The Camper's Guide to Outdoor Pursuits: Finding Safe, Nature-friendly and Comfortable Passage Through Wild Places, JK Drury, E Holmlund

Tags: backcountry, Camper's Guide, National Outdoor Leadership School, Wilderness Education Association, Sagamore Publishing, wild places, Kim Massari, Janet Wahlfeldt, Jack Drury, Paul K. Petzoldt, Janet Wahlfeldt Cover Design, John A. Drury, Outdoor Industry Association, Eric Holmlund Illustrations, Drifting Paddle National Canoe Area, Elaine Holmlund, Doug Sanders, Doug Fitzgerald, Eric Bennett, Brad Mitchell, Wilderness, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number, Greg Smith, Champaign, IL, Paul Smith's College, Michael Morgan, NATURE-FRIENDLY, American Canoe Association, spectrum, Leave No Trace, Outdoor Leadership School, Bureau of Land Management, tip, Drifting Paddle Canoe Area, National Park Service, Wynotgota College, United States Forest Service, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Outdoor Skills, ecologically sound, wilderness experience, Muskrat, backcountry guide, wilderness areas, Lao Tzu, Environmental Tip, essential information, travel techniques, camping skills
Content: THE CAMPER'S GUIDE TO OUTDOOR PURSUITS: FINDING SAFE, NATURE-FRIENDLY, AND COMFORTABLE PASSAGE THROUGH WILD PLACES Second Edition Jack Drury and Eric Holmlund Illustrations by John A. Drury Sagamore Publishing L.L.C. Champaign, IL
©2006 Sagamore Publishing L.L.C. All rights reserved. Interior Design: Janet Wahlfeldt Cover Design: Michael Morgan Editor: Cindy McNew Cover Photo: Brad Mitchell Photography at bradmitchellphoto.com Illustrations: John A. Drury ISBN: 1-57167-559-0 Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 2006921448 Sagamore Publishing L.L.C. 804 N. Neil St. Suite 100 Champaign, IL 61824 www.sagamorepub.com 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
In memory of my parents, Kitty and Maynard, for introducing me to the outdoors and instilling a love for it. In memory of Paul K. Petzoldt for teaching me how to use and care for the outdoors and share ways to teach others. JKD To all the people who have inspired me to spend so many days and nights in untamed landscapes: · My parents, Elaine and Richard, who opened the door to the National Parks, · My students at Paul Smith's College and the Wilderness Education Association, who provided energy and enthusiasm in remote wilderness areas, · My wife Kim and children, Dana, John, and Will, who are my dear companions now and on future adventures into nature. ERH
iv
CONTENTS Acknowledgments .................................................................................................... vi Introduction .......................................................................................................... vii Chapter 1: Before You Take the First Step .................................................................... 1 Chapter 2: High-Country Fashion ................................................................................ 7 Chapter 3: Outdoor Tools and Toys ............................................................................ 29 Chapter 4: Food Preparation and Planning ................................................................. 65 Chapter 5: From Soup to Tent Pegs: Basic Camping Skills ............................................. 91 Chapter 6: Wilderness Travel: Finding Your Way .......................................................... 117 Chapter 7: Safety and Emergency Procedures for the Backcountry ................................. 151 Chapter 8: Wilderness Leadership ............................................................................ 167 Chapter 9: Begin with a Happy Ending: Trip Planning ................................................. 185 Epilogue: The Stumps Meet the Muskrat Pack ............................................................ 193 Appendix............................................................................................................. 199 Index .................................................................................................................. 201 About the Authors ................................................................................................ 207 v
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS As with any project of this magnitude, there are many people other than the authors who make the final product possible. We would like to thank Eric Bennett, Christy Blanchard, Bruce Bonney, Dave Cockrell, Doug Fitzgerald, Jim Glover, Dick and Elaine Holmlund, Kim Massari, Mitch Sakofs, Greg Smith, Buck Tilton, Ben Woodard, and many others for their help in providing important and valued feedback on this undertaking. Joe Bannon, Doug Sanders, and Janet Wahlfeldt of Sagamore Publishing provided the vision and turned our work into a reality. We appreciate Doc Forgey's support in taking on the project . . . The Wilderness Education Association for granting permission to use the book The Backcountry Classroom: Lessons, Tools and Activities for Teaching Outdoor Leaders as the foundation for this book. Finally, we would like to thank all our students for their feedback and friendship both in the classroom and in the backcountry. vi
