Leadership as propounded in Tirukkural and the Mahabharata

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Content: Appendices 1. Fifty One-Liners on Leadership from Tirukkural 2. Fifty One-Liners on Leadership from The Mahabharata 3. Books That Inspired Celebrities 4. Fifty Quotes on Leadership from Three Sources 5. Leadership Styles of 50 Reputed CEOs: Their Advice 6. Fifty Important Post-2000-AD Titles on Leadership 7. Important Titles on Leadership - Categorised 8. Consulted Titles for the Primary Source - Tirukkural 9. Consulted Titles for the Primary Source - The Mahabharata 10. Works related to the Primary Source - The Mahabharata 11. Index to Authors Cited in the Thesis 12. Index to Leaders Referred to in the Thesis
I Appendix 1
Fifty One-Liners on Leadership from Tirukkural Figures in brackets in the Kural section are the serial numbers of the couplets.
1. Erudition is reflected in one's expressions. (28)
2. The fit and the unfit are known by their legacy. (114)
3. The envious never rise up, the unenvious never fall. (170)
4. The strong shine out of hardships as gold out of smithy. (267)
5. What does a tall public image count if the heart is guilty? (272)
6. No agony from those things a man keeps away from. (341)
7. Go into the grains of truth, whatever be the source. (355)
8. May thy ear be fed, before thy stomach. (412)
9. The wise will foresee. The unwise will not. (427)
10. Avarice saps wealth without the slightest vestige. (437)
11. No investment, no profit. No support, no stability. (448)
12. Ponder over before you act; hindsight is disgrace. (467)
13. Overloading even with peacock's feathers break axles. (475)
14. A man's greatness is known by his deeds.
(505)
15. The position corrupts even the duly chosen men (514)
16. Affection shall not be a placement preference. (515)
17. Having chosen one for a task, leave him to do it. (517)
18. Forts do not guard cowards, nor riches the unalacritous. (534)
19. Right rule extends the term of governance. (556)
20. Those of etiquette can stomach even poison as nectar. (580)
21. Never buy a spy's words; set another spy to espy him. (588)
22. Only the pro-active possess anything, not the rest. (591)
23. The persevering shall never brood over losses. (593)
24. One with undaunted will is on the trail of wealth. (594)
11 25. A man's grasp is as high as his mind's reach. (595) 26. Entertain high thoughts. Eschew the rest. (596) 27. Amidst an ambush of arrows, an elephant is stubborn. (597) 28. The world is not for those who lack will power. (598) 29. Size matters little. (599) 30. The languid gain little, even with props of the wealthiest. (606) 31. Misfortune is no disgrace; not exerting is. (618) 32. The persevering shall turn destiny aside. (620) 33. Laugh away distresses. Nothing wins better than daring. (621) 34. The unruffled trouble the troubles. (623) 35. Ability is not planning, but execution. (640) 36. Employ invincible words. (645) 37. Heaping ill-gotten wealth is storing water in imkilned pot. (660) 38. The strong mind gets things done, as willed. (666) 39. Other assets don't count without resoluteness. (670) 40. lure the one who reads faces, at any cost (703) 41. Strike identity with the audience as you speak. (713) 42. Addressing the unfit is pouring nectar in a dump yard. (720) 43. Nothing is more pernicious than an unrated friendship. (791) 44. Dare the strong, not the weak. (861) 45. Undo enmity at its infancy, as uprooting a briery plant. (879) 46. Even ajot of fault lowers the prestige of the great. (965) 47. Aspiring for glory is light. Not seeking it is blight. (971) 48. Easy accessibility is a mark of courtesy. (991) 49. Those who lack cheers spell darkness even at noon. (999) 50. The shameless destroy everything. (1019)
'II Appendix 2 Fifty One-Liners on Leadership from The Mahabharata Numbers relate to Ganguli's translation of Bhishma's Raja Niti; the un-numbered entries relate to Vidura Nit and the Bhagavad Gita, as edited by the research scholar. 1. Ignorance is the spring of misery. (CLIX - 348) 2. Ignorance has its origin in covetousness. (CLIX - 348) 3. No man indulging in pride would ever be called wise. (XXXVII-75) 4. Real wisdom is never to be angry at any creature. (CL-CU--331) 5. A weak-minded king can never display wisdom. (CXLII - 320) 6. How can happiness be had from despondency? (CLIII- 337) 7. Objects will be won by resolution. (CLIII- 337) 8. Morality is duty and righteousness. (CXX --264) 9. A life of infamy is equal to death. (CXX --269) 10. Duty must spring from understanding. (CXLII --320) 11. The king should always exert to acquire greatness. (CXXIXIII --266) 12. The man of procrastination is lost. (CXXXVII - 291) 13. The kings should never indulge in fruitless disputes. (CXL 12) 14. The king should always honour the foes of his foes. (CXL3I1) 15. Good deeds are very rare in those that amass riches. O(Vll 49 16. The enemy should never be scorned; however, contemptible. 17. Perseverance is the root of prosperity, of gain. 18. Abstain from the companionship with the vile and the low. 19. Do not humiliate and insult others. 20. Avoid sleep, drowsiness, fear, anger, sloth and procrastination. 21. Long are the arms of the intelligent. 22. He who exults not at honours grieves not at slights. 23. Harsh words scorch a man's vital sources.
iv 24. He is a wise person who does not disregard even a weak foe. 25. Never tell any, "I do not believe thee." 26. One should never speak of what one intends to do. 27. A king should observe his duties without wrath or malice. 28. A king who commences with sternness burns the world. 29. Gold is tested by fire; a well-born person by his deportment. 30. To know what to do and not to do, take transformation within. 31. Behaviour is rooted in predominant thoughts and tendencies. 32. You are what you eat, and, you eat, based on what you are. 33. Meditation dissolves sorrow and destroys mental pain. 34. The mind is restless and hard to subdue, but it can be done. 35. Desires never say 'Enough.' 36. Anxiety robs energy. 37. Greed is but desire swollen to grotesque size. 38. Pure thought is more important than refined words and deeds. 39. Purity of action and heart is essential for spiritual growth. 40. Courage, purity, steadfastness and self-control are divine traits. 41. May what you say he pleasant and true. 42. Promoting vanity does not help spiritual growth. 43. Whatever a great man or a woman does, others follow. 44. Both bad and good deeds are the results of human action. 45. Right knowing leads to right doing. 46. Right doing gives rise to right knowing. 47. Anxiety results in far inferior work. 48. Do your work but with full control of your mind and senses. 49. Present truth pleasantly. If you cannot do so, remain silent. 50. What you, others also do.
V Appendix: 3 Books That Inspired Celebrities This list is sourced from Gene Landrum's Eight Keys to Greatness, Magna Publishing House, Mumbai (India) 1999 Maya Angela "crime and punishment changed my life; I act like my hero/shero would act." Honore de Baizac Coined mythomania to describe hero worship of Napoleon and Attila the Hun. Napoleon Idolised Alexander the Great, Rousseau, and Goethe; carried their books to battle Joseph Campbell "Reading about Leonardo da Vinci changed my life." Agatha Christie Influenced by Charles Dickens and Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes. Charles Darwin Read Malthus for entertainment and it influenced his theories of evolution. Fyodor Dostoevsky "I read like a fiend" Balzac and the book of Job inspired him to write. Isadora Duncan "I am indeed the spiritual daughter of Walt Whitman and Aphrodite." Thomas. Fdisnn "I didn't read a few books, I read the library." Albert Einstein "I had read Kant and Darwin by age twelve." Bill Gates "My favorite hobby is reading" Leonardo da Vinci held enormous influence. Berry Gordy Jr. "Joe Louis is my hero. He changed my life. When he became champion, I was 8; the fire started deep inside me to be special." Loved "If" by Kipling.
Vi Ernest Hemingway Read Walpole's Dark Forest at 18; hero inspired enlistment as ambulance driver. Adolph Hitler Carried Schopenhauer to battle; based on his Master Race thesis on Nietzche's Superman Stephen King "Lovecraft's books struck me with such force. He opened the way for me. I lived and died with Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. My books are visual movies in my head." Karl Marx Dedicated his thesis to Prometheus and lived his life in his image in radical revolt. James Michener "I read 40 volumes of Balzac's Pere Goriot by age 12." Mao Tse-tung "A hero worshipper who spent six months at age twenty reading about great heroes. Maria Montessori "I carried books to the theatre, influenced by Seguin, Piaget and Erickson." Anne Rice "I'm obsessed with Dickens. A Christmas Carol had a profound influence on me." Ayn Rand Admired Ottoman hero Cyrus, Catherine the Great, Victor Hugo's novels and Aristotle. Nikola Tesla Reciting Faust during creation of alternating current. "Mark Twain changed my life" Mark Twain At age 15, Joan of Ark was his hero. "I read Kipling's Kim every year." Ted Turner Alexander the Great, Attila the Hun, Gandhi and General George Patton. Frank L Wright Aladdin and His Magic Lamp story; taught he was Welsh God Taliesin.
Vii Appendix: 4
Select Quotes on Leadership from Three Sources
Source I Conceptual - General books The following quotes from The Forbes Book of Business Quotations, 1 The Penguin Book of Business Wisdom 2 and Leadership, compiled by Ajanta Chakravarty, (Rupa &Co) define leadership. (Comments of the researcher are provided within brackets)
I. Leadership is the initiation and direction of an endeavour in pursuit of
consequence. (Leadership is action - no sermon)
Royal Alcott
2. Leadership involves remembering past mistakes, an analysis of today's
achievements, an a well-grounded imagination in visualising the problem of future.
(Leadership is vision sustained by the rigours of reality.)
