis of Extended Coalescent. Plains Anthropologist, 38:215-226. Zimmerman, Larry J., and Jessica Welch 2011 Displaced and Barely Visible: Archaeology and the Material Culture of Homelessness. Historical Archaeology, 45(_): Zucchi, Alberta 1997 Tombs and Testaments: Mortuary Practices During the Seventeenth to Nineteenth Centuries in the Spanish-Venezuelan Catholic Tradition. Historical Archaeology, 31(2): 31-41. 2006 Churches as Catholic Burial Places: Excavations at the San Francisco Church, Venezuela. Historical Archaeology, 40(2): 2467
C Abatelli, NY Purchase, JR Abercrombie, K Achtė