And the Loser is, A Malone

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Content: AND THE LOSER IS ... A History of Oscar Oversights Aubrey Malone Vernon Series in Cinema and Culture
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Contents
Acknowledgements
v
Preface
vii
Prologue
ix
Introduction
xvii
Cosy Cartels
1
Omissions Impossible
17
The Worst Years of Their Lives
29
A Peak You Reach
63
Oscar Wild
101
They Shoot Wives, Don't They
133
Snubbing the Snubbers
155
And Injustice for All
189
Endearing Accolades
211
The Nonsensical Nineties
235
New Millennium
259
Ebony and Ivory
295
Notes
305
Bibliography
321
Index
331
Acknowledgements I'd like to thank all the librarians and researchers who've helped me write this book as well as all the people who've exchanged views with me about its themes over the years, in pubs and clubs, in cinemas and theaters, in kitchens and living-rooms and on the street. I may not always have agreed with what was said to me but it usually set a line of thought going. Everybody is a critic. We can all be our own Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. We may not get to vote for who wins what but we can lay down our views. In that way we keep the debate going about who should have won what when. And who got the fuzzy end of the lollipop. Again.
Preface It's February 2017, the 89th year of the Oscar ceremonies. A 79-year old man comes out on the stage of the Dolby Theater to read the name of the Best Picture of the Year. He opens the envelope and takes out a card. When he looks at it he puts on a face. He doesn't speak. The name written on the card is Emma Stone. He hands it to his co-presenter, a woman of a similar age who has appeared with him in a famous film years and years ago. She doesn't put on a face. She looks at the name Emma Stone. Then she looks under it. She sees the name of the film Emma Stone has been in. She is more interested in this. It is what she has expected to see. She reads out the words that are written under Emma Stone. The words she reads out are "La La Land." It's the film everyone expected to win. There was no question about it. It was going to win everything. You could put your house on it. A few moments later the stage is stormed by the people who produced the film. They're full of excitement as they clutch their Oscars. Then another man comes on stage. His name is Jordan Horowitz. He's a producer. He looks distressed. "Guys, I'm sorry," he says, "Moonlight won Best Picture. This is not a joke. There's been a mistake." A mistake. It's not the first one that's ever been made on Oscar night...
Prologue For many thinking people the Oscar ceremonies aren't very much superior to a cattle mart in artistic terms. Sean Penn believes the people behind them "can't find their butt with their hand." He adds, "So what does their opinion mean? It's just an opportunity to be an extra in a TV show ­ twenty minutes more than that if you win." Maybe this is why George C. Scott refused the Academy's highest accolade when it was awarded to him in 1970. So did Marlon Brando two years later for different reasons. "I'm fed up of these bleeding-hearted liberals who grow fat on the capitalism they profess to despise," one person remarked after Brando refused his Oscar. Brando himself revealed, "I know people who plan what they're going to wear to the ceremonies six months in advance. If there's any chance they'll be nominated they begin memorizing their acceptance speech. If they win they pretend their words are spontaneous, but they've lain awake for months mumbling to the ceiling what they're going to say." How does one win an Oscar? According to Marlene Dietrich, who didn't, the best way to do so is to make sure one plays either "Biblical characters, priests, or victims of tragic disabilities such as blindness, deafness, muteness or different varieties thereof, or alcoholism, insanity, schizophrenia and other mental disorders." The experiences of people like Ernest Borgnine (Marty) and Cliff Robertson (Charly), as well as countless others, would appear to confirm her theory. The more serious the malady, the Academy have implied, right up to Daniel Day-Lewis for My Left Foot and Anthony Hopkins for The Silence of the Lambs, the better one's chances. Why? Billy Wilder gave one theory: "Anyone who plays a hunchback has a better chance of an Oscar than a leading man. That's the revenge of the voters. They don't get the girls either." In 1985, as if to prove the truth of Dietrich's dictum, the five Best Actor nominees - Michael Caine, Albert Finney, Robert Duvall, Tom Conti and Tom Courtenay - were all playing drunks of some description. Seven years later, as Michael Medved noted, of the five nominees for Best Actor, three played deranged and sadistic killers (Warren Beatty, Robert de Niro and Anthony Hopkins), one was a homeless and delusional psychotic (Robin Williams) and one played a depressed, unemployed and ultimately adulterous husband (Nick Nolte). Medved observed that ever since Jack Nicholson won for playing The Joker in Batman, evil, not love, is what the Oscars are about.
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In 1988 a virtually unknown actress called Marlee Matlin won the Best Actress Award for playing a deaf-mute in the film Children of a Lesser God. A lot of people claimed this was a kind of collective sympathy vote doled out by a confraternity of people who may have had their hearts in the right place but not their critical faculties. They were accused of confusing the performance with the cause. Similar objections were raised the year Dustin Hoffman won the coveted statuette for playing an autistic savant in Rain Man. "Hollywood is going soft at the center," the cynics proclaimed. The unctuous, on the other hand, dripped crocodile tears down their rented tuxedos. Then Al Pacino went blind in Scent of a Woman. He won the Oscar on his seventh attempt. Jodie Foster, a winner in 1988 and 1991, couldn't resist telling everyone that "As much as I like the Oscar night pageantry, it's a silly bingo game. It's like five names in a hat and one gets pulled out. If they don't call your name it's not like you say: I wish I did that scene another way." Woody Allen made a related point. "I can't abide by the judgment of other people," he said, "because if you accept it when they say you deserve an award then you have to accept it when they say you don't. It's nice at the time because it means more money for your films but as soon as you let yourself start thinking that way something happens to the quality of the work." Allen concluded, "When it's your time they give it to you." George Burns would know all about that. He won one at the age of 80. Melvyn Douglas was just two years younger than that when he won a Best Supporting Actor for Being There in 1979, edging out the 8-year-old Justin Henry for Kramer Versus Kramer. The irony of the situation wasn't lost on him. "If Justin loses again next year," Dustin Hoffman mused, "We'll have to give him a Lifetime Achievement Award." An even more acerbic remark was made by Allen when he refused to attend the 1978 ceremonies: "I am not interested in an inanimate statue of a little bald man. I like something with long, blonde curls." Allen abjured the entire thinking behind the idea of favoring one film over another at the Oscars. "Who's to say which is better?" he argued, "I think it would be better if the film industry met each year and in a dignified way just said, `These are our favorite films of the year. Not the best film, because all the films nominated are so different.'" Allen thought the Academy Awards were "grubby" because "Films and candidates are campaigned for and ads are taken... There's no integrity or credibility."1 Oscar winners have been known to go downhill every fast after their time in the sun. This can be due to getting too big for their boots. Or it can be due to demanding excessive pay rises, being unable to find material as good as what
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they've just starred in, or being typecast in identikit roles to what they won for. In each case they've found it harder to stay at the top than to get there. Luise Rainer won two Oscars in a row in 1936 and 1937 but did little of note for the remainder of her time in movies. Her case is exceptional but many stars failed to reprise the high-water mark of their careers on Oscar night. After Marlon Brando won for On the Waterfront in 1954, thereby capping four years of Oscar-nominated roles, he had a stop-go career for the next decade and a half before his renaissance in The Godfather. This resulted in an Oscar he refused. Apart from Last Tango in Paris, which he made the following year, and a few other oases in the artistic desert in future years, his career plummeted from this time onwards as he descended into various levels of selfparody, most notably in The Freshman which was a comic retread of The Godfather. An uneven fusillade of high-priced cameos followed as Brando sought new ways to make himself more unrecognizable (and often incomprehensible). Bob Hope used to say that the best acting one can witness on Oscar night isn't from the clips shown on the screen to announce the winners but rather the benign expressions on the faces of the losers as someone else's name is called out in the category for which they've been nominated. This may be so but there's always that split second of shock apparent before the brain clicks into gear and one realizes a smile is in order, and maybe a slight shake of the head in commendation - as opposed to a shriek of disbelief. Or the expression of a wish to throttle the winner. Or mow them down with a chainsaw. Montgomery Clift was nominated four times without success. Kirk Douglas got three nominations. Charlie Chaplin and Peter Sellers earned two each. Richard Burton was cited a staggering seven times in his career, as was Peter O'Toole. None of these people ever won. Many stars seem to have taken to drink either to take their minds off this or to drown their sorrows. Joan Rivers joked, "Next year they're going to give Peter O'Toole's liver a Life Achievement Award." If there were Oscars for drinking he would have been a multiple winner. "Life, for me," he said, "has been either a wake or a wedding." What was the difference? "One less drunk." Chaplin received an Honorary Award in 1928 and another one 43 years later in 1971. Similar awards were conferred upon Cary Grant, Kirk Douglas and Barbara Stanwyck. Alfred Hitchcock was given the Irving G. Thalberg Award for outstanding achievements in film in 1967. Why did he not win an "actual" Oscar? He had his own explanation: "I don't look like an artist. I don't look like I've starved in a garret." Walt Disney was the recipient of an Honorary Oscar in 1938 for Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the dwarfs receiving seven miniature statuettes as well,
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as if to further the idea of levity. All of these testimonials were warmly appreciated but they couldn't disguise the obvious fact that they were consolation prizes for the fact that the people in question hadn't landed "the big one." Many other stars were electoral outcasts for one reason or another, or maybe no reason at all. People like Dirk Bogarde, Robert Shaw, Lee J. Cobb, Robert Mitchum, James Mason, John Garfield and countless others never held an Oscar in their hands.
Screen siren Rita Hayworth never received an Oscar nomination in her entire career. Stars who didn't even receive a nomination in their careers included Tyrone Power, Maureen O'Hara, Eli Wallach, Marilyn Monroe, Fred MacMurray, Ida Lupino, Joseph Cotton, Glenn Ford, Lauren Bacall, Veronica Lake, Alan Ladd, W.C. Fields, Errol Flynn, Claire Bloom, Lucille Ball, Rita Hayworth and Al Jolson. Deborah Kerr was nominated six times without success. So was Thelma Ritter. Irene Dunne and Agnes Moorehead got five nominations each but no award. Greta Garbo and Barbara Stanwyck received four nominations each but that was it. Did they care? Perhaps more than they admitted. Frank Capra used to say, "It's become real fashionable to scoff at Oscars but these jesters would kill to win one." Maybe he was right.
