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Tags: Caltech, Caltech students, UCLA, Pete Cross, Peter Balint, Payton Fuller, Harvey Mudd, Doug Holford, Mudd Radioactive Age-Dating, Polymer Laboratory, CALIFORNIA TECH Page Five Cross, Thomas Cavitation, Nelson Briceno, Lane Mason, DONALD S. CLARK, Yilmaz Sahinkaya, Cross Leads Team Soccer Squad, varsity basketball team, Edgar Anderson, cross country team, Keck Soil Mechanics, Thin Films, Steele Holography, Steele Computer Techniques, Earth Parking Lot, Steele Plasma, John Frazzini, basketball team, Earthquake Waves, Thomas Dynamics, Sloan Tandem Van de Graaff Accelerator., Thomas Earthquake Engineering, Robinson Lasers, Scale Modell Center of Campus MATHEMATICS Synthetic, Mudd Chemical Analysis, Fluid Mechanics, East Bridge, football team, Dave Lewin, Steve Boone, John Middleditch, California Institute of Technology, Associated Students, Bob Berry, Steve Savas, James Cook, Principiam erat Feynman, Mario Savio, scientific education, Richard P. Feynman, extracurricular activities, Caltech graduate student, Scripps Conference, undergraduate population, Mike Pollock, Tim Hendrickson, Les Fishbone, Roger Goodman, Advertising Services, Inc., Len Doberne, Ed Kelm, California Tech, Jeff Hecht, Steven Kraus, California, Pasadena, California, Bob Firestone, Jules Kline, Steven Smith, Kirk Benson, John Walters, East Colorado
Content: Only 90 more days
California Tech Associated Students of the California Institute of Technology
Until Coffeehouse.
Volume LVIII
California, Thursday, December 1, 1966
Number 10
Lawton Speaks On Conditions
Students·
Day
Draws
Mob
In Red China Bringing a measure of relief to at least one frosh history section and a large measure of information to all who attended, the special humanities lecture on Thursday afternoon featured a recent visitor to Red China speaking about his trip. Dr. Graham Lawton passed through Red China and the Soviet Union on his way to assume the post of visiting professor of Geography at UCLA. Lawton is a member of the faculty of the University of Adelaide, South Australia, where he is professor of geography. During his trip, he hoped to contact various scientific personnel, and was fortunate to start his trip very shortly before the current "Cultural Revolution." Accompanying his talk with slides he shot during the journey, Lawton revealed several misconceptions commonly held regarding life in China. Stressing the point that he was allowed relatively wide freedCҐll of motion, Lawton described the various communes, appearance of homes and people, lack of' visible famine, and the general well-being of the citizens. Although by Western standards the level of living is low, it compares very favorably with India. Lawton seemed distressed to report the intense propaganda directed toward Chinese youth against America. He made the point, however, that verbal attacks are made against American Imperialism, not against the American people. Lawton is an excellent photographer as well as an accomplished speaker, and the slides themselves made the lecture all the more interesting. Several rolls of film were not available for showing, but those shown, covering the trip from Shanghai to Peking to the Great Wall, made the afternoon a memorable one. Notices SLEEP NOW, WORK LATER Any students interested in dis- covering how to get a better job out of the placement office, shouldn't miss the group discussions scheduled next Wednesday, Dec. 7, 7:J5 p.m., in Rm. 206 Dabney. Dr. D. S. Clark, Director of Placements, will give the inside story on offers, acceptances, procedures, handling of correspond. ence, and salary data. JUNIORS, SENIORS, AND Graduate students considering law school should make an appointment to se'e Professor William H. Dorsey Jr., the Chairman of the Admissions Committee at Loyola University, who will be here this Tuesday, December 5. Contact the Placement Office, Rm. 24 Throop. MATH CLUB The Caltech Math Club will hold a meeting Thursday (Dec. 1) at 7 :30 p.m. in the Math Lounge, Sloan. Everyone (especially frosh) is invited to attend. RIBALD HUMOUR-FINE CUISINE Next Thursday night, December (Continued on page 3)
Newton Denies "Recruiting" Charges
Over 1300 Visitors Planned
by Bone "This is definitely not a recruiting stunt," said Charles Newton, assistant to President DuBridge and chairman of the Faculty Committee for Students' Day. Newton stated further that the sole reason for holding Students' Day is that "Caltech has an obligation to show the public what it is doing." He commented, however, that about 10-20 applicants each year state that they first became interested in Caltech by attending Students' Day. Allegro Students' Day began, accord- ing to Newton, 'as an "open house" held annually back in the days when Caltech was still Throop Institute. Abandoned during the war, it was revived in its present form through the efforts of three students in 1950. Andante Don Sheppard, the most en- thusiastic of the three and the driving force behind Students' Day, became so involved with arrangements for the day that he was flunking all of his courses. According to Newton, Dean Eaton called him (New" ton) to complain. Newton asked "if Sheppard couldn't get some help from the student tutoring committee," whereupon Eaton informed him that Sheppard was the chairman of that group, too. For what it's worth, he pulled out and went on to graduate and have a scholarship named for him. Scherzo Since Sheppard's time, the Schmidt Talks on Quasars In Beckman Aud. "These quasars should provide us with an opportunity to study the universe, its formation and its future," proclaimed Dr. Maarten Schmidt at this week's Monday night lecture. Schmidt, professor of astronomy at Caltech and a staff member of the Mount Wilson and Palomar ObservatOries, is presently studying this exploding part of astronomy. Discovered in 1963, quasars are today one of astronomy's greatest puzzlers. They are small distant bodies that radiate immense amounts of radio and light waves, and they are considered the brightest objects in existance. Quasars stoke it on Schmidt explained that ever since the 30's we have known that observed red shift, or Doppler effect in light, is related to both the distance to the object and its velocity relative to the earth (Hubble's Law). Recently, strong radio sources have been found where no galaxies exist; ins tea d, 0 n 1y sma 11 objects have been found. The brightest of these quasars is 3C 273, which has a red shift of 15.8%. This is not in itself (Continued on page 4)
