Massachusetts Archaeology Month: Exploring the Past: Calendar of Events (2014, Massachusetts Historical Commission

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Content: Massachusetts Archaeology Month Exploring the past October 2014 Calendar of Events William Francis Galvin Secretary of the Commonwealth Chair, Massachusetts Historical Commission
From the State Archaeologist
Do you have an interest in exploring the past? If so, then Massachusetts Archaeology Month is just for you!
The cover of this year's Archaeology Month calendar shows four artifacts that were used to serve the customers at a Colonial period tavern in Charlestown that was called the Three Cranes Tavern. When the British burned Charlestown during the Revolutionary War, the tavern fell victim to the flames. The residents of Charlestown later cleared away the rubble, covered the site with sand and created an open market space that was later named City Square and used as a park. I remember my first visit to the archaeological excavation at the tavern site and how excited I was to see all of the "below ground" surviving remnants of the tavern and its privies (outhouses) that had survived under the park. The preservation of such an important site was remarkable in an urban setting. I'd never seen anything like it in Boston before. The tavern's wine cellar and privies contained thousands of artifacts that, after laboratory analysis by archaeologists, provided a wealth of information about Colonial life before and leading up to the American Revolution. Today, visitors to City Square, near the Freedom Trail in Charlestown, can see a new city park that commemorates the history of the site, including a reconstructed outline in stone of the location of the tavern site. Interpretive panels at City Square summarize its history. Its new fountain boasts a crane at the top, a further reminder of the Three Cranes Tavern. Be sure to read the summary of the Three Cranes Tavern at the end of this calendar and visit our website for more information about this fascinating site and the stories it told.
This year's Archaeology Month activities offer many unique, interesting, and fun ways for you to explore the past. Whether you're interested in Ancient Native American, Colonial, Early American, or Industrial periods, or going behind-thescenes at archaeology and faunal (zooarchaeology) labs, attending site visits, gallery talks, illustrated lectures, walking and biking tours, exploring exhibits, participating in hands-on events, or learning about archaeology in other parts of the world, there's at least one or more events this October to help you in your explorations.
Many thanks to:
Brona Simon State Archaeologist
Thomas M. Blazej, Director of Graphic Communications, Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth
Jeff Surette, Graphic Communications, Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth
Corolette Goodwin, Director, Central Services, Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth
Jennifer Poulsen, Archaeological Collections Manager, Massachusetts Historical Commission
Dear Reader: It is my pleasure to introduce the calendar of events for this year's annual celebration of Archaeology Month. This year there are 93 events that promote awareness of the Commonwealth's rich archaeological past through fun and engaging programs. Massachusetts Archaeology Month is about archaeology in your community and the world. It is an opportunity to learn about the people who have lived in the area over the last several thousand years. Many events highlight local Native American, Colonial, and Industrial history, while others explore the archaeological past in other countries. At many of this year's events you can experience first-hand how archaeologists unlock the mysteries of the past. Museums, local historical societies, libraries, avocational archaeologists, universities, local historical commissions, professional archaeologists, and other organizations have planned a variety of exciting events for you and your family to enjoy. Learn about recent archaeological investigations in your town, meet an archaeologist, or take a bike tour. Teachers can schedule special field trips for their classes, or even schedule a virtual field trip. There are many events geared toward children and are enjoyable for the whole family. There is something for everyone who has a curiosity about the past. Remember to keep your calendar to use as a reference throughout the year. Many of the organizations hosting events in October have programs all year. I encourage you to support archaeological research and site preservation in the Commonwealth. William Francis Galvin Secretary of the Commonwealth Chairman, Massachusetts Historical Commission William Francis Galvin Secretary of the Commonwealth Chair, Massachusetts Historical Commission Brona Simon, State Archaeologist, Executive Director Massachusetts Historical Commission 220 Morrissey Blvd. Boston, MA 02125 617-727-8470 www.sec.state.ma.us/mhc [email protected]
Contents Event Listings by Town . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Archaeology Month-at-a-Glance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Archaeology Year Round Reference Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Web Sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Museums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 The Archaeology of Three Cranes Tavern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Teachers! Visit our teacher resource pages at www.sec.state.ma.us/mhc/ mhcarch/arch_teachers.htm On the Cover: These artifacts were found during the archaeological investigation of the Three Cranes Tavern Site in Charlestown, MA. For more information, flip to the back of this booklet.
Event Listings Listed alphabetically by town We plan the calendar well in advance and some details were not available at press time. Please check the on-line calendar for last minute updates and additions. www.sec.state.ma.us/mhc/mhcarch/arch_month/ archidx.htm. Throughout Massachusetts Archaeologist in the Classroom Date & Time: Weekdays throughout October, by appointment Location: Virtually, in your own classroom Information: [email protected] Sponsor: Massachusetts Archaeology Education Consortium, www. maeconlearning.org, and the Boston City Archaeology Program Admission: Free Schedule a virtual visit from a real archaeologist for your school classroom. Joe Bagley, Boston's City Archaeologist, will be available for a question and answer session for classrooms (suggested Grades 3 through 6). Students can learn about the difference between an archaeologist and a paleontologist, what tools archaeologists use, and what kind of work archaeologists do in Boston and throughout the State of Massachusetts. Please contact to schedule a virtual visit and make arrangements for web-conferencing via Skype. Acton Archaeology at a Native American Campsite by the Merrimack River Date & Time: Tuesday, October 7, 7pm Location: Acton Memorial Library, 486 Main Street Information: [email protected] Sponsor: Friends of Pine Hawk Admission: Free Archaeologist Marty Dudek will discuss recent excavations at a campsite along the Merrimack River. The discoveries revealed a deep history of Native American lifeways spanning thousands of years. Junior Archaeologists Walk Date & Time: Thursday, October 9, 2pm (Rain date: Thursday, October 16) Location: Meet at the end of Wheeler Lane off Route 27/Main Street 1
Information: 978-929-6655 Sponsor: Friends of Pine Hawk, www.actonmemoriallibrary.org/ resources-research/local-history/pine-hawk/ Admission: Free Site preservation specialist, Linda McElroy, will lead the walk. Good walking shoes are necessary. Children under 14 must be accompanied by an adult. Collaborating on Native American History in Southern New England Date & Time: Wednesday, October 15, 7pm Location: Acton Memorial Library, 486 Main Street Information: [email protected] Sponsor: Friends of Pine Hawk, www.actonmemoriallibrary.org/ resources-research/local-history/pine-hawk/ Admission: Free Archaeologist Stephen Silliman discusses his long-term collaborative project between UMass Boston and the Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation to help answer such questions as how to measure culture change and continuity, implications of these concepts and interpretations for political and heritage issues today, and the role of community-based archaeology with descendants. Archaeologists Walk Date & Time: Saturday, October 18, 10am (Rain date: Saturday, October 25) Location: Meet at the end of Wheeler Lane off Route 27/Main Street Information: 978-929-6655 Sponsor: Friends of Pine Hawk, www.actonmemoriallibrary.org/ resources-research/local-history/pine-hawk/ Admission: Free Site preservation specialist, Linda McElroy, will lead the walk. Mostly easy walking, half a mile each way. Meet an Archaeologist! Date & Time: Thursday, October 23, 2pm Location: The Discovery Museums, 177 Main Street Information: 978-264-4200 x20, discoverymuseums.org Sponsor: The Discovery Museums Admission: Free with admission ($11.50) Suanna Crowley, PhD, of AnthroScience Advisors will lead future archaeologists on a tour of the science of archaeology. Learn how archaeologists uncover the mysteries of ancient sites and peoples by 2
looking at artifacts and the landscape. Book Discussion: Behind the Frontier: Indians in Eighteenth-Century Eastern Massachusetts Date & Time: Monday, October 27, 7:30pm Location: Acton Memorial Library, 486 Main Street Information: [email protected] Sponsor: Friends of Pine Hawk, www.actonmemoriallibrary.org/ resources-research/local-history/pine-hawk/ Admission: Free The book, by historian Daniel R. Mandell, is a detailed yet readable account of the development of Native American communities in our region, many of which survive into the present. It examines the interaction between Indians and colonists in the period between King Philip's War and the battle of Bunker Hill, and the patterns of adaptation and resistance adopted by the Indians. Copies will be available for check-out at the library circulation desk in early October. Amherst Archaeology Day at the Emily Dickinson Museum Date & Time: Saturday, October 4, 1pm Location: Dickinson Homestead, 280 Main Street Information: [email protected], www.EmilyDickinsonMuseum.org Sponsor: Emily Dickinson Museum Admission: Free An archaeologist from University of Massachusetts Archaeological Services will give a presentation about excavations at the Dickinson Homestead and The Evergreens carried out in spring and summer 2014 in preparation for the installation of a drainage system and reconstruction of Emily Dickinson's conservatory. Dickinson called the conservatory her "little garden within." Significant components of the original structure, built in 1855, were saved when the conservatory was dismantled 100 years ago, and will be used in the reconstruction. Andover Massachusetts Archaeological Society Northeast Chapter Meeting Date & Time: Tuesday, October 21, 7pm Location: Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology, 180 Main Street Information: [email protected] 3
