Results of Devolution Referendums (1979 & 1997

Tags: Scotland, Scottish Parliament, number, vote, Research Paper, Scotland and Wales, Wales, Scottish Office, referendums, Mid Glamorgan, Welsh Office, Vale of Glamorgan, proportion, Orkney Islands, electorate voting, electorate, West Dunbartonshire, North Ayrshire, South Lanarkshire, the Scottish Parliament, voting, powers, Galloway Fife Grampian Highland Lothian Orkney Shetland Strathclyde Tayside Western Isles Scotland, Dumfries and Galloway, East Ayrshire, Rhondda Cynon Taff, Cardiff, Blaenau Gwent, Powys, Gwynedd Dyfed Clwyd Mid Glamorgan West Glamorgan Powys South Glamorgan Gwent, Wales Act 1978, Bute West Dunbartonshire Clackmannan Fife, Western Isles, 1997 referendum, Scotland Act 1978, Scottish Devolution Referendum, alphabetical list, The Greater London Authority, Edinburgh Midlothian South Ayrshire East Ayrshire Aberdeenshire North Lanarkshire West Lothian East Dunbartonshire South Lanarkshire Borders, East Renfrewshire, Shetland Islands, Renfrewshire, East Dunbartonshire, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland Parliament, Highland Moray City of Aberdeen East Lothian Western Isles City, Shetland Orkney Lothian Strathclyde Western Isles Borders Fife Central Highland Dumfries, East Lothian, South Ayrshire
Content: Results of Devolution Referendums (1979 & 1997) RESEARCH PAPER No 97/113 10 November 1997 This paper presents the results of the recent referendums in Scotland and Wales at a local level and compares voting with the earlier 1979 referendums. Briefing on the Referendums (Scotland and Wales) Bill Was provided in Research Paper 97/61 and other discussion on referendums can be found in Research Papers 97/114 The Greater London Authority (Referendum) Bill, 97/10 Referendum: Recent Proposals and 95/23 Referendum. Information on devolution was provided in Research Papers 97/92 Scotland and Devolution and 97/60 Wales and Devolution. Richard Dewdney Social & General Statistics Section House of Commons Library
Library Research Papers are compiled for the benefit of Members of Parliament and their personal staff. Authors are available to discuss the contents of these papers with Members and their staff but cannot advise members of the general public.
CONTENTS
I
Background
5
II Scotland
9
III Wales
10
IV Tables
Table 1 Scottish Devolution Referendum, 1 March 1979
11
(a) alphabetical list
(b) ranked by % voters voting yes
Table 2 Scottish Parliament Referendum, 11 September 1997
(a) alphabetical list
12
(b) ranked by % voters voting yes
13
Table 3 Difference between numbers voting on Scottish Parliament and tax-varying
questions, 11 September 1997
14
Table 4 Change in voting for/against devolution in Scotland, 1979 and 1997
15
Table 5 Welsh Devolution Referendum, 1 March 1979
16
(c) alphabetical list
(d) ranked by % voters voting yes
Table 6 Welsh Assembly Referendum, 18 September 1997
17
(c) alphabetical list
(d) ranked by % voters voting yes
Table 7 Change in voting for/against devolution in Wales, 1979 and 1997
18
I Background
Research Paper 97/113
This paper presents the results of the recent devolution referendums in Scotland and Wales at a local level and compares voting with the earlier 1979 referendums. The 1997 results have been taken from Scottish Office and Welsh Office internet sites with additional information on the size of the electorate and number of spoilt ballots supplied directly by these institutions. A revised edition of this Paper will be produced if final returns differ. The 1979 results were made available at the level of the then regional/County Councils while 1997 results were counted separately in each new Unitary Authority, giving results at a more local level. The tables which compare 1979 and 1997 results (Table 4 for Scotland and Table 7 for Wales) fit the 1997 results to the 1979 regions/counties. While this presents no problems for Scotland -- the unitary authorities all fit within the former regional council boundaries -- the figures for Wales are `best-fits' in a number of cases and require the merger of county results in others (see Table 7 for details). However, the discrepancies are relatively small.
Referendum Questions
The question asked in the 1979 referendums was the same in Scotland and Wales and both referendums were held on 1 March:
Scotland: Wales:
Do you want the provisions of the Scotland Act 1978 to be put into effect? Do you want the provisions of the Wales Act 1978 to be put into effect?
On 11 September 1997, two questions were asked in Scotland on separate ballot papers, one concerning the proposed Scottish Parliament and the other on tax-varying powers (see overleaf).
A week later on 18 September 1997, one question was put in Wales, concerning the proposed Welsh Assembly (see overleaf).
In the tables, `agree' is shown as `yes' and `disagree' as `no'.