form of Students' Day has changed little. This year about 1178 students and 237 teachers will see 60 exhibits and listen to three speeches (in Beckman Auditorium, which has a seating capacity of 1179). Newton said that he expects some of the throng to siphon off after lunch. (Wanna see my room, girlie? ) "This is the biggest show," (Continued on page 31
by Hecht Over 1100 high school students from over 200 schools in the vicinity will invade the Caltech campus this Saturday for the seventeenth ann u a 1 Students' Day. They come from as far aWay as Yuma, Arizona and will be accompanied by almost 250 tea c her s. The annual event brings more Institute guests to campus than any other event in the year. Stu den ts' Day is an out-
growth of pre-World War II open houses held by the Institute to show prospective students what they might end up a t ten din g. The war forced its suspension and when reinitiated afterwards, it attracted such large hordes of curiosityseekers that it Was impractical. This led to the practice of inviting high schools to send only their outstanding male senior in SCience, along with one or two of his teachers. The purpose of Students' Day has changed over the years. The high school girls that come are (unfortunately) not prospective students. Rather the main purpose is to acquaint the students with the method,'; of the scientist and engineer.
Fixtures at an exhibition
After registration in the Stu-
dent H 0 use s at the ungodly
early hour of 8:30 a.m., the visi-
tors will divide into groups to
tour the various exhibits from
9 until noon. Each of the groups
will see six different exhibits.
Exhibits will range from JPL's
one-sixth scale model of Sur-
veyor 1 in the center of cam-
pus to the frosh and sophomore
physics labs. The aeronautics
Caught in a candid pose on the hallowed steps to Throop Hall, a student visitor to last year's Student Day enjoys the Pause that Refreshes. Hordes of his fellows will return once again this year to gawk at this marvel (?) ous Institute.
department will show a "Fire Whirl," and chemistry will exhibit "Spinning Protons." Other exhibits include "Information
Transfer by the Single Neuron,"
Prufrock Chos n
"Engineering of Heart-Lung Machines," "Holography and Lasers," "Visco-Elastic Fluids," and
"Green Gaussian Noise."
For Coffeehouse
The teachers will eat in the Athenaeum, and listen to Dr. Robert F. Bacher, Provost, speak
Vice President for Business Affairs, Robert B. Gilmore, an" nounced Tuesday that recent meetings of two Institute planning bodies have resulted in the affirming of a Caltech Coffeehouse. The Trustee Committee on Buildings and Grounds and the Faculty Committee on Campus Planning made the crucial decisions on November 23 when President DuBridge presented the proposal to them. Both
days. Finge,r in the pie Gilmore explained that the Institute will bear the costs of remodeling the structure so as to permit ASCIT to use its funds for decorating. Although the Coffeehouse will be primarily a student-run affair, the Institute will retain a background in- terest for two reasons: first, Caltech will own the Coffee-
on "New Challenges for Scientists and Engineers." Students will be treated to lunch in the Student Houses. After discovering the truth about Institute food, the budding savants will listen to the Glee Club sing in Beckman. College? Hell, an institution! The general session for all guests will begin at 1:30 in Beckman. President DuBridge will open the session, speaking on
groups happily endorsed the
(Continued on page 4)
(Continued on page 3)
idea and expressed approval at
ffHonorable Estate" the responsible manner in which Caltech students have conducted the drive for a coffeehouse.
Eat a peach Prufrock House will provide a location for the gathering spot, which will remain open as long as interest and participation warrant and as long as the area is not required for a new building. The Coffeehouse will not be replaced by a parking lot; however, sometime in the future a new building will arise there. Institute personnel, notably Gilmore and Director of Procurement Kermit Jacobson, hope that the Coffeehouse will then be relocated. Active work on the building will begin when Pasadena grants a zoning variance. Structural modifications to meet health and safety requirements will follow. After decoration by a student committee aided by a qualified liason, operation can begin. The Institute expects to see the Coffeehouse open in 60 to 90
Premiering Tonight
Controversial producer John Houseman, not e d playwright Samuel Beckett, and actress Nina Foch combine their talents in a unique stage production tonight at Beckman Auditorium. Entitled "The Honourable Estate," the dramatic anthology takes an intimate look at matri· mony through the eyes of twelve noted females. Spanning three centuries of dramatic literature, the heroines are Shakespeare's wild wench, Kate; the beautiful and witty Mrs. Millamant from Congreve's "Way of the World"; Strindberg's emancipated ladies from "The Stronger"; Nora the strong"willed wife from Ibsen's "The Doll's House"; Mrs. George from Shaw!s "Getting Married" and the formidable Queen Victoria.
