Guidelines for Participation

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Content: West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments 2013-2014 https://sites.google.com/a/wvde.k12.wv.us/oaar-file-cabinet/general-1
West Virginia Board of Education 2013-2014 Gayle C. Manchin, President Michael I. Green, Vice President Robert W. Dunlevy, Secretary Thomas W. Campbell, Member Tina H. Combs, Member Lloyd G. Jackson II, Member L. Wade Linger Jr., Member William M. White, Member Paul L. Hill, Ex Officio Chancellor West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission James L. Skidmore, Ex Officio Chancellor West Virginia Council for Community and Technical College Education James B. Phares, Ex Officio State Superintendent of Schools West Virginia Department of Education
West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 Guidance on Accommodations for Students with Disabilities and/or Limited English Proficiency in State and District-Wide Testing Office of Assessment and Accountability
Office of Assessment and Accountability Division of Teaching and Learning West Virginia Department of Education Building 6, Suite 825 1900 Kanawha Boulevard East Charleston, West Virginia 25305-0330 August 2013 James B. Phares, Ed.D. State Superintendent of Schools Robert Hull Associate State Superintendent of Schools Juan D'Brot Executive Director Office of Assessment and Accountability © 2013 by the West Virginia Department of Education Content Contact Melissa Gholson Coordinator Office of Assessment and Accountability [email protected] Suggested Citation West Virginia Department of Education (2013). West Virginia guidelines for participation in state assessments, 2013-2014: Guidance on accommodations for students with disabilities and/or limited English proficiency in state and district-wide testing. Charleston, WV: Author, Office of Assessment and Accountability. Online Availability http://wvde.state.wv.us/oaa/
Contents Foreword .........................................................................................................vii Preface .............................................................................................................. ix List of Abbreviations and Terms .................................................................... xiii Section I. Introduction to Accommodations ...................................................... 1 Assessments Covered in These Guidelines ................................................................................ 1 Legislative and Policy Foundations .......................................................................................... 2 Research Base ........................................................................................................................... 4 Options to Standard Conditions ............................................................................................... 5 Presentation options.......................................................................................................... 5 Accommodations ...................................................................................................................... 6 Additional accommodation(s) requests ............................................................................ 6 Modifications .............................................................................................................................7 Assuring Accommodations ........................................................................................................7 Provision of Accommodations .................................................................................................. 8 Prior to assessment............................................................................................................ 8 During the administration of the assessment ................................................................... 9 After the assessment.........................................................................................................10 Following up on an accommodations administration error .....................................10 Managing the WVS.326 forms .................................................................................. 11 Special Assessment Circumstances .........................................................................................12 Emergency appeals process ..............................................................................................12 Homebound students .......................................................................................................12 Alternative schools ...........................................................................................................13 Instructions for Nonpublic Students and Schools...................................................................13 Home-instructed students................................................................................................13 Nonpublic schools ............................................................................................................14 WV-MAP Online Resources.....................................................................................................15 Section II. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Disabilities.............. 17 Role of IEP Teams and Section 504 Committees .................................................................... 17 IEP teams..........................................................................................................................18 Section 504 committees ...................................................................................................18 Selecting general assessment accommodations: Three steps ..........................................18 Step One--Select appropriate accommodations .......................................................19 Step Two--Document the reasons for accommodations selected.............................19 Step Three-- Verification of information to WVEIS ................................................ 20 iii
Contents Guide to Accommodations...................................................................................................... 20 Presentation accommodations ........................................................................................ 20 P02 Have test read aloud verbatim.........................................................................21 P03 Use braille or other tactile form of print..........................................................21 P06 Have test presented through Sign Language.................................................... 22 P13 Have test presented through text-talk (speech) converter ............................. 22 P15 Have directions only read aloud ..................................................................... 22 P16 Have directions presented through sign language ......................................... 23 P17 Use secure electronic braille note taker for directions and test stimulus material ........................................................................................................... 23 P18 Have directions rephrased by trained examiner ............................................ 23 P19 Use large print edition (when it is typical access) .......................................... 24 P20 Use tactile graphics ......................................................................................... 24 P21 Use screen-reading software to access computer ........................................... 24 P22 Adjust screen to enlarge text........................................................................... 25 P23 Use a magnifying screen cover (when typical access) .................................... 25 P24 Use electronic translator or sign dictionary to present test ........................... 25 P25 Use electronic translator or sign dictionary to present directions only ......... 25 P26 Have directions, passage, and prompt read aloud ......................................... 26 P28 Use high contrast for online assessments....................................................... 26 -- Use audio amplification equipment (standard option) .................................. 26 Response accommodations ............................................................................................. 27 R02 Indicate responses to a scribe (multiple-choice items) .................................. 27 R03 Use braille or other tactile form of print......................................................... 27 R04 Indicate responses to a scribe, specifically all elements to be scored (constructed, extended, and gridded-response items) ................................... 28 R05 Use an abacus ................................................................................................. 29 R11 Use computer or other assistive technology device to respond...................... 29 R13 Provide physical support (if routine).............................................................. 29 R16 Mark responses on large-print test book........................................................ 30 R17 Use an electronic translator or sign dictionary to respond ............................ 30 Setting and time accommodations .................................................................................. 30 T03 Take more breaks (no studying) ..................................................................... 30 T04 Use extra time for any timed test.....................................................................31 T07 Flexible scheduling, extra time within the same day (no studying) ................31 -- Use setting options to standardized conditions...............................................31 When to Choose APTA............................................................................................................ 34 iv | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Contents Eligibility criteria for APTA ............................................................................................. 35 APTA accommodations ................................................................................................... 36 Section III. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Limited English Proficiency .......................................................................................... 37 Federal Inclusion Requirements for Students with Limited English Proficiency.................. 37 West Virginia Inclusion Requirements for Students With Limited English Proficiency ...... 38 The role of the LEP committee in assigning accommodations ....................................... 38 Making Accommodations Decisions: Three Steps ................................................................. 39 Step One--Select appropriate accommodations ............................................................. 39 Step Two--Document the reasons for accommodations selected ................................... 42 Step Three--Submit LEP assessment participation form ............................................... 42 Guide to Accommodations for Various English and Native Language Proficiency Levels ... 43 Beginning (Level 1) or Advanced Beginning (Level 2) English language proficiency ..... 43 Beginning (Level 1) or Advanced Beginning (Level 2) English language proficiency with strong native language literacy......................................................................... 43 Intermediate (Level 3) English language proficiency and low levels of native language proficiency................................................................................................. 44 Intermediate (Level 3) English language proficiency and strong native language skills .......................................................................................................................... 45 Early Fluent (Level 4), Fluent (Level 5) English language proficiency, or monitored former LEP students ................................................................................................ 45 Additional Reminders about Accommodations for LEP Students ......................................... 46 Accommodations versus modifications........................................................................... 46 LEP students with IEPs and Section 504 plans .............................................................. 47 Accommodations and WESTELL .................................................................................... 47 Section IV. Accommodations Guidelines for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) .......................................................................... 51 Procedures for Monitoring NAEP Exclusions and Accommodations .................................... 52 NAEP Accommodations for Students with IEPs and Section 504 Plans ............................... 53 NAEP Accommodations for Students with Limited English Proficiency................................57 References ....................................................................................................... 61 Appendices ......................................................................................................65 Appendix A. Ethical Testing Practices .................................................................................... 65 Appendix B. County Test Coordinator's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement........................................................................................................................ 69 Appendix C. Principal's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement ........................... 71 Appendix D. Building Level Coordinator's/Assistant Building Level Coordinators Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement (Other than Principal)................................ 73 West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | v
Contents Appendix E. Examiner's/Scribe's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement............75 Appendix F. County/School Personnel Secure Materials Agreement .....................................77 Appendix G. Verification of Training for Principals, Building Level Coordinators, County/School, RESA Personnel..................................................................................... 79 Appendix H. 2013-2014 District Supplemental Assessments Notification Form ...................81 Appendix I. WVS.326 Accommodations Monitoring Form ................................................... 83 Appendix J. Labels for Returning the WVS.326 Forms ......................................................... 84 Appendix K. Guidelines for Reading Aloud Mathematical Expressions and Numbers ......... 87 Appendix L. Accessing and Completing the WESTEST 2 Online Writing Assessment with a Screen Reader ....................................................................................................... 89 Appendix M. Guidelines for Scribing and Transcribing Student Responses ..........................91 Appendix N. LEP Assessment Participation Form ................................................................. 95 List of Exhibits Exhibit 1. Characteristics of Options and Accommodations versus Modifications................7 Exhibit 2. Acceptable Options and Accommodations for Students With Disabilities by WV-MAP Assessment ..................................................................................... 32 Exhibit 3. Allowable Accommodations for APTA ................................................................ 36 Exhibit 4. Special Administrative Considerations for LEP-Responsive Accommodations* ................................................................................................ 41 Exhibit 5. Suggested Accommodations for Students with Beginning (Level 1) or Advanced Beginning (Level 2) English Language Proficiency Levels ................. 43 Exhibit 6. Suggested Accommodations for Students with Beginning (Level 1) or Advanced Beginning (Level 2) English Language Proficiency Levels, and Strong Native Language Literacy Skills............................................................... 44 Exhibit 7. Suggested Accommodations for Students with Intermediate (Level 3) English Language Proficiency Levels and No Formal Native Language Education............................................................................................................. 44 Exhibit 8. Suggested Accommodations for Students with Intermediate (Level 3) English Language Proficiency Levels and Strong Native Language Skills ...........45 Exhibit 9. Suggested Accommodations for Students with Early Fluent and Fluent English Language Proficiency Levels and Monitored Students with Limited English Proficiency with Strong Native Language Proficiency.............. 46 Exhibit 10. Overview of Accommodations Allowed on the WESTEST 2; ACT PLAN, EXPLORE, and COMPASS; and NAEP Assessments...........................................47 Exhibit 11. Allowable NAEP Accommodations for Students with IEPs and Section 504 Plans ..............................................................................................................53 Exhibit 12. Allowable NAEP Accommodations for Students with Limited English Proficiency ........................................................................................................... 58 vi | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
FOREWORD West Virginia uses multiple state assessments to measure student achievement and inform program decision making. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA 2004) requires participation of students with disabilities in statewide assessments to be consistent with the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 2001 (ESEA). States are directed by ESEA to issue guidelines for appropriate participation of students with disabilities and students with limited English proficiency in those assessments. ESEA requires that states do the following: · Adopt challenging academic content and student achievement standards that apply to all schools and all children in the state · Align assessment to the state standards · Assess all students · Provide reasonable adaptations and accommodations for students with disabilities and students with limited English proficiency (LEP) · Measure the progress of all students, including students with disabilities, relative to the state standards for the grade in which the student is enrolled · Develop one or more alternate assessments to measure performance relative to grade- level expectations, for those students with disabilities who, based on the findings of their individualized education program (IEP) teams, cannot participate in all or part of the state's assessments, even with accommodations The West Virginia Department of Education has crafted this document, West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 to (a) provide policy guidance to IEP teams, 504 Committees and LEP committees to appropriately accommodate students with disabilities in statewide assessments and (b) assist teachers and schools to work within the framework of federal law and state policies. The guidelines are referenced by addendum to Policies 2340, West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress; 2419, Education of Exceptional Students; and 2417, Programs of Study for Limited English Proficiency; therefore, this document is an addendum to the above-mentioned state policies. Additional copies of this document may be accessed on the Office of Assessment and Accountability website or may be obtained by calling (304) 558-2546. James B. Phares, Ed.D. State Superintendent of Schools
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Preface The West Virginia Department of Education (WVDE) has an ongoing review and evaluation process for examining the accommodations available during statewide testing to students with disabilities and/or limited English proficiency (LEP). The process has three major components: Technical aspects of West Virginia's assessment and accountability system as a whole are reviewed by national experts who serve on the West Virginia Technical Assistance Committee (WVTAC). The information in this document is reviewed annually for comprehensiveness and clarity by the Stakeholder Group for Participation Guidelines. The WVDE Office of Research performs an annual evaluation of the implementation of assessment accommodations. West Virginia Technical Assistance Committee The WVTAC was established to provide guidance and recommendations to the WVDE in meeting federal requirements for state accountability assessment programs. Members of the WVTAC were selected based on their expertise in assessments, standards, systems alignment, and inclusion of students with disabilities and/or limited English proficiency. The WVTAC has provided crucial input on reporting, sampling, standard setting, accommodations, universal design, No Child Left Behind peer review, and designs for assessment research studies. Members of the WVTAC include the following national and state experts: Juan D'Brot, executive director, WVDE Office of Assessment and Accountability Dr. Damian Betebenner, National Center for the Improvement of Educational Assessment Dr. Dale Carlson, consultant Dr. Gary Phillips, chief scientist, American Institutes for Research Dr. Grace Ross, federal liaison, Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, U.S. Department of Education Dr. Doris Redfield, educational consultant Dr. Alan Sheinker, senior director of product development, Questar Assessment, Inc. Dr. Jan Sheinker, owner, Sheinker Educational Services, Inc. Dr. Norman Webb, senior research scientist, Wisconsin Center for Education Research, University of Wisconsin Stakeholders Group for Participation Guidelines Review The purpose of the Stakeholders Group is to review annually the West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments for comprehensiveness and clarity, and to recommend revisions as needed. This review and revision cycle is coordinated by the Office of Assessment and Accountability. ix
Preface Members of the Stakeholders Group include representatives from the WVDE's Office of Assessment and Accountability, Office of Special Programs, and Office of Federal Programs and System Improvement; regional and county special education directors; county Title III directors; county test coordinators; school administrators; and teachers. Members individually review the current document and identify any areas that need clarification, updates, or corrections, and make suggestions for improvement of the document. They submit their individual recommendations for revision to the topical revision leaders. Listed below are WVDE staff revision leaders for the 2013­2014 edition and each leader's area of responsibility: Vickie Baker--National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Timothy Butcher--West Virginia Educational Standards Test (WESTEST) 2 Science, Policy 2340, investigations, and gridded response Annette Carey--Interpreting and transcribing for the hearing impaired and special education issues for vision impairment, blindness, and deafness/blindness Dr. Beth Cipoletti--ACT PLAN, ACT EXPLORE, ACT COMPASS, state policies, federal assessment system requirements and reporting, and college and career readiness Allegra Kazemzadeh--WESTEST 2 social studies Melissa Gholson (editor of the Participation Guidelines)--accommodations, accommodations monitoring and reporting (special populations), district-required assessment monitoring, state and federal policies, technical assistance for special programs, and alternate assessment Patricia Homberg--District-required monitoring, special education issues, policies and law Mami Itamochi--Limited English proficient (LEP) accommodations, policy and monitoring; English language development assessment (ELDA)/ West Virginia Test of English language learning (WESTELL); and Title III issues Dr. Vaughn Rhudy--WESTEST 2 Reading/Language Arts and Online Writing and scribe accommodations Terri Sappington--WESTEST 2 Mathematics Annual Evaluation of Statewide Implementation of Accommodations The West Virginia Department of Education Offices of Assessment and Accountability and Research have established and embarked upon an ambitious and comprehensive research agenda to address the appropriateness and impact of accommodations identified for students with disabilities and English language learners (ELLs). The research agenda also sets a goal of empirically determining the comparability of test scores for students from both accommodated and non-accommodated conditions and the impact of the assessment accommodations upon student performance. This challenging work began in 2006 with the publication of Special Education Testing Accommodations in West Virginia: An Overview of Practices in 2003-2004 (Hughes et al., 2006). This study, conducted by an external research organization, provided a comprehensive overview of accommodations provision during the 2003-2004 school year and examined student performance on the state's summative assessment disaggregated by x | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Preface each available accommodation. The study, was later replicated internally in 2009 to reexamine the distribution of accommodations and the academic performance of those students who were identified to receive accommodations during the first administration of the state's newly developed summative assessment--The West Virginia Educational Standards Test 2 (WESTEST 2). This report, Examining Accommodations in West Virginia (2008-2009) (White, Hixson, D'Brot, & Perdue, 2009), provided a first look at accommodations use on the new assessment, and included the aforementioned research agenda. In 2011, West Virginia completed a third research report titled, Examining Accommodations in West Virginia: A Descriptive Analysis of Accommodations Specified for Students in Individualized Education Plans, 504 Plans, and Limited English Proficient Plans in 2009-2010 (Hixson & Hammer, 2011) as part of this agenda. In addition to examining accommodations for students with disabilities, this report is noteworthy in that it represents the first systematic examination of the distribution of assessment accommodations provided to ELLs in West Virginia, a historically small population of students in our state, which includes approximately 1,700 students across all grades. The WVDE's research agenda also includes plans to work with the state's assessment vendor to examine Differential Item Functioning (DIF) statistics to address comparability of accommodated and nonaccommodated conditions. An essential step in the process was the development of an improved process to monitor, collect, and warehouse identifier-linked accommodations provision data from all schools. These data have been traditionally collected and maintained by LEAs, but in 2011-12 West Virginia piloted the new provision/monitoring process and has received the resulting data to be warehoused at the state level for the first time. The Office of Assessment and Accountability and the Office of Research will be working with the state's test vendor to analyze the results and determine comparability. In 2012-13 West Virginia worked closely with the George Washington University Center for Equity and Excellence in Education (GWU-CEEE) to examine the appropriateness of accommodations for ELLs via a special technical assistance project. The project has informed West Virginia about the extent to which instructors' accommodation recommendations for ELLs are in line with recommendations from the research literature given students' English language proficiency levels. The Office of Research and the Office of Assessment and Accountability conducted an examination of the WVS.326 accommodations data for WESTEST 2 and provided each district with accommodations reports. With respect to the future of assessment, West Virginia is a member of the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium and Dynamic Learning Maps Alternate Assessment System Consortium (DLM), which are developing assessments aligned to Common Core State Standards (known in West Virginia as the Next Generation CSOs). Accessibility is a core principle of both consortia, which will provide computer adaptive assessments for all students in West Virginia beginning in the 2014­15 school year. Participation in these consortia will provide both opportunities and consequences for teachers of students with disabilities for implementing a comprehensive assessment system that will include formative, interim assessment and summative West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | xi
Preface assessments. These assessments provide an opportunity to quickly obtain results that will provide an opportunity for data-based differentiated instruction. One challenge inherent in this transition is that the use of these computer adaptive assessments will signal the need for accommodations, which are not currently used or available in West Virginia. The WVDE's Office of Special Programs and the Office of Assessment and Accountability will address this challenge by assuring that students with disabilities, including those who are English language learners, have opportunities to access the curriculum with accommodations that are consistent for both instruction and assessment. Providing appropriate accommodations and ensuring accessibility of instruction and assessment are so important that WVDE staff members continue to serve on the accessibility and accommodations working group for the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium. Lessons learned from this work will inform West Virginia's transition to the Next Generation CSOs and the next generation of student assessment. xii | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