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Peekaboo girl Veronica Lake never received a nomination either. "The Oscar," Marion Davies declared, "is a cruel joke hatched up by a cruel town and handed out in a cruel ceremony." Maybe she was right too. All too often the rightful winners were outpolled by those who "knew the right people", who sailed their way to success by sycophancy and the Almighty Dollar. Economy ruled art. In 1986 Murray Weissmann declared, "No picture can be a serious contender in the Oscar race for under $100,000." This kind of economic prostitution was one of the reasons George C. Scott engineered his famous snub to the whole razzmatazz. "Actors are the world's oldest minority," Scott maintained, "looked upon as nothing but buffoons, one step above thieves and charlatans. These award ceremonies simply compound the image for me."2 There's also a pecking order of competitiveness. Joyce Haber wrote in The Users: "Like everything else in Hollywood, the Oscars were categorized by A and B. Who wanted the Oscar for Best Score? Best Picture added a million dollars to the box office gross, Best Actor or Best Actress half a million. Beyond that, forget it. From Best Director down, the awards mean nothing."3 Francis Ford Coppola agreed with her. When he was looking for a cast for Apocalypse Now he was constantly rebuffed. Not many people wished to
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spend four months in the Philippines no matter how good the film was. He went up to his house in Napa Valley one day. When he got there, he took all his Oscars out to the backyard and broke every one of them. They weren't much use to him for the job in hand. Not even these golden men could get a star to sign along that dotted line. They had no currency for him so he destroyed them. It had a kind of logic to it. Katharine Hepburn claimed she didn't believe in the worth of any prize except the three-legged race. She was a whizz in that. Michael Douglas says the award he won for Petrol Pump Attendant of the Month as a young man is equally important to him as his Oscar for Wall Street. Three days after Anjelica Huston won an Oscar for Prizzi's Honor she was rejected for a part in The Witches of Eastwick. (It went to Cher instead). Often, as a winner once said, all an award means is that you don't work for eighteen months... because nobody feels they can afford you. This makes it all the more incomprehensible that people crave Oscars so much, regarding them as the highlight of their careers when all too often they're the beginning of the end. Do people who win them deserve them? Sometimes. Do they know how to deal with them? Rarely. If this book were to attempt some kind of conclusion it would be to suggest that the Academy makes valid decisions only now and again and even then not always for the purest of motives. Maybe its entire system of voting needs to be dismantled before a better one can be put in place. Barry Norman made a good point when he said it works well up until the nomination stage but then it takes off in all the wrong directions: "The nominations are decided by people's peer groups. Actors vote for actors, directors for directors, cinematographers for cinematographers and so on. After that it's just a crapshoot with everyone, no matter how old, senile or inactive, free to vote in every category."4 Norman once attended a showing of a film that had been nominated for Best Picture only to see that within fifteen minutes over three-quarters of the audience ("By God they were old") had fallen asleep. He suspected many voters didn't even bother turning up to the showings. He thought it more likely that some kind of consensus prevailed along the lines of, "I see Tom Hanks has been nominated. Good ol' boy, Tom. And then there's this Nigel whatsisname. Who the hell is he? Never heard of him, I'll vote for Tom."5 Norman was referring to Hanks win for Forrest Gump over Nigel Cawthorne. He thought Cawthorne gave a better performance in The Madness of King George in 1994. There's been interference in voting since the Oscars began. All that's changed is the way it's done. In the old days it was carried on by covert
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means, by glad handing and "gentle persuasion" at functions and dinners. With the collapse of the studios the onus for campaigning shifted to the publicists, the production companies, sometimes even to the stars themselves. If they were wealthy enough they could bankroll their own campaigns. They could "big up" their product even if they knew, at base, it was worthless. Victory on Oscar night sometimes resulted from the simple fact that - as in politics ­ the longest purse won. Hollywood is estimated to spend between $100 million and $500 million in its Oscar campaigns each year. A conservative estimate of the money needed to run a successful campaign for a given film is $10 million. This is to fund billboards, ads in the traded magazines, media interviews, etc. Is such an outlay justified by the revenue an Oscar-winning film is expected to generate? Hardly. A Best Picture Oscar is said to add less than $3 million to its box office takings, as opposed to the extra $14 million a Golden Globe-winning film is expected to earn. The discrepancy is caused by the fact that the Oscars come at the end of a long awards season. If a film has been on release prior to the ceremonies and people have seen it ­ unlike the Globes ­ they can't be expected to go to it again. Timing affects the voting too. Around 700 members of AMPAS vote but final voting takes place just two weeks before the ceremonies so a lot rests of who's hot at the time. Gender is a factor too. An Oscar is estimated to boost a male star's earnings by up to $4 million but that of an actress by less than $500,000. It's also a fact that the average age of Best Actresses is ten years younger than that of Best Actors. Nor should one discount the element of bribery. We've gone beyond the payola/brown paper bag culture but there's more than one way to solicit votes by charm offensives. Voters frequently tell us they're swamped by (mostly useless) gifts in the run-up to the Oscars. One of them revealed, "I've got everything short of Lincoln condoms." More subtle bribers schmooze Academy members at functions and parties. The flipside of this coin is the number of smear campaigns that take place each year. In the heyday of the Oscars the studios held sway. Of the 102 Best Picture nominees in the first twelve years of the ceremonies, 28 were produced by MGM, 17 by Paramount,10 by Twentieth Century Fox, 15 by Warner Brothers, 8 by Columbia, 7 by RKO and 4 each by United Artists and Universal. A seachange came in 1946 when independent producer Samuel Goldwyn swept the boards with The Best Years of Our Lives. Three Best Picture winners were made outside the mainstream in the fifties: Marty, Around the World in Eighty Days and The Bridge on the River Kwai. In 1967 Mike Nichols won Best Director for
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The Graduate. It was the first time an American-made film took the award without any help from the major studios. Two years later Easy Rider became one of the most financially successful films of all time. It was made on a shoestring outside the "system." In 1985 the winner of Best Picture Award was Kiss of the Spider Woman. It was made by an unknown company called Island Alive. The following year all five of the Best Picture nominees came from outside the Hollywood mainstream: Platoon, The Mission, Hannah and Her Sisters, A Room with a View and Children of a Lesser God. In 1989 Steven Soderbergh's sex, lies and videotape won an Oscar nomination for Best Original Screenplay and it also won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival. It cost $1 million to make but grossed over $25 million, making it one of the most profitable films of the decade. Three independent films from 1992, The Player, The Crying Game and Howard's End, earned more Oscar nominations than the major studio releases that year. Neil Jordan also won an Oscar that year for Best Original Screenplay for The Crying Game. Quentin Tarantino won the same award the following year for Pulp Fiction. Three years later Tim Robbins' Dead Man Walking earned a slew of nominations as well as a Best Actress award for Susan Sarandon. Bryan Singer's The Usual Suspects also created a sensation that year and won a Best Original Screenplay award for Christopher McQuarrie. The following year four of the five Best Picture nominees were "indies": Fargo, Shine, Secrets & Lies and The English Patient. Do we regard Oscars too seriously? Maybe we should take a leaf out of a book called Movielists written some years ago by two gentlemen who advised us of ten things to look out for on the average Oscar night: `Cher's outfit will reveal even more than it did the previous year. Woody Allen won't turn up. Someone very old indeed will shuffle on to a standing ovation. Steven Spielberg won't win anything. Someone will make an embarrassing political speech. Nobody will have heard of the Best foreign language film. Every winner will thank at least three people. Every loser will smile and clap vigorously when the winners are announced. Britain will be able to claim some link with the Special Effects award. And there'll be a special tribute to someone whose films appear only on BBC2 on Saturday afternoons." 6
Introduction I'm sometimes asked to suggest a way of exploring more than a century of movies other than just picking titles at random from the library or some online streaming service. The implied question is whether there's a way to select movies that will increase the likelihood of seeing great or even good ones as opposed to spending an evening with Ishtar or Won Ton Ton, The Dog Who Saved Hollywood. Often, I'll suggest selecting a director or actor and focusing on them. Few, if any, can boast of perfect records, but watching the collected works of Alfred Hitchcock or Stanley Kubrick or William Holden or Katharine Hepburn - or classic westerns or examples of film noir - will likely score more hits than misses, especially if done in tandem with a book or two on the subject for guidance. There's much to be said for watching a group of movies through a particular filter. Think of looking at a Jean Renoir painting as an example of French impressionism, or a history of the nude in art. Each is a legitimate way of examining it. You pick up on different things depending on your angle. With movies there's another way to generate lists of films to see. One of these is looking at Oscar winners. Films selected by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences are a special group. One could certainly do worse than watching the films that won Best Picture of a given year, or the performances ­ lead or supporting ­ noted as the best of that year. Of course, there are odd quirks that are immediately apparent. In 1972, for example, The Godfather won Best Picture. It is, without question, a masterpiece and a film that rewards repeated viewings. Yet the award for Best Director that year went to Bob Fosse for Cabaret rather than to Francis Ford Coppola for The Godfather. If Cabaret was the best directed film, why wasn't it the best film, period? Did The Godfather direct itself? There are years when the director of a Best Picture nominee doesn't even get nominated for Best Director. This gets to the nub of the problem with all awards: they're not the ultimate arbiters of value. It's nice to receive one so that you can have it forever on your CV. When someone asks me to provide my own bio I always mention that my book The Fourth Network, a history of Fox Broadcasting, won the Cable Center Book Award. Don't worry if you haven't heard of this. Until I won it I hadn't heard of it either. All such awards reflect a variety of inputs, from who's doing the deciding to the year the decision was made and other factors having little to do with the award itself. In the case of the Oscars, the focus of this book, there are times
