Chinese civilization, Scientific Thought, Japan, Translator, RICHARD MAYNE, A HISTORY OF CIVILIZATIONS, FERNAND BRAUDEL, The Philippines, Chinese influence, Indonesia, Geography, Humanism, Industrialization, EUROPEAN CIVILIZATIONS, Europe, CIVILIZATIONS, Introduction xi, oligopoly, British and Blacks, The United States, The Russian Orthodox Church, Black America, Difficulties, nightmare, Muslim civilization, civilization, ninth century, Science and philosophy, Black Africa, twelfth centuries, The golden age of Islam, State intervention
FERNAND BRAUDEL A HISTORY OF CIVILIZATIONS TRANSLATED BY RICHARD MAYNE Penguin Books
Contents List of Maps ix Translator's Introduction xi By Way of Preface xxxi Introduction: History and the Present Day xxxv I. A HISTORY OF CIVILIZATIONS 1. Changing Vocabulary 3 2. The Study of Civilization Involves All the social sciences
9 Civilizations as geographical areas. Civilizations as societies. Civilizations as economies. Civilizations as ways of thought. 3. The Continuity of Civilizations 24 Periods within civilizations. Underlying structures. History and civilization. II. CIVILIZATIONS OUTSIDE EUROPE Part Islam and the Muslim world
4. History 41 Islam as a successor civilization: the Near East in new form. The history of the Near East. Muhammad, the Koran and Islam. Arabia: the problem of a barely urbanized culture. 5. Geography 55 Islam lands and seas. A continent as intermediary: trade-routes and towns.
6. The Greatness and Decline of Islam 69 No Muslim civilization before the eighth or ninth century. The golden age of Islam: eighth to twelfth centuries. Science and philosophy. Stagnation or decadence: twelfth to eighteenth centuries.
7. The Revival of lslam Today 93 The end of colonialism and the birth of new nationalist movements. Muslim States in the modern world. Muslim civilization in the twentieth century.
Pan II: Africa 8. The Past 117 Geography. The dark past, 9. Black Africa: Today and Tomorrow 137 The awakening of Africa. Economic and social issues
at stake. Art ana literature.
Part HI: The Far East 10. An Introduction to the Far East 155 What geography shows. Barbarism against civilization: the evidence of historyDistant origins: the reasons for cultural immobility. 11. The China of the Past 111 Religion. Politics. Social and economic affairs. 12. China Yesterday and Today 199 The time of imposed treaties: China as humiliated victim (1839-1949). China renewed. Chinese Civilization
in the modern world. 13. India Yesterday and Today 217 Ancient India (before the British Raj). British India
(1757-1947): an ancient economy at grips with the modern West. Will India be spared a Chinese-style revolution?
14. The Maritime Far East 256 Indo-China. Indonesia, The Philippines. Korea.
15. Japan 216 Japan before Chinese influence. Japan learnsfrom Chinese civilization. Modem Japan.
III. EUROPEAN CIVILIZATIONS Part I: Europe 16. Geography and Freedom 307 Europe takes shape: fifth to thirteenth centuries. Liberty and rights: eleventh to eighteenth centuries. 17. Christianity, Humanism and Scientific Thought 333 Christianity. Humanism and humanists. Scientific thought before the nineteenth century
. 18. The Industrialization of Europe 373 The origins of the first Industrial Revolution. The spread of industrialism in Europe (and beyond). Socialism and industrialism. 19. Unity in Europe 399 Outstanding art and culture. economic interdependence
. Political delay. Part II: America 20. Latin America
, the Other New World 427 Geography, Nature and society: literature bears witness. Racial problems: quasi-fraternity. The economy: civilizations on trial. 21. America par excellence
: the United States 458 A reassuring past: opportunities and setbacks. Colonization and independence. Conquering the West. Industrialization and the growth of towns.
22. Failures and Difficulties: From Yesterday to the Present 480 An old nightmare: Black America, an ineradicable colony. Capitalism: from the trusts to State intervention and oligopoly. The United States in the world. 23. An English-speaking Universe 507 In Canada: France and Britain. Southern Africa
: Dutch, British and Blacks. Australia and New Zealand
, or Britain at last unchallenged.
Part III: The Other Europe: Muscovy, Russia, the USSR and the CIS 24. From the Beginning to the October Revolution of 1917 527 Kiev. The Russian Orthodox Church. Greater Russia. 25. The USSR after 1917 547 From Marx to Lenin. Marxism and Soviet civilization. The Congress of October Н96Н.