English and American literatures

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Michael Meyer. English and American Literatures. 4th ed. Basel and Tьbingen: Francke, 2011. Bibliography This bibliography is highly selective. Titles marked by an *asterisk are strongly recommended for beginners. Many thanks go to Christian Alef for checking sources and formatting the bibliography. Table of contents 1. INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................. 2 Primary Sources ..................................................................................................................... 2 Secondary Sources ................................................................................................................. 2 2. POETRY ................................................................................................................................ 5 Primary Sources ..................................................................................................................... 5 Secondary Sources ................................................................................................................. 6 3. NARRATIVE ......................................................................................................................... 9 Primary Sources ..................................................................................................................... 9 Secondary Sources ............................................................................................................... 10 4. DRAMA ............................................................................................................................... 14 Primary Sources ................................................................................................................... 14 Introductions and Theory ..................................................................................................... 15 General Sources.................................................................................................................... 16 5 LITERARY THEORY .......................................................................................................... 20 Primary Sources of Literature, Culture and Theory ............................................................. 20 Introductions to Theory ........................................................................................................ 22 Reference Works .................................................................................................................. 24 6. RESEARCH ......................................................................................................................... 26 6.1 Guides to Study Skills .................................................................................................... 26 6.2 Anthologies and Databases of Literary Texts ................................................................ 27 6.3 Bibliographies and Subject Gateways ............................................................................ 28 6.4 Dictionaries and Encyclopaedias of General Interest .................................................... 31 6.5 English and American Literatures and Cultures ............................................................ 33 6.5.1 International, incl. Colonial and Postcolonial Literatures ....................................... 33 6.5.2 Africa and the Caribbean......................................................................................... 35 6.5.3 Asia.......................................................................................................................... 37 6.5.4 Australia and New Zealand ..................................................................................... 38 6.5.5 Canada ..................................................................................................................... 39 6.5.6 England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales ................................................................... 39 6.5.7 United States of America ........................................................................................ 44 6.6 Journals........................................................................................................................... 46 1
1. INTRODUCTION Primary Sources Abrams, M. H. et al., eds. The Norton Anthology of ENGLISH LITERATURE. 7th ed. 2 vols. New York and London: Norton, 2000. (NAEL 1 and 2). Baym, Nina et al., eds. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. 3rd ed. 2 vols. New York and London: Norton, 1989 . (NAAL 1 and 2). Bunyan, John. The Pilgrim's Progress. With an Introd. and Notes by Roger Sharrock. Repr. London et al.: Penguin, 1987. Carroll, Lewis. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass. Reissue. New York et al.: Penguin, 2001. Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de. Don Quixote de la Mancha. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. Dickens, Charles. Hard Times: an Authoritative Text; Backgrounds, Sources, and Contemporary Reactions, Criticism. 2nd ed. Ed. George Ford. New York et al.: Norton, 1990. Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New ed. London: Vintage, 2004. Milne, A.A. Winnie-the-Pooh. Illustr. E. H. Shepard. Ed. Barbara Rojahn-Deyk. Stuttgart, Reclam,1988. Rowling, Joanne K. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone. London: Bloomsbury, 2000. Walpole, Horace. The Castle of Otranto: a Gothic Story. Ed. W. S. Lewis. Reissued with New Apparatus. Oxford et al.: Oxford University Press, 1996. Wells, Herbert G. War of the Worlds. London et al.: Penguin, 2005. Wilde, Oscar. "The Decay of Lying." De Profundis and Other Writings. Ed. Hesketh Pearson. London: Penguin, 1986. 55-88. Secondary Sources Abrams, M.H. The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic Theory and the Critical Tradition. New York: Norton, 1958. (Traditional introduction to literary theories, yet very clear and concise) Aristoteles. Poetik. Griechisch/Deutsch. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1982. (Famous fundamental treatise). 2
Beck, Rudolf, Hildegard and Martin Kuester. Terminologie der Literaturwissenschaft. Ein Handbuch fьr das Anglistikstudium. Ismaning: Hueber, 1998. (Very clear definitions and examples). Bцker, Uwe, and Christoph Houswitschka, eds. Einfьhrung in das Studium der Anglistik und Amerikanistik. 2nd ed. Mьnchen: Beck, 2008. (Very sophisticated introduction to linguistics, literature, British and North American culture, literature and media, and teaching English; cp. Korte, Mьller and Schmied). *Carter, Ronald, and John McRae. The Routledge History of Literature in English, Britain and Ireland. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2001. (Readable and comprehensive, relates developments in language and literature). *Cuddon, J. A. A Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory. 4th ed. Rev. C. E. Preston. Oxford: Blackwell, 1998. (Concise and helpful explanations). Culler, Jonathan D. Literary theory: a very short introduction. Reissued. Oxford et al.: Oxford University Press, 2000. (Concise, thoughtful, and entertaining). *Eckstein, Lars, ed. English Literatures Across the Globe. A Companion. Paderborn: Fink, 2007. (Innovative collection on international English literatures according to nations and regions, such as Britain, Australia or the Caribbean; brief overviews literary developments in contexts, incl. concise readings of key texts with a stress on inter- and transcultural issues). Gadamer, Hans-Georg. Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzьge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik. 2nd ed. Tьbingen: Mohr, 1965, quoted in: Kimmich/Renner/Stiegler 28-40. *Gray, Richard J. A History of American Literature. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2004. (Very accessible and very comprehensive: closely relates Literary History to the formation of American identities and cultures). Hickethier, Knut. Film- und Fernsehanalyse. 4th ed. Stuttgart/Weimar: Metzler, 2007. (Very helpful introduction with good examples). Hьgli, Anton. Philosophielexikon. 7th ed. Hamburg: Rowohlt, 2007. (Brief and clear characterisations of philosophers and explanations of important theories and concepts). Kimmich, Dorothee, Rolf Gьnter Renner, and Bernd Stiegler. Texte zur Literaturtheorie der Gegenwart. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1996. Korte, Barbara, Klaus Peter Mьller, and Joseph Schmied. Einfьhrung in die Anglistik. 2nd ed. Stuttgart and Weimar: Metzler, 2004. (Comprehensive, incl. excellent annotated bibliography; cp. Bцker and Houswitschka). Korte, Helmut. Einfьhrung in die systematische Filmanalyse. 3rd ed. Berlin: Schmidt, 2004. (Very clear and helpful guide). Lцffler, Arno, Rudolf Freiburg, Dieter Petzold, and Eberhard Spдth. Einfьhrung in das Studium der englischen Literatur. 7th ed. Tьbingen and Basel: Francke, 2006. (Case studies of individual texts, hands-on approach). 3
*Marcus, Greil, and Werner Sollors. A New Literary History of America. Harvard: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2009. (Very broad range of essays on history, literature and culture, such as comic strips, music, the arts, films, architecture, sports, etc.). Monaco, James. Film verstehen. Kunst, Technik, Sprache, Geschichte und Theorie des Films. 6th ed. Reinbeck: Rowohlt, 2005. (Easily accessible, comprehensive, and richly illustrated overview of film as an art). *Nelmes, Jill, ed. An Introduction to Film Studies. 4th ed. New York: Routledge, 2007. (Comprehensive and fascinating overview of institutions of film production, approaches to films, various genres, topics, and national film traditions with numerous illustrations). *Nowak, Helge. Literature in Britain and Ireland: A history. Tьbingen: Francke, 2010. (Well written and comprehensive; connects topics and styles across history). Nьnning, Ansgar, and Vera Nьnning. An Introduction to the Study of English and American Literature. 5th ed. Stuttgart: Klett, 2008. (Very concise and systematic but few examples). *Poplawski, Paul, ed. English Literature in Context. Cambridge et al.: Cambridge University Press, 2007. (Unique combination of detailed presentations of history, summaries and excerpts of historical documents, and contextual readings of individual major works). *Schabert, Ina. Englische Literaturgeschichte. Eine neue Darstellung aus der Sicht der Geschlechterforschung. Stuttgart: Krцner, 1997. (In German; unique focus on gender issues in general and women's positions in particular). *Schabert, Ina. Englische Literaturgeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts: eine neue Darstellung aus der Sicht der Geschlechterforschung. Stuttgart: Krцner, 2006. (In German; unique focus on gender issues in general and women's positions in particular). *Seeber, Hans Ulrich, ed. Englische Literaturgeschichte. 4th ed. Stuttgart and Weimar: Metzler, 2004. (In German; comprehensive and sophisticated account of literature in context, well written, illustrated). *Wagner, Hans-Peter. A History of British, Irish, and American Literature. 2nd ed. Trier: WVT, 2010. (All in one for those who need a concise overview of canonical works with a very brief introduction of the context; includes CD-ROM with complete text and numerous illustrations of authors, historical events and works of art). *Zapf, Hubert, ed. Amerikanische Literaturgeschichte. 2nd ed. Stuttgart and Weimar: Metzler, 2004. (In German; comprehensive and sophisticated account of literature in context, well written, illustrated). 4
2. POETRY Primary Sources Abrams, M. H. et al., eds. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. 7th ed. 2 vols. New York and London: Norton, 2000. (NAEL 1 and 2). Baym, Nina et al., eds. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. 3rd ed. 2 vols. New York and London: Norton, 1989. (NAAL 1 and 2). Burnett, Paula, ed. The Penguin Book of Caribbean Verse in English. London: Penguin, 1986. Erzgrдber, Willi, and Ute Knoedgen, eds. Moderne Englische Lyrik. Englisch und Deutsch. 3rd ed. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1994. Ferguson, Margaret, Mary Jo Salter, and Jon Stallworthy. The Norton Anthology of Poetry. 5th ed. London and New York: Norton, 2005. Hall, Donald, ed. Contemporary American Poetry. 2nd ed. Rev. and expanded. London et al.: Penguin, 1972. Kemp, Friedhelm, Werner von Koppenfels, Manfred Pfister et al., eds. Englische und Amerikanische Dichtung. Zweisprachig. 4 vols. Mьnchen: Beck, 2000. Kennelly, Brendan, ed. The Penguin Book of Irish Verse. 2nd ed. London: Penguin, 1981. Lehman, David, and John Brehm, eds. The Oxford Book of American Poetry. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. Link, Franz, ed. Amerikanische Lyrik. Vom 17. Jahrhundert bis zur Gegenwart. Bilingual. Trans. Franz and Annemarie Link. 4th ed. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1998. Lцffler, Arno, and Eberhard Spдth, eds. English Poetry: eine Anthologie fьr das Studium. 4th expanded ed. Tьbingen: Francke, 2003. McClatchy, J. M., ed. The Vintage Book of Contemporary American Poetry. Rev. and exp. ed. New York: Vintage, 2003. Representative Poetry Online. Version 3.0. Ed. Combined Departments of English, University of Toronto. 16 October 2002. University of Toronto. Date of access: 29 August 2007. . (Major anthology of poetry in English from the 16th to the early 20th century; six indexes). Parini, Jay, ed. The Columbia Anthology of American Poetry. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995. Paterson, Don, and Charles Simic, eds. New British Poetry. New York: Graywolf Press, 2004. 5
