Teens and technology 2013, M Madden, A Lenhart, M Duggan, S Cortesi

Tags: 12-17, cell phone, Pew Internet Teens and Privacy Management Survey, mobile devices, mobile access, Berkman Center for Internet & Society, suburban teens, cell phones, percentage points, Margin of error, younger teens, mobile access to the internet, income households, Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project, smartphone, mobile internet, American teens, mobile device, Sandra Cortesi Fellow, household income, teen computer, black teens, tablet computer, Sample Design, design effect, White teens, Parent, Pew Internet Project Maeve Duggan Research Assistant, laptop computer, urban teens, shared computer, Pew Internet Project
Content: MARCH 13, 2013 Teens and Technology 2013 Smartphone adoption among teens has increased substantially and mobile access to the internet is pervasive. One in four teens are "cell-mostly" internet users, who say they mostly go online using their phone. Mary Madden Senior Researcher, Pew Internet Project Amanda Lenhart Senior Researcher, Director of Teens and Technology Initiatives, Pew Internet Project Maeve Duggan Research Assistant, Pew Internet Project Sandra Cortesi Fellow, Director of the Youth and Media Project, Berkman Center for Internet & Society Urs Gasser Executive Director, Berkman Center for Internet & Society http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2013/Teens-and-Tech.aspx FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT: Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project 1615 L St., N.W., Suite 700 Washington, D.C. 20036 Media Inquiries: 202.419.4500
Summary of Findings Smartphone adoption among American teens has increased substantially and mobile access to the internet is pervasive. One in four teens are "cell-mostly" internet users, who say they mostly go online using their phone and not using some other device such as a desktop or laptop computer. These are among the new findings from a nationally representative survey of 802 teens ages 12-17 and their parents which shows that: 78% of teens now have a cell phone, and almost half (47%) of those own smartphones. That translates into 37% of all teens who have smartphones, up from just 23% in 2011. One in four teens (23%) have a tablet computer, a level comparable to the general adult population. Nine in ten (93%) teens have a computer or have access to one at home. Seven in ten (71%) teens with home computer access say the laptop or desktop they use most often is one they share with other family members. Mobile access to the internet is common among American teens, and the cell phone has become an especially important access point for certain groups: About three in four (74%) teens ages 12-17 say they access the internet on cell phones, tablets, and other mobile devices at least occasionally. One in four teens are "cell-mostly" internet users -- far more than the 15% of adults who are cellmostly. Among teen smartphone owners, half are cell-mostly. Older girls are especially likely to be cell-mostly internet users; 34% of teen girls ages 14-17 say they mostly go online using their cell phone, compared with 24% of teen boys ages 14-17. This is notable since boys and girls are equally likely to be smartphone owners. Among older teen girls who are smartphone owners, 55% say they use the internet mostly from their phone. In overall internet use, youth ages 12-17 who are living in lower-income and lower-education households are still somewhat less likely to use the internet in any capacity -- mobile or wired. However, those who fall into lower socioeconomic groups are just as likely and in some cases more likely than those living in higher income and more highly educated households to use their cell phone as a primary point of access. About the survey These findings are based on a nationally representative phone survey of 802 parents and their 802 teens ages 12-17. It was conducted between July 26 and September 30, 2012. Interviews were conducted in English and Spanish and on landline and cell phones. The margin of error for the full sample is ± 4.5 percentage points. This report is the second in a series of reports issued in collaboration with the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard. The first release, "Teens, Parents and Online Privacy," was published in November 2012 and is available at: http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2012/Teens-and-Privacy.aspx.