List of Abbreviations and Terms AAAS Alternate Academic Achievement Standards, including Policies 2520.16, 2520.161, and 2520.162, which define the alternate academic achievement standards in reading/language arts (Policy 2520.161), mathematics (Policy 2520.162), and science (Policy 2520.16) for students with the most significant cognitive disabilities ACT COMPASS--A computer-adaptive test developed by ACT to measure academic readiness for college-level courses ACT EXPLORE--A norm-referenced test that generates English, mathematics, reading, and science scores for West Virginia eighth graders; and collects information about students' educational and career plans, interests, high school coursework plans, and self-identified needs for assistance ACT PLAN A norm-referenced test that generates English, mathematics, reading, and science scores for West Virginia 10th graders; and collects information about students' educational and career plans, interests, high school coursework plans, and self-identified needs for assistance ADA Americans with Disabilities Act AMO Annual Measurable Objectives (AMO's)--Unique yearly targets in reading and mathematics for each subgroup, school and district, as described in West Virginia's ESEA Flexibility Request APTA Alternative Performance Task Assessment--The alternate assessment designed for students with significant cognitive disabilities whose performance cannot be adequately assessed through the general assessment instrument, WESTEST 2, even with accommodations ASL American Sign Language CAT Computer-adaptive test CCSSO--Council of Chief State School Officers CEC Council for Exceptional Children CIFM continuous improvement and focused monitoring process COMPASS--ACT COMPASS (see above) CRESST--National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing CSOs Content Standards and Objectives, defined in the 26 sections of Policy 2520 CSR Confidential Summary Report--A part of Assessment Reporting to schools CTC County test coordinator District assessments--Any assessment given to students of an entire grade without exclusion (e.g., students who take APTA or are on an IEP, LEP plan, or Section 504 plan) xiii
List of Abbreviations and Terms ELDA English language development assessment--In West Virginia, the West Virginia Test of English Language Learning (WESTELL) ELL English language learner ELP English language proficiency ESEA Elementary and Secondary Education Act ESL English as a second language EXPLORE--ACT EXPLORE (see above) IASA Improving America's Schools Act--Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act in 1994 (predecessor to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001) ICT Interactive computer tasks IDEA 2004--Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 IEP Individualized education plan LEP Limited English proficient (or proficiency) LFS Limited formal studies NAEP National Assessment of Educational Progress--Sometimes known as the Nation's Report Card, conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics at the U.S. Department of Education NAGB National Assessment Governing Board NCEO National Center on Educational Outcomes NCES National Center for Education Statistics NCLB No Child Left Behind Act--the Elementary and Secondary Education Act reauthorization for 2001 OEPA Office of Education Performance Audits at the West Virginia Department of Education OIS Office of International Schools at the West Virginia Department of Education OSP Office of Special Programs at the West Virginia Department of Education PLAN ACT PLAN (see above) Policy 2340--West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress--West Virginia Board of Education policy that establishes rules governing the administration and operation of the West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress (WV-MAP) Policy 2417--Programs of Study for Limited English Proficient Students--West Virginia Board of Education legislative rule that defines the expectations for programs of study for improving the English language proficiency of students with limited English proficiency xiv | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
List of Abbreviations and Terms Policy 2419--Regulations for the Education of Students with Exceptionalities--West Virginia Board of Education policies and procedures that apply to preschool, early childhood, middle childhood, adolescent, and adult students whose educational programs require special education and related services Policy 2510--Assuring the Quality of Education: Regulations for Education Programs-- West Virginia Board of Education policy that establishes the regulations for all education programs that are designed to prepare students for the 21st century by improving the quality of teaching and learning in the public schools and ensuring that equal education opportunities exist for all students Public Law 107-110--The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB)--The reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) RESA Regional education service agency--Agencies proving technology, training, and other services to schools, districts, and communities in eight geographic regions across West Virginia RLA Reading and English language arts SD Students with disabilities Section 504--An amendment to the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 that prohibits exclusion from participation in, denial of benefits to, or discrimination against individuals with disabilities on the basis of their disability, in federally assisted programs or activities Standard conditions--Regular testing conditions, described in test administration materials, which are followed for all students. An IEP team, Section 504 committee, or LEP committee may require specific assessment accommodation(s) for individual students, which augment the standard conditions. WESTELL--West Virginia Test of English Language Learning--An annual statewide assessment designed to measure progress in learning the English language, administered to students who are not native English speakers or have a home language other than English WESTEST 2--West Virginia Educational Standards Test, second edition--West Virginia's statewide summative assessment of student academic achievement WVBE--West Virginia Board of Education WVDE--West Virginia Department of Education WVEIS--West Virginia Education Information System WV-MAP--West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress--multiple assessments conducted by the WVDE, including WESTEST 2; APTA; ACT COMPASS, EXPLORE, and PLAN; and NAEP WVS.326 Monitoring Process--A monitoring process provided during state and district assessments that documents the provision of accommodations to students with disabilities and/or limited English proficiency WVTAC--West Virginia Technical Assistance Committee West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | xv
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Section I. Introduction to Accommodations The purposes of the West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments (Participation Guidelines) include the following: Providing policy guidance to individualized education program (IEP) teams, Section 504 committees,1 and limited English proficiency (LEP) committees for appropriately accommodating students in statewide and district-wide assessments; Helping teachers and schools work within the framework of federal law and state policies; and Providing tools for documentation of implementation and assurances for federal requirements under both the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA 2004). Assessments Covered in These Guidelines These Participation Guidelines focus on the West Virginia Board of Education (WVBE) Policy 2340, "West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress" (WV-MAP) as follows: The West Virginia Educational Standards Test 2 (WESTEST 2) is a customized test--consisting of multiple-choice items, gridded-response items, and an online writing component--that is used to measure students' levels of achievement of the 21st Century Content Standards and Objectives (CSOs) for West Virginia. WESTEST 2 assesses reading/language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies2 in Grades 3­11. This assessment is used for accountability as required by ESEA. The West Virginia Alternate Performance Task Assessment (APTA) is an assessment specifically designed for students with significant cognitive disabilities, who are instructed using the Alternate Academic Achievement Standards and are pursuing a modified diploma. Students are assessed in reading/language arts and mathematics in Grades 3­8 and 11, and in science, Grades 4, 6, and 10. This assessment, too, is used for accountability purposes. ACT COMPASS®, EXPLORE®, PLAN®, and are national assessments that are part of WV-MAP but are not used for accountability. 1 Section 504 (of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973) committees develop educational programs for students with disabilities who do not have IEPs, but receive accommodations to help them overcome barriers to the curriculum posed by physical or emotional disabilities that restrict one or more major life activity. The Section 504 plan is designed to level the playing field so that those students can safely pursue the same opportunities as everyone else in a regular education setting. 2 Social studies are aligned to the Next Generation social studies standards 1
Section I. Introduction to Accommodations EXPLORE is a norm-referenced test that generates English, mathematics, reading, and science scores for West Virginia eighth graders. In addition, information is collected about students' educational and career plans, interests, high school coursework plans, and self-identified needs for assistance. PLAN is a norm-referenced test that generates English, mathematics, reading, and science scores for West Virginia 10th graders. In addition, information is collected about students' educational and career plans, interests, high school coursework plans, and self-identified needs for assistance. COMPASS is a computer-adaptive test developed by ACT to measure academic readiness for college-credit courses. o Students enrolled in the Transition Mathematics for Seniors course take the COMPASS Mathematics Test and students enrolled in the English 12 College and Career Ready course take the COMPASS Writing Skills Test. o All students in Grade 11 take both the COMPASS Mathematics Test and the COMPASS Writing Skills Test. The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) is a national assessment of a representative sampling of America's students in Grades 4, 8, and 12. NAEP measures what America's students know and can do in various subject areas. NAEP assessments are conducted periodically in reading, mathematics, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, and the arts. Although NAEP is not used for the purpose of accountability it is part of WV-MAP as defined by Policy 2340 and required by West Virginia Code §18-2e-2. Sections II and III of this document present guidelines for WESTEST 2; APTA; ACT EXPLORE, PLAN, and COMPASS; and other district-wide assessments for students with disabilities and students with limited English proficiency, respectively. At the beginning of each school year districts must notify the Office of Assessment and Accountability of any district-required assessments. District-required assessments must follow the same procedures for the provision of accommodations as outlined within this document. Section IV provides NAEP participation guidelines. Accommodations allowable for NAEP are determined by the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES), not the West Virginia Department of Education (WVDE).3 Legislative and Policy Foundations These Participation Guidelines integrate and explain what is legally required by various authorities governing education in West Virginia, with regard to providing testing accommodations to several classifications of students, as outlined below: Policy 2340 requires participation in statewide assessments for all students, including regular education students, students with IEPs, students with Section 504 3 Visit the NCES website (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/about/inclusion.asp) for the most current information about NAEP accommodations for special needs students. 2 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Legislative and Policy Foundations plans, and students with limited English proficiency. The Participation Guidelines are subject to change based on revisions to the statewide assessment system. The U.S. Department of Education (USED), Office for Civil Rights has emphasized that exclusion from assessment undermines the value of assessment and also violates Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which prohibits exclusion from participation in, denial of benefits to, or discrimination against, individuals with disabilities on the basis of their disability in federally assisted programs or activities (Heumann & Cantu, 1997). IDEA 2004 addresses nondiscrimination in assessment for students with disabilities and assures that standards are measured and not the student's disability. To comply with the requirements of IDEA 2004 and Section 504, IEP teams and Section 504 committees must determine assessment participation and allowable accommodations for individual students as specified in this document. The USED, Office of Elementary and Secondary Education administers the ESEA--reauthorized in 2001 as No Child Left Behind (NCLB)--which requires assessment and accountability for all students. To better focus on Improving student learning and increasing the quality of instruction, the USED in 2013 granted West Virginia a flexibility waiver that allows local leaders to determine targets for attaining reading and mathematics proficiency by 2020. ESEA requires accommodations as appropriate for students with disabilities. Policy 2340 includes students with limited English proficiency (LEP). West Virginia requires that migrant and gender subgroup performance be reported in the WESTEST 2/APTA Confidential Summary Report (CSR) for schools, counties, and the state. Policy 2340 established the rules governing the administration and operation of WV-MAP, requiring the WVDE to (a) provide an operational framework to administer an effective and efficient statewide assessment program, (b) protect the integrity of the test data, and (c) support the use of assessment data to improve instruction. The policy addresses special concerns regarding appropriate professional practices within WVMAP, as well as appropriate professional conduct. Accordingly special forms (reprinted from Policy 2340 in Appendices A through G, and available in test administration manuals) are required to be signed and dated by all personnel involved in state assessments and maintained in files at the appropriate office (see Appendix A). As described in the previous section, the purposes of the assessments vary--and the participation of students varies by grade levels. The administration/examiners' manuals for WV-MAP assessments describe the required testing conditions for students participating in each particular assessment. These standard conditions described in the administration materials must be followed unless the IEP team, Section 504 committee, or LEP committee decides that a student needs accommodation(s) for assessment. This Participation Guidelines document also addresses other special circumstances for student participation in the WV-MAP. Procedures are included for homebound students, home-instructed students, students in alternative schools, and nonpublic students. Unless these students are identified as having disabilities under West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 3
Section I. Introduction to Accommodations IDEA 2004 or Section 504, or as having limited English proficiency, the guidelines for accommodations do not apply. IDEA 2004 and WVBE Policy 2419, "Regulations for the Education of Students with Exceptionalities," set high expectations for students with disabilities by requiring that they have access to--and the opportunity to make progress in--the general education curriculum and that they be included in state and district assessment programs with appropriate accommodations when necessary. Both ESEA and IDEA 2004 require assessment on grade-level content standards for all students, including students with the most significant cognitive disabilities who are unable to participate in the general assessment, even when accommodations are provided. These students are assessed using the alternate assessment, APTA. Assessment accommodations for students with disabilities are explained in depth later in this section. Policy 2340 requires that all students with limited English proficiency participate annually in state assessments. West Virginia does not offer an exemption for students attending less than 12 months. Because West Virginia's LEP population is less than one percent of the total student population and includes a wide variety of native/home languages, the state does not offer its assessment in any language other than English. One exception is NAEP, which allows the use of a Spanish version for some assessments. Carefully consider the potential for distraction before this accommodation is used. The WVDE is required by Federal Programs Consolidated Monitoring Requirements (EDGAR 34 C.F.R. 76.770) and peer review requirements (U.S. Department of Education, 2009) to report the state's procedure for assuring that accommodations specified on all IEPs and Section 504 plans are the ones provided to students during assessments. Under Policy 2340 West Virginia includes monitoring to apply to students identified as having limited English proficiency. The monitoring process is discussed later in this section (see Provision of Accommodations, page 8). In summary, federal law and state policy require provisions of accommodations identified in students' IEPs, Section 504 plans, or LEP plans; therefore, examiners must provide accommodations as listed. Any change in accommodations must be addressed through an IEP team, Section 504 committee, and/or LEP committee meeting prior to the testing window. Research Base The WVDE used the nationally recognized research base of acceptable and recommended accommodations for students with disabilities (Thompson, Johnstone, & Thurlow, 2002; Thompson, Morse, Sharpe, & Hall, 2005; Thompson, Thurlow, & Walz, 2000; Thurlow & Bolt, 2001; Thurlow, Quenemoen & Lazarus, 2011; Thurlow, Quenemoen, Thompson, & Lehr, 2001). These documents guide the work of the WVDE and West Virginia Technical Assistance Committee in reviews and approval of the accommodations for use in WV-MAP. Additionally, WV-MAP assessments were developed using principles of universal design and computer-based testing practices (Thurlow, Lazarus, Albus & Hodgson 2010). 4 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Options to Standard Conditions Accommodations appropriate for students with limited English proficiency were developed with technical assistance offered by the Appalachia Regional Comprehensive Center and its partner, The George Washington University Center for Equity and Excellence in Education. Accommodations provide students with limited English proficiency access to the content of the test by providing either direct linguistic support with the language of the test or indirect linguistic support with the conditions under which students with limited English proficiency take the test (Rivera, Collum, Willner, & Sia, 2006, p. 48). Research indicates that students with limited English proficiency who have accommodations assigned to them that match their linguistic and cultural needs scored higher than (a) LEP students with incomplete accommodations (i.e., accommodations assigned without matching to LEP-responsive criteria) and (b) LEP students who were not assigned any accommodations at all (Kopriva, Emick, HipolitoDelgado, & Cameron, 2007). Options to Standard Conditions WESTEST 2; APTA; and ACT EXPLORE, PLAN and COMPASS all have been designed to allow a variety of test administration options and accommodations that do not change what is intended to be measured by the assessment or the meaning of the resulting scores. NAEP has its own guidelines for options and accommodations, presented in Section IV (page 51). For these assessments, options to standard testing conditions are changes in presentation, response, or setting that may be provided to any student participating in the testing--that is, these options do not require authorization through an IEP, Section 504 plan, or LEP plan. Testing options include the following: Presentation options Use of visual magnifying equipment Use of audio amplification equipment Use of place markers to maintain place Response options Use of graph paper to align work Use of a template (i.e., typoscope) to maintain place for responding Use of underlining or circling key words or phrases in directions, text or stems NOTE: Underlining or circling should not interfere with the answer choices. Use of color visual overlays Use of scratch paper, graph paper, line guides, slates and/or abacuses for computations, and note taking while reading and/or responding for all content areas Use of a scribe for a student with a short-term medical condition that precludes the student from writing with the dominant hand to mark responses in test booklet (e.g., a fractured arm in a cast) NOTE: For this testing option, approval needs to be obtained from the county test coordinator or the county special education director on a case-by-case basis. West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 5
Section I. Introduction to Accommodations Setting options Provision for individual testing Provision for small group or different class testing Provision for adaptive furniture Provision for special lighting and/or acoustics Accommodations In addition to the options listed above, some students with disabilities and/or LEP plans will require accommodations, which must be specified in their IEPs, Section 504 plans, or LEP plans. The allowable accommodations for WESTEST 2; APTA; ACT EXPLORE, PLAN, and COMPASS; and other district-wide assessments are discussed in detail in Section II (page 17) and are summarized in Exhibit 2 (page 32) for students with IEPs and Section 504 plans; and in Section III (page 37) and are summarized in Exhibit 5 (page 43) through Exhibit 9 (page 46) for students with LEP plans. In addition, Section IV (page 51) in this document provides information about NAEP participation guidelines, which vary somewhat from the other four tests in WVMAP. Accommodations for NAEP are summarized in Exhibit 11 (page 53) and Exhibit 12 (page 58). Allowable accommodations are listed in the individual test administration manuals.4 As with testing options, accommodations do not alter what the test measures or how the test is scored or reported. Additional accommodation(s) requests IEP teams, Section 504 committees, and LEP committees may request permission to use accommodations other than those included in this manual. Such requests must be received by the Office of Assessment and Accountability no later than 2 weeks prior to the testing window. The request must come from the county test coordinator, county special education director, or Title III coordinator. The following information must be included in the request: Student's name, West Virginia Education Information System (WVEIS) number, school, and county Specific requested accommodation(s) Rationale for the request provided by the IEP team, Section 504 committee, or LEP committee 4 The administration manuals can be downloaded at https://sites.google.com/a/wvde.k12.wv.us/oaar-file-cabinet/. 6 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Modifications
Verification that the student receives the accommodation(s) on a regular basis during classroom instruction and classroom assessment, and is familiar with the accommodation(s) Impact on student's assessment results if the student is not permitted to use the requested accommodation(s) Send requests at least 2 weeks prior to the assessment to: Office of Assessment and Accountability West Virginia Department of Education Building 6, Suite 825 1900 Kanawha Boulevard East Charleston, WV 25305-0330 Upon completion of the review of the request, the county test coordinator and/or the county Title III coordinator (LEP students only) will be notified of the review committee's decision.
Modifications Modifications change what is intended to be measured by the assessment or the meaning of the resulting scores and are not allowed. Two examples of unallowable modifications are off-grade-level testing for assessments and reading aloud the WESTEST 2 Reading/Language Arts comprehension tests. The WVDE distinguishes among assessment options, accommodations, and modifications as shown in Exhibit 1.
Exhibit 1. Characteristics of Options and Accommodations versus Modifications
Options and accommodations (allowed) Provide equitable access during assessments by mitigating the effects of a student's disability or limited English proficiency. Do not reduce learning achievement expectations for a student. Do not change the construct being assessed. Do not compromise the integrity or validity of the test.
Modifications (not allowed) Provide unfair advantage by reducing the difficulty of a test or altering the nature of the test. Reduce the learning or achievement expectations for a student. Change the construct being assessed. Compromise the integrity of the test, resulting in invalid scores that are not meaningful.
Assuring Accommodations As mentioned earlier, federal law requires that accommodations specified in a student's IEP, Section 504 plan, or LEP plan be provided during testing. Any desire to change the accommodation(s) by the school, teacher, or student can only be addressed through an IEP team, Section 504 committee, or LEP committee meeting prior to the testing window. WVDE has established the WVS.326 Accommodations Monitoring Process to ensure that all eligible students are provided the assessment accommodations specified on their IEPs, Section 504 plans, or LEP plans during testing; and documentation is available for monitoring and accountability purposes. The procedures called for in the
West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 7
Section I. Introduction to Accommodations WVS.326 process have met federal review and approval requirements and are required for state and district assessments.5 State assessments include WESTEST 2; APTA; ACT PLAN, EXPLORE, and COMPASS; and NAEP. Because NAEP has other monitoring procedures, the WVS.326 procedure is not required (see Section IV). District assessments include any assessment given to students of an entire grade without exclusion of, for example, students who take APTA, or have IEPs, LEP plans, or Section 504 plans. Accommodations monitoring is required for district-wide assessments. Districts must notify the Office of Assessment and Accountability regarding any such district-administered tests (see Appendix H, page 81 for a copy of the notification form). If a district is excluding any student(s) from the general assessment, an alternative assessment must be made for the student. Provision of Accommodations West Virginia requires documentation and monitoring for the provision of all accommodations documented within an individual student plan (IEP, Section 504, and/or LEP). Assessments required under WV-MAP will use the following process for the provision of accommodations. Prior to assessment 1. County test coordinator (CTC) runs the WVEIS testing options reports, including the Print Special Education Student Testing Options Report, the Print 504 Testing Options Report, and the Print LEP Student Testing Options Report; and identifies students who are to receive accommodations. The CTC provides reports for each school. 2. Two weeks before each test administration, the CTC receives the pre-slugged WVS.326 accommodations monitoring forms (to view a copy of the WVS.326 form, see Appendix I, page 65). 3. The CTC distributes the WVS.326 forms to each school. 4. The principal and/or building level coordinator (BLC) reviews page 1 of the WVS.326 forms to verify accuracy of the student data information (Student Name, county and school codes, student WVEIS ID, date of birth, grade, and assessment). This step includes comparison of the WVS.326 forms and the WVEIS reports. Verify that all data errors are corrected in WVEIS. Follow these options to correctly prepare the forms: If a form has not been provided in the pre-slugged form for a student, a blank WVS.326 must be completed. A #2 pencil must be used to fill out the forms. If the received pre-slugged form contains incorrect data (either in the Student Information or accommodations information), a new form must be filled out. 5 See Education Department General Administrative Regulations (EDGAR) 34 C.F.R. 76.770, available at http://www2.ed.gov/policy/fund/reg/edgarReg/edgar.html; and U. S. Department of Education (2009). 8 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Provision of Accommodations If an accommodation is missing but the remaining information is correct, the accommodation can be added to a pre-slugged form. 5. The principal/BLC distributes the forms to teacher(s) responsible for implementing students' plans to verify that accommodations listed on page 1 match those identified in the most current IEP, Section 504 plan, or LEP plan. Principals/BLCs should document data inconsistencies, verify any errors reported, and verify corrections and changes into WVEIS (also see step 9). 6. The teacher responsible for implementing a student's plan may add a missing accommodation by filling in the bubble beside the accommodation on the preslugged form. However, if an accommodation is marked incorrectly, the teacher must fill out a new form for the student including all student information on page 1. 7. Using a highlighter, the teacher responsible for implementing the student's plan highlights only the appropriate accommodations code (not the description) on page 2 and returns all accommodations forms to the principal/BLC. 8. All WVS.326 form(s), including those containing errors, must be returned and reported to the principal/BLC. All changes on forms must be verified and the correction of all errors must be entered in the WVEIS data system. All forms submitted to the principal/BLC must be reviewed for accuracy. Report any changes to the principal/BLC, who needs to make corrections to WVEIS (see step 4). 9. Before test administration, the assigned examiner(s) review(s) each student's listed testing accommodation(s) on the WVS.326 form. 10. The principal/BLC places the accommodations form inside or on top of each student's answer document the week before testing. During the administration of the assessment The examiner will use the WVS.326 form (pre-slugged and manually gridded forms) during the administration of the test and the principal/BLC will monitor the test administration to ensure the examiner is providing accommodations as specified on IEPs, Section 504 plans, and LEP plans. 1. During the test, the examiner reviews and implements the accommodations specified and completes the individual student's WVS.326 accommodations form, following these steps: a. Verify that names and student IDs are correct. b. Using a #2 pencil, complete page 2 of the forms indicating whether highlighted accommodations were provided to the student by marking, Yes (Provided) or No (Not Provided). When marking No, indicate either Code 1 (Refused) or Code 2 (Not Allowed or Not Applicable for this assessment). NOTE: Codes 1 and 2 represent the only acceptable reasons for not providing an accommodation listed on page 1 of the WVS.326. Code 1 is used when students either refuse to accept an accommodation or finish the test before extra time West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 9
