Medieval China Resource Packet

Tags: New York, China, the I Ching, primary sources, Columbia University Press, Marjorie Wall Bingham, Charles O. China, Chinese Brush Painting, detailed information, David F. Chinese Kites, Stanford University Press, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of China, Eloise T. Embroidered Gauze, Gary E. McCuen Publications, Inc., Lily Toy Hong, Chinese calligraphy, Chartwell Books, Chinese characters, Libraries Press, J. Weston Walch, Frank Schaffer Publications, Inc., Chinese writing, The Columbia Book of Later Chinese Poetry, Ed Young, Gladys Yang, University of Washington Press, Princeton University Press, Yang Ming- Yi, Yang Xiang, German university, The Columbia Book of Chinese Poetry, Chinese Folktale, Chinese women, Price Stern Sloan, Inc., Chinese Mythology, Burton Watson, Diane Wolkstein, Ching Dnasties, The Illustrated I Ching, the Ancient Chinese, role of women, James H. Overfield, Chinese Civilization, the Han dynasty, Houghton- Mifflin Company, James R. Brandon, Johns Hopkins University Press, Deirdre Lashgari, cultural study, East Gate Book, Chinese Footbinding, Carol & Li, Li Po, Geography Coloring Book, Clarion Books, Chuko Liang, Chinese Beliefs, Joann Gillespie, David Grant, B. Blom, Chinese literature, Debra Carlson, world history, Virginia Gannaway, Eyewitness Books, Golden Owl Publishing Company, Avon Books, Jean Diamond, Alfred J., Medieval China Resource Packet, Sally Olson, ancient Chinese art, Alfred A. Knopf, Fergus M. Peach Blossom Spring, Chinese Drama
Content: Medieval China Resource Packet by Debra Carlson, Jean Diamond, Virginia Gannaway, Joann Gillespie, David Grant, Sally Olson Annotated Bibliography
Andrea, Alfred J. and James H.
Human Record:
Sources of Global
History, Volume
to 1700. Boston: Houghton-
Mifflin Company, 1990.
A good collection of primary sources,
useful for sixth and seventh grade world
history, it includes primary sources on
Buddhism and Confucianism.
Arlington, L.C. Chinese Drama From
Earliest Times
Until Today. Bronx,
N.Y.: B. Blom, 1966.
A panoramic study of the art in China,
tracing its origin and describing its actors
(in both male and female roles), their
costumes and make-up, superstitions and
stage slang, the accompanying music and
musical instruments, concludes with
synopses of thirty Chinese plays.
Ayscough, Forence. Chinese Women: Yesterday and Today. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin Co., 1937. This mixture of primary and secondary material provides information on
traditional roles of women in China and contrasts these roles with those of women in the present.
Bankier , Joanna and Deirdre Lashgari,
Ed. Women Poets
of the World.
New York:
Macmillan, 1983.
Excerpts from this work were used in the
NEH institute 1995-1996. Dr.Lashgari
was one of the guest teachers and
provided great insight into the role of
women in Chinese literature. A rich
treasure for those looking for examples of
women's literature.
Birrell, Anne. Chinese Mythology: An Introduction. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993. This recent addition to the many books on Chinese literature describes ancient beliefs of China and the roles they played in Chinese life.
Bordewich, Fergus M. Peach Blossom
York: Simon and
Schuster, 1994. ISBN# 0-671-
Excellent children's book that retells a
folktale depicting the Daoist view of the
ideal country. This book includes outstanding artwork in water color.
Brandon, James R. Traditional Asian
Plays. Edited and
with an intro-
duction by
James R. Brandon.
New York: Hill and Wang, 1972.
Indian, Japanese, and Chinese examples
are included. The Chinese play is entitled
"The Price of Wine" and is an example of
Chinese opera.
Carey, John, Ed. Eyewitness to History.
New York: Avon
Books, 1987.
ISBN#: 0-
This is an excellent collection of primary
sources in world history 430 B.C.- 1986.