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Main Findings Fully 95% of teens are online, a percentage that has been consistent since 2006. Yet, the nature of teens' internet use has transformed dramatically during that time -- from stationary connections tied to desktops in the home to always-on connections that move with them throughout the day. In many ways, teens represent the leading edge of mobile connectivity, and the patterns of their technology use often signal future changes in the adult population. Teens are just as likely to have a cell phone as they are to have a desktop or laptop computer. And increasingly these phones are affording teens always-on, mobile access to the internet -- in some cases, serving as their primary point of access. Smartphone ownership among teens has grown substantially since 2011; 37% of American youth ages 12-17 now have a smartphone, up from 23% in 2011. Tablets are also taking hold, as close to one in four teens say they have one of these devices. Taken together, teens have more ways than ever to stay connected throughout the day -- and night. Internet use over time by teens and adults % within each age group who go online
Source: The Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project surveys. All teen data comes from separate surveys of teens and their parents. Methodological info for each survey is available at: http://pewinternet.org/DataTools/Download-Data
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Three in four teens access the internet on cell phones, tablets, and other mobile devices. About three in four (74%) teens ages 12-17 are "mobile internet users" who say they access the internet on cell phones, tablets, and other mobile devices at least occasionally.1 By comparison, 55% of adults are mobile internet users.2 However, this gap is driven primarily by adults ages 65 and older, many of whom are not using the internet in any capacity, let alone on a mobile device. Adults under the age of 50, on the other hand, are just as likely as teens to be mobile internet users; 74% of adults ages 18-49 access the internet on a cell phone, tablet, or other mobile device.
Teen Internet access Demographics % of teens in each demographic group All teens, ages 12-17 (n=802) Teen Gender a Boys(n=405) b Girls (n=397) Age of Teen a 12-13 (n=246) b 14-17 (n=556) Teen Gender and Age a Boys, 12-13 (n=122) b Boys, 14-17 (n=283) c Girls, 12-13 (n=124) d Girls, 14-17 (n=273) Parent Race/ethnicity a White, Non-Hispanic (n=542) b Black, Non-Hispanic (n=122) c Hispanic (n=92) Parent Education a Less Than High School/High school grad (n=244) b Some College (n=192) c College + (n=363) Parent Household Income a Less than $30,000/yr (n=154) b $30,000-$49,999 (n=155) c $50,000-$74,999 (n=110) d $75,000+ (n=335)
Access the Internet 95% 97b 93 93 96 96 97c 91 95 98bc 92 88 91 99a 99a 89 94 99a 99ab
Mobile Access to Internet (phone, tablet, etc) 74%
Access Internet Mostly on Cell Phone 25%
72
20
76
29a
71
16
76
29a
70
12
73
24a
72
20
78
34abc
77 c
24
74
33
63
21
71
27
71
24
81ab
22
66
30c
72
25c
79
14
79a
24c
1 The survey also included separate questions about teen mobile app usage that will be released in a forthcoming report. 2 According to our September 2012 Tracking Survey: http://www.pewinternet.org/Shared-Content/DataSets/2012/September-2012--Health-Tracking-%28prelim%29.aspx
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Urbanity
a Urban (n=278)
94
74
27
b Suburban (n=410) c Rural (n=101)
96
72
24
99a
79
21
Source: Pew Internet Teens and Privacy Management Survey, July 26-September 30, 2012. N=802 parents of teens ages 12-17 and 802 teens ages 12-17. Margin of error is +/- 4.5 percentage points. Note: Columns marked with a superscript letter (a) or another letter indicate a statistically significant difference between that row and the row designated by that superscript letter. statistical significance is determined inside the specific section covering each demographic trait.
93% of teens have a computer or have access to one. Eight out of ten teens have a desktop or laptop computer. Among the 20% of teens who do not have their own computer, two-thirds (67%) have access to one they can use at home. Taken together, this means that 93% of teens have a computer or access to one. White teens are more likely than black teens to have a desktop or laptop computer. Some 81% of white teens, compared with 64% of black teens, own a computer. Older teens ages 14-17 are more likely to have a computer than Younger Teens ages 12-13 (83% vs. 72%). Teens living in suburban areas are more likely to have a computer when compared with urban teens (84% vs. 75%). 71% of teen computer users say the computer they use most often is shared with family members. Few teens have exclusive access to the computer they use most often. Some 71% of teens who have a computer or access to one at home say that the computer they use most often is one they share with their parents, siblings, or other members of their family. The vast majority of younger teens share the computer they use most often; 81% of teen computer users ages 12-13 rely on shared computers compared with 66% of older teen computer users ages 14-17. By age 17, only half (51%) of teen computer users say the computer they use most often is one they share with family. Teen computer users living in rural areas are more likely than suburban teens to say the computer they use most often is a shared computer (80% vs. 67%). 23% of teens have a tablet computer. One in four teens (23%) say they have a tablet computer, a level comparable to the general adult population (25% of American adults have a tablet computer). Much like adults, family education and income levels are strong indicators of teen tablet ownership. Almost a third of teens whose parents have at least some college education or have household incomes over $75,000 a year own tablets. Older and younger teens are equally likely to have tablets.