INTRODUCTION WHO SHOULD READ THE CAMPER'S GUIDE? The Camper's Guide contains technical guidance, trip planning, and leadership information appropriate for all outdoor skill levels. If you are a three-trip-a-year camper who has learned about the outdoors from your Uncle Buck, your fishing friends, or the friendly neighbor down the street who always tells you about the great trips her family takes to the national parks, this book is for you. If you have been camping for years but just want to be sure that you've got all the facts straight, this book is for you. This book is also for you if you've been going on adventures for many years to exotic and rugged wilderness areas where the challenges are as big as the mountains. For some of you, trips often end in frustration as you find you forgot some important piece of information, one critical piece of gear suddenly fails, or your knowledge of map and compass begins to show as many holes as your socks. You manage to limp home overtired and overextended and then sit on the couch afterward and wonder why the trip was so much work when it was supposed to be a fantastic renewal of body and spirit. Finally, this book is for you if you are contemplating joining the millions of tanned, healthy, and well-adjusted outdoor people who are camping, hiking, canoeing, and biking in undeveloped and beautiful natural areas. You may hesitate because of the intimidating expense of high-performance outdoor gear on the market and the seemingly immense amount of information and skills that successful outdoor hikers, campers, and recreational explorers must possess. Don't worry; most of those hikers on the magazine covers are really sunburned and bug-bitten, and they aren't all that well-adjusted! WHAT MAKES THE CAMPER'S GUIDE SPECIAL? (OR, NOT ANOTHER BOOK ABOUT CAMPING!) In The Camper's Guide we try to cover the entire array of outdoor living skills and topics in more depth and with more fun than any book we've seen. The Camper's Guide covers all the minimal-impact camping skills that are becoming required in many public and private backcountry settings, along with information about current clothing and equipment ranging from underwear to backpacks. We attempt to cover a more complete and detailed list of outdoor clothing than we could find anywhere. Beyond the basics, we address the sometimes challenging and confusing topics of map and compass and their places in backcountry navigation. We look at hiking and methods to conserve energy while on the trail. We cover food selection, nutrition, and food planning for long and short expeditions. We address Risk Management and safety practices that apply to both recreational campers and outdoor professionals. Perhaps most unique to The Camper's Guide is the chapter on outdoor leadership and group dynamics. Most CURRENT BOOKS don't even address these topics. The Camper's Guide offers a detailed and perceptive treatment of leadership issues in the outdoors. You will find that each person on an outdoor venture can be a leader and that casual trips as well as guided trips require some form of leadership. After reading this book, you will have greater awareness, appreciation, and skill in facilitating groups and leading yourself and others in the outdoors. We think The Camper's Guide is the most user-friendly and fun outdoor skills book available. You'll enjoy reading it! Don't expect a dry, academic book that sounds like it was written from an armchair in the Explorer's Club. We strongly believe that outdoor activities should be fun, challenging, and invigorating. We have made every effort to create a book that makes this philosophy come to life. Our off-the-wall characters and bad jokes will make reading The Camper's Guide a lighthearted, sometimes wacky experience that will hone your outdoor skills and inspire you to reach new heights of outdoor fun! vii
HELPING YOU "LEAVE NO TRACE" The Camper's Guide also contains information and guidelines that are consistent with Leave No Trace Outdoor Skills and Ethics. Leave No Trace is an organization created in 1991 to promote responsible and ecologically sound camping practices. Leave No Trace, a partnership of the National Outdoor Leadership School, the National Park Service, the United StateS Forest Service, the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, and the Outdoor Industry, provides camping guidelines upheld by these federal land management agencies.1 Millions of federal land users need to know and abide by these important guidelines if we are to safeguard the quality of water, soils, and wildlife habitat, as well as the human experience in wild lands. The Camper's Guide helps in this important Educational Mission. HOW TO USE THIS BOOK This introduction is also designed to get you ready to use the book. We want to acquaint you with the features and devices we use to tell the story of wilderness camping and the other skills you need to travel in the backcountry. The Camper's Guide is designed to be as easy to use as possible. We have tried to create a format that is an enjoyable alternative to the sometimes tedious textbooks that have been written about the outdoors. The Camper's Guide uses icons, tips, characters, and real-life anecdotes to illustrate outdoor travel and camping principles. Icons and Tips The Camper's Guide is chock-full of information, and we want to be sure that you take the most important points with you. In order to help you through the information, we have highlighted sections of the book and set them aside for your special attention. We call these sections our "Tips," and each tip is indicated by a graphic or icon. Some of the seven different kinds of tips are essential, and others are meant to be read by those of you with particular interests. It may sound complex, but you'll get the hang of it soon! The following list describes each type of tip. BOTTOM-LINE TIP The Bottom-Line Tip is probably our most important tip. It repeats, condenses, and highlights the essential information from a passage of text. Have you ever had a conversation with someone who rambled on and on and you just wanted to say, "Stop talking for a second! Could you just tell me the bottom line?" We know how you feel. ENVIRONMENTAL TIP The Environmental Tip also condenses and highlights essential information from the book. These tips underscore certain ethical points that help protect natural ecosystems. viii