Poulin, A., and Michael Waters, eds. Contemporary American Poetry. Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing, 2003. Ramazani, Jahan, Richard Ellmann, and Robert O'Clair. The Norton Anthology of Modern and Contemporary Poetry. 3rd ed. 2 vols. New York: Norton, 2003. Ricks, Christopher. The Oxford Book of English Verse. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Rosengarten, Herbert, and Amanda Goldrick-Jones, eds. The Broadview Anthology of Poetry. Peterborough (CDN), Orchard Parks (USA), and Hadleigh (GB): Broadview, 1993. Whittaker, Mervyn and Nicola, eds. 100 Songs. Words and Music. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1998. Woodring, Carl, and James Shapiro, eds. The Columbia Anthology of British Poetry. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995. Secondary Sources Acheson, James, and Romana Huk, eds. Contemporary British Poetry: Essays in Theory and Criticism. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1996. *Baldick, Chris. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. (Very helpful definitions of central terms). Beach, Christopher. The Cambridge Introduction to Twentieth-Century American Poetry. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2003. *Beck, R, H., and M. Kuester. Terminologie der Literaturwissenschaft. Ein Handbuch fьr das Anglistikstudium. Ismaning: Hueber, 2004. (Very helpful definitions and examples of technical terms). *Bode, Christoph. Einfьhrung in die Lyrikanalyse. Trier: WVT, 2001. (Very readable, clear, and entertaining). Freeman, Margaret H. "Poetry and the Scope of Metaphor: Toward a Cognitive theory of Metaphor." Metaphor and Metonymy at the Crossroads. Ed. Antonio Barcelona. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2000. 253-81. Gavins, Joanna, and Gerard Steen, eds. Cognitive Poetics in Practice. London: Routledge, 2003. (Series of case studies of texts from all genres that continues issues introduced by Stockwell, see below). Hamilton, Ian, ed. The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Poetry in English. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994. (Biographical information and lists of publications of poets from the USA, GB, and the Commonwealth; concise information on genres and movements). 6
Hanke, Michael. Interpretationen: englische Gedichte des 20. Jahrhunderts. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1997. (Short and readable interpretations). *Hьhn, Peter. Geschichte der englischen Lyrik. 2 vols. Basel and Tьbingen: Francke, 1995. (Excellent history of poetry in the form of case studies of individual authors and model interpretations of important poems). Kцvecses, Zoltбn. Metaphor: A Practical Introduction. 2nd ed. Oxford et al.: Oxford University Press, 2010. (Easily accessible study of conceptual metaphor from a cognitive linguistics perspective with numerous examples and tasks that refer to everyday language but can also be applied to poetry). Lakoff, George and Mark Turner. More than Cool Reason: A Field Guide to Poetic Metaphor. London and Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989. (Seminal and very readable study on the largely unconscious structure of conventional metaphors and their transformation in poetry.) Lennard, John. The Poetry Handbook: A Guide to reading poetry for Pleasure and Practical Criticism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. (Basic, hands-on introduction with glossary after each chapter on form, metre, rhythm, rhyme, etc.). Link, Franz. Make It New. US-Amerikanische Lyrik des 20. Jahrhunderts. Paderborn: Schцningh, 1996. (Very helpful overview of major poets and movements; brief interpretations of selected poems). *Ludwig, Hans-Werner. Arbeitsbuch Lyrikanalyse. 5th ed. Tьbingen: Narr, 2005. (Very good and reader-friendly textbook with basic information on various approaches to poetry and numerous quotes from critics and poets). McRae, John. The Language of Poetry. London/New York: Routledge, 1998. (A poet's handson approach to poetry). Mьller-Zettelmann, Eva, and Margarete Rubik, eds. Theory into Poetry: New Approaches to the Lyric. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2005. (Innovative collection that looks into cognitive approaches to poetry, narrative and dramatic perspectives in and on poetry, collective identities in poetry and postmodern poetry). Niemeier, Susanne. "Straight from the Heart: Metonymic and Metaphorical Explorations." Metaphor and Metonymy at the Crossroads. Ed. Antonio Barcelona. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2000. 195-211. Parini, Jan, ed. The Columbia History of American Poetry. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. (30 essays on movements, poets, and forms in context). Parini, Jay, Brett C. Millier, eds. The Columbia History of American Poetry. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. Preminger, Alex, and T. V. F. Brogan, eds. The New Princeton Encyclopaedia of Poetry and Poetics. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993. (Comprehensive guide to history, techniques, genres, and criticism of poetry). 7
Quinn, Justin, ed. The Cambridge Introduction to Modern Irish Poetry, 1800-2000. Cambridge et al.: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Riggs, Thomas, ed. Contemporary Poets. 7th ed. Detroit: St. James-Gale, 2001. (American, Australian, Canadian and Indian poets' biographies and lists of publications, short critical essays and selective lists of criticism). Steele, Timothy. All the Fun's In How You Say a Thing: An Explanation of Meter and Versification. Athens: Ohio UP, 1999. (Clear, readable and entertaining). *Stockwell, Peter. Cognitive Poetics: An Introduction. London: Routledge, 2002. (Basic introduction to the uses of the cognitive turn for literary analysis in general, i.e. not restricted to poetry; covers the function of scripts and schemas, conceptual metaphor, possible worlds etc. in the process of reading and interpretation). Wheatley, David. The Cambridge Introduction to Contemporary British Poetry. Cambridge et al.: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Woodring, Carl, ed. The Columbia History of British Poetry. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. 8
3. NARRATIVE Primary Sources Abrams, M. H. et al., eds. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. 7th ed. 2 vols. New York and London: Norton, 2000. (NAEL 1 and 2) Ackroyd, Peter. Hawksmoor. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1993. Barnes, Julian. Talking It Over. London: Cape, 1991. Baym, Nina et al., eds. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. 3rd ed. 2 vols. New York and London: Norton, 1989. (NAAL 1 and 2) *Bradbury, Malcolm, ed. The Penguin Book of Modern British Short Stories. London: Penguin, 1988. Brontл, Charlotte: Jane Eyre. London: Penguin, 1986. Defoe, Daniel. Robinson Crusoe. Ed. Angus Rose. London: Penguin, 1985. Dickens, Charles. Great Expectations. Complete, authoritative text with biographical and historical contexts, critical history, and essays from five contemporary critical perspectives. Ed. Janice Carlisle. Boston: Bedford Books of St.Martin's Press, 1996. Dickens, Charles. Hard Times: an Authoritative Text; Backgrounds, Sources, and Contemporary Reactions, Criticism. 2nd ed. Ed. George Ford. New York et al.: Norton, 1990. Fielding, Henry: The History of Tom Jones. Ed. R. P. C. Mutter. Rpt. London: Penguin, 1985. *Ford, Richard, ed. The Granta Book of the American Short Story. London: Granta, 1993. Franklin, Benjamin. Autobiography. Eds. Leonard W. Labaree, Ralph L. Ketcham, Helen C. Boatfield and Helene H. Fineman. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1964. Geisen, Herbert, ed. American Short Stories of the 19th Century. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1997. Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The Scarlet Letter and Selected Tales. Ed. Thomas E. Connolly. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1970. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1964. Hill, Susan, ed. The Penguin Book of Contemporary Women's Short Stories. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1995. Joyce, James: A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2000 -----: Ulysses. Student's Edition. Eds. Hans Walter Gabler, Wofhard Steppe, and Claus Melchior. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1986. 9
Lessing, Doris. To Room Nineteen. Ed. Gьnther Jarfe. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1983. McEwan, Ian. Atonement. London: Vintage, 2002. Morrison, Toni. Beloved. New York: Plume, 1988. *Nischik, Reingard M., ed. Short Short Stories Universal. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1993. Puschmann-Nalenz, Barbara, ed. Ten British women writers. Contemporary Short Stories. Stuttgart: Reclam, 2000. Richardson, Samuel. Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. Sterne, Laurence. The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman. Ed. Graham Petrie. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1967. Woolf, Virginia. Mrs. Dalloway's Party. Ed. Hans-Christian Oeser. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1985. Woolf, Virginia. To the Lighthouse. Orlando: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1989. Secondary Sources *Abbot, H. Porter. The Cambridge Introduction to Narrative. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. (Very accessible textbook for students and teachers; relates the analysis of narrative in literature, film, drama and comics to the universal and everyday ordering of events in time ;recommends primary and secondary literature in each chapter). *Ahrends, Gьnter: Die amerikanische Kurzgeschichte. Theorie und Entwicklung. 2nd ed. Stuttgart et al.: Kohlhammer, 1992. (Very readable systematic and historical introduction) Bal, Mieke. Narratology. Introduction to the Theory of Narrative. 2nd, rev.ed. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998. (Very clear and helpful). Bauer, Matthias. Romantheorie und Erzдhlforschung: eine Einfьhrung. 2nd, rev. ed. Stuttgart and Weimar: Metzler, 2005. (Very clear overview of historical theories about the novel from antiquity until today, foregrounding different contemporary approaches). *Bode, Christoph. Der Roman. Eine Einfьhrung. Tьbingen and Basel: Francke, 2005. (Excellent, vivid, sophisticated and comprehensive introduction to analysing novels, using many German, English and American examples). Borgmeier, Raimund, ed. Englische Short Stories von Thomas Hardy bis Graham Swift. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1999. (short interpretations). *Brosch, Renate. Short Story. Textsorte und Leseerfahrung. Trier: WVT, 2007. (New, comprehensive, and very accessible cognitive approach to short fiction with numerous examples from all over the English-speaking world). 10
Chatman, Seymour. Story and Discourse: narrative structure in Fiction and Film. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1978. (still readable basic study) Emory, Elliott, ed. The Columbia History of the American Novel. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991. (Comprehensive overview of novel writing from the United States, Canada, the Caribbean and Latin America). *Fludernik, Monika. Erzдhltheorie. Eine Einfьhrung. 2nd ed. Darmstadt: WBG, 2008. (Lucid and critical introduction with many examples from literatures in German, English and occasionally French). Fludernik, Monika. Towards a 'Natural' Narratology. Repr. London and New York: Routledge, 2010. (Comprehensive study of narrative forms from the Middle Ages until today). Genette, Gйrard. Narrative Discourse Revisited. Trans. Jane E. Lewin. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1988. (selection of essays on key categories of narrative analysis). Genette, Gйrard. Die Erzдhlung. 2nd ed. Mьnchen: Fink, 1998. (original theory, at times difficult, in-depth study of Proust). Hanke, Michael, ed. Amerikanische Short Stories des 20. Jahrhunderts. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1998. (Brief and helpful interpretations). Hanson, Clare. Short Stories and Short Fictions, 1880-1980. London: Macmillan, 1985. Herman, David, ed. Narratologies: New Perspectives on Narrative Analysis. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 1999. Herman, David, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Narrative. Cambridge et al.: Cambridge University Press, 2007. (Overview of basic concepts in recent approaches to narrative in fiction, film, digital media, and in the contexts of ethics, gender, ethnicity and ideology). Herman, David, Manfred Jahn and Marie-Laure Ryan, eds. Routledge Companion of Narrative Theory. London and New York: Routledge, 2005. Jahn, Manfred and Ansgar Nьnning: "A Survey of Narratological Models." Literatur in Wissenschaft und Unterricht 27, 1994. 283-303. Jahn, Manfred. Narratology: A Guide to the Theory of Narrative. Part III of Poems, Plays, and Prose: A Guide to the Theory of Literary Genres. English Department, University of Cologne. Version: 1.8. 2005. . Date of access: 6 August 2010. (Short and accessible overview). *Korte, Barbara: The Short Story in Britain. A Historical Sketch and Anthology. Tьbingen and Basel: Francke, 2003. (very good and readable, systematic definition of genre, historical overview, and texts). Lanser, Susan Sniader. Fictions of Authority. Women Writers and Narrative Voice. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1992. 11
Lothe, Jakob. Narrative in fiction and film. An introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. *Ludwig, Hans-Werner, ed. Arbeitsbuch Romananalyse. 6. ed. Tьbingen: Narr, 1998. (excellent introduction: very readable and critical presentation of systematic approaches with many diagrams and quotes from theoretical sources and illustrations from primary texts). Lubbers, Klaus. Typologie der Short Story. 2nd ed. Darmstadt: WBG, 1989. (systematic depiction of types, subject matter, and techniques of short stories). Lubbers, Klaus, ed. Die englische und amerikanische Kurzgeschichte. Darmstadt: WBG, 1990. (short interpretations). *Martнnez, Matнas and Michael Scheffel. Einfьhrung in die Erzдhltheorie. 8th ed. Munich: Beck, 2009. (very helpful introduction to structuralist analysis of narrative, incl. chapter on narrative in disciplines beyond fiction). May, Charles E., ed. The New Short Story Theories. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1994. (Presents essays on key elements of short fiction, on various subgenres, such as the tale, the fable or the novella, and the historical and international development of the genre). *Neumann, Birgit and Ansgar Nьnning. An Introduction to the Study of Narrative Fiction. Stuttgart: Klett, 2008. (Very comprehensive and accessible overview of relevant concepts with examples). Nьnning, Ansgar, ed. Unreliable Narration. Studien zur Theorie und Praxis unglaubwьrdigen Erzдhlens in der englischsprachigen Erzдhlliteratur. Trier: WVT, 1998. (Major collection about un/reliability in narrative texts). Nьnning, Ansgar, and Vera Nьnning, eds. Multiperspektivisches Erzдhlen. Zur Theorie und Geschichte der Perspektivenstruktur im englischen Roman des 18. bis 20. Jahrhunderts. Trier: WVT, 2000. (Useful studies on large variety of multiple narrative perspectives). Nьnning, Ansgar, and Vera Nьnning, eds. Erzдhltheorie transgenerisch, intermedial, interdisziplinдr. Trier: WVT, 2002. (Covers narrative structures in the arts, music, comics, movies, hyperfiction and historiography). Nьnning, Vera, and Ansgar Nьnning, eds. Erzдhltextanalyse und Gender Studies. Stuttgart and Weimar: Metzler, 2004. (Explains how gender influences all aspects of writing and reading fiction, such as the construction of and response to narrative discourse, characters and plots). Nьnning, Ansgar and Vera Nьnning, eds. Neue Ansдtze in der Erzдhltheorie. Trier: WVT, 2002. Phelan, James. A Companion to Narrative Theory. Malden, MA, et al.: Blackwell, 2008. *Prince, Gerald. A Dictionary of Narratology. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2003. (Very useful, short, and clear definitions of key terms for narrative analysis). 12