5
Research Paper 97/113 Costs The cost of the 1997 referendums was estimated at Ј5 million in Scotland and Ј3 million in Wales in the financial and explanatory memorandum to the Referendums (Scotland and Wales) Bill 1997. Outturn spending figures will not be available for some time as returning officers are given a year to submit expense claims. The cost appears to be significantly higher than in 1979. The 1979 referendum for devolution in Scotland cost Ј0.8 million, or Ј2.2 million in 1997/98 prices -- less than half the estimated cost of the 1997 referendum1. The estimated cost in Wales in 1979 was Ј0.5 million2, or Ј1.4 million in 1997/98 prices -- again, less than half the estimated cost of the 1997 referendum. Differences in items included in these totals may explain some of the gap. Recent PQs show that of the estimated Ј3 million spending in Wales in 1997, Ј575,000 was for information and publicity. About Ј300,000 of this total was accounted for by the costs of the White Paper, A Voice for Wales, and associated information material3. Of the estimated Ј5 million in Scotland, around Ј730,000 was spent on government information4 Spoilt Ballots Spoilt ballot papers are excluded from the calculations of turnout (number of valid votes divided by the electorate) but are shown at the bottom of each table. The number of spoilt ballots increased significantly in the 1997 referendum in Scotland (with roughly the same number of valid votes as in 1979). There were 11,986 spoilt papers on the Scottish Parliament question and 19,013 on the tax-varying powers question compared with 3,133 spoilt ballots in 1979. A large part of this increase is almost certainly due to misunderstandings amongst voters about requirements for completing the two separate ballot forms. The number of spoilt ballots in Wales rose much less dramatically from 3,309 in 1979 to 3,999 in 1997. 1 although this may, in part, be because there were two ballots in the 1997 referendum in Scotland. Source: HC Deb 15 June 1994 c566W 2 Source: HC Deb 26 March 1979 c23 3 of which, Ј77,480 for the White Paper and under Ј164,000 for sending literature to every home in Wales on the Government's devolution proposals. Sources: HC Deb 5 November 1997 c235W & 27 October 1997 c701W 4 includes production and distribution to all households of information leaflet, reminder to vote and absent voters campaigns, production and distribution of video. Source: HL Deb 22 October 1997 WA 211-2 7
Research Paper 97/113 40% threshold in 1979 The Scotland and Wales Acts stipulated that 40% of the electorate -- rather than of those voting -- had to vote `yes' in March 1979 for the Acts to be implemented. For the purposes of calculating whether or not this threshold had been met, the electorates in Wales and Scotland as a whole were reduced to take account of deaths since the register was compiled, students and nurses registered at more than one address and convicted prisoners in prison. Details are given in footnotes to Tables 1 and Table 5 for Scotland and Wales respectively; the effect was to increase the unadjusted turnout by Ѕ%. Figures for regional/county councils were not adjusted, and unadjusted national totals are also given in these Tables for comparison. Since there was no threshold for the 1997 referendums, adjusted electorate and turnout figures have not been calculated. 8
II Scotland
Research Paper 97/113
The turnout in Scotland in 1997 was 60.2%5, below the (unadjusted) turnout in 1979 of 63.0% (Tables 1 & 2). The turnout in 1997 was also well below the turnout in the May general election of 71.4%6. More people voted on the Scottish Parliament question than the tax-varying powers question (Table 3), although this may be partly because of confusion amongst voters which led to larger number of spoilt ballots on the tax-varying powers question7. The number of people voting `yes' increased from 51.6% in 1979 to 74.3% in 1997 for the Scottish Parliament and 63.5% for tax-varying powers (Tables 1 & 2). The proportion of the electorate voting `yes' rose from 32.5% (unadjusted) in 1979 to 44.7% for the Scottish Parliament and 38.1% for tax-varying powers (Tables 1 & 2). Thus if there had been a 40% threshold in 1997, the Scottish Parliament would have been approved but without tax-varying powers8.
Local results In 1979, six of the twelve regions voted `for' and six voted `against' (Table 1). In 1997, all unitary authority areas voted in favour of a Parliament -- ranging from 57% in Orkney to 85% in West Dunbartonshire -- and all but two areas (Orkney and Dumfries and Galloway) voted for tax-varying powers (Table 2 (b)). In 1979, none of the regional Council areas met the 40% threshold for the proportion of the electorate voting `yes'. In 1997, more than 40% of the electorate voted for the Scottish Parliament in seven of the same twelve areas (Table 4). The change in the proportion of voters voting `yes' between 1979 and 1997 ranged from 18 %-points in Tayside to 35 %points in Shetland (Table 4). There was virtually no correlation between turnout and the proportion of people voting `yes' in either 1979 or 1997. However, there was a strong connection between how areas voted in 1979 and 1997: 80% of the variation in the proportion voting `yes' in 1997 can be explained by how areas voted in 1979. There was also an extremely close correlation in 1997 between how areas voted for the Parliament and how they voted on tax-varying powers: 97% of the variation in voting for tax-varying powers can be explained by how they voted for Parliament. 5 higher of number voting on Parliament or tax-varying powers question as a percentage of the electorate. Only Fife reported more people voting on the tax-varying powers question, and the Scottish Office is discussing this with the authority to ensure that it was not an error. 6 Source: HC Library Research Paper 97/49, Table 10 7 there were 7,000 more spoilt ballots on the tax-varying powers question compared to 6,300 fewer votes (Table 3). 8 even adjusting the electorate for deaths, dual registration and convicted prisoners in prison would not have increased the figure to 40%. 9
Research Paper 97/113 III Wales The turnout in Wales in 1997 was 50.1%, well below the (unadjusted) turnout in 1979 of 58.3% (Tables 5 & 6). The turnout in 1997 was also well below the turnout in the May general election of 73.5%9. The number of people voting `yes' increased from 20.3% in 1979 to 50.3% in 1997 (Table 7). The proportion of the electorate voting `yes' rose from 11.8% (unadjusted) in 1979 to 25.2% -- one in four -- in 1997. If there had been a 40% threshold in 1997, the Welsh Assembly would not have been approved. Local results In 1979, none of the eight counties voted for devolution (Table 5). In 1997, 11 of the 22 areas voted in favour of an Assembly and 11 against (Table 6 (b)). As in Scotland, none of the counties met the 40% threshold in 1979 for the proportion of the electorate voting `yes'. In 1997 as well, none of the 22 areas had more than 40% of the electorate voting for an Assembly (Table 6). The change in the proportion of voters voting `yes' between 1979 and 1997 ranged from 20 %-points in Clwyd and Gwynedd to 39 %-points in West Glamorgan (Table 7). There was virtually no correlation between turnout and the proportion of people voting `yes' in either 1979 or 1997. There was a slightly stronger -- but still very weak -- connection between how areas voted in 1979 and 1997. 9 Source: HC Library Research Paper 97/49, Table 10 10
Table 1 Scottish Devolution Referendum, 1 March 1979
(a) alphabetical list
Borders Central Dumfries and Galloway Fife Grampian Highland Lothian Orkney Shetland Strathclyde Tayside Western Isles
Scotland
adjusted (b)
Do you want the provisions of the Scotland Act 1978 to be put into effect?