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Teen Computer and Tablet Ownership Demographics % of teens in each demographic group
Own a Computer
Own a Tablet
All teens, ages 12-17 (n=802)
80%
Teen Gender
a Boys(n=405)
77
b Girls (n=397)
82
Age of Teen
a 12-13 (n=246)
72
b 14-17 (n=556)
83a
Teen Gender and Age
a Boys, 12-13 (n=122)
66
b Boys, 14-17 (n=283)
82a
c Girls, 12-13 (n=124)
79
d Girls, 14-17 (n=273)
84a
Parent Race/ethnicity
a White, Non-Hispanic (n=542)
81b
b Black, Non-Hispanic (n=122)
64
c Hispanic (n=92)
79
Parent Education
a Less than High School/High school grad (n=244)
77
b Some College (n=192)
78
c College + (n=363)
85
Parent Household Income
a Less than $30,000/yr (n=154)
73
b $30,000-$49,999 (n=155)
82
c $50,000-$74,999 (n=110)
84
d $75,000+ (n=335)
81
Urbanity
a Urban (n=278)
75
b Suburban (n=410)
84a
c Rural (n=101)
72
23% 20 27a 26 22 23 18 28 27 25 19 21 16 30a 29a 15 19 27 31ab 25 23 23
Source: Pew Internet Teens and Privacy Management Survey, July 26-September 30, 2012. N=802 parents of teens ages 12-17 and 802 teens ages 12-17. Margin of error is +/- 4.5 percentage points. Note: Columns marked with a superscript letter (a) or another letter indicate a statistically significant difference between that row and the row designated by that superscript letter. Statistical significance is determined inside the specific section covering each demographic trait.
37% of all teens have smartphones, up from 23% in 2011. Cell phone ownership among teens has been stable since 2011, but smartphone ownership has grown considerably. Some 78% of teens now have a cell phone, and almost half (47%) of those say they have
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smartphones. That translates into 37% of all teens who have smartphones, up from just 23% in 2011. By comparison, 45% of all adults have a smartphone.3 Teens with highly educated parents or with parents in the highest income bracket are also more likely to have cell phones. However, parent income levels do not map as neatly with smartphone ownership among teens. For instance, teens living in the lowest-earning households (under $30,000 per year) are just as likely as those living in the highest-earning households ($75,000 or more) to own smartphones (39% vs. 43%). Older teens are more likely than younger teens to have cell phones and those phones are more likely to be smartphones. Rural teens are significantly less likely to have a smartphone than urban or suburban teens.
Source: Pew Internet Teens and Privacy Management Survey, July 26-September 30, 2012. N=802 parents of teens ages 12-17 and 802 teens ages 12-17. Margin of error is +/- 4.5 percentage points. One in four teens are "cell-mostly" internet users -- far more than the 15% of adults who are cell-mostly. Among teen smartphone owners, half are cell-mostly. While many teens have a variety of internet-connected devices in their lives, the cell phone has become the primary means by which 25% of those ages 12-17 access the internet. Among teens who are mobile internet users, that number rises to one in three (33%). Among teen smartphone owners, 50% say they use the internet mostly via their cell phone. While cell-mostly internet use tracks with some of the same demographic trends as smartphone ownership (such as age), gender stands out as an especially important indicator. Although teen girls and boys are equally likely to have smartphones and are equally likely to use some kind of mobile access to the internet, girls are significantly more likely than boys to say they access the internet mostly using their cell phone (29% vs. 20%). Older teen girls represent the leading edge of cell-mostly internet use; 34% of them say that most of their
3 For our latest adult figures on smartphone usage and trends in smartphone adoption over time, see: http://www.pewinternet.org/Static-Pages/Trend-Data-%28Adults%29/Device-Ownership.aspx