Excerpts can be used as they are or pre-
sented in other forms, such as readers'
China: A cultural heritage. Amawalk,
Golden Owl Publishing
Company, 1993. ISBN#: 1-
This Jackdaw kit of primary sources,
pictures, and posters is an excellent
source of visuals and authentic realia for
students. The study guide has many
helpful materials as well. The cost was
$30; check the current catalogue prices by
calling 914-962-6911.
Chuang, Ph-Ho, translation by Peter
Forms. Taipei,
Taiwan: Sinorama Magazine,
In studying ancient Chinese art, author
Chuang noticed that certain forms and
shapes appeared throughout Chinese
history. He has provided historical and
cultural analyses of specific forms found
in folk art and illustrated each with a
Clarke, Peter B. The World's Religions.
Marshall Editions
(Readers' Digest), 1993. ISBN
This easily understood overview of major
religions includes sections on Daoism and
Cotterell, Arthur. Ancient China.
Eyewitness Books, New York:
A. Knopf, 1994.
This beautifully illustrated book provides
a history of China from the Bronze Age
to 1911, when the Manchu (Qing)
ended. Covered are such diverse topics
as ancestor worship, divination sticks,
Confucius, and lacquerware. Primary
source illustrations in this book could be
used to introduce limited English
speakers to Chinese history and culture in
an easily understood format.
Dolby, William. Eight Chinese Plays
The Thirteenth
Century to the
Present. Translations by Dolby.
New York:
Columbia University
Press, 1978.
Authors include Lin Tangqing, J. Shi, C.
Liang, J. Wang, and Mei Lanfang.
Examples from the Yuan dynasty and
Peking Opera are included.
Dore, Henry S.J., translation from
Customs. Singapore:
Graham Brash Publishers, 1987.
This discussion of Chinese beliefs,
practices, and "superstitions" was written
by a French missionary in Shanghai in
1914. It deals with birth, children,
marriage, death, and burial. Illustrations,
such as a charm showing the eight
trigrams of the I Ching, are included.
Eherhard, Wolfrom. Folk Tales of
New York:
University of Chicago
Press, 1993.
Folk tales include some of the history and
culture in language that is easily under-
stood by students of all abilities and
language fluencies.
Feng, Jicai. The Three-Inch Golden Lotus. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994. ISBN#: 08248-1574-2 This collection of stories has some information on footbinding, but it has mostly modern stories.
Goldstein, Peggy. Long is a Dragon.
York: Scholastic,
This reference provides detailed informa-
tion on Chinese calligraphy, and
directions for making Chinese characters.
Illustrations are easy to understand and
Grosier, J.B. The World of the Ancient
Chinese. Geneve-
Paris: Minerva,
Descriptions of earlier traditions are
illustrated with drawings and photo-
Gross, Susan Hill, and Marjorie Wall
Bingham. Women
in Traditional
China. Hudson, Wisconsin:
E. McCuen Publications,
Inc., 1980.
This mixture of primary and secondary
information describes traditional and
changing roles of Chinese women.
Haroz, Pat Rischar. Geographic Literacy:
Memorization. Portland,
Maine: J. Weston Walch, 1987.
Though the maps of China have place
names in the Wade-Giles format, rather
than the preferred Pinyin, they include
excellent outline maps for use in the
Hibbert, Eloise T. Embroidered Gauze:
Famous Chinese
Ladies. Freeport: Books for
Libraries Press,
Women from the time of Confucius to modern China are described, with detailed information on particular historic characters.
Hiersstein, Judy. Crafts from Other
Teacher Resource
Book for Middle and Upper
Frank Schaffer Publications,
Inc., 1994.
This excellent source provides nformation
on various crafts such as Chinese
Holdsworth, May. Beijing. Hong
Chartwell Books,
This reference describes modern
Beijing's character and daily life.
Hong, Lily Toy. Two of Everything: A Chinese Folktale. Retold and illustrated by Lily Toy Hong. Morton Grove, Ill.: A. Whitman, 1993. A poor old Chinese farmer finds a magic brass pot that doubles or duplicates whatever is placed inside it, but his efforts to make himself wealthy lead to unexpected complications. This is an excellent example of children's literature for use in the classroom.