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when the Academy gets it wonderfully right. When you look at, say, Julia Roberts' career, the movie of hers that deserved special recognition for me was Erin Brockovich. She won for that. Francois Truffaut was honored with the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film for his love letter to the cinema, Day For Night. Francis Ford Coppola may not have got an Oscar for The Godfather, as mentioned above, but he did get one for The Godfather, Part 11. This is such a towering achievement it's still hailed as the exception to the rule that "Sequels never equal." And so on. Such decisions aren't the focus of the present book. It emphasizes the times when Oscars were given for a variety of other reasons than merit. John Wayne winning best actor for True Grit was widely perceived as a Life Achievement award. Elizabeth Taylor, who'd missed out on a Best Actress nod for Suddenly, Last Summer, won the following year for Butterfield 8 after becoming deathly ill and requiring a tracheotomy. She bested Shirley MacLaine for a superior performance in The Apartment, leading MacLaine's director, the acerbic Billy Wilder, to wire her with the message: "Dear Shirley, You may not have a hole in your windpipe but we love you anyway." Let's face it. Not every person or film deemed the "best" at the Oscars deserves that accolade. As a film critic now in his fourth decade of reviewing, there have been years I've been thrilled with the choices and years I've been horrified. Out of Africa? The English Patient? Slumdog Millionaire? You must be joking. That's true of the opinions expressed in this volume as well. There were times when I disagreed with Aubrey Malone. That's okay because the job of the film critic isn't so much to validate the reader's opinions as to express his or her own, along with evidence ­ and hopefully compelling analyses - to support that view. As with the best books of criticism, the author isn't telling you what to think. He's opening conversations. Take 1952, for example. The nominees for Best Picture included High Noon, The Quiet Man and Moulin Rouge. Not even making the finals were such lasting achievements as Singin' in the Rain, The Lavender Hill Mob and Rashomon. What did the Academy voters deem the best film of 1952? The Greatest Show on Earth, Cecil B. DeMille's circus potboiler. This is a film that isn't thought much of today, even with the curiosity of co-star James Stewart spending the entire movie in clown make-up. Watching Oscar winners can provide many evenings of entertainment. Viewing the losers isn't only instructive but gratifying as well. The way the nominees are selected is an important filter. For many of the categories, these are selected by their peers. Actors nominate actors, writers nominate writers and so forth. All the members then get to vote on the final ballot. That's why
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you sometimes get odd moments when the director of a Best Picture nominee doesn't make the final cut. For those of us who love Hollywood lore, the reason why a film lost can be as fascinating as why it won. Investigating such a loss may lead us to rediscover a worthy movie that was unjustly forgotten. Citizen Kane was an Oscar winner for Best Original Screenplay but nothing else. It suffered many years of neglect until it was rediscovered in the 1950s when the RKO library of films started appearing on television. It's a Wonderful Life was re-discovered in the 1970s when the film fell into public domain and it seemed every television station made a point of showing it around Christmas. As many winners - and losers - have noted, the competition for the Oscar isn't really fair. We can safely predict, for example, that at some stage an oldtime actor who's never won has a good shot at the Best Supporting actor Oscar. Take Jack Palance in City Slickers, Alan Arkin in Little Miss Sunshine, Martin Landau in Ed Wood, Sean Connery in The Untouchables, George Burns in The Sunshine Boys, etc. Were these awards deserved? It's like asking, "Which tastes best: chocolate ice cream, a T-bone steak or a Waldorf salad?" Humphrey Bogart, a popular winner of the best actor Oscar for The African Queen in 1951, was competing against Marlon Brando, Montgomery Clift and Frederic March. Bogart commented, "The only honest way to find the best actor of any year would be to let everybody play Hamlet and let the best man win." Fortunately, we can look at the Oscars not as the final word on what's worth seeing but as a menu with a variety of choices where we're not locked into what the Academy voters of a given year decided. So, let's join Aubrey Malone in looking at the losing nominees who had to keep smiles pasted on their faces as another person's name was announced on the night. Or who chose to skip the whole thing entirely. There's some great movies ahead.
Daniel M. Kimmel Somerville, Massachusetts September, 2017
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Index
Bold print denotes pages with illustrations on them.
A Abdi, Barkhad 288 About Schmidt 265-6 Abraham, F. Murray 215, 216-7 Abrahamson, Lenny 296, 297 Ace in the Hole 59 Accident 137-8 Accidental Tourist, The 229-30 Accused The 228 Ackland, Joss 259 Actors Guild 8 Adams, Amy 288, 289, 291-2, 302 Adams, Nick 123 Adams, Thelma 253 Adamson, Joe 9 Adaptation 266 Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The 15 Affair to Remember, An 22 Affairs of Celini 7 Affleck, Ben 281, 284 Affleck, Casey 299, 300 Affliction 255 African Queen, The xix, 51, 56-8, 59, 61, 241-2 After the Wedding 274 Age of Innocence, The 245 Agee, James 61 Agresti, Alejandro 267 Aherne, Brian 26 Aiello, Danny 231 Aimee, Anouk 137 Airport 157, 158 Al Jolson Story The 50 Alamo, The 101, 214 Albee, Edward 134-5, 136
Albert Nobbs 282 Alcott, Louisa May 5 Alda, Alan 270 Aldrich, Robert 81, 118 Alexander, Jane 157, 183, 196, 213 Alfie 59, 136 Ali 261 Ali, Mahershala 299, 302 Ali, Muhammad 261 Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore 174-5, 176 Aliens 223 All About Eve 51-3, 54, 55 All Fall Down 72 All Quiet on the Western Front 3 All That Jazz 187, 192 All The King's Men 49, 50 All The President's Men 179, 180-1, 182, 183, 215 Allen, Woody x, xvi, 56, 168, 169, 183, 185, 195, 196, 200, 211, 2234, 271, 277, 288 Altman, Robert 157, 174, 177, 185, 245, 263, 271 Amadeus 215, 216, 219 Amarcord 176, 178 Ameche, Don 220 Amelie 265 Amenabar , Alejandro 270 America, America 121, 124 American Beauty 257-8, 260 American Gigolo 200 American Graffiti 169 American History 255 American Hustle 288
332 American in Paris, An 55-6, 197 American Sniper 290, 291 Amin, Idi 273 Amores Perres 260-1 Amour 284 AMPAS (Academy of Motion Pic- ture Arts and Sciences) xv, 3, 5, 9, 11, 14, 19, 20, 35, 38, 53, 56, 64-5, 83, 84, 88, 89, 105, 109, 117, 118, 129, 158, 168, 170, 181, 191-2, 194, 195, 202, 208, 216, 220-1, 243, 244, 252, 264, 281, 283, 298, 303 Anastasia 84 Anatomy of a Murder 97, 99, 111 Anchors Aweigh 38 And Justice for All 193 And When Did You Last See Your Father? 275 Anderson, Judith 21 Anderson, Pamela 247 Anderson, Paul Thomas 258 Anderson, Wes 263 Andrews, Julie 125, 126, 127, 1312, 206-8 Angels with Dirty Faces 14-15 Anhedonia 183 Aniston, Jennifer 292 Anna 227 Anna M 276 Anna Karenina 9, 286 Anne of the Thousand Days 145, 146, 148, 149 Annie Hall 183, 184, 185, 215 Anniversary Party, The 264 Another Man, Another Chance 137 Another Year 281 Ansen, David 257 Anthony Adverse 10 Anti Defamation League 285-6 Anti-semitism 44-5, 144-5, 184-5, 285-6
Index Antony, Marc 70 Any Day Now 287 Apartment, The xviii, 33, 95, 101, 102-4 Apocalypse Now xiii-xiv, 192, 195, 197, 223, 240 Arafat, Yassar 184 Archbishop's Ceiling 152 Archer, Anne 227 Arden, Eve 40 Argo 284, 286 Arkin, Alan xix, 136, 143, 274 Arlington Road 258 Arliss, George 3 Arnold, Andrea 279 Aronofsky, Darren 280 Around the World in 80 Days xv, 82, 87 Arquette, Patricia 292 Arrival 299, 300, 302 Arthur 200, 201 Arthur, Jean 15, 32, 53, 68, 71, 72,88 Artificial Intelligence: AI 263, 264 Artist, The 282 As Good As It Gets 251-2 Ashby, Hal 142, 193 Ashcroft, Peggy 217-8 Asphalt Jungle, The 55 Astor, Mary 27 Atlantic City 201, 202, 203 Attenborough, Sir Richard 45, 204-6, 233 Auer, Mischa 10 Auntie Mame 92, 95 Autumn Sonata 190 Avatar 278 Aviator, The 269, 270, 296 Avery, Margaret 220 Avildsen, John 170, 180, 181 Avnet, Jon 240 Away From Her 275
Index Awful Truth, The 11, 13 Ayres, Lew 48 B Babe 247 Babel 274 Babes in Arms 17 Baby Doll 84 Bacall, Lauren xii, 40, 55, 56, 250- 1, 253, 279 Bachelor and the Bobbysoxer, The 47 Bacon, James 56, 156 Bad and the Beautiful, The 63, 64, 65 Bad Day at Blackrock 80 Bad Girl 5 Bad Lieutenant 243 Badamenti, Angelo 264 Baddeley, Hermione 98 Bahrani, Ramin 272-3 Bainter, Fay 15, 30 Baker, Carroll 84 Baldwin, Alec 241, 253 Bale, Christian 281, 297 Ball, Lucille xii Ball of Fire 25 Balsam, Martin, 130 Bancroft, Anne 118, 119, 120, 121, 125, 163, 178 Bang the Drum Slowly 171 Banishment, The 278 Bankhead, Tallulah 35, 52 Barbarella 149 Barbarian Invasions, The 269 Bardem, Javier 260, 275, 280, 281 Barefoot Contessa, The 74 Barratier, Christophe 270 Barrault, Marie-Christine 182 Barretts of Wimpole Street, The 7 Barrie, James M. 13
333 Barrymore, Ethel 36, 48, 50 Barrymore, John 48 Barrymore, Lionel 3, 15 Barstow, Stan 98 Basinger, Jeanine 46 Bates, Alan 162 Bates, Kathy 237, 238, 247-8, 253 Batman ix, 48 Battle of Algiers, The 137 Baxter, Anne 41, 53-4, 67, 122-3, 160 Baxter, John 144 Baxter, Warner 2 Beasts of No Nation 295, 297 Beasts of The Southern Wild 284 Beatty, Ned 182 Beatty, Warren, ix, 108-9, 140, 191, 201, 202, 203, 216, 239, 299 Beautiful Mind, A 262, 264 Becket 124, 125, 127 Beckinsale, Kate 255, 269 Becky Sharp 9 Beery, Wallace 5, 144 Before Midnight 288 Before Night Falls 260 Before The Fact 26 Beginners 283 Begley, Ed 119, 120 Being John Malkovich 257 Being There x, 193, 194, 246 Bejo, Bernice 292 Belle de Jour 146 Bells of St. Mary's, The 37, 38 Benedek, Laslo 59 Benet, Eric 261 Ben-Hur 97-8, 99, 134 Benigni, Roberto 255 Bening, Annette 257, 302 Bennett, Jill 181 Benton, Robert 192, 193 Beresford, Bruce 211 Bergen, Candice 177, 298
334 Bergman, Ingmar 92, 115-6, 137, 158, 159, 171, 181, 211 Bergman, Ingrid 32, 35, 38, 49, 84, 85, 95, 175, 190, 228 Bergman, Nir 267 Berlin, Irving 9 Bernal, Gael Garcia 271 Bernhard, Sandra 211-2 Bernstein, Elmer 107 Bernstein, Leonard 108 Berry, Halle 261, 262, 263 Bertolucci, Bernardo 161, 169-70, 224-6 Best Years of Our Lives, The xv, 41 Biberman, Hubert 10 Bier, Susanne 274 Big Chill, The 211, 213 Big City, The 12 Big Country, The 96 Big Eyes 290-1 Big Fish 270 Big Fix, The 187 Big Heat, The 70 Big Short, The 297, 298 Big Sky, The 66 Bigelow, Kathryn 283-4, 286 Bikel, Theodore 96 Billy Budd 120 Bin Laden, Osama 284, 286 Binoche, Juliette 250-1, 253 Bird 231 Birdman 290, 291, 292, 299 Birdman of Alcatraz, The 117, 119 Birds, The 124 Birth 270 Birth of a Nation, The 24 Biskind, Peter 203, 239, 269 Bitter Tea of General Yen, The 6 Biutiful 280, 281 Blackburn, Richard 87 Black Swan 280, 301 Black, Karen 158
Index Blacklisting 40, 61, 65, 87, 92, 94, 167, 178-9 Blade Runner 208, 287 Blair, Betsy 82 Blair, Linda 172 Blanchett, Cate 254, 269, 274, 288, 297, 298 Blatty, William Peter 169, 172 Blazing Saddles 152, 176 Blethyn, Brenda 249, 254 Blind Side, The 279 Blithe Spirit 123 Blom, Maria 270 Blonde Venus 6 Blondell, Joan 8, 61 Blood Diamond 296 Blood Simple 216 Bloom, Claire xii Blossoming of Maximo Oliveras, The 272 Blue Sky 246 Blue Veil, The 59, 61 Blue Velvet 222, 223 Blunt, Emily 273 Blyth, Ann 40 Boal, Mark 286 Body and Soul 45, 47 Body Heat 203 Bogarde, Dirk xii, 127, 138 Bogart, Humphrey xix, 10, 14, 19, 30, 31, 35, 48, 51, 56-8, 134, 156, 197, 241-2, 279 Bogart, Stephen 57-8, 251 Bogdanovich, Peter 94, 161, 219 Bold and the Brave, The 86 Bollain, Iciar 269 Bon Jovi, Jon 256 Bond, Desmond 44 Bond, James 286 Bond, Ward 63 Bonham-Carter, Helena 252
