Officer Training Corps, France, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Ilkley Gazette, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, the Great War, Gordon Highlanders, OTC, Black Watch, St Andrews, Company, Neilston, War Memorial, Ilkley, University College, 3rd Battalion � Scottish Corps, Corporal P W Anderson, Major General Sir Andrew Russell, St Andrews University OTC, Battalion Royal Scots, Sir John E Gough, Sir Charles Douglas, Ian Davidson, Derek Bird, Platoon Royal Irish Rifles, Louis Strange, Scotland Meetings, Patrick Wright Anderson, John Russell Bruce, Chief of the Imperial General Staff, Church Squadron Royal Flying Corp, Royal Air Force, Rev Dr Cooper, Platoon Sergeant, the Royal Engineers, Tommy Wortley, Officers' Training Corps, the German front line defences, front line, London and North Western Railway Company, 13 Platoon, Royal Irish Rifles, Mounted Rifle Brigade, Arbroath HM King, University Of St Andrews, University College, Dundee, Scottish War Memorials, Parapet, University Officer Training Corps, Scottish National War Memorial, Rev Professor Ellershaw, John Edmond Gough VC, 10th Battalion, Douglas Haig, General Russell, Branxton Church, Captain Richard Wardell Errol Riddiford, Edinburgh Contingent, Mercat Tours, Captain Riddiford, Scottish connections, R. Riddifords, Scottish regiments, Officer Commanding � Major C. J. Simpson, St Andrew, St Andrews University, Glasgow University, Edinburgh University, Marion Montgomery, Battalion, Adjutant � Captain J. C. Monteith, Scottish Battalion, Jimmie Higgins, overseas service, Colonel Powles, TAYSIDE BRANCH, Sergeant Thomas Wortley, Thomas G. Wortley, Thomas George Wortley, Unitarian Church Centre, St Andrews Church Hall Complex, Gary Sheffield, Highland Light Infantry, North of Scotland, Officer Training Corps Camp, Sgt Thomas G Wortley, Sgt Thomas G Wortley Sgt Thomas G Wortley, Royal Garrison Artillery, Western Front Association, Hugh Maclennan Meetings, War Memorial panel, John Cameron Glasgow, John Terraine, Pullman Camping Coaches
Western Front Association
Behind the Parapet The Scottish Branches Newsletter September 2013 Hardly a week goes by without a report of the theft of signal cable from the railway, manhole covers etc. It was gratifying to read in the Scotsman of 3rd August that an honest scrap merchant had refused to pay for a War Memorial panel which had been offered to him. He also is reported as telling the miscreants where they should go. Hopefully the panel will be returned to its rightful place in the heart of a community.
Contents Meetings of Branches + Venues. Deadline for copy Sgt Thomas G Wortley Sgt Thomas G Wortley (cont.) Sgt Thomas G Wortley (concluded). Pullman Camping Coaches at Ravenglass Book review Milltown. The Forgotten Fallen. Veteran (poem) Officer Training Corps Camp at Ilkley, Yorkshire July 1913 Officer Training Corps Camp at Ilkley, Yorkshire July 1913 (concluded) More on Bess War Memorial at Branxton Church. German Graffiti. Battlefield Tour September 2014
(revised). Lace Cards
Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10
WFA Branches in Scotland Meetings and Speakers in 2013/14
SCOTLAND (SOUTH) BRANCH
SCOTLAND (NORTH) BRANCH October 12th: John Terraine, Douglas Haig and the History of the Great War by Professor Gary Sheffield November 16th: Members' forum and Book Auction January 24th: Louis Strange; The Most famous Pilot You've Never Heard Of? By Derek Bird March 15th The Evolution and proliferation of War Memorials in the North of Scotland by Adam Brown April 12th: Shinty at War by Hugh Maclennan Meetings will be held in "The Gallery", Elgin Library, starting at 2.30pm. All welcome, refreshments available, admission free but there will be a collection for branch funds. For further information contact: Derek Bird, Eastholme, by Garmouth, Moray, IV32 7LF. Tel: 01343 870562 or Email: [email protected]
Website: www.wfascotlandnorth.org.uk TAYSIDE BRANCH
Edinburgh - September 8th: Leith in the Great War by Andrew Grant Glasgow - November 17th: Kitchener's Keelies; The story of the 15th, 16th & 17th Battalions of the Highland Light Infantry by Charlie MacDonald Edinburgh - March 9th: Quintinshill 98 years on by John Cameron
Glasgow - May 11th: Speaker to be confirmed Edinburgh - September 7th: Speaker to be confirmed Glasgow - November 16th: Speaker to be confirmed For information contact the Branch Chairman: Ian Davidson, 1 Ross Gardens, Edinburgh. EH9 3BS Mobile: 07812454586 Email: [email protected]
Venues Edinburgh: Old Parish Church Hall, Bellfield Street, Portobello. (Ground floor) Glasgow: Unitarian Church Centre, Berkley Street. (Now on the ground floor or basement room) Meetings are held on a Sunday at 2.15pm for 2.30pm.
