The English hundred-names

Tags: London, English Place-Name Society, Uppsala, Rolls Ser, English Place-Names, Stenton, Oxford, Ed, Personal Names, Worcestershire Historical Society, Close Rolls, East Scandinavian Ess Essex, F. M. Stenton, Pipe Roll Society, Lund, Mawer, Historische Grammatik, Herts Hertfordshire Hu Huntingdonshire Hyl, Worcestershire West Scandinavian Yorkshire, Rutland Shropshire Scandinavian Suffolk Somerset Surrey Staffordshire Swedish Sussex, XIV O. S. Andersen Abbreviations, Ca Cambridgeshire Ch Cheshire Cu Cumberland d dorse Da, John K Kent La Lancashire Le Leicestershire LG, Nottinghamshire Oxfordshire Old Danish, Festgabe fiir Felix Liebermann, Altenglisches etymologisches Worterbuch, Hampshire Record Society, Natural History Society, Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Historical Society, R. Pudsay Littledale, the Reign of Henry III, Saxton Saxton, Percy The Percy Chartulary, Etymologisches Worterbuch, the English Association, William Salt Archaeological Society, English Place, Patent Rolls, Record Society
The subject of the following study, the etymologies of Eng-
lish hundred names, was suggested to me by Professor Eilert Ek-
wall, my teacher in English philology. Its scope and aim will be
set forth in the introduction. As the material proved too extensive
for publication in its entirety in a doctoral thesis, a division of the
subject had to be made, and only the part of the material relating
to the old Anglian counties is here published. The boundary be-
tween Anglian and Saxon territory has not been rigidly followed,
when practical considerations suggested a wider or narrower
It now only remains for me to thank those persons from whom
I have received assistance in the course of my studies. Above all,
I want to thank Professor Ekwall for his constant encouragement
and help, without which my thesis could not have been completed
in its present form. It lias profited throughout from his stimula-
ting criticism and suggestions -- far more often than appears
from the express mention of his name below.
Further, my thanks are due to Professor Alien Mawer for
greatly facilitating my studies in England, in giving me access to
the collections of the English Place-Name Society, and introdu-
cing me to a number of persons associated with the English Place-
Name Survey, as well as for the kind interest shown in my work,
and for friendly advice and communications.
To Professor F. M. Stenton I am deeply indebted for much
instruction and many valuable hints and suggestions received in
the course of the discussion of various problems connected with
my studies; and for valuable forms and quotations from tran-
scripts of documents in his possession.
I am indebted to Professor James Tait for kindly discussing
with me some general problems connected with my work, and for
special information on the Cheshire hundreds.
Over and above the more detailed acknowledgments made below (v. also Bibliography I), I also want to. acknowledge my general indebtedness to the following persons for help and information, for references, and for answering inquiries: Mr E. W. Bowcock, Miss H. M. Cam, The Rev. Canon C. W. Foster, Mr J. E. B. Gover, Mr F. T. S. Houghton, Mr V. B. Bedstone, Dr 0. K. Schram, Dr A. H. Smith, Mrs F. M. Stenton, and Mr F. Williamson. I want to thank my fellow-students Fil. Lie. H. Back for many acts of kindness in the course of my work, and Fil. Mag. U. Philipsson for reading a proof. Mr A. King, Lektor of English at the University, has kindly undertaken to revise my English.
Lund, February 1934.
0. S, Anderson.
I. Sources.
Placitorum abbreviatio Richard I -- Edward II. Record
Com. 1811.
Ancient Charters Royal and Private prior to A. D. 1200.
Ed. J. H. Round. PRS 10. (1888).
A Descriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds. Rolls Ser. 1890
Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel. Ed. Ch. Plummer on
the basis of an edition by J. Earle. Oxford 1892--99.
Assize Rolls: Du: Surt 127 (1916). La: Rec Soc La Ch 47, 49
(1904--5). Li: LiRS 22 (1926). Np: NRS 5 (1930). Nb: Surt 88
(1891). St: Salt OS 3, 4, 6, 7, 9 (1882 ff.). Y: YAS 44 (1911).
Assixe Rolls (unpublished) at the P.R.O. (Quoted by number
and membrane).
Court Rolls of the Abbey of Ramsey and of the Honor of
Clare. Ed. W.O.Ault. Yale Historical Publications IX (1928).
The Bardney Cartulary; MS Cott. Vesp. E XX. (Forms
taken by the courtesy of Professor A. Mawer and the Rev.