Reinfandt, Christoph. Der Sinn der fiktionalen Wirklichkeiten. Ein systemtheoretischer Entwurf zur Ausdifferenzierung des englischen Romans vom 18. Jahrhundert bis zu Gegenwart. Heidelberg: Winter, 1997. Richetti, John J., John Bender, Deirdre David and Michael Seidel, eds. The Columbia History of the British Novel. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. (Comprehensive and accessible coverage of major genres, authors and works from Defoe in the 18th century to women's novels of the 1980s and early 1990s). *Rimmon-Kenan, Shlomith. Narrative Fiction. Contemporary Poetics. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2002. (Excellent presentation of structuralist approach to narrative). Schlager, Neil, and Josh Lauer, eds. Contemporary Novelists. 7th ed. Contemporary Writers Series. Detroit: St.James-Gale Group, 2000. (Brief biographical and bibliographical information on primary texts and selected secondary material, often with a short critical essay). Shaw, Valerie: The Short Story: A Critical Introduction. 7th improved ed. London et al.: Longman, 1995. (systematic analysis of key problems). Stanzel, Franz: Theorie des Erzдhlens. 8th ed. Gцttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 2008. (Very readable original study of narrative situations). Steinecke, Hartmut, and Fritz Wahrenburg, eds. Romantheorie: Texte vom Barock bis zur Gegenwart. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1999. (Comprehensive, annotated and illuminating selection). Wenzel, Peter, ed. Einfьhrung in die Erzдhltextanalyse: Kategorien, Modelle, Probleme. Trier: WVT, 2004. (Concise and critical discussion of the key areas of narrative analysis. With numerous tables and diagrams). White, Hayden. Metahistory. Baltimore, London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1975. 13
4. DRAMA Primary Sources Albee, Edward. Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf. Ed. Ferdinand Schunck. Stuttgart: Reclam, 2000. Beckett, Samuel. Waiting for Godot. A Tragicomedy in Two Acts. Ed. Manfred Pfister. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1987. ---. Endgame. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Eds. M.H. Abrams et al. 7th ed. Vol. 2. New York and London: Norton, 2000. 2472-99. (NAEL 2). Churchill, Caryl. Top Girls. Repr. London: Methuen, 1984. Etherege, George. The Man of Mode. Restoration and Eighteenth-Century Comedy. Ed. Scott McMillin. New York: Norton, 1973. 79-152. Gilbert, Helen, ed. Postcolonial Plays: an Anthology. London and New York: Routledge, 2001. Internet Shakespeare Editions. University of Victoria, 1996-2010. 1 December 2010. . (Editions of Shakespeare's plays and those of his contemporaries; selected secondary material about Shakespeare and the Renaissance; links to online journals). Jonson, Ben. Volpone. Three Comedies. Ed. Michael Jamieson. London: Penguin, 1972. 49174. Miller, Arthur. Death of a Salesman. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. Eds. Nina Baym et al. 3rd ed. Vol. 2. New York and London: Norton 1989. 1996-2056. (NAAL 2). O'Neill, Eugene. Long Day's Journey Into Night. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. Eds. Nina Baym et al. 3rd ed. Vol. 2. New York and London: Norton 1989. 130275. (NAAL 2). Pinter, Harold. The Dumb Waiter. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Eds. M.H. Abrams et al. 7th ed. Vol. 2. New York and London: Norton, 2000: 2594-616. (NAEL 2). Shakespeare, William. The Riverside Shakespeare. Ed. G. Blakemore Evans. 2nd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1997. Sheridan, Richard Brinsley. The School for Scandal. Restoration and Eighteenth-Century Comedy. Ed. Scott McMillin. New York: Norton, 1973. 277-340. Twentieth Century North American Drama. . 1 December 2010. (More than 1500 plays in full-text version and detailed extra information). 14
Wasserstein, Wendy. The Heidi Chronicles and Other Plays. New York: Vintage, 1991. Wertenbaker, Timberlake. Our country's Good. Methuen Student Edition. With Commentary and Notes by Bill Naismith. London: Methuen, 1995. Wilde, Oscar. The Importance of Being Earnest. A Trivial Comedy for Serious People. Ed. Manfred Pfister. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1990. Wilder, Thornton. Our Town. A Play in Three Acts. Ed. Eva-Maria Kцnig. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1984. Introductions and Theory Aristotle. Poetics. The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. Eds. Vincent B. Leitch et al. New York and London: Norton, 2001. 90-117. Asmuth, Bernhard. Einfьhrung in die Dramenanalyse. Stuttgart: Metzler, 2004. Aston, Elaine, and George Savona. Theatre as Sign System: A Semiotics of Text and Performance. London: Routledge, 1991. Balme, Christopher B. The Cambridge Introduction to Theatre Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. *Baumbach, Sibylle, and Ansgar Nьnning. An Introduction to the Study of Plays and Drama. Stuttgart: Klett, 2009. (Concise and very helpful, good examples). Bentley, Eric. The Theory of the Modern Stage. London: Penguin, 2008. Carlson, Marvin. Performance: A Critical Introduction. London: Routledge, 2004. Down, William M., et al. Experiencing the Art of Theatre: A Concise Introduction. Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 2007. *Fielitz, Sonja. Einfьhrung in die anglistisch-amerikanistische Dramenanalyse. Darmstadt: WBG, 2010. (Very readable and useful overview, includes historical survey and reference to film analysis). Fischer-Lichte, Erika. Semiotik des Theaters: Eine Einfьhrung. 4th ed. 3 Vols. Tьbingen: Narr, 1994. The Semiotics of Theater. Transl. Jeremy Gaines, and Doris L. Jones. Bloomington/Indianapolis: Indiana: University Press, 1992. (Major study; shortened translation preferable for beginners). Fischer-Lichte, Erika. The Transformative Power of Performance: A New Aesthetics. London: Routledge, 2008. 15
Jacobus, Lee A., ed. The Bedford Introduction to Drama. 3rd ed. Boston et al.: Bedford St. Martin's Press, 2005. (Comprehensive anthology of plays and criticism from ancient drama to Miller's Death of a Salesman). Klotz, Volker. Geschlossene und offene Form im Drama. 14th ed. Mьnchen: Hanser, 1999. McConachie, Bruce, and F. Elizabeth Hart. Performance and Cognition: Theatre Studies and the Cognitive Turn. London/New York: Routledge Classics, 2007. Meisel, Martin. How Plays Work: Reading and Performance. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. (Very readable, with examples from European theatre). *Pfister, Manfred. Das Drama: Theorie und Analyse 11th, revised ed. Mьnchen: Fink, 2001. The Theory and Analysis of Drama. Trans. John Halliday. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. (References are to the English edition of this excellent standard work, well structured and readable, very useful technical terms). *Pickering, Kenneth. Key Concepts in Drama and Performance. Houndmills et al.: Palgrave, 2005. *Pritner, Cal, and Scott E. Walters. Introduction to Play Analysis. Columbus: McGraw-Hill, 2004. (Concise and helpful). Shepherd, Simon, and Mick Wallis. Drama, Theatre, Perfomance. London: Routledge, 2004. Sofer, Andrew. The Stage Life of Props. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2002. Szondi, Peter. Theorie des modernen Dramas. 25th ed. Frankfurt/Main: Suhrkamp, 1999. Wallace, Jennifer. The Cambridge Introduction to Tragedy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. (Easily accessible, broad coverage of tragic theory, tragic drama from ancient Greek to modern American and British drama, and tragedy in novels, film, and visual culture). Wallis, Mick, and Simon Shepherd. Studying Plays. 2nd ed. London: Arnold, 2002. Weitz, Eric. The Cambridge Introduction to Comedy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. (Covers broad range of comic elements, laughter and humour from ancient comedy to postmodern plays). General Sources Allain, Paul. The Routledge Companion to Theatre and Performance. New York: Routledge, 2006. Artslynx International Theater Resources. Ed. Richard Finkelstein. 2002-2010. 1 December 2010. . (International arts resource registers directors, 16
actors, diverse forms of theatre, magazines, organizations; sections on the visual arts, film, etc.). *Banham, Martin, ed. The Cambridge Guide to Theatre. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. (Concise information about playwrights, directors, actors, theatres, and movements around the world, including overviews of national traditions). ---. The Cambridge Guide to African and Caribbean Theatre. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. (Entries about national traditions, theatre companies, individual playwrights, list of primary works, and highly selective lists of secondary works). Berney, K.A, ed. Contemporary Dramatists. 6th ed. London: St James Press, 1999. (Biographical and bibliographical information mostly of American, Australian, British, and Canadian playwrights; lists of primary works and sometimes of critical studies). Bigsby, Christopher. Contemporary American Playwrights. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. (Brief biographical and bibliographical information). *---. Modern American Drama, 1945-2000. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. (Good overview of postwar American drama and theatre). Bigsby, Christopher, and Don Wilmeth, eds. The Cambridge History of American Theatre. 3 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998-2000. (Comprehensive overview). Bordman, Gerald. The Oxford Companion to the American Theatre. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. (Focuses on Broadway theatres, summarizes plays and comments on performances). *A Brief Guide to Internet Resources in Theatre and Performance Studies. Ed. Ken McCoy. 1993-2010. 1 December 2010. . Brown, John Russel, ed. The Oxford Illustrated History of Theater. Reprint. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. (Collection of articles that focus on central European traditions). *Die Deutsche Shakespeare-Gesellschaft e.V. Updated regularly. 1 December 2010. . (Numerous links to online and offline material on Shakespeare, incl.performances, pictures, courses, etc.). *The German Society for Contemporary Theater and Drama in English (CDE). 1 December 2010 . . (Bibliographies on all aspects of drama and theatre in English; many links to journals, theatres, performances, etc.). Grabes, Herbert. Das amerikanische Drama des 20. Jahrhunderts. Stuttgart: Klett, 1998. (Brief and very helpful overview). *Gray, Terry A., ed. Mr. William Shakespeare and the Internet. Version 4.0. 1995-2009. 1 December 2010. . (Large amount of scholarly and entertaining material about Shakespeare for students). *Innes, Christopher. Modern British Drama: The Twentieth Century. Rev. and updated ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. (Very valuable standard book covers major 17
playwrights, plays, and forms in five sections: context, modernism, social and realist theatre, comic, and poetic theatre). *Kennedy, Dennis, ed. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2003. (Covers a huge range of international theatrical traditions and performances of all kinds, and provides explanations of key concepts and approaches to drama and theatre). Krasner, David. A Companion to Twentieth-Century American Drama. Oxford: Blackwell, 2006. (More than 30 essays on movements, genres, and individual writers). Krieger, Gottfried. Das Englische Drama des 20. Jahrhunderts. Stuttgart et al.: Klett, 1998. (Brief and selective overview). Mengel, Ewald. Das Englische Drama des 20.Jahrhunderts. Eine Einfьhrung in seine Klassiker. Tьbingen: Stauffenburg, 2004. Mьller, Klaus Peter, ed. Englisches Theater der Gegenwart: Geschichte(n) und Strukturen. Tьbingen: Narr, 1993. (Good essays on theatres, genres, and movements, women in theatre, new media, political and historical theatre). Mьller, Klaus. Das amerikanische Drama. Eine Einfьhrung. Berlin: ESV, 2006. (A good combination of historical overviews and discussions of individual authors and plays, mostly 20th century; white male canonical authors, but also ethnic and female playwrights). Riggs, Thomas, ed. Contemporary Dramatists. 6th ed. Contemporary Writers Series. London: St. James, 1999. (Biographical and bibliographical information on contemporary playwrights, including selective lists of critical writings). *Schabert, Ina, ed. Shakespeare-Handbuch. 4th ed. Stuttgart: Krцner, 2000. (Comprehensive standard reference work about Shakespeare's time, life, work and reception). Schnierer, Peter Paul. Modernes englisches Drama und Theater seit 1945. Eine Einfьhrung. Tьbingen: Narr, 1997. (Very readable overview of major developments in postwar drama, including sample passages from plays). Theatre History on the Web. Ed. Jack Wolcott. 1996-2010. . 1 December 2010. (Links to resources on the history of theatre). *Trussler, Simon. The Cambridge Illustrated History of British Theatre. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. (Excellent and comprehensive study of British drama, theatre, actors, all forms of staged entertainment and the audience in cultural context). UK Theatre Web. 2010. Updated daily. Oxon. 1 December 2010. . (Listings of contemporary performances of all kinds). *Wells, Stanley, and Margreta de Grazia, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare. Cambridge University Press, 2001. (Comprehensive standard reference work in English on Shakespeare's time, life, work and reception). 18