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internet use happens on their cell phone. Among older teen girls who are smartphone owners, 55% say they use the internet mostly from their phone. In overall internet use, youth ages 12-17 who are living in lower-income and lower-education households are still somewhat less likely to use the internet in any capacity -- mobile or wired. However, those who fall into lower socioeconomic groups are just as likely and in some cases more likely than those living in higher income and more highly educated households to use their cell phone as a primary point of access. A 2010 Pew Internet Project report on teens' mobile phone use found that among teen cell phone owners, 21% of those who did not go online or use email through a conventional computer instead used their phone handset to go online. At the time, teen cell phone owners in the lowest-income households were more likely than those living in higher income households to use their phone to go online.4 These findings are similar to trends we have observed with adults: Those adults with an Annual Household Income of less than $50,000 per year and those who have not graduated college are more likely than those with higher levels of income and education to use their phones for most of their online browsing. When asked for the main reason why they mostly go online from a mobile phone, adult cell-mostly users primarily cited convenience, but one in ten pointed towards a lack of other access options as the main reason why they primarily use their phone to go online. 5 (Table below)
4 See: http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2010/Teens-and-Mobile-Phones/Chapter-2/Part-4.aspx 5 For more detail on adults and cell-mostly internet use, see "Cell Internet Use 2012." Available at: http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2012/Cell-Internet-Use-2012.aspx
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Teen Cell Phone and Smartphone Ownership Demographics % of teens in each demographic group
Own a Cell Phone (any kind) Own a Smartphone
All teens, ages 12-17 (n=802)
78%
Teen Gender
a Boys(n=405)
77
b Girls (n=397)
78
Age of Teen
a 12-13 (n=246)
68
b 14-17 (n=556)
83a
Teen Gender and Age
a Boys, 12-13 (n=122)
65
b Boys, 14-17 (n=283)
83ac
c Girls, 12-13 (n=124)
71
d Girls, 14-17 (n=273)
82a
Parent Race/ethnicity
a White, Non-Hispanic (n=542)
81 c
b Black, Non-Hispanic (n=122)
72
c Hispanic (n=92)
64
Parent Education
a Less Than High School/High school grad (n=244)
71
b Some College (n=192)
79
c College + (n=363)
87ab
Parent Household Income
a Less than $30,000/yr (n=154)
69
b $30,000-$49,999 (n=155)
74
c $50,000-$74,999 (n=110)
81
d $75,000+ (n=335)
86ab
Urbanity
a Urban (n=278)
76
b Suburban (n=410)
81
c Rural (n=101)
73
37% 36 38 23 44a 20 43ac 26 44ac 35 40 43 35 35 41 39b 24 38 43b 42c 39c 19
Source: Pew Internet Teens and Privacy Management Survey, July 26-September 30, 2012. N=802 parents of teens ages 12-17 and 802 teens ages 12-17. Margin of error is +/- 4.5 percentage points. Note: Columns marked with a superscript letter (a) or another letter indicate a statistically significant difference between that row and the row designated by that superscript letter. Statistical significance is determined inside the specific section covering each demographic trait.
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Questions
Final Topline 10/9/2012
Teens and Privacy Management Survey 2012 Data for July 26­September 30, 2012
Princeton Survey Research Associates International for the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project
Sample: n= 802 parents of 12-17 year olds and 802 teens ages 12-17 Interviewing dates: 07.26.2012 ­ 09.30.2012 Margin of error is plus or minus 4.5 percentage points for results based on total parents [n=802] Margin of error is plus or minus 4.5 percentage points for results based on total teens [n=802] Margin of error is plus or minus 4.6 percentage points for results based on total teens [n=781] Margin of error is plus or minus 4.6 percentage points for results based on teen internet users [n=778] Margin of error is plus or minus 5.1 percentage points for results based on teen SNS or Twitter users [n=632] Margin of error is plus or minus 5.3 percentage points for results based on teens with a Facebook account [n=588] Margin of error is plus or minus 9.4 percentage points for results based on teens with a Twitter account [n=180]
TEEN INTERVIEW
KINTUSE Do you use the internet or email, at least occasionally? KINTMOB Do you access the internet on a cell phone, tablet or other mobile device, at least occasionally?6
Current Teens July 2011 Sept 2009i Feb 2008ii Nov 2007 Nov 2006 Nov 2004
USES INTERNET 95 95 93 93 94 93 87
DOES NOT USE INTERNET 5 5 7 7 6 7 13
6 Trend question prior to 2006 was "Do you ever go online to access the Internet or World Wide Web or to send and receive email?" Trend question from Nov 2006 thru Sept 2009 was "Do you use the internet, at least occasionally? / Do you send or receive email, at least occasionally?" Trend question in July 2011 was "Do you use the internet, at least occasionally, for example on either a computer or a cell phone? / Do you send or receive email, at least occasionally?"