Section I. Introduction to Accommodations (T04) or breaks (T03) listed on page 1 were needed. Code 2 is used when accommodations are not allowed or not applicable for the test being administered; for example, accommoda-tion P02 (Have test read aloud verbatim) is not allowed on the reading/language arts sections of the WESTEST 2. If an accommodation was not provided for any other reason, do not mark Code 1 or Code 2. 2. The examiner signs all WVS.326 forms with a legible signature and fills in the date of test administration at the bottom of each form. More than one examiner may sign the form, if appropriate. 3. The examiner returns all the WVS.326 accommodations forms to the school principal/BLC with the testing materials and notifies him or her if there were any accommodation administration errors. 2. The principal/BLC verifies the return of the WVS.326 accommodations forms each day. After the assessment If no accommodation administration errors took place during testing, proceed to "Managing the WVS.326 forms," (page 11). If such an error did take place, follow the procedures outlined next. Following up on an accommodations administration error 4. If an accommodation was not provided for any reason other than those represented by Codes 1 or 2, or if an accommodation was given that was not indicated on page 1 of the WVS.326 form, follow these procedures: a. The principal/BLC immediately informs the CTC of all accommodation administration errors, including incidents of students being overaccommodated or under-accommodated. These incidents represent a breach in the integrity and accuracy of test results, and require written documentation. a. The principal/BLC informs the parent or guardian of the accommodation administration error and offers the following options: Option 1. Invalidate the test and, if the testing window is still open, retest the student using a breach form. NOTE: No breach form is available for APTA; ACT EXPLORE, and PLAN; or WESTEST 2 Large Print Version. Parents of students who are overaccommodated can only choose Option 1 or 3. Students may take ACT COMPASS again in the event of an accommodation error. Option 2. Accept the test as administered. NOTE: This option is available only if a student was under-accommodated. Option 3. Invalidate the test. NOTE: This option is available but not recommended for an underaccommodated student. If a student's WESTEST 2 Online Writing submission is invalidated, the student will not receive a reading/language arts 10 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Provision of Accommodations score; consequently, only one of the first two options should be offered for the under-accommodated student. Parents of students who are overaccommodated can only choose Option 1 or 3. b. For all cases where the parent chooses Option 2 or 3, there must be a signed written agreement between the parent or guardian and principal/BLC. A copy of the agreement must be kept on file at the school and with the CTC or county special education director, Section 504 director, or Title III director. A copy must also be included in the affected student's record. 5. The CTC will review accommodation administration errors with principals/BLCs and report any findings to the district superintendent and to the district special education, Title III, and or Section 504 director(s). The CTC will also contact the WVDE Office of Assessment and Accountability for further instructions. 6. The CTC and WVDE Office of Assessment and Accountability may further investigate and document this event. The district must follow up with a written report of any corrective action taken as a result of the investigation within 30 days, and submit it to the following address: Office of Assessment and Accountability West Virginia Department of Education 1900 Kanawha Blvd., East Building 6, Suite 825 Charleston, WV 25305 7. Copies of the WVS.326 forms and any investigation reports must be maintained for 3 years by the district for review by the Office of Education Performance Audits, Office of International Schools, and the Office of Special Programs. Notice In accordance with both special education monitoring and state special education compliance procedures, district noncompliance with federal statutory requirements results in corrective actions and technical assistance, if appropriate. Continued and/or persistent noncompliance at the district or school can result in state-imposed enforcement, which may include a variety of sanctions, including the withholding or redirection of federal and/or state funds. Managing the WVS.326 forms 1. The principal/BLC makes two copies of all WVS.326 forms. The WVS.326 forms must be returned to the CTC. Do not send the forms to any testing vendors/companies. One copy (including any parent agreements) is to be retained at the school for verification should there be a WVDE or federal review. The other copy and the original forms are sent to the CTC no later than 1 week following testing, using the following procedure: a. Copies for CTC--Sort out the forms that indicate an accommodation administration error and the attached original signed and dated parent contact documentation and place them on top of the remaining WVS.326 copies. (You may want to place a colored or separator sheet between the West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 11
Section I. Introduction to Accommodations copies.) Put all copies in a separate envelope or box labeled Copies. Be sure to include the school name. b. Originals for CTC--All original WVS.326 forms must be returned to the CTC. Do not use staples, paperclips, or rubber bands on these forms. Each envelope or box also should include the school name (see Appendix J, page 85, for label information). Sort all original forms into four categories and place them into appropriately labeled envelopes or boxes: Blank Forms (can be reused) Completed and Correct (valid forms only) Not Completed (pre-slug error, not tested) Accommodations Administration Errors (under-accommodated and/or over-accommodated) 2. The CTC verifies the return of the WVS.326 accommodations forms from each school and separates the WVS.326 forms from any other testing materials. 3. The CTC stacks the originals from all schools into the same four categories listed above (i.e., Blank Forms, Completed and Correct, Not Completed, and Accommodations Administration Errors) and mails them to the following address: Office of Assessment and Accountability West Virginia Department of Education Building 6, Suite 825 1900 Kanawha Boulevard East Charleston, WV 25305-0330 The CTC retains the copies of the WVS.326 forms for the district records. Special Assessment Circumstances Emergency appeals process Special participation rate exemptions may be available for students who are suffering from terminal illness, injuries, or receiving extraordinary short-term medical treatment during the assessment window. More information about the appeals process is located on the WVDE Office of Assessment and Accountability website.6 Homebound students Homebound students are students enrolled in public school who, due to injury or for any other health-related issue (a) are temporarily confined to home or a hospital for a period that has lasted or will last more than 3 consecutive weeks; (b) are certified in writing by a licensed physician or other licensed health care provider; and (c) meet the eligibility criteria for home/hospital instruction in WVBE Policy 2510, Assuring Quality Education: Regulations for Education Programs. 6 See http://wvde.state.wv.us/oaa/accommodations. 12 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Instructions for Nonpublic Students and Schools All homebound public school students are to be assessed at the schools in which they are enrolled or at alternate testing sites approved by the county test coordinator. All participating educators and students shall be required to follow all testing guidelines and security procedures set forth in WV-MAP WVBE Policy 2340, §4.8. The examiner must meet the definition of an examiner as defined in Policy 2340. Further, all signed agreements must be on file at the student's home school; no family member may be present during the test administration; no family member may read any of the test materials; and all test security procedures and schedules must be followed. If it is possible for the homebound student to come to the school for testing, he or she should follow the school's testing schedule. If it is impossible for the homebound student to go to the school, the county will determine how the administration of the assessment will occur. For WESTEST 2 Online Writing, the county test coordinator must contact the Office of Assessment and Accountability to request a homebound scribe form. Alternative schools An alternative education program (WVBE Policy 4373) is a temporary authorized departure from the regular school program, designed to provide educational and social development for students whose behavior places them at risk of not succeeding in the traditional school structure and in adult life without positive interventions. Students in public alternative education programs are tested at the school site where they receive instruction. All test security procedures and schedules must be followed exactly as prescribed in this guide. Student test booklets must be returned to the student's home school for processing and then returned to the county test coordinator. Instructions for Nonpublic Students and Schools Home-instructed students Home-instructed students are students located within the LEA, who are not enrolled in a public school but instead are instructed by a person or persons providing home instruction. Home-instructed students may be enrolled in one or more courses in the public school system. In accordance with WVBE Policy 2340, home-instructed students may participate in WESTEST 2; APTA; and ACT EXPLORE, PLAN, and COMPASS under standard conditions administered in the public schools of the county in which they reside if their parent or guardian notifies the county test coordinator of their intention to participate in state assessments at least 2 months prior to testing. For participation in WESTEST 2, the county test coordinator must be notified 2 months prior to the start of the WESTEST 2 Online Writing session testing window. Home-instructed students will be assigned a location for testing with an approved educator who has completed the required training as an examiner/scribe and signed the WVBE Examiner's/Scribe's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement (Appendix E, page 75). Additionally, they will be assigned a test date by the county test coordinator during the testing West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 13
Section I. Introduction to Accommodations window. Each year, the Office of Assessment and Accountability assigns home-instructed students with a 9-digit West Virginia Home-Instructed Student Assessment ID Number to be used for WESTEST 2, including Online Writing, APTA, and ACT COMPASS. The county test coordinator must submit all necessary information for each home-instructed student by the required deadline. All educators and nonpublic school students participating in the assessments of the WV-MAP are required to follow all testing guidelines and procedures set forth in WVBE Policy 2340, §4.9. Violations of this policy result in the loss of testing privileges. WESTEST 2 Online Writing is the first session of WESTEST 2 Reading/Language Arts; therefore, to receive a complete score, students must take both sessions. No breach form will be administered to home-instructed students. No family member may be present in the testing area during the administration of the test. All test security procedures and schedules must be followed. Nonpublic schools A nonpublic school student is a student who attends an elementary, middle, or high school that is not established or maintained at public expense through the total basic foundation program/state aid formula. All nonpublic school students may participate in WV-MAP. Each year, nonpublic school administrators who want to have their students tested must notify their county test coordinator of their school's request to participate in testing at least 2 months prior to the scheduled testing window. For participation in WESTEST 2, the county test coordinator must be notified 2 months prior to the start of the WESTEST 2 Online Writing session testing window. Each year, the Office of Assessment and Accountability will assign nonpublic students with a 9-digit West Virginia Nonpublic Student Assessment ID Number to be used for WESTEST 2, including Online Writing. The nonpublic school administrator must submit all necessary information for each nonpublic student by the required deadline. The county test coordinator, not the nonpublic school, will receive all testing material and release the testing materials to the nonpublic principal or assigned building-level coordinator upon completion of the required training and receipt of a signed WVBE Principal's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement (Appendix C, page 71) and/or Building Level Coordinator's/Assistant Building Level Coordinator's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement (Appendix D, page 73). Submission of these signed forms is required annually. All educators and nonpublic school students participating in WV-MAP assessments are required to follow all testing guidelines and procedures set forth in WVBE Policy 2340, §4.10. Violations of this policy result in the loss of testing privileges. All personnel who have access to secure test materials must be trained annually; the principal/BLC at the participating nonpublic school will work with the county test coordinator to determine acceptable training dates. Examiners must have a West Virginia certified teaching license to administer the tests and be approved by the WVDE Office of Assessment and Accountability. 14 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
WV-MAP Online Resources WV-MAP Online Resources Testing Calendar for all parts of WV-MAP: http://wvde.state.wv.us/oaa/ West Virginia State Board Policies: http://wvde.state.wv.us/policies/ Administration manuals for all WV-MAP assessments (except NAEP): https://sites.google.com/a/wvde.k12.wv.us/oaar-file-cabinet/. West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 15
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Section II. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Disabilities To appropriately assess all students, the West Virginia Department of Education (WVDE) must ensure assessments are valid, reliable, and consistent with national assessment standards. When using assessments to identify schools needing improvement over a period of time, assessment administration and content must be consistent and scores must be comparable. The challenge is to maintain a fair assessment that meets the technical quality requirements of statewide assessment and accountability, while also avoiding discrimination against students with disabilities or limited English proficiency (or both). To this end, these guidelines are provided to aid schools and districts in their decision-making and assessment responsibilities. This section offers guidance on the assessment of students with disabilities, which includes two groups: students with disabilities as defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA 2004), and more specifically, those meeting the eligibility criteria in West Virginia Board of Education (WVBE) Policy 2419, whose individualized education plans (IEPs) must address assessment participation; and students who are not eligible under WVBE Policy 2419 and do not have an IEP, but who meet the definition of disability under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and whose Section 504 plans call for instructional and assessment accommodations. For purposes of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) reporting and accountability, only students with disabilities eligible under IDEA 2004 and WVBE Policy 2419 (i.e., students with IEPs) are included in the students with disabilities subgroup; however, both groups may receive accommodations when determined appropriate by their respective IEP teams or Section 504 committees. For guidance in addressing accommodations for students with limited English proficiency (LEP), please refer to Section III of this document. Role of IEP Teams and Section 504 Committees Guidelines in this document for IEP teams and Section 504 committees serve the following purposes: to define appropriate and nationally researched and accepted accommodations and how they are to be implemented for all West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress (WV-MAP) assessments except the National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP) (see Section IV for separate information about accommodations for NAEP); to prohibit modifications that change what the test measures and ensure that modifications are not written into IEPs or Section 504 plans; 17
Section II. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Disabilities to define criteria for participation in statewide assessments; and to describe how decisions are documented in IEPs or Section 504 plans. IEP teams special education law and policy require that an IEP be developed and implemented to meet the individual needs of each eligible student with a disability as defined under IDEA 2004. An IEP is a written plan, developed by a team as defined in WVBE Policy 2419, Regulations for the Education of Students with Exceptionalities. The IEP describes the specially designed instruction and appropriate accommodations, if any, needed for an eligible student to master the content standards and objectives as outlined in policy, and to prepare for postsecondary education and the workplace. The IEP also identifies the assessment accommodations that a student needs to receive. Both general and special education federal laws and state policies require the provision of these assessment accommodations for eligible students with disabilities.7 IDEA 2004 also requires state guidelines for provision of appropriate accommodations to students with disabilities in statewide assessments and for participation in Alternate Performance Task Assessment (APTA) when necessary as determined by students' IEP teams. According to the January 12, 2001, joint memorandum issued by the U.S. Department of Education (ED), Office of Elementary and Secondary Education (which governs the administration of NCLB), and the ED Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (which ensures the provisions of IDEA 2004), decisions regarding accommodations must be based on a full understanding of the consequences for reporting and accountability. Section 504 committees For students with disabilities as defined under Section 504, who do not have an IEP, the Section 504 committee determines any needed accommodations for WV-MAP assessments.8 The Section 504 plan is developed by a group of stakeholders qualified to evaluate and determine whether the student meets the definition of a student with a disability under Section 504, and plan for the educational needs of the student. LEAs are required to have written procedures for developing Section 504 plans. Selecting general assessment accommodations: Three steps When participation in the general assessment is determined to be the appropriate assessment choice, the student will participate in all other components of WV-MAP (except APTA). IEP teams and Section 504 and LEP committees must actively engage in a planning process that addresses the provision of accommodations needed, if any, to 7 Specifically, these requirements include ESEA requirements as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (PL 107-110); WVBE Policy 2510, Assuring the Quality of Education; Regulations for Educational Programs; WVBE Policy 2340, WV-MAP; the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004 (IDEA-PL108-446); and WVBE Policy 2419, Regulations for the Education of Students with Exceptionalities. 8 The Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act of 2008 (Amendments Act), effective January 1, 2009, amended the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and included a conforming amendment to the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Rehabilitation Act) that affects the meaning of disability in Section 504. 18 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Role of IEP Teams and Section 504 Committees facilitate student access to grade-level instruction and state assessments. That is, IEP teams and Section 504 committees must determine if the student will participate under (a) standard conditions for all students, (b) standard conditions with options available to all students (see Options to Standard Conditions, page 5), or (c) standard conditions with accommodations. If the latter is chosen, the following three-step process should be followed for deciding which accommodations are needed, for which tests and subtests. NOTE: Most of what are considered accommodations in WESTEST 2 and other tests in the WV-MAP are considered options to standard conditions for APTA; therefore, they are not considered accommodations for APTA. Step One--Select appropriate accommodations When making decisions about which assessment accommodations to allow, IEP teams and Section 504 committees should consider the following: Which supplementary aids, services, and program modifications are being provided in the IEP or Section 504 plan for classroom instruction? Would using this accommodation in the various assessments in the WV-MAP result in getting the best measure of what the student knows and can do on the skill being tested? Not every accommodation used in instruction is appropriate or helpful in assessment. Consider whether accommodations used to assist a student in learning also are needed to show what he or she has learned. Accommodations should address the barriers to accessing the test resulting from the student's disability; therefore, ensuring that the skill, rather than the disability, is being measured. Factors to weigh in making the decision may include the effectiveness of the accommodation according to available research, and difficulties encountered when using the accommodation. Will the student actually use the accommodation when testing occurs? When possible, the student should be involved in the decision. An accommodation is more likely to be effective if the student understands how to use it and is willing to do so. Which specific assessment accommodations, if any, should be required when assessing for WESTEST 2 and other components of the WV-MAP--and to which tests and subtests do these accommodations apply? Be sure to check that accommodations identified are included in the list of acceptable accommodations in Exhibit 2(page 32; and for NAEP refer to Exhibit 11 (page 53). Information specific to each of the WV-MAP components is provided later in this section. Decisions about appropriate assessment accommodations must be reviewed annually. The parent(s) and student, if appropriate, must be involved in and informed of decisions regarding assessment participation. The implications of the decisions must be carefully explained to the parent(s) and student. Step Two--Document the reasons for accommodations selected As mentioned earlier, the student who participates in WESTEST 2 also will participate in the other components of the WV-MAP, as appropriate by grade level, including ACT EXPLORE, PLAN, and COMPASS; and NAEP. If different accommoda- West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 19
Section II. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Disabilities tions are needed for tests other than WESTEST 2, the accommodations must be specified on the IEP or Section 504 plan. In the documentation, the committee must articulate the reasons for differentiating accommodations for this student. 1. What does this individual student need, in order to show us what he/she really knows? 2. If provided, will the accommodation change what the test is trying to measure? 3. If an accommodation is deemed appropriate, has the student had prior experience using it? Step Three-- Verification of information to WVEIS Testing conditions and accommodations identified, if any, must also be documented in the student's IEP, Section 504 plan, and/or LEP plan. The same information should be verified in the WVEIS student information, as applicable. Guide to Accommodations Standard accommodations fall into three categories: presentation--affecting how test items are presented to students; response--affecting how students are allowed to convey their responses to items; and setting and time--affecting where, when, and on what schedule testing takes place. All allowable options and accommodations for students with students with disabilities fall into these categories, and are described in detail by category next. The codes to the left of each accommodation/option heading are the West Virginia Education Information System (WVEIS) codes. Those with no WVEIS code and marked with a long dash (--) are standard options available to any student. Following the narrative description of each accommodation in this section, Exhibit 2 (page 32) provides a quick reference for which accommodations for students with disabilities can be used for each of the assessments in WV-MAP. Presentation accommodations Presentation accommodations allow students to access instruction and assessments in ways that do not require them to read standard print visually. These alternate modes of access include auditory, tactile, visual, and a combination of auditory and visual accommodations. Students who benefit most from presentation accommodations are those with print disabilities, defined as difficulty or inability to read standard print visually because of a physical, sensory, or cognitive disability. NOTE: Testing presentation options available to all student include use of visual magnifying equipment, audio amplification equipment, and place markers to maintain place. 20 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Guide to Accommodations P02 Have test read aloud verbatim Allowed for: All WV-MAP tests except NAEP Reading and WESTEST 2 Reading/Language Arts and Online Writing. Description: A trained examiner reads aloud the entire test, including directions, stimulus material, questions, and answer choices. Graphic materials may be described but also should be made available in print or tactile formats. When to select: For students with a documented reading disability, who are unable to decode text visually or by using contracted braille or Nemeth code. NOTE: WESTEST 2 Online Writing requires P26 to be indicated if the directions, passage, and prompt need to be read aloud. Notes for implementation: Best practices call for readers to be provided to students on an individual basis--not to a group of students. A student should have the option of asking a reader to slow down or repeat text. This is difficult when a person is reading to an entire group of students. However, verbatim reading to a group of students is permitted in testing if the accommodation is provided to the student on that basis during regular instruction. Test readers must be familiar with the terminology and symbols specific to the content (see Appendix K)9 and ensure that all students understand what is expected of them when reading test directions; allow students an opportunity to ask questions about how to mark their answers before they begin taking the test; and be prepared to answer questions about item format and timing. Test readers must NOT clarify, elaborate, or answer questions about test items; or inadvertently give clues while reading items that indicate the correct answer or help eliminate some answer choices. This accommodation is often paired with T04 (extra time). P03 Use braille or other tactile form of print Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP except NAEP computer-based. Description: The student uses uncontracted braille (a system that uses one sixdot cell for each letter or number), contracted braille (a system that reduces the number of cells by abbreviating words or parts of words), and Nemeth code braille (a system used to convey technical expressions that occur in mathematics and science). When to select: For students who are blind and read braille fluently or choose braille as their primary mode of reading. Notes for implementation: 9 See Appendix K on page 87. West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 21