Canon C. W. Foster from the collections of the English
Place-Name Society).
Liber rnemorandorum ecclesia: de Bernewelle. Ed. J. W.
Clark. Cambridge 1907.
Cartularium saxonicum. Ed. W. de Gray Birch. London
Venerabilis Bseda- opera historica. Ed. Ch. Plummer. Ox-
ford 1896.
The Register of the Abbey of St. Benet of Holme. Ed. J. R.
West. Norfolk Record Society, vol. 2 f. (1932).
Black Prince Register of Edward the Black Prince. Rolls Ser. 1930--33.
Index to the Charters and Rolls in the British Museum.
London 1900--12.
Calendar of Charters and Rolls preserved in the Bodleian
Library. Oxford 1878.
Bridlington The Chartulary of the Priory of Bridlington. Ed. W. T.
Lancaster. Leeds 1912.
Feudal Documents from the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds.
Ed. D. C. Douglas. The British Academy Records of the
(). S. Anderson
Ch Chamb Chron Petrob Cl Court Crawf Cur CurP Cur I. II D DB Db Ch DC Earle Ebor EHR Ellis Eyton FA Fees Feud Engl FF
Social and Economic History of England and Wales VIII (1932). Charter Rolls: Kotuli chartaruin (Hi)!)- -1216). Record Com. 1837. Calendar of the Charter Rolls (1226--1516). Rolls Ser. 1903--27. Accounts of the Chamberlains and other Officers of the County of Chester. Ed. R. Stewart-Brown. Rec Soc La Ch 59 (1910). Chronieon Petroburgense. Ed. Th. Stapleton. Camdon Society 1849. Close Rolls: Rotuli litteramm clausarum (1204--27). Record Com. 1833--44. Close Rolls of the Reign of Henry III (1227--59). Rolls Ser. 1902- 32. Calendar of the Close Rolls (1272--) Rolls Ser. 1892 etc. Calendar of County Court, City Court and Eyre Rolls of Chester 1259--97. Ed. R. Stewart-Brown. Chetham Society N. S. 84 (1925). The Crawford Collection of Early Charters and Documents. Ed. A. S. Napier and W. H. Stevenson. Anecdota Oxoniensia. Mediaeval and Modern Series 7. Oxford 1895. Curia Regis Rolls. Rolls Ser. 1922--32.' Rolls of the King's Court. PRS 14, 24 (1891--1900). Rotuli curia1 regis. Record Com. 1835. Calendar of Lelters and State Papers Domestic. Rolls Ser. 1856--72. Domesday Book. London 1783--1816. Also the facsimile edition (facs. ed.). Ordnance Survey Office. Southampton 1861--4. Descriptive Catalogue of Derbyshire Charters. Ed. I. H. Jeayes. London 1906. Documents illustrative of the Social and Economic History of the Danelaw. Ed. F. M. Stenton. The British Academy Records of the Social and Economic History of England and Wales V (1920). Earle, ,T., A Hand-Book to the Land-Charters and other Saxonic Documents. Oxford 1888. Registers of the Archbishops of York. Surt 56, 109, 114, 123, 128, 138, 141, 145 (1872--1931). English Historical Review. Ellis, H., A General Introduction to Domesday Book. London 1833. Eyton, R. W., Antiquities of Shropshire. London 1854--60. Inquisitions and Assessments relating to Feudal Aids. Rolls Ser. 1899--1920. The Book of Fees. Rolls Ser. 1920--31. Round, J. H., Feudal England. London 1895. Feet of Fines: Ca: Cambridge Antiquarian Society 1891. Db:
The English Hundred-Names
FP FFP Fine Flor Wore Fount France Furness Geld Roll Gilb Glouc Coxhill Grav Gross Guis Guthlac Hamilton Heimskringla Heming
Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society Journal VII--XVIII (1885--96). Hu: Cambridge Antiquarian Society 37 (1913). La: Kec SOD La Ch 39, 46, 50, 60 (1899-- 1910). Li: Lincolnshire Records. Abstracts of Final Concords (1193--1244). Ed. W. 0. Massingberd. London 1896; LiRS (1244--72) 17 (1920). Nf: Norfolk and Norwich Archwological Society 1881. Also Calendar by W. Rye, Norwich 1885 --6. Sf: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology 1900. Y: The Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Association Journal XI (1191--9) 1891. Surt 94 (1199--1214) 1897. YAS 2, 5, 7, 8, 42, 52, 62, 67, 82 (1214--) (1887--1932). Feet of Fines (unpublished). Feet of Fines. PRS 17, 