Turnout (a)
%
number
Yes % vote
% elect.
No % vote
% elect.
66.4
51,526
65.9
130,401
64.1
67,401
65.3
160,688
57.2
196,429
64.7
88,247
65.9
373,642
54.1
7,543
50.3
7,486
62.5 1,105,118
63.0
184,807
49.9
11,151
20,746 40.3 26.7 71,296 54.7 36.0 27,162 40.3 25.8 86,252 53.7 35.0 94,944 48.3 27.6 44,973 51.0 33.0 187,221 50.1 33.0 2,104 27.9 15.1 2,020 27.0 13.6 596,519 54.0 33.7 91,482 49.5 31.2 6,218 55.8 27.8
30,780 59.7 39.7 59,105 45.3 29.9 40,239 59.7 38.2 74,436 46.3 30.2 101,485 51.7 29.5 43,274 49.0 31.7 186,421 49.9 32.9 5,439 72.1 39.0 5,466 73.0 36.7 508,599 46.0 28.7 93,325 50.5 31.8 4,933 44.2 22.1
63.0 2,384,439 63.6
1,230,937 51.6 32.5 32.9
1,153,502 48.4 30.5 30.8
(b) ranked by % of voters voting yes
Do you want the provisions of the Scotland Act 1978 to be put into effect?
Turnout (a)
%
number
Yes % vote
% elect.
No % vote
% elect.
Western Isles Central Strathclyde Fife Highland Lothian Tayside Grampian Dumfries and Galloway Borders Orkney Shetland
49.9
11,151
65.9
130,401
62.5 1,105,118
65.3
160,688
64.7
88,247
65.9
373,642
63.0
184,807
57.2
196,429
64.1
67,401
66.4
51,526
54.1
7,543
50.3
7,486
6,218 71,296 596,519 86,252 44,973 187,221 91,482 94,944 27,162 20,746 2,104 2,020
55.8 27.8 54.7 36.0 54.0 33.7 53.7 35.0 51.0 33.0 50.1 33.0 49.5 31.2 48.3 27.6 40.3 25.8 40.3 26.7 27.9 15.1 27.0 13.6
4,933 59,105 508,599 74,436 43,274 186,421 93,325 101,485 40,239 30,780 5,439 5,466
44.2 22.1 45.3 29.9 46.0 28.7 46.3 30.2 49.0 31.7 49.9 32.9 50.5 31.8 51.7 29.5 59.7 38.2 59.7 39.7 72.1 39.0 73.0 36.7
Scotland
adjusted (b)
63.0 2,384,439 63.6
1,230,937
51.6 32.5 32.9
1,153,502
48.4 30.5 30.8
(a) excludes spoilt ballots (3,133 in Scotland as a whole). (b) electorate reduced by 40,200 when calculating whether 40% of those eligible had voted in favour; reductions were for deaths, students and nurses registered at more than one address and convicted prisoners in prison. Source: FWS Craig British Electoral Facts, 1832-1987
Table 2 Scottish Parliament Referendum, 11 September 1997
(a) alphabetical list
Turnout (a)
%
number
Yes % vote
City of Aberdeen Aberdeenshire Angus Argyll and Bute East Ayrshire North Ayrshire South Ayrshire Borders Clackmannan Dumfries and Galloway East Dunbartonshire West Dunbartonshire City of Dundee City of Edinburgh Falkirk Fife City of Glasgow Highland Inverclyde North Lanarkshire South Lanarkshire East Lothian West Lothian Midlothian Moray Orkney Islands Perthshire and Kinross East Renfrewshire Renfrewshire Shetland Islands Stirling Western Isles Scotland
53.4
90,615
56.7
96,499
60.0
51,921
64.6
45,248
64.5
60,557
63.1
67,235
66.4
60,070
64.4
53,915
65.8
23,496
63.1
73,482
72.3
58,642
63.4
46,109
55.3
64,805
59.8
216,732
63.4
69,595
60.9
167,008
51.2
244,375
60.3
99,982
60.0
40,625
60.4
149,073
62.8
147,670
64.9
45,190
62.3
71,537
64.9
39,660
57.5
36,944
53.2
8,290
62.7
65,342
68.0
45,826
62.4
86,924
51.3
8,705
65.5
42,630
55.3
12,566
60.2 2,391,268
65,035 71.8 61,621 63.9 33,571 64.7 30,452 67.3 49,131 81.1 51,304 76.3 40,161 66.9 33,855 62.8 18,790 80.0 44,619 60.7 40,917 69.8 39,051 84.7 49,252 76.0 155,900 71.9 55,642 80.0 125,668 76.1 204,269 83.6 72,551 72.6 31,680 78.0 123,063 82.6 114,908 77.8 33,525 74.2 56,923 79.6 31,681 79.9 24,822 67.2 4,749 57.3 40,344 61.7 28,253 61.7 68,711 79.0 5,430 62.4 29,190 68.5 9,977 79.4 1,775,045 74.3
Parliament % elect.