October 19th: Shrapnel and Whizbangs by Jeremy Mitchell December 7th: War in the Trenches by Peter Hart
Deadline for the March 2014 Issue of Behind the Parapet is EARLY JANUARY
February 1st: New Pilots and New squadrons for the RFC, the Role of Montrose Air Station in the First World War by Dan Paton March 22nd: Elsie and Mhairi go to war by Dr Diane Atkinson Unless stated meetings will be held at 2.30pm in the Glasite Hall, St Andrews Church Hall Complex, King Street, Dundee
The editor of Behind the Parapet is: John M
Cameron, "Lochiel", 9 Smithy Road, Stranraer, Wigtownshire. DG9 8LP Tel. 01776 704161; Email: [email protected]
The editorial cupboard is rather thin. Please can I have more articles from our members
Public welcome, entrance free but donations to Branch Funds gratefully received. For further information please contact the Tayside Branch Chairman: Ron Rae 23 Lawside Road,Dundee DD3 Tel: 01382 228426; Email: [email protected]
Copyright of articles Copyright of an article remains with the author. Permission should be sought before copying such material.
Sgt. Thomas G. Wortley Royal Irish Rifles WWI
(Permission to reprint this article has kindly been given by the author, Euan Hamilton. Ed) Sergeant Thomas Wortley, in charge of 13 Platoon Royal Irish Rifles, was gallantly leading his men when he was wounded, and again shortly afterwards hit on the head with a piece of shrapnel and died instantaneously. His brother Richard, in sending the melancholy news, says: "He must have died a very peaceful death, as there was still a smile on his face." When researching a new line, I always begin with a simple Google search using those names and dates I already have; if someone has already researched the line, all I need to do is confirm the information, rather than search extensively for it. In this case it opened an avenue that I otherwise may not have found for a few years. Having reached a block with my grandfather
's side of the tree, I asked my grandmother what she knew of her ancestry. She told me of her parents, who moved over from Ireland in the early 1900s, and a little about her grandparents but beyond that she knew only a few names and dates, copied from the family bible; her own research a number of years ago was foiled by the poor state of Irish records (and probably the lack of internet, which has helped me immensely).
- Tom's Funeral Service Booklet
One such name was her uncle, Thomas George
Wortley; born on 2nd November 1883. Googling
this information lead me directly to the website of
the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. As
his parents were named on the page I was
immediately able to confirm that this was the correct
man. From this page I also learned of a wife,
Hannah McBride, his address: 2 Fleet St, Belfast,
and his rank, sergeant.
