The New Zealand Building Code Handbook, BI Authority

Tags: BUILDING INDUSTRY, NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE, Building Industry Authority, Building Code, Storage water heaters, fire resistance, New Zealand, NZS, the Building Act 1991, fire origin, Publications Referenced, Compliance Schedules, Approved Documents, Approved Document
Content: ARCHIVED The New Zealand Building Code Handbook Prepared by the Building Industry Authority This Approved Document is prepared by the Building Industry Authority, which is a statutory body established by the Building Act 1991. Enquiries about the content of this document should be directed to: Building Industry Authority PO Box 11-846, Wellington. Telephone 04 471 0794, 0800 242 243 Fax 04 471 0798, Email:[email protected] Published by Scenario Communications Ltd This Approved Document is published by Scenario Communications Ltd on behalf of the Building Industry Authority. Sales enquiries should be directed to: customer services, Victoria University Book Centre PO Box 12-337, Wellington, New Zealand Telephone 0800 370 370, (04) 463 5511 Fax (04) 463 5510 Email: [email protected] ISBN 0-477-01606-5 © Building Industry Authority 2001 All rights reserved. This document is entitled to the full protection of the Copyright Act 1994. All applications for reproduction in any form should be made to the Building Industry Authority.
ARCHIVED
Handbook: Document History
Date
Alterations
First published July 1992
Amendment 1 December 1993
p. 8, 4.1.1 pp. 11 to 28, Publications Referenced pp. 31 to 46, Definitions pp. 52 to 59, 66 to 69, 71 to 74, Compliance Schedules pp. 83 to 108, Index
Amendment 2 19 August 1994
pp. 1 and 2, Document History pp. 12 to 17, 21 to 25, Publications Referenced pp. 31, 40, 41, 44 to 46, Definitions pp. 52, 57, 58, 70, Compliance Schedules pp. 83 to 94, 97 to 108, Index
Reprinted incorporating Amendments 1 and 2
October 1994
Second edition incorporating Amendments 1, 2 and 3
1 December 1995
p. 2, Document History pp. 11 to 24, Publications Referenced pp. 29, 30, 32, Definitions pp. 48 to 51, 54 to 58, 64, 65, 68, 71, Compliance Schedules pp. 79, 81, 83 to 87, 89, 90, 92 to 97, 99, 100, 102, Index pp. 130, 139, 140, 143, 170, Building Code
Amendment 4
28 February 1998
p. 2, Document History pp. 12 and 13, 15, 19 to 21, Publications Referenced pp. 79 to 81, 83 to 89, 91, 93 and 94, 96, 98, 100, 102 to 104, Index pp. 115, 115A, 115B, 116, 151 and 152, Building Code
Amendment 5
1 December 2000
pp. 11 ­ 23, Publications Referenced, pp. 27 ­ 42C, Definitions pp. 51, 55 ­ 58, 64, Compliance Schedules p. 75, List of Approved Documents, pp. 79 ­ 104C, Index
Amendment 6 1 July 2001
p. 2, Document History and Status, pp. 8 to 9, Preface pp. 11 to 32, Publications Referenced pp. 33, 34, 36 to 38, 41, 46, 48, 50 to 52, Definitions pp. 57, 58, Compliance Schedules, pp. 81 to 199, Index
Amendment 7 6 January 2002
p. 2 Document History and Status p. 26 References pp. 63 ­65, Compliance Schedules pp. 164 ­167, 176, 179, 189, 216 ­218 Code Clauses
Reprinted incorporating Amendment 7
July 2002
Amendment 8 24 April 2003
pp. 20, 23, 25-26 References pp. 102, 135 Index
p. 194 Code Clauses
Amendment 9 1 April 2004
pp. 13-28 References p. 41 Definitions pp. 71-71a Compliance Schedules p. 79 List of Approved Documents
pp. 82, 86-89, 93, 96, 105-6 pp. 109, 113, 119, 123, 125 pp. 129-131, 135-6 pp. 139-148 Index
Note: Page numbers relate to the document at the time of Amendment and may not match page numbers in current document.
ARCHIVED Document Status The most recent version of this document, as detailed in the Document History, is approved by the Building Industry Authority. It is effective from 1 April 2004 and supersedes all previous versions of this document. ISBN 0-477-01606-5 3
Contents Contents
Page
Preface
5
1.0 Introduction
5
1.1 The Act
5
1.2 The New Zealand Building Code
5
1.3 The Building Industry Authority
5
1.4 Territorial authorities
5
2.0 Special Terms
5
2.1 Building certifier
5
2.2 Building certificate
5
2.3 Project information memorandum 6
2.4 Building consent
6
2.5 Waivers and modifications
6
2.6 Accreditation certificate
6
2.7 Determination
6
2.8 Notice to rectify
6
2.9 Code compliance certificate
7
2.10 Compliance schedule
7
2.11 Building warrant of fitness
7
3.0 Means of Code Compliance
7
3.1 Owner's choice
7
3.2 Approved documents
7
3.3 Acceptable solutions
7
3.4 Alternative solutions
7
3.5 Verification methods
7
3.6 Producer statements
8
3.7 Status of other publications
8
4.0 Interpretation
8
4.1 Building code
8
4.2 Approved documents
9
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Publications Referenced in Approved Documents Definitions Compliance Schedules List of Approved Documents Index to the Building Code and Approved Documents The New Zealand Building Code
Page 11 33 55 79 81 151
4 1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Preface Preface 1.0 Introduction 1.0.1 This preface is provided only as a convenient user reference. It gives simple answers to questions frequently asked about the building code and associated legislation. Legal interpretation must however, be based on the actual wording of the Act and Regulations themselves. 1.1 The Act 1.1.1 The Building Act 1991 establishes a national, uniform, building control system which covers: Act s.5 · All buildings including Crown buildings, except for certain defence works. Act s.3 · All components of each building including plumbing, electrical and mechanical installations. 1.1.2 The Act applies to: · Building construction, including alteration and demolition. · Maintenance of building systems or features such as lifts and fire protection installations. 1.1.3 The Act does not cover: · Planning and resource management, and other aspects of a building's relationship to the surrounding neighbourhood. · Occupational safety and health, and other aspects of managing people. Act s.6 1.1.4 The building control system regulates only those matters essential for ensuring that buildings perform in a way which: · Safeguards people from injury and illness. · Safeguards people, particularly those with disabilities, from loss of amenity. · Protects other property from damage. · Facilitates efficient use of energy. 1.1.5 The controls do not provide for regulatory intervention in the owner's choice on other matters such as aesthetics or nonessential building features provided solely for the comfort or convenience of users. Nor do they protect an owner's economic interests in BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
terms of ensuring value for money, or through losses due to lack of care or competence. 1.1.6 No person shall be required to achieve Act s.7 performance criteria additional to or more restrictive than those specified in the building code, except as may be provided for in any other Act.
1.2 The New Zealand Building Code
1.2.1 The New Zealand Building Code (NZBC) is a schedule to the Regulations authorised by the Act. It contains the mandatory provisions for meeting the purposes of the Act, and is performance-based. That means it says only what is to be done, not how to do it.
Act s.48
1.3 The Building Industry Authority
1.3.1 The Building Industry Authority (BIA) is a Crown agency established under the Act as the sole regulatory authority for building controls in New Zealand.
Act s.10
1.4 Territorial authorities 1.4.1 Territorial authorities are responsible within their districts for the day-to-day administration of the building control legislation.
Act s.24
2.0 Special Terms
2.1 Building certifier 2.1.1 A building certifier is a person approved by the Building Industry Authority to issue building certificates with respect to specific provisions of the New Zealand Building Code. A building certifier may be employed by a building owner as an alternative to using the territorial authority for checking technical proposals and performing inspections.
Act Part VII
2.2 Building certificate
2.2.1 A building certificate is a formal confirmation by a building certifier that specific aspects of a building comply with the New Zealand Building Code. A territorial authority is obliged to accept such a certificate.
Act s.50(1)(a)
5 1 December 1995
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Preface
2.3 Project information memorandum Act s.30 2.3.1 A territorial authority is required, either on request or when a building consent is issued, to provide the owner with a project information memorandum. The memorandum shall contain all information known to the territorial authority about physical site conditions, and requirements under any legislation, which could be of relevance to an owner initiating a building project. 2.3.2 This requirement is intended to avoid an owner being committed to expensive redesign costs on a project as a result of not being supplied with details of requirements in advance of doing the work. 2.4 Building consent Act s.32 2.4.1 The building consent is the formal authorisation by the territorial authority that proposed building work may proceed. The consent may contain conditions, and will confirm inspection requirements necessary to ensure that the finished work complies with the New Zealand Building Code. 2.5 Waivers and modifications Act 2.5.1 A territorial authority may grant waivers s.34(4) and modifications to provisions of the New Zealand Building Code. Act s.47 2.5.2 In doing so, the territorial authority must have due regard to matters described in section 47 of the Act. These include the physical characteristics of the building, its location, use and intended life, and any special historical, cultural or traditional considerations. The Building Industry Authority must be notified of any waivers or modifications approved by a territorial authority. 2.5.3 Waivers and modifications to New Zealand Building Code provisions, are not to be confused with site changes to a design or variations to an acceptable solution, which still comply with the New Zealand Building Code. In effect such changes are an alternative solution and may be authorised at any time by a building certifier or territorial authority.
2.6 Accreditation certificate
2.6.1 The Building Industry Authority may issue an accreditation certificate for materials, components and construction methods used in building. Accreditations may be based on an assessment of appraisals given by recognised independent specialists, or on type endorsements confirming that a particular material, component or construction method conforms with one already acceptable under the New Zealand Building Code.
Act Part VIII
2.6.2 Any materials or methods for which the Building Industry Authority has issued an accreditation certificate must be accepted by a territorial authority or building certifier as satisfying relevant New Zealand Building Code provisions.
Act s.50(1)(c)
2.7 Determination
2.7.1 A determination is a decision by the
Act
s.17(2) Building Industry Authority on whether a
material, component or method complies with
the New Zealand Building Code.
2.7.2 An application for a determination is made to resolve a disagreement between a building owner and a territorial authority or building certifier. A determination applies only to a particular building and is binding on all parties concerned.
2.7.3 The Building Industry Authority will publish those determinations of significance, as a guide to future decisions by territorial authorities and building certifiers.
2.8 Notice to rectify
2.8.1 A territorial authority may issue to the owner or owner's agent a notice to rectify, requiring any building work not complying with the Act or New Zealand Building Code to be rectified.
Act s.42
6 1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Preface
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
2.9 Code compliance certificate Act s.43 2.9.1 A territorial authority or building certifier will, on the satisfactory completion of building work, issue a code compliance certificate indicating that all necessary provisions of the New Zealand Building Code have been satisfied. 2.9.2 Separate code compliance certificates may be issued for different parts of staged building construction. 2.10 Compliance schedule Act s.44 2.10.1 A compliance schedule specifies inspection, maintenance and reporting procedures for systems whose continued operation is essential for ongoing New Zealand Building Code compliance. 2.10.2 Such systems include automatic fire protection equipment, lifts, signs, emergency lighting and ventilation plant. 2.11 Building warrant of fitness Act s.45 2.11.1 An annual building warrant of fitness is a building owner's confirmation that essential features of the building, as listed in the compliance schedule, have been properly maintained. 3.0 Means of Code Compliance 3.1 Owner's choice 3.1.1 An owner is free to use any materials, components or construction methods which comply with relevant performance criteria of the New Zealand Building Code. The absence of prescriptive requirements is expected to encourage innovation and the use of new technology. 3.1.2 For those people who prefer specific guidance, Approved Documents issued by the Building Industry Authority provide detailed methods for establishing New Zealand Building Code compliance. BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
3.2 Approved Documents
3.2.1 Approved Documents authorised under the Act, contain acceptable solutions and verification methods.
Act s.49
3.2.2 A territorial authority or building certifier must accept that compliance with an Approved Document is a means of establishing compliance with those provisions of the New Zealand Building Code to which that document refers.
Act s.50(1)(d)
3.3 Acceptable solutions 3.3.1 Acceptable solutions given in Approved Documents are examples of materials, components and construction methods which, if used, will result in compliance with the New Zealand Building Code. They serve also as guidelines for alternative solutions.
3.4 Alternative solutions
3.4.1 There is no obligation to adopt any particular solution. Materials, components and
Act s.33 Act s.17
construction methods which differ in whole or in
part from those described in Approved
Documents may be used, if they comply with the
New Zealand Building Code. The owner may be
required to demonstrate that any such method
does in fact comply, when seeking a consent
from the territorial authority under section 33 of
the Act, or a determination from the Building
Industry Authority under section 17 of the Act.
3.5 Verification methods 3.5.1 New Zealand Building Code compliance of an alternative solution may be verified by any of the following methods: a) Calculations ­ using recognised analytical methods and mathematical models. b) Laboratory tests ­ using tests (sometimes to destruction) on prototype components and systems. c) Tests in-situ ­ which may involve examination of plans and verification by inspection, where compliance with specified numbers (e.g. fittings), dimensions or locations is required. Non-destructive tests (e.g. pipe pressure tests), are also included. 7 1 December 1995
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Preface
3.5.2 Where specific test methods are known, and practicable, they are listed in Approved Documents. 3.6 Producer statements Act s.33(5) 3.6.1 A territorial authority may, at its discretion, accept a producer statement establishing compliance with the New Zealand Building Code. Act s.56(2) 3.6.2 A building certifier may also accept a producer statement if satisfied on reasonable grounds that the product or design complies with the New Zealand Building Code. 3.6.3 The acceptance of a producer statement does not absolve the territorial authority or building certifier from responsibility. 3.7 Status of other publications Act s.49(5) 3.7.1 Publications issued by organisations other than the Building Industry Authority are referred to in Approved Documents. Those publications (subject to any stated deletions or modifications), are methods of compliance with the New Zealand Building Code, to the extent that they relate to provisions specifically stated in the purpose of each New Zealand Building Code clause. 3.7.2 It should be noted in using reference publications that: a) Provisions in the reference may exceed New Zealand Building Code provisions. b) For purposes of the New Zealand Building Code, reference content may be separated into two parts comprising either verification methods or acceptable solutions. Act c) Content on good practice, while being s.49(3)(a) desirable is not essential for satisfying New Zealand Building Code performance. Act d) Approvals, waivers and modifications under s.49(3)(b) the New Zealand Building Code may be granted only by the territorial authority, or the Building Industry Authority as the outcome of a referral. This does not preclude the site supervisor making (within the limits of his/her technical competence) minor practical construction changes to facilitate New Zealand Building Code compliance. 8 1 July 2001
e) As it is the responsibility of building owners or their agents to demonstrate that alternative solutions comply with the New Zealand Building Code, phrases such as "to the approval of the engineer", used in referenced publications, are not applicable to the New Zealand Building Code. 3.7.3 Referenced publications are: · specific to the dated edition quoted, and include any amendments issued prior to the date shown at the foot of the page on which they are listed, or · include only the quoted edition and specific amendments as listed in each Approved Document.
Amend 6 Jul 2001
4.0 Interpretation
4.1 Building Code 4.1.1 This schedule to the Building Regulations 1992 is divided under eight main categories into a total of 37 clauses of which the first two are general provisions, and the remainder specifically applicable to different aspects of building construction. 4.1.2 Clause references are identified by letters and numerals, with the letter indicating the category. 4.1.3 First order numerals (either 1, 2 or 3) indicate primary subdivisions of each clause where: 1 is the Objective 2 is the Functional Requirement 3 is the Performance 4.1.4 Second order numerals identify a specific Functional Requirement or Performance. For example in Clause F4.3.2: F indicates the main category "Safety of Users". 4 indicates specific application to "Safety from falling". 3 indicates a Performance. 2 indicates the second performance of the Clause.
Amend 1 Dec 1993
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Preface
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 6 Jul 2001
4.1.5 Throughout the New Zealand Building Code and Approved Documents, except in headings, defined words are indicated by italics. 4.1.6 Defined words of the New Zealand Building Code are listed in Clause A2. Approved Documents each contain a list of definitions relevant to the document. A full list of definitions is contained in this Handbook. 4.1.7 Where an Objective, Functional Requirement or Performance has limited application, the exceptions are identified immediately beside the Clause to which they refer.
4.2.4 Advisory comment Where Approved Documents contain information that is general advice, such comments are identified and in shaded smaller print immediately following the paragraph to which they refer.
4.2 Approved Documents
4.2.1 Approved Documents may contain acceptable solutions and verification methods. In cases where a verification method or acceptable solution has not been adopted, this is stated. Over time additional verification methods and acceptable solutions may be issued by the Building Industry Authority.
4.2.2 Each acceptable solution and verification method is identified according to topic and whether it is an acceptable solution or verification method at the top of each page.
Amend 6 Jul 2001
For example: E1/VM1 Indicates that the topic is E1 "Surface Water", and the document is verification method number 1.
Amend 6 Jul 2001
G13/AS2 Indicates that the topic is G13 "Foul Water", and the document is acceptable solution number 2. 4.2.3 Approved Documents each include copies of the appropriate New Zealand Building Code Clause and a list of references and definitions relevant to the document, but do not contain explanations of classified uses. These apply to all Approved Documents and are available separately in Clause A1 and the New Zealand Building Code, reproduced in this Handbook.
Amend 6 Jul 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
9 1 July 2001
ARCHIVED 10
Publications Referenced
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Publications Referenced in Handbook
and Approved Documents
(Revised by Amendment 6)
For the purposes of New Zealand Building Code compliance, acceptable reference documents include only the quoted edition and specific amendments as listed below. Dates in brackets indicate that the Standard was reviewed and reissued without change that year. Approved Documents in which the particular references are quoted are identified by the relevant New Zealand Building Code Clause and the number of the verification method or acceptable solution. For example: B1/VM1/AS3 indicates that the reference occurs in Verification Method 1, and Acceptable Solution 3 of the Approved Document for Clause B1 Structure. Where references are quoted in the Handbook, these are identified by the letters HB and the relevant section. For example: HB/CS 3 indicates that the reference occurs in compliance schedule CS 3 in the Handbook. Places where the reference documents are quoted, are more specifically identified by paragraph or table, in the reference list contained in each Approved Document.
Contents Standards New Zealand British Standards Institution Standards Australia Australian Publications (other than Standards) Australia/NZ Publications (other than Standards) British Publications (other than Standards) International Publications New Zealand Publications (other than Standards) United States of America Publications
Page 11 19 21 25 25 25 26 27 30
Standards New Zealand
NZS/BS 21: 1985 Specification for pipe threads for tubes and fittings where pressure-tight joints are made on the threads (metric dimensions)
NZS/BS 143, and BS 1256: 1993 Specification for malleable cast iron and cast copper alloy threaded pipe fittings Amend: 1, 2, 3
NZS 202: 1966
Specification for steel pipes and joints for hydraulic purposes
NZS 380: 1968 Specification for flameproof electric lighting fittings
Where quoted G10/AS1, G14/VM1 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 G14/VM1 F6/AS1
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
11
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Publications Referenced
NZS/BS 476:Part 20: 1987 Part 21: 1987 Part 22: 1987
Fire tests on building materials and structures Method for determination of the fire resistance of elements of construction (general principles) Amend: 6487 Methods for determination of the fire resistance of loadbearing elements of construction Methods for determination of the fire resistance of non-loadbearing elements of construction
NZS/BS 970:Part 1: 1991
Specification for wrought steels for mechanical and allied engineering purposes General inspection and testing procedures and specific requirements for carbon, carbon manganese, alloy and stainless steels
NZS/BS 1387: 1985 Specification for screwed and socketed steel tubes
(1990)
and tubulars and for plain end steel tubes suitable
for welding or screwing to BS 21 pipe threads
NZS/AS 1397: 1993Steel sheet and strip ­ hot-dipped zinc-coated or aluminium/zinc coated. (This Standard is an acceptable alternative to NZS 3441: 1978.)
NZS/BS 1560:- Circular flanges for pipes, valves and fittings
(class designated)
Part 3:-
Steel, cast iron and copper alloy flanges
Section 3.1: 1989 Specification for steel flanges
Section 3.2: 1989 Specification for cast iron flanges
NZS/AS 1650: 1989 Hot-dipped galvanised coatings on ferrous articles
NZS/AS 1657: 1992 Fixed platforms, walkways, stairways and ladders ­ Design, construction and installation (known as the SAA Code for fixed platforms, walkways, stairways, and ladders)
NZS/BS 1740:- Specification for wrought steel pipe fittings (screwed BS 21 ­ R series thread) Part 1: 1971 (1990) Metric units Amend: 1, 2, 3
NZS 1900:Ch 11: 1985 Division 11.2
Model building bylaw Special structures farm buildings Amend: 1
NZS/AS 2033: 1980 Installation of polyethylene pipe systems
NZS 2295: 1988 Building papers (breather type) Amend: A
Where quoted C/AS1 C/AS1 C/AS1 C/AS1 E1/AS1 G10/AS1, G12/AS1, G14/VM1 E2/AS1 E1/AS1, G10/AS1, G14/VM1 G10/AS1 B1/AS2/AS3 D1/AS1 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 B1/VM1 E1/AS1, G14/VM1 E2/AS1
12
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Publications Referenced
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
NZS/BS 2494: 1990 Specification for elastomeric seals for joints in pipework and pipelines
NZS/BS 2654: 1989 Specification for manufacture of vertical steel welded non-refrigerated storage tanks with buttwelded shells for the petroleum industry
NZS 2908:-
Cellulose-cement products
Part 1: 1992 Corrugated sheets
NZS/BS 2971: 1991 Specification for Class II arc welding of carbon steel pipework for carrying fluids
NZS 3101:-
Concrete structures standard
Part 1: 1995 The design of concrete structures
NZS 3106: 1986
Code of practice for concrete structures for the storage of liquids Amend: 1, 2
NZS 3107: 1978 Specification for precast concrete drainage and pressure pipes
NZS 3109: 1997 Specification for concrete construction
Where quoted E1/AS1, G13/AS1/AS2, G14/VM1 G14/VM1 E2/AS1 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 B1/VM1, B2/AS1 B1/VM1,G14/VM1 B1/VM1, E1/AS1, G13/AS2, G14/VM1 B1/AS3
NZS 3112:Part 2: 1986 NZS 3114: 1987 NZS 3116: 1991 NZS 3124: 1987 NZS 3302: 1983 NZS 3331: 1972 NZS 3402: 1989 NZS 3403: 1978 NZS 3404:Part 1: 1997 NZS 3421: 1975 NZS 3422: 1975
Methods of test for concrete Tests relating to the determination of strength of concrete Amend: 1 Specification for concrete surface finishes Amend: 1 Interlocking concrete block paving Specification for concrete construction for minor works Specification for ceramic pipes, fittings and joints Specification for quality of vitreous china sanitary appliances Steel bars for the reinforcement of concrete Specification for hot-dip galvanized corrugated steel sheet for building purposes Steel structures standard Steel structures standard Specification for hard drawn mild steel wire for concrete reinforcement Specification for welded fabric of drawn steel wire for concrete reinforcement
B1/AS3 D1/AS1, G15/AS1 D1/AS1 E1/AS1 E1/AS1, G14/VM1 G1/AS1 B1/AS3 E2/AS1 B1/VM1 B1/AS3 B1/AS3
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
13
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Publications Referenced
NZS 3441: 1978
Specification for hot-dipped zinc-coated steel coil and cut lengths Amend: 1, 2 (See also NZS/AS 1397: 1993)
NZS 3501: 1976 Specification for copper tubes for water, gas, and sanitation
NZS 3502: 1976 Specification for copper and copper alloy tubes for general engineering purposes
NZS 3601: 1973 Metric dimensions for timber Amend: 1, 2
NZS/BS 3601: 1987 Specification for carbon steel pipes and tubes with
(1993)
specified room temperature properties for pressure
purposes
Amend: 1, 2
NZS 3602:-
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Part 1: 1995 Part 1: 2003 NZS 3603: 1993
Timber and wood-based products for use in building Timber and wood-based products for use in building Timber structures standard Amend: 1, 2
NZS 3604: 1999 Timber framed buildings Amend: 1
NZS 3605: 1992 Specification for timber piles and poles for use in building
NZS 3617: 1979 Specification for profiles of weatherboards, fascia boards, and flooring
NZS 3631: 1988 New Zealand timber grading rules
NZMP 3640: 1992 Specification of the minimum requirements of the NZ Timber Preservation Council Inc. Amend: 1
NZS/AS 3725: 1989 Loads on buried concrete pipes
NZS 4121: 2001 Design for access and mobility ­ Buildings and associated facilities
NZS 4203: 1984
Code of practice for general structural design and design loadings for buildings Amend: 1
NZS 4203: 1992
Code of practice for general structural design and design loadings for buildings Corrigendum: 1
NZS 4206: 1992 Concrete interlocking roofing tiles
NZS 4210: 1989
Code of practice for masonry construction: materials and workmanship Amend: 1, 2
Where quoted B1/AS2/AS3, E1/AS1 G10/AS1, G12/AS1 G10/AS1 B1/AS2 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 B2/AS1 B2/AS1 B1/VM1/VM4 B1/AS1/AS2/AS3, B2/AS1, E1/AS1, E2/VM1/AS1, G13/AS2 B1/VM4 E2/AS1 B1/AS2 B1/AS2/VM4, E2/AS1 B1/VM1 D1/AS1, G1/AS1, G5/AS1 B1/VM1, G10/AS1 B1/VM1/VM4, C/AS1, E2/VM1/AS1 E2/AS1 B1/AS3, E2/AS1
14
1 April 2004
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Publications Referenced
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
NZS 4211: 1985 NZS 4214: 1977 NZS 4217:Part 1: 1980 Part 2: 1980 NZS 4218: 1996 NZS 4219: 1983 NZS 4223:Part 1: 1985 Part 2: 1985 Part 3: 1999 NZS 4229: 1999 NZS 4230:Part 1: 1990 Part 2: 1990 NZS 4231: 1985 NZS 4232:Part 1: 1988 Part 2: 1988 NZS 4239: 1993 NZS 4243: 1996 NZS 4251:- Part 1: 1998
Specification for performance of windows Amend: 1, 2, 3 Methods of determining the total thermal resistance of parts of buildings Pressed metal tile roofs Specification for roofing tiles and their accessories Code of practice for preparation of the structure and the laying and fixing of metal roofing tiles Energy efficiency ­ housing and small building envelope Specification for seismic resistance of engineering systems in buildings Amend: 1, 2 Code of practice for glazing in buildings The selection and installation of glass in buildings Amend: 1, 2 The selection and installation of manufactuRed Sealed insulating glass units Amend: 1, 2 Human impact safety requirements Concrete masonry buildings not requiring specific engineering design Amend: 1 Code of practice for the design of masonry structures Structures Amend: 1, 2 Commentary Amend: 1, 2 Specification for self-luminous exit signs Amend: A Performance criteria for fire resisting enclosures Internal and external fire doorsets Fire resisting glazing systems Automatic sliding door assemblies Amend: A Energy efficiency ­ large buildings Solid plastering Cement plaster for walls, ceilings and soffits
NZS 4297: 1998 NZS 4299: 1998
Engineering design for earth buildings Earth buildings not requiring specific design Amend: 1
Where quoted B1/VM1, E2/AS1 E3/AS1, G5/AS1, H1/VM1/AS1 E2/AS1 E2/AS1 H1/VM1/AS1 B1/VM1, G10/AS1, G14/VM1 B1/AS1 B1/AS1 B1/AS1, F2/AS1 B1/AS1/AS3, E1/AS1, G13/AS2 B1/VM1 B1/VM1 F8/AS1 F3/AS1, HB/CS 2 C/AS1, F3/AS1 HB/CS 13 H1/VM1/AS1 B1/AS1, B2/AS1, E2/AS1 B1/VM1, B2/AS1 B1/AS1, B2/AS1, E2/AS1
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
15
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Publications Referenced
16
NZS 4302: 1987 NZS 4303: 1990 NZS 4304: 1990 NZS 4305: 1996 NZS 4332: 1997
Code of practice for the control of hygiene in air and water systems in buildings Ventilation for acceptable indoor Air Quality health care waste management Energy efficiency ­ domestic type hot water systems Non-domestic passenger and goods lifts
NZS 4402:-
Methods of testing soils for civil engineering purposes
Part 2:-
Soil classification tests
Test 2.2: 1986 Determination of the liquid limit
Test 2.6: 1986 Determination of the linear shrinkage
Part 4:-
Soil compaction tests
Test 4.2.3: 1988 Related densities
NZS 4431: 1989
Code of practice for earth fill for Residential Development Amend: 1
NZS 4442: 1988 Welded steel pipes and fittings for water, sewage and medium pressure gas
NZS 4452: 1986
Code of practice for the construction of underground pipe sewers and drains Amend: 1
NZS 4503: 1993 The distribution, installation and maintenance of hand operated fire fighting equipment for use in buildings
NZS/BS 4504:- Circular flanges for pipes, valves and fittings
(PN designated)
Part 3:-
Steel, cast iron and copper alloy flanges
Section 3.2: 1989 Specification for cast iron flanges
NZS 4510: 1998 Fire hydrant systems for buildings
NZS 4512: 1997 Fire alarm systems in buildings Amend: 1, 2
NZS 4515: 1995 Fire sprinkler systems for residential occupancies Amend: 1, 2
NZS 4541: 1996 Automatic fire sprinkler systems
NZS 4602: 1988 NZS 4603: 1985 NZS 4606:Part 1: 1989
Low pressure copper thermal storage electric water heaters Amend: 1 Installation of low pressure thermal storage electric water heaters with copper cylinders (open vented systems) Amend: 1 Storage water heaters General requirements Amend: 1, 2, 3
Where quoted G4/AS1, HB/CS 9 G4/AS1 G15/AS1 H1/AS1 D2/AS1, F6/AS1, HB/CS 8/1 B1/Defs B1/Defs B1/VM4 B1/VM1 E1/AS1, G13/AS2, G14/VM1 B1/AS1, E1/AS1, G14/VM1 C/AS1, HB/CS 16 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 C/AS1, HB/CS 6 C/AS1, HB/CS 3 F7/AS1 C/AS1, F7/AS1, HB/CS 1 C/AS1, F7/AS1 HB/CS 1 G12/AS1 G12/AS1 G12/AS1
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Publications Referenced
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
NZS 4607: 1989 Installation of thermal storage electric water heaters: valve vented systems
NZS 4608: 1992 Control valves for hot water systems
NZS 4613: 1986 Domestic solar water heaters
NZS 4617: 1989 Tempering (3-port mixing) valves
NZS/BS 5252: 1976 Framework for colour co-ordination for building purposes Amend: 1
Amend 9 Apr 2004
NZS 5261: 1996
The installation of gas burning appliances and
equipment
Amend 9 Apr 2004
NZS 5261: 2003
NZS 5433: 1988
Gas installation Code of practice for transportation of hazardous substances on land Amend: 1, 2
NZS/BS 5500: 1991 Specification for unfired fusion welded pressure vessels
NZS/BS 5556: 1978 Specification for general requirements for dimensions and pressure ratings for pipe of thermoplastics materials (metric series)
NZS 5807:Part 2: 1980
Code of practice for industrial identification by colour, wording or other coding Identification of contents of piping, conduit and ducts Amend: 1, 2
NZS 6104: 1981 Specification for emergency electricity supply in buildings
NZS 6214: 1988
Thermostats and thermal cutouts for domestic thermal storage electric water heaters (alternating current only)
NZS 6335: 1993
Safety of household and similar electrical appliances. Particular requirements for instantaneous water heaters Amend: 1, 2
NZS 6401: 1973 Specification for PVC-insulated cables for electric power and lighting
NZS 6703: 1984 Code of practice for interior lighting design
NZS 6742: 1971 Code of practice for emergency lighting in buildings
NZS/BS 6920:-
Suitability of non-metallic products for use in contact with water intended for human consumption with regard to their effect on the quality of the water
Where quoted G12/AS1 G12/AS1 G12/AS1 G12/AS1 F8/AS1 G4/AS1, G10/VM1/AS1, G11/AS1 C/AS1 F3/AS1 G14/VM1 G14/VM1 G10/AS1, G12/AS1 C/AS1, F6/AS1 G12/AS1 G12/AS1 G12/AS1 F6/VM1, G7/AS1/VM1,G8/VM1 F6/AS1, F8/AS1, HB/CS 4
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
17
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Publications Referenced
Part 1: 1990 Part 2: 1990 Part 3: 1990 NZS 7203: 1992
Amend 9 Apr 2004
NZS 7401: 1985
Amend 9 Apr 2004
NZS 7421: 1990
NZS 7601: 1978
NZS 7602: 1977
NZS 7604: 1981 NZS 7609:- Part 1: 1990 Part 2: 1990 NZS 7610: 1991
NZS 7641: 1978
NZS 7642: 1971
NZS 7643: 1979
Specification Methods of tests High temperature tests Safety in laboratories ­ Fume cupboards Amend: 1, A Specification for solid fuel burning domestic appliances Amend: 1 Specification for installation of solid fuel burning domestic appliances Specification for polyethylene pipe (Type 3) for cold water services Specification for polyethylene pipe (Type 5) for cold water services Amend: 1 Specification for high density polyethylene drain and sewer pipe and fittings Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) pipes and fittings for pressure applications Pipes Amend: A Solvent cement fittings Amend: A Blue polyethylene pipes up to nominal size 63 for below ground use for potable water Amend: 1, 2, 3 Specification for unplasticized PVC waste and ventilating pipe, fittings and accessories 32 mm, 40 mm and 50 mm Specification for unplasticized PVC soil and ventilating pipe, fittings and accessories Amend: A, 1, 1A, 2, 2A Code of practice for the installation of unplasticized PVC pipe systems Amend: 1
Where quoted G12/AS1 G12/AS1 G12/AS1 HB/CS 10 B1/AS3 B1/AS3 G12/AS1, G14/VM1 G12/AS1, G14/VM1 E1/AS1, G14/VM1 E1/AS1, G14/VM1 E1/AS1, G14/VM1 G12/AS1, G14/VM1 G14/VM1 E1/AS1, G14/VM1 B1/AS1, E1/AS1, G12/AS1, G13/AS1/AS2, G14/VM1
NZS 7646: 1978 NZS 7648: 1987 NZS 7649: 1988 NZS 7652: 1976
Specification for polyethylene pipes and fittings for gas reticulation Unplasticized PVC pipe and fittings for pressure applications Unplasticized PVC sewer and drain pipe and fittings Specification for plastics waste traps
G10/AS1 G14/VM1 E1/AS1, G14/VM1 G14/VM1
18
1 April 2004
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Publications Referenced
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
British Standards Institution
BS 10: 1962
Specification for flanges and bolting for pipes, valves and fittings
BSCP 143:Part 5: 1964 Part 12: 1970 (1988) Part 15: 1973 (1986)
Code of practice for sheet roof and wall coverings Zinc Copper. Metric units Amend: 863, 5193 Aluminium. Metric units Amend: 4473
BSDD 175: 1988 Code of practice for the identification of potentially contaminated land and its investigation
BS 437: 1978
Specification for cast iron spigot and socket drain pipes and fittings Amend: 5877
BS 585:Part 1: 1989
Wood stairs Specification for stairs with closed risers for domestic use, including straight and winder flights and quarter or half landings
BS 1470: 1987
Specification for wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys for general engineering purposes: plate, sheet and strip Amend: 6032
BS 1521: 1972
Specification for waterproof building papers Amend: 3519
BS 1600: 1992
Specification for dimensions of steel pipe for the petroleum industry
BS 1640:Part 3: 1968 Part 4: 1968
Specification for steel butt-welding pipe fittings for the petroleum industry Wrought carbon and ferritic alloy steel fittings. Metric units Amend: 905 Wrought and cast austenitic chromium-nickel steel fittings. Metric units
BS 1723:-
Brazing
Part 1: 1986 Specification for brazing
BS 1845: 1984 Specification for filler metals for brazing
BS 1965:Part 1: 1963
Specification for butt-welding pipe fittings for pressure purposes Carbon steel Amend: 5474, 4169
BS 2594: 1975
Specification for carbon steel welded horizontal cylindrical storage tanks
BS 2598:Part 1: 1980 Part 2: 1980
Glass plant, pipeline and fittings Specification for properties of borosilicate glass 3.3 Specification for testing, handling and use
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Where quoted G10/AS1 E2/AS1 E2/AS1 E2/AS1 F1/VM1 G13/AS2 D1/AS1 E1/AS1 E2/AS1 G14/VM1 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 G10/AS1 G10/AS1 G14/VM1 G14/VM1 G14/VM1 G14/VM1 G14/VM1 1 July 2001
19
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Publications Referenced
Part 3: 1980 Part 4: 1980 BS 2640: 1982 BS 2870: 1980 BS 3137: 1972 (1995) BS 3799: 1974 (1994) BS 4741: 1971
BS 4790: 1996
BS 4991: 1974 BS 4994: 1987 BS 5287: 1996 BS 5378:Part 1: 1980 BS 5395:Part 2: 1984 Amend 9 Apr 2004 BS 5446:- Part 1: 1990 Amend 8 Apr 2003 BS 5572: 1978 BS 6037: 1990
20
BS 6283:Part 1: 1991 Part 3: 1991 Part 4: 1991 1 April 2004
Specification for pipeline and fittings of nominal bore 15 to 150 mm: compatibility and interchangeability Specification for glass plant components Specification for Class II oxy-acetylene welding of carbon steel pipework for carrying fluids Specification for rolled copper and copper alloys: sheet, strip and foil Methods for determining the bursting strength of paper and board Specification for steel pipe fittings, screwed and socket-welding for the petroleum industry Specification for vertical cylindrical welded steel storage tanks for low-temperature service: single wall tanks for temperatures down to ­50°C Method for determination of the effects of a small source of ignition on textile floor coverings (hot metal nut method) Specification for propylene copolymer pressure pipe Specification for design and construction of vessels and tanks in reinforced plastics Specification for assessment and labelling of textile floor coverings tested to BS 4790 Safety signs and colours Specification for colour and design Stairs, ladders and walkways Code of practice for the design of helical and spiral stairs
Where quoted G14/VM1 G14/VM1 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 E1/AS1 E2/AS1 G10/AS1,G14/VM1 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 C/AS1 G14/VM1 G14/VM1 C/AS1 F8/AS1 D1/AS1
Components of automatic fire alarm systems for residential premises
Specification for self-contained smoke alarms and point-type smoke detectors Amends: 6863, 7648, 9628
F7/AS1
Code of practice for sanitary pipework
G13/VM1
Code of practice for permanently installed suspended access equipment Amend: 6709
HB/CS 11
Safety devices for use with hot water systems Specification for expansion valves for pressures up to and including 10 bar Specification for combined temperature and pressure relief valves for pressures up to and including 10 bar Specification for drop-tight pressure reducing valves of nominal size up to and including DN 54 for supply for pressures up to and including 12 bar
G12/AS1 G12/AS1 G12/AS1
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Publications Referenced
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BS 6374:Part 1: 1985 Part 2: 1984 Part 3: 1984 Part 4: 1984 Part 5: 1985 BS 6464: 1984 BS 6561: 1985 BS 6915: 1988 BS 6925: 1988 BS 7159: 1989 BS 8004: 1986
Lining of equipment with polymeric materials for the process industries Specification for lining with sheet thermoplastics Specification for lining with non-sheet applied thermoplastics Specification for lining with stoved thermosetting resins Specification for lining with cold curing thermosetting resins Specification for lining with rubbers Specification for reinforced plastics pipes, fittings and joints for process plants Specification for zinc alloy sheet and strip for building Specification for design and construction of fully supported lead sheet roof and wall coverings Specification for mastic asphalt for building and civil engineering (limestone aggregate) Code of practice for design and construction of glass-reinforced plastics (GRP) piping systems for individual plants or sites Code of practice for foundations
