The game animals of India, Burma, Malaya and Tibet

Tags: northern limit, British territory, Karakoram range, ibex, Blanford, Supplement, addenda and corrigenda, BURMA, local races, MALAYA, Euphrates valley, GAME ANIMALS, TIBET
Content: THE game animals OF I DIA, BURMA, MALAYA, AND TIBET I .. .,. , ': . '..
PREFACE SEVEN years have elapsed since t he publication of t he original quarto editio n of thi s work, which is /lOW o ut of print. D uring that interval ons'derabLe Progress has been made in the recogn itiol of local races of many of the ani mals described therein; some of these races, sllch as the Shan brown bear and the Tibetan bruan, adding very largely to the geographical range of the speCles. A noth r important addition to our knowledge is the occurrence of a goral in Burma. Descriptions of these newly recoglli ed forms, together with much other important information, have been .incorporated in the present edition, which has thus been brought thoroughly up to date. Another innovation is the inclusion of the M alay P eninsula, which is now an ifl tegral portion of the British Empire, in the area coming within the purview of the v ol ume. In its present small r and cheaper form the work will be fou nd more convenient to the sport man ' in the field than the origi nal editio n. Since the text was in type 1 have had an opportunity of seeing the head and neck of the ·red serow, an animal which has never previously come under my no tice. v
CO N T E NT S
!lACE I ntroduction
T he Indian or Asiatic E1<:p hanl
T he G reat Ind ian Rhinoceros
T he Singp 0 Rhi noceros
The Javan R hillocero
T he Snma tran Rh inoce ros
The M alay T apir
T he Kian g, or Tibetan Wild Ass
The G hor-Kh ar, or Bal uchi Wild Ass
T he Ga ur, or I ndi an Bison
T he Gayal, or Mithan
T he Ban tin, or T sai ne
T he ak .
T he Arn a, or Ind ian Bu ffa lo
M arco Polo's Sheep .
T he Tibetan Argali, or H odgson's Sheep
T he Shapo, or U rial .
T he Bharal, or Bl ue Sh eep
10 5
T h e Sind W ild G oa t
10 8
The Sakin, or Asiatic I bex
1 13
The Ma rkhor
121
T he T ah r
The lilgiri Tahr, or I be x
T he Serow
T he H imalayan Go rals
T he Bu rmese Go ral
VII
Gan1e Animals of India, etc.
PAGE
T he Ashy Ti betan G oral
15 5
The Grey Tibetan G oral
15 6
Th e T akin
15 7
Th e Nilgai, or Bl ue Bull
164-
The Ch ousingha, or Four-horned An telope
171
The Bl ackb uc k, or Jpdian Antelope
175
The C hirll, or T ibctan Antclope
184-
The G oa, or Tibetan Gazell e
18 9
The G oitred Gazelle.
192
The Chinkara, or Indi an Gazelle
201
The Hangul , or Kashmir Stag
208
The Shou, or Sik him Stag.
21 7
Thorold's D eer, or he L hasa Stag
22 1
Th e Sam ba r
The C hital , or I nd ian Spotted De er
Th e Pa ra, or Hog-Deer
T he Swamp-Deer, or Barasingha
The Thami n, or Eld's Dee r
The Mllntjac
T he Tibe ta n MUlltjac
The Tenasserim MUlltjac
The Tibetan Tufted Deer
The Kastllra, or Musk-Deer
Tl e Meminna Chevrotain
The Napu Chevro tain
The Ka nchil devrotain
The I ndi an wild boar
Andam an and Nicobar wild pigs
Th e Pigmy Hog
The Li n .
The Tiger
T he Leopard
The Oun ce, or Snow-L eopard
The Cloud ed Tiger .
The G olden or Bay Cat
Vlll
Conten ts PACE T he Fi shing-Cat The Leopard-Cat Th e Ma nul Cat T he D esert-Cat The Jungle-Cat The Caracal T he Lynx The Hunting-Leopard The l ndian Civet Th e Binturong . The Striped Hyx na The Wolf The Indian Wolf The D holc, or Wil d Dog 'fhe Panda The Short-Tail ed Panda The Brown Bear The Tibetan Bl ue Bear The Himalayan Black Bea r The Bruan, or Malay Bear T he Aswal, or Sloth -Bcar M armots Hares IX
ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA Pag es [ 0 [ nnd 103. -Dele "the late" from before th e na me of Major ro. H . Tay lor , and add th at th e sp ecim en fi g u red cam e fr om W aziristan . Page 139 et seq. -M,·. R. 1. Pocock (Abs/I'. Proc. Zool. Soc. J 908, p . 12), wh employs the nam e Capricomis fO I' the scrows and transfers Nemodld!dlls to t he g oral s, has describ d four new ,'aces 0 the form er, whic h, wit h th e "ctenrion of t he generi c name usual ly employed, a re brieRy c hara c t eri s~ d as fo llows : -(1) T he Kashmiri race (N. slIlJIatrcllSis ltu1I1ei), wi th a ru fo us bro wn hend . (2) T he C hamba race (N. s. ,-odoni), with a patch on th e throat and the a rea between t he two b"anch es of t he lower jaw, as well as th e und er-parts and lower portions of the li mbs, white, and th e coat long, th ick, and provid ed wit h under-fur. (3) The D arjiling race (N. s. jamraclii), wi th a sh or t black coat, bl.tckish under-parts, and th e lower portion s of t he limbs pal'tially rufo Lls. (4) Th e Sela ngor race (N. s. robillsoni), \ hich is black, wi t h a sca rcely appreciable amou nt of reel in the mane. Pag e '42, line 19 from top, for NelJlO1-ltd!dlls bubalil1l1s !JlpiCliS read Nemorlla:rllts sltlllatrensis typicus. Page '48 et seq .