*The WWW Virtual Library: Theatre and Drama. Ed. Barry Russel. 1 December 2010. . (International and multilingual virtual library of plays and theatres; provides texts and pictures of performances, links to conferences and online journals). 19
5. LITERARY THEORY Primary Sources of Literature, Culture and Theory Abrams, M. H. et al., eds. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. 8th ed. 2 vols. New York and London: Norton, 2006. (NAEL 1 and 2). *Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G. and Tiffin, H., eds. The Post-colonial Studies Reader. 2nd ed. London and New York: Routledge, 2006. (Short passages of relevant theoretical texts concerning central questions of post-colonialism, such as language, representation and resistance, place, history, ethnicity, etc.). Baym, Nina, et al., eds. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. 7th ed. 2 vols. New York and London: Norton 2007. (NAAL 1 and 2). Bhabha, Homi. The Location of Culture. 2nd ed. London and New York: Routledge, 2004. Carter, Angela. Burning Your Boats. The Collected Short Stories. London: Penguin, 1997. Chrisman, Laura and Patrick Williams, eds. Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory. New York, London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993. (Anthology of longer excerpts from central critics with good introductions). Cisneros, Sandra. The House on Mango Street. New York: Vintage, 1991. Derrida, Jacques. Of Grammatology. Corrected ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1998. *Davis, Robert Con, and Ronald Schleifer, eds. Contemporary Literary Criticism: Literary and Cultural Studies. 4th ed. New York and London: Longman, 1998. (Excellent collection of major theoretical texts with brief critical introductions and discussions of their concepts.) Defoe, Daniel. Robinson Crusoe. Ed. Angus Rose. London: Penguin, 1985. *Eagleton, Mary, ed. Feminist Literary Theory. A Reader. 2nd ed. Malden, Oxford, Victoria: Blackwell, 2006. (Very comprehensive compilation of texts; sometimes excerpts very short). Foucault, Michel. Die Ordnung des Diskurses. Tr. Walter Seitter. Frankfurt: Fischer, 1996. Foucault, Michel. Der Wille zum Wissen. Sexualitдt und Wahrheit 1. 6th ed. Tr. Ulrich Raulff and Walter Seitter. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1994. Foucault, Michel. Ьberwachen und Strafen. Die Geburt des Gefдngnisses. Tr. Walter Seitter. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1994. Gilroy, Paul. The Black Atlantic. Modernity and Double Consciousness. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 1993. 20
Goldberg, David Theo, ed., Multiculturalism. A Critical Reader. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997. (Collection of essays on the significance of knowledge, power, self and other, history, and representation within and between cultures). Gordon, Avery F., and Christopher Newfield, eds. Mapping Multiculturalism. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 1996. (Collection of essays on the concept of multiculturalism and its effect on politics, the subject, narratives, capitalism, and communication). Greenblatt, Stephen. Shakespearean Negotiations. The Circulation of Social Energy in Renaissance England. Regents of the University of California, 1988. Hall, Stuart. "Cultural Identity and Diaspora." Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory. Eds. Laura Chrisman and Patrick Williams. New York, London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993. 392-403. Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The Scarlet Letter and Selected Tales. Rpt. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1979. Iser, Wolfgang. Die Appellstruktur der Texte: Unbestimmtheit als Wirkungsbedingung literarischer Prosa. Konstanz: Universitдtsverlag, 1970. Iser, Wolfgang. Der implizite Leser. Mьnchen: Fink, 1972. Iser, Wolfgang. Das Fiktive und das Imaginдre. Perspektiven literarischer Hermeneutik. 2nd ed. Frankfurt/Main: Suhrkamp, 2001. JauЯ, Hans Robert. Literaturgeschichte als Provokation. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1970. *Kimmich, Dorothee, Rolf Gьnter Renner, and Bernd Stiegler, eds. Texte zur Literaturtheorie der Gegenwart. New, completely revised ed. Stuttgart: Reclam, 2008. (Good selection of key texts with readable introductions). Kingston, Maxine Hong. The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts. New York: Vintage, 1989. Lauretis, Teresa de. Technologies of Gender. Essays on Theory, Film and Fiction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987. *Leitch, Vincent B., ed. The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. 2nd ed. New York and London: Norton, 2010. (Very comprehensive: from antiquity to the present; excellent introductions; further reading). Lodge, David, and Nigel Wood, eds. Modern Criticism and Theory: A Reader. 3rd ed. Harlow: Pearson, 2008. (A very comprehensive reader of the same high quality as Leitch's Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism). Ludwig, Hans-Werner. Arbeitsbuch Lyrikanalyse. 1994. 5th ed. Tьbingen: Narr, 2005. (Reference to 1994 ed. Lucid discussion of basic theories and concepts with clear examples). Morrison, Toni. Beloved. New York: Vintage, 2004. 21
*Nischik, Reingard M., ed. Short Short Stories Universal. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1993. *Olaniyan,Tejumola and Ato Quayson. African Literature. An Anthology of Criticism and Theory. Malden, Oxford and Victoria: Blackwell, 2007. (Excellent collection of pertinent contributions of medium length on major aspects of African literature and culture, from languages and genres to politics, queer theory, ecocriticism, etc.). *Rivkin, Julie, and Michael Ryan. Literary Theory: an Anthology. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004. (RR; excellent selection of longer excerpts with brief introductions). Ryan, Michael, ed. Cultural Studies. An Anthology. Oxford et al.: Blackwell, 2008. (Major anthology From ethnicity and gender to hegemony, L.A., race, and television.) Said, Edward W. Orientalism. New York: Vintage, 1994. Said, Edward W. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Vintage, 1994. Shakespeare, William. Macbeth. Ed. Kenneth Muir. London and New York: Routledge, 1988. Smith, Zadie. White Teeth. London: Penguin, 2001. Stevenson, Robert Louis. Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1984. Storey, John. Cultural Theory and Popular Culture. A Reader. 4th ed. Harlow: Longman, 2009. (Good complement to collections of literary theory, such as Leitch and Rivkin/Ryan, because here, theories of race, class, gender applied to popular phenomena). Wellek, Renй, and Austin Warren.Theory of Literature. 3rd ed. New York: Harvest, 1970. Wolfreys, Julian, ed. Literary Theories. A Reader & Guide. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1999. (Comprehensive collection of texts with accessible introductions). Woolf, Virginia. A Room of One's Own. London: Penguin, 2002. Introductions to Theory *Barry, Peter. Beginning Theory. An Introduction to Literary and Cultural Theory. 3rd ed. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 2009. (Very clear and helpful; includes key questions and good examples of approaches). Berensmeyer, Ingo. Literary Theory: An Introduction to Approaches, Methods and Terms. Stuttgart: Klett, 2009. (Concise and mostly accessible). Bennett, Andrew, and Nicholas Royle. An Introduction to Literature, Criticism and Theory: Key Critical Concepts. 3rd ed. Harlow: Longman, 2004. (Unique because it subsumes different approaches under topics, such as author, desire, history, suspense, pleasure, etc.). 22
Bertens, Hans. Literary Theory. The Basics. 2nd ed. London and New York: Routledge, 2007. (Clear and readable introduction to thinkers and ideas). Boehmer, Elleke. Colonial and Postcolonial Literature. Migrant Metaphors. 2nd ed. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. (Very readable introduction to key problems of colonial and postcolonial literature in historical perspective, focus on the 19th and 20th century, incl. short discussions of many literary texts, chronology of events and publications, bibliography). Broich, Ulrich/Manfred Pfister, ed. Intertextualitдt. Formen, Funktionen, anglistische Fallstudien, Tьbingen: Niemeyer, 1985. Childs, Peter, Jean Jacques Weber, Patrick Williams. Post-Colonial Theories and Literatures. African, Caribbean, and South Asian. Trier: WVT, 2006. (Thorough discussion of central concepts and good overviews of literary histories). Culler, Jonathan. Literary Theory. A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. (Concise and entertaining). Eagleton, Terry. Literary Theory: An Introduction. Anniversary ed. London: Blackwell, 2008. (Fluent and vivid; critical survey of theory from left-wing perspective). *Green, Keith, and Jill LeBihan. Critical Theory and Practice: A Coursebook. Rpt. London and New York: Routledge, 2002. (Very helpful combination of introductions to approaches, sample passages from theoretical and literary texts, many interesting exercises, glossaries of key terms and bibliographies for further reading). *Guerin, Wilfred L. et al. A Handbook of Critical Approaches to Literature. 6th ed. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. (Very readable introduction to major approaches, all of which are applied with great insight to four texts, a poem, a play, a short story and a novel). Gymnich, Marion, und Ansgar Nьnning, eds. Funktionen von Literatur: Theoretische Grundlagen und Modellinterpretationen. Trier: WVT, 2005. *Hopkins, Chris. Thinking About Texts. An Introduction to English Studies. 2nd ed. Houndmills and New York: Palgrave, 2009. (Accessible approach to theories under the general topics of texts, authors, critics, genre, history and identities; numerous excerpts from theoretical and literary texts with accessible discussions). Jacobs, Richard. A Beginner's Guide to Critical Reading. An Anthology of Literary Texts. London and New York: Routledge, 2001. (Provides excerpts from major literary texts and brief comments on useful approaches designed for undergraduate student readers). Kramer, Jьrgen. British Cultural Studies. Mьnchen: Fink, 1997. (Useful discussion of the use of theories from Marxism to post-structuralism in cultural studies; includes introductions to several case studies). Lausberg, Heinrich. Elemente der literarischen Rhetorik: Eine Einfьhrung fьr Studierende der klassischen, romanischen, englischen und deutschen Philologie. Mьnchen: Max Hueber, 2000. 23
Loomba, Ania. Colonialism/Postcolonialism. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2005. (Excellent and easily accessible introduction to central questions and answers of postcolonial theory concerning texts, knowledge and power, race, class, gender, culture, nationalism and postmodernism; incl. very useful bibliography). Ludwig, Hans-Werner. Arbeitsbuch Lyrikanalyse. 5th ed. Tьbingen: Narr, 2005. (Includes discussion of poetics). Meyer, Michael. The Bedford Introduction to Literature. Reading, Thinking, and Writing. 8th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's Press, 2008. (Combination of anthology of primary texts and hands-on guide to approaches in very readable form). Selden, Raman, Peter Widdowson, and Peter Brooker. A Reader's Guide to Contemporary Literary Theory. 5th ed. New York and London: Prentice Hall and Harvester Wheatsheaf, 2005. (Introduction to 20th century theories from New Criticism to Lesbian and Queer Studies). Selden, Raman. Practising Theory and Reading Literature. An Introduction. New York, et al.: Harlow: Pearson Education, 2000. (Very readable introduction to central questions of theories, brief examples of readings, and a series of exercises). Sardar, Ziauddin. Introducing Cultural Studies. Icon 2004 Storey, John. Cultural Theory and Popular Culture. An Introduction. 5th ed. Longman Tyson, Lois. Critical Theory Today. A User-Friendly Guide. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge, 2006. (Comprehensively discusses principles of contemporary theories and significance for everyday life and literary analysis, presents helpful questions, advantages, and weaknesses of theories; applies all approaches to F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby). Ueding, Gert, and Bernd Steinbrink. GrundriЯ der Rhetorik. 4th, updated ed. Stuttgart and Weimar: Metzler, 2005. *Zapf, Hubert. Kurze Geschichte der anglo-amerikanischen Literaturtheorie. 2nd ed. Mьnchen: Fink, 1996. (Excellent critical introduction to major theorists from Plato to New Historicists). Reference Works Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin. Postcolonial Studies: The Key Concepts. 2nd edition. London: Routledge, 2007. (Clear and comprehensive definitions). Beck, R, H., and M. Kuester. Terminologie der Literaturwissenschaft. Ein Handbuch fьr das Anglistikstudium. Ismaning: Hueber, 1998. (Very helpful definitions and examples of technical terms). Bennett, Tony, Lawrence Grossberg, and Meaghan Morris, eds. New Keywords. A Revised Vocabulary of Culture and Society. Blackwell 2005. 24