Where quoted G14/VM1 G14/VM1 G14/VM1 G14/VM1 G14/VM1 G14/VM1 E1/AS1 E2/AS1 E2/AS1 G14/VM1 B1/VM4
Standards Australia
ASD 26: 1972
Tube fittings with Dryseal American standard taper pipe and unified threads for automotive and industrial use
AS 1159: 1988 Polyethylene pipes for pressure applications
AS 1167:-
Welding and brazing ­ Filler metals
Part 1: 1993 Filler metal for brazing and braze welding
AS 1214: 1983
Hot-dip galvanised coatings on threaded fasteners (ISO metric coarse thread series)
AS/NZS 1221: 1997 Fire hose reels
AS 1229: 1989 Laundry troughs
AS 1254: 1991
Unplasticised PVC (uPVC) pipes and fittings for storm and surface water applications
AS/NZS 1260: 1999 PVC pipes and fittings for drain, waste and vent applications
AS 1273: 1991
Unplasticized PVC (uPVC) downpipe and fittings for rainwater
AS 1308: 1987
Electric water heaters ­ Thermostats and thermal cut-outs Amend: 1
AS 1357:Part 1: 1993 Part 2: 1998
Water valves for use with unvented water heaters Protection valves Amend: 1 Control valves
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
G10/AS1 G14/VM1 G10/AS1 B1/AS2 C/AS1 G2/AS1 E1/AS1 G13/AS1/AS2 E1/AS1 G12/AS1 G12/AS1 G12/AS1 1 July 2001
21
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Publications Referenced
22
AS 1366:Part 1: 1992 Part 2: 1992 Part 3: 1992 Part 4: 1989
Rigid cellular plastics sheets for thermal insulation Rigid cellular polyurethane (RC/PUR) Amend: 1 Rigid cellular polyisocyanurate (RC/PIR) Rigid cellular polystyrene ­ moulded (RC/PS-M) Amend: 1 Rigid cellular polystyrene ­ extruded (RC/PS-E)
AS 1432: 1990
Copper tubes for plumbing, gasfitting and drainage applications
AS 1449: 1994
Wrought alloy steels ­ Stainless and heat-resisting steel plate, sheet and strip Amend: 1
AS 1460:Part 1: 1989 Part 2: 1989
Fittings for use with polyethylene pipes Mechanical jointing fittings Electrofusion fittings
AS/NZS 1477: 1999 PVC pipes and fittings for pressure applications
AS 1530:- Part 1: 1994 Part 2: 1993 Part 4: 1997
Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures Combustibility test for materials Test for flammability of materials Fire-resistance tests of elements of building construction
AS/NZS 1530:Part 3: 1999
Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures Simultaneous determination of ignitability, flame propagation, heat release and smoke release
AS 1579: 1993
Arc welded steel pipes and fittings for water and waste water
AS 1589: 1994 Copper and copper alloy waste fittings
AS/NZS 1646: 2000 Elastomeric seals for waterworks purposes
AS/NZS 1664:Part 1: 1997 Part 2: 1997
Aluminium structures Limit state design Amend: 1 Allowable stress design Amend: 1
AS/NZS 1668:Part 1: 1998 Part 2: 1991
The use of ventilation and air conditioning in buildings Fire and smoke control in multi-compartment buildings Mechanical ventilation for acceptable indoor-air quality
AS 1670:Part 6: 1997
Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems ­ System design, installation and commissioning Smoke alarms
Where quoted C/AS1 C/AS1 C/AS1 C/AS1 G10/AS1 G1/AS1 G12/AS1, G14/VM1 G12/AS1, G14/VM1 G12/AS1 C/AS1, F3/Defs C/AS1 C/AS1 C/AS1 G13/AS2 G13/AS1 Where quoted G13/AS2 B1/VM1 B1/VM1 C/AS1, F7/AS1 G4/AS1 F7/AS1
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Publications Referenced
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 9 Apr 2004
AS 1691: 1985 AS 1727: 1975
Domestic oil-fired appliances ­ installation Tank containers (international sizes)
AS/NZS 1730: 1996 Washbasins
AS 1741: 1991
Vitrified clay pipes and fittings with flexible joints ­ Sewerage quality
AS 1768: 1991 Lightning protection (incorporating Amdt 1)
Amend 9 Apr 2004
AS 1851:Part 6: 1997 Part 10: 1989
Maintenance of fire protection equipment Management procedures for maintaining the fire precaution features of air handling systems Emergency warning and intercommunication systems
Amend 8 Apr 2003
AS/NZS 1905:Part 1: 1997
Components for the protection of openings in fire-resistant walls Fire-resistant doorsets
AS/NZS 2023: 1995 Baths for ablutionary purposes
AS 2032: 1997 Installation of uPVC pipe systems
AS 2050: 1995 Fixing of roofing tiles
AS 2159: 1995
Rules for the design and installation of piling Amend: 1
AS 2220:- Part 1: 1989 Part 2: 1989
Emergency warning and intercommunication systems in buildings Equipment design and manufacture System design, installation and commissioning
AS/NZS 2269: 1994 Plywood ­ Structural
AS 2712: 1993 Solar water heaters ­ Design and construction
AS 2280: 1991 Ductile iron pressure pipes and fittings
AS/NZS 2280: 1999 Ductile iron pressure pipes and fittings
AS/NZS 2293:Part 1: 1995 Part 2: 1995 Part 3: 1995
Emergency evacuation lighting for buildings System design, installation and operation Inspection and maintenance Emergency luminaires and exit signs
AS/NZS 2642:Part 1: 1994 Part 2: 1994 Part 3: 1994
Polybutylene pipe systems Polybutylene (PB) pipe extrusion compounds Polybutylene (PB) pipe for hot and cold water applications Mechanical jointing fittings for use with polybutylene (PB) pipes for hot and cold water applications Amend: 1
AS 2845:-
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Part 3: 1993
Water supply ­ Mechanical backflow prevention devices Field testing and maintenance
Amend 9 Apr 2004
AS/NZS 2845:Part 1: 1998 AS 2887: 1993
Water supply Materials, design and performance requirements Plastic waste fittings
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
C/AS1 G14/VM1 G1/AS1 E1/AS1 F3/AS1 HB/CS 5/CS 9 HB/CS 3 C/AS1 G1/AS1 G13/AS2 E2/VM1 B1/VM4 HB/CS 3 C/AS1 C/AS1 E2/AS1 G12/AS1 E1/AS1 G13/AS2 F6/AS1 F6/AS1, HB/CS 4 F6/AS1 G12/AS1 G12/AS1 G12/AS1 G12/AS1, HB/CS 7 G12/AS1 G13/AS1 1 April 2004
23
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Publications Referenced
Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 8 Apr 2003
AS 2890:Part 1: 1993 Part 2: 1989
Off-street parking Car parking facilities Commercial vehicle facilities
AS/NZS 2918: 2001 Domestic solid fuel burning appliances ­ installation
AS 3147: 1992
Approval and test specification ­ Electric cables ­ Thermoplastic insulated for working voltages up to and including 0.6/1kV Amend: 1, 2, 3
AS 3500:-
National plumbing and drainage code
Part 1: 1992 Water supply
AS/NZS 3500:- National plumbing and drainage code Part 1.2: 1998 Water supply Acceptable solutions Part 2.2: 1996 Sanitary plumbing and drainage ­ Acceptable solutions Amendment: 1 Part 4.2: 1997 Hot water supply Acceptable solutions
AS 3518:- Part 1: 1988 Part 2: 1988
Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) pipes and fittings for pressure applications Pipes Solvent cement fittings
AS 3571: 1989
Glass filament reinforced thermosetting plastics (GRP) pipes: Polyester based: Water supply, sewerage and drainage applications
AS 3588: 1989 Shower bases and shower modules
AS/NZS 3661:Part 1: 1993 Part 2: 1994
Slip resistance of pedestrian surfaces Requirements Guide to the reduction of slip hazards
AS NZS 3666:-
Air-handling and water systems of buildings ­ Microbial Control
Part 1: 2002 Design, installation and commissioning
Part 2: 2002 Operation and maintenance
Part 3: 2000 Performance-based maintenance of cooling water systems
AS 3688: 1994 AS 3706:Part 1: 1990
Water supply ­ Copper and copper alloy compression and capillary fittings and threaded end connectors Geotextiles ­ Methods of test General requirements, sampling, conditioning, basic physical properties and statistical analysis
AS 3786: 1993
Smoke alarms Amends: 1, 2, 3
AS/NZS 3837: 1998 Method of test for heat and smoke release rates for materials and products using an oxygen consumption calorimeter
Where quoted D1/AS1 D1/AS1 C/AS1 G12/AS1 HB/CS 7 G12/VM1/AS1 G13/VM2/AS1/AS2 G12/VM1/AS1 G13/AS2 G13/AS2 G13/AS2 G1/AS1 D1/VM1/AS1 D1/AS1 HB/CS 9 HB/CS 9 HB/CS 9 G10/AS1 E1/VM1 F7/AS1 C/AS1
24
1 April 2004
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Publications Referenced
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
AS NZS 3896: 1998 Waters ­ examination for legionellae, including
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Legionella pueumophila
AS 4072:-
Components for the protection of openings in
fire-resistant separating elements
Part 1: 1992 Service penetrations and control joints
AS 4085: 1992 Automatic sliding door assemblies
AS/NZS 4130: 1997 Polyethylene (PE) pipe for pressure applications
AS 4139: 1993 Fibre reinforced concrete pipes and fittings
Amend 9 Apr 2004
AS 4276:Part 3.1: 1995
Water plate microbiology ­ Pour plate method using plate count agar
AS/NZS 4284: 1995 Testing of building facades
AS/NZS 4401(Int): 1999 High density polyethylene (PE-HD) pipes and fittings for soil and waste discharge (low and high temperature) systems inside buildings
AS/NZS 4600: 1996 Cold-formed steel structures
Where quoted HB/CS 9 C/AS1 HB/CS 13 G12/AS1, G13/AS2 G13/AS2 HB/CS 9 E2/VM1 G13/AS1 B1/VM1
Australian Publications
Building Control Commission, State of Victoria, Australia Smoke management in large spaces in buildings: 1998 Milke and Klote
C/AS1
Australia/NZ Publications
Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council Guidelines for assessment and management of contaminated sites: 1992
F1/VM1
British Publications
Building Research Establishment (UK) BRE Defect action sheet DAS 131: May 1989 External walls: Combustible external plastics insulation: Horizontal fire barriers BRE Report 135: 1988 Fire performance of external thermal insulation for walls in multi-storey buildings. Rogowski B.F., Ramaprasad R., Southern J.R. BRE Report 186: 1990 Design Principles for smoke ventilation in enclosed shopping centres. Morgan and Gardner BRE Report 258: 1992 Design approaches for smoke control in atrium buildings. Hansell and Morgan
C/AS1 C/AS1 C/AS1 C/AS1
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
25
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Publications Referenced
Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers, London CIBSE Code Series A: 1971 The commissioning of air distribution systems, high and low velocity
Where quoted G4/VM1
Miscellaneous Publication
Gas Service Technology
Volume 1
Basic science and practice of gas service
Ed. George Jasper. London. Published by Benn
Technical Books for the British Gas Corporation: 1978
G11/AS1
International Publications
Amend 7 Jan 2002
The European Committee for Standardisation
EN 81:Part 1: 1998 Part 2: 1998
Safety rules for the construction and installationof lifts Electric lifts Hydraulic lifts
EN 115: 1983
Safety rules for the construction of escalators and passenger conveyors
EN 12380: 1999 Air admittance valves for drainage systems ­ Requirements and test methods
Eurocode DD ENV 1991-2-2: 1996
Eurocode 1: Basis of design actions on structures
Part 2.2:
Actions on structures exposed to fire
D2/AS1 D2/AS1 D2/AS3 G13/AS1 C/AS1
InterNational Standards Organisation, Geneva
ISO 140/VII: 1978 Field measurements of impact sound insulation of floors
ISO 834: 1975
Fire resistance tests ­ elements of building construction
ISO 3008: 1976 Fire resistance tests ­ door and shutter assemblies
ISO 3009: 1976 Fire resistance tests ­ glazed elements
G6/VM1 C/AS1 C/AS1 C/AS1
Underwriters Laboratories Inc
UL 217: 1997
Single and multiple station smoke alarms
F7/AS1
Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada
Amend 8 Apr 2003
CAN/ULC S531: 1995 Smoke alarms
F7/AS1
26
World Health Organisation/Food and Agriculture Organisation Environmental Health Criteria 70 "Environment health criteria" for various chemicals Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants, Technical report series 776 Geneva: 1989 IARC Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. Published by the International Agency for Research on Cancer Principles for the safety assessment of food additives and contaminants in food, Geneva: 1987
F1/VM1 F1/VM1 F1/VM1 F1/VM1
24 April 2003
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Publications Referenced
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Where quoted
New Zealand Publications
Building Research Association of New Zealand BRANZ Bulleting 330: 1995 Thin flooring materials ­ 2. Preparation and laying. Appendix 1
E2/AS1
BRANZ House Insulation Guide: 1995
BRANZ Paper C1: 1978 A construction guide to home insulation (second edition) BRANZ Technical paper P36: 1983 Food processing floors, a guide to design, materials and construction. W.R. Sharman ALF Manual: 1990 Annual loss factor design manual. An aid to thermal design of buildings. M.R. Bassett, R.C. Bishop and I.S. van der Werff
government departments and Agencies
Department of Labour Workplace exposure standards and biological indices for New Zealand: 1992
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries MQ 1: 1988 Qual approvals manual
Ministry of Commerce
ECP 1: 1993
New Zealand electrical code of practice for electrical installations ­ caravans and caravan parks
ECP 2: 1993
New Zealand electrical code of practice for electrical installations in damp situations
ECP 3: 1993
New Zealand electrical code of practice for electrical safety of apparatus and material
ECP 4: 1993
New Zealand electrical code of practice for electrical installations ­ supply and generating systems not exceeding low voltage
ECP 5: 1993
New Zealand electrical code of practice for electrical installations ­ cold cathode discharge lighting
ECP 7: 1993
New Zealand electrical code of practice for extra-low voltage installations
ECP 11: 1993
New Zealand electrical code of practice for inspection and testing of low voltage installations for certification purposes
E3/AS1, H1/VM1/AS1 E3/AS1 G3/AS1 H1/VM1/Defs F1/VM1, G4/VM1 G3/AS1 G9/VM1 G9/VM1 G9/VM1 G9/VM1 G9/VM1 G9/VM1 G9/VM1
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
27
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Publications Referenced
Amend 9 Apr 2004
ECP 12: 1993 ECP 19: 1994 ECP 21.2: 1993 ECP 24: 1993 ECP 28: 1993 ECP 29: 1993 ECP 33: 1993 ECP 34: 1993 ECP 35: 1993 ECP 36: 1993 ECP 41: 1993 ECP 50: 1993 ECP 51: 1993 NZECP 54: 2001
New Zealand electrical code of practice for electrical installations ­ the safe use of electricity in medical locations and associated areas New Zealand electrical code of practice for determination of maximum demand in electrical installations New Zealand electrical code of practice for electric security fences New Zealand electrical code of practice for the safety of electricity in a hazardous area New Zealand electrical code of practice for selection and installation of cables New Zealand electrical code of practice for electrical installations of boat marinas and pleasure vessels New Zealand electrical code of practice for electrical installations of mineral insulated cables and equipment New Zealand electrical code of practice for electrical safety distances New Zealand electrical code of practice for power systems earthing New Zealand electrical code of practice for harmonic levels New Zealand electrical code of practice for single wire earth return systems New Zealand electrical code of practice for repair of domestic electrical equipment New Zealand electrical code of practice for electrical wiring work in domestic premises Code of practice for the installation of recessed luminaries and auxiliary equipment
Ministry of Transport Power Lift Rules: 1989
Rules for power lifts not exceeding 750 watts (one horsepower): 1985 New Zealand Forest Research Institute Measurement of moisture content of assembled timber framing: 1993
Where quoted G9/VM1 G9/VM1 G9/VM1 G9/VM1 G9/VM1 G9/VM1 G9/VM1 G9/VM1 G9/VM1 G9/VM1 G9/VM1 G9/AS1 G9/AS1 C/AS1 D2/AS1/AS2, HB/CS 8/1 D2/AS2, HB/CS 8/2 E2/AS1
28
1 April 2004
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Publications Referenced
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
New Zealand Meteorological Service Average degree-day tables ­ selected NZ stations. (Miscellaneous publication 159, 1978) COMMENT: This publication is no longer available, but the relevant information is summarised in the Degree-days data sheets of the BRANZ ALF Manual. Transit NZ Bridge manual: Design and evaluation: 1994 Amend: 1 Government Legislation Animal Remedies Act: 1967 Animal Remedies Regulations: 1980 Dangerous Goods Act: 1974 Dangerous Goods Order: 1983 Dangerous Goods Regulations Gases: 1980 Flammable liquids: 1985 Flammable solids: 1985 Oxidising substances: 1985 Dangerous Goods (licensing fees) Regulations: 1976 Explosives Act: 1957 Explosives Regulations: 1959 Explosives Authorisation Order: 1983 and amendment No. 1 (1987) Fencing of Swimming Pools Act: 1987 Fire Safety and Evacuation of Buildings Regulations: 1992 Gas Regulations: 1993 Pesticides Act: 1979 Pesticides Regulations: 1983 Pesticides (Vertebrate pest control) Regulations: 1983 Radiation Protection Act: 1965 Radiation Protection Regulations: 1982 Toxic Substances Act: 1979 Toxic Substances Regulations: 1983 New Zealand Geomechanics Society Guidelines for the field descriptions of soils and rocks in engineering use. Nov 1988
Where quoted H1/Defs B1/VM1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F4/AS1, HB/CS 14 C/AS1 G12/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 F3/AS1 B1/VM1
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
29
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Publications Referenced
United States of America Publications American Iron and Steel Institute Fire-safe structural steel ­ a design guide: 1983 American National Standards Institute and American Society of Mechanical Engineers ANSI/ASME B16.1: 1989 Cast iron pipe flanges and flanged fittings, Class 25, 125, 250 and 800 ANSI/ASME B16.3: 1985 Malleable-iron threaded fittings, Classes 150 and 300 ANSI/ASME B16.5: 1988 Pipe flanges and flanged fittings, steel-nickel alloy and other special alloys ANSI/ASME B16.9: 1990 Factory-made wrought steel butt-welding fittings ANSI/ASME B31.3: 1990 Chemical plant and petroleum refinery piping ANSI B2.1: 1968 Screwing and socketing ANSI B16.11: 1980 Forged steel fittings, socket-welding and threaded ASME Boiler and pressure vessel code-VIII pressure vessels American Petroleum Institute API SPEC 5L: 1991 Specification for line pipe API STD 620: 1990 Design and construction of large, welded, low-pressure storage tanks API STD 650: 1988 Welded steel tanks for oil storage API STD 1104: 1988 Welding of pipelines and related facilities American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Design of smoke management systems. Klote and Milke 1992 American Society of Sanitary Engineers ASSE 1050: 1991 Performance requirements for air admittance valves for plumbing DWV systems stack type devices ASSE 1051: 1992 Performance requirements for air admittance valves for plumbing drainage systems American Society for Testing and Materials ASTM A 53 ­ 90a Specification for pipe, steel, black and hot-dipped, zinc-coated welded and seamless ASTM A 106 ­ 91a Specification for seamless carbon steel pipe for high temperature service
Where quoted C/AS1 G10/AS1 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 G14/VM1 G14/VM1 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 G14/VM1 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 G14/VM1 G14/VM1 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 C/AS1 G13/AS1 G13/AS1 G10/AS1, G14/VM1 G10/AS1
30
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Publications Referenced
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ASTM C 236: 1987 Standard test method for steady state thermal performance of building assemblies by means of a guarded hot box ASTM D 1143: 1981 Test method for piles under static axial compressive load
ASTM E 96: 1992 Test methods for water vapour transmission of materials ASTM E 336: 1990 Method for measurement of airborne sound insulation in buildings ASTM E 413: 1987 Classification for rating sound insulation ASTM E 492: 1990 Test method for laboratory measurement of impact sound transmission through floor-ceiling assemblies using a tapping machine ASTM E 989: 1989 Classification for determination of impact insulation class (IIC) International Conference of Building Officials, America Uniform Building Code Standard 4.1: 1997 Proscenium fire safety curtains Uniform Building Code Standard 26-2: 1997 Test method for the evaluation of thermal barriers
National Fire Protection Association of America
NFPA 92B: 1995 Guide for smoke management systems in malls, atria and large areas
NFPA 285: 1998
Standard method of test for the evaluation of flammability characteristics of exterior non load bearing wall assemblies containing components using the intermediate scale, multi-storey test apparatus
United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) USEPA SW 846: 1986 Test methods for evaluating solid waste EPA/540/1 ­ 89/002: 1989 Risk assessment guidance for Superfund, Vol 1. Human health evaluation manual (Part A) Interim final. Prepared by USEPA Office of Emergency and Remedial Response Cross-connection control manual: 1989
Where quoted E3/AS1 B1/VM4 E2/AS1 G6/VM1 G6/VM1 G6/VM1 G6/VM1 C/AS1 C/AS1 C/AS1, F6/AS1 C/AS1 F1/VM1 F1/VM1 HB/CS 7
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
31
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Publications Referenced
United States Public Health Service Toxicological profiles on individual chemicals. Prepared by the Agency for Toxicological Substances and Disease Registry, in collaboration with the US Environmental Protection Agency Miscellaneous Publication Casarett and Doull's Toxicology. The basic science of poisons. 4th ed. Macmillan. New York 1991. Klassen CD, Amdur MO, Doull J (Eds)
Where quoted F1/VM1 F1/VM1
32
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Definitions Definitions
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Unless the context otherwise requires, words used in the New Zealand Building Code and Approved Documents shall have the meaning given under this section of the Handbook.
Amend 6 Jul 2001 Amend 2 Aug 1994
Access chamber A chamber with working space at drain level through which the drain passes either as an open channel or as a pipe incorporating an inspection point. Access point A place where access may be made to a drain or discharge pipe for inspection, cleaning or maintenance; and may include a cleaning eye, inspection point, rodding point, inspection chamber or access chamber. Access route A continuous route that permits people and goods to move between the apron or construction edge of the building to spaces within a building, and between spaces within a building. Accessible Having features to permit use by people with disabilities. Accessible route An access route usable by people with disabilities. It shall be a continuous route that can be negotiated unaided by a wheelchair user. The route shall extend from street boundary or car parking area to those spaces within the building required to be accessible to enable people with disabilities to carry out normal activities and processes within the building. Accessible stairway A stairway having features for use by people with disabilities. Buildings required to be accessible shall have at least one accessible stairway leading off an accessible route whether or not a lift is provided. Accreditation certificate means an accreditation certificate issued under Part VIII of the Act. Active conductor Any electrical conductor in which the electrical potential differs from that of a neutral conductor or earth. Adequate Adequate to achieve the objectives of the building code. Adjacent building A nearby building, including an adjoining building, whether or not erected on other property.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Air gap The vertical distance through air between the lowest point of the water supply outlet and the flood level rim of the equipment or the fixture into which the outlet discharges. Air admittance valve A valve that allows air to enter but not to escape in order to limit pressure fluctuations within the sanitary plumbing or drainage system. Allotment has the meaning ascribed to it by section 4 of the Building Act 1991. Alter in relation to a building, includes to rebuild, re-erect, repair, enlarge and extend; and alteration has a corresponding meaning. Amenity An attribute of a building which contributes to the health, physical independence, and well being of the building's users but which is not associated with disease or a specific illness. Appliance hearth A layer of non-combustible material under or near an appliance. It may be either part of the building structure or an overlay on a combustible floor. Asbestos as defined by the Asbestos Regulations 1983 means: (a) Actinolite, amosite, chrysotile, crocidolite, fibrous anthophyllite, or tremolite; or (b) A mixture containing a mineral specified in paragraph a) of this definition; or (c) A material that is composed wholly or partly of any such mineral; or (d) A material or article that is contaminated by any such material. Atmospheric burner A burner system where all the air for combustion is induced by the inspirating effect of a gas injector and/or by natural draught in the combustion chamber without mechanical assistance. Authority means the Building Industry Authority established under Part III of the Act.
Amend 6 Jul 2001 Amend 1 Dec 1993
1 July 2001
33
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Definitions
Amend 6 Jul 2001 Amend 6 Jul 2001
Backflow The unplanned reversal of flow of water or mixtures of water and contaminants into the water supply system. See back-siphonage and back-pressure. Backflow prevention device A device that prevents backflow. Back-pressure A backflow condition caused by the downstream pressure becoming greater than the supply pressure. Back-siphonage Backflow condition caused by the supply pressure becoming less than the downstream pressure. Baluster A post providing the support for the top and bottom rails of a barrier. Balustrade The infill parts of a barrier (typically between floor and top rail). Basement Any firecell or part of a firecell below the level of the lowest final exit.
Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: Because fire safety precautions are increased with increases in escape height, the precautions for basements increase with basement depth. Thus a single floor building with one basement level is treated as a two floor building, a single floor building with three basement levels as a four floor building and the requirements of C/AS1 Table 4.1 shall be applied downwards as opposed to upwards for levels above ground.
Boundary means any boundary which is shown on a survey plan approved by the Chief Surveyor and which is deposited in the Titles Office whether or not a new title has been issued.
Boundary joist A joist running along the outer ends of the floor joists.
Amend 6 Jul 2001
Branch discharge pipe A discharge pipe that serves one or more fixture discharge pipes for any one floor. Branch vent pipe A vent pipe that serves two or more fixture vent pipes.
Building has the meaning ascribed to it by section 3 of the Act as follows: meaning of building ­ (1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the term "building" means any temporary or permanent movable or immovable structure (including any structure intended for occupation by people, animals, machinery, or chattels); and includes any mechanical, electrical, or other systems, and any utility systems, attached to and forming part of the structure whose proper operation is necessary for compliance with the building code; but does not include: (a) Systems owned or operated by a network utility operator for the purpose of reticulation of other property; or (b) Cranes, including any cranes as defined in regulations in force under the Health and Safety in Employment Act 1992; or (c) Cablecars, cableways, ski tows, and other similar stand alone machinery systems, whether or not incorporated within any other structure; or (d) Any description of vessel, boat, ferry, or craft used in navigation, whether or not it has any means of propulsion, and regardless of that means; nor does it include (i) a barge, lighter, or other like vessel: (ii) a hovercraft or other thing deriving full or partial support in the atmosphere from the reactions of air against the surface of the water over which it operates: (iii) a submarine or other thing used in navigation while totally submerged; or
Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 1 Dec 1993
34
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Definitions
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 3 Dec 1995
(e) Vehicles and motor vehicles (including vehicles and motor vehicles as defined in section 2(1) of the Transport Act 1962 and section 2(1) of the Transport (Vehicle and Driver Registration and Licensing) Act 1986, but not including vehicles and motor vehicles, whether movable or immovable, which are used exclusively for permanent or longterm residential purposes; or (ea) Aircraft, including any machine that can derive support in the atmosphere from the reactions of the air otherwise than by the reactions of the air against the surface of the earth; or (f) Containers as defined in section 2 of the Dangerous Goods Act 1974; or (g) Magazines as defined in section 2 of the Explosives Act 1957; or (h) Scaffolding used in the course of the construction process; or (i) Falsework used in the course of the construction process. (2)For the purposes of Part IX of this Act a building consent, a code compliance certificate, and a compliance schedule the term building also includes ­ (a) Any part of a building; and (b) Any 2 or more buildings which, on completion of any building work, are intended to be managed as 1 building with a common use and a common set of ownership arrangements. (3) For the purposes of subclause (2) of this definition, where any utility system or any part of any utility system ­ (a) Is external to the building; and (b) Is also connected to or is intended to be connected to ­ (i) A network under the control of a network utility operator; or
(ii) Some other facility which is able to provide for the successful functioning of the utility system in accordance with its intended design ­ that utility system or that part of the utility system shall be deemed to be part of a building. (4) Notwithstanding the provisions of subclause (3) of this definition, where a septic tank is connected to a building utility system the septic tank shall be deemed to form part of that building utility system. Building certifier means a person approved as a building certifier by the Authority under Part VII of the Building Act 1991. Building code means the building code made under Part VI of the Building Act 1991, being the building code set out in the First Schedule to the Building Regulations. Building consent means a consent to carry out building work granted by a territorial authority under Part V of the Building Act 1991; and includes all conditions to which the consent is subject. Building element Any structural and nonstructural component or assembly incorporated into or associated with a building. Included are fixtures, services, drains, permanent mechanical installations for access, glazing, partitions, ceilings and temporary supports. Building height The vertical distance between the floor level of the lowest final exit from the building; and the highest occupied floor level containing or supporting any purpose group other than IE, IA or ID, or penthouses used to enclose stairways, liftshafts or machinery rooms located on or within the roof.
Amend 3 Dec 1995 Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amends 1 and 5 Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 5 Dec 2000
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 2000
35
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Definitions
Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 6 Jul 2001 36
Building performance index (BPI) in relation to a building, means the energy from a network utility operator or a depletable resource (measured in kilowatt-hours per square metre of floor area and per degreeday, and calculated using the Building Research Association of New Zealand's Annual Loss Factor Design Manual 1990 or some other method that can be correlated with that manual) needed to maintain the building at a constant internal temperature for the period from 1 May to the close of 31 August under the following standard conditions: (a) A continuous temperature of 20°C throughout the building. (b) An air change rate of 1 change per hour or the actual air leakage rate, whichever is the greater. (c) A heat emission contribution arising from internal heat sources for the period being considered of 1000 kWh for the first 50 m2 of floor area and 10 kWh for every additional square metre of floor area. (d) No allowance for: ­ (i) carpets, or (ii) blinds, curtains, or drapes, on windows. (e) Windows to have a shading coefficient of 0.6 (made up of 0.8 for windows and recesses and 0.75 for site shading). Building statement of fitness means a statement issued by a territorial authority under section 44(4)(c) of the Act. Building work means work for or in connection with the construction, alteration, demolition, or removal of a building; and includes sitework. Cavity barrier A construction provided to close openings within a concealed space against the passage of fire, or to restrict the spread of fire within such spaces. Check valve (or non-return valve) A valve that permits flow in one direction but prevents a return flow and is part of a backflow device. 1 July 2001
Chimney A non-combustible structure which encloses one or more flues, fireplaces or other heating appliances. Chimney back The non-combustible wall forming the back of a fireplace. Chimney base That part of a chimney which houses the fireplace. Chimney breast The front fireplace wall construction above the fireplace opening. Chimney jambs The side walls of a fireplace. Cladding The exterior weather-resistant surface of a building. Classified use means a classified use listed in clause A1 of the building code. Cleaning eye A small diameter access point usually formed as part of a fitting or trap. Code compliance certificate means a certificate to that effect issued by a territorial authority or a building certifier pursuant to section 43 of the Building Act 1991. Combined waste pipe A discharge pipe which serves two or more waste pipes. Combustible See non-combustible. Common ramp A ramp which is used, or intended to be used by the public whether as of right or not, and is not a service ramp or accessible ramp. Common stairway A stairway which is used, or intended to be used, by the public whether as of right or not, and is not a private stairway, service stairway or accessible stairway. Compliance schedule means a compliance schedule issued under section 44 of the Building Act 1991. Compound In relation to the storage of liquid dangerous goods, a basin, pit, excavation, hollow or enclosure constructed of concrete, brick, clay, earth, or similar incombustible material which will effectively retain the liquid dangerous goods if they leak from their container(s).
Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 6 Jul 2001 Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 5 Dec 2000
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Definitions
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Concealed space Any part of the space within a building that cannot be seen from an occupied space.
Amend 6 Jul 2001 Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amends 1 and 6 Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: This term includes any ceiling space, roof space, space under a raised floor (such as computer rooms, floors, or stages), plenums, spaces under a tiered floor, "left-over spaces" created when some structural element or the like has been covered in; small service or duct spaces within the volume of a firecell and the like, but not a protected shaft. Construct in relation to a building, includes to build, erect, prefabricate, and relocate; and construction has a corresponding meaning. Contaminant includes any substance (including gases, liquids, solids, and microorganisms) or energy (excluding noise) or heat, that either by itself or in combination with the same, similar, or other substances, energy, or heat (a) When discharged into water, changes or is likely to change the physical, chemical, or biological condition of water, or (b) When discharged onto or into land or into air, changes or is likely to change the physical, chemical, or biological condition of the land or air onto or into which it is discharged. This is the meaning ascribed to it by the Resource Management Act 1991. Controlled area That area where the use of radioactive material or an irradiating apparatus may, in the opinion of the licensee, present a hazard to persons within that area. Cool location means a location in New Zealand where the degree-day total is 920 or more. Cross connection Any actual or potential connection between a potable water supply and a source of contamination. Damp-proof course (DPC) A narrow strip (generally up to 300 mm wide) of durable vapour barrier placed between building elements to prevent the passage of moisture from one element to another.
Damp-proof membrane (DPM) A sheet material, coating or vapour barrier, having a low water vapour transmission, and used to prevent water and water vapour movement through concrete in contact with the ground. (Also known as a concrete underlay.) Dangerous goods Any materials included in the UN classification, classes 2-5. Dangerous goods workroom A room reserved primarily for the use of dangerous goods of Class 3(a) or Class 3(b) (i.e. flammable liquids). Dead end That part of an open path where escape is possible in only one direction.
Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: A dead end ceases to exist where the escape route reaches a point in the open path which offers alternative directions of travel, or at a final exit or an exitway. Degree-day in relation to any location on any day, ­ (a) If a base temperature of 15єC is greater than the mean of the maximum and minimum outdoor temperatures at that location on that day, means the number of degrees Celsius by which that base temperature is greater than that mean. (b) If a base temperature of 15єC is not greater than the mean of the maximum and minimum outdoor temperatures at that location on that day, means zero. Degree-day total in relation to any location, means the sum of the degree-days for that location for the period of 1 May to 31 August, as derived from Average Degreeday Tables ­ Selected NZ Stations (Miscellaneous Publication 159, 1978 of the New Zealand Meteorological Service). Depot In relation to dangerous goods, a building, place, or vessel as may be prescribed, or as may be approved by an Inspector (of dangerous goods), as a depot for the storage of dangerous goods. Developed length The total length along the centre line of a pipe including fittings and bends.
Amends 3 and 5 Amend 5 Dec 2000
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
37
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Definitions
Amend 6 Jul 2001
Diameter (or bore) The nominal internal diameter. Discharge pipe Any pipe that is intended to convey discharge from sanitary fixtures or sanitary appliances. Discharge stack A discharge pipe that has one or more discharge pipe connections, and which is vented at one end via a discharge stack vent. Discharge stack vent A vent pipe connected to the top of the discharge stack. Discharge unit The unit of measure for the discharge (hydraulic load) in the plumbing system, and is based on the rate, duration and frequency of discharge from a sanitary fixture or sanitary appliance. Doorset A complete assembly comprising a door leaf or leaves including any glazed or solid panels adjacent to or over the leaves within the door frame including hardware or other inbuilt features; and a door frame, if any, with its fixings to the wall and, for a sliding or tilting door, all guides and their respective fixings to the lintel, wall or sill. Drain A pipe normally laid below ground level including fittings and equipment and intended to convey foul water or surface water to an outfall. Drainage access area means a space within a building containing an inspection chamber or access chamber, and which is isolated from other enclosed spaces within the building. Drain vent pipe Any pipe which is intended to permit the movement of air into and out of the drain and sewer. Draught diverter A device, without moving parts, fitted in the flue of an appliance for isolating the combustion system from the effects of pressure changes in the secondary flue. Durable Resistant to wear and decay. Electrical installation Any electrical fixed appliances, and components used in the reticulation of electricity, which are intended to remain permanently attached to and form part of the building.
Electrical supply system The source of electricity external to the electrical installation. Energy work means ­ (a) Gasfitting; (b) Prescribed electrical work. Energy work certificate means a certificate of the kind referred to in paragraph (e) or paragraph (f) of section 50(1) of the Act. Escape height The height between the floor level in the firecell being considered and the floor level of the required final exit which is the greatest vertical distance above or below that firecell.
Amend 1 Dec 1993
COMMENT: 1. It is necessary only to use the greatest height to the exits required for the firecell being considered, even though the building may have other final exits at lower or higher levels. 2. Where the firecell contains intermediate floors, or upper floors within household units the escape height shall be measured from the floor having the greatest vertical separation from the final exit. Escape route A continuous unobstructed route from any occupied space in a building to a final exit to enable occupants to reach a safe place, and shall comprise one or more of the following: open paths, protected paths and safe paths.
Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: Doors are not obstructions in an escape route provided they comply with C/AS1 Part 3 and D1/AS1. Essential service In the context of an electrical installation means emergency lighting, firemen's lifts, alarms, water pumps, sprinklers, detectors, ventilation systems and public address systems necessary for the safety of people in buildings. Estimated value The value of building work shall be the aggregate of the values, determined in accordance with section 10 of the Goods and Services Tax Act 1985, of all goods and services to be supplied for that building work.
Amend 5 Dec 2000
38
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Definitions
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 5 Dec 2000
Evacuation time The time taken by the occupants of the building to evacuate the building to a final exit. Exitway All parts of an escape route protected by fire or smoke separations, or by distance when exposed to open air, and terminating at a final exit. External wall Any exterior face of a building within 30° of vertical, consisting of primary and/or secondary elements intended to provide protection against the outdoor environment, but which may also contain unprotected areas. COMMENT: A roof is an external wall if within 30° of the vertical. Factor of safety in relation to any building means the ratio of resisting forces to applied forces for a given loading condition. It is generally expressed to two significant figures. Falsework used in the course of the construction process means any temporary structure or framework used in construction work to support materials, equipment, or any assembly; and includes the use of steel tubes, adjustable steel props, proprietary frames, or any other means to support a permanent structure during its construction until it becomes self-supporting; but does not include scaffolding or cranes for support. Final exit The point at which an escape route terminates by giving direct access to a safe place. COMMENT: Final exits are commonly the external doors from a ground floor, but this applies only if such doors open directly onto a safe place. If a safe place can be reached only by passing down an alley, or across a bridge, then the final exit is not reached until the end of such an alley or bridge. Final exits, therefore, should be seen strictly as a point of arrival, rather than as any particular element of a building. They are determined entirely by the definition of safe place. Fire The state of combustion during which flammable materials burn producing heat, toxic gases, or smoke or flame or any combination of these.
Firecell Any space including a group of contiguous spaces on the same or different levels within a building, which is enclosed by any combination of fire separations, external walls, roofs, and floors.
COMMENT: Floors, in this context, includes ground floors and those in which the underside is exposed to the external environment (e.g. when cantilevered). Note also that internal floors between firecells are fire separations. Firecell rating (F) The time in minutes for which it is intended to prevent fire spreading to another firecell within a building, or causing structural collapse within the firecell due to failure of any primary or secondary element.
COMMENT: 1. The purpose of the firecell rating is to prevent premature collapse of elements of structure in order to protect: a) The occupants, some of whom may have to remain in the building for some time while evacuation proceeds, particularly if the building is a large one. b) Adjacent household units and sleeping areas in the building of fire origin. c) Fire fighters engaged on rescue and fire fighting operations (although this is limited because property protection in the building of origin is not a matter covered by the New Zealand Building Code except as required by b) above). 2. The use of the F rating to determine the FRR of a primary or secondary element is discussed in C/AS1 Part 5. Fire damper A device with a specified FRR complete with fixings and operating mechanism for automatically closing off an airway where it passes through a fire separation.
Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: An airway may be a duct, plenum, ceiling space, roof space or similar construction used for the passage of ventilating air. Fire door A doorset, single or multi-leaf, having a specific fire resistance rating, and in certain situations a smoke control capability, and forming part of a fire separation. The door, in the event of fire, if not already closed, will close automatically and be self latching.
Amend 3 Dec 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 2000
39
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Definitions
Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: Requirements for fire doors are given in C/AS1 Paragraph 6.19.1 and 6.19.8 and Appendix C Paragraph C8.1. Fire hazard means the danger in terms of potential harm and degree of exposure arising from the start and spread of fire and the smoke and gases that are thereby generated. Fire hazard category (FHC) The number (graded 1 to 4 in order of increasing severity), used to classify purpose groups or activities having a similar fire hazard, and where fully developed fires are likely to have similar impact on the structural stability of the building. COMMENT: Fire hazard categories are identified in C/AS1 Table 2.1. Fire intensity The release rate of calorific energy in watts, determined either theoretically or empirically, as applicable. Fire load The sum of the net calorific values of the combustible contents which can reasonably be expected to burn within a firecell, including furnishings, built-in and removable materials, and building elements. The calorific values shall be determined at the ambient moisture content or humidity. (The unit of measurement is MJ.) Fire load energy density (FLED) The total fire load divided by the firecell floor area. In this calculation the floor area shall include circulation and service spaces, but exclude exitways and protected shafts. COMMENT: The total fire load is converted to fire load energy terms in megajoules (MJ) for calculation of the FLED (MJ/m2). Fireplace A space formed by the chimney back, the chimney jambs, and the chimney breast in which fuel is burned for the purpose of heating the room into which it opens.
Fire resistance rating (FRR) The term used to describe the minimum fire resistance of primary and secondary elements as determined in the standard test for fire resistance, or in accordance with a specific calculation method verified by experimental data from standard fire resistance tests. It comprises three numbers giving the time in minutes for which each of the criteria stability, integrity and insulation are satisfied, and is presented always in that order.
Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: 1. Examples of FRRs are: a) 30/30/15 indicating stability 30 minutes, integrity 30 minutes, insulation 15 minutes. b) 30/-/- indicating stability 30 minutes, but no time requirement for integrity or insulation. c) -/15/15 indicating no time requirement for stability, but 15 minutes for integrity and insulation. d) 60/30/x indicating stability of 60 minutes, integrity of 30 minutes, and a requirement for insulation from C/AS1 Paragraph 5.6.4. 2. C/AS1 Part 5 gives more information on FRRs. Fire resisting closure A fire rated device or assembly for closing an opening through a fire separation. It shall have a FRR of no less than that required for the fire separation.
Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: A fire resisting closure is intended to include fire doors, fire windows or access panels. In this context the opening may be used to permit passage of people or goods, or to transmit light, but does not include an opening to permit the passage of building services. Fire resisting glazing Fixed or openable glazing, complete with frame and fixings, mullions, transoms and glazing beads, with a specified FRR and complying with NZS 4232: Part 2.
Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: 1. The requirement for fire resisting glazing will not be met by ordinary window glass, or safety glasses, but rather by wired glass, or by special fire resisting glass shown by test to perform adequately. The nature and design of the frames also have an effect on the performance of fire resisting glazing. 2. Openable glazing is required by NZS 4232 Part 2 to be fitted with an automatic device which, in the event of fire, will close and latch the window sash.
Amend 5 Dec 2000
40
1 December 2000
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Definitions
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Fire safety precautions (FSPs) The combination of all methods used in a building to warn people of an emergency, provide for safe evacuation, and restrict the spread of fire, and includes both active and passive protection.
Amend 1 Dec 1993
COMMENT: This definition has the same meaning and wording as the definition of "fire safety systems" in the Building Regulations. Fire separation Any building element which separates firecells or firecells and safe paths, and provides a specific fire resistance rating. Fire shutter A fire rated device, complete with fixings and operating mechanism, for automatically closing off an opening in a fire separation or protected shaft. Fire stop A material or method of construction used to restrict the spread of fire within or through fire separations, and having a FRR no less than that of the fire separation.
Amend 6 Jul 2001 Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: Fire stops are mainly used to seal around penetrations, but can also be used to seal narrow gaps between building elements. Fixture An article intended to remain permanently attached to and form part of a building. Fixture discharge pipe A discharge pipe that is used to convey waste from a single sanitary fixture or sanitary appliance to a branch discharge pipe, a discharge stack, or directly to a drain. It does not include any pipes forming part of a sanitary appliance. Fixture vent pipe (trap vent) A vent pipe that is connected to a fixture discharge pipe or the sanitary fixture itself. Flame barrier A material or system applied or installed to protect another building element from flame contact. The protection shall be effective for no less than 10 minutes exposure in the standard test for fire resistance. COMMENT: 1. The principal use of flame barriers is to delay ignition of foamed plastics materials.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
2. Refer to Appendix C Paragraph C10.1 for details of the test requirements for flame barriers. Flame safeguard system A system consisting of a flame detector(s) plus associated circuitry, integral components, valves and interlocks the function of which is to shut off the fuel supply to the burner(s) in the event of ignition failure or flame failure. Flammability index (FI) That index number for flammability, which is determined according to the standard test method for flammability of thin flexible materials. Flood level rim The top edge at which water can overflow from equipment or a fixture. Floor waste An outlet located at the low point of a graded floor or in a level floor designed to receive accidental or intentional discharges. Floor waste pipe A pipe that receives the discharge from a floor waste and that discharges outside the building or to the foul water drainage or sanitary plumbing system. Flue The passage through which the products of combustion are conveyed to the outside. Flue liner Pipes or linings of fire clay, metal or fire brick, surrounding flues. Flue system A series of interconnecting flue pipe casings which form a safe passage (flue) for conveying products of combustion from within an appliance to the outside of a building or structure. Foamed plastics Combustible foamed plastic polymeric materials of low density (typically less than 100 kg/m3) and are classified as cellular polymers which are manufactured by creating a multitude of fine voids (typically 90 to 98%) distributed more or less uniformly throughout the product. Examples of foamed plastics are latex foams, polyethylene foams, polyvinyl chloride foams, expanded or extruded polystyrene foams, phenolic foams, ureaformaldehyde foams, polyurethane foams and polychloropene foams.
Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 6 Jul 2001 Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 5 Dec 2000
1 April 2004
41
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Definitions
Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 1 Dec 1993
COMMENT: 1. Foamed plastics may be rigid or flexible, but rigid foams are the most common in building products. When burnt they tend to generate high levels of heat energy (kJ/kg) and varying quantities of smoke and other toxic gases depending on the nature and volume of the particular product. 2. Where doubt exists as to whether a building material is foamed plastics, an opinion should be sought from a person or organisation with appropriate skill and experience in fire engineering. That opinion should be included with the building consent application to the territorial authority. Forced or induced draught appliance An appliance where all or part of the air for combustion is provided by a fan or other mechanical device which is an integral part of the combustion system. Foul water The discharge from any sanitary fixture or sanitary appliance. Foul water drainage system Drains, joints and fittings normally laid underground and used specifically for the conveyance of water from the plumbing system to an outfall. Free outlet (push through) In the context of storage water heaters means a water heater with a tap on the cold water inlet so designed that the hot water is discharged through an open outlet. Functional requirements in relation to a building, means those functions which a building is to perform for the purposes of the Act. Gantry A structure covering a public way providing protection from both the side and overhead. Gasfitting has the same meaning as in section 2 of the Plumbers, Gasfitters, and Drainlayers Act 1976. Gather That part of a chimney where the transition from fireplace to stack occurs. Good ground means any soil or rock capable of permanently withstanding an ultimate bearing pressure of 300 kPa (i.e. an allowable bearing pressure of 100 kPa using a factor of safety of 3.0), but excludes:
42
1 December 2000
a) Potentially compressible ground such as topsoil, soft soils such as clay which can be moulded easily in the fingers, and uncompacted loose gravel which contains obvious voids, b) Expansive soils being those that have a liquid limit of more than 50% when tested in accordance with NZS 4402 Test 2.2, and a linear shrinkage of more than 15% when tested, from the liquid limit, in accordance with NZS 4402 Test 2.6, and c) Any ground which could forseeably experience movement of 25 mm or greater for any reason including one or a combination of: land instability, ground creep, subsidence, seasonal swelling and shrinking, frost heave, changing ground water level, erosion, dissolution of soil in water, and effects of tree roots.
Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: Soils (excepting those described in a), b) and c) above) tested with a dynamic cone penetrometer in accordance with NZS 4402 Test 6.5.2, shall be acceptable as good ground for building foundations if penetration resistance is no less than: a) 3 blows per 75 mm at depths no greater than the footing width. b) 2 blows per 75 mm at depths greater than the footing width. Depths shall be measured from the underside of the proposed footing. Grease trap A device designed to intercept grease in a foul water discharge. Group sleeping area A firecell containing communal sleeping accommodation for a specified number of people who may or may not be known to one another. Partial subdivision within the firecell is permitted with specific limitation including that no occupied space is fully enclosed and all occupied spaces are open and available to all occupants at any time. A group sleeping area firecell may include spaces for associated direct support functions, such as hygiene facilities and tea making (not cooking) activities, for use by the occupants. It does not include spaces, such as waiting rooms, lounges, dining rooms or kitchens, providing a communal service function for all occupants.
Amend 5 Dec 2000
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Definitions
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: 1. Examples of group sleeping area firecells are dormitories, hospital wards, wharenui, backpacker hostels and ski lodges. 2. The maximum number of people permitted in a group sleeping area firecell, and the permitted form of subdivision, will depend on the ability of the occupants to react to the presence of fire and escape to a safe place. Gully trap A fitting designed to prevent foul air escaping from the drainage system and used to receive the discharge from waste pipes. Habitable space A space used for activities normally associated with domestic living, but excludes any bathroom, laundry, water closet, pantry, walk-in wardrobe, corridor, hallway, lobby, clothes-drying room, or other space of a specialised nature occupied neither frequently nor for extended periods. Habitable work Any building where people live, work or may assemble, but does not include buildings associated with the storage or use of dangerous goods on the same site.
Amends 1 and 5 Amend 1 Dec 1993
COMMENT: The terms `Habitable Work' and `Title Boundary' in this document replace the definition `Protected Work' used in the Dangerous Goods Regulations 1980/46, 1985/188, 1985/170. Handrail A rail to provide support to, or assist with the movement of a person. Hazardous Creating an unreasonable risk to people of bodily injury or deterioration of health. Hazardous substance Has the meaning ascribed to it by the Fire Service Act 1975. Hearth The insulating floor under the fire and in front and at the sides of the fireplace. Hoarding A structure alongside a public way providing side protection but no overhead protection. Hold-open device A device which holds a smoke control door or fire door open during normal use, but is released by deactivating the device by an automatic fire detection system, allowing the door to close automatically under the action of a self-closing device.
Household unit means any building or group of buildings, or part of any building or group of buildings, used or intended to be used solely or principally for residential purposes and occupied or intended to be occupied exclusively as the home or residence of not more than one household; but does not include a hostel or boardinghouse or other specialised accommodation. HVAC An abbreviation for heating, ventilating and airconditioning. Ignitability index (Ig) That index number for ignitability which is determined according to the standard test method for measuring the properties of lining materials. Illuminance The luminous flux falling onto a unit area of surface. Impact insulation class (IIC) A single number rating derived from measured values of normalized impact sound pressure levels in accordance with Method ASTM E 492, Annex A1, Laboratory Measurement of Impact Sound Transmission Through FloorCeiling Assemblies Using the Tapping Machine. It provides an estimate of the impact sound insulating performance of a floor-ceiling assembly. Impervious That which does not allow the passage of moisture. In bulk In relation to liquid or gaseous dangerous goods, product contained in receptacles of a liquid capacity greater than 250 litres. Conversely, non-bulk means contained in receptacles of 250 litres capacity or less. Inspection chamber A chamber with working space at ground level through which the drain passes either as an open channel or as a pipe incorporating an inspection point. Inspection point A removable cap at drain level through which access may be made for cleaning and inspecting the drainage system. Insulating material A material that has a thermal conductivity of less than 0.07 W/mK.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 2000
43
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Definitions
Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 5 Dec 2000
Insulation In the context of fire protection, the time in minutes for which a prototype specimen, of a fire separation when subjected to the standard test for fire resistance, has limited the transmission of heat through the specimen. Integrity In the context of fire protection, the time in minutes for which a prototype specimen, of a fire separation when subjected to the standard test for fire resistance, has prevented the passage of flame or hot gases. COMMENT: The precise meaning of integrity depends on the type of building elements being treated and how it is defined in the standard test being used. Intended use of a building includes: a) Any reasonably foreseeable occasional other use that is not incompatible with the intended use; and b) Normal maintenance; and c) Activities taken in response to fire or any other reasonably foreseeable emergency ­ but does not include any other maintenance and repairs or rebuilding. Interceptor trap A device which will separate and retain desired liquids and solids from a liquid stream and which will provide a water barrier to prevent foul air or gas from entering any downstream system. Intermediate floor Any upper floor within a firecell and which is not fire separated from the floor below. Upper floors within household units need not meet the specific fire safety requirements which apply to intermediate floors in all other situations. COMMENT: 1. An intermediate floor may be open to the firecell or enclosed with non-fire rated construction. If enclosed with fire rated walls another firecell is created. 2. Household units occur only in purpose groups SR and SH. Life safety provisions are governed by the limitations in permitted open path lengths.
Isolation distance The minimum physical distance by which an installation, or specified part of an installation, containing dangerous goods must be separated from any other specified place, or building. Kerb ramp means a short ramp either cutting through a kerb or built up to the kerb. Land held under the same title includes a piece of land, or a building or part of a building, or both, that is: (a) A unit under the Unit Titles Act 1972, or (b) Leased under a crosslease registered under the Land Transfer Act 1952, or (c) Leased under a company lease registered under the Land Transfer Act 1952. Licensee A person holding a license issued under the Radiation Protection Act 1965 and for the time being in force. Limited area atrium A single firecell in which individual occupied spaces at different levels open onto a common enclosed space. Limitations are placed on the number of intermediate floors (no more than two levels), individual floor areas and permitted occupant load, depending on the provisions for smoke detection, smoke control and the means of escape from fire.
Amend 1 Dec 1993
COMMENT: Typical limited area atrium buildings are small shopping malls, and motel complexes with a central atrium feature open to a number of floors. Lock-out The safety shut down condition of the control system such that re-start cannot be accomplished without manual resetting. Lower flammable limit (LFL) (also referred to as Lower Explosive Limit (LEL)). The lowest percentage of hydrocarbon or flammable vapour in the air which will readily ignite on introduction of an ignition source. Main private stairway A private stairway intended to provide access to and between frequently used spaces such as living areas, kitchens and garages, and includes all exterior private stairways.
Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 2 Aug 1994
44
1 December 2000
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Definitions
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 2 Aug 1994
Means of escape from fire in relation to a building which has a floor area, means continuous unobstructed routes of travel from any part of a floor area of that building to a place of safety; and includes all active and passive protection features required to assist in protecting people from the effects of the fire in the course of their escape. Minister means the Minister of Internal Affairs. Minor private stairway A private stairway not on a main thoroughfare, and intended to provide infrequent access to a single room which is not a living area or kitchen. Multi-unit dwelling Applies to a building or use which contains more than one separate household or family.
COMMENT: For fire-safety purposes each household unit is a separate firecell.
Natural draught The flow produced by the tendency of warmed gases to rise.
Network utility operator means a person who:
(a) Undertakes the distribution or transmission by pipeline of natural or manufactured gas, petroleum, or geothermal energy; or
Amend 1 Dec 1993
(b) Is an electricity operator or electrical distributor as defined by section 2(1) of the Electricity Act 1992 for the purposes of any works defined by that Act; or (c) Undertakes the piped distribution of potable water for supply; or
(d) Is the operator of a sewerage system or a stormwater drainage system.
Nominal pile width The least width of a pile in side view and is equal to the diameter in round piles.
Non-bulk See in bulk.
Amend 5 Dec 2000
Non-combustible Materials shall be classified as non-combustible or combustible when tested to:
AS 1530 - Part 1.
Amend 2 Aug 1994
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Non-return valve A valve that permits flow in one direction but prevents a return flow and is part of a hot or cold water system. Nosing The rounded projecting edge of a stair tread. Notional boundary The boundary which for fire safety purposes, is assumed to exist between two buildings on the same property under a single land title.
COMMENT: A notional boundary may be located anywhere between the two buildings, and once chosen determines the unprotected area permitted in each building. Locating it closer to one building than the other, may be an advantage where it is planned for a rear wall without windows to face the front wall of the other building requiring windows. Occupant load The greatest number of people likely to occupy a particular space within a building. It is determined by: a) Multiplying the number of people per m2 (occupant density) for the activity being undertaken, by the total floor area, or b) For sleeping areas, counting the number of beds, or c) For fixed seating areas, counting the number of seats. Occupied space Any space within a building in which a person will be present from time to time during the intended use of the building. Open path That part of an escape route (including dead ends) within a firecell where occupants may be exposed to fire or smoke while making their escape. Open space includes land on which there is and will be no buildings and which has no roof over any part of it other than overhanging eaves. Open vented storage water heater A water heater incorporating a vent pipe which is permanently open to the atmosphere.
Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 5 Dec 2000
1 December 2000
45
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Definitions
Amend 5 Dec 2000
Other property means any land or buildings or part thereof which are: (a) Not held under the same allotment; or (b) Not held under the same ownership ­ and includes any road. Outdoor air Air as typically comprising by volume: i) oxygen 20.94% ii) carbon dioxide 0.03% iii) nitrogen and other inert gases 79.03%. Outfall That part of the disposal system receiving surface water or foul water from the drainage system. For foul water, the outfall may include a sewer or a septic tank. For surface water, the outfall may include a natural water course, kerb and channel, or soakage system. Over-pressure protection Devices preventing the pressure in piping or appliances from exceeding a predetermined value. Owner in relation to any land, including any buildings on that land, means the person who is for the time being entitled to the rack rent thereof or who would be so entitled if the land were let to a tenant at a rack rent; and, for the purposes of sections 30, 33, and 43 of the Act, includes the: (a) Owner of the fee simple of the land; and (b) Any person who has agreed in writing, whether conditionally or unconditionally, to purchase the land or any leasehold estate or interest in the land, or to take a lease of the land, while the agreement remains in force, and ownership has a corresponding meaning. Penetration A pipe, cable or duct passing through an opening in a fire separation. People with disabilities means any person who suffers from physical or mental disability to such a degree that he or she is seriously limited in the extent to which he or she can engage in the activities, pursuits, and the processes of everyday life.
Performance criteria in relation to a building, means those qualitative or quantitative criteria which the building is to satisfy in performing its functional requirement. Person includes the Crown, a corporation sole, and also a body of persons, whether corporate or unincorporated. Piping system An assembly of pipes, pipe fittings, gaskets, bolting and pipe supports. Pitch line The line joining the leading edge or nosings (if any) of successive stair treads within a single flight of a stairway. Plans and specifications means the drawings, specifications, and other documents according to which a building is proposed to be constructed, altered, demolished, or removed, including proposed procedures for inspection during construction, alteration, demolition, or removal, and also including (in respect of construction or alteration): (a) The intended use of the building; and (b) The design features or systems which the applicant considers will be required to be included in any compliance schedule issued in terms of section 44 of the Act; and (c) The proposed procedures for inspection and routine maintenance for the purposes of that compliance schedule in respect of those design features or systems. Plumbing system Pipes, joints and fittings laid above ground and used for the conveyance of foul water to the foul water drain, and includes vent pipes. Potable (and potable water) Water that is suitable for human consumption. Prescribed electrical work has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Electricity Act 1992. Pressure control valve A pressure limiting valve or pressure reducing valve.
Amend 6 Jul 2001 Amend 1 Dec 1993
46
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Definitions
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 5 Dec 2000
Primary element A building element providing the basic load bearing capacity to the structure, and which if affected by fire may initiate instability or premature structural collapse. Principal user A member of the primary group for which a building was constructed, and therefore explicitly excludes persons or groups of persons providing care or control of that principal user group. Privacy The situation of being withdrawn from view. Private stairway A stairway used, or intended to be used, by the occupants of a single household unit. Privy A private room containing a receptacle (other than a WC) or an excavation for excreted liquid or solid human waste, and with a means of disposal or containment of the waste. Producer statement means any statement supplied by or on behalf of an applicant for a building consent or by or on behalf of a person who has been granted a building consent that certain work will be or has been carried out in accordance with certain technical specifications. Property includes land, buildings, and goods; but does not include incorporeal forms of property. Protected path That portion of an exitway within a firecell which is protected from the effects of smoke by smoke separations. Protected shaft A space, other than a safe path, enclosed by fire separations or external walls used to house building services, lifts, or conveyors which pass from one firecell to another. Public place Any place which is freely open to and frequented by the public, but excludes private property where the access of the public to dangerous goods can be controlled by the licensee. Purpose group The classification of spaces within a building according to the activity for which the spaces are used.
R-value The common abbreviation for describing the values of both thermal resistance and total thermal resistance. Railway line has the meaning ascribed to it by section 2 of the Transport Services Licensing Act 1989. Reflectance The ratio of the flux reflected from a surface to the flux incident on it. Regulations means regulations in force under Part VI of the Act. Regulator A device which automatically regulates the pressure or volume of gas passing through it to a predetermined level. Relevant boundary means the boundary of an allotment which is other property in relation to the building concerned and from which is measured the separation between the building and that other property. For the external wall of any building, the relevant boundary shall be the nearest of the following boundaries: (a) A boundary of a freehold allotment, except that where the other property is a road, railway line or public open space the relevant boundary is the boundary on the far side of that other property; (b) A boundary of a cross lease or of a company lease or licence, except that where the other property is open space to which the lessee or licensee of the building concerned has an exclusive right of access and occupation or to which two or more occupiers have rights of access and occupation the relevant boundary is the boundary on the far side of that other property; (c) A boundary shown on a unit plan excluding a boundary between a principal unit and its accessory unit, except that where the other property is open space which is common property, the relevant boundary is the boundary on the far side of that other property.
Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 5 Dec 2000
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 2000
47
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Definitions
Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 6 Jul 2001 Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 1 Dec 1993
COMMENT: 1. Where an easement, such as a right of way, occurs within an allotment, the relevant boundary shall remain the same as if the easement did not exist. 2. Boundaries within a cross-lease or company lease or licence are shown on a survey plan. In some cases the boundary is the external wall or roof of a building. 3. The unit title boundaries of principal units, accessory units, and common property are shown in the unit plan. A boundary is frequently an internal or external wall, an upper floor, or the roof of a building. 4. A wall along a boundary between two allotments is called a "party wall" when the owners of the allotments each have legal rights in respect of that wall registered by way of easements on one or both titles. An internal wall between cross-leases, company leases, or unit titles, or between one of them and common property, is not generally called a party wall but in that case also the lessees, unit title holders, or corporate body concerned each have legal rights in respect of that wall. Such a wall separates areas which are other property in relation to each other, but the wall itself is part of each property. The fire protection consequence of that legal concept is that such a wall can be regarded as a fire separation providing protection against horizontal fire spread in each direction. In other words, that wall may provide the appropriate FRR instead of each property having its own wall of that FRR. Relief vent A vent pipe which is connected to a discharge stack below the lowest branch connection and which connects at its upper end to the discharge stack vent or terminates as an open vent. Road has the meaning ascribed to it by section 315 of the local government Act 1974 and includes a public place and also includes a motorway. Rodding point A removable cap at ground level through which access may be made for cleaning and inspecting the drainage system. Room-sealed appliance An appliance designed so that air for combustion neither enters from, nor combustion products enter into, the room in which the appliance is located.
Safe path That part of an exitway which is protected from the effects of fire by fire separations, external walls, or by distance when exposed to open air. Safe place A place of safety in the vicinity of a building, from which people may safely disperse after escaping the effects of a fire. It may be a place such as a street, open space, public space or an adjacent building. Safety colour (green, red or yellow) A colour of specified properties to which a safety meaning is attributed. Safety glass means a glass so treated or combined with other materials as to reduce the likelihood of injury to persons when it is cracked or broken. Safety shut-off system An arrangement of valves and associated control systems which shuts off the supply of gas when required by a device which senses an unsafe condition. Safety sign A particular type of sign which comprises a geometric form and a safety colour, together with a safety symbol or text (that is, words, letters, numbers or a combination of these) and gives a particular safety message. Safety symbol means a graphic symbol used in a safety sign. Sanitary appliance An appliance which is intended to be used for sanitation and which is not a sanitary fixture. Included are machines for washing dishes and clothes. Sanitary fixture Any fixture which is intended to be used for sanitation. Sanitation The term used to describe the activities of washing and/or excretion carried out in a manner or condition such that the effect on health is minimised, with regard to dirt and infection.
48
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Definitions
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 2 Aug 1994 Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 1 Dec 1993
Scaffolding used in the course of the construction process means any structure, framework, swinging stage, suspended scaffolding, or boatswain's chair, of a temporary nature, used or intended to be used for the support or protection of workers engaged in or in connection with construction work for the purpose of carrying out that work, or for the support of materials used in connection with any such work; and includes any plank, coupling, fastening, fitting, or device used in connection with the construction, erection, or use of scaffolding. Screen wall Any wall or barrier which effectively diverts flammable vapours by virtue of its width, height and position, or which prevents the spread of fire from one place to another. Secondary element A building element not providing load bearing capacity to the structure and if affected by fire, instability or collapse of the building structure will not occur. Secondary flow path The path over which surface water will follow if the drainage system becomes overloaded or inoperative. Secondary private stairway A private stairway other than a main or minor private stairway, intended to provide access to another floor containing only bedrooms, bathroom or similar accommodation. Secretary has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Electricity Act 1992 or in section 2(1) of the Gas Act 1992, as the case may require. Service ramp means a ramp that is used, or intended to be used, infrequently by service personnel to gain access to spaces for the purposes of maintenance and the movement of goods. Service stairway means a stairway that is used, or intended to be used, infrequently by service personnel to gain access to spaces for the purposes of maintenance and the movement of goods. Sewer A drain that is under the control of, or maintained by, a network utility operator.
Sitework means work on a building site, including earthworks, preparatory to or associated with the construction, alteration, demolition or removal of a building. Smokecell A space within a building which is enclosed by an envelope of smoke separations, or external walls, roofs, and floors. Smoke control door A doorset with closefitting single or multi-leaves which are impermeable to the passage of smoke, fitted with smoke seals and installed within a smoke separation. The door, in the event of smoke, if not already closed, will close automatically and be held closed.
Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: 1. A smoke control door may be held closed by use of a door closer. The door need not be latched. 2. Requirements for smoke control doors are given in C/AS1 Paragraph 6.19.1 and 6.19.8, and Appendix C Paragraph C8.1. Smoke developed index (SDI) That index number for smoke developed when determined according to the standard test method for measuring the properties of lining materials. Smoke separation Any building element able to prevent the passage of smoke between two spaces. Smoke separations shall: a) Consist of rigid building elements capable of resisting without collapse: i) a horizontal pressure of 0.25 kPa applied from either side, and ii) self weight plus the intended vertically applied live loads, and b) Form an imperforate barrier to the spread of smoke, and c) Be of non-combustible construction or a flame barrier, or achieve a FRR of 10/10/-, except that non-fire resisting glazing may be used if it is toughened or laminated safety glass.
Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 5 Dec 2000
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 2000
49
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Definitions
COMMENT: 1. The pressure requirement is to ensure adequate rigidity and is not a smoke leakage requirement.
2. Walls and floors, whether constructed of sheet linings fixed to studs or joists, or of concrete, metal or fired clay, need only be inspected by someone experienced in building construction to judge whether the construction is tight enough to inhibit the passage of smoke.
3. Item c) is intended to ensure that the smoke separation will continue to perform as an effective barrier when exposed to fire or smoke for a short period during fire development.
Amend 5 Dec 2000
4. There is no requirement for smoke control doors or other closures in smoke separations to meet the provisions of item c).
Socket outlet An accessory fixed to a wall or ceiling and designed to accept a plug that extends the electrical supply to an appliance by means of a flexible cable.
Amend 6 Jul 2001
Soil fixture A sanitary fixture constructed to receive solid and/or liquid excreted human waste. It includes bedpan disposal units, slop sinks, urinals, water closet pans, and water-flushed sanitary towel disposal units. Sound transmission class (STC) A single number rating derived from measured values of transmission loss in accordance with classification ASTM E 413, Determination of Sound Transmission Class. It provides an estimate of the performance of a partition in certain common sound insulation situations.
Specified intended life has the meaning ascribed to it by section 39 of the Act as follows: "specified intended life" in relation to a proposed building, or any existing building proposed to be altered, and which is intended to have a use of not more than 50 years, means the period of time, as stated in an application for a building consent or in the consent itself, for which the building is proposed to be used for its intended use.
Spread of flame index (SFI) That index number for spread of flame which is determined according to the standard test method for measuring the properties of lining materials.
Stability In the context of fire protection, the time in minutes for which a prototype specimen, of a primary element when subject to the standard test for fire resistance, has continued to carry its fire design load without failure. COMMENT: The fire design load should be as specified in the limit state loadings code NZS 4203. Stairway A series of steps or stairs with or without landings, including all necessary handrails and giving access between two different levels. Standard test A test method which is recognised as being appropriate for the fire protection properties being assessed. COMMENT: A list of standard test methods is given in Appendix C of C/AS1. Standard year For the purposes of determining natural lighting, the hours between 8 am and 5 pm each day with an allowance being made for daylight saving. Storage water heater A water tank with an integral water heater for the storage of hot water. Strength reduction factor The factor by which the ultimate strength is multiplied to obtain the design strength. COMMENT: NZS 4203: 1992 uses the terms ideal strength in place of ultimate strength, and dependable strength in place of design strength. Structural fire endurance rating (S) The time in minutes within which a fire should not cause structural failure of primary or secondary elements, resulting in consequential fire spread or collapse damage to other property, or an adjacent building on the same property which contains sleeping purpose groups.
Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 6 Jul 2001 Amend 2 Aug 1994 Amend 1 Dec 1993
50
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Definitions
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Suite A firecell providing residential accommodation for the exclusive use of one person or of several people known to one another. It comprises one or more rooms for sleeping and may include spaces used for associated domestic activities such as hygiene and cooking.
Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: 1. Bed numbers are limited to 6 in purpose groups SC and SD or 12 in purpose group SA in accordance with C/AS1 Paragraphs 6.6.5 and 6.7.6. Examples may be found in hotels, motels and residential care facilities, such as old people's homes or in hospices providing temporary family accommodation. 2. It is assumed that the social cohesion of the occupants by virtue of the personal relationship (as family members, friends or associates) would ensure that any individual, becoming aware of fire, would naturally assist others within the firecell to escape. The term suite does not apply to a group of bedrooms where each room is available to different "key-holders". In some cases a suite may be a single bedroom. Sump A chamber which is installed in the drain and incorporates features to intercept and retain silt, gravel and other debris. Surface finish The combination of a surface coating and substrate material on surfaces of building elements exposed to view. It can be an applied decorative coating or the uncoated building element itself. For interior surfaces the requirements are evaluated in terms of SFI and SDI. For exterior surfaces the requirements are evaluated in terms of rate of heat release as determined by Appendix C, Paragraph C9.1. Surface water All naturally occurring water, other than sub-surface water, which results from rainfall on the site or water flowing onto the site, including that flowing from a drain, stream, river, lake or sea. Tailpipe A device placed at the low point of a gas piping system to collect condensate, and from which the condensate may be removed. Territorial authority has the meaning ascribed to it by section 2 of the Local Government Act 1974; and includes any organisation which is authorised to permit structures pursuant to section 12(1)(b) of the Resource Management Act 1991.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Theatre A place of assembly intended for the production and viewing of performing arts, and consisting of an auditorium and stage with provision for raising and suspending stage scenery above and clear of the working area. Thermal resistance The resistance to heat flow of a given component of a building element. It is equal to the temperature difference (°C) needed to produce unit heat flux (W/m2) through unit area (m2) under steady conditions. The units are °Cm2/W. Threshold A sill to an external door, or the floor under an internal door. Title boundary A boundary with other property.
COMMENT: The terms `Habitable Work' and `Title Boundary' in this document replace the definition `Protected Work' used in the Dangerous Goods Regulations 1980/46, 1985/188, 1985/170. Total thermal resistance The overall air-to-air thermal resistance across all components of a building element such as a wall, roof or floor. (This includes the surface resistances which may vary with environmental changes e.g. temperature and humidity, but for most purposes can be regarded as having standard values as given in NZS 4214.) Town gas A manufactured gas. Toxic environment An environment that contains contaminants that can contaminate the water supply in concentrations greater than those included in the New Zealand drinking water Standard 1995. Trap A chamber which is installed in the drain and incorporates features to intercept and retain floatable debris. Travel distance The length of the escape route as a whole or the individual lengths of its parts, namely: a) Open paths b) Protected paths and c) Safe paths.
Amend 6 Jul 2001
1 July 2001
51
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Definitions
Unisex facilities Facilities available for use by either sex.
Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: Unisex facilities may also be described as both gender facilities. Unprotected area in relation to an external wall of a building, means any part of the external wall which is not fire rated or has less than the required FRR.
Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 6 Jul 2001 Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 5 Dec 2000
COMMENT: Unprotected area includes non-fire rated windows, doors, or other openings, and non-fire rated external wall construction. Valve vented storage water heater (unvented storage water heater) A storage water heater in which the required venting to the atmosphere is controlled by a valve. Vapour barrier Sheet material or coating having a low water-vapour transmission, and used to minimise water-vapour penetration in buildings. (Vapour barriers are sometimes referred to as damp-proof membranes.) Vapour path length The travel distance between the vapour source and the point at which the vapour concentration is being considered. Vent line A pipe or tube which conveys gas to a safe place outside the building from a gas pressure regulator relief valve. Vent pipe A pipe for the purpose of protecting water seals that at its upper end is either open to the atmosphere or fitted with an air admittance valve and that at its lower end is connected to a discharge pipe. Vent stack A main vertical vent pipe, to which two or more branch vent pipes are connected. Warm location means a location in New Zealand where the degree-day total is less than 920. Waste pipe A discharge pipe that conveys the discharge from waste water fixtures to a gully trap.
Waste water fixture A sanitary fixture or sanitary appliance used to receive wastes, and which is not a soil fixture. Water heater A device for heating water. Water main A water supply pipe vested in, or is under the control, or maintained by, a network utility operator. Water seal The depth of water that can be retained in a water trap. Water supply system Pipes, fittings and tanks intended to be used in the piping of water from a water main or other water source to sanitary fixtures, sanitary appliances and fittings within a building. Water tank (vessel) A covered fixed container for storing hot or cold water. Water trap A fitting designed to retain a depth of water that prevents foul air and gases escaping from the plumbing system or foul water drainage system and entering a building. Weatherboards Any overlapping strip cladding. It may be fixed either horizontally or vertically. Wharenui A communal meeting house having a large open floor area used for both assembly and sleeping in the traditional Maori manner. Working day means any day except a Saturday, a Sunday, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Christmas Day, Boxing Day, Anzac Day, Labour Day, the Sovereign's birthday, Waitangi Day, and any other day observed in any locality concerned as a public holiday.
Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 6 Jul 2001 Amend 6 Jul 2001 Amend 5 Dec 2000
52
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Compliance Schedules Contents Compliance Schedules 1.0 Introduction 1.1 Inspection and maintenance 1.2 Reporting 1.3 Existing buildings
Page 55 55 55 55
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
CS 1 Automatic sprinkler systems
56
CS 2 Automatic fire doors
57
CS 3 Emergency warning systems
58
CS 4 Emergency lighting systems
59
CS 5 Escape route pressurisation
60
systems
CS 6 Riser mains
61
CS 7 Automatic backflow preventers 62
CS 8/1 Passenger carrying lifts
63
CS 8/2 Service lifts
66
CS 8/3 Escalators and moving walks
69
CS 9 Mechanical ventilation and air
71
conditioning systems
CS 10 Other mechanical, electrical,
72
hydraulic or electronic systems
CS 11 Building maintenance units
73
CS 12 Signs
74
CS 13 Means of escape
75
CS 14 Safety barriers
76
CS 15 Access and facilities for
77
people with disabilities
CS 16 Fire hose reels
78
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
53
ARCHIVED 54
Compliance Schedules
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Compliance Schedules
1.0 Introduction 1.0.1 Section 44 of the Building Act 1991 requires specific systems in buildings to be subject to regular inspection, maintenance and reporting procedures. This section of the New Zealand Building Code Handbook provides guidelines for those procedures. 1.0.2 Where suitable reference documents have been identified these are quoted. In other cases suggested check lists are provided, but those lists do not necessarily satisfy the essential requirements for all installations. 1.0.3 In many cases inspection and maintenance requirements will be specific to a particular type of equipment, and recommendations of the designer, manufacturer or supplier should be followed. 1.0.4 The definition (Act s.2) of plans and specifications, includes the proposed procedures for inspection and routine maintenance of design features or systems required to have a compliance schedule. These must be supplied to the territorial authority with the application for a building consent. 1.0.5 The procedures and independent qualified persons must have the approval of the territorial authority which issues the compliance schedule in the prescribed form in accordance with the Act s.44(2). 1.1 Inspection and maintenance 1.1.1 Inspections will generally cover the complete installation. The frequency of such inspections shall be appropriate to the type of installation and the consequences of the system not functioning. 1.1.2 Maintenance for mechanical, electrical, hydraulic or electronic systems will generally be based on the designer's, manufacturer's or supplier's recommendations for routine servicing, and the frequency will vary for different parts of the installation. Routine maintenance is aimed at avoiding breakdown or malfunction, but should breakdown or malfunction occur, corrective action should be taken as soon as is reasonably practical.
1.2 Reporting 1.2.1 Section 44(4) of the Act requires the compliance schedule to be kept in the building or some other location agreed upon with the territorial authority. Section 45(3) of the Act requires the owner to state on the building warrant of fitness, the location of the compliance schedule and associated written reports. 1.2.2 Depending on the installation it may, for practical reasons, be appropriate for a log book to be kept at the installation, with a summary report held in the designated location with the compliance schedule. Defects and action taken should be recorded with the date and the name of the individual concerned. 1.2.3 Written reports by independent qualified persons shall be filed by the owner in a systematic manner. The reports shall be kept for no less than 2 years and be available for inspection by authorised persons. 1.2.4 Where inspections are undertaken by the owner, details of those inspections and any remedial action taken shall be recorded and filed. 1.3 Existing buildings 1.3.1 Compliance schedules are required for existing buildings containing any of the nominated systems (Act s.44(6)). Existing buildings (other than those subject to alteration or change of use) are not required to be upgraded to comply with the New Zealand Building Code (Act s.8). 1.3.2 It is therefore implicit that the inspection and maintenance procedures for an existing building need only satisfy the requirements appropriate to the system at the time of installation. In such cases the examples given in this part of the Handbook may not be appropriate and this must be taken into account by the territorial authority when issuing compliance schedules for existing buildings. 1.3.3 Sections 38 and 46 of the Act explain the extent to which existing buildings, subject to alteration or change of use, must satisfy the New Zealand Building Code.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
55
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Compliance Schedules
CS 1 Automatic Sprinkler Systems
A Inspections
Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 2 Aug 1994
Automatic sprinkler systems shall be inspected regularly to ensure continued effective operation. Content of the inspections shall be in accordance with NZS 4541 or NZS 4515 as is appropriate for the installation. Frequency of inspection is dependent upon the type of installation, and shall be weekly, monthly, quarterly, annually, 2 yearly and 4 yearly as prescribed in the relevant referenced Standards.
B Maintenance
Amend 3 Dec 1995
Automatic sprinkler systems shall be maintained in accordance with NZS 4541 or NZS 4515 as is appropriate for the installation.
C Persons responsible All inspections and maintenance shall be undertaken by independent qualified persons.
56
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Compliance Schedules
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
CS 2 Automatic Fire Doors
A Inspections
B Maintenance
Amends 1 and 3 Amend 3 Dec 1995 Amend 3 Dec 1995 Amend 3 Dec 1995 Amends 1 and 6 Amend 3 Dec 1995
Automatic fire doors, including smoke control doors fitted with hold-open devices, shall be inspected regularly to ensure continued effective operation. Inspections shall be monthly and annually and in particular shall check that: i) Doors are not damaged or obstructed. ii) Door leaves or fire shutters close and latch automatically from any position. iii) Double acting doors and double leaf doors stop with the leaves in line with the frame, and seals are in contact at meeting stile and/or frame. iv) Smoke control door seals are intact and provide continuous contact. v) Hardware is securely fixed. vi) No unauthorised hardware is attached. vii) Doors in exitways can be opened without keys to allow ready egress from the inside of the building at all times. viii) Fire door to frame clearances comply with NZS 4232. ix) Manufacturer's label is on the fire door leaf or shutter and frame, and where the door installation has been work that is subject to a building consent, the labels comply with C/AS1 Paragraph 6.19.2 a). x) Electrical interlocks on hold-open devices are operable.
Automatic fire doors and fire shutters shall be maintained to ensure continued effective operation and fire separation integrity, and in particular compliance with the requirements i) to x) above.
Amend 3 Dec 1995 Amend 1 Dec 1993
C Persons Responsible Monthly inspection and maintenance including items i) to vii) above shall be undertaken by the owner. Annual inspection and maintenance including all items i) to x) above shall be undertaken by independent qualified persons. COMMENT: 1. Doors included under CS 2 are those which automatically close when a fire alarm is actuated. 2. Compliance Schedule requirements for fire dampers are included under CS 9, and for fire doors and smoke control doors not having hold-open devices, under CS 13. 3. The terms "fire damper" and "fire shutter" are often loosely applied. These are defined terms with meanings being given under the definitions section in this Handbook.
Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 3 Dec 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
57
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Compliance Schedules
CS 3 Emergency Warning Systems
A Inspections
Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 3 Dec 1995 Amend 3 Dec 1995
Emergency warning systems shall be inspected regularly to ensure continued effective operation. Content of the inspections for the different inspection frequencies shall be in accordance with the following referenced Standards: i) Automatic and manual fire alarms ­ monthly, annually ­ NZS 4512. ii) Voice communication systems ­ monthly, 6 monthly ­ AS 2220 and AS 1851.10.
B Maintenance Emergency warning systems shall be maintained in accordance with the appropriate Standard referenced above.
C Persons Responsible
Amend 6 Jul 2001 Amend 3 Dec 1995
All inspection and maintenance shall be undertaken by independent qualified persons. COMMENT: 1. F7/AS1 Paragraph 1.1.2 permits three monthly inspections in place of monthly inspections for certain types of buildings. 2. Manual fire alarms come in varying degrees of technical complexity. Where satisfied that the owner has the skill and training appropriate to the technology of the particular system, the territorial authority may permit the monthly inspections of non-monitored manual fire alarms to be undertaken by the owner.
58
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Compliance Schedules
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
CS 4 Emergency Lighting Systems
A Inspections
Amend 1 Dec 1993
Emergency lighting systems shall be inspected regularly to ensure continued effective operation. Existing systems installed in accordance with NZS 6742 shall be inspected fortnightly or monthly (depending on type of installation), and annually. Systems installed in accordance with AS/NZS 2293 shall be inspected six monthly.
B Maintenance Existing systems installed in accordance with NZS 6742 shall be maintained in accordance with that Standard. Systems installed in accordance with AS/NZS 2293 shall be maintained in accordance with that Standard. The maintenance, inspection and reporting procedures should be appropriate to the particular emergency lighting system concerned. Where there are no appropriate procedures in either NZS 6742 or AS/NZS 2293, these should be developed for the systems concerned and submitted to the territorial authority for its approval.
C Persons Responsible
Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 5 Dec 2000
The fortnightly, monthly or six monthly inspection and maintenance shall be underaken by the owner who must ensure the person doing the work is appropriately qualified. Annual inspection and maintenance shall be undertaken by independent qualified persons.
Amend 3 Dec 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 2000
59
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Compliance Schedules
CS 5 Escape Route Pressurisation
Systems
A Inspections
Amend 1 Dec 1993
Escape route pressurisation systems shall be inspected regularly to ensure continued effective operation. Inspections shall be monthly, 6 monthly, and 2 yearly. Inspection content shall be in accordance with AS 1851.6 or the designer's recommendations as is appropriate for the installation.
B Maintenance Escape route pressurisation systems shall be maintained in accordance with AS 1851.6 or the designer's recommended maintenance procedures, as is appropriate.
C Persons Responsible All inspection and maintenance shall be undertaken by independent qualified persons.
60
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Compliance Schedules CS 6 Riser Mains
A Inspections
Amend 1 Dec 1993
Riser mains for Fire Service use shall be inspected regularly to ensure continued effective operation. Inspections shall be: · For pumps ­ weekly if diesel powered, or monthly if electrically powered. · For hydrants ­ monthly. · For total installation ­ annually. Inspection content shall be in accordance with NZS 4510.
B Maintenance Riser mains for Fire Service use shall be maintained in accordance with NZS 4510.
C Persons Responsible The monthly inspection of hydrants to detect obvious faults or damage shall be undertaken by the owner. All other inspection and maintenance shall be undertaken by independent qualified persons.
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
61
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Compliance Schedules
CS 7 Automatic Backflow Preventers
A Inspections
Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 3 Dec 1995 Amends 2 and 3
Automatic backflow preventers connected to a potable water supply shall be inspected and tested annually in accordance with Chapter 5 of the United States Environmental Protection Agency "Cross Connection Control Manual" or AS 2845: Part 3. Where non-testable backflow preventers are used in accordance with AS 3500.1, they shall be inspected annually and replaced if leaking or displaying any other fault. (Under AS 3500.1 non-testable backflow preventers are permitted only in a zone downstream of a zone testable device.)
B Maintenance
Amend 3 Dec 1995
Automatic backflow preventers shall be immediately repaired or replaced if they fail the inspection test.
C Persons Responsible The above inspection and maintenance procedures shall be undertaken by independent qualified persons.
62
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Compliance Schedules
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
CS 8/1 Passenger Carrying Lifts
A Inspections
C Persons Responsible
Amend 7 Jan 2002 Amends 3 and 5
Passenger carrying lift installations shall be inspected annually. Lifts installed in buildings prior to the introduction of the Building Act (i.e. pre-1993) shall comply with the Power Lift Rules applicable at the time of installation. For installations that comply with D2/AS1: ­ If the lift design is based on NZS 4332 Inspections and checks shall be carried out in accordance with the requirements of the attached list. ­ If the lift design is based on EN 81 (Part 1 or 2) Inspections shall comprise those given in Clause D.2 "Tests and verifications" of Annex D of that Standard plus the checks required by the attached list. The tests of Clause D.2 shall be performed in such a manner that, despite their repetition, they do not cause excessive wear or impose stresses likely to reduce the safety of the lift. This is the case in particular of the tests on components such as the safety gear and the buffers. Tests on these components shall be carried out with an empty car and at reduced speed. If D2/AS1 has not been used the owner shall nominate the necessary lift inspections. Such proposals shall be to the approval of the territorial authority. B Maintenance
The above inspection and maintenance procedures shall be undertaken by independent qualified persons. D Reporting Reports shall include the name of the independent qualified person performing the work along with the dates that the work was performed.
Amend 7 Jan 2002
Amend 3 Dec 1995 Amend 1 Dec 1993
Lifts shall be maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's or supplier's recommendations. Where such instructions are not available, maintenance shall be in accordance with a schedule prepared by a person who, on the basis of experience and qualifications, is competent to determine lift maintenance requirements. Maintenance frequency shall reflect the rate of lift usage, but in no case shall it be at greater than 6 monthly intervals. For heavy usage the maintenance could be fortnightly.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
6 January 2002
63
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK Checklists
ARCHIVED Compliance Schedules
Amends 3, 5 and 7 Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 7 Jan 2002 Amend 7 Jan 2002 Amends 5 and 7 Amend 3 Dec 1995 Amend 7 Jan 2002 Amend 3 Dec 1995 Amend 7 Jan 2002 Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 7 Jan 2002 Amends 3 and 5 64
List of Inspections and Checks Required for Passenger Carrying Lifts complying with D2/AS1
Machine room Visual inspection of machine beams and supports. Check security of machine room door. Check there are no obstructions or rubbish in the machine room. Check that lighting in machine room functions. Check ventilation in machine room functions. Check for the presence of circuit diagrams and manual. Check condition of any emergency hand winding equipment. Machinery Check condition of traction sheave, with special attention to the grooves. Check condition of divertor sheave and other sheaves. Check the operation of the brake. Check the condition of the brake and the brake linings. Check the running of machines, gearboxes, motors, generators, their bearings and any commutators. Check operation of govenor. Lift well Visual check of liftwell enclosure. Check hoisting ropes for equal tension, attachments and terminations correct and in good condition, number of broken wires within acceptable limits, filings not being shed, all ropes of similar condition. Check for presence and legibility of rope data plates. Check that rope retainers are present and correctly fastened. Visual check of guide rails for straightness and security. Lift pit Check there are no obstructions or rubbish in the pit. Check that lighting in the lift pit and lift well functions. Check dryness of pit. Visual check of buffer condition. Check function of lift pit safety switch. Lift car exterior Check functioning of car external lighting. Check condition of guides or rollers. Check function of car top controls. Lift car Inspect and test safety gear (car and counterweight). Visual check of the car construction and linings. Check door operation, including door protective devices. Check lift rating plate present. Check lift controls for correct operation. Check correct operation of alarms and emergency telephone. Check access to all, if any, emergency trapdoor.
For lift designed to D2/AS1 based on reference document:
NZS 43321
EN 812,3
Inspections and checks required
Checks required
Initials and comments
6.1, 6.3, 7.18 7.4.1 7.2, 7.7
6.3.3, 6.3.4
7.14 7.17 24.10 8.16
6.3.6 1.6 (7.17) 1.6 (24.10) 12.5
18.1, 18.2 18.1, 18.2 8.11 8.11 30 12.1, 12.3, 12.4 16, 17
12.4 12.4
9.9 5.2 9.2.3.1, 9.5.1
16.6
-
18.2
9.5.4
20

11.3 11.6 11.3, 11.9 10 11.7
1.6 (11.3) 5.9 1.6 (11.3, 11.9) 5.7.3.4 (a)
22.20.1
13.6
19.4, 20.15, 20.16 10.2
25.3
8.15
29, 30, 69 22 23 21.3 25 28.2 22.15
9.8 8.3 1.6 (23.6), 8.7 15.2.1 14.2 1.6 (28.2.1), 14.2.3, 15.12 8.12
Amend 7 Jan 2002
6 January 2002
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Compliance Schedules
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amends 3, 5 and 7 Amend 7 Jan 2002 Amend 7 Jan 2002 Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 3 Dec 1995 Amend 5 Dec 2000 Amend 3 Dec 1995 Amends 3 and 5 Amend 7 Jan 2002 Amend 7 Jan 2002
List of Inspections and Checks Required for Passenger Carrying Lifts complying with D2/AS1 (Continued)
For lift designed to D2/AS1 based on reference document:
Initials and comments
NZS 43321
EN 812,3
Inspection and checks required
Checks required
Landings doors
Check door locks.
14.1, 14.4
7.7
Check emergency opening facilities on landing doors.
14.5
7.7.3.2, 15.11
Check door operation, including door protective devices. 23.6
1.6 (23.6), 7.5
Hydraulic systems
Visual check of the hydraulic system, including
34, 35, 37

hoses, ram and cylinder.
Check caisson for moisture.
34.3.7

Check condition of flow restriction valve.
36.5
12.5.5
Check operation of the manual lowering means.
36.6
12.9
Check operation of device to hold car at lowest floor.
31.6
5.7.3
Check operation of anti-creep device.
60.4
9.5.1
Operation
Check operation of door locks, limit switches, slack rope switch, stop switches, trapdoor switch and other safety switches.
7.12, 11.7, 22.15(f), 24.1, 26.1, 26.7, 27, 60
14.1, 14.2
Check functioning of lift car emergency lighting.
22.20.2.7, 22.21
1.6 (22.20.2.7)
Check for correct operation under fire conditions.
25.6, 25.7
1.6 (25.6, 25.7)
Check correct operation of counterweight displacement detector.
25.8
1.6 (25.8)
Check operation of load weighing device.
26.6

Lifts on access routes for people with disabilities
Check floor levelling.
70.1
1.6 (70.1)
Check door dwell time.
70.3
1.6 (70.3)
Check controls distinction.
70.4
1.6 (70.4)
Check correct operation of landing indicators.
70.5
1.6 (70.5)
Check handrails.
70.6
1.6 (70.6)
General
Visual check for any repairs or modifications


carried out incorrectly.
Check maintenance records are properly kept.


Note:
1 For lifts designed to NZS 4332 all of the items above must be checked. References given are to clauses of NZS 4332. 2 For lifts designed to EN 81 (Part 1 or 2) checks shall be carried out where the item is ticked () or a reference is given. References given are to clauses of EN 81, as modified by D2/AS1. References given in brackets are the relevant clauses imported from NZS 4332.
3 These checks are to be made in addition to the tests and verifications of Clause D.2 of Annex D of EN 81.
Name of independent qualified person:
Address:
Amend 7 Jan 2002
Date of Inspection: BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
6 January 2002
65
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK CS 8/2 Service Lifts A Inspections Service lift installations shall be inspected annually. Installations in existing buildings shall comply with the Rules for Power Lifts Not Exceeding 750 Watts (1.H.P.): applicable at the time of installation. Where the lift installation complies with D2/AS2 the attached check list is a suitable basis for the inspection. If D2/AS2 has not been used the owner should provide and work to a similar check list approved by the territorial authority. B Maintenance Lifts shall be maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's or supplier's recommendations but at least every six months. C Persons Responsible The above inspection and maintenance procedures shall be undertaken by independent qualified persons.
ARCHIVED Compliance Schedules
66
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Compliance Schedules Checklist
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Checklist Suitable for Service Lifts complying with D2/AS2 References are rules in The Rules For Power Lifts Not Exceeding 750 Watts (I.H.P.) * Indicates that the rule has been modified by D2/AS2 Reference
Machinery spaces Visual inspection of machine beams and supports. Check security of machine room door. Clean the machinery space and clear out any rubbish. Check lighting in the machinery space functions. Check the condition of the controller. Check the governor and any position devices. Check for the presence of circuit diagrams, manual and log book. Machinery Check sheaves, pulleys and drums with special attention to the grooves. Check the condition and operation of the brake and the condition of brake linings. Check the running of the lift machinery. Check condition of drive belts. Lift well Inspect and test any safety gear. Visual check of liftwell enclosure. Check hoisting ropes for equal tension, attachments and terminations correct and in good condition, number of broken wires within acceptable limits, filling not being shed, all ropes of similar condition, correct length of rope. Visual check of guide rails for integrity, straightness and security. Check condition of guide shoes or rollers. Lift pit Remove any rubbish from the lift pit. Check lighting in the pit functions. Check dryness of pit. Visual check of buffer condition and other pit components. Landing stations Check door locks. Check lift controls for correct operation.
3.1 (a) 3.2 (f)* 3.2 (f)* 3.2 (d) 6.2 3.1 (b) 3.1 (c) 1.5 5 6.1.1 9.2* 4.4 (g) 4.4 (b) 4.3* 8.3 (a) and (b), 8.4
Initials and comments
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
67
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Compliance Schedules
Checklist Suitable for Service Lifts complying with D2/AS2 (Continued) References are rules in The Rules For Power Lifts Not Exceeding 750 Watts (I.H.P.) * Indicates that the rule has been modified by D2/AS2 Reference
Lift car Check car doors or safety barriers. Check lift car lighting. Hydraulic systems Visual check of the hydraulic system, including hoses, ram and cylinder. Check caisson for moisture. Check operation of anti-creep device. Check the operation of control and auxiliary valves. Operation Check operation of terminal stopping devices, slack rope switch and any emergency switch. Check landing door interlocks and opening of the door when the car is away from the landing. General Visually check for any repairs or modifications carried out. Maintain full records of maintenance and inspections.
12* 12.7 12.8, 12.9 10 8.4 (a)
Name of independent qualified person:
Address:
Initials and comments
Date of Inspection:
68
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Compliance Schedules
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
CS 8/3 Escalators and Moving Walks
A Inspections
Escalators and moving walks shall be inspected annually. Where the installation complies with D2/AS3 the attached check list is a suitable basis for the inspection. If D2/AS3 has not been used the owner should provide and work to a similar check list approved by the territorial authority.
B Maintenance Escalators and moving walks shall be maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's or supplier's recommendations.
C Persons Responsible The above inspection and maintenance procedures shall be undertaken by independent qualified persons.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
69
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK Checklist Check List Suitable for Escalators and Moving Walks References are to clauses in EN 115 * Indicates that the rule has been modified by D2/AS3 Safety devices as appropriate. Switches to inspection doors. Stop switch in machinery space. Overspeed protection. Emergency stop devices. Other stop switches. Brakes. Driving elements for visible signs of wear and tear and for insufficient tension of belts and chains. Steps, pallets or the belt for defects, true run and guidance. Dimensions and tolerances. Combs for proper condition and adjustment. Balustrade interior panelling and the skirting. Handrails. Name of independent qualified person: Address:
ARCHIVED Compliance Schedules
Reference 5.1.3 6.3.3* 12.5 14.2.2.3.1 14.2.2.1 (a) to (h) 12.4, 16.2.1 (d) 9.0* 8.0* 0.1.2, 11.0 8.3, 11.3 5.1.5.4 to 5.1.5.6 7.0*
Initials and comments
Date of Inspection:
70
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Compliance Schedules
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
CS 9 Mechanical Ventilation and
air conditioning systems
A Inspections
Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 3 Dec 1995 Amend 9 Apr 2004
Mechanical ventilation and air conditioning systems shall be inspected regularly to ensure continued effective operation. Inspection content and frequency shall be as follows: i) Mechanical ventilation and air conditioning systems shall be inspected in accordance with either Part 2 of NZS 4302 or Section 2 of AS/NZS 3666.2 and the designer's recommendations for functional operation and inspection frequency. Where the designer's recommendations are not available, the requirements of either Part 2 of NZS 4302 or Section 2 of AS/NZS 3666.2 shall be met through compliance with an inspection and maintenance schedule prepared by a person who, on the basis of experience and qualifications, is competent to design heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems. ii) Smoke control systems, including fire dampers, shall be inspected monthly, quarterly, half-yearly or yearly, as required by AS 1851.6, or in accordance with the designer's recommendations as is appropriate.
B Maintenance
Mechanical ventilation and air conditioning systems shall be maintained in accordance with either Part 2 of NZS 4302 and AS 1851.6 or the designer's recommended maintenance procedures as is appropriate to the installation. Specific design and designs in accordance with G4/AS1 shall include a maintenance manual. Particular attention must be given to systems incorporating cooling towers where organisms such as Legionella may be present. The procedures listed in either Section 309.3 of NZS 4302, or Section 2 of AS/NZS 3666.2 must be carried out. To ensure adequate chemical control is being achieved in cooling towers with automatic chemical dosing, bacteriological tests shall be performed as detailed in the table below. Cooling towers without automatic chemical dosing shall, in addition to the table below, be subject to weekly dipslide tests. When dipslide tests have a result of greater than 105 cfu/ml, control strategies in AS/NZS 3666.3 Table 3.2 must be implemented.
Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004
Table 1: Cooling tower testing
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Cooling tower with automatic chemical dosing
Time
Test method
Test result levels and control strategies2
Legionella: Heterotrophic microorganisms Cooling tower without automatic chemical dosing
Monthly Monthly
AS/NZS 38961 AS 4276.3.11
AS/NZS 3666.32 Table 3.1 AS/NZS 3666.3 Table 3.2
In addition to the testing above, cooling towers without automatic chemical dosing must also do the following test.
Heterotrophic microorganisms
Weekly
Dipslide
AS/NZS 3666.3 Table 3.2
Note 1 Tests to AS/NZS 3896 and AS 4276.3.1 shall be undertaken by an IANZ biologically accredited laboratory. Note 2 Legionella tests with results greater than or equal to 1000 cfu/ml should be notified within 48 hours to the local Medical Officer of Health at the Public Health Service of the District Health Board, and the Required Control Strategy from Table 3.1 of AS/NZS 3666.3 shall be implemented. Note 3 Industrial cooling towers, or cooling towers used for industrial process that are not part of a building as defined in section 3 of the Building Act 1991, are not required by the Building Act to be included on the compliance schedule. Testing for Legionella in these cooling towers is required by employers to ensure a safe working environment for their employees under the Health and Safety in the Workplace Act legislation.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
71
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amends 3 and 5
C Persons Responsible All inspection and maintenance shall be undertaken by independent qualified persons. COMMENT: 1. A mechanical ventilation or air conditioning system is required by section 44 (1) (i) to be on the compliance schedule only if serving all or a major part of the building. However, if a specialist system does not serve all or a major part of the building, but: · can spread pathogens or toxic gases from their source to other building spaces, and · those pathogens or toxic gases would remain undetected until illness has occurred, then the system could well come wiThin section 44 (1) (j) and should be listed in the compliance schedule, see CS 10. 2. Mechanical ventilation or air conditioning systems which are ducted through smoke or fire separations and could spread fire or smoke to other firecells are to be included on this compliance schedule. For example, a system that included a central plant serving more than one floor, or plant serving a single floor having more than one firecell or smokecell. 3. Where failure of a system is readily apparent and likely to result in occupant complaints before health or safety are threatened, and does not serve all or a major part of the building, the system need not be a compliance schedule item. Examples are package units serving a single office and extract fans in cooking areas and toilet spaces, where failure may cause annoyance or discomfort but the effects are unlikely to be life threatening.
ARCHIVED Compliance Schedules
71a
1 April 2004
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Compliance Schedules
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
CS 10 Other Mechanical, Electrical,
Hydraulic or Electronic Systems
Amend 1 Dec 1993 Amend 1 Dec 1993
Any other mechanical, electrical, hydraulic or electronic system whose proper operation is necessary for compliance with the Building Act, shall have inspection and maintenance procedures determined by a person who, on the basis of experience and qualifications, is competent to do the work. The procedures shall be contained in the compliance schedule and include the nature and frequencies of inspection and the required maintenance, and identify which activities may be undertaken by the owner, and which must be undertaken by independent qualified persons.
Amend 3 Dec 1995
COMMENT: 1. This requirement is intended to provide the necessary flexibility for including in compliance schedules: · specialist building elements generally peculiar to a limited number of buildings, and · new systems which may be developed in the future. 2. The systems included should be restricted to those in which a failure is likely to go undetected until a life threatening situation has occurred. Examples are laboratory fume cupboards (for which inspection and maintenance procedures are given in NZS 7203), automatic locking security doors which could trap people within a building, and exitway pressurisation systems.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
72
ARCHIVED 72a
Compliance Schedules
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
CS 11 Building Maintenance Units
A Inspections
Amend 2 Aug 1994
Building maintenance units shall be inspected 3 monthly, 6 monthly and annually. Inspections shall be in accordance with Clauses 21.1.4 and 21.1.5 of BS 6037: 1990. The annual testing shall be as described in Clause 19.2 of that document.
B Maintenance
Amend 2 Aug 1994
Building maintenance units shall be maintained in accordance with Clause 21 of BS 6037: 1990, together with any additional requirements of the manufacturer.
Amend 2 Aug 1994
COMMENT: In using BS 6037: 1990, references to overseas legislation shall be read as references to corresponding New Zealand legislation.
C Persons Responsible The 3 monthly inspections shall be undertaken by the owner. The 6 monthly and annual inspections and all maintenance procedures shall be undertaken by independent qualified persons.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
73
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK CS 12 Signs
A Inspections
Amend 1 Dec 1993
Signs shall be inspected regularly to ensure continued effectiveness, and in particular that they are of the correct type, are present and in the right locations, and are legible. Inspections of signs required for emergency purposes to be illuminated, shall (as for emergency lighting) be done monthly. For other signs inspections shall be done annually.
B Maintenance Signs shall be refurbished before they become illegible, and shall be replaced immediately should they be missing. Defects in illuminated emergency signs shall be remedied immediately they are apparent.
C Persons Responsible
Amend 1 Dec 1993
The above monthly inspection shall be undertaken by the building owner. Annual inspection shall be undertaken by independent qualified persons. Maintenance shall be undertaken by the owner.
ARCHIVED Compliance Schedules
74
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Compliance Schedules
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
CS 13 Means of Escape
A Inspections
Amend 3 Dec 1995 Amend 3 Dec 1995 Amend 1 Dec 1993
Means of escape shall be inspected: · Daily, when the building is in use, for crowd occupancies (purpose groups CS, CL, CO and CM). · Monthly in other occupancies. · Annually for all occupancies. Inspections shall be made to ensure that the passive and active features of the means of escape continue to perform as designed for safe evacuation, and in particular that: i) Escape routes are kept clear of obstacles and hazards such as uneven flooring or insecure handrails at all times. ii) Exit doors are not locked, barred, or blocked so as to prevent occupants from leaving the building in the event of an emergency without the use of a key. iii) Smoke-control doors, fire doors and associated fittings including self-closing devices, are undamaged and operate correctly. The doors are not kept open by methods other than hold-open devices that comply with the New Zealand Building Code and are in good working order. iv) Sliding automatic doors fitted with emergency fail-safe systems operate as designed. v) Stairwells and passageways which are designed specifically for means of escape from fire are not used as places of storage or places where refuse is allowed to accumulate. vi) Flammable cleaning liquid or material or any other like flammable liquid or material is not stored near or within any part of the building used as a means of escape from fire, and is in non-combustible containers with close fitting lids.
vii) Fire separations show no signs of damage or deterioration which could adversely affect their fire resisting function, particularly with respect to closures and fire stopping. viii) No new surface coatings have been applied unless their fire properties have been confirmed as acceptable by an independent qualified person.
Amend 1 Dec 1993
B Maintenance Means of escape shall be maintained at all times in a safe condition with particular attention to freedom from obstructions and from storage of combustibles, adequacy of handrails, proper operation of fire and smoke control doors, and ease of opening any doors leading into the escape route and at the final exit. For automatic sliding doors, AS 4085 (also published as NZS 4239) Appendix A provides suitable guidelines for determining maintenance procedures.
Amends 1 and 3
C Persons Responsible Daily and monthly inspections shall be undertaken by the building owner, and annual inspections by independent qualified persons. Maintenance shall be undertaken by the owner.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
75
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK CS 14 Safety Barriers
A Inspections
Amend 1 Dec 1993
a) All safety barriers shall be inspected annually to ensure that: i) the barrier is structurally sound and has not become damaged or corroded, and ii) no materials, rubbish or other objects are located near the safety barrier so as to permit the barrier to be climbed by a child under the age of six years. b) Safety barriers required for compliance with the Fencing of Swimming Pools Act 1987 shall in addition to the requirements of a) above be inspected quarterly with particular attention to ensure that: Automatic closers on gates or doors effectively return the gate or door to the closed position and operate the latching device when the gate or door is released from a stationary position giving an opening width of no greater than 150 mm.
B Maintenance Safety barriers shall be maintained in a structurally sound condition and, where applicable, self-closing gates and other components required for the protection of children shall be kept operable. Defects shall be remedied immediately they are apparent.
C Persons Responsible
Amend 1 Dec 1993
The quarterly inspection procedures shall be undertaken by the owner. Annual inspections shall be undertaken by independent qualified persons. All maintenance shall be undertaken by the owner.
ARCHIVED Compliance Schedules
76
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Compliance Schedules
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
CS 15 Access and Facilities for People
with Disabilities
A Inspections
Amend 1 Dec 1993
Access and facilities for people with disabilities shall be inspected 6 monthly and annually to ensure that the building's provisions (if any) for access and facilities for people with disabilities are kept in good working order. The inspection shall check the adequacy of accessible routes from street level or car park to spaces within the building, with particular attention to: Usability of accessible route to the principal entrance. Manoeuvre spaces in: · accessible routes, · accessible car parking spaces, · accessible toilet areas, · accessible laundry areas, · accessible kitchens. Handrails. Lighting levels. Door hardware. Grab rails in toilets. Lifts: · door opening times, · location and height of control panels, · handrails.
B Maintenance Defects shall be remedied immediately they become apparent.
C Persons Responsible
Amend 1 Dec 1993
The 6 monthly inspections shall be undertaken by the owner. The annual inspections shall be undertaken by independent qualified persons. Maintenance shall be undertaken by the owner.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
77
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK CS 16 Fire Hose Reels
A Inspections
Amend 3 Dec 1995
Fire hose reels shall be inspected monthly and annually to ensure continued effective operation. Monthly inspections shall be in accordance with NZS 4503 Clause 6.1.3, and annual inspections with Clause 6.2.
B Maintenance Defects in fire hose reels shall be remedied immediately they are apparent.
C Persons Responsible Maintenance and monthly inspections shall be undertaken by the owner. Annual inspections shall be undertaken by an independent qualified person.
ARCHIVED Compliance Schedules
78
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
List of Approved Documents
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
The following Approved Documents have been published by the Building Industry Authority. AS indicates an acceptable solution, VM indicates a verification method. The Approved Document for any topic includes both the acceptable solution and verification method (where one has been adopted by the Authority).