Foch teaches at USC Miss Foeh, a veteran of stage, screen and television, appears with well known character actor Theodore Marcuse in the second half of the program, the West Coast premiere of Samuel Beckett's new play "Happy Days." In a delightful different way, "The Honourable Estate" uses widely divergent, but typically feminine views to shed some light on one of civilized society's craziest experiments - basing marriage, which is permanent, on love, which is a paSSing fancy. Tickets for this limited engagement, run n in g ton i g h t through Sunday, are available at the Caltech ticket office, from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Page Two
CALIFORNIA TECH
Thursday, December 1, 1966
Editorial
To Our Visitors
To those faculty, students, and other distinguished members
of the multitude of high schools represented this Saturday, the
California Tech and its loyal staff bid you a hearty welcome to
Caltech. Whether you are devoutly interested in science, mod-
erately enthused over it, or even just plain skeptical about the
entire boondoggle, this campus has something to offer.
The exhibits which you see are typical examples of the re-
search and technical hardware to be found here. Although it is
impossible to demonstrate properly the thousands of hours of
work varying from purest grind to the most exalted thought ever
conceived in the mind of mortal man, these exhibits are a rea-
sonable representation of the lifeblood of this Instit.ute. How-
ebveeer~
there is more to be of the synchrotron
found on this campus than the throbbing horn or the conception and gestation of
the PhD thesis.
Take a look at the Student Houses after lunch. Corner a
few still-sleepy Teckers and talk to them about Caltech; you will
be rewarded with the undergraduate's typically wary, but enl igh-
tened view of science and scientific education. Even though
most of his waking study hours are spent on science, no one, not
even the super-Iucubrating Tecker, spends all of his time study-
ing. It is indeed one of the unique aspects of Cal tech that the
undergraduate population is practically forced to become diver-
sified, paradoxically, for its own lack of diversification. For ex-
ample, we have varsity football players who never saw the grid-
iron in high school, Glee Club members who never sang before,
and newspaper and yearbook editors similarly without previous
experience in secondary school. These and other activities make
life here tolerable by breaking up the leaden tedium of required
scientific academia.
Cal tech is still very far from the vast polylogical university;
but it is also a fact that the other fields of the humanities and
social sciences have been steadily gaining prestige. It is edifying
to notice that the extracurricular activities are supported by stu-
dents and faculty of noted esteem.
For example, the Scripps Conference has been blessed at
one time, by the participation of one Richard P. Feynman; Mur-
ray Gell-Mann graced the Political Military Exercises with his
belligerant African policies. Thus, while the Renaissance man
may be an ideal of the past, the greatest of modern scientists
have often been men of wide fields of interest. The importance
of outside activities at Ca/tech and other colleges and universit-
ies cannot be underestimated in their contribution to the whole
man.
And if you happen to be seriously considering Caltech for
the next four years, be sure to get the lowdown about life here
from the students ... for no one, after all, starts out with his
PhD.
-John Middleditch
Michael Meo
The Choice Is Yours
Because the horizons of science have expanded so greatly since the Renaissance, it is no longer possible to do as Leibnitz did, to "know all there is to know." Special ization is necessary for a man to achieve anything in the highly developed scientific world of today. On the other hand, specialization restricts the development of a well-rounded, broadly-educated man. So much for platitudes. The question at hand is whether a man must produce something Significant with his life (you know, find a new particle or build some bridges or find a new antibiotic), or whether he can become a professional student. It's a wider question than just studying, really, and we can find its ramifications in modern theology, philosophy, and psychology. Stated simply: Must we Caltech students buckle down and pick a field in which we spend our life working, or can we study and survey for the rest of our natural existence? To most Westerners "success in lifelf can be measured to some degree materialistically. If a Caltech graduate student dies unknown and penniless after sixty years of living on welfare, most people would rate him as a failure. You've got to get out there in that old capitalistic society, earn money, send your kids to college, live in a house of ticky-tacky. In an intellectural sense though, Western man has to attain "fulfillment" to be a success. He has to do something worthwhile, has to have something to which he can point as justifying his existence when he finally exits with the Grim Reaper. Is this necessary~ In the Middle Ages, people thought dif-
ferently. Material success meant little or nothing, for this life was only a preparation for Heaven or Hell. The religious life was everything, and a man's life was devoted to getting to heaven. meant obeying the laws of the Church.
