Palestine Chronology 1 5 May-15 August 1986, P CHRONOLOGY

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Content: Palestine Chronology, 15 May-15 August 1986 Source: Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 16, No. 1 (Autumn, 1986), pp. 245-262 Published by: University of California Press on behalf of the Institute for Palestine Studies Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2537049 Accessed: 06-03-2015 19:15 UTC Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact [email protected] University of California Press and Institute for Palestine Studies are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Journal of Palestine Studies. http://www.jstor.org This content downloaded from 66.134.128.11 on Fri, 06 Mar 2015 19:15:26 UTC All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions
PALESTINE CHRONOLOGY
PalestineChronology 15 May-15 August1986
Thissectionispartelevenofa chronolobgeyguninJournanlo. 51 (Spring 1984).'Thechronolofgoycuseosneventasndactorws hichaffecPtalestinian communitihersoughtohuewt orldw,itphriorigtiyventooccupiePdalestine/lIsrael. Thesectiown ascompilefdromClaremonRtesearcahndPublicatioInnsc.'s MideasPtresRs eporta,weeklcylippinsegrvicwehicmh onitomrsortehaneighty U.S., EuropeanIs,raelia,ndArabEnglish-langpuuagbelicatioAnsr.ticlseource abbreviatiaorneslisteadttheendofthechronology.
15 May Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraIeslr:aelAircrafItndustriesannounces$1 billionin salesfor 1985/86fiscalyearUP 5/15].Threeborder policemenarechargedbeforea policetribunal withusingexcessiveforcein the 1984arrestofa PalestinianUP 5/16]. Arab World:Faruqal-Qaddumi,head of the PLO political department,meets Frenchforeignministerin Paris,thefirst suchmeetingin twoyears[LM 5/16].An undeterminendumberare killed,and as manyas 200studentasnd 18policeinjured in clashesduringprotestast Universityof Yarmukat Irbidin northemJordan[GU 6/14;MG 5/16].(Estimateosfdeathrange from3 to 18.) Riots, involving2,000 studentsa,re reportedloyvergrowingJor-
danian-SyriancooperationagainstPLO, thoughnominalcauses are high tuition feesand U.S. air strikeson Libya[NYT 5/21;JP5/16]. OtherCountriesG:eneva-basedWHO condemnsfor11thsuccessiveyearIsraeliseizureof Arab territorieasnd saysforeign occupationis bad formentaland physical health;condemnsdiversionof waterand hindranceofdevelopmenotfArabhealth organizationUsP 5/15]. 17 May Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraFeol:reignMinister ShamirasksU.S. AttomeyGeneralMeese to ban a plannedvisitbyPLO Chairman Arafatto U.S. to appearat UN General Assemblyin SeptemberUP 5/18].
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246 JOURNALOF PALESTINE STUDIES
ArabWorldJ: ordaniacnabinetmeetsto discusrsiotastUniversiotyfYarmukK.ing Husseinorderrseleaseofstudentasrrested andreopeninogfuniversiUtyP5/18M; G 5/19]Y. asirArafartetumtsoTunisfrom tourof 10 Africancountriesin, cluding NigeriaM, ali,BurkinFaaso,Benin,and Angola.
Nidal's Damascusofficew, hoseexistence Syriadenies[NYT 5/20].Nine residentosf Golan Heights condemned in military courtto prisonsentencesrangingfrom10 to 37 yearsfor"securityoffenses"[AA 5/25]. 20 May
18 May Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrAabesl:orptioMninisterYa'acovTzurand JewishAgency AliyahDepartmenHtead HaimAharon saidlevelof1986Jewisihmmigratiwonas worstin historyw,ithonly2,600-2,800 immigranatrsrivinign firs4t monthosf 1986UP5/19]E. migratiomn,eanwhilies, risingsharpl[yNYT5/21]I.talianForeign MinisteArndreotatririvefsortwo-davyisit todiscustserrorisamndbilateraisl suesUP 5/18].In Gaza,shotsareexchangebdetweenmemberosf MuslimBrotherhood groupandsecularnationalisotvserobservanceofRamadan8;arearresteUdP5/19]. OtherCountriePs.:M. PeresaysonU.S. TV thathe seesno imminendtangerof warbetweenIsraeal ndSyria[FT5/19]. 19 May
Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraDeel:fenseMinister Rabin, in Knesset,saysWald reporton conditionofIDF distortasrmy'asbilityand performanc[eFT 5/21].Colonel Emanuel Wald, formehread of IDF planning,had accusedthearmyon IsraelTV ofhaving buriedhis 700-pagereporton IDF weaknesses. Four men and 2 women,all of Nablus,are indictedbymilitarycourtfor kidnap-murdeorf Israeli soldier David Manosand membershiipn Fateh.Ibrahim 'Abdallahof DayrBallutis namedringleaderUP,JTA5/21]. ItalianForeignMinisterAndreottimeets deposed Hebron Deputy Mayor MustafaNatshah, Gaza lawyerFayezAbu Rahmah,deposedGaza MayorRashadal-Shawwa,and al-FajreditorHanna Siniora[FJ5/23]. ArabWorld:KingHusseinordersarrestof leadershipofJordanianCommunistparty [NYT 5/21].
Social/Economic/Political
MilitaryAction
OccupiePdalestine/IsPra.Mel.:Pereso,pen- Arab World:In suburbanBeirut,Amal
ingKnessets,aysheiswillintgotalkpeace militiamenfighPtalestinianfsorcontrolof
withJordaonra vettedJordanian-Palesti-Burjal-Burajinahrefugeecamp,killing2
niandelegatioonf; fe"rlsimitesdelf-govem- and wounding33. (Camp population:
ment"to occupiedterritori[eDsT 5/20]. 11,000) [CSM 5/21].
IndustrMyinisteArrielSharontoursthe
600dunumosflandnearHebronwherhee 21 May
wantstwonew"industrizaolnes"builtto fumisjhobstotheregions'settlerUsP5/20; AA 5/25]H. istadructhiefYisraeKl essar condemnpslanUP5/21].
Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraeRle: presentatives ofEEC countrieasre summonedto Israeli ForeignMinistryand told theywill be
OtherCountrieRs:eaganadministration supportintgerrorismifimminenmt eeting
asksSyrianPresidenalt-AsadtocloseAbu in TunisbetweenDutchForeignMinister
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PALESTINECHRONOLOGY 247
Hans van den Broekand PLO Chairman Arafattakesplace [LT 5/211M. uhammad AhmadTus ofJaba,leaderofgroupthat killed5 Israelisand wounded16, is given lifesentenceby militarycourtUP 5/23]. P.M. Peresproposesin theKnessettripartitesummitwithHusseinand Mubarak, opposesdismantlinogfJewishsettlements in theterritorieas partofa futurpe eace plan. FortyJewishfamilieasbandonsettlementnearJerichodue to bankruptcUyP 5/22]. OtherCountriesI:n Washington,Israeli envoyEzerWeizmanasksU.S. Secretary ofStateShultzto returnto activerolein peaceprocessp, articularltyohelpimprove Israeli-Egyptiarnelations[NYT 5/22]. 22 May Social/Economic/Political OtherCountries:U.S. Senate Majority LeaderDole urgesSecretaryofStateShultz todenyPLO ChairmanArafatvisatovisit U.S. forUN SecurityCouncilmeetingin June[LAT 5/23]. 23 May Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraRele:porton Gaza Strip, compiled by Meron Benvenisti's West Bank Date Base Project, is published,says "the situationis hopeless," callsterritor"ya timebomb"[LT 5/24]. ArabWorld:The New YorkTimesreports PresidenMt ubarakand KingHusseinmet recentlyto discussEgyptian-backePdalestinianself-rulein Gaza. Deposed Gaza MayorRashadal-Shawwasuggestedidea, whichwould involveEgyptianconsular servicesin EastJerusalemE,gyptianbank in Gaza, and legislativecouncil [NYT 5/23].YasirArafatdeclaresto al-Bayan
(Dubai)thatPLO hasdecidedto endits militarpyresencienTunisia. MilitarAy ction Arab World:New combatbreaksout aroundBurj al-BarajinahS,abra, and Shatilacampbs etweeAn malandPalestinians[OJ5/24]. 24 May Social/Economic/Political Occupied Palestine/IsraelM: argaret ThatchearrriveisnJerusalemfi,rsotfficial visitbyBritisPh.M. toIsrael[NYT5/24]. Arab World:King Husseintravelsto Damascusto meetSyrianPresidenatlAsad,aimingtoreconcilSeyriaandIraq, isolatFeateh[LT,JP5/26M; G5/28]Y. asir ArafattraveltsoAlgeritaodiscussstepfs or intra-PalestinriaenconciliationPL. O in Tunislauncheasppealto "haltthenew plotin whichcertainArabpartiesare implicateadgainsthePalestiniapneople andtheircampsinLebanon." 25 May Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrAateol:fficidalinner at KnessetP,.M. ThatchearsksIsraelto givePalestinianlisvingunderoccupation "a greaterolein managingtheirown affairsi"ncludinrgightto freeelections [LT,LAT 5/26]anda betterstandarodf livingc,allsoccupatioonfWestBankand Gaza"temporar[yC"T 5/26]M. eanwhile, P.M. PeresandAttorneGyeneraYl itzhak Zamirreporteddlyisputoeverwhethetro prosecutSehinBetChiefAvrahamShalomoverhisroleinallegedsuppressionf evidenceand obstructioonf justicein April1984beatindgeathsw, hileinIsraeli custodyo,f2 of4 Palestinianarsresteidn bushijackP. eresdoesn'wt anttoprosecute [NYT5/26].Israelicabinetis splitover issue[WP5/26].
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248 JOURNALOF PALESTINESTUDIES
MilitarAy ction ArabWorldI:sraeliarmybombardtshe villageof Yatir(BintJubayli)n South Lebanonk, illing1,woundin4g[OJ5/26]. 26 May
Bank, and Gaza [WP 5/28].In Knesset, P.M. Peres survivesfourvotes of noconfidenceoverShalomcrisis[LT 5/29]. Six hundred Palestinian prisonersin JunaydprisonnearNablus go on hunger striketo protestconditions[FJ5/30].
Social/Economic/Political
Arab World:SyrianV.P. 'Abd al-Halim
OccupiedPalestine/IsrIaserla: eliDefense Khaddamarrivesin Moscow to discuss MinisteRr abinrejectsP.M. Thatcher's possibleattackagainstSyriaandPLO bases
callforfreeelectionisnoccupiedterrito- by Israeland U.S. SyrianPres. al-Asad
ries,saysEEC shouldcontributoemate- endsGreekvisit;jointcommuniquewith
rialimprovemeonftterritori[eBsG,MG 5/27]P. .M. Thatchelratermeet8s Palestinianleaderast BritischonsulatienJeru-
P.M. PapandreoustatesGreece will initiateactionswithinEEC to startdialogue on M.E. solution.
salem[CT 5/27],includingBethlehem MayorIlyasFurayjR, ashadal-Shawwa, andHannaSiniora[CT, LT 5/27]w, ho givehermemo.IsraelAi ttomeyGeneral Zamiraskspolicetoexaminevidencien caseinvolvinSghinBethead[NYT5/27].
OtherCountriesI:talian judicial officials issuewarrantfsorarrestof14 allegedArab terroristisn,cludingAbuNidal,inconnectionwithterrorincidentisn Italylastyear [WP 5/28].
Zamirwillproceedwithprosecutioonf Shin Bet head AvrahamShalom[MG 5/27].
MilitaryAction ArabWorld:Eightkilledand 60 wounded in Amal-Palestiniangunfighatt Burj al-
Arab World:King Husseintravelsto Burajinah[LT 5/28].
Baghdadto meetIraqiPresidenStadam Husayn[LAT5/27]A. l-AhrarmeportSsyrian plot to assassinatPeLO Chairman Arafat[MG 5/27]andreplacehimwith Syrian-backeKdhalidal-Fahumf,ormer chairmaonfPNC. PLO ChairmaAnrafat
OtherCountriesI:n London, PLO representative Faisal 'Awayda condemns Thatcher'svisitandwamsofterroarttacks if PLO is leftout of peace process[MG 5/28].
meetisnTuniswithDutchForeigMn inisterHansvandenBroekp,residenotfEEC 28 May
CouncilofMinisterds,espiteIsraelpi rotests.Hafizal-Asad,on officiavlisitto Greecec,ondemntserrorism.
Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraIeslr: aelipressreportsF.M. Shamircoveredup actionsof
27 May
Shin Bet in connectionwithApril 1984 killingsof 2 Palestinianswhile he was
Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrPa.eMl:.:Thatcher, endintgriptoIsraewl ithnewsconference, saysifPLO refusetsorenouncteerrorism
P.M. [PE 5/29].Secretcommissionof inquiryto investigateallegationsagainst ShinBetisproposedinKnesset,insteadof police inquiry[LT 5/29]. 'Osman Bani
andrecognizIseraeol thernegotiatinrgep- Hassan, 19, and 'AzzaSa'adi, 18, bothof
resentativoefsPalestiniapneoplemustbe Afula, are given life sentencesplus 20
foundsa; ys"ultimatsoelutiont"oPalestin- yearsformurderin2gIsraeliteachers[BG
ianproblemisfederatioonfJordanW, est 5/29].
