Natural resource conservation: management for a sustainable future, DD Chiras, JP Reganold

Tags: WWI, sustainable waste management, air pollution, population, Environmental Science, geographic extent, conservation, water management, conservation issues, Understanding, environmental limitations, oil pollution, groundwater pollution, environmental issues, waste management, Water pollution, C&R, conservation in the United States, soil erosion, nonrenewable energy and mineral resources, global warming and climate change, Silent Spring, Natural Resource Conservation, sustainable water management, renewable energy resources, resource consumption, acid deposition, natural resources, water conservation, wildlife resources, soil conservation, Worldwatch Institute, Conservation of Natural Resources Division, water resources
Content: SEMESTER AT SEA COURSE SYLLABUS University of Virginia, Academic Sponsor Voyage: Fall 2015 Discipline: Environmental Science EVSC 1559: Conservation of natural resources Division: Lower Faculty Name: Alan Goldin Credit Hours: 3; Contact Hours: 38 Pre-requisites: None COURSE DESCRIPTION: Nature and extent of mineral (renewable and nonrenewable), soil, water, forest, and wildlife resources and their conservation in the United States and the world at large and the effects of human population on these resources as well as on the atmosphere, including climate change. COURSE OBJECTIVES : This course is designed to provide students with a background about conservation issues that emphasize world natural resources in relationship to those in the United States. For each issue, its causes, effects and/or ramifications upon the physical and natural environments, and possible or proposed solutions are covered. There are eight specific objectives. 1. Understanding the geographic extent of natural resources, their exploitation, conservation, and management. Past, present, and future changes in conservation will be examined in relation to economics and ecology. 2. Acquaintance with population dynamics and its relationship to natural resources, environmental degradation, and potentials for the future. World population growth - historic and current in more developed and less developed countries; overpopulation; efforts for reducing population. 3. Understanding world hunger and how to solve this problem sustainably. 4. Familiarization with the physical, chemical and biological properties of soils, soil erosion, soil conservation and planning, effects of agricultural practices on soils, erosion controls, soil management/restoration, soil contamination, Sustainable Agriculture, and integrated pest management. 5. Familiarization with the dynamics of Water Resources as they relate to the amount of water, water management and related problems. Develop an understanding of the hydrologic cycle, surface and subsurface waters, drainage basin and drainage models; water consumption and uses; water management procedures, reservoirs and dams, groundwater use, water conservation, aquatic environments, managing water resources sustainably, understanding and reducing water pollution. 6. Familiarization with forestry, wildlife, fisheries, and wilderness; introduction to commonly used management schemes for each of these resources. Understanding the causes of plant and animal 1
extinctions. 7. Gaining an understanding of sustainable waste management, air pollution, acid deposition, and global warming and climate change. 8. Introduction to nonrenewable energy and mineral resources (formation, current sources, consumption and uses; extraction procedures) and to renewable energy resources (solar, wind, water and biomass). Conservation and management approaches for each will be explored.
Chiras, Daniel and John Reganold
Natural Resource Conservation: Management for a Sustainable Future
ISBN-10: 0132251388. ISBN-13: 9780132251389
DATE/EDITION: 2009/10th edition
The Worldwatch Institute
State of the World 2015: Confronting Hidden Threats to Sustainability
PUBLISHER: Island Press
ISBN-10: 1610916107
Carson, Rachel
Silent Spring
Leopold, Aldo
A Sand County Almanac
TOPICAL OUTLINE OF COURSE Class Topic and Questions to Be Addressed B1 Population and effects on resource consumption; History of conservation, Environmental movement, and sustainability; risk assessment
Reading * C&R ch 1 WWI ch1
B2 Ethics and science versus economics to solve problems
C&R ch2, WWI ch 2,4
B3 Ecology ­ laws and lessons, energy flow, biogeochemical cycles, relationships within organisms and between organisms and their environment. Biomes.
C&R ch 3
B4 Human population and overpopulation in developed and lessdeveloped countries
C&R ch 4 WWI ch 3
B5 World hunger, levels of nutrition, improving food yields genetically and with the application of fertilizers
C&R ch 5 WWI ch 3
B6 Soil chemical, physical and biological properties
C&R ch 6
B7 Soil erosion and erodability factors, no-till farming, farming practices that encourage and discourage erosion
C&R 7 WWI 5 Silent Spring
B8 Integrated pest management, pesticides and herbicides
C&R ch8 Silent Spring
B9 Aquatic environments ­ wetlands (marine and fresh water), wetland values, lotic and lentic systems, coastal and marine environments
C&R ch9
B10 Water and the hydrologic cycle and sustainable water management, flooding and flood prevention, irrigation, water mining
C&R ch 10 WWI ch 6
B11 Water pollution ­ chemical and physical pollutants, eutrophication, thermal
C&R ch 11
pollution, surface and groundwater pollution, toxic chemicals, sewage treatment, WWI ch 6
oil pollution
B12 Fisheries ­ fish habitat, limitations to reproduction, human-induced and environmental limitations, sustainable freshwater fish management, habitat management and restoration, marine fishing
C&R ch 12
B13 Exam 1