20, 23, 24 (1894--1900). Fine Rolls: Excerpta e rotulis finium (1216--72). Record Com. 1835--6. Calendar of the Fine Rolls (1273--). Rolls Ser. 1911 etc. Florentii Wigorniensis monachi chronicon ex chronicis. Ed. B. Thorpe. London 1848--9. Abstracts of the Charters and other Documents contained in the Chartulary of the Cistercian Abbey of Fountains. Ed. W. T. Lancaster, Leeds 1915. Calendar of Documents preserved in France. Ed. J. H. Round. Rolls Ser. 1899. The Coucher Book of Furness Abbey. Chetham Society N. S. 9, H, 14, 74, 76, 78 (1886--1919). The Northamptonshire Geld Roll. Ed. H. Ellis in A General Introduction to Domesday Book I 184--7. (Cf. Round, Feud Engl 147 ff.). Transcripts of Charters relating to the Gilbertine Houses of Sixle, Orrnsby (etc.). Ed. F. M. Stenton. LiRS 18 (1922). flistoria et cartularium monasterii S. Petri Gloucestria?. Ed. W. H. Hart. Chronicles and Memorials 33 (1863--7). The Goxhill Leiger; a cartulary in Peterborough Cathedral (forms derived as above under Bardney}. Rotuli Ricardi Gravesend episcopi Lincolniensis A. D. 1258 --79. Ed. F. N. Davis. LiRS 20 (1925). Rotuli Roberti Grosseteste episcopi Lincolniensis A.D. 1235 --53. Ed. F. N. Davis. LiRS 11 (1914). Cartularium prioratus de Gyseburne. Surt 86, 89 (1889--94). Das angelsachsische Prosa-Leben des hi. Guthlac. Ed. P. Gonser. Anglistische Forschungen 27 (1909). see ICC. Heimskringla... af Snorri Sturluson. Ed Finnur Jonsson. Kobenhavn 1893--1900. Hemingi chartularium ecclesiir Wigorniensis. Ed. Th. Hearne. Oxford 1723.
HMC HMC Var ICC IE Inq aqd Ipm KCD Kirkstall Kirkstead La Oh Laws LeS LI Lib Lib El LiDB; LiS LiRS LN Petrob LP LPR LVD MemStEdm Middleton
(.). S. Anderson Hereford Episcopal Registers. Canterbury and York Society. 1907--13. Henrici archidiaconi Huntendunensis historia anglorum. Ed. Th. Arnold. Chronicles and Memorials 74 (1879). Historical Manuscripts Commission. Historical Manuscripts Commission. Report on Manuscripts in Various Collections (1901--13). Inquisitio comitatus Cantabrigiensis: subjicitur Inquisitio Eliensis. Ed. N. E. S. A. Hamilton. Royal Society of Literature. London 1876. Inquisitio Eliensis. In DB IV (for variant readings see prec.). Calendarium ... inquisitionum ad quod damnum. Record Com. 1803. Inquisitions post mortem: Calendar of Inquisitions post mortem (1236--1360; 1485--1505). Rolls Ser. 1898--1921. Calendarium inquisitionum post mortem sive esca3tarum (remaining years). Record Com. 1806--28. Codex diplomaticus a>vi saxonici. Ed. J. M. Kemble. London 1839-^8. The Coucher Book of the Cistercian Abbey of Kirkstall. Ed. W. T. Lancaster and W. P. Baildon. Thoresby Society 8 (1904). Kirkstead Abbey Cartulary. MS Cott. Vesp. E XVIII (forms derived as above under Bardney). The Lancashire Pipe Rolls (1130--1216). Also Early Lancashire Charters. Ed. W. Farrer. Liverpool 1902. Die Gesetze der Angelsachsen. lid. F. Liebermann. Halle 1903--16. The Leicestershire Survey. Ed. J. IT. Round in Feud Engl 197--203; also VHLe (v. below III) I 344--54. Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids. Ed. W. Farrer. Rec Soc La Ch 48, 54 (1903--7). Calendar of the Liberate Rolls. Rolls Ser. 1916--30. Liber Eliensis. Ed. D. J. Stewart. Anglia Christiana Society 1848. The Lincolnshire Domesday and the Lindsey Survey. Ed. C. W. Foster. LiRS 19 (1924). The Publications of the Lincoln Record Society. Liber Niger...; in Chron Petrob (appendix). Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic of the Reign of Henry VIII. Rolls Ser. 1862 etc. see La Ch. Liber vitai ecclesia> Dunelmensis. Surt 136 (1923). Memorials of St. Edmund's Abbey. Ed. Th. Arnold. Chronicles and Memorials 96 (1890--6). Historical Manuscripts Commission. Report on the Manu-
The English Hundred-Names
scripts of Lord Middleton preserved at Wollaton Hall, Not-
tinghamshire (1911).