Hook, Brian, Editor. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of China. Cambridge: Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge, 1991. This encyclopedia is a great general resource for information. Much of the inventions section came from its section on science and technology in China. It also has pictures of coins used in trade and contains three pages of tables demonstrating conversions of place names from Wade-Giles or Post Office formats to the preferred Pinyin.
Hsu, I Ching. Chinese Brush Painting
New York, New
York: Price Stern Sloan, Inc.,
ISBN#: 0-8431-
This book provides everything needed to
start painting. Traditional bamboo
brushes, paints, rice paper, instructions,
and examples are all included. Using this
book, some students have produced
outstanding watercolor art beyond what
would ever have been expected. Priced at
$21.95, it is a great value.
Huang, Kerson and Rosemary,
and Commentaries. I Ching.
Workman Publishing,
The Huangs, in addition to their own
translations, discuss Chinese history
(especially that described by the I Ching),
the legacy of Confucius and interpreta-
tions of the I Ching by his followers, the
relationship between the I Ching and
physics (Kerson is a physicist), the
history of oracle bones and yarrow
stalks, sug-gestions for using the I
Ching, and com-mentary on each
Hucker, Charles O. China's Imperial
Palo Alto, CA:
Stanford University
Press, 1975. ISBN#: 8047-
This reference provides information and
history on various dynasties of China.
Hume, Lotta Carswell. Favorite
S tories
from China and Tibet.
Rutland, Vermont and Tokyo,
Japan: Charles E.
Company, 1962.
Each story and folk tale is provided with
beautiful illustrations and its geographic
The reading level is
sixth grade.
Jiang, Wei and Cheng An. The Legend
Mu Lan: A
Heroine of Ancient
China. Monterey, CA: Victory
Press, 1992.
The authors have illustrated and written,
in both Chinese and English, this story,
based on a Song Dynasty poem, of a
woman who disguised herself as a male
in order to take the place of her old
and ill father in the army. The story
illustrates the importance placed on
respect for one's elders and family.
Jue, David F. Chinese Kites. Rutland,
Tokyo, Japan: Charles
E.Tuttle Co., 1967.
A good book on the history of Chinese
kites, this reference also gives
instructions on how to make and fly
Johnson, Oliver A., Ed. Sources of
Civilization, vol. I:
to 1500. Engle-
wood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall,
1994. ISBN#: 0-
Good collection of primary sources,
useful for sixth and seventh grade world
history, it contains the Buddhas's
original Deerpark sermon, from which
the readers' theatre script on Buddhism
was written.
Kaser, R.T. I Ching in Ten Minutes.
Books, 1994.
Although 300 pages in length, this book
is written more for the casual Western
reader. Kaser provides a detailed guide
of proceeding, using coins, and ties
readings to particular questions, such as
money, love, work, and astrology.
Kendall, Carol & Li, Yao-Wen. Sweet
Sour: Tales From
China. Retold.
New York: Clarion Books, 1980.
ISBN: 0-395-
A "must-buy" for teaching social studies or language arts, this engaging collection of folktales is available through Permabound. A class set is well worth the investment. The folktales range from the Han dynasty to the Qing dynasty with several stories having no distinguishing time period (Oral History). The reading level is mainly grades 4-5, yet the cultural issues raised challenge students in thinking about the rich culture of China.
Kapit, Wynn. The Geography Coloring Book. New York: HarperCollins, 1991. An excellent map of China, showing both political and physical features, is contained in this resource. Place names are shown in the Pinyin form.
Lee, Chin and Kay Wong. I Ching:
Book ` of Change. Tujunga, CA:
The K.
Company, 1971.
After an explanation of the history and
how to use either divining sticks or coins
for consulting the I Ching, Lee and Wong
combine Confucian commentaries with
others to present part of the
reading of each hexagram in verse form.
Levy, Howard S. Chinese Footbinding:
The History of a
curious Erotic
New York: Walton Rawls,
Illustrations, such as schematic drawings
showing the "before" and "after" views
of the foot, accompany the historical and
cultural study of the custom of
footbinding, now illegal.