My next search returned something quite unexpected. I was directed to the website of the Friends of the 36th (Ulster) Division, Carrickfergus and a list of events the society holds throughout the year. One such event, held a few months prior, had been a parade through the town of Carrickfergus to commemorate Sgt T.G. Wortley and the Battle of Messines. I immediately sent an email, introducing myself and requesting any information they held on Tom. They responded with a high quality image of his memorial stone in Ireland, an explanation of the circumstances under which he died and an invitation to attend the following years' parade. The 1917 Battle of Messines (West Flanders, Belgium) was intended to capture the German defences on the Messines Ridge thus depriving the German Fourth Army of the high ground south of Ypres. The ridge commanded the British defences and back areas further north, from which the British intended to conduct the "Northern Operation", to advance to Passchendaele Ridge, then capture the Belgian coast up to the Dutch frontier. The British had begun a mining offensive against the Germans in 1916, assisted by two military geologists. Sappers dug tunnels into a layer of blue clay 80120 feet below the surface, then drifted galleries for 5,964 yards to points deep underneath the German front lines, despite German counter-mining. The British diverted the attention of German miners from their deepest galleries by making many secondary attacks in the upper
levels. Co-ordinated by tunnelling companies of the Royal Engineers, miners laid 22 mines with 447 tons of explosive. The battle began with the successful detonation of 19 of those mines, devastating the German front line defences, followed by a creeping barrage (artillery strike) 700 yards deep, which allowed the advancing British troops to secure the ridge with support from tanks, cavalry patrols and aircraft. British attacks from 814 June advanced the new front line beyond the former German Sehnen line. The Battle of Messines was a prelude to the much larger Third Battle of Ypres campaign, the preliminary bombardment for which began 5 days later, on 11 July 1917.
dangerous the post, Tommy would be there brightening us all up with his cheery laugh and his genial "How's things, boys?" He put a new spirit into everybody, and fellows who were in a "blue funk" before took up heart again at his cool, unconcerned, matter-of-fact way of looking at things. His presence with us in the trenches acted like a tonic and we all felt, "Oh, we'll be alright this time : Tommy Wortley's with us." But it was when he acted as Trench Quarter-Master that we really appreciated to the full his consideration for us all. Nothing was too difficult, no time too inconvenient, no distance too far, and if by that means he was able to give the Company a better time or a more varied and more complete fare ; in fact, in the words of the Bible, "He spent himself out in our service." He met his death like a hero, fearlessly leading on his platoon a fine example of what a British noncommissioned officer
should be. Our battalion and our Company have lost a very capable and efficient N.C.O., but we, his platoon, have lost an elder brother who looked after the interest of everyone of us as after his own, and his memory will ever remain with us as an example and a help. While your loss is an irreparable one, yet you can have some satisfaction in knowing that Tom died in the heroic performance of his duty under the most trying circumstances, in a manner which made us feel proud that he was OUR Platoon Sergeant.
Spanbroekmolen British Cemetery, Belgium Upon hearing of my research, my gran's sister sent a small booklet, one of many handed out at Tom's funeral service in Belfast. The booklet was a fount of information, it even had his picture on the front page. A few pages in there is, transcribed, a very touching letter: 16th June, 1917 Dear Mrs. Wortley, I would just like on behalf of 13 Platoon, 14th Royal Irish Rifles, to say how deeply we feel for you in your recent bereavement. Tom was our Platoon Sergeant, and we could not wish for a better one. His first thought was for his men and how he could do something to help them or make them more comfortable, and maNY Times
we found out later that some little freedom or enjoyment was due to his kindness and consideration. We all loved him and mourn his loss as that of an unselfish, kind-hearted comrade, who always put himself last. But he did not owe his reputation as the most popular sergeant in the Company solely to his kind, cheery disposition, for he was absolutely fearless. No matter how severe the bombardment, or how
Yours in deep sympathy, H. V. Sloane, Sergt., Acting Platoon Sergt. 13 Platoon, D Company B. E. F. When June 2011 came round, myself, my gran, my aunt and uncle all headed over to Belfast for the day, not really knowing what to expect. We were treated like royalty for the duration of our stay. The members of the society were delighted to meet family of the man they were commemorating and, having dressed in suits, myself and my uncle were asked to lead the parade, right behind the band and (although I didn't realise this at the time) beside the town Mayor.
