Recycling America's Land, E THEUNITEDSTATESCONFER

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Content: Recycling America's Land A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment May 2006 | Volume VI THE UNITED STATES CONFERENCE OF MAYORS
The United States Conference of Mayors Beverly O'Neill, Mayor of Long Beach President Michael A Guido, Mayor of Dearborn Vice-President Douglas Palmer, Mayor of Trenton Chair, Advisory Board Patrick McCrory, Mayor of Charlotte Chair, Environment Committee J. Christian Bollwage, Mayor of Elizabeth Co-Chair, Brownfields Task Force John Antaramian, Mayor of Kenosha Co-Chair, Brownfields Task Force J. Thomas Cochran, Executive Director The United States Conference of Mayors is the official nonpartisan organization of cities with populations of 30,000 or more through their chief elected official, the Mayor. Judy Sheahan, Assistant Executive Director Ted Fischer, Staff Associate 1620 Eye Street, NW, Washington, DC 20006, (202) 293-7330 www.usmayors.org This publication was made possible, in part, with funding from the U. S. environmental protection Agency's Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. The information contained in this document does not necessarily reflect the views of the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. www.epa.gov Photos provided by contributing cities.
Distribution of Archived CERCLIS Sites (Non-Superfund) by Congressional District 1­30 Sites 31­60 Sites 61­90 Sites 90+ Sites As part of the U. S. EPA's Brownfields Action Agenda, former Administrator Carol Browner (January 1993 ­ January 2001) removed approximately 30,000 sites from the superfund Tracking System List (CERCLIS) as a result of further investigation of these properties. U. S. EPA released these sites because potential developers and others feared the CERCLIS designation. This map organizes these sites by Congressional district, showing how Superfund's far reaching liability provisions affect every part of the country. These CERCLIS sites approximate a very small fraction of the brownfields problem (the U. S. General Accounting Office estimates that there are more than 400,000 brownfields through the nation). Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 1
Contents
Letter from President Beverly O'Neill
3
Quotes Regarding Brownfields and Land Preservation
4
Introduction
5
Executive Summary
6
Survey Highlights
7
Table of Key Findings
10
City, State and Population
10
City, State and Revenue
14
City, State, Brownfield Sites and Acres
17
Redeveloped and Current Sites in Progress
19
City, State, Jobs, Population Support
24
Estimated Brownfield Sites and Mothballed Properties
27
Brownfields Survey 2005
29
Dear Mayor, I am very pleased to announce the release of our sixth brownfields report entitled, Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment, Volume VI. The redevelopment of brownfields has been a top priority for the Conference of Mayors. Brownfields are abandoned or underutilized properties that are found in almost every city in the United States. Brownfields come in many forms, including old industrial and commercial properties, vacant buildings, or abandoned gas stations. The nation's mayors are proud of their cities and we continually strive to make our communities the best possible places to live and work. However, it is nearly impossible to do it entirely alone due to the burdens placed on our communities from such items as unfunded mandates to regulations that do not promote the reuse and redevelopment of land. As Mayors we know that unused properties and abandoned sites hold the promise of reaching our economic development goals. The redevelopment of these sites often relieves cities and suburbs of the burden of having to build new infrastructure to meet the burgeoning demands of affordable housing, retail, and commercial or mixed-use location space. We know that the future economic vitality of our cities lies in our ability to reuse the land, which currently has roads and sewers in existence. Brownfields redevelopment allows us to continuously rebuild and reinvest in our local neighborhoods and communities making us stronger. My theme for my year as President is "Cities for a Strong America." I am hosting a series of summits around the country focused on some of the components that are necessary to assist us in our efforts to achieve stronger cities including Brownfields. The purpose of the summits is to focus the nation's attention on the importance of cities to the national economy, and to draw national attention to the need to invest in our cities to benefit the entire country. In my own community of Long Beach, for most of the 20th century we were defined by the Naval and the aerospace industry. In the early 1990s we were devastated by the closure of our Navy Hospital, Navy Station and finally our Naval Shipyard. At the same time we were attempting to deal with the layoff of 30,000 McDonnell Douglas employees. In total our community lost over 58,000 jobs with economic losses totaling $4 billion. We had hopes that we could leverage our historic strengths in tourism and International Trade into a new more diversified economy that would carry our community into the 21st Century. We also had hopes that we could take advantage of the emerging technology boom and create a technology center for Southern California in Long Beach. Brownfields are too costly to ignore, not only from the environmental standpoint of contamination, but also the social aspect of decayed properties and the potential they hold. I want to thank all of the cities that contributed to this report. The information provided is very important for the continued effort of Brownfield redevelopment and community awareness. Yours truly, Beverly O'Neill Mayor of Long Beach President of the US Conference of Mayors Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 3
"The City of Elizabeth has benefited from the development of Brownfields. We have been able to convert older, contaminated properties into new and thriving developments within the heart of our community. With property values rising and available land disappearing, it is important for cities to revitalize communities and neighborhoods that have fallen into disrepair." J. Christian Bolwage Mayor of Elizabeth, NJ Co-Chair, The United States Conference of Mayors Brownfield's Task Force "Brownfields is one of the most important topics on a Mayor's agenda when planning community development within a city. The City of Charlotte has had many successes in the development of Brownfields and we look forward to many more. Brownfields are more then just contaminated or blighted land, they are an opportunity. Every city that has a chance to redevelop brownfield properties has a chance to re-write their future and make new sustainable developments and revitalize older communities." Patrick McCrory Mayor of Charlotte, NC Chair, The United States Conference of Mayors Environmental Committee
"In Kenosha, Brownfield's have been a very important part of our city's growth. The Revitalization of our harbor and the construction of new sustainable communities have brought healthier businesses and a population increase. Kenosha has become one of Wisconsin's gems because of our vision to beneficially reuse abandoned properties in a positive fashion. Brownfields have to be viewed as legacy projects, with the intention of leaving future generations' clean and healthy places to live, work and raise a family." John M. Antaramian Mayor of Kenosha (WI) Co-Chair of the United States Conference of Mayors Brownfield's Task Force "Cities are a vital part of the economic stability of the country. The US Conference of Mayors Metro Economies Report verified that Cities and the metropolitan areas play a dynamic role in our nation's economy. Metro Economies represent more than 80% of employment, income and the production of goods and services in the United States. Brownfields redevelopment plays an integral role in these numbers with an increase in jobs, property value, taxes and tourism. The United States Conference of Mayors will continue to work with Mayors in developing Brownfields throughout the nation. J. Thomas Cochran Executive Director United States Conference of Mayors
4 Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006
Introduction
The United States Conference of Mayors defines the term "brownfield" as an abandoned or underutilized property where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by either real or perceived environmental contamination. This description applies to a wide variety of sites including, but not limited to, industrial properties, old gas stations, vacant warehouses, former dry cleaning establishments, abandoned residential buildings which potentially could contain lead paint or asbestos. Under the brownfields law, sites that contain petroleum products as well as minescarred land are also considered brownfields. Brownfields are located in almost every community in the United States. The existence of many brownfield sites can be traced to the strict liability provisions of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), a federal law more commonly known as "Superfund". CERCLA was enacted in 1980 to stop the irresponsible discharge of pollutants to the environment by holding entities to very strict liability standards, making every past and present owner fully responsible for any and all costs to remediate "Superfund" properties. This federal law, over time, has affected virtually all properties ­ including brownfields ­ by making the owners of these sites potentially subject to liability even if they did not cause the pollution. This resulted in many potential developers and businesses being driven away from brownfields as potential sites for investment. Instead, many private and public parties have built sites away from urban core areas and instead developed "greenfields", pristine or undeveloped land, as a choice to locate new businesses, homes and other developments. In order to address the problem of abandoned urban property and to assist in preventing the continued consumption of farmland and other open spaces, Congress enacted brownfields legislation in January of 2003. The brownfields legislation enacted provides liability protection for innocent parties interested in redeveloping brownfields, provides resources to conduct environmental assessments and remediation, as well as provides resources for state brownfields programs. This is the sixth report published by The U. S. Conference of Mayors describing the status of brownfields in the United States. The purpose of this report is to build upon the four previous reports by compiling new information from the nation's cities on the status of brownfields and the impact these properties have on communities. The information in this report has been added to The U. S. Confer-
ence of Mayors National Brownfields Database to help track local efforts in redeveloping these properties. Data included in this report are a compilation of information provided from 201* cities that responded to a U. S. Conference of Mayors questionnaire. The participating cities were from 41 different states and territories, including the District of Columbia, as well as Puerto Rico and Saipan. The cities were diverse in their industrial and manufacturing backgrounds as well as future plans for the redevelopment of brownfields sites. The magnitude of brownfields affecting communities across America is enormous, considering the amount of land that can be reclaimed and the future reinvestment potential that these properties offer cities in regards to tax revenue. Cities completed all or part of the questionnaire based on their best available data. The questionnaire solicited information on the number of brownfields (subject to each city's criteria) and acres of land affected, impediments to potential benefits of redevelopment, state activities and regional partnerships. Also included this year were more in-depth questions aimed at identifying successful brownfields redevelopment projects, which will be featured in a "best practices" publication. The U. S. Conference of Mayors wishes to thank everyone who participated in this report. * More then 200 cities across the United States and in U. S. territories represent those survey respondents who identified brownfields within their vicinity, even though they may have been unable to provide actual numbers of sites or acres comprised therein.
Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 5
Executive Summary
The sixth Brownfields report documents the problems of brownfields redevelopment faced by local communities throughout the United States and identifies the opportunities lost when properties remain idle and abandoned. This report quantifies some of the benefits from brownfields redevelopment efforts across the country with cities responding their positive results from land recycling and the return of brownfields to productive uses. Status of the Problem More then 200 cities provided information regarding brownfields in their communities. In this years' survey, 172 estimated that they had more than 23,810 brownfields sites, with the average size of a brownfield site being approximately between 5 and 15 acres. There were 158 cities estimating that Brownfield properties comprised of 96,039 acres of land, representing potential new jobs and land tax revenue. More then 120 cities estimated that 2,579 sites have been "Mothballed," which is defined, as sites that the current owner has no intention of redeveloping or selling due to environmental concerns. These are sites that owners would prefer to remain idle and unused rather than turn these sites over for development. This year's report again demonstrates that brownfields not only affect large urban areas, but also suburban and rural landscapes as well. Our last report stated that nearly a third of the respondents were from cities with populations under 50,000 and this report had the same results. Additionally, 60 percent of the respondents were from cities with populations under 100,000. The cities again identified the major obstacles to the redevelopment of brownfield sites. In this report, `Cleanup Funds' was the most frequently identified impediment, cited by 86 percent of the respondents. The next two major impediments again were `Liability Issues' and the need for `Environmental Assessment'. This is the same result for the last five reports. This survey also asked cities if they had brownfields sites that would require additional subsidies beyond cleanup funds and assessment monies. Over 77 percent of the respondents listed the need for additional help in the following forms: low interest loans, demolition monies, aid in the acquisition and assembly of land, grants for remediation and aid for sewer upgrades, road improvements and other infrastructure upgrades. Also identified this year, not
in order or rank, were: brownfields technology training, job development and training, assistance in planning, and community needs assessment training. Potential Benefits In this year's survey we asked cities to report the actual number of acres and sites that have been redeveloped as well as current acres and sites in progress. There were 157 cities that reported having success in redeveloping brownfields. The average time it took to redevelop a brownfields site was three and half years. 154 cities successfully redeveloped more than 1,409 sites representing 10,806 acres. There are currently 1,189 sites, comprising 10,256 acres in some stage of redevelopment. Over 52 percent of the survey respondents stated that if their brownfields were redeveloped, they could realize nearly $958 million to $2.2 billion annually in additional tax revenues. There were 62 cities that provided actual tax revenue amounts from redeveloped brownfields sites totaling over $233 million. In addition, 91 cities responded that over 149,515 new jobs could be created on brownfields sites with 71 cities reporting that 83,171 jobs have already been created from former brownfields sites (21,977 jobs during redevelopment and 61,194 jobs created post development. We also asked what the end uses for sites were. Site usage included retail, mixed-use, housing and commercial projects. Over 75 percent of the respondents stated that additional people could live in their cities without burdening existing infrastructure, with more than 39 percent of the respondents stating that 3 million additional people could be accommodated in their communities. * 2005 Recycling America's Land Brownfield Survey Volume 6, does not contain numbers following the devastation from Hurricane Katrina. Cities in Louisiana, Florida, Texas, Mississippi and other effected regions submitted Brownfield numbers prior to the 2005 Hurricane Season.
6 Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006
Survey Highlights
Status of the Problem Number of Sites and Estimated Acreage Cities were asked to estimate the number and acreage of brownfields sites, subject to each cities criteria and best available data. It should be noted that several cities were unable to provide data or only included certain types of brownfields such as former industrial sites. Additionally, this year under the brownfields law several cities expanded their inventories to include formerly excluded petrochemical sites. 172 cities estimated that they had a total of 23,810 Brownfield sites. 159 cities estimated that brownfields consumed 96,039 acres of land. The average size of a brownfield site was approximately between 5 and 15 acres. 123 cities estimated that "mothballed" sites consumed 2,579 of their total brownfields sites. Impediments to Redevelopment Cities were asked to identify the impediments they encounter in redeveloping brownfield sites. The most frequently identified impediment (156 cities or 87 percent) was lack of clean up funds. The second and third most frequently identified impediments were environmental assessments (110 cities or 61 percent) and liability issues for brownfields sites (97 cities or 54 percent). These three areas of concern had similar ranking for the last five surveys.
· Aid in acquisition and assembly of land · Assistance with the planning process · Brownfield technology training · Community needs assessment training · Demolition monies · Grant funds for remediation · Job development and training · Low interest loans for development · Sewer upgrades, road improvements and other infrastructure upgrades. Potential Benefits of Brownfields Redevelopment Successful or Currently Redeveloped Sites and Estimated Acreage Respondents were asked to state their success in redeveloping brownfields in regards to number of sites and acreage. Additionally, cities were asked about the number of sites and acreage that currently were being redeveloped. There were 158 cities that have had success in redeveloping brownfields, with 137 cities
Additional Resources Needed Cities identified that additional resources were needed to complete brownfields redevelopment successfully. There were 136 cities or 77 percent of the total respondents stated that their city had brownfield sites that would require additional subsidies in addition to cleanup and assessment grants in order to attract investment. The types of resources that were identified included:
Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 7
Tax Amount
Tax Revenue from Brownfields Redevelopment
$2,500,000,000
$2.2 billion
2,000,000,000
1,500,000,000
1,000,000,000
500,000,000 0 Series 1
$233 million Actual
Potential
Job Creation from Brownfields Redevelopment 80,000
60,000
61,194
40,000 20,000
21,977
0
Jobs:
Pre Development
Post Development
Construction/Pre Development Jobs vs. Permanent Jobs
Jobs through Brownfields Redevelopment 9% Jobs During Redevelopment
currently in progress of remediating and redeveloping sites. 154 cities stated that success had been achieved in redeveloping 1,409 sites for a total of 10,905 acres. Currently, 1,189 sites are being redeveloped compris- ing 10,256 acres. The average time it took to redevelop a brownfields site was three and a half years. Cities were also asked what tools or programs were beneficial for brownfields redevelopment. The top three were: private investment, state programs and EPA assessment funding. End Uses for Brownfields Redevelopment Projects Respondents also submitted information regarding the end uses for brownfields redevelopment projects. To date brownfields sites have been redeveloped into the following: · 439 Retail projects · 14,189 housing development projects or individual Housing Units · 3,992 Mixed use projects · 520 Commercial projects · 422 Park Land Projects · 1,265 Other projects included educational facilities, government buildings, green space areas, recreational, light industrial and manufacturing, parking space/decks, schools, baseball stadiums and intermodal hubs for transportation. Benefits to Redevelopment Cities were asked to identify the four most important benefits to their city if their brownfields were redeveloped. Neighborhood revitalization was the most frequently cited benefit with 140 cities or 80 percent selecting this benefit. The other most frequently cited benefits were Increasing the city's tax base (139 respondents or 79 percent); job creation (132 respondents or 75 percent) and environmental protection (109 respondents or 62 percent).