Li, Dun J. Ed. The Essence of Chinese Civilization. Princeton, NJ: D Van Nostrand Co., Inc., 1967. This collection of Chinese writers has a variety of historical and literary materials.
Li, Po. Works of Li Po, The Chinese
Translated and
transcribed into
English verse by Shigeyoshi
Obata. New York:
Paragon Book
Corp., 1965.
An excellent source for literature of the
Tang dynasty, this book has an introduc-
tion providing insight into the life of one
China's greatest poets as well as facilitat-
ing understanding of Chinese poetry
itself. The relationship between beliefs,
literary expression, artistic expression,
and life circumstances are explored, using
Li Po's poems as examples. Several
paintings corresponding to particular
poems are included in the book.
Li, Yu-ning, Ed. Chinese Women:
Through Chinese Eyes. Armonk:
An East Gate Book, 1992.
The first 125 pages deal with women in
ancient China.
Lip, Evelyn. Chinese Beliefs and Superstitions. Singapore: Graham Brush (Pte) Ltd, 1985. The author describes and illustrates customs and beliefs such as geomancy, facereading, festivals, legendary deities, and charms. In the preface the author indicates that this is not intended to be a scholarly work but rather a "light-hearted representation" of some beliefs.
Llewellyn, Bernard. China's Courts and Concubines. London: Simson Shand Ltd., 1956. This book includes a biography of Chuko Liang, the inventor and military strategist, born about 181 A.D. in the province of Shantung. He has been compared to Leonardo da Vinci, who acted as military engineer to Prince Borgia in Renaissance Italy.
Lo-Feng. Chinese Art. Youth Cultural Enterprises Co., Ltd., 1985. This study and survey of art in China provided much of the information in the art section.
MacFarquhar, Roderick. The Forbidden
City. New York:
Newsweek, 1972.
ISBN#: 0-
Information on this part of Beijing and its
historical and cultural significance are
Mack, Maynard. General Editor. The Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces. Volume 1. New York: Norton, 1995. This is the source of the translation of "The Peach Blossom Spring". T'ao Ch'ien (365-427) is the original author and a prolific writer in Chinese literature. The anthology is helpful as a general reference.
Miyazaki, Ichisada. China's Examination Hell: The civil service Examinations of Imperial China. New York: John Weatherhill, Inc., 1976. This secondary source describes, in detail, the civil service system of China and its foundations in writings of Confucius.
Needham, Joseph. Science in Traditional China. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1981. This book contains information on the Taoist alchemy that led not only to the invention of gunpowder and firearms, but also to the rise of modern medical chemistry.
Nicholson, Robert. Journey Into
Juniors, 1994.
This general historical reference contains really attractive, illustrated portraits of Mongols, including Genghis Khan.
Noss, David S. "Native Chinese Religion
Daoism," History of
world religion. New York:
Macmillan Publishing
This article provides an overview of
ancient Chinese beliefs, including
ancestor worship, earth-worship, and
oracle bones.
Nylan, Michael. Translation and
The Elemental
Changes: The Ancient
Chinese Companion to the I
Albany: State University of New
York, 1994.
Nylan has translated both the original
texts and various commentaries,
including those written by Confucius
and/or his followers.
Ostwald, H. G. Translation of Dao De
London: Penguin
Books, 1985.
An excellent translation with a helpful
introduction and commentary notes for
the teacher-scholar seeking a deeper,
profound understanding of Daoism, this
book is easy to understand. All excerpts
for lessons come from this translation.
Palmer, Martin and Jay Ramsay with
Xiaomin. I Ching:
Shamanic Oracle of Change. San
Thoren's (of Harper Collins
Publishers), 1995.
Besides newly translating from the
original Chinese, the authors have
provided their own original art,
calligraphy, and poetry to accompany
each hexagram and have analyzed the
radicals of the Chinese characters used to
describe each. A philosophical and
historical analysis of the I Ching in
general, oracle bones, and specific
hexagrams is provided.
Pirazzoli-t'Serstevens, Michele.The Han Dynasty. New York: Rizzoli, 1982. This reference contains a silk road map and information about the development of this road. It also contains pictures of archeological studies during the Han period.