The parade lasted around 10 minutes, hundreds of people lining the streets to watch, and finished at the cemetery. We all filed into place and the service proceeded similarly to that of a Remembrance Day service. The parade then continued on to the town hall, where there was food and drink provided. However, having temporary celebrity status, we never made it quite that far.
stands as a symbol of respect to unite the people of Carrickfergus; a man I never knew, and yet, one whom I will never forget. Pullman Camping Coaches at Ravenglass Visitors to the Ravenglass and Eskdale Railway are generally more interested in the small locomotives and rolling stock than in the two standard gauge coaches beside the car park. These two coaches, now used for a "holiday with a difference" have quite an important history of "their own. Elmira" and "Maid of Kent" stand on their own short length of standard gauge track, isolated from the rest of the main line.
After a few photos outside and some notes for the local newspaper
, we were asked by the Mayor (only at this point did I realise) if we would join him for some refreshments. We must have made a good impression, they admitted that they didn't know what to expect either and I doubt the Mayor would invite any old riff raff. We spent a fantastic afternoon with him, his wife and some of the Friends of the 36th in his private meeting room
upstairs in the town hall. To top it all off, on the drive back to the ferry, we were shown a mural displaying Tom and the cemetery in which he is buried, recently painted as part of an effort to remove the gun and sectarian images painted there before. All in all, a day to remember.
Built in 1914 by the London and North West
ern Railway Company as Ambulance Coaches, after the war they were converted to First Class Pullman Coaches. They subsequently underwent a number of rebuilds until withdrawn in March 1960 to be converted into "Camping Coaches". They were based at Ravenglass by British Railways until the end of the summer on 1966. After a move to Seascale they were bought by the Ravenglass and Eskdale railway and moved to their present position on 20 September 1968, one week before the connection to the siding was removed. Do any readers know of the history of these particular two Ambulance Coaches? Did they remain in this country to transport casualties to the many wartime hospitals in the UK?
4 Thomas Wortley was a man to admire; who, long after his death, fights a different kind of battle; he
Book Review "Milltown" by Jimmie Higgins
The Forgotten Fallen "Thankful Villages" is the term used to describe places which lost no-one in the Great War. In the "Answers to Correspondents" page of the Daily Mail of 10th May 2013, a correspondent states that there are 48 "Thankful Villages" in England, 3 in Wales and none in Scotland or Ireland. So why are there 4 parishes in Scotland where there is no memorial to those who died in the Great War? Why did Neilston, near Glasgow, not have one when there are at least 152 war dead? One of the features of Scotland is the number of War Memorials in even the remotest of places. So where are the other places with no War Memorial to the fallen of 1914 to 1918?
"Milltown" is based on Jimmie Higgins' home town of Neilston which lies about a dozen miles South West
of Glasgow. At the time of the Great War there would have been a considerable amount of open countryside surrounding Neilston. As a result of industrialisation, Neilston had at one time seven cotton mills employing much of the local workforce, including women.
Veteran (This is another poem in "Lyart", a collection of poems by Marion Montgomery. It is published here by kind permission of the poet. Marion was born in Edinburgh, educated in Dundee and St Andrew's and has lived in Ayrshire for over 40 years. She is a former English teacher, WEA tutor and President of the Ayrshire Writers' Club.)
The story is fictional but shows how folk reacted
"Make love not war" my grandson's T-shirt says.
to each other and to the various situations in
He needs a haircut and has too much cash.
which they found themselves. The outbreak of war was an opportunity for some to look for adventure at the front while others looked on it as an escape
When I was his age it was right to fight against the Kaiser in the mud of France.
from the consequences of their actions. There is love and hatred, principles of conscience, penitence, mystery and reconciliation. The editor
"Your country needs you," all the posters cried, and I, believing ran away from school.
found that he didn't want to put it down until he'd found out what happened next.
In class, my grandson reads about the war, Sassoon and Owen (he despises Brooke.)