Stanley C. Allyn
3. A leader of men must take decisions quickly; be independent; act and stand firm;
be a fighter; speak openly, plainly, frankly; makes defeats his lessons; co-operate, co-
ordinate; use the best of any alliances or allies; walk with active faith courageously
toward danger or the unknown; create a staff; know, love and respect the best
interests of his followers; be loyal; true; frank and faithful; reward loyalty; have a
high, intelligent and worthy purpose and ideal. Do justice, love, mercy; fear no man,
but fear God only.
John W. Dodge
(Note: decisions quickly, independent, act, speak openly, faith, courage, alliances, know, love, respect, intelligent, and purpose)
4. A chief is a man who assumes responsibility. He says "I was wrong, not my
people were wrong."
Antoine de Saint Exupery
5. The man who is worthy of being a leader of men will never complain about the
stupidity of his helpers, the ingratitude of mankind, nor the inappreciation of the
public. These are all parts of the great game of life. To meet them and overcome them
and not go down before them in disgust, discouragement or defeat - that is the proof
of power.
William J. H. Boetcker
VI" 6. Leadership is an experience of power which may blind the victor to the march of
history. (Power tends to blind; being awake is important.)
Ferdinand Braudel
7. You will never be a leader, unless you first learn to follow and be led. Tiorio
8. Real leaders are ordinary people with extra-ordinary determination.
he man-leader syndrome is reassured.)
John Seaman Garns
9. Reason and judgment are the qualities of a leader.
Tacitus
10. To keep at the top is almost harder than to get there. There is no office-hours for
leaders. (Note: no office-hours for leaders.)
Cardinal Gibbons
11. Those men who command themselves command others. (Self-control is a norm for leadership.)
William Hazzlit
12. The character and qualifications of the leader are reflected in the men he selects,
develops. To have loyal, efficient employees, be a loyal, efficient employer. (As the
leader, so the followers,)
Arthur W. Newcomb
13. He who has never learned to obey cannot be a good commander.
Aristotle
14. True leadership is all about example. (The leader shall set an example for modesty and obedience.)
Bob Ashford
15. Leadership is a state of mind - what you do to yourself, not what you do to others. Chin Ning Chu 16. Management is doing things right and leadership, doing the right things. (Note the difference between Manager and Leader.) Peter Drucker & Warren Bennis
17. Management is mostly about 'to do' lists. Leadership is about tapping the wellsprings of human motivation, about the fundamental relations with one's fellows. Tom Peters 18. You don't manage people; you manage things. You lead people. Grace Hopper
19. When they were at their personal best, the leaders we studied were able to
challenge the process, inspire a shared vision, enable others to act, model the way and
encourage the heart.
James M.Kouzes &BarryZ.Posner
20. Yesterday leaders commanded and controlled. Today leaders empower and coach. Denis Waitley
Ix 21. Because of unprecedented demands on today's leaders, a new kind of leader is emerging. Leaders must possess all of the qualities that historically have resulted in change and progress and yet much more: not only vision, creativity, and skill at communication, but also courage, empathy, and the flexibility to lead successfully through wholly uncharted and rapidly changing and often treacherous terrain. (Leaders Talk Leadership, P.5) Meredith D. Ashby, Stephen A. Miles Source 2 Observational - Books on Leadership
22. There is, of course, a crucial distinction between management and leadership..
frequent lament is that many organisations are over-managed and under-led. The
story of business is the story of great leaders. While the technology of management is
highly developed our understanding of leadership is more fuzzy. Leadership is not so
much about what you do, but how you do it.
Gary Hamel
(The Ultimate Business Library, P. xii)
23. Since leaders deal with people, not things, leadership without values, commitment
and conviction can only be inhumane and harmful.
Warren Bennis
(On Becoming A Leader, P. 163)
24. An American said to Carter: "You are managing a nation Mr. President, but
you are not giving us leadership. There is great deal of difference between the two. A
President needs to do both." (In Search of Leadership, P. 42)
Russi M. Lala
25. The communication skill is no less important; the skill of listening - listening
empathetically to the voices of the community.
Robert J. Aim
(Leadership: Myths and Realities, P. 193)
26. Enabling your associates to work at their very best is at the core of managerial
leadership. (Managerial Leadership P. 79)
Peter Topping
27. He who overcomes others is powerful; he who overcomes himself is strong.
(Not Bosses but Leaders, P. 175)
John Adair
28. One of the best Hearing Aids a man can have is an attentive wife.
(Rules and Tools for Leaders, P.143) Groucho Marx cited by Perry M. Smith
x
29. Poor judgment of people is often the Achilles heel of an otherwise successful
leader. (Inspiring Leadership, P. 29)
John Adair
30. The leader's role is to provide direction through modelling and vision, to motivate
through love and inspiration, to build a complementary team based on mutual respect,
to be effectiveness minded and focused on results rather than on methods, systems
and procedures. (Principle centered Leadership, P. 134)
Stephen Covey
31. Leadership is not a matter of command and control. It is the evocation and
alignment of Spirit. - (The Spirit of Leadership, P. 61)
Harrison
Owen
32. I believe there are five key steps to developing "Leadership from Within": 1. Know yourself 2. Have vision and passion 3. Take risks. 4. Communicate effectively 5. Check progress and results. (Leadership From Within, P. 23) Peter Urs Bender
Source 3: Empirical - What Leaders Say On Leadership
33. The ability to concentrate and to use your time well is everything if you want to
succeed in business - or almost anywhere else for that matter.
Lee Iacocca
(Autobiography, P.20)
34. Your position does not give you the right to command. It imposes on you the
duty of living so that others can receive your commands without being humiliated.
(Note what is not leadership)
Dag Hammerskjokl
35. I must follow people Am I not their leader?
Benjamin Disraeli
(That a leader is a follower is one vital aspect of leadership.)
36. You do not lead by hitting people over the head - that is assault, not leadership. Dwight D. Eisenhower
37. People ask the difference between a leader and a boss. The leader works in the open and the boss in covert. The leader leads and the boss drives. Theodore Roosevelt
(Note difference between leader and manager.)
38. If you want me you can always find me in the lead tank.
General Patton
39. Now I have got to be leader of leaders.
Steve Balimer
(High Tech Titans- F. Brown, P. 14)
Xi 40. I am a true traditionalist, it is the area of communicating; the essence of
communicating never changes. The goaN remain the same: to introduce, instruct,
persuade or assert authority. From yesterday's handwritten notes to today's e-mail the
architecture of effective communication remains the same. * Know your subject *
Know your audience * Know your medium * Given the choice be brief rather than
wordy * Keep in mind the difference between a forceful and belligerent tone * Trust
the power of a carefully chosen word * Never forget how you would like people to
communicate with you. (Communicating P. 7)
Mark H. McCormack
41. The final test of the leader is that he leaves behind, in other men, the conviction and the will to carry on. (Leadership should ensure continuum) Walter Lippman
42. Leadership is the very heart and soul of management. No one really manages a
business by shifting the numbers or re-arranging organisational charts or applying the
latest Business School formulas. What you manage in business is people.
(Managing, P. 133)
Harold Geneen
43. 1 have concentrated all along on building the finest retailing company that possibly we could. Period. Creating a huge personal fortune was never particularly a goal of mine. (Built to Last, James C. Collins & Jerry I Porras, P. 22) Sam Walton
44. Our old style of familial company was unusual or rare in the United States,
although Tom Watson Sr. built IBM into an industrial giant by using some of the
same people oriented policies we use. (Made in Japan, P. 163)
Akio Morita
45. It is not easy to say why one management is successful and another is not. The causes of success or failure are deep and complex, and chance plays a part. Experience has convinced me, however, that for those who are responsible for a business, two important factors are motivation and opportunity. Alfred P. Sloan, Jr., (My Years with General Motors, P: 429)
46. Researchers have classified three types of behaviour. The first group, termed gamblers, took high risks but exerted no influence on the outcome of events. The second group, termed conservatives, took very little risk. The third group, termed achievers, had to test the limits of what they could do, and with no prompting demonstrated the point of the experiment. . .The point is that both competence and
xii achievement-oriented people spontaneously try to test the outer limits of their
abilities. (High Output Management, P: 165)
Andrew S. Grove
47. John Keegan, a British military historian believes that great battle- field
commanders such as Alexander the Great and Napoleon possessed five essential
attributes of leadership: 1. They show the troops they care 2. They tell the troops
exactly what they want 3. They convince the troops, they will be rewarded if they
fight, punished if they don't. 4. They know when to attack. 5. They share their troops'
danger. At the risk of making business sound too much like warfare, I think Keegan
has a point for any manager who aspires to be a leader.
Mark McCormack
(Success Secretes, P: 159)
48. In my capacity as President or Board Chairman, I have had to use strong words on occasions in reprimanding people or staff for failures or blunders. But I have never thought myself superior to them in intelligence or knowledge... A genuine sense of humility.., will give huge dividends, both tangible and intangible.
Not for Bread Alone, P: 32 Konosuki Matsushita
49. Any damn fool can do it when things are going well. But how do you stay with it and keep things right when you are in trouble?... I have seen fellows who look like greatest guys in the world and yet when the crunch comes, they fold. former Chairman of Du Pont, Irving Shapiro (quoted by Mark Potts & Peter Behr The Leading Edge P. 200-201)
ti. I hrougtмout my life, the bottom line! have worried about most was that my kids
turn out all right. The only rock that stays steady, the only institution I know that
works is the family. I was brought up to believe in it - and I do. Because I think a
civilised world can't remain civilised for long, if its foundation is built on anything
but family. A city, a state or a country can't be any more than the sum of its vital parts
- millions of family units. You can't have a country or a city or a state that is worth a
damn unless you govern within yourself in your day-to-day life. It all starts at home.