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PALESTINECHRONOLOGY 249
Other Countries: Tass reports that Gorbachev-Khaddammeetingagreed to intensifeyfforttso conveneintemational conferencoen M.E. withparticipatioonf all partiesconcemed,includingthePLO. MilitaryAction ArabWorldN: ineteenkilled,50 wounded in Amal-Palestinianfightinagt 3 refugee campsin southBeirut[BG 5/29]. 29 May Social/Economic/Political OtherCountriesU: .S. State Department saysSecretaryofStateShultzmightgo to M.E. to revivepeace process[LAT 5/30]. 31 May Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraIesrl:aeldeniesU.S. reportsof Israelispyringin U.S. [NYT 6/1].EgyptianPresidentMubarakrejects proposalto bringself-ruleto Gaza Strip withoutsettlingstatusof West Bank UP 6/1]. MilitaryAction ArabWorld:Amal-Palestiniafnightinigntensifieisn southBeirut;as manyas 38 estimateddead, 120 woundedin past 12 days[PI, WP 6/1]. 1 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraIesrl:aelicabinetappointsYosefHarish,a districctourtjudge, as attorneygeneral, removingYitzhak Zamir,whohad opposedcabinetbyordering investigationof Shin Bet Chief AvrahamShalom. Investigationorderis suspendedI.sraelRadio saysZamirfound evidenceshowingShalomordered2 Palestiniansclubbedto death aftertheywere arrestedforattackon Israelibus [NYT 6/2]. Harish favorssecret investigation into Shin Bet case [LT 6/3]. Jerusalem
DistrictElectricCompanyworkerstrike over nonpaymentof salaries.The East Jerusalemutilityowes$12 millionto Israel ElectricCorp., whichhas refusedto approvepaymenotfsalariesJ; DEC'sproperty attachedin courtUP 6/2].ThreePalestiniansand 1 Tunisianare formallycharged withmembershiipn Fatehorganizationin Israelimilitarycourtin Lydda;the4 were capturedon 3/29when the Israelinavy interceptetdheirvesselheadingfromSyria to Lebanon[FJ6/6]. ArabWorldF: ourhundredFatehdissidents elect 'Atallah'Atallah,formerJordanian armyofficearlso knownas Abu Za'im, as commanderin chief[MG 6/2].PLO militarydeputyKhalil al-Wazircalls election "theatricalsa"nd "illegal"[BG 6/2]. MilitaryAction Arab World:Cease-firein south Beirut negotiatedbyAlgeriaand Iranfailsaftera fewhours.Estimatedeadbynow55, and 348 woundedsince5/19[BG 6/2].Israeli forcers aidHabbaniyehinLebanese"security zone" and pound Nabatiyah-Arab Salim-Jarjuahxis [OJ6/2]. 2 June Social/Economic/Political Arab World: King Hussein arrives in France,is metbyP.M. Chirac. OtherCountriesU: .S. willinvestigatpeossibleIsraelispyringin U.S. [LAT 6/3]. MilitaryAction Arab World:In south Beirut,Amal is attackedbyDruzeand Sunnimilitiasas it continuesfightingPalestiniansin camps [LT 6/3]. 3 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraFe.lM: . Shamirdeniesinvolvemenitncover-upofShinBet's
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250 JOURNALOF PALESTINESTUDIES
activitiesin connectionwithkillingsof2 Palestinianisn April1984 [BG 6/4].Bank of Israelreportsthat17,500 Israelisemigratedin 1985,against12,500newimmigrantss;econdtimesince 1948 (1981 was othertime)thatnet immigrationnegative [AFP6/3].Ten ultraorthodoJxewsarrested in Jerusalemfor damagingbus shelters carryingswimwearadvertisementUs TA 6/4].Israelitroopsraid al-Najah University,beating2 studentsa,rrestin2g0, confiscatinrgesearchmaterialand nationalist literatureUP 6/5; FJ6/6]. Israelitroops shootintodemonstratincgrowdin Balata camp,wound13-year-olSdamirShakir[FJ 6/6]. ArabWorldK: ingHusseinmeetswithPres. Mitterranidn France. MilitaryAction ArabWorldS: unniFebruar6ymilitiacontinuesto fightAmal in West Beirut,divertingAmal frombattleforcontrolof Palestinianrefugeecamps[WP 6/4].Seventyareestimateddead, 750 wounded. 4 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraIeDl:F erectsroadblocksat al-NajahUniversitayt Nablusto prevententryafter6/3raid[MG 6/5]. OtherCountriesF:ormerU.S. NavyintelligenceofficeJr onathanJayPollardand wifeAnne HendersonPollardpleadguilty to spyingforIsraelin U.S. [NYT 6/5]. MilitaryAction ArabWorld:In WestBeirut,Amal leader NabihBirrci laimsvictoryoverSunniFebruary6 militia,allied withthe PLO [TS 6/4],fightinegases[NYT 6/5],thenAmal resumesattackon Palestiniancamps in southernBeirut[WP 6/5].
5 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraNeel:w IsraeliAttorneyGeneralYosefHarishassumeosffic[eBG 6/6].Antioccupatiopnrotestms arkanniversaryof1967occupationa:n Israelisettlerin Nablus firedat and injured;the cityput undercurfewa;bombinJerusaleminjures2 Israeliwomen;a telephonecallerclaims responsibiliftoyrbothactionson behalfof Fateh'sForce17; explosionin Afulacauses no injuries2; petrobl ombshurledat Israeli busesinJaninn, o injuriesd;emonstratoarts BirzeitUniversitryaisethe Palestinianflag and stoneIsraeliarmytroopsw, horespond withteargas;3 petrolbombsin Gaza are hurledat Israeliarmyvehicles,no injuries; one Gaza residenitsshotin theleg.Meanwhile,severadl ozenIsraeli"Downwiththe Occupation" activists demonstrateat DamascusGate; anothergroupof Israelis triesto carryIsraeliflaginto the Haram al-Sharicfompounda; GushEmunimmarch of2,000proceedtshrougthheOld Cityand to Mountof Olives [FJ6/13].Prominent Israelireal estateagentAvrahamGindi, implicatedin majorland scam, commits suicide[FJ6/12]. OtherCountriesI:talian Parliamentvotes to recognizePLO as representativoefPalestinians[MG 6/6]. MilitaryAction ArabWorld:Fightingin southBeirutcontinuese;stimateddeathtollexceeds100[WP 6/6].AmalleaderNabihBirrciallsforceasefireinrecognitioonf'Id al-Fitrholiday[MG 6/10]S. LA demolishe1s4homesatRuman, one milenorthof securityzone in south Lebanon,in retaliatiofnorambushUP 6/6]. 6 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraeSlo:me hundred Jewishextremistasre arrestedby Israeli
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PALESTINECHRONOLOGY 251
police while tryingto reach al-Aqsa Mosque duringdemonstratiobny nearly 10,000celebratintghe 19thanniversaroyf the"reunificatioonfJerusalem["AFP6/6]. Accordingto Israel'sCentralBureauof Statistics,"unitedJerusalem"now has 460,000 inhabitants,including331,000 Jews(71.5%). Al-Fajrreportsthat2 releasedmemberosftheIsraelisettlerundergroundhavebeenreinstateidntotheArmy Reservesand givenduty[FJ6/6].Al-Fajr reportMs K Abba Eban tolddovishmembersofKnessethe recentlymetwithPLO officiawlshileintheU.S., thathe believes therecan be no peace withouttheparticipationofthePLO [FJ6/6]. 7 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraHeel:bronisputundercurfewafterEthiopianJewishsettleris stabbedon outskirtosfcity;6 shopowners orderedto close downtheirshopsindefinitely[FJ6/13]. 9 June Social/Economic/Political OtherCountriesK: ingHussein,inU.S. for twindaughtersc'ollegegraduationm, eets PresidentReagan:"climateforprogresiss not good" forM.E. peace [NYT 6/10]. PLO officiaKl halid Nazal shot dead in Athensstreet[NYT 6/11].Greeksecurity sourcesreportedlbylameMossadagents[Fl 7/20],PLO blamesCIA andMossad.JerusalemPost identifiesvictimas a DFLP officiaUl P 6/11]. 10 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraJeel:rusalemMayor TeddyKollekvisitsnearbyShu'fatrefugee campandofferfsinanciaalssistancteo persuaderesidentsomovetoanotherlocation; residentvsehementloypposeidea[FJ6/13].