PHILOSOPHY TIP The Philosophy Tip is for the thinker in you. Most people go to wild places for deeply personal, intellectual, or spiritual reasons. The Philosophy Tip investigates the "why" in everything we do. Don't worry-- the Philosophy Tip isn't as "deep" as it sounds! QUALITY CAMPER TIP The Quality Camper Tip is for the camper who wants to "go the extra mile" in practicing camping and travel techniques. Generally, the Quality Camper Tip gives techniques that appeal to the perfectionist in us, or simply that part of us that wants to look extra sharp in the backcountry. We urge you to go for it! SAFETY TIP The Safety Tip underscores and condenses essential safety information that will help you avoid injury and accidents while traveling and camping. TECHWEENIE TIP The Techweenie Tip is for the "gear head" in all of us. When they have the time and inclination, most campers have an interest in the science behind many of the high-technology products that are available for backcountry users today. How many times have you wondered, "Now, just how does that work?" We've chosen to answer some of those questions in the Techweenie Tip. And by the way, "Techweenie" is a term of endearment! TRICKS OF THE TRADE Tricks of the Trade are the little secrets that experienced campers all seem to know. On the other hand, you'll always find that somebody has a simpler or more creative way to do simple camping tasks. We learn new Tricks of the Trade all the time from both new and veteran campers. We've chosen a few that we use and passed them on to you! Characters and Scenarios The Stumps We have created two distinct scenarios that appear throughout the book in order to bring important concepts to life. The first scenario involves an American family, the Stumps, who are typical in that they are not a "model" family. Things go wrong with the Stumps. Sometimes they don't treat each other as well as they should. Sometimes they don't plan their camping trips very well. We hope you learn from their successes and challenges and enjoy reading about their adventures. ix
Forrest Stump, the father, also has a distinguished extended family. He frequently recalls famous relatives from different eras in history to illustrate points about camping. You'll come to understand that nothing is too far out for Forrest and his seemingly endless supply of nutty ancestors! The Muskrat Pack Our second scenario involves a small group of adult canoeists who call themselves the Muskrat Pack. These longtime friends occasionally take time from their careers to plan daylong canoe trips together. We'll join them as they plan their first multiday canoe trip in a large wilderness canoe area. They have many dynamics and concerns that are different from a family group. Authors' Anecdotes In addition to our fictional scenarios, we'll draw on our own experiences as outdoor educators and recreators. Because there are two of us writing the book, we have chosen to refer to ourselves in the "third person" when we want to share a story that we feel is particularly relevant. In other words, you will read that "Jack remembers when . . ." or "Eric once had a student who . . ." and so forth. Please realize that Jack and Eric are real people and not fictional relatives of Forrest Stump or members of the Muskrat Pack! A FINAL THOUGHT: WHERE ARE YOU GOING? Both literally and figuratively, this book can help you get where you want to go. By providing the information to hone your backcountry living and traveling skills, this book can help you reach the beautiful wild places you've dreamed about visiting. By sharing lessons from our years of experience, this book can also help you become the resourceful, thoughtful, and successful backcountry outdoor person that you want to be. Combined with hours, days, and years of field experience, the information in this book will help you choose equipment for quality and value, plan and prepare healthy and delicious backcountry meals, use state-of-the-art minimal impact camping techniques, be able to interpret topographic maps and use navigational compasses, and plan and lead safe, enjoyable trips. If this is where you want to go, you're reading the right book to help you begin your journey into the backcountry and onward to greater success as a wilderness trip leader! Notes 1National Outdoor Leadership School. (1994). Leave No Trace: Outdoor Skills and Ethics: Rocky Mountains. [Manual]. Lander, WY: National Outdoor Leadership School. x
CHAPTER 1
Before You Take the First Step
"The journey of a thousand miles begins with one step." --Lao Tzu
While Lao Tzu, the in-
fluential thinker and propo-
nent of the Chinese mystic tra-
dition Taoism, hits the prover-
bial bull's-eye with most of his
perceptive writings, we
wouldn't recommend that you
hire him as your guide for a
backcountry trip. Oh, sure,
he'd be great around the
campfire for talks about phi-
losophy and the meaning of
life, but we're not sure he
would have brought the right
map or thought much about
how many calories each per-
son should have in his or her
provisions. So instead, we
might say, "A journey of a thousand miles begins a couple of months before the first step."
