Disease, Illness, and Physical Abnormalities

Tags: International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Journal of Forensic Sciences, Journal of Archaeological Science, American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Differential Diagnosis, Forensic Science International, American Journal, Journal of Physical Anthropology, Cortical Bone, Physical Anthropology, Charles Thomas, International Journal, Ross A James, Charles C. Thomas, Cambridge University Press, Charles Greenblatt, University of Indianapolis Archeology, American Journal of Physcial Anthropology, David A. Eitzen, Midwest Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology Association, International, British Journal of Radiology, Forensic Identification, Paget's Disease, Physical Abnormalities, Anthropology, International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 12, Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography, Journal of Osteoarchaeology, Skeletal Remains, Skeletal Changes
Content: (Image Source: www.pixaday.com) Disease, Illness, and Physical Abnormalities We are defined, in part, by life experiences. Some of these experiences become part of our physical being. Obviously, injuries which fracture bones or surgeries to install medical applicances, are used to uniquely identify questioned remains. To narrow the population of possible identities, forensic anthropologists also examine remains for evidence of disease or illness. Conditions such as osteoarthritis or tuberculosis typically leave skeletal lesions which identify the afflictions long after death. More subtle may be patterns of wear or stress on skeletal elements supporting possible dominant handedness, or repeated motions and loads required by different physically demanding trades. Articles on paleopathology are abundant in this section. In disciplines which rely predominantly on surviving skeletal elements, archaeologists and physical anthropologists have originated or advanced the analyses of diseases, illnesses, and physical abnormalities reflected in human remains. They have also advanced considerations of diet and nutrition from the chemical composition of bones as well as their physical size and condition. For this reason, the researcher interested in this section should also check out that on Stable Isotope Analyses. Just as the isotopic record is stored in our skeleton, hinting at the locations we've lived throughout our lives, so does the chemical composition of our remains suggest dietary deficiencies or access to more or better resources. Such considerations should draw on interest into the decedent's cultural background or influences. For this the reader is directed to applicable citations within the Criminal and Cultural Behavior section of this bibliography. (1230 citations) Aaron, Jean E., J. Rogers, and J.A. Kanis 1992 Paleohistology of Paget's Disease in Two Medieval Skeletons. Journal of Physical Anthropology, 89:325-331. Adams, I.E. 1976 Osteoarthritis and Sport: Clin Rheum Dis, 2:523-541. Adams, J.E. 1965 Injury to the Throwing Arm - A Study of Traumatic Changes in the Elbow Joints of Boy Baseball Players. California Med, 102:127-132. 588
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The Effects of Ethanol Abuse on Bone Mineral Density in the Proximal Femur. A Poster Presentation before the 61st Annual Meeting of
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2001a
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