Childers, Joseph, and Gary Hentzi. The Columbia Dictionary of Modern Literary and Cultural Criticism. New York: Columbia UP, 1995. Groden, Michael and Martin Kreiswirth. The Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory & Criticism. 2nd ed. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. (Longer articles on major theorists and critical approaches, few on individual terms). Hawthorn, Jeremy. A Glossary of Contemporary Literary Theory. 4th ed. London: Arnold; New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. (Clear, sometimes too brief). Lentricchia, Frank, and Thomas McLaughlin, eds. Critical Terms for Literary Study. 2nd ed. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1995. (Fairly comprehensive articles on a few key concepts of literature and culture, such as discourse, gender, race, etc.). *Makaryk, Irena R. Encyclopedia of Contemporary Literary Theory, Approaches, Scholars, Terms. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993. (Comprehensive and reliable). Murfin, Ross C., and Ray Supryia. The Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms. 3rd ed. London: Macmillan, 2009. Nцth, Winfried. Handbuch der Semiotik. 2nd, rev. and enlarged ed. Stuttgart: Metzler, 2000. *Nьnning, Ansgar, ed. Metzler Lexikon Literatur- und Kulturtheorie. 3rd, updated ed. Stuttgart and Weimar: Metzler, 2004. (Excellent; best German encyclopedic dictionary in the field; for advanced students). *Payne, Michael, ed. A Dictionary of Cultural and Critical Theory. Reprint Oxford: Blackwell, 1998. (Excellent contributions on authors, movements, and concepts). *The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2009 Edition). Ed. Edward N. Zalta Date of access: 1 August 2010. . (Free, comprehensive, and usually accessible). 25
6. RESEARCH The most accessible texts for beginners are marked by an asterisk*. For secondary sources on poetry, drama, narrative, and literary theory, check the bibliographies of the previous sections. In general, titles are only annotated if they are very different from comparable sources. 6.1 Guides to Study Skills Andermann, Ulrich, Martin Drees, and Frank Grдtz. Duden - Wie verfasst man wissenschaftliche Arbeiten? 3rd, updated ed. Mannheim, Leipzig, Wien, Zьrich: Dudenverlag, 2006. Correa, Delia da Sousa, and W. R. Owens, eds. The Handbook to Literary Research. 2nd ed. London and New York: Routledge, 2010. (Good guide to online research on literature and interdisciplinary projects). Cottrell, Stella. The Study Skills Handbook. 3rd ed. Houndmills: Palgrave, 2006. Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York, 2009. (Standard international reference source of how to research and document sources, incl. electronic media). *Intute's Virtual Training Suite on the Internet. English. Matthew Steggle. 2010. Date of access: 7 August 2010. . (Extremely helpful tutorial, which provides a subject-specific guide to the humanities and English studies, among other fields). *Ludwig, Hans-Werner, and Thomas Rommel. Studium Literaturwissenschaft. Arbeitstechniken und Neue Medien. Tьbingen: Francke, 2003. (Comprehensive, incl. online sources and presentation techniques). *Reifegerste, E. Matthias. Anglistik elektronisch in Freiburg: Eine Einfьhrung in die elektronischen Informationsmittel fьr das Fach Anglistik. Freiburg 2006. Date of access: 7 August 2010. . (The overview is not restricted to the university library in Freiburg but provides general information about reference works and links to international sources on the web). *Skills in Accessing, Finding and Reviewing Information (SAFARI). The Open University. Date of access: 7 August 2010. . (Very helpful online tutorial, comparable to Intute's Virtual Training Suite, see above; with valuable links to free study units in the online LearningSpace in the Arts and Humanities). *Young, Tory. Studying English Literature: A Practical Guide. Reprint. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. (Very detailed und useful advice on writing and revising essays, with an explanation of the most common errors). 26
6.2 Anthologies and Databases of Literary Texts Abrams, M. H. et al., eds. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. 8th ed. 2 vols. New York and London: Norton, 2006. Alex Catalogue of Electronic Texts. Ed. Eric Lease Morgan. Date of access: 7August 2010. . (1800 public domain e-texts of English and American literatures and philosophy). Bartleby.com. Date of access: 7 August 2010. . (Good collection of primary texts and a few, sometimes dated, reference works). Bibliomania. Date of access: 7 August 2010. . (Offers more than 2.000 e-texts in English, including reference books and study guides). CETH - Center for Electronic Texts in the Humanities. 2005. Rutgers University. Date of access: 7 August 2010. . (Directory of electronic text centres mainly in the USA). Electronic Text Center. University of Virginia. Date of access: 7 August 2010. . (Provides more than 70.000 texts from the humanities in various languages and more than 350.000 pictures). Gates, Henry Louis, ed. The Norton Anthology of African American Literature. 2nd ed. New York: Norton, 2004. Gilbert, Sandra M., and Susan Gubar, eds. The Norton Anthology of Literature by Women. 3rd ed. New York: Norton, 2007. Gottesman, Ronald, Nina Baym, et al., eds. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. 7th ed. New York: Norton, 2007. Humanities Text Initiative (HTI). University of Michigan. Date of access: 7 August 2010. . (Offers numerous links to databases of fictional and nonfictional texts, such as American Verse Project, British Women Romantic Poets, The Medieval Review, historical sources, etc.). Lauter, Paul, ed. The Heath Anthology of American Literature. 6th ed. 3 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2009. (Probably the most comprehensive anthology of literature in the United States in three volumes). Literature Online (LION). ProQuest. 1996-2010. Date of access: 7 August 2010. . (A comprehensive virtual library; next to primary works, includes the Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature and literary criticism). The Online Books Page. University of Pennsylvania. Date of access: 7 August 2010 . . (More than 20.000 e-texts, including specialty archives, such as Black literature, children's literature, etc.). 27
An Online library of Literature. Date of access: 7 August
2010.
. (Selection of 30 canonical authors, including great minds like
Descartes and Darwin).
The Oxford Text Archive. 5 August 2010. Oxford University Press. Date of access: 7 August 2010. . (Provides more than 2500 works of fiction as well as reference works in many languages).
ProQuest. Information and Learning. 2010. The Quorum. Cambridge. Date of access: 7 August 2010. . (Commercial provider of comprehensive databases of primary and secondary sources, including dictionaries, bibliographies, and journals; free trials available).
Questia. 2010. Date of access: 7 August 2010. . (A commercial but affordable online library; thousands of primary and secondary titles in the humanities and science).
Representative Poetry Online. Version 3.0.4 Ed. Combined Departments of English, University of Toronto. 2007. University of Toronto. Date of access: 7 August 2010. . (Major anthology of poetry in English from the 16th to the early 20th century; six indexes).
Project Gutenberg. 1971-2002. Project Gutenberg & PROMO.NET. Date of access: 7 August 2010. . (More than 6.000 English e-texts of originals that were published before 1920).
Thieme, John, ed. The Arnold Anthology of Post-colonial Literatures in English. London: Arnold, 1996.
6.3 Bibliographies and Subject Gateways *Anglistik Guide at the State and University Library at Gцttingen. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (Very helpful guide to selected sources on AngloAmerican language and literature). *The Annotated Bibliography of English Studies (ABES). Routledge. Updated regularly. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (Subscription required; selects and comments on most relevant titles published each year). Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature (ABELL or MHRA Bibliography). Leeds: Maney for Modern Humanities Research Association, 1920- . Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (Subscription required; free trial available; comprehensive international bibliography of literature and secondary material in English, which can be searched by keyword, title keyword, author, publication details and date; includes book reviews; listings considerably predate the MLAIB database, which begins in 1963 but covers more up-to-date material than the ABELL after 1980). 28
British Humanities Index (BHI). ProQuest. Updated regularly. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (Gives abstracts and indexes of over 400 academic journals and British quality newspapers). British National Bibliography (BNB). The British Library. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (Lists everything published in the United Kingdom). The British Library. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Offers a number of online catalogues, which register millions of books, newspapers, journals, maps, images, recordings, etc.; search in individual catalogues or in integrated catalogue). Copac. Manchester Computing, Manchester University. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Offers access to the merged online catalogues of 24 university research libraries in the UK and Ireland, the British Library and the National Library of Scotland). Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI). Thomson. Updated monthly. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Summaries of university theses of the USA since 1980; lists North American theses since 1861 and British theses since 1988; cp. Index to Theses with Abstracts). *Dьsseldorfer Virtuelle Bibliothek: Anglistik. Heinrich Heine Universitдt Dьsseldorf. Date of access: 17 August 2010 < http://www.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/home/ebib/fachinfo/ang/dvb >. (Offers a great number of links to websites concerning English and American studies). Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek (EZB). Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Offers numerous e-journals; some journals offer table of contents only, others full texts for free). English and American Studies in German. Summaries of Theses and Monographs. Ed. Horst Weinstock. Tьbingen: Niemeyer, 1968ff. (Abstracts of German university theses). EServer. Eserver.org. Iowa State University. 2010. Date of access: 9 August 2010. . (Offers more than 35,000 texts from the humanities and links to American studies sites). *Fachbibliographien und Online-Datenbanken Anglistik, Amerikanistik (FabiO). Bibliotheksservice-Zentrum Baden-Wьrttemberg. University of Konstanz. Date of access: 17 August 2010. < https://wiki.bsz-bw.de/doku.php?id=linksammlungen:fabio:anglistik>. (Offers many links to international websites and databases on English and American studies; search by nationality, genre or topic). Gender Inn. English department of Cologne university. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Offers bibliographies of gender studies and links to webpages that focus on gender studies). Global Books in Print. Bowker. Updated regularly. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Useful for search of recent publications on particular authors or topics). 29
*Harner, James L. Literary Research Guide. An Annotated Listing of Reference Sources in English Literary Studies. 5th ed. New York: MLA, 2008. (Enormously helpful annotated bibliography of fundamental reference works, such as bibliographies, dictionaries, encyclopaedias, handbooks, histories, etc.). Index to Theses with Abstracts. Updated regularly. 17 August 2010. . (Subscription required; comprehensive listing of British and Irish university theses with summaries since 1716). Internationale Bibliographie der geistes- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Zeitschriftenliteratur/International Bibliography of Periodical Literature. 1896ff. Saur Verlag. 1983ff. Thomson. . (Subscription required; comprehensive international bibliography of articles in periodicals that cover the humanities and social sciences). The Internet Public Library. School of Information. University of Michigan. Date of access: 9 August 2010. . (Offers electronic texts and links about all cultural topics, such as business, classics, health, literature, newspapers, etc.). Karlsruher Virtueller Katalog (KVK). Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Offers access to many German and international online library catalogues). Krikos, Linda A., and Cindy Ingold. Women's Studies: A Recommended Bibliography. 3rd ed. Westport and London: Libraries Unlimited, 2004. The Library of Congress Online Catalogue. The Library of Congress. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (The Library of Congress holds a collection of more than 126 million items, including books, recordings and manuscripts). Literary Resources on the Net. Jack Lynch. 7 January 2006. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Comprehensive subject gateway, not quite as up to date as the Voice of the Shuttle, see below). *MLA International Bibliography of Books and Articles on the Modern Languages and Literatures (MLAIB or PMLA Bibliography). New York: MLA, 1922ff. . CD-ROM. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Extensive and current bibliography that allows very quick and specific searches for secondary literature between 1963 and today; findings should be cross-checked with those in the ABELL). The New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature 600-1950 (NCBEL). 2nd ed. Eds. George Watson and I.R. Willison. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 19691987. (Records primary literature of Great Britain and highly selective secondary material from the year 600 to the mid 1980s. Useful for research on minor authors and selective historical criticism). OPAC der Zeitschriftendatenbank, Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Lists more than 1 million titles of journals and thousands of libraries where you can find and order them). 30