Figure 1.1 An interesting conversationalist? Certainly--but we don't recommend hiring
The Camper's Guide is all
Lao Tzu as a backcountry guide!
about what happens before
and after your trip, as well as what happens while you're in beautiful wild country.
WHY ARE PEOPLE GOING TO WILD PLACES LIKE NEVER BEFORE? It seems like everyone's doing it. Now as never before, people stream to National Parks, forests, wilderness areas, and almost any undeveloped expanse of public land to travel, explore, and recreate. The Outdoor Industry Association reports especially large increases in participation in kayaking, canoeing, trail running, cross-country skiing, and snowshoeing. Further, nearly two-thirds of Americans over age 16 participate in human-powered outdoor recreation, representing more than 140 million people.1 What brings recreation participants into wild places from the towns, suburbs, and urban centers? Why have so many people caught the wilderness bug? We've found that people go "wild" for a number of reasons. Many simply want to escape from the humdrum routines and hassles of complex civilized life. Cynics say that campers merely exchange them for the humdrum routines and hassles of wet socks, mosquitoes, and camp-cooked macaroni and cheese. Go figure! Others look to the wilderness for physical challenge and immersion in a natural setting. Some look to study nature, reach stunning vistas in remote locations, explore the lesser-known corners of the country, and test sporting skills against the challenges of the wilderness. Some people look for solitude, others for quality social experiences with family and friends. The list goes on and on. People have a wide spectrum of goals and activities. Not all people can get the "wilderness experience" that they want from a given outdoor setting. We find that this range of goals
and preferences is best met in a variety of areas with vastly different characteristics. As mountaineer and wilderness educator Paul Petzoldt might say, wilderness is like love; it means different things to different people. WHAT DOES WILDERNESS MEAN TO YOU? Ask a dozen people to define wilderness and you will probably get two dozen answers. What people look for in a wilderness experience is extremely personal. That's what makes wilderness so special. To some people, wilderness is Central Park or the state campground in the mountains. To others, true wilderness is the Brooks Range in Alaska. When we think of wilderness, we think of a description of certain conditions. People often use terms like "naturalness," "minimum signs of human presence," "solitude," "undeveloped," "beautiful," "allowing for escape," "self-powered travel," and "primitive conditions." Wilderness historian Roderick Nash suggests that wilderness lies along "a spectrum of conditions or environments ranging from the purely wild on one end to the purely civilized on the other."2 The idea of a spectrum (Figure 1.2) makes sense to us. It allows for people to have a range of outdoor experiences in a variety of environments. "Wilderness" becomes a relative term, depending on the available land resource and the mindset of the outdoor person. In the range of wilderness conditions, some are more "pure" than others. Throughout this book we use the term "wilderness" generally to describe the range of outdoor experiences at the "purely wild" end of the outdoor spectrum. We use the term "backcountry" synonymously. Figure 1.2 The Wilderness Spectrum Sometimes it is easier to define what wilderness is not, rather than what it is. Wilderness is not about large numbers of people. By and large, it is not about those activities that can be done in non-wilderness settings. For example, dirt-bike travel, large-group picnics, and rowdy parties can all occur in non-wilderness settings. You don't need to be 7 miles back in the Bob Marshall Wilderness in Montana to throw a graduation party. These activities can and should take place closer to civilization, in less wild, yet still substantially natural areas. 2
The Camper's Guide to Outdoor Pursuits
Chapter 1: Before You Take the First Step
Even though wilderness is not about large numbers of people, we think people naturally belong in wilderness settings, as long as their presence does not adversely alter natural conditions. We will see, however, that people often do have a negative impact on natural conditions in wild areas. Our challenge is to learn to minimize this often unintentional environmental impact. Figure 1.3 As the number of human visitors to the backcountry increases, so too do their effects on the wilderness. WHAT'S HAPPENING TO OUR WILDERNESS AREAS? A cursory tour through many of our national and state parks reveals a "natural" landscape severely affected by the presence of humans and their play. parking lots, eroded trails, flattened campsites that spread from year to year, braided trails that run everywhere and nowhere, garbage, dependent wildlife, cut trees, filthy fireplaces, human waste, overflowing outhouses, and scores of other effects mar the beauty and scar the ecosystems in our wild places. Some people are sickened by the carnage, while others scarcely observe that it exists. Of this last group of outdoor people, many have never known an alternative and simply don't realize that their actions cause