Cultural anthropology, BD Miller

Tags: Anthropology, Standage, Miller, pp, London Standage, Anthropology of tourism, Sidi Abderrahmane, Paradigm Publishers, People Defining Development, Kellee Caton, Carla Almeida Santos, Global Health Miller, Suzan Erm, Rabat, Journal of Travel Research 48:191-204, Marabout de Sidi Abderrahmane, Cultural change Port, Port Ethnography, E. Paul Durrenberger, Corporate Capitalism, Field lab, Introducing Anthropology, Anthropology Division, American Anthropological Association, Cultural Anthropology, Scientific American, World Religions, Ethnography Miller, Semester at Sea, Culture Miller, Migration Miller, Standage Globalization, Seventh Edition, AUTHOR: Standage, Serena Nanda
Content: SEMESTER AT SEA Course Syllabus University of Virginia, Academic Sponsor Voyage: Fall 2015 Discipline: Anthropology Course Title: ANTH 1010 -501, 502, &503: Introduction to Anthropology Division: Lower Faculty Name: Eve Danziger credit hours: 3; Contact Hours: 38 Pre-requisites: none Course meets in Room 4 on B days, 10.50 a.m. ­ 12.05 p.m. COURSE DESCRIPTION This course introduces students to the topics and themes of contemporary anthropology. We explore such areas as religion, gender, politics and family in different societies in order to develop an appreciation of cultural diversity in a global world. For the fall 2015 voyage, the class also investigates how similar the practice of anthropology might be to the kind of educational tourism that takes place during semester-at-sea. Classes will meet for 75 minutes every other day at sea, with 24 class meetings in total, including the Final Exam. COURSE OBJECTIVES 1. Understand and appreciate the anthropological approach as a way of viewing world cultures and your experience on the Semester at Sea. 2. Appreciate the varieties of ways of organizing social groups, families, and institutions in cultures of the world. 3. Review the ways in which people sustain themselves in various environments through foraging, agriculture, pastoralism and industrialization. 4. Understand the anthropological perspective on human biological origins and biological variation ("race") in human populations. 5. Consider the effects of migration and modernization on world cultures. REQUIRED TEXTBOOKS AUTHOR: Miller, Barbara TITLE: Cultural Anthropology, Seventh Edition PUBLISHER: Pearson ISBN #: 978-0-205-26001 DATE/EDITION: 2013, Seventh edition AUTHOR: Standage, Tom 1
TITLE: A History of the World in 6 Glasses PUBLISHER: Walker and Company ISBN #: 0-8027-1552-4 DATE/EDITION: 2005 In Miller textbook, read assigned passages and also use the "Big Questions" and keywords summaries at the end of each chapter, especially when studying for quizzes and exams. TOPICAL OUTLINE OF COURSE Depart Southampton--September 13 Orientation -- September 14 B1--September 16: Introducing Anthropology. Miller ch 1 Anthropology and the Study of Culture pp 2-7 (Introducing Anthropology's Four Fields), 13-19 (The Concept of Culture) and pp. 23-25 (Distinctive Features of Cultural Anthropology Davis, Wade. 2008. On Native Ground. Conde Nast Traveller Odede, Kennedy. 2010. Slumdog tourism. New York Times. How is Anthropology different from tourism? How does educational travel, such as SAS, fit in? Baseline short writing assignment and exchange of information (what do you expect from semester at sea), B2--September 18: The Craft of Ethnography. Miller ch 3 Researching Culture pp. 68-69 (Fieldwork Techniques. Stop at "Specialized Methods"), and 76-77 (Urgent Issues in Cultural Anthropology Research). Miller ch 11 Nonverbal Language and Embodied Communication pp. 263 -266 (skip box "Narrating Troubles", p. 264) and Communicating with Media and Information Technology pp. 266 -268 American Anthropological Association, Statement on Ethics Forte, M. C. 2011. The human terrain system and anthropology: a review of ongoing public debates. American Anthropologist 139:149-153 (scroll down through document to find Forte's article). Standage, A Drink for Everyone? pp. 74-81 2