OtherCountriesK: ingHusseinannounces foreignministerosf Syria and Iraq will meet6/13[WP 6/111.Italianprosecutors releasereporton AchilleLaurohijacking, sayMuhammad'Abbas plannedit [NYT 6/10].IsraeliPalestinianKnessetmember MuhammadMi'ari meetsin Tunis with PLO ChairmanArafat[MG 6/18]. 1 1 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraPeall:estinianpolitical prisoner Mahmud Muhammad Mustafaal-Ajramiis deportedto Jordan; Israeliauthoritiersefusedto releasehim fromprisonwhen he completedhis 6monthsentencenearly11 monthsago;his lawyer'osnlyalternativwe astoseekdeportation[FJ6/20].IsraelgrantsHebronindustrialistpsermissionto establishChamberofIndustryin WestBank [FJ6/13]. MilitaryAction ArabWorldI:ranianenvoy,deputyforeign ministerMuhammadAli Bisharati,calls for peace in south Beirut. Injured are removedfromBurjal-Burajinahbutfightingcontinues[LT 6/11;WP 6/12]. 12 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraPel.M: . Peres and F.M. Shamirmeetwithchiefrabbis,religiousmemberosfKnesset,andIsraelimayorsto discussunrestcausedbyultraorthodox religiousgroups[NYT 6/13]."Public Council of Reconciliation"is set up to settledisputesbetweensecularand religiousJews[WP 6/13]. 13 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraeAl:l-Fajr reports Jordanhas blacklisted34 WestBankjournalistsandgivenordersfortheirdetention
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252 JOURNALOF PALESTINESTUDIES
iftheyenterJordanP.ressagenciesand newspapetrhsatcriticizJeordanP'sLOpolicyaretobeboycotteBda. naffecatls-Fajr, al-Qudsa,ndal-Mitha[FqJ6/13]. ArabWorldM: uslimreligiouasndpolitical leaderms eetinDamascuws ithSyrianV.P. Khaddamr;eachagreemenotn Lebanese securiteyx; tendLebanesleawtoPalestiniancamps. 14 June Social/Economic/Political Arab World:PalestineNationalFund meetinogpensin Casablancain presence ofPLO ChairmaAnrafat. 15 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrBaeedlo: uinresidents ofLaqiyyvaillagedisrupstpeechbyIsraeli agricultumreinistewrhocameto laycornerstonfeosr2 Bedouin"townshipds"e;monstratoprrsotesptlanto confiscateheir landandconcentrattheemintotownships [FJ6/20]. 16 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsrAaelle: nbyBridge opensforsummervisitingperiodfrom JordatnoWestBank;1,600crosson first dayUTA6/16]. MilitarAy ction ArabWorldA: malresumeasttackonPalestiniacnampisnsouthBeiru[tLAT6/17]. 17 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrIaserla:eliAttorney GeneralHarishsaysinvestigatiointo ShinBetmighnt otresultinprosecution [MG6/18].BirzeiUt niversiteymployees
declaroepenstrikoeverjobsecurityco,ntractsa,ndwages[FJ6/20]. ArabWorldL:ebanesCe hristiaPnhalange partyelectsnewleaderG, eorgeSa'adeh, defeatinEglieKarameha,llyofPresident Jumayy[LilT6/18]. 18 June Social/Economic/Political OtheCrountrieIsn:Italym, aximumsecuritytrialof15 accusedhijackerosfAchille Lauropens[WP6/19]O. nly5 areincourt [LAT6/19]. 19 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrAabeol:ut300Israeli soldierseal offvillageof Midiya,near Ramallahb,efordeawnanddestro4y,000 olivetrees[FJ6/27,7/18]. ArabWorldF:atehRevolutionaCroyuncil publishecsommuniquceallingon Jordan toenditshostilaectstowardPsLO. MilitarAy ction OccupiePdalestine/IsrMaeulh: ammaAdbu Ghuzlan,knownforhis ties to Israeli authoritieiss,killedby an unidentified assailanitnTulkarmIs;raeltiroopcsurfew thecity[FJ6/20]. 20 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsrIaserla:eliciviladministratiboannsdistributioofnal-Fajfror threedaysforviolationosfcensorshiUpP 6/20]A. l-FajrreportIssraelcontinuetso detainMusaMahmuDdaramneahlthough he hascompletehdis 15.5-yeasrentence forinfiltratiaonndFatehmembershIisp-; raelwantsto deporht imbutJordanhas refusetdoaccepthim[FJ6/20]. OtheCrountrie2sF: renchostagerseleased in Beirut.
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PALESTINECHRONOLOGY 253
21 June Social/Economic/Political ArabWorld:Arab ministeriaml eeting schedulefdor6/23in Casablancais officiallypostponeidndefinitely. 23 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrEalelv:enthousand hospitanl ursestrikien Israel[LT 6/24]. Israeli-EEChambeorfCommercienaugurate[dLT6/24]. 24 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrIsarela:elannounces secretinquirycommissioinntopossible ShinBetcover-uopfdeathosf2 PalestiniansinApril1984,notdeathtshemselves [WP6/25]. 25 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsrIaserla:eliPresident ChaimHerzograntbslankeatmnestietso ShinBetSecuritSyerviceHeadAvraham Shalomandthreeofhisdeputie(snoneof whomhad beenchargedf) oranycrime theymayhavecommitteind connection withtheApril1984beatingdeathsof2 Palestiniabnushijackerasndthealleged subsequenctover-upS;halomresignasfter all-nighttalkswithseniorcabinetministersP; .M. PeresandF.M. Shamiroppose creatioonfcommissionfinquirtyoinvestigatethe affair[WP 6/26;NYT 7/14, 7/15].