the aesthetic and ecological consequences that they do. However, most people at some level recognize the increasing shabbiness of overused areas. In addition to scars on the land, outdoor people affect each other and themselves through unsafe practices. Misinterpreted maps and compasses lead many people into danger and exposure in rugged country. Lack of appropriate clothing leads to great discomfort or dangerous hypothermia for campers in weather both foul and fair. Stove flare-ups cause a great many burns in backcountry campsites. The underlying source of all of these unfortunate mishaps is a lack of outdoor judgment in backcountry travelers. People just seem to make the wrong decisions at the wrong time or make good decisions far too late. How can you avoid these hazards of life in the wild? Reading this book is one small, but important step in developing solid outdoor skills and judgment. It contains the distillation of over 50 years of the authors' combined backcountry expedition leadership experience in areas ranging from the Adirondack Mountains of New York to the desert southwest to Denali in Alaska. This book offers information essential for safe, environmentally sound, and enjoyable backcountry travel for people pursuing everything from overnight trips to monthlong expeditions. 3
WHO, ME, AN OUTDOOR LEADER? Many of the people who pick up this book have absolutely no aspirations to lead anybody anywhere, especially into the wild outdoors. They may think, "What is the one thing I can do to ruin both my experience and that of people around me? Answer: Try to be the leader." Most people go to the outdoors for relaxation, challenge, fun, and natural beauty. They may think leadership is for the military, the Boy and Girl Scouts, or for marching bands. In the following pages, you'll find that leadership doesn't have to be "Leadership" and that you don't have to deliver "Win One for the Gipper" speeches or bark orders like Napoleon on your next camping trip. You'll also find that safe, enjoyable outdoor experiences require leadership in the form of skills, knowledge, and working with your own as well as other campers' emotions and preferences. SAFETY, THE ENVIRONMENT, COMFORT: THE BIG THREE The Camper's Guide's subtitle, "Finding safe, nature-friendly, and comfortable passage through wild places," states the three major themes that run through each chapter of this book. We call these our three priorities when it comes to making decisions, both in the backcountry and when planning the trip. For that matter, the "Big Three" priorities come into play when you are standing in the sporting goods store or supermarket trying to make decisions about what to buy for your trip. Safety Our first priority, safety, makes everything else possible in the backcountry. We're not suggesting that you strive to eliminate risk and challenge from your outings; in fact, risk and challenge are two of the most attractive qualities that the backcountry offers for many people. We do suggest that you plan for risk and challenge within a framework of safety and risk management. You may find that planning your trip well allows you to have more challenge and more safety. Planning a safe trip, using safe equipment, and making safe leadership decisions along the trail or stream allow you and the people around you to experience the beauty and rigor of the outdoors as you planned and wished to. Preventing emergencies by reducing or eliminating risk minimizes the chances that your trip will be shortened or altered by illness, injury, or poor decisions. You'll find out how safety plays into every aspect of trip planning and activities once you're in the woods. The Environment As members of the increasingly large wave of recreators in beautiful undeveloped places, it has become critically important for each one of us to consider the effect our actions and choices have on the natural systems around us, especially in delicate and highly used backcountry destinations. You will learn how to shape your practices to minimize the impact your presence has on ecosystems and how to become as unobtrusive as possible during your stay in the wild outdoors. Most people find that learning these simple techniques actually adds to the pleasure of their experience in the outdoors, since they have a feeling of responsibility and service that comes with ethical camping practices. Comfort Only after the first two priorities are met can we focus on comfort. We want you to come back to the outdoors once you get home again. We don't want campers to be so exhausted and uncomfortable from their outdoor adventures that they (or their children) vow never to leave their recliners and home theater systems. We want people to say "No!" to virtual reality and "Yes!" to actual reality! One way we can make sure people and their families and friends return to the wild outdoors time and time again is to make outdoor living comfortable. You don't need to prove that you can survive for a week by sucking on pebbles, unless you're trying to live out a Jack London fantasy. (In that case, more power to you, and give this book to your neighbor!) Camping and outdoor travel don't need to be ordeals. With modern fabrics, packs, boots, and other products, we can live in the sun, rain, wind, and cold with relative comfort. Why not use your information and resources to help you have a good time? 4