Periodicals Content Index (PCI). ProQuest 2004. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Campus licence required; free trial available; covers journals from the humanities and social sciences). Verzeichnis lieferbarer Bьcher (VLB). Mьnchen: Saur, 1971ff. Online or . (Lists all titles currently available in Germany). *Voice of the Shuttle: Web Page for Humanities Research. Ed. Alan Liu, et al. University of California, Santa Barbara, English Department. Date of access: 9 August 2010. . (The most comprehensive and valuable meta-page on literatures in English in relationship to other fields, such as history, culture, the media etc.). WorldCat. Online Computer Library Center. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Offers links to collections in libraries, archives and museums). The Year's Work in Critical and Cultural Theory. Ed. Kate McGowan. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Companion volume to YWES, see below; summarises and comments on relevant books in critical and cultural studies, for example on gender, ethnicity, film, etc.). The Year's Work in English Studies (YWES). Eds. William Baker and Kenneth Womack. 1920ff. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Summarises and evaluates selected secondary sources in major fields of literary research). 6.4 Dictionaries and Encyclopaedias of General Interest Bartlett, John. Familiar Quotations: A Collection of Passages, Phrases and Proverbs Traced to Their Sources in Ancient and Modern Literatures. 16th ed. Boston: Little, 1992. Date of access: 7 August 2010. . (Large collection of quotes, complemented by additional collections on the website). Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. Ed. Adrian Room.16th ed London: Cassell, 2000. (Concise explanations of traditional words, names, and phrases in cultural contexts). Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase and Fable. Eds. John Ayto and Ian Crofton. 2nd , updated ed. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2006. (Concise explanations of contemporary words, names, and phrases in cultural contexts). Die Brockhaus Enzyklopдdie (No 64 auf S. 208 links unten) .A Dictionary of Literary Symbols. Michael Ferber. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English. Ed. Eric Partridge. 8th ed. Ed. Paul Beale. London: Routledge, 2002. The Encyclopedia Americana. Grolier Educational Group. 1996. Date of access: 9 August 2010. . (Online access requires subscription). 31
Encyclopaedia Britannica. 15th ed. 32 vols. Ed. Daphne Daume. Chicago, 2010. Also on CDROM. Date of access: 9 August 2010. . (Subscription required; largest encyclopaedia in English: a wealth of knowledge). Encylopedia.com. HighBeam Research. 2010. Date of access: 9 August 2010. . (More than 57.000 frequently updated articles from the sixth edition of the Columbia Encyclopedia; incl. links to newspapers and journals). Hьgli, Anton. Philosophielexikon.7th, updated ed. Hamburg: Rowohlt, 2007. *Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (DCE). 5th fully revised ed. Ed. Della Summers. Harlow and Munich: Langenscheidt-Longman, 2009. (Includes very useful copy on CD-ROM). Longman Dictionary of English Language and Culture 3rd ed. Harlow: Longman, 2005. (Includes 15000 names, events, places and institutions of English-speaking cultures). Mautner, Thomas. A Dictionary of Philosophy. Oxford: Blackwell, 1996. Merriam-Webster Dictionary and Thesaurus. Merriam-Webster. Date of access: 9 August 2010. . (The standard American dictionary; the unabridged version requires subscription). Meyers Enzyklopдdisches Lexikon. 9th, rev. and updated ed. 25 vols. Leipzig and Mannheim: Bibliographisches Institut, 1971-1992. Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. Microsoft Corporation. 1997-2010. Date of access: 9 August 2010. . *The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles (SOED). 5th ed. Ed. Lesley Brown. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2002. *Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary of Current English (OALD). 8th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press: Cornelsen, 2010. (Includes very useful copy on CD-ROM). The Oxford Classical Dictionary. 3rd, rev. ed. Eds. Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature. 2nd ed. Ed. M. C. Howatson. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. The Oxford Companion to the Bible. Eds. Bruce M. Metzger and Michael D. Coogan. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations. 7th ed. Ed. Elizabeth Knowles. Oxford University Press, 2009. (Complemented by the editor's Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations. 2nd, updated ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003). The Oxford Dictionary of Slang. John Ayto. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2003. 32
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED). 2nd ed. Ed. J. A. Simpson and E.S.C. Weiner. 20 vols. Oxford: Clarendon-Oxford UP, 1989. CD-ROM, updated version 3.0, 2002. 1 November 2003. Date of access: 9 August 2010. . (The most comprehensive dictionary of the English language; particularly useful for historical meanings of words). The Penguin Dictionary of Symbols. Chevalier, Jean, and Alain Gheerbrant. London: Penguin, 2005. Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart: Handwцrterbuch fьr Theologie und Religionswissenschaft. Ed. Hans Dieter Betz. 4th, revised ed. Tьbingen: Mohr, 1998. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Ed. Edward N. Zalta, et al. Metaphysics Research Lab at the Center for the Study of Language and Information. Stanford University. Regularly updated. Date of access: 9 August 2010. . Theologische Realenzyklopдdie. 36 vols. Ed. Gerhard Mьller, Horst Balz and Gerhard Krause De Gruyter, Berlin 1976­2004. 6.5 English and American Literatures and Cultures In general, the following guides, handbooks, dictionaries and encyclopaedias provide information on major historical events and people, important literary and cultural movements, genres, works and literary characters. The literary histories usually present coherent overviews of cultural contexts in addition to the development of major genres and authors. More British and American literary histories are listed in 1. For the sake of convenience, I added dictionaries of "englishes" used in various regions in the world in this section. 6.5.1 International, incl. Colonial and Postcolonial Literatures Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths and Helen Tiffin, eds. The Post-Colonial Studies Reader, London and New York: Taylor and Francis, 2007. *Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths and Helen Tiffin, Post-colonial studies: the Key Concepts. (Routledge key guides). 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2007. *Bambach-Horst, Eva, et al. Der Brockhaus Literatur. 4th ed. Mannheim: Brockhaus, 2010. Benson, Eugene, and Leonard Conolly, eds. Encyclopedia of Post-Colonial Literatures in English. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2005. Blamires, Harry, ed. A Guide to Twentieth Century Literature in English. Australia, Canada, the Caribbean, the Gambia, Ghana, India, Ireland, Kenya, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Southern Africa, Sri Lanka, Uganda, United Kingdom. London: Methuen, 1983. Bondy, Francois, et al. Harenbergs Lexikon der Weltliteratur: Autoren - Werke - Begriffe. 5 vols. Dortmund: Harenberg, 1994. 33
Buck, Claire, ed. The Bloomsbury Guide to Women's Literature. New York: Prentice Hall, 1992. *Contemporary Authors: A Bio-bibliographical Guide to Current Writers in Fiction, General Non-Fiction, Poetry, Journalism, Drama, Motion Pictures, Television, and Other Fields. Detroit: Gale, 1962ff. CD-ROM. Date of access: 9 August 2010. . (Subscription required; the most comprehensive and up-to-date source on contemporary writers). Contemporary Writers. Film and Literature Department of the British Council in association with BookTrust. Regularly updated. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (Brief biographies and lists of primary works of authors from GB und the Commonwealth). *Dictionary of Literary Biography. Farmington Hills: Gale, 1978ff. (Very useful and comprehensive, multivolume biographical encyclopaedia of international authors in print and online; illustrated essays on life and writings, complete lists of primary works, selective lists of secondary works). *Eckstein, Lars, ed. English Literatures Across the Globe. A Companion. Paderborn: Fink, 2007. (Innovative collection on international English literatures according to nations and regions, such as Britain, Australia or the Caribbean; brief overviews literary developments in contexts, incl. concise readings of key texts with a stress on inter- and trans-cultural issues). Hall, Catherine, ed. Cultures of Empire: Colonisers in Britain and the Empire in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. A Reader. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000. Hawley, John C., ed. Encyclopedia of Postcolonial Studies. Westport: Greenwod Press, 2001. International Who's Who of Authors and Writers 2004. 19th ed. London: Europa Publications, 2003. Jens, Walter, ed. Kindlers Neues Literatur Lexikon. 3rd, fully revised ed. 18 vols. Stuttgart: Metzler, 2009. (Summaries of international primary sources, brief evaluations, short lists of secondary sources; updated edition available on CD-ROM). The Literary Encyclopedia and Literary Dictionary. Ed. Robert Clark, Emory Elliott and Janet Todd. The Literary Dictionary Company Limited. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (Regularly updated and expanded reference work about authors, books, movements and concepts). *Literary Resources on the Net. 7 January 2006. Ed. Jack Lynch. Rutgers University. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (Very useful metapage that offers many valuable links to web sites on literatures in English). McLeod, John, ed. The Routledge Companion to Postcolonial Studies. London et al.: Routledge, 2007. Marshall, P.J. The Cambridge Illustrated History of the British Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. 34
Murphy, Bruce, ed. Benйt's Reader's Encyclopedia. 5th ed. New York: HarperCollins, 2008. (Comprehensive and international; features brief entries on literary movements, writers, genres, works, characters and terms of criticism). Palmer, Alan. Dictionary of the British Empire and Commonwealth. London: Murray, 1996. The Postcolonial Web. Ed. George P. Landow. Brown University and National University of Singapore. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (Rich source of information on a wide variety of countries, topics, authors and secondary material in postcolonial studies). ProQuest. Information and Learning. The Quorum. Cambridge. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (Commercial provider of comprehensive databases of primary and secondary sources, including dictionaries, bibliographies and journals; free trials available to institutions). Ross, Robert L., ed. International Literature in English. Essays on the Major Writers. Chicago: St. James Press, 1991. (Fairly comprehensive biographical and bibliographical essays on major writers from Africa, Asia, Australia, Canada, the Caribbean and New Zealand, including selected and annotated bibliographies). Serafin, Steven R., ed. Encyclopedia of World Literature in the 20th Century. 3rd ed. 4 vols. Farmington Hills: St. James, 1998. *Voice of the Shuttle: Web Page for Humanities Research. Ed. Alan Liu et al. University of California, Santa Barbara, English Department. 1 November 2003. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (The most comprehensive and valuable meta-page on literatures in English in relationship to other fields, such as history, culture, the media, etc.). Wagner, Hans-Peter. A History of British, Irish, and American Literature. 2nd, revised and extended ed. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 2010. (Basic and readable literary history of canonical authors and texts; includes CD-ROM with complete text and numerous illustrations of authors, historical events and works of art). Wilpert, Gero von, ed. Lexikon der Weltliteratur. 4th, revised and updated ed. 2 vols. Stuttgart: Krцner, 2004. Incl. CD-ROM. 6.5.2 Africa and the Caribbean (see also 6.5.1) Allsopp, Richard, ed. Dictionary of Caribbean English Usage. With a French and Spanish Supplement by Jeanette Allsopp. Jamaica: The University of the West Indies Press, 2003. Arnold, James A., ed. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Vol. 2: English- and DutchSpeaking Regions. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2001. Benson, Eugene, and Leonard Conolly, eds. Encyclopedia of Post-Colonial Literatures in English. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2005. 35
Bucknor, Michael A., Alison Donnell, eds. The Routledge Companion to Anglophone Caribbean Literature. London: Routledge, 2011. Bute, Evangeline, and Harry Harmer. The Black Handbook. The People, History and Politics of Africa and the African Diaspora. London: Cassell, 1997. Chapman, Michael. Southern African Literatures. 2nd ed. Scottsville: University of Natal Press: Longman, 2003. Collison, Robert L., and Dalvan Coger. Kenya. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. Dabydeen, David, and Nana Wilson-Tagoe. A Reader's Guide to West Indian and Black British Literature. 2nd ed. London: Hansib Publications, 1997. Dance, Daryl Cumber, ed. Fifty Caribbean Writers. A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. *Gikandi, Simon, ed. Encyclopedia of African Literature. London and New York: Routledge, 2009. Griffiths, Gareth. African Literatures in English. East and West. Harlow et al.: Longman, 2000. Irele, F. Abiola, and Simon Gikandi, eds. The Cambridge History of African and Caribbean Literature. 2 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. James, Louis. Caribbean Literature in English. London: Longman, 1999. *Killam, Douglas and Ruth Rowe eds. The Companion to African Literatures. Oxford: Currey, 2010. King, Bruce, ed. West Indian Literature. 2nd, rev. ed. London: Macmillan, 1995. Lindfors, Bernth, ed. Twentieth Century Caribbean and Black African writers. 3 vols. Detroit: Gale, 1992-1996. *Olaniyan, Tejumola, ed. African literature. Malden, Mass., et al.: Blackwell, 2007. *Olaniyan,Tejumola and Ato Quayson. African Literature. An Anthology of Criticism and Theory. Malden, Oxford and Victoria: Blackwell, 2007. (Excellent collection of pertinent contributions of medium length on major aspects of African literature and culture, from languages and genres to politics, queer theory, ecocriticism, etc.). Owomoyela, Oyekan, ed. A History of Twentieth Century African Literatures. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2005. Page, James A., and Jae Min Roh. Selected Black American, African, and Caribbean Authors. A Bio-Bibliography. Rev. and expanded ed. Littleton, Colorado: Libraries Unlimited, 1985. Parekh, Pushpa Naidu, and Siga Fatima Jagne, eds. Postcolonial African Writers. A Biobibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Chicago and London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1998. 36