(Talking Straight, P. 18)
Lee Iacocca
XII' Appendix - 5 Leadership Styles of 50 Reputed CEOs: Their Advice How 50 corporate chiefs in U.S function and what do they advice. Thomas J. Neff, Chairman, Spencer Stuart, U.S. based executive search company and James M. Citrin, a communications professional and Managing Director, Spencer Stuart, have projected 50 CEOs as successful leaders in their book Lessons from the Top (subtitled - The 50 Most Successful Business Leaders in America and What You Can Learn from Them) One can gain an idea on the practical bearings of leadership. Management consultant Peter Drucker, prolific author, whose business is helping business, is chosen as the 51st leader. The following are the CEOs. They are introduced with their leadership traits and their advice to the corporate sector. 1. Telecom major AT&T's Mike Armstrong calls for courage, vision or strategy, which should he real and substantive. One should have the guts to make decisions. His advice: You have to commit to values as you generate personal and organisational energy. You have to create excitement as well as opportunity. 2. Autodesk's CEO Carol Bartz believes that leadership starts where one is excited about a vision. She insists that one should have passion and the surest way to the top is to have a strong and a broad base of experience. Her advice: People should build their career like a pyramid, not like a ladder. Pyramids have a stronger base. 3. "If von can't flour your heart into what vij av how do vnhi expect others to he passionate?" asks Hans Becherer of Deere who places faith in integrity, trust, customer focus, superior goods and concern for employees with their communities. His advice: Be passionate in what you do. A company responds to the passion and infectious enthusiasm of leaders. 4. Cordon Bethune of Continental Airlines feels that failures are of human origin. He holds that the leader should recognise and appreciate the employees. His advice: If treated like ciphers, they will let down the boss. Better talk straight to people and take their help. Don't beat the horse to run faster. Sometimes he actually accelerates if you stop whipping him.
xiv 5. Brains are not everything, asserts Larry Bossidy of Allied-Signal. To him leadership is a vision. He calls for courage, communication and leading without panicking. His advice: The more you search, the more you recognise reasons to be humble, as there is an awful lot to do all the time. 6. Jim Broadhead of the FPL Group is terse. Says he, "A strategy is nothing but a piece of paper unless you put it into action." His advice: The person in charge not only has to know what is to be done; he has to get the results. He has to execute. What separates winners from losers is execution. 7. Steve Case of America Online was involved in every decision. But soon he delegated things to attend to what really demanded his attention. His advice: Passion is as important as intellect. Realise that the only way you are going to create a significant company is to make your role into one to guiding things as opposed to doing things. 8. "customer satisfaction is the most important measure. We measure it in every way," says John Chambers of Cisco Systems. A visionary, he adopted a reward system to his employees to ensure customer satisfaction. His advice: Stay focused; draw on all the resources around you. You can accomplish almost anything, as long as you are willing to work. 9. Michael Dell of Dell Computer became the youngest CEO of a Fortune 500 company at 27. Dell is quick in communication and prompt in his response. Precise, direct and cost-conscious, he is customer-oriented. His advice: Innovate. Fix priorities. 10. Alive and responsive to changes Elizabeth Dole of American Red Cross managed her inner resources making the organisation move faster. She was passionate and effectively communicated her vision. Her advice: You may be the most dedicated person in the world, and have tremendous skills, but if you can't communicate what you are trying to achieve, your organisation is not going to go anywhere.
xv 11. Bob Eaton of DaimlerChrysler understood the difference between managing and leading. He organised teams accommodating all disciplines and eliminated the top management's involvement in day-to-day affairs. His advice: Focus on vision and beliefs and values to inspire people. 12. Bernie Ebbers of MCI WorldCom dealt with people on a person-to-person basis, not on title-to-title. He never had a casual relationship with his employees. He tried to participate in their life as people, not simply as employees. His advice: If you can walk with people, you will find that much less resistance than in a dictated manner. 13. Michael Eisner of Walt Disney has proved that creativity determines success. A creative person comes up with interesting products, regardless of the industry. Hi s advice: What gets measured gets done. What matters is the right perspective. 14. Don Fisher of The Gap recognised those who walked along with him; he paid credit to where it was due. His advice: Common sense is something you won't get in business schools. Before realising the need to change things, you have to understand the culture. 15. With his motto, 'decentralise the company; let people be responsible for their jobs,' Don Fites of Caterpillar restructured the company when it was perceived impossible. He leads commendably by example. His advice: Leading by example is demonstrating and rewarding those who perform; not those who do not perform. 16. With his focus on future Bill Gates of Microsoft approaches the job with intensity. Doing his homework so thoroughly, he has set high standards that his employees desperately tried to emulate. To his personnel, he is a role model, revered and followed. His advice: If you enjoy your job, you will never bum out. Better to have a long time horizon for research. 17. Lou Gerstner of IBM reconnected his company with market place and its customers. He built better products and delivered them faster. Totally customerfocused, he energised the talented people waiting for leadership. His advice: Be intense, competitive, focused, blunt and tough. Have no complacency; if you believe the job is finished you will run into trouble.
xvi 18. Working for 'a higher purpose' Ray Gilmartin of Merck is people-oriented. Cost-conscious, he gives the value for money. His advice: Know and develop yourself; your business; develop and support your people and communicate; that part of leadership principle is often the hardest. 19. Realising that the people at the top should set an example as to how to run a business, Ace Greenberg of Bear Stearns hired poor but smart people who desired to grow rich. He made them work hard and stick to ethics. His advice: Be courteous to customers. Watch expenses when times are good. Ignore what everyone is doing. Do what you think is right. 20. With his hands-on approach Hank Greenberg of AIG wishes to build leaders, not a bunch of clerks. He delegates work and encourages branch heads to market aggressively. His advice: What you do with what is given makes all the difference. 21. Andy Grove of Intel enriched his employees through training. He prioritised the areas for improvement. His advice: Insufficiently trained employees are inefficient since they do not know the best way of doing things. 22. Setting his goals and communicating them effectively, Charles Heimbold of Bristol-Myers Squibb set his employees focused on future. He gave them responsibility, resources and stressed on the accountability factor. His advice: Be ambitious, be goal-focused. Experience is invaluable. 23. Taking the value code for family and business the same Martha Ingram of Ingram Industries encouraged one to one relationship. She installed a toll-free line that rang only in her office for employees to discuss problems directly. Her advice: Be ready to change directions, if you need to. Above all, worry about your customers. They can go away in a drop of a hat. 24. A vigilant David Johnson of Campbell Soup motivated the staff, tuned them to be self-reliant and alive to the competition to out-perform the targets. His advice: Be prepared to take risks. Tough goals that stretch you on, prompt you to succeed; the feeling thereof is unbelievable because of the accomplishment potential.
xvii 25. Herb Kelleher of Southwest Airlines holds leadership is servant-hood, he prefers leadership by example. He believes in adaptability and demonstration of sincerity, which should come from the heart rather than the head. His advice: Success is never final; keep earning it over and again. You have to avoid complacency, cockiness and arrogance. 26. Committed to quality products, customer care, trust and consistency Bill Kerr of Meredith makes his people eager to work. He is focused. He would not sacrifice company's values for short-term financial objectives. His advice: Keep improving on what is currently doing well. That will help you not only maintain, but also help grow the trust customers have on you. 27. With his shrewd sense of urgency and the ability to manage priorities Chuck Knight of Emerson Electric takes a methodical approach. He plans and controls everything. He collects details, understands them and takes decisions. His advice: Not the guy with the most resources but the guy who utilises his resources best wins. 28. Dennis Kozlowski of Tyco International believes that pay for performance works well. He says, "I am not looking over our employees' shoulders and neither anyone else here." He finds the best of people and leaves them on their own exhorting them that the more the managers earn for the shareholders, the more they earn for themselves. His advice: Stay focused. Be ruthless about discipline. One individual can make a difference. 29. Ralph Larsen of Johnson & Johnson defines that a company's first responsibility is to its customers. His track records are tremendous in decentralisation. To sensitise to the current trends and future scope, he avoids duplication in processes. His advice: Compensation is the least expensive thing for good people. It is the most expensive one for mediocre people. 30. Ken Lay of Enron believes that everybody in an organisation could contribute. He insists on the value system and the importance of individuals. He works hard and facilitates individual's communication within peer groups and up and down the
xviii organisation. His advice: Your job as CEO is to provide leadership and part of that is having a vision to really energise everybody. 31. With planning and execution as her mission Shelly Lazarus of Ogilvy & Mather has all-encompassing brand experience. She holds her people accountable. She demonstrates her inherent respect to the clients. Her advice: Don't stay in something where you find it a little dreary. The people who are most successful are those who love what they do and are quite passionate about it. 32. Bill Marriott of Marriott International, influenced by his father, attends to details in the hospitality industry. He cares for quality, cleanliness and customers. He believes that if he cares his employees, they, in turn, would take care of his guests. His advice: Energy, integrity, honesty and caring for employees ensure profits and success. Energy is probably the most important quotient in a CEO. 33. Lou Noto of Exxon Mobil Corporation takes alliances as part of the business strategy in the oil industry. He has streamlined employee deployment. He adopts the best practices of one division in the other. His advice: You have to learn to listen to customers and react quickly. Revolutionalise your business with customer feedback. 34. Not fascinated with his own views Paul O'Neill of Alcoa learnt new things and developed adaptability. With a concern for people he says, "The test is how you connect with people. A company must live by its values." His advice: The bigger you are, don't become bureaucratic with layers of decision making. 35. ipan imm aggressive expansion ionn Fepper of i-'rocter & uamoie sreamiined P&G's structure; changed its culture; promoted speed and risk taking. His advice: Life is a series of coincidences. You have to be careful not to lose balance by being a victim of your own attributes. 36. A very good communicator Frank Raines of Fannie Mae can influence his audience over the processes of decision-making, directly or indirectly. He expects leaders to clarify their mission internally and communicate their objectives to the rest of the world. His advice: Focus and communicate. If your interests are spread all over the place, your competitors will beat you.