The Camper's Guide to Outdoor Pursuits
Chapter 1: Before You Take the First Step
INSIDE THE CAMPER'S GUIDE As we mentioned in the introduction, The Camper's Guide is different. Instead of page after page of facts and testimonials from the dusty corridors of the authors' memories, we present important camping concepts in ways that the reader may find fun, challenging, and vivid. We use stories and characters. Our characters are meant to be symbolic or representative of many outdoor campers and adventurers and the struggles and challenges they go through in planning and participating in outdoor camping trips. We hope you find these people interesting, frustrating, and most of all, stimulating to the imagination! The bottom line is that we want you to think about the concepts in this book in an active and realistic way. Who Are the Stumps? We'd like to introduce our literary family, the Stumps, who will pop up from time to time in The Camper's Guide. The Stumps are a "normal" American family with standard family traits. Forrest is the father, who thinks of himself as benevolent dictator, exasperated coach, overworked referee, and family doormat. He is profoundly excited about camping and often tells stories about the wide-ranging Stump family and its famous (and not-so-famous) relatives. Holly, the mother, offers a realistic and gentle counterpoint to the sometimes hectic family scene. Woody, the oldest child at 18, loves the "high adrenaline" side of outdoor pursuits and is hard at work stockpiling a full array of high-technology gear. Willow, 16, and Moss, 12, are the sometimes loving daughter and son who have an ambivalent attitude toward family camping. Together, the Stump family and the menagerie of Stump relatives illustrate many of the camping concepts throughout The Camper's Guide. Figure 1.4 Introducing the Stumps: Holly, Forrest, Moss, Willow, Woody, and Friend. Introducing the Muskrat Pack We will also describe a group of adults who have loosely organized a social paddling club they call the "Muskrat Pack," after the funny little rodents that they encounter on certain slowmoving rivers. As a group of adult peers, the Muskrat Pack has different needs and issues from the Stumps. They interact differently, plan trips differently, and have had many experiences outside of their group. 5
The extraordinary thing about the Muskrat Pack is that you are a member! We decided to
write you, the reader, into the action. We have given you a part, along with a job and certain
abilities and limitations. We did this to connect both with adult outdoor people and people
new to camping. Any questions? Well, read on. . .
You and three friends from
Wynotgota College, Juan, Anne,
and Stella, created an informal
paddling club, the Muskrat Pack,
several years after graduation.
Most of the Muskrat Pack's activ-
ity in The Camper's Guide revolves
around planning for a late spring
canoe trip in the Drifting Paddle
National Canoe Area. Anne is your
best paddler. In the winter she's
a ski instructor at Killington, Ver-
mont, and during the rest of the
year she is a rafting guide in West
Virginia. She's also a certified
American Canoe Association
white-water canoe instructor.
Juan, a Pittsburgh marketing ex-
ecutive for Heinz, Inc., is look-
ing for the 58th variety. He is the
Figure 1.5
only person in the group who has been to the Drifting Paddle Canoe Area, having canoed there a
The Muskrat Pack--you're about to embark on a wilderness adventure!
few years ago. Stella is a seventh-
grade biology teacher from Mystic, Connecticut. Stella has great camping skills, and last sum-
mer she took a National Outdoor Leadership School course in which she backpacked for a month
and learned camping and adventure skills in Wyoming.
You, however, have never gone camping in your life. You're the victim of peer pressure--
Juan called you up and recruited you to go on your first overnight trip. Maybe that's why you're
reading this book! You do, however, have the most experience working with groups of people
from your job as Assistant Director of the Butternut substance abuse Center in Big Boulder,
Arkansas. You're anticipating the trip, perhaps with a bit of trepidation, but you trust that your
friends know what they're doing and expect to learn a great deal about camping and outdoor
travel.
LET'S GO! TAKING THE FIRST STEP At this point, we've presented our wilderness philosophy and our priorities for planning and participating in great outdoor trips and have introduced some of the characters who will accompany you through The Camper's Guide. You will also encounter various tips that underscore and highlight important bits of information. In other words, we've laid the groundwork for your "journey" through this book. You're now ready to take the first step in your thousandmile journey. Have fun! Notes 1 Outdoor Industry Association. (2004). Outdoor Recreation Participation Study for the United States (6th ed.). Boulder, CO: Outdoor Industry Association. 2Nash, R. (1982). Wilderness and the American Mind (3rd ed.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, p. 6.
The Camper's Guide to Outdoor Pursuits
6

JK Drury, E Holmlund

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