No % vote
38.3
25,580 28.2
36.2
34,878 36.1
38.8
18,350 35.3
43.5
14,796 32.7
52.3
11,426 18.9
48.2
15,931 23.7
44.4
19,909 33.1
40.5
20,060 37.2
52.6
4,706 20.0
38.3
28,863 39.3
50.4
17,725 30.2
53.7
7,058 15.3
42.1
15,553 24.0
43.0
60,832 28.1
50.7
13,953 20.0
45.8
39,517 23.9
42.8
40,106 16.4
43.8
27,431 27.4
46.8
8,945 22.0
49.9
26,010 17.4
48.9
32,762 22.2
48.2
11,665 25.8
49.6
14,614 20.4
51.8
7,979 20.1
38.6
12,122 32.8
30.5
3,541 42.7
38.7
24,998 38.3
41.9
17,573 38.3
49.3
18,213 21.0
32.0
3,275 37.6
44.9
13,440 31.5
43.9
2,589 20.6
44.7 614,400 25.7
% elect. 15.1 20.5 21.2 21.1 12.2 15.0 22.0 24.0 13.2 24.8 21.8 9.7 13.3 16.8 12.7 14.4 8.4 16.5 13.2 10.5 13.9 16.8 12.7 13.1 18.9 22.7 24.0 26.1 13.1 19.3 20.7 11.4 15.5
Tax-varying powers
Yes
%
%
vote elect.
No % vote
54,320 60.3 32.0 50,295 52.3 29.5
35,709 39.7 45,929 47.7
27,641 53.4 31.9
24,089 46.6
25,746 57.0 36.8 42,559 70.5 45.3 43,990 65.7 41.3 33,679 56.2 37.2 27,284 50.7 32.6
19,429 43.0 17,824 29.5 22,991 34.3 26,217 43.8 26,497 49.3
16,112 68.7 45.1 35,737 48.8 30.7
7,355 31.3 37,499 51.2
34,576 59.1 42.6 34,408 74.7 47.3 42,304 65.5 36.1 133,843 62.0 36.9
23,914 40.9 11,628 25.3 22,280 34.5 82,188 38.0
48,064 69.2 43.8
21,403 30.8
108,021 64.7 39.4 182,589 75.0 38.3 61,359 62.1 37.0
58,987 35.3 60,842 25.0 37,525 37.9
27,194 67.2 40.2
13,277 32.8
107,288 72.2 43.5 99,587 67.6 42.4 28,152 62.7 40.4 47,990 67.3 41.8 26,776 67.7 43.8
41,372 27.8 47,708 32.4 16,765 37.3 23,354 32.7 12,762 32.3
19,326 52.7 30.1
17,344 47.3
3,917 47.4 25.1 33,398 51.3 32.1
4,344 52.6 31,709 48.7
23,580 51.6 35.0 55,075 63.6 39.5 4,478 51.6 26.4
22,153 48.4 31,537 36.4 4,198 48.4
25,044 58.9 38.5
17,487 41.1
8,557 68.4 37.6
3,947 31.6
1,512,889 63.5 38.1 870,263 36.5
% elect. 21.0 27.0 27.8 27.8 19.0 21.6 29.0 31.7 20.6 32.2 29.5 16.0 19.0 22.7 19.5 21.5 12.8 22.6 19.6 16.8 20.3 24.1 20.3 20.9 27.0 27.9 30.4 32.9 22.6 24.8 26.9 17.4 21.9
(a) higher of number voting on Parliament or tax-varying question (only Fife had more people voting on tax-varying question) as a percentage of the electorate; excludes spoilt ballots (in Scotland as a whole, 11,986 for Parliament question and 19,013 for tax-varying powers).
Source: Scottish Office
Table 2 Scottish Parliament Referendum, 11 September 1997 (b) ranked by % voters voting yes for Parliament Turnout (a)
%
number
Yes % vote
West Dunbartonshire City of Glasgow North Lanarkshire East Ayrshire Clackmannan Falkirk Midlothian West Lothian Western Isles Renfrewshire Inverclyde South Lanarkshire North Ayrshire Fife City of Dundee East Lothian Highland City of Edinburgh City of Aberdeen East Dunbartonshire Stirling Argyll and Bute Moray South Ayrshire Angus Aberdeenshire Borders Shetland Islands Perthshire and Kinross East Renfrewshire Dumfries and Galloway Orkney Islands Scotland
63.4
46,109
51.2
244,375
60.4
149,073
64.5
60,557
65.8
23,496
63.4
69,595
64.9
39,660
62.3
71,537
55.3
12,566
62.4
86,924
60.0
40,625
62.8
147,670
63.1
67,235
60.9
167,008
55.3
64,805
64.9
45,190
60.3
99,982
59.8
216,732
53.4
90,615
72.3
58,642
65.5
42,630
64.6
45,248
57.5
36,944
66.4
60,070
60.0
51,921
56.7
96,499
64.4
53,915
51.3
8,705
62.7
65,342
68.0
45,826
63.1
73,482
53.2
8,290
60.2 2,391,268
39,051 84.7 204,269 83.6 123,063 82.6 49,131 81.1 18,790 80.0 55,642 80.0 31,681 79.9 56,923 79.6 9,977 79.4 68,711 79.0 31,680 78.0 114,908 77.8 51,304 76.3 125,668 76.1 49,252 76.0 33,525 74.2 72,551 72.6 155,900 71.9 65,035 71.8 40,917 69.8 29,190 68.5 30,452 67.3 24,822 67.2 40,161 66.9 33,571 64.7 61,621 63.9 33,855 62.8 5,430 62.4 40,344 61.7 28,253 61.7 44,619 60.7 4,749 57.3 1,775,045 74.3
Parliament % elect.