Sponsor: Massachusetts Archaeological Society, www.massarchaeology.org Admission: Free Join the MAS Northeast Chapter for its monthly free lectures by experts in archaeology and history. We meet at the historic R.S. Peabody Museum on the campus of Phillips Academy in Andover on the third Tuesday of the month from September to May. Lectures are free and open to the public. Find us on Facebook or see www.massarchaeology.org for more information. Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology Open House Date & Time: Saturday, October 25, 10am-2pm Location: Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology, 180 Main Street Information: www.andover.edu/museums/museumofarchaeology/ Sponsor: Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology Admission: Free The Robert S. Peabody Museum will host an archaeology open house where visitors can tour our two small exhibit galleries featuring highlights from the Museum's collection of over 500,000 Native American Artifacts. Billerica Middlesex Canal Museum Exhibits Date & Time: Saturdays and Sundays throughout October, 12-4pm Location: Middlesex Canal Museum, 71 Faulkner Street Information: www.middlesexcanal.org Sponsor: Middlesex Canal Association Admission: Free Come see our exhibits on Massachusetts' industrial past! Continuing exhibits include a shovel used in 1793 to turn the first shovelful of earth at the beginning of canal construction; a towing mast, oar, and pole used on canal boats; and Charlestown dry dock construction models on loan from the Baldwin family. Try a scavenger hunt for the young at heart. Explore our outdoor exhibits including iron rings that were used 200 years ago to anchor floating towpath across a mill pond; and an iron bolt marker used to regulate water level. Middlesex Canal Bike Tour Date & Time: Sunday, October 5, 9am Location: Boston to Lowell, see below Information: Contact leaders Bill Kuttner at 617-241-9383, or Dick Bauer at 857-540-6293 4
Sponsor: Middlesex Canal Association, www.middlesexcanal.org Admission: Free (MBTA fare not included) The Middlesex Canal Museum is a way point for the bike tour of the historic Middlesex Canal route. Departs at 9am from Charlestown's Sullivan T Station and travels to Lowell MBTA train station for a total of 38 miles. Return via commuter rail on the 5pm train. Fare is your responsibility. Steady rain cancels. Helmet required. There is an option to join or leave at several intermediate stopping points near MBTA. Please google "canal ride cue sheet" for route description and details. Middlesex Canal/AMC Fall Walk Date & Time: Sunday, October 19, 1:30pm Location: Beginning at the Middlesex Canal Museum, 71 Faulkner Street Information: Contact walk leaders Roger Hagopian at 781-861-7868, or Robert Winters at [email protected] Sponsor: Middlesex Canal Association and the Appalachian Mountain Club Admission: Free Please join us for this activity co-sponsored by the Appalachian Mountain Club. This program includes a level, five mile walk along a section of the historic Middlesex Canal to Chelmsford and return. Walk begins at 1:30pm from the Middlesex Canal Museum. No registration is required. Middlesex Canal Fall Meeting and Lecture Date & Time: Sunday, October 26, 1pm Location: Middlesex Canal Museum, 71 Faulkner Street Information: 978-670-2740, www.middlesexcanal.org Sponsor: Middlesex Canal Association Admission: Free Fall meeting and lecture on subject related to the canal era. Guest speaker and topic to be determined. Details will be posted at www. middlesexcanal.org when they are available. Boston Digging up the Past: Utilizing Artifacts to Better Understand the Battle of Bunker Hill Date & Time: Ongoing by reservation or request Location: Bunker Hill Monument Grounds and Bunker Hill Museum, 43 Monument Square Information: 617-242-5689, [email protected] 5
Sponsor: Boston National Historical Park, www.nps.gov/bost; www.nps.gov/bost/forteachers/education-programs.htm Admission: Free Third through fifth graders discover and recover battle site artifacts to understand the Battle of Bunker Hill. Students first use a cyclorama to visualize the historic battle and the differences between an historic site and a modern day dig site. Students then work in stations reflective of specific areas of the battle, and "dig" for artifacts using proper techniques and tools. They record and present their findings within the historic framework of the Battle of Bunker Hill. The Archaeology of the Big Dig Classroom Field Trip Date & Time: Weekdays throughout October, by appointment Location: The Commonwealth Museum, 220 Morrissey Boulevard Information: www.commonwealthmuseum.org Sponsor: The Commonwealth Museum Admission: Free What did archaeologists discover while working on Boston's Big Dig in the North End? In 1992, archaeologists found Katherine Nanny Naylor's privy at the Cross Street Back Lot site. In this program, students will work in small groups to explore the privy, practice archaeological skills, learn about Puritan Boston, and discover a deeper appreciation for Massachusetts's underground history. Suggested for grades 5 through 8. Field trips are free of charge and include a tour of the Commonwealth's Museum's exhibit, "Our Common Wealth: The Massachusetts Experiment in Democracy 1620 ­ Today." Trip duration is 3 hours, capacity is 60 students. Please call 617-727-9268 to schedule. History Beneath Our Feet: Sandbox Archaeology for Classrooms Date & Time: Weekdays through October by appointment Location: Shirley-Eustis House, 33 Shirley Street, Carriage House Learning Center Information: 617-442-2275, [email protected] Sponsor: The Shirely-Eustis House, www.shirelyeustishouse.org Admission: Students: $4, Chaperones: $5, Teachers: Free Everyone loves to dig in the dirt ­ but what if this digging helps to give us a better sense of the past? The goal of this program is to help train and sharpen students' historical inquiry, analysis, and interpretation skills. The lesson accomplishes this goal through the conduct of an archaeological dig in miniature based on the methods and vocabulary of archaeological science. Each artifact found contains clues of its manufacture, date, origin and use. To decipher the clues, one needs 6
to ask questions like "when was this made or used?" Grade-specific learning for grades 3 through diploma. Please call or email to make reservations for this event. This program has a group limit of 26. Please be sure to discuss and make the appropriate arrangements when you call to schedule. Museum Exhibit: Highlights of Charlestown Archaeology from the Big Dig Date & Time: Wednesdays and Fridays throughout October, 9-5, by appointment only Location: Boston City Archaeology Lab, 201 Rivermoor Street, West Roxbury Information: [email protected] Sponsor: City of Boston Archaeology Program Admission: Free See in person the highlights of the archaeological dig at the 18th-century Three Cranes Tavern, Parker-Harris Pottery, and other archaeological sites featured in the Archaeology of the Big Dig. City Archaeology Lab Open House Date & Time: Wednesday, October 1, 9am-5pm Location: Boston City Archaeology Lab, 201 Rivermoor Street, West Roxbury Information: [email protected] Sponsor: City of Boston Archaeology Program Admission: Free Come view the City's Archaeology Lab, a 3,000 square foot facility on the edge of town that holds over 1,000,000 artifacts from dozens of archaeological surveys conducted in the city of Boston. City Archaeologist, Joe Bagley, will provide personal tours throughout the day. Visitors of all ages and group size are welcome. RSVPs are greatly appreciated, especially for larger groups. History beneath Our Feet: Sandbox Archaeology Date & Time: Saturday, October 4, 1-4pm Location: Shirley-Eustis House, 33 Shirley Street, Carriage House Learning Center Information: 617-442-2275, [email protected] Sponsor: The Shirely-Eustis House, www.shirelyeustishouse.org Admission: Adult: $5, Students: $4 Everyone loves to dig in the dirt ­ but what if this digging helps to give us a better sense of the past? The goal of this program is to help train and sharpen students' historical inquiry, analysis, and interpretation 7
skills. The lesson accomplishes this goal through the conduct of an archaeological dig in miniature based on the methods and vocabulary of archaeological science. Each artifact found contains clues of its manufacture, date, origin and use. To decipher the clues, one needs to ask questions like "when was this made or used?" After participants learn these basic skills, we will use them in a real archaeological dig at the Shirley-Eustis House. Held rain or shine. Grade-specific learning for grades 3 through diploma. Please call or email to make reservations for this event. Middlesex Canal Bike Tour Date & Time: Sunday, October 5, 9am Location: Sullivan Square MBTA Station Information: Contact leaders Bill Kuttner at 617-241-9383, or Dick Bauer at 857-540-6293 Sponsor: Middlesex Canal Association, www.middlesexcanal.org Admission: Free (MBTA fare not included) This is the starting point for the bike tour of the historic Middlesex Canal route. Departs at 9am and travels from Charlestown's Sullivan T Station to Lowell MBTA train station for a total of 38 miles. Return to Boston via commuter rail on the 5pm train. Fare is your responsibility. Steady rain cancels. Helmet required. There is an option to join or leave at several intermediate stopping points near MBTA. Please google "canal ride cue sheet" for route description and details. Katherine, Grace, and Mary: Archaeological Revelations from 17th- and 18th- Century Women Uncovered in Boston's Big Dig Date & Time: Monday, October 6, 6pm Location: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1154 Boylston Street Information: [email protected], [email protected] Sponsor: Massachusetts Historical Society and City of Boston Archaeology Program Admission: Free, Reservations required. Please call 617-646-0560 or email [email protected] Katherine Nanny Naylor, Grace Parker, and Mary Long were powerful women in Colonial Boston whose stories echo through time. Join City Archaeologist, Joe Bagley, as he explores the story of these three remarkable women, their impacts on history, and how archaeological investigations prior to the Big Dig revealed their incredible story. Lunch-Time Walking Tour of Charlestown Archaeology Date & Time: Tuesday, October 7, 12-1pm, Rain or shine Location: Walk begins at City Square fountain, off of New Rutherford 8
Avenue and Chelsea Street in Charlestown Information: [email protected] Sponsor: City of Boston Archaeology Program Admission: Free Join Joe Bagley, City Archaeologist on a walk through time in the City's oldest neighborhood beginning with the archaeology of Boston's Big Dig and finishing at the base of the Bunker Hill Monument. Highlights include women-owned businesses in the 18th century, native archaeological sites lost to rising seas, slave sites, and the true shape of fortifications on Breeds Hill. The Archaeology and History of Charlestown's Evolving Shoreline Date & Time: Tuesday, October 7, 7pm Location: Battle of Bunker Hill Museum education room, 43 Monument Square Information: [email protected] Sponsor: Charlestown Historical Society and City of Boston Archaeology Program Admission: Free Environmental reconstruction, historic records, and archaeological surveys have produced a wealth of knowledge on the shoreline of Charlestown. City Archaeologist Joe Bagley will discuss the Native and later Colonial uses of the coast from campsites to the piers of the Charlestown Navy Yard. Archaeology Read Aloud Story Time and Activity Date & Time: Thursday, October 9, 3:30pm Location: Boston Public Library, Youth Services, 700 Boylston Street Information: [email protected] Sponsor: Massachusetts Archaeology Education Consortium (MAECON), www.maeconlearning.org, and Boston Public Library, www.bpl.org Admission: Free Join MAECON archaeologists in a reading of Jessie Hartland's beautifully illustrated children's book "How the Sphinx Got to the Museum." After the reading there will be a hands-on activity relating to the archaeology featured in the story. Appropriate for children ages 6-9. Lunch-Time Walking Tour of North End Archaeology Date & Time: Tuesday, October 14, 12-1pm, Rain or shine Location: Walk begins at the Samuel Adams Statue in front of Faneuil Hall 9