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K2 As I read the following list of items, please tell me if you happen to have each one, or not. Do you have...[INSERT ITEMS IN ORDER]?
YES a. A cell phone... or an Android, iPhone or other device that is also a cell phone7
Current Teens
78
July 2011
77
September 2009
75
February 2008
71
November 2007
71
November 2006
63
November 2004
45
b. A desktop or laptop computer8
Current Teens
80
July 2011
74
September 2009
69
February 2008
60
November 2007
59
November 2006
79
November 2004
75
c. A tablet computer like an iPad, Samsung Galaxy, Motorola Xoom, or Kindle Fire
Current Teens
23
NO
DON'T KNOW
REFUSED
22
0
0
23
0
0
25
0
0
29
0
--
29
0
--
37
0
--
55
0
--
20
0
0
26
0
0
31
0
0
40
0
--
41
0
--
21
0
--
24
1
--
77
0
0
K2a_1 Some cell phones are called "smartphones" because of certain features they have. Is your cell phone a smartphone, such as an iPhone or Android, or are you not sure?9
Based on teen cell phone owners
CURRENT TEENS % 47
Yes, smartphone
49
No, not a smartphone
4
Not sure/Don't know
0
Refused
JULY 2011 30 56 14 0
7 Prior to 2009, trend wording was "A cell phone". Item wording in September 2009 and July 2011 was: "A cell phone... or a Blackberry, iPhone or other device that is also a cell phone" 8 In November 2004 and November 2006, "desktop computer" and "laptop computer" were asked as separate items. Results shown here have been recalculated to combine the two items. 9 July 2011 wording was: "Is that a smartphone or not... or are you not sure?"
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[n=637]
[n=642]
K2b_1 Is there a computer that you can use at home?
Based on teens who do not have a computer
CURRENT TEENS
JULY 2011
% 67 33 0 0 [n=161]
Yes No Don't know Refused
63 37 0 0 [n=175]
K3 Thinking about the computer you use most often, do your parents, siblings or other members of your family share that computer with you? Based on teens who have a computer or have access to one [N=764]
CURRENT TEENS % 71 29 0 0
Yes No Don't know Refused
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Methodology 2012 Teens and Privacy Management Survey Prepared by Princeton Survey Research Associates International for the Pew Research Center's Internet and American Life Project October 2012 SUMMARY The 2012 Teens and Privacy Management Survey sponsored by the Pew Research Center's Internet and American Life Project obtained Telephone interviews with a nationally representative sample of 802 teens aged 12 to 17 years-old and their parents living in the United States. The survey was conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The interviews were done in English and Spanish by Princeton Data Source, LLC from July 26 to September 30, 2012. Statistical results are weighted to correct known demographic discrepancies. The margin of sampling error for the complete set of weighted data is ±4.5 percentage points. Details on the design, execution and analysis of the survey are discussed below. DESIGN AND data collection PROCEDURES Sample Design A combination of landline and cellular random digit dial (RDD) samples was used to represent all teens and their parents in the United States who have access to either a landline or cellular telephone. Both samples were provided by Survey Sampling International, LLC (SSI) according to PSRAI specifications. Both samples were disproportionately stratified to increase the incidence of African Americans and Latinos. The same stratification scheme was used for both sample frames and was based on the estimated incidence of minority groups at the county level. All counties in the United States were divided into ten strata based on the estimated proportion of African American and Latino populations. Strata with higher minority densities were oversampled relative to strata with lower densities. Phone numbers were drawn with equal probabilities within strata. The disproportionate sample design was accounted for in the weighting. To supplement the fresh RDD sample, interviews were also completed among a sample of parents who recently participated in the PSRAI Weekly Omnibus survey. Table 1 shows a breakdown of the number of interviews completed by sample segment.