xix 37. Howard Schultz of Starbucks puts employees first to get the greatest shareholder returns. He states, "In today's world you have got to be close to your people. We feel we are closer to our people, more than we have ever been before." His advice: You won't be able to attract and retain great people if they don't feel like they are part of you. Therefore, to inspire customers, inspire your own people. 38. Passionate, goal-focused, good at perfect timing, and delegating authority, CEO Charles Schwab of Charles Schwab aligns company's goals with client's goals. His advice: Successful CEOs have been incredibly passionate. Without that quality, one cannot possibly be a leader. 39. As a leader, Walter Shipley of Chase Manhattan is a facilitator. He provides strategy, motivation and direction. He creates environment that enables people to rise beyond their individual capabilities. His advice: If people feel valued you will have a stronger company. Demonstrate the ability to make judgements. 40. Fred Smith of Federal Express is a role model leader. He has executed his plans thoroughly, using information and technology better than his competitors. His advice: Have courage, not to cave in. Business is fun. Enjoy what you are doing. Think what you do is important to people. 41. Bill Steere of Pfizer focussed on research. He feels the core value of his business is customer focus and the CEO should manage people's strengths. If he understands the weaknesses of others, he can reassign them suitably. His advice: Everybody has got weaknesses; a focus on weaknesses of others would make you unhappy. Rather, focus on people's strengths. 42. Bob Tillman of Lowe's Companies has understood the customers, genderwise and sectorwise; listened to them and modified his business. When retailers fail, it is because of their own personal arrogance His advice: The CEO's should remember that customers are far smarter than themselves. 43.Aiex Trotman of Ford Motor Company pins his faith on passion, skill, knowing people and establishing trust. He says, "In personnel management it is not moving people around for the sake of moving around. It is to help them gain the knowledge
xx that they will need to be able to lead as they get higher and higher in the company." His advice: Get rid of those you do not trust; you can't sit around for years waiting until 'X' retires. 44. To Dan Tully of Merryll Lynch the attitude is important. He understood the focus of the company and held the client's interest foremost. He was willing to adapt, innovate and change. His advice: Two biggest problems impeding the growth of companies are complacency and arrogance. 45. Swearing that he should build on the strengths of the past David Komansky of Merryll Lynch excelled in sales; he so expanded business that Merryll Lynch became the largest single securities firm. His advice: You must give people the flexibility to make their own decisions and grow. 46. Being serious about business and serious about people Mike Volkema of Herman Miller chose to follow and not lead for some time. Then he realised that leadership was the way that one needed to go on his own. His advice: Invariably the mistakes to look back with regret are situations played too safe. 47. Charles Wang of Computer Associates bridged the gap between technology companies and business clients. He got guided by a moral compass and took his directions. His advice: Success is not a destination, but the right direction. 48. Generous to human foibles Sandy Weill of Citigroup says, "If people make a mistake that is not the end of the world. The end of the world is making a mistake and hiding it." His advice: First, execute; then, pay everyone like a partner, third, rely on better people to help you succeed. 49. Jack Welch of General Electric insists quality mindset in everything. He cracks a paradox: "We reward failure. You have to do it. Because otherwise people will be afraid to try things." His advice: De-layer the company; make it smaller and go faster. 50. With his motto - expand and flourish - Al Zeien commends three P's - people, product and purpose. This is explaining to people plainly all the whys - why do we have to close a plant, why should we do this, or that. His advice: Concentrate on the core business.
xxi Appendix 6
Fifty Important Post-2000-AD Titles on Leadership
(This list is indicative, not exhaustive; more titles follow in the categorized Appendix) 1. Leadership: Myths and Realities
Robert .1 Allio New Delhi, Tata McGraw Hill 2000 Pages: 237
Drawing much from the past and present works, this informative work in lucid style
defines and anlyses leadership. It also lists leadership qualities and skills.
2. The 21 Indispensable Qualities of a Leader
John C. Maxwell Nashville, Thomas Nelson
2000, Pages: 156
"Gets straight to the heart of leadership issues," says Ken Blanchard. "His principles
on effectively leading others have impacted my life and business," admits Peter Lowe.
3. The Leader Normand L. Frigon Sr., harry .Jacson Jr Mumhai, Magna 2000, Pages: 167 Something of an exercise book, a format cannot be under-rated, this helps students and administers with self-evaluation tests. Many would benefit thereby.
4. The Future Manager Satish Khanna, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi,
2000 Pages: 178
Justifying its subtitle- A value Builder for Tomorrow's Organisation - this book calls
for the best use of the Human Capital by providing guidance to one's inward growth.
5. Wisdom Of the CEO Dauphinais, William Grady Means, Co/in Price John Wiley, New York 2000 Pages: 372 Amply justifies its subtitle 29 Global Leaders Tackle Today's Most Pressing Business
Challenges. Its wide range covers numerous industries, technologies and perspectives.
6. Powerful Women Dancing on the Glass Ceiling
Sam Parkhouse Chichester, John Wiley
2001 Pages: 240
On the women entrepreneurs in U.K. this book explains how they made their way to
the top, their contribution to the business world and their traits that could be followed.
7. The Heart of a Leader
Kenneth Blanchard
Suerry, Eagle
2001, Pages: 160
Subtitled 'Insights on the Art of In/luence' this book cries for readers' attention with a
bold typeface quote on left-side page and its explanation on the opposite page.
8. Unleashing Leaders
xxii
Hilarie Owen John Wiley, Chichester 2001, Pages: 170
Makes a very interesting reading. Alive to the current trends, the author has
conviction in culling out lessons from books of the past and learning from history.
9. Leadership: Magic, Myth or Method J. W McLean & William Weitzel Magna, Mumbai, 2001, Pages. 249 Taking actual business life situations and written in a reader-friendly style, this is more useful to managers in the corporate sector who want to grow as leaders.
10. Theodore Roosevelt on Leadership
James M. Strock New York, Forum
2001, Pages: 277
Reflecting the views of Theodore Roosevelt, an awesome President of the U.S., this
book presents a ringside view of political and social leadership.
11. The Leadership Engine
Noel Tichy New York, Harper
2002, Pages: 452
Combining concepts with the demands, this research, couched in the story format,
engages the attention of readers and inspires those crave to know on leadership.
12. Leaders Talk Leadership Ethtedby Meredith D. Ashby & Stephen A Miles New York, OUP, 2002, Pages 257 This book, edited by business analysts, provides a ringside view of leadership under five divisions with essays by 51 practitioners, touching key result areas.
13. The Cycle of Leadership Noel Tichy New York, Harper 2002, Pages: 435
Believing that leadership can be taught, the practitioner- author lays a motorable roadmap, justifying the subtitle - How great leaders teach their companies to win.
14. The New Leaders
Daniel Goleman, and others London, Little, Browne
2002, Pages: 302
Presenting six leadership styles, the authors with their motto that concepts must pay in results, have attempted to analyse leadership quotients scientifically.
15. The New Super Leadership
xxiii
Charles C. Manz & Henry P. Sims Jr. New Delhi, Viva 2002, Pages: 256
With specific guidance, the book offers paradigms suited to the times. Authors say
the best leaders move ahead, maximise their contribution and that of others.
16. Business Gurus Speak
S. N. Chary New Delhi, Macmillan
2002 Pages: 220
Seven Indian business leaders including the old guard Verghese Kurien of dairying
and the younger generation's Mukesh Ambani are profiled and interviewed.
17. The Top Ten Mistakes Leaders Make Hanz Finzel Om Headlines, Secunderabad 2003 Pages 200 The ten: top-down attitude, dirty delegation, paperwork above people, communication chaos, absence of affirmation, missing culture clues, no room for mavericks, success without successors, dictatorship in decision making, failure to focus on the future.
18. Value Shift
Lyn Sharp Paine
New Delhi, Tata
2003, Pages: 302
The book has 9 chapters. The subtitle reveals the focus - Why should companies
merge social and financial imperatives to achieve superior performance?
19. An Invented Life: Reflection on Leadership and Change
Warren Bennis Mumbai, Magna
2003, Pages: 235
All the 17 chapters relate to various aspects of leadership. Chapter 5, 'The Four
Competencies of Leadership' makes an interesting reading.
20. The 7 Heavenly Virtues of Leadership
Carolyn Barker & Robyn Coy (Ed.) New Delhi, Tata
2003, Pages: 213
Contains articles by scholars of Australian Institute of Management on seven traits of
leadership: Humility, Courage, Integrity, Compassion, Humour, Passion and Wisdom.
21 The Trusted Leader Robert Galford, Anne Seihold New York, The Free Press 2003, Pages: 271 The book provides an in-depth analysis on Trust, a key component of leadership justifying its subtitle, 'Bringing out the best in your people and your company.'
22. The Leadership Spectrum Mary Burner Lippitt Mumbai, Magna
xxiv 2003, Pages: 197
This presents leaders as inventors, catalysts, developers, performers, protectors and challengers, as those working in the six business priority areas.
23. Inspiring Leadership
John Adair
New Delhi, Viva Books
2003, Pages: 366
With its kicker, 'Learning from Great Leaders,' reverting to history and literature this
attempts to orient contemporary leaders to the world of idealism of the past.