Calendar of Inquisitions Miscellaneous. Rolls Ser. 1916.
Dugdale, W., Monasticon anglicanum. New ed. London 184(5.
Nonarum inquisitiones temp, regis Kdwardi III. Record
Com. 1807.
The Valuation of Norwich. Ed. W. E. Lunt. Oxford 1926.
The Northamptonshire Survey. In VHNp (v. below III) I
North Riding Record Society Publications. (New Series).
The Publications of the Northamptonshire Record Society.
Rotuli de oblatis et finibus temp. John. Record Com. 1835.
OE Bede
The Old English Version of Bede's Ecclesiastical History.
Ed. Th. Miller. Early English Text Society 95 f., 110 f. (1890
Rotulorum originalium in curia scaccarii abbreviatio. Re-
cord Com. 1805--10.
Pipe Rolls: The Pipe Roll of 31 Henry I, Michaelmas 1130.
Reproduced in facsimile from the edition of 1833. London
1929. The Pipe Rolls of 2--4 Henry II. Reproduced in fac-
simile from the edition of 1844. London 1930. The Great
Roll of the Pipe (1159--88; 1190--99; 1230). PRS 1884--
1933. The Great Roll of the Pipe, 1 Richard I. Ed. J. Hun-
ter. Record Com. 1844. Rotulus cancellarii, vel antigraphum
magni rotuli pipsc, 3 John. Ed. .1. Hunter. Record Com.
L883. The Great Roll of the Pipe 26 Henry III. Ed. H. L.
Cannon. Yale Historical Publications V (1918).
Pipe Rolls (imprinted) at the P.R.O. (Forms taken by the
courtesy of Mrs. F. M. Stenton from transcripts prepared
for the Pipe Roll Society; quoted by number (rotulet and
Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers. Rolls Ser. 1893
Patent Rolls: Rotuli litterarum patentium 1201--16. Record
Com. 1835. Patent Rolls of the Reign of Henry III (1216
--32). Rolls Ser. 1901--3. Calendar of the Patent Rolls
(1232--). Rolls Ser. 1891 etc.
Index of Wills Proved in the Prerogative Court of Canter-
bury 1383--1629. The Index Library 1893--1912.
The Percy Chartulary. Surt 117 (1911).
Pinchbeck The Pinchbeck Register. Ed. F. Hervey. London 1925.
The Chartulary of St. John of Pontefract. Ed. R. Holmes.
YAS 25, 30 (1899--1902).
The Public Record Office, Chancery Lane, London.
Proc Soc Ant Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of London.
The Publications of the Pipe Roll Society.
O. S. Anderson
The Pudsay Deeds. Ed. R. Pudsay Littledale. YAS 56 (1916).
Placita de quo warranto temp. Edward 1--Edward III.
Record Com. 1818.
Oartularium monasterii de Rameseia. Ed. W. H. Hart and P.
A. Lyons. Chronicles and Memorials 79 (1884--93).
Rams Chron Chronicon abbatim Rameseiensis. Ed. W. D. Macray. Chro-
nicles and Memorials 83 (1886).
The Red Book of the Exchequer. Rolls Ser. 1896.
Rec Soc La Ch The Record Society for the Publication of Original Docu-
ments relating to Lancashire and Cheshire.
Reg Ant
The Registrum Antiquissimum of the Cathedral Church of
Lincoln. Vol. 1. Kd. C. W. Foster. LiRS 27 (1931).
Rotuli hundredorum temp. Henry I I I et Kdward I. Record
Com. 1812--18.
The MS of prec. in the P. R. 0.
Rhys, ,]., Celtic Britain. London 1904.
Registrum Honoris Richmondia-. Cott. MS Faustina H VII.
Also ed. R. Gale. London 1722.
Oartularium abbathia1 de Rievalle. Surt 83 (1889).
Rot Dom
Rotuli de dominabus et pueris et puellis. Ed. .1. H. Round.
PRS 35 (1913).
Die Heiligen Englands. Kd. F. Liebermann. Hannover 1889.
