CHILD ABUSE IN DAVE PELZER'S TRILOGY, FN HIDAYATI

Tags: Language Studies, Language Study, Sholikhah Bertha Cahyani, Drs Suprapto, Dra Suparmi, Master Degree, Yakup Iskandar, Science and Technology, Religious Aspect, SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS, Dr. Markhamah, Dr. Phil Dewi Candraningrum, Partial Fulfillment, qualitative research, personality development, research paper, Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta, secondary data sources, American society, Behaviorism, Environmental Influences, Sociology of Literature, Dave Pelzer
Content: CHILD ABUSE IN DAVE PELZER'S TRILOGY A CHILD CALLED IT (1993), THE LOST BOY (1995), AND A MAN NAMED DAVE (1999) THESIS research paper Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Getting the Master Degree of Language Studies in English Department by FAJRIA NURUL HIDAYATI S 200080030 Graduate School OF LANGUAGE STUDIES MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA 2013
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MOTTO Verily, with every difficulty there is relief (Al Insyiroh: 6) vi
DEDICATION This thesis is affectionately dedicated to: 1. Her beloved father and mother (Drs Suprapto and Dra Suparmi) 2. Her beloved husband (Yakup Iskandar) 3. Her beloved sister (Sholikhah Bertha Cahyani) vii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Assalamu'alaikum Wr. Wb. With the completion of the research, the writer would like to thanks to Allah, the Almighty God, who has given blessing and everything. Her special thank goes to the Director of school of Graduate studies, Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta, Prof. H. Khudzaifah Dimyati, SH, M. Hum and the head of Magister of Language Study, Prof. Dr. Markhamah, M. Hum. Her deepest gratitude is also for the first advisor, Dr. Phil Dewi Candraningrum, M. Ed for her careful guidance and advice, and for the second advisor, Drs. M. Thoyibi, M.S for comment, correction, suggestion and for guiding the writer through academic corridor to her successful end. The appreciation is also for parents who gave the writer power to complete this thesis, brother and sister, and also for her future husband who is patient to wait for her. Her special thanks to classmate Bu Agustin, Bu Tutik, Bu Karsih, Bu Jeti, Pak Karsih, Mbak Putri, Mbak Sofi, Mbak Ayu, Mbak Jeta and Mbak Eni for togetherness. Last but not least, the writer realizes that the thesis is far from being perfect. But hopefully it is useful for prospective readers. Wassalamu'alaikum Wr. Wb. Surakarta, January 2013 The writer Fajria Nurul Hidayati viii
ABSTRACT Fajria Nurul Hidayati. S200080030. CHILD ABUSE IN DAVE PELZER'S TRILOGY A CHILD CALLED IT (1993), THE LOST BOY (1995), AND A MAN NAMED DAVE (1999). Thesis. Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta. 2013. This research paper analyzes child abuse that is reflected in Dave Pelzer's trilogy A Child Called it, The Lost Boy, and A Man Named Dave. The objectives of the research are to identify the context of the production of the trilogy, to analyze the influence of environment on the personality development of the author, and to review the reflection and criticism of the author towards child abuse. The research paper belongs to Qualitative research. The sources of data come from both primary data source and secondary data sources. The method to analyze the data is descriptive analysis. The researcher finds the main finding in which there is relationship between the trilogy and the American society at the end of the twentieth century. It can be broken into three: First, there is a close relationship between the productions of trilogy and the American society at the end of twentieth century. Second, the environments where the author lived influenced his personality development and behavior. Third, through the trilogy, the author conveys his critique to parents, society and the victims. Key words: child abuse, a child called it, the lost boy, a man named dave. ix
TABLE OF CONTENTS TITLE ............................................................................................................ i NOTE OF ADVISOR ..................................................................................... .... ii APPROVAL ................................................................................................... iv STATEMENT.................................................................................................. v MOTTO ........................................................................................................ vi DEDICATION ................................................................................................ vii ACKNOWLEDGMENT .................................................................................... viii ABSTRACT .................................................................................................... ix TABLE OF CONTENTS ................................................................................... x CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study ................................................. 1 B. Previous Studies .............................................................. 9 C. Problem Statements ........................................................ 12 D. Limitation of the Study..................................................... 13 E. Objectives of the Study ................................................ ... 13 F. Research Benefit ............................................................. 13 G. Paper Organization .......................................................... 14 x
CHAPTER II UNDERLYING THEORY
A. Behaviorism
1. Notion of Behaviorism .............................................. 15
2. Principal of Behaviorism ........................................... 16 3. Environmental Influences ......................................... 17
B. Sociology of Literature
1. Notion of Sociology of Literature..............................
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2. The Perspective of Sociology of Literature................. 23
C. Child Abuse
1. Notion of Child Abuse.............................................. 27
2. Types of Child Abuse................................................ 29
3. Child Abuse Victims.................................................. 32
4. Perpetrator of Abuse................................................. 33
5. The Cause of Abuse.................................................. 33
6. cycle of violence...................................................... 34
D. Theoretical Application..................................................... 35
CHAPTER III research method
A. Object of the Study ........................................................... 37 B. Type of Research .............................................................. 37 C. Type of the Data and the Data Sources ........................... 38 D. Technique of the data collection .................................... 39 E. Technique of the Data Analysis ........................................ 39
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CHAPTER IV SOCIAL HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF AMERICAN SOCIETY IN THE LATE TWENTIETH CENTURY A. Social Aspect..................................................................... 42 B. Economic Aspect.............................................................. 44 C. Political Aspect................................................................. 49 D. Religious Aspect .............................................................. 51 E. Cultural Aspect................................................................. 53 F. science and technology Aspect....................................... 54 G. Report on Child Abuse in the US...................................... 57 CHAPTER V BEHAVIORIST ANALYSIS A. The Influence of Environment ......................................... 59 1. Home Environment .............................................. 60 a. Significant Others ........................................... 62 b. Lesson Learned ............................................... 68 2. Foster Care Environment ..................................... 72 a. Significant Others ........................................... 72 b. Lesson Learned ............................................... 77 3. Larger Society ....................................................... 79 a. Significant Others ............................................ 80 b. Lesson Learned ............................................... 86 B. Discussion ........................................................................ 89 xii
CHAPTER VI SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS A. Sociological Analysis 1. Social Aspect.................................................................. 94 2. Economic Aspect............................................................ 99 3. Political Aspect.............................................................. 103 4. Religious Aspect ........................................................... 107 5. Cultural Aspect.............................................................. 111 6. Science and Technology Aspect................................... 116 B. Child Abuse ...................................................................... 119 C. Discussion........................................................................ 124 CHAPTER VII CONCLUSION AND PEDAGOGICAL IMPLICATION A. Conclusion .................................................................... 129 B. Pedagogical Implication ................................................ 130 BIBLIOGRAPHY APPENDIX xiii

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