Section II. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Disabilities Braille test editions are ordered prior to the test, based on a WVEIS code for Braille found in the enrollment file. This accommodation may need to be paired with extended time (T04), more breaks (T03), or both (T07). The test examiner for a braille test needs to be provided with a print version of the test during test administration, as well as any special examiner instructions that are required for test administration. There is no Braille version of ACT COMPASS; the test will be read to the student in a one-on-one setting. P06 Have test presented through sign language Allowed for: All except WESTEST 2 Reading/Language Arts and Online Writing, and NAEP Reading. Description: A trained examiner may present directions, stimulus material, questions, and answer choices in sign language. When to select: For students who are deaf or hard of hearing, and who are unable to decode text visually and use sign as their mode of communication. Notes for implementation: Educational sign language interpreters must not clarify, elaborate, paraphrase, or provide assistance with the meaning of words, intent of test questions, or responses to test items. A student's teacher should not serve as the interpreter/translator in a testing situation unless a second person is present to monitor for quality and fairness. Graphic materials may be described but may be made available in tactile formats when possible. P13 Have test presented through text-talk (speech) converter Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP except NAEP paper-pencil portion. Description: A text-talk converter is used to present directions, stimulus material, questions, and answer choices verbatim for a blind or partially-sighted student. When to select: For students unable to decode text visually or by using contracted braille or Nemeth code, when it is the student's typical mode of accessing written material. Notes for implementation: All restrictions for Reading/Language Arts comprehension apply. See Appendix L (page 89) for more information. NAEP computer-based assessments have text-to-speech capability built into the universal design. NOTE: Screen readers such as JAWS or Win-eyes or voiceover should use P21 (Use screen-enlarging or screen-reading software to access computer). P15 Have directions only read aloud Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP (not applicable to WESTEST 2 Online Writing, which uses a different code) 22 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Guide to Accommodations Description: A trained examiner reads aloud verbatim the directions for the test. When to select: For students unable to decode text visually or by using contracted braille or Nemeth code. NOTE: This accommodation is not applicable for WESTEST 2 Online Writing, which requires P26 if the directions, passage, and prompt need to be read aloud. Notes for implementation: This accommodation is usually paired with P26 (Have directions, passage, and prompt read aloud) for WESTEST 2 Online Writing. This accommodation may be paired with T04 (extra time). P16 Have directions presented through sign language Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP Description: A qualified examiner presents test directions in sign language. When to select: For students who are deaf or hard of hearing. Notes for implementation: Educational sign language interpreters must not clarify, elaborate, paraphrase, or provide assistance with the meaning of words, intent of test questions, or responses to test items. A student's teacher should not serve as the interpreter/translator in a testing situation unless a second person is present to monitor for quality and fairness. This accommodation can be provided in the regular session in the back of the room (or wherever it is typically provided to the student for classes). P17 Use secure electronic braille note taker for directions and test stimulus material Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP except NAEP Description: An electronic note taker, which may have a Braille or QWERTY-type keyboard, is an adaptive device similar to a PDA. This device may have built in speech output and/or a refreshable braille display. When to select: For students who are blind or visually impaired, when it is the typical mode of communication. Notes for implementation: This accommodation may need to be paired with T04 (extra time) P18 Have directions rephrased by trained examiner Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP Description: A trained examiner reads aloud verbatim the directions for the test and states the same message in a new or different way. When to select: For students unable to decode text visually or by using contracted braille or Nemeth code. NOTE: For WESTEST 2 Online Writing, the passage and prompt are not considered part of the directions and cannot be rephrased by the examiner. Notes for implementation: See P02 (Have test read aloud verbatim) above. West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 23
Section II. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Disabilities P19 Use large print edition (when it is typical access) Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP except APTA, which is formatted in large print; and WESTEST 2 Online Writing and ACT COMPASS, which are delivered on a computer. Description: The student uses a large print edition of tests. When to select: For students with visual impairments who use this accommodation as their typical mode for accessing written material. Notes for implementation: It is recommended that regular print materials be manipulated to reformat test items and enlarge or change the font as needed. All text and graphic materials, including labels and captions on pictures, diagrams, maps, charts, exponential numbers, notes, and footnotes, must be presented in at least 18point type for students who need large print. After a student completes a large print edition of a test, student responses must be transcribed to a regular-size test booklet for Grade 3 and onto an answer sheet or answer folder for Grades 4-11. The WESTEST 2 large print version does not contain contrast and is useful for students who have vision impairment or have difficulty in discriminating shades of contrast in graphs and charts. NOTE: APTA uses large print as a standard testing condition; therefore, it should not be listed as an accommodation. ACT COMPASS and WESTEST 2 Online Writing are delivered on a computer platform; consider P22 or P23 for Online Writing. P20 Use tactile graphics Allowed for: APTA and students who are visually impaired Description: The use of tactile graphics is permitted to make visual content available to a student who is visually impaired. This is only when provided typically for the student and may not include any changes to the image. When to select: For students with visual impairment. Notes for implementation: This accommodation must be carefully monitored and any graphics destroyed upon completion of the assessment. P21 Use screen-reading software to access computer Allowed for: WESTEST 2 Online Writing, NAEP, ACT COMPASS and other computer-based assessments Description: Screen-reading software provides text-to-speech translation. When to select: For students who are vision impaired, and for whom the use of screen-reading software is the typical mode of accessing written material. Notes for implementation: Screen readers are allowed only when it is typical access. Only JAWS 11 and 12 work as well as Systems Mobile Access (see Appendix L on page 89 for more directions). On NAEP the text-to-speech function is a built-in universal design element. 24 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Guide to Accommodations P22 Adjust screen to enlarge text Allowed for: ACT COMPASS, WESTEST 2 Online Writing, NAEP, and other computer-based assessments Description: Screen-enlarging software may involve the use of enlarged computer monitors or computers with screen-enlargement programs. Some students use closed-circuit television to enlarge print and display printed material with various image enhancements on a screen. When to select: For students who are visually impaired, and for whom computer screen adjustment is the typical mode of accessing onscreen written material. Notes for implementation: NAEP Writing has the universal design element of text enlargement up to a 48-point font for prompts, stimuli, and responses, not tool icons, menus, etc. Use the text size typically used by the student to gain access to materials. P23 Use a magnifying screen cover (when typical access) Allowed for: ACT COMPASS, WESTEST 2 Online Writing, NAEP and other computer-based assessments Description: Magnification devices include eyeglass-mounted magnifiers, freestanding or hand-held magnifiers, or a lens that is placed over the computer monitor. When to select: This is for students who are vision impaired, and for whom the use of magnifying equipment is the typical mode of accessing written material. This is an option to standard testing conditions that is allowed to all students, with or without an IEP or Section 504 plan. Notes for implementation: Use whatever magnifier the student uses during instruction. Use visual magnifying equipment (standard option). P24 Use electronic translator or sign dictionary to present test Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP except ACT COMPASS English (Writing Skills) Test; WESTEST 2 Reading/Language Arts, including Online Writing; and NAEP Reading. Description: electronic dictionaries and translators are tools for students with hearing impairment and/or English language learners. Students may use this equipment to present directions, stimulus material, questions, and answer choice. Translators are limited to word-to-word or word-to-sign only. When to select: For students who are hearing impaired or have limited English proficiency, when it is typical access. Notes for implementation: Refer to Section III for more detailed information about how to use these tools with English language learners. NAEP only allows the use of hard copy or hand-held (not computer-based) word-to-word translators. P25 Use electronic translator or sign dictionary to present directions only Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 25
Section II. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Disabilities Description: Electronic dictionaries and translators are tools for English language learners and student with hearing impairment. Students may use this equipment to present directions only. When to select: For students who are hearing impaired and/or have limited English proficiency, who receive this support instructionally. Notes for implementation: NAEP only allows the use of hard copy or hand-held (not computer-based) word-to-word translators. Only word-to-word or word-tosign translators are allowed for WV-MAP. P26 Have directions, passage, and prompt read aloud Allowed for: ACT COMPASS English (Writing Skills), WESTEST 2 Online Writing, and NAEP Writing Description: A trained examiner reads aloud verbatim directions, passage, and prompts. When to select: For students unable to decode text visually or by using contracted braille or Nemeth code. Notes for implementation: This accommodation must be used for any read loud involving WESTEST 2 Online Writing. If is usually paired with P02 (Have test read aloud verbatim) or P15 (Have directions only read aloud), and T04 (extra time). P28 Use high contrast for online assessments Allowed for: ACT COMPASS, WESTEST 2 Online Writing, NAEP, and other computer based assessments Description: Reverse contrast turns the screen from white to black and creates text in white. When to select: For students who have vision or perception difficulties and use this accommodation instructionally. Notes for implementation: This code must be selected for the reverse contrast screen to be automatically enabled on the Online Writing platform but may not be true for other secure computer testing platforms. -- Use audio amplification equipment (standard option) Allowed for: All students, with or without an IEP or Section 504 plan (option to standard testing conditions) Description: Students use amplification equipment in addition to hearing aids to increase clarity; useful in environments with a great deal of ambient noise. When to select: For students who are hearing impaired, and who may or may not have an IEP or Section 504 plan. Notes for implementation: When arranging for testing, take into consideration the distractions of this accommodation to other students. 26 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Guide to Accommodations Response accommodations Response accommodations allow students to complete assignments, tests, and activities in different ways or to solve or organize problems using some type of assistive device or organizer. Response accommodations can benefit students with physical, sensory, or learning disabilities, including difficulties with memory, sequencing, directionality, alignment, and organization. R02 Indicate responses to a scribe (multiple-choice items) Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP, except NAEP Writing; for WESTEST 2 Online Writing, use R04 (Indicate responses to a scribe, specifically all elements to be scored). Description: A scribe is a trained examiner who writes down or enters into a secure computer testing program what a student has dictated using one or more of the following modes: an assistive communication device, pointing, communication by the student via interpretation. The guiding principle in scribing is to assist the student in accessing the test and responding to it. When to select: Scribes may be provided for students with verified disabilities that significantly impact motor skills for written responses. This code is also used for students who need to answer within the test booklet and/or need to have a scribe mark their answers on an answer document or entered into a secure computer testing platform due to a physical or vision disability. Notes for implementation: Appendix M. Guidelines for Scribing and Transcribing Student Responses (page 91) should be read carefully to gain an understanding of how scribing can and cannot be used. A student using this accommodation should be tested in a quiet room apart from other students to avoid interruption while testing and to avoid examinees being able to hear or see other students' responses. Remember that extra time is allowed to complete this process NOTE: ACT EXPLORE and ACT PLAN require that T04 (Use extra time for any timed test) must be an accommodation identified to receive extra time. For other WESTEST 2 assessments--in Grade 3, transcribe student responses to a regular-size test book; for Grades 4­11, transcribe student responses to an answer sheet or answer folder. For EXPLORE and PLAN, transcribe student responses to a regular-sized answer folder. For ACT COMPASS, a scribe must enter the student's responses into the secure ACT COMPASS testing platform. Scribes must be trained carefully in how to record responses (e.g., whether students must indicate spelling, punctuation, etc.). R03 Use braille or other tactile form of print Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP Description: For this response mode, a student uses a brailler, which is a braille keyboard used for typing braille that can then be printed in standard print or braille (embosser). The brailler is similar to a typewriter or computer keyboard. West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 27
Section II. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Disabilities Paper is inserted into the brailler, and multiple keys are pressed at once, creating braille dots with each press. When to select: This accommodation is for students who are vision impaired. Notes for implementation: See detailed instructions for scribing and transcribing student responses in Appendix M (page 91). For WESTEST 2 Online Writing, a scribe must transcribe the student's response to the testing website using the student's site code, user name, and password. For other WESTEST 2 assessments--in Grade 3, an examiner/scribe transcribes student responses to a regular-size test book; for Grades 4­11, an examiner trained as a scribe transcribes student responses to an answer sheet or answer folder. For ACT EXPLORE and PLAN, a scribe must transcribe the student's response to a regular-size answer folder. For ACT COMPASS, a scribe must enter the student's response into the secure ACT COMPASS testing platform. R04 Indicate responses to a scribe, specifically all elements to be scored (constructed, extended, and gridded-response items) Allowed for: WESTEST 2, including WESTEST 2 Online Writing Description: This accommodation is used for students who cannot physically answer or respond by writing. This code must be present to provide scribing for WESTEST 2 Online Writing. Scribes also may be provided for WESTEST 2 Online Writing for any student (with or without an IEP or Section 504 plan) who has a short-term medical condition (e.g., a fractured arm in a cast) that precludes the student from word processing a response. Approval needs to be obtained from the county test coordinator and/or the county special education director prior to testing. When to select: This accommodation is also for physically or visually impaired students who use braille or are otherwise unable to review their work on a screen due to a visual impairment. Scribes may be provided for students with verified disabilities that significantly impact the area of written expression or a physical disability that impedes motor skills or writing. Notes for implementation: Scribes also should be monitored to be certain that students' verbatim responses are recorded. On the day of testing, before testing begins, the principal/building coordinator should give the scribe no more than 2 hours to become familiar with the directions and format of the test. Scribes should be familiar with the test so they can easily record student answers (Thompson, Thurlow, & Walz, 2000). To the extent possible, the same scribe should have had responsibility for transcribing information given by students during educational instruction and assessments. 28 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Guide to Accommodations Scratch paper, Rough Drafts, and login information must be collected immediately at the end of the testing session. These items are considered secure material and must be collected and shredded according to procedures established by the principal/building level coordinator (BLC) at the end of the testing session. For WESTEST 2 Online Writing, a scribe must transcribe the student's response to the testing website using the student's site code, user name, and password. See a video that models scribing as an accommodation, available on the Office of Assessment and Accountability website (http://wvde.state.wv.us/oaa/westest_training_writing_scribe.html). See also, R02 Indicate responses to a scribe (multiple-choice items), on page 27. R05 Use an abacus Allowed for: ACT COMPASS, WESTEST 2 Mathematics and Science, APTA, and ACT EXPLORE and PLAN Description: An abacus may be used on WESTEST 2 for math and science tests (math tests only for ACT EXPLORE and PLAN). When to select: For students who are blind and for whom it is typical access. Notes for implementation: The abacus should be one that the student uses during instruction on a regular basis. R11 Use computer or other assistive technology device to respond Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP Description: Students may use a computer, typewriter, or other assistive technology device to respond. When to select: For students who have physical limitations and have an identified requirement in the IEP or Section 504 plan for instructional use Notes for implementation: Refer to test administration manuals. R13 Provide physical support (if routine) Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP Description: A student may be provided physical support by an aide if this support is provided routinely and if the aide has been trained as an examiner. When to select: For students who routinely receive support for behavioral and medical needs. Notes for implementation: All test security requirements should be assured. The use of physical support does not include the use of physical support for making responses for communication unless the student is taking the APTA. For students on general assessments, teams should consider including response accommodations such as R04 (Indicate responses to a scribe, specifically all elements to be scored). Students may use assistive technology or communication devices for responses see R11 (Use computer, typewriter, West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 29
Section II. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Disabilities or other assistive technology device to respond). The critical issue is that the student must be able to provide a response. R16 Mark responses on large-print test book Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP except WESTEST 2 Online Writing, ACT COMPASS, and NAEP computer-based assessments Description: Students write their responses on a large-print test booklet. When to select: For students taking a paper-pencil test who have visual impairment and/or fine motor impairment. Notes for implementation: For WESTEST 2 Grade 3, an examiner transcribes the student responses to a regular-size test book; for Grades 4­11, the examiner transcribes the student responses to an answer sheet or answer folder. For ACT EXPLORE, the examiner or scribe transcribes the student responses to the EXPLORE answer folder. For ACT PLAN, the responses are transcribed onto the PLAN answer folder. Students who receive this accommodation may also need an R02 scribe accommodation if an examiner must copy student response to an answer document. R17 Use an electronic translator or sign dictionary to respond Allowed for: WESTEST 2 Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies; ACT EXPLORE, PLAN, and COMPASS; and NAEP Description: A student may use an electronic translator or sign-dictionary to indicate answer choices when signing is typical access. When to select: For students who have limited English proficiency or those who primarily use sign as their communication mode. Notes for implementation: NAEP does not allow for the use of a computer-based translator. Specific requirements for use of bilingual translators are found in the LEP section. For a list of approved bilingual dictionaries see http://wvconnections.k12.wv.us/documents/lep_bilingual_dictionarywithoutDis tributorsrevised2011April.doc Setting and time accommodations T03 Take more breaks (no studying) Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP Description: Students are allowed to take additional breaks as requested or at predetermined intervals. When to select: Students who cannot concentrate continuously for an extended period or who become frustrated or stressed easily may need frequent or extended relaxation breaks. Restrictions: Students are not allowed to study for tests they have already begun, and must be monitored during breaks. Notes for implementation: These students may need to be assigned to a different location to prevent distractions. 30 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Guide to Accommodations T04 Use extra time for any timed test Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP (ACT COMPASS and WESTEST 2 are untimed; NAEP, and ACT EXPLORE and PLAN are timed). Description: Timed tests require a request for a specific amount of extra time. A common extension is time and one half--for example, an extension from 60 minutes to 90 minutes. If a reader or scribe is used, double time may be appropriate. When to select: Timing accommodations are most helpful for students who need more time than generally allowed to complete activities, assignments, and tests. Extra time may be needed to process written text (e.g., a student with a learning disability who processes information slowly), to write (e.g., a student with limited dexterity as a result of arthritis), or to use other accommodations or equipment (e.g., assistive technology, audio tape, or scribe). Restrictions: Tests must be completed within the confines of the regular testing day. NAEP assessments must be completed within three times the regular time allotted for each section of the test. Notes for implementation: Decisions about how much extended time is to be provided must be made on a case-by-case basis for each individual student--not by any category of students--keeping in mind the type of accommodations being provided, the disability involved, and the type of test. T07 Flexible scheduling, extra time within the same day (no studying) Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP Description: Students are scheduled to allow for the best conditions for their performance, and/or may be allowed to take the test during more than one sitting during a single day. When to select: Scheduling changes can be helpful for students on medications that affect their ability to stay alert, or who have more productive times of the day. For example, for students who have difficulty concentrating or staying on task as the day progresses, it may help to schedule tests that require the greatest concentration in the morning. Restrictions: Tests must be completed within the confines of the regular testing day. Students are not allowed to study for tests they have already begun, and must be monitored during breaks. Notes for implementation: These students may need to be assigned to a separate location to prevent distractions. Decisions about how to schedule and provide extra time must be made on a case-by-case basis for each individual student--not by any category of students--keeping in mind the type of accommodations being provided, the disability involved, and the type of test. -- Use setting options to standardized conditions Allowed for: All tests in WV-MAP Description: Students may be allowed to sit in a location apart from the majority of students to reduce distractions to themselves or others, to increase physical access, or to provide access to special equipment. Some students may need to sit close to the front of the room so they can see or hear more easily. Options may West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 31
Section II. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Disabilities
also include a separate testing session in a small group, one-on-one testing in a separate setting, or in a study carrel. Some students may need changes in the conditions of a testing setting such as special lighting and furniture. When to select: Changes in instructional and assessment locations can benefit students who are easily distracted in large group settings and who concentrate best in a small group or individual setting. Changes in location also benefit students who receive accommodations (e.g. reader, scribe, or frequent breaks) that might distract other students. Students with physical disabilities might need a more accessible location, specific room conditions, or special equipment. Restrictions: Students must be monitored during the entire testing period. Notes for implementation: It may be difficult to find testing locations that are private and free of distractions, especially when many students in a building are tested at the same time. Each student tested in a private location must be under the supervision of a trained examiner. These requirements apply to students tested in all locations, whether the student is assessed in the school building, at home, in a hospital, or a residential or other alternative setting.
Exhibit 2. Acceptable Options and Accommodations for Students With Disabilities by WV-MAP Assessment
WVEIS Code WESTEST 2 RLA Multiple Choice WESTEST 2 RLA Online Writing WESTEST 2 Mathematic s WESTEST 2 Scienc e WESTEST 2 Social Studies ACT EXPLORE ACT PLAN ACT COMPASS Mathematic s ACT COMPASS Writing Skills APTA District Assessments
Options and Accommodations Key: A Accommodation allowed O Option to standard conditions allowed to all students N Not allowed
Presentation
P02 Have test read aloud verbatim N N A A A A A A A O* A
P03 Use braille or other tactile form of print
AAAAAAANNAA
P06 Have test presented through sign language
NAAAAAAAAOA
P13 Have test presented through text-talk converter
NN A A A A A A A OA
P15 Have directions only read aloud
ANAAAAAAAOA
P16 Have directions presented through sign language
AAAAAAAAAOA
P17 Use secure electronic braille note taker for directions and test stimulus material
AAAAAAAAAOA
Exhibit 2 continues on next page
32 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Guide to Accommodations
WVEIS Code WESTEST 2 RLA Multiple Choice WESTEST 2 RLA Online Writing WESTEST 2 Mathematic s WESTEST 2 Scienc e WESTEST 2 Social Studies ACT EXPLORE ACT PLAN ACT COMPASS Mathematic s ACT COMPASS Writing Skills APTA District Assessments
Exhibit 2. Acceptable Options and Accommodations for Students With Disabilities by WV-MAP Assessment
Options and Accommodations
Key: A Accommodation allowed O Option to standard conditions allowed to all students N Not allowed
P18 Have directions rephrased
AAAAAAAAAOA
P19 Use large print edition (when typical access)
ANAAAAANNNA
­ Use visual magnifying equipment
O­ OOOOOOOOO
P20 Use tactile graphics
ANAAANNNNAA
P21 Use screen reading software to N A N N N N N A A N A access computer
P22 Adjust screen to enlarge text N A N N N N N A A N A
P23 Use a magnifying screen cover N A N N N N N A A N A (when typical access)
P24 Use electronic translator or
NN A A A A A A A OA
sign-dictionary to present test
P25 Use electronic translator or sign-dictionary to present directions only
AAAAAAAAAOA
P26 Have directions, passage, and N A N N N N N N A N A prompt read aloud
P28 Use high contrast
N A NNNNN A A NN
­ Use audio amplification equipment
OOOOOOOOOOA
Response
R02 Indicate responses to a scribe A N A A A A A A A O A (multiple choice)
R03 Use braille or other tactile form of print
AAAAAAAAAAA
R04 Indicate responses to a scribe, N A A A N N N N N O A (extended, constructed, and gridded-response items)
Exhibit 2 continues on next page
West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 33
Section II. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Disabilities
WVEIS Code WESTEST 2 RLA Multiple Choice WESTEST 2 RLA Online Writing WESTEST 2 Mathematic s WESTEST 2 Scienc e WESTEST 2 Social Studies ACT EXPLORE ACT PLAN ACT COMPASS Mathematic s ACT COMPASS Writing Skills APTA District Assessments
Exhibit 2. Acceptable Options and Accommodations for Students With Disabilities by WV-MAP Assessment
Options and Accommodations
Key: A Accommodation allowed O Option to standard conditions allowed to all students N Not allowed
R05 Use an abacus (ACT
NN A A A A A A A OA
PLAN/Explore and WESTEST 2
math and science)
R11 Use computer, typewriter or other assistive technology device to respond
AAAAAAAAAOA
R13 Provide physical support (if routine) by teacher/aide who is a trained examiner
AAAAAAAAAOA
R16 Mark responses on large-print A N A A A A A N N N A test book
R17 Use an electronic translator or N N A A A A A A A O A sign-dictionary to respond
Timing (WESTEST , ACT COMPASS, APTA are not timed; NAEP, ACT PLAN/EXPLORE are timed)
T03 Take more breaks (no studying)
OOOOOA A AA OA
T04 Use extra time for any timed O O O O O A A O O O A test ACT COMPASS and WESTEST 2 not timed)
T07 Flexible scheduling, extra time A A A A A A A O O O A within the same day (no studying)
Note: NAEP allowable accommodations are determined by NCES. Refer to Section IV for additional information. *For APTA the reading comprehension items may not be read aloud, all other sections of the RLA MAY be read.
When to Choose APTA West Virginia Board of Education Policy 2510, Assuring the Quality of Education: Regulations for Education Programs10 provides a definition of a delivery system for assessment and accountability that assures a thorough and efficient education for West