Salt OS
Collections for a History of Staffordshire edited by the
William Salt Archaeological Society. Old Series.
The Kalendarium of Abbot Samson. Cambridge Univ. Li-
brary Add. MS 6006.
Saxton's maps 1577.
Symeonis Dunelmensis opera et collectanea, Ed. J. H.
Hinde. Surt 51 (1868).
Calendar of Charters and Documents relating to Selborne
and its Priory. Ed. W. D. Macray. Hampshire Record
Society 1891--4.
The Concher Book of Selby. Ed. J. T. Fowler. YAS 10, 13
The Publications of the Selden Society.
The Staffordshire Pipe Rolls (1130--1216). Ed. R. W. Eyton.
Salt OS 1, 2. (1880--1).
Speed's maps 1610.
Subsidy Rolls: Cu:Cumberland Lay Subsidy. Ed. J. P. Steel.
Kendal 1912. Db: Derbyshire Archa-ological and Natural
History Society, Journal 30 (1908). la: Rec Soc La Ch 31
(1896). Le: Associated Architectural Societies' Rep. 19 f.
(1888--9). Li: A Subsidy Collected in the Diocese of Lin-
coln in 1526. Ed. H. Salter. Oxford Historical Society 63.
Sa: The Shropshire Lay Subsidy Roll of 1327. Ed. W. G. D.
Fletcher. Oswestry 1907. Sf: Suffolk Green Books 9, 10,
12 (1906-9). St: Salt OS 7, 10 (1886--9). Wa: Midland Re-
The English Hundred-Names
SR Surt Tax Thorney Thorpe Tribal Hid Vale Royal VE WCR WellsL WellsR Werb Whitby Wigorn WoP WoS YAS YCh YD YI
cord Society 6 (1902); Dugdale Society 6 (192ti). Wo: Worcestershire Historical Society 1 (1893--1902). Y: YAS 16, 21 (1894--7). Lay Subsidy Rolls (unpublished) in the P.R.O. (quoted by number). The Publications of the Surtees Society. Taxatio ecclesiastica Anglue et Walli* auctoritate P. Nicholai IV. Record Com. 1802. The Red Book of Thorney. Cambridge Univ. Library Add. MS 3020. Diplomatarium anglicum a'vi saxonici. Kd. H. Thorpe. London 1865. The Tribal Hidage (BCS 297). The Ledger-Book of Vale Royal Abbey. Ed. .J. Brownbill. Kec Soc La Ch 68 (1914). Valor ecclesiasticus. Record Com. 1810--34. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. YAS 29, 36, 57, 78 (1901--30). Liber antiquus... Hugonis Welles Lincolniensis episcopi 1209--35. Ed. A. Gibbons. Lincoln 1888. Rotuli Hugonis de Wellos episcopi Lincolniensis A.D. 1209 --35. Ed. W. P. W. Phillimore and F. N. Davis. LiRS 3, 6, 9 (1912-44). The Chartulary or Register of the Abbey of St. Werburgh, Chester. Kd. J. Tait. Chetham Society N.S. 79, 82 (1920--3). Cartularium abbathia> de Whiteby. Surt. 69, 72 (1879--81). Worcester Episcopal Registers. Worcestershire Historical Society 7, 10, Ifi, 33, 34 (1897--1930). Registrum ... prioratus Beats; Maria? Wigorniensis. Ed. W. H. Hale. Camden Society 1865. The Worcester Survey. In VHWo (below III) 1 324--6. The Yorkshire Archaeological Society. Record Series. Early Yorkshire Charters. Ed. W. Farrer. Edinburgh 1914 --16.' Yorkshire Deeds. YAS 39, 50, 63, 65, 69, 76, 83 (1909--32). Yorkshire Inquisitions. YAS 12, 23, 31, 37, 59 (1892--1918).
II. Maps and Gazetteers. Bartholomew's Survey Gazetteer of the British Isles. 7th ed. London 1927. (Earth). Blaeuw, J., Le grand atlas, ov cosmographie Blaviane, V. Amsterdam 1662. Kelly's Directory. OS (6"; Old 1"; 1") == Ordnance Survey of England and Wales. Scale 6 inches and 1 inch (old edition (1805--44); lithographed and popular editions) to the mile. Saxton = Saxton's maps 1577.
O. S. Anderson
Speed = Speed's maps 1610. Various other old maps specified below.