sarily man's life he family, and the third
perspective is not necesfirst twenty years of a should
from village to village. His life's work, of not very great significance, is but one step in eternity. His highest goal is desirelessness, but it can only be reached through several Iifetimes. There is no meaning to materialism and heaven is nothingness. The modern Western man, the medieval man, and the Eastern man all have a goal for which they strive. They all condemn the "professional student" that stands off and observes but does not dedicate his life to anything. They all live their lives for the sake of something external to life (respectively success, God, and Nirvana) . The alternative, Spanish philosopher Joe Ortega Y Gasset's "Modern Theme," is to live life purely for the sake of life. Applied to the Caltech situation, it is to study for the pure enjoyment learning brings, not in order to do something for the Great God Science (In Principiam erat Feynman ... ). Certainly Caltech students are among the few who can contemplate spending life in such an abstract manner, mainly because very few scientists starve. If we do not decide to work hard in order to send our kinds to Harvard, Yale, or M.I.T., then we are still assured that we will not wind up as garbage collectors. We could all stay alive teaching science in some remote junior high school, so finances are no great problems. This is a contemporary manner of thinking, though, which inspires Bertrand Russell to write In Praise of Idleness. The new man has looked at the traditional values and not uncovered any vibrant sense of mission. By way of aside, some visiting Russian students were met at the gate to the Peking airport recently by a group of Cinese students. The two unarmed crowds glared at each other, neither wishing to precipitate violence. Then the Russians struck up the "I nternationale/' formerly the Russian national anthem and the interenational Communist theme song even today. The Chinese replied with the stirring chords of "The East Is Red," an adulation of the great Chinese patriot Mao TseTung. The scene, described by a Russian student who participated, resembled the 1812 Overture, with the two songs vying for dominance in a tense confrontation. The point is this: how many Western intellectuals feel this stirring nationalism anymore? This is the Spaniards meeting the Swedes in the Thirty Years' War, with the Catholics chanting "Ave Maria" and the Protestants bellowing "A Mighty Fortress Is Our God." Westerners don't sing when they go into battle any more. Stephen Decatur's "My Country Right or Wrong" brings a smile or even a laugh to today's Americans. We see the modern thinking in our political institutions, too. When the Third Estate and its sympathizers took the Tennis Court Oath, when they passed the Declaration on the Rights of Man, they felt they were acting for all of mankind. They were engaged, they thought, in world-shaking, history-making events. Contrast this with the Mau Mau in Kenya, or if your stomach is upset easily, with the Negro Revolt in the United States. the universalist, Utopian outlook has been lost, gone forever. The cry is for self-interest, for Black Power. Freedom for All Men has lost its power to intoxicate people's minds; now they ask for Freedom for Me. The Chinese Communists are probably the only people in the world today who think they possess the Grand General Solution to All the World's Problems. And they are prepared to use force to apply it. So if we look at the old methods of finding meaning in life and we realize that they no longer apply to us, we can proceed to attempt to build our own system of vital values. The foundation stone then is: Study for the joy of learning. It varies from the goal of achieving anything; we need not produce any new scientific laws or publish learned historial tomes. In point of fact, we have no goal, no end to which we aim. As soon as the subject becomes uninteresting, We change the topic to another. Mario Savio and the Berkeley protesters, the Amsterdam "provos" who demonstrate every night against something, do not seem quite so distant from the olive trees of Caltech. The others are demonstrating more for the joy of demonstrating than in the hope of accomplishing anything (oh, so now we can write dirty words on our posters? oh wow.) , and Caltech students have the opportunity to study solely for the joy of learning. In evaluating innovations, perhaps the pragmatist approach is the most valid one. To judge the worth of this idea we cannot reject it by argument nor accept it on faith (which faith we lost long ago) but we ought to try it. We have precursors, of course: Goethe, near the end of his life, said, liThe more I think of it the more evident it appears to me that Iife exists simply for the purpose of being lived." The celebrated Don Juan also based his legendary approach to life on enlightened hedonism. Tecker - you stand on an eminence overlooking the entire world of human thought and endeavor. On your left historians and economists are sifting data; out in front engineers are launching satelites and making possible televisiphone; on the right astrophysists are working on the equations describing the evolution of stars. Before you pick a field to plunge in, before you bemoan your martyrdom to science - look to your values. Do not what others think is right, but only that which you yourself want. -Michael Mea John Middleditch
Adventurer To
Narrate Films
On Exploration
The contrast of the four South American countries, Venezuela Surinam, Brazil, and Peru will be brought to the full color screen by the eminent explorer John M. Goddard, this Wednesday, in Beckman Auditorium at 11 a.m. Goddard will narrate the films of his own making which cover the wild-life, natural geographical wonders, opulent cities, and primitive cultures of the four countries. Partner whirls in pool Goddard, after carrying out two expeditions with his father before he was 22 and winning distinctions as a combat flier in World War II, first gained international recognition with his expedition down the 4,000 mile Nile River. He also conducted the first exploration of the entire 2700 miles of the Congo river. Goddard started at the source with his British partner Jack Jowell, but the Briton later drowned in a giant whirlpool when their boat capsized. r California Tech
Published weekly during the school year except during holidays and exams by the Associated Students of the California Institute of Technology.
Editors:
John Middleditch and Mike M e 0, E d ito r s-in-c hie f; "Crash" McCord, Managing; Bob Firestone, Sports.
Staff:
Peter Balint, Kirk Benson, Steve Boone, Bill Boy d, James Cook, Len Doberne, Jeff Hecht, Steven Kraus, Dave Lewin, Steve Savas, Steven Smith, Tim Hendrickson, Roger Goodman, Jules Kline, Les Fishbone.
Business: Bob Berry, Manager; Circulation Managers, Ed Kelm, Mike Pollock, John Walters.
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Volume LVIII, Number 10, Thursday,
December I, 1966. r
,
We cordially invite
California Tech
students and faculty
members to bank with us.
Complete banking services including: Automobile Financing Bank-By-Mail Certificate of Deposit Checking Accounts (Bookkeeping by electronic automation) Collateral Loans Drive-In Banking Escrows Foreign Banking Letters of Credit Home Modernization Loans Life Insurance Lo·ans Money Orders Night Depository Personal Loans Real Estate Loans Safe Depesit Boxes savings accounts Travelers Checks Trust Services U,S.Bonds Auto Banking Center at Colorado and Catalina Ojjice, 1010 East Colorado and Citizens Commercial Trust &Savings Bank ojPasadena, hours: 9 to 4:30 daily; 9 to 6 Fridays PASADENA Head Office: Colorado and Marengo Colorado and Catalina Office: 1010 E. Colorado LA CANADA La Canada Office: Foothill and Beulah Citizens COIDrnercial rrrust & Savings Bank <- of Pasadena
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Thursday, December I, 19...:6...:6________________C_A_L_I_F_O_R_N_I_A__T_E_C__" _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _,_.S.;...._T_h_r._.