Divide into groups and introduce semester-long port observation project Civitavecchia--September 19-22 Naples--September 23-24 B3--September 26: Mediterranean Anthropology Gilmore, David D. 1987. Introduction: The Shame of Dishonor Pages 3-5 ONLY (start at subheading `Honor, Shame and the Unity of the Mediterranean' and stop after "... agrarian civilizations generally (Wyatt-Brown 1982:xiii)". In Honor and Shame and the Unity of the Mediterranean, D. Gilmore (ed.). American Anthropological Association: Washington DC. Jacobs, Sharon 2011. Olive Odyssey. In Explorer's Journal, p. 10 National Geographic Society. Delaney, Carol 2011. Turkish Tea. In Investigating Culture: An Experiential Introduction to Anthropology. P. 351 -353 Malden MA: Wiley-Blackwell Ruth Mandel, 1989 "Turkish Headscarves and the `Foreigner Problem': Constructing Difference through Emblems of Identity." New German Critique 46:27-46. Is there a unique pan-Mediterranean culture? We will return to this question later in the semester B4--September 28: Livelihoods: Origins of Agriculture Miller ch. 2 The Neolithic Revolution and the Emergence of Cities and States, pp. 47- 51 (Stop at "Cities and States"). Miller ch. 4 Foraging/ Horticulture/ Pastoralism, pp. 84-92 (stop at "Agriculture") Miller ch. 10, Bands/ Tribes/ Chiefdoms, pp. 235-239 (Stop at "States") Standage, A Stone Age Brew 9-23 The first farmers. Progress or last resort? Istanbul--September 29 - October 3 B5--October 5: Politics of the Past Standage, The Delight of Wine 43-68 Yalouri, Eleana, 2001. Contesting Greek Identity: Between Local and Global. In The Acropolis: Global Fame, Local Claim. Berg: New York pp. 77-100. Delaney, Carol 2011. The Olympics. In Investigating Culture: An Experiential Introduction to 3
Anthropology. Wiley-Blackwell, Malden MA. Olympics 356 -360 Who owns the past? Feminist and collaborative archaeology. Repatriation debates Athens -- October 6-10 Field Lab A, Oct. 6 B6--October 12: From Neolithic to State Miler, ch. 2, Cities and States, pp. 51-53 Miller, ch. 4, Agriculture.p. 92- 95 (Stop at "Industrialism and the Digital Age") Miller, ch. 10. States, pp. 239-242 Hodder, Ian 2004. women and men at Catal Huyuk. Scientific American Jan 2004. pp. 76-83. Miller Writing Systems 274 - 275 Standage, Civilized Beer 24-39 Early States. Types of human political systems. B7--October 14: Ethnicity and Nation. Miller, ch. 10, social order and Social Conflict, pp. 243 - 253 Miller ch. 11, Language and Communication Change pp. 272-274. Standage, The King of Drinks 88-90 Nation-States, Language, Identity and Ethnicity. Valencia ­ October 15 - 16 Barcelona --October 17 - 19 B8--October 20: Human origins: What the Fossil Record Tells Us. Lavenda, Robert H. and Emily A. Schutz. 2015. In Anthropology: What Does it Mean to be Human? New York: Oxford U. Press. What is Evolutionary Theory? 32-33. What Material Evidence is there for Evolution 33. [SKIP Pre-Darwinian Views of the natural world 33-38] What is Natural selection? 38-41 (includes Natural selection in Action 40-41). Stop at How did Biologists Learn About Genes? p. 41 Miller, ch. 2, Hominin Evolution to Modern Humans, pp. 38 ­ 47 Standage, A Gift from the Arabs, 93- 97 4
Darwin and human evolution. What is Science? Fossil hominids of Africa. Preparation for Casablanca arrival Casablanca --- October 22 ­ 26 Field Lab B, Oct. 22 B9--October 28: world religions Miller ch. 12 World Religions and Local Variations ONLY, pp. 293-307 Fraser, Laura 2000. Under the Veils in Casablanca. Standage, Why Christians Drink Wine and Muslims do not. 84-88 World Religions, stereotyping, views of the other B10-- October 30: Rich and Poor. Standage, Tea and Industry pp. 198-202. Miller, chapter 5, Consumption and Exchange, pp. 104 - 127 Underlying causes and consequences of global economic inequality Dakar ­ October 31 ­ November 3 B11-- November 5: Rites of Passage Standage, The Wine of Islam, pp. 136-141 Miller ch 12 Religion. pp 282 -309 [review World Religions and Local Variations, pp. 293-304] Reitman, Janet 2012. Confessions of an Ivy League Frat Boy: Inside Dartmouth's Hazing Abuses. Rolling Stone, March 28 2012. Anthropological views of religion, including rites of passage Study Day -- November 6 B12--November 8: Midterm exam B13--November 10. Does Race exist? Bamshad, Michael J. and Steve E. Olson 2003. Does Race Exist? Scientific American. 78-86. 5
Standage, Spirits Sugar and Slaves 101-105 Goldstein, Donna 1999. "Interracial" Sex and Racial Democracy in Brazil: Twin Concepts? American Anthropologist 101:33: 563-578 Facts and myths about race. Intersection of racial constructs with different cultural formations. Salvador ­ November 11 ­ 16 B14--November 18: Total Institutions/ Shipboard Ethnography Miller chapter 9 Social Groups and Social Stratification 208-231 Standage 105 -111 The First Global Drink Reflexivity: Considering our own cultural situations as sites for anthropological investigation B15--November 20: Family and Culture Miller, ch 8 How Cultures Create Kinship, pp. 184-199 Delaney, Carol 1987. Seeds of Honor, Fields of Shame. In Honor and Shame and the Unity of the Mediterranean, D. Gilmore (ed.). American Anthropological Association: Washington DC. Pp. 35-48 Standage Colonialism by the Bottle pp 127-129. Cultural variations on the family, and their relationship to ideas of national and religious affiliation. Study Day--November 21 B16--November 23: The Nature of Language Miller ch 11 Language and Verbal Communication pp. 260 ­ 264 -185. Miller, ch. 11, Language, Diversity, and Inequality, pp. 268 ­ 272 Miller,, ch. 11 Colonialism, Nationalism and Globalization, pp. 275 - 279 Standage, Empires of Coffee, 146-150. Language is part of the uniquely evolved adaptation of the human species. B17-- November 25: Cultural Change 6