III. Other Works Consulted.' AB = Anglia. Beiblatt. Alexander, H., The Place-Names of Oxfordshire. Oxford 1912. Anglica. Untersuchungen zur englischen Philologie, Alois Brandl zuiti siebzigsten Geburtstage iiberreicht (Palaestra 147/8). Leipzig 1925. AN Infl see Zachrisson. Baddeley, W. St. Glair, Place-Names of Gloucestershire. Gloucester 1913. Bannister, A. T., The Place-Names of Herefordshire. Cambridge 1916. Bardsley, C. W., A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames. London 1901. Bjo'rkman, E., Scandinavian Loan-Words in Middle English. Halle 1900--2. --, Nordische Personennamen in England. Halle 1910. (NP). --, Zur englischen Namenkunde. Halle 1912 (ZEN). Bowcock, E. W., Shropshire Place-Names. Shrewsbury 1923. Bradley, H., English Place-Names. In Ess and St I. Brandl, A., Zur Geographic der altenglischen Dialekte. Berlin 1915. Broadcast English II. Recommendations to Announcers regarding the Pronunciation of some English Place-Names. Collected and Transcribed by A. Lloyd James. London 1930. BT, BT Suppl = Bosworth, J. and Toller, T. N., An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. Oxford 1882--1921. Bugge, A., Vikingerne. K0benhavn og Kristiania 1904--6. Bulbring, K. D., Altenglisches Elementarbuch. Heidelberg 1902. Cleasby, R. and Vigfusson, G., An Icelandic-English Dictionary. Oxford 1874. Contributions see Ekwall. Crawford Charters = The Crawford Collection of Early Charters and Documents. Ed. A. S. Napier and W. H. Stevenson. Anecdota Oxoniensia. Mediaeval and Modern Series 7. Oxford 1895. Duignan, W. H., Notes on Staffordshire Place-Names. London 1902. --, Warwickshire Place-Names. Oxford 1912. EHR = The English Historical Review. Ekblom, E., The Place-Names of Wiltshire. Uppsala 1917. Ekwall, E., Contributions to the History of Old English Dialects. Lund 1917 (Contributions). --, Scandinavians and Celts in the North-West of England. Lund 1918 (Scandinavians). --, The Place-Names of Lancashire. Manchester 1922 (PNLa). --, English Place-Names in -ing. Lund 1923 (PNing). 1 Books on antiquities and historical works not here included are quoted in foot-notes to the text.
The English Hundred-Names
Ekwall, E., English River-Names. Oxford 1928 (ERN). --, Studies on English Place- and personal names. Lund 1931 (PPN). EPN = The Chief Elements used in English Place-Names. Cambridge 1924. English Place-Name Society vol. 1:2. ERN see Ekwall. Ess and St = Essays and Studies by Members of the English Association. Oxford 1910 ff. ESt = Englische Studien. Feist, S., Etymologisches Worterbuch der gotischen Sprache. 2. Aufl. Halle 1923. Forssner, Th., Continental-Germanic Personal Names in England. Upp- sala 1916. Fritzner, J., Ordbog over del gamle norske sprog. Kristiania 1886--96. Fagersten, A., The Place-Names of Dorset. Uppsala 1933. Forstemann, E., Altdeutsches Namenbuch. Bonn 1900--16. Forster, M., Keltisches Wortgut im Englischen. In Texte und Forschungen zur englischen Kulturgeschichte. Festgabe fiir Felix Liebermann. Halle 1921. Goodall, A., Place-Names of South-West Yorkshire. Cambridge 1914. Gover, J. E. B., The Place-Names of Middlesex. London 1922. --, Mawer, A., and Stenton, F. M., The Place-Names of Devon. Cambridge 1931--2 (PNDv). -- -- --, The Place-Names of Northamptonshire. Cambridge 1933. (PNNp). Gross, Ch., The Sources and Literature of English History. London 1915. Hellquist, E., Svensk etymologisk ordbok. Lund 1920--2. Heuser, W., Alt-London mit besonderer Beriicksichtigung des Dialekts. Osnabruck 1914. Holm, S., Studier ofver Uppsala universitets anglosaxiska myntsamling. Uppsala 1917. Holthausen, F., Altenglisches etymologisches Worterbuch. Heidelberg 1934 (Et. W.). IPN = Introduction to the Survey of English Place-Names. Cambridge 1924. English Place-Name Society vol. 1:1. Jellinghaus, H., Die westfalischen Ortsnamen. 2. Aufl. Osnabruck 1923. Johnston, J. B., The Place-Names of England and Wales. London 1915. Jordan, R., Handbuch der mittelenglischen Grammatik. Heidelberg 1925. Karlstrom, S., Old English Compound Place-Names in -ing. Uppsala 1927. Kluge, F., Nominate Stammbildungslehre der altgermanischen Dialekte. 3. Aufl. Halle 1926. Liebermann, F., Die Gesetze der Angelsachsen. Halle 1903--16. Lind, E. H., Norsk-islandaka dopnamn och fingerade namn fran medeltiden. Uppsala 1905--15. Supplementband 1931. --, Norsk-islandska personbinamn fran medeltiden. Uppsala 1920--1. Lindkvist, H., Middle-English Place-Names of Scandinavian Origin. Uppsala 1912. Luick, K., Historische Grammatik der englischen Sprache. Leipzig 1914 --29.