No % vote
53.7
7,058 15.3
42.8
40,106 16.4
49.9
26,010 17.4
52.3
11,426 18.9
52.6
4,706 20.0
50.7
13,953 20.0
51.8
7,979 20.1
49.6
14,614 20.4
43.9
2,589 20.6
49.3
18,213 21.0
46.8
8,945 22.0
48.9
32,762 22.2
48.2
15,931 23.7
45.8
39,517 23.9
42.1
15,553 24.0
48.2
11,665 25.8
43.8
27,431 27.4
43.0
60,832 28.1
38.3
25,580 28.2
50.4
17,725 30.2
44.9
13,440 31.5
43.5
14,796 32.7
38.6
12,122 32.8
44.4
19,909 33.1
38.8
18,350 35.3
36.2
34,878 36.1
40.5
20,060 37.2
32.0
3,275 37.6
38.7
24,998 38.3
41.9
17,573 38.3
38.3
28,863 39.3
30.5
3,541 42.7
44.7 614,400 25.7
% elect. 9.7 8.4 10.5 12.2 13.2 12.7 13.1 12.7 11.4 13.1 13.2 13.9 15.0 14.4 13.3 16.8 16.5 16.8 15.1 21.8 20.7 21.1 18.9 22.0 21.2 20.5 24.0 19.3 24.0 26.1 24.8 22.7 15.5
Tax-varying powers
Yes
%
%
vote elect.
No % vote
34,408 74.7 47.3 182,589 75.0 38.3 107,288 72.2 43.5 42,559 70.5 45.3 16,112 68.7 45.1 48,064 69.2 43.8 26,776 67.7 43.8 47,990 67.3 41.8 8,557 68.4 37.6 55,075 63.6 39.5 27,194 67.2 40.2 99,587 67.6 42.4 43,990 65.7 41.3 108,021 64.7 39.4 42,304 65.5 36.1 28,152 62.7 40.4 61,359 62.1 37.0 133,843 62.0 36.9 54,320 60.3 32.0 34,576 59.1 42.6 25,044 58.9 38.5 25,746 57.0 36.8 19,326 52.7 30.1 33,679 56.2 37.2 27,641 53.4 31.9 50,295 52.3 29.5 27,284 50.7 32.6 4,478 51.6 26.4 33,398 51.3 32.1 23,580 51.6 35.0 35,737 48.8 30.7 3,917 47.4 25.1
11,628 25.3 60,842 25.0 41,372 27.8 17,824 29.5 7,355 31.3 21,403 30.8 12,762 32.3 23,354 32.7 3,947 31.6 31,537 36.4 13,277 32.8 47,708 32.4 22,991 34.3 58,987 35.3 22,280 34.5 16,765 37.3 37,525 37.9 82,188 38.0 35,709 39.7 23,914 40.9 17,487 41.1 19,429 43.0 17,344 47.3 26,217 43.8 24,089 46.6 45,929 47.7 26,497 49.3 4,198 48.4 31,709 48.7 22,153 48.4 37,499 51.2 4,344 52.6
1,512,889 63.5 38.1 870,263 36.5
% elect. 16.0 12.8 16.8 19.0 20.6 19.5 20.9 20.3 17.4 22.6 19.6 20.3 21.6 21.5 19.0 24.1 22.6 22.7 21.0 29.5 26.9 27.8 27.0 29.0 27.8 27.0 31.7 24.8 30.4 32.9 32.2 27.9 21.9
(a) higher of number voting on Parliament or tax-varying question (only Fife had more people voting on tax-varying question) as a percentage of the electorate; excludes spoilt ballots (in Scotland as a whole, 11,986 for Parliament question and 19,013 for tax-varying powers).