Index Bonnie & Clyde 137, 140, 141-2, 174, 239 Boogie Nights 253 Boorman, John 138 Booth, Shirley 64, 65-7 Borgnine, Ernest ix, 80, 81, 146, 174 Born on the Fourth of July 231, 232 Born to Dance 11 Born Yesterday 50, 52 Borzage, Frank 1, 5 Boston Strangler, The 143 Bothersome Man, The 274-5 Bottoms, Timothy 163 Boulle, Pierre 92 Bound for Glory 179 Bouquet, Carole 185 Bowser, Kenneth 269 Boyd, Stephen 127-8 Boyer, Charles 114 Boyfriend, The 161 Boyhood 290, 291, 292 Boyle, Danny 276 Boys Don't Cry 257 Boys Town 14, 20, 22 Brady, Alice 10 Brando, Cheyenne 235 Brando, Christian 91, 235 Brando, Marlon ix, xi, xix, 1, 56-61, 64, 66, 69-70, 74-5, 80-1, 87, 88, 89, 91, 92, 115, 120-1, 122, 129, 130, 133, 138-9, 146, 148, 156, 163, 164, 165-71, 173, 180, 183, 195, 197, 198, 231, 235, 298 Bratt, Benjamin 260 Brave 286-7 Braveheart 247 Brave One, The 87 Brazil 219 Breakfast at Tiffany's 109, 130 Breakfast Club, The 219 Breaking Away 192, 196, 197
335 Breaking the Sound Barrier 65 Breaking the Waves 249 Brent, George 27 Breslin, Abigail 274 Brickman, Marshall 183 Bridge of Spies 297 Bridge on the River Kwai, The xv, 87, 88, 89, 92 Bridges of Madison County, The 247, 280 Bridges, Jeff 217, 279 Brief Encounter 41, 42, 43-4, 280 Bright Lights, Big City 224 Bright Victory 58 Brighton Rock 45 Bringing Up Baby 15 Broadbent, Jim 263, 275 Broadcast News 225, 227 Broadway Melody 2 Brody, Adrien 265, 270 Brokeback Mountain 271, 272 Broken Circle Breakdown, The 290 Broken Wings 267 Brooklyn 297 Brooks, Albert 283 Brooks, James L. 211 Brooks, Mel 152 Brooks, Richard 92, 137, 259 Brothers Karamazov, The 96 Brown, Christy 231 Brown, Harry 61 Brown, Joe E. 99 Bruel, Patrick 276 Brynner, Yul 83, 84 Buck, Pearl 11 Buddy System, The 187 Bugsy 239 Bujarden, Jean 282 Bujold, Genevieve 137, 149 Bukowski, Charles 190 Bullets over Broadway 246 Bullock, Sandra 279
336 Bunuel, Luis 146, 161, 185 Burge, Stuart 128 Burn! 146 Burns, Ed 256 Burns, George x, xix, 178, 231 Burstyn, Ellen 171, 174-5 Burton, Richard xi, 57, 65, 66, 124, 125, 129-30, 131, 134-6, 146, 147, 148-9, 150, 185-6, 238 Burton, Tim 247, 270, 291-2 Bus Stop 84-5 Busey, Gary 141-2 Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid 116, 145, 239 Butler, The 288 Butler, Frank 33 Butterfield 8 xviii, 103-4, 138-9 Butterflies Are Free 168 Buttons, Red 89 C Caan, James 137, 167 Cabaret xvii, 164, 167, 168 Cable Guy, The 251 Cactus Flower 150 Caesar, Sid 164 Cage, Nicolas 37, 217, 247 Cagney, James 5, 14, 15, 19, 29, 50, 51, 133 Cagney, Mark 272 Cain, James M. 36, 41, 179, 192, 204, 215 Caine Mutiny, The 74 Caine, Michael ix, 136, 165, 167, 211, 212, 213, 223-4, 252, 257 Cake 292 California Suite 190 Callow, Simon 24, 81 Cameron, James 251-2, 278 Camille 11, 12 Campanella, Juan Jose 265
Index Canby, Vincent 158, 205 Cannes Film Festival xvi Cannon, Dyan 35 Cantet, Lauren 277 Cape Fear 238-9 Capote 271, 272 Capote, Truman 70, 272 Capra, Frank x11, 4, 5-6, 7, 9, 15, 128, 186 Captain Fantastic 300 Captain Phillips 289 Captains Courageous 14 Carell, Steve 291 Carey, Gary 138 Carmen 76 Carnal Knowledge 161, 162 Carney, Art 173-4 Carol 296, 297 Caron, Leslie 70, 71 Carrey, Jim 251, 255, 258 Carrie 65, 182 Carson, Johnny 199, 204, 214 Casablanca 30-1, 32, 57 Cash, Johnny 272 Cash, June Carter 272 Cash, William 223 Casino 247 Cassavetes, John 141, 249 Castaway 260 Cat Ballou 128-9 Cat on a Hot Tin Roof 92, 93, 95, 96 Catwoman 261 Cates, Gilbert 158 Cavalcade 5, 6, 7 Cavett, Dick 145 Cawthorne, Nigel xiv Central Station 255 Ceylan, Nuri Bilge 267 Chakiris, George 112, 115 Champ, The 5, 144 Champion 49
Index Chandler, Raymond 35 Chaplin, Charlie xi, 5, 10, 21, 22, 130, 163 Charge of the Light Brigade, The 10 Chariots of Fire 202, 203, 215-6 Charleson, Ian 202 Charly ix, 143 Chartier, Nicolas 278 Chastain, Jessica 285 Chayefsky, Paddy 82, 181, 185 Chazelle, Damien 300 Cheadle, Don 295-6 Cher xiv, xvi, 160, 213, 226-7 Chibbock, Christine 302 Chicago 266-7 Child of a Leader, The 300 Children of a Lesser God 223, 224, 245 Children's Hour, The 10 Chinatown 172-5 China Syndrome, The 193, 197 Chocolat 259 Chorus, The 270 Christie, Julie 127, 131, 162, 252, 275, 276 Christine 302 Church, Thomas Haden 269 Cianfrance, Derek 300 Cider House Rules, The 257 Cilento, Diane 123 Cimarron 3 Cimino, Michael 189, 190-1, 235-6 Cincinnati Kid, The 130 Cinderella 85 Cinderella Liberty 171 Cinderella Man 272 Cinemascope 134 Citadel, The 14, 20 Citizenfour 298 Citizen Kane 3, 22-4, 27, 29 City Heat 194
337 City Lights 5, 10 City Slickers xix, 239-40 Claudel, Philippe 277 Clayburgh, Jill 190, 193, 194 Cleopatra (1934) 7 Cleopatra (1963) 104, 121, 123-4, 134 Clift, Montgomery xi, xix, 48, 50, 58, 59, 68, 69, 73, 101, 112, 113, 114, 133, 138 Clockwork Orange, A 161-2 Clooney, George 272, 282 Close Encounters of the Third Kind 184, 244, 244 Close, Glenn 163, 207, 211, 213, 217, 218, 227 Coalminer's Daughter, The 197-8 Cobb, Lee J. xii, 74, 75, 89, 96 Cocoon 220 Coca-Cola 134 Coen Brothers, The 216, 249, 251, 287 Coen, Ethan 275 Coen, Joel 249, 263, 275 Cohan, George M 29 Cohn, Harry 213, 259 Cohn, Robert 145 Colbert, Colette 7, 35 Cold Mountain 267, 268 Coleman, Olivia 283 Collins, Joan 67, 253 Colman, Ronald 45, 59-60 Color of Money, The 173, 220-1, 224 Color Purple, The 219, 220, 265 Columbia Studios xv, 50, 61, 134, 151 Come Back, Little Sheba 63, 64, 65-6 Come To the Stable 50 Comedians, The 135 Coming Home 189-90, 195
338 Common Threads 231-2 Communist allegiances (See also HUAC) 10, 12, 41, 47, 50, 59, 61, 65, 178-9, 202-3 Concussion 295 Condemned of Altona, The 114 Conformist, The 161 Connelly, Jennifer 263 Connery, Sean xix, 228, 229 Conrad, Joseph 195 Conroy, Pat 238 Constant Gardener, The 272 Constant Nymph, The 25, 26, 32 Conti, Tom ix, 212 Cooder, Ry 218 Cool Hand Luke 138, 141 Cooper, Bradley 284, 291 Cooper, Chris 266 Cooper, Gary 3, 5, 10, 24, 31, 64, 65, 122 Coppola, Eleanor 240 Coppola, Francis Ford xiii-xiv, xvii, xviii, 164, 173, 176, 192, 195 Coppola, Sofia 257 Coquette 2-3 Corman, Roger 151 Corn is Green, The 40 Cortese, Valentina 175 Cosmopolitan 167 Costa-Gavras 206 Costello, Lou 298 Costner, Kevin 235 Cotillard, Marion 291 Cotton, Joseph xii, 55 Counterfeiters, The 276 Country Girl, The 75-6, 268 Courtenay, Tom ix, 130, 212 Couscous 276 Cousin, Cousine 182 Coward, Noel 5, 117 Crash 271, 272 Crawford, Broderick 49
Index Crawford, Joan 3, 14, 38, 39, 40, 78, 118-9, 203 Crazy Heart 279 Creed 295, 296, 297 Cries and Whispers 169, 171 Crimes and Misdemeanors 231 Crimes of the Heart 223, 224 Crimson Gold 269 Crisp, Donald 27 Cromwell, John 7 Cronenberg, David 231, 236 Crosby, Bing 33, 35, 75 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon 260 Crouse, Lindsay 217 Crowd The 1 Crowe, Russell 259, 260 Crowther, Bosley 56, 70, 77 Cruise, Tom 222, 229, 232, 257, 266 Crumb 248 Crumb, Robert 248 Cruz, Maria 166 Crying Game, The xvi, 244 Crystal, Billy 239-40 Cuaron, Alfonso 287 Cukor, George 52, 124, 169 Cumberbach, Benedict 290, 291 Cummings, Alan 264 Curious Case of Benjamin Button, The 276 Curtis, Tony 88-9, 93, 94-5, 97, 98, 105, 106, 107, 114, 143, 182-3 Curtiz, Michael 10, 39 Cyrano de Bergerac 54, 236 D Dailey, Dan 48 Dallas Buyers' Club 287, 289 Damned, The 145 Dances with Wolves 235
Index Dancing at Lughnasa 255 Danish Girl, The 296, 297-8 Dandridge, Dorothy 76 Dangerous Liaisons 229-30 Daniels, William 243 Dano, Paul 297 Danson, Ted 237 Darabont, Frank 246 Dark Angel, The 9 Dark at the Top of the Stairs, The 106, 117 Dark Knight 276, 277 Dark Mirror, The 44 Dark Tide 261 Dark Victory 119 Darling 127 Darling Lili 131 Darwell, Jane 21 Das Boot 206 Dassin, Jules 105 Daves, Delmer 88 Davidson, Jaye 244 Davies, Marion xiii, 24 Davies, Russell 157 Davies, Terence 244 Davis, Bette 7, 8, 9, 15, 16, 22, 25, 29, 39-40, 44, 52, 53, 67, 117, 118, 182 Davis, Geena 230, 239 Davis, Judy 244 Davis, Miles 296 Davis, Peter 176 Davis, Viola 283, 299, 302, 303 Davison, Bruce 236 Day, Doris 24, 55, 98 Day-Lewis, Daniel ix, 232, 242, 245, 246, 265, 275, 283, 284 Day for Night xviii, 175 Day of the Locust 178 Days of Wine and Roses 116, 143, 217 De France, Cecile 276
339 De Havilland, Olivia 19, 25-6, 42, 43, 45, 46, 49, 50, 268 De Mille, Cecil B. xviii, 63 De Niro, Robert ix, 169, 171, 173, 180, 181, 189, 198, 211-2, 216, 238-9, 247, 285 De Pelegri, Teresa 270 De Sica, Vittorio 89 De Vito., Danny 229 De Wilde, Brandon 71-2 Dead, The 225 Dead Man Walking xvi, 247 Dead Ringers 231, 236 Deakins, Roger 286 Dean, James 58, 79, 82, 83, 92, 114, 133, 140, 223 Death of a Salesman 58, 59, 61, 101, 242 Deep End, The 263 Deer Hunter, The 189-91, 195 Defiant Ones, The 92, 93, 96, 114, 143 Del Toro, Benicio 260, 268 Deliverance 164, 167 Delpy, Julie 288 Demme, Jonathan 238 Denby, David 217 Dench, Judi 252, 254-5, 263, 274 Dennis, Sandy 134-5, 136 Depardieu, Gerard 236 Departed, The 274 Depp, Johnny 246, 253, 267 Dern, Bruce 287-8, 290 Dern, Laura 239, 292 Departures 277 Descendents, The 282 Detective, The 145 Detective Story 59, 61 Devil and Daniel Webster, The 24 Devil Wears Prada, The 273 Dewhurst, Colleen 178 Diary of a Mad Housewife 157
340 Diary of Anne Frank, The 97, 98 DiCaprio, Leonardo 246, 296, 297 Dick Tracy 236 Dickens, Charles 244 Die Hard 230 Dietrich, Marlene ix, 3, 5, 6, 7, 22, 90, 91 Dillon, Matt 272 Diner 208 Dion, Celine 252 Directors Guild 8-9, 63, 75, 238 Dirty Dozen, The 141 Disney, Walt xi-xii Disraeli 3 Divine Intervention 267 Divorce ­ Italian Style 116, 117 Divorcee, The 3 Django Unchained 285, 286 Do the Right Thing 231, 298 Dodge City 190 Dog Day Afternoon 177, 178 Dolan, Xavier 280 Dolores Claiborne 247-8 Donat, Robert 14, 17 Donnie Brasco 253 Donnie Darko 263 Donoghue, Emma 296 Donoghue, Roger 75 Don's Party 179 Double Indemnity 33-7, 47, 178, 179, 203, 204 Double Life, A 45, 59 Douglas, Kirk xi, 47, 49, 50, 55, 59, 64, 83, 85, 102, 116, 117, 129, 130, 177, 226, 249 Douglas, Melvyn x, 123, 156 Douglas, Michael xiv, 163, 177, 226, 227, 260 Douglas, Nathan E. 94 Dourif, Brad 178 Down and Out in Beverly Hills 187 Down in the Valley 269
Index Dr. Doolittle 137 Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde 5, 144 Dr. Strangelove 124-5, 126-7 Dr. Zhivago 127, 130 Dracula 5 Dramatic School 12 Dreamgirls 274 DreamWorks 257, 259 Dresser, The 212 Dressler, Marie 3, 8 Dreyfuss, Louis 288 Dreyfuss, Richard 185, 186-7 Drive 282, 283 Driving Miss Daisy 231, 298 Dry White Season, A 231, 232 Duck Soup 5 Duel in the Sun 41, 42, 43, 160 Duets 260 Dukakis, Olympia 228-9 Duke, Patty 117, 119, 120, 232, 245 Dunaway, Faye 140, 141, 142, 174- 5, 172, 182, 183, 193, 203, 299 Duncan, Isadora 144 Dunlap, Richard 119 Dunn, James 41 Dunn, Michael 130 Dunne, Irene xii, 11, 49 Dunnock, Mildred 61 Dunst, Kirsten 283 Duvall, Robert ix, 167, 195, 212, 252, 292 Duvall, Shelley 185, 263 DuVernay, Ava 295 Dylan, Bob 273 E Earp, Wyatt 41 East of Eden 79, 80, 82 Eastwood, Clint 134, 163, 166, 206, 231, 243, 269, 277, 278 Easy Rider xvi, 151, 156, 252
Index Easy Riders, Raging Bulls 269 Ebert, Roger 158, 260, 293 Edwards, Blake 116, 131, 132 Ed Wood xix, 246-7 Educating Rita 212, 213 Edwards, Blake 206-7 Eells, George 35-6, 151-3 Eisenhower, Dwight D. 288 8 and a Half 124 El Bola 261 Elba, Idris 297 Elephant Man, The 200 Eliot, T.S. 153 Elizabeth 254 Elle 302 Ellis, Sean 290 Elmer Gantry 101, 102, 106, 117 Elvis: That's the Way It Is 160 Emperor's Candlesticks, The 12 End of the Affair, The 257 English Patient, The xvi, xviii, 249, 250, 251 Enough Said 288 Entertainer, The 102 Episode in the Life of an Iron Pick- er 290 Epstein, Robert 231 Equus 149, 185 Erin Brockovich xviii, 260 Estevez, Emilio 219 Eszterhas, Joe 261-2 E.T. 204-6, 208, 244 Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind 270 Evans, Dame Edith 123 Evans, Robert 145, 157, 164 Everybody Wants Some 300 Every Which Way But Loose 243 Ex Machina 290-1 Exodus 106, 107 Exorcist, The 169, 171, 172 Exorcist II: The Heretic 172
341 Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close 283 Eyes Wide Shut 256-7 F Face in the Crowd, A 87, 88, 101 Face to Face 181, 182 Fairbanks, Douglas 3 Falcon Crest 144 Falk, Peter 112 Fanning, elle 285 Fanny 107, 114 Fanny and Alexander 211 Far from Heaven 266, 270 Far from the Madding Crowd 138 Farewell to Arms, A (1932) 5, 89 Farewell to Arms, A (1957) 90 Fargo xvi, 249, 251 Farhadi, Ashgar 303 Farmer's Daughter, The 46-7 Farr, Felicia 88 Farrell, Charles 1 Farrell, Colin 266 Farrow, Mia 145, 288 Fassbender, Michael 282, 300 Fast & Furious 298 Fatal Attraction 163, 225, 227 Father of the Bride 55 Fearless 245 Fedora 191-2 Fellini, Federico 85, 107-8, 121, 176, 178 Fellowship of the Ring 262, 264 Fences 299, 302-3 Ferrara, Abel 232, 243 Ferrer, Jose 54 Festen 255 Few Good Men, A 244 Fiddler on the Roof 161, 162 Field, The 236 Field, Sally 193-4, 217, 226, 286