Some readers might find it difficult to follow the
dialect and the language at times is such as one finds on the football terraces or even in the playground. Real life Neilston lost at least 152 men in the Great War but for some reason there is no War
Has he thought out his slogan? We did not. We learnt the hard way. Yet I fought again, not blindly that time, for the cause was just: such evil "peacetime demonstrations" could not stem
Memorial. Jimmie is donating part of the sale of
his book towards a fund to erect some type of
He's free to air opinions, change his mind.
memorial if not by the 100th anniversary of the outbreak of the Great War, certainly by the100th
What other vindication need I find?
anniversary of the Armistice.
Officer Training Corps Camp at Ilkley, Yorkshire July 1913 by Patrick W. Anderson The Officer Training Corps cadets of St Andrews University, Edinburgh University
and Glasgow University
left Scotland by train during Friday, 18th July 1913 for the Officer Training Corps Camp in Ilkley in the West Riding of Yorkshire as all the various Corps had to be at the camp on the Saturday, 19th July 1913 to start the two weeks event of military training
. The St Andrews University Officer Training Corps was made up of the unit from the St Andrews University and its "B" Company from the University College, Dundee as the University College Dundee was then part of St Andrews University. The Principal Officers were: Brigade Staff: Commandant Colonel J E Gough VC, CMG, and commanding the Scottish Battalion No 3 Battalion: Officer Commanding Major C. J. Simpson, Gordon Highlanders, Second in Command Captain J. R. Bruce, Edinburgh University; Adjutant Captain J. C. Monteith, adjutant, Glasgow University. Contingents (3): Edinburgh University (Infantry Unit), Glasgow University (Infantry Unit) and St Andrew's University. Commanding the St Andrews OTC contingent was Captain R.A. Robertson with Sergeant 2273 H.H. Dalgleish, 1st Battalion, Scots Guards as the regular soldier attached to that Corps. Looking at the Ilkley Gazette for Saturday July 26th and August 2nd, 1913 the local newspaper gives a good account of the whole event and I have been able too to find magazine report from the University College, Dundee called "The College " covering the Camp at Ilkley during 1913 and also the Arbroath High School
Magazine (Former Pupils Section) for November 1913 as well as University of St Andrews OTC. All of these publications reporting the large OTC camp held there. Saturday the 19th July 1913 had the arrival of over 2,000 Officers and men comprising the Senior Division of the Officer Training Corps. This was the largest organised in connection with that branch of military service
. The Campsite in Ilkley adjoins the river and contingents from thirteen different Universities and Colleges constituted the brigade. The Leeds, Manchester, Sheffield, and Nottingham men forming No 2 Battalion, London, Reading, and Aberystwyth, the No 4 Battalion, Birmingham, Bristol and Durham occupying " The Holmes," while contingents from Edinburgh, Glasgow and St Andrews, constituting No 3 Battalion situated under the woods adjoining the cricket ground in the town. There were 430 Bell tents and 38 "Government marquees", besides cook houses, stores, and other wooden erections as well as Officers and Men's Mess, canteens and lounges too so a large size of a camp. The men arrived during the first day with the Leeds and Sheffield men as they had marched from their cities to the camp with over night stay in a field at Otley
belonging to the Member of Parliament. Arriving by train were the contingents from Durham, Nottingham, Bristol and Birmingham. The Glasgow men arrived at the railway station accompanied by their Pipeband who were kilted. Crowds collected in the streets and then the Edinburgh and St Andrews contingent came in later with their Pipes and Drums attached to each contingent. The Glasgow and the St Andrews contingents wore only the ordinary Khaki uniforms whereas the Edinburgh Contingent were all kilted. The Glasgow pipers joined forces with the pipers from the other Scottish Detachments for the march into the Camp playing "Scotland the Brave". Then the Manchester and then the Aberystwyth and Reading men arrived at the camp during the later part of that day. Colonel J E Gough VC, CMG, the Commander arrived at 6pm that day and then on the following day, the Sunday there was a Drum Head service but the Scottish Battalions did not have any service as their chaplain, The Rev Dr J. Cooper