Source: Scottish Office
Table 3 Difference between numbers voting on Scottish Parliament and tax-varing questions, 11 September 1997 (a) ranked by % additional votes on Parliament question
Highland Moray City of Aberdeen East Lothian Western Isles City of Glasgow Inverclyde North Ayrshire Angus Perthshire and Kinross Renfrewshire Orkney Islands City of Dundee Dumfries and Galloway Shetland Islands City of Edinburgh Midlothian South Ayrshire East Ayrshire Aberdeenshire North Lanarkshire West Lothian East Dunbartonshire South Lanarkshire Borders Stirling East Renfrewshire Falkirk Argyll and Bute West Dunbartonshire Clackmannan Fife (b) Scotland
Parliament
number 99,982 36,944 90,615 45,190 12,566 244,375 40,625 67,235 51,921 65,342 86,924 8,290 64,805 73,482 8,705 216,732 39,660 60,070 60,557 96,499 149,073 71,537 58,642 147,670 53,915 42,630 45,826 69,595 45,248 46,109 23,496 165,185
turnout % 60.3 57.5 53.4 64.9 55.3 51.2 60.0 63.1 60.0 62.7 62.4 53.2 55.3 63.1 51.3 59.8 64.9 66.4 64.5 56.7 60.4 62.3 72.3 62.8 64.4 65.5 68.0 63.4 64.6 63.4 65.8 60.2
2,389,445
60.1
Tax-varying powers
number 98,884 36,670 90,029 44,917 12,504 243,431 40,471 66,981 51,730 65,107 86,612 8,261 64,584 73,236 8,676 216,031 39,538 59,896 60,383 96,224 148,660 71,344 58,490 147,295 53,781 42,531 45,733 69,467 45,175 46,036 23,467 167,008
turnout % 59.7 57.1 53.1 64.5 55.0 51.0 59.8 62.9 59.7 62.5 62.2 53.0 55.2 62.9 51.2 59.6 64.7 66.2 64.3 56.5 60.3 62.1 72.1 62.6 64.3 65.4 67.9 63.3 64.5 63.3 65.7 60.9
2,383,152
60.0
Difference
number 1,098 274 586 273 62 944 154 254 191 235 312 29 221 246 29 701 122 174 174 275 413 193 152 375 134 99 93 128 73 73 29 -1,823
% of Parl. votes 1.10 0.74 0.65 0.60 0.49 0.39 0.38 0.38 0.37 0.36 0.36 0.35 0.34 0.33 0.33 0.32 0.31 0.29 0.29 0.28 0.28 0.27 0.26 0.25 0.25 0.23 0.20 0.18 0.16 0.16 0.12 -1.10
6,293
0.26
Notes: (a) excludes spoilt ballots (in Scotland as a whole, 11,986 for Parliament question and 19,013 for tax-varying powers). (b) only area where more people voted on tax-varying powers question; Scottish Office discussing result with authority. Source: Scottish Office
Table 4 Change in voting for/against devolution in Scotland, 1979 and 1997(a) ranked by change in % of voters voting yes
1979 areas Shetland Orkney Lothian Strathclyde Western Isles Borders Fife Central Highland Dumfries and Galloway Grampian Tayside
Yes
% of Vote
79
97 change
% of Electorate
79
97 change
27.0 62.4
35.4
27.9 57.3
29.4
50.1 74.5
24.4
54.0 78.1
24.1
55.8 79.4
23.6
40.3 62.8
22.5
53.7 76.1
22.4
54.7 76.3
21.7
51.0 72.6
21.6
40.3 60.7
20.4
48.3 67.6
19.3
49.5 67.6
18.1
13.6 32.0
18.5
15.1 30.5
15.4
33.0 45.7
12.7
33.7 47.0
13.3
27.8 43.9
16.1
26.7 40.5
13.7
35.0 45.8
10.8
36.0 49.2
13.2
33.0 43.8
10.8
25.8 38.3
12.5
27.6 37.5
9.8
31.2 40.0
8.8
Scotland
adjusted (b)
51.6 74.3
22.7
32.5 44.7
12.2
32.9
No
% of Vote
79
97 change
% of Electorate
79
97 change
73.0 37.6 72.1 42.7 49.9 25.5 46.0 21.9 44.2 20.6 59.7 37.2 46.3 23.9 45.3 23.7 49.0 27.4 59.7 39.3 51.7 32.4 50.5 32.4 48.4 25.7
-35.4 -29.4 -24.4 -24.1 -23.6 -22.5 -22.4 -21.7 -21.6 -20.4 -19.3 -18.1 -22.7
36.7 19.3 39.0 22.7 32.9 15.6 28.7 13.2 22.1 11.4 39.7 24.0 30.2 14.4 29.9 15.2 31.7 16.5 38.2 24.8 29.5 18.0 31.8 19.1 30.5 15.5 30.8
-17.4 -16.3 -17.2 -15.6 -10.7 -15.7 -15.8 -14.6 -15.2 -13.5 -11.6 -12.7 -15.0
(a) voting on Scottish Parliament in 1997. (b) electorate reduced by 40,200 when calculating whether 40% of those eligible had voted in favour; reductions were for deaths, students and nurses registered at more than one address and convicted prisoners in prison. 1997 results fitted to 1979 areas on the following basis: Borders (Borders); Central (Clackmannan, Falkirk, Stirling); Dumfries & Galloway (Dufries & Galloway): Fife (Fife); Grampian (City of Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Moray); Highland (Highland); Lothian (City of Edinburgh, East Lothian, West Lothian, Midlothian); Orkney (Orkney Islands); Shetland (Shetland Islands); Strathclyde (Argyll & Bute, East Ayrshire, North Ayrshire, South Ayrshire, East Dunbartonshire, West Dunbartonshire, City of Glasgow, Inverclyde, North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire, East Renfrewshire, Renfrewshire); Tayside (Angus, City of Dundee, Perthshire & Kinross); Western Isles (Western Isles) Sources: Scottish Office; FWS Craig British Electoral Facts, 1832-1987 ; local government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 (Schedule 1)
Table 5 Welsh Devolution Referendum, 1 March 1979
(a) alphabetical list
Do you want the provisions of the Wales Act 1978 to be put into effect?
Turnout (a)
%
number
Yes % vote
% elect.
No % vote
% elect.