24. Leadership and the One Minute Manager Kenneth Blanchard, Patricia Zigarmi, Drea Zigarmi Harper 2003, Pages: 112 This persuasive, cute, reader-friendly book is like semi-processed food for instant intake and could be read twice to retain the message and to function accordingly.
25. On Becoming a Leader Warren Bennis Mumbai, Magna
2003, Pages: 226
Traversing back and forth the past and present, this book is rich in material. Those
using pen while reading will be liberal with their ink on the margins of the book.
26. Leaders who changed the world James Mac Gregor Burns, New Delhi Penguin, Viking
2003, Pages: 319
An oft-quoted author on leadership, he presents here personalities like Mahatma Gandhi as the leaders who changed contemporary thought and activities.
27. Not Bosses but Leaders John Adair with Peter Read New Delhi, Kogen Page 2003, Pages: 186
Reader-friendly, this is 'an authoritative and wise guide to leaders. 'Practicing leaders can benefit from this readable book,' in the words of Ken Blanchard.
28. Leading: Lessons from Literature Sampat P Singh New Delhi, Response
2003, Pages: 213
With examples and anecdotes, the author approaches leadership through a multidisciplinary perspective and establishes that it could be taught through literature.
29. Lateral Leadership
xxv
Rozer Fisher & Allen Sharp London, Profile Books 2003, Pages: 219
The book discusses leadership under five heads: Purpose, Thinking, Learning,
Engagement and Feedback and concludes with application aspects.
30. Developing Leaders, Teams and Organisations Anup I Singh, Daisy Chauhan New Delhi, Excel 2003, Pages: 388 The strength of this book is presenting real life situations of Leadership, analysing the subject under Development, Empowerment, Team and Organisation building.
31. How Did They Manage? Leadership Success from History
Daniel Diehl, Mark P. Donnelly Penguin, Viking,
2003, Pages: 204
With history as a potent source to learn leadership, Religious leaders, philosophers,
kings, despots, pirates, prophets, statesmen and industrialists are cited here.
32. The Eleven Keys to Leadership
DayleMSmith New Delhi, Tata
2003, Pages: 183
The author presents leadership writing on control, relation-ship, encouragement, in an
impressive way and evokes an interest to learn more on the subject.
33. The Ethics of Leadership .Joanne B. Ciulla, Singapore, Thomson Learning
2003, Pages: 276
Leadership is discussed under power, self-interest, virtue, private morality, duties
followers, the greatest good, moral and emotional leadership and culture.
34. Patton on Leadership
Alan Axelrod
New Delhi, Viva Books
2003, Pages: 279
General Patton's views are presented without military clichйs. The lessons, clear and
pointed, are meant for anyone who is interested in leading himself and others.
35. Inspiring leadership .1. C Ward, Andrea, others Singapore, Thomson Learning 2003, Pages: 438 The subtitle - Staying afloat in turbulent times - clearly tells what to look for; the authors define the crucial role of emotional intelligence in a competitive world.
36. Extraordinary Leadership
xxvi
Peter .1 ReEd London Kogan Page,
2003, Pages: 195
Outlining social and the corporate needs, the author explains how extraordinary
leadership can turn vision into strategic thinking and coordinated action.
37. What Would Buddha Do at Work? Metcalf Franz & BJ Callagher Hately New Delhi, Tata 2003 Pages: 174 Pithy thought-provoking articles on 101 quotes from Buddhist texts and associated business thoughts and Ken Blanchard's Foreword make an interesting reading.
38. Servant Leadership Robert Greenleaf Magna, Mumbai 2003 Pages 368 As one connected with corporate sector and the academia, the author had developed and specialised this aspect of leadership - servanthood. Inspires one to be very modest. 39. ...And Dignity for All Unlocking Greatness with Values-based Leadership James Despain - Jane Bodman Converse Pearson Education Delhi 2003 Pages: 198 Author Despain joined as a sweeper and became Vice-President of an earthmoving equipment company. A pragmatic guide to leadership fostering human relations.
40. Rethinking the Future Ed. Rowan Gibson, Nicholas Brealey, London 2003 Pages: 276 A collection of articles by experts on Leadership. Writers include John Kotter, Philip Kotter, Warren Bennis, Peter Senge , Kevin Kelly, C.K. Prahalad and others.
41. The Pursuit of Excellence
M. V. Kamath
New Delhi, Rupa 2003 Pages 88
Celebrity journalist, scholar and indologist provides native moorings to excellence,
which includes courage and self-knowledge as essential leadership qualities.
42. Why Smart Executives Fail And What You Can Learn From Their Mistakes
Sydney Finkelstein
New York, Portfolio
2003 Pages 320
A caution book for leadership, this lays a roadmap for leadership throwing insights
into the factors that separate success from failure. Written in a lively manner.
43. Leadership Theory and Practice Peter G. Northhouse New Delhi, Response Books
2003 Pages: 340
Various theories of leadership are presented authoritatively by this communications
professional ; but this is more than a textbook. Makes an interesting reading.
44. The Heart and Soul of Leadership Carolyn Barker, Robyn Coy (Ed.) New Delhi, Tata
xxvii 2004, Pages: 206
Divergent views presented here reflect the wider on-going debate about leadership in
the Australian context. Throws insights into vital components of leadership.
45. Leadership
Philip Sadler Kogan Page, New Delhi
2004, Pages. 195
Sadler is independent in thinking and categorical in his expressions; he analyses
styles of leaders, role models, qualities, behaviour and concepts of leadership.
46. The 108 Skills of Natural Born Leaders
Warren Blank
Mumbai, Magna
2004 P. 260
With interesting references to business leaders this interprets theories and categorises
the 108 skills under three heads, Foundational, Directional and Influential.
47. A Bias for Action Heike Bruch, Sumantra Ghoshal New Delhi Penguin- Viking 2004 Pages 212 This book concentrates on two important leadership quotients - will power through energy and focus and time management, presenting real life instances.
48. The many facets of Leadership
Marshal Goldsmith (Ed) Pearson Education, New Delhi
2004 Pages: 414
A collection of well-researched articles by experts, covering the issues behind the
modern challenges for the corporate leader and the legacies of entrepreneurship.
49. How to Change the World
David Bornstein
New Delhi, Penguin
2005 Pages 320
This is a book about hope, courage, and the power of extraordinary men and women
who change the world welding idealism with hard-nosed pragmatism.
50. Around the Corporate Campfire
Evelyn Clark
New Delhi, Macmillan
2005 Pages: 232
This is new wine in old bottle. The new crop of corporate writers and speakers wish
to impress their audience through story telling technique to carry their message.
xxviii Appendix 7 Important Titles on Leadership - Categorised (Including pre-2000 AD titles too- Alphabetised authorwise) General Adair, John The Action-Centred Leader Mumbai, Jaico, 2004 Adair, John Inspiring Leadershi p , New Delhi, Viva Books, 2003 Adair, John -Peter Read Not Bosses But Leaders New Delhi, Kogen Page 2003 Allio, Robert J Leadership: Myths And Realities New Delhi, Tata McGraw Hill, 2000 Bennis, Warren An Invented Life: Reflection on Leadership and Change, Mumbai, Magna, 2003 Bennis, Warren On Becoming A Leader Mumbai, Magna, 2003 Bennis, Warren Managing The Dream Mumhai, Magna, 2003 Bennis, Warren & Burt Nanus, Leaders: Strategies for Taking Charge New York, Harper Business, 1997 Beir, Peter, Mark Potts, The Leading Edge New Delhi, Tata 1989 Binz, Stanley Throwing the Elephant 2002 Harper Business, New York, Blanchard, Kenneth, Hybols Bill, Hodges Phil LeadB y -The o London, Harper Collins,1999 Bornstein, David How to Change the World 2005 New Delhi, Penguin Buckingham Marcus & Coffman, Curt First Break All The Rules, London, Simon & Schuster, 1991 Fisher, Rozer, Allen Sharp, Lateral Leadership London, Profile Books 2003 Frigon, Normand - Harry Jackson, The Leader 2000 Mumbai, Magna Goleman, Daniel The New Leaders London, Little, Browne, 2002