10 To view this policy, see http://wvde.state.wv.us/policies/.
34 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
When to Choose APTA Virginia public school students.11 According to this policy, all students must participate in state assessments, and for the vast majority of students, WESTEST 2 is the appropriate assessment. All students under Section 504 plans, for example, participate in WESTEST 2 and other WV-MAP assessments. For students with disabilities qualifying under IDEA 2004, however, the IEP team must determine how a student will participate in the WV-MAP, including the possible use of an alternate assessment. The Alternate Performance Task Assessment (APTA) is the state alternate assessment specifically designed for students with significant cognitive disabilities whose performance cannot be adequately assessed through the general assessment instrument, WESTEST 2, even with accommodations. Students on alternate assessment are assessed in Grades 3­8 and one grade in high school. Currently assessments are provided for reading/language arts and mathematics in Grades 3­8 and 11, and for science in Grades 4, 6, and 10. Students who are administered APTA must meet specific criteria to be determined eligible (see Eligibility criteria for APTA, below). The IEP document identifies the appropriate assessment and any allowable accommodations for the student. Establishing eligibility for alternate assessment should include documentation of the student's individualized need to be instructed using the appropriate grade-level alternate achievement standards, as well as assurances that the student will be educated in the general curriculum to the extent possible. Parent(s) or guardian(s) must be involved in and informed of all decisions regarding the use of alternate assessment, and made aware that performance measures are based on alternate academic achievement standards. All implications of assessment decisions must be carefully explained to the parent and the student, including that the student will graduate with a modified diploma. For students designated to take APTA the IEP must specify that the student meets criteria for APTA and explain why the student cannot participate in the general assessment; and document accommodations used for APTA in accordance with WVS.326. Students whose IEPs call for assessment using APTA are not required to participate in other assessments in the WV-MAP, which do not have alternate forms for students with significant cognitive disabilities. Yet, they cannot be prohibited from the opportunity. Eligibility criteria for APTA Students with significant cognitive disabilities whose performance cannot be adequately assessed through WESTEST 2 even with accommodations may be considered for APTA. Eligibility for APTA requires that the student have a current IEP and multidisciplinary evaluation and educational performance data that support the following: The student exhibits significant impairment of cognitive abilities and adaptive skills to the extent that he or she requires instruction in the West Virginia 11 The West Virginia Board of Education has the responsibility for establishing high quality educational standards for all education programs. See W.Va. Code §18-1A-4. West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 35
Section II. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Disabilities Alternate Academic Achievement Standards linked to the Common Core Essential Elements and access skills (social, motor, and communication) not directly addressed in the standards but embedded in instructional standardsbased activities. The student cannot participate in the WESTEST 2 and other components of the WV-MAP, even with accommodations. The reasons why the student cannot participate must be clearly stated on the IEP. In addition, if the student is 14 years of age or older, the IEP team has determined that the student is unable to complete the state and county standard graduation requirements necessary to earn a standard diploma, even with extended learning opportunities and significant instructional modification, and thus is working toward a modified diploma. If the student meets all of the criteria, the IEP document must include a justification statement for the APTA. NOTE: All students who meet the criteria for the APTA are pursuing a modified diploma. Not all students earning a modified diploma must take the APTA; however, students who are working toward a standard diploma do not meet criteria for the APTA. For additional information, see WVBE Policy 2510, Assuring the Quality of Education: Regulations for Education Programs sections 5.6.i.1, 5.6.j, 13.28. and 13.64.12 APTA accommodations Accommodations available for APTA are more limited compared with those available for the general assessments in WV-MAP (see Exhibit 3). APTA is constructed in a way that allows students to take the assessment using accommodations that are provided during instruction. Assistive technology is not considered an accommodation for students taking APTA--that is, students who use assistive technology routinely in the classroom may use technology during APTA. APTA is untimed and individually administered. APTA examiners must be trained and follow all procedures outlined in Policy 2340 and this document. For more specific information about the administration of APTA see the current APTA Examiner's Manual.13 The allowable options and accommodations for APTA are listed below. Exhibit 3. Allowable Accommodations for APTA WVEIS Code Description P03 Braille or other tactile form of print when that is the student's typical mode of accessing written material. P17 A secure electronic braille note taker for directions and test stimulus materials. P20 Tactile graphics (allowable for APTA). R03 Braille or other tactile form of print. 12 To view this policy, visit http://wvde.state.wv.us/policies/. 13 The current APTA Examiner's Manual can be downloaded at http://wvde.state.wv.us/oaa/filecabinet.html#apta. 36 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Section III. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Limited English Proficiency A student with limited English proficiency is defined in two West Virginia Board of Education (WVBE) policies: Policy 2340, West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress (WV-MAP); and Policy 2417, Programs of Study for Limited English Proficient Students. These policies are based on the federal government definition as described in Public Law 107-110, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), also known as the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). According to this definition, a student with limited English proficiency is classified as one who is age 3 through 21; and who is enrolled or preparing to enroll in an elementary school or secondary school; and who o was not born in the United States or whose native language is a language other than English; or o is an American Indian or Alaska Native or a native resident of outlying areas; and who comes from an environment where a language other than English has had a significant impact on the individual's level of English language proficiency; or who is migratory, whose native language is a language other than English and who comes from an environment where a language other English is dominant; and whose difficulties speaking, reading, writing, or understanding the English language are significant enough to deny the individual o the ability to meet the state's proficiency level of achievement on state assessments; o the ability to achieve successfully in classrooms where the language of instruction is English; or o the opportunity to participate fully in society. Federal Inclusion Requirements for Students with Limited English Proficiency Federal provisions for inclusion and accommodation of students with limited English proficiency were first required in the 1994 reauthorization of ESEA, The Improving America's Schools Act of 1994 (IASA) and then updated in 2001 in NCLB. IASA stipulated that states "provide for . . . the inclusion of limited English proficient students who shall be assessed, to the extent practicable, in the language and form most likely to yield accurate and reliable information on what such students know and can do, to determine such students' mastery of skills in subjects other than English."14 NCLB supports the same schema, adding the clarification that students with limited English proficiency should be eligible for other 14 U.S. Congress, 1994, Section 1111 [b] [3] [F] [iii] 37
Section III. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Limited English Proficiency assessments "until such students have achieved English language proficiency."15 According to a guidance document from the U. S. Department of Education (2007, p. 3), Under Title I of ESEA, states must include students with limited English proficiency in their assessments of academic achievement in reading/ language arts and mathematics, and must provide students with limited English proficiency with appropriate accommodations including, to the extent practicable, assessments in the language and form most likely to yield accurate data on what students with limited English proficiency know and can do in the academic content areas until they have achieved English language proficiency. West Virginia Inclusion Requirements for Students With Limited English Proficiency All students with limited English proficiency (LEP)--also known as English language learners--participate in WV-MAP at the grade level in which they are enrolled. English language learners with disabilities have an individualized education plan (IEP). All decisions regarding assessment follow the same procedures outlined in the students with disabilities section (Section II). For English language learners with disabilities it is recommended that IEP committees include both a special educator and an English language learner specialist. Reclassified or exited students with limited English proficiency are allowed the use of accommodations on state assessments during a 2-year monitoring period. The following exception applies: The accommodation requirements for WV-MAP assessments do not apply to the state English language development assessment (ELDA), called the West Virginia Test of English Language Learning (WESTELL); that is, all students with limited English proficiency, Grades K-12, must take the WESTELL annually, regardless of how long they have been in a U.S. school. The role of the LEP committee in assigning accommodations The provision of testing accommodations is one of the primary strategies for increasing the likelihood that English language learners are tested on their knowledge of the content rather than their proficiency in English. Accommodations for students with limited English proficiency "involve changes to testing procedures, testing materials, or the testing situation" to allow students meaningful participation in an assessment (Acosta, Rivera, & Willner, 2008, p. 1). Effective accommodations for students with limited English proficiency address the unique linguistic and sociocultural needs of the student by reducing constructirrelevant variance due to language, without altering the test construct. Decisions about accommodations should not be made by an individual (Acosta, Rivera, & Willner, 2008, p. 1). Decisions should be made by the LEP committee responsible for planning the student's academic program. The role of the LEP committee is to discuss the accommodations that a student may need for state testing, decide which accommodations will be offered to the student, and document the process. The committee should coordinate with all teachers of English language learners to ensure that these students use the accommodations as part of 15 U.S. Congress, 1994, Section 1111 [b] [3] [C] [ix] [III] 38 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Making Accommodations Decisions: Three Steps classroom instruction. The day of the assessment should not be the first time a student with limited English proficiency uses the accommodation(s) called for in his or her LEP plan. Making Accommodations Decisions: Three Steps The following guidance is for LEP committees as they assign accommodations for students with limited English proficiency. Recommended steps for matching accommodations with specific characteristics of individual English language learners are described, including specific directions for providing each accommodation. Later in this section, a brief overview of the accommodations allowed on the WV-MAP assessments (i.e., WESTEST 2; and ACT EXPLORE, PLAN, and COMPASS) is provided. NOTE: NAEP accommodations for students with limited English proficiency are discussed in Section IV (page 51). Step One--Select appropriate accommodations When making decisions about accommodations, LEP committees should consider the student's level of proficiency in both English and his or her native language, asking themselves the following three questions: Question 1. What is the student's composite English language proficiency level according to WESTELL? Is it Beginning (Level 1), Advanced Beginning (Level 2), Intermediate (Level 3), Early Fluent (Level 4), or Fluent (Level 5)? 16 Question 2. Can the student read or write proficiently in his or her native language? Research indicates that native language accommodations can validly support English language learner's access to an assessment offered in English.17 Even if bilingual instruction is not a part of the student's LEP plan, LEP committees should consider the role of the native language when determining English-as-a-second-language (ESL) services.18 Baseline information--for example, writing samples the student produced during the initial language proficiency placement and identification process, or in the classroom--can be obtained to indicate whether the student has any proficiency in reading and writing his or her native language. The LEP committee should use this information about the student's native language literacy to determine whether accommodations, such as use of a bilingual word-toword dictionary or an electronic translator, would be helpful to the student during instruction and assessment. Basic guidelines include the following three native language proficiency categories: 16 See http://wvconnections.k12.wv.us/documents/FAQ011409.doc for more information. 17 For information, please refer to Francis, Rivera, Lesaux, Kieffer, and Rivera (2006), (http://www.centeroninstruction.org/files/ELL3-Assessments.pdf); and Acosta, Rivera, and Willner (2008) (http://ceee.gwu.edu/sites/files/Acosta.Rivera.ShaferWillner_2008.pdf). 18 For more information, see page 9 in Toolkit: Connecting ESL Best Practices and Limited English Proficient Students, published by WVDE and available at http://wvconnections.k12.wv.us/ documents/WVToolkitConnectingESLBestPracticesSinglePages2009.pdf. West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 39
Section III. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Limited English Proficiency 1. Strong native language proficiency--The student can speak and read proficiently in his or her native language. 2. Intermediate native language proficiency--The student has strong native language oral skills but limited native language reading skills. 3. Limited native language proficiency--The student has limited native language speaking and reading skills. In summary, the LEP committee identifies both the student's English and native language proficiency levels to select the accommodations that have been identified as best for supporting LEP students. The accommodations described in the next section (beginning on page 43), are categorized by students' levels of English and native language proficiencies. Question 3. How might you increase the likelihood that the accommodations will be used effectively during the assessment? Research indicates there are a number of student background factors that can help ensure the usefulness of accommodations to the student. Grade or age, time in U.S. schools, and affective needs may all impact students' ability to use accommodations. For example, older students sometimes refuse accommodations due to the embarrassment of receiving additional support in front of classmates. Students who have just arrived in the U.S. need to gain familiarity with U.S. testing practices and expectations. Anxiety can raise an English language learner's affective filter and impact test performance. To ease these barriers consider taking the following approaches: Include the student in the process of assigning accommodations to ensure use of the accommodation and student understanding of its use. If the student is unfamiliar with standardized testing, provide test preparation activities prior to the assessment. Offer opportunities to use the accommodation(s) available to the student prior to the assessment, during classroom instruction and assessment. When appropriate, administer tests in special settings with specialized personnel, in small groups or individually. While not accommodations, such arrangements are standard administration options that might be helpful for increasing students' level of comfort, facilitating test administration, and ensuring more accurate test results. For other administrative guidance, see Exhibit 4. 40 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Making Accommodations Decisions: Three Steps Exhibit 4. Special Administrative Considerations for LEP-Responsive Accommodations* Read aloud P02 Have test read aloud verbatim--Allowed for all WV-MAP tests except NAEP Reading and WESTEST 2 Reading/Language Arts and Online Writing P15 Have directions only read aloud--Allowed for all tests in WV-MAP (not applicable to WESTEST 2 Online Writing, see P26) P26 Have directions, passage, and prompt read aloud--Allowed for ACT COMPASS English (Writing Skills), WESTEST 2 Online Writing, and NAEP Writing Considerations--Be sure to present directions, stimulus material, questions, and/or answer choices verbatim as required by the accommodation. Students receiving a read aloud accommodation should be given the assessment in a separate location (individually or as a small group) to avoid distracting other students taking the assessment. Older students often refuse this accommodation when in a large group (due to embarrassment at needing additional support) and for this reason would benefit from taking the assessment in a separate location. Students with advanced levels of English language proficiency may need only certain words read to them upon request, not the entire test. Test items may not be clarified or rephrased as part of this accommodation. Rephrase directions P18 Have directions rephrased by trained examiner--Allowed for all tests in WV-MAP Considerations--When rephrasing the directions, do not offer additional clarifications. For WESTEST 2 Online Writing, the passage and prompt are not considered part of the directions and cannot be rephrased by the examiner. Reference material accommodations P24 Use electronic translator or sign dictionary to present test--Allowed for all tests in WV-MAP except ACT COMPASS English (Writing Skills) Test; WESTEST 2 Reading/Language Arts, including Online Writing; and NAEP Reading P25 Use electronic translator or sign dictionary to present directions only--Allowed for all tests in WV-MAP R17 Use an electronic translator or sign dictionary to respond--Allowed for WESTEST 2 Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies; ACT EXPLORE, PLAN, and COMPASS; and NAEP Considerations--The bilingual word-to-word dictionary or electronic translator may not define words. Students with limited English proficiency should have used these accommodations in the classroom prior to the assessment, to ensure the day of the assessment is not their first exposure. Extra time (T04) needs to be added to the test administration schedule for students who are using these accommodations. Each district should standardize the dictionaries allowed for classroom and testing purposes. The approved list of bilingual word-to-word dictionaries is located at http://wvconnections.k12.wv.us/documents/lep_bilingual_dictionarywithoutDistributors.doc. Written support with student response accommodations R02 Indicate responses to a scribe (multiple-choice items)--Allowed for all tests in WV-MAP, except NAEP Writing; for WESTEST 2 Online Writing, use R04 (Indicate responses to a scribe, specifically all elements to be scored). R04 Indicate responses to a scribe, specifically all elements to be scored (constructed, extended, and griddedresponse items)--Allowed for WESTEST 2, including WESTEST 2 Online Writing Considerations--This accommodation is not allowed with the WESTEST 2 Reading/Language Arts including the WESTEST 2 Online Writing portion. Use of an electronic word-to-word translator for the WESTEST 2 Online Writing assessment would interfere with the construct being assessed by potentially giving students with limited English proficiency an unfair advantage with word choice and grammar usage (vividness of words/diction/appropriate word to express information they are writing about). Exhibit 4 continues on next page. West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 41
Section III. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Limited English Proficiency Exhibit 4. Special Administrative Considerations for LEP-Responsive Accommodations* Timing accommodations T03 Take more breaks (no studying)--Allowed for all tests in WV-MAP T04 Use extra time for any timed test--Allowed for all tests in WV-MAP (ACT COMPASS and WESTEST 2 are untimed; NAEP, and ACT EXPLORE and PLAN are timed). T07 Flexible scheduling, extra time within the same day (no studying)--Allowed for all tests in WV-MAP Considerations--When receiving timing/scheduling accommodations, The student must be tested in an individual setting or small group setting with other students needing the same accommodation. A test or subtest for which extended time is used may not exceed one school day. Each test/subtest must be completed within one school day. All testing must be completed within the testing window. In addition to supporting an LEP student's ability to process the English language of the test, timing accommodations such as extended time support the use of read aloud and reference material accommodations. Step Two--Document the reasons for accommodations selected After assigning accommodations by category (Step One), be sure to consider other student background characteristics such as (a) time in the United States, (b) student's affective needs, (c) student's academic capacity, (d) age and maturity, (e) sociocultural background, and (f) transitory or migrant status. In the documentation, the committee must articulate the reasons for differentiating accommodations for this student by providing answers to the following questions: 1. What does this individual student need, to show us what he or she really knows? 2. If provided, will the accommodation change what the test is trying to measure? 3. If appropriate, has the student had prior experience using this accommodation? NOTES: Accommodations such as dictionaries need to be introduced well before the test. However, this prerequisite is not as important for the other accommodations such as plain (simplified) English assessment, oral English (read-aloud, audiotape/CDs, repetition, or clarification), oral translations, native language tests, or extended time. A list of approved bilingual dictionaries for WV-MAP assessments can be accessed at http://wvconnections. k12.wv.us/documents/lep_bilingual_dictionarywithoutDistributorsrevised2011April.doc. Reminder for LEP students with disabilities: Refer to the accommodations listed on the IEP or Section 504 Plan. The LEP committee may request permission to use accommodations other than those just described. Such requests must be received by the Office of Assessment and Accountability no later than 2 weeks prior to the testing date. See "Additional accommodation(s) requests" (page 6) for more details. Step Three--Submit LEP assessment participation form Document the accommodations selected in the student's LEP Assessment Participation Form (see Appendix N, page 95). Check Exhibit 4 (page 41) for any administrative directions or requirements that should be communicated to the school/ district test coordinator or the person administering the test to the student. 42 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Guide to Accommodations for Various English and Native Language Proficiency Levels
Guide to Accommodations for Various English and Native Language Proficiency Levels Beginning (Level 1) or Advanced Beginning (Level 2) English language proficiency Students at the lowest levels of English language proficiency tend to experience the greatest need for accommodations but are the least able to use them. In general, the use of oral supports is recommended over written accommodations in English; however, most of these supports would not be expected to produce much of an effect for the lowest proficiency levels. Oral accommodations are particularly helpful to students with limited formal studies who have low literacy skills in both their native language and English (Exhibit 5).
Exhibit 5. Suggested Accommodations for Students with Beginning (Level 1) or Advanced Beginning (Level 2) English Language Proficiency Levels
Type of linguistic support
English language
Accommodation*
Native language
Direct
P02 Read aloud verbatim stimulus material,
N/A
questions, and/or answer choices.
P15 Read aloud directions.
P18 Rephrase directions.
R02 Student indicates responses (in English) to
a scribe for multiple choice items.
R04 Student indicates responses (in English) to
a scribe for constructed/ gridded-response
items.
Indirect
T03 Take more breaks. T04 Allow extended time. T07 Allow flexible scheduling and extra time within the same day.
*See Exhibit 10, page 47, for information about which WV-MAP assessments allow these accommodations.
Beginning (Level 1) or Advanced Beginning (Level 2) English language proficiency with strong native language literacy Students at the lowest levels of English language proficiency tend to experience the greatest need of accommodations but are the least able to use them. In general, the use of oral supports is recommended over written accommodations in English; however, most of these supports would not be expected to produce much of an effect for the lowest proficiency levels. Native language support in the form of bilingual word-to-word dictionaries or electronic translators can be helpful if the LEP student is literate in his or her native language and has received recent instruction in that language, whether in the United States or abroad. Exhibit 6 shows suggested accommodations for this group of students.
West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 43
Section III. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Limited English Proficiency
Exhibit 6. Suggested Accommodations for Students with Beginning (Level 1) or Advanced Beginning (Level 2) English Language Proficiency Levels, and Strong Native Language Literacy Skills
Type of linguistic support
English language
Accommodation
Native language
Direct
P02 Read aloud test verbatim. P15 Read aloud directions only. P18 Rephrase directions. R02 Student indicates responses (in English) to a scribe for multiple choice items.** R04 Student indicates responses (in English) to a scribe for constructed/ gridded-response items.**
P24 Allow electronic translator to present test. P27 Use approved bilingual word-to-word dictionary to present directions only. P25 Use electronic translator to present directions only. R15 Use approved bilingual word-to-word dictionary to respond. R17 Use electronic translator to respond.
Indirect
T03 Take more breaks. T04 Allow extended time. T07 Allow flexible scheduling and extra time within the same day.
* See Exhibit 10, page 47, for information about which WV-MAP assessments allow these accommodations. ** See Appendix M, page 91, for guidance on scribing; also see the WVDE training video on scribing at http://wvde.state.wv.us/oaa/westest_training_writing_scribe.html.
Intermediate (Level 3) English language proficiency and low levels of native language proficiency Students at the intermediate level of English language proficiency have usually developed some literacy in English and are expected to benefit from a wider variety of both written and oral accommodation options. Decision makers should note that the need for accommodations at this level varies considerably depending upon the unique background characteristics of the student as well as the literacy demands of the test. Similar to students with beginning English language proficiency levels, the existing research suggests that native language accommodations are more useful than English accommodation at the intermediate level. Students with low levels of native language proficiency (e.g., those who do not have formal native language education), however, will not necessarily benefit from the provision of accommodations in the native language. Exhibit 7 shows suggested accommodations for this latter group of students.
Exhibit 7. Suggested Accommodations for Students with Intermediate (Level 3) English Language Proficiency Levels and No Formal Native Language Education
Type of linguistic support
English language
Accommodations*
Native language
Direct P02 Read aloud test verbatim.
N/A
P15 Read aloud directions only.
P18 Rephrase directions.
Indirect
T03 Take more breaks. T04 Allow extended time. T07 Allow flexible scheduling and extra time within the same day.
* See Exhibit 10, page 47, for information about which WV-MAP assessments allow these accommodations.
44 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Guide to Accommodations for Various English and Native Language Proficiency Levels
Intermediate (Level 3) English language proficiency and strong native language skills Because students with limited English proficiency at the intermediate level of English language proficiency have usually developed some literacy in English, these students are expected to benefit from a wider variety of both written and oral accommodation options. Decision makers should note that the need for accommodations at this level varies considerably depending upon the unique background characteristics of the student as well as the literacy demands of the test. Similar to students with beginning English language proficiency levels, the existing research suggests that native language accommodations are considered more useful than English accommodation at the intermediate level. Thus, native language support in the form of bilingual word-to-word dictionaries or electronic translators can be helpful if the LEP student is literate in his or her native language and has received recent instruction in that language, whether in the United States or abroad. Exhibit 8 shows suggested accommodations for this group of students.
Exhibit 8. Suggested Accommodations for Students with Intermediate (Level 3) English Language Proficiency Levels and Strong Native Language Skills
Type of linguistic support
English language
Accommodations
Native language
Direct
P02 Read aloud test verbatim. P15 Read aloud directions only. P18 Rephrase directions. R02 Student indicates responses (in English) to a scribe for multiple choice items. R04 Student indicates responses (in English) to a scribe for constructed/ gridded-response items.
P24 Use electronic translator to present test. P27 Use approved bilingual word-to-word dictionary to present directions only. P25 Use electronic translator to present directions only R15 Use approved bilingual word-to-word dictionary to respond R17 Use electronic translator to respond.
Indirect
T03 Take more breaks. T04 Allow extended time. T07 Allow flexible scheduling and extra time within the same day.
* See Exhibit 10, page 47, for information about which WV-MAP assessments allow each of these accommodations. ** See Appendix M, page 91, for guidance on scribing; also see the WVDE training video on scribing at http://wvde.state.wv.us/oaa/westest_training_writing_scribe.html.
Early Fluent (Level 4), Fluent (Level 5) English language proficiency, or monitored former LEP students For students at advanced English language proficiency levels (Levels 4 and 5) and monitored former LEP students, the need for most kinds of accommodations is expected to decrease. However, customized glossaries are useful for these students. English-language glossaries are appropriate for most groups at the advanced level and dual language glossaries are recommended for advanced students who are literate in the native language and have received instruction in it. Experts note that students at the advanced English language proficiency level typically have enough English that they do not need oral translation or response accommodations. Native language support in the form of bilingual word-to-word dictionaries or electronic translators can be helpful if the LEP student is
West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 45
Section III. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Limited English Proficiency
literate in his or her native language and has received recent instruction in that language, whether in the United States or abroad. Exhibit 9 shows suggested accommodations for this group of students.
Exhibit 9. Suggested Accommodations for Students with Early Fluent and Fluent English Language Proficiency Levels and Monitored Students with Limited English Proficiency with Strong Native Language Proficiency
Type of linguistic support
English language
Accommodations
Native language
Direct
N/A
P24 Use electronic translator to present test.
P27 Use approved bilingual word-to-word dictionary to present directions only.
P25 Use electronic translator to present directions only
R15 Use approved bilingual word-to-word dictionary to respond
R17 Use electronic translator to respond.
Indirect T03 Take more breaks.
T04 Allow extended time.
T07 Allow flexible scheduling and extra time within the same day.
*See Exhibit 10, page 47, for information about which WV-MAP assessments allow each of these accommodations.
Exhibit 10 provides an overview, by accommodations allowed for each WV-MAP assessment, organized by oral and written direct linguistic supports and indirect linguistic supports, with information about target LEP student groups that would benefit most from each accommodation.
Additional Reminders about Accommodations for LEP Students Accommodations versus modifications Modifications are NOT allowable for any student. Modifications are not accommodations. Modifications are changes in the test or the testing process that change the test expectation, the grade level, or the construct or content being measured. Modifications are not appropriate for students with limited English proficiency. If modifications are used, the student's test results will be invalidated. Examples of modifications include (but are not limited to) the following: Reading the reading comprehension section of the WESTEST 2 Reading/Language Arts assessment to a student Answering questions about test items any time during the test, even without giving the answers Defining words for the student Using dictionaries that provide definitions (this does not include word-to-word dual language dictionaries or electronic translators.) Translating the entire test into a student's native language Allowing the student to complete the assessment in a language other than English
46 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Additional Reminders about Accommodations for LEP Students
LEP students with IEPs and Section 504 plans For LEP students with IEPs and Section 504 plans, make sure they receive all assessment accommodations as outlined in the LEP Assessment Participation Form and the IEP or Section 504 plan. Information about IEPs and Section 504 plans can be found in Section II. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Disabilities, beginning on page 17.
Accommodations and WESTELL Unless an LEP student has an IEP or 504 Plan on file, that student will not receive accommodations on the WESTELL, as it is a measure of the English language ability of an LEP student.
Exhibit 10. Overview of Accommodations Allowed on the WESTEST 2; ACT PLAN, EXPLORE, and COMPASS; and NAEP Assessments
WVEIS Accommodation code
Assessment
English language When would this accommodation be most
proficiency level
appropriate?
Direct Linguistic Support ­ Oral
Read aloud test P02 verbatim
All WV-MAP
Levels 1-3
assessments except
WESTEST 2
Reading/Language Arts
and Online Writing,
also not allowed for
NAEP Reading
Most appropriate for students whose listening skills in English are higher than reading skills; test items can be read aloud verbatim.
Read aloud
P15 All WV-MAP; not
directions only
applicable for
WESTEST 2 Online
Writing; use P26
Levels 1-4
Most appropriate for students whose listening skills in English are higher than reading skills, and when test items can be read aloud verbatim.
Read aloud directions, passage, and prompt only
P26 WESTEST 2 Online Writing and NAEP
Levels 1-4
Most appropriate for students whose listening skills in English are higher than reading skills, and when directions can be read aloud verbatim.
Rephrase directions
P18 All WV-MAP
Levels 1-4
assessments; for
WESTEST 2 Online
Writing; the passage
and prompt are not
considered part of the
directions and cannot
be rephrased by the
examiner.
Most appropriate for students whose listening skills in English are higher than reading skills, or when test items can be read aloud verbatim.
Student indicates R02 responses (in English) to a scribe for multiple choice items
All WV-MAP assessments except WESTEST 2 Online Writing
Levels 1-3
Most appropriate for students whose speaking skills in English are higher than writing skills; test item responses can be given orally. (See Appendix M, page 91, for guidance on scribing.)