conclude9s-daytourof5 Africanstates, includingGhana, MauritaniaG, uineaBissauG, uinea,andSierraLeone,during whichhereporteddliyscusseodpeninngew PLO officetsobringthetotalinAfrictao 36 [FJ7/4].U.S. Asst.Sec. of State MurphayrriveisnStockholmfortalkson the M.E. withhis Sovietcounterpart, VladimiProlyako[vWP6/26]. 27 June Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrFauenl:erahl eldfor formeMrKSayfal-DinZuabi;P.M. Peres leadsprocessioonfmournerUsP6/27]. ArabWorldK: ingHussein'sattempto reconcileSyrianPresidenatl-Asadand IraqiPresidenStadamHusaynfailsd, iplomatsrepor[tNYT6/28]. MilitaryAction ArabWorldS:omehundreAdmalmilitiamenforcoeut250residenotsfPalestinian refugeceampJalal-BahanrearTyre(camp authorizebdy Lebanesegovernmenint 1952),demolishin45ghouses[OJ6/28]. 29 June Social/Economic/Political ArabWorldJ: ordahnandsoverto Israeli authoritieMs ahmudJubayl3, 0, from Ramallahw, antedbytheIsraelifsorpolitical chargesJ; ubaytlellshis lawyerthe Israeliasreinterrogatihnigmon charges broughbtytheJordanianwshilehe was heldinJorda[nFJ7/18]. 30 June
26 June Social/Economic/Political OtheCrountrieAs:buMusafactionmemberNasirHasanal-'Aliis arresteadfter plantinbgombat El Al deskat Madrid airpor[tNYT6/29B; G6/28]Y. asirArafat
Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsCraoeall:itiongovernmentof P.M. Peressurvive5s votesof no-confidenicneKnessetoverShinBet scandabl utcallsforlimitedinvestigation intothesecuritaygency[WP,JTA7/1]. Fiveareslightlwyoundeidnexplosioonn
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254 JOURNALOF PALESTINESTUDIES
Tel Aviv bus; Syrian-basefdactionFateh Uprisingtakesresponsibilit[yNYT 7/1]. Jordansupportsappointmentof 4 local Palestiniansas West Bank mayorsand promisetso supplymoneyto theircitiesif theyareappointedUP 7/1;LAT 7/10]. OtherCountriesH: igh-levelIsraelidelegation,includingIsraeliAmbassadorto the U.S. MeirRosenne,concludestalkswith U.S. JusticeDept. regardinpgrospectfsor bringingcriminalchargesagainstIsraeli Air Force Colonel Aviem Sela (and 3 otherIsraelis)as contactsforJonathanJay Pollard,whoearlierpleadedguiltyto spying forIsrael; Israelsaysrecruitmenotf Pollardwas unauthorizemd ovebylowerlevelIsraeliofficiaolsperatingon theirown initiative,and that by Israeli law they cannotbe forcedto testify[NYT 7/2;WP 7/4]. 1 July Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraIserl:aeliHighCourt ordersinvestigationintoShin Bet affair, givesgovernmen1t4daystoexplainwhyit didnotcarryoutpoliceinvestigatioinnto Shin Bet killingsof April1984 and why investigationshould not be held, gives formerShin Bet chiefShalomand his 3 stillunnameddeputies7 daysto explain whytheyaskedforamnesty[NYT, PI 7/2]. IsraeliHighCourtrejectsgovernmenmt otiontodismiscshallengetso itshandlingof scandaland orders10 respondenttso submitnew affidavitwsithin14 days [LAT 7/2].In letterto IsraeliPresidentHerzog, offereads evidenceinHighCourt,Shalom says,"My activitieswerecarriedout on authoritayndwithpermissiotno maintain the securityof the stateand to prevent disclosuroefitsmostguardedsecrets"[LT 7/2].Shalomisquotedin today'sHa'Aretz as sayingYitzhakShamir (at the time primeministerh) ad givenhimauthorizationto killany"terroristws"hotookhos-
tages[NYT 7/2].Forty-siAxrabmunicipal councilsinIsraelgoon strikeoverdiscriminatoryIsraelibudgetpolicy[FJ7/4]. 2 July Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraeIls:lamic fundamentalistasnd Palestiniannationalistsin Gaza Stripendfightinagftergeneralmeeting of representativeast the Lawyer's Unionofficein Gaza [FJ7/11]. MilitaryAction Arab World:Truce is declaredbetween AmalandPalestinianisnBeirut'3s refugee campsas partofthesecuritpylanforBeirut declaredin DamascusbetweenLebanese Muslimreligiousand politicalfigureasnd SyrianV.P. 'Abd al-HalimKhaddam6/3; fightinhgaskilledover160,injuredseveral hundredisn camps[WP 7/21]. 3 July Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraAell:argenumberof PalestinianisnvitedtotheU.S. Consulate forIndependenceDay celebrationon 7/3 boycottevent to protestU.S. policies towardtshePalestinianasnd becauseparty is heldjointlyforPalestinianasnd Israelis [FJ7/4]. 4 July Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraIeslr:aeliarmycommandrefusetsocommenton reporttshata majorin IDF intelligence(reportedlyan Israeli Druze) is on trial in Haifa on chargesofspyingforSyria[WP 7/5]. MilitaryAction Arab World: About 150 armed Syrian troopsmancheckpointisn Beirut,forfirst time since 1982, while 1,000 Lebanese troopspatrolW. Beirutas partofSyrianbackedplan to enforcecease-fireS;yrians
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PALESTINECHRONOLOGY 255
haveclosedseveraml ilitioafficeasndar- efforttso illegallyexportclusterbomb
restedhundredosfgunmen[WP7/5].
technologtyoIsrael[WP7/9].
5 July
9 July
MilitarAy ction
Social/Economic/Political
ArabWorldL: ebanesePresidenJtumayyil OccupiedPalestine/IsrIaserla: eliDefense
protestSsyriandeploymenintW. Beirut Ministrdyismisseas "unfoundeadl"lega-
[MG 7/8].
tionsIsraeltriedto obtainillegallytech-
nologytomanufactucrluestesrhells[WP,
6 July
NYT 7/10].
Social/Economic/Political
OtherCountrieOs:n thirddayoftalksin
OccupiePdalestine/IsrIsareal:elaiuthorities arrespt rominenWt estBanklanddealer
MoscowbetweenFrenchPres.Frangois Mitterranadnd Soviet leaderMikhail
AhmadOdahandstriphimofimmunity Gorbachevsp, okesmefnorFrenchandSo-
fromprosecutiofnollowinhgisresumption vietgovtss.tatethatbothsidesfavorin
offraudulendetals[FJ7/11]I.sraeliland principlaeM.E. peaceconferenhceosted
dealerShmueEl inavbreakdsownincourt bythe5 permanenmtemberosftheUN
underprosecutioanndshoutsobscenities SecuritCyouncil[WP7/10F; J7/11].
at Likudpoliticianhse accusedoftacitly
approvinhgistransactio[nFsJ7/11].
10 July
7 July
Social/Economic/Political
OtherCountrieIsn: Genoa,AchillLeauro
Social/Economic/Political
trialends;11 areconvicted3, givenlife
ArabWorldJ: ordacnlosesall 25 officeosf term[sWP7/11].
Fatehwhileallowing12 "PLO officest"o
remainopen;Arafatm's ilitardyeputyand MilitarAyction
chiefdelegatienAmmanK, halilal-Wazir ArabWorldI:sraelgiunboaitntercepvtess-
(Abu Jihad)given48 hoursto leave, selcarryin4garmedArabguerrilloafsfS.
movemenotftopFatehofficiarlesstricted Lebanon2; Israelsioldierasndall4 guer-
[NYT 7/8;WP 7/8,7/9]T. he NewYork rillasare killed,9 otherIsraelisoldiers
TimecsitesreportshatJordainspressuring woundedin ensuingunbattleon land;
4 Palestiniantso acceptIsraeliappoint- PFLPandSyrian-backNedationalSyrian
menttsomayoraltoiefstheirtownsK: halil Socialpartyclaimresponsibil[iWtyP7/14;
MusaforRamallahW; alidMustaffa or NYT 7/15;FJ7/18].HourslaterIsraeli
al-BirahM; uhammaJda'barfiorHebron; helicoptegrunshipasttack'Ainal-Hilwah
and'Abdal-FatahDudinforDura[FJ7/4; refugeceamp,nearSidon,killing1 and
NYT 7/8,7/9].
woundin8g[WP7/14N; YT 7/15].