xxix Galford, Robert - Drapean Anne Seibold The Trusted Leader 2003 New York, The Free Press Gipson, Rowan Rethinking the Future 2003, London, Nicholas Brealey Goldsmith, Marshal, Vijay Govindarajan, Beverly Keye, Albert Vicere, The Many facets of Education Pearson Education 2004 Harvard Business Review on Leadership Boston, Harvard 1998 Heifetz, Ronald A Leadership Without Easy Answers 1996 Delhi, Universal Horn, Art Gifts of Leadership Team Building Through Focus & Empathy 1999 Macmillan - Lippitt, Mary Burner The Leadership Spectrum 2003, Mumbai, Magna Mathur, S.B. The A to Z Managerial Executive 2002, Delhi, Global Business Press McLean, J.W. Weitzel William Leadership: Magic, Myth or Method 2001 Mumbai, Magna Manz, Charles,C & Sims P. Jr., Henry New Super Leadership 2002 New Delhi, Viva Northouse, Peter, G Leadership:Theory and Practice 2003 New Delhi, Response Books Sadler, Philip Leadership 2004 New Delhi, Kogen Page Smith, Perry M. Rules and Tools for Leaders 1999, Mumbai, Magna Tichv. Noel The Leadershi p En g ine 2002 New York, Harper Tichy, Noel M., Cardwell, Nancy The Cycle of Leadership 2002 New York, Harper Topping, Peter A Managerial Leadership 2002 New Delhi Tata Walters, Donald, J The Art of Supportive Leadership 1997 ......Sterling Ward, Jane Cranwell - Bacon, Andrea & Mackie Rosie Inspiring Leadership 2003 Singapore, Thomson Learning, Zenger John, II & Folkman, Joseph The Extra-ordinar y Leadership 2003, New Delhi, Tata
xxx Oriental
Backman, Michael & Charlotte Butler Big in Asia: 25 Strategies for Business Success New York, Paigrave Macmillan, 2003
Chakraborty, S.K., Debangshu Chakraborty, Leadership & Motivation-Cultural
Chakraborty, S.K., Pradip Bhattacharya (Ed.) Leadership and Power New Delhi, OUP 2001
Halley, George T,Chin Tiong Tan, Usha C Haley New Asian Emperors
New Delhi Viva Books
1999
Hean-I'att, Ong, Sin-Tian, Yap, Kawatani, Takashi Asian Winning Strategies for Modern Global Business 1997 Kuala Lumpur, Eastern Dragon Press
Jer Chen, Ming Inside Chinese Business 2001 Boston, Harvard Business School Press Jones, Laurie Beth Jesus: CEO 1995 New York, Hyperion Kamath, M.V. The Pursuit of Excellence 2003, New Delhi, Rupa
Krishna GR Indian Ethos for Modern Management 1999 New Delhi UBSPD Kumar, Jagdish Ancient Wisdom and Modern Management 1994 New Delhi, UBS
Lala, R.M. In Search of Leadership 1999 New Delhi, Vision books
Legge, James (Fr.) The Wisdom of Confucius 2002 Kent, Grange Books
Liker K. Jeffrey The To y ota Way 2004, New Delhi, Tata Menon, Jyothi The Power of Human Relations 2004 Pearson Education
Metcalf, Franz & Hartley B J Gallagher What Would Buddha Do at Work? 2003 New Delhi, Tata Radha The Zen Way to be an Executive Manager1995 Kuala Lumpur Synergy Books Ranganathananda, Swami Human Values in Management 1984 New Delhi, Punjab National Bank
Ray, Aravinda The Indian Manager Still in Search of a Style 1997 New Delhi, UBS
Saraf, Vasant K Essentials of Good Leadership 199M8, umbai, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
xxxi
Seagrave, Sterling Lords of the Rim 1996, Cheshire (UK), Corgi Books,
Sharma G.D. Management and the Indian Ethos 2001 New Delhi, Rupa Malik, Pravir The Flowering of Management, 1997 Pondicherry, Aurobindo Institute Sharma, Subhash Management in New Age Western Windows Eastern Doors 1997 New Delhi, New Age Vas, Luis, SR, Vas, Anita, SR Secrets of Leadership Insights from Panchatantra 2002 New Delhi Pustak Mahal Singh, Anup J Managerial Wisdom Throu g h Tales 1999, New Delhi, Excel Singh, N. K. & Paul Omita Corporate Soul 1985 New Delhi, Vikas Tips type
Alder, Harry Think Like A Leader, Mumbai, Magna,1998 Barker, Carolyn & Robyn Coy (Ed.) The 7 Heavenly Virtues of Leadership, New Delhi, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003 Barker, Carolyn, Innovation and Imagination at Work New Delhi Tata McGraw Hill, 2004 BarkerCaro1yn, The Heart and Soul of Leadership New Delhi, Tata 20 Blanchard, Kenneth Leadership and the one-minute manager New Delhi, Harper Collins & India Today, 2003 Blank, Warren The 108 skills of Natural Born Leaders Mumbai, Magna2004 Bruch, Heike & Sumantra Ghoshal A Bias For Action How Effective Managers Harness Their Will Power Achieve Results and Stop Wasting Time New Delhi, Penguin-Viking, 2004
Burwash, Peter The Key to Great Leadership Mumbai, Jaico 1997
Fellers, Gary Creativity for Leaders New Delhi,UBS, 1997,
xx xii
Maxwell, John C. The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership 1998 Nashville, Thomas Nelson
Maxwell, John C The 21 Most Powerful Minutes in a Leader's Da 1993 Nashville, Thomas Nelson,
Maxwell, John C The 21 Indispensable Qualities of a Leader 2000 Mumbai, Magna
Maxwell, John C. Be a People Person 2002 Mumbai, Magna
Gillen, Terry Leadership Skills for Boosting Performance, Mumbai, Jaico, 2004
Maxwell, John C. The 17 Essential Qualities of a Team Player 2002 Mumbai, Magna
McCormack, Mark H Success Secrets 1989 Glasgow, Fantana/Collins
Landrum Gene N Ei g ht Keys to Greatness How To Unlock Your Hidden Potential 1991, Mumbai, Magna Peter J Extra-Ordinary Leadershi p Creative Strategies for Change 2003 Kogan Page U.K. Rossiter, Diane E. Leadership Skills 2003 New Delhi, Viva Smith, Dayle The Eleven Keys to Leadership 2003 New Delhi, Tata Leaders on Leadership Ashby, Meredit - Stephen Miles, (Ed.) Leaders Talk Leadership New York, OUP, 2002 Chary, S. N. Business Gurus Speak New Delhi, Macmillan, 2002 Dauphinais, William J., Grody Means, & Cohn Price, Wisdom of the CEO 29 Global Leaders Tackle Toda y 's Most Pressing Business Challenges Price Waterhouse Cooper 2002 Strock, James M Theodore Roosevelt on Leadership 2001 New York, Forum
On Leaders
xxxiii
Bentley, James Albert Schweitzer, Hyderabad, Orient Longman, 1999
Bums, James Macgregor, Leaders Who Chan ged the World, New Delhi Penguin, Viking 2003 Brown, Erika High-Tech Titans 2003 New Delhi, Tata
Cramer, Stuart The Rupert Murdoch Way 19M 99,umbai, India Book
Gibb, Christopher The Dalai Lama, Hyderabad, Orient Longman 2002
Hucynski, Andrzej A, Management Gurus 1993 London, Routledge Kennedy, Carol Business Pioneers Sainsbury, John Lewis, Cadbury 2000, London Random House
Kotter, John P Matshushita Leadership 1997 New York,Free Press,
Kudaysia, Medha M The Life and Times of G.D. Birla 2003, New Delhi OUP
Krames, Jeffrey, A What the Best CEOs Know 2003 New Delhi, Tata
Lala, R.M. A Touch of Greatness 2001 New Delhi Viking,
Love, John P. McDonald's: Behind the Arches 1995 New York, Bantom
Macdonald, Fiona Helen Keller 2003, Hyderabad, Orient Longman
Murthi, R.K.C. Rajagopalachari 2002, New Delhi, Publications Division
Nair, Keshavan A Higher Standard of Leadership Lessons from the Life of Gandhi 1996 Divya Publications, New Delhi
Palat, Raghu Secrets of their Success: Achievers from the World of Finance 2004 Executive Excellence Books, Mumbai
Neff, Thomas J & Citrin James M Lessons from the Top 2001 New York, Currency Doubledey,
0' Neil, William J. (Intro) Business Leaders and Success 55 Top Business Leaders and How They Achieved Greatness 2004 New Delhi, Tata
Pandit, Srinivas Thought Leaders 2002 New Delhi, Tata
xxxiv Parkhouse, Sam, Powerful Women Dancing On The Glass Ceiling 2001, Chichester, John Wiley Tedlow, Richard S. Giants of Enterprise 2003 New York, Harper, Witzel, Morgan Fifty Key Figures in Management 2003 London Routledge, By leaders Gates, Bill The Road Ahead London, Penguin, 1995 Giuliani Rudolph W. Leadership New York, Hyperion, 2002 Grove, Andrew A. High Output Management New York Vintage 1995 Lee lococca lococca: An Autobiography 1998 New York Bantam Lee lococca: Lee lococca's Talking Strai g ht1989 New York Bantam Despain, James, Converse, Jane Bodman ...And Dignity For All Pearson Education 2003 Morita, Akio Made In Japan 1987 Harper Collins, London Shaw, Lisa Collin Powell in His Own Words New York, Perigee, 1995 Sloan, Alfred P. Jr. My Years With General Motors 1990 New York, Currency Doubleday Walton, Sam Made In America 1993 New York, Bantom Watson Jr, Thomas J, A Business and Its Beliefs: The Ideas That Helped Build IBM, 2004, New Delhi, Tata Welch, Jack - Byrne, John A Straight from the Gut 2001 New York, Warner Biography Nathan, John Son the private Life 1999 London, Profile Books, Pogrund, Benjamin Nelson Mandela, 1997, Hyderabad, Orient Longman Rodgers, Buck The IBM Way