Exhibit 10 continues on next page
West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 47
Section III. Guidelines for Accommodating Students with Limited English Proficiency
Exhibit 10. Overview of Accommodations Allowed on the WESTEST 2; ACT PLAN, EXPLORE, and COMPASS; and NAEP Assessments
WVEIS Accommodation code
Assessment
English language When would this accommodation be most
proficiency level
appropriate?
Student indicates R04 responses (in English) to a scribe for constructed/ gridded-response items
APTA and WESTEST 2 Math, Science, and Online Writing; and NAEP
Levels 1-3
Most appropriate for students whose speaking skills in English are higher than writing skills; test item responses can be given orally (See Appendix M, page 91, for guidance on scribing; also see the WVDE training video on scribing at http://wvde.state.wv.us/oaa/westest_trainin g_writing_scribe.html.)
Direct Linguistic Support ­ Written
Use electronic translator to present test
P24 All WV-MAP
Levels 2-5
assessments except
ACT COMPASS English
(Writing Skills),
WESTEST 2 Reading/
Language Arts
including WESTEST 2
Online Writing and
NAEP Reading and
Writing
Most appropriate for students who have attained an Advanced Beginning or higher level of English language proficiency and have received recent content instruction in the native language.
Use approved P27 bilingual word-toword dictionary to present directions only
All WV-MAP assessments except NAEP Reading and Writing
Levels 2-5
Most appropriate for students who have attained an Advanced Beginning or higher level of English language proficiency and have received recent content instruction in the native language.
Use electronic translator to present directions only
P25 All WV-MAP assessments except NAEP Reading and Writing
Levels 2-5
Most appropriate for students who have attained an Advanced Beginning or higher level of English language proficiency and have received recent content instruction in the native language.
Use approved R15 bilingual word-toword dictionary to respond
All WV-MAP
Levels 2-3
assessments except
ACT COMPASS English
(Writing
Skills),WESTEST 2
Reading/ Language
arts, WESTEST 2 Online
Writing and NAEP
Reading and Writing
Most appropriate for students who have attained an Advanced Beginning or Intermediate level of English language proficiency and have received recent content instruction in the native language (For a list of approved dictionaries in various languages, see http://wvconnections.k12.wv.us/documents/ lep_bilingual_dictionarywithoutDistributorsre vised2011April.doc.
Use electronic translator to respond
R17 Not Acceptable for ACT Levels 2-5 COMPASS English (Writing Skills), WESTEST 2Reading/Language Arts and Online Writing)
Most appropriate for students who have attained an advanced beginning or higher level of English proficiency and have received content instruction in the native language. Translators must not provide definitions.
Exhibit 10 continues on next page
48 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Additional Reminders about Accommodations for LEP Students
Exhibit 10. Overview of Accommodations Allowed on the WESTEST 2; ACT PLAN, EXPLORE, and COMPASS; and NAEP Assessments
WVEIS Accommodation code
Assessment
English language When would this accommodation be most
proficiency level
appropriate?
Indirect Linguistic Support
Take more breaks T03
All WV-MAP assessments
Levels 1-5
This accommodation is listed here as a reminder that all students with limited English proficiency may potentially benefit from more breaks and extended time beyond what is allotted to their native English-speaking classmates.
Extended time T04
NAEP, ACT
Levels 1-5
EXPLORE and ACT
PLAN are timed.
ACT COMPASS,
WESTEST 2 and
APTA are not
timed.
This accommodation is listed here as a reminder that all students with limited English proficiency may potentially benefit from more breaks and extended time beyond what is allotted to their native English-speaking classmates.
Flexible
T07
scheduling, extra
time within the
same day
All WV-MAP assessments
Levels 1-5
This accommodation is listed here as a reminder that all students with limited English proficiency may potentially benefit from more breaks and extended time beyond what is allotted to their native English-speaking classmates.
West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 49
50
Section IV. Accommodations Guidelines for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) is a national assessment of a representative sampling of America's students in Grades 4, 8, and 12 conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). NAEP measures what America's students know and can do in various subject areas. Assessments are conducted periodically in various subjects, such as reading, mathematics, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, and the arts. As defined in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, NAEP reading and mathematics assessments are required to be administered to fourth and eighth graders. As defined by West Virginia law,19 NAEP shall be administered in academic areas at various grades designated by NAEP officials. As indicated in West Virginia Board of Education (WVBE) Policy 2340, NAEP is part of the West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress (WV-MAP). Students' participation on NAEP is required by Policy 2340 4.6. Only students who take APTA or who have assessment accommodations for WESTEST 2 that are not allowed on NAEP may be considered for exclusion on NAEP. NAEP assessments are administered uniformly using the same sets of test books across the nation. Its results serve as a common metric for all states and selected urban districts. The assessment stays essentially the same from year to year, with only carefully documented changes. This consistency permits NAEP to provide a clear picture of the academic progress of the nation's students over time. Some NAEP assessments also produce state-level results. The allowed accommodations and requirements for administration of NAEP are determined by NCES and the National Assessment Governing Board (NAGB) and information about them is provided to the schools in the preassessment packets.20 NAEP accommodations for each assessment year are typically finalized in late fall prior to the assessment year. Sampled schools should check the preassessment packets for the current accommodations. The accommodations listed in this document were used for NAEP in the most recent assessment at the time of publication. On March 6, 2010, NABG adopted a new Policy Statement on NAEP Testing and Reporting on Students with Disabilities and English Language Learners.21 This policy statement provides the following guidance for inclusion of students with disabilities and English language learners: 19 See WV Code §18-2E-2. 20 Visit http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/about/inclusion.asp for more information about NAEP inclusion of special needs students. 21 NAEP refers to students with limited English proficiency as English language learners or ELLs. The complete policy can be found at http://www.nagb.org/content/nagb/assets/documents/policies/naep_testandreport_studentswithdi sabilities.pdf. 51
Section IV. Accommodations Guidelines for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) The proportion of all students excluded from any NAEP sample should not exceed 5%. Samples exceeding this goal shall be prominently designated in reports as not attaining the desired inclusion rate of 95% of the total sample. Among students classified as being either English language learners (i.e., having limited English proficiency) or students with disabilities, a goal of 85% inclusion shall be established. National, state, and district samples falling below this goal shall be identified in NAEP reporting. NAEP assesses a representative sample of all students across the state, including those with special needs. NAEP strives to obtain as complete a picture as possible of the educational progress of all students. Thus, the NAEP sample includes students who have been identified as having physical, emotional, or developmental disabilities; or who have had limited exposure to the English language. NAEP's goal is to include as many students with disabilities and/or limited English proficiency as possible; therefore, NAEP's advice to schools is, when in doubt, include the student. NAEP is administered by a federally contracted assessment team that receives extensive training to ensure consistent administration across the nation. School personnel may be asked to assist with some accommodations, such as signing questions for students. Questions regarding accommodations on NAEP should be directed to your school's NAEP coordinator. Determination of accommodations should be made during the NAEP preassessment visit conducted in January prior to the assessment administration and updated as necessary. According to WVBE Policy 2340 §126.14.4.6, All public school students enrolled at Grades 4, 8 and 12 who are part of the NAEP state sample shall participate in the NAEP . . . Students participating in APTA and students with IEPs, Section 504 Plans, or LEP Assessment Participation Forms who cannot be accommodated by NAEP may be excluded from participation or assessed and not scored after having been randomly selected. School personnel with the best knowledge of the student's accommodation needs should use the guidance provided in the preassessment packet to decide if the student should be included in the NAEP assessment and the accommodations needed. In general, students should receive the same accommodations on NAEP that are provided for WESTEST 2. Therefore, students should not be excluded on NAEP because of an accommodation, which is not allowed on WESTEST 2. For example, a student should not be excluded from NAEP reading because the test cannot be read aloud to the student. Procedures for Monitoring NAEP Exclusions and Accommodations As with all state assessments, NAEP accommodations and exclusions must be monitored. NAEP exclusions are monitored by the NAEP state coordinator. Accommodations on NAEP are monitored by the assessment administrator contractor. Since accommodations on NAEP and exclusions from NAEP are monitored using these two procedures, schools are not required to complete the WVS.326 process. In compliance with federal regulations, the NAEP state coordinator must monitor exclusions on NAEP. For each student excluded from the NAEP assessment, the NAEP 52 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
NAEP Accommodations for Students with IEPs and Section 504 Plans
school coordinator or principal should email the following information to the NAEP state coordinator as instructed in the pre-assessment packet information: NAEP Session # Line # Subject Assigned to Student Reason for Exclusion (Student takes APTA or specify the accommodation required for student but not available on NAEP) Remember--students should take NAEP using the same accommodations used on WESTEST 2. Refer to "Selecting general assessment accommodations: Three steps" (page 18) in Section II for documentation requirements for differentiating accommodations for students with disabilities; or "Making Accommodations Decisions: Three Steps" (page 39) for students with limited English proficience. Any exclusion that appears to violate WVBE Policy 2340 may be reviewed further.
NAEP Accommodations for Students with IEPs and Section 504 Plans The accommodation information listed in this document reflects the most current known accommodations. The accommodation information and administration practices for NAEP testing for any given assessment year are sent to schools with the preassessment packets and/or discussed with school personnel during the preassessment visit in January. Each accommodation is listed in Exhibit 11, followed by the subjects in which each is available on the NAEP assessments. If a student needs an accommodation not listed in Exhibit 11, the NAEP school coordinator should discuss the specific accommodation need with the assessment administration team during the preassessment visit. The assessment administration team will determine if it is possible to provide the accommodation on a caseby-case basis.
Exhibit 11. Allowable NAEP Accommodations for Students with IEPs and Section 504 Plans
WVEIS Code
Accommodation
Presentaton
P02 Read aloud--occasional (math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology
and engineering literacy) If students do not need every word read, consider this accommodation instead of read aloud--most or all.]
Students may request to have words, phrases, or sentences read aloud to them. This accommodation can be provided in the regular session. Students will be instructed to raise their hand and the assessment
administrator will quietly read the word or phrase. NAEP computer-based assessments typically have textto-speech built in through universal design and available to all students.
P02 Read aloud--most or all (math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy) If student do not need every word read, consider using Read Aloud-occasional
instead of this accommodation.] Students may request to have most or the entire assessment book read aloud to them. This
accommodation requires a separate accommodation session. Students may be grouped together based on the subject they are originally assigned. NAEP computer-based assessments typically have text-to-speech built in through universal design and available to all students.
NOTE: The read aloud most or all accommodation may need to be paired with the extended time
accommodation.
Exhibit 11 continues on next page.
Presentatio
West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 53
Section IV. Accommodations Guidelines for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)
Exhibit 11. Allowable NAEP Accommodations for Students with IEPs and Section 504 Plans
WVEIS Code
Accommodation
P15 General and/or subject-specific directions read aloud in English (math, science, writing, U.S. history,
civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy)
Students may request to have the general and/or subject-specific directions read aloud in English. This
accommodation can be provided in the regular session. Students will be instructed to raise their hand and
the assessment administrator will quietly read the directions. NAEP computer-based assessments typically
have text-to-speech built in through universal design and available to all students.
P03 Braille version of test (reading, math, science, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics)
This accommodation requires a separate accommodation session. Students may also require a braille
typewriter (provided by school) or scribe to respond to questions. (See response format accommodation.)
This accommodation is not available for science interactive computer tasks or hands-on tasks or
computer-based assessments; however, see the accommodation magnification equipment for more
information regarding computer-based assessments.
P19 Large print version of test (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics,
P23 technology and engineering literacy) [P19 for paper and pencil assessments; P23 for computer-based
assessments]
This accommodation can be provided in the regular session. NAEP provides large-print books to students
who are visually impaired. These are assessment books that have been enlarged 129 percent. This
accommodation is not available for computer-based assessments or hands-on science tasks. On some
computer-based assessment items, universal design allows students to adjust the font size on some
computer-based assessments. If this option is available, students can typically adjust the font size up to
48-point font.
Opt. Magnification equipment (reading, math, writing, science, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics,
technology and engineering literacy) [option to standard conditions for WESTEST 2]
This accommodation can be provided in the regular session. This is a lens or system provided by the school
that enhance visual function. Magnification devices include eyeglass-mounted magnifiers, freestanding or
hand-held magnifiers, enlarged computer monitors, or computers with screen enlargement programs.
Some students use closed-circuit television to enlarge print and display printed material with various
image enhancements on a screen.
NOTE: The computer-based writing assessment allows all students to magnify the font size displayed on
the screen up to 200%; however, this accommodation is not available for science interactive computer
tasks or hands-on tasks.
P16 Directions only signed (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics,
technology and engineering literacy)
The school must provide a qualified sign language interpreter for this accommodation. This
accommodation requires that a qualified sign language interpreter at the school sign the instructions
included in the session script. The interpreter may not sign any additional instructions in the assessment
book. This accommodation can be provided in the regular session in the back of the room, or wherever it
is typically provided to the student for classes.
P06 Test items signed (math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and
engineering literacy)
The school must provide a qualified sign language interpreter for this accommodation. This
accommodation requires that a qualified sign language interpreter at the school sign some or all of the
test questions and answer choices for the student.
NOTE: responses are not allowed to be signed for writing.
Opt. Calculator version of test (mathematics) [option to standard condition for WESTEST 2] NAEP had a mathematics calculator assessment booklet available for students who require a calculator for all mathematics items. Students will not be allowed to use a calculator on a noncalculator block. This accommodation will result in the student being assigned two calculator sections, which include problemsolving questions instead of computation.
Exhibit 11 continues on next page.
54 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
NAEP Accommodations for Students with IEPs and Section 504 Plans
Exhibit 11. Allowable NAEP Accommodations for Students with IEPs and Section 504 Plans
WVEIS Code
Accommodation
Response accommodations
R02 Responds orally to scribe (reading, math, science, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics) R04 This accommodation requires that the student respond orally to a scribe provided by the school or respond by pointing to his or her answers. The scribe then records the student's responses in the assessment book. The scribe will write exactly what the student says. A student responding orally should indicate when a sentence ends and another one begins. The student only needs to indicate grammar or punctuation if the answer cannot be read and understood. The student should spell a word only if it is critical to distinguish meaning (for example, too vs. two). If the student is using a braille version of the test book, the scribe should read the written response to the student. The student will get one chance to make revisions before moving to the next question. If the student is not using a braille version, the scribe should show the student his or her written response after recording it, but NOT read the response to the student. The student will get one chance to make revisions before moving to the next question. R11 Braille version of test (reading, math, science, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics) This accommodation requires a separate accommodation session. Students may also require a braille typewriter (provided by school) or scribe to respond to questions. (See presentation format accommodation.) This accommodation is not available for science interactive computer tasks or hands-on tasks or computer-based assessments; however, see the accommodation magnification equipment for more information regarding computer-based assessments. R11 Responds using computer or typewriter (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy) This accommodation requires that the student record his/her answers using a computer or typewriter provided by the school. Use of the spelling/grammar check function on a computer is not allowed, except for the computer-based writing in which the spelling/grammar check is built into the system and this accommodation is built-in. This accommodation can be provided in the regular session if the computer or typewriter is quiet enough to not be a distraction to others.
R02 Responds in sign language (reading, math, science, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics) [may be R04 considered a variation of R02 and R04--typically students who can write the responses] This accommodation requires a separate accommodation session. This accommodation requires that a student sign his/her responses to a qualified educational sign language interpreter provided by the school. The interpreter records the student's answers in the assessment book. When a constructed response is required, the interpreter/scribe should write exactly what the student signs. A student should indicate when one sentence ends and another begins. The student only needs to indicate grammar or punctuation if the answer cannot be read and understood. The interpreter/scribe should show the student the written response, but NOT sign the response to the student. The student will get one chance to make revisions before moving to the next question. Opt. Uses template to respond (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy) [option to standard conditions on WESTEST 2] This accommodation can be provided in the regular session. This is a cutout or overlay provided by the school that is used to focus a student's attention on one part of a page by obscuring other parts of the page.
Opt. Uses special writing tool (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics) [option to standard conditions on WESTEST 2] This accommodation can be provided in the regular session. This is a large-diameter pencil, pencil grip, or other special writing tool provided by the school that a student uses to record his/her answers in the assessment book. NAEP provides pencils for the students to use during the assessment; therefore, if these special writing tools are needed they should be discussed during the preassessment visit. NOTE: Some students' IEPs stipulate that they should receive this accommodation. For those students, this will be coded as an accommodation as indicated in their IEP. Students who do not have this as an IEP requirement, but who typically use large-diameter pencils, pencil grips, or other special writing tools during assessments may use these for NAEP and it will not be recorded as an accommodation.
Exhibit 11 continues on next page.
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Section IV. Accommodations Guidelines for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)
Exhibit 11. Allowable NAEP Accommodations for Students with IEPs and Section 504 Plans
WVEIS Code
Accommodation
Setting accommodations
Opt. Small group (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy) [option to standard conditions on WESTEST 2] This accommodation is, by definition, a separate session. A small group session generally includes no more than five students. A student can be assigned to a small group session because he or she requires one or because one or more of the accommodations he or she typically requires must be administered in a separate session to minimize distractions to other students in the regular session. This accommodation is not necessary for the computer-based writing assessment because it is administered in a small group setting using computers. For computer-based assessments where students are interacting one-on-one with the computer, if the student must test in a separate session from other students, indicate the "must test in separate session" accommodation on the NAEP documentation.
Opt. One-on-one (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy) [option to standard conditions for WESTEST 2] This accommodation requires that a student is assessed individually in an area free of distractions. This is a session with one student and one assessment administration or school staff member administering the session. If the student regularly works with a facilitator provided by the school, that person should be available for the assessment. For computer-based assessments where students are interacting one-on-one with the computer, if the student must test in a separate session from other students, indicate the "must test in separate session" accommodation on the NAEP documentation.
Opt. Study carrel (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy) [option to standard conditions for WESTEST 2] This is a portable screen provided by the school used to limit distractions for a student. This accommodation can be provided in the regular session, although occasionally the location of the study carrel is in a separate location.
Opt. Preferential seating, light, furniture (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy) [option to standard conditions for WESTEST 2] This accommodation requires that a student sit in a designated area for the assessment, such as away from other students to limit distractions, a location where there is access to special equipment, or close to the front of the room so the student can see or hear more easily. It may also include special lighting and furniture used by the student and provided by the school.
Opt. School staff administers (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy) [option to standard conditions for WESTEST 2] This accommodation requires that a school staff member, familiar to the student, administer the session. The school staff member will administer the session by reading the grade-appropriate accommodation session script.
Timing accommodations
T03 Breaks during test (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy) This accommodation requires that the student be allowed to take breaks as requested or at predetermined intervals during the assessment. This also could mean that the student is allowed to take the assessment in more than one sitting during a single day. There are no specific NAEP requirements regarding the length of time for breaks, how often the breaks are taken, or whether the student has contact with other students during the breaks. The test must, however, be administered during a single day.
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NAEP Accommodations for Students with Limited English Proficiency
Exhibit 11. Allowable NAEP Accommodations for Students with IEPs and Section 504 Plans
WVEIS Code
Accommodation
T04 Extended time (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy)
This accommodation requires that students be given extra time to complete the assessment. The only limit for extended time is that students may not take more than three times the regular time allotted for a particular section of the book. In a regular session, this accommodation requires that students be given extra time after the timed session has been completed to continue to work on the cognitive sections of the assessment. Prior to the start of the session, the assessment administrator should quietly instruct students with this accommodation to follow along with the regular timing of the assessment, but explain that, at the end, they will have extra time to go back and finish working.
Other accommodations
-- Other accommodations (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. History, civics, geography, economics)
This category includes accommodations provided by the school that are not listed above and are regularly used by one or more students sampled for the assessment. One example is some hearingimpaired students require the administrator to wear a small microphone.
The NAEP administrators must approve these accommodations. Email requests for additional accommodations to the NAEP state coordinator as instructed in the preassessment packet to begin the approval process.
NAEP does not allow the use of scrap paper or graph paper. Students are instructed to show all of their work in the assessment book.
NAEP Accommodations for Students with Limited English Proficiency The information listed in this document reflects the most current known accommodations. The accommodation information and administration practices for NAEP testing for any given assessment year will be sent to schools with the preassessment packets and/or discussed with school personnel during the preassessment visit in January. Each accommodation is listed in Exhibit 12, followed in parenthesis by the subjects for which it is available. Please note some of the accommodations allowable on NAEP are not allowed on other West Virginia assessments. Careful consideration needs to be given to each decision regarding these accommodations. If the student has not had the opportunity to practice with the accommodation during instructions, it may adversely affect student performance on the NAEP assessment. If a student needs an accommodation not listed in Exhibit 12, the NAEP school coordinator should discuss the specific accommodation need with the assessment administration team during the preassessment visit. The assessment administration team will determine if it is possible to provide the accommodation on a caseby-case basis.
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Section IV. Accommodations Guidelines for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)
Exhibit 12. Allowable NAEP Accommodations for Students with Limited English Proficiency
WVEIS Code
Accommodation
Direct linguistic support
None
Directions read aloud in Spanish (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics) This accommodation requires that the session script instructions be read aloud in Spanish. Session script directions are the same for all students. This accommodation does not include the subject-specific directions.
None
Bilingual Spanish/English book (math, science, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics) NAEP has bilingual Spanish/English assessment books available for fourth- and eighth-grade assessments. When a bilingual book is open, one page has the directions and questions in Spanish and the facing page will have the same directions and questions in English. Because of the size, the books are printed in a set of two. Students may mark their answers on either page and in either language. This accommodation requires a separate accommodation session. Bilingual books are not available for WESTEST 2. School personnel should determine if this is an appropriate accommodation for NAEP. This accommodation is not available for science interactive computer or hands-on tasks, or any 12th grade assessment. Before the use of this accommodation, consider the effect of introducing a new accommodation on student academic performance. It should only be used to help the student show what is known and can be done. The day of the assessment should not be the first time the LEP student uses the accommodation.
P24 Bilingual dictionary without definitions (math, science, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, P25 technology and engineering literacy) [] P27 This is a bilingual dictionary provided by the school in any language that contains English translations of R15 words but does not contain definitions. This dictionary may be either a hard copy book or handheld R17 electronic device (not on a computer). It is sometimes referred to as a word-for-word dictionary, word-to- word translation dictionary or a bilingual word list. This accommodation is usually provided in the regular session, although students who need this accommodation will need to have extended time. The student will be instructed to follow the directions during the regular session like the other students. Then, at the end, he or she will have extra time to go back and finish working.