Clwyd Dyfed Gwent Gwynedd Mid Glamorgan Powys South Glamorgan West Glamorgan
51.1
145,503
64.6
159,796
55.3
176,758
63.4
108,520
58.6
230,943
66.0
53,345
58.7
166,016
57.5
158,497
31,384 21.6 11.0
44,849 28.1 18.1
21,369 12.1
6.7
37,363 34.4 21.8
46,747 20.2 11.9
9,843 18.5 12.2
21,830 13.1
7.7
29,663 18.7 10.8
114,119 78.4 40.1 114,947 71.9 46.5 155,389 87.9 48.7 71,157 65.6 41.6 184,196 79.8 46.7 43,502 81.5 53.8 144,186 86.9 51.0 128,834 81.3 46.7
Wales
adjusted (b)
58.3
1,199,378
58.8
243,048 20.3 11.8 11.9
956,330 79.7 46.5 46.9
(b) ranked by % of voters voting yes
Do you want the provisions of the Wales Act 1978 to be put into effect?
Turnout (a)
%
number
Yes % vote
% elect.
No % vote
% elect.
Gwynedd Dyfed Clwyd Mid Glamorgan West Glamorgan Powys South Glamorgan Gwent
63.4
108,520
64.6
159,796
51.1
145,503
58.6
230,943
57.5
158,497
66.0
53,345
58.7
166,016
55.3
176,758
37,363 34.4 21.8
44,849 28.1 18.1
31,384 21.6 11.0
46,747 20.2 11.9
29,663 18.7 10.8
9,843 18.5 12.2
21,830 13.1
7.7
21,369 12.1
6.7
71,157 65.6 41.6 114,947 71.9 46.5 114,119 78.4 40.1 184,196 79.8 46.7 128,834 81.3 46.7 43,502 81.5 53.8 144,186 86.9 51.0 155,389 87.9 48.7
Wales
adjusted (b)
58.3
1,199,378
58.8
243,048 20.3 11.8 11.9
956,330 79.7 46.5 46.9
(a) excludes spoilt ballots (3,309 in Wales as a whole). (b) electorate reduced by 18,300 when calculating whether 40% of those eligible had voted in favour; reductions were for deaths, students and nurses registered at more than one address and convicted prisoners in prison. Source: FWS Craig British Electoral Facts, 1832-1987
Table 6 Welsh Assembly Referendum, 18 September 1997
(a) alphabetical list
Turnout (a)
%
number
Isle of Anglesey Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Vale of Glamorgan Blaenau Gwent Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda Cynon Taff Swansea Torfaen Wrexham Wales
56.9
30,744
50.6
50,804
49.3
63,671
46.9
107,116
56.4
75,234
56.8
30,918
51.5
44,890
49.7
35,003
41.0
46,453
54.3
48,389
49.3
27,165
59.8
55,284
49.5
21,828
50.5
32,995
51.9
55,193
45.9
43,189
52.6
46,691
56.2
54,004
49.9
87,563
47.1
82,350
45.5
31,610
42.4
41,023
50.1 1,112,117
Yes % vote 15,649 50.9 27,632 54.4 34,830 54.7 47,527 44.4 49,115 65.3 18,304 59.2 18,369 40.9 14,271 40.8 17,746 38.2 17,776 36.7 15,237 56.1 35,425 64.1 12,707 58.2 10,592 32.1 36,730 66.5 16,172 37.4 19,979 42.8 23,038 42.7 51,201 58.5 42,789 52.0 15,756 49.8 18,574 45.3 559,419 50.3
% elect. 29.0 27.5 27.0 20.8 36.8 33.6 21.1 20.3 15.7 19.9 27.7 38.3 28.8 16.2 34.5 17.2 22.5 24.0 29.2 24.5 22.7 19.2 25.2
(b) ranked by % of voters voting yes
Turnout (a)
%
number
Neath Port Talbot Carmarthenshire Gwynedd Ceredigion Rhondda Cynon Taff Merthyr Tydfil Blaenau Gwent Caerphilly Bridgend Swansea Isle of Anglesey Torfaen Wrexham Cardiff Pembrokeshire Powys Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Newport Vale of Glamorgan Monmouthshire Wales
51.9
55,193
56.4
75,234
59.8
55,284
56.8
30,918
49.9
87,563
49.5
21,828
49.3
27,165
49.3
63,671
50.6
50,804
47.1
82,350
56.9
30,744
45.5
31,610
42.4
41,023
46.9
107,116
52.6
46,691
56.2
54,004
51.5
44,890
49.7
35,003
41.0
46,453
45.9
43,189
54.3
48,389
50.5
32,995
50.1 1,112,117
Yes % vote 36,730 66.5 49,115 65.3 35,425 64.1 18,304 59.2 51,201 58.5 12,707 58.2 15,237 56.1 34,830 54.7 27,632 54.4 42,789 52.0 15,649 50.9 15,756 49.8 18,574 45.3 47,527 44.4 19,979 42.8 23,038 42.7 18,369 40.9 14,271 40.8 17,746 38.2 16,172 37.4 17,776 36.7 10,592 32.1 559,419 50.3
% elect. 34.5 36.8 38.3 33.6 29.2 28.8 27.7 27.0 27.5 24.5 29.0 22.7 19.2 20.8 22.5 24.0 21.1 20.3 15.7 17.2 19.9 16.2 25.2
Source: Welsh Office & The Western Mail (20 September 1997)
No % vote 15,095 49.1 23,172 45.6 28,841 45.3 59,589 55.6 26,119 34.7 12,614 40.8 26,521 59.1 20,732 59.2 28,707 61.8 30,613 63.3 11,928 43.9 19,859 35.9 9,121 41.8 22,403 67.9 18,463 33.5 27,017 62.6 26,712 57.2 30,966 57.3 36,362 41.5 39,561 48.0 15,854 50.2 22,449 54.7 552,698 49.7