8 July
11 July
Social/Economic/Political OtherCountrieUs:.S. federaaluthorities issuesubpoenaasnd searchwarrantfsor severaelmployeoesfan Israelpi urchasing missioninNewYorkand3 U.S. companiesas partof investigationf alleged
Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrIsareal:elaiuthorities rejectappealbyresidenotsfal-Khadivrillage,nearBethlehemag,ainsctonstruction ofa highwacyonnectin2gIsraelisettlementtshroug2h,000dunumosftheirland;
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256 JOURNALOF PALESTINESTUDIES
lossofthelandwillwipeoutatleast20% ofvillage'asgriculturparloduc[eFJ7/1]. 12 July Social/Economic/Political ArabWorldK: ingHusseinstatesin press conferenctehathe has no new peace initiativefsorM.E. followinbgreakdown in jointefforwtsithYasirArafats,tates, "Webelievein thePLO'sbeingthesole legitimartepresentatoifvtehePalestinian peopleat leastas faras theinstitutioisn concemed"[WP 7/13].Husseinpraises recenStovietproposaflormeetinogfpermanenmt emberosfUN SecuritCyouncil onM.E. WashingtPoonstreport2softhe5 permanenmtembertsh, eU.S. andBritain,haverejectetdheproposa[lWP7/13]. Palestiniarnenegadoeffic'eArtallah'Atallah (AbuZa'im)callsfordirectalksbetweenthePLO andIsraeal ndforconveninga conferenicneAmmantooustArafat [FJ7/18]. 13 July
lishgovernmecnotmmissioonfinquir(ya parliamentavriyctoryforLikud)[NYT 7/14]. ArabWorldY: asirArafati,n interview withDer Spiegelc,allsforhandingthe occupiedterritoroievsertoUN control. MilitarAy ction ArabWorldIs: raeljietsbombtwobuildings 10 milessoutheasotf Beirut,killing2 Palestinianans d2 Druzemilitiameannd injurin4g; Israelairmystatestargetwsere PFLPandDFLPbases;raidfollowosvernightrocketattackosn northerGnalilee regionw, hichreportedclayusedno injury ordamage[WP,NYT 7/15]. 15 July Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsrTahele: New York TimesreporttshattheU.S. Consulatien Israehl asreceive9d6complainstisnce6/1 fromPalestinian-Ameriwcahnosaidtheir U.S. passportwsereconfiscateudponarrivalat Ben-Gurioanirpor[tNYT7/16].
Social/Economic/Political
ArabWorldK:ingHusseini,nprescsonfer-
OccupiedPalestine/IsrYaedl:iotAharonot encefor19 M.E.-basedcorrespondents,
publishepsollfindin5g7%ofIsraelpiublic includin9gfromIsraele,xpressehsopeto
favordroppinagnykindofinvestigation opendialoguwe ithWestBankleaderasnd
intotheShinBetaffairw,hile41%favor concernabouta possiblemassmigration
somekindofinquir[yNYT7/14].
fromtheoccupiedterritoriefssituation
continuessa;ysFatehofficwesereclosedin
MilitarAyction
partbecauseofan "unholyalliance"be-
OccupiePdalestine/IsrBaoeml:bexplodeisn tweenthe communistFsa,teh,and the
downtowTnel Aviv,injurinagn Israeli fundamentalisMt uslims,which also
woman;anonymoucsaller to Agence causedtheriotinagtYarmuUkniversitiny
FrancPerescslaimrsesponsibilointybehalf May[WP7/19].
ofFateh'Fs orce17 [NYT7/15].
16 July
14 July
Social/Economic/Political
Social/Economic/Political
OccupiedPalestine/IsrTahelr: eehundred
OccupiePdalestine/IsrIaserla:eliAttorney studentastBirzeiUtniversitpyrotesKting
GeneraHl arishorderpsoliceinvestigation Hussein'stepsagainstPLO [FT 7/17].
(undenrewsblackouti)ntoShinBetscan- IsraelHi ighCourthandsdownsecrevter-
dal,aftecrabinevtotes14-11nottoestab- dictincaseofformeSrhinBetoperative
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PALESTINECHRONOLOGY 257
Raji Malka, who broughtchargesagainst formecrhiefShalomUTA 7/17]. OtherCountries:U.S. House Judiciary Subcommitteoen CriminalJusticeholds hearingson terrorismagainstArab-Americansin theU.S. [FJ8/1]. 17 July MilitaryAction ArabWorldS: uicidebomberiskilledwhen booby-trappecdarshewasdrivingexplodes in main square of Israeli-backedSLAcontrolledtown of Jazzin,S. Lebanon; National SyrianSocial partyclaims responsibilit[yWP 7/18]. 18 July Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraIeslr:aelipolice arrestPalestinian-borUn.S. citizenMuhammadAkhras,48, disabledfatherof7, who had overstayed his Israeli visa, and threatento deporthim[WP 7/18;FJ8/1]. IsraelimilitargyovernoorfGaza accompanied by soldiersdisbandsvoluntaryGaza Medical Relief Committee clinic in Jabalyraefugeceampandchargesfivedoctorswithprovidingserviceswithoutfirst obtaininga permit[FJ7/25,8/8,8/14]. 19 July MilitaryAction ArabWorld:Maskedgunmenkill4 Christianson AmericanUniversitHyospitalbus in Beirut,breakingcease-fir[eMG 7/21]. 21 July Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraeIls:raeli Justice MinisterYitzhakMod'ai (Likud) resigns, sharpcriticofPeres'handlingofShin Bet scandal,avertincgrisisincoalitiongovemment[NYT,WP 7/22].ControversiaLlavi jetfighteurnveiledat Ben-GurionAirport
[VS 7/21].Shin BetDeputyChiefReuven Hazakresigns[DT 7/211. ArabWorld:IsraeliP.M. Perestravelssecretlyto Moroccoto meetwithKingHassan II [NYT 7/22]. 22 July Social/Economic/Political Arab World:King Hassan II of Morocco and P.M. Peresmeetforseveralhoursat the king'ssummerpalace at Ifrane,but officiallMy oroccohas stillnot acknowledgedthe Israelileader'spresence[NYT, WP 7/23].Syriaseversdiplomatitcieswith MoroccotoprotesPteres'visit[NYT 7/23]. EgyptianPres. Mubarakstateshis completesupportforthemeeting[WP 7/23]. 23 July Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraPelo:lice Inspector GeneralDavid Krausappointedto head investigationinto Shin Bet scandal UP 7/24]. ArabWorld:P.M. Peresand KingHassan II endtalks[NYT 7/24].Kingcallsmeeting "a failure"[WP 7/24],Peres calls it a success[NYT 7/25].PLO callsforextraordinaryArab League meetingto discuss Israeli-Moroccatnalks[NYT 7/29]. 24 July Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestinelIsraeWl: ashingtoPnost reportws ideanti-Husseinsentimenitnthe occupied territoriesw, ith almost daily demonstrationans d deaththreatsagainst supporterosfJordan[WP 7/24].Muhammad Ja'bariof Hebron, Khalil Musa of Ramallah,and Walid Mustafaofal-Birah now balk at Amman'surgingsto step forwarfdormayoraltieosftheirtowns[WP 7/24].
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258 JOURNALOF PALESTINESTUDIES
ArabWorldj:ointcommuniquisesuedby MoroccoandIsraeol nPeres-Hassmaneeting emphasizeHs assan'sinsistencoen termosf 1982FezPlanforIsraeliwithdrawalfromoccupiedterritori[eNs YT 7/25]. ArabWorldK: ingHusseinmeetws ithSyrian Presidenatl-Asadin Damascus[WP 7/27]. MilitarAy ction OccupiedPalestine/IsrGaerle:nadetossed fromrooftoipn Jerichionjure1s3 Israeli teenager[sNYT 7/25];anonymoutselephonecallertoRadioMonteCarloclaims responsibiloitnybehaloffDFLP[FJ7/25].
napped1/8/85J. ihadsaysit stillholds3 otherAmericans[WP 8/2]. 27 July Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraAelt: least9 more West Bankersare servedwith 6-month townarresotrdersthisweek,bringintgotal numberofknownarresteedsuringthepast 2 weeksto 18 [FJ8/1]. Arab World:King Husseinreturnsfrom 2-dayvisitto Damascus [FJ8/1]. Fateh Central Committee concludes 2-week meetingin Tunis in which it discussed recentJordanianmoves[FJ8/1].