, D.D., was not in the camp and members attended services at their respective places of worship in the town. . That day the Colonel and his staff inspected kit and stores while the Scottish pipes played selections and crowds of people looked on in their vicinity. The day started with Reveille at 05.30 a.m. and after breakfast the battalions were engaged in skirmishing and infantry drill around the area of Ilkley Moor and during the week they were engaged in tactical exercises over the surrounding hills. During the evening there were various lectures and one by Col JE Gough VC, CMG, the commandant, addressing a crowded audience of officers and cadets in one of the recreation tents on "The Attack on Surprise Hill from Ladysmith." the Colonel took part in the night attack on the Boers. During the following days the men were out on Ilkley Moor engaged in various kinds of routine drill, including attack and defence work as well as trench digging too, such as 300 yard of trench digging that made the contingents exhausted! The wireless section from Manchester carried out some very interesting and successful experiments with the apparatus that had been able to send and receive messages over a distance of about Four Miles. Another day the Wireless Section had communication with the camp from the centre of operations, and besides sending messages
and receiving messages, they picked up the Paris 10 O'clock time sent out from the Eiffel Tower for the use of ships and also a cipher message from the Admiralty Station at Cleethorpes. Major Merrick, DSO, from the War Office visited the camp and Surgeon -General Kenny who inspected the camp and expressed he was well satisfied with the sanitary arrangements. The first Friday of the camp the Battalions were out on the hills and around at night doing out post work with each company employed to cover a certain point. The second week of the camp on the Saturday the public were allowed a good deal of liberty but one lady of day trip
pers who had spent most of the day at neighbouring hostelry became objectionable and had to be escorted 6
out of the camp by the guards with fixed bayonets!
10th Battalion, Black Watch before serving with the 18
Two Drumhead services in camp on the Sunday morning, one taken by Rev Professor Ellershaw , Church
Squadron Royal Flying Corp /Royal Air Force and dying of his wounds on 2nd November 1921.
of England and Rev Dr Cooper , Church of Scotland
I note also that the two Generals at the OTC camp of
and attended by the public as well . Following on to
1913 also were Great War casualties as Brigadier
that the week had Brigade Operations with "enemy"
General Sir John
E Gough, VC, KCB, CMG, ADC to
occupying positions around the area etc. Then Brigade Sports took place on the Cricket Ground. The Arbroath
HM King & Chief of the Staff, First Army died of wounds in France on 22nd February 1915 and General
High School magazine reported that my Uncle, Corporal P W Anderson, St Andrews University OTC was takenSIR CHARLES
Douglas, GCB, ADC, Chief of the Imperial General Staff died on 25th October 1914 in London.
on the boundary after a merry innings, and F. Mann had 38 in a partnership that added half the Scottish total.
Major John Russell Bruce who was one of the Principal Officers of the 3rd Battalion Scottish Corps at the
Thursday saw the Brigade manoeuvres carried out in the Middleton Township and hopefully the men learned a lot from that day's operations. The Wireless section had been in regular contact with the wireless station at Otley
Camp at Ilkley in 1913 too was a casualty as he was killed in action at La Boiselle when serving with the 15th Battalion Royal Scots on 1st July 1916. He has no known grave.
run by Mr J A Warshaw, Garnett Villas, Otley, and both
This article may be of interest to readers as I have
sending and receiving messages.
collated this article from various sources but the main
The final full day being the Friday 1st August 1913, General Sir Charles Douglas GCB, ADC who had been commissioned many years before as an ensign into the 92nd Highlanders (later Gordon Highlanders) attended the camp for the annual inspection, which included a full ceremonial parade in a field of Beckfoot Farm and tactical exercises on the Moor. Some of the Companies left for home that evening and the Scottish contingents left by train at 3am on the Saturday morning and others leaving during the day on the Saturday, 2nd August 1913 for home. These Officers and young Men did not know what was ahead of them in the coming months and how their OTC training may have come in use when in a war situation in some foreign field of France and Flanders or The Balkans etc. The training that was given at this large OTC camp at Ilkley and the smaller OTC camp at Stobs the following summer hopefully would have given these young men some extra knowledge for their service during the Great War as many of them would be volunteers for the HM Forces and many commissioned from OTC Cadet to second Lieutenant on the outbreak of the Great War on 4th August 1914.