Information: [email protected] Sponsor: City of Boston Archaeology Program Admission: Free Improved and Expanded! This tour is presented by Joe Bagley, City Archaeologist, and begins and ends at the Samuel Adams Statue in front of Faneuil Hall. Tour covers the former coastline of Boston's North End, scandalous brothel sites, 17th century houses, the Mill Pond, out houses, divorce, intestinal diseases, and much more. Gallery Talk: Conservation of Ancient Greek Vases and Sculpture Date & Time: Wednesday, October 15, 6-7pm and Saturday, October 18, 12-1pm Location: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 465 Huntington Avenue, meet at Sharf Visitor Center Information: www.mfa.org Sponsor: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Admission: Free with museum admission (Wednesday, October 15 the museum admission is a voluntary donation, Saturday, October 18 the museum admission is Adults: $25, Seniors: $23, Students (18 and over): $23, Children: Free) Join art conservators for a gallery talk in the newly renovated ancient Greek galleries. While viewing the artworks, hear how museum staff including curators, conservators, mount-makers, art-riggers, and scientists worked together to study, improve the stability and appearance, and install these ancient Greek artworks. Learn about select objects' histories, how they were made in ancient times, and how and why their appearances may have changed over time. 8th Annual AIA-MOS Archaeology Fair Date & Time: Friday, October 17, 9am-2pm, and Saturday, October 18, 10am-3pm Location: Museum of Science, Boston, 1 Science Park Information: www.archaeological.org/events/15430 Sponsor: Archaeological Institute of American and the Museum of Science, Boston Admission: Free with admission (Adults: $23, Seniors: $21, and Children: $20) Join the Archaeological Institute of America and the Museum of Science, Boston for two days of archaeological discovery! Learn about the life of a Roman soldier, underwater shipwrecks, Native American technology, and much more through hands on activities and live demonstrations. 10
Boston University Archaeology Day Date & Time: Sunday, October 19, 12-4pm Location: Boston University Stone Science Building, Room 253, 675 Commonwealth Avenue Information: www.bu.edu/archaeology Sponsor: Boston University, Department of Archaeology Admission: Free Come learn about archaeology from real BU archaeologists! This annual event includes hands-on archaeological activities like flintknapping, cross-mending ceramics, identification of ancient plants and animals, and more! Fun for all ages, this event includes activities for the littlest archaeologists as well as those who have long been interested. Boston's Past as Present: What the Archaeology of the Big Dig Teaches us about climate change, War, Women's Rights, and other contemporary issues Date & Time: Tuesday, October 21, 6-8pm Location: Old State House, 206 Washington Street Information: [email protected], [email protected] Sponsor: The Bostonian Society and City of Boston Archaeology Program Admission: Free, registration required at http://archaeologyosh. eventbrite.com/ Will we ever learn from the mistakes of the past? City Archaeologist, Joe Bagley, will discuss what scientific research on the archaeology of the Big Dig project could, and probably should, teach us about political and social issues we face today. Roxbury's Southwest Corridor: Archaeology of Industry and Transportation Date & Time: Wednesday, October 22, 7pm Location: Haley House Bakery Cafй, 12 Dade Street, Dudley Square, Roxbury Information: [email protected], 617-721-3993 Sponsor: Roxbury Historical Society, https://www.facebook.com/ pages/Roxbury-Historical-Society/431610283604780, and Haley House, www.haleyhouse.org/bakery_cafe Admission: Free, registration required at http://archaeologyosh. eventbrite.com/ Join us to learn about the archaeology of Roxbury's Southwest Corridor! Archaeologists Beth Bower and Miles Shugar will present their work on these fascinating archaeological sites that were excavated in the 1970s before the construction of the Orange Line subway. Beth's work 11
uncovered a variety of interesting sites, including breweries, factories, foundries, and housing from the 18th-19th centuries. Miles will then discuss one of these sites, the Metropolitan Railroad Company Site, in more detail. Horse-cars and an electric street railway hub operated from 1850 to 1920 at the present-day Roxbury Crossing MBTA station. The archaeology of horse-car street railways and technological change will be illustrated through artifacts, documents, and photographs of Boston's early mass transit systems. Burial Practices in Historic New England Date & Time: Tuesday, October 28, 6:30pm Location: Old North Church, 193 Salem Street Information: 617-523-6676, [email protected] Sponsor: Old North Foundation, www.oldnorth.com Admission: $3 suggested donation Jane Lyden Rousseau, Senior Curational Technician in the Department of Osteology at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology of Harvard University, will speak about her research of the Old North Church crypt and how it ties into colonial burial practices in New England. Attendees will also have the opportunity to walk through the crypt after the talk. Old North Church is the oldest standing church building in Boston, built in 1723. Its crypt was in use from 1732-1860 and over 1,100 people were interred there. Bourne Second Wednesday Lecture with Tom Keyes Date & Time: Wednesday, October 8, 7pm Location: Bourne Historical Center, 30 Keene Street Information: 508-759-6123, [email protected] Sponsor: Bourne Historical Society Admission: $5 Born from a 2011 discovery of an extremely rare, intact, early 17thcentury home site located on the Keyes' property during the rehab of their home on Water Street in Sandwich, the North Atlantic Archaeological Collaborative is launching an open-air museum and education center with an archaeological lab. Brewster Invasion, Migration, or Trade: How Work at the Taylor Bray Farm is Helping us Investigate a 3,500 Year Old Archaeological Mystery 12
Date & Time: Saturday, October 4, 1pm Location: Cape Cod Museum of Natural History, 869 Main Street/ Route 6A Information: 508-869-3867 x133, www.ccmnh.org Sponsor: Cape Cod Museum of Natural History Admission: Free with admission (Adults: $10, Seniors: $7, Children ages 3-12: $5, Children under 3: Free) Archaeologists have been wondering how a different projectile point style arrived in New England around 3,500 years ago. Does it represent an invasion of people, a migration, or just an exchange of ideas and artifacts? Sites associated with this point style are rare in southeastern Massachusetts, but evidence of it was found at Taylor Bray Farm during the 2013 field season. Craig Chartier will discuss implications of this find. Underwater Archaeology in National Marine Sanctuaries Date & Time: Sunday, October 5, 1pm Location: Cape Cod Museum of Natural History, 869 Main Street/ Route 6A Information: 508-869-3867 x133, www.ccmnh.org Sponsor: Cape Cod Museum of Natural History Admission: Free with admission (Adults: $10, Seniors: $7, Children ages 3-12: $5, Children under 3: Free) Step into the past and dive beneath the waves to learn about maritime heritage and the historic shipwrecks of our National Marine Sanctuaries through hands-on activities for the entire family. Become an underwater detective for the day and explore the ocean floor and uncover the secrets of sunken ships located around the United States. Map a shipwreck, try on SCUBA diving gear, learn about using sound to locate shipwrecks and solve maritime mysteries. Wing Island Guided Walk Date & Time: Sunday, October 12, 10am Location: Cape Cod Museum of Natural History, 869 Main Street/ Route 6A Information: 508-869-3867 x133, www.ccmnh.org Sponsor: Cape Cod Museum of Natural History Admission: Cape Cod Museum of Natural History Members: $3, Non- Members: $5 Join archaeologist Dan Zoto for a guided walk of Wing Island, the location of the Wing Island Archaeology Project. Learn what the island was used for in the past, and what new discoveries have been made. 13
CCMNH Archaeology Laboratory Open House and Artifact Identification Date & Time: Saturday, October 25, 11am-3pm Location: Cape Cod Museum of Natural History, 869 Main Street/ Route 6A Information: 508-869-3867 x133, www.ccmnh.org Sponsor: Cape Cod Museum of Natural History Admission: Free with admission (Adults: $10, Seniors: $7, Children ages 3-12: $5, Children under 3: Free) Join archaeologist Dan Zoto and the rest of the CCMNH archaeology team for a tour of the Cape Cod Museum of Natural History's Archaeology Lab. View artifacts from local excavations (including the latest from the Wing Island Archaeology Project), and learn about the archaeology of the area. Visitors can also bring artifacts for identification. Cambridge Amazing Archaeology at Harvard Festival Date & Time: Sunday, October 5, 12-5pm Location: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, and Harvard Semitic Museums, Divinity Avenue Information: 617-496-1027, [email protected], hmsc.harvard. edu/programs Sponsor: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, and the Harvard Semitic Museum Admission: Free with Museum admission (Adults: $12, Seniors and Students with ID: $10, Children ages 3-18: $8). Massachusetts Teachers: Free An epic day of archaeological events! Activities take place among the world-famous collections of North American, Maya, and Ancient Near Eastern archaeology. Immerse yourself in a 3D view of the Giza Pyramids with Virtual Reality headsets. Move mountains with an augmented reality sandbox. Explore an active archaeological excavation in Harvard Yard. Peer behind hidden museum spaces. Participate in pottery building demonstrations from the Harvard ceramics program. Listen to tales from field archaeologists who excavated in Turkey, China, Honduras, Peru, Israel, and more! There will be a food truck on site for those who work up an appetite from all the hands-on activities. Zooarchaeology Laboratory Open House Date & Time: Monday, October 13, 12:30-4:30pm Location: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard 14
University, 11 Divinity Avenue Information: 617-495-8317, www.peabody.harvard.edu Sponsor: Peabody Museum, part of the Harvard Museums of Science and Culture, hmsc.harvard.edu Admission: Free with Museum admission (Adults: $12, Seniors and Students with ID: $10, Children ages 3-18: $8) Take a behind the scenes visit to a museum laboratory that helps archaeologists identify the animal bones found in their excavations. Researchers who study animal remains from ancient human-occupation sites (zooarchaeologists) demonstrate how this is done using the skeletons of modern animals. If you have found a bone in your backyard, bring it with you and get it identified! A favorite archaeology event for children and for home-schoolers! Appointment is not required. Chelmsford Middlesex Canal Bike Tour Date & Time: Sunday, October 5, 9am Location: Boston to Lowell, see below Information: Contact leaders Bill Kuttner at 617-241-9383, or Dick Bauer at 857-540-6293 Sponsor: Middlesex Canal Association, www.middlesexcanal.org Admission: Free (MBTA fare not included) Chelmsford is a way point for the bike tour of the historic Middlesex Canal route. Departs at 9am from Charlestown's Sullivan T Station and travels to Lowell MBTA train station for a total of 38 miles. Return via commuter rail on the 5pm train. Fare is your responsibility. Steady rain cancels. Helmet required. There is an option to join or leave at several intermediate stopping points near MBTA. Please google "canal ride cue sheet" for route description and details. Concord Highlights from the Archaeology Collection at Minute Man National Historical Park Date & Time: Saturday, October 4, 1pm Location: Major John Buttrick House, Minute Man National Historical Park, 231 Liberty Street Information: [email protected] Sponsor: Minute Man National Historical Park, www.nps.gov/mima Admission: Free Over a quarter million artifacts have been recovered from archaeological excavations at Minute Man National Historical Park. The collection 15