B STABILITY B1 Structure AS1 VM1 AS2 AS3 VM4 B2 AS1 VM1
General Timber barriers Small chimneys Foundations Durability
C FIRE SAFETY C1 AS1 VM1
Fire safety in buildings
D ACCESS D1 AS1 VM1 Access routes D2 Mechanical installations for access
AS1
Passenger carrying
lifts
AS2
Domestic and
service lifts
AS3
Escalators and
moving walks
E MOISTURE
E1 AS1 E2 AS1 E3 AS1
VM1 VM1
Surface water External moisture Internal moisture
F SAFETY OF USERS
F1
VM1 Hazardous agents
on site
F2 AS1
Hazardous building materials
F3 AS1
Hazardous substances and processes
F4 AS1
Safety from falling
F5 AS1
Construction and demolition hazards
F6 AS1 VM1 Lighting for emergency
F7 AS1
Warning systems
F8 AS1
Signs
G SERVICES AND FACILITIES
G1 AS1 G2 AS1 G3 AS1
G4 AS1 G5 AS1 G6 AS1
VM1 VM1
G7 AS1 G8 AS1 G9 AS1 G10 AS1 G11 AS1
VM1 VM1 VM1 VM1
G12 AS1 VM1 G13 Foul water AS1 VM1 AS2 VM2 G14 AS1 VM1
G15 AS1
Personal hygiene Laundering Food preparation and prevention of contamination Ventilation Interior environment Airborne and impact sound Natural light Artificial light Electricity Piped services Gas as an energy source Water supplies
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Sanitary plumbing Drainage Industrial liquid waste Solid waste
H ENERGY EFFICIENCY H1 AS1 VM1 Energy efficiency
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
79
ARCHIVED 80
Index Index (Revised by Amendment 6)
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
This is a complete index for the New Zealand Building Code and Approved Documents. A
Access see Access Routes, and Mechanical Installations for Access Access chambers see Maintenance access to drains Access points see Maintenance access to drains Access to a facility food and work areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 3.2, Figure 10 lobbies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 6.3.1 unisex facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 1.1.5 c) Access Routes . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.1.5, 1.2.2, 1.4.1, 1.5.1, 1.5.3 a), 1.5.4, 1.5.5, 1.6.1, 1.7.1, 1.8.1, 2.0, 5.1.3, 10.1.4, Figure 27 see also Accessible routes, Activity space, Doors, Escape routes, Handrails, Height clearances, Level access routes, Mechanical Installations for Access, People with disabilities, Ramps, Stairs, Obstructions, Vehicles, Wheelchairs access to buildings . . . . .NZBC/D1.1, D1.3.1 (a) (b), D1.3.3 (a) (b) access within buildings . .NZBC/D1.1, D1.3.1 (c), D1.3.3 (c), D1.3.5 corridors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.1 (c), F6.3.1 level access routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 2.0 protection from falling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 2.3 slip resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 2.1, Table 2 width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 2.2 location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.1 principal entrance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.1 service and maintenance personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 11.0.4 Access to facilities . .NZBC/D1.3.3 (c), G1.3.5; G3/AS1 1.5.1, Figure 1 Accessible accommodation units .D1/AS1 9.0, 9.1, 9.1.1, 9.2.1, Table 9 see also People with disabilities bedrooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 9.2.1 c) dining areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 9.2.1 c) facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 9.2 kitchens . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 9.2.1 b); G3/AS1 1.5.2, Figure 1 laundry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G2/AS1 1.2, Figure 2 sitting areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 9.2.1 c) toilets and baths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 9.2.1 a) Accessible routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.3, D1.3.4; D1/AS1 1.1.1 to 1.1.3, 1.5.5 b), 2.1.1, 2.2.1, 7.0.1, 7.0.6, 11.0.1, Figure 27
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
81
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
access to performance areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 8.2
Accessible units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.1.3
Activity space . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.2 (a), D1.3.4 (b), G5.1 (b), G5.2.1 (b), G5.3.3
Aged, homes for see Old people's homes
Air see also Ventilation airflow control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/H1.3.1 (b); H1/AS1 3.0 changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/VM1 1.0.1 ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.9.5, 6.19.14, 6.20.20, 6.20.21 purity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/VM1 2.0
Air-handling systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 1.3.1 b)
Airborne and Impact Sound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G6 impact insulation class (IIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G6.3.2 noise transmission between abutting occupancies . .NZBC/G6.1, G6.2 sound insulation tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G6/VM1 2.0 sound transmission class (STC) . . . . . . .NZBC/G6.3.1; G6/VM1 1.0
Alerting devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.5, 1.2.8, 2.1.2, 2.2.2 b) audible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.2.8, 2.1.2 c) f) visual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 2.1.2 c) f)
Alerting the Fire Service . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.2.2, 1.2.7, 2.1.2 a), 2.2
Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004
Alternative solutions accessible routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 11.0 bedding and backfilling drains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.9.8 gas as an energy source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 9.0 gas fuel appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 3.0 gas reticulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 5.0 laundry tubs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G2/AS1 1.0.3 open vented storage water heaters . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.9.1 solid waste storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G15/AS1 3.1 storage water heaters seismic restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.11.4 thermal resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 1.1.5 unvented (valve vented) storage water heaters G12/AS1 6.10.1, Figure 14 watertightness testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 7.5
Ancillary Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/A1 8.0, D1.2.1, D1.3.2 (h), D1.3.3, G1.3.5, G8.2, G12.3.0 Apartments see Housing, multi-unit dwellings
82
1 April 2004
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Appliances see Sanitary appliances Aprons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.9.12, 7.9.13, Figure 7.2 Artificial Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G8; NZBC/H1.2 (c), H1.3.5; D1/AS1 1.5.4, 1.8, 4.5; adequate lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G8.2 energy consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/AS1 6.0 minimum illuminance . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G8.3; D1/AS1 4.6.1, Table 8 wattage required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.6.1; G8/AS1 1.0.1 Asbestos see Hazardous Building Materials Assembly care buildings see Communal non-residential buildings Assembly service buildings see Communal non-residential buildings Automatic extinguishers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 6.0 B Backflow prevention see Protection of water supplies Balconies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.14.6 b), 3.14.7, 3.15.7, 7.8.7, Figures 3.18 and 3.22 Banks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.4 (c) (iv) see also Commercial buildings Barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F4.3.1, F4.3.4, F4.3.5, F5.3.2, F5.3.4; D1/AS1 1.7; F4/AS1 1.0; F5/AS1 1.0 see also Access Routes, Handrails, Safety from Falling, Timber barriers accessible route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 2.3.1 balconies with fixed seating . . . . . . . . . . . . .F4/AS1 1.2.4, Figure 1 construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F4/AS1 1.2, 2.0.1, Table 2 fences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F5/AS1 1.1, 1.1.2 around water hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F5/AS1 1.2 for specific hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F5/AS1 1.0.2 gantries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F4/AS1 1.3; F5/AS1 1.1.1 heights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F4/AS1 1.1, Table 1 hoardings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F5/AS1 1.1, 1.1.3, 1.1.5 viewing windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F5/AS1 1.1.4 panels in barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F4/AS1 1.2.3 safety enclosures for ladders . . . . .D1/AS1 5.1.2, Figures 21 and 22 scaffolding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F4/AS1 2.0.2 toeboards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F5/AS1 1.4 BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
83
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
types of barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F5/AS1 1.0.3 Basements . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.2 i), 3.7.1, 3.15.2, 4.5.15, 6.9.3, 6.14.4, Figure 3.19; E2/AS1 5.0, Figure 7 drainage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 5.2 damp-proof membrane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 5.1 see also Floors, basement floors Basins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 3.3, Figure 9, Table 1; G13/AS1 3.3.2, 5.5.2, Table 2 Baths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 Table 2; G13/AS1 Table 2 Bedrooms see Habitable spaces Bidets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.4; G13/AS1 5.5.2, Table 2 Boarding Houses see Communal residential buildings Boundary see Notional boundary, Relevant boundaries Bridges see Ancillary buildings Building construction non-solid construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/AS1 2.1.1 solid construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/AS1 2.1.1 thermal envelope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/VM1 1.0, H1/AS1 2.0 thermal resistance (R-value) . . .H1/VM1 1.4, H1/AS1 2.1.1, 2.2, 2.3 Building elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.2, B1.3.1, B1.3.2, B1.3.3, B2.3, E2.3.2, E2.3.3, E2.3.4, E2.3.5, E2.3.6, E3.2, E3.3.5, F3.3 (f), G3.3.2 (b) (c), G6.2, G9.3.1 (a) (e); B1/VM4 1.0.1; C/AS1 5.1.1, 5.2.1, 5.6.1 see also Floors, Ceilings, Roofs elements in contact with the ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E2.3.3 primary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.1.1, 5.3.2, 5.3.3 a) c), 5.6.1 a), 5.7.1, 5.7.4, 5.7.7, 5.7.8, 5.9, 6.14.3, 7.1.2 b), 7.8.10 b), 7.9.4, 7.9.5, 7.10.2, 7.10.3, C7.1.1 requiring noise control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G6/AS1 1.0.2, Figure 1 secondary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.1.1, 5.3.2, 5.3.3 b), 5.6.1 a), 5.7.1, 5.7.8, 7.1.2 b), 7.10.2, C7.1.1 unrated primary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.9.4, Figure 5.2 Building height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.7.6 c), 7.11.3, 7.11.4 Building papers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.0.1 c), 2.3.2 b) g), 2.3.5 a) b), 2.4.1 to 2.4.3, 2.5.1, 2.5.3
84
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Building performance index housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/VM1 1.2 Building site . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 3.2.2, 4.0.1, 4.1.10, E1/AS1 1.0.1 evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 1.0.3 Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.9.2, 1.9.4; D1/AS1 1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.1.4, 10.1.4, 10.4.1; E1/AS1 1.0.1; F7/AS1 1.2.1, 1.2.7, 1.2.8, 1.5.1, 2.1.1, 2.1.2 b), 2.2.2 b) c) air-supported structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.20.18 atriums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.22 building elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 2.0.3 building separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.3 (o) car parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.8.4, 6.10.3 to 6.10.6, 7.8.2, 7.9.16, Figure 6.2 carports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.8.10 commercial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/AS1 1.0, 1.6 communal non-residential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/AS1 1.0.3 assembly care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/AS1 1.0, 6.0 assembly service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/AS1 1.0, 6.0 communal residential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/AS1 1.0 dwellings attached and multi-unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 1.3.5, 1.3.6 detached . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 1.3.3 earth buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 8.0, B1/AS1 4.0 education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.8.4, 6.20.7 entrances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 10.1.3 farm buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 13.0 grandstands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.16.7 hospitals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.6.6 hotels, motels and accommodation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.3 housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/VM1 1.1, 1.2, H1/AS1 1.0, 2.0 detached dwellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/VM1 1.1 group dwellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/VM1 1.1.1 multi-unit dwellings . . . . . . . . . .H1/VM1 1.1, 1.2, H1/AS1 2.1.1 wharenui . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/VM1 1.1.1 industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/AS1 1.0.2 intended life see Durability intended use see Intended use large buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/VM1 1.3 masonry buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1.1 membrane structures . . . .NZBC/C4.1.1; C/AS1 6.20.17 to 6.20.19 minimum floor level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 2.0, Figures 1 and 2 multi-storey buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.5, 6.12.2 open air auditoriums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.16.5 open sided buildings . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.8.8 to 7.8.10, Figure 7.10
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
85
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
purpose group classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2, Table 2.1 reference building . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/AS1 2.1.1 remaining occupied during fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.6.8 residential community care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.4 seasonal use buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.2 c) single-floor buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.2 a) b) siteworks see Structure small buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/VM1 1.1 taverns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.3 theatres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.3.1, 6.19.9, Figure 6.13 three-floor buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.2 b) three storey buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 Figure 7 timber framed buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1.1 two-floor buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.2 a) b) wharenui . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.2 h), 3.4.2 e), 6.7.9
C
Call points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.4
Camping grounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G2.2, G2.3.4; G1/AS1 3.4.2, Tables 1 to 3; G2/AS1 Table 1 see also Communal residential buildings
Car parking buildings see Commercial buildings, Vehicles
Carports see Outbuildings
Catchment characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 1.0.2, 2.0.1, 2.1, 2.3, 4.2.1
Ceilings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G6.3.1; G3/AS1 2.1.2, 2.2.3 floor/ceiling assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G6/AS1 1.0.3, Figure 3
Centres for handicapped persons see Communal non-residential buildings
Child care centres see Early childhood centres and Communal non-residential Buildings
Children . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.3 (h), F4.3.3, F4.3.4 (f), F4.3.5 (a), F5.2 (d), F5.3.3, G15.3.2 (g); B1/AS2 1.0.2; D1/AS1 4.1.8 a); F4/AS1 1.2.1, Table 2; F5/AS1 1.0.2 See also Early childhood centres
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Chimneys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS1 1.2, 8.0, B1/AS3 2.1; C/AS1 9.5, Figures 9.1, 9.2 and 9.3 bracing units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.9, 1.9.3, 1.9.6, Table 2
86
1 April 2004
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
brick chimneys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1, 1.1.3 a) b), 1.2.1 a), 1.6.2 a), 1.7.1, 1.7.6, 1.8.1, 1.8.5 a), Figures 2 to 4 and 7, Table 1 cantilever height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1.2 chimney bases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1.3 a), 1.6.1, 1.9.4 b) chimney breasts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.5, Table 1 chimney depth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1.3 chimney height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1.2 chimney liners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1.4 chimney lintels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 Table 1 chimney stacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1.2, 1.6.1 chimney wall thicknesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.2, 1.2.1 chimney width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1.3
Amend 9 Apr 2004
concrete chimneys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1.1, 1.1.3 a) c), 1.2.1 b) c), 1.6.2 a) b), 1.7.1, 1.7.13, 1.8.2, 1.8.5 b), Figures 4 and 5, Table 1 concrete masonry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.8.4 floor brackets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.7.1, 1.7.3 to 1.7.5, 1.8.4, 1.9.4 b) c), Figure 6
Amend 9 Apr 2004
foundations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1.2, 1.1.3 a), 1.3, 1.3.1, 1.3.2, 1.3.3, 1.7.4, 1.7.5, 1.8.4, Figure 1 foundation slabs . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1.2, 1.3.2, 1.7.4, 1.7.5 gathers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.6.1, 1.6.2, 1.7.5 hearths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.4, 2.2, 2.2.1, 2.2.2, 2.2.3 hearth slabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 2.2, 2.2.1, 2.2.2, 2.2.3 packers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.7.2, 1.7.6 c) precast pumice concrete chimneys . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1.1, 1.1.3 a) c), 1.2.1 c), 1.6.2 b), 1.7.1, 1.7.13, 1.8.3, 1.8.5 c), Figures 5 and 7, Table 1 compressive strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.8.3 c) construction of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.8.3 restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.7, 1.7.1, 1.7.13, Figures 6 and 7 roof brackets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.7.1, 1.7.3, 1.7.4, Figure 6 roof ties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.7.5 structural diaphragms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.9.5 wall ties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.7.5, 1.7.7, 1.7.8 closely spaced wall ties . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.7.5, 1.9.4 c)
Churches see Communal non-residential buildings
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
87
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
Cinemas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G5.3.5 see also Communal non-residential buildings
Classified uses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/A1
Cleaners' sinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 Table 2
Clubrooms see Communal non-residential buildings
Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004
Cold water expansion valves (explosion control valves) . .G12/AS1 6.3.3, 6.6.2, 6.6.3, Figures 8 to 10, Table 6 installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.6.5 relief valve drains . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.7, Figures 8 to 10 and 13
Colleges see Communal non-residential buildings
Commercial buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/A1 5.0, E3.3.1, G3.2.1, G3.3.1 (a) (b), G3.3.2 (b), G3.3.6, G5.2.1 (c), G5.3.4, G8.2, G9.3.4, H1.2 (c); G3/AS1 2.0.1; H1/AS1 1.0
Communal non-residential buildings . . . . .NZBC/A1 4.0, E1.3.2, E3.3.1, G5.2.1 (c), G5.3.4, G5.3.5, G8.2, G9.3.4, H1.2 (c); H1/AS1 1.0.3 assembly care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/A1 4.0.3; H1/AS1 1.0, 6.0 assembly service . . . . . .NZBC/A1 4.0.2, H1.2 (a); H1/AS1 1.0, 6.0 halls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G5.3.5 places of assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 8.0
Communal residential buildings . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/A1 3.0, G5.2.1 (c), G5.3.4, G8.2, G9.3.4; D1/AS1 9.0, 9.1.1; H1/AS1 1.0 community care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/A1 4.0.2 community service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/A1 3.0.2
Communes see Housing, group dwellings
Community care buildings see Communal residential buildings
Community service buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.1.3 see also Communal residential buildings
Computer centres see Commercial buildings
Concealed spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.18.1, 6.18.10 cavity barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.18.1, 6.18.4 to 6.18.6 ceiling space firecells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.12.8
88
1 April 2004
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 9 Apr 2004
ceiling space restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.18.7 to 6.18.10 in walls and floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.18.4 within firecells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.18.2, 6.18.3, Figure 6.10 see also External Moisture, Internal Moisture Concealed works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 A1.2.1 b) Concrete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 3.1.1 see also Design, concrete Condensation see Internal Moisture Construction moisture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 6.0 exterior joinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 6.0.2 b) reconstituted wood products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 6.0.2 c) sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F5/AS1 1.0 barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F4/AS1 2.0 timber framing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 4.2.6, 6.0.2 a) timber weatherboards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 6.0.2 b) Construction and Demolition Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F5 areas accessible to the public . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F5.3.2 barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F5.3.2, F5.3.4 demolition sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F5/AS1 1.0 entry of children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F5.2 (d), F5.3.3 falling objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F5.2 (a) (b), F5.3.1 lifting equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F5.3.4 Contaminants see Hazardous agents on site, contaminants Contaminated air discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 1.3.1 f) Control panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.5, 1.2.2, 2.2.2 b) Cooling towers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .HB CS 9 Corridors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.13.1, Figure 6.5 see also Access Routes Corrosives see Hazardous Substances and Processes, Class 8 Creep see Structure, loads Cross connections see Protection of water supplies Cyclic loads see Structure, loads
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
89
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
D Dampness see External Moisture, Internal Moisture Dams see Ancillary buildings Dangerous Goods see also Hazardous Building Materials, Hazardous Substances and Processes compounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.2 construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.2.1 drainage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.2.4 isolation distances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.5, Table 1 storage in bulk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.2.3 storage not in bulk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.2.2 depots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.2, 1.5.1, 1.6.2, 3.6 c), 4.1, 4.2.1 a) b), 4.5.2, 4.8, 4.8.2, 6.2.2 ignition hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 2.1.2 isolation distances . . .F3/AS1 6.2.2 c) d), 6.2.3 b), Tables 5 and 6 type A . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.2, 4.3, 4.5.1 b) c), 5.1.1, Tables 1 and 2 type B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.2, 4.5.1 b) c), 4.5.4 b), 5.1.1 type B1 . . .F3/AS1 1.2, 3.2.1, 3.3.1, 4.3, 6.2.2 ii), Tables 1 and 2 type B2 . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.2, 3.4.1, 3.6.1 b), 4.3, Tables 1 and 2 type C1 . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.2, 3.3.1, 5.1.1, Tables 1 and 2 type C2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.2, 3.3.1, 4.3, 4.5.1 b), 6.2.2 i), 6.2.3 a), 5.1.1, Tables 1 and 2 type D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.2, 4.3, 4.5.1 b), 4.6.2 a), 5.1.1, Tables 1 and 2 type E . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.2, 4.5.4 a), 4.5.5 c), 4.7.1, 4.7.12 type F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.2, 4.4, 4.7.1 type G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.2, 4.4 type H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.2, 4.7.1, 5.1.1 types of construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.2 workrooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.2, 1.3 d), 1.4.1, 1.4.2, 1.5.1, 1.5.2, 1.6.2, 4.0.1 b), 4.2.1 b), 4.4.2, 4.7, 4.7.3, 4.7.5, 4.8.5 escape routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.7.6 storage capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.7.4 storage capacity inside workroom . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.7.8 storage capacity outside workroom . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.7.9 Day care institution see Early childhood centres, Communal non-residential buildings Dead ends see Escape routes
90
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Deflections see Structure Demolition see Construction and Demolition Hazards Dental surgeries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.4 (c) (iv) see also Commercial buildings Design aluminium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 7.0 concrete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 3.0 drains see Drains foundations see Foundations loadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 1.1, 2.0 earthquake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.9, Table 2 limit state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 1.1.2, 5.2, 7.1 non-limit state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 1.1.3, 7.2 site effects (local) or faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 1.1.4 masonry . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 4.0, B1/AS1 2.0, B1/AS3 1.3.3 siteworks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 10.0 steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 5.0 strength reduction factor . .B1/VM4 2.0.1, 3.5.1, 4.7, Tables 1 and 4 timber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 6.0, B1/AS1 3.0 see also Timber barriers windows see Windows Design loads see Structure, loads Detached dwellings see Housing Differential movement see Structure, loads Disabled persons see People with disabilities Discharge pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 1.1.5; G13/AS1 4.5.1, 4.5.2, 4.6, 5.1.1, 5.5, 5.7.3, Figures 6 and 11, Table 4 branch discharge pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 Figure 7 diameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 3.3.2, 4.3, 5.3, Table 6, G13/AS2 3.6, 4.2 fixture discharge pipes . . .G13/AS1 Figures 7 and 8, Tables 2 and 4 gradient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 4.4, 5.4, G13/AS2 3.5, Table 2 waste pipes combined waste pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 Figure 5 BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
91
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
developed lengths . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 Figures 5, 6 and 8 Discharge stacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 4.2.2, 4.5.1, 4.7, 5.3.1, 5.6, Figures 7 to 9, Tables 3, 4 and 6 see also Discharge pipes, Pipes discharge stack vents . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 4.7.1, 5.2.1, 5.3.1, 5.6.1, 5.6.3, Figures 7 and 8, Table 6, G13/AS2 4.1.5, Figure 5 Discharge units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 Table 2, G13/AS2 Table 2 Dishwashing machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 3.3.2 a), Table 2 Domestic buildings see Housing Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.4 (f), D1.3.1 (c), D1.3.3 (n), D1.3.4 (f), D2.3.5 (c), F5.3.2 (d); C/AS1 3.9.1, 3.11.6, 6.19.4; D1/AS1 7.0, Figure 27; E2/AS1 3.1.1; F3/AS1 1.3, 3.2.2, 4.4.2, 4.5.4, 4.6.2 d), 4.7.5, 4.7.8 c), 4.7.12 acceptable obstructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.6 e) accessible doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 7.0.3 to 7.0.5 accessible escape routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.7 automatic sliding doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.17.7 closers and latching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.17.1 degree and width of opening . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.17.4, 3.17.5 delayed action unlocking devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.17.11 direction of opening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.17.3, 3.17.4 door swings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.4.5 b), 3.13.2, 3.17.5 d) e) fire doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.1 b), 3.6.1 c), 3.11.9, 3.17.9, 3.17.13, 6.19.2 a), C8.1, Figures 3.29 to 3.31, Table 6.1; F3/AS1 1.3.2 frameless glass doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 7.0.7 glazing . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.8.10, 5.8.11; D1/AS1 7.0.4, Figure 28 handles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 7.0.5 hold-open devices . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.17.1 b), 3.17.9, 3.17.10; F7/AS1 1.3.6, 1.5.2 lift landing doors . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.16.5 b), 6.19.13, Table 6.1 lobby doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 7.0.1 locking devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.17.2, 3.18.6 markings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.19.6, 6.19.7 panic bolts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.17.14 revolving doors, automatic doors and access control systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.17.7, 3.17.8, Figure 3.26; D1/AS1 7.0.6, Figure 29 signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.20.1 smoke control doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.17.9, 3.17.12, 6.9.11, 6.19.2 b), C8.1, Figures 3.27, 3.28 and 6.1, Table 6.1
92
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
subdividing escape routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.17 turnstiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 7.0.6 visibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 7.0.4 vision panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.17.6, 5.8.10 width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 7.0.3
Downpipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.4.2 b), 3.7.8, 4.0, 5.1.1 installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 4.3 materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 4.1, Table 4 sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 4.2, Table 5
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Downlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.4 Drainage system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 5.1.2, 5.5.2, 5.7.3, 5.7.4, G13/AS2 1.0.2, 3.1.1, 3.3.2, 4.1.1, 5.10.1
Drains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G13.2, G13.3.1 (a), G13.3.2, G13.3.3, G15.3.3; B1/VM1 11.0, B1/AS1 6.0; G13/AS1 4.2.2, G13/AS2 1.0 access points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.7, 3.7.3, 3.7.7, 3.7.8 access chambers . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 5.0.1, E1/AS1 3.7.1, 3.7.2 b), 3.7.4, 3.7.5, Figure 12 inspection chambers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.7.1, 3.7.2 b), 3.7.4, 3.7.5, Figure 11 inspection points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.7.1, 3.7.2 b) rodding points . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.7.1, 3.7.2 a), Figure 10 alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.3, 3.7.3 a), Figures 4 and 5 see also Drain, layout bedding and backfilling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.9, 3.9.2, Figure 13; G13/AS2 Figure 7 alternative solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.9.8 materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.9.5; G13/AS2 Table 1 placing and compacting . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.9.6; G13/AS2 5.5 proximity to buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.9.7, Figure 14; G13/AS1 5.6, Figure 8 trench slope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.9.3 trench width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.9.4 bends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 3.1 bubble-up chamber system . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.4.2, Figures 6 and 7 connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 3.2.1, Figure 1 construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 5.2, Figure 7 diameter see Drains, sizing disused drains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 5.10 downstream water systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 4.3 drain vent pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 Figure 3, Table 3 drains under buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.7.6 to 3.7.8 gradient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.3.1, 3.7.3 b); G13/AS1 Table 5, G13/AS2 3.5, Table 2 minimum gradient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.4, Table 2 installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 5.0, 5.5 joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.5, Table 3; G13/AS2 5.1
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
93
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
junctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 3.2 layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.3.1, 3.7.3 a), Figures 4 and 5 leakage tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 8.0, E1/AS1 3.8 high pressure air test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 8.3 low pressure air test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 8.2 water test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 8.1 maintenance access see Maintenance access to drains materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.1, Table 1; G13/AS2 2.0, Table 1 open water, upstream of site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 4.2 pipe water, upstream of site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 4.1 quantity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 4.1.10 tailwater depth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 4.1.6, 4.1.7 proximity to buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 5.6, Figure 8 secondary flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 4.0, E1/AS1 1.0.1 d) downstream drainage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 4.3 flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 4.1.11 headwater depth . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 4.1.4, 4.1.5, 4.1.8, 4.1.9, Figures 5 to 7, 10 and 11 site ­ outfall protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 7.0 sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 3.0, E1/AS1 3.2, Figure 3; G13/AS2 3.6, Table 2 energy losses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 5.0 hydraulic design of drains . . .E1/VM1 1.0.4, 3.2, Figures 6 and 7 air entrainment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 3.2.4 headwater depth . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 3.2.2, Figure 5 a) minimum size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 3.1 minimum velocity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 6.0 pipe size decrease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 5.0.2 soak pits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 9.0, Figure 13 sumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.6.1, 3.6.2, Figures 8 and 9 surface water inlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.6 under buildings . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.7.6; G13/AS2 5.8, 5.9, Figure 13 upstream water systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 4.1, 4.2 ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 4.0, Figures 4 to 6, Table 3 watertightness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 6.1.1 Draught diverters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 2.3.2 Drinking fountains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 Table 2 Durability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2; B2/VM1 1.0, B2/AS1 1.2, Figure 1 code compliance certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B2.3 ease of access and replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 1.2.1 evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/VM1 1.0, B2/AS1 1.2, Figure 1 examples of requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 1.3.1, Table 1 generic materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 3.0 in service history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/VM1 1.1 laboratory testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/VM1 1.2
94
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
similar materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/VM1 1.3 intended life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.1, B2.1, B2.3 5 year durability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 Table 1 15 year durability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 Table 1 50 year durability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 Table 1 maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 2.0 normal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 2.1 scheduled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 2.2 specified intended life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B2.3 timber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 3.2 Dynamic loads see Structure, loads E Early childhood centres . . . . . . .NZBC/G2.2, G3.2.1, G3.3.1 (a) to (d), G5.2.1 (a), G5.3.1, G5.3.2, G7.2, G12.3.4; F2/AS1 1.3; G2/AS1 Table 1; G3/AS1 1.0.1; G5/AS1 1.0.3 see also Communal non-residential buildings Earth buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 3.4; E2/AS1 2.6 Earth pressure see Structure, loads Earth retaining structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 2.0.3 Earthquakes see Structure, loads seismic resistance of building services . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 14.0 Ease of access and replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 1.2.1 Effluents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 A1.2.1 f) Electrical codes of practice . . . . . . . . . . .G9/VM1 1.0.1, G9/AS1 1.0.1 Electricity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G9 electrical installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G9.1, G9.2, G9.3.1 to G9.3.3; G9/VM1 1.0 domestic cooking and refrigeration . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 1.4.1 laundries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G2/AS1 1.1.2 electromechanical stress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G9.3.1 (d) essential services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G9.3.2 external supply system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G9.3.3 people with disabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G9.3.4 light switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G9/AS1 2.0.1 a) b) socket outlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G9/AS1 2.0.1 c) temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G9.3.1 (c) (d)
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
95
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
Emergency lighting see Lighting for Emergency
Enclosing rectangles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.3.6, 7.5, 7.6 building on sloping sites and buildings of irregular height . . . . .C/AS1 7.5.9, 7.5.10, Figure 7.7 exceptions for SH, SR and SA buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.5.7, 7.5.8, Figure 7.7 Method 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.3.4 a), 7.3.6 to 7.3.8, 7.3.12, 7.5, Figures 7.5 to 7.7, Table 7.2 Method 3 . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.3.4 b), 7.3.8, 7.3.12, 7.6, Figure 7.8 Method 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.3.4 c), 7.3.9, 7.7, Figure 7.9, Tables 7.3 and 7.4
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Energy cut-offs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.4.1 c), 6.5.2
Energy Efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1; E3/AS1 1.1.5; building performance index (BPI) . . . . . .NZBC/H1.3.2; H1/VM1 1.2 heat gain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/H1.3.3 (d) (f); H1/AS1 4.0 heat loss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/H1.3.4 heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/H1.3.2 indoor temperature and humidity . . . . . . . . .NZBC/H1.2 (a), H1.3.1
Energy efficiency provisions airflow control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/AS1 3.0 artificial lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/AS1 1.0.3, 6.0 building performance index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/VM1 1.2 hot water systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/AS1 5.0 internal moisture gain . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/VM1 1.2.1, H1/AS1 2.1.1 solar heat gain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/AS1 4.0
Entrances principal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.1
Environment see Interior Environment
Escalators see Mechanical Installations for Access
Escape height . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.9 a), 3.3.4, 3.15.3 a), 3.15.6, 3.15.7 a), 3.18.1, 4.5.10 b), 5.3.3 c), 6.6.2, 6.9.2, 7.9.10, 7.10.7, Figure 3.20, Table 4.1
Escape routes . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F6.2, F6.3.2, F8.2 (a), F8.3.3 (a); C/AS1 3.1 to 3.4, 3.6.1, 3.7.1, 3.9.12 to 3.9.14, 3.11.4, 3.17.3, 3.17.5, 4.5.7, 7.10.4, Figures 3.1 to 3.5, Tables 3.1 and 3.2; D1/AS1 1.1.5; F3/AS1 4.7.6; F8/AS1 3.0 see also Means of Escape accessible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.7, 3.17.5 a) doors subdividing escape routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.17
96
1 April 2004
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
exitways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.2 a), 3.11, 3.12, 6.9, 6.16.7, A2.1.1 Type 16, Figures 3.3 and 3.20, Tables 2.1, 6.1 to 6.3 external exitways . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.16.4, 5.6.3 c), 7.9.1, 7.9.3 lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.19.1 lighting for emergency see Fire safety precautions pressurisation see Fire safety precautions split level exitways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.15.8, Figure 3.24 ventilation of enclosed exitways . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.9.6 to 6.9.10 external . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.14 handrails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.3, 3.3.6 b), 3.9.8, 6.20.4 c) height and width of escape routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3 height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.1 width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.2 to 3.3.5, 3.9.4 to 3.9.6, 3.9.12 e), 3.17.5, Figures 3.3, 3.4 and 3.6, Tables 3.2 and 3.4 length of escape routes . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.4, 3.5, 3.11.7, 6.13.1, Figures 3.7, 3.9 and 3.10, Table 3.3 number of escape routes . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.2, Figure 3.2, Table 3.1 obstructions . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.6, 3.4.2 c), 3.17.5 a) e), 3.18.3 access control systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.17.7 chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.6 crowd control barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.6 sliding bars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.6 turnstiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.6 open paths . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.8, 3.1.2, 3.1.3, 3.1.5, 3.3.2 f), 3.3.7, 3.4.1, 3.4.2, 3.8, 3.9, 3.17.3 a), 3.17.5 a), A2.1.1 Type 16, Figures 3.1, 3.7, 3.9, 3.12 and 3.16, Table 3.3 dead end open paths . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 1.3.4 Step 2, 3.3.2 b), 3.4.2, 3.5.1, 3.10, 3.14.4, Table 3.3 increases in open path lengths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.5 intermediate floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.2 f), 3.4.1 a), 3.4.6, 3.9.13, Figure 3.9 length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 1.3.4 Step 2, 2.2.8, 3.1.3, 3.4.1, 3.4.2, 3.4.4, 3.4.6 to 3.4.8, 3.5, 3.15.1, Figures 3.7 and 3.9, Table 3.3 number of open paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.8.1 ramps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.1.4, 3.9.2, 3.14.7 separation of open paths . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.8.3, Figure 3.12 size of open paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.8.1 sloping floors and ceilings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.4.8 special cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.9 aisles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.9.4 to 3.9.9, Figure 3.15 exception for education buildings . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.8.4 fixed seating . . . .C/AS1 3.9.3, Figures 3.13 to 3.15, Table 3.4 BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
97
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
ladders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.4.7 c), 3.10.2 long corridors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.13, Figure 6.5 loose seating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.9.10, 3.9.11 separate tenancies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.9.1 subdivision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.13.1 a) unenclosed stairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.9.14 protected paths . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.1.2, 3.7.1 a), 3.9.12, 3.9.13, 3.11.1, 3.11.2, 3.15.3 b), 3.16.3, 6.9.1, 6.9.6 a), 6.10.4 a), 6.11.3 b), Figures 3.1, 3.7, 3.8, 3.11, 3.19, 3.28 and 3.30, Tables 2.1 and 6.1 floor area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.4.3, 3.4.5 length . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.1.3, 3.4.1, 3.4.4, 6.13.1 a), Table 3.3 subdivision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.13.1 a) safe paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.1.2, 3.4.1 b), 3.7.1, 3.9.14, 3.11.4 to 3.11.6, 3.11.9, 3.14.1, 3.15.3 b), 3.15.6, 3.15.8 a), 3.16.1, 3.16.6, 3.16.8, 3.16.9, 6.9.2 to 6.9.4, 6.10.4 a), 6.22.2 d), 7.2.1 b), 7.7.1, A2.1.1 Type 13 Type 19, Figures 3.1, 3.8, 3.16, 3.19, 3.21, 3.22, 3.24, 3.29 to 3.31 and 5.1, Tables 2.1, 6.1 and 7.4 glazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.8, Figure 5.1 horizontal safe paths . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.11.6 a), 3.11.7, 3.11.8, 3.17.9 b), 3.17.13 e), 6.9.8 length restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.11.7, 3.15.5 c) permitted activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.12.2 subdivision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.13.1 a) vertical safe paths . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.11.6 b), 3.11.7, 3.12.3, 3.13, 3.16.3, 3.17.9 b), 3.17.12 a), 3.17.13 e), 6.9.7, 6.9.11, A2.1.1 Type 14, Figure 6.1 signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.20 single escape routes . . .C/AS1 3.15, Table 4.1 special application b) active purpose groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.15.3, 3.15.4 basements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.15.2, Figure 3.19 bridges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.15.7, Figure 3.23 external balconies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.15.7, Figure 3.22 external stairways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.15.7 intermediate floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.22.2 c) internal stairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.15.6, Figure 3.21 sleeping purpose groups . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.15.5, Figure 3.21 split level exitways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.15.8, Figure 3.24 stairs . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.15.6, 3.15.7, Figures 3.21 to 3.23 surface finishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.2 h), 3.4.2 e), Table 6.2 Equipotential bonding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 9.0 earth bonding conductors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 9.3
98
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
installation of conductors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 9.2 metallic sanitary fixtures . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 9.2.2, Figure 20 metallic water supply pipes . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 9.2.1, Figure 19 Escape through adjacent firecell . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.9.12, Figure 3.16 Escape through adjoining building . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.6, Figure 3.11 Evacuation time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F6.3.1 Exitways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.2.6, 1.3.5 c), 1.5.2; F8/AS1 3.1.1 a) b) c), 3.2.3 a) b) pressurisation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.3.7 Explosion see Structure, loads, and Hazardous Substances and Processes Explosives see also Hazardous Substances and Processes, Class 1 Explosives explosives manufacture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 2.1 water ingress into buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 2.1.3 Exterior joinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.0.1 b), 3.0, 6.0.2 b) External Moisture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2 concealed spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E2.3.5 elements in contact with the ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E2.3.3 external walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E2.3.2 moisture present at completion of construction . . . . . .NZBC/E2.3.6 roofs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E2.3.1, E2.3.2 snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E2.3.1 suspended floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E2.3.4 weathertightness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/VM1 1.0 External walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.14.3, 3.14.5, 3.14.6, 5.7.5, 5.7.6, 6.12.7, 7.1.1, 7.3, 7.4.1, 7.5 to 7.7, 7.8.7, 7.9.7, 7.9.10, 7.9.11, 7.10, 7.11.2, D2.1.1 Clause 511.7.3, Figures 6.11, 6.12, 7.1, 7.3 and 7.11, Table 7.5 cladding . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.9.18, 7.11.2, 7.11.3, C9.1, Table 7.5 fire resistance ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.14.5, 3.14.6, 5.7.5, 5.7.6, 7.3.10, 7.4.3, 7.8.3 to 7.8.5, 7.8.10 c), 7.9.9, 7.9.16, 7.10 firecell separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.3, 7.8 to 7.10, Figures 7.1 to 7.12, Tables 7.1 to 7.4 glazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.3.3 c), 7.3.5 to 7.3.7, 7.4, Figure 7.4, Table 7.1 return walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.3.3 e), 7.3.9, 7.7, 7.10.5, Figure 7.9, Tables 7.3 and 7.4 surface finishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.1.2 c), 7.11.2 to 7.11.4 wing walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.3.3 d), 7.3.9, 7.7, 7.10.5, Tables 7.3 and 7.4
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
99
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