< ) . S. Anderson
Lundgren, M. F. och Brate, E., Personnamn fran medeltiden. Stockholm 1892 ff. (Lundgren-Brate). Mansion, .)., Oud-gentsche Naamkunde. VGravenhage 11124. Mawer, A., The Place-Names of Northumberland and Durham. Cambridge 1920 (PNNb). --, Place-Names and History. Liverpool 1922. --, Problems of Place-Name Study. Cambridge 1929. Mawer, A. and Stenton, F. M., The Place-Names of Buckinghamshire. Cam- bridge 1925 (PNBk). -- --, The Place-Names of Bedfordshire and Huntingdonshire. Cambridge , 1926 (PNBeds). Mawer, A. and Stenton, F. M. in collaboration with F. T. S. Houghton, The Place-Names of Worcestershire. Cambridge 1927 (PNWo). Mawer, A. and Stenton, F. M. with the assistance of J. E. B. Gover, The Place-Names of Sussex. Cambridge 1929--80 (PNSx). Melanges de philologie offerts a M. .Johan Vising. Gciteborg 1925. Middendorff, H., Altenglisches Flurnamenbuch. Halle 1902 (Mdf). Miller, Th., Place-Names in the English Bede. Strassburg 1896. Q u F 78. MLR = The Modern Language Review. Moorman, F. W., The Place-Naines of the West Riding of Yorkshire. Leeds 1910. Miiller, R., Die Namen des nordhumbrischen Liber Vi!:". Berlin 1901. Palaestra 9. Mutschmann, H., The Place-Names of Nottinghamshire. Cambridge 1913. NED = A New English Dictionary. Oxford 1888- 1928. Supplement 1933. NG = Norske Gaardnavne. Kristiania 1897--1924. NGN : Nomina geographica neerlandica. Amsterdam, Utrecht, Leiden, 1885- 1932. Nielsen. ()., Olddanske iiersonnavne. Kjobenhavn 1883. NoB ^ Namn och bygd. Uppsala 1913 f f . NP see Bjorkman. Ordbog over det danske sprog. Grundlagt af Verner Dahlerup. K0ben- havn 1919 ff. PN and RN see Zachrisson. PN Beds, Bk, Nb, Sx, Wo see Mawer. PNDv, Np see Gover. PNing, PNLa see Ekwall. PNNR see Smith. PPN see Ekwall. QuF = Quellen und Forschungen. Reallexikon der gerrnanischen Altertumskunde. Ed. .J. Hoops. Strassburg 1911--19. Redin, M., Studies on Uncompounded Personal Names in Old English. Uppsala 1919. Ritter, ()., Vermischte Beitra'ge ;:nr englischen Sprachgeschichte. Halle 1922. Scandinavians see Ekwall. Searle, W. G., Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum. ('ambridge 1897. Sedgefield, W. .7., The Place-Names of Cumberland, and Westmoreland. Manchester 1915.