Number of Jobs
65% Estimated Number of Jobs That Could Be Created
26% Jobs Post Development
Tax Revenue The survey asked for estimates of the potential local tax revenues that could be generated if brownfields were redeveloped. The estimates obtained were both conservative and optimistic annual tax figures. Additionally, cities were asked to provide the numbers for actual tax revenues generated from redeveloped brownfields sites. 64 cities provided actual revenue numbers totaling
8 Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006
$233 million in local tax revenue, which has been generated from redeveloped brownfields sites. 105 cities gave a conservative estimate totaling $958 million annually could be generated in their cities through brownfields reinvestment activity. 103 cities gave an optimistic estimate totaling $2.2 billion annually that could be accounted as city tax revenue if brownfields were redeveloped. Jobs Created Cities were asked to estimate the number of jobs that could be created if brownfields were redeveloped, as well as the actual number of jobs created to date as a result of revitalization activity. 72 cities responded that 83,171 (21,977 pre-development / 61,194 post development) jobs were actually created since brownfields redevelopment activity began in their city. 91 cities responded that approximately 149,515 new jobs could be created if their brownfield sites were redeveloped.
farmland preservation. Brownfields redevelopment was the most frequently cited partnership with both the county and state. The city-state partnership was the strongest, with over 72 percent (130 cities) indicating that there was a concerted effort between the city and state to deal with the issue of brownfields. The city-county partnership on brownfields redevelopment only accounted for 35 percent (62 cities) of survey respondents. The city-state partnership on urban sprawl indicated that 31 percent (51 cities) of the survey respondents were working on common issues related to sprawl, while 36 percent (60 cities) of the cities worked with the county to help curb sprawl. On the issue of open space and farmland preservation, 41 percent (69 cities) were working with their states and 31 percent (52 cities) were working with their counties. Incentives for Brownfield Redevelopment
Population Capacity Cities were asked if their communities could support additional people without the increase in population being an additional burden to existing infrastructure ­ roads, water, sewer systems and utilities. 113 cities or 76 percent of the respondents stated additional people could be supported given the existing infrastructure. Out of the 113 cities, 77 estimated that they could support a cumulative total of more than 3.3 million additional people. Other Findings Partnerships Cities were asked whether partnerships were formed with the county or state to address issues such as brownfields redevelopment, urban sprawl and open space or
Cities were asked to identify local or state incentives for brownfields redevelopment. More than one-half of the respondents (123 cities or 61 percent) indicated that incentives were offered to encourage brownfields redevelopment. The incentives listed included many that were noted in past brownfields reports including: tax credits or abatements, low interest loans, tax increment financing and grants for assessment and remediation. New incentives listed by respondents this year included: enterprise zone and community reinvestment area tax incentives, business relocation tax credits, voluntary cleanup pro-
Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 9
gram tax credits, states offering remedial grants to local municipalities and local matching funds and tax credits for employment. State Activity Cities were asked to rate how active their state was in working with them on the issue of brownfields. 97 cities (52 percent) gave their state a "very active" rating, with 69 cities (37 percent) indicating their states were "somewhat active". Only 19 cities responded that their state was "inactive" on this issue. Cities were asked to rank the performance of their state's Voluntary Cleanup Program (VCP). While VCPs vary from state to state, many states have implemented VCPs to expedite assessment, remediation and redevelopment efforts at brownfield sites for private sector developers. For those cities that did respond: · 31 cities (19 percent) gave their state an excellent rating; · 42 cities (25 percent) gave their state a very good rating, and · 48 cities (29 percent) gave their state VCP program a satisfactory rating. · There were 33 cities (19 percent) of the survey respondents that stated the question was "not applicable." 10 Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006
2005 Brownfields Survey City, State and Population
City Aguadilla Akron Albany Albany Albuquerque Alhambra Allentown Altoona Anderson Anderson Arlington Heights Arvada Asheville Athens atlanta Atlantic City Augusta Austin Bangor Baton Rouge Bayonne Bethlehem Binghamton Bossier City Boston Bowling Green Brea Bridgeport Buffalo Burbank Burlington Calumet City Camden Canton Carol Stream
State PR OH GA NY NM CA PA PA SC IN IL CO NC GA GA NJ GA TX ME LA NJ PA NY LA MA KY CA CT NY CA VT IL AR OH IL
Population 64,685 217,074 76,939 95,658 448,607 85,804 106,632 49,523 25,514 59,734 76,943 103,125 68,889 101,489 416,474 40,517 199,750 656,562 31,473 227,818 61,842 71,329 47,380 56,461 589,141 49,296 35,410 139,529 292,648 100,316 38,889 39,071 13,154 80,806 40,438
City Cedar Rapids Charleston Charlotte Chesapeake Chicago Cicero Cidra Clearwater Cleveland Cocoa Colorado Springs Columbia Columbus Columbus Compton Coralville Council Bluffs Cranston Dallas Dearborn Denver Derry Des Moines Detroit Dunedin East Providence East St. Louis Easthampton Elizabeth Emeryville Englewood Euless Evanston Evansville
State IA SC NC VA IL IL PR FL OH FL CO MO OH IN CA IA IA RI TX MI CO NH IA MI FL RI IL MA NJ CA CO TX IL IN
Population 120,758 96,650 540,828 214,759 2,896,016 85,616 42,753 108,787 478,403 16,412 374,344 90,967 730,000 39,059 93,493 15,123 58,268 79,269 1,188,580 99,573 554,636 34,021 198,682 951,270 35,691 48,688 31,542 15,994 120,568 6,882 31,727 52,895 74,239 121,582 (continued)
Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 11
2005 Brownfields Survey City, State and Population (continued)
City Everett Fairborn Fajardo Fitchburg Flagstaff Florence Fort Myers Fort Wayne Frederick Frisco Gahanna Gainesville Galesburg Gardena Gary Glen Cove Glendale Heights Glenview Greensboro Harrisburg Hattiesburg Hilo Hollywood Houston Howell Humacao Indianapolis Indio Inglewood Irvine Jackson Joplin Kalamazoo Kapolei Kenosha La Crosse La Verne Lafayette Lakewood