F F rating see Fire resistance ratings Factories see Industrial buildings Falsework see Structure Farm buildings see Buildings, farm buildings FHC see Fire hazard category FI see Flammability index Filters see Strainers Final exits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.1.2, 3.1.3, 3.14.5, 3.16.4, 3.17.1 c), 3.18.1, 6.20.18 a), Figures 3.1, 3.2, 3.12, 3.19, 3.24 and 3.31, Table 6.1; F8/AS1 3.1.1 a) b), 3.2.3 a) Fire alarm systems see Fire safety precautions Fire engineering design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.7, 1.4.1 Fire fighting facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 8.2 Fire hazard categories (FHC) . . . . .C/AS1 1.3.2 Step 3, 2.2.1, 3.12.2 d), 3.12.3 c), 3.15.2 b), 3.15.3 a), 4.2.3, 5.4.1 f) j), 6.6.7, 6.20.7, 6.20.15 a), 6.21.5 a), 6.22.1, 7.1.3, 7.3.2 b), 7.5.2, 7.5.3 Step 4, 7.7.5 Step 5, 7.8.1, 7.8.2, 7.8.9 c) d), 7.9.8 b), 7.10.6 a), Figures 3.19, 3.20, 7.1 and 7.10 Note 3, Tables 2.1, 5.1, 7.1 to 7.4 category 4 buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.10, 5.6.10 to 5.6.12, 7.8.1, 7.8.2, Table 2.1 Fire load energy density (FLED) . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.1 comments, 2.2.10, Table 5.1 Fire resistance ratings (FRR) . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 1.3.2 Step 8, 1.3.4 Steps 4 and 6, 1.3.5 b), 3.6.1 c), 3.14.6 c), 3.15.3 c), 3.16.6, 4.1.2, 4.3.2, 5.1, 5.2, 5.9.5 a) b), 5.9.6, 6.2.1, 6.3.1, 6.6.1, 6.6.2, 6.6.5 to 6.6.7, 6.7.1, 6.7.2, 6.7.5, 6.7.6, 6.7.9, 6.8.1, 6.9.2, 6.9.3, 6.10.1, 6.10.2, 6.10.5, 6.11.1, 6.12.1, 6.12.6, 6.14, 6.15, 6.16.2, 6.16.3,
100
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
6.17.2, 6.18.8, 6.19.14, 7.2.1, 7.4.3, 7.8.1 a), 7.8.2 to 7.8.6, 7.8.10 b) c), 7.9.3, 7.9.4, 7.9.8 b), 7.9.13, 7.10, C7.1.1, D2.1 Clause 511.7.3, Figure 7.10, Table 6.1 application of F and S ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.3 applying FRRs to building elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.7 concessions for multiple purpose groups . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.6.6, 5.6.7 determining F and S ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.4, 5.5 determining the FRR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.6 fire resistance tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.9.6, C7.1.1 firecell rating (F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.16.6, 4.1.2, 4.3.2, 4.4.1 Step 5, 4.5.7, 4.5.14, 5.2.2, 5.3.1, 5.3.2, 5.4, 5.5.1, 5.6.4, 5.6.8 a), 6.15.1, 6.16.2, 6.16.3, 6.20.15, 7.2.1 a), 7.10.2, 7.10.3, Table 4.1 firecells rated F0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.2 floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.14.6 c), 3.15.3 c), 4.3.2, 5.6.3 d), 5.7.3, 6.10.3, 6.14, 6.15, 7.8.6 insulation rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.1.1 c), 5.6.3 to 5.6.5, 5.8.10, 6.19.13, 7.8.1 a), Table 6.1 Notes integrity rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.1.1 b), 5.6.5, 5.8.2, 7.4.3 intermediate floors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.5.16, 6.14.3 minimum FRRs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.7.9 open sided buildings . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.8.10 b) c), Figure 7.10 reductions for sprinklered firecells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.6.5 roofs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.8.1, 7.9.3, 7.9.8 b), Figures 7.1 and 7.11 small buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.10.6 stability rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.1.1 a), 5.6.5, 5.9.4, 5.9.5 structural fire endurance rating (S) . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.10, 4.1.2, 4.2.3, 5.2.2, 5.3.1, 5.3.3, 5.4, 5.5.2, 5.5.3, 5.6.4, 5.6.8 a), 5.6.10, 6.10.5, 7.2.1, 7.4.3, 7.8.1 a), 7.8.5, 7.8.6, 7.10.2, 7.10.6, 7.10.9, Table 5.1 Fire resisting closures . . .C/AS1 6.18.9, 6.19, C7.1.1, C8.1.1, Table 6.1 access panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.19.12 fire curtains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.19.9, 6.19.10 fire dampers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.3.2 f), 6.16.5 d), 6.19.14 fire doors see Doors fire shutters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.19.15 to 6.19.17 lift landing doors see Doors smoke control doors see Doors
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
101
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
Fire safety see Means of Escape, Outbreak of Fire, Spread of Fire, Structural Stability during Fire
Amend 8 Apr 2003
Fire safety precautions (FSP) . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 1.2.3, 1.3.2 Step 6, 2.3.1, 3.1.5, 4.2.6, 4.2.7, 4.3.1, 4.4.1, 4.5, 5.6.7, 6.10.1, 6.11.1, Appendix A, Table 4.1 domestic (Type 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 A2.1.1 emergency electrical power supply (Type 17) . . . . .C/AS1 6.23.1 d), 6.23.3, 6.23.4, A2.1 emergency lighting (Type 16) . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.19.2, 6.23.3 c), 6.23.4, A2.1 emergency lighting in exitways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.5.2 fire alarm systems activation of system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 2.1.1 automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.3, 1.2.3 to 1.2.7 heat detectors . . . .F7/AS1 1.2.3, 1.2.6, 1.3.1, 1.3.2, 1.3.4, 1.3.5 high sensitivity smoke detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.7 installation and maintenance . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.3, 1.1.5, 1.2.6, 1.2.7, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5.3 manual (Type 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.5.3, 4.5.9, 4.5.10 b), A2.1; F7/AS1 1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.2.2 means of communication with the Fire Service see Alerting the Fire Service modified smoke detection . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.2.5 to 1.2.7 requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 2.1 smoke detectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.6, 1.2.4, 1.2.9, 1.3, 1.4.1, 1.5.3 substitution of smoke detectors by heat detectors . .F7/AS1 1.3.5 fire hose reels (Type 14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 8.2.2, A2.1 fire hydrant systems (Type 18) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 8.2.1, A2.1 Fire Service lift controls (Type 15) .C/AS1 8.2.5, A2.1; F7/AS1 1.5.2 fire sprinklers (Type 6) . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.9.12 f), 3.15.3 a), 3.15.6, 3.15.7 a), 4.1.1 a), 4.5.10, 4.5.11, 5.6.12, 6.3.2 a) d), 6.6.8, 6.16.8, 6.18.10, 6.19.9, A2.1, Appendix D, Figure 7.2 concessions for sprinklers . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.2 c), 3.4.8 d), 3.5.2, 3.14.3, 3.15.3 a), 3.15.6, 3.15.7 a), 3.16.3 b), 4.2.5, 5.5.3, 5.6.5, 5.6.6 b), 5.6.7, 5.8.7, 5.8.8, 6.3.1, 6.5.1, 6.7.2, 6.7.9, 6.9.2 c), 6.9.6 d), 6.9.11, 6.10.5, 6.13.1, 6.16.3, 6.20.5, 6.20.10, 6.20.15 a), 6.21.6 b), 6.22.3 a), 7.2.2, 7.3.12, 7.7.6, 7.9.3, 7.9.10, 8.1.1 e), Tables 4.1 Note 5, 6.2 residential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 D3.1 with smoke detectors (Type 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.12.2 b), 4.5.10, 4.5.11, 6.22.2 g), A2.1
102
24 April 2003
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
fire sprinkler systems automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.2.8, 1.3.2, 1.3.4 with smoke detectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.2.9 fire systems centre (Type 20) . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 8.2.3, 8.2.4, A2.1 heat detectors (Type 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.5.3, 3.5.5, 4.5.4, 4.5.10, 4.5.11, 6.10.4 c), 6.11.3 b), A2.1 hold-open devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.3.6, 1.5.2 manual (Type 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.5.3, 4.5.9, 4.5.10 b), A2.1 mechanical smoke extract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.3.8, 1.5.2 mechanical smoke extract (Type 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.4.6 a), 3.4.8 d), 6.21.5, 6.22.7 c), 6.22.8 c), 6.22.11, 6.22.12, 6.22.14, A2.1, B3.1.1, Table 6.6 modified smoke/heat detection (Type 5) . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.5.4, A2.1 natural smoke venting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.3.8, 1.5.2 natural smoke venting (Type 10) . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.4.6 a), 3.4.8 d), 6.21.5, 6.22.7 b), 6.22.8 b) c), 6.22.10, 6.22.14, A2.1, B3.1.1, Table 6.5 pressurisation of safe paths (Type 13) . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.7.1 b), 3.11.6 b), 6.9.6, 6.9.11, 6.13.1, 6.19.4 c), 6.21.2, 6.23.1 b), A2.1, B1.1.1, Table 6.1 Note 2; F7/AS1 1.3.7, 1.5.2 refuge areas (Type 19) . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.13, A2.1, Figure 3.17 smoke control in air-handling systems (Type 9) . . . . . .C/AS1 6.23.2, A2.1; F7/AS1 1.5.2, 1.5.3 smoke detectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.6, 1.2.4, 1.2.9, 1.3, 1.4.1, 1.5.3 smoke detectors (Type 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.5.4, 3.5.5, 3.12.2 b), 3.17.10, 4.5.4, 4.5.10, 4.5.11, 6.22.2 g), 6.22.14, 6.23.1, A2.1, B1.1.1 voice communication system (Type 8) . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.16.3 d), 8.2.6, A2.1 Fire separations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 1.3.5 b), 3.11.9, 3.15.3 c), 4.1.1 a), 5.1.1, 5.3.2, 5.3.3 d) e), 5.6.5, 5.6.6 b), 5.7.2, 5.7.4, 6.2.1, 6.3.1, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8.1, 6.9.2, 6.9.3, 6.10.1, 6.10.2, 6.10.5, 6.11.1, 6.11.2, 6.12, 6.14.1, 6.14.4, 6.15.1 a), 6.16.2, 6.17, 6.18.4, 6.18.7 to 6.18.10, 7.2.1, 7.2.2, Table 6.1 junctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.12.4 to 6.12.7, 6.12.9, 6.18.4, Figure 6.4 protected shafts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.16, Figure 6.8
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
103
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
Fire Service . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.2.6 c), 5.9.3 f), 6.21.2, 6.22.12 b), Part 8, A2.1.1 Type 15 and Type 20; F7/AS1 1.2.2, 1.2.7, 2.1.2 a), 2.2 see also Alerting the Fire Service installation and maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.3, 1.1.5, 1.2.6, 1.2.7, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5.3 manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.2.2 means of communication with . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 A1.3.1, A2.1.1 Type 2 and Type 7 requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 2.1 activation of system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 2.1.1 smoke detectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.2.5, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5.3 vehicular access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 8.1.1, 8.1.2 Fire shutters see Fire resisting closures Fire spread horizontal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.1.1 b), 7.1.1 b), 7.3, 7.8 vertical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.1.1 b), 7.1.1 a), 7.9 between different levels of the same building . . . .C/AS1 7.9.10 to 7.9.15 external thermal insulation . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.9.18, 7.9.19, Figure 7.12 from an adjacent lower roof . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.9.6 to 7.9.9, Figure 7.11 roof car parking and storage . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.8.2, 7.9.16, 7.9.17 Fire stopping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.12.5, 6.12.7 a), 6.12.9, 6.17, 6.18.1, 6.18.4, C7.1.1, C7.1.2, Figures 6.4, 6.9 and 6.11 cavity barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.18.4, 6.18.6, Figure 6.12 curtain walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.9.14, Figure 6.11 external thermal insulation . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.9.18, Figure 7.12 hollow construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.17.5, Figure 6.12 protected shafts . . . . .C/AS1 3.12.3 e), 6.16.4, 6.16.5 e), Figure 6.8 service outlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.17.6, Figure 6.9 Firecell rating (F) see Fire resistance ratings Firecells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.2.5 to 1.2.7, 1.3.1, 1.3.4, 1.3.5 basements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.7, 4.5.15, 6.14.4 buildings remaining occupied during fire . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.6.8, 5.6.9 car parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.10.3 to 6.10.6 ceiling space firecells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.12.8 concealed spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.18.2, 6.18.3 concessions for multiple purpose groups . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.6.6, 5.6.7 construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.12 fire hazard category 4 . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.10, 5.6.10 to 5.6.12
104
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 9 Apr 2004
fire safety precautions see Fire safety precautions firecells rated F0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.2 floor area limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.2.3 to 4.2.5 group sleeping areas . . . . . .C/AS1 6.6.3, 6.6.4, 6.6.7, 6.7.2 to 6.7.5 intermediate floors . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.5.16 to 4.5.18, 6.14.1 a), 6.14.3, 6.21.3 to 6.21.6, Figure 6.6, Tables 6.5 and 6.6 limited area atriums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.22, Figure 6.14, Tables 6.4 to 6.6 plant, boiler and incinerator rooms . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.11.3, 6.11.4 protected shafts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.16 provision of firecells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.2 roofs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.8.1 to 7.8.5, 7.9.1 to 7.9.9 solid waste storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.10.2 suites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.9, 3.15.5, 6.6.5, 6.7.6, 6.9.6, 6.14.3, A2.1.1 Type 5 top floor firecells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.5.14 Fireplace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.5, Figures 9.1 and 9.3, Table 9.1
Fire Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1, C/VM1
Fixtures sanitary fixtures see Personal Hygiene
Flame barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.14.6 b) c), 6.18.5 c), 6.20.12 a), 6.20.13, 6.20.14 b), C10.1, Table 6.3
Flammability index (FI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 C3.1, Table 6.2
Flammable liquids see Hazardous Substances and Processes, Class 3 flammable liquids
Flammable solids see Hazardous Substances and Processes, Class 4 flammable solids
Flats see Housing, multi-unit dwelling
FLED see Fire load energy density
Flooding flood risk assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 3.2.2 historical information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 1.0.1 protection from . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 3.2.2
Floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B2.3.1 (a), D1.3.3 (e), D1.3.4 (c), E2.3.3, E2.3.4, G6.3.1, G6.3.2; B1/AS2 2.1.1; E2/AS1 4.0; F7/AS1 1.1.2; G3/AS1 2.2.3, 2.2.4, 2.3.3, 2.3.4, 2.3.5, 2.3.6
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
105
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
basement floors . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.2 i), 3.15.2, 6.14.4, Figure 3.19 concealed spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.18.4, 6.18.5 a), 6.18.10 concrete slab on ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 4.2, 6.0.2 d) damp-proof membranes under slabs . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 4.2.1, 4.2.3, Figure 6 finished floor levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 4.2.5 fire resistance ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.14.6 c), 3.15.3 c), 4.1.1 a), 4.3.2, 4.5.7, 5.3.2, 5.6.3 d), 5.6.7, 5.7.3, 6.10.3, 6.12.2, 6.14.2 to 6.14.4, 6.15.1 floor projections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.8.6, 7.9.13 flooring materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.20.8, 6.20.14 intermediate floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.2 f), 3.4.6, 3.9.13, 4.5.16 to 4.5.18, 5.6.3 d), 5.6.4 b), 6.10.3, 6.14.1 a), 6.14.3, 6.21, 6.22, A2.1.1 Type 10 and Type 11, B4.1.1, Figures 3.9 and 6.6, Tables 6.4 to 6.6 limited area intermediate floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.5.17, 6.21.4 a), 6.21.5, 6.21.6 lower floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.16.9, 4.5.10, 4.5.11, 6.7.7, 6.9.3, Figure 3.5 more than one purpose group on a floor . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.5.1 to 4.5.6, 5.6.10, 5.6.11 other floors in a building . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.5.8 to 4.5.11 same purpose group on different floors . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.5.13 sloping floors and ceilings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.4.8 a) subfloor spaces . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.15.1, 6.18.5 a), Figure 6.7 top floor firecells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.5.14 upper floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.15.3 b), 3.16.3 a), 4.5.11, 5.6.12, 5.7.6 b), 6.7.7, 6.8.2, 6.8.6, 7.5.7, Figure 3.5 wooden floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.12.6, 6.20.14 floor/ceiling assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G6/AS1 1.0.3, Figure 3 floor/wall junctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G6/AS1 1.0.3, Figure 5 minimum floor level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 2.0, Figures 1 and 2 moisture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E2.3.4 slip resistant . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.3 (d); E2/AS1 4.0; G15/AS1 3.0.2 suspended timber floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 4.1, Figure 5 subfloor vapour barriers . . . . .E2/AS1 4.1.1 b), 4.1.7, 4.1.8, 4.1.9 subfloor ventilation . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 4.1.4, 4.1.5, 4.1.6, 4.1.8
Floor outlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 3.4
Floor wastes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 2.0.1, 2.2, Figure 4
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Flues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G11.3.3; G4/AS1 2.3, 2.4; G11/AS1 5.0 gas burning appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.2 oil fired appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.3 solid fuel appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.1
106
1 April 2004
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
fire damper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 5.3 locations on dwellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 2.4 materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 5.1 safety devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 5.2 Foamed plastics building materials . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.20.1, 6.20.5, 6.20.11 to 6.20.13, 7.9.18, Figure 7.12, Table 6.3 Food Preparation and Prevention of Contamination . . . . . . . . . .G3 cooking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G3.3.1 (c); G3/AS1 1.2.1, 1.4.1 energy supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G3.3.3 location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G3.3.4 people with disabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G3.3.5 preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G3.3.1 (b) (d), G3.3.2 prevention of contamination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G3.3.6 rinsing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 1.1.1 storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G3.3.1 (a); G3/AS1 1.3.1 refrigeration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 1.3.2, 1.4.1 ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 1.3.2, 1.3.3, 1.3.4 surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 1.1.2, 1.1.3, Figure 1 utensil washing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G3.3.1 (b), G3.3.2 Foul Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13 see also Discharge pipes, Drains, Sanitary appliances, Sanitary fixtures, Vent pipes, Water seals, Water traps gravity flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G13.3.1 (a), G13.3.2 (a) odours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G13.1 (b), G13.3.1 (c), G13.3.2 (e); G13/AS1 3.1.1 offensive matter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G13.1 (b) on-site disposal systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G13.3.4 see also Industrial Liquid Waste outfalls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G13.2, G13.3.2 personal hygiene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G13.1 (a) plumbing system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G13.2, G13.3.1 sewer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G13.3.3, G13.3.4, G15.3.3 three storey buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 Figure 7 Foundations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 1.0.2, B1/VM4 see also Chimneys, foundations design parameters continuous vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 1.0.6 depth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 2.0.4 ground stability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 1.0.4 long-term loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 2.0.6 short-term loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 2.0.6 serviceability deformations . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 1.0.3, Appendix B pile foundations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.0 belled piles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.0.3 b), 5.1.2 BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
107
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
108
bulbed piles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.0.3 c) concrete piles cast-in-situ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.4.4 precast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.4.4, 5.1.1 downdrag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.5 nominal width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.0.3, 4.2, 4.6.1 notation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.1.1, Figure 5, Table 2 pile driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 5.1.1 pile driving formula . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.0.1 pile groups design pile lateral strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.0.4 design pile vertical strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.0.4 ultimate lateral strength . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.6.1, Table 3 ultimate vertical strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.4.1 single piles base resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.1.3, Figures 3, 4 column action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.2 design pile lateral strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.0.4 design pile vertical strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.0.4 lateral strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.3 drained cohesionless soil . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.3.4 free head pile . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.3.2 a), 4.3.3 a), 4.3.4 a) restrained head pile . . .B1/VM4 4.3.2 b), 4.3.3 b), 4.3.4 b) undrained cohesive soil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.3.2 undrained consolidated soil . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.3.3 shaft resistance . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.1.4, Figure 5, Table 2 ultimate axial compression . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.0.1 to 4.0.3 vertical strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.1.2 strength reduction factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.7, Table 4 types concrete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 5.1.1, 5.1.2 steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 5.2.1, 5.2.2 timber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 5.3 shallow foundations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.0 design bearing pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.2.1, 3.2.4 design bearing strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.2.3 design sliding resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.4.6 local shear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.3.3 moment loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.1.4 notation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.3.1, Figures 1 and 2 soils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.1.2, 3.4.3 strength reduction factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.5, Table 1 surcharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.1.3 ultimate bearing strength . .B1/VM4 3.1.1, 3.2.2, 3.3.2, Figure 3 ultimate sliding resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.4.2 ultimate sliding strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.4.4, 3.4.5 see also Chimneys, foundations FRR see Fire resistance ratings
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Fruit ripening chambers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.2.2 FSP see Fire safety precautions
G
Garages see Outbuildings
Gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 1.4.1
Gas as an Energy Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11 automatic cut-offs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G11.3.2 flued appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G11.3.3 gas supply authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G11.3.6 isolation devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G11.3.4 meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G11.3.6 location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 8.0 over pressure protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 3.0 safe pressure ranges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G11.3.1 service risers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G11.3.6 supply system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G11.2, G11.3.1, G11.3.5
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Gas burning appliances installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.2 seismic restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.2.2
Gases see Hazardous Substances and Processes, Class 2 gases
Gas fuel appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 2.0, 3.0
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Gas reticulation alternative solution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 5.0 cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.1 tailpipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.1.3 concealed piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.4 in concrete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.4.1 in enclosed spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.4.2 underground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.4.3, Table 3 construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.0 corrosion control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 3.0 design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.0.1 a)
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
109
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.2 bends and offsets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.2.1 d) risers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.2.1 c) separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.2.1 b) supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.2.1 a), Table 2 isolating valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 2.0 materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.0.1 b), Table 1 pipework in ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.5 unventilated ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.5.4 ventilated ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.5.3 vent lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 4.0, Tables 4 and 5 welded joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.3 Geology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 A1.2.1 a) Glazing . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F2.3.3; B1/AS1 7.0; C/AS1 5.8, 6.19.11 see also Hazardous Building Materials concession for sprinklers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.8.7, 5.8.8 dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.8.3 to 5.8.5 fire resisting glazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.8.1, 5.8.2, 7.3.3 c), 7.3.5, 7.3.7, 7.4, Figure 7.4, Table 7.1 human impact safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F2/AS1 1.1 in external walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.8.2 a) in fire doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.8.10 in fire separations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.8.1, 5.8.2 in safe paths . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.8.1 c), 5.8.3 to 5.8.8, Figure 5.1 in smoke control doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.8.10, 5.8.11 in smoke separations and protected paths . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.8.9 modifications to NZS 4223 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F2/AS1 1.2 Government agencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.4 (c) (iv) see also Commercial buildings Government offices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.4 (c) (iv) see also Commercial buildings Grease traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 3.4 capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 3.4.3, 3.4.4 Ground good ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.3.2 Ground conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 1.0.2, Appendix A Groundwater . . . . . . .B1/VM4 1.0.2, Appendices A, B; G14/VM1 1.6.1 conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 1.0.2 seasonal changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 A1.2.1
110
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
tidal changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 A1.2.1 Group sleeping areas . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.6.3, 6.6.4, 6.6.7, 6.7.2 to 6.7.4 Gully traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 Figures 5 and 7, G13/AS2 3.3, Figures 2 and 3 construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 3.3.1, Figure 4 overflow relief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 3.3.2 pipe diameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 3.3.1 Gutters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 5.0 gradients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 5.3 materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 5.2, Table 6 overflow outlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 5.5 sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 5.1, Figures 15 and 16 thermal movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 5.4, Table 7 H Habitable spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E3.3.1, G5.2.1 (a), G5.3.1, G5.3.3, G6.2, G7.2; G6/AS1 1.0.2 Halls see Communal non-residential Halls of residence see Communal residential Handicapped people see People with disabilities Handrails . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.3 (j) (k), D1.3.4 (i); C/AS1 3.1.4, 3.3.3, 3.3.6 b), 3.9.8, 6.20.4 c); D1/AS1 1.5.2, 1.5.4 b), 1.6.1, 1.7, 5.2.1 g), 6.0, 6.0.1, 6.0.2, Figures 6 and 19 clearances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 6.0.7, Figure 26 handrail profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 6.0.7 to 6.0.9, Figure 26 height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 6.0.6, Figure 25 horizontal extensions . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 6.0.4, 6.0.5, Figure 25 intermediate handrails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 6.0.2 relevant width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 6.0.9, Figure 26 slope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 6.0.4 Hazards to building elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F1/VM1 2.7 Hazardous Agents on Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F1 see also Site investigation assessment of sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F1.3.1 contaminants . . . . . . . . . . . . .F1/VM1 1.0.2 i), 2.1.2, 2.2.1 g), 2.2.2, 2.3.2, 2.5.1, 2.6.2 a) b) c) d), 2.6.3, Table 2 degradation of building materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F1/VM1 2.7 BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
111
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
likely effects on people . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F1.3.2 hazardous agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F1/VM1 1.0.2 i), 2.2.1, 2.3.2, 2.5.1, 2.5.5, Table 2 network utility operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F1/VM1 2.2.1 f) remedial work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F1/VM1 2.6, Table 3 risk assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F1/VM1 1.0.2 ii), 2.5, 2.5.4 Hazardous Building Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F2 see also Glazing asbestos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F2/AS1 2.0 brittle materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F2.3.3 harmful concentrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F2.3.1 transparent panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F2.3.2 Hazard category see Fire hazard categories Hazardous Substances and Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3 Class 1 Explosives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 2.0 definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 Appendix A manufacture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 2.1 Class 2 Gases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.5.2, 3.0 aerosols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.6 class 2 (a) gases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.1.2 class 2 (b) gases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.2 storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.2.1 class 2 (c) gases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.4 storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.4.1 class 2 (d) gases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.3 storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.3.1 class 2 (e) gases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.1.1 b), 3.4 storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.4.2 class 2 (f) gases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.1.1 a), 3.4 storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.4.1 class 2 (g) gases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.5 spillage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.5.1 definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 Appendix A Class 3 Flammable Liquids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.0 class 3 (a) flammable liquids . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.2.3 b), 4.5.5 a), 4.7.3 b), 4.7.4, 4.7.8, 4.7.9, 4.7.10, 4.7.12, 4.8.5 i) class 3 (b) flammable liquids . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.6 c), 4.2.3 b), 4.5.1 a), 4.5.3, 4.5.5 a), 4.6.1, 4.7.3 c), 4.7.4, 4.7.8 to 4.7.10, 4.8.5 ii) class 3 (c) flammable liquids . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.2.3 a), 4.5.1 a), 4.5.3, 4.5.5, 4.6.1 definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 Appendix A drying rooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.7.11 flammable liquid workrooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.7
112
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
isolation distances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.7.3, Table 4 wall thicknesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 Table 3 isolation distances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.7.3, Table 4 spray painting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.5.4 storage in bulk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.2.3 not in bulk . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.2.2, 4.3.1, 4.5.1, 4.5.5 storage tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.6 Class 4 Flammable Solids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 5.0 class 4.1A flammable solids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 5.1.1 class 4.1B flammable solids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 5.1.1 class 4.1C flammable solids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 5.1.1 class 4.2A flammable solids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 5.1.1 class 4.2B flammable solids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 5.1.1 class 4.3 flammable solids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 5.1.1 definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 Appendix A storage depots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 5.1 Class 5 Oxidising Substances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 6.0, 6.2.2 class 5A oxidising substances . . . . .F3/AS1 6.1.1, 6.2.2, Table 5 class 5B oxidising substances . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 6.2.3, Table 6 construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 6.2 definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 Appendix A sources of heat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 6.1 Class 6 Toxic Substances definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 Appendix A Class 7 Radioactive Substances definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 Appendix A Class 8 Corrosives definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 Appendix A explosions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F3.3 (c) food preparation and utensil washing areas . . . . . .NZBC/G3.3.2 (b) hazardous substances associated with building services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G10.1, G10.2 protected ignition sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F3.3 (d) release of pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F3.3 (c) released during fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C3.2 (d), C3.3.10 rendering hazardous materials harmless . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F3.3 (e) sewers and public drains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F3.3 (b) signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NZBC/F3.3 (g) surface finishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F3.3 (f) unauthorised access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F3.3 (a)
Hazardous wastes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.3.2, 1.4.1 b), 1.9.1, 2.1.4, 2.2.1 b), 2.2.4, 2.3.7, 2.4.4, 3.1.3
Health camps see Communal residential
Hearths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.4, 2.2, 2.2.1 to 2.2.3;
Amend 9 Apr 2004
C/AS1 9.5, Figure 9.3
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
113
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
114
hearth slabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 2.2, 2.2.1 to 2.2.3 Heat detectors see Fire safety precautions Heat transfer solid fuel appliances limiting heat transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/VM1 1.1 Heating see Energy Efficiency, Interior Environment Height see Building height or Escape height Height clearances . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.4, 1.4.1, Figure 3, Table 1 Hobs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 1.2.1 Hospitals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.4 (c) (iv); G1/AS1 Table 4 see also Communal residential Hostels see Communal residential Hot dip galvanising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 1.0.5 b), B1/AS3 1.8.6 Hot plates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 1.2.1 Hot water supply see Water supplies, hot Hotels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 9.1.1 see also Communal residential Household units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 1.3.5, 1.3.6 b) c) e), 2.2.9 a), 3.11.6, 3.15.5, 3.15.8, 3.20.1, 6.1.1, 6.8.1, 6.14.3, 6.14.4, 6.20.1, 7.5.7, 7.9.19, 7.10.7, 7.10.8, A2.1.1 Type 5, Table 6.2; F7/AS1 1.1.2 b), 1.2.5, 1.2.6, 1.3.2; G6/AS1 1.0.2 Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/A1 2.0, D1.3.3, E1.3.2, G1.3.5, G2.2, G3.2.1, G3.3.1 (a) to (d), G3.3.2 (c), G7.2, G12.3.4, G12.3.9, H1.3.2; F4/AS1 Table 1; G3/AS1 1.0.1; G9/AS1 1.0; H1/VM1 1.1, 1.2, H1/AS1 1.0, 2.0 detached dwellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/A1 2.0.2, C3.3.2, C3.3.4, D1.3.2 (i), F6.2, F7.3, F8.2, G15.2; H1/VM1 1.1 group dwellings . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/A1 2.0.4, G8.2; H1/VM1 1.1.1 multi-unit dwellings . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/A1 2.0.3, C3.3.2, D1.3.2 (i), F6.2, F8.2, G8.2, G15.2; H1/VM1 1.1, 1.2, H1/AS1 2.1.1 wharenui . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/VM1 1.1.1 HVAC systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.5.3
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
I Identification of non-potable water supply . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 4.2.1 see also Water supplies Illuminance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 4.4.3 b), Figure 11; G7/VM1 1.0; G8/VM1 1.0, G8/AS1 1.0 measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G8/VM1 1.0.1 minimum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G8/AS1 1.0.3 Impact insulation class (IIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G6/AS1 2.0 In-service history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/VM1 1.1 Industrial buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/A1 6.0, D1.3.2 (h), D1.3.3, E3.3.1, G1.3.5, G3.2.1, G3.3.1 (a) (b), G3.3.2 (b), G3.3.6, G8.2, G9.3.4, G12.3.9, H1.2 (a); G1/AS1 Table 1; G3/AS1 2.0.1; H1/AS1 1.0.2 Industrial Liquid Waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14 capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G14.3.2 (a) collection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.1.1, 1.3.2, 1.4 location of facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.4 contamination of potable water . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G14.3.2 (c) conveyance systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 2.0 drainage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 2.2 piping systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 2.3, Table 2 pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 2.4, Figure 2 corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.5.1, 1.5.2 disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.1.1, Table 1 location of facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.4 to a natural waterway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.2.1 b) to a sewer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.2.1 a), 1.3.1; G14/AS1 1.2.1, 1.2.2 disposal systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G14.3.1 hazardous wastes see Hazardous wastes materials used in construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.5.1 odours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G14.3.1 (c), G14.3.2 (f) resource consents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G14.3.2 (d) safety facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 3.1.4 separate waste systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.7.1 storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.1.1, 1.2.1 c), 1.3.2 containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G14.3.1 location of facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.4 tanks see Tanks treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.1.1, 1.2, 1.2.2, 1.3.2, Figure 1, Table 1 BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
115
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
location of facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.4 types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.2, Table 1 unauthorised access . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G14.3.2 (g); G14/VM1 1.9 vehicle access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G14.3.2 (b) Inspection chambers see Maintenance access to drains Inspection points see Maintenance access to drains Insulation see Fire resistance ratings Integrity see Fire resistance ratings Intellectually handicapped persons see People with disabilities Intended Life see Durability Intended use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.1, B1.3.2, D1.3.5 (a), E3.3.5, F1.3.2 (a), F3.3 (f), F4.3.2, G2.3.1, G3.2.1, G3.3.1 (a), G3.3.6, G5.2.1 (b), G9.2, G11.1 (c), G11.2, G12.3.5, G15.2 Interface with ancillary control systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.5 Interior Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G5 accessible reception areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G5.3.4 adequate activity space . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G5.1 (b), G5.2.1 (b) see also Activity space enhanced listening systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G5.3.5, G5.3.6 internal temperature . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G5.1 (a), G5.2.1 (a), G5.3.1; G5/AS1 1.0, Tables 1 and 2 unsafe installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G5.1 (c), G5.2.2, G5.3.2 Interior lighting see Artificial Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G8 Interior linings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 1.6, 2.2 ceilings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 2.1.2, 2.2.3 floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 2.2.3, 2.2.4, 2.3.3 to 2.3.6 walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 1.6, 2.1.1, 2.1.2, 2.2.3, 2.2.4 Interior surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G7/AS1 1.0.2 to 1.0.4, Table 1 Intermediate floors see Floors Internal Moisture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3
116
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
concealed spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E3.3.6; E3/AS1 3.2.2 condensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 1.0.1, 1.1.5, 1.3 condensation channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 1.3 energy efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 1.1.5 floor surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E3.3.3, E3.3.5 free water overflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E3.2 (b), E3.3.2 fungal growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E3.2 (a); E3/AS1 1.0.1 overflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 2.0 containment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 2.0.1, 2.1, Figure 1 floor waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 2.0.1, 2.2 people with disabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.3.2 steel framing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 1.1.4 d) thermal break . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 1.1.4 d) thermal resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E3.3.1; E3/AS1 1.1 materials and installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 1.1.3 ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E3.3.1; E3/AS1 1.0.1, 1.2 wall surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E3.3.4, E3.3.5 water splash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.0 basins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.2.2, Figure 3 baths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.2.2, Figure 3 joints in linings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.2, Figure 2 lining materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.1, Figure 1 showers . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.3.1 to 3.3.5, Figures 4 and 5 sinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.2.2, Figure 3 tubs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.2.2, Figure 3 urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.3.6 windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 1.3.1 Isolating valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 3.7.1, 5.4.2 J Jetties see Ancillary buildings K Kerbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.5.4 a), Figure 6 see also Ramps Kindergartens see Early childhood centres and Communal non-residential Kitchens see Food Preparation and Prevention of Contamination Kitchen sinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 3.3.2, Figure 2, Table 2
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
117
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
118
L
Laboratory testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/VM1 1.2
Ladders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.0, 5.1.1 see also Stairs and ladders height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.1.2, 5.1.7 individual rung-type ladders . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.1.1 c), 5.4, Figure 24 clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.4.1 c) height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.4.1 c) rungs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.4.1 a) tread width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.4.1 b) width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.4.1 b) landings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.3.2 length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.1.5, 5.1.7 width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.1.4 location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.1.3 rung spacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.1.6 rung-type ladders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.1.1 b), 5.3, Figure 20 clearances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.3.1 e) height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.3.1 d) landings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.3.2, Figure 23 rungs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.3.1 b) slope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.3.1 a) width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.3.1 c) safety enclosures . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.1.2, Figures 21 and 22 step-type ladders . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.1.1 a), 5.2, 5.2.1 a), Figure 19 clearances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.2.1 e) height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.2.1 d) horizontal openings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.2.1 f) slope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.2.1 a) treads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.2.1 b) width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.2.1 c) types of ladders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 5.1.1 Landings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.2 (l) (m), D1.3.4 (i) Landslip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 A1.2.1 Laundering . . . . . . . . .G2; NZBC/G2.2, G2.3.1 to G2.3.4; G2/AS1 1.0 electricity supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G2/AS1 1.1.2 laundry tubs . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.2, 3.2.6, Figure 8; G2/AS1 1.0.1 a), 1.0.2, 1.1.1; G13/AS1 2.3.2, Figure 2, Table 2 alternative solution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G2/AS1 1.0.3 capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G2/AS1 1.0.2 a) size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G2/AS1 1.0.2 b) minimum dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G2/AS1 1.2.1, Figure 1 number of facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G2/AS1 1.3.1, Table 1 overflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E3.3.2 people with disabilities . . . . .NZBC/G2.3.4; G2/AS1 1.2.2, Figure 2 washing machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G2/AS1 1.0.1 b), 1.1.2 water supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G2/AS1 1.1.1, 1.1.2
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Lavatories see Personal Hygiene Legionella bacteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.14.3, HB CS 9 Level access routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 2.0 protection from falling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 2.3 slip resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 2.1, Table 2 width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 2.2
Libraries see Communal non-residential
Lifts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.12.3, 6.16.1, 6.16.5 b) c), 6.23.3 b); D1/AS1 12.0 see also Mechanical Installations for Access doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.19.13, Table 6.1 Fire Service lift control . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 8.2.5, A2.1.1 Type 15 lift motor room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.12.3 e), 6.16.5 c) lift shafts see Protected shafts
Light see Artificial Light, Natural Light, Lighting for Emergency
Light switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G9/AS1 2.0.1 a) b)
Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.5.4, 1.8
Lighting for Emergency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F6; NZBC/H1.3.5 duration of illuminance . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F8.3.3 (b); F6/AS1 1.1.3 minimum illuminance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F6.3.1, G8.3 generators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F6/AS1 1.1.6 illuminance ­ verification methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F6/VM1 1.1 installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F6/AS1 1.1.2 location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F6/AS1 1.1.1 maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F6/AS1 1.1.5