B14 Forests and Forest Management ­ reforestation, forest pests, fire management, C&R ch 14
wilderness, national parks, deforestation
Sand County Almanac
B15 Plant and animal extinction ­ causes and prevention
C&R ch 15
B16 Wildlife management ­ habitat, interactions, mortality factors, habitat mgmt. C&R 16; WWI 9
B17 Municipal waste ­ sustainable waste management, composting and recycling, C&R ch 17 landfills, hazardous waste, laws and management
B18 Air ­ characteristics, pollutants, air pollution and effects on humans, air management, indoor air pollution
C&R ch 18
B19 Global warming and climate change ­ human effects versus natural causes; reducing impacts of global warming
C&R ch 19 WWI ch 7,8
B20 Acid deposition, stratospheric ozone, CFCs, UV radiation
C&R ch 20
B21 Types of mineral resources and mining, locations, extraction, conservation strategies, environmental impacts
C&R ch 21
B22 Nonrenewable energy resources ­ global energy production and consumption, C&R ch 22 types and reserves (coal, oil ,natural gas, nuclear)
B23 Efficiency and renewable energy ­ solar, geothermal, wind, biofuels, hydrogen C&R ch 23 fuel cells, tidal power B24 Final exam FIELD WORK Field lab attendance is mandatory for all students enrolled in this course. Do not book individual travel plans or a Semester at Sea sponsored trip on the day of your field lab. FIELD LAB DESCRIPTION We will examine the interactions of population on the various natural resources of value in Athens ­ water, air, soils, nearby agriculture, forests, wildlife, parks, climate change, and energy. We hope to visit the waste water treatment plant, recycling/composting centers, a landfill, parks, city reservoir, and evaluate any pollution problems. We will meet with city officials to see how they are coping with environmental degradation and promoting sustainability. We hope to schedule some hands-on activities. Athens is a complex city, with a large number of "greening" initiatives, to address environmental issues such as Green space, waste management, and the water cycle, energy, air quality, biodiversity, and environmental education and consciousness-raising. The lab will begin with a bus tour of major environmental areas of concern in of the city, including beaches, highly urbanized city centers, and key public parks. At each stop, we will hear from local residents and community organizations about their experiences and concerns. Lunch will take place at a good park or location with a vista of these problems. We will travel to relatively poorer and relatively wealthier neighborhoods for comparison of environmental issues, and the final stop will be municipal and federal planning and/or environmental agencies, to discuss environmental and urban planning efforts. FIELD ASSIGNMENTS Students will be evaluated based on participation in the lab itself, a journal they will keep describing place, activity, what they learned and how each stop ties into the class. By the time of the Atlantic Crossing after departing Senegal, students will have seen enough cities (ports of call) on their personal travels or field assignments from other courses to compare the efforts of Athens toward sustainability with two other cities. This effort will be a paper or project due B11. Evaluation will be 15% participation, 50% journal, 35% paper/project. METHODS OF EVALUATION / GRADING RUBRIC There will be two exams during the semester, the midterm during B13 and the final during B24. These will be a mixture of essay and objective questions related to the readings and may be tied to our field experience in Greece. There will be a 5 to 10 page paper in which you identify, describe and discuss the two or three principal conservation issues in each region (Mediterranean, Africa, Americas) looking at the conservation and exploitation of one or several natural resources. To support your argument you will obtain local newspapers where these issues are discussed or find copies online. At least newspaper images will be appropriate, even if the language is not English. 4
Attendance is worth 6% of your grade and participation 4%. If you attend 22-24 classes, you will receive all six attendance points, 20-21 is five points, 18-19 is four points, 16-17 is three points. If you attend less than 16 classes, you will receive no attendance points. Each day you will be evaluated on your participation. You will receive a 3 for the day if you are actively engaged, a 2 if you have some participation and 1 if little or none and a 0 if you don't attend class. If your average score >2.5, you will receive all 4 points, 2-2.49 three points, 1.50-1.99 two points, 1.0-1.49 one point, <1.00 no points. It is also your responsibility to sign in for class each day as well as to deliver ALL assignments on time.
Two exams
Field Work
Attendance/Participation 10%
Hambler, Clive and Canney, Susan
PUBLISHER: Cambridge University Press
ISBN10: 0521181682
The Worldwatch Institute
State of the World 2014: Governing for Sustainability
PUBLISHER: Island Press
ISBN#: ISBN-10: 1610915410
Films: Silent Spring, Switch by Arcos Films ELECTRONIC COURSE MATERIALS None ADDITIONAL RESOURCES None HONOR CODE Semester at Sea students enroll in an academic program administered by the University of Virginia, and thus bind themselves to the University's honor code. The code prohibits all acts of lying, cheating, and stealing. Please consult the Voyager's Handbook for further explanation of what constitutes an honor offense. Each written assignment for this course must be pledged by the student as follows: "On my honor as a student, I pledge that I have neither given nor received aid on this assignment." The pledge 5
must be signed, or, in the case of an electronic file, signed "[signed]." 6

DD Chiras, JP Reganold

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