25 July Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrUa.eSl.: Vice Pres. Busharriveisn Jerusaletmo meetP.M. Peresas starotfM.E. tour[WP7/26].
MilitaryAction Arab World:UNIFIL interceptasnd disarms4 armedguerrillafs romthe PFLP attemptintgocrosstheS. Lebanon"securityzone"on theirwayintoIsrael;the4 are transportendorthofthezone [FJ8/1].
ArabWorldK: ingHassanII quitspostas ArabLeagueconferenccehairmanover criticisfmorPeresmeetin[gNYT7/28]. 26 July Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrIsareal:elaiuthorities releaseon bail67 villagerfsromZbaidat and al-Khawalidvillagesarrested7/15 whileconfrontiInsrgaelsioldierasttemptingto destrouynlicensehdousesin the2 village[sFJ8/1]I.sraelaiuthoriticelsoseoff al-NajahUniversitfyor3 daysa,pparently to prevendtemonstratioangsainstU.S. VicePresB. ush'vsisitothearea,preventingstudenftsromtakinegxamsorregisteringfornextsemeste[rFJ8/1]. ArabWorldS: hi'itegroupIslamicJihad release"sbecauseoffailinghealth"Rev. LawrencMe artinJencof, ormehreadof CatholicReliefServiceisnLebanonk, id-
28 July MilitaryAction Arab World:Car bomb explodesin East Beirut,kills32, injures140 [CT 7/29]. 29 July Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraUel.:S. V.P. Bush inJerusalemmeets18WestBankandGaza Palestiniansm, ostof themknownto be pro-Jordaniawnh, ourgeU.S. torecognize the PLO [NYT 7/30,FJ8/1,8/8].Israeli CentralPlanningCommitteehearsobjectionsby7 WestBankvillagesto an Israeli planto confiscat3e,500 dunumsofvillage land forconstructinag highwaylinking Jerusalemwiththe villageof KufrQasim [FJ8/1]. MilitaryAction ArabWorldC: ar bombexplodesinMuslim WestBeirutk, illing25 andwounding180,
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PALESTINECHRONOLOGY 259
whilemassfuneralis beingheld in East Beirutforthe victimsof 7/28bombing [NYT, WP 7/30]. 30 July
MilitaryAction ArabWorld:An Israelisoldierand 2 unidentifieAdrabsarekilledin a gunbattle inS. Lebanonaccordingto an Israeliarmy spokesman[WP 8/1].
Social/Economic/Political Occupied Palestine/IsraeLl:eaflet signed "PreparatorCyommitteeof a JordanianPalestinianGathering"is distributedin Jerusalemand Gaza callingon "silentmajority"to block the "opportunistsa"nd supportKing Hussein'spolicies [FJ8/1]. Israeli High Court rules the govt. may expel45 American-bor"nBlackHebrews"; InteriorMinistryspokesmansaystheywill be deportedwithina fewdays[NYT 7/30]. Arab World:U.S. V.P. Bush arrivesin Amman to meet King Hussein [NYT 7/31]. 31 July Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraIeslr: aelicourtappointeesraid3 officeosfJerusalemElectricityCompanyin unsuccessfualttemptto confiscatJeECfundstheyclaimwerebeing spent withoutproperapprovalfromits court-appointegduardiant,heIsraeliElectricCompany[FJ8/8]. Arab World:U.S. V.P. Bush in Jordan suggestms eetingbetweenP.M. Peresand KingHussein.SuggestionrejectedbyJordan [LT 8/1].
1 August Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraIeslr:aeliMaj. Gen. AmosYaron,on "studyleave"sincebeing criticizedfornot alertinghis superiortso the Sabra and Shatila massacres4 years ago, has been appointedIsrael'smilitary attacheto theU.S., the Israeliarmyannounces [WP 8/2]. Rev. Riah Abu al'Assal, ofNazareth,secretaryof the ProgressiveList forPeace, is banned from leavingthecountryforone year[FJ8/8]. ArabWorld:LebanesePresidentJumayyil proposesemergencpyarliamentarsyession, calls forSyrianhelp in Lebanon [LT, PI 8/2]. MilitaryAction Arab World:Car bomb explodesin East Beirut,killsone, injures30 [NYT 8/2]. 2 August Social/Economic/Political Arab World:U.S. V.P. Bush arrivesin Egyptto meetPresidentHusni Mubarak [WP 8/3]. 3 August
OtherCountries:Reagan Administration willfunnel$4.5 millionin AmericandevelopmenatidforPalestinianlsivinginthe occupiedterritorietshroughJordan;the decisionis expectedto makeit moredifficultforIsraelto determinhe ow American moneyis spentin theoccupiedterritories[NYT 8/1]. (The U.S. is already providing$14 million to enhance the "qualityoflife"ofthePalestiniansin the territorie[sN) YT 8/1].
Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraPe.lM: . Peresmeets with25 non-PLOPalestinianfsromWest Bankand Gaza, mostlypro-JordaniaInsraeli-appointemd ayorsnot previouslyinvolvedinpeaceprocesst, odiscussplansto appointArabsfromthe occupiedterritories to head variousdepartmentosf the Israelimilitarygovemorateisn the occupied territorieasnd to give theseofficials powersto rundailyaffairsP;eresalso sug-
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260 JOURNALOF PALESTINESTUDIES
gestsArabsmaybe appointemd ayortso Arab World:JordanianPrime Minister
WestBankcitieswhicharecurrentrlyun Zaydal-Rifa'ainnouncesJordanhasdrawn
byIsraeloi fficer[BsG,JTA8/4;FJ8/8]. ChicagoTribunreeporttshatP.M. Peres andDefensMe inisteRrabinapprovepdlan to send$2 billionworthofweaponsto Iran,inviolatioonfU.S. policy[CT8/3].
up $1.3 billion5-yeardevelopmentplan fortheoccupiedterritorie[Fs J8/8].U.S. V.P. Bush ends Middle East tour [NYT 8/7].
OtherCountriesU: .S. JusticeDepartment
4 August Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrTawelo:WestBankers-Muhamma'dAli MuhammaFdaraj, 18, fromDheishehcamp,and Khamis TawfiqAbu Kishik,20, fromFara'a camp-arearresteadnd placedunder6monthadministratdiveetentionw,ithout
withdrawssubpoenasissuedto Israeliofficials in investigatioonf illegalexportof U.S. clusterbomb technologyto Israel, afterIsraeligovernmenptromisedto cooperatein investigatio[nNYT 8/6]. 6 August
beingchargeodrtried[FJ8/8].Egyptian- Social/Economic/Political
IsraeltialksonTabaopen[NYT8/11].