Lightning protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 2.1.4
Limited area atriums . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.22, Figure 6.14, Tables 6.4 to 6.6
Limited area intermediate floors see Floors
Liquid fuel see Piped Services, Hazardous Substances and Processes appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.7
Loadings see Design, loadings
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
119
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
Loads see Structure, loads Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.1 Location of heat and smoke detectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.3 Low risk areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F4/AS1 1.2.2 M Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B2.3.1, D2.3.1 (f), D2.3.4 (c), E1.3.3 (d), G10.3.6, G11.3.4, G12.3.6 (d) (e), G13.3.1 (d), G13.3.2 (d), G14.3.2 (h), G15.3.2 (c); B2/AS1 2.0 normal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 2.1 scheduled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 2.2 Maintenance access to drains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 5.7 access chambers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.7.1, 3.7.2 b), 3.7.4, 3.7.5, Figure 12; G13/AS2 Figure 12 access points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.7, 3.7.3, 3.7.7, 3.7.8; G13/AS2 5.7, Figures 9 to 12 inspection chambers . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.7.1, 3.7.2 b), 3.7.4, 3.7.5, Figure 11; G13/AS2 Figure 11 inspection points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.7.1, 3.7.2 b); G13/AS2 5.7, Figure 9 location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 5.7.4 rodding points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.7.1, 3.7.2 a), Figure 10; G13/AS2 5.7.4, Figure 10 Maraes see Housing, group dwellings Masonry see Design, masonry masonry buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1.1 Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS1 1.8 barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 1.0.3 bedding and backfilling . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.9.5; G13/AS2 2.1, Figure 7 brittle materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F2.3.3 degradation of building materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F1/VM1 2.7 downpipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 4.1, Table 4 drains . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 3.1, Table 1; G13/AS2 2.0, Table 1 gas pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 5.1 piped services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10/AS1 1.0.1 c), Table 1 rendering hazardous materials harmless . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F3.3 (e) roof gutters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/AS1 5.2, Table 6 sanitary plumbing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 2.1.1, Table 1
120
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
thermal resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 1.1.3, Figures 1 to 3 used in construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.5.1 wall cladding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.0.1 a) water supply pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 2.0, Table 1 Means of Escape see Escape routes, Evacuation time, Exitways, Final exits, Fire hazard category, Open paths, Safe paths, Safe place, Travel distance Mechanical Installations for Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D2 control system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D2.3.1 (e) emergency conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D2.3.3 escalators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.3 (e) lifts . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.1 (c), D1.3.2 (c), D1.3.4 (c); D1/AS1 12.0 lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D2.3.2 (c) loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D2.3.1 (a) location of potentially dangerous equipment . . . . . . . .NZBC/D2.3.4 people with disabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D2.3.5 servicing mechanical installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D2.1 (b) Mechanical ventilation see Ventilation Medical consultancy rooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.4 (c) (iv) see also Communal non-residential Mixing devices see Water supply, hot Moisture see External Moisture, Internal Moisture, Surface Water Motels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 9.1.1 see also Communal residential Municipal offices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.4 (c) (iv) see also Commercial buildings Museums see Communal non-residential N Natural Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G7 awareness of the outside environment . .NZBC/G7.1, G7.2, G7.3.2 minimum illuminance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G7.3.1 Natural ventilation see Ventilation Network utility operators . . . . .NZBC/G11.3.6, G13.3.3, G15.3.3, H1.1; F1/VM1 2.1.1 f); G14/AS1 1.2.1, 1.2.2
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
121
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
No-sky line condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G7/AS1 1.0.3, Figure 3 Non-potable water supply see Water supply Non-return valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 Figures 7 to 10, Table 6 Notional boundary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.3.13 to 7.3.15, 7.5.3 Step 1, 7.7.1, Table 7.4 Nurses' or Nursing Homes see Communal residential O Obstructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.2 (b); D1/AS1 1.5 dangerous projections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.5.4, Figure 6 isolated columns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.5.5, Figure 7 major projections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.5.3, Figure 5 minor projections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.5.1, 1.5.2, Figure 4 Occupancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 12.0 Occupants . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D2.3.5 (b), G1.3.3 (e); C/AS1 1.3.2 Step 4, 3.1.1, 3.4.3, 3.8.4 a), 3.9.12 b), 3.17.3, 3.18.7, 4.2.6 a), 6.8.4 children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.15.1 e) occupant densities . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.3.3, 3.4.5 b), Table 2.2 occupant load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.1.2 a), 2.1.1 occupant loads ­ specific requirements and limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.3, 3.3.2 d) e) f) g) i), 3.4.5, 3.4.8 c), 3.6.1 a) d), 3.9.11, 3.9.12 b) e), 3.10.1, 3.10.2, 3.12.2 b), 3.15.1 d), 3.16.3 c), 3.17.9 a), 4.4.1 Step 1 and Step 2, 4.5.15, 6.3.1, 6.3.2, 6.4.1, 6.20.6 a), 6.20.7 a), 6.20.19, 6.21.5 c), 6.22.2 c) d) f), B4.1.1, Tables 3.1 and 4.1 Occupied spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.2.1, 3.3.2 d), 6.6.7, 6.7.4, 6.22.3, Tables 2.1 and 6.2; G4/AS1 1.1.1, 1.2.1 a); G6/AS1 1.0.1 Odours see Foul Water, Industrial Liquid Waste, Solid Waste Offices see Commercial buildings
122
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Oil burning chambers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.5.2, 4.8.4 storage chambers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.5.2, 4.8.3
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Oil fired appliances installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.3 seismic restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.3.2
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Old people's homes . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G2.2, G3.2.1, G3.3.1 (a) to (d), G5.2.1 (a) (b), G5.3.1 to G5.3.3, G5.3.5, G7.2, G12.3.4; G1/AS1 Table 4; G2/AS1 Table 1; G3/AS1 1.0.1; G5/AS1 1.0.3, 2.0, Table 3 see also Communal residential buildings Open fires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.5, Figures 9.1 and 9.3
Open paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 3.1.1 a) see Escape routes
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Openings see Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 7.0.1 Operating device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.3 Other property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.3.2, 5.3.3 d), 6.1.1, 7.1.1 b), 7.3.1 b), 7.3.15 a), 7.7.1, 7.8.10 a), 7.9.1, 7.9.6 b), 7.9.10 d), Tables 6.1 and 7.3
Outbuildings . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/A1 7.0. D1.2.1, D1.3.2, D1.3.3 (h) (i), G1.3.4, G8.2, G12.3.8; G1/AS1 Table 4
Outdoor air supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 1.3.1 a) d)
Outside environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G7/AS1 2.0.1
Ovens see Food Preparation and Prevention of Contamination, cooking
Overflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 2.0 containment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 2.0.1, 2.1, Figure 1 floor waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 2.0.1, 2.2
P Parapets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.12.7 b), 7.1.2 e), 7.8.1 b), 7.8.2, 7.9.2 b), Figure 7.1 Pedestrians see Access Routes Penetrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.12.3 e), 6.12.4, 6.12.9 d), 6.16.5 e), 6.17.1, 6.17.4, 6.17.5, 6.17.7, 6.18.6 c), 6.18.9, 6.20.13 a)
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
123
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
People with disabilities . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F8.3.4; C/AS1 2.4, 3.15.1 e), 3.17.1 e); D1/AS1 1.1.4, Table 9; E3/AS1 3.3.2; F7/AS1 2.1.2 d) f); F8/AS1 5.0; G1/AS1 1.1.2, 1.2.2, 4.0, 4.1, 4.2, Figures 5 to 9, Tables 1 and 2; G2/AS1 1.2.2, Figure 2; G3/AS1 1.5.2; G5/AS1 3.0; G9/AS1 2.0; G12/AS1 8.0 accessible route identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 5.0.1 a) b) accessible routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 4.1.1 electrical installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G9.3.4 enhanced listening systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G5.3.5, G5.3.6 facility identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 5.0.1 b) food preparation and cooking facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G3.3.5 information and warning signs . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F8.2 (d), F8.3.4 listening system identification . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 5.0.3, Figure 7 mechanical installations for access see Mechanical Installations for Access personal hygiene facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G1.3.5 provision of laundering facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G2.3.4 usable water taps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 Figure 18 water supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G12.3.9 Personal Hygiene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1; NZBC/G13.1 (a) see also Sanitary fixtures absence of facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G1.1 (b) access to facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.3 (c), G1.3.5 location of facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G1.3.4 non-water-borne disposal system . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G1.3.2 (h) overflows from sanitary fixtures . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E3.3.2 to E3.3.4 people with disabilities . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G1.3.5; G1/AS1 1.1.2, 1.2.2, 4.0, 4.1, 4.2 privacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 6.0 cubicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 6.2, Figure 11 line of sight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 6.1, Figure 10 lobbies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 6.3 unisex facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 1.1.5 privies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 5.0.2 water-borne disposal system . . . . . . . .NZBC/G1.3.2 (g), G13.1 (b) Piles see Foundations Piped Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G10 extreme temperatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G10.1, G10.2 gas pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G10.3.2, G10.3.5 hazardous substances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G10.1, G10.2 identification of piping systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G10.3.4 isolating devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G10.3.6 piping systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G10.3.1 preventing sound transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G6/AS1 1.0.1 c) protection against corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G10.3.3
124
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Pipes see also Discharge pipes, Discharge stacks, Vent pipes installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 4.0 jointing methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 6.1.1 materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 2.1.1, Table 1 pressure ranges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 1.1 flow velocities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 1.4 pressures above 1.5 kPa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 1.3 pressures below 1.5 kPa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 1.2 sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 1.0 supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 6.2.1, Table 7 thermal movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 6.3 watertightness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 7.0
Placement of detectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.4
Places of assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 8.0 see also Communal non-residential
Plumbing systems see Foul Water
Pools see Swimming pools
Positive and negative pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 1.3.3
Potable water supply see Water Supplies
Pressure limiting valves . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.3.3, 6.2.1, Figure 8, Table 6
Pressure reducing valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.3.2, 6.2.1, Figures 7 and 9, Table 6
Pressure regulators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 2.1
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Pressure relief valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.4.1 b), 6.6, Table 6 installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.6.5 relief valve drains . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.7, Figures 12 and 13
Pressurisation of safe paths see Fire safety precautions
Principal entrance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.1
Prisons see Communal residential
Privacy see Personal Hygiene
Privies see Personal Hygiene, privies
Protected paths see Escape routes
Protected shafts . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.10.4 a), 6.12.4, 6.16, Figure 6.8
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
125
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
126
Protecting other property see Spread of Fire, Internal Moisture, Water Supplies Protection of gas supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 7.0 contamination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 7.1 low pressures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G11/AS1 7.2 Protection of water supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 3.4 air gaps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 3.5 backflow prevention devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 3.6 atmospheric vacuum breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 3.6.2, 3.6.4, 3.7.1, Table 2 double check valves . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 3.6.2, 3.7.2, Table 2 pressure vacuum breakers . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 3.6.1, 3.6.4, 3.7.1, Table 2 reduced pressure zone devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 3.6.2, 3.6.4, 3.7.2, Table 2 cross connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 3.1, 3.2 hazard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 3.3 installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 3.6.3, 3.6.4, 3.7.1 testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 3.7 Purpose groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 1.3.2 Step 3, 2.1.3, 2.2.1, 2.3.2, 3.4.2 b), 4.2.7 a) c), 4.5.1, 4.5.2, 4.5.8, 4.5.13, 5.6.6, 5.6.7, 5.8.4, 7.3.15 c), 7.5.10, 7.8.5, 7.9.6, 7.9.8 b), 7.11.3, Tables 2.1, 3.1 to 3.3, 4.1, 6.1 to 6.3 and 7.5; F6/AS1 1.1.3, 1.1.4, Table 2.1 active purpose groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.15.1 b), 3.15.3, 4.4.1 Step 2, Table 4.1 concessions for multiple purpose groups . . . . . .C/AS1 5.6.6, 5.6.7, 5.6.10, 5.6.11 fire hazard category 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.10, 5.6.10, 5.6.11 primary purpose group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.2, 2.2.4, 2.2.7, 4.2.7 c), 4.4.1 Step 1, 4.5.5, 6.10.1, 6.11.1, 6.11.2 residential community care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.4 sleeping purpose groups . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.9.12 f), 3.15.1 c), 3.15.5, 4.4.1 Step 2, 4.5.11, 5.3.3 a), 5.7.9, 6.1.2 b), 7.7.1, 7.8.10 a), 7.9.1, 7.9.16, 7.10.6 c), A1.2.1 Type 16, Tables 4.1 and 7.4 CL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.3, 2.2.6, 3.5.2 a), 3.5.3 a), 3.5.4 a), 3.5.6 c), 3.16.1, 3.16.3, 3.16.7, 3.17.1 c), 3.17.9 a), 6.3, 6.20.7, 6.20.17, 6.20.18 d), 6.20.20, 6.22.1, A2.1.1 Type 16, Tables 2.1, 3.1 to 3.3, 6.2 and 6.3; F7/AS1 1.3.5 b) CM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.5.2 a), 3.5.3 a), 3.5.4 a), 3.5.6 c), 3.15.1 b), 3.15.3, 3.15.4, 3.17.1 c), 6.4, 6.20.17, 6.20.20, 6.22.1, 7.9.10 b), Figure 3.20, Tables 2.1, 3.1 to 3.3, 6.2 and 6.3; F7/AS1 1.3.5 b)
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
CO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.9.3 b), 3.15.1 b), 3.16.5 to 3.16.7, 4.3.3, 6.5, A2.1.1 Type 16, Tables 2.1, 3.1, 3.3, 6.2 and 6.3 CS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.3, 2.2.6, 2.2.7, 3.5.2 a), 3.5.3 a), 3.5.4 a), 3.5.6 c), 3.15.1 b), 3.15.3, 3.15.4, 3.18.1, 6.3.1, 6.20.7, 6.20.17, 6.20.20, 6.22.1, A2.1.1 Type 16, Figure 3.20, Tables 2.1, 3.1 to 3.3, 6.2 and 6.3; F7/AS1 1.3.5 b) IA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.5.2 a), 3.5.3 a), 3.5.4 a), 3.5.6 b), 3.10.2, 3.15.1 b), 3.15.3, 3.15.4, 4.3.3, 6.10, 6.22.1, A2.1.1 Type 16, Figure 3.20, Tables 2.1, 3.1 to 3.3 and 6.3 ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.5.2 a), 3.5.3 a), 3.5.4 a), 3.5.6 b), 3.15.1 b), 3.15.3, 4.3.3, 6.11, A2.1.1 Type 16, Tables 2.1, 3.1 to 3.3 and 6.3 IE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.3.3, 6.9, 6.20.20, 7.3.1 a), 7.3.14, 7.5.3 Step 1, 7.9.6 a), 7.9.10 a), Tables 2.1 and 6.2 SA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.3, 2.2.9, 2.3.6, 2.4.1, 3.5.2 b), 3.5.3 b), 3.5.4 b), 3.9.12 f), 3.9.14, 3.11.6, 3.15.1 c), 3.15.5 to 3.15.7, 3.16.9, 3.17.9 b) d), 3.18.1, 4.5.11, 5.7.6 b), 5.8.2 c), 6.7, 6.9.6, 6.14.3, 6.16.6, 6.18.7, 6.20.20, 6.22.1, 7.1.1 b), 7.3.1 a), 7.3.14, 7.5.3 Step 1, 7.5.7, 7.5.9, 7.5.10, 7.9.6 a), 7.9.10 a), A2.1.1 Type 4 Type 5 Type 7, Figures 3.21 and 7.7, Tables 2.1, 3.1 to 3.3, 6.1 to 6.3 and 7.5; F7/AS1 1.1.2 b), 1.2.5, 1.3.5 a) b), 2.1.2 d) SC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.3.6, 2.4.1, 3.9.12 f), 3.9.14, 3.11.6, 3.16.8, 3.17.4, 3.17.9 b) d), 4.5.11, 5.7.6 b), 5.8.2 c), 6.6, 6.9.6, 6.11.3, 6.20.8 b), 6.20.20, 7.1.1 b), 7.3.1 a), 7.3.14, 7.5.3 Step 1, 7.9.6 a), 7.9.10 a), 7.11.1, 8.1.2, Tables 2.1, 3.1 to 3.3, 6.1 to 6.3 and 7.5; F7/AS1 1.3.5 a) b), 2.1.2 e), 2.2.3 SD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.3.6, 3.9.12 f), 3.9.14, 3.11.6, 3.16.8, 3.17.4, 3.17.9 b) d), 4.5.11, 5.7.6 b), 5.8.2 c), 6.6, 6.9.6, 6.11.3, 6.20.8 b), 6.20.20, 7.1.1 b), 7.3.1 a), 7.3.14, 7.5.3 Step 1, 7.9.6 a), 7.9.10 a), 7.11.1, 8.1.2, Tables 2.1, 3.1 to 3.3, 6.1 to 6.3 and 7.5; F7/AS1 1.3.5 a) b), 2.1.2 e), 2.2.3
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
127
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
SH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 1.3.3, 1.3.4, 2.2.8, 2.2.9 b), 2.4.1, 3.5.2 b) to 3.5.4 b), 3.15.1, 3.20.1, 4.3.3, 5.9.4 c), 6.8, 6.14.3, 6.14.4, 6.20.1, 7.1.1 b), 7.3.1 a), 7.3.14, 7.5.3 Step 1, 7.5.7, 7.5.9, 7.5.10, 7.8.5, 7.9.19, 7.10.7, 7.10.9, 7.11.4, Figure 7.7, Tables 2.1, 3.3, 6.2 and 6.3 SR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 1.3.5, 2.2.9 a), 2.4.1, 3.5.2 b), 3.5.3 b), 3.5.4 b), 3.11.6, 3.15.1 c), 3.15.5 to 3.15.7, 3.16.9, 3.17.9 b) d), 3.18.1, 3.20.1, 4.5.11, 5.7.6 b), 5.8.2 c), 6.2.1, 6.8, 6.9.6, 6.14.3, 6.14.4, 6.16.6, 6.18.7, 6.20.1, 6.20.20, 6.22.1, 7.1.1 b), 7.3.1 a), 7.3.14, 7.5.3 Step 1, 7.5.7, 7.5.9, 7.5.10, 7.8.5, 7.9.6 a), 7.9.10 c), 7.9.19, 7.10.7 to 7.10.9, A2.1.1 Type 4 Type 5 Type 7, Figures 3.21 and 7.7, Tables 2.1, 3.1 to 3.3, 6.1 to 6.3 and 7.5; F7/AS1 1.1.2 b), 1.2.5, 1.3.5 a) b) WF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.5.2 a), 3.15.1 b), 5.8.4, Tables 2.1, 3.1 to 3.3, 6.2 and 6.3 WH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.5.2 a), 3.5.3 a), 3.5.4 a), 3.5.6 c), 3.15.1 b), 5.8.4, Tables 2.1, 3.1 to 3.3, 6.2 and 6.3 WL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.5.2 a), 3.5.3 a), 3.5.4 a), 3.5.6 c), 3.15.1 b), 3.15.3, 3.15.4, 3.18.1, 6.22.1, Figure 3.20, Tables 2.1, 3.1 to 3.3, 6.2 and 6.3 WM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.5.2 a) to 3.5.4 a), 3.5.6 c), 3.15.1 b), 3.15.3, 3.15.4, 6.11.1, Figure 3.20, Tables 2.1, 3.1 to 3.3, 6.2 and 6.3 R Radioactive substances see Hazardous Substances and Processes, Class 7 Ramps . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.1.4, 3.9.2, 3.14.7; D1/AS1 1.3.1, 1.3.2, 3.0 accessible ramps . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 3.1.3, 6.0.2 to 6.0.4, Figure 9 slopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 Table 3 width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 3.2 intermediate landings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 3.3.1, Table 5 length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 3.3.3 width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 3.3.2 kerb ramps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 3.4, Figure 10 landings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 3.3, Figure 25 service ramps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 3.1.2, Figure 8, Table 4 slip resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 3.1.4, Table 2
128
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
slopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 3.1, 3.1.1
Recirculated air systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 1.3.1 e)
Reflectances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G7/AS1 Table 2 high . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G7/AS1 1.0.3, 1.0.4, Table 1 medium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G7/AS1 1.0.3, 1.0.4, Table 1
Refuge areas see Fire safety precautions
Refuse see Solid Waste
Reinforcing steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.3.2 b) c), 1.4, 1.6, 1.6.1, 1.6.2, 1.8.5, 2.2.1 a), Table 1
Relevant boundaries
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.8, 5.3.1, 5.3.3 a), 5.4.1 g), 5.7.6 a), 5.9.4 c), 7.1.2 d), 7.3.1 b), 7.3.4 to 7.3.6, 7.3.9, 7.3.12 b), 7.3.15 a), 7.4.2, 7.5 to 7.8, 7.10.6, 7.10.7, 7.11.4, Figures 7.3, 7.7 to 7.9, Tables 7.1 to 7.5
Relief valve drains see Cold water expansion valves, Temperature relief valves, Temperature/pressure relief valves
Remedial work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F1/VM1 2.6, Table 3
Restaurants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 3.4.4 see also Communal non-residential
Retirement villages see Communal residential
Risk assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F1/VM1 1.0.2 ii), 2.5, 2.5.4
Rodding points see Maintenance access to drains
Roof lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 3.1.1
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Roofs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.14.3, 3.14.4, 3.14.6 a), 3.16.7, 5.1.1 b), 6.12.1, 6.12.7, 6.18.5 c), 6.20.5, 6.20.11, 7.2.1 b), 7.8.1, 7.9.3 to 7.9.9, Figures 7.1 and 7.11; E2/VM1 1.3, E2/AS1 1.0 car parking and storage . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.8.2, 7.9.16, 7.9.17 claddings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/VM1 1.0, E2/AS1 1.0, 1.3, Table 2 corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 1.3.4 eaves and projections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.2.8, 7.8.3 to 7.8.5 exterior surface finishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.11.1 fire spread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.1.1 a), 7.9.1, 7.9.2
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
129
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
Amend 9 Apr 2004
fire venting . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.2.4, 5.4.1 i), 5.5.3, 6.3.2 b), 7.8.10 a) flashings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 1.3.3, Figure 1 joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 1.0.2 moisture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E2.3.1, E2.3.2 open sided buildings . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.8.8, 7.8.9, 7.8.10 a) b), Figure 7.10 pitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 1.0.1, 1.1, Table 1 provisions for snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 1.2 roof spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.12.8, 6.18.5 b) c), 6.18.7, 6.18.8, 6.18.10 stopends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 1.3.3, Figure 1 underlays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 1.0.3, 1.0.4, 1.4, 2.4.2
Rubbish chutes see Solid Waste
Run-off estimation of run-off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 2.0 rational method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 2.0.1 rainfall intensity . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 2.0.2, E1/AS1 Appendix A run-off coefficient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 2.1, Table 1 slope correction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 2.1.3, Table 2 time of concentration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 2.2.1, 2.3 alternative procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 2.3.6, 2.3.7 catchment slopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 2.3.7 open channel flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 2.3.5 pipe flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 2.3.4, Table 1 time of entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 2.3.2 overland flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 2.3.2 b), Figure 1 road channel flow . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 2.3.2 b), Figure 2 time of network flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1/VM1 2.3.3
S S rating see Fire resistance ratings Safe paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 1.3.1, 1.3.4; F8/AS1 3.2.3 b) see also Escape routes Safe place . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F7.3, F8.3.3 (a); C/AS1 3.1.1, 3.7.1, 3.16.4, 3.16.8, 6.1.1, 6.22.7, A2.1.1 Type 13 and Type 16 Safe trays see Storage water heaters Safe water temperatures see Water Supplies, hot
130
1 April 2004
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Safety from Falling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F4 see also Barriers accidental falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F4.2 children under 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F4.3.4 (f) gates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F4.3.5 (a) impact of people . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F4.3.4 (d) low risk areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F4/AS1 1.2.2 pressure of people . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F4.3.4 (d) provision of barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F4.3.1 roofs with permanent access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F4.3.2 swimming pools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F4.3.3, F4.3.5 fencing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F4/AS1 3.0
Safety of users see Hazardous Agents on Site, Hazardous Building Materials, Hazardous Substances and Processes, Safety from Falling, Construction and Demolition Hazards, Lighting for Emergency, Warning Systems, Signs
Sanitary appliances . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G13.2; G12/AS1 8.0.1, Table 1; G13/AS1 1.0.2, 3.3.1, Table 2 washing machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 Figure 2, Table 2
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Sanitary fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E3.3.2 to E3.3.4, G1.3.1, G1.3.2, G12.2, G12.3.3, G12.3.5, G12.3.6 (b), G13.2; G12/AS1 6.12.1, 6.14.2, Figure 20, Tables 1 and 3; G13/AS1 1.0.2, 3.3.1, Table 2 see also Basins, Bidets, Personal Hygiene, Showers, Urinals, WC pans acceptable standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.6 access pans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 4.2.7 people with disabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 1.2.2, 4.1 basins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 3.3, Figure 9, Table 1 bidets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.4 communal sanitary fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 3.4 construction and installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.0 locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 3.0, 4.2.1 non-flushing sanitary fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 5.0 privies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 5.1.2 number of fixtures required . . . .G1/AS1 1.0, Figure 1, Tables 1 to 4 safe water temperatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.14.1, 6.14.2 sanitary towel disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 1.1.5 b), 1.2, 1.2.2 showers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.5, 4.2.3, 4.2.4, Figures 5 and 8, Table 2 soil fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 3.1.1, 3.2.1, 3.2.2, 3.3.1 see also WC pans space dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 3.1, 4.2.2, 6.2.1, Figures 4 to 9
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
131
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
toilets see WC pans types of fixtures required . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 1.0, Tables 1 and 2 urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3, 6.1.1, Table 1 bowl urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.1, 2.3.3, 2.3.5 continuous wall urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.1, Figure 3 discharge system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.2 flushing systems . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.5 to 2.3.8, Table 5 manually operated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.8 stall urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.1, 2.3.5 surface finishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.4 trough urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.1 to 2.3.3 Sanitation see Personal Hygiene Schools see Communal non-residential SDI see Smoke developed index Seating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 2.3.5, 3.3.2 k), 3.3.6 c), 3.9.3, 3.9.4, 3.9.7 to 3.9.11, 3.16.5, 3.16.6, 6.5.1, Figures 3.13 to 3.15, Tables 2.2 and 3.4 open air auditoriums (purpose group CO) . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.16.5, 3.16.6, 6.5.1 Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G14.3.2 (g); F3/AS1 2.1.5, 4.1; G14/VM1 1.9, G14/AS1 1.1 Serviceability limit states see Structure, limit states Services and facilities see Personal Hygiene, Laundering, Food Preparation and Prevention of Contamination, Ventilation, Interior Environment, Airborne and Impact Sound, Natural Light, Artificial Light, Electricity, Piped Services, Gas as an Energy Source, Water Supply, Foul Water, Industrial Liquid Waste, Solid Waste Settlement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 4.0.3, Appendix B differential settlement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 B1.0.2 factors affecting settlement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 B1.0.3 Sewers see Foul Water SFI see Spread of flame index
132
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Sheds see Outbuildings Shops see Commercial buildings Showers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.2, 3.2.2, 3.2.5, Figures 5 and 7; G1/AS1 2.5, Figures 5 and 8, Table 2; G13/AS1 Table 2 Shrinkage see Structure, loads Signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8; NZBC/C2.3.3, D1.3.4 (a), D2.3.2 (d); C/AS1 3.3.6 a), 3.17.11 d), 3.20; D1/AS1 1.1.1 escape routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F8.2 (a), F8.3.3 (a) exit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 3.0 alternative exit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 3.2.3 b) arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 3.2.2, 3.3.2, Figure 3 backgrounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 3.3.3 colours . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 2.1, 3.4, 3.5.3 a) b), 4.1.3, Table 3 illumination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 3.5 externally illuminated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 3.5.2 internally illuminated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 3.5.3 lighting supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 3.5.5 self-luminous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 3.5.4 lettering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 3.3.1, Table 4 location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 3.1 no exit signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 3.2.3 a) wording . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 3.2 fire safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 4.0, 6.4 call points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 4.1, Figure 4 colours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 4.1.3 fire and smoke control doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 4.2 lifts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 5.4.1 stairs for Fire Service personnel . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.4.3, Figures 12 and 13 storage heights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.4.2, Figure 11 hazard signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.0 dangerous goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.1 class 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.1.4 class 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.1.4 class 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.1.4 class 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.1.4 class 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.1.4 colour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.1.3, 6.1.4 a) radiation warning symbol . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.1.4 a), Figure 8 colour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.1.3 layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.1.3 BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
133
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
lettering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.1.3, 6.1.4 location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.1.4 electrical hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.2, Figure 9 escalators and moving walks . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.6, Figure 15 floor loadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.3 buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.3.1, Figure 10 lifts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.3.2 passenger lifts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.3.2 a) service lifts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.3.2 b) hazardous substances and processes . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F3.3 (g) identification of hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F8.2 (c), F8.3.2 machine rooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.5, Figure 14 non-potable water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 6.7, Figure 16 lighting for emergency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F6.3.2, F8.3.3 (b) people with disabilities . . . . . . . .NZBC/F8.2 (d), F8.3.4; F8/AS1 5.0 access symbol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 5.0.2 c), Figure 6 layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 5.0.2, Figure 5 listening systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 5.0.3, Figure 7 readability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F8.3.1 lettering type and proportions . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 1.0, Table 1 safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 2.0, 3.2.1 caution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 2.2.2, 6.1.2, 6.2.2, Figure 2 colours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 2.1, Table 3 layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 2.2 prohibition and stop signs . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 2.2.1, 6.7.1, Figure 1 safe condition signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 2.2.3 safety symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F8/AS1 2.3 visibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F8.3.1, F8.3.3 (b) Single escape routes see Escape routes Sinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.2.6, Figure 8; G3/AS1 1.1.5, G13/AS1 Table 2 see also Basins, Cleaners' sinks, Kitchen sinks Site characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 Appendix A Site investigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.5.1, 4.7.1, Appendix A; F1/VM1 1.0.3, 2.0, Figure 1 analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F1/VM1 2.4 assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F1/VM1 1.0.3, 2.5, Figure 2 detailed investigation . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 A1.3; F1/VM1 1.0.2 c), 2.3 history and records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F1/VM1 2.1 preliminary investigation . . . . . .B1/VM4 A1.2; F1/VM1 1.0.2 b), 2.2 previous industrial use of site . . . . . . . . . . . .F1/VM1 2.1.1, Table 1 recording information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 A1.4 Site specific considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/VM1 1.2
134
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Siteworks see Design, siteworks
Skylights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.4.2, 4.7.8 d)
Slip resistance . . . . . .D1/VM1 1.0, D1/AS1 2.1, 3.1.4, 4.1.4 c), Table 2
Slopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.2 acceptable slopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.2.1, Figure 2 changes in level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.3, 1.3.1 cross falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.2.2
Slope stability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 1.0.4
Small chimneys see Chimneys
Smoke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C3.3.1, C3.3.2, C3.3.4, C3.3.7, C3.3.8
Amend 8 Apr 2003
Smoke alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 3.1.1, 3.1.2 alarm system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 3.2.1, 3.2.2, 3.2.3, 3.2.4 location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 3.3.1, 3.3.2 maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7/AS1 3.4.1
Smoke control . . . . . .C/AS1 3.11.9, 6.19.1, 6.19.12, 6.19.13, Table 6.1 see also Fire safety precautions car parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.10.4 b), 6.10.6 doors see Doors in air handling systems see Fire safety precautions intermediate floors . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.4.6 a), 3.9.13 d), 4.5.17, 4.5.18, 6.21.3, 6.21.4 limited area atriums . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 4.5.18, 6.21.4 b), 6.22.1, 6.22.7, 6.22.8, Figure 6.14, Table 6.4 long corridors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.13.1, Figure 6.5 mechanical smoke extract see Fire safety precautions natural smoke venting see Fire safety precautions pressurisation see Fire safety precautions smoke reservoirs . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.22.2 f), 6.22.5, 6.22.7 to 6.22.10, A2.1.1 Type 10 and Type 11, Figure 6.14, Table 6.4 systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.4.6 a), 3.4.8 d), 3.9.13 d), 4.5.17, 6.21.5, 6.23.3 a), A2.1.1 Type 9 Type 10 Type 11 Type 17, B1.1.1, B2.2.1 Step 2, B3.1.1 ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.14.7, 6.9.6 to 6.9.8, 6.10.6 vertical safe paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.9.11, Figure 6.1
Smokecells . . . . . . . C/AS1 3.4.6 b), 4.2.2, 6.1.2 a), 6.4.1, 6.9.1, 6.12.4
Smoke detectors see Fire safety precautions
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
24 April 2003
135
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
Smoke developed index (SDI) . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.18.2 d), 6.20.3, 6.20.5, 6.20.7 c) d), C5.1.1 d), Table 6.2
Smoke separations . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.8.3 b), 3.11.1, 3.17.12 b), 6.1.2 c), 6.3.1, 6.6.4 b), 6.6.6 b), 6.9.6 e), 6.9.11, 6.10.1, 6.12.3, 6.12.4, 6.12.9, 6.13.1, 6.19.1, Table 6.1 glazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.8.9 smoke seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.12.9, 6.19.2 b), 6.19.4
Smoke spread see Smoke control
Snow see Structure, loads
Socket outlets see Electricity, people with disabilities
Soil fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 3.1.1, 3.2.1, 3.2.2, 3.3.1 see also WC pans
Soil properties . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 1.0.5, 2.0.6, 2.0.7, Appendix A
Soil shrinkage and expansion . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 3.1.2, 3.4.3, A1.2.1
Soils adverse moisture conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 1.0.2
Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004
Solid fuel appliances domestic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 2.0 installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.1 seismic restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.1.2
Solid plastering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 3.3
Solid Waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G15 chutes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.12.1, 6.16.6, 6.16.7 collection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G15.2, G15.3.1 holding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G15.2, G15.3.1 sewer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G15.3.3 storage . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.12.1, 6.10.2; G15/AS1 1.0.1, 3.0, Figure 1 alternative solution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G15/AS1 3.1 capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G15/AS1 1.0.1 location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G15/AS1 2.0.1 floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G15/AS1 3.0.2 walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G15/AS1 3.0.3 water supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G15/AS1 3.0.7 windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G15/AS1 3.0.4, 3.0.6 space required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G15/AS1 1.0.2
136
1 April 2004
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
vehicle access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G15/AS1 3.0.10 ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G15/AS1 1.0.3, 3.0.8, 3.0.9 temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G15.3.1 (d) waste disposal units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G15.3.3 waste (rubbish) chutes . . . . .NZBC/G15.3.2; G15/AS1 4.0, Figure 2 cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G15/AS1 4.0.3 odours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G15.3.2 (d) restricted access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G15.3.2 (g) spread of fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G15.3.2 (e) Sound insulation tests see Airborne and Impact Sound Sound transmission class (STC) see Airborne and Impact Sound Space requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G5/AS1 2.0, Table 3 Spandrels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.1.2 e), 7.9.12, 7.9.13, Figure 7.2 Specified intended life see Durability Spread of Fire automatic fire suppression systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C3.3.6 see also Fire safety precautions automatic smoke control systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C3.3.8 see also Smoke control concealed spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C3.3.4 protect adjacent property . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C3.1 (c), C3.2 (c) resistant to spread of fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C2.3.3, C3.3.1 rubbish chutes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G15.3.2 safeguard the environment . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C3.1 (d), C3.2 (d) safety while evacuating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C3.1 (a) see also Means of Escape Spread of flame index (SFI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.18.2 d), 6.20.3, 6.20.5, 6.20.7 c) d), C5.1.1 b), Table 6.2 Sprinklers see Fire safety precautions Stability see Fire resistance ratings, Structure Stadiums see Communal non-residential Staircase see Stairways
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
137
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
Stairs see Stairways Stairs and ladders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.1.4, 3.4.1 a), 3.4.7, 3.9.14, 3.15.9, Figures 3.6, 3.10 and 3.21 curved and spiral stairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.5, 3.4.7 a) b) external stairways . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.14.6 c), 3.14.7, 3.15.4, 3.15.7, Figures 3.22 and 3.23 stairways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.3, 3.3.4, 3.3.6 b), 3.4.5, 3.11.8, 3.12.3, 3.15.6, 5.8.2 c), 6.9.3, 6.9.10, 7.5.7 Stairways . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.2 (f) to (i), D1.3.4 (g) (h); D1/AS1 4.0 see also Access Routes, accessible routes and ladders accessible stairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.1.7, 4.1.8 b), 4.2.1, 6.0.1 to 6.0.4, Figure 11, Tables 6 to 8 common stairs . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.1.8, 4.2.1, Figure 11, Tables 6 to 8 curved stairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.1.3, 4.4, Figure 17 landings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.3, 4.3.1, 4.3.6 c), 4.6.2 c), Figures 14 and 25 direction changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 Figure 16 length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.3.4, 4.3.6 c) maximum rise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.3.2, Table 7 obstructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.3.5, Figure 15 width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.3.3 lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.5, 4.5.2, Table 8 pitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.1, Figure 11, Table 6 pitch lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.1.3, 4.4.1, 4.4.2, 4.5.1, 4.5.2 private stairs . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.6.2, Figure 11, Tables 6 and 8 main . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 Figure 11, Table 6 minor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.5.1, Figure 11, Table 6 risers . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.1, 4.1.2, 4.1.3, 4.1.8, 4.4.2, 4.5.1, Figures 11 and 12, Table 6 secondary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.5.1, Figure 11, Table 6 service stairs . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.5.1, Figure 11, Tables 6 and 8 slip resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.1.4 c), Table 2 spiral stairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.1.3, 4.4.1 treads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.1, 4.1.2 to 4.1.7, 4.5.1, 4.6, Figures 11 to 13, Table 6 tapered treads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.4, Figure 17 visibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.3.6, 4.6, Table 8; G8/AS1 1.0.3 width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.2, 4.2.1, 4.4.1, 4.5.2, 4.5.3, 6.0.1 winders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 4.5, Figure 18 Standard test see Test methods Stationary internal combustion engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.7.12 Steel see Design, steel
138
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Steel framing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 1.1.4 d)
Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004
Storage water heaters . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/H1.3.4; G12/AS1 6.2, 6.3.1, 6.6.3, 6.6.5, 6.7.2, 6.8 to 6.11, Table 5; H1/AS1 5.0 see also Water heaters drain pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 4.10.3 open vented . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.3.2, Figures 6 and 7 free outlet type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.1.2, 6.4.2 mains pressure supply . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.2.1, Figure 8, Table 5 tank supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.1.1, Figure 6, Table 5 safe trays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.2.3, 6.11.3 seismic restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.11.5, Figure 4 unvented see Storage water heaters, valve vented valve vented . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.3 to 6.7, Figure 8 Storage water tanks see Tanks
Strainers (filters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.2.1
Structural fire endurance rating (S) see Fire resistance ratings
Structural integrity see Structure, Structural Stability During Fire
Structural Stability During Fire consequential collapse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C4.3.3 fire hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C4.3.1 fire intensity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C4.3.1 fire load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C4.3.1 fire resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C4.3.1, C4.3.2, C4.3.3
Structural stability see Fire resistance ratings
Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1 building instability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.1 collapse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.2 damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.2 deflections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.2 demolition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.6 design concrete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 3.0 drains see Drains foundations see Foundations loadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 1.1, 2.0 earthquake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.9, Table 2
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
139
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
limit state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 1.1.2, 5.2, 7.1 non-limit state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 1.1.3, 7.2 site effects (local) or faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 1.1.4 masonry . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 4.0, B1/AS1 2.0, B1/AS3 1.3.3 siteworks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 10.0 steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 5.0 strength reduction factor . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 2.0.1, 3.5.1, 4.7, Tables 1 and 4 timber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 6.0, B1/AS1 3.0 see also Timber barriers windows see Windows failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.1 limit states serviceability limit state . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.1, B1.3.2, B1.3.5 ultimate limit state . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.1, B1.3.2, B1.3.5 loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.2, B1.3.3 creep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.3 cyclic loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.3 differential movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.3 dynamic loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.3 earth pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.3 earthquake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.3 seismic resistance of building services . . . . . . .B1/VM1 14.0 explosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.3 liquid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.3 shrinkage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.3 snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.3 wind . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.3 sitework . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.6, B1.3.7 stability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.6, B2.3.1; D1/AS1 1.6 tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.2.7, Figure 4 seismic restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 2.3.2 temporary support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.3.5 vibrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B1.2 Stucco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS1 5.0 Subsidence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM4 A1.2.1 (a) Suites see Firecells Surface finishes . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.1.2 e), 6.20, Tables 6.2 and 6.3 ceilings . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.20.3, 6.20.5, 6.20.6, 6.20.11, 6.20.15 a) exceptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.20.4 exterior surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 7.1.2 c), 7.8.6, 7.11 flooring and floor coverings .C/AS1 6.20.8 to 6.20.10, 6.20.14, C2.1 wharenui . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.2 h), 3.4.2 e), Table 2.2