Puritt, Ida. A Daughter of Han: The
Autobiography of
a Chinese
Working Woman. Translated by
Alison Nyren. Lewiston:
Edwin Mellen Press, 1995.
This recent translation of a Qing dynasty
novel can be read in a core class or by
more advanced readers.
Pu, Sung-ling (1640-1715). Hsing Shih
Yuan Chuan; The Bonds
of Matrimony. Translated by Eve
Alison Nyren.
Edwin Mellen Press, 1995.
This book is a recent translation of a Qing
dynasty novel.
Rappaport, Doreen. The Journey of
legend retold
by Doreen Rappaport; pictures by
Ming-Yi. New York:
Dial Books for Young Readers,
ISBN: 0-8037-0895-5
Set in the time of Shihuangdi's rule of
China, a woman goes in search of her
husband who has been forced to be a
slave for the emperor. This story prompts
discussion of the impact of building the
Great Wall of China as well as the
characteristics admired in women in
traditional Chinese culture. This is
illustrated children's literature.
Rexroth, Kenneth. The Orchid Boat;
Poets of China.
Translated and edited by Kenneth
Rexroth and Ling
New York: McGraw-Hill, 1972.
This is a good resource for bringing out the role of women in Chinese literature and provides excellent examples of poetry written by women.
Riley, Philip F., et al, Ed. The Global
Readings in
World History to 1500, vol I,
Englewood Cliffs, NJ:
Prentice Hall, 1994.
ISBN#: 0-13-356981-0
This is a good collection of primary
sources, useful for sixth and seventh
grade world history. Translations of
several original documents on China are
Scafer, Edward H. Ancient China. New York: Time-Life Books, 1967. This general reference on ancient China includes a chapter on discoverers and inventors with pictures of inventions. Silverberg, Robert. Wonders of Ancient Chinese Science. NewYork: Hawthorne Books, Inc., 1969. Silverberg discusses the Chinese as scientists and goes through documentation of many of their inventions.
Siu, R.G.H.. The Portable Dragon: The Western Man's Guide to the I Ching. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1968. This text provides historical and philosophical explanations of the I Ching but is less easy to follow than, say, those written by the Huangs, Lee and Wong, and Palmer, et al.
Smith, Arthur H. Village Life in China:
New York: Greenword Press,
Publishers, 1969
(reprinted from
China is seen and documented through the eyes of a nineteenth century western Christian.
Smith, Richard J. Fortune-Tellers and
in Traditional Chinese Society.
Westview Press, 1991.
Smith traces the history of divination and
various types of fortune-telling in China's
history. He describes their existence
from ancient times to the present and
provides analysis of their role in daily
Sowards, J. Kelley, Ed. Makers of
History, Volume
1. NY:
St. Martin's Press, 1992.
ISBN#: 0-
This general reference describes the lives
of various historical figures, including
several of China.
Stearns, Peter N., et al, Ed.. "Poetry and Society in Tang China," Documents in World History. Volume 1, The Great Traditions: From AncientTimes to 1500. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc., 1988. ISBN#:0-06046382-1 This ia a good general reference and the source of the poems by Du Fu (712-770), Po Chu Yi (772-846), Liu Tsung-Yuan (773-819), and P'i Jih-Hsiu (833-883).
Stearns, Peter N., et al, Ed.. "Women in
Classical China:
Pan Chao,"Documents
in World
History. Volume 1, The Great
Traditions: From Ancient Times
1500. New York:
Harper & Row,
Publishers, Inc., 1988. ISBN#:
This article describes limitations,
traditions, and lifestyles of Chinese
Sung, S.D. I Ching: Book of Changes. Taiwan: Cultural Books Company, 1988. Sung's text is written almost as a workbook and is very easy to follow. It has traditional interpretations written in simple language.
Temple, Robert. The Genius of China.
andSchuster, 1986.
This book is an encyclopedia of the
inventions of the Chinese. It also
compares the inventions to similar
inventions in Europe on a timeline.
Thomas, Carol G. and D.P. Wick.