State MA OH PR MA AZ AL FL IN MD TX OH FL IL CA IN NY IL IL NC PA MS HI FL TX NJ PR IN CA CA CA MS MO MI HI WI WI CA IN NJ
Population 38,037 30,529 40,712 39,102 52,894 36,264 48,208 205,727 52,767 86,538 32,636 95,447 33,706 57,746 102,746 26,622 31,765 41,847 223,891 48,950 44,779 135,499 146,734 1,953,631 48,903 59,035 791,926 49,116 112,580 143,072 184,256 45,504 77,145 27,235 90,352 51,818 31,638 56,397 60,352
City Lakewood Lakewood Las Vegas Lincoln Livonia Long Beach Longmont Louisville Metro Lowell Lynn Macon Maple Grove Marlborough Meriden Miami Miami-Dade Michigan City Modesto Moline Montgomery Murfreesboro New Orleans New York Newport News Niles Northbrook Norwalk Oakland Park Ocala Owensboro Palatine Palm Bay Palo Alto Passaic Pawtucket Pensacola Perth Amboy Phoenix Pinellas Park
State CO OH NV NE MI CA CO KY MA MA GA MN MA CT FL FL IN CA IL AL TN LA NY VA IL IL CA FL FL KY IL FL CA NJ RI FL NJ AZ FL
Population 144,126 56,646 478,434 225,581 100,545 487,100 71,093 694,000 105,167 89,050 97,255 50,365 36,255 58,244 362,470 2,345,932 32,900 188,856 43,768 201,568 68,816 484,674 8,008,278 185,000 30,068 33,435 103,298 30,966 45,943 54,067 65,479 79,413 58,598 67,861 72,958 56,255 47,303 1,321,045 45,658
12 Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006
City Piscataway Pittsburg Pittsburgh Pontiac Port Arthur Poway Providence Racine Richland Richmond Rochester Rochester Rock Hill Rock Island Rockford Rockville Centre Royal Oak San Diego San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Cruz Schenectady Seattle Sheboygan Sioux City Solon Somerville South Bend Southfield Springfield Springfield St. Joseph St. Louis Stamford Sunnyvale Surprise Syracuse Tallahassee Terre Haute
State NJ CA PA MI TX CA RI WI WA VA NY MN SC IL IL NY MI CA CA CA CA NY WA WI IA OH MA IN MI OH MO MO MO CT CA AZ NY FL IN
Population 50,482 56,769 334,563 66,337 57,755 48,044 173,618 81,855 38,708 197,790 219,773 85,806 49,765 39,684 150,115 24,568 60,062 1,223,400 92,482 92,325 54,593 61,821 563,374 50,792 85,013 21,802 77,478 107,789 78,296 65,358 151,580 73,990 348,189 117,083 128,549 90,000 147,306 150,624 59,614
City Toledo Trenton Tucson Tupelo Upper Arlington Waco Warren West Hollywood West Palm Beach West Sacramento Westland Wheeling Wilmington Winston-Salem Woonsocket
State OH NJ AZ MS OH TX OH CA FL CA MI WV DE NC RI
Population 313,619 85,403 486,699 34,211 33,686 113,726 46,832 35,716 82,103 36,000 86,602 31,419 72,664 193,973 43,224
Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 13
2005 Brownfields Survey City, State and Revenue
City Aguadilla Akron Albuquerque Alhambra Allentown Altoona Anderson Arlington Heights Athens Atlanta Atlantic City Austin Bangor Baton Rouge Binghamton Bossier City Boston Buffalo Burbank Calumet City Camden Canton Charleston Chesapeake Cicero Cidra Clearwater Cleveland Columbus Compton Council Bluffs Dallas Dearborn Des Moines Detroit East Providence Easthampton Elizabeth Emeryville Englewood Evansville Everett Fairborn
Est. Annual
Tax Revenue
Gained
State
Conservative
PR
$1,000,000
OH
*
NM
$500,000
CA
$200,000
PA
$2,000,000
PA
$300,000
IN
$3,000,000
IL
$50,000
GA
$500,000
GA
$5,000,000
NJ
$3,000,000
TX
$5,000,000
ME
$2,805,460
LA
$250,000
NY
$250,000
LA
$2,000,000
MA
$3,000,000
NY
$5,000,000
CA
$1,000,000
IL
$400,000
AR
$100,000
OH
$500,000
SC
$1,000,000
VA
$1,000,000
IL
$500,000
PR
$200,000
FL
$2,000,000
OH
$100,000
OH
$2,000,000
CA
$90,000
IA
$250,000
TX
$25,000,000
MI
$2,500,000
IA
$390,000,000
MI
$5,000,000
RI
$50,000,000
MA
$3,250,000
NJ
$30,000,000
CA
$3,000,000
CO
*
IN
*
MA
$100,000
OH
$75,000
14 Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006
Est. Annual Tax Revenue Gained Optimistic $4,000,000 * $1,300,000 $400,000 $4,000,000 $1,750,000 $5,000,000 $200,000 $1,000,000 $10,000,000 $6,000,000 $75,000,000 $9,517,275 $500,000 $15,000,000 $5,000,000 $10,000,000 $15,000,000 $2,000,000 $2,000,000 $500,000 $500,000 $2,500,000 $2,500,000 $2,500,000 $500,000 $3,500,000 $100,000 $2,000,000 $100,000 $500,000 $52,000,000 $50,000,000 $500,000,000 $15,000,000 $100,000,000 $8,000,000 $45,000,000 $6,000,000 * * $500,000 $150,000
Est. Annual Tax Revenue Gained Actual * $3,931,000 $7,920,000 $1,250,000 * * $1,500,000 $125,000 $100,000 * * * $1,586,212 $175,000 * * * $350,000 * $140,000 * * * * * * $1,000,000 $563,000 $500,000 $5,000 $25,000 * $1,700,000 * * * $6,000,000 $6,600,000 $2,000,000 $2,200,000 $25,277 * *
City Fitchburg Fort Wayne Frederick Frisco Gahanna Gainesville Gardena Gary Glen Cove Harrisburg Hattiesburg Houston Howell Indianapolis Inglewood Irvine Jackson Kalamazoo Kenosha La Crosse Lafayette Lakewood Las Vegas Lincoln Livonia Long Beach Longmont Louisville Lowell Lynn Maple Grove Marlborough Meriden Miami-Dade Michigan City Moline Montgomery Murfreesboro New Orleans Oakland Park Ocala Owensboro Palm Bay Perth Amboy Pittsburg Pittsburgh Port Arthur Poway
Est. Annual
Tax Revenue
Gained
State
Conservative
MA
$100,000
IN
$12,000,000
MD
$1,000,000
TX
$140,000,001
OH
$2,000,000
FL
$1,000,000
CA
$40,000,000
IN
$30,000,000
NY
*
PA
$1,000,000
MS
$75,000
TX
*
NJ
$3,000,000
IN
$5,000,000
CA
$1,000,000
CA
*
MS
$300,000
MI
*
WI
$10,000,000
WI
$1,000,000
IN
$1,000,000
OH
$996,347
NV
$150,000
NE
$1,800,000
MI
$500,000
CA
$45,000
CO
$250,000
KY
$8,700,000
MA
$3,000,000
MA
$8,000,000
MN
$600,000
MA
$25,000
CT
$500,000
FL
$150,000
IN
$1,000,000
IL
*
AL
$1,000,000
TN
$30,000
LA
$5,000,000
FL
$10,000,000
FL
$25,000
KY
$5,000,000
FL
$10,000
NJ
$1,000,000
CA
$3,000,000
PA
$5,000,000
TX
$70,000
CA
*
Est. Annual Tax Revenue Gained Optimistic $250,000 $20,000,000 $1,500,000 $180,000,001 $5,000,000 $2,000,000 $50,000,000 $40,000,000 $13,900,000 $1,750,000 $250,000 * $6,000,000 $10,000,000 $3,000,000 $460,000,000 $800,000 * $10,000,000 $4,000,000 $10,000,000 $1,233,946 $750,000 $1,800,000 $2,000,000 $60,000 $1,000,000 * $10,000,000 $20,000,000 $1,000,000 $50,000 $1,000,000 $20,000,000 $5,000,000 $3,000,000 $6,000,000 $300,000 $20,000,000 $20,000,000 $50,000 $20,000,000 $25,000 $4,000,000 $5,000,000 $50,000,000 $125,000 $400,000
Est. Annual Tax Revenue Gained Actual $200,000 * $3,500,000 $103,885,604 * * * $20,000,000 * * * $2,000,000 $3,000,000 $1,000,000 * * * $123,000 $2,000,000 $600,000 $15,000,000 $144,500 $35,356 * $250,000 * * * * $400,000 * * * * $1,000,000 * $1,000,000 $30,000 $2,000,000 * $60,000 * * * $100,000 $10,000,000 * * (continued)
Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 15
2005 Brownfields Survey City, State and Revenue (continued)
City
State
Providence
RI
Racine
WI
Richmond
VA
Rochester
NY
Rock Hill
SC
Rockford
IL
Royal Oak
MI
Santa Cruz
CA
Sheboygan
WI
Southfield
MI
Springfield
OH
St. Joseph
MS
Stamford
CT
Tallahassee
FL
Terre Haute
IN
Trenton
NJ
Warren
OH
West Hollywood
CA