includes objects from the late 17th through the early 20th centuries, as well as earlier Native American artifacts. Through historical records, artifacts from many sites can be related to specific families and to homes that are no longer standing. A range of objects will be presented including everyday household items such as spoons and forks, children's toys, hand tools, ceramic tankards, and plates and objects of personal adornment such as buckles and wig curlers. Join Alicia Paresi, Curator of Archaeology for the National Park Service, for a presentation on highlights from the park's archaeological collections. Hands-On History Date & Time: Sunday, October 12, 1-4pm Location: Concord Museum, 53 Cambridge Turnpike Information: 978-369-9763, www.concordmuseum.org Sponsor: Concord Museum Admission: Adults: $10, Seniors (62 and over): $8, Students (18 and over with valid ID): $8, Children: $5, Children 5 and under: Free, Active Military (with valid ID): Free, Members: Free Bring your family and get hands-on with history in this program focusing on Native American artifacts and crafts. Touch and learn about real stone tools with museum educators. Tuesday Gallery Talk Date & Time: Tuesday, October 14, 2pm Location: Concord Museum, 53 Cambridge Turnpike Information: 978-369-9763, www.concordmuseum.org Sponsor: Concord Museum Admission: Adults: $10, Seniors (62 and over): $8, Students (18 and over with valid ID): $8, Children: $5, Children 5 and under: Free, Active Military (with valid ID): Free, Members: Free Learn about the Concord Museum's collection of Native American artifacts during this 20 minute gallery talk. Saturday Gallery Talk Date & Time: Saturday, October 25, 11am Location: Concord Museum, 53 Cambridge Turnpike Information: 978-369-9763, www.concordmuseum.org Sponsor: Concord Museum Admission: Adults: $10, Seniors (62 and over): $8, Students (18 and over with valid ID): $8, Children: $5, Children 5 and under: Free, Active Military (with valid ID): Free, Members: Free Learn about the Concord Museum's collection of Native American artifacts during this 20 minute gallery talk. 16
Dennis Taylor-Bray Farm Archaeology Date & Time: Saturday, October 18, 12pm Location: Dennis Public Library, 5 Hall Street Information: 508-760-6219, [email protected] Sponsor: Dennis Public Library, www.dennispubliclibrary.org Admission: Free Craig Chartier, director and principal archaeologist at Plymouth Archaeological Rediscovery Project, presents past accomplishments and ongoing efforts to understand the ancient and early historical life lived at the Taylor Bray Farm property in Yarmouth Port, MA. The location, seasonally occupied by Native Americans 3,000 years ago and by Europeans beginning around 1640, is a rare survivor of the agriculture that once took place on Cape Cod's north shore. Duxbury Arrowhead Identification Date & Time: Wednesday, October 29, 7-9pm Location: Duxbury Free Library, 77 Alden Street Information: www.duxburyfreelibrary.org Sponsor: Duxbury Free Library Admission: Free Bring your arrowheads, spear points, hoes, etc. and experts will be at the Duxbury Free Library to identify your stone tools made by the original settlers of this area. Native Americans lived here for over 10,000 years before the Pilgrims landed. In celebration of National Archaeology Month the Duxbury Free Library is presenting this program where you can learn about your arrowheads and the original inhabitants of the area. East Brookfield Preserving your Family's Paper Treasures Date & Time: Wednesday, October 15, 6:30pm Location: East Brookfield Public Library, 122 Connie Mack Drive Information: [email protected], eastbrookfieldlibrary.org Sponsor: East Brookfield Public Library Admission: Free Do you have family photos, postcards, or letters sitting in boxes? This is the program for you! Learn with the use of handouts, visual aids, and a question and answer session. This program will explain how to preserve 17
and organize your items, and help you find archival materials and choose how and where to use them. Presented by Frank Morrill, member of the Charlton Historical Commission, owner of the "Prints of the Past" framing studio, and contributor to many local "Images of America" series books. Eastham Walkover of Mary Chase Road Area, Fort Hill, and Penniman House Area Date & Time: Wednesday, October 8, 10am-12pm (Rain date: Thursday October 9, 10am-12pm) Location: Take a right off of Route 6 to Governor Prence Road, go past Penniman House to parking lot on left, or continue up hill to parking on Fort Hill summit. Information: 508-255-3421 x22 Sponsor: National Park Service, Cape Cod National Seashore Admission: Free We will look for archaeological happenings in areas included in the walkover for both historical and ancient features, and stop on Fort Hill summit to understand why many people chose to live here. We will discuss faunal findings of archaeologist Dr. Francis McManamon's original work here, recently published. If time permits we may have opportunity to view Penniman house. Walking will be moderately difficult up and down hills and through brush and grasses. Please dress with long sleeves and pants and be aware of ticks. Essex Archaeology Walk at the Cox Reservation Date & Time: Sunday, October 26, 1-3pm Location: Cox Reservation, 82 Eastern Avenue Information: www.ecga.org/explore_and_engage/view_event/121- cox_reservation_archaeology_walk_1-3pm, [email protected], 978-768-7241 x10 Sponsor: Essex County Greenbelt, www.ecga.org Admission: Free Celebrate Archaeology Month by joining noted Greenbelt and Cape Ann archaeologist, Mary Ellen Lepionka, as we uncover the human history and material culture of our headquarters site. The Cox Reservation has a distinctive past as home to Native Americans, and with a rich history as a salt-water farm and orchard. Ms. Lepionka will share her 18
perspective and expertise as we enjoy a stroll and examination of the property's archaeological treasures. Framingham Recording Rock Art in the Southwest: Old Imagery, New Technology Date & Time: Tuesday, October 21, 6-7:30pm Location: Framingham State University Information: 508-740-2385, [email protected] Sponsor: Framingham State University, www.framingham.edu Admission: Free How do archaeologists record rock art without touching surfaces? Join Dr. Benjamin Alberti and Framingham State Honors students as they provide an overview of the archaic rock art from northern New Mexico studied by the Gorge Archaeological Project (Barnard College/ Framingham State). Exciting new computational photographic imaging technologies that reveal further secrets behind the images will be demonstrated. Gloucester Artisans of Cape Ann in Ancient Native American Times Date & Time: Saturday, October 25, 3pm Location: Cape Ann Museum Auditorium, 27 Pleasant Street Information: 978-283-0455, [email protected] Sponsor: Cape Ann Museum, www.capeannmuseum.org Admission: Free with regular Museum admission ($10) Archaeological and documentary evidence show that different groups of Native Americans lived on Cape Ann from at least the Early Archaic Period, beginning around 8,000 years ago. Independent researcher Mary Ellen Lepionka uses a slide lecture to illustrate how Native Americans living on Cape Ann acquired, processed, and used Cape Anne's raw materials in the past to create tools, make art, express beliefs, and furnish their way of life. Grafton Down Under Date & Time: Sunday, October 19, 1-4pm Location: Willard House and Clock Museum, 11 Willard Street Information: 508-839-3500, [email protected] Sponsor: Willard House and Clock Museum Admission: Adults: $10, Seniors, Students or AAA: $9, Children: $6 19
This unique tour looks at what lies below historic structures. The farmhouse, initially constructed as a half cape circa 1745, was expanded in the 1760s. Visitors will tour the older parts of the house as well as the original basement to see the expansion and other interesting features like the chimney footing and the root cellar. Last tour is at 3pm. Harvard Connecting to our Eastern Woodland Native American Past Date & Time: Saturday, October 4, 12-4pm Location: Fruitlands Indian Museum, 102 Prospect Hill Road Information: [email protected], facebook.com/nenaiorg, nenai.org Sponsor: New England Native American Institute, Inc, and Fruitlands Museum Admission: Free with membership or museum admission (Adults: $12, Seniors/Students: $10, Children ages 5-13: $5) Come and learn about Native American history and the culture of the Eastern Woodland people. Presenters include: Dr. Michael Volmar (Native Material Culture of Fruitlands); Dr. Robert Goodby (Native Fish Weirs Still Exist); Nipmuc Cheryl Stedler (Mishoon-Raising: Canoes from Lake Quinsigamond); and Nipmuc Jennifer Lee (Demonstration: Making a Native Bark Basket). Haverhill Tombstones and Trowels Date & Time: Saturday, October 4, 12-4pm Location: Buttonwoods Museum, 240 Water Street Information: Contact the Program Coordinator at [email protected] haverhillhistory.org Sponsor: Buttonwoods Museum, www.buttonwoods.org Admission: $5 per person Drop in between 12pm and 4pm to discover archaeology at the Buttonwoods Museum! Try your hand at traditional archaeological skills, like cross mending and cleaning artifacts. A spooky craft will prepare you for an exploration of above ground archaeology at the nearby Pentucket Burial Ground. With a scavenger hunt as your guide, explore how tombstones give vital clues about life and death long ago. Self-guided tours of the Luce Archaeology Collection will also be available. 20
Lowell Building the Past: Mill Architecture Date & Time: Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays throughout October, 10am-5pm Location: American Textile History Museum, 491 Dutton Street Information: Contact the Education Coordinator at 978-441-0400 x250 Sponsor: American Textile History Museum, www.athm.org Admission: Adults: $8, Seniors and Children: $6 Explore New England's industrial architecture by building a mill village based on old maps with the Museum's industry block set. Learn about the invention of Lowell, MA in a series of videos about the city's architectural history. Middlesex Canal Bike Tour Date & Time: Sunday, October 5, 9am Location: Boston to Lowell, see below Information: Contact leaders Bill Kuttner at 617-241-9383, or Dick Bauer at 857-540-6293 Sponsor: Middlesex Canal Association, www.middlesexcanal.org Admission: Free (MBTA fare not included) The Lowell MBTA Station is the end point for the bike tour of the historic Middlesex Canal route. Departs at 9am from Charlestown's Sullivan T Station and travels to Lowell MBTA train station for a total of 38 miles. Return via commuter rail on the 5pm train. Fare is your responsibility. Steady rain cancels. Helmet required. There is an option to join or leave at several intermediate stopping points near MBTA. Please google "canal ride cue sheet" for route description and details. Marshfield Ancient Native American and Early 17th-Century Life in Marshfield Date & Time: Sunday, October 5, 1pm Location: Furnace Brook middle school Auditorium, 500 Furnace Street (off of Route 139) Information: 781-834-0100, www.marshfieldhistoricalsociety.org Sponsor: Marshfield Historical Society Admission: Members of the Marshfield Historical Society: $5, Non-Members: $10 In 2013, archaeologists from Archaeological and Historical Services, Inc. (AHS) conducted excavations in Marshfield. Two sites date between 21