% elect. 27.9 23.1 22.3 26.1 19.6 23.2 30.4 29.4 25.4 34.4 21.7 21.5 20.7 34.3 17.4 28.7 30.1 32.2 20.7 22.6 22.8 23.2 24.9
No % vote 18,463 33.5 26,119 34.7 19,859 35.9 12,614 40.8 36,362 41.5 9,121 41.8 11,928 43.9 28,841 45.3 23,172 45.6 39,561 48.0 15,095 49.1 15,854 50.2 22,449 54.7 59,589 55.6 26,712 57.2 30,966 57.3 26,521 59.1 20,732 59.2 28,707 61.8 27,017 62.6 30,613 63.3 22,403 67.9 552,698 49.7
% elect. 17.4 19.6 21.5 23.2 20.7 20.7 21.7 22.3 23.1 22.6 27.9 22.8 23.2 26.1 30.1 32.2 30.4 29.4 25.4 28.7 34.4 34.3 24.9
Table 7 Change in voting for/against devolution in Wales, 1979 and 1997 ranked by change in % of voters voting yes
1979 areas West Glamorgan Gwent & Mid Glamorgan Dyfed South Glamorgan Powys Clwyd & Gwynedd
Yes
% of Vote
79
97 change
% of Electorate
79
97 change
18.7 57.8
39.1
16.7 51.3
34.6
28.1 57.2
29.1
13.1 42.0
28.8
18.5 42.7
24.2
27.1 47.4
20.3
10.8 28.3
17.5
9.5 25.1
15.6
18.1 31.6
13.5
7.7 20.6
12.8
12.2 24.0
11.8
15.1 23.3
8.3
Wales
adjusted (a)
20.3 50.3
30.0
11.8 25.2
13.4
11.9
No
% of Vote
79
97 change
% of Electorate
79
97 change
81.3 42.2 83.3 48.7 71.9 42.8 86.9 58.0 81.5 57.3 72.9 52.6 79.7 49.7
-39.1 -34.6 -29.1 -28.8 -24.2 -20.3 -30.0
46.7 20.6 47.6 23.8 46.5 23.7 51.0 28.4 53.8 32.2 40.7 25.9 46.5 24.9 46.9
-26.1 -23.8 -22.8 -22.6 -21.6 -14.7 -21.6
(a) electorate reduced by 18,300 when calculating whether 40% of those eligible had voted in favour; reductions were for deaths, students and nurses registered at more than one address and convicted prisoners in prison. 1997 results fitted to 1979 areas on the following basis: Clwyd & Gwynedd (Anglesey, Conwy, Denbighshire, Flintshire, Gwynedd, Wrexham) -- 1997 area excludes communities of Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant, Llansilin and Llangedwyn (formerly in Glyndwr DC in Clwyd, now in Powys UA) Dyfed (Carmarthenshire, Ceredigion, Pembrokeshire) Powys (Powys) -- 1997 area includes communities of Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant, Llansilin and Llangedwyn (formerly in Glyndwr DC in Clwyd, now in Powys UA) Gwent & Mid Glamorgan (Bridgend, Caerphilly, Blaenau Gwent, Merthyr Tydfil, Monmouthshire, Newport, Rhondda Cynon Taff, Torfaen) -- 1997 areaexcludes communities of Wick, St Bride's Major and Ewenny (formerly in Ogwr BC in Mid Glamorgan, now in Vale of Glamorgan UA) andexcludes community of Pentyrch (formerly in Taff-Ely BC in Mid Glamorgan, now in Cardiff UA) South Glamorgan (Vale of Glamorgan, Cardiff) -- 1997 area includes communities of Wick, St Bride's Major and Ewenny (formerly in Ogwr BC in Mid Glamorgan, now in Vale of Glamorgan UA) and includes community of Pentyrch (formerly in Taff-Ely BC in Mid Glamorgan, now in Cardiff UA) West Glamorgan (Neath & Port Talbot, Swansea) Sources: Welsh Office; FWS Craig British Electoral Facts, 1832-1987 ; Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 (Schedule 1)
97/102 97/103 97/104 97/105 97/106 97/107 97/108 97/109 97/110 97/111 97/112
The Social Chapter 02.09.97 Unemployment by Constituency - August 1997 17.09.97 Unemployment by Constituency - September 1997 15.10.97 The Wireless Telegraphy Bill [HL] [Bill 52 of 1997/98] 17.10.97 The Strategic Defence Review 23.10.97 parliamentary reform: the Commons 'Modernisation' Programme 28.10.97 economic indicators 01.11.97 Statistics of National Lottery Awards: September 1997 30.10.97 Bosnia: The Dayton Agreement - Two Years On 31.10.97 The Nuclear Explosions (Prohibition and Inspections) Bill [HL] 31.10.97 [H.L. Bill 63 of 97/98] The European Communities (Amendment) Bill: Implementing 05.11.97 The Amsterdam Treaty [Bill No 71]

File: results-of-devolution-referendums-1979-1997.pdf
Title: Results of Devolution Referendums (1979 & 1997)
Author: Dewdney, Richard
Published: Mon Nov 17 11:38:34 1997
Pages: 18
File size: 0.11 Mb


Police in America, 4 pages, 0.07 Mb

Kyoto Common Lisp Report, 92 pages, 0.42 Mb

, pages, 0 Mb
Copyright © 2018 doc.uments.com