West Palm Beach
FL
Westland
MI
Winston-Salem
NC
Est. Annual Tax Revenue Gained Conservative $500,000 $102,000 $300,000 $50,000,000 $5,000,000 $5,000,000 $250,000 $350,000 $10,000,000 $2,000,000 $15,000,000 $1,000,000 $5,000,000 $1,000,000 $1,000,000 $1,500,000 $120,000 $4,000,000 $250,000 $114,270 $200,000
Est. Annual Tax Revenue Gained Optimistic $1,500,000 $500,000 $1,000,000 $150,000,000 $10,000,000 $20,000,000 $1,000,000 $750,000 $15,000,000 $2,000,000 $36,000,000 $1,000,000 $5,000,000 $5,000,000 $2,500,000 $2,500,000 $3,000,000 $10,000,000 $500,000 $153,868 $1,000,000
Est. Annual Tax Revenue Gained Actual * * $1,000,000 $4,000,000 $6,800,000 * $500,000 $75,000 $10,000,000 * $1,300,000 $2,000,000 * $1,000,000 * $1,000,000 * $1,500,000 * * $75,000
Total Respondants: 216
Est. Annual Tax Revenue Gained Conservative $958,933,078
Est. Annual Tax Revenue Gained Optimistic $2,239,165,090
Est. Annual Tax Revenue Gained Actual $233,273,949
* could not estimate at this time **2005 Recycling America's Land Brownfield Survey Volume 6, does not contain numbers following the devastation from Hurricane Katrina. Cities in Louisiana, Florida, Texas, Mississippi and other effected regions submitted Brownfield numbers prior to the 2005 Hurricane Season
16 Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006
2005 Brownfields Survey City, State, Brownfield Sites and Acres
City
State
Akron
OH
Aguadilla
PR
Akron
OH
Albany
NY
Albany
GA
Albuquerque
NM
Alhambra
CA
Allentown
PA
Altoona
PA
Anderson
SC
Anderson
IN
Arlington Heights
IL
Asheville
NC
Athens
GA
Atlanta
GA
Atlantic City
NJ
Augusta
GA
Austin
TX
Bangor
ME
Baton Rouge
LA
Bayonne
NJ
Bethlehem
PA
Binghamton
NY
Bossier City
LA
Boston
MA
Bowling Green
KY
Bridgeport
CT
Buffalo
NY
Burbank
CA
Burlington
VT
Calumet City
IL
Camden
AR
Canton
OH
Cedar Rapids
IA
Charleston
SC
Charlotte
NC
Chesapeake
VA
Chicago
IL
Cicero
IL
Cidra
PR
Clearwater
FL
Cleveland
OH
Cocoa
FL
Colorado Springs
CO
Columbus
OH
Estimated
Estimated
Brownfields
Acres
City
State
44
200
Columbus
IN
4
20
Compton
CA
52
210
Coralville
IA
75
30
Council Bluffs
IA
13
*
Cranston
RI
14
2,500
Dearborn
MI
5
4
Derry
NH
50
357
Des Moines
IA
7
60
Detroit
MI
2
25
East Providence
RI
132
700
East St. Louis
IL
3
2
Easthampton
MA
20
100
Elizabeth
NJ
7
400
Emeryville
CA
334
102
Evansville
IN
3
27
Everett
MA
30
90
Fairborn
OH
200
3,000
Fitchburg
MA
17
66
Flagstaff
AZ
400
1,756
Fort Myers
FL
12
300
Fort Wayne
IN
78
817
Frederick
MD
22
110
Frisco
TX
20
100
Gahanna
OH
50
50
Gainesville
FL
2
26
Gardena
CA
250
300
Gary
IN
300
2,000
Glen Cove
NY
10
65
Glendale Heights
IL
30
80
Glenview
IL
11
46
Greensboro
NC
7
20
Harrisburg
PA
10
*
Hattiesburg
MS
6
*
Hollywood
FL
100
600
Howell
NJ
75
100
Humacao
PR
1
15
Indianapolis
IN
295
1,100
Inglewood
CA
30
160
Irvine
CA
1
16
Jackson
MS
244
1,800
Joplin
MO
*
4,600
Kalamazoo
MI
113
200
Kapolei
HI
51
586
Kenosha
WI
18
600
Estimated Brownfields 3 10 45 5 10 200 4 1,730 1,000 50 500 12 160 150 300 170 3 11 50 60 82 6 71 35 75 47 500 15 4 1 20 18 20 103 1 2 400 13 1 147 20 155 10 20
Estimated Acres 31 100 100 30 * 500 39 2,000 10,000 1,000 1,500 60 25 200 600 100 100 115 * 1,600 2,355 20 90 200 200 100 2,500 45 3 1 50 90 350 * 104 8 500 150 700 770 * 400 * 250 (continued)
Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 17
2005 Brownfields Survey City, State, Brownfield Sites and Acres (continued)
City
State
La Crosse
WI
Lafayette
IN
Lakewood
NJ
Lakewood
OH
Las Vegas
NV
Livonia
MI
Long Beach
CA
Longmont
CO
Louisville
KY
Lowell
MA
Lynn
MA
Maple Grove
MN
Marlborough
MA
Meriden
CT
Miami
FL
Miami-Dade
FL
Michigan City
IN
Modesto
CA
Moline
IL
Montgomery
AL
Murfreesboro
TN
New Orleans**
LA
New York City
NY
Oakland Park
FL
Ocala
FL
Owensboro
KY
Palatine
IL
Palm Bay
FL
Palo Alto
CA
Passaic
NJ
Pawtucket
RI
Perth Amboy
NJ
Piscataway
NJ
Pittsburg
CA
Pittsburgh
PA
Pontiac
MI
Port Arthur
TX
Poway
CA
Providence
RI
Richland
WA
Richmond
VA
Rochester
NY
Rochester
MN
Rock Hill
SC
Rock Island
IL
Rockford
IL
Rockville Centre
NY
Royal Oak
MI
Santa Cruz
CA
Estimated Brownfields 25 40 4 11 20 10 39 4 * 365 10 1 3 10 430 5 3 2 20 100 10 500 6,000 20 140 100 15 1 1 50 4 200 5 15 1,000 30 30 40 250 4 115 1,000 6 10 50 400 3 3 49
Estimated Acres 60 300 20 45 40 270 65 200 17,800 1,000 150 5 6 15 * 223 36 45 100 200 100 2,700 3,500 25 300 180 8 36 6 100 40 1,000 62 250 1,000 900 226 10 2,500 50 170 975 15 170 50 2,000 8 10 24
City
State
Seattle
WA
Sheboygan
WI
Somerville
MA
South Bend
IN
Southfield
MI
Springfield
OH
Springfield
MO
St. Joseph
MS
St. Louis
MO
Stamford
CT
Syracuse
NY
Tallahassee
FL
Terre Haute
IN
Toledo
OH
Trenton
NJ
Waco
TX
Warren
OH
West Hollywood
CA
West Palm Beach
FL
West Sacramento
CA
Westland
MI
Wheeling
WV
Wilmington
DE
Winston-Salem
NC
Woonsocket
RI
Total
Estimated Brownfields 37 15 75 243 3 25 564 10 1,000 30 100 20 10 100 300 100 5 * 5 100 9 19 275 203 66
Estimated Acres 62 100 * 350 70 250 300 1,000 2000 60 100 50 80 1,200 300 300 37 328 220 500 111 * 1,500 * *
23,810
96,039
* could not estimate at this time **2005 Recycling America's Land Brownfield Survey Volume 6, does not contain numbers following the devastation from Hurricane Katrina. Cities in Louisiana, Florida, Texas, Mississippi and other effected regions submitted Brownfield numbers prior to the 2005 Hurricane Season
18 Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006
2005 Brownfields Survey Redeveloped and Current Sites in Progress
Redeveloped
City
State
Sites
Aguadilla Akron Albany Albany
PR
*
OH
9
NY
4
GA
*
Albuquerque
NM
5
Alhambra Allentown Altoona Anderson Anderson
CA
2
PA
10
PA
3
SC
*
IN
*
Arlington Heights
IL
1
Arvada
CO
*
Asheville
NC
*
Athens
GA
1
Atlanta
GA
3
Atlantic City
NJ
*
Augusta
GA
*
Austin Bangor Baton Rouge Bayonne Bethlehem
TX
*
ME
7
LA
28
NJ
4
PA
4
Binghamton
NY
6
Bossier City
LA
1
Boston
MA
*
Bowling Green
KY
*
Brea
CA
*
Bridgeport
CT
7
Buffalo
NY
18
Burbank
CA
*
Burlington
VT
9
Calumet City
IL
4
Camden
AR
1
Canton
OH
*
Carol Stream
IL
*
Cedar Rapids
IA
*
Charleston
SC
6
Charlotte
NC
47
Chesapeake
VA
1
Chicago
IL
75
Cicero Cidra Clearwater Cleveland Cocoa
IL
5
PR
*
FL
70
OH
21
FL
1
Redeveloped Acres * 40 4 * 15 18 20 35 * * 1 * * 2 59 * * * 12 41 90 40 15 50 * * * 15 300 * * 6 5 * * * 30 * 10 200 20 * 100 * 1
In Progress Sites * 7 1 * 5 * 5 1 * 10 * * 4 1 134 1 2 7 2 12 * 9 * * 20 * * 5 5 * 4 2 7 4 * * 7 * 1 245 1 * 20 15 1
In Progress Acres * 27 1 * 20 * 25 10 * * * * 20 100 * 6 15 125 5 21 * 74 * * 15 * * 15 150 * 14 3 20 10 * * 35 * 23 900 7 * 45 * 13 (continued)
Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 19
2005 Brownfields Survey Redeveloped and Current Sites in Progress (continued)
Redeveloped
City
State
Sites
Colorado Springs
CO
*
Columbia
MO
*
Columbus
OH
12
Columbus
IN
*
Compton
CA
*
Coralville
IA
*
Council Bluffs
IA
1
Cranston