information coming from the newspaper from Ilkley that gives so much information compared to the present day newspaper reporting where space is short but back then that seemed not to be the case and every little detail was written in the newspapers giving the full story. Maybe someone reading this article might have some information on the OTC Camp of 1913 and a relative who attended that two-week event and served in Flanders Fields etc SOURCES: Ilkley Gazette: Saturday, July 26th & August 2nd, 1913 University College, Dundee: "The College" Officers' Training Corps: Ilkley 1913 Arbroath High School Magazine: Vol 1V, No 1 Nov 1913 price 3d With the OTC at Ilkley & Former Pupils Notes re OTC camp University of St Andrews Roll of Honour & Roll of Service 1914-1919 for King & Country (1920) University of St Andrews OTC A history by JSG Blair (1982) Tayforth Universities OTC A History by JSG Blair (2003) Johnnie Gough VC - A bio of Brigadier General Sir
During the year 1913/1914 the St Andrew's University Officer Training Corps "B" Company University College, Dundee awarded the Fleming Trophy for the best section to No 6 Section, Corporal P. W. Anderson. I thought that I could research the OTC cadets and Officers who had attended the OTC Camp during 1913 from working through the publication "University Of St Andrews For King and Country 1914-1919" but it is too complicated to work out who may have been at the camp that year of 1913. This book records that in this roll of honour and service they record 972 names on the Roll of Service with 130 from the Roll of Honour, 733 were commissioned Officers, 412 had been trained in the University Contingent of the Officer Training Corps.
John Edmond Gough VC, KCB by Ian F W Beckett (1989) The O.T.C. & Great War by AR Haig-Brown (1915) University of Edinburgh
Roll of Honour 1914-1919 (1921) Army Lists The Scottish War Memorials project (website) The Scottish War Graves Project (website) Commonwealth War Graves Commission index (website) Scottish National War Memorial, the Castle, Edinburgh (website) Soldiers Died in the Great War & Officers Died in the Great War (CD rom)
An additional casualty of the Great War was OTC
corporal Patrick Wright Anderson who on the outbreak of the Great War was commissioned into the 8th
7 Battalion Black Watch then appointed Lieutenant in the
More on Bess The editor would like to thank Sandra Stock of Bulls, New Zealand
for sending following information on the horses which were returned to New Zealand after the Great War. New Zealand War Horses (This was written By Lt Col King's son Edward about the four horses, taken from Lt Col King's diaries and other various letters.) In recording the exploits of the New Zealand Mounted Soldier, it is only fitting that mention be made of those faithful and hardy Chargers who carried their masters, through the Middle East and Europe 1914 1918. The embarkation Orders for New Zealand Expeditionary Force dated 21st September 1914 show that 3820 horses left New Zealand with the Mounted Rifle Brigade in the Main Body. It is understood by the end of the war something like 10,000 horses served with the 1st New Zealand Expeditionary Force overseas. Owing in part to the veterinary objections to the return of the horses from disease infested countries, it was decided after the war to dispose of the NZ transport and cavalry horses abroad. There were a few men, however, who had such a sentimental attachment to their mounts or those of a friend, that they could not bear to abandon their horses, they bore the expenses of protracted quarantine in Great Britain
and finally brought the horses back to NZ. Four horses were returned to this country. The owners of these horses were: Major General Sir Andrew Russell (Dolly), the late Lieutenant Colonel G. A. King (Nigger) Lieutenant Colonel C. G. Powles (Bess) and the late Captain R. Riddiford (Beauty) The four horses arrived in Wellington by cargo ship in July 1920 after an adventurous voyage, including a serious fire aboard whilst crossing the Atlantic. The ship was met in Wellington by General Russell, Lt. Colonel Powles and Mrs. G.A. King, her son and daughter. In many ways it was a sad homecoming for the (King) family, the old black horse "Nigger" had carried his master over great distances in the Middle East and much of the battle areas of France and Belgium, and also sustaining a slight shrapnel wound