Miller ch 8 Changing Kinship and Household Patterns 201-207 Doukas, Dimitra. 2010. Wealth Unbound: Corporate Capitalism and the Transformation of US Culture. In 2010. Paradigms for Anthropology: An Ethnographic Reader. E. Paul Durrenberger and Suzan Erm (eds.) Pp. 202 -218. Paradigm Publishers, Boulder and London Standage Industrial Strength 223-225 Cultural change Port of Spain--November 26 - 27 B18--November 29: Migration Miller ch 14 People on the Move. 334-357 Standage Globalization by the Bottle 263-265 Movements of peoples and cultures B19--December 1: The Anthropoocene. Miller ch 15 People Defining Development 358 -385 Standage, Back to the Source (water) 266-274 Environmental anthropology Study Day (Panama Canal) --December 2 B20--December 4: Reflecting on Tourism Miller ch 13 Expressive Culture 310-333 Kellee Caton and Carla Almeida Santos, "Images of the Other: Selling Study Abroad in a Postcolonial World." Journal of Travel Research 48:191-204 (2009). Reents-Budet, Dorie 2009. The social context of Kakaw Drinking Among the Ancient Maya. In Chocolate in Mesoamerica: A Cultural History of Cacao. Cameron McNeil (ed). Pages 202-223, University Press of Florida: Gainesville. The Anthropology of tourism. Reflecting on the Study Abroad experience Puntarenas--December 5 - 9 7
Field lab 4, Dec. 5 B21--December 11: Global Health Miller ch 7 Disease Illness and Healing pp. 156-178 Standage, 97-101 A Miracle Cure? Medical Anthropology B22--December 13: Culture, Personality, and the Life-Cycle Miller ch 6 Reproduction and HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 130- 155 Nanda, Serena 2000. Arranging a Marriage in India, Serena Nanda, In Stumbling toward Truth: Anthropologists at Work. Philip r. De Vita (ed). 2000. P. 196-204 Prospect Heights IL: Waveland. Anthropology and human development B23--December 15: Port Ethnography Exhibition. Study Day--December 16 B24--December 18; Final Exam Convocation/ Re-entry/ Packing -- December 19 - 20 Arrive San Diego--December 21 FIELD WORK Field lab attendance is mandatory for all students enrolled in this course. Do not book individual travel plans or a Semester at Sea sponsored trip on the day of your field lab. FIELD LAB (to be led by the instructor.) Two possible field labs are suggested. Selection of the final Field Lab, and further details about the day, remain to be elaborated. Field lab 1: Politics of the Past -- The Olympics in three Athenian eras. Visits to Olympic sites from different eras, including antiquity and the 2004 games, in order to promote discussion of the ways in which archaeological remains are reclaimed and reinterpreted in later eras. Visits to the Panathenaic Stadium in central Athens on Vassileos Konstantinou Avenue (an ancient site renovated for the first of the modern Olympic games, 1896), and to Spiros Louis Stadium, site of the 2004 Olympics. Comparison of the uses of the past in 1896 and in 2004, and discussion of the global adoption of Greek Antiquity as a symbol of enlightenment. How are monuments and museums used in other parts of the world to make contemporary political points? Lunch to be arranged, marketplace visit may also be possible. 8
Field lab 2: Out of Africa ­ Homo erectus in Casablanca and Rabat Fossil remains of human ancestors (homo erectus) which date back 200,000 years have been discovered on a small island promontory in Casablanca, which is now an Islamic burial ground that can be visited by tourists (Venerated Site of Marabout de Sidi Abderrahmane). Artifacts from the ancient site are on display at the Musйe Archйologique de Rabat (23, rue Brihi ­Rabat) which is reachable by bus from Casablanca. Students will visit both Sidi Abderrahmane and the Rabat museum, for a first-hand experience of the kinds of data that anthropologists use to piece together the story of human evolution. Discussion of the nature of evidence in scientific theorybuilding, and of the probable lifeways of