RI
5
Dallas
TX
37
Dearborn
MI
11
Denver
CO
*
Derry
NH
*
Des Moines
IA
*
Detroit
MI
150
Dunedin
FL
*
East Providence
RI
5
East St. Louis
IL
*
Easthampton
MA
3
Elizabeth
NJ
12
Emeryville
CA
30
Englewood
CO
5
Euless
TX
*
Evanston
IL
*
Evansville
IN
3
Everett
MA
2
Fairborn
OH
*
Fajardo
PR
*
Fitchburg
MA
2
Flagstaff
AZ
*
Florence
AL
*
Fort Myers
FL
2
Fort Wayne
IN
6
Frederick
MD
*
Frisco
TX
18
Gahanna
OH
5
Gainesville
FL
3
Galesburg
IL
*
Gardena
CA
4
Gary
IN
20
Glen Cove
NY
2
Glendale Heights
IL
1
Glenview
IL
2
Greensboro
NC
1
Harrisburg
PA
7
Hattiesburg
MS
*
Hilo
HI
*
Hollywood
FL
*
Houston
TX
14
Howell
NJ
*
Redeveloped Acres * * 50 * * * 3 * 1,113 25 * * * 3,000 * 20 * 6 195 150 77 * * 20 100 * * 12 * * 10 6 * 82 * 15 * 10 250 12 1 60 2 9 * * * 550 *
20 Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006
In Progress Sites * * 2 * 1 * 1 * 4 1 * * 5 50 * 5 5 3 9 50 1 * * 4 5 * * 2 * * 5 3 4 5 5 6 1 1 8 1 * * 9 5 3 1 * 16 *
In Progress Acres * * 75 * 6 * 2 * 99 6 * * 47 1,500 * 200 50 8 30 50 15 * * 10 25 * * 12 * * 511 173 6 8 191 40 1 7.3 550 23 * * 15 20 130 10 * 555 *
City Humacao Indianapolis Indio Inglewood Irvine Jackson Joplin Kalamazoo Kapolei Kenosha La Crosse La Verne Lafayette Lakewood Lakewood Lakewood Las Vegas Lincoln Livonia Long Beach Longmont Louisville Lowell Lynn Macon Maple Grove Marlborough Meriden Miami Miami-Dade Michigan City Modesto Moline Montgomery Murfreesboro New Orleans * New York City Newport News Niles Northbrook Norwalk Oakland Park Ocala Owensboro Palatine Palm Bay Palo Alto Passaic Pawtucket
Redeveloped
State
Sites
PR
*
IN
40
CA
*
CA
1
CA
*
MS
1
MO
*
MI
34
HI
2
WI
2
WI
5
CA
*
IN
2
NJ
*
CO
3
OH
3
NV
6
NE
*
MI
4
CA
*
CO
*
KY
*
MA
30
MA
8
GA
*
MN
*
MA
1
CT
1
FL
*
FL
*
IN
1
CA
*
IL
3
AL
2
TN
*
LA
28
NY
*
VA
*
IL
*
IL
*
CA
*
FL
2
FL
12
KY
1
IL
2
FL
1
CA
11
NJ
*
RI
*
Redeveloped Acres * 8 * 38 * * * 36 10 99 10 * 5 * 150 6 10 * 140 * * * 100 5 * * 3 10 * * 8 * 5 11 * 60 * * * * * 12 20 2 4 36 * * *
In Progress Sites 1 15 * * 1 2 * 7 * 3 3 * 1 * 1 1 5 1 3 6 2 * 20 1 * 1 2 1 4 * 1 1 1 1 3 11 * * * * * * 5 1 1 1 1 5 2
In Progress Acres 4 10 * * 700 116 * 23 * 70 5 * 3 * 140 1 8 41 150 111 100 * 50 19 * 5 3 7 45 * 16 44 2 2 60 35 * * * * * * 18 2.5 2 36 6 30 12 (continued)
Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 21
2005 Brownfields Survey Redeveloped and Current Sites in Progress (continued)
Redeveloped
City
State
Sites
Pensacola
FL
5
Perth Amboy
NJ
25
Phoenix
AZ
21
Pinellas Park
Fl
*
Piscataway
NJ
1
Pittsburg
CA
3
Pittsburgh
PA
25
Pontiac
MI
4
Port Arthur
TX
1
Poway
CA
*
Providence
RI
1
Racine
WI
2
Richland
WA
*
Richmond
VA
5
Rochester
NY
20
Rochester
MN
3
Rock Hill
SC
2
Rock Island
IL
5
Rockford
IL
1
Rockville Centre
NY
*
Royal Oak
MI
3
San Diego
CA
*
San Mateo
CA
*
Santa Barbara
CA
*
Santa Cruz
CA
5
Schenectady
NY
5
Seattle
WA
6
Sheboygan
WI
10
Sioux City
IA
2
Solon
OH
*
Somerville
MA
25
South Bend
IN
11
Southfield
MI
3
Springfield
OH
1
Springfield
MO
40
St. Joseph
MS
10
St. Louis
MO
50
Stamford
CT
4
Sunnyvale
CA
*
Surprise
AZ
*
Syracuse
NY
*
Tallahassee
FL
*
Terre Haute
IN
2
Toledo
OH
7
Trenton
NJ
50
Tucson
AZ
*
Tupelo
MS
1
Upper Arlington
OH
*
Waco
TX
8
Redeveloped Acres 6 80 358 * 1 20 700 192 1 * 10 16 * 20 285 9 65 27 10 * 10 * * * 3 10 23 75 4 * * 137 70 3 35 30 250 15 * * * * 10 345 100 * 50 * 38
22 Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006
In Progress Sites 2 100 2 * * 4 10 1 15 4 10 1 1 2 13 * 3 5 2 1 3 * * * 5 3 7 10 4 * 15 4 3 3 4 * * 2 * * 4 4 2 6 20 * * * 3
In Progress Acres 1 500 128 * * 50 200 8 31 3 100 12 15 10 75 * 65 15 25 3 10 * * * 2 8 18 75 25 * * 180 70 13 3 * * 20 * * 15 15 65 360 50 * * * 13
Redeveloped
City
State
Sites
Warren
OH
*
West Hollywood
CA
1
West Palm Beach
FL
1
West Sacramento
CA
*
Westland
MI
1
Wheeling
WV
9
Wilmington
DE
100
Winston-Salem
NC
5
Woonsocket
RI
3
Total
1,409
Redeveloped Acres * 4 13 * 35 * 100 50 * 10,905
In Progress Sites 1 1 1 3 1 8 10 2 10 1,189
In Progress Acres 7 3 13 4 35 * 20 40 * 10,256
* could not estimate at this time **2005 Recycling America's Land Brownfield Survey Volume 6, does not contain numbers following the devastation from Hurricane Katrina. Cities in Louisiana, Florida, Texas, Mississippi and other effected regions submitted Brownfield numbers prior to the 2005 Hurricane Season
Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 23
2005 Brownfields Survey City, State, Jobs and Population Support
City
State
Akron
OH
Albany
NY
Albuquerque
NM
Alhambra
CA
Altoona
PA
Arvada
CO
Athens
GA
Atlanta
GA
Atlantic City
NJ
Austin
TX
Bangor
ME
Baton Rouge
LA
Binghamton
NY
Boston
MA
Buffalo
NY
Calumet City
IL
Camden
AR
Charleston
SC
Cicero
IL
Cidra
PR
Clearwater
FL
Cleveland
OH
Columbus
OH
Council Bluffs
IA
Cranston
RI
Dallas
TX
Dearborn
MI
Des Moines
IA
Detroit
MI
East Providence
RI
East St. Louis
IL
Easthampton
MA
Elizabeth
NJ
Emeryville
CA
Fitchburg
MA
Flagstaff
AZ
Fort Wayne
IN
Frisco
TX
Gainesville
FL
Gardena
CA
Gary
IN
Glen Cove
NY
Harrisburg
PA
Houston
TX
Estimated Jobs Created 300 * 300 100 50 * 150 75 * 100 * 100 * * 100 * * 40 65 25 44 * 500 * * 3,500 300 400 * * * * 2,000 500 30 * 300 35 * 25 * * * *
Jobs During Redevelopment 1100 * 150 250 30 * 30 350 * 50 160 75 * * 725 70 10 35 600 25 729 1,800 1,500 * * 3,000 * 3,500 * * * 50 5,250 8,000 20 * 45 15 5 35 3,700 * * 2,564
Jobs Post Development 1,400 * 450 350 80 * 180 425 * 150 160 175 * * 825 70 10 75 665 50 773 1,800 2,000 * * 6,500 300 3,900 * * * 50 7,250 8,500 50 * 345 50 5 60 3,700 * * 2,564
24 Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006
Sites Represented 6 * 5 2 3 * 2 3 1 2 7 28 * * 17 4 1 2 2 1 55 7 12 2 * 20 3 * * * * 2 6 50 1 * 8 56 1 2 20 5 * 12
Estimated Population Number 6,000 20,000 250,000 2,000 15,000 40 20 20 * * 26,585 * 30,000 100,000 300,000 * * * * 200 * * 40,000 10,000 3,000 * * * 300,000 5,000 5,000 3,000 * 5,000 * 5,000 50,000 * 5,000 5 70,000 * 25,000 *
City
State
Indianapolis
IN
Inglewood
CA
Jackson
MS
Kalamazoo
MI
La Crosse
WI
La Verne
CA
Lafayette
IN
Lakewood
OH
Las Vegas
NV
Livonia
MI
Longmont
CO
Lowell
MA
Lynn
MA
Maple Grove
MN
Marlborough
MA
Meriden
CT
Michigan City
IN
Moline
IL
Montgomery
AL
Murfreesboro
TN
New Orleans
LA
Newport News
VA
Ocala
FL
Owensboro
KY
Palm Bay
FL
Phoenix
AZ
Pinellas Park
Fl
Pittsburg
CA
Pittsburgh
PA
Port Arthur
TX
Providence
RI
Racine
WI
Richland
WA
Richmond
VA
Rochester
NY
Rock Hill
SC
Rock Island
IL
Rockford
IL
Schenectady
NY
Sheboygan
WI
Sioux City
IA
South Bend
IN
Southfield
MI
Springfield
OH
Springfield
MO
St. Joseph
MS
St. Louis
MO
Stamford
CT
Estimated Jobs Created 500 150 * * 25 * 200 * 154 * * * 10 * * 150 * 20 250 15 485 * 20 * 400 * * * 5,000 * * * * 150 40 * * * * * * * 300 15 163 500 * 100
Jobs During Redevelopment 225 * * * 900 * 150 142 136 650 * * 100 * * 30 15 75 300 20 300 * 300 * * 3,000 * * 10,000 * * * * 60 193 870 * * * 500 * * 50 20 274 2,000 * 20