Ancient History:
A Toolkit for the
Historian as Detective.
Cliffs, NJ:
1994. ISBN#: 0-13-
This resource leads students through the
process of discovery of history through
the use of primary sources.
Watson, Burton. The Columbia Book of
Chinese Poetry;
From Early Times To
Thirteenth Century. Translated and
edited by Burton Watson. New
Columbia University
Press, 1984.
Translations from classic poetry of a wide
variety are included.
Watson, Burton. The Columbia Book of
Chinese Poetry; Yuan,
Ming, and Ching Dnasties (1279-
1911). Translated and
edited by Burton Watson. New
Columbia University
Press, 1984.
This book includes translations from
classic poetry of a wide variety.
Wilhelm, Richard. Heaven, Earth, and
Man in
the Book of
Changes: Seven Eranos
Lectures. Seattle: University of
Washington Press, 1977. Wilhem devoted much of his life to studying the I Ching. These lectures, on the history, philosophy, and meaning of the I Ching, are the seven for which he is best known and which were delivered at meetings and to his German university students. Wilhelm was a Christian who saw the I Ching as complementary to Christian beliefs.
Wilhelm, Richard. translation from
Chinese into German, and translated
from German
into English by
Cary F. Baynes.
The I Ching or Book of Changes.
edition. New York:
Foundation, Inc., of Princeton
University Press,
Wilhelm has very carefully translated
from the Chinese, according to most
other scholars, exactly as the text was
originally written.
Wing, R.L. The Illustrated I Ching.
York: Doubleday,
The author's original art illustrates many
of the fine points of reading the I Ching
and various types of divination. Wing's
text is often poetic.
Wolkstein, Diane. 8,000 Stones: A
Told by Diane Wolkstein.
Illustrated by Ed Young. New
Dial Books for
Young Readers, 1993.
This is a retelling of the Chinese tale in
which the governor's clever son finds a
way to weigh an elephant. This example
of children's literature is illustrated and
easy to read.
Yang, Wan-li (1127-1206). Heaven My
Blanket, Earth My
poems; translated and introduced
Jonathan Chaves.
New York:
Weatherhill, 1975.
These poems were written during the Song dynasty. Some examples are used in Across the Centuries (seventh grade textbook). It is included here for those who would like to go into greater depth with students or for personal enrichment.
Yang, Xianyi. Poetry and Prose of the
Song .
Translated by Yang Xiang
Gladys Yang.
This is a good resource for poetry from
the Tang and Song dynasties.
Yep, Laurence. The Shell Woman and
King: A Chinese
Folktale. Retold by
Laurence Yep; paintings by Yang
Yi. New York: Dial
Books for Young
To save herself and her husband from an
evil king, Shell agrees to bring him three
wonders. This example of children's
literature, by the author of Dragonwings,
is illustrated..
Young, Ed. Red Thread. New York,
Philomel Books:
ISBN: 0-399-21969-2
Early one morning Wei Gu meets an old
man from the spirit world who tells the
young bachelor about his future bride and
life together. The story deals with issues
of fate, love, and marriage. The artist
used watercolor and pastels to create the
outstanding illustrations for this book.
Wu, Lilian. Population Atlas of China. Geographic Information Systems, program on disks, Arc View 1.0. Pomona: Cal Poly Pomona, 1995. The maps and data contained in this program were develped by Dr. Lilian Wu, one of the guest lecturers in the NEH Institute. The teacher may combine needed data and map directions to produce specific maps,
such as the ones shown in this packet. One limitation is that the maps contain only information current for 1995, rather than historical data. However, geographic information is more current than most available, and place names are in the preferred Pinyin style.
Zhang, Song Nan. Five Heavenly
Chinese Myths of
Creation. Montreal,
Tundra Books, 1994.
ISBN # 0-88776-338-3
No one has attempted to illustrate so
many Chinese legends as Song Nan
Zhang has done here. His paintings are
inspired by ancient Chinese pottery,
sculpture and paintings. To this, he has
added his own modern sensibilities to
create a book that is a unique insight into
the Chinese world and a good example of
children's literature.

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