None P02
Test items read aloud in native language Spanish (math, science, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics) This accommodation requires the use of the bilingual Spanish/English book. (See above.) For this accommodation, students may request to have words, phrases or sentences read aloud to them in Spanish. Students who need subject specific directions read aloud in Spanish will need this accommodation. Other allowable LEP accommodations For detailed explanations of these accommodations, see Exhibit 11 above. Read aloud in English--occasional (math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy)
P02 Read aloud in English--most or all (math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy)
Opt. Small group (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy) [option to standard condition on WESTEST 2]
Opt. One-on-one (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy) [option to standard condition on WESTEST 2]
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58 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
NAEP Accommodations for Students with Limited English Proficiency
Exhibit 12. Allowable NAEP Accommodations for Students with Limited English Proficiency
WVEIS Code
Accommodation
Opt. Preferential seating, light, furniture (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy) [option to standard condition on WESTEST 2]
Opt. School staff administers (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy) [option to standard condition on WESTEST 2]
T04 Extended time (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy)
T03 Breaks during test (reading, math, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy)
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References Acosta, B., Rivera, C., & Willner, L. S. (2008). Best practices in the accommodation of English language learners: A Delphi study. Prepared for the LEP Partnership, U.S. Department of Education. Arlington, VA: The George Washington University. Bielinski, J., & Sheinker, A. (2001). Varied opinions on how to report accommodated test scores: Findings based on CTB/McGraw-Hill's framework for classifying accommodations. Paper presented at the Council of Chief State School Officers Large-scale Assessment Conference, Houston, TX. Christensen, L., Thurlow, M., and Wang, T. (2009). Improving accommodations outcomes: Monitoring instructional and assessment accommodations for students with disabilities. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, National Center on Educational Outcomes. EDGAR 34 C.F.R. 76.770 Education Department General Administrative Regulations. December (2008). Retrieved from http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/osdfs /edgar2008.pdf Elliott, J. L., Thurlow, M. L., & Ysseldyke, J. E. (1996). Assessment guidelines that maximize the participation of students with disabilities in large-scale assessment: Characteristics and considerations (Synthesis Report 25). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, National Center on Educational Outcomes. Francis, D., Rivera, M., Lesaux, N., Kieffer, M., & Rivera, H. (2006). Research-based recommendations for the use of accommodations in large-scale assessments. Book 3 in Center on Instruction (Ed.) Practical guidelines for the education of English language learner series. Portsmouth, NH: RMC Research Corporation, Center on Instruction. Retrieved from http://www.centeroninstruction.org/files/ELL3Assessments.pdf. Heumann, J. E., & Cantu, N. V. (1997). Dear colleague letter: Including students with disabilities in all educational reform activities (September 29, 1997). Washington, DC: United States Department of Education. Retrieved from http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/asses902.html. Hixson, N., & Hammer, P. C. (2011). Examining accommodations in West Virginia: A descriptive analysis of accommodations specified for students in individualized education plans, 504 plans, and limited English proficient plans in 2009-2010. Charleston, WV: West Virginia Department of Education, Division of Curriculum and Instructional Services, Office of Research. Hughes, G. K., D'Brot, J. M., Bradley, K., Holloway, J. L., Howley, C. W., & Chadwick, K. L. (2006). Special education testing accommodations in West Virginia: An overview of practices in 2003-2004. Charleston, WV: Edvantia. Kopriva, R. J., Emick, J. E., Hipolito-Delgado, C., & Cameron, C. A. (2007). Do proper accommodation assignments make a difference? Examining the impact of improved 61
References decision making on scores for English language learners. Educational Measurement: Issues & Practice, 26(3), 11-20. National Assessment Governing Board (2010). NAEP testing and reporting on students with disabilities and English language learners. Policy statement. March 6, 2010. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from http://www.nagb.org/content/nagb/ assets/documents/policies/naep_testandreport_studentswithdisabilities.pdf . Rivera, C., Collum, E., Willner, L. S., & Sia, J. K. (2006). Study 1: An analysis of state assessment policies regarding the accommodation of English language learners. In E. Collum & C. Rivera (Eds.), State assessment policy and practice for English language learners: A national perspective (pp. 1-174). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Thompson, S. J., Johnstone, C. J., & Thurlow, M. L. (2002). Universal design applied to large scale assessments (Synthesis Report 44). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, National Center on Educational Outcomes. Retrieved from http://education.umn.edu/NCEO/OnlinePubs/Synthesis44.html. Thompson, S. J., Morse, A. B., Sharpe, M., & Hall, S. (2005). Accommodations manual: How to select, administer, and evaluate use of accommodations for instruction and assessment of students with disabilities. Second edition. Washington, DC: Council of Chief State School Officers. Retrieved from http://www.ccsso.org/Documents/ Accommodations_Manual_How_2005.pdf . Thompson, S., Thurlow, M., & Walz, L. (2000). Student perspectives on the use of accommodations on large-scale assessments (Minnesota Report No. 35). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, National Center on Educational Outcomes. Retrieved from http://education.umn.edu/NCEO/OnlinePubs/MnReport35.html. Thurlow, M. and Bolt, S. (2001). Empirical support for accommodations most often allowed in state policy. (Synthesis Report 41). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, National Center on Educational Outcomes. Retrieved from http://www.cehd.umn.edu/nceo/onlinepubs/Synthesis41.html. Thurlow, M., Lazarus, S. S., Albus, D., & Hodgson, J. (2010). Computer-based testing: Practices and considerations (Synthesis Report 78). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, National Center on Educational Outcomes. Retrieved from http://www.cehd.umn.edu/NCEO/onlinepubs/Synthesis78/Synthesis78.pdf. Thurlow, M. L., Quenemoen, R. F., & Lazarus, S. S. (2011). Meeting the needs of special education students: Recommendations for the Race-to-the-Top consortia and states. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, National Center on Educational Outcomes. Retrieved from http://www.cehd.umn.edu/NCEO/onlinepubs/Martha_ Thurlow-Meeting_the_Needs_of_Special_Education_Students.pdf. Thurlow, M., Quenemoen, R., Thompson, S., & Lehr, C. (2001). Principles and characteristics of inclusive assessment and accountability systems (Synthesis Report 40). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, National Center on Educational 62 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
References Outcomes. Retrieved from http://education.umn.edu/NCEO/OnlinePubs/ Synthesis40.html. U.S. Department of Education (nd). Federal Programs Consolidated Monitoring Requirements. Education Department General Administrative Regulations (EDGAR) Title 34, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 76.770. Washington, DC: Author. U. S. Department of Education (2007). Assessment and accountability for recently arrived and former limited English proficient (LEP) students. Non-Regulatory Guidance. May 2007. Washington, DC: Author, Office of Elementary and Secondary Education. Retrieved from http://www.ed.gov/policy/elsec/guid/lepguidance.doc. U.S. Department of Education (2009). Standards and Assessments Peer Review Guidance: Information and Examples for Meeting Requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. Washington, DC: Author Office of Elementary and Secondary Education. Retrieved from http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/guid/saaprguidance.pdf. West Virginia Board of Education. (2004). Policy 2417: Programs of study for limited English proficient students. Charleston, WV: Author Retrieved from http://wvde.state.wv.us/policies/. West Virginia Board of Education. (2012). Policy 2419: Regulations for the Education of Students with Exceptionalities. Charleston, WV: Author. Retrieved from http://wvde.state.wv.us/policies/. West Virginia Board of Education. (2011). Policy 2340: West Virginia measures of academic progress. Charleston, WV: Author. Retrieved from http://wvde.state.wv.us/policies/. West Virginia Board of Education. (2012). Policy 2510: Assuring the quality of education: regulations for education programs. Charleston, WV: Author. Retrieved from http://wvde.state.wv.us/policies/. West Virginia Board of Education. (2011). Policy 2520.16: Alternate academic achievement standards for West Virginia schools. Charleston, WV: Author. Retrieved from http://wvde.state.wv.us/policies/. White, L., Hixson, N., D'Brot, J., & Perdue, J. (2009). Examining accommodation recommendations in West Virginia (2008-2009). Charleston, WV: West Virginia Department of Education, Office of Assessment and Accountability. Retrieved from http://wvde.state.wv.us/oaa/pdf/Accommodations%20Study%20Report%20120809 .pdf. West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 63
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Appendices Appendix A. Ethical Testing Practices The WVBE Testing Code of Ethics addresses special concerns regarding appropriate professional practices within the West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress (WV-MAP), as well as appropriate professional conduct. The WVBE Testing Code of Ethics supplements the practices and procedures set forth by W. Va.126CSR14, WVBE Policy 2340. Ethical Testing Practices Test Security 1. County school personnel shall establish and implement procedures to ensure maximum test security and limit access of secure materials to applicable county/school personnel. 2. Apart from the scheduled test administration to students, secure test materials shall be stored in a locked and secured, central location by the county test coordinator in accordance with the test administration guidelines of each assessment. 3. The county test coordinator shall be responsible for the test booklets/answer sheets received by the county and shall maintain a record of the booklets sent to each school in accordance to the test administration guidelines of each assessment. 4. Before each test administration, materials must be distributed and stored according to instructions provided with the test. Tests must be secured at all times during test administration, including all breaks in the testing sequence. All test booklets (used and unused) and answer sheets, if applicable, must be counted, reconciled, and returned to a centrally located, locked and secured area immediately upon the completion of each daily testing session. 5. Secure test materials in a school must be stored in a locked and secured central location(s) prior to and following each daily testing session. Secure test materials are to be stored in the building prior to and after testing in accordance to the test administration guidelines of each assessment. Testing, including makeups, must occur during the testing window. Access to test booklets and answer sheets shall be restricted to the state scheduled dates of test administration. 6. Any allegations of cheating, security breach, testing administration breach, copyright infringement, loss of materials, or other deviation from acceptable and ethical security procedures shall be reported immediately to the principal, county test coordinator, county superintendent, and the WVDE Office of Assessment and Accountability. The WVDE Office of Assessment and Accountability, in conjunction with the WVDE Office of Legal Services, shall report allegations to the State Superintendent of Schools according to the protocol set forth in §126CSR14-7.7 of Policy 2340. 7. No secure test materials, test questions or student responses/answer sheets shall be reviewed, retained, reproduced paraphrased, or discussed in any manner. Additionally, teachers and/or students may not alert examinees to the correct answer choice, by 65
Appendix A. Ethical Testing Practices pointing to the correct answer, eliminating answer choices, mouthing the correct answer. 8. Personnel responsible for the testing program shall be properly instructed and participate in the training for each assessment's appropriate test administration procedures as set forth in Appendices B-F in this policy. 9. Each county test coordinator shall complete each required WVDE's assessment training and sign a WVBE County Test Coordinator's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement. The agreements shall be filed at the WVDE prior to the fifteenth of September each year. 10. Principals and building level coordinators shall complete each required county test coordinator's assessment training and sign a WVBE Principal's/Building Level Coordinator's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement. The agreement shall be on file with the county test coordinator prior to the last day of September each year. 11. Any individual who administers, handles, or has access to secure test materials at the county or school shall complete each required assessment's training and sign either a WVBE Examiner's/Scribe's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement or WVBE County/School Personnel Secure Materials Agreement to remain on file in the appropriate office each year. 12. No one shall compromise test security or the accuracy of the test data score results by manipulating the test administration, demographic data, or the students' answers or data. 13. Student test scores or test performance shall not be disclosed to unauthorized persons as set forth in Policy 4350 and Policy 2340. Test Administration 1. Tests shall be administered only during the testing window established by the WVBE, except when requested, in writing, by the county superintendent or county test coordinator and subsequently approved by the WVDE Office of Assessment and Accountability. 2. Examiners of standardized tests shall rigorously follow the appropriate administrative procedures as directed in the test's administration manual(s). 3. All examiners shall strive to create a positive testing environment. 4. Students shall not have access to secure test questions or answer keys. 5. Examiners shall limit assistance to students to only those issues concerning the mechanical aspects of marking answers, clarifying directions, and finding the right place on answer sheets. Examiners shall not indicate answers, point out the rationale of an item, or prompt students in any manner. 6. Students and examiners shall be monitored to ensure that appropriate test taking procedures and test security measures are followed. 66 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Appendix A. Ethical Testing Practices 7. Specific information, as specified by the test manual, shall not be displayed in the room during test administration. 8. Only references or tools specifically designated in test manuals are provided to students. 9. Accommodations, as appropriate, for students with IEPs, Section 504 Plans, or LEP Assessment Participation Forms shall be provided as established by their respective plans. 10. An examiner shall not administer tests to his/her child/ren. Test Notification 1. Students and parent(s)/guardian(s) shall be a) given notification before testing; b) provided information on the purposes and descriptions of the test and uses of the test results; and c) encouraged to follow test preparation procedures. Test Preparation Practices 1. Instruction will be focused on the content standards and objectives in the curricular areas. 2. Informal item bank(s) should be used for test preparation. 3. Students should be taught study skills and general test-taking skills. 4. Benchmark assessment should be used for test preparation. 5. Formative assessment should be used for test preparation. West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 67
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Appendix B. County Test Coordinator's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement
Appendix B. County Test Coordinator's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement
State of West Virginia
West Virginia Board of Education
County of _________________________ West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress
West Virginia Constitution, Article XII, §2; W. Va. Code §18-2E-1a(4), requires that the West Virginia Board of Education "ensure that all statewide assessments of student performance are secure."
County Test Coordinator's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement
I acknowledge that I will have access to secure assessments in the West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress. I also acknowledge that I have read, understand, and agree to adhere to West Virginia Board of Education Policy 2340, including the Testing Code of Ethics, Appendix A, for all assessments within the West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress. I understand that these materials are secure, and it is my professional responsibility to protect their security. I agree to complete each assessment's required training.
I therefore pledge:
1. I will not retain, copy, reproduce, paraphrase, distribute, or review/discuss secure test items or student responses.
2. I will implement procedures to ensure maximum test security. Access to secure materials will be restricted to the test administration period designated by the State mandated testing window.
3. I am responsible for the distribution of secure testing materials, including counting, reconciling, and returning all test booklets/answer sheets (used and unused) according to the instructions provided with the test, before and after each test administration. A record of the number of booklets and other identifying characteristics sent to and returned from each school shall be kept.
4. I am responsible for the shipment of the test booklets/answer sheets to the schools no earlier than five instructional days prior to the testing window and returned to me by the schools on the date determined by the county. I will ensure that test materials are securely stored in the buildings according to the instructions provided with the test and that all testing must occur during the testing window.
5. I will immediately report any loss of materials, cheating, security breach, testing administration breach, copyright infringement, or other deviation from acceptable security procedures to the county superintendent and to the Office of Assessment and Accountability.
6. I will properly instruct the principals and building level coordinators in appropriate test security and test administration procedures, including the WVBE Testing Code of Ethics.
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Appendix B. County Test Coordinator's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement 7. I will collect and retain the signed WVBE Principal's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement and WVBE Building Level Coordinator's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement, if applicable, for each school in the county by the last of September. 8. I will not release secure test administration materials to a school without the signed WVBE Principal's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement and verification of training of all other applicable school personnel. 9. I will not disclose individual student test scores or test performance data to unauthorized persons as set forth in Policy 4350 and Policy 2340. 10. I will not violate test security or the accuracy of the test data score results by manipulating the test administration, demographic data, or the students' answers or data. 11. I will not give students access to test questions or answer keys. 12. I understand that if a breach of test security or copyright infringement occurs as a direct result of my actions, my license/certification may be suspended or revoked, or I may be suspended, terminated, or have other action taken. Please print your name, sign, and return the County Test Coordinator's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement to the WVDE, Office of Assessment and Accountability prior to the fifteenth day of September. Signature: _____________________________________________________ Print Name: ____________________________________________________ Date: _______________________________________________________ If this form is not on file, it will be considered a breach of security by the county and state boards of education. This agreement is valid for the academic year of signatory date. 70 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Appendix C. Principal's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement
Appendix C. Principal's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement
State of West Virginia
West Virginia Board of Education
County of _____________________
West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress
West Virginia Constitution, Article XII, §2; W. Va. Code §18-2E-1a(4), requires that the West Virginia Board of Education "ensure that all statewide assessments of student performance are secure."
Principal's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement
I acknowledge that I will have access to secure assessments in the West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress. I also acknowledge that I have read, understand, and agree to adhere to West Virginia Board of Education Policy 2340, including the Testing Code of Ethics, Appendix A, for all assessments within the West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress. I understand that these materials are secure, and it is my professional responsibility to protect their security. I agree to complete each assessment's required training.
I therefore pledge:
1. I will not keep, copy, reproduce, paraphrase, distribute, or review/discuss secure test items or student responses.
2. I will implement procedures to ensure maximum test security. Access to secure materials will be restricted to the test administration period designated by the State mandated testing window.
3. I am responsible for the distribution of secure testing materials, including counting, reconciling, and returning all test booklets/answer sheets (used and unused) according to the instructions provided with the test, before and after each test administration. A record of the number of booklets and other identifying characteristics sent to and returned from my assigned school shall be kept.
4. I am responsible for the test booklets/answer sheets shipped to and returned from my school and will ensure that test materials are securely stored in locked and secure central location(s) prior to and immediately following each daily testing session.
5. I will immediately report any loss of materials, cheating, security breach, testing administration breach, copyright infringement, or other deviation from acceptable security procedures to the county test coordinator.
6. I will ensure all applicable personnel receive the proper instruction in appropriate test security and test administration procedures, including the WVBE Testing Code of Ethics.
7. I will collect and retain the signed WVBE Examiner's/Scribe's Secure Materials and Test Agreement and WVBE County/School Personnel Secure Materials Agreement for all applicable personnel in the building no later than five instructional days prior to the first day of testing. Verification of all trained school personnel with a signed WVBE Examiner's/Scribe's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement and
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Appendix C. Principal's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement WVBE County/School/Personnel Secure Materials Agreement will be on file with the county test coordinator no later than five instructional days prior to the first day of testing. 8. I will not disclose individual student test scores or test performance data to unauthorized persons as set forth in Policy 4350 and Policy 2340. 9. I will not violate test security or the accuracy of the test data score results by manipulating the test administration, demographic data, or the students' answers or data. 10. I will not give students access to test questions or answer keys. 11. I will monitor examiners and students to ensure that only references or tools specifically designated in test manuals or by accommodations are provided. 12. I will check testing rooms prior to the beginning of test administration to ensure that all specific information, as specified by the test manual, is not displayed in the room during the test administration. 13. I will ensure that examiners comply with the appropriate accommodations for students with IEPs, Section 504 Plans, and LEP Assessment Participation Forms when so designated in the test manual. 14. I am responsible for monitoring and verifying that the building level coordinator(s), if applicable, has fulfilled his/her assigned duties. 15. I understand that if a breach of test security or copyright infringement occurs as a direct result of my actions, my license/certification may be suspended or revoked, or I may be suspended, terminated, or have other action taken. Please print your name, sign, and return the Principal's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement to the county test coordinator prior to the last day of September. Signature: ____________________________________________________ Print Name: ____________________________________________________ School: ________________________________ Date: ___________________ If this form is not on file, it will be considered a breach of security by the county and state boards of education. This agreement is valid for the academic year of signatory date. 72 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Appendix D. Building Level Coordinator's/Assistant Building Level Coordinators Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement (Other than Principal)
Appendix D. Building Level Coordinator's/Assistant Building Level Coordinators Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement (Other than Principal)
State of West Virginia
West Virginia Board of Education
County of ______________________ West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress
West Virginia Constitution, Article XII, §2; W. Va. Code §18-2E-1a(4), requires that the West Virginia Board of Education "ensure that all statewide assessments of student performance are secure."
Building Level Coordinator's/Assistant Building Level Coordinator's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement (Other than Principal)
I acknowledge that I will have access to secure assessments in the West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress. I also acknowledge that I have read, understand, and agree to adhere to West Virginia Board of Education Policy 2340, including the Testing Code of Ethics, Appendix A, for all assessments within the West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress. I understand that these materials are secure, and it is my professional responsibility to protect their security. I agree to complete each assessment's required training.
I therefore pledge:
1. I will not keep, copy, reproduce, paraphrase, distribute, or review/discuss secure test materials and/or test items or student responses.
2. I will implement procedures to ensure maximum test security. Access to secure materials will be restricted to the test administration period designated by the State mandated testing window.
3. I will distribute the secure testing materials, including counting, reconciling, and returning all test booklets/answer sheets (used and unused) according to the instructions provided with the test, before and after each test administration. A record of the number of booklets and other identifying characteristics sent to and returned to my school shall be given to and kept by the principal.
4. I am responsible, to the principal, for the test booklets/answer sheets shipped to and returned from my school and will ensure that test materials are securely stored in locked and secure central location(s) prior to and immediately following each daily testing session.
5. I will immediately report any loss of materials, cheating, security breach, testing administration breach, copyright infringement, or other deviation from acceptable security procedures to the principal.
6. I will ensure all applicable personnel receive the proper instruction in appropriate test security and test administration procedures, including the WVBE Testing Code of Ethics, if assigned by the principal to do so.
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Appendix D. Building Level Coordinator's/Assistant Building Level Coordinators Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement (Other than Principal) 7. I will collect, if assigned to do so, and give to the principal, the signed WVBE Examiner's/Scribe's Secure Materials and WVBE Test Procedures Agreement and County/School Personnel Secure Materials Agreement for all applicable personnel in the building no later than five instructional days prior to the first day of testing. Verification of all trained school personnel with a signed WVBE Examiner's/Scribe's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement and WVBE County/School Personnel Secure Materials Agreement will be given to the principal no later than five instructional days prior to the first day of testing. 8. I will not disclose individual student test scores or test performance data to unauthorized persons as set forth in Policy 4350 and Policy 2340. 9. I will not violate test security or the accuracy of the test data score results by manipulating the test administration, demographic data, or the students' answers or data. 10. I will not give students access to test questions or answer keys. 11. I will monitor examiners and students to ensure that only references or tools specifically designated in test manuals or by accommodations are provided. 12. I will check testing rooms prior to the beginning of test administration to ensure that all specific information, as specified by the test manual, is not displayed in the room during the test administration. 13. I will ensure that examiners comply with the appropriate accommodations for students with IEPs, Section 504 Plans, and LEP Assessment Participation Forms when so designated in the test manual. 14. I understand that if a breach of test security or copyright infringement occurs as a direct result of my actions, my license/certification may be suspended or revoked, or I may be suspended, terminated, or have other action taken. Please print your name, sign, and return the Building Level Coordinator's/Assistant Building Level Coordinator's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement to the county test coordinator prior to the last day of September. Signature: _____________________________________________________ Print Name: ___________________________________________________ School: _________________________________ Date: _________________ If this form is not on file, it will be considered a breach of security by the county and state boards of education. This agreement is valid for the academic year of signatory date. 74 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Appendix E. Examiner's/Scribe's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement
Appendix E. Examiner's/Scribe's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement
State of West Virginia
West Virginia Board of Education
County of ________________________West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress
West Virginia Constitution, Article XII, §2; W. Va. Code §18-2E-1a(4), requires that the West Virginia Board of Education "ensure that all statewide assessments of student performance are secure."
Examiner's/Scribe's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement
I acknowledge that I will have access to secure assessments in the West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress. I also acknowledge that I have read, understand, and agree to adhere to the West Virginia Board of Education Policy 2340, including the Testing Code of Ethics, Appendix A, for all assessments within the West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress. I understand that these materials are secure, and it is my professional responsibility to protect their security. I agree to complete each assessment's required training.