Jobs Post Development 725 150 * * 925 * 350 142 290 650 * * 110 * * 180 15 95 550 35 785 * 320 * 400 3,000 * * 15,000 * * * * 210 233 870 * * * 500 * * 350 35 437 2,500 * 120
Sites Represented 40 1 * 41 3 * 2 3 50 4 * * 8 * 1 1 1 1 3 2 28 * 3 * 1 19 * * 10 * * * * 2 1 1 * 1 * 7 * * 3 1 26 5 * 2
Estimated Population Number 50,000 * 25,000 * * * * * 25,000 15,000 250 10 25,000 10,000 12,000 1,000,000 2,500 10,000 25,000 * 10 12,500 5,000 10,000 42 * 10,000 2500 200,000 4,000 15,000 10,000 2,500 50,000 75,000 * 10,000 7,500 20,000 150 5,000 30,000 10,000 25,000 * 10 100,000 20,000 (continued)
Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 25
2005 Brownfields Survey City, State, Jobs, Population Support (continued)
Estimated
Jobs
City
State
Created
Syracuse
NY
Terre Haute
IN
Toledo
OH
Trenton
NJ
Waco
TX
Warren
OH
West Hollywood
CA
West Palm Beach
FL
West Sacramento
CA
Westland
MI
Wheeling
WV
Wilmington
DE
Winston-Salem
NC
* * 1,500 500 450 * 125 100 * * 511 1,100 5
Jobs During Redevelopment * * 4,000 500 300 * 800 50 * * 611 700 30
Jobs Post Development * * 5,500 1,000 750 * 925 150 * * 1,122 1,800 35
Sites Represented * * 6 4 8 * 1 5 * * 5 4 5
Estimated Population Number 100000 10,000 90 25,000 * 20,000 * 500 10,000 20,000 30,000 50,000 5,000
Estimated During Redevelopment 21,977
Post Development 61,194
Actual Jobs Created 83,171
Sites Represented 657
Population Number 3,370,432
* could not estimate at this time **2005 Recycling America's Land Brownfield Survey Volume 6, does not contain numbers following the devastation from Hurricane Katrina. Cities in Louisiana, Florida, Texas, Mississippi and other effected regions submitted Brownfield numbers prior to the 2005 Hurricane Season
26 Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006
2005 Brownfields Survey Estimated Brownfield Sites and Mothballed Properties
City Aguadilla Akron Albany Albany Albuquerque Alhambra Allentown Altoona Anderson Anderson Arlington Heights Asheville Athens Atlanta Atlantic City Augusta Austin Bangor Baton Rouge Bayonne Bethlehem Binghamton Bossier City Boston Bowling Green Bridgeport Buffalo Burbank Burlington Calumet City Camden Canton Cedar Rapids Charleston Charlotte Chesapeake Chicago Cicero Cidra Clearwater Cocoa Colorado Springs Columbus
Estimated Estimated
Brownfields "Mothballed"
State
Sites
Sites
City
PR
4
OH
52
NY
75
GA
13
NM
14
CA
5
PA
50
PA
7
SC
2
IN
132
IL
3
NC
20
GA
7
GA
334
NJ
3
GA
30
TX
200
ME
17
LA
400
NJ
12
PA
78
NY
22
LA
20
MA
50
KY
2
CT
250
NY
300
CA
10
VT
30
IL
11
AR
7
OH
10
IA
6
SC
100
NC
75
VA
1
IL
295
IL
30
PR
1
FL
244
FL
113
CO
51
OH
18
2
Columbus
12
Compton
*
Coralville
*
Council Bluffs
*
Cranston
1
Dearborn
35
Derry
*
Des Moines
*
Detroit
100
East Providence
*
East St. Louis
5
Easthampton
*
Elizabeth
*
Emeryville
*
Englewood
*
Evansville
*
Everett
*
Fairborn
100
Fitchburg
3
Flagstaff
*
Fort Myers
5
Fort Wayne
*
Frederick
*
Frisco
*
Gahanna
20
Gainesville
20
Gardena
*
Gary
*
Glen Cove
7
Glendale Heights
*
Glenview
2
Greensboro
1
Harrisburg
6
Hattiesburg
*
Hollywood
1
Howell
30
Humacao
25
Indianapolis
1
Inglewood
10
Irvine
110
Jackson
*
Joplin
*
Kalamazoo
Estimated Estimated
Brownfields "Mothballed"
State
Sites
Sites
IN
3
*
CA
10
*
IA
45
4
IA
5
3
RI
10
*
MI
200
*
NH
4
3
IA
1730
*
MI
1000
600
RI
50
*
IL
500
*
MA
12
2
NJ
160
*
CA
150
50
CO
*
3
IN
300
3
MA
170
*
OH
3
2
MA
11
5
AZ
50
*
FL
60
*
IN
82
*
MD
6
*
TX
71
*
OH
35
5
FL
75
40
CA
47
*
IN
500
*
NY
15
*
IL
4
1
IL
1
*
NC
20
*
PA
18
9
MS
20
9
FL
103
*
NJ
1
*
PR
2
*
IN
400
25
CA
13
2
CA
1
*
MS
147
70
MO
20
*
MI
155
*
(continued)
Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 27
2005 Brownfields Survey Estimated Brownfield Sites and Mothballed Properties (continued)
Estimated Estimated
Brownfields "Mothballed"
City
State
Sites
Sites
Kapolei Kenosha La Crosse Lafayette Lakewood Lakewood Las Vegas Livonia Long Beach Longmont Lowell Lynn Maple Grove Marlborough Meriden Miami Miami-Dade Michigan City Modesto Moline Montgomery Murfreesboro New Orleans New York City Oakland Park Ocala Owensboro Palatine Palm Bay Palo Alto Passaic Pawtucket Perth Amboy Piscataway Pittsburg Pittsburgh Pontiac Port Arthur Poway Providence Richland Richmond Rochester
HI
10
*
WI
20
10
WI
25
2
IN
40
10
NJ
4
*
OH
11
*
NV
20
5
MI
10
*
CA
39
20
CO
4
*
MA
365
5
MA
10
6
MN
1
*
MA
3
1
CT
10
1
FL
430
*
FL
5
*
IN
3
*
CA
2
1
IL
20
*
AL
100
*
TN
10
3
LA
500
210
NY
6000
*
FL
20
2
FL
140
3
KY
100
4
IL
15
*
FL
1
*
CA
1
*
NJ
50
5
RI
4
*
NJ
200
85
NJ
5
1
CA
15
5
PA
1000
*
MI
30
*
TX
30
14
CA
40
2
RI
250
25
WA
4
*
VA
115
*
NY
1000
200
City Rochester Rock Hill Rock Island Rockford Rockville Centre Royal Oak San Diego Santa Cruz Seattle Sheboygan Somerville South Bend Southfield Springfield Springfield St. Joseph St. Louis Stamford Syracuse Tallahassee Terre Haute Toledo Trenton Waco Warren West Palm Beach West Sacramento Westland Wheeling Wilmington Winston-Salem Woonsocket Total
Estimated Estimated
Brownfields "Mothballed"
State
Sites
Sites
MN
6
1
SC
10
*
IL
50
1
IL
400
*
NY
3
*
MI
3
*
CA
*
150
CA
49
*
WA
37
*
WI
15
*
MA
75
*
IN
243
200
MI
3
*
OH
25
*
MO
564
*
MS
10
5
MO
1000
*
CT
30
*
NY
100
60
FL
20
*
IN
10
6
OH
100
10
NJ
300
*
TX
100
12
OH
5
1
FL
5
*
CA
100
*
MI
9
1
WV
19
*
DE
275
5
NC
203
175
RI
66
*
23,810
2,579
* could not estimate at this time
**2005 Recycling America's Land Brownfield Survey Volume 6, does not contain numbers following the devastation from Hurricane Katrina. Cities in Louisiana, Florida, Texas, Mississippi and other effected regions submitted Brownfield numbers prior to the 2005 Hurricane Season
28 Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006
Brownfields Survey 2005
RESPONDENT INFORMATION Mayor: ________________________________________________________________ Brownfields Coordinator: _________________________________________________ Address:_______________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ Phone: ________________________________________________________________ Fax: __________________________________________________________________ Email: ________________________________________________________________ City Website: ___________________________________________________________ City Brownfield Website: __________________________________________________ State Brownfield Website: _________________________________________________
Return by: August 10, 2006 Electronic submission: www.usmayors.org/uscm/bfsurvey Fax or mail this survey to: The U.S. Conference of Mayors Brownfields Redevelopment Program Attn:Ted Fischer 1620 Eye Street N.W., Washington, DC 20006 Fax: 202-429-0422 Phone: 202-293-7330
PART I
Scale of Problem (If you can't provide estimates below, please answer as many questions as possible.)