2014 Calendar of Events At-A-Glance 22
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
5 Billerica, Boston, Brewster, Cambridge, Chelmsford, Lowell, Marshfield, Medford, Pittsfield, Plymouth, Salem, Somerville, Sudbury, Wilmington, Winchester, Woburn 12 Billerica, Boston, Brewster, Concord, Plymouth, Townsend
6 7 Boston, Newbury, Plymouth,
Acton, Boston, Newbury,
Waltham
Plymouth, Waltham
13 Boston, Cambridge, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham
14 Boston, Concord, Marshfield, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham
19 Billerica, Boston, Grafton, Plymouth
20 Acton, Boston, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham
21 Andover, Boston, Framingham, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham
Wednesday 1 Boston, Lowell, Middleborough, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham 8 Boston, Bourne, Eastham, Lowell, Middleborough, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham
Thursday 2 Boston, Lowell, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham
Friday 3 Boston, Lowell, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham
9 Acton, Boston, Lowell, Newbury, Plymouth, Springfield, Waltham
10 Boston, Lowell, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham
Saturday 4 Amherst, Billerica, Boston, Brewster, Concord, Harvard, Haverhill, Middleborough, North Adams, Plymouth, Quincy, Scituate, Waltham 11 Billerica, Boston, Plymouth, Middleborough, Stoneham, Sturbridge, Waltham
15 Acton, Boston, East Brookfield, Lowell, Middleborough, Newbury, Plymouth, Rockland, Waltham
16 Boston, Lowell, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham
22 Boston, Lowell, Middleborough, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham
23 Acton, Boston, Lowell, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham
17 Boston, Lowell, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham 24 Boston, Lowell, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham
18 INTERNATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGY DAY Acton, Boston, Billerica, Dennis, Medfield, Middleborough, North Adams, Plymouth, Quincy, Salem, Waltham, Wayland 25 Andover, Billerica, Boston, Brewster, Concord, Gloucester, Middleborough, Plymouth, Sheffield, Upton, Westwood
26 Billerica, Boston, Essex, Plymouth
27 Acton, Boston, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham
28 Boston, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham
29 Boston, Duxbury, Lowell, Middleborough, Newbury, Plymouth, Waltham
30 31 Boston, Lowell, Newbury,
Boston, Lowell, Newbury,
Plymouth, Waltham
Plymouth, Waltham
AMESBURY
Richmond
StockbWeristdge Stockbridge
Alford
Egremont
WashMionugtnton
Merrimac
Salisbury
Bernardston
Williamstown
Leyden
Boxford
Rockport
NAorntdhover
Tops eld
Burlington Wilmington Stoneham Reading Wake eld
FITCHBURG*
Middleton
Chelmsford
Lunenburg
Shirley
Hancock
Templeton
SALEM*
Lancaster
New Salem
Deer eld Sunderland Leverett
Lynn e d
Lanesborough
Shutesbury
Dalton
Saugus
Maynard
Wayland Weston
BoylWsetston
Hat eld Amherst
Westhampton Williamsburg
Belmont Lexington
REVERE
Worthington
Massachusetts Bay SBhaeGrrrineealgdttPoLnITeMnToaSxMrFNlbLNIoeEAoeneweswrLthoeDfuroWerg*dyhaCshShaieHnNCAnAsgdhDlidOtaniiaorsrAsRmkendMTseBaOsbllHedeuStcirWksgeMiPtTnFSeidodralouslvdloroalMiernyddoaeBlndlCraConPuehdlmGaeCHfisoRmrntharaeodniawrnwervlllgeeideltymCloeRnhouensstsAtHGeeslrelhoBaSsWeuthoelhcdSeulEkdontSluhaTtwnhFadiCIcmEkCopNLSltoOroDhannReiATwnlbHGaWuAyArMhnWPaeTtAeOMGlNyRE*CEHLNHoFanIIgdECmLlOeDeady*PoMEwGGELoorinnalgltmnEaeNbaagLsdtyuoouwerdtlhPoBeHwWeleElahclmrehdavnepmriddtneoengwlWln MarPowOnairlcsmaoknnWegreareWHPBARaaWerrlttodeiehamyswrroasrBilhlecsreWnaotklomodePknshtiBelllirdpNasBtieonBawntrrrWorNeOeoeokiSranOtkehUcHlhThdHaueBmnbRGIdbSDApoGaCEeRrnRndDhcusetaNtArorlDalnEsPtnhWoRuadLbnxdeteulosiePrctnynmersihntiHeanOcrmAseoWxttuleofdbOorneAurRndrLsCnhEEbOSMyMSTDtiIESleNloubRrSluut*iTTStrngohyEoBlgrnaRewoswynlsGsbtsCuoernrlaniynfdtNtoNUoonornxtrBhbtWhbrePrbiiedordBesgrglUtopieoebHnuMopplgtrhaetooAorrAunRGevgnMHyLlhaHSlreBroooeHrudOButntpMohlDaoRbdpBdkcoeknOioSrsdiousloxotnfautbUonLonlgonnoethrGresiowdottAuHntaglWsbheTHhtlyeleoAonSasMnnlgutclsfditdboseotbodronLrduwnoAruaWyCgyhMoRCWnELaiAPlcNrNrOAltoelNlitaTisnoCWlrsioLedntrlTbDrEhefitvEonohL*airrDLllcmoaEklBWoLueBcoBgleu*einvhldOlltleeFTNfWesrooRlreeAerxyiMwOdLcebTadMkoWaHhrsnoAebENassMuSutmTNoDAwgWherrHhwAeoolnyaTddooWErrAdhUdRootrTTlaoOdoiOWnnmEBAvWgnBCitrn*NeNoHCUoUcnBoArEhaRkMeNAnSOMslaNBiOtneVEsRtMTreDRIStoENDFREoOMTenVGOoInaELRROLN*rDdiEltHitMhN*MnoAEEgnIAVLL*ELRvDRBOoQELREGnSTENOTUrBColIGHKvNPreoTeiEllOCbNdaorAnoANrYgoLged*WDkBbeeYwBiwOtWnraoNebigdnawCDshMtugttNvioeEnHteYrwWenmairyRsraEdtatsioWenLNndrwIStlpeeheElBHnewsrbAHywoEhHboapVaimuraNmcaoElrhniiNayuRPfloSthaglLoovwxyahYnreHnmawrtmupeESlltpllscoMssiKnectuxoainratMDbtgtelNsauetrhoxsEhbneWauMedbBrldyyUa-nRthcYheP-eOSsteRearGT*LOUCESTER
NEWTON
Huntington
Natick Framingham
BRAINTREE WEYMOUTH Hingham
Brook eld BrookEealstd
HOLYOKHEAEMAPSTT-ON SPRINGFIELD* Wilbraham
Cohasset
South Hadley
Med eld Sherborn
Tyringham
Montgomery
Randolph
Stoughton
Walpole
Pembroke
BridgeWweastter Hanson
Millville Bellingham FRANKLIN
Holland Sturbridge
Rockland
SPWRIENSGTFIELD
Webster
Raynham
Carver
Plymouth*
N Provincetown Cape Cod Bay
Truro Well eet
Seekonk Somerset Marion
Eastham
Find an Event Near You!
Rehoboth Dighton Berkley Lakeville
Acushnet NEW BEDFORD*
Swansea
Freetown
FALL RIVER*
Rochester
Wareham
Fairhaven Mattapoisett
Dartmouth Westport
Buzzards Bay
Gosnold
Orleans
Bourne Sandwich
Mashpee
BARNSTABLE*
Falmouth
Dennis Yarmouth
Brewster Harwich Chatham
Tisbury Oak Blu s
Nantucket Sound
Aquinnah
West Tisbury Chilmark
Edgartown*
Martha's Vineyard
Nantucket*
23
1,000 and 7,000 years old and demonstrate extensive exploitation of maritime, riverine and marshland resources by Native Americans. AHS archaeologists also excavated a complete buried 17th-century earthfast house site. The house was built without any stone or brick, and burned down before 1650, as evidenced by recovered artifacts and carbonized food remains. By putting the ceramic pieces back together, archaeologists now know that there were at least 20 ceramic vessels on the site. There is enough data to be able to virtually set the table of this family, and put the food on it, because so many plant and animal remains have been uncovered. This house is the only intact 17th-century house site in Plymouth Colony to be fully excavated by professional archaeologists, and provides a new window into early colonial lifeways. Show and Tell Native American Artifact Identification: Learn More about Local Archaeology Date & Time: Tuesday, October 14, 6-7:30pm Location: Marshfield Public Library, 15 Library Plaza Information: Contact Judy Macioci at 781-834-3403 or Dennis Martin at 781-585-9748 Sponsor: Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Massasoit Chapter Admission: Free Bring artifacts for identification by the Massasoit Chapter of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society. Have the opportunity to see and touch artifacts from the South Shore area. Learn about local historical and ancient period archaeology. Medfield Chiseled in Stone Doesn't Mean Forever: A Review of Gravestones as to Their Permanency or Lack Thereof Date & Time: Saturday, October 18, 10-11:30am Location: Vine Lake Cemetery, 625 Main Street Information: [email protected] Sponsor: Vine Lake Preservation Trust, www. vinelakepreservationtrust.org Admission: Free Join us on a walking tour of the historic Vine Lake Cemetery and learn to identify and interpret gravestone, their composition, and permanence. Medford Middlesex Canal Bike Tour Date & Time: Sunday, October 5, 9am 24
Location: Boston to Lowell, see below Information: Contact leaders Bill Kuttner at 617-241-9383, or Dick Bauer at 857-540-6293 Sponsor: Middlesex Canal Association, www.middlesexcanal.org Admission: Free (MBTA fare not included) This is a way point for the bike tour of the historic Middlesex Canal route. Departs at 9am from Charlestown's Sullivan T Station and travels to Lowell MBTA train station for a total of 38 miles. Return via commuter rail on the 5pm train. Fare is your responsibility. Steady rain cancels. Helmet required. There is an option to join or leave at several intermediate stopping points near MBTA. Please google "canal ride cue sheet" for route description and details. Middleborough Robbins Museum of Archaeology Open House Date & Time: Wednesdays, 10am-4pm, and Saturdays, 10am-2pm, throughout October Location: Robbins Museum of Archaeology, 17 Jackson Street Information: [email protected] Sponsor: Robbins Museum of Archaeology, www.massarchaeology. org/museum Admission: Adults: $5 donation, Children: $2, MAS Members: Free Come visit over 10,000 years of local archaeology! The museum displays thousands of artifacts including a handcrafted mishoon (dugout canoe), the Doyle collection of Native American dolls, and a diorama of Native American New England life. We accept bookings for groups and offer special tours of our collection at a group admission rate. Massachusetts Archaeological Society Annual Meeting and 75th Anniversary Reception Date & Time: Saturday, October 11, 1-5pm followed by reception Location: Robbins Museum of Archaeology, 17 Jackson Street Information: [email protected] Sponsor: Massachusetts Archaeological Society, www. massarchaeology.org Admission: Adults: $12, MAS Members and Students: $10 The annual meeting of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society (MAS) will feature speakers on a variety of topics of interest to the general public. The meeting with be followed by a reception in honor of the 75th anniversary of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society. Visit our website at www.massarchaeology.org for a full program description. 25
Newbury Dirt Detectives Date & Time: Weekdays throughout October, 9am-3pm Location: Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm, 5 Little's Lane Information: www.historicnewengland.org Sponsor: Historic New England Admission: $6 per person Science and History unite in this exciting archaeology program. Students become archaeologists as they search for artifacts and excavate a mock "pit" with the tools and techniques used in archaeology. Students collaborate as they piece together reproduction artifacts in a Field laboratory. Inside the museum, students explore archaeology via trap doors that reveal 300 years of history! Sessions are two hours in duration. North Adams The (Mesoamerican) World Series Date & Time: Saturday, October 4, 3pm Location: Western Gateway Heritage State Park, Visitors Museum, Building 4, 115 State Street Information: 413-663-6312 Sponsor: Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, MassParks Admission: Free It is the time of year again for our national Pastime's Fall Classic. There was a time and place where a ballgame had far more at stake than a World Series ring and money. The ancient Mesoamerican ballgame was no ordinary sport. This illustrated lecture will take you "out to the ballgame" played by the Olmecs, the Maya, and the Aztecs. We will witness its themes of good and evil, of life and death. A game where the penalty for losing could be quite severe ­ sacrificing one's life! Archaeology: The World Tour Date & Time: Saturday, October 18, 3pm Location: Western Gateway Heritage State Park, Visitors Museum, Building 4, 115 State Street Information: 413-663-6312 Sponsor: Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, MassParks Admission: Free October 18th is International Archaeology Day, a worldwide celebration 26