OccupiedPalestine/IsraIserl:aeliHighCourt
OtherCountriesR:eaganadministration upholdspresidentiaplardonof Shin Bet says8 Israeliofficiailns New Yorkare chiefandhisthreeaides.EightotherShin contestinsgubpoenaisssuedin investiga- Bet membersapplyfor similarpardons tionof whetheIrsraelillegallyexported [NYT 8/1].Knessetpassesbillprohibiting
clusterbombtechnologtyo Israel[NYT IsraelisfrommeetingwithPLO officiaflsor
8/5]S. ovietUnionannounceistwillstart whateverreason (3 years'imprisonment
discussionwsithIsraelthismonthon the penalty)and a secondbill prohibitinign-
openingofconsulate[sNYT8/5].
citementto racial conflict.Racismbill,
MilitarAy ction ArabWorldS:yrianandLebanesseoldiers deployin Shi'itesuburbosfBeirut[NYT 8/5].Bombkills2, wounds28 in East Beiructafe[BG8/5].
originallyintendedto curb Rabbi Meir Kahane, is watered down such that Kahanehimselfvotesforit [WP 8/7].Two West Bankers (Ibrahim 'Ali 'Abdallah Abu Zahra, 37, fromYatta villagenear Hebron,and MuhammadDakhlallah,23,
5 August
fromTa'amrahvillagenear Bethlehem) arearrestedand administrativedlyetained
Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrEaigelh: tpyrominent rabbis,led by formeCrhiefAshkenazi Rabbi and formeIrsraeliArmyRabbi ShlomoGorenf, ormalclyallfortheconstructioonfa ThirdTempleontheHaram al-Sharif(TempleMount);statesurvey mapsdrawnupbyIsraelairmyengineerins 1967indicatteheidealplaceforsynagogue
for6 monthswithoutchargeor trial[FJ 8/8]. Palestinianresidentsof 3 Galilee villageswin10-yearbattleto regain6,800 dunumsoftheirfarmlandk,nownas "Area 9," declareda closedmilitaryzonebythe Israelimilitaryin 1976 [FJ8/8]. OtherCountriesM: eetingsin Moscow of Soviet officialsand Fateh and 4 other
is on thesiteoftheDomeoftheRock Mosque[NYT8/6;FJ8/8].
Palestiniangroupsend; Sovietsannounce "positiveresults"[CSM 8/8].
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PALESTINECHRONOLOGY 261
7 August Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestinelIsraePlo: lice investigationintoShinBetkillingosf2 Palestinians in April1984beginsUTA 8/8]. Arab World:EgyptianPresidentMubarak and KingHusseinend 24-hoursecrettalks in Egypt[NYT 8/8]. OtherCountriesI:sraeli tradedelegation travelsto South Africato negotiaterenewaloftradeandcreditagreement[sNYT 8/8]. 8 August Social/Economic/Political ArabWorld:Al-Fajrreport5s majorPLO factions(Fateh, DFLP, the Palestinian Communistparty,the Arab Liberation Front,and thePalestineLiberationFront) recentlyagreedin Tunis to convenethe PNC within45 days[FJ8/8]. MilitaryAction ArabWorld:Car bombexplodesin West Beirutk, ills17,woundsover50 [WP8/9]. 9 August Social/Economic/Political Arab World:SyriarejectsLebaneseproposalforsessionofLebaneseparliamentto solveLebanesecrisis[LT 8/10]. 10 August Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestinelIsraeElg: yptianand Israeli negotiatorson Taba dispute announceagreemenotn all but twoconditionsforarbitrationar: bitratoarnsddemarcationof boundariesof 700-meterbeach [NYT, WP 8/11]. ArabWorld:In Baghdad,PLO Executive Committeends2-daymeetingwithstatementcondemningU.S., Israeli,and jor-
danianplansto improvceonditionisn WestBankandGazaas attemptsoperpetuateIsraeloi ccupationc,allsforunity amongallPalestiniafnaction[sNYT8/11; FJ8/14]. MilitarAy ction OccupiePdalestine/lIsIDraFeclo: nductms ilitaryexerciseosn Golan HeightsUTA 8/111. ArabWorldI:DF helicoptegrunshipasttackFatehandAbuMusafactiopnositions at'Ainal-HilwahandMiehMiehrefugee campsin S. Lebanonfollowinrgocket attacksfromS. Lebanoninto Galilee [NYT,WP 8/111R. ivalsforcontroolfthe Christiamn ilitiaisnLebanonstrikeach otherL: ebanesFeorcersebeal gainslteader SamirJa'jaa' ndseizecontroolfEastBeirut [PI8/11]h, olditfor24hours[LT8/12]. 11 August Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrIsareal:elaiuthorities issue6-montthownarresotrderasgains2t unionistAs:malWahdan,fromal-Birah, of the Women'sWorkCommitteea;nd 'AdnanKilani,headoftheConstruction WorkerUsnionin Ya'bad;arrestbsring totalnumbeorfknowntownarresteeins WestBankaloneto33 [FJ8/14]. ArabWorldP:residenHtabibBourguiboaf Tunisiaannouncehs e has divorcedhis secondwife,Wassila,whohad beenan influentmialembeorfMr.Bourguibga'osvernincgircleanda stronagdvocatoefthe Palestiniacnause[WP8/12]. MilitarAy ction ArabWorldI:sraelijetsbombsuspected PLO and Abu Musafactionbasesnear Ba'albekinBiqa'ValleyinLebanonk, illing3 [LT8/12].
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262 JOURNALOF PALESTINESTUDIES
12 August Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestine/IsrIsarela:elclosestwo left-winAgrabnewspaperasl,-Mithaqnd al-'Ahdf,orallegedlsyupportinPFgLP[LT 8/13]. MilitarAy ction ArabWorldI:n southerLnebanonA, mal battlews ithUNIFIL:3 dead,17wounded [NYT8/13]. 13 August Social/Economic/Political OccupiePdalestinelIsrIaserla: elinnercabinetapproveds raftagreemenotn Taba [NYT8/14].
14 August Social/Economic/Political OccupiedPalestine/IsraEeilg: htWestBank familiesobtainedan ordernisifromthe IsraeliHigh Courtthisweekbarringthe authoritiesfromdemolishingor sealing theirhomes beforethe courthears the casesagainst10oftheirsonsanddaughters arrestedin earlyAugustforallegedmembershipin Fateh and militaryactions againsttheoccupation[FJ8/14]. OtherCountriesS:pain grantsofficiarlepresentationto PLO: ambassadorial-level recognition[PI 8/15]. MilitaryAction ArabWorldC: ar bombis explodedin East Beirut,kills20, wounds100 [WP 8/14].
JournaSlourceAbbreviations
AA (Al-'Awdah) AAN (AAUG Newsletter) AFP (AgenceFrancePresse) BG (BostonGlobe) BW (BusinessWeek) CSM (ChristianScienceMonitor) CT (ChicagoTribune) DFA (Defenseand ForeignAffairs) DT (Daily Telegraph) EC (Economist) FBIS (ForeignBroadcastInformatioSner- vice) FJ(Al-FajrJerusalem) FT (FinancialTimes GU (Guardian[U.S.]) JC (JournaolfCommerce) JDW (Jane'sDefenseWeekly) JP(JerusalemPost) JTA (JewishTelegraphicAgency) JW(JewishWeek)
LAT (Los AngelesTimes) LM (Le Monde) LT (The Times[London]) MEI (MiddleEastInternational) MG (ManchesterGuardian) MGW (ManchesterGuardianWeekly) MO (MideastObserver) NA (The Nation) NR (New Republic) NS (New Statesman) NWK (Newsweek) NYT (New YorkTimes) OJ (l'Orient-LeJour) OB (Observer) PI (PhiladelphiaInquirer) PP (PalestinePerspectives) \V (VillageVoice) WP (WashingtonPost) WSJ(Wall StreetJournal)
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P CHRONOLOGY

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