342 Field, Todd 265 Fields, W.C. xii, 37 Fiennes, Ralph 246, 250, 291 Fighter, The 281 Finch, Peter 125, 162, 181-2, 277 Fincher, David 248 Finlay, Frank 128 Finney, Albert ix, 173, 212, 217 Firm, The 245 Firth, Colin 275, 280, 281 Fish Called Wanda, A 230 Fish Tank 279 Fishburne, Lawrence 245 Fisher, Carrie 237, 238 Fisher, Eddie 95-6, 104 Fitzgerald, Barry 33, 35, 42 Fitzgerald, F. Scott 182 Five Easy Pieces 156, 157, 158 Flame and Citron 277-8 Fleischer, Richard 143 Fletcher, Louise 178, 245-6 Flight 284 Flynn, Errol xii, 10 Flynn, Gillian 291, 292-3 Foley, James 241 Fonda, Henry 17, 19-20, 21, 32, 81, 82-3, 87, 88, 96, 146, 151, 162-3, 191-2, 200-1, 220-1 Fonda, Jane 149-50, 152, 157, 1623, 178, 184, 189-90, 193, 200-1, 223 Fonda, Peter 151, 252 Fontaine, Joan 15, 22, 25, 26, 32, 43, 49, 179, 228 For Whom the Bell Tolls 31, 32 Forbes, Bryan 125 Force of Arms, A 50 Ford, Glenn xii, 88 Ford, John 8-9, 21, 22, 23, 24, 41, 51, 63, 67, 70, 81, 82 Foreman, Carl 65, 92 Forman, Milos 177, 215
Index Forrest Gump xiv, 80, 246, 289 Fortune Cookie, The 136 42nd Street 6 Fosse, Bob xvii, 167, 192 Fossey, Diane 230 Foster, Jodie x, 183, 198-9, 228, 239, 246 Four Days of Naples, The 124 400 Blows, The 97 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days 276, 303 Fourth Network, The xvii Foxcatcher 291, 292 Fox, Michael J. 224 Fox, Patty 148-9 Frances 207, 208 Francis Ha 288 Francis-Bruce, Richard 248 Franciosa, Tony 88, 99 Franco, James 289 Frankenheimer, John 117 Frankenstein 5 Frankenstein Conquers the World 123 Franklin, Sidney 11 Free Soul, A 3 Freeman, Morgan 228, 248, 269 French Connection, The 161, 162, 243 French Connection II 173 French Lieutenant's Woman, The 203 French, Sean 146 Freshman, The xi Frey, Derek 65 Fricker, Brenda 197, 232-3 Fried Green Tomatoes at the Whis- tle Stop Cafй 240 Friedkin, William 161, 169, 219 Friedrich, Otto 44-5 Friendly Persuasion 82, 86 Friends 292
Index Friends of Eddie Coyle, The 171 From Here to Eternity 67-9, 70, 72, 73, 81 Frost/Nixon 276 Frozen River 276, 277, 281 Fugitive, The 246 Full Metal Jacket 226 Funny Girl 144, 213 Fury 10, 11 G Gable, Clark 6, 7-8, 17, 18, 24, 113, 120 Game of Death, The 152 Gandhi 204-6, 219, 233 Gangs of New York 265 Garbo, Greta xii, 3, 6 , 7, 9, 11, 12, 78-9, 82 Gardner, Ava 70, 72, 73, 133, 269 Garfield, Andrew 300 Garfield, John xii, 45, 203 Garland, Alex 290-1 Garland, Judy 19, 76, 77, 78, 90, 114, 168 Garnett, Tay 41, 203 Garr, Teri 207 Garson, Greer 13, 19, 29, 32, 35, 38, 104, 105, 286 Gaslight 35, 36, 40, 228 Gassman, Vittorio 59-60 Gattaca 254 Gauguin, Paul 85 Gavin, John 107 Gay Divorcee, The 7 Gaynor, Janet 1, 2 Geffen, David 256 General, The 2 Gentleman's Agreement 44-5, 47 George, Chief Dan 158, 165 Georgy Girl 206 Gere, Richard 200, 206, 207
343 Germi, Pietro 116 Gerwig, Greta 288 Get Out Your Handkerchiefs 191 Ghost 237 Ghost Writer, The 280 Giamatti, Paul 260, 269, 272 Giant 82, 83 Gibson, Mel 247, 300 Gibson, Tyrese 298-9 Gielgud, John 48, 70, 127, 200, 201 Gigi 92, 94 Gilbert, John 9 Gilda 36, 37 Gilliam, Terry 219, 248 Gilroy, Dan 290 Ginger & Rosa 285 Girl Interrupted 258 Gish, Lillian 24, 159, 160 Gladiator 259, 260 Glass Menagerie, The 227 Glazier, Jonathan 270 Gleason, Jackie 111, 112, 130, 135 Glengarry Glen Ross 241-2 Glory 231, 300 Go-Between, The 162 Godfather, The xi, xvii, xviii, 72, 163, 164, 167, 173, 215 Godfather, The: Part II xviii, 173, 176, 215 Godfather, The: Part III 236 Gods and Monsters 255 Godzilla 123 Goebbels, Josef 2 Going My Way 32-7, 45 Goldberg, Whoopi 237 Golden Boy 204 Golden Globes xv, 169, 191, 227 Goldman, William 144, 255 Goldstein, Patrick 260 Goldwyn, Samuel xv, 133, 259 Gondolfini, James 288 Gone Girl 291
344 Gone with the Wind 17, 18-19, 25, 43, 59, 119 Good Earth, The 11, 12 Good Morning, America 181-2 Good Morning, Vietnam 226, 253 Good Will Hunting 253 Goodbye Girl, The 185, 187 Goodbye Mr. Chips 17, 19 Goodfellas 235, 236 Gooding Jr., Cuba 251 Goodman, John 289 Goodnight and Good Luck 271, 272 Gorillas in the Mist 230 Gosford Park 263, 264 Gosling, Ryan 300, 301 Gossett Jr, Louis 207 Gothika 261 Gould, Elliott 144 Goulding, Edmond 41 Gow, Gordon 92 Graduate, The xv, 137, 163 Graduation 303 Grahame, Gloria 53, 65, 70 Gran Torino 277 Grand Budapest Hotel, The 290 Grand Hotel 5, 40 Granik, Debra 280 Grant, Cary xi, 6, 21, 24-5, 26, 29, 35-6, 41, 47, 88, 157, 182, 272 Grant, Lee 61, 178-9, 183 Grapes of Wrath, The 19-20, 21, 200 Gravity 287 Graziano, Rocky 83 Great Beauty, The 290 Great Dictator, The 21, 22 Great Gatsby, The 287 Great Lie, The 27 Great Waltz, The 12 Great White Hope, The 156, 157 Great Ziegfeld, The 11, 12
Index Greatest Show on Earth, The xviii, 63 Green, Guy 130 Green Berets, The 147, 157, 189 Greene, Graham 55, 222, 257 Greenstreet, Sidney 27 Gregg, Virginia 170 Greystoke 218-9 Grey, Joel 168 Griffith, Andy 88 Griffith, D.W. 216 Griffith, Hugh 99 Griffith, Melanie 230 Griffiths, Rachel 254, 259 Griggs, Loyal 73, 94 Grodin, Charles 173 Groom, Winston 246 Grosbard, Ulu 203 Guess Who's Coming to Dinner? 137, 139, 201 Guffey, Burnett 73, 94, 142 Guide to Understanding Your Par- ents, A 274 Guinness, Alec 88, 230 Gulf + Western 134 Guns of Navarone, The 107, 108 Gwenn, Edmund 45, 46 Gyllenhaal, Jake 271, 272, 300-1 H Haber, Joyce xiii, 131 Hackman, Gene 141, 158, 162, 163, 169, 243, 263 Hacksaw Ridge 299, 300 Hagen, Jean 63 Haggis, Paul 271 Haines, Randa 223 Hall, Rebecca 302 Hallstrom, Lasse 246, 263-4 Hamilton, Linda 252 Hamlet xix, 47-8, 57, 121, 236
Index Hammett, Dashiell 184 Haneke, Michael 279, 284 Hanks, Tom xiv, 245, 246, 255, 260, 289 Hannah and Her Sisters xvi, 223-4 Hanson, Curtis 252 Happy-Go-Lucky 276, 277 Hard Way, The 291 Harden, Marcia Gay 260 Hardy, Thomas 138 Hardy, Tom 297 Harkness, John 39, 180, 233 Harlow, Jean 6 Harper, Tess 224 Harris, Ed 241, 260 Harris, Julie 64, 67, 113 Harris, Naomie 303 Harris, Richard 120, 121, 233, 236, 281 Harrison, Rex 97-8, 125 Harry and Tonto 173 Hartley, L.P. 162 Harvey 55 Harvey, Laurence 97, 98, 117, 136 Haskell, Molly 161-2 Hasty Heart, The 49 Hateful Eight, The 297-8 Hatful of Rain, A 87, 88, 89 Hathaway, Anne 286 Hathaway, Henry 8 Hawke, Ethan 254, 292 Hawkes, John 281 Hawking, Stephen 291 Hawkins, Sally 277 Hawks, Howard 15, 176 Hawn, Goldie 150 Hayakawa, Sessu 89 Hayden, Sterling 126-7 Hayes, Helen 5, 158 Haynes, Todd 270, 296 Hayton, Lennie 53 Hayward, Susan 67, 82, 95
345 Hayworth, Rita xii, 36, 37 Hazanavicious, Michael 282 Heal, Sue 150 Hearst, William Randolph 1, 24 Heart is a Lonely Hunter, The 143 Heart of Darkness 195 Hearts and Minds 176-7 Hearts of Darkness 240 Heaven Can Wait 191 Heaven Knows, Mr Allison 91, 105 Heaven's Gate 191, 235-6 Heckart, Eileen 168 Heflin, Van 30, 27, 47, 69, 71, 88 Hefner, Hugh 159 Heiress, The 50, 268 Hell or High Water 299 Hellman, Lillian 10, 27, 184 Hello, Dolly 145-6 Help, The 283 Hemingway, Ernest 5, 31, 90, 93 Hemingway, Mariel 196 Henry V 48 Henry, Justin x, 194-5 Hepburn, Audrey 70, 98, 108, 109, 124, 125-6, 127, 266, 267 Hepburn, Katharine xiv, xvii, 7, 15, 22, 29, 56, 59, 82, 84, 98, 119, 139, 140, 144, 200, 269 Her 287 Here Comes Mr. Jordan 24 Herrmann, Bernard 107 Heston, Charlton 96-8, 117, 166, 259 Hickey, William 220 Hidden Figures 299 High Noon xviii, 63, 64, 65, 244 Higham, Charles 172 Highsmith, Patricia 257 Hilary and Jackie 254 Hill, The 228 Hiller, Wendy 96 Hinckley, John 198-9
346 Hirsch, Judd 198 His Girl Friday 21 Historias Minimas 267 history of violence, A 272 Hitchcock, Alfred xi, xvii, 15, 22, 26, 32, 33, 35, 36, 38, 55, 59, 823, 85, 92, 101, 102, 106-7, 124, 131, 142, 216, 226, 236-7, 277 Hitler, Adolf 2 Hobbit, The: Battle of the Five Armies 293 Hoch, Winton 51 Hoffman, Dustin x, 146-8, 157, 169, 173, 189, 192, 193, 195, 201, 205, 207, 229, 232, 241-2, 253, 262, 295 Hoffman, Philip Seymour 272, 276-7, 285 Hold Back the Dawn 25 Holden, Anthony 220 Holden, William xvii, 55, 68, 69, 75, 146, 181, 183, 192, 204, 258 Holiday, Billy 168 Holliday, Doc 41 Holliday, Judy 52-3, 54, 55 Holly, Lauren 256 Hollywood Reporter 125 Holm, Celeste 44, 47, 50, 55 Holmes, Katie 301 Homesman, The 291 Hondo 73 Honorary Awards xi, 19, 41, 76, 78, 82, 130, 159, 160, 163, 168, 176, 179, 192, 204, 220-1, 249, 256, 279 Hoop Dreams 248 Hooper, Tom 280, 283 Hope and Glory 225 Hope, Bob xi, 130, 131, 149, 259 Hopkins, Anthony ix, 191, 238, 245 Hopper, Dennis 222
Index Hopper, Hedda 83, 102 Hospital, The 162 Hostages 13 Hours, The 266 House of Sand, The 267 Houston, Walter 24, 48 How Green Was My Valley 23, 27 How the West was Won 121, 124 Howard, Bryce Dallas 270 Howard, Ron 262 Howard, Terrence 272 Howard, Trevor 44, 102, 120 Howard's End xvi, 244 HUAC (House UnAmerican Activi- ties Committee) 49, 59, 61, 745, 256 Hud 72, 121-2, 123, 156 Hudson, Hugh 202 Hudson, Jennifer 274 Hudson, Kate 260 Hudson, Rock 83, 114 Hughes, Howard 269 Hugo, Victor 286 Hulce, Tom 217 Hull, Josephine 55 Hunnicutt, Arthur 66 Hunt, The 290 Hunt For Wilder People 300 Hunt, Helen 252 Hunt, Linda 213 Hunter, Holly 227, 245 Hunter, Ian McLellan 74 Hunter, Kim 60-1 Huppert, Isabelle 302 Hurt Locker, The 278, 279 Hurt, William 203, 220, 223, 272 Husbands and Wives 244 Hustle & Flow 272 Hustler, The 107, 108, 109, 114, 130, 143, 173, 183, 221-2, 224 Huston, Anjelica xiv, 220
Index Huston, John 37, 61, 138, 225, 226, 227, 244 Hutton, Timothy 198 Hyer, Martha 96 I I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang 6 I Am Love 281 I, Daniel Blake 300 I Killed My Mother 280 I Never Sang for my Father 156, 158 I Remember Mama 49 I See a Dark Stranger 105 I Want to Live 92, 95 Ice Storm, The 253 Il Postino 247 Iles, Francis 25 Illustrated Man, The 139 I'll Cry Tomorrow 82 Imitation Game, The 290, 291, 292 Imitation of Life 98 Impossible, The 285 In a Better World 281 In Cold Blood 137 In Old Arizona 2 In the Bedroom 265 In the Heat of the Night 61, 137, 138, 139 In the Line of Fire 246 In the Name of the Father 245, 246 Inarritu, Alejandro Gonzales 260- 1, 290, 291, 296, 297 Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom 218 Indochine 243 Infamous 272 Informer, The 8, 9 Inglorious Basterds 279 Inherit the Wind 101
347 Inside Llewyn Davis 278-9, 289 Insignificance 219 Interiors 190 Interrupted Melody 82 Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion 161 Invictus 278 Iphigenia 185 Iris 263, 283 Iron Lady, The 283 Irons, Jeremy 231, 236, 254 Ironweed 226 Irving, Amy 213 Irving, John 293 Irving Thalberg Award xi, 112, 142, 158 Isaac, Oscar 288 Isadora 144 Ishiguro, Kazuo 280-1 Ishtar xvii Italian for Beginners 261 It Happened One Night 7, 9, 18 It's a Wonderful Life xix, 41, 73 Ivanhoe 63 I've Loved You So Long 277 Ives, Burl 96 J Jackie 300, 301 Jackman, Hugh 284 Jackson, Glenda 157, 171 Jackson, Peter 262, 265, 267 Jacob, Harold 94 Jaffe, Sam 55 Jagger, Dean 50 James, Jesse 279 James, Steve 248, 293 Jane Eyre 282 Jannings, Emil 1, 2 Jarre, Maurice 218 Jaws 178, 227, 244
348 Jazz Singer, The 1, 5 Jenkins, Barry 300 Jenkins, Florence Foster 302 Jenkins, Tamara 276 Jerry Maguire 251 Jewish Defence League (JDL) 184 Jewison, Norman 138, 157, 161, 214, 226 Jezebel 15 JFK 240 Joan of Arc 49 Joffe, Roland 215-6, 223 Johns, Glynis 106 Johnson, Celia 42, 43-4 Johnny Belinda 48-9, 232, 236, 245 Johnny Carson Show, The 181 Johnny Eager 30 Johnny Guitar 78 Johnson, Ben 163 Jolie, Angelina 258 Jolson, Al xii, 1, 61 Jones, Arnold Wayne 136 Jones, Felicity 290 Jones, James Earl 156 Jones, Jennifer 32, 38, 42, 43, 82, 90 Jones, Shirley 106 Jones, Toby 272 Jones, Tommy Lee 246 Jonze, Spike 266, 287 Joplin, Janis 194 Jordan, Michael B. 296 Jordan, Neil xvi, 244, 257 Journey Into Self 145 Joyce, James 225, 244 Judge, The 292 Judgment at Nuremberg 107, 108, 111-3, 114 Julia 184 Julia, Raul 220 Julius Caesar 69-70
Index K Kael, Pauline 158, 235, 260 Kahn, Madeleine 176 Kanter, Jay 75 Karloff, Boris 5 Kashfi, Anna 165 Kaufman, Andy 258 Kazan, Elia 44, 50, 55, 59, 66, 74-5, 79, 88, 101, 121, 124, 182-3, 256 Keaton, Buster 2 Keaton, Diane 183-4, 224 Keaton, Michael 291 Kechiche, Abdellatif 276 Keitel, Harvey 239, 243 Keller, Helen 120 Keller, Marthe 192 Kellerman, Sally 158 Kelley, Kitty 105 Kelly, Gene 63 Kelly, Grace 73, 75, 76, 77, 78, 268 Kelly, John 77 Kelly, Richard 263 Kennedy, Arthur 58, 89, 96 Kennedy, Colin 122 Kennedy, George 141 Kennedy, Jacqueline 301 Kennedy, John F. 117 Keough, Peter 257 Kerkorian, Kirk 134 Kern, Jerome 27 Kerr, Deborah xii, 70, 73, 84, 85, 91, 95, 104-5 Kesey, Ken 177 Key Largo 48 Keys of the Kingdom 38, 45 Khmer Rouge 217 Kidman, Nicole 247-8, 257, 266 Killers, The 41 Killing, The 82 Killing Fields, The 215-6, 217 Killing Joe 286