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Table 1. Sample Segments
Segment
# of ints.
Fresh RDD landline 267
Fresh RDD cell
134
Callback landline
265
Callback cell
136
Contact Procedures Interviews were conducted from July 26 to September 30, 2012. As many as 7 attempts were made to contact and interview a parent at every sampled landline telephone number and as many as five attempts were made to contact and interview a parent at every sampled cell number. After the parent interview, an additional 10 calls were made to interview an eligible teen. Sample was released for interviewing in replicates, which are representative subsamples of the larger sample. Using replicates to control the release of sample ensures that complete call procedures are followed for the entire sample. Calls were staggered over times of day and days of the week to maximize the chance of making contact with potential respondents. Each telephone number received at least one daytime call in an attempt to complete an interview. Contact procedures were slightly different for the landline and cell samples. For the landline samples, interviewers first determined if the household had any 12 to 17 year-old residents. Households with no teens were screened-out as ineligible. In eligible households, interviewers first conducted a short parent interview with either the father/male guardian or mother/female guardian. The short parent interview asked some basic household demographic questions as well as questions about a particular teen in the household (selected at random if more than one teen lived in the house.) For the cell phone samples, interviews first made sure that respondents were in a safe place to talk and that they were speaking with an adult. Calls made to minors were screened-out as ineligible. If the person was not in a safe place to talk a callback was scheduled. Interviewers then asked if any 12 to 17 year-olds lived in their household. Cases where no teens lived in the household were screened-out as ineligible. If there was an ageeligible teen in the household, the interviewers asked if the person on the cell phone was a parent of the child. Those who were parents went on to complete the parent interview. Those who were not parents were screened-out as ineligible. For all samples, after the parent interview was complete an interview was completed with the target child. Data was kept only if the child interview was completed.
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WEIGHTING AND ANALYSIS Weighting is generally used in survey analysis to compensate for patterns of nonresponse and disproportionate sample designs that might bias survey estimates. This sample was weighted in three stages. The first stage of weighting corrected for the disproportionate RDD sample designs. For each stratum the variable WT1 was computed as the ratio of the size of the sample frame in the stratum divided by the amount of sample ordered in the stratum. For the callback samples, the weights from the original surveys was brought in and used as WT1. The second stage of weighting involved correcting for different probabilities of selection based on respondents' phone use patterns. Respondents who have both a landline and a cell phone have a greater chance of being sampled than respondents with access to only one kind of phone. To correct for this we computed a variable called PUA (Phone Use Adjustment). The PUA was computed using the following formula where n1 is the number of respondents having only one kind of phone (landline or cell, but not both) and n2 is the number of respondents have both a landline and a cell phone.
WT1 and PUA were then multiplied together to use as an input weight (WT2) for post-stratification raking The interviewed sample was raked to match national parameters for both parent and child demographics. The parent demographics used for weighting were: sex; age; education; race; Hispanic origin; number of 12-17 year olds in household; number of adults in the household; phone use and region (U.S. Census definitions). The child demographics used for weighting were gender and age. The parameters came from a special analysis of the Census Bureau's 2011 Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) that included all households in the United States. The phone use parameter was derived from recent PSRAI survey data. Raking was accomplished using Sample Balancing, a special iterative sample weighting program that simultaneously balances the distributions of all variables using a statistical technique called the Deming Algorithm. Weights were trimmed to prevent individual interviews from having too much influence on the final results. The use of these weights in statistical analysis ensures that the demographic characteristics of the sample closely approximate the demographic characteristics of the national population. Table 2 compares weighted and unweighted sample distributions to population parameters.
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Table 2: Sample Demographics
Parameter
Census Region
Northeast
17.8
Midwest
22.2
South
36.0
West
24.0
Unweighted 13.8 21.2 36.9 28.1
Weighted 17.1 21.0 36.8 25.1
Parent's Sex Male Female
43.3
35.5
41.2
56.7
64.5
58.8
Parent's Age LT 35 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55+
10.3
6.5
9.9
18.1
12.7
17.7
25.6
21.4
24.6
24.4
24.2
25.0
14.6
21.1
15.0
7.1
14.2
7.8
Parent's Education Less than HS grad. HS grad. Some college College grad.