xxxv History Diehl, Daniel& Donnelly Mark P. How Did They Manage? Leadership Success from History Penguin, Viking, 2003 Morris Sebastian, Rakesh Basant, Keshab Das, K. Ramachandran & Abraham Koshy The Growth and Transformation of Small Firms in India New Delhi OUP 2001 Arnold David & Stuart Blackburn (Ed.) Telling Lives in India Delhi, Permanent Black 2004 Literature Allen Roger E, Allen Stephen D Winne-the-Pooh on Problem Solving London, Methuen 1997 Augustine, Norman & Kenneth Adelman, Shakespeare In Charge New York, Hyperion, 1999 Corrigan Paul, Shakespeare on Management London, Kogan Page, 1999, Gooden, Philip (Ed.) The Mammoth Book of Literary Anecdotes, London, Robinson, 2002 Leech, Thomas, Say it like Shakespeare, 2001, New York McGraw-Hill Shafritz Jay M Shakespeare on Management 1999 New York, HarperBusiness Simmons, Annette, The Story Factor, 2002 Perseus Publishing Cambridge, Mass. Singh, Sampat, P Leading: Lessons from Literature 2003, New Delhi, Response Tucker, Kenneth, A. & Allman, Vandana Animals Inc. 2004, New York Warner Communication Krisco Kim, H Leadership and the Art of Conversation 2004 Mumbai, Jaico McCormack,Mark H Communicating 1998 London, Arrow Chaudhary, Nandita Listening to Culture Constructing Reality from Every day Talk SAGE Publications New Delhi 2005
xxxvi Political Liveright, A.A. Union Leadership Training 1951, New York. Harper Russel, Bertrand political idealsl997, London, Routledge Sorokin, Pitirim A Reconstruction of Humanity 1962, Bombay, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan Spiro, Herbert J Responsibility in Government Theory & Practice 1969 New York, Van Nostrad Reinhold Martial Axelrod, Alan Patton on Leadership New Delhi Viva Books 2003 Cleary, Thomas (Tr.) The Art of War by Sun Tzu Boston, Shambala, 1998 Cleary, Thomas (Tr.) The Book of Leadership & Strategy Boston, Shambala, 2003, Cleary, Thomas jr.) Mastering The Art of War, Boston, Shambala, South Asia Edition, 2004 Cohen, William A Wisdom of the Generals New Delhi, Viva 2003 Krause, Donald G The Art of War for Executives 2002 London,Nicholas Bradley Psychological Bell, Chip, R. Managers As Mentors Mumbai, Magna 2002 Bender, Peter Urs Leadership From Within New Delhi Macmillanl999 Blanchard, Kenneth The Heart of A Leader Surrey, Eagle, 2001 Carnage, Dale 'I'he Leader In You New Jersey, Pocket Books (Year not mentioned) Culbert, Samuel A Mind-set Management: The Heart of Leadership, New York, OUP, 1996 Dyer, Frederick C & Dyer, John M The Enjoyment of Management Mumbai, Taraporevala, 1972 Landrum, Gene N Eight Keys to Greatness 1-low to unlock your Hidden Potential 1999, Mumbai, Magna
xxxvii Khanna, Satish The Future Manager A value Builder for Tomorrow's Organisation 2001 New Delhi, Tata McGraw Hill Waitley, Denis Empires of the Mind Lessons To Lead and Succeed in a Knowledge Based World 2004, London, Nicholas Brealey Wakhlu, Arun Managing from the Heart New Delhi, Response 1999
Philosophical
Bhargava, Shivganesh (Ed.) Transformational Leadership, New Delhi, Response Books, 2003 Chatterjee, Debashis Leading Consciousl y New Delhi, Viva, 1999 Chinmayananda, Swami The Art of Man - Making Mumbai, Chinmaya, 2000 Greiner, Donna & Kinni, Theodore Ayn Rand and Business New York Texere, 2001
Fernandez, Ignatius Relationship Management: The Master's Way Mumbai, English Edition, 2003 Greenleaf Robert K Servant Leadershi p A Journey into the Nature of Legitimate Power and Greatness- Mumbai, Magna 2003
Gupta, D.P Management with a Difference Pondicherry, Aurobindo Institute
2000
M. Sri.Wisdom of The Rishis 2002 Bangalore, Satsang communications
Mant Alistair Intelligent Leadership 2000 Madras, East West
Murthy, DBN Of Man and Manager,] 995, New Delhi, UBS Sayles, Leonard R Individualism and Big Business,1967, New York, McGraw Hill Owen, Hilarie Unleashing Leaders 2001 John Wiley, UK Owen, Harrison The Spirit of Leadership 2002 Viva Sharma, Robin S. Leadership Wisdom From The Monk Who Sold His Ferrari The 8 Rituals of Visionary Leaders 2004, Mumbai, Jaico
Religious
xxxviii
Briner, Bob & Pritchard Ray Leadership Lessons of Jesus New York, Gramercy Books 1998 Jones, Laurie Beth Jesus CEO Using ancient Wisdom for Visionary
Leadership, Hyperion, New York 1995
Ethical
Blanchard, Kenneth & Norman Vincent Peale The Power of Ethical Management New York, Fawcett Crest, 1998 Ciulla, Joanne The Ethics of Leadership Singapore, Thomson Learning 2003 Covey, Stephen R Principle Centred Leadership London, Simon & Schuster, 1991 Ellis. Jonathan, & Tissen Rene The Seven Deadly Sins of Management How to be a Virtuous Manager London, Profile Books, 2004 Gupta, Dipankar Ethics Incorporated Top Priority of Bottom Line New Delhi Harper Collins 2003 Paine, Lyn Sharp Value Shift 2003 New Delhi, Tata Sekhar, R.C. Ethical Choices in Business 1997 New Delhi, Response
Research Studies
Derber, Charles People Before Profit Souvenir Press, London, 2003
Dubrin, Andrew Leadership, Researched findings, Practice & Skills
Toronto Houghton Mifflin
1998
Finkelstein, Sydney, Why Smart Executives Fail? New York, Portfolio 2003
Finzel, Hans The Top Ten Mistakes Leaders Make Secunderabad Om Headlines 2003 Ilosmer, La Rue Tone The Ethics of Management 1997 New Delhi Universal
Singh, Anup J & Chauhan Daisy Developing Leaders, Teams and Organisations 2003 New Delhi, Excel Slater, Robert The GE Way Field Book 2003 New Delhi, Tata
Miscellaneous
xxx ix
Arnander, Christopher Think Globally, Spend Locally, London, Profile Books, 2003
Bray, Tony The Selection Maze:How to choose the Right person for the Right Job New Delhi Excel Books, 1994
Carlson, Richard What about the Big Stuff? , Hyperion, New York 2002 Chakravarty, Ajanta Leadership New Delhi, Rupa, 2002
Collins, JC & Porras ii Built To Last New York Harper, 2002 Dando - Collins, Stephen (Compi.) Business Wisdom New Delhi, Penguin, 2000
Fisher, Rozer, Allen Sharp, Lateral Leadership London, Profile Books 2003 Garg, R.S. Gita for Success in Modern Life, New Delhi, New Age Books 2003
Margretta, John What Management Is? 2002 London, Profile Books,
Murphy, C Emmet & Murphy, Mark, A Leading on the Edge of Chaos 2003, New Delhi, Viva
Owen, J0, Management Stripped Bare 2003 New Delhi, Kogan Page,
Pande, Peter & Holpp, Larry What is Six Sigma? 2002 New Delhi, Tata Pepper, Don & Rogers, Martha The One to One Manager 2000 New York Capstone
Robert,Graham - Philips Companies Don't Succeed, People Do 2003 New Delhi, Viva Weber, Eugene The Wisdom of Business: A Book of Maxims 1999 Hyderabad, Universities Press,
xl Appendix 8 Consulted Titles for the Primary Source Tirukkural Annamalai Sp. Tirukkural Chinthanai (Cheimai, Vanathi, 1999) Diaz S.M Aphorisms of Valluvar (Madras, International Society for Investigating Ancient Society 1982) Diaz S.M. (Ed. & Tr.) Tirukkural Vol I and Vol II (Coimbatore, Ramananda Adigalar Foundation, 2001) Dikshithar, V.R. Ramachandra (Ed.& Tr.) Tirukkural (Madras, The Adyar Library and Research Centre, 2000) Drew, W. H. Rev. John Lazurus (Tr.) Tirukkural (Chennai, Asian Educational Service, 2001) Maharajan S. Tiruvalluvar (New Delhi, Sahitya Academy, 1989) Manikkam V.Sp. Valluvam (Chennai, Manivasagar Pathippakam, 1993) Mu. Va. (Ed.) Tirukkural, Needhi Ilakkiyam (Madras, University of Madras, 1977) Nambi, Agamudai Management Philosophy of Tiruvalluvar in public administration (Sivagangai, Annam, 1987) Narayana.swamy J (Tr.) Tirukkural (Chennai, Sura Books, 2003) Pope Rev. G. U. jr.) Tirukkural (Chennai, Amudha Nilayam 2000) Rajagopalachari C. Kural (Mumbai, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, 2002) Ramaswamy A. Valluvarum Varalaarum (Madurai, Pudhu Vasantham 2002) Ramaswamy V. On Translating Tirukkural (Chennai. International Institute of Tamil Studies, 2001) Ram Mohan, Alagappa Tirukkural: The Holy Scripture (Illinois, US, International Tamil Language Foundation, 2000) Sarangapani R. Urai Vetrumai Arattuppal (Annamalainagar Annamalai University, 1989) Subbaraman & Seyon Ikkaala Ulagirku Tirukkural Vol. 1, II & III (Chennai, International Institute of Tamil Studies, 2004) Sundaram P.S. (Tr.) Tiruvalluvar The Kural (New Delhi, Penguin, 1996) Veerappan S.M. & T. Srinivasan Management Mantras from Tirukkural (New Delhi, Vikas Publishing House, 2002)