Index Killing Them Softly 286 Kimmel, Daniel M xvii-xix King, The 271 King and I, The 82, 83 King George VI 280 King Kong 6 King Lear 236 King of Comedy, The 211-2, 251 King of New York 232 King Solomon's Mines 55 King, Stephen 200, 247-8 King's Speech, The 280 Kingsley, Ben 204-5, 239 Kinski, Nastassia 196-7 Kirkland, Sally 227 Kiss for Cinderella, A 13 Kiss of the Spiderwoman, The xvi, 219, 220 Kitty Foyle 22 Kline, Kevin 48, 230 Klute 150, 162-3, 189 Knight, Shirley 106, 117 Knightley, Keira 272, 292 Kohner, susan 98 Korda, Alexander 5 Kore-Eda, Hirokazu 226 Kotch 162 Kramer, Stanley 58, 92, 101, 112 Kramer vs Kramer x, 192-7, 241-2 Kruger, Miles 252 Kubrick, Stanley xvii, 82, 88, 107, 126-7, 144, 161, 199, 226, 254, 256-7, 264 Kushner, Tony 286 Kusturica, Emir 220 L L.A. Confidential 252, 253 La Dolce Vita 107, 124 La La Land 299, 300, 301 La Motta, Jake 197, 199, 296
349 La Motta, Joey 199 La Strada 85 Lacombe, Lucien 176 Ladd, Alan xii, 67, 68, 69, 71, 88 Ladd, Diane 237 Ladies of Leisure 4 Lady be Good 27 Lady for a Day 5-6, 7, 9 Lady Sings the Blues 168 Lady Vanishes, The 15 Lahti, Christine 217 Lake, Veronica xii, xiii Lamarr, Hedy 13 Lancaster, Burt 64, 65, 68, 69, 73, 88=9, 96, 102, 106, 112, 117, 121, 201, 215 Lanchester, Elsa 50 Land of Mine 303 Landau, Martin xix, 231, 246 Landis, John 142 Lane, Anthony 246 Lang, Fritz 3-4, 11, 50, 55 Lange, Jessica 203-4, 207, 224, 246 Langhella, Frank 284 Lansbury, Angela 40, 47, 117 Lantana 264 Lardner, Ring 45 Larrain, Philip 300 LaShelle, Joseph 36 Lassgard, Rolf 274 Last Angry Man, The 97 Last Command, The 1 Last Days of Disco, The 255 Last Detail, The 171 Last Emperor, The 224-6 Last King of Scotland, The 273 Last Picture Show, The 161, 162, 163 Last Station, The 279, 283 Last Tango in Paris xi Last Temptation of Christ, The 229-30
350 Last Tycoon, The 182 Last Waltz, The 191 Last Year at Marienbad 115-6 Laughton, Charles 7, 8, 81, 88, 120 Laura 35, 36 Laurel & Hardy 32 Laurie, Piper 109, 111, 183, 222, 224 Lavender Hill Mob, The xviii Law, Jude 254, 257, 263, 264, 267 Lawrence, D.H. 157 Lawrence, Jennifer 280, 284, 285 Lawrence, Ray 264 Lawrence of Arabia 116-7 Leaving Las Vegas 247 Le Mans 169 Leachman,Cloris 163 Lean, David 43, 87, 88, 131, 157 Leave Her to Heaven 38, 39 Leaving Las Vegas 217 Leavitt, Sam 94 Ledger, Heath 271, 272, 277 Lee, Ang 253, 271, 284 Lee, Harper 116-7 Lee, Peggy 82 Lee, Spike 231, 295, 298 Left-Handed Gun, The 92 Lego 298 Lehman, Ernest 111, 136 Leigh, Janet 94, 106, 107, 227 Leigh, Jennifer Jason 247-8, 264, 297-8 Leigh, Mike 249, 276, 281, 291 Leigh, Vivien 17, 18-19, 59, 60, 61, 67 Lelouch, Claude 137 Lemming 272 Lemmon, Jack 50, 81, 97, 98, 99, 102-3, 116, 143, 170, 171, 193, 205, 217, 241, 242, 257 Lenny 192 Leo, Melissa 277, 281
Index Leone, Sergio 134, 146, 216 Leopard, The 121, 215 LeRoy, Mervyn 81 Les Miserables 283, 284, 286 Leto, Jared 288 Letter, The 22 Letter from an Unknown Woman 49 Letter to Three Wives, A 49 Letters from Iwo Jima 274 Letterman, David 256 Levant, Oscar 22, 98 Levinson, Barry 208 Levy, Emanuel 113, 211, 224, 262 Lewis, Jerry 211-2 Libeled Lady 10 Lien, Jens 274-5 Life magazine 7 Lifeboat 35, 36 Life is Beautiful 255, 265 Life Itself 293 Life of Emile Zola, The 13, 14 Life of Pi 284, 286 Lifetime Achievement Awards x, xi, xviii, 3, 46, 120, 182, 283, 297 Light Between Oceans, The 300 Lili 70 Lilies of the Field 19, 121, 123, 261 Lilith 111 Lincoln 283-4 Lincoln, Abraham 283-4, 286 Linklater, Richard 251, 288, 290, 291 Linney, Laura 276-7 Lion 299 Lion in Winter, The 139-40, 143, 144 Listen to Me Marlon 298 Lithgow, john 207, 212 Little Big Man 157, 158, 165 Little Caesar 3, 5 Little Dorrit 230
Index Little Foxes, The 25, 27 Little Miss Sunshine xix, 274 Little Women 5, 109 Littlefeather, Sasheen 165-7 Lives of a Bengal Lancer 8 Lives of Others, The 274 Lloyd, Frank 6, 8 Loach, Ken 274, 300 Logan, Joshua 84-5 Lolita (1962) 59, 258 Lolita (1997) 254 Lombard, Carole 10, 18 Lonely Are the Brave 116 Lonergan, Kenneth 300 Long Day Closes, The 244 Long Day's Journey into Night 119 Longtime Companion 236 Looking for Mr. Goodbar 183 Loren, Sophia 109, 114 Lorre, Peter 3-4, 27 Lorring, Joan 40 Los Angeles Times 47, 131, 260, 296 Losey, Joseph 124, 137-8, 162 Lost in Translation 267 Lost Weekend, The 37, 38, 217 Love Affair 22 Love and Mercy 297 Love is a Many-Splendored Thing 82 Love Letters 38 Love Me or Leave Me 98 Love Me Tender 87 Love Story 156, 157 Love with the Proper Stranger 122, 124 Lovers and Other Strangers 153 Loving 299-300 Lowry, Malcolm 217 Lubitsch, Ernst 22 Lucas, George 184 Luft, Sid 78
351 Lugosi, Bela 5, 246 Luhrman, Baz 264-5 Lukas, Paul 31 Lumenick, Lou 260 Lumet, Sidney 8, 175, 177, 181-2, 205-6, 223 Lupino, Ida xii, 29 Lust for Life 83, 85, 182, 241, 255 Lynch, David 200, 222, 223, 227 Lyne, Adrian 227, 254 Lynn, Loretta 197-8 Lyon, Sue 254 M M 3-4 Macbeth 213 Machuca 270-1 MacGraw, Ali 157-8 Mackendrick, Alexander 88 MacLaine, Shirley xviii, 95, 103-4, 191, 211, 212, 213, 237 MacMurray, Fred xii, 33-4, 35, 36, 95, 103 MacNamara, Maggie 70 Macpherson, Don 38, 70, 85 Macy, William H. 251 Madame Bovary 179 Madame Curie 32 Madame Rosa 185 Madden, John 254 Maddox, Brenda 138-9 Mademoiselle Chambon 280 Madness of King George, The xiv Madsen, Christian 277 Madsen, Virginia 269 Magic 191 Magnani, Anna 82, 91 Magnificent Ambersons, The 29, 30, 81 Magnolia 258 Make Way for Tomorrow 13
352 Malden, Karl 60, 74 Malfi, Theodore 290 Malick, Terrence 271, 282 Malkovich, John 246, 257 Malle, Louis 176, 202 Malone, Dorothy 85, 86, 96 Maltese Falcon, The 27 Mama Dracula 178 Mamet, David 206 Mamoulian, Reuben 7 Man and a Woman, A 137 Man and a Woman, A: 20 Years Later 137 Man Between, The 144 Man Called Ove, A 303 Man for all Seasons, The 135-6 Man on the Moon 258 Man on Wire 283 Man Push Cart 272-3 Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, The 148 Man Who Wasn't There, The 263 Man With the Golden Arm, The 81 Manchester By the Sea 299, 300 Manchurian Candidate, The 117 Mandela, Nelson 218, 278 Manhattan 195-6, 223 Mankiewicz, Joseph L. 49, 55 Mann, Abby 112 Manoff, Arnold 178 Manson, Charles 152 Mara, Rooney 297-8 Marathon Man 189 March of the Penguins 273 March, Frederic xix, 5, 14, 41, 46, 58, 101, 144 Maria, Full of Grace 269 Marsh, James 271, 283, 291 Marshall, Herbert 6 Marston, James 291 Martian, The 296 Martin, Dean 152
Index Marty ix, xv, 80, 82 Marull, Laia 269 Marvin, Lee 128, 129, 146, 258 Marx Brothers, The 5, 9 Marx, Groucho 77, 105-6, 163, 171 Marx, Harpo 14 Marx Brothers, The 5, 9 Mary Poppins 124-7, 131, 132 M*A*S*H 157, 158 Masina, Giuletta 85 Masjavlar 270 Mask, The 114 Maslin, Janet 205 Mason, James xii, 76, 206, 258 Master, The 284, 285, 286 Mastrantonio, Mary Elizabeth 222, 224 Mastroianni, Marcello 107, 117, 185 Matchmaker, The 145 Match Point 271 Mating Season, The 61 Matlin, Marlee x, 223, 245 Matthau, Walter 136, 150, 162, 213 Maugham, W. Somerset 7 Mayer, Louis B. 1, 2, 12, 40 Mayo, Virginia 50 Mazursky, Paul 187, 190 McAdams, Rachel 297-8 McCambridge, Mercedes 50, 172 McCann, Donal 225, 227-8 McCarey, Leo 13, 22, 33, 34, 37 McConaughey, Matthew 251, 287- 8, 289 McCullers, Carson 64, 138, 143 McDaniel, Hattie 18, 19 McDormand, Frances 249, 250, 272 McDowell, Roddy 240-1 McEnroe, John 172 McFarlane, Seth 285-6 McGaw, Bill 145
Index McGovern, Derek 283-4 McKay, Adam 298 McKay, Christopher 279 McKellen, Ian 255 McLaglen, Victor 8, 63, 66 McQuarrie, Christopher xvi McQueen, Steve (actor) 122, 130, 136, 162, 169, 170 McQueen, Steve (director) 287 Me and Orson Welles 279 Mean Streets 169, 171 Medak, Peter 167 Mediterraneo 241 Medved, Michael ix Meet Me in St. Louis 36 Melancholia 283 Melvin & Howard 198 Member of the Wedding, The 63, 64 Mendes, Sam 286 Menjou, Adolfe 3 Merchant, Vivien 136 Mercouri, Melina 104, 105 Meredith, Burgess 178, 182 Merrill, Gary 54 Metro Manila 290 Metty, Russell 107 MGM Studios xv, 1, 2, 3, 18, 19, 56, 134 Michael Clayton 275 Michaels, Richard 191 Midler, Bette 194, 239 Midnight Cowboy 145, 146-7, 150, 189, 192, 229 Midnight Lace 98 Mighty Aphrodite 249 Mildred Pierce 38, 40 Miles Ahead 296 Miles, Sarah 157 Miles, Sylvia 150-1 Miles, Vera 82-3 Milk 276, 277
353 Milland, Ray 37, 38, 217 Miller, Arthur 113 Miller, Bennett 291 Miller, Claude 276 Miller, Robert Ellis 143 Million Dollar Baby 269 Mills, Hayley 158 Mills, John 158, 232 Min & Bill 3 Minnelli, Liza 168 Minnelli, Vincente 64, 92, 96 Mineo, Sal 79, 105-6 Minghella, Anthony 257 Minority Report 266 Miracle, The 59 Miracle on 34th Street 45, 46 Miracle Worker, The 117, 119, 120, 125, 232, 245 Miramax Studios 255, 259 Miranda, Claudio 286 Mirren, Helen 273, 279, 283 Mirror Has Two Faces, The 250 Misery 237 Misfits, The 109, 112-3 Missing 205, 206 Mission, The xvi, 223 Mississippi Burning 229-30 Mitchell, Thomas 37 Mitchum, Robert xii, 81, 147, 157, 162, 171, 239 Mogambo 70, 72, 73 Molina, Angela 185 Moll, Dominik 272 Molly Maguires, The 157, 228 Mommie Dearest 203 Monroe, Marilyn xii, 82, 84-5, 98, 109, 110, 111, 112-3, 247 Monster 268 Monster Calls, A 300 Monster's Ball 261-2, 263 Montgomery, Robert 24 Moonlight 299, 300, 302, 303
354 Moonrise Kingdom 285 Moonstruck 225, 226-7, 228-9 Moon is Blue, The 70, 97, 133 Moore, Grace 7 Moore, Juanita 98 Moore, Julianne 266, 291, 292 Moore, Mary Tyler 198 Moore, Michael 231, 262 Moorehead, Agnes xii, 30, 36 More the Merrier, The 32 Mordden, Ethan 104, 149 More, Sir Thomas 135 Moreno, Rita 108, 114-5 Moretti, Nanni 265 Morgan, Frank 7 Moriarty, Cathy 198 Moriarty, Michael 171 Morning After, The 223 Morning Glory 7, 9, 139 Morocco 3 Morricone, Ennio 216 Mortenson, Viggo 300 Mortimer, Penelope 125 Most Violent Year, A 290 Mother 250 Mother Teresa 167 Moulin Rouge xviii, 63, 264-5 Mourning Becomes Electra 45-7 Movielists xvi Mozart, Wolfgang 217 Mr. Deeds goes to Town 10 Mr. Roberts 81 Mr. Skeffington 35 Mr. Smith Goes to Washington 17, 20 Mr. Turner 291 Mrs. Brown 255 Mrs. Miniver 29, 30 Mrs. Parkington 35, 36 Mulholland Drive 264 Mullen, Jim 251-2 Mulligan, Robert 116-7, 124
Index Mungiu, Cristian 276, 303 Muni, Paul 10, 11, 97 Munich 271 Munro, Alice 275 Murder on the Orient Express 173, 175, 190 Murder, She Wrote 40 Murdoch, Iris 263, 283 Murnau, F.W. 1 Murphy, Gillian 274 Murray, Bill 253, 263, 267-8, 290 Music Man, The 116 Mussolini, Benito 179 Musto, Michael 40 Mutiny on the Bounty (1935) 8, 120 Mutiny on the Bounty (1962) 120, 134 My Cousin Rachel 65-6 My Cousin Vinny 244 My Darling Clementine 41 My Fair Lady 108, 124, 125-6 My Favorite Year 205 My Left Foot ix, 231, 232 My Man Godfrey 10 Mystic River 267, 268 N Nabokov, Vladimir 254 Napoleon 139 Nashville 177, 245 Nash, John 262 National Velvet 38, 40 Natural, The 217 Neal, Patricia 122, 123, 145 Nearly Famous 260 Nebraska 287-8, 290 Neeson, Liam 245, 265 Negga, Ruth 302 Nell 246 Neon Ceiling, The 153
Index Network 88, 179, 180-3, 255, 277, 290 Never Let Me Go 280-1 Never on Sunday 105 Newell, Mike 253 New World, The 271 New Year's Eve 261 New York Film Critics Award 35, 44, 59, 63, 70, 83, 105, 107, 145, 155 New York Post, The 260 New York Times 77, 158 New Yorker 246 Newman, Paul 83, 89, 90, 92, 93, 96, 114, 117, 121-2, 123 130, 138, 141, 143, 145, 162, 168, 171, 173, 204-6, 220, 221, 222-3, 251, 266 Ngor, Haing S. 217 Niccol, Andrew 254 Nicholas and Alexandra 161 Nichols, Dudley 8, 9 Nichols, Mike xv, 135, 137, 211, 230 Nicholson, Jack ix, 151, 156, 162, 171, 173, 174, 177, 199-200, 2034, 211, 212, 226, 244, 252, 265-6, 277 Nielson, Leslie 172 Night at the Opera, A 9 Night Crawler 290 Night of the Following Day, The 115 Night of the Hunter, The 59, 81 Night of the Sunflowers, The 274 Night to Remember, A 252 Nights of Caribia 92 1984 149 Niven, David 93-5, 96, 156, 176 Nixon, Marni 108 No Country for Old Men 275 No Direction Home 273, 274