12.7
6.4
11.7
33.5
24.2
31.8
23.3
24.0
24.2
30.5
45.4
32.2
Parent's Race/Ethnicity
White~Hispanic
63.0
68.0
63.3
Black~Hispanic
11.2
15.3
12.0
Hispanic, native born
6.7
4.5
6.4
Hispanic, foreign born
12.5
7.0
11.8
Other~Hispanic
6.5
5.1
6.6
Parent's Phone Use Landline only Dual Users Cell Phone only
7.8
6.7
8.0
59.8
78.4
62.4
33.1
14.8
29.6
# of 12-17 Kids in HH
One
70.2
64.5
69.0
Two
25.2
27.4
25.9
Three+
4.6
8.1
5.1
# of adults in HH One Two Three+
10.5
13.0
11.5
58.6
58.6
57.7
30.9
28.4
30.8
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(Continued...)
Table 2: Sample Demographics (continued)
Parameter
Kid's Sex
Male
51.3
Female
48.7
Unweighted 50.5 49.5
Weighted 51.0 49.0
Kid's Age 12 13 14 15 16 17
16.7
14.1
15.6
16.7
16.6
17.1
16.7
15.6
16.0
16.7
16.8
17.3
16.7
19.3
17.4
16.7
17.6
16.6
Effects of Sample Design on Statistical Inference
Post-data collection statistical adjustments require analysis procedures that reflect departures from simple random sampling. PSRAI calculates the effects of these design features so that an appropriate adjustment can be incorporated into tests of statistical significance when using these data. The so-called "design effect" or deff represents the loss in statistical efficiency that results from systematic non-response. The total sample design effect for this survey is 1.69. PSRAI calculates the composite design effect for a sample of size n, with each case having a weight, wi as:
n n wi2
d eff

i 1
n
2 wi
i1
formula 1
In a wide range of situations, the adjusted standard error of a statistic should be calculated by multiplying the usual formula by the square root of the design effect (deff ). Thus, the formula for computing the 95% confidence interval around a percentage is:
p^
de
ff1.9 6
p^ (1 n
p^ )

formula 2
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where p^ is the sample estimate and n is the unweighted number of sample cases in the group being considered. The survey's margin of error is the largest 95% confidence interval for any estimated proportion based on the total sample-- the one around 50%. For example, the margin of error for the entire sample is ±4.5 percentage points. This means that in 95 out every 100 samples drawn using the same methodology, estimated proportions based on the entire sample will be no more than 4.5 percentage points away from their true values in the population. It is important to remember that sampling fluctuations are only one possible source of error in a survey estimate. Other sources, such as respondent selection bias, questionnaire wording and reporting inaccuracy, may contribute additional error of greater or lesser magnitude. response rate Table 3 reports the disposition of all sampled callback telephone numbers ever dialed. The response rate is calculated according to American Association of public opinion Research standards.
Table 3:Sample Disposition
Landline Cell
Fresh
Fresh LL
RDD
RDD Callback
267
134
265
17
9
9
11197
14226 501
Cell Callback 136 10 448
I=Completes R=Refusal known to be eligible UOR=Refusal eligibility status unknown
4733
8666 56
63
211
108
2
3
54721
17757 126
98
4960
1043 10
1
3383
3475 89
101
NC=Non contact known working number O=Other OF=Business/computer/not working/child's cell phone UHUONC=Non-contact - unknown household/unknown other SO=Screenout
0.31
0.61
0.88
0.89
e1=(I+R+UOR+NC+O+SO)/(I+R+UOR+NC+O+SO+OF) Assumed working rate of non-contacts
0.08
0.04
0.75
0.59
e2=(I+R)/(I+R+SO) - Assumed eligibility of unscreened contacts
16.1%
12.4% 37.7% 30.2%
AAPOR RR3=I/[I+R+[e2*(UOR+NC+O)]+[e1*e2*UHUONC]]
i September 2009 trends based on the "Parents and Teens Cell Phone Use Survey" conducted June 26 ­ September 24, 2009 [n=800 parents of 12-17 year-olds, n=746 internet teens ages 12-17 and 54 offline teens ages 12-17].
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ii February 2008 trends based on the "Gaming & civic engagement Survey of Teens/Parents" conducted November 1, 2007 ­ February 5, 2008 [n=1,102 parents of 12-17 year-olds, n=1,033 internet teens ages 12-17 and 69 offline teens ages 12-17].
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M Madden, A Lenhart, M Duggan, S Cortesi

File: teens-and-technology-2013.pdf
Author: M Madden, A Lenhart, M Duggan, S Cortesi
Author: mduggan
Published: Tue Mar 12 10:23:23 2013
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