Relativity Assailed As "Inconsistent" By Forces of Darkness; Saved By Lowly Freshman ~eviewer
(Eds. note: This is a review of a recently-published paperback book, Relativity Is Dead, by Otto Luther. The Caltech bookstore will order this monumental work for you if you want to read it.) by George Bernard Schwartz The arguments used by Mr. Otto Luther to refute Einsteinian Relativity are consistent and logical. Unfortunately for those taking Ph 236, the physical law's called upon to provide support for his arguments are not the laws of nature in this universe. All Luther proves is that Relativity is not consistent with the laws of nature that govern the author's conception of reality. Feynman in error, too Many students of physics will be heartened to know that kinetic energy is a function of the volume per unit mass, and that potential energy is a function of the density of the material. Another astounding fact revealed by Luther is that an object leaving the Earth at a velocity of seven miles per second is beyond the infiuence of Earth's gravity. Such errors of fact and definition can be readily found on almost every page of Relativity Is Dead. Though he accuses Einstein of having had semantic problems, it seems Luther is sorely in need of a good scientific encyclopedia. Do not be discouraged, for the theories proposed by Luther are very interesting indeed. Be-
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ginning with an alternate explanation of the null result of the Michelson-Morley experiment, the book goes on to revive the idea of the luminiferous either-the almost (if not totally) undetectable substance that is the transmission medium of light. Luther objects to the particle theory of light, although it is the basis of Snell's Law of Refraction which he calls upon as an alternate explanation of the bending of light in the vicinity of the sun, and he cannot see how a wave can exist without a carrying medium. What he dosen't see is that )both the wave theory and the particle theory are but equivalent mathematical descriptions of external reality. Gravitation is neither "action-at-a-distance" nor a condition of space-time to Luther. Rather, it is a force caused by the shadowing of space-pervading radiation by matter. More logic This theory of the particle nature of gravitation has often been proposed, but never seriously considered. From this concept and his confusion of mass and density, Luther comes to the conclusion that particle interactions are gravitational in nature. The decrease of' gravity found at the equator is not due to the increased distance from the center of the Earth, but to the decreased density of the Earth in that region. Relativity seems riddled with paradoxes and logical absurdities to the layman, and much of Relativity Is Dead is devoted to exposing the alleged contradictions in Einstein's theory. For example, it is obvious to Luther that aging proceeds more rapidly at higher velocities,
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since velocity is related to the rate of energy expenditure. However, he neglects to note that it is the vehicle, and not the organism, that is providing the necessary energy. Luther is an intelligent man: literate, well read in his "field," but he has no comprehension of science. At least I would prefer to think of him rather as an uncomprehending but intelligent man than as an unscrupulous charlatan. Sheppard/s Folly t lJuntinued {l'um pa~e 1) said Newton, "that we put on for anybody, including trustees, associates, and alumni." He repeated that Students' Day is not a recruiting stunt, and that in fact only about one-fifth of the attending high school students ever have any chance of acceptance at Caltech. Alleg~'o con crescendo bien diminuendo This year there will an innovation in the form of a discussion of relations between Caltech and high schools, involving the viSiting teachers and some members of the Institute faculty. One of the purposes of this discussion will be to make suggestions about future Students' Days. Students' Day attendance has risen from approximately 750 students and teachers to about 1200 last year; the high school population, on the other hand, has approximately doubled in the same time, according to Newton. The question now is: should Students' Day continue to be run as it is now, with limited attendance, or should attendance be increased, thereby necessitating a decrease in the numberuf exhibits each student can see? More Mr. Wizard (Continued from page 1) "What kind of a College is This?" An example of scientific work will be presented by Dr. Leonard Jaffe of JPL, discussing "Scientific aspects of the Surveyor Moon Landing." The session will be closed by Dr. Robert Huttenback, professor of history and Master of StUdent Houses, considering "In Quest of a Liberal Education."
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Intelligence
Report
by
Fehder and Jacobs
Frankly, "Intelligence Report" has just about reached the end of its rope. The shortage of suitable female companions for Caltech students has long been recognized as the major problem affecting student social life. During the last few weeks, however, another problem has become increasingly apparent to PLF and KCJ-that is, the shortage of really interesting night spots in the LA area catering to the 18-20 yrs. age group. ABC, Fuzz bite hard A number of factors play a role in causing this shortage, but the zealousness of the California Alcholic Beverage Commission and the local police forces (with respect to enforcement of the state liquor laws) is undoubtedly the major contributing factor. M 0 s t establishments w hie h might serve this age group prefer to avoid being overun by the police or ABC inspectors fer to avoid being overrun by of the regulations and therefore set a 21 age limit for males. (For some reason, young ladies are thought to be less likely to use forged ID's.) In general, we have found that those establishments which do
not have a 21 age limit (for fellows) have no age limit at all-and are con seq u e n t 1y swamped by the "Teenie Bopper" set. The reoent "push" for tighter enforcement of the curfew laws (in the Strip area, at least) may alleviate this difficulty somewhat. On the other hand, the actions of the Board of Supervisors-failure to renew the "cabaret" permits of a number of the discotheques in the area-may only serve to compound the problem in general. We w 0 u 1d appreciate receiving any suggestions anyone might care to make. Please send them (via campus mail) to Fehder, c/o the Chemistry Dept.