I therefore pledge:
1. I will not keep, copy, reproduce, paraphrase, distribute, or review/discuss secure test materials and/or test items.
2. I will not use test items, test booklets/answer sheets, or any of the information contained in an assessment to review/prepare students for a test.
3. I will not allow access to the test materials or answer keys to any student or any other person not so authorized by the principal.
4. I will not alter students' responses in any manner (indicate answers, point out rationale, prompt, etc.).
5. I will not disclose individual student test scores or test performance data to unauthorized persons as set forth in Policy 4350 and Policy 2340.
6. If serving as an examiner for APTA, I will adhere to the prompting hierarchies and document all applicable assistive technology to ensure the accuracy of student responses.
7. If serving as an examiner for students with IEPs, Section 504 Plans, or LEP Assessment Participation Forms, I will adhere to the accommodations listed therein.
8. If serving as an examiner for online assessment, I will not offer technical (accessing dictionary, grammar checks, formatting functions, etc.) assistance that might alter the accuracy of student responses in the web-based assessment before, during, or after the administration of the test.
9. I have read Policy 2340.
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Appendix E. Examiner's/Scribe's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement 10. I understand that if a breach of test security or copyright infringement occurs as a direct result of my actions, my license/certification may be suspended or revoked, or I may be suspended, terminated, or have other action taken. Please print your name, sign, and return the Examiner's/Scribe's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement to the appropriate test administrator five instructional days prior to the administering any assessment. Signature: _____________________________________________________ Print Name: ____________________________________________________ Position: ______________________________________________________ School: _________________________________Date:__________________ If this form is not on file, it will be considered a breach of security by the county and state boards of education. This agreement is valid for the academic year of signatory date. 76 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Appendix F. County/School Personnel Secure Materials Agreement
Appendix F. County/School Personnel Secure Materials Agreement
State of West Virginia
West Virginia Board of Education
County of ______________________ West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress
West Virginia Constitution, Article XII, §2; W. Va. Code §18-2E-1a(4), requires that the West Virginia Board of Education "ensure that all statewide assessments of student performance are secure."
County/School Personnel Secure Materials Agreement
(For all personnel with access to secure materials who will not administer or transcribe an assessment.) I acknowledge that I will have access to secure assessments in the West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress. I also acknowledge that I have read, understand, and agree to adhere to West Virginia Board of Education Policy 2340, including the Testing Code of Ethics, Appendix A, for all assessments within the West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress. I understand that these materials are secure, and it is my professional responsibility to protect their security. I therefore pledge: 1. I will not keep, copy, reproduce, paraphrase, distribute, or review/discuss secure test materials and/or test items. 2. I will not allow access to the test materials or answer keys to any person, unless authorized to do so by the county test coordinator or principal. 3. I will not alter students' responses in any manner. 4. I will immediately report any loss of materials, damages, or other deviations from acceptable security procedures to either county test coordinator or principal. 5. I understand that if a breach of test security or copyright infringement occurs as a direct result of my actions, my license/certification, if applicable, may be suspended or revoked, or I may be suspended, terminated, or have other action taken. Please print your name, sign, and return the County/School Personnel Secure Materials Agreement to the county test coordinator or principal prior to access to secure test materials.
Signature: _____________________________________________________
Print Name: ___________________________________________________
Position: ______________________________________________________
School/Department: _____________________________ Date: ____________ If this form is not on file, it will be considered a breach of security by the county and state boards of education. This agreement is valid for the academic year of signatory date.
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West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments 2013-2014
Appendix G. Verification of Training for Principals, Building Level Coordinators, County/School, RESA Personnel
Training Session _____ of _____
Page _____ of _____
State of West Virginia
West Virginia Board of Education
County of ___________________________
West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress
School _____________________________
Verification of Training for Principals, Building Level Coordinators, County/School, RESA Personnel
(Examiners/Scribes/Other School Personnel)
By signing my name below, I acknowledge that I have received training in secure materials, test procedures, test administration and Policy 2340 for the assessment
indicated by a .
Check
ACT EXPLORE ACT PLAN
APTA WESTEST 2
WESTEST 2 Online Writing Policy 2340
Date of Training
Printed Name
Signature
Position
By signing below, I verify I have trained the above personnel in secure materials, test procedures, and test administration for the indicated
assessment.
_____________________________ _______________________________________ __________________________
Signature of Trainer
Printed Name of Trainer
Date
County administrator/principal/building level coordinator must have signed copies Appendix G on file five instructional days prior to
each testing window.
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Appendix H. 2013-2014 District Supplemental Assessments Notification Form
Appendix H. 2013-2014 District Supplemental Assessments Notification Form
Does your county require any assessments other than the components of West Virginia Measures of Academic Progress (WESTEST 2, APTA, EXPLORE, PLAN and NAEP)?
Yes
No
If yes, please list the assessment(s) and outline the county process to ensure that students with disabilities receive the appropriate accommodations on the assessment(s).
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
Signature ________________________________ Position ________________________________ Date ________________________________ County ________________________________
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Appendix I. WVS.326 Accommodations Monitoring Form Appendix I. WVS.326 Accommodations Monitoring Form West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 83
Appendix J. Labels for Returning the WVS.326 Forms 84 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Appendix J. Labels for Returning the WVS.326 Forms Appendix J. Labels for Returning the WVS.326 Forms School: BLANK FORMS (CAN BE REUSED) School: COMPLETED (VALID FORMS ONLY) School: NOT COMPLETED (PRESLUG ERROR, NOT TESTED) School: (Accommodation Administration Errors) West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 85
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Appendix K. Guidelines for Reading Aloud Mathematical Expressions and Numbers Appendix K. Guidelines for Reading Aloud Mathematical Expressions and Numbers Mathematical expressions must be read precisely and with care to avoid misrepresentation by a test taker who has no visual reference. For mathematics items involving algebraic expressions or other mathematical notation, it may be preferable for the reader to silently read the mathematical notation and/or the entire question before reading it aloud to the test taker. Use technically correct yet simple terms, and be consistent in the treatment of similar expressions. Some typical expressions and the manner in which they should be read appear below: lowercase letters that are juxtaposed should be read as a multiplication expression. For example, xy should be read as, "x times y." Capital and lowercase letters should be differentiated because they can have different meanings in mathematical or scientific expressions. For example, R ­ 2y = 6 should be read as, "Capital R minus two y equals six." Simple numerical fractions should be read as fractions. For example, 5 should be read as, "five sixths." 6 However, similar letter expressions can be read as one letter "over" another. For example, a should be read as, "a over b." b To prevent confusion, complicated fractions (those that contain other mathematical operations) should be read as in the following example: b d should be read as, "a fraction with the quantity b plus d in the numerator over c c in the denominator," OR as, "a fraction with quantity b plus d close quantity over c." If there is any question as to where the fraction ends, say, "end fraction." Negative numbers should be read as, "negative." For example, -5 should be read as "negative five," not "minus five." When a subtraction operation is involved, read the sign as, "minus." For example, x ­ 5 should be read as "x minus five." Expressions containing multiple mathematical operations should be read exactly as they appear. Expressions containing parentheses or brackets can be read in either of the following two ways: "quantity, close quantity," OR "open parenthesis, close parenthesis" (or "open bracket, close bracket"). If you use the term "quantity" in complicated expressions, announce where enclosed portions end by saying, "close quantity." West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 87
For example, (2x ­ 6y) ­ 10 could be read as, "The quantity two x minus six y, close quantity, minus ten;" OR as, "open parenthesis, two x minus six y, close parenthesis, minus ten" The expression, a (x ­ y) could be read as "a times open parenthesis, x minus y, close parenthesis;" OR as, "a times quantity x minus y, close quantity." The expression, a Ч b2 or ab2 could be read as, "a times the square of b," OR as, "a times b squared." Use pauses to audibly group sections of an expression together. For example, z + (-a) could be read as "z plus [PAUSE] open parenthesis [PAUSE ] negative a, close parenthesis" OR "z plus the quantity negative a" If equations are used in the test you will be reading, "Since equations are a shorthand means of stating relationships between quantities, the reader's job is to translate this shorthand back into everyday English." Read equations in this order: If the equation is numbered, read its number first. Read the equation. Give the meaning of each letter or symbol. For example, Eq. 6-2 E = mc2 E = energy in ergs m = mass in grams c = speed of light in cm./sec. Read as, "Equation six dash two. Capital E equals m times c squared. Capital E equals energy in ergs, m equals mass in grams, and c equals the speed of light in centimeters per second." The expression 4.5 should be read as, "four and five tenths." The expression 4! should be read as, "four factorial." The expression 4 should be read as, "the square root of four." The expression 43 should be read as, "4 to the power of 3." 88 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Appendix L. Accessing and Completing the WESTEST 2 Online Writing Assessment with a Screen Reader Appendix L. Accessing and Completing the WESTEST 2 Online Writing Assessment with a Screen Reader IMPORTANT: The Online Writing website is different from what the students encounter in WV Writes. Once the student logs into the Online Writing website, the student can use SHIFT+UP ARROW key simultaneously to zoom the screen and the same buttons to return to the regular enhanced mode. At this time, the following screen readers work best with WESTEST 2 Online Writing and are highly recommended: System Access Mobile, and JAWS version 11 or 12. Currently, we have not had success with Window Eyes working with this site. Below are the steps to access and complete the online writing assessment. We are hoping that changes will be made in order to make the site more accessible and easier to use with screen readers. When using the site, if you have any pointers that you would like to share, please e-mail them to Annette Carey ([email protected]), Trina Britcher ([email protected]), or Donna Brown ([email protected]). The preferred screen reader must be installed and running on the computer before the online writing assessment site is launched. Head phones or a separate testing area will need to be secured. Note: If using headphones, the student must be acclimated to them prior to testing. On the student login page, use TAB to move to the boxes to type in the necessary information. Note: Any time TAB is used to navigate, use SHIFT+TAB to move back. When on the CONTINUE button, hit ENTER to access the writing passage. On the passage screen, use TAB to locate the passage. Use DOWN ARROW to navigate through the passage. Typing Response/Assessment When ready to begin typing the assessment, type the letter E to locate the EDIT box. You are now ready to type your response. (If using JAWS 8 or 9, you must hit ENTER for Forms Mode On before you can begin typing.) Editing Information When on the assessment screen, many regular editing commands will not work. The control key does not function at all. To edit your document, use LEFT and RIGHT ARROW to move letter by letter, and UP and DOWN ARROW to move line by line. The HOME key will take you to the beginning of the current line, and the END key will take you to the end of the current line. INSERT+DOWN ARROW will read the entire essay. Submitting TAB until you hear "submit button", hit ENTER. On the next screen, you have the opportunity to make changes. TAB and hit ENTER until you are on the "are you ready to score" or "submit" button. TAB and hit SPACE BAR on OK button. West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 89
Appendix L. Accessing and Completing the WESTEST 2 Online Writing Assessment with a Screen Reader Online Writing Assessment With JAWS 8 And 9 It is not recommended that you use JAWS 8 or 9 with the Online Writing assessment (JAWS 8 does not work with Internet Explorer 8). The free System Access Mobile screen reader is a better option. If you must use JAWS 8, however, here are a few tips. On the opening screen, verify the student login name and grade. (Jaws has difficulty reading the complete page) TAB to continue and press enter. Orient the student to the page. o The CONTROL key is nonfunctional on this website. o When editing essays, use the UP and DOWN ARROW keys to move by line, and the LEFT and RIGHT ARROW keys to move by letter. o The READ ALL command (INSERT+DOWN ARROW) allows reading the entire essay. o Use the DOWN ARROW to locate and read the writing prompt. Ensure that the student is in the edit box--there is no prompt to indicate where to begin writing the essay. Type the letter E until you hear "Enter the text box for section number 1." Hit ENTER for forms mode and begin typing. Submitting When you are ready to submit the essay, continue to hit TAB until you hear "Submit." Hit ENTER. The TAB key moves the cursor forward through choices/links and the SHIFT TAB moves the cursor backward through choices/links. On this page, hit TAB until you hear "Are you ready to score?" Then hit ENTER. 90 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Appendix M. Guidelines for Scribing and Transcribing Student Responses Appendix M. Guidelines for Scribing and Transcribing Student Responses Definition and basic duties of scribes A scribe is someone who writes down what a student dictates by speech or an assistive communication device. The guiding principle in scribing is to assist the student in accessing the test and responding to it. The use of a scribe can be either an accommodation or a modification, depending on how the scribing is provided. Modifications on WV-MAP are not allowed and result in invalidation of results. Any variation in the assessment environment or process that fundamentally alters what the test measures or affects the comparability of scores is considered a modification. An examiner: must be a currently employed educator and/or approved employee of the state, county, or RESA, or a currently employed educator of a nonpublic school; must hold a valid West Virginia teaching license or certification granted by the Office of Professional Preparation; and must have been trained and must have on file a signed Examiner's/Scribe's Secure Materials and Test Procedures Agreement (See Appendix E, page 75) for the purpose of administering or assisting with the administration of an assessment included in the WV-MAP. An examiner may be a substitute teacher or an aides serving as an examiner for special needs students when instructionally assigned. All aides and nonpublic school educators must be approved by WVDE. Student teachers may not serve as examiners. Much skill is involved in being a scribe, a skill that requires extensive practice. Individuals who serve as scribes need to be carefully prepared to ensure that they know the vocabulary involved and understand the boundaries of the assistance to be provided. Scribes must be impartial and experienced in transcription. It is preferable for the scribe to be a familiar person such as the teacher or teaching assistant who is typically responsible for scribing during regular instruction. Scribes will review the test security procedures and will sign all statements required of testing examiners. Scribes must fulfill the following duties: Sign a test security affidavit acknowledging that they will ensure that the content of the written responses directly represents the independent work of the student. Fill out the Scribe Verification Form (in the Examiner manual) at the conclusion of the transcription. List the names and enrollment grades of the students whose responses were transcribed and send the form to the principal/building level coordinator upon completion. Demonstrate proficiency in signing (ASL and/or signed English) if serving as both the interpreter and scribe. Test in a location where other examinees are not able to hear or see other students' responses. Remain silent while students are dictating or signing. Ask students to repeat a word or phrase for understanding when needed. Indicate when he or she was unable to understand the student's oral or signed response. Record the interpreter's response. Produce legible text so that the written portion of the test can be scored. West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 91
Appendix M. Guidelines for Scribing and Transcribing Student Responses
When transcribing from a handwritten or word-processed response, record punctuation, capitalization, and spelling as provided by the student. Request clarification from the students about the use of capitalization, punctuation, and the spelling of key words. Refrain from o communicating verbally or nonverbally whether the response is correct or incorrect; o prompting the student in any way that would result in a better response or essay; or o otherwise influencing the student's response in any way. Refrain from editing student work or completing a student's incomplete essay. Refrain from discussing the student's essay with the student or any other person. Scribing multiple-choice questions
The scribe should confirm the student's response before recording the student's answer on the score sheetor entering the student's response into a secure computer platform. If the scribe cannot understand a student's pattern of speech, or it is barely audible, large cards, each indicating one of the response options (e.g., A-D), can be used. The student can then choose the card that indicates the student's desired response to the multiple-choice question.
Scribing constructed/extended-response questions (writing tasks)
The scribe should determine the preferred mode of recording the student's response before the date of the test. At testing time, the student may then dictate the constructed/ extended response directly to a scribe.
A student with disabilities must be given the same opportunity as other students to plan, draft, and revise the constructed/extended response. The scribe's responsibility is to be both accurate and fair, neither diminishing the fluency of the student's response nor helping to improve or alter what the student asks to be recorded. This means that the scribe may write an outline or other plan as directed by the student. For the purpose of WESTEST 2 Online Writing, transcribing involves the transfer of a student's written response onto the website.
The student does not have to repeatedly specify spelling and language conventions once the student has demonstrated knowledge and skills in the use of these spelling and language conventions. The scribe may apply these conventions automatically. Examples include the following: Once a student has demonstrated the knowledge of indicating the beginning of sentences with a capital letter, the student does not need to specify this throughout the remainder of the constructed/extended response. That is, scribes can automatically capitalize the first letter in the beginning of a sentence if the student has indicated
The WVDE Office of Assessment and Accountability has prepared a videotape that demonstrates the procedure described in this section. It can be accessed online at URL: http://wvde.state.wv.us/oaa/ westest_training_writing_scrib e.html.
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Appendix M. Guidelines for Scribing and Transcribing Student Responses punctuation ending the previous sentence. If the student has not indicated punctuation ending the previous sentence and says, "The cat ran. The cat jumped," the scribe would write "the cat ran the cat jumped". The student must spell every word in the constructed/extended response the first time it is used. When a word is used on more than one occasion, the student does not need to spell it again. West Virginia requires spell-check and grammar-checking devices to be turned off for writing tests (except for NAEP writing). Homonyms and often-confused words such as "to," "two," and "too," or "there," "their," and "they're," or "than" and "then" should be spelled by the student each time they are used. To maintain the student's fluency of thought and to allow the student to demonstrate the requisite knowledge and skill in English-language arts conventions, the scribe should adhere to the following process: 1. The student dictates the response without interruption directly to the scribe. a. Students may punctuate as they dictate. For example, when stating the sentence "The cat ran." the student may say, "The cat ran period." b. Students may dictate more than one sentence at a time and add punctuation after the fact when given the scribed sentences to proofread. c. The scribe transcribes a draft of the student's response exactly as dictated without including any conventions other than spelling. Probing or clarifying questions are not allowed except in the case of classifiers for students using ASL. Scribes may not question or correct student choices. Scribes may draw a diagram or a picture described by the student if the student is unable to draw the diagram or picture. The student may not yet view this written transcription. 2. The scribe reads the draft to the student without vocal inflection that would indicate punctuation or alert the student to possible mistakes. 3. The student then provides letter-by-letter spelling for each word in the response. The scribe edits the draft of the constructed/extended response as spelled by the student. 4. The student views the draft and/or listens to the scribe as the scribe reads the draft of the constructed/extended response (i.e., written transcription). Students MUST be given the opportunity to review their responses in the way that the student prefers: a. Scribes may read back the dictation for proofreading to the student; or b. Students may review the written or typed response on paper or on the computer screen after having indicated word-for-word spelling according to these guidelines. 5. The student indicates additional edits to the scribe, including but not limited to paragraph structure, capitalization (for proper nouns, acronyms, and so forth), wording, spelling, or punctuation. The scribe will make those changes exactly as dictated by student, even if incorrect. 6. The scribe records the final written response. Scribes may handwrite (there is no penalty for cross-outs and insertions), type, or use a laptop to record the student's work. If the scribe types and prints out the student's responses, the responses do not need to be transcribed into the response booklet. The transcriber must copy the student's marks or responses exactly as he/she has written--including all errors in grammar, mechanics, spelling, etc. For WESTEST 2 Online Writing, the scribe must type the student's response directly onto the secure website. West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 93
Appendix M. Guidelines for Scribing and Transcribing Student Responses 7. If necessary, proofread the student essay with another scribe before word processing the student response. a. If the student is using a tape recorder or videotape for later transcription by a scribe, it is advisable to have two people listen or view as a reliability check for accuracy. b. For an accuracy check, scribes may record the session on audio or videotape for play back. c. Corrections of exclusively braille errors will be at the discretion of the Scribe. Braille errors are those errors that occur specifically to that population due to recording medium. An example could be the result of the physical typing on a braille machine such as typing an `f' as opposed to the intended `d' due to finger misplacement. The transcriber has the option to verify student response with another examiner trained in braille. d. To increase accuracy, it is advisable to have one person reading the student's responses, as another transcribes them to the test booklet. The persons then switch roles to check the transcription. Transcriptions must take place in a secure environment and, whenever possible, under the direction of the building level coordinator. Please note that all test material--including the test booklet the student originally used--must be returned to the county test coordinator. e. Collect scratch paper, rough drafts, and login information immediately at the end of the testing session. These items are considered secure material and must be collected and shredded by the principal/building-level coordinator at the end of the testing session. 94 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
Appendix N. LEP Assessment Participation Form
Appendix N. LEP Assessment Participation Form
School Year:
Date:
Page:
of
A. District and School Information
District Name:
School Name:
LEP Committee Contact Names:
B. Student Information
Student Name:
Gender:
Student ID Number:
Country of Origin:
Grade:
Native Language:
C. LEP Status*
D. Native Language Status* E. Additional Factors*
Beginning (Level 1)
Limited
Comments:
Advanced Beginning (Level 2)
Intermediate
Intermediate (Level 3)
Strong
Early Fluent (Level 4)
Fluent (Level 5)
Monitored Former LEP Student
* Refer to STEPS ONE and Two in the West Virginia Participation Guidelines, Additional Guidance for Assigning Accommodations
PART VII: Statewide Testing (Please check all appropriate boxes) 1) Indicate the appropriate WV Measures of Academic Progress Assessment (WV-MAP) and 2) Check standard conditions or standard conditions w/accommodations.
WESTEST 2 Grades 3-11 including Online Writing Alternate Assessment (APTA) Grades 3-8 & 11(MA & RLA)
ACT PLAN/EXPLORE & NAEP
Alternate Assessment (APTA) Grades 4, 6 & 10 (Science)
A) Standard Conditions
A) Standard Conditions
B) Standard Conditions w/Accommodations
B) Standard Conditions w/Accommodations
NOTE: For APTA eligibility, the student must exhibit significant cognitive disabilities, be instructed through Alternate Academic Achievement Standards and be pursuing a modified diploma (age 14+). APTA is large print formatted. Justification for APTA: :
Standard Conditions with Accommodations WVEIS WVEIS Codes: P­Presentation; R­Response; T­Timing Code Check all that apply
Specify the test or the part of the test*
Direct Linguistic Support
P02 Read aloud test verbatim (except WESTEST 2 R/LA)
P15 Have directions only read aloud (acceptable for WESTEST 2 R/LA)
P18 Have directions rephrased by trained examiner
West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014 | 95
Appendix N. LEP Assessment Participation Form P27 Use approved bilingual word-to-word dictionary (except WESTEST 2 R/LA) P24 Use electronic translator to present test (except WESTEST 2 R/LA which includes Online Writing) P25 Use electronic translator to present directions only (allowable for WESTEST 2 R/LA which includes Online Writing and Online Writing session) P26 Read aloud directions, passage and prompt (allowable for Online Writing) R02 Indicate responses to a scribe (for all multiple choice items) R04 Indicate responses to a scribe, (extended/constructed/gridded-response items including Online Writing) R17 Use an electronic translator to respond (except WESTEST 2 R/LA, which includes Online Writing) R15 Use a bilingual word-to-word dictionary to respond (except WESTEST 2 R/LA, which includes Online Writing) Indirect Linguistic Support T03 Take more breaks (no studying) T04 Use extra time for any test T07 Flexible scheduling, extra time within the same day (no studying) LEP Committee Members Signatures: 96 | West Virginia Guidelines for Participation in State Assessments, 2013-2014
James B. Phares, Ed.D. State Superintendent of Schools

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