of archaeology. This illustrated lecture will travel around the world to explore some of the most important, beautiful, and mysterious archaeological finds and sites. A world tour of discovery and inspiration that allows us to see both the past and the future with a historical consciousness. Pittsfield Shaker Water Power, renewable energy, and Archaeology Tour Date & Time: Sunday, October 5, 10:30am-12pm Location: Meet at Hancock Shaker Village Visitor Center, 34 Lebanon Mountain Road, Hancock Information: 413-443-0188, www.hancockshakervillage.org Sponsor: Hancock Shaker Village Admission: Free (Regular admission will apply to participants wishing to visit the rest of the village) This "Green Tour" will focus on the Hancock Shakers' 19th-century water power technology and other examples of renewable energy at the Village from the past and present. Included will be a demonstration of the 1858 water power turbine, and an easy to moderate hike to the Village's North Family archaeological sites to view ruins of Shaker mill buildings and dams. Clothing and footwear appropriate for walking in fields and woods is required. Plymouth Archaeology Exhibits Date & Time: Ongoing throughout October (Mondays through Wednesdays, 10am-9pm; Thursdays, 10am-6pm; Fridays and Saturdays, 10am-5:30pm; and Sundays, 12:30-5pm) Location: Plymouth Public Library, 132 South Street Information: 508-830-4250, [email protected] Sponsor: Plymouth Public Library, www.plymouthpubliclibrary.org Admission: Free During the months of October and November, Plymouth Public Library will feature a display in the main library which will highlight items of archaeological interest. Details about a related program will be forthcoming. Please check our website for more specific information about our observance of Archaeology Month. Demonstration: Stone Tool Making Date & Time: Saturdays throughout October, 3-4pm 27
Location: Wampanoag Homesite, Plimoth Plantation, 137 Warren Avenue Information: www.plimoth.org, 508-746-1622 Sponsor: Plimoth Plantation Admission: Free with admission to Plimoth Plantation (Adults: $25.95, Children ages 5-12: $15, Members: Free) The Wampanoag people traditionally made woodworking tools, projectile points, and other implements using the ancient technology of stone tool making. Visit the recreated Wampanoag Homesite and meet Native staff, who will talk about the different ways stone can be worked, and demonstrate how grinding and pecking is used to make tools like fishing weights, axes, and adzes. Walking Tour of Burial Hill Date & Time: Saturday, October 4, 1pm Location: Burial Hill, Town Square Information: www.plimoth.org, www.plymouthantiquariansociety. org, 508-746-0012 Sponsor: Plymouth Antiquarian Society, Plimoth Plantation, and University of Massachusetts, Boston Admission: Free Many visitors appreciate the historic vistas observed from Burial Hill's steep slopes, but considerable information about Plymouth's past can be found underground. Dr. David Landon from the University of Massachusetts, Boston's Fiske Center for Archaeological Research and Dr. Karin Goldstein of Plimoth Plantation discuss archaeological developments in our understanding of early Plymouth from this exceptional vantage point. Tour begins at the top of the Hill. Architecture from Archaeology Date & Time: Saturday, October 11, 11am-4pm, and Sunday, October 12, 11am-4pm Location: Pilgrim Hall Museum, 75 Court Street Information: www.pilgrimhallmuseum.org Sponsor: Pilgrim Hall Museum Admission: Adult: $8, Seniors: $7, Children (ages 6-15): $5, Families: $25 Archaeology has helped us understand the architecture of the 17thcentury Plymouth Colony. Archaeological artifacts recovered from 17thcentury sites in the greater Plymouth area from Pilgrim Hall Museum's and other collections will be on display along with other objects, documents, and photographs. See how archaeology has contributed to, and raised questions about, Plymouth Colony's architectural history. 28
Walking Tour: "The Industrial Archaeology of Town Brook" Date & Time: Sunday, October 12, 2pm Location: Plimoth Grist Mill (operated by Plimoth Plantation), 6 Spring Lane Information: www.plimoth.org/mill, 508-746-1622 Sponsor: Plimoth Plantation Admission: Free with admission to mill (Adults: $6, Children ages 5-12: $4.50, Members: Free) Plymouth's Town Brook has a rich industrial history that dates back to the 1630s, when Plymouth Colony authorized the construction of a mill to process corn. Over the centuries many mills lined the banks, all utilizing water power generated by the brook. Gradually the mills closed and dams have been removed. Start your walking tour with a visit to the reproduction Plymouth Grist Mill, where you can learn how a waterpowered mill works. Continue along the banks of Town Brook with a Plimoth Plantation guide, who will talk about the many centuries of industry along the brook. Lecture: Shedding New Light on Plymouth's Archaeology Date & Time: Thursday, October 23, 7:30pm Location: Visitor Center Auditorium, Plimoth Plantation, 137 Warren Avenue Information: www.plimoth.org, 508-746-1622 Sponsor: Plimoth Plantation and University of Massachusetts, Boston Admission: Free The year 2020 will mark the 400th anniversary of the Pilgrims' landing in Plymouth. Plimoth Plantation and the Fiske Center at the University of Massachusetts Boston are collaborating on a multi-year project to reexamine Plymouth's historic sites using modern technology like groundpenetrating radar. Dr. David Landon, Associate Director of the Andrew Fiske Memorial Center for Archaeological Research, will discuss the results of the 2014 field season near Plymouth's Burial Hill. What Lies Beneath? Date & Time: Saturday, October 25, 1pm Location: Burial Hill Burying Ground, Meet at the top of the main staircase to Burial Hill on School Street Information: 781-706-5531, [email protected], june. [email protected] Sponsor: Friends of Burial Hill, www.friendsofburialhill.org Admission: Free What lies beneath? An important question as interest in Burial Hill 29
continues to rise and efforts to preserve the Hill push forward. Can we learn anything new? What archaeological techniques are available for use inn a burial ground? Can we discover evidence of Plymouth's earliest structures? These are but a few of the topics Craig Chartier, Director and Principal Archaeologist of Plymouth Archaeological Rediscovery Project, will discuss on site. Quincy Lyons Turning Mill Site Tour Date & Time: Saturday, October 4, 11am-3pm Location: Quarry Hills Drive off Ricciuti Drive Information: 617-472-1322, [email protected] Sponsor: Quincy Quarry and Granite Workers Museum, www. quincyquarrymuseum.org Admission: Free This event consists of continual guided tours of the remains of the historic Lyons Turning Mill site and the surrounding Lyons Quarry area where artifacts of Quincy's granite industry can be seen. Interpretive information explaining the artifacts will be displayed. Informational tables will be set up with historical photos of Quincy's granite history. Also on display will be information on the proposed Quincy Quarry and Granite Workers Museum to be built on a portion of the mill site grounds. Kids Dig It! Date & Time: Saturday, October 18, 10am-4pm Location: Adams National Historical Park "Peace Field" Information: 617-770-1175, www.nps.gov/adam Sponsor: Adams National Historical Park Admission: Free This program is a hands-on archaeological exploration of material culture at the Old House, home of the Adams family. Children and families explore the art and science of digging into the past through a mock dig which spans from the early Native inhabitants through four generations of the Adams family who lived on the property. This engaging, interactive educational experience encourages participants to "get their hands dirty" as they sift through the debris of the past to discover connections between their lives and the lives of the occupants of the Old House. Rockland A Day in the Life of Native American Children 30
Date & Time: Wednesday, October 15, 3-5pm Location: Rockland Memorial Library, 20 Belmont Street Information: www.rocklandmemoriallibrary.org Sponsor: Friends of Rockland Memorial Library Admission: Free Through story telling, games, and hands-on activities, experience how Native American children spent a typical day more than 3,000 years ago. Presented by Dave Burbine, local historian, and Judy Macioci, teacher/ naturalist. Salem Geophysical Remote Sensing at the Pickering House in Salem Date & Time: Sunday, October 5, 10am-3pm Location: Pickering House, 18 Broad Street Information: [email protected], www.pickeringhouse.org Sponsor: The Pickering Foundation Admission: $5 Drs. Emerson (Tad) Baker and Peter Sablock of Salem State University will speak about their 2014 Geophysical Remote Sensing findings and assess the evidence for the location of an older house on the property. This structure, built by the first John Pickering, is to have been built just a short distance from where the barn currently stands. Drs. Baker and Sablock will discuss their findings and the viability of a demonstration dig for October 2015. Archaeological Discoveries at the North River Railroad Roundhouse Site Date & Time: Saturday, October 18, 2-4pm Location: Peabody Essex Museum, 161 Essex Street Information: 401-288-6323, [email protected] Sponsor: Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) and the Public Archaeology Laboratory, www.palinc.com Admission: Free Archaeologists and industrial historians from the Public Archaeology Laboratory will discuss the archaeological discoveries found at the site of the 19th-century Boston and Maine Railroad roundhouse along the North River in Salem. The site was investigated in 2012 and 2013 prior to the start of construction on the new commuter rail station at the Bridge Street parking lot. The foundation remains of the 1888 12-stall "round" engine house and associated masonry turntable pit were excavated and recorded during the archaeological investigations. The large volume 31
of data collected at the site were used to provide details about the 1888 roundhouse and turntable construction, and later modifications during the Boston and Maine Railroad's transition from steam to diesel locomotive power. The presentation will consist of a Powerpoint slide show, artifact show and tell, and question and answers from the audience. Scituate A Child's Sanctuary: Discovering Our Maritime Heritage Date & Time: Saturday, October 4, 2-4pm Location: Scituate Town Library, 85 Branch Street Information: [email protected], [email protected] Sponsor: Scituate Town Library and Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, www.scituatetownlibrary.org, stellwagen.noaa.gov Admission: Free Step into the past and dive beneath the waves to learn about the historic ship wrecks of the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary. Explore the ocean floor and uncover the maritime secrets just off our shores. Map a shipwreck, try on SCUBA diving gear, and learn about the fish and marine life that inhabit the Sanctuary. Become a maritime archaeologist for a day through hands-on activities! All ages; families welcome. Sheffield Sheffield Historical Society's Spirit Walk Date & Time: Saturday, October 25, 2-4pm Location: Center Cemetery, Berkshire School Road Information: 413-229-2694, [email protected] Sponsor: Sheffield Historical Society, www.sheffieldhistory.org Admission: Free Come meet the friendly apparitions of 19th century Sheffield residents. Sheffield Historical Society selects several graver markers in this local cemetery and conducts research on the lives of those buried there. Actors learn about those former Sheffield townspeople and take on their personae for the Spirit Walk. Families are invited to stroll around the cemetery, listen to their stories, and ask them questions about their lives. Somerville Middlesex Canal Bike Tour Date & Time: Sunday, October 5, 9am 32