I EXHIBITS
AERONAUTICS Instability of Thin Shells..05 Firestone Fracture Mechanics..............5 Firestone Shock Waves............Roof Guggenheim Hypersonic Flows Basement Guggenheim Fire WhirL...........____ l0l Guggenheim Non-Steady Hydrofoils Basement Karman ASTRONOMY Astronomy ______... ____.. ________.106 Robinson Infrared Astronomy.... 102 East Bridge Radio Aastronomy____ ..201 East Bridge BIOLOGY Characterization of Chromosomal Component'... __ ...... __...022 Kerckhoff Fertilization and Development of Sea Urchin Eggs... __... l04 Kerckhoff Genes-The Basis of Heredity 105 Kerckhoff Electrical Coding in the Nervous System..__................ __.317 Kerckhoff information transfer by the Single Neuron.....__ ................326 Kerckhoff The Architecture of biological molecules.. ...........__.............OBO Alles A Look at the Substructure of Life -Electron Microscopy__....OB7 Alles Tyrosinase-A Biological Control System...__.__................,...... __281 Alles Learning in Split-Brain Cats and Monkey5... ____.......... ____ .......__387 Alles Life on Mars-How Do We Find It?..... __.............__....168 Church CHEMISTRY AND chemical engineering Chemical Gears....____............>__...3 Gates Laser Scattering ExperimenL..6 Gates Faster Electrochemicstry with Faster Computers..____...... __.... __...... 125 Gates Orientation of DNA Macro-molecules by Flow...... __......__............ 112 Church From Gene to Protein........ 115 Church Spinning Protons......____..____.351 Crellin Critical Phenomena__ ...____ .l02 Spalding Gas Separation by Preferential lonization.. ____...........__...236 Spalding
ELECTRICAL ENGI NEERING Student Laboratory.. ____... __._.025 Steele Computer Techniques in Bionics 12 Steele Holography and Lasers__...... 135 Steele Green Gaussian NOise____....202 Steele Plasma Echoes....__ ....__ ..........233 Steele Magnetic Domains in Thin Films 335 Steele CITRAN Computing System 104 Booth GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES Heat Flow from the Earth Parking Lot, Mudd Radioactive Age-Dating of Meteorite5.. .......__ .................01 Mudd Recording Earthquake Waves 101 Mudd Chemical analysis with the Electron Microprobe...__... l09 Mudd Thin Slices of Rock in Polarized Light................. __ .. __..__......... l! Mudd Impact of Giant Meterorites with the Earth.....__......~... 151 Arms JET PROPULSION LABORATORY Surveyer I (1/6) Scale Modell Center of Campus MATHEMATICS Synthetic Waves.................... 151 Sloan Mechanical Engineering Solar Furnace.............. __..Roof Robinson Lasers and fluid mechanics !06 Thomas Cavitation and Cavitation Damage.......................... l08 Thomas Dynamics and Vibrations Laboratory...................... !! 0 Thomas Polymer Laboratory Basement Spalding Visco-EJastic Fluids...____ ..____....021 Keck
Civil Engineering Wave Forces on Docks Subbasement Keck Roll Waves in Steep Channels Subbasement Keck Engi";eering of Heart-Lung Machines 10 Keck Solid-Liquid Interface Research 116 Keck Soil Mechanics Laboratory..012 Thomas Earthquake Engineering Research 320 Thomas
PHYSICS Synchrotron........__ ..Synchrotron Gallery Cryogenics Laboratory..........__ 70 Sloan Tandem Van de Graaff Accelerator.. ____...____ .........__051 Sloan Cloud Chambers..____....210 East Bridge Sophomore Laboratory 202 East Bridge Freshman Laboratory.30B East Bridge Cosmic Ray Instruments 50 West Bridge
Direct from rave shOWings at New York and San Francisco festivals THE SHAMELESS OLD LADY
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PtI.tI Four
CAL I FOR N I ATE C H
Thursday, December 1, 1966
Courting Disaster
or~
frosh Team Gone; Now J. V.
The varsity basketball team is out to try something new this year in an effort to stay close to a league that is rapidly moving away from it. This year there will be a junior varsity and var-
sity team, thus enabling frosh to play on the varsity squad. So far it appears that three frosh will be playing varsity, Tom Bickell, Bruce Odegaard, and Norm Threewitt and con-
play the whole season. Ratchet and pawlball Coaching the junior varsity will be Hudson Scott from PCC, a I5-year basketball veteran. Under the new system a player
'CHM Defeats Caltech in Loser's Howl;
Doug Holford, class of '66, has been awarded a $1,000 grant to aid him in study at
:Ma.g Replace SC in NiewYears Game
the Ha.rvard Law School Doug graduated seventh out of a class of 135. The scholar-
The football squad overcame was Weak but the offense was ship was given by the Na-
its last obstacle against Clare- nonexistant. Ray KawaI, another tional College Athletic Asso-
mont Harvey Mudd and finished junior, played an excellent game ciation (NCAA) for Doug's
the season with a perfect record at halfback. From the middle of performance in basketball. He
for the second year in a row. the second quarter to the end was captain of the Caltech
The team's record two years ago of the game, he and quarter- team in his junior year.
was marred by a victory over LA Pacific, which promptly allowed its football team to merge with Azusa's. The team's record this year was 0-8. The fit hits · · · Even though the score was
back Tom BUrton were the only ones to touch the ball either on hand-offs or passes. Even though it was certain KawaI would have the ball every time he still managed to pick up yardage.