355 No Looking Back 256 No Man's Land 265 Nobody Knows 269, 270 Nocturnal Animals 300-1, 302 Nolte, Nick ix, 238, 239, 255 Non Conformity 12, 56, 125, 157, 169 None But the Lonely Heart 35-6 Norma Rae 193-4, 217 Norman, Barry xiv, 32, 204 North Country 272 North, Alex 218 Norton, Edward 251, 255, 285, 292 Notes on a Scandal 274 Notorious 41 Novak, Kim 82 Nowhere in Africa 267 Now, Voyager 29 Nun's Story, The 97, 98 Nyong'o Lupita 290 O Oberon, Merle 9 O'Brien, Edmond 74 Observer, The 253 O'Casey, Sean 5 O'Connell, Arthur 99 O'Connor, Donald 63 Odets, Clifford 12, 13 Of Human Bondage 7, 9 Of Mice and Men 17 Officer and a Gentleman, An 206, 207 Official Story, The 219-20 O'Hara, Maureen xii, 63, 67, 240, 241 Ohm Kruger 2 Old Man and the Sea, The 93 Oldman, Gary 222, 282 Oliver! 144
356 Olivier, Laurence 17, 18, 21, 47-8, 65, 83, 87, 102, 128, 167, 189 Olmi, Ermanno 191 Omar 290 On Golden Pond 200-1, 220-1 On the Waterfront xi, 74-5, 80, 130, 138-9, 164, 166, 168, 180, 198, 303 Once Upon a Time in America 216 Once Upon a Time in the West 146 One-Eyed Jacks 120, 121 One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest 177-8, 199-200, 245 One-Hour Photo 264, 280 One Night of Love 167 O'Neal, Ryan 156-8 O'Neal, Tatum 171-2 O'Neill, Eugene 47 Onion Field, The 195, 196-7 Only God Forgives 287 Only Human 270 Only the Lonely 240-1 Opel, Bob 176 Operation Thunderbolt 185 Orange Osage County 288 Orbison, Roy 222 Ordinary People 197, 198, 216, 235 Osborne, John 181 Osborne, Robert 168 Oscar, The (film) 127-8 Oscar ceremonies; and ageism 118, 200, 252-3, 261, 299; alcohol ix, 30, 37, 64-5, 116, 119, 217, 247; anti-climax of victory xi, xiv, 12, 37-8, 47, 61, 73, 86-7, 95, 106, 111, 112, 114, 115, 123, 138-9, 150, 176-7, 178, 187, 2167, 222-3, 224, 232-3, 237; campaigns x, xiii, xv, 1, 7, 8, 18, 24, 34, 39, 44, 45, 46, 48, 53, 57, 689, 77, 101, 105-6, 112, 118-9, 141, 143, 145-6, 181, 201, 208,
Index 227, 240-1, 257, 259, 281; category errors 10, 19, 54, 61, 73, 74, 82, 96, 114, 122, 128, 167-8, 178, 281, 297-8, 302-3; "consolation" Oscars xi-xii, 7, 9, 12, 13, 16, 201, 25, 37, 43, 50, 57, 68, 123, 1256, 130, 138, 189, 207, 211, 236, 253, 283, 284-5, 292; curses of winning x-xi, xiv, 2, 10, 12-13, 16, 32, 53, 60, 115, 122-3, 139, 143-4, 151-3, 176-7, 181-2, 187, 190, 198-9, 217, 253, 257, 260, 261, 279; disability ix, 41, 48-9, 158, 223, 232, 242, 245, 290-1; illness xviii, 103-4, 122, 139, 201; jingoism 29-31, 189; longevity 3, 40, 45, 46, 56, 123, 158, 178, 201, 228, 231; money xiii, xv, 26-7, 123, 125, 141, 153, 168, 177, 187, 207, 216-7, 255, 257, 259, 281, 288; politics 90, 122, 149, 157, 162-3; prostitution 95, 106, 162-3, 184; racism 18-19, 121, 261-2, 295-9; sexism xv, 213-5, 223, 227, 238, 261, 298; smears xv; "sympathy" Oscars 48-9, 73, 84, 90, 103-4, 122, 139, 253; typecasting 10, 12, 19, 27, 59, 86-7, 96, 115, 168, 172, 2167; voting xiv-xv, 15, 35, 44, 144, 158, 190, 278, 298-9 Osment, Haley Joel 257, 264 Ossessione 179 Othello 128, 131 O'Toole, Peter 117, 125, 143, 146, 147, 148, 167, 205, 274 Our Vines Have Tender Grapes 38 Out of Africa 219 Out of the Past 47 Outlaw Josey Wales, The 243 Ox-Bow Incident, The 32 Oyelowo, David 295
Index Ozdemir, Muzaffar 267 P Pabst, G.W. 1 Pacino, Al x, 167-8, 169, 171, 173, 177-8, 193, 236-7, 241-2, 253, 298 Page, Geraldine 73, 76, 109, 113, 119, 120, 136, 156, 168, 178, 190, 217-8, 220, 302 Paglia, Camille 253 Pagliacci, Luciano 259 Pakula, Alan J. 124, 181, 181, 184 Palance, Jack xix, 66, 68, 71, 72, 239, 240 Palcy, Euzhan 232 Pale Rider 243 Palestine Liberation Organization 184 Palme d'Or xvi, 223 Paltrow, Paltrow 248, 254, 263 Panahl, Jafar 269 Panama Deception, The 243 Panavision 134 Pandora's Box 1 Paper Moon 171-2 Papillon 169, 192 Paquin, Anna 245 Paramount Studios xv, 2, 32, 34, 67, 68-9, 71, 134, 157, 164 Paris, Texas 216, 218 Parker, Charlie 231 Parker, Eleanor 54, 59, 82 Parkland 301 Parks, Larry 41, 50, 61 Parsons, Estelle 142 Parsons, Louella 24, 56 Passage to India, A 216, 217-8 Past, The 292 Patch of Blue, A 130-1 Paths of Glory 88
357 Patton: Lust for Glory 155, 157 Pawnbroker, The 129, 138 Payne, Alexander 282, 287 Peary, Danny 202, 224 Peck, Gregory 44, 45, 49, 96, 116- 7, 119, 201 Peckinpah, Sam 146 Peet, Amanda 281 Peggy Sue Got Married 223 Pellington, Mark 258 Penn, Arthur 92, 137, 142, 157 Penn, Sean ix, 247, 267-8, 277 Penny Serenade 24-5 Pentimento 184 Perez, Rosie 245 Perkins, Anthony 86, 128, 186, 227 Perry, Joel 208 Persona 137 Pesci, Joe 198, 199, 236, 237, 238 Pete Kelly's Blues 82 Pete `n Tillie 168 Peter Pan 132 Peterson, Wolfgang 206 Petri, Elio 161 Petrified Forest, The 10 Peyton Place 87, 89, 91 Pfeiffer, Lee 101 Phffft 50 Philadelphia 245, 289 Philadelphia Story, The 20, 21, 22 Phoenix, Joaquin 272, 284 Phoenix, River 230 Pialat, Maurice 241 Pianist, The 265 Piano, The 245 Pickford, Mary 2-3, 8 Pickup on South Street 73 Picnic 80, 82 Picturegoer 70 Picture of Dorian Grey, The 38, 40 Pike, Rosamund 290, 291 Pillow Talk 98
358 Pinky 50 Pinochet, Augusto 270-1 Pinter, Harold 124, 162 Pirates of the Caribbean 267 Pitt, Brad 239, 248 Place in the Sun, A 58, 59, 61 Place in the World, A 243 Places in the Heart 216, 217 Planet of the Apes 144 Platoon xvi, 223, 226, 231 Play It Again, Sam 168, 169 Play Misty For Me 163 Playboy 147, 148, 167, 201 Player, The xvi Please Give 281 Plummer, Christopher 279, 283 Pocketful of Miracles, A 112 Point Blank 138 Poitier, Sidney 19, 93, 94, 97 114, 121, 123, 138, 261 Polanski, Roman 145, 172, 280 Pollack, Sydney 205, 207, 244 Pollard, Michael J. 141 Polley, Sarah 275 Pollock 260 Polonsky, Abraham 47, 256 Pond, Steve 250 Pontecorvo, Gillo 137 Pope of Greenwich Village, The 217 Popstar, Never Stopped Never Stopping 300 Portman, Natalie 280, 301, 302 Poseidon Adventure, The 59 Postcards from the Edge 237 Postlethwaite, Pete 246 Postman Always Rings Twice, The (1946) 41, 91 Postman Always Rings Twice, The (1981) 203 Powell, Dick 8 Powell, William 7, 10 Power, Tyrone xii
Index Precious 279 Preminger, Otto 81, 97, 121, 133 Presley, Elvis, 87, 93-4, 160 Preston, Robert 207 Price Waterhouse 299 Pride and Prejudice 272 Pride of Miss Jean Brodie, The 149, 190 Pride of the Yankees, The 30, 219 Primal Fear 251 Prince of Tides, The 238 Princess Diana 186 Private Life of Henry VIII, The 5, 7 Prizzi's Honor xiv, 219, 220 Project Nim 283 Proulx, Annie L. 271 Pryce, Jonathan 259 Psycho 101, 102, 106, 227 Pu Yi 224 Public Enemy, The 5 Pulp Fiction xvi Pumpkin Eater, The 125 Puttnam, David 201-3 Q Quaid, Dennis 260 Queen, The 273, 274, 283 Queen Christina 7 Queen Elizabeth 273 Quemada 146 Quiet Man, The xviii, 63, 65, 66, 67 Quills 260 Quinn, Anthony 65, 66, 85-6, 88, 96, 125, 128, 182, 255 Quo Vadis 59 R Rachel, Rachel 144, 145 Rafelson, Bob 203-4
Index Raging Bull 173, 180, 197, 198, 222, 235, 236, 296 Ragtime 203 Raiders of the Lost Ark 203 Rain Man x, 229-30, 232, 262 Rainer, Luise xi, 9-13, 34, 131 Rainmaker, The 84 Rains, Claude 41 Raintree County 90 Rambeau, Marjorie 73 Rambling Rose 239 Ramsey, Anne 229 Rashomon xviii Rawhide 134 Ray, Nicholas 78, 79 Razor's Edge, The 41, 42 Reader, The 276, 277 Reagan, Ronald 48, 198, 199, 288 Rebecca 21, 22, 25, 26 Rebel Without a Cause 79, 82, 122 Red Dust 6 Red River 65 Red Road 279 Redford, Robert 171, 197, 202, 216, 235 Redgrave, Vanessa 144, 184 Redman, Joyce 123 Redmayne, Eddie 290, 291, 296 Reds 200-3, 216, 239 Reed, Carol 55, 144 Reed, Donna 73 Reed, Rex 145, 179, 205 Reflections in a Golden Eye 138-9, 258 Refn, Nicolas Winding 287 Reiner, Rob 216 Reisz, Karel 219 Remains of the Day 245 Remick, Lee 101, 116, 119, 120 Renner, Jeremy 279, 281 Reno Brothers, The 87 Renoir, Jean xvii
359 Repossessed 172 Reservoir Dogs 244 Resnais, Alain 115 Return of the King 267 Reuben, Reuben 212 Revanche 277 Revenant, The 296, 297 Revere, Anne 40, 47, 61 Reversal of Fortune 236 Rey, Fernando 185 Reynolds, Burt 167, 194, 253 Reynolds, Debbie 63, 95, 104, 124, 237, 250 Rich, Robert 87 Richard IiI 83 Richardson, Ralph 50, 65 Richardson, Tony 121 Rickman, Alan 230 Ridley, John 292 Ringwald, Molly 219 Ritt, Martin 121, 129-30, 135, 157, 194 Ritter, Thelma xii, 55, 61, 65, 73, 76, 98, 119, 302 Riva, Emmanuelle 284 River, The 218 Rivera, Chita 115 Rivers, Joan xi RKO Studios xv, xix, 7, 46 Road to Perdition, The 266 Roaring Twenties, The 19 Robards, Jason 182, 184 Robbins, Jerome 111-2 Robbins, Tim xvi Robe, The 134 Roberts, Eric 212, 260 Roberts, Julia xviii, 212, 260 Roberts, Rachel 122 Robertson, Cliff ix, 116, 143-4, 204 Robinson, Edward G. 3, 4, 35, 130, 168 Robot & Frank 284
360 Robson, May 7 Rock, Chris 295 Rocky 179-80, 181, 182, 197 Roeg, Nicolas 219 Roger and Me 231 Rogers, Ginger 22 Rogers, Henry 44, 46 Rogers, Will 5-6 Roman Holiday 70, 98 Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone 109 Romanek, Mark 264, 280-1 Romance 3 Rome Daily American 86 Romeo and Juliet 152 Ronan, Saoirse 297 Room 296, 297 Room at the Top 97, 98 Room with a View, A xvi, 223, 224 Rooney, Mickey 17, 86 Rose, The 194, 239 Rose Tattoo, The 82 Rosemary's Baby 145 Rosenbaum, Jonathan 243 Ross, Artie 177 Ross, Diane 168 Rossellini, Roberto 84 Rossen, Robert 45, 49, 111, 221-2 Rourke, Mickey 211, 277 Rowlands, Gena 175, 249 Royal Tenenbaums, The 263 Ruffalo, Mark 292, 297 Ruggles, Wesley 3 Rule, Janice 185 ruling class, The 167 Running on Empty 230 Runyon, Damon 5 Rush, Geoffrey 250, 260 Russell, David O. 284 Russell, Harold 41 Russell, Jane 21, 261 Russell, Rosalind 42, 45-6, 95 Russians Are Coming, The 136
Index Rust and Bone 284 Rutherford, Margaret 123 Ruttenberg, Joseph 94 Ryan, Meg 260 Ryan's Daughter 157, 158 Rybczynski, Zbigniew 208 Ryder, Winona 245 Rylance, Mark 297 S Saint, Eva Marie 74, 198, 199, 303 Salesman, The 303 Salieri, Antonio 217 Salles, Walter 255 Salvador 222 Salvatore, Gabrielle 241 Samberg, Andy 300 San Francisco 10, 11 Sand Pebbles, The 136 Sanchez-Cabezudo, Jorge 274 Sanders, Denis 160 Sanders, George 55 Sandrino, Catalina 269 Sands of Iwo Jima, The 49 Sarandon, Chris 178 Sarandon, Susan xvi, 239, 247 Sarrazin, Michael 152 Sarris, Andrew 202 Sartre, Jean-Paul 114 Saturday Night Fever 185, 187 Savages, The 276-7 Save the Tiger 170 Saving Private Ryan 255 Sayonara 87, 88, 89 Scarecrow 169 Scared Straight 191 Scarlet Empress, The 7 Scarlett O'Hara Wars, The 269 Scenes from a Marriage 171 Scent of a Woman x, 241-2 Schaffner, Franklin J. 169
Index Schary, Dore 22 Schatz, Thomas 50-1 Scheider, Roy 192-3 Schell, Maximillian 114 Schickel, Richard 139 Schindler's List 244-5, 246, 265 Schlesinger, John 138, 146, 161 Schmidt, Kim 151-3 Schneider, Bert 176-7 Schoenaerts, Mathias 284 Schrader, Paul 200 Schroeder, Barbet 236 Schulberg, Budd 74-5 Scofield, Paul 135-6 Scorsese, Martin 169, 191, 197, 199, 211, 221, 222, 229-30, 235, 269, 273, 274, 300 Scott, George C. ix, xiii, 99, 111, 112, 155, 156, 162, 163-4, 165, 170, 183, 186, 206, 208-9, 221 Scott, Lizabeth 47 Scott, Ridley 208, 296 Screenwriters Guild 9 Sea Inside, The 270 Sйance on a Wet Afternoon 125 Search, The 48 Searchers, The 65, 82, 148 Secret, A 276 Secret in Their Eyes, The 279 Secrets & Lies xvi, 249 Segal, George 134-5, 136 Seitz, John 36, 52 Sellers, Peter xi, 124-5, 193, 246 Selma 290, 295 Selznick, David O. 18, 19, 42-3, 90 Selznick, Danny 90 Senna 282 Senna, Ayrton 282 Sense and Sensibility 247 Separate Tables 92, 93, 95, 96 Sergeant, The 139 Sergeant York 24, 31, 176
361 Serpico 169, 170 Servant, The 124 Se7en 248 Seven Arts 134 Seven Beauties 181, 214 Seventh Heaven 1 Seventh Seal, The 92 Sevigny, Chloe 255 sex, lies and videotape xvi, 232, 258 Shadow of a Doubt 32 Shaffer, Peter 219 Shakespeare, William 153, 236 Shakespeare in Love 254-5, 259 Shame 282 Shampoo 178 Shane 67, 68, 69, 71, 73, 74, 82, 88, 94, 142, 190, 239-40, 244 Shankar, Ravi 136 Shanley, John Patrick 226 Shannon, Michael 282 Shaw, Robert xii, 136 Shawshank Redemption, The 246 She Wore a Yellow Ribbon 51, 65, 148 Shearer, Norma 3, 7, 8 Sheen, Martin 195 Sheffield, Simone 214 Shepard, Sam 288 Sheridan, Jim 231 Shine xvi, 250 Shining, The 199-200 Ship of Fools 128, 130 Shipman, David 97 Shipping News, The 263-4 Shire, Talia 176, 182 Shop Around the Corner, The 22 Show Boat 10 Shue, Elisabeth 247 Shumlin, Herman 31 Shyamalan, M Night 257, 270 Sicario 295