Location: Boston to Lowell, see below Information: Contact leaders Bill Kuttner at 617-241-9383, or Dick Bauer at 857-540-6293 Sponsor: Middlesex Canal Association, www.middlesexcanal.org Admission: Free (MBTA fare not included) This is a way point for the bike tour of the historic Middlesex Canal route. Departs at 9am from Charlestown's Sullivan T Station and travels to Lowell MBTA train station for a total of 38 miles. Return via commuter rail on the 5pm train. Fare is your responsibility. Steady rain cancels. Helmet required. There is an option to join or leave at several intermediate stopping points near MBTA. Please google "canal ride cue sheet" for route description and details. Springfield The Power and the Glory: ANCIENT EGYPT Date & Time: Thursday, October 9, 12:15pm Location: Springfield Museums, 21 Edwards Street, Davis Auditorium Information: www.springfieldmuseums.org Sponsor: Springfield Museums Admission: Museum Members: $2, Non-Members: $4 Explore the tombs, monuments, and artifacts that reveal the preoccupations and secrets of this great ancient civilization. Understand art forms and symbolism. Learn about Egyptian gods, pharaohs, kings and queens, as well as commonplace objects used by ordinary people in their daily work and worship. A power point presentation will be followed by a 20 minute slide show of photography taken by the speaker will be set to Egyptian music. Tickets can be purchased in the Welcome Center. Visitors are invited to bring lunch (cookies and coffee are provided). Stoneham Along the Ravine: a Walking Tour of Haywardville Date & Time: Saturday, October 11, 10am (Rain date: Saturday October 18, 10am) Location: Meet at Virginia Woods Parking Area on Pond Street, Stoneham Information: 781-241-7253, [email protected], www.preservation-collaborative.com Sponsor: Medford, Malden, Melrose, and Stoneham, Cultural Councils, Tufts University, and Massachusetts DCR Admission: Free Join us to explore Haywardville on Spot Pond Brook. Historian Ryan D. 33
Hayward will lead a 90 minute excursion through the remains of this vanished village. Guests will be in for a treat, enjoying a leisurely, in depth tour of the remnants. In addition, it offers a rare opportunity to learn about the story less heard: of the people who once called this place home, and how the Middlesex Fells came into being. All welcome! Sturbridge A Closer Look at the Bixby House Date & Time: Saturday, October 11, 10am Location: Old Sturbridge Village, 29 Stallion Hill Road Information: www.osv.org Sponsor: Old Sturbridge Village Admission: Adults: $24, Seniors: $22, Youths: $8, Children under 3: Free Blacksmith Emerson Bixby, his wife Laura, and their three daughters lived in a modest home in Barre, MA from the 1820's into the 1870's. That home was moved to Old Sturbridge Village in the mid 1980's. Learn about the extensive historical and archaeological research done of the Bixby House, and the insights discovered about the family that lived in it. Sudbury Sudbury Plantation Uncovered: Archaeological Evidence Date & Time: Sunday, October 5, 2pm Location: Sudbury Town Hall, 322 Concord Road Information: 978-443-3747, [email protected] Sponsor: Sudbury Historical Society Admission: Free Learn about the archaeological evidence of the first colonists in what is now Wayland. Presented by Tanya Largy, a Wayland resident and a consultant specializing in the analysis of plant and animal remains from archaeological sites. Townsend A Village Hooped in Steel: A Walking Tour of Fessenden Hill 34
Date & Time: Sunday, October 12, 1pm (Rain date: Sunday, October 19, 1pm) Location: Fessenden Hill Road (GPS directions are 40 West Hill Road in Brookline, NH), Park on the cul-de-sac, meet at the Fessenden Hill Road gate Information: 781-241-7253, [email protected] Sponsor: Townsend Historical Society Admission: $12 per person, Free to Townsend Historical Society Members Join us to explore Townsend's forgotten neighborhoods. Historian Ryan D. Hayward will lead an hour long excursion through the northern section of Fessenden Hill Road. Guests will be in for a treat, enjoying a leisurely in-depth tour of the remnants along the road. In addition, it offers a rare opportunity to learn about the story less heard: of people who once called this place home and how Townsend State Forest came into being. All welcome! Upton The Upton Chamber Update Date & Time: Saturday, October 25, 9am-12pm Location: Nipmuc High School, 90 Pleasant Street, Second floor Professional Development Room Information: www.upton.ma.us/pages/uptonma_bcomm/historical/ index Sponsor: Upton Historical Commission Admission: Free In the fall of 2011 the Upton Historical Commission completed an archaeological survey and reconstructed the collapsing entrance way to the Upton Stone Chamber. Five presenters will come together to talk about this important Place including John Meagher (historical information), David Stewart Smith (restoration of the entranceway), Marty Dudeck (archaeological survey results), David Gutbrod (ground penetrating radar results), and Doug Harris (Narragansett Indian Tribal Historic Preservation Office: FCC nomination for eligibility for National Register). Waltham Archaeology Backpack for "Take a Walk" Date & Time: Mondays through Fridays 10am-3pm and Saturdays 123pm Location: Gore Place, 52 Gore Street 35
Information: [email protected], www.goreplace.org/education/ take-a-walk.htm Sponsor: Gore Place Admission: $5 per hour, per backpack; Members: Free In honor of Archaeology Month, Gore Place is offering an archaeology themed backpack as part of the year-round "Take a Walk" activity. With it, children and their accompanying adults can explore the open spaces and hidden places on this 50 acre estate. Each backpack contains binoculars, a magnifying glass, and archaeology related activities appropriate for children ages 3-8. Wayland Archaeology Squared: Adventures in Mapping Date & Time: Saturday, October 18, 2pm Location: Wayland Town Building, 41 Cohituate Road, Large Hearing Room Information: 508-358-4646, [email protected] Sponsor: Wayland Historical Commission, www.wayland.ma.us/ pages/waylandma_bcomm/historicalcom/index Admission: Free Alf Berry is a third generation land surveyor and University of Maine graduate with a wide variety of experience and interests. His archaeological heritage goes back to 1910 when his grandfather was the first surveyor in Mesa Verde National Park, mapping various structures of the Anasazi Indians. He will talk about his own work in Belize and Wyoming as a team surveyor and mapper of Mayan and Shoshone Indian sites. Westwood Charcoal before the Briquet: A Brief History of the Charcoal Industry Date & Time: Saturday, October 25, 1-2pm Location: Hale Reservation, 80 Carby Street, Cat Rock Pavilion Information: 781-326-1770 x13, [email protected] Sponsor: Hale Reservation, www.halereservation.org Admission: Free Charcoal has been used for thousands of years. Native Americans were making charcoal at the time of European contact. With the discovery of iron ore and gabbro on the Massachusetts coast, charcoal became an important commodity for smelting iron. We will explore the history of 36
charcoal, the process of wood distillation, the influence on ecology and industry, and the uses of charcoal. A short walk to a historic charcoal hearth will follow this illustrated presentation. Wilmington Middlesex Canal Bike Tour Date & Time: Sunday, October 5, 9am Location: Boston to Lowell, see below Information: Contact leaders Bill Kuttner at 617-241-9383, or Dick Bauer at 857-540-6293 Sponsor: Middlesex Canal Association, www.middlesexcanal.org Admission: Free (MBTA fare not included) The Wilmington MBTA Station is a way point for the bike tour of the historic Middlesex Canal route. Departs at 9am from Charlestown's Sullivan T Station and travels to Lowell MBTA train station for a total of 38 miles. Return via commuter rail on the 5pm train. Fare is your responsibility. Steady rain cancels. Helmet required. There is an option to join or leave at several intermediate stopping points near MBTA. Please google "canal ride cue sheet" for route description and details. Winchester Middlesex Canal Bike Tour Date & Time: Sunday, October 5, 9am Location: Boston to Lowell, see below Information: Contact leaders Bill Kuttner at 617-241-9383, or Dick Bauer at 857-540-6293 Sponsor: Middlesex Canal Association, www.middlesexcanal.org Admission: Free (MBTA fare not included) The Sandy Beach/Wedgemere MBTA is a way point for the bike tour of the historic Middlesex Canal route. Departs at 9am from Charlestown's Sullivan T Station and travels to Lowell MBTA train station for a total of 38 miles. Return via commuter rail on the 5pm train. Fare is your responsibility. Steady rain cancels. Helmet required. There is an option to join or leave at several intermediate stopping points near MBTA. Please google "canal ride cue sheet" for route description and details. 37
Woburn Middlesex Canal Bike Tour Date & Time: Sunday, October 5, 9am Location: Boston to Lowell, see below Information: Contact leaders Bill Kuttner at 617-241-9383, or Dick Bauer at 857-540-6293 Sponsor: Middlesex Canal Association, www.middlesexcanal.org Admission: Free (MBTA fare not included) The Kiwanis Park is a way point for the bike tour of the historic Middlesex Canal route. Departs at 9am from Charlestown's Sullivan T Station and travels to Lowell MBTA train station for a total of 38 miles. Return via commuter rail on the 5pm train. Fare is your responsibility. Steady rain cancels. Helmet required. There is an option to join or leave at several intermediate stopping points near MBTA. Please google "canal ride cue sheet" for route description and details. 38
Archaeology Year Round Reference Guide ARCHAEOLOGY WEB SITES About.com's Archaeology site Archaeology.about.com Archaeological Institute of America www.archaeological.org Archaeology for the Public (Society for American Archaeology) http://www.saa.org/publicftp/public/home/home.html Archaeology Fieldwork.com www.archaeologyfieldwork.com Archaeology Magazine www.archaeology.org Archaeology Parks across America www.uark.edu/misc/aras/ Archaeology's DIG Magazine www.digonsite.com ArchNet-World Wide Web Virtual Library for Archaeology archnet.asu.edu Archaeology on the BBC www.bbc.co.uk/history/archaeology/index.shtml Earthwatch Institute www.earthwatch.org Massachusetts Archaeological Society www.massarchaeology.org Massachusetts Historical Commission www.sec.state.ma.us/mhc click "Massachusetts Archaeology Month" for calendar updates 39
Massachusetts Board of Underwater Archaeological Resources http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/czm/buar/ National Park Service "Links to the Past" www.nps.gov/history/ Passport in Time (USDA Forest Service) www.passportintime.com Society for American Archaeology www.saa.org Society for Historical Archaeology www.sha.org The Archaeology Channel www.archaeologychannel.org Time Team America www.pbs.org/opb/timeteam 40