xli Appendix 9 Consulted Titles for the Primary Source - The Mahabharata Abhishekhi, Janaki Tales and Teachings of the Mahabharat (Mumbai, Bhavan, 1998) Aurobindo, Sri On the Mahabharata (Pondicherry, Sri Aurobindo Ashram, 1996) Ganguli, Kisari Mohan jr.) The Mahabharata Vol 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12 (New Delhi, Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, 1981) Gulshan, S.S, Devesh Bhickshu The Mahabharata and Management (New Delhi, Sultan Chand & Co, 2001) Hill, Peter Fate, Predestination and Human Action in the Mahabharata A Study in the history of Ideas (New Delhi, Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, 2001) Kasim K Political Thought in Mahabharata (New Delhi, New Age International Publishers 2002) Katz, Ruth Cecily Ariuna in the Mahabharata (Delhi, Motilal Banarsidass, 1990) Kodandaramayya P. The Message of the Mahabharata (Mumbai Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, 2004) Parasuraman, P.N. Bhishmar Sonna Thathuvak Kathaigal (Chennai, General Publishers, 2000) Parasuraman. P.N Ashtavagrahar Upathesangal (Chennai. Kala Nilayam, 1988) Rajagopalachari, C. Mahabharata (Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Mumbai, 2001) Ramaswamy Cho Mahabharatam Pesigirathu, Vol I & Vol II (Chennai, Alliance, 1998) Sen, Sisir Kumar Quest for The Original Bharata Samhita and Mahabharata Story (Mumbai, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, 1995) Subramaniani, Kamala Mahabharata (Mumbai, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, 1997)
xlii Appendix 10 Works related to the Primary Source The Mahabharata Chandiramani G.R. (Tr.) Panchatantra Rupa & Co, New Delhi, 2003 Haksar, A.N.D (Tr) The Hitopadesa Penguin Books, New Delhi, 1998 Krishna G.R. (Ed.) Indian Ethos for Modern Management UBSPD, New Delhi, 1999 Luis Vas S.R., Anita Vas Secrets of Leadership- Insights from Panchatantra Pustak Mahal, Delhi, 2002 Postman The Vedantic Approach to International Man Management (Madras, Rukmini Studies, 1989) Rajan Chandra Tr: The Panchatantra Penguin Books, New Delhi, 1993 Rangarajan L. N jr.) The Arthasastra (Kautilya) Penguin Books, New Delhi, 1992 Ryder, Arthur jr.) ThePanchatantra Jaico Publishing House, Bombay, 1998
Appendix I Authors Cited in the Thesis (Alphabetised Index with Page numbers) Abhishekhi, Janaki 48 Allio, Robert. J 5, 12, 14, 24, 25, Aiyar, V.V.S. 72,96 Ashby, Meredith D & Stephen Miles 233 Augustine, Norman & Kenneth Adelman 255, 256 Aurobindo.45, 158 Badrinath, Chatterjee 46 Barker, Carolyn & Robyn Coy 20 Bender, Peter Urs 20 Bennis Warren 7, 8, 16, 20, 25, 26, 204 Bentley, James 223 Besant, Annie 45 Bharathiramanujachar M.K 214 Bharathi, Subramania 9, 10 Bhattacharya, Amalesh 215 Bornstein, David 264 Brown, Courtney 11 Bruch, Heike & Sumantra Ghosal 246 Burns, J.M. 21, 222 Campbell, Joseph 199, 240 Carnagie 237 Cervantes 274 Chaitanya, Krishna 9, 44, 132, 159, 213, 216, 261, 266 Chakraborty S.K. & Pradip Bhattacharya, 211 Chakravarty, Ajanta 158, 159, 162 Chary, S.N 228 Chaudary, Nandita 233 Ciulla, Joanne 21
xliii
Clark, Evelyn 197 Cohen, William 19 Conger 233 Corrigan, Paul 29 Datta, Devangshu 226 Despain, James & Converse Jane Bodman 237 Diaz, S.M. 83 Diehl, Daniel & Mark P. Donnelly 21,26 Dikshitar, V. Ramachandra 73, 96 Drew & Lazarus 72 Fisher Rozer Allen Sharp 20 Franz Metcalf& BJ Gallagher Hately 203, 256 GargR.S. 8, 158, 161, 229, 240 Gibb, Christopher 224 Giuliani, Rudolf 20, 229 Hazlitt, William 256 Hawley, Jack 2, 3, 126, 158, 159, 160, 161, 214 Hean-Tat Ong, Sin-Tian Yap & Kawatani Takashi 18 Henry Mintzberg 204, 253, 254, 261 Hurka, Thomas 263 Huxley, Aldous 27 Ingalls 212 lococca, Lee 13, 20, 230 Jagannathan, N.S 209, 210 Katz, Ruth Cecily 212, 213 Khanna, Satish 270 Kipling, Rudyard 208, 275, 276 Kodandaramayya, P 45, 190 Kotter, John 15, 204 Krause, Donald G 18 Kudaisya, Medha 225 Kulandaiswamy 42 Lala, Russi 7, 10, 20, 25
xliv
xlv Landrum Gene N 198, 209, 222, 224 Macdonald, Fiona 224 Maharajan S 231 Manz, Charles C, Henry P. Sims, Jr 265 Maxwell John C 20 Mazumdar, Subhash 46 McCormack 239 Mora, Juan Mignel de 47, 197 Munshi, K.M. 42, 45 Murthi, R.K. 223 Nair, Keshavan 5, 223 Neff, Thomas J & Citrin 24, 25 Padamsee, Alyque 240 Palat, Raghu 227 Citrin James 12, 20, 22, 33 Owen Hilarie 7, Pandit Srinivas 21,33, 227 Peter Hill 47 Raja, Kunjunni 41 Rajagopalachari C (Rajaji) 42,45, 54, 55, 158, 220, 223, 247 Ramanathan V 158, 160 Rammohan, Alagappa 39 Ram Mohan S 45 Robert K. Greenleaf 203, 204 Russell, Bertrand 10 Sadler, Philip 12, 24, 25, 28, 30 Saraf, Vasant 21 Shakespeare, William 5, 14, 29, 74, 252, 255, 256, 266 Sharrna,G.D 31, 92, 95 Sharma Robin 13,27, 199, 221, 232, 234, 235, 236, 237, 239, 242, 272, 272, 273, 276 Sharma Vishnu 204 Shaw, Bernard 232, 274 Simmons, Annette 198 Singh Anup J & Chauhan Daisy 20
Singh, Sampat P 17, 24, 29, 211 Smith Dayle 20 Sorokin, Pitirim 6, 222 Subrahmanian N., R. Rajalakshmi 2, 40, 55 Subramuniyaswami Sivaya 2, 39, 40, 41, 54, 55, 72, 96, 187 Thaninayagam, Xavier 41 Uberoi, Meera 47 Verity, A.W 14 Waitley, Denis 269 Ward, Jane C 21 Ward A.0 274 Watson Jr. Thomas J 230, 243 Witzel Morgen 26 Yeats, W.B. 262 Zaleznik, Abraham 14, 15, 16, 229 Zenger John H & Folkman Joseph 15
xJvi
Lee Iacocca, Mark McCormack and Rajaji find place in both the lists, as they are authors and leaders.
Appendix 12 Leaders Referred to in the Thesis (Alphabetised Index with Page Numbers) Aga, Anu 229 Barrington, Michael 241 Bell, Alexander Graham 28 Bharti, Uma 210 Birla, G.D. 225 Boeing, William 236 Buddha, Gautama 203, 208 Churchill, Winston 7 Damodaran, Melaveetil 228 Darwin, Charles 208 Dhanrajgir, Humayun 227 Edison, Thomas Alva 28 Einstein, Albert 208 Fiorina, Carly 230,241, 247 Ford, Henry 26 Franklin, Benjamin 28 Gandhi, Mahatma 5,6,7, 8, 41, 208, 220,222 Gandhi, Sonia 210 Gates, Bill 208 Giannini, A.P. 239 Guiliani, Rudolf 229 Hammerskj old, Dag 208 Hazari, R.K. 17 Hillary, Edmund 237 Hitler, Adolf 208 Hussein, Saddam 8 Iacocca, Lee 13, 230 Jam, Bhavarlal 227 Kanegoankar, Deepak 227
xlvii
Kelkar, Bhausaheb 227 Kelleher, Herb 22 Keller, Helen 224 Kennedys 7 Keynes, J.M. 230 Khan, Aga 228 Khanna, Ravi 227 Kierkegaard, Soren 241, 244 King, Jr. Martin Luther 7 Kotak, Udayan 228 Kroc, Ray 235, 238 Lama, Dalai 208, 224 Lenin, 27 Louis XIV 10 Lincoln, Abe 237, 239 Machiavelli 30, 47 Mandela., Nelson 208, 220, 224 Mao Tse-tung, 208, 220, 224, 225 Marx, Karl, 208, 218 Mashelkar, Raghunath 227 Mazumdar, Kiran 227 McCormack, Mark 233 Montessori, Maria 208 Murthy, Narayana 220, 226, 245 Napoleon 30 Padamsee, Naushad 228 Patton, General 19 Powell, Collin 19, 32 Premji, Azim 226, 245 Rains, Frank 22 Rajaji, (Rajagopalachari C) 42,45, 54, 55, 158, 220, 223, 247 Raju, K.V.K. 244, 245 Ratnapurki, Prakash 227 Roosevelt, Franklin D 7
xlviii
Roosevelt, Theodore 32, 273 Rosenwald, Julius 203, 204 Schwab, Charles 22 Schwarzkoff, General 18 Schweitzer, Albert 7 Screwvala, Ronnie 227 Shaw, Kiran Mazumdar 228 Singh, Manmohan 209, 210 Singh, Sartaj 227 Sinha, Yashwant 209 Sloan, Alfred 203, 204 Talwar, R.K. 245 Tandon,G.L. 117 Tandon,P.L. 17 Tata, J.N. 225, 226 Tata, J.R.D 225, 226 Vagul, 228 Vail, Theodore N 203, 204 Vajpayee 210 Walton, Sam 20, 232 Watson, Thomas 11, 230, 239, 243 Welch, Jack 13 Wise, Brownie 241 Wrigley Jr., William 235 Xenophon, 19 Yogananda 208
xlix
Lee Iacocca, Mark McCormack and Rajaji find place in both the lists, as they are authors and leaders.

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