Silva, Penny, ed. Dictionary of South African English on Historical Principles. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. *Speitkamp, Winfried. Kleine Geschichte Afrikas. Stuttgart: Reclam, 2007. Thompson, Leonard. The History of South Africa. 3rd ed. Yale University Press, 2001. Worden, Nigel. The Making of Modern South Africa. Conquest, Apartheid, Democracy. 4th ed. Malden, Mass., et al.: Wiley-Blackwell, 2007. 6.5.3 Asia Barker, Amanda. Bangladesh. Oxford: Heinemann Library, 1994. Brace, Steve. Bangladesh. Hove: Thomson Learning, 1995. Datta, Amaresh, et al., eds. Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature. New Delhi: Sahitya, 1987­ 94. *Mehrota, Arvind Krishna, ed. A History of Indian Literature in English. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003. *Metcalf, Barbara D., and Thomas R. Metcalf. A Concise History of India. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Mostow, Joshua, ed. Columbia Companion to Modern East Asian Literature. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003. Myer, Hanna, ed. India 2001: Reference Encyclopedia. 3 vols. Bangalore: Indmark Publishing, 1995ff. Naik, Madhukar K. A History of Indian English Literature. New Delhi: Sahitya, 1989. Palling, Bruce, ed. India: A Literary Companion. London: John Murray, 1992. Rahman, Tariq. A History of English Literature in Pakistan. Lahore et al.: Vanguard, 1991. Robinson, Francis, ed. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and the Maldives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. Silva, Chandra Richard de. Sri Lanka: A History. 2nd ed. New Delhi: Vikas, 1997. Walsh, William. Indian Literature in English. London et al.: Longman, 1990. 37
6.5.4 Australia and New Zealand Bambrick, Susan, ed. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Australia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. Bassett, Jan. The Oxford Illustrated Dictionary of Australian History. Melbourne and New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. Bennett, Bruce, Jennifer Strauss and Chris Wallace-Crabbe, eds. The Oxford Literary History of Australia. Oxford and Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1999. Bolton, Geoffrey, ed. The Oxford History of Australia. 5 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996ff. Clarke, Francis G. Australia: A Concise Political and Social History. 2nd ed. Sydney: International Thomson Publishing, 1992. Davison, Graeme, John Hirst and Stuart Macintyre, eds. The Oxford Companion to Australian History. Revised edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Docherty, James C. Historical Dictionary of Australia. 3rd ed. Lanham: The SCARECROW PRESS, 2007. Evans, Patrick: The Penguin History of New Zealand Literature. Auckland: Penguin Books, 1990. Hergenhan, Laurie ed. The Penguin New Literary History of Australia. Ringwood: Penguin Books, 1988. Jackson, William Keith, and Alan McRobie. Historical Dictionary of New Zealand. 2nd ed. Lanham: The Scarecrow Press, 2005. Jupp, James, ed. The Australian People: An Encyclopedia of the Nation, Its People, and Their Origins. Cambridge University Press, 2001. Pierce, Peter, ed. The Oxford Literary Guide to Australia. Revised ed. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1993. Ramsom, W. S., ed. The Australian National Dictionary. A Dictionary of Australianisms on Historical Principles. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1988. Robinson, Roger, ed. The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Literature. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1998. Shaw, John, ed. Australian Encyclopedia. Sydney: Collins, 1984. Sinclair, Keith, ed. The Oxford Illustrated History of New Zealand. 2nd ed. Auckland: Oxford University Press, 1998. Sturm, Terry, ed. The Oxford History of New Zealand Literature in English. 2nd ed. Auckland: Oxford University Press, 1998. 38
*Webby, Elizabeth, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Australian Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Wilde, William H., Joy Hooton, and Barry Andrews. The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature. 2nd ed. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1994. 6.5.5 Canada Benson, Eugene and William Tye, eds. The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature. 2nd ed. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1998. Braun, Hans, and Wolfgang KlooЯ, eds. Kanada: Eine interdisziplinдre Einfьhrung. 2nd, rev. ed. Trier: WVT, 1994. The Canadian Encyclopedia. Marsh, James H., ed. 2004. Historical Foundation of Canada. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . Hallowell, Gerald, ed. The Oxford Companion to Canadian History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Keith, William J. Canadian Literature in English. 2nd, revised ed. 2 vols. Erin: The Procupine's Quill, 2006. Klinck, Carl F., ed. Literary History of Canada. Canadian Literature in English. 2nd ed. 4 vols. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990. *Krцller, Eva-Marie, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Canadian Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Lane, Richard J. The Routledge Concise History of Canadian Literature. London: Routledge, 2011. Lцschnigg, Maria and Martin. Kurze Geschichte der kanadischen Literatur. Stuttgart: Klett, 2001. New, William Herbert, ed. Encyclopedia of Literature in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002. *New, William H. A History of Canadian Literature. 2nd ed. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2003. 6.5.6 England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales Alexander, Michael. A History of English Literature. 2nd ed. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. 39
Bassnett, Susan, ed. Studying British Cultures. 2nd ed. Routledge, 2003. Bate, Jonathan, ed. The Oxford English Literary History. Volume 12: 1960-2000: The Last of England? Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. (Monumental work in progress; so far, volume 2: 1350-1547, volume 8: 1830-1880, volume 10: 1910-1940, volume 12: 1960-2000 and volume 13: 1948-2000 have been published). BBC. Updated daily. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (Offers an amazing range of up to date information on Great Britain and the world). Breuer, Rolf. Irland. Eine Einfьhrung in seine Geschichte, Literatur und Kultur. Mьnchen: Fink, 2003. *Briggs, Asa. A Social History of England. New ed. London: Penguin, 1999. The British Council. 16 August 2010. . (Comprehensive jump page with numerous links to web sites that cover all aspects of British culture. The British Council, Germany, offers online-membership for a moderate fee with access to various comprehensive databases, including reference works, newspapers, etc.). British history Online. University of London & History of Parliament Trust. 2011. 16 May 2011. < http://www.british-history.ac.uk/>. Brown, Alice, David McCrone, and Lindsay Paterson. Politics and Society in Scotland. London: Macmillan, 1996. Cannadine, David, ed. The Penguin History of Britain. London: Penguin Books, 1996ff. (Work in progress in multiple volumes). Carter, Ronald, and John McRae, eds. The Routledge History of Literature in English. Britain and Ireland. 2nd ed. New York and London: Routledge, 2001. Caughie, John, and Kevin Rockett. The Companion to British and Irish Cinema. London: Continuum Press, 1996. *Childs, Peter, and Michael Storry, eds. Encyclopedia of Contemporary British Culture. New York: Routledge, 1999. Christopher, David P. British Culture: An Introduction. 2nd ed. London: Routledge 2006. Craig, Cairns, ed. The History of Scottish literature. 4 vols. Aberdeen: Mercat Press, 1999. Cunliffe, Barry, et al., eds. The Penguin Illustrated History of Britain and Ireland. From Earliest Times to the Present Day. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2004. Davies, Norman. The Isles: A History. London: Papermac, 2000. Deane, Seamus. A Short History of Irish Literature. London: Hutchinson, 1986. Dictionary of National Biography. 22 vols. London: Oxford University Press, 1967-68. 40
(Comprehensive dictionary on British citizens, including colonial Americans; selection of entries in: Concise DNB, 1992; the complete reference work is being revised and will be published as the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography). Directgov. E-Government Unit, Cabinet Office. London. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (Official up to date information on British politics, economics, education, environment and all services the British government provides). Doyle, Brian. English and Englishness. London: Routledge, 2003. *Birch, Dinah, ed. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 7th, rev. ed. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2009. (Brief information on movements, authors, works and genres). *Carter, Ronald, and John McRae. The Routledge History of Literature in English, Britain and Ireland. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2001. (Readable and comprehensive, relates developments in language and literature). *Crowther, Jonathan, Kathrin Kavanagh, eds. Oxford Guide to British and American Culture. 2nd ed. Oxford University Press, 2005. Erlebach, Peter, Bernhard Reitz, and Thomas M. Stein. Geschichte der englischen Literatur. Stuttgart: Reclam, 2007. Fabian, Bernhard, and Willi Erzgrдber, ed. Die englische Literatur. 2 vols. Mьnchen: dtv, 2000. (The first volume presents extensive surveys of the historical context and the development of the genres; the second volume records authors' biographical and bibliographical information). Foster, R. E., ed. The Oxford Illustrated History of Ireland. New ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. *Gardiner, Juliet, ed. The Penguin Dictionary of British History. London: Penguin, 2000. Garlick, Raymond. An Introduction to Anglo-Welsh Literature. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1972. *Gascoigne, Bamber. Encyclopedia of Britain. The A-Z of Britain's Past and Present. London: Macmillan, 1994. Gelfert, Hans-Dieter. Kleine Geschichte der englischen Literatur. 2nd, updated ed. Munich: Beck, 2005. German Web Portal to British Studies. British Council. 2004. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (Offers bibliographies and numerous links to resources and institutions related to Great Britain). Gifford, Douglas, Sarah Dunnigan, and Alan MacGillivray, eds. Scottish Literature: in English und Scots. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2002. Haigh, Christopher, ed. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Great Britain and Ireland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. 41
Harvie, Christopher. Scotland and Nationalism: Scottish Society and Politics, 1707­1994. 4th ed. London: Routledge, 2004. Head, Dominic. The Cambridge Guide to Literature in English. 3rd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Hogan, Robert, ed. Dictionary of Irish Literature. Rev. and updated ed. 2 vols. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1996. Innes, Catherine Lynette. A History of Black and Asian Writing in Britain: 1700-2000. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Kamm, Jьrgen, and Bernd Lenz. GroЯbritannien verstehen. Eds. Hans Kastendiek, Karl Rohe, and Angelika Volle. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2004. Lдnderbericht GroЯbritannien. Geschichte. Politik. Wirtschaft. Gesellschaft. 3rd, rev. and updated ed. Bonn: Bundeszentrale fьr Politische Bildung, 2006. Kiberd, Declan. Inventing Ireland. London: Harvard University Press, 1995. Kosok, Heinz. Geschichte der angloirischen Literatur. Berlin: Schmidt, 1990. Mathias, Roland. Anglo-Welsh Literature: An Illustrated History. 2nd ed. Bridgend: Seren, 1992. Maurer, Michael. Kleine Geschichte Irlands. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1998. ---. Kleine Geschichte Englands. Rev. and updated ed. Ditzingen: Reclam, 2007. McCormack, W. J., ed. The Blackwell Companion to Modern Irish Culture. Oxford: Blackwell, 2001. Moody, Theodore William, T. X. Martin, F.J. Byrne, et al., eds. A New History of Ireland. 9 Vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1976-2010. *Morgan, Kenneth O., ed. The Oxford Illustrated History of Britain. Updated ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. *Morley, David, and Kevin Robins, eds. British Cultural Studies. Geography, Nationality, and Identity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. National Statistics Online. Updated regularly. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (Statistics on economics, environment, health, population, society, tourism, etc.). *Nowak, Helge. Literature in Britain and Ireland. A history. Tьbingen: Francke, 2010. (Well written and comprehensive; connects topics and styles across history). Nьnning, Ansgar, ed. Eine andere Geschichte der Literatur. Epochen, Gattungen, und Teilgebiete im Ьberblick. 3rd, enlarged ed. Trier: WVT, 1998. 42