- Mr . P ocock (op . cit.) regards th e g rey goral as the original species, an I accordin gly pl'Oposes th e n am ltodgsolli for th e Uro/I'aglls gorat of this vol um e, and tran sfers t he desi g nati II goral to U. bedfirrli . Confusion will, however, be avoided by all owi ng ma tters to rcmain in statu qllo as rega l'ds nom enclaturs;. Page 157 et srq. -The Bhu tan takin lwp b 'Cl dcs('rihtl{ by myself (Field, 1'01. cx. p. 887 ) as a dist inct r ace, :hal" .:tu·i ed hy ir~ relati 'ely small horn s, under the nam e of Budorcas fll,).jc%r '!.I.,ltill i, Page ; 92 et seq.-Th e Yarka nci , or SaJk ik, ,;azdle has b,tll n ,sed by myself (op. cit. vol. cxi . p. 499, ' 908 ) to d'c I.tnk ot a speci -~, CflzdJa varcandemis, with a local race, C. )'. kl1'"I?lti, in E t(·1'Il P "I'sla a nd Baluchistan . Page 241 et seq.- T he hog-deer is I'(pnscntcc! in Siam by a larg un spotted racc to which (Field, vol. cxi . p. 5~3, 1908) I ha\c C\'iVCll the nam e Cerv uJ porcil/us !tedi. Th e stag fi g u red Oll page 244' a S})'f'Ull('ll of t he Siamese Schomburg k 's ci ec l' (C. Jchombllrw;ki) . Page z 63. - The Chinese lTIu ntj ac is pro bablv a di~tillrt spu·'C". L'fI"Vu/Ui sclateri (see Field, vol. cx. p . 667, 1907 ) A pri/ '90~. ,J
SUPPLEMENT TO TI-IE GAME ANIMALS OF IN DIA I t his Supplement, which incl udes the list of addenda and corrigenda previously is ued, refere nce is made to t he more impor tant additions to our knowledge of th e game animals of India, T ibet, and Malaya made since the publication of the volume. T he recognition of the fact that Moupin is in the Chinese province of Sze-chuen , instead of, as previously supposed, in eastern Tibet, may render it adv isable, in the event of a new edition of the work being called for, to reconsider t he limits of t he area included in its scope. R. L YDEKK ER. H ARPENDEN, A t/gm t J 9! 1 . THE INDIAN ELEPHANT (Page 6) Assyrian records afford practically conclusive evidence of the former existence of elephants in the Euphrates valley; confirmation of this being afforded by the discovery in Armenia during the Crimean War of fossil or sub-fossil remains of an elephant apparently inter-
Supplement mediate between the living Indian species and the .mammoth, and described as Elephas armeniacus. There see ms, however, little doubt t hat the Euphrates elephant was a western race of the Indian species, which was k illed off during the early histori c period. T H E GREAT INDIAN RHINOCEROS (Page 26) F ollowing the late Dr. W . T. Blanford, it is stated 'on page 30 that the range of this species is mainly, if not en ti rely restricted to the countries east of the Tista. Later. information (see A Letter from Col. Manners mith in the 1-"ield for 1909, vol. cxiv. p. 177) shows that the animal abounds in parts of the Nepal Terai, where it seems to be more abundant t han in its supposed last strongholds in Kuch Behar and Assam. During a rhinoceros hunt organised by the Nepal Government in ·'\.- January and February 1907, a large number of adults were killed and half-a-dozen calves captured alive. The rhinoceros referred to on page 31 as having lived in the London Zoological Gardens for over twenty years actually lived there from 1864 to 1904. THE SH PO 01< URIAL (Page 99) The specimen of the Baluchi or Trans-Indus uriaJ, eferred to on page 101 and figured on page 103, came from Waziristan, where a head with horns measuring 4 I t inches in length was obtained by Major G. Dodd in 1911. The latter specimen shows a great development of the lower front angle, which seems characteristic of the horns of the Trans- Indus race. On pp. 10 1 and 103 "the late" should be deleted from before the name of M ajor Taylor. 2
Supplement HE SAKIN, OR ASI TIC IBEX (Page J 13) Th following emendations in regard to the range of this species were made by a writer in the Indian Field, where it is stated that in British territory the northern limit i formed, roughly speaking, by the Karakoram range, on the Indian side of wh ich the ibex is found in all suitable localities, and thence southward through Baltistan, parts of Ladak, Chamba, Lahul, and Spiti , to the right bank of the Sutlej, which sharply defines its limi s in that direction . On p. 50+ of Blanford's volume 011 Mammalia in the Fauna of India it is, however, stated that the ibex "inhabits the higher Himalayas, as Far East at all events as the source of the Ganges." This is incorrect, no ibex being found in t he country between the Sutlej and the sources of the Ganges. nd it may bE Noted that although Blanford gi ves Local names for the ibex in all the grounds where it is found, he has given none for it in this e 'tent of country, for the reason that the animal never existed there, the deep gorge of the Sutlej in its highest course aft r .leaving Tibet fom ing an impassable barrier. THE MARKHOR (Page 12 I) According to a paper by P ince P. S. Trubeckoi, published in the Russian journal, Prirota i oclzota, Moskva, oJ. xxxviii. p. 40, 19 10, the range of the markhor extends into Bokhara and the adjacent province of Ferghana, ill Chinese Turkestan. 3 \ ,..

File: the-game-animals-of-india-burma-malaya-and-tibet.pdf
Title: The Game Animal Of India,Burma,Malaya And Tibet
Author: R.Lydeker
Subject: Mammals-Asia Southeastern
Keywords: R.Lydeker
Published: Sun Apr 4 15:25:29 2010
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