The English Hundred-Names
Sievers, K., Angelsachsische Grammatik. 8. Aufl. Halle 1898. Skoat, W. W., The Place-Names of Cambridgeshire. Cambridge Antiqua- rian Society. Octavo Publications 36 (1901). --, The Place-Names of Suffolk. Cambridge 1913. Smith, A. H., The Place-Names of the North Riding' of Yorkshire. Cain- bridge 1928 (PNNK). SpvS -- Sprakvetenskapliga sallskapets i Uppsala fiirhandlingar. Stenton, F. M., Types of Manorial Structure in the Northern Danelaw. Oxford Studies in Social and Legal History II (1910). (Manorial Structure). --, The free Peasantry of the Northern Danelaw. Lund 1926. --, The Danes in England. Proceedings of the British Academy vol. XIII (1927). --, The first Century of English Feudalism 10(56--1166. Oxford 1932. StMSp = Studier i modern sprakvetenskap utgivna av Nyfilologiska Siillskapet i Stockholm. Uppsala 1898 ff. StNPh = Studia neophilologica. Uppsala 1928 f f . Streatfeild, G. S., Lincolnshire and the Danes. London 1884. Torp, A., Nynorsk etymologisk ordbok. Kristiania 1919. --, Wortschatz der germanischen Spracheinheit. Fick, A., Vergleichendes Worterbuch der indogermanischen Sprachen 111. Gottingen 1909 (Torp). VHCu (etc.) --- The Victoria History of the Counties of England. Cumberland (etc.). Walker, B., The Place-Names of Derbyshire. Derbyshire Archu'ological and Natural History Society Journal 36 (1914--5). Wallenberg, J. K., Kentish Place-Names. Uppsala 1931. Williamson, F., Notes on Walker's Place-Names of Derbyshire. Derbyshire Archii'ological and Natural History Society Journal N.S. 1927--9. Wright, J., The English Dialect Dictionary. London 1898--1905. Zachrisson, R. E., A Contribution to I he Study of Anglo-Norman Influence on English Place-Names. Lund 1909 (ANInfl). --, Some Instances of Latin Influence on English Place-Nomenclature. Lund 1910. --, Some English Place-Name Etymologies. Uppsala 1924. StMSp IX. --, English Place-Names and River-Names Containing the Primitive Germanic Roots *vis, *vask. Uppsala 1926 (PN and RN). --, Romans, Kelts and Saxons in Ancient Britain. Uppsala 1927. --, English Place-Name Puzzles. Uppsala 1932. StNPh V. ZEN see Bjorkman. ZONF ~- Zeitschrift fiir Ortsnamenforschung. Munchen u. Berlin 1925 ff.
O. S. Andersen
Beds Bedfordshire
temp. Edward I
EFris East Frisian
ESc East Scandinavian
Goth Gothic
hd(s) hundred(s)
Herts Hertfordshire
Hyl (2) (3) temp. Henry I (etc.)
temp. John
Low German
Middle English Middle Low German Modern Danish Modern English Middlesex
Nb n. d. Nf Norw Np nr Nt () ODa OE OG OHG ON OSax OSw (P) par(s) pn(s) ' l'N(s) RI rot. Ru Sa Scand Sf So Sr St Sw Sx TRE vil. W wap(s) Wm2 Wo WSc Y YER YNR YWR
Northumberland no date Norfolk Norwegian Northamptonshire near Nottinghamshire Oxfordshire Old Danish Old English Old German Old High German Old Norse Old Saxon Old Swedish form taken from a pn parish (es) personal name(s) place-name (s) temp. Richard I rotulet Rutland Shropshire Scandinavian Suffolk Somerset Surrey Staffordshire Swedish Sussex temp, regis Edwardi village Wiltshire, Welsh wapentake(s) temp. William II Worcestershire West Scandinavian Yorkshire The East Riding The North Riding The West Riding
The English Hundred-Names
Note on the Material. The words for hundred and wapentake when extended from MS hundr', wap' or the like are given as hundredmn and wapentacum throughout, irrespective of case; it seemed unnecessary to reproduce the varying practice of editors as regards the extension of these words.- When several references are given to the same form, the reference is to the form of the name itself only, not to the form of the words hundred and wapentake if added or prefixed. Extensions have been marked by printing the extended letters in ordinary type, not in italic; thus: Langeberye (MS Langebge). This principle has been followed also as regards forms taken from sources printed in 'record type'. Capitals are used throughout for the name-forms. References to MS sources are italicised, unless the fact is otherwise indicated. Numerals refer to centuries; thus 12 = the 12th century. When placed within brackets the figures denote the date of the MS if a transcript. Numbers after the name of a place refer to the sheet and square of the 1 inch OS map, popular ed.; thus: Burn Moor 25 C 6. The extent of the hundreds is given from the Population Abstract of 1841 (in Parliamentary Papers), the last occasion on which the hundreds were used for census purposes. The forms of the hundred-names are also those of this record, unless a different, usage seems now to be established. As the Census Eeports have not been available during the later stages of the work, there has been no opportunity of checking the hundred boundaries from the particulars there given on some points where they seemed open to doubt, but it is hoped that this will do no practical harm.

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