Nьnning, Ansgar, and Eberhard Kreutzer, eds. Metzler Lexikon englischsprachiger Autorinnen und Autoren. Stuttgart and Weimar: Metzler, 2006. Nьnning, Vera, ed. Kulturgeschichte der englischen Literatur: Von der Renaissance bis zur Gegenwart. Tьbingen: Francke, 2005. *Oakland, John. British Civilization. 6th ed. London and New York: Routledge, 2006. Oakland, John. Contemporary Britain: a survey with texts. London et al: Routledge, 2009. *O'Driscoll, James. Britain: The Country and Its People. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. Owusu, Kwesi, ed. Black British Culture and Society: A Text Reader. London: Routledge, 1999. *Poplawski, Paul, ed. English Literature in Context. Cambridge et al.: Cambridge University Press, 2007. (Unique combination of detailed presentations of history, summaries and excerpts of historical documents, and contextual readings of individual major works). *Rogers, Pat, ed. The Oxford Illustrated History of English Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Royle, Trevor. The Mainstream Companion to Scottish Literature. Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1993. Sampson, George, ed. The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature. 3rd, rev. and updated ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. Samuel, Raphael, ed. Patriotism: The Making and Unmaking of British National Identity. Vol. 2: Minorities and Outsiders. London: Routledge, 1989. Sanders, Andrew. The Short Oxford History of English Literature. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. (Includes literature in English from Wales, Scotland and Ireland, as well as a selection of other postcolonial literatures). Schabert, Ina. Englische Literaturgeschichte. Eine neue Darstellung aus der Sicht der Geschlechterforschung. Stuttgart: Krцner, 1997. Schabert, Ina. Englische Literaturgeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts: eine neue Darstellung aus der Sicht der Geschlechterforschung. Stuttgart: Krцner, 2006. Schlueter, Paul, and June Schlueter, eds. An Encyclopedia of British Women Writers. Rev. and expanded ed. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1999. *Seeber, Hans Ulrich, ed. Englische Literaturgeschichte. 4th, enlarged ed. Stuttgart and Weimar: Metzler, 2004. Stephens, Meic, ed. The Oxford Companion to the Literature of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1998. 43
Storry, Mike, and Peter Childs, eds. British Cultural Identities, London: Routledge, 1997. Stringer, Jenny, ed. The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. Thies, Henning, ed. Hauptwerke der englischen Literatur. Einzeldarstellungen und Interpretationen. 2 vols. Mьnchen: Kindler, 1999. Vance, Norman. Irish Literature: A Social History. Tradition, Identity and Differences. 2nd ed. Dublin: Four Courts, 1999. *Welch, Robert, ed. The Oxford Companion to Irish literature. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996. (The editor also published a shorter version: The Concise Oxford Companion to Irish Literature in 2000). Wynne-Davis, Marion, ed. The Prentice-Hall Guide to English Literature. New York: Prentice Hall General, 1990. (Unique combination of 12 longer essays on literary history and a reference section on authors, genres, works and cultural contexts). 6.5.7 United States of America American National Biography. 24 vols. Eds. John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. Andrews, William L., et al., eds. The Oxford Companion to African American Literature. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Bercovitch, Sacvan, ed. The Cambridge History of American Literature. 8 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994-2006. (Most comprehensive literary history of the US). Breidlid, Anders, Fredrik Chr. Brogger, Oyvind T. Guliksen, and Torbjorn Sirevag. American Culture. An Anthology of Civilization Texts. 2nd ed. New York: Taylor and Francis, 2007. Burgett, Bruce, ed. Keywords for American cultural studies. New York: New York University Press, 2007. *Campbell, Neil, et al. American Cultural Studies. An Introduction to American Culture. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2006. Cayton, Mary Kupiec, Elliott J. Gorn, and Peter W. Williams, eds. Encyclopedia of American Social History. 3 vols. New York: Scribner's, 1993. Conn, Peter. Literature in America. An Illustrated History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. Davidson, Cathy N., and Linda Wagner-Martin, eds. The Oxford Book to Women's Writing in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. 44
Elliott, Emory, ed. The Columbia Literary History of the United States (CLHUS). New York: Columbia University Press, 1988. *Engler, Bernd, and Kurt Mьller, eds. Metzler Lexikon amerikanischer Autoren. Stuttgart: Metzler, 2000. Gidley, Mick, ed. Modern American Culture. An Introduction. London: Longman, 1993. *Gray, Richard J. A History of American Literature. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2004. (Very accessible and very comprehensive: closely relates literary history to the formation of American identities and cultures). Hart, James D., ed. The Oxford Companion to American Literature. 6th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. *Hartley, John and Roberta E. Pearson, eds. American Cultural Studies: A Reader. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. *Hebel, Udo J. Einfьhrung in die Amerikanistik/American Studies. Stuttgart and Weimar: Metzler, 2008. Heideking, Jьrgen, and Vera Nьnning. Einfьhrung in die amerikanische Geschichte. Mьnchen: C. H. Beck, 1998. (Political, economic, social, ethnic, gender history; helpful information on further reading and research). Hornung, Alfred. Lexikon amerikanischer Literatur. Mannheim: Meyers Lexikonverlag, 1992. Lцsche, Peter, ed. Lдnderbericht USA: Geschichte, Politik, Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft, Kultur. 4th, revised and updated ed. Bonn: Bundeszentrale fьr politische Bildung, 2008. *Marcus, Greil, and Werner Sollors. A New Literary History of America. Harvard: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2009. (Very broad range of essays on history, literature and culture, such as comic strips, music, the arts, films, architecture, sports, etc.). *Mauk, David, and John Oakland. American Civilization. An Introduction. 5th ed. London: Routledge, 2009. Morris, Richard B. Encyclopedia of American History. 7th ed. New York: Harper Collins, 1996. Norton, Mary Beth. A people and a nation : a history of the United States. 7th rep., ed. Boston et al: Houghton Mifflin, 2007. Official US Executive Branch Web Sites. A Library of Congress Internet Resource Page. Date of access: 16 August 2010. . (The site offers links to official and independent agencies dealing with topics like politics, commerce, education, justice, etc.). Parini, Jay, ed. The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature. 4 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. 45
Perkins, George, ed. HarperCollins Reader's Encyclopedia of American Literature. 2nd ed. New York: HarperResource, 2002. Radway, Janice A., ed. American studies : an anthology. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. *Raeithel, Gert. Geschichte der Nordamerikanischen Kultur. 4th, revised and updated ed. 3 vols. Frankfurt: Zweitausendeins, 2002. Ruland, Richard, and Malcolm Bradbury. From Puritanism to Postmodernism: A History of American Literature. London: Penguin, 1993. Salzmann, Jack, ed. The Cambridge Handbook of American Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986. Thies, Henning, ed. Hauptwerke der amerikanischen Literatur. Einzeldarstellungen und Interpretationen. Mьnchen: Kindler, 1995. Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language. Ed. Philip B. Gove. Springfield: Merriam-Webster, 2000. (Biggest etymological American dictionary, more than 450000 entries). Webster's New International Comprehensive Dictionary of the English Language. Kцln: Bellavista, 2004. Wersich, Rьdiger, ed. USA Lexikon. Schlьsselbegriffe zu Politik, Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft, Kultur, Geschichte und zu den deutsch-amerikanischen Beziehungen. Berlin: Schmidt, 1999. *Zapf, Hubert, ed. Amerikanische Literaturgeschichte. 2nd, updated ed. Stuttgart and Weimar: Metzler, 2004. 6.6 Journals Take a look at the latest copies of journals for recent research on topics of your interest. Some of the websites quoted here are free of charge but may only give the table of contents, the abstracts of articles or older volumes of the journals. The number of offline and online journals increases continually. Check whether your university holds campus licences for commercial databases, which you can find in the digital library, or provides access to the Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek. Universitдtsbibliothek Regensburg. Date of access: 17 August 2010. (see also 6.2 Anthologies and databases of literary texts and 6.3 Bibliographies and subject gateways). Anglia: Zeitschrift fьr Englische Philologie. anglistik & englischunterricht Arbeiten aus Anglistik und Amerikanistik (AAA) Archiv fьr das Studium der Neueren Sprachen und Literaturen 46
Ariel: A Review of International English Literature. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Australian Journal of Cultural Studies. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Cercles. Revue pluridisciplinaire du monde anglophone. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Comparative Literature and Culture. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Critical Inquiry. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Critical Quarterly. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Cultural Critique Cultural Studies. (Also online; subscription required; date of access: 17 August 2010. ). Cultural Studies <-> Critical Methodologies. (Also online; subscription required; date of access: 17 August 2010. < http://csc.sagepub.com/ >). Culture, Theory and Critique. (Also online; subscription required; date of access: 17 August 2010. ). Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Eighteenth-Century Studies. (Also online; subscription required; date of access: 17 August 2010. ). Enculturation: An Electronic Journal for Cultural Studies and Theory. Date of access: 17 August 2010. < http://enculturation.gmu.edu/ >. English Studies: A Journal of English Language and Literature. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Erfurt Electronic Studies in English. EESE. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . European Journal of Cultural Studies. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . ELH: A Journal of English Literary History. (Also online; subscription required; date of access: 17 August 2010. ). 47
Forum: Qualitative Social Research. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . gender forum. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . International Journal of Cultural Studies. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Journal of American Studies. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Journal of British Studies. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Table of contents online). Journal of Caribbean Studies. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Journal of Commonwealth Literature. (Table of contents online; subscription required; date of access: 17 August 2010. < http://jcl.sagepub.com/ >). A Journal of English Literary History (ELH). Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Journal for the Study of British Cultures. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Table of contents online). Journal of Popular Culture. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Journal of Postcolonial Writing. (Formerly World Literature Written in English; also online; subscription required; date of access: 17 August 2010. ). KulturPoetik: Zeitschrift fьr kulturgeschichtliche Literaturwissenschaft. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Only abstracts and selection of articles online; incl. bibliography of cultural studies). Literatur in Wissenschaft und Unterricht (LWU). Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Modern Drama. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Modern Fiction Studies (MFS). (Also online; excerpts available; access to full texts restricted to subscribers; date of access: 17 August 2010. ). Modern Language Notes (MLN). (Also online; subscription required; date of access: 17 August 2010. ). 48
Modern Language Review (MLR). (Also online; subscription required; date of access: 1 December 2007). < http://www.mhra.org.uk/Publications/Journals/mlr.html >. New Literary History (NLH). Date of access: 17 August 2010. < http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/nlh/ >. Nineteenth-Century Literature. (Also online; subscription required; date of access: 17 August 2010. ). NLH: New Literary History. (Also online; subscription required; date of access: 17 August 2010. ). Philological Quarterly. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Poetica: Zeitschrift fьr Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft Postmodern Culture. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Free access to many articles). Prose Studies. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Public Culture: Bulletin of the Centre for Transnational Cultural Studies. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . (Abstracts online for free; access to full texts restricted to subscribers). Publications of the Modern Language Association of America (PMLA). (Also online; subscription required; date of access: 17 August 2010. ). Representations. (Also online; subscription required; date of access: 17 August 2010. ). Rhizomes Net: Cultural Studies in Emerging Knowledge. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Scottish Affairs. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Shakespeare Quarterly. (Also online; subscription required; dateof access: 17 August 2010. ; excerpts available without subscription:). Shakespeare Survey. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Studies in English Literature 1500-1900. (Also online; subscription required; date of access: 17 August 2010. ; excerpts available: ). 49
Studies in Philology. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Studies in Romanticism. Date of access : 17 August 2010. < http://www.enotes.com/romanticism >. Theory, Culture & Society. (Abstracts online; date of access: 17 August 2010 ). TRANS: Internet-Zeitschrift fьr Kulturwissenschaften. Date of access: 17 August 2010. . Twentieth-Century Literature. (Also online; subscription required; date of access: 17 August 2010. ). Victorian Studies. (Also online; abstracts available; subscription required for access to full texts; date of access: 17 August 2010. ). Wasafiri. Date of access: 17 August 2010 . Women: A Cultural Review. (Also online; subscription required; date of access: 17 August 2010. ). Zeitschrift fьr Anglistik und Amerikanistik (ZAA). Date of access: 17 August 2010. . 50

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