1. Please estimate the number of brownfield sites in your city.
________ # of sites
2. Please estimate the number of acres brownfield sites encompass.
________ # of acres
3. Please estimate the average size of the brownfield sites.
________ acres
4. Please estimate the number of sites which have been "mothballed" which is defined as sites that the current owner has no intention of redeveloping or selling due to environmental impact concerns?
________ sites
5. Have you been successful in redeveloping brownfield sites or are
you in the process of redeveloping BF Sites?
[ ] Yes [ ] No (If yes, please answer questions 6 ­ 10)
6. How many brownfields sites have been developed in your city? How many total acres does this represent?
________ sites ________ acres
7. How many brownfield sites are currently in the process of being redeveloped? ________ sites
How many acres does this represent?
________ acres
8. Were any of these sites or will future sites be redeveloped for parks or open spaces? [ ] Yes
How many acres did this represent?
________ acres
[ ] No
9. What is the average length of time to redevelop a brownfield site?
________
over Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 29
10. What tools/programs have proven beneficial to the success of brownfields redevelopment projects? (Please mark all applicable programs (X) and rank the top five programs (1 ­5) with being the most significant.)
(X) If Applicable [] [] [] [] [] [] [] []
Ranking (Top 1-5) (Please do not assign same rankings) ____ Assessment Funding (EPA) ____ Clean Up Funds (EPA) ____ Redevelopment Funds (HUD or EDA) ____ State Programs ____ Local Incentives ____ Private Investment ____ Insurance ____ Other (please specify) __________________________________________
11. What are the end uses for the brownfields redevelopment projects? If multiple sites, please provide number of end uses. Mark (X) to those that apply. (Please note for housing, indicate total housing units) (X)
[ ] Retail
______ #
[ ] Housing
______ #
[ ] Mixed Use
______ #
[ ] Commercial
______ #
[ ] Industrial
______ #
[ ] Park Land
______ #
[ ] Other (please specify) _______________________________________________
Impediments 1. The most common impediments cities confront in redeveloping brownfields are listed below. Please mark applicable impediments (X) and rank the top 5 impediments (1-5) with 1 being the most significant.
(X)
Ranking (Top 1-5) that apply (Please do not assign same rankings)
[]
____ Clean Up Funds Needed
[]
____ Community Concerns
[]
____ Demolition Monies Needed
[]
____ Environmental Assessments Needed
[]
____ Environmental Regulations
[]
____ Excessive Standards for Clean Up
[]
____ Insufficient Time to Develop Deal
[]
____ Infrastructure Inadequate (roads, sewers, etc.)
[]
____ Land Assembly was Needed
[]
____ Liability Issues
[]
____ Poor Market Conditions
[]
____ Poor Neighborhood Conditions (crime, poverty, etc.)
[]
____ Other (please specify) ___________________________________________
30 Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006
2. a. Do you have brownfield sites that will require additional subsidies (besides cleanup / assessment) to attract private investment? [ ] Yes [ ] No b. If yes, what assistance would be helpful? [ ] Infrastructure upgrades [ ] Low interest loans for development [ ] Loan guarantees [ ] Job training [ ] Other_______________________________________
Potential Benefits 1. Please estimate the potential local tax revenues that could be generated annually if your brownfields were redeveloped.
a. Conservative estimate
$ __________________
b. Optimistic estimate
$ __________________
c. If you were able to redevelop your Brownfields sites, what were the actual revenues generated from the redeveloped Brownfield sites
$ __________________
d. How many sites does this represent?
# __________________
2. Please estimate the number of jobs created if your brownfields were redeveloped. (If you do not have an estimate, use job for every 1500 square foot of industrial space) __________________# number of jobs b. If you were able to redevelop your Brownfields sites, What are the actual numbers of jobs created to date? During remediation/redevelopment _____________ Post redevelopment/end use ____________ How many sites does this represent? _____________
3. In addition to your Brownfields sites, could your city support additional people without adding appreciably to your existing infrastruc-
ture (i.e., roads, water/sewer system, utilities)?
[ ] Yes [ ] No
If yes, please estimate number of additional people: _____________________
4. Please mark [X] the four (4) most important benefits from brownfield redevelopment: (Please do not mark more than 4)
[ ] Crime Reduction [ ] Environmental Protection [ ] Infrastructure Utilization [ ] Job Creation [ ] Neighborhood Revitalization [ ] Open-space Preservation/Curbing Urban Sprawl [ ] Tax Base Growth [ ] Transit Oriented Development [ ] Welfare-to-Work Objectives [ ] Other (please specify) _________________________
over Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006 31
Partnerships
1. Do you have a city-county partnership to handle any of the following issues?
[ ] Yes [ ] No
Brownfield Redevelopment
[ ] Yes [ ] No
Urban Sprawl
[ ] Yes [ ] No
Open Space / Farmland Preservation
2. Do you have a city-state partnership to address any of the following key issues?
[ ] Yes [ ] No
Brownfield Redevelopment
[ ] Yes [ ] No
Urban Sprawl
[ ] Yes [ ] No
Open Space / Farmland Preservation
3. How active has your state been in working with your city on brownfields redevelopment?
[ ] Very Active
[ ] Somewhat Active
[ ] Inactive
4. If your state has a Voluntary Cleanup Program (VCP), how would you rank its performance in terms of assisting your city or a developer in redeveloping your brownfields?
[ ] excellent
[ ] very good [ ] satisfactory
[ ] not very good [ ] poor
[ ] not applicable
5. Does your city, county, or state offer any incentives (i.e., property tax abatement or tax credits) for brownfield redevelopment? [ ] Yes [ ] No If yes, please specify: ______________________________________________________________
PART II Brownfields Best Practices We will be publishing a USCM Brownfields Best Practice Publication. Would your city and one of your projects like to be considered for inclusion? You would have an opportunity to share your thoughts and opinions on the completed Brownfields process in order to aid and assist other communities with their Brownfields questions and concerns. [ ] Yes [ ] No If yes, a member of the US Conference of Mayors staff would send you a questionnaire and contacting you for an in-depth interview on topics which include: Overview of the Project, Previous Use and Ownership, Remediation and Redevelopment, Public Involvement, Financing, the Administrative Process, and Lessons Learned. We understand you are very busy and schedules are tight and we would work with you to determine when the best opportunity to conduct the interview. If your answer to the above question is yes, please answer the following questions. Person to Contact:__________________________________________________________________________ Title of Contact: ___________________________________________________________________________ Name of Project: ___________________________________________________________________________ Short Description of Redeveloped Project: _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ Address: _________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ Phone: ___________________________________________________________________________________ Fax: _____________________________________________________________________________________ Email: ___________________________________________________________________________________ Best Time to Call: [ ] Morning (8am-11am) [ ] Middle (12noon- 4pm) [ ] Evening (4pm-7pm)
32 Recycling America's Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment 2006
1620 Eye Street, NW Washington, DC 20006 (202) 293-7330 www.usmayors.org

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