in one hind leg leaving a visible white scar. Despite his overseas service of six years he looked fit and well. Story has it that Nigger had a habit of chewing his master's tunic at the left elbow when being held by the bridle, all present were amazed to see him do the same thing to his master's widows fur coat when she greeted him on the ship. General Russell suggested that he take Nigger along with his own horse to his sheep station at Tunanui near Hastings where he would be looked after and ridden regularly. Both horses survived until about 1930 when age and rheumatism made it necessary for them to be put to their rest. Colonel Powles took Bess to Flock House where she was ridden by the Colonel until 1934. Like a good war horse she died in service, dropping dead when out on a run carrying her master. Captain Riddiford's groom with Beauty and Jack in France in 1917 Captain R. Riddifords "Beauty" was ridden for about four years by the Captain's sister Mrs. Levin of "Westella", Feilding. Then each winter the stout old fellow suffered more and more with rheumatism, nothing could be done for him and out of kindness demanded his destruction. Edward G. King (Sandra spoke with the Russell family archivist and she couldn't recall any mention of his horses in any of his diaries or letters and also suggested that Russell was quite unsentimental about his horses, probably due to being a farmer and riding several different ones in a day.) Note: Captain Richard Wardell Errol Riddiford (9/1623) died of influenza on 11th February 1919 and is buried in Brookwood Military Cemetery 8
War Memorial in Branxton Church Although Branxton Church is in England it has very Scottish connections as it was just south of here that the disastrous battle of Flodden took place 500 years ago on 9th September 1513.
The six regiments are Northumberland Fusiliers (3), Royal Garrison Artillery (2), Royal Scots (1), Cameronians (1), Seaforth Highlanders (1) and Machine Gun Corps (1). The editor was intrigued that of the casualties were in Scottish regiments but not the nearest one, namely the KOSB. German Graffiti Soldiers tend to leave their mark where they have been stationed. These graffiti were photographed on the wall of the village cemetery at La Neuville, France.
The notice outside the church states that "Our ancient church received the dead of both nations". In the church the village War Memorial lists the nine Great War casualties, three having been in Scottish regiments.
The two memorial windows above the plaque on the west wall displace the badges of the six regiments to which the men belonged. The photographs were taken on 1st September 2001 on a tour with the late Tony Noyes. 9
`In the Steps of the BEF - 1914, Mons to First Ypres' A battlefield tour by the Scottish Branches of The Western Front Association, in conjunction with Mercat Tours International, Edinburgh Scottish Branches 22 27 September 2014 We are planning a tour to mark the centenary of the outbreak of the Great War and will go to the battlefields of 1914 such as Mons, Le Cateau, Nery, Marne, Aisne, La Bassee and Ypres. We will visit many places not normally found on battlefield tour routes and will honour the men who fought with great distinction in the opening battles of the war. The details and costs of the tour will be finalised later (likely to be in the region of Ј550) but will include luxury coach travel and experienced driver throughout (pick up and drop off in central Edinburgh), return travel (including accommodation) on the overnight Hull Zeebrugge ferry and three nights hotel accommodation in Belgium / France. Expressions of interest should be forwarded to Des Brogan at Mercat Tours, 28 Blair Street, Edinburgh, EH1 1QR. Phone: 0131 225 5445 Email: [email protected]
Full details will be announced in due course, but if you have any questions please contact WFA Scotland (North) Branch Chairman, Derek Bird Phone: 01343 870562 Email: [email protected]
(Note that there are some important changes from the information in the March 2013 BtP. Ed) Lace Cards One of the lace cards send to the editor's father-in-law during the Great War Small message card under the flap of the lace card 10