MUSEUMS The following is a partial list of museums that often have archaeologyrelated exhibits. Many local historical societies and museums also can provide you with historical documentation derived from archaeology and have artifacts on display. Please contact museums to confirm hours of operation and admission fees. ARCHAEOLOGY MUSEUMS Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge 617-496-1027 · www.peabody.harvard.edu Robbins Museum of Archaeology 17 Jackson Street, Middleboro 508-947-9005 · www.robbinsmuseum.org Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology 175 Main Street, on the campus of Phillips Academy, Andover 978-749-4490 · www.andover.edu/rspeabody Semitic Museum Harvard University, 6 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge 617-495-4631 · www.semiticmuseum.fas.harvard.edu ART MUSEUMS D'Amour Museum of Fine Arts 21 Edwards Street, Springfield 413-263-6800 · www.springfieldmuseums.org/the_museums/fine_arts/ Fitchburg Art Museum 185 Elm Street, Fitchburg 978-345-4207 · www.fitchburgartmuseum.org George Walter Vincent Smith Art Museum 21 Edwards Street, Springfield 413-263-6800 · www.springfieldmuseums.org/the_museums/gwv_ smith_art/ Harvard University Art Museums Harvard University Campus, Corner of Quincy and Broadway, Cambridge 617-495-9400 · www.harvardartmuseums.org Mount Holyoke College Art Museum Lower Lake Road, South Hadley 413-538-2245 · www.mtholyoke.edu/artmuseum/ Museum of Fine Arts 465 Huntington Avenue, Boston 617-267-9300 · www.mfa.org 41
Worcester Art Museum 55 Salisbury Street, Worcester 508-799-4406 · www.worcesterart.org CHILDREN'S MUSEUMS Children's Discovery Museum 177 Main Street, Acton 978-264-4200 · www.discoverymuseums.org The Children's Museum 300 Congress Street, Boston 617-426-6500 · www.bostonchildrensmuseum.org The Children's Museum in Easton 9 Sullivan Avenue, North Easton 508-230-3789 · www.childrensmuseumineaston.org HISTORY MUSEUMS Alden House Museum 105 Alden Street, Duxbury 781-934-9092 · www.alden.org American Textile History Museum 491 Dutton Street, Lowell 978-441-0400 · www.athm.org Aptucxet Trading Post Museum 24 Aptucxet Road, Bourne 508-759-8167 · www.bournehistoricalsociety.org/aptucxettradingpost. html The Berkshire Museum 39 South Street (Route 7), Pittsfield 413-443-7171 · www.berkshiremuseum.org The Bidwell House Museum 100 Art School Road, Monterey 413-528-6888 · www.bidwellhousemuseum.org Buttonwoods Museum 240 Water Street, Haverhill 978-374-4626 · www.haverhillhistory.org The Charles River Museum of Industry 154 Moody Street, Waltham 781-893-5410 · www.crmi.org Commonwealth Museum 220 Morrissey Boulevard, Boston 617-727-9268 · www.commonwealthmuseum.org 42
Concord Museum 200 Lexington Street, Concord 978-369-9763 · www.concordmuseum.org Custom House Maritime Museum 25 Water Street, Newburyport 978-462-8681 · www.customhousemaritimemuseum.org Fruitlands Museum 102 Prospect Hill Road, Harvard 978-456-3924 · www.fruitlands.org The Golden Ball Tavern Museum 662 Boston Post Road, Weston 781-894-1751 · www.goldenballtavern.org Heritage Plantation Located at the intersection of Pine and Grove Streets, Sandwich 508-888-3300 · www.heritagemuseumsandgardens.org Historic Deerfield 79 Old Main Street, Deerfield 413-774-5581 · www.historic-deerfield.org The House of Seven Gables 115 Derby Street, Salem 978-744-0991 · www.7gables.org Isaac Winslow House Corner of Webster and Careswell Streets, Marshfield 781-837-5753 · www.marshfield.net/winslow Lowell National Historic Park 67 Kirk Street, Lowell 978-970-5000 · www.nps.gov/lowe/ Martha's Vineyard Historical Society 59 School Street, Edgartown 508-627-4441 · www.marthasvineyardhistory.org Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Museum Route 130, Mashpee 508-477-1536 · www.mashpeewampanoagtribe.com/museum.html Middlesex Canal Museum 71 Faulkner Street, North Billerica 978-670-2740 · www.middlesexcanal.org/museum Museum of African American History 46 Joy Street, Boston 617-725-0022 · www.afroammuseum.org Museum of Our Industrial Heritage 2 Mead Street, Greenfield 413-336-8275 · www.industrialhistory.org 43
National Heritage Museum 33 Marrett Road, Lexington 781-861-6559 · www.monh.org Newton History Museum 527 Washington Street, Newton 617-552-7228 · www.historicnewton.org Orchard House 399 Lexington Road, Concord 978-369-4118 · www.louisamayalcott.org The Paul Revere House 19 North Square, Boston 617-523-2338 · www.paulreverehouse.org Peabody Essex Museum East India Square, Salem 866-745-1876 · www.pem.org Pilgrim Hall Museum 75 Court Street, Plymouth 508-746-1620 · www.pilgrimhall.org Rebecca Nurse Homestead 149 Pine Street, Danvers 978-774-8799 · www.rebeccanurse.org Royall House and Slave Quarters 15 George Street, Medford 781-396-9032 · www.royallhouse.org The Stone House Museum 20 Maple Street, Belchertown 413-323-6573 · www.stonehousemuseum.org Townsend Historical Society 72 Main Street, Townsend 978-597-2106 · www.townsendhistoricalsociety.org Truro Historical Society Museum 27 Highland Road, North Truro 508-487-3397 · www.trurohistorical.org Waterworks Museum 2450 Beacon Street, Chestnut Hill 617-277-0065 · www.waterworksmuseum.org Williamstown House of Local History 1095 Main Street, Williamstown 413-458-2160 · http://www.williamstownhistoricalmuseum.org/ Wood Museum of Springfield History 21 Edwards St., Springfield 413-263-6800 · http://www.springfieldmuseums.org/the_museums springfield_history/ 44
LIVING HISTORY MUSEUMS Hancock Shaker Village Located at the junction of Routes 20 and 41, Pittsfield 413-443-0188 · www.hancockshakervillage.org Old Greenfield Village 386 Mohawk Trail, Greenfield 413-774-7138 · mtdata.com/~mmwm33/ Old Sturbridge Village 1 Old Sturbridge Village Road, Sturbridge 508-347-3362 · www.osv.org Plimoth Plantation Located off Route 3 South, exit 4 (137 Warren Avenue), Plymouth 508-746-1622 · www.plimoth.org Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site 244 Central Street, Saugus 781-233-0050 · www.nps.gov/sair NATURE/Science MuseumS Cape Cod Museum of Natural History 869 Route 6A, Brewster 508-896-3867 · www.ccmnh.org The Ecotarium 222 Harrington Way, Worcester 508-929-2700 · www.ecotarium.org Harvard Museum of Natural History Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge 617-495-3045 · www.hmnh.harvard.edu MIT Museum 265 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge 617-253-4444 · web.mit.edu/museum/ Museum of Science Science Park, Boston 617-723-2500 · www.mos.org Science Discovery Museum 177 Main Street, Acton 978-264-4200 · www.discoverymuseums.org/ South Shore Natural Science Center Jacobs Lane, off Route 123, Norwell 781-659-2559 · www.ssnsc.org Springfield Science Museum 21 Edwards Street, Springfield 413-263-6800 · http://www.springfieldmuseums.org/the_museums science/ 45
The Archaeology of Three Cranes Tavern, Charlestown, MA by Jennifer Poulsen The poster for this year's Massachusetts Archaeology Month celebration features artifacts from the Three Cranes Tavern in Charlestown, MA. Parts of Charlestown were extensively excavated in the 1980s ­ 1990s when Interstate 93 ramps to the Tobin Bridge were re-routed. Initially, archaeologists were looking for evidence of Governor John Winthrop's first home in Massachusetts, the Great House, but what they found was 17thand 18th-century artifact and site histories to tell. When Governor Winthrop led 700 English colonists to Charlestown in 1630, the Great House was constructed and used as temporary housing. Winthrop and other leaders stayed here during their first summer while their homes were being constructed. The first building created for the Massachusetts Bay Company, the Great House was a sturdy wooden structure. But by the end of the summer of 1630, Winthrop and the colonists moved to the Shawmut Peninsula in search of water, founding the new town of Boston. The Great House was used as a meeting house until 1635 when it was purchased by Robert Long for use as a tavern. He named it Long's Ordinary and later the Three Cranes Tavern after a pub that was popular in London at the time. The tavern stayed in the Long family for 140 years. In 1663, John and Mary Long added a separate brewery, a wine cellar, and a new house to the property. When John died in 1683, his wife Mary inherited the tavern. Widows were allowed to renew their late husband's tavern license as long as they never remarried. Despite Puritan beliefs that taverns were not appropriate places for women, Mary prospered at the helm of the Three Cranes Tavern. On June 16, 1775, the Three Cranes Tavern ended its long run when most of downtown Charlestown was burned to the ground in the Battle of Bunker Hill. 46
Archaeologists found very limited evidence of the original Great House, finding only posts that may have held up the original wooden structure. What they did find, was the later stone foundations of the Three Cranes Taverns, the additions that John and Mary Long made in the 1660's, the wine cellar with its brick floor, and quite a few privies! Privies are historical outhouses. The contents of these holes, sometimes politely called "night soil," are probably gross to most people, but to archaeologists they are research gold. The moist environment of these privies helped artifacts survive better than they would in normal soil. People routinely used privy holes to throw away their garbage, so there are a lot of artifacts in a privy. Finally, if someone accidentally dropped something in a privy, they would be less likely to go looking for it! The privies from Three Cranes Tavern are interesting, too, because they were used across a wide span of the tavern's operation. Some of them are very early, and some much later. Artifacts recovered from the Three Cranes Tavern include mugs, tankards, wine glasses, cordial glasses, and other drinking vessels, as well as wine and liquor bottles. Archaeologists also found serving platters and bowls, plates, trenchers, and silverware that would have been used for the many meals served at the tavern over its long history. Some coins, pipes, and gaming pieces belonged to the tavern's owner and family members. The historic burning of Charlestown is even seen through a charcoal layer and artifacts such as gun flints and lead musket balls which may have been used by both the British and the colonists. To learn more about the Three Cranes Tavern (and see more photos of its artifacts), as well as other excavations in Charlestown, please visit: www.sec.state.ma.us/mhc/mhcarchexhibitsonline/threecranes.htm Massachusetts Archaeology Month 2014 has been financed in part with Federal funds from the National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. However, the contents and opinions do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Department of the Interior. This program receives Federal financial assistance for identification and protection of historic properties. Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, as amended, the U.S. Department of the Interior prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, disability or age in its federally assisted programs. If you believe you have been discriminated against in any program, activity or facility as described above, or if you desire further information please write to: Office of Equal Opportunity, National Park Service, 1849 C Street, N.W., Washington, D.C., 20240. 47

Massachusetts Historical Commission

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Author: Massachusetts Historical Commission
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