Doug is the second member of last year's graduating class to get an NCAA grant. Peter \Vyatt, now at Yale, also received $1,000. He ran the 440 intermediate hurdles.
lopsided, 42-0, Caltech looked
Confirmation of Big ,Bang good for 28 minutes of the first half. The teams traded downs for a. while until midway in the
second period when the visitors
began a march from deep in their own territory. Shortly, aft e r c r 0 s sin g midfield, John Frazzini, junior fullback, was taken out wlith what was
(Conttnued from imge 1) exceptional, except that galaxies with the same red shift, and hence at the same distance from us, are only one-fortieth as bright
fact that quasars do not subtend a measurable angle (1" of arc), even on the 200-inch telescope, while galaxies with similar red shifts subtend 10" to 30" of arc.
diagnosed later as a cracked ankle. He was hurt after the play was over. As he left the game so did the drive, and Caltech gave up the ball on downs. This was as closing to scoring as the team came. With only a few minutes to go in the half and Claremont with the ball on its own twenty it looked as if' the half would end scoreless. However, a desperation pass that wobbled over the head of the defender went for a touchdown and Claremont was ahead. Then with 20 seconds to go in the half Burton punted on a fourth-down situation from mid-field and CHM ran that back all the way for its second touchdown. · · · the spinning shan The second half was only slightly sadder as the defense
as 3C 273. In general, quasars seem to be from ten to 1,000 times as bright as galaxies. Because quasars are so much brighter than whole systems of stars, very distant (and fastmoving) ones may be detected and studied. Over 70 quasars with red shifts ranging all the way up to 200% have been found. In the laboratory, such a large red shift indicates relative velocities of 80% the speed of light. Throb! Throb! Throb! In the three years since their discovery, it has become recognized that quasars change by factors as large as 20 or 30 in luminosity over periods of time as short as six months. If a quasar were to instantaneously increase its emmission of light, we, as observers at a distance, would see this as a gradual
The Reds a.re coming! Certain problems are en- countered with red shifts of 200%. Consider a normal spectral line at 4,000 A; in our frame it will be shifted to 12,000 A, way out of the visible range. Light from quasar 3C 9 has been travelling to us for 8 billion years. The estimated age of the universe is ten billion years. With such remotenesses of time and space, "there is some objection to talking about the concept of distances," said Schmidt. Puff, puff, ··· bang! In relation to the seemingly radically expanding universe, Schmidt offered the following anology. Consider a bunch of flies on a balloon, but think that they are on a plane surface. If sqrneone blows up the balloon, each thinks that the others are
Pruftoc:k Proposal
change because the increased moving away. Perhaps we are light from the close edge would in an analogous situation in four
versely, two upperclassmen will be playing jv, John Dancz and Sali Ma. Rounding out the rest of the varsity squad, so far, are Terry Bruns, George Fox, Eddie Hsi, Jim Pearson and Jim Stanley. Les Fishbone is expected out for practice soon and on a clear day you can see John Frazzini shooting baskets with a cast up to his knee. Crams it down · · · The league this year looks just as strong if not stronger than in the past. Last year CHM took the league championship but varsity coach Ed Priesler looks to Whittier this year on the strength of last year's frosh team. Whittier has a 6'2" forward by the name of Fenderson who supposedly can cram his arm through the basket up to the biceps! For Caltech, Terry Bruns will be holding down the center spot. According to Priesler, Bruns is the best he's seen at Caltech in 10 years. Jim Pearson, captain for the second year in a row, is hurting with a bad finger right now but is expected to
may be moved from the jv team to the varsity but a varsity player may not be moved down. Therefore, once a player is moved up he stays there. There are certain advantages to the new method in that upperclassmen who may not be up to varsity caliber will still be able to play a great deal. Also once the varsity team will have more material to draw f'rom. The disadvantage is that the frosh will lose sqrne of the valuable first year experience sitting on the varsity bench. Last year the basketball team jumped off to a four game winning streak before second term brought them back to reality. This year they have hopes of doing the same. The first game is tonight on the home court against Life College. Tomorrow night both jv and varsity play at Southern California College and Saturday's game against Pacific Christian has been cancelled. Tuesday, Life comes bacl\ and Wednesday Biola will be here. All varsity games start at 8:30 and all frosh games start at 6:30.
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reach us before the increased light from the far edge. Thus, because light intensity fluctuations with periods of less than one are observed, we can infer that quasars are about one light year across. (Galaxies are about 100,000 light years across). This view is supported by the
space, but we don't know it because "I don't think that we are allowed to imagine this type of space," speculated Schmidt. The lecture was excellently presented, and well appreciated by the packed auditorium. After the lecture, Schmidt answered questions for an hour.
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HELP in fulfi'liing your language requirement-
invites you to meet its Admissions Representative, Mr. Paul R. Johnson, on FRIDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1966 to discuss the Stanford M.B.A. and Ph.D. Programs in Business Administration. Appointments to meet with
ery will make it continually older. But not continually better. Storing a case of beer in your basement for a couple of months won't help it any either. What's really important is how the beer is aged." If it's Beechwood Aged, it's beer that
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·
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _- J I
66-14
~
ThursdayI December I, 1966
CALIFORNIA TECH
Page Five
Cross Coo try, Soccer Finally End ea ns
Cross Leads Team
Soccer Squad Succumbs 1-0
Through Finals
To UCLA in Final Contest
The cross country team finished the season in a rash of large meets last week. On November 19, in the NAIA district meet, Pete Cross finished 21st and Mike Mea was 30 places behind him in the four-mile run. Celaza of Oxy finished first with a time of 20:32; Cross's time was 22:44. On November 22nd at Mount Sac, Celaza also took the conference finals, 20:42. Cross was 10th with a time of 21:32 and Lane Mason was right behind him at 21:33.