362 Sid and Nancy 222 Sideways 269 Sidiby, Gaboury 279 Siegel, Benjamin 239 Signoret, Simone 98 Silence 300 Silence of the Lambs, The ix, 7, 238, 239 Silkwood 211, 213 Silver Linings Playbook 284-5 Silver, Stu 229 Simmons, Jean 48 Simmons, J.K. 292 Simon, John 220 Simple Plan, A 255 Sims, Tim 244 Sinatra, Frank 11, 72-3, 81, 117, 127-8, 145 Since You Went Away 35, 37 Singer, Isaac Bashevis 213, 215 Singin' in the Rain xviii, 63 Sins of Madelon Claudet, The 5 Sister Act 237 Sister Kenny 42 Sitting Pretty 48 Sixth Sense, The 257, 264 Skala, Lilia 123 Skippy 3 Skolsky, Sidney 56, 119, 123 Skyfall 286 Sleeper 169 Sleuth 167 Slumdog Millionaire xviii, 276 Smith, Darr 49 Smith, Maggie 131, 149-50, 190, 224 Smith, Roger 231 Smith, Will 261, 295 Snake Pit, The 49, 50 Snodgress, Carrie 157 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs xi-xii
Index S.O.B. 131-2 Soderbergh, Steven xvi Soldier's Story, A 216 Solito, Auraeus 272 Somboggart, Ben 269 Somebody Up There Likes Me 83, 89 Some Came Running 92, 95, 96, 97 Some Like It Hot 97, 98, 99 Something's Gottta Give 111 Son of the Bride 265 Sondegaard, Gayle 10 Song for Marion 284 Song of Bernadette, The 32, 42 Song to Remember, A 38 Sons and Lovers 101, 102, 106 Son's Room, The 265 Sophie Scholl: The Final Days 272 Sophie's Choice 206, 208 Sorin, Carlos 267 Sorry, Wrong Number 49 Sorkin, Aaron 298 Sorvino, Mira 249 Sound of Music, The 127, 129, 130, 138-9 Spacek, Sissy 182, 185, 197-8, 206, 223, 224, 270 Spacey, Kevin 241, 242, 248, 251, 257, 260, 263-4 Spall, Timothy 291 Spartacus 102, 105, 107, 126 Special Day, A 185 Spellbound 38 Spiegel, Sam 57 Spielberg, Steven xvi, 178, 184, 204-5, 206, 208, 214, 219, 235, 244-5, 255, 256, 266, 263, 283, 284 Spielman, Golz 277 Spillane, Mickey 81 Spinosa, Michel 276 Splendor in the Grass 108-9, 122
Index Spotlight 296, 297-8, 299 Sprechen, Jill 264 Spring Breakers 289 Spy Who Came in from the Cold, The 129-30 Squibb, June 290 St. Vincent 290 Stack, Robert 85-6 Stagecoach 17 Stalag 17 68, 69 Stallone, Sylvester 179, 180, 181, 297 Stamp, Terence 120, 136, 284 Stanislavsky, Constantin 247 Stanley, Kim 125 Stanton, Andrew 276 Stanwyck, Barbara xi, xii, 4, 12, 25, 34, 35, 36, 47, 49, 130, 178, 204, 249 Stapleton, Maureen 200, 203 Star! 131 Star 80 212 Star is Born, A 14, 76, 77, 78, 206 Star Wars 184, 237 Stardust Memories 200 Starman 217 Starting Over 194 Steamboat Bill Jr. 2 Steel Dawn 227 Steenbergen, Mary 198 Steffens, Kat 301 Steiger, Rod 74, 129, 138, 139 Steinbeck, John 79 Stella Dallas 12 Stephens, Robert 190 Steve Jobs 297-8 Stevens, George 49, 59, 71, 73-4, 82, 83-4, 88, 98, 239 Stewart, Donald 206 Stewart, James xviii, 15, 17, 20, 21, 22, 97 Steyn, Mark 257
363 Still Alice 290-1 Stiller, Ben 251, 263 Sting, The 168-9, 171 Stompanoto, Johnny 91 Stone, Emma 292, 299, 301, 302 Stone, Oliver 223, 231, 232, 240 Stone, Sharon 247 Story of G.I. Joe, The 38 Story of Louis Pasteur, The 10, 11 Straight Outa Compton 295 Straight, Beatrice 183, 255 Strange Cargo 40 Strange Love of Martha Ivers, The 47 Strangers on a Train 59 Strathairn, David 272 Stratten, Dorothy 212 Straw Dogs 161, 192 Streep, Meryl 173, 183, 190, 196, 206, 213, 226, 227, 237, 247, 273, 283, 288, 289, 292, 302 Street Angel 1 Street Smart 228 Streetcar Named Desire, A 55-61, 69-70, 75, 122, 197 Streisand, Barbra 144, 148, 161, 171, 213, 214, 215, 238, 250-1 Stuart, Gloria 253 Studio system xv-xvi, 12, 13, 67, 71, 116, 133-4, 184-5, 299 Subject Was Roses, The 145 Suburbia 251 Sudden Fear 66 Suddenly, Last Summer xviii, 98 Sugarman, Sara 259 Sulieman, Elia 267, 279-80 Summer and Smoke 109 Summer Wishes, Winter Dreams 171 Summertime 80, 82 Sun Also Rises, The 87 Sunday Times 163
364 Sunday, Bloody Sunday 161, 162, 181 Sundowners, The 101, 104-5, 106 Sunrise 1 Sunrise at Campabello 104 Sunset Boulevard 51-5, 60, 68, 75, 192, 258 Sunshine Boys, The xix, 178 Suspicion 25-6, 228 Sutherland, Donald 157 Swain, Dominique 254 Swan, The 178-9 Swank, Hilary 257, 269, 292 Swanson, Gloria 52, 54-5 Sweet Bird of Youth 117, 119, 120 Sweet Hereafter, The 253 Sweet Smell of Success 87, 88-9, 143 Swing Time 11 Swinton, Tilda 263, 275, 281, 283 Syriana 272 T Take My Eyes 269 Take Shelter 282 Tale of Two Cities, A 10 Talented Mr. Ripley, The 257 Tamblyn, Russ 89, 108, 112 Tandy, Jessica 61, 231 Tango 208 Tanna 303 Tanovic, Danis 265, 290 Tarantino, Quentin xvi, 244, 285 Tarnished Angels 96 Tate, Sharon 152 Taurog, Norman 3, 15 Tautou, Audrey 265 Taxi Driver 179, 180-1, 183, 189, 197-9
Index Taylor, Elizabeth xviii, 37, 58, 79, 90, 95-6, 98, 103, 104, 112, 1224, 134-5, 138-9, 148 Taylor, Merle Ann 269 Taylor, Sam 2 Teacher's Pet 96 Ted 285 Tekakwitha, Kateri 167 Temple, Juno 286 Ten Commandments, The 82 Tender Mercies 211, 212 Terms of Endearment 211, 212 Terra, Chris 286 Terrill, Marshall 136, 169 Tess 196-7, 200 Testament 213 Thalberg, Irving 3, 5, 8, 12 Thatcher, Margaret 283 That Obscure Object of Desire 185 Thelma & Louise 239 Theory of Everything, The, The 290, 291 There Will Be Blood 275 Theron, Charlize 268, 272, 283 These Three 10 They Live By Night 174 They Shoot Horses, Don't They? 146, 149-53 Thieves Like Us 174 Thin Man, The 7 Third Man, The 55, 144 Thirteen Conversations About One Thing 264 This is Spinal Tap 216 This Sporting Life 121, 122, 236 Thomas, Dylan 244 Thomas, Kristin Scott 249, 277 Thompson, Emma 244, 245, 247 Thomson, David 23, 266 Thousand Clowns, A 130 Three for Bedroom C 53 Three Smart Girls 10, 11
Index 3.10 to Yuma 88 Three Women 185 Through a Glass Darkly 115 Throw Momma From the Train 229 Thurman, Uma 254 Tierney, Gene 38, 39 Time That Remains, The 279-80 Time to Kill, A 251 Time magazine 145, 155, 200 Times, The 70 Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy 282 Titanic 251-3 To Die For 247 To Each His Own 42, 43, 44 To Have and Have Not 40 To Kill a Mockingbird 116-7, 201 To Live and Die in L.A. 219 To Sir, With Love 123 Todd, Mike 90, 95, 104, 135 Todd, Richard 49 Toland, Gregg 243 Tolstoy, Leo 9, 279, 283 Tom Erdmann 303 Tom Jones 47, 121, 123 Tomei, Marisa 244 Tone, Franchot 8 Tootsie 205, 207 Topol 162 Toprak, Mehmet Emin 267 Torch Song 73 Torn Curtain 131 Tosar, Luis 269 Touch of Class, A 169, 171 Touch of Evil 92 Towering Inferno, The 174 Town, The 281 Towne, Robert 218-9 Toy Wife, The 12 Tracy, Spencer 10, 14, 15, 20, 93, 102, 114, 138, 139, 232 Traffic 259, 260
365 Training Day 261, 300 Travolta, John 185, 186, 187 Treasure of the Sierra Madre, The 48 Tree Grows in Brooklyn, A 41 Tree of Life, The 282 Tree of Wooden Clogs, The 191 Trevor, Claire 48 Tringinant, Jean-Louis 137, 161, 169 Trip to Bountiful, The 220 Tristana 161 Trollope, Anthony 9 True Confessions 203 True Grit xviii, 147-8, 157 Truffaut, Francois xviii, 97 Truman Show, The 255, 258 Trumbo, Dalton 24, 74, 87, 94, 97 Trump, Donald 166, 303 Tsotsi 272 Tucker, Anand 275 Tully, Tom 74 Turner, Cheryl 91-2 Turner, Kathleen 203 Turner, Lana 91-2, 203-4 Turning Point, The 185, 219, 239, 265 Twelve Angry Men 87, 89 Twelve Monkeys 248 12 O'Clock High 49, 50 12 Years a Slave 287, 290, 292 Twentieth Century Fox xv, 54, 85, 121, 134, 184-5 Twentieth Century Women 302 21 Grams 267, 268 Twilight of Honor 123 Twin Sisters 269 Two Days, One Night 291 2001: A Space Odyssey 144, 264 Two Towers, The 265 Tynan, Kenneth 79, 127 Tyrannosaur 283
366 U Ulee's Gold 252 Unchained 82 UFA Studios 2 Ullmann, Liv 158-9, 171, 182 Undefeated, The 283 Under the Volcano 217, 218 Unforgiven 243, 244 Unforgiven, The 244 United Artists xv Universal xv, 111, 116, 134, 146 Unmarried Woman, An 190 Untouchables, The xix, 228 Ure, Mary 106 Usak 267 Usala, Dersu 179 Users, The xiii Ustinov, Peter 105, 126 Usual Suspects, The xvi, 248 V Vadim, Roger 149 Valentin 267 Valentino, Rudolph 79 Valley of Decision 38 Valse Triste 280 Van Druten, John 49 Van Fleet, Jo 82, 101 Van Gogh 241 Van Gogh, Vincent 83 Van Sant, Gus 248 Variety 227 Vasak, P.H. 218-9 Vaughn, Robert 99 Venus 274 Verdict, The 204-6, 222 Vertigo 92 Very Annie-Mary 259 Victor/Victoria 206-8 Vidal, Gore 129
Index Vidor Charles 90 Vidor, King 1, 82 Viertel, Peter 61 Vikander, Alicia 290-1, 297-8, 300 Village, The 270 Village Voice, The 202 Villeneuve, Denis 300 V.I.P.s, The 123 Vinterberg, Thomas 255 Virgin Suicides, The 257 Visconti, Luchino 121, 145, 179, 215 Visions of Light 243 VistaVision 134 Viva Zapata 64, 65, 69-70, 85, 182 Voight, Jon 146-8, 189, 190 Von Sternberg, Josef 5 Von Sydow, Max 92, 283 Von Triers, Lars 249 Von Vescey, Franz 280 Voyage of the Damned 183 W Wag the Dog 253 Walk the Line 272 Walken, Christopher 190, 232 Walker, Alice 219 Wall-E 276 Wall Street xiv, 226 Wallach, Eli xii Walsh, Raoul 2 Walter, Jessica 163 Walters, Julie 213 Waltz, Christoph 279, 285 Wambaugh, Joseph 195 War Horse 282 Warden, Jack 206 Warlock 96 Warner Bros. xv, 7, 8, 19, 32, 78, 104-5, 134, 199, 213, 261
Index Warner, Jack 1, 7, 32, 77, 125-6, 135 Washington, Denzel 231, 261, 262, 284, 300 Waterworld 235 Watson, Emily 249, 254 Watts, Naomi 263, 268, 285 Way of all Flesh, The 1 Way We Were, The 171 Wayne, John xviii, 49, 63, 65, 67, 83, 101, 106, 146, 147, 148, 165, 166, 185, 189, 201, 214 Wayne, Pilar 65 W.C. Fields and Me 139 We Need to Talk About Kevin 283 Weaver, Sigourney 230 Webb, James R. 124 Wedderkopp, Annika 285 Weinstein, Harvey 255 Weissman, Murray xiii Weisz, Rachel 272 Welch, Raquel 247 Welles, Orson 19, 22, 23, 24, 29, 30, 55, 81, 159, 161, 172, 226 Wenders, Wim 216 Werner, Oscar 130 Wertmuller, Lina 181, 214 West Side Story 107-9, 111-2, 122 West, Mae 201 What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? 118-9 What's Eating Gilbert Grape 246, 296 When Father Was Away on Business 220 When Harry Met Sally 232 When My Baby Smiles at Me 48 When We Were Kings 282 Whiplash 290 Whitaker, Forest 231, 244, 273, 274, 287 Whitman, Stuart 114
367 White Banners 15 White Heat 50-1 White Parade, The 7 White Ribbon, The 279 Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? 134-5, 136, 138, 152 Widmark, Richard 45, 131, 140-1 Wiest, Dianne 224, 246 Wild 292 Wild at Heart 237 Wild Bunch, The 146 Wild is the Wind 88, 91 Wild River 101 Wilder, Billy ix, xviii, 9, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 51-2, 53, 55, 59, 68, 87, 88, 94, 97, 101, 102, 103, 104, 111, 133-4, 191-2 Wilder, Gene 174 Wilder, Thornton 145 Wilding, Michael 105 Wilk, Max 136 Williams, John 218 Williams, Olivia 286 Williams, Robin ix, 226, 253, 264, 301 Williams, Tennessee 61, 117 Willis, Gordon 215 Wills, Chill 105-6, 214 Wilson 45 Wilson, Brian 297 Wilson, Earl 124 Wilson, Michael 61, 92 Wilson, Owen 263 Wilson, Woodrow 45 Wind That Shakes the Barley, The 274 Winfield, Paul 167 Winfrey, Oprah 220 Winger, Debra 206 Wings 1 Winslet, Kate 252, 253, 270, 277, 281, 297-8
368 Winter's Bone 280, 284-5 Winters, Shelley 45, 47, 59-60, 98- 9, 130-1 Wise, Robert 83, 92, 111-2 Witches of Eastwick, The xiv With a Song in My Heart 65 Witherspoon, Reese 272, 292 Witness 219 Witness for the Prosecution 87, 88, 90, 91 Wizard of Oz, The 19, 287 Wlaschin, Ken xiv, 3 Wolf of Wall Street, The 289, 296 Woman of the Year 29 Woman Under the Influence, A 175, 249 Woman's Face, A 40 Women in Love 157 Won Ton Ton xviii Wonder Boys 260 Wonder, Stevie 218 Wood, Andres 270-1 Wood, Evan Rachel 269 Wood, Natalie 79, 82, 108, 111, 122, 267 Wood, Sam 219 Woods, James 195, 216, 222 Woods, Paul A. 197 Woodstock 160 Woodward, Joanne 89, 90, 144, 171, 222-3, 227, 228 Woolf, Virginia, 266 Working Girl 229-30 World According to Garp, The 207- 8 Wreck-It Ralph 286-7 Wrestler, The 277 Wright, Teresa 30 Written on the Wind 85-6 Wrong Man, The 82-3, 87 Wuthering Heights 17
Index Wyler, William 10, 27, 29, 50, 65, 70, 97, 221 Wyman, Jane 42, 48-9, 59, 232, 236, 245 Wynyard, Diana 7 Y Yankee Doodle Dandy 29, 51 Yates, Peter 171, 192 Year of Living Dangerously, The 213 Yearling, The 41, 42, 45 Yentl 213, 214, 215, 238 Yordan, Philip 61 York, Susannah 150 You Can't Take it with You 15 young adult 283 Young Americans 145 Young Frankenstein 174 Young Man with a Horn 55 Young Mr. Lincoln 17, 19 Young Philadelphians, The 99 Young, Bert 182 Young, Gig 96, 151-3 Young, Loretta 44, 45-6 Young, Ned 94 Young, Victor 87 You're a Big Boy Now 136 Y Tu Mama Tambien 265 Z Zanuck, Darryl F. 38, 45 Zeitlin, Benh 284 Zelig 211, 215 Zellweger, Renee 268 Zemekis, Robert 246 Zero Dark Thirty 283-4, 286 Zeta-Jones, Catherine 266-7 Zinnemann, Fred 64, 73, 184 Zolotow, Maurice 34
Index
369
Zorba the Greek 85, 124, 125 Zvyagintseu, Andrey 278 Zwigoff, Terry 248

A Malone

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