early hominids. Stop for lunch to be arranged. Field Lab 3: Endangerment and Survival: Indigenous Traditions in Costa Rica. Students will travel from Puntarenas to the Nicoya peninsula across the scenic Taiwan friendship bridge, to visit San Vicente de Nicoya, a ceramic artisan village. Villagers practice an ancient ceramic tradition, which has recently undergone a revival to celebrate elaborate pre-Columbian forms and styles. After a long struggle, the community succeeded in opening an eco-museum in 2007, and the artisans welcome visitors for a community tour, manufacturing demonstration, and a meal featuring the regional cuisine. Preparatory discussion will center around the endangerment, revitalization and survival of indigenous traditions and languages in Costa Rica and elsewhere. FIELD ASSIGNMENTS 1. Participation in and Reflection upon Field Lab Experience. Participation in the Field Lab is mandatory and will form part of the grade. In addition, students will take notes and photographs during the Field Lab, and produce a written reflection on the day (two pages), including summary of substantive discussion points raised, and their own views as modified, solidified, or enhanced by the Field Lab experience. 2. Port Ethnography. Each students will participate in a small-group project which will require collaborative visual documentation of a different ethnographic topic in each port that we visit. Topics will be assigned by the Instructor, and will be broadly specified, so that we can expect to encounter examples of each one in every port. Students will select and curate their ethnographic documents (photographs with short explanatory captions or comments), to create a `gallery' exhibition for others in the class, to be presented on the last day of the semester. Evaluation will be based on quality of sustained engagement with the project over the semester, relevance and interest of documents produced, and aesthetic impact of the final exhibit. IN-CLASS ASSIGNMENTS 1. Attendance and in-class quizzes. Attendance at lectures is mandatory. Very short quizzes 9
will also be assigned each lecture day, consisting of one or two simple questions based on readings that require no study if reading has been done. Graded Pass/ Fail each time. 2. Midterm exam 3. Final exam
METHODS OF EVALUATION / GRADING RUBRIC Assignments will be weighted as follows (%):
Field lab, including written report
Port ethnography
Attendance and in-class quizzes
Midterm exam
Final exam
Letter grades will be assigned according to the following scale:
Above 98% = Above 93% = Above 88% = Above 83% = Above 78% = Above 73% = Above 68% =
A plus A A minus B plus B B minus C plus
Above 63% = Above 58% = Above 53% = Above 48% = Above 43% = Below 43% =
C C minus D plus D D minus F
I do not plan to show these films during class time, but have identified films (mostly already in the SAS library) that I would like to screen before arriving in each port:
Port preparation screening, Italy: The Bicycle Thief. (SAS library) Port preparation screening, Turkey: Journey to the Sun. (SAS library) Port preparation screening, Greece: Z. (SAS library) OR Mediterraneo (not currently in SAS library) Port preparation screening, Spain: Biutiful. (SAS library) Port preparation screening, Morocco: Poupees d'argile/ Clay dolls (SAS library) 10
Port preparation screening, Senegal: TBA Atlantic transit screening: Atlantico negro : na rota dos Orixas = Black Atlantic: on the Orixas route Port preparation screening, Brazil: Hour of the Star. Port preparation screening, Trinidad: The Mystic Masseur (SAS library) In transit screening, Panama: Paraiso for sale (SAS Library) Port preparation screening: The goose with the golden eggs (SAS library). OR Caribe ELECTRONIC COURSE MATERIALS Articles and chapters as listed with full references in syllabus readings above. 2
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES Web-based material: HONOR CODE Semester at Sea students enroll in an academic program administered by the University of Virginia, and thus bind themselves to the University's honor code. The code prohibits all acts of lying, cheating, and stealing. Please consult the Voyager's Handbook for further explanation of what constitutes an honor offense. Each written assignment for this course must be pledged by the student as follows: "On my honor as a student, I pledge that I have neither given nor received aid on this assignment." The pledge must be signed, or, in the case of an electronic file, signed "[signed]." 3

BD Miller

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