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Clear cold weather helped produce the good times although the only team that Caltech beat was CHM, also the only team that Caltech beat during the regular season. Chow time! Mason put on a surprisingly strong performance as Cross didn't overtake him until the last hill, resulting in a wild finish across the last 200 yards of flat land. Both of the two men's times were bests for the year. Like a broken record The final run of the year was the cross-country intra-Bquad handicap mile run. In this race times are "given" to team members. For instance, Mason had a 5-second handicap while Dave Kolb and Tex Schneringer each had handicaps of sometime around half-a-minute. Pete Cross ran scratch and also won the race in 4:24.6. Mason was second, although he sportingly forsook his 5-second handicap to race the first three laps even with Cross.
While the Caltech varsity soccer team was finishing its season on a misreable note, the open team was beating UCLA for the first time within memory. In three previous meetings this year UCLA had won 6-0, and 4-2, and one game had ended in a 3-3 tie, but the last game, which determines the possession of the Miller Trophy, was all Caltech. The ref beats his wife The open team played the UCLA varsity, which is composed mainly of grad students, on Saturday, Nov. 19. The game was a see-saw battle for about three quarters, but Caltech had more energy left at the end and managed to win 5-4. It would have been 6-4, execpt for a muchdisputed call by the referee. Yilmaz Sahinkaya took a penalty-kick which was blocked by the goalie, but Edgar Anderson kicked it back in. The referee called some kind of an offside penalty, although there can be no offside when a defender last touches the ball. The goal was
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nullified, making the game much closer. Sahinkaya scored two other goals, Payton Fuller scored two, and John Trischuck scored the other. Hunk missed a shot The game between the Caltech varsity and the UCLA jv's was held on Friday, Nov. 18 at Tour" nament Park. Like the first game of the season, which was won by UCLA 2-1, this was a very close contest. The game started with Caltech being on the attack most of the time, taking a flurry of shots at the goal. Several long-distance shots were stopped by the goalie, and Peter Balint missed an easy shot from in close. The Bruins COUldn't mount much of an attack, so the half' was scoreless. The second half saw the Beavers playing very poorly and almost quit taking shots at all. Meanwhile, UCLA's attack perked up, and they scored on a corner-kick which found all the defenders, including the goalie, out of position. The season, while promising to be successful, has turned out to be a flop. The team failed to win a game, although they came close many times. The defense, with such stalwarts as Peter Balint, Richard BUrton, Walter
Innes, Mike MacLeod, and goalie Les Fishbone, performed admirably most of the time, but they were let down by the inability of the offense to score. There were several fine players on the forward line, such as Armando Moreira, Ken Young, and Nelson Briceno; but they couldn't p I a y together well enough to be a great threat. The offense worked fine up to the opposition's penalty zone, but from there they couldn't move the ball. Only four goals were scored in nine games. There is some hope for next year, as all of the offense will return. Unfortunately, the team will lose most of its defense, but perhaps the improvement of present players plus incoming freshmen will take up the gap. The whole team played one of the finer games of its season. The personnel have been fine at every position; the only trouble has been at goalie. Two people played there in the last game, and several more have tried their hand at it during the season. Payton Fuller was the outstanding player for the year, scoring most of the team's goals. Sahinkaya came out late in the season, but also contributed a lot to the offensive effort.
the night making the mysteri-
ous markings that will tell all
where they shall go.
Alas, alack and woe, for the
frosh have had too much. It
remains to be seen how many
frosh will be allowed out of
their padded cells for second
term. Even he who empties the
mailbox each day may not hear
;the Valkyries through hard
by L. I~. Shafte
walls. True, he has found rest,
Woe be unto the innocent reI a x a t i on and contentment,
lambs of Blockhouse, for sin and which of all things frosh lack
vice have come to reign. That greatest, but as you see his rest,
noble hero, Supertwitch, tried relaxation and contentment chug
to fight off LDP, the bringer around on his dresser, you begin
of evils, but he lost his mighty to wonder.
battle. Now each, alone must Inspiration is rare in Purge
fight off sin and corruption. House, and it generally comes
Even now, one poor frosh, far in glass containers. It was a
from the cold of his native land, celebration of those who can
has yielded to this great evil. procure inspiration that pro-
And when day breaks, and the duced the greatest inspiration.
Sun rises, another evil has been As the staff of life flowed freely,
done. We only wonder, whose they saw the final solution to
evil?
the idol problem. The dismal
It can truly be said that there scenery surrounding it, the
are harbingers of spring. Like wreckage of great things was
these are the signs of a new replaced in their minds by a
term. Before even the truest noble crossroads of the world,
troll has opened a book for lighted up by the golden idol
that dreaded time, he whose and surveyed by its great red
name is one-third of the magic eye. Like all true men of vision
number has begun his work for they had to fulfill theirs. Bold
next term. His Feynman collects and brave they bore it to its
dust, while he toils deep into new home.
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