140
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Surface Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E1 see also Run-off, drains 2% probability storm {50 year return period} . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E1.3.1 10% probability storm {10 year return period} . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E1.3.2 drainage systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E1.3.3 Suspended flexible fabrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.20.1, 6.20.16 to 6.20.19, C3.1, Table 6.2 Suspended timber floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 4.1, Figure 5 Swimming pools see Safety from Falling fencing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F4/AS1 3.0
T
Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.2.3 a) industrial liquid waste . . . . . . . . . . . . .G14/VM1 1.4.1 c), 1.4.3, 3.0, Figure 3, Table 3 oil storage tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.6, 4.6.2 capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.6.4 on upper floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 4.6.3 storage of hazardous substances . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 3.2.1, 3.3.1, 3.4.1, 3.6, 4.3, 4.4 water tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.2, 6.2.1 access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.2.5, Figure 4 covers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.2.4 location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.2.1 overflow pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.2.2, Figure 4 safe trays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.2.3, Figure 4 seismic restraint . . . . .G12/AS1 5.2.7, Figure 4; G14/VM1 2.3.2 structural support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.2.7, Figure 4 water storage tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.1
Taverns see Communal non-residential
Temperature see Electricity, Energy Efficiency, Interior Environment, Outbreak of Fire, Piped Services, Solid Waste, Structure, load, Water Supplies
Temperature control see Interior Environment, interior temperature
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Temperature/pressure relief valves . . .G12/AS1 6.4.1, Figure 8, Table 6 installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.6.5 relief valve drains . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.7, Figures 12 and 13
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
141
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
Test methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 Appendix C fire properties of external wall cladding systems . . . . . .C/AS1 C9.1 fire resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 C7.1 fire resisting closures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 C8.1 flame barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 C10.1 flammability of floor coverings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 C2.1 flammability of membrane structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 C4.1 flammability of suspended flexible fabrics . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 C3.1 non-combustibility of materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 C6.1 properties of lining materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 C5.1
Theatres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G5.3.5 see also Communal non-residential
Thermal break . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 1.1.4 d)
Thermal resistance (R-value) . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 1.1; H1/VM1 1.4, H1/AS1 2.1.1, 2.2, 2.3 alternative solution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 1.1.5 materials and installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 1.1.3
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Thermostats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.3.5, 6.5.1
Thresholds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.3.2
Timber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B2/AS1 3.2 see also Design, timber framed buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS3 1.1.1 framing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 6.0.2 a) weatherboards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 6.0.2 b)
Timber barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS1 1.2, 9.0, B1/AS2 1.0 see also Barriers and Safety from Falling alternative details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 2.7 balusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 2.1.1, 2.2.1, 2.2.2, 2.3, 2.4.1, 2.7.1, 2.7.2, Figures 2 to 4, Tables 1 to 3 and 5 connections . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 1.0.5 b) c), 2.2.2, 2.3.3 to 2.3.9, 2.5.2, 2.5.3, 2.7.2, Figures 2 to 4, Tables 3 and 4 construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 2.0 dimensions of timber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 1.0.4 exposed to the weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 1.0.5 joists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 2.1.1, 2.3.8 blocking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 2.1.1, 2.3.4, 2.3.6, 2.3.8 boundary joists . . . . . .B1/AS2 2.1.1, 2.3.2, 2.3.4, 2.3.5, Figure 4 end joists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 2.3.2, 2.3.4, 2.3.6, Figure 4 intermediate joists . . . . . .B1/AS2 2.3.2, 2.3.3, Figure 3, Table 3 materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 1.0.3 moisture content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 2.6.1 palings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 2.1.1, 2.5
142
1 April 2004
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
rails bottom rails . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 2.1.1, 2.4, 2.5.1, 2.7.2, Table 5 top rails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 2.1.1, 2.2, 2.3.1, 2.5.1, 2.5.3, 2.7.1, 2.7.2, Figure 1, Tables 1 and 2 Timber connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS2 1.0.5 b) c) Time-share accommodation see Communal residential Toilets see Personal Hygiene, WC Pans Toxic substances see Hazardous Substances and Processes, Class 6 Transport terminals see Commercial buildings Travel distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C2.3.1 (d), C2.3.2, C3.3.1 (a) Tunnels see Ancillary buildings Turnstiles see Doors U Ultimate limit states see Structure, limit states Universities see Communal non-residential Unprotected areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.14.3, 3.14.6, 5.1.1 b), 7.1.2 d), 7.3, 7.4.1 a), 7.4.2, 7.5.2 to 7.5.6, 7.5.8, 7.6.4, 7.7.1, 7.7.3, 7.7.5 Step 2 and Step 3, 7.8.9, 7.8.10 c), 7.9.10, 7.9.11, 7.9.13, Figures 7.3 to 7.5, Tables 7.2 to 7.4 fire resisting glazing (Type B) . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 5.8.2 a), 7.4.1 a), 7.4.2 to 7.4.4, Figure 7.4, Table 7.1 small openings (Type A) . . . .C/AS1 7.4.1 a), 7.4.2, 7.4.4, Figure 7.4 Urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.2, 3.2.1; G1/AS1 2.3, 6.1.1, Table 1; G13/AS1 Table 2 bowl urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.1, 2.3.3, 2.3.5 continuous wall urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.1, Figure 3 discharge system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.2 flushing systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.5 to 2.3.8, Table 5
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
143
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
manually operated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.8 stall urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.1, 2.3.5 surface finishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.4 trough urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.3.1 to 2.3.3 Utensil washing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 1.1.1
V
Vacuum relief valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 Table 6
Vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.1, D1.2.2, D1.3.1 (d) (e), D1.3.5, G14.3.2 (b); D1/AS1 10.0; G14/VM1 1.8, 2.1.5; G15/AS1 3.0.10 car parking areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 10.1 accessible car parking spaces . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 10.1, 10.2 commercial vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 11.0.2 loading spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 11.0.2
Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004
Vent pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.3.2, 6.8; G13/AS1 5.2, Figures 5 to 8, 10 and 12, Table 5; G13/AS2 Figures 5 and 6 diameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.8.2 b), G13/AS1 Table 6 fixture vent pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 5.2, Figures 5 to 8, 10 and 11, Tables 5 and 6 gradient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 5.4 height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.8.2 d) installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.9.1; G13/AS1 5.5 to 5.7, Figures 5 to 8, 10 and 11 insulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.8.3 relief vent pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 5.6, Figure 7 termination . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.8.2 c); G13/AS1 5.7.3, Figure 12
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4; NZBC/H1.3.1 (b); C/AS1 6.9.6 E3/AS1 1.0.1, 1.2; F3/AS1 1.5, 3.1, 4.0.1 c), 4.6.2 f), 4.8, 5.2, 6.3 airflow control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/H1.3.1 (b); H1/AS1 3.0 air handling systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 1.3.1 b) air purity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G4.3.1; G4/VM1 2.0 bacteria, pathogens and allergens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G4.3.2 balconies, bridges and open stairways . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.14.7 car park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 1.3.2 contaminated air discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 1.3.1 f) disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G4.3.4 removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G4.3.3 cross-ventilation for car parking . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.10.4, 6.10.6 drains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS2 4.0, Figures 4 to 6, Table 3
144
1 April 2004
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004
extract ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 1.3.1 c) fixed combustion appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G4.3.5 flues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 2.3, 2.4 gas burning appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.2.2 gas-fuel appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 2.0, 3.0 maximum occupancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G4.2 mechanical ventilation systems . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C3.3.7, G4.3.2; G4/AS1 1.3, 2.2 natural . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 1.2, 2.1 natural smoke ventilation see Fire safety precautions number of air changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G4.3.1 oil fired appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.3.2 outdoor air supply . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G4.3.1; G4/AS1 1.3.1 a) d) positive and negative pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 1.3.3 prevention of internal moisture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E3.3.1 rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/VM1 1.0.1 recirculated air systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G4/AS1 1.3.1 e) safe paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.9.6 to 6.9.10 solid fuel appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 9.1.2
Verification method . . .G12/VM1 1.0; G13/VM1 1.0.1, G13/VM2 1.0.1
Vibrations see Structure
W Walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/B2.3.1 (a), C3.3.1, C3.3.5, E2.3.2, E2.3.3, E3.3.4, E3.3.5, G6.3.1; C/AS1 5.3.2, 5.7.2, 6.10.6, 6.12.1, 6.12.6, 6.16.2, 6.16.3, 6.18.5 c), 6.20.3, 6.20.4 d) f), 6.20.5, 6.20.6, 6.20.11, 6.20.15 a), 7.8.9, 7.9.5, 7.9.18, Table 6.2; E2/AS1 2.0; G3/AS1 1.6, 2.1.1, 2.1.2, 2.2.3, 2.2.4 cavities and concealed spaces . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.18.4, Figures 6.11 and 6.12 cellulose-cement board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.3.3 a) claddings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.0.1 a) b) c) curtain walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.18.4, 7.9.14, Figure 6.11 external walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/E2.3.2 see also Unprotected areas floor/wall junctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G6/AS1 1.0.3, Figure 5 framing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.0.1 d) internal/external wall junctions . . . . . . . . . . .G6/AS1 1.0.3, Figure 4 joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.0.1 b) light-weight claddings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.5 masonry veneer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.2, Figure 3 with suspended timber floor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 Figure 3 sheathing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.4
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
145
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
solid plaster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.3, Figure 4 non-rigid backings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.3.4, 2.3.5 rigid backings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.3.3 surface finishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/C3.3.1 theatre proscenium walls . . . . . . . . . . .C/AS1 6.3.1, 6.3.2 f), 6.19.9, 6.19.10, 6.19.11, Figure 6.13 timber framing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.3, 6.0.2 a) timber weatherboards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.1, 6.0.2 b) batten-jointed vertical weatherboards . .E2/AS1 2.1.2 b), Figure 2 lap-jointed horizontal weatherboards . .E2/AS1 2.1.2 a), Figure 2 shiplap vertical weatherboards . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.1.2 c), Figure 2 wall framing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 4.2.6 wall assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G6/AS1 1.0.3, Figure 2
Warehouses see Industrial buildings
Warning Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F7 see also Alarm systems combined fire detection and warning system . . . . . . . . .NZBC/F7.3
Wash-down areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 2.3
Washing machines see Sanitary appliances
Waste chutes see Solid Waste
Waste disposal units . . . . . .NZBC/G15.3.3; G13/AS1 Figure 2, Table 2
Waste pipes see Discharge pipes, Pipes
Water see External Moisture, Foul Water, Internal Moisture, Surface Water, Water Supplies
Amend 9 Apr 2004 Amend 9 Apr 2004
Water heaters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.1, Table 5 installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.11 instantaneous water heaters . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.1.1, Table 5 solar water heaters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 4.14 storage water heaters see Storage water heaters wet back water heaters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.13, Figure 15 Water main . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 3.1.1, 3.2.1 b), 5.1.1
Water seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.1.1 c), Figure 1; G13/AS1 1.0.3, 3.2.1, Figure 1, Table 1, G13/AS2 3.3.1
Water splash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.0 basins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.2.2, Figure 3
146
1 April 2004
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
baths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.2.2, Figure 3 lining materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.1, Figure 1 joints in linings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.2, Figure 2 showers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.3.1 to 3.3.5, Figures 4 and 5 sinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.2.2, Figure 3 tubs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.2.2, Figure 3 urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3/AS1 3.3.6
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Water supply systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/VM1 1.0, G12/AS1 5.0 installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.2 anchor points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 7.1.2 electrochemical compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 7.1.1 in concrete or masonry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 7.3.3 pipe supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 7.1 spacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 7.1.3, Table 7 pipes below ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 7.3.2 protection from damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 7.3 protection from freezing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 7.2 protection from frosts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 3.6.3 maintenance facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.2 materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 2.0, Table 1 pressure limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 2.2.2 a) temperature limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 2.2.2 a) pipe size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.3, Table 4 flow rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 5.3.1, Table 3 watertightness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 7.5
Amend 9 Apr 2004
Water Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12 access for maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G12.3.6 (d) backflow prevention devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G12.3.6 (e) cold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 1.1.4 drinking water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G12.2 energy efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/H1.2, H1.3.4; H1/AS1 5.0 hot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3/AS1 1.1.4, Figure 1; G12/AS1 6.0 mixing devices tempering valves . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.14.2, Figure 16 pipe sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.12, Table 4 safe water temperatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 6.14 isolation of system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G12.3.6 (e) leakage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G12.3.6 (c) laundries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G2/AS1 1.1.1, 1.1.2 mains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 3.1.1, 3.2.1 b), 5.1.1 non-potable water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G12.3.2; G12/AS1 4.1 outlet identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G12/AS1 4.2.1, Figure 3 people with disabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G12.3.9 potable water . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G12.3.1, G12.3.6 (a), G14.3.2 (c); G12/AS1 3.0, 4.0; G14/VM1 1.6.2 pressure vessels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G12.1 (b), G12.3.7 (a) sanitary appliances . . . .NZBC/G12.2, G12.3.3, G12.3.5, G12.3.6 (b)
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 April 2004
147
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Index
sanitary fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G12.2, G12.3.3, G12.3.4, G12.3.5, G12.3.6 (b) solid waste areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G15/AS1 3.0.7, 4.0.3 water storage vessels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G12.3.7, G12.3.8 see also Storage water heaters water temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G12.1 (b) (c), G12.3.3 to G12.3.5, G12.3.7 (b), G12.3.8 Water tanks see Tanks Water traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 3.0, Figure 1 dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 3.2.1, Figure 1 location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 3.3 multiple outlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G13/AS1 3.3.2, Figure 2 WC pans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.1, 3.1.1, 4.2.2, Figures 4 to 6, Table 1; G13/AS1 3.2.1, Figures 1 and 6, Tables 2 and 5 cisterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.2.2 cubicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 6.2, Figure 11 flushing systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.1.1 f), 2.2, 4.2.6 surface finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.1.1 a) water seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G1/AS1 2.1.1 c), Figure 2 Weather stops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 1.3.2 Weathertightness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/VM1 1.0 Whare Runanga see Communal non-residential, assembly service Wharenui . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H1/VM1 1.1.1 Wheelchairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 7.0.1 see also People with disabilities, Accessible routes spaces for wheelchairs . . . . . . . . . . . .D1/AS1 8.1, 8.1.2, Figure 30 wheelchair access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/D1.3.4 (b) (d) (e) Wind see Structure, loads Wind barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E2/AS1 2.5 Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/VM1 12.0; C/AS1 3.1.4, 6.20.4 c); E2/VM1 1.1, 1.2, E2/AS1 3.1; E3/AS1 1.3.1; F3/AS1 1.4, 4.4.2, 4.7.7, 4.7.8 d); F4/AS1 1.2.3, 4.0; G7/AS1 1.0.1 to 1.0.3, 2.0.1, Figures 1 and 2; G15/AS1 3.0.4, 3.0.6 see also Natural Light fire windows see Glazing glazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B1/AS1 7.0 restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3/AS1 1.4.3
148
1 July 2001
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
ARCHIVED
Index
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
used for escape . . . . . . .C/AS1 3.3.6 d), 3.18, 6.20.6 b), Figure 3.32 Work camps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NZBC/G2.2, G3.2.1, G3.3.1 (a) to (d); G2/AS1 Table 1; G3/AS1 1.0.1 see also Communal residential, community service
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 July 2001
149
ARCHIVED 150
Contents Contents
Page
A General Provisions
153
A1 Classified uses
153
A2 Interpretation
155
B Stability
157
B1 Structure
157
B2 Durability
160
C Fire Safety
163
C1 Outbreak of fire
163
C2 Means of escape
164
C3 Spread of fire
166
C4 Structural stability during fire
169
D Access
171
D1 Access routes
171
D2 Mechanical installations for access 176
E Moisture
179
E1 Surface water
179
E2 External moisture
181
E3 Internal moisture
182
F Safety of Users
185
F1 Hazardous agents on site
185
F2 Hazardous building materials
186
F3 Hazardous substances and
187
processes
F4 Safety from falling
189
F5 Construction and demolition
191
hazards
F6 Lighting for emergency
193
F7 Warning systems
194
F8 Signs
195
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Page
G Services and Facilities
197
G1 Personal hygiene
197
G2 Laundering
199
G3 Food preparation and prevention 200 of contamination
G4 Ventilation
203
G5 Interior environment
205
G6 Airborne and impact sound
207
G7 Natural light
208
G8 Artificial light
209
G9 Electricity
210
G10 Piped services
212
G11 Gas as an energy source
214
G12 Water supplies
216
G13 Foul water
219
G14 Industrial liquid waste
221
G15 Solid waste
223
H Energy Efficiency
225
H1 Energy efficiency
225
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
151
ARCHIVED 152
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
A General Provisions
A1 Classified Uses
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued Clause A1­CLASSIFIED USES 1.0 EXPLANATION 1.0.1 For the purposes of this building code buildings are classified according to type, under seven categories. 1.0.2 A building with a given classified use may have one or more intended uses as defined in the Act. 2.0 Housing 2.0.1 Applies to buildings or use where there is self care and service (internal management). There are three types: 2.0.2 Detached Dwellings Applies to a building or use where a group of people live as a single household or family. Examples: a holiday cottage, boarding house accommodating fewer than 6 people, dwelling or hut. 2.0.3 Multi-unit Dwelling Applies to a building or use which contains more than one separate household or family. Examples: an attached dwelling, flat or multi-unit apartment. 2.0.4 Group Dwelling Applies to a building or use where groups of people live as one large extended family. Examples: within a commune or marae. 3.0 COMMUNAL RESIDENTIAL 3.0.1 Applies to buildings or use where assistance or care is extended to the principal users. There are two types. 3.0.2 Community Service Applies to a residential building or use where limited assistance or care is extended to the principal users. Examples: a boarding house, hall of residence, holiday cabin, hostel, hotel, motel, nurses' home, retirement village, time-share accommodation, a work camp, or camping ground. 3.0.3 Community Care Applies to a residential building or use where a large degree of assistance or care is extended to the principal users. There are two types: a) Unrestrained; where the principal users are free to come and go. Examples: a hospital, an old people's home or a health camp. b) Restrained; where the principal users are legally or physically constrained in their movements. Examples: a borstal or drug rehabilitation centre, an old people's home where substantial care is extended, a prison or hospital. 4.0 COMMUNAL NON-RESIDENTIAL 4.0.1 Applies to a building or use being a meeting place for people where care and service is provided by people other than the principal users. There are two types:
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
153
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
4.0.2 Assembly Service Applies to a building or use where limited care and service is provided. Examples: a church, cinema, clubroom, hall, museum, public swimming pool, stadium, theatre, or whare runanga (the assembly house). 4.0.3 Assembly Care Applies to a building or use where a large degree of care and service is provided. Examples: an early childhood centre, college, day care institution, centre for handicapped persons, kindergarten, school or university. 5.0 COMMERCIAL 5.0.1 Applies to a building or use in which any natural resources, goods, services or money are either developed, sold, exchanged or stored. Examples: an amusement park, auction room, bank, car-park, catering facility, coffee bar, computer centre, fire station, funeral parlour, hairdresser, library, office (commercial or government), police station, post office, public laundry, radio station, restaurant, service station, shop, showroom, storage facility, television station or transport terminal. 6.0 INDUSTRIAL 6.0.1 Applies to a building or use where people use material and physical effort to: (a) extract or convert natural resources, (b) produce goods or energy from natural or converted resources, (c) repair goods, or (d) store goods (ensuing from the industrial process). Examples: an agricultural building, agricultural processing facility, aircraft hanger, factory, power station, sewage treatment works, warehouse or utility. 7.0 OUTBUILDINGS 7.0.1 Applies to a building or use which may be included within each classified use but are not intended for human habitation, and are accessory to the principal use of associated buildings. Examples: a carport, farm building, garage, greenhouse, machinery room, private swimming pool, public toilet, or shed. 8.0 ANCILLARY 8.0.1 Applies to a building or use not for human habitation and which may be exempted from some amenity provisions, but which are required to comply with structural and safety-related aspects of the building code. Examples: a bridge, derrick, fence, free standing outdoor fireplace, jetty, mast, path, platform, pylon, retaining wall, tank, tunnel or dam.
154
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code A2 Interpretation
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
This Clause of the New Zealand Building Code lists defined words used within the code. Those definitions, plus defined word or terms used in the Approved Documents are included in the section on definitions in this Handbook.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
155
ARCHIVED 156
Building Code B Stability B1 Structure
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
157
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
158
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
159
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK B2 Durability
ARCHIVED Building Code
Amend 4 Feb 1998
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued Clause B2­DURABILITY
Provisions OBJECTIVE B2.1 The objective of this provision is to ensure that a building will throughout its life continue to satisfy the other objectives of this code.
Limits on application
FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT B2.2 Building materials, components and construction methods shall be sufficiently durable to ensure that the building, without reconstruction or major renovation, satisfies the other functional requirements of this code throughout the life of the building.
PERFORMANCE B2.3.1 Building elements must, with only normal maintenance, continue to satisfy the performance requirements of this code for the lesser of the specified intended life of the building, if stated, or: (a) The life of the building, being not less than 50 years, if: (i) Those building elements (including floors, walls, and fixings) provide structural stability to the building, or (ii) Those building elements are difficult to access or replace, or (iii) Failure of those building elements to comply with the building code would go undetected during both normal use and maintenance of the building. (b) 15 years if: (i) Those building elements (including the building envelope, exposed plumbing in the subfloor space, and in-built chimneys and flues) are moderately difficult to access or replace, or
Performance B2.3.1 applies from the time of issue of the applicable code compliance certificate. Building elements are not required to satisfy a durability performance which exceeds the specified intended life of the building.
Amend 4 Feb 1998
160
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 4 Feb 1998
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions
Limits on application
(ii) Failure of those building elements to comply with the building code would go undetected during normal use of the building, but would be easily detected during normal maintenance. (c) 5 years if: (i) The building elements (including services, linings, renewable protective coatings, and fixtures) are easy to access and replace, and (ii) Failure of those building elements to comply with the building code would be easily detected during normal use of the building. B2.3.2 Individual building elements which are components of a building system and are difficult to access or replace must either: (a) All have the same durability, or (b) Be installed in a manner that permits the replacement of building elements of lesser durability without removing building elements that have greater durability and are not specifically designed for removal and replacement.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
28 February 1998
161
ARCHIVED 162
Building Code C Fire Safety C1 Outbreak of Fire
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
163
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK C2 Means of Escape
ARCHIVED Building Code
Amend 7 Jan 2002
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued Clause C2­MEANS OF ESCAPE
Provisions OBJECTIVE C2.1 The objective of this provision is to: (a) Safeguard people from injury or illness from a fire while escaping to a safe place, and (b) Facilitate fire rescue operations.
Limits on application
FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT C2.2 Buildings shall be provided with means of escape from fire which: (a) Give people adequate time to reach a safe place without being overcome by the effects of fire, and (b) Give fire service personnel adequate time to undertake rescue operations.
PERFORMANCE C2.3.1 The number of open paths available to each person escaping to an exitway or final exit shall be appropriate to: (a) The travel distance. (b) The number of occupants, (c) The fire hazard, and (d) The fire safety systems installed in the firecell. C2.3.2 The number of exitways or final exits available to each person shall be appropriate to: (a) The open path travel distance, (b) The building height, (c) The number of occupants, (d) The fire hazard, and (e) The fire safety systems installed in the building. C2.3.3 Escape routes shall be: (a) Of adequate size for the number of occupants,
164
6 January 2002
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions (b) Free of obstruction in the direction of escape, (c) Of length appropriate to the mobility of the people using them, (d) Resistant to the spread of fire as required by Clause C3 "Spread of Fire", (e) Easy to find as required by Clause F8 "Signs", (f) Provided with adequate illumination as required by Clause F6 "Lighting for Emergency", and (g) Easy and safe to use as required by Clause D1.3.3 "Access Routes".
Limits on application Performance C2.3.3(b) must not prevent a door that forms part of an escape route from being locked if the person who locks it is satisfied that no-one is in that part of the building served by the escape route and that no one is likely to enter that part of the building, except in an emergency, without unlocking that door.
Amend 7 Jan 2002
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
6 January 2002
165
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK C3 Spread of Fire
ARCHIVED Building Code
Amend 7 Jan 2002 Amend 7 Jan 2002
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued Clause C3­SPREAD OF FIRE
Provisions OBJECTIVE C3.1 The objective of this provision is to: (a) Safeguard people from injury or illness when evacuating a building during fire. (b) Provide protection to fire service personnel during firefighting operations. (c) Protect adjacent household units, other residential units, and other property from the effects of fire.
Limits on application
(d) Safeguard the environment from adverse effects of fire.
FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT C3.2 Buildings shall be provided with safeguards against fire spread so that: (a) Occupants have time to escape to a safe place without being overcome by the effects of fire, (b) Firefighters may undertake rescue operations and protect property, (c) Adjacent household units, other residential units, and other property are protected from damage, and (d) Significant quantities of hazardous substances are not released into the environment during fire.
Requirement C3.2(d) applies only to buildings where significant quantities of hazardous substances are stored and processed.
PERFORMANCE C3.3.1 Interior surface finishes on walls, floors, ceilings and suspended building elements, shall resist the spread of fire and limit the generation of toxic gases, smoke and heat, to a degree appropriate to: (a) The travel distance, (b) The number of occupants,
166
6 January 2002
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 7 Jan 2002
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions (c) The fire hazard, and (d) The active fire safety systems installed in the building. C3.3.2 Fire separations shall be provided within buildings to avoid the spread of fire and smoke to: (a) Other firecells, (b) Spaces intended for sleeping, and (c) Household units within the same building or adjacent buildings. (d) Other property. C3.3.3 Fire separations shall: (a) Where openings occur, be provided with fire resisting closures to maintain the integrity of the fire separations for an adequate time, and (b) Where penetrations occur, maintain the fire resistance rating of the fire separation. C3.3.4 Concealed spaces and cavities within buildings shall be sealed and subdivided where necessary to inhibit the unseen spread of fire and smoke. C3.3.5 External walls and roofs shall have resistance to the spread of fire, appropriate to the fire load within the building and to the proximity of other household units, other residential units and other property. C3.3.6 Automatic fire suppression systems shall be installed where people would otherwise be: (a) Unlikely to reach a safe place in adequate time because of the number of storeys in the building, (b) Required to remain within the building without proceeding directly to a final exit, or where the evacuation time is excessive,
Limits on application Performance C3.3.2(b) does not apply to Detached Dwellings or within household units of Multi-unit Dwellings. Performance C3.3.4 shall not apply to Detached Dwellings.
Amend 7 Jan 2002
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
6 January 2002
167
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions (c) Unlikely to reach a safe place due to confinement under institutional care because of mental or physical disability, illness or legal detention, and the evacuation time is excessive, or (d) At high risk due to the fire load and fire hazard within the building. C3.3.7 Air conditioning and mechanical ventilation systems shall be constructed to avoid circulation of smoke and fire between firecells. C3.3.8 Where an automatic smoke control system is installed, it shall be constructed to: (a) Avoid the spread of fire and smoke between firecells, and (b) Protect escape routes from smoke until the occupants have reached a safe place. C3.3.9 The fire safety systems installed shall facilitate the specific needs of fire service personnel to: (a) Carry out rescue operations, and (b) Control the spread of fire. C3.3.10 Environmental protection systems shall ensure a low probability of hazardous substances being released to: (a) Soils, vegetation or natural waters, (b) The atmosphere, and (c) Sewers or public drains.
Limits on application Performance C3.3.10 applies only to buildings where significant quantities of hazardous substances are stored or processed.
168
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code C4 Structural Stability During Fire
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
169
ARCHIVED 170
Building Code D Access D1 Access Routes
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
171
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
172
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
173
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
174
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
175
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK D2 Mechanical Installations for Access
ARCHIVED Building Code
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued Clause D2--MECHANICAL INSTALLATIONS FOR ACCESS
Provisions
Limits on application
OBJECTIVE D2.1 The objective of this provision is to: (a) Safeguard people from injury and loss of amenity while using mechanical installations for movement into, within and out of buildings, (b) Safeguard maintenance personnel from injury while servicing mechanical installations for access, and (c) Ensure that people with disabilities are able to carry out normal activities and processes within buildings.
Objective D2.1(c) shall apply only to those buildings to which section 47A of the Act applies.
FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT D2.2 Mechanical installations for access into, within and out of buildings shall provide for the safe and easy movement of people, and for the safety of maintenance personnel.
PERFORMANCE D2.3.1 Mechanical installations for access shall: (a) Move people safely, and stop and hold as required for the normal use of the installation, for all loads up to and including 25% in excess of the rated load, (b) Not produce excessive acceleration or deceleration, (c) Be constructed to avoid the likelihood of people falling, tripping, becoming caught, being able to touch or be struck by moving parts, sharp edges or projections, under both normal and reasonably foreseeable abnormal conditions of use,
Amend 7 Jan 2002
176
6 January 2002
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions (d) Be constructed to prevent collision between components, or between components and the building, (e) Have a control system that ensures safe abnormal operation in the event of overloading or failure of any single component, and (f) Be capable of being isolated for inspection, testing and maintenance. D2.3.2 Mechanical installations for access shall be provided with: (a) Adequate control over normal use, to ensure people's safety throughout any operation involving starting, stopping or changing the direction of travel, (b) Notification of position, where people are fully enclosed and the installation serves more than two levels, (c) Adequate lighting and ventilation for both normal and emergency use, and (d) Signs as required by Clause F8 "Signs", D2.3.3 Mechanical installations for access shall, for emergency purposes, be provided with a means of: (a) Calling outside help, (b) Releasing people safely, (c) Safeguarding people from exposure to hazardous situations, and (d) Allowing authorised personnel to override the normal running procedure and take exclusive control of the installation. D2.3.4 Potentially dangerous equipment shall be located in spaces which:
Limits on application Performance D2.3.3(d) shall not apply to installations travelling less than 15 m vertically.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
177
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions (a) Are secure from unauthorised entry and contain only equipment associated with the installation, (b) Are appropriately sized and suitably guarded to provide adequate safe working areas for maintenance personnel, (c) Are provided with adequate power and lighting for maintenance, and (d) Have an environment that ensures the safe operation of the equipment under all likely conditions of use. D2.3.5 Mechanical installations on accessible routes shall: (a) Where the passenger conveyor is manually controlled, provide: (i) controls which are easily identifiable and easy to use, (ii) adequate notification that the passenger conveyor has registered a summoning call, and (iii) adequate notification that the passenger conveyor has arrived, and of its future direction of travel, (b) Where the passenger conveyor is fully enclosed and serves more than two levels, provide an adequate means of informing occupants of their location, (c) Where appropriate, have doors which: (i) are power operated, (ii) are readily distinguishable from their surroundings, and (iii) where automatic, remain open sufficiently long to enable people with disabilities to pass through, and (d) Have handrails within the passenger conveyor.
Limits on application
178
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code E Moisture E1 Surface Water
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 7 Jan 2002 Amend 7 Jan 2002
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued Clause E1­SURFACE WATER
Provisions OBJECTIVE E1.1 The objective of this provision is to: (a) Safeguard people from injury or illness, and other property from damage, caused by surface water, and (b) Protect the outfalls of drainage systems.
Limits on application
FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT E1.2 Buildings and sitework shall be constructed in a way that protects people and other property from the adverse effects of surface water. PERFORMANCE E1.3.1 Except as otherwise required under the Resource Management Act 1991 for the protection of other property, surface water, resulting from an event having a 10% probability of occurring annually and which is collected or concentrated by buildings or sitework, shall be disposed of in a way that avoids the likelihood of damage or nuisance to other property. E1.3.2 Surface water, resulting from an event having a 2% probability of occurring annually, shall not enter buildings. E1.3.3 Drainage systems for the disposal of surface water shall be constructed to: (a) Convey surface water to an appropriate outfall using gravity flow where possible, (b) Avoid the likelihood of blockages, (c) Avoid the likelihood of leakage, penetration by roots, or the entry of ground water where pipes or lined channels are used,
Performance E1.3.2 shall apply only to Housing, Communal Residential and Communal Nonresidential buildings.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
6 January 2002
179
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions (d) Provide reasonable access for maintenance and clearing blockages, (e) Avoid the likelihood of damage to any outfall, in a manner acceptable to the network utility operator, and (f) Avoid the likelihood of damage from superimposed loads or normal ground movements.
Limits on application
180
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code E2 External Moisture
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
181
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK E3 Internal Moisture
ARCHIVED Building Code
182
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
183
ARCHIVED 184
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
F Safety of Users
F1 Hazardous Agents on Site
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
185
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK F2 Hazardous Building Materials
ARCHIVED Building Code
186
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code F3 Hazardous Substances and Processes
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
187
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
188
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code F4 Safety from Falling
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued Clause F4­SAFETY FROM FALLING
Provisions
Limits on application
OBJECTIVE F4.1 The objective of this provision is to safeguard people from injury caused by falling.
FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT F4.2 Buildings shall be constructed to reduce the likelihood of accidental fall.
PERFORMANCE F4.3.1 Where people could fall 1 metre or more from an opening in the external envelope or floor of a building, or from a sudden change of level within or associated with a building, a barrier shall be provided. F4.3.2 Roofs with permanent access shall have barriers provided. F4.3.3 Swimming pools have a depth of water exceeding 400mm, shall have barriers provided.
Performance F4.3.1 shall not apply where such a barrier would be incompatible with the intended use of an area, or to temporary barriers on construction sites where the possible fall is less than 3 metres or to buildings providing pedestrian access in remote locations where the route served presents similar natural hazards. Performance F4.3.3 shall not apply to any pool exempted under section 5 of the Fencing of Swimming Pools Act 1987.
F4.3.4 Barriers shall: (a) Be continuous and extend for the full extent of the hazard, (b) Be of appropriate height, (c) Be constructed with adequate rigidity, (d) Be of adequate strength to withstand the foreseeable impact of people and, where appropriate, the static pressure of people pressing against them. (e) Be constructed to prevent people from falling through them, and
Amend 7 Jan 2002
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
6 January 2002
189
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions (f) In the case of a swimming pool, restrict the access of children under 6 years of age to the pool or the immediate pool area. (g) Restrict the passage of children under 6 years of age when provided to guard a change of level in areas likely to be frequented by them. F4.3.5 Barriers to swimming pools shall have in addition to performance F4.3.4: (a) All gates and doors fitted with latching devices not readily operated by children, and constructed to automatically close and latch when released from any stationary position 150 mm or more from the closed and secured position, but excluding sliding and slidingfolding doors that give access to the immediate pool surround from a building that forms part of the barrier, and (b) No permanent objects on the outside of the barrier that could provide a climbing step.
Limits on application Performance F4.3.4 (f) shall not apply to any pool exempted under section 5 of the Fencing of Swimming Pools Act 1987.
190
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code F5 Construction and Demolition Hazards
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued Clause F5­CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION HAZARDS
Provisions OBJECTIVE F5.1 The objective of this provision is to safeguard people from injury, and other property from damage, caused by construction or demolition site hazards. FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT F5.2 Construction and demolition work on buildings shall be performed in a manner that avoids the likelihood of: (a) Objects falling onto people on or off the site, (b) Objects falling on property off the site, (c) Other hazards arising on the site affecting people off the site and other property, and (d) Unauthorised entry of children to hazards on the site. PERFORMANCE F5.3.1 Suitable construction methods shall be used to avoid the likelihood of tools or materials falling onto places where people might be present. F5.3.2 Where construction or demolition work presents a hazard in places to which the public has access, barriers shall be provided and shall: (a) Be of appropriate height and construction to prevent site hazards from harming traffic or passersby, (b) Be difficult to climb, (c) Have no openings other than those approved by the territorial authority for access and viewing, (d) Have no gates or doors which project beyond the site when opened,
Limits on application
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
191
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions (e) Contain no projection that would be a hazard to traffic or people, and (f) Be clearly marked where the barrier itself may otherwise present a hazard to traffic or passersby. F5.3.3 Where a construction or demolition site contains any hazard which might be expected to attract the unauthorised entry of children, the hazard shall be enclosed to restrict access by children. F5.3.4 Suitable barriers shall be constructed to provide a safe route for people where lifting equipment creates a risk of accident from objects falling on a place of public access, or where a similar risk results from the height at which construction or demolition work is being carried out.
Limits on application
192
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code F6 Lighting for Emergency
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Amend 3 Dec 1995
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued Clause F6­LIGHTING FOR EMERGENCY
Provisions OBJECTIVE F6.1 The objective of this provision is to safeguard people from injury due to inadequate lighting being available during an emergency. FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT F6.2 Buildings shall be provided with adequate lighting within all escape routes in an emergency. PERFORMANCE F6.3.1 An illuminance of 1 lux minimum shall be maintained at floor level throughout buildings for a period equal to 1.5 times the evacuation time or 30 minutes, whichever is the greater. F6.3.2 Signs to indicate escape routes shall be provided as required by Clause F8 "Signs".
Limits on application Requirement F6.2 shall not apply to Detached Dwellings, household units within Multi-unit Dwellings, Outbuildings or Ancillary buildings. Performance F6.3.1 shall not apply to spaces infrequently inhabited such as plant rooms, storage areas and service tunnels.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
193
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK F7 Warning Systems
ARCHIVED Building Code
Amend 8 Apr 2003 Amend 8 Apr 2003
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued Clause F7­WARNING SYSTEMS
Provisions OBJECTIVE F7.1 The objective of this provision is to safeguard people from injury or illness due to lack of awareness of an emergency.
Limits on application
FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT F7.2 Buildings shall be provided with appropriate means of warning people to escape to a safe place in an emergency.
PERFORMANCE F7.3.1 A means of warning must alert people to the emergency in adequate time for them to reach a safe place. F7.3.2 Appropriate means of detection and warning for fire must be provided within each household unit. F7.3.3 Appropriate means of warning for fire and other emergencies must be provided in buildings as necessary to satisfy the other performance requirements of this code.
Performance F7.3 does not apply to Outbuildings or Ancillary buildings.
194
24 April 2003
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code F8 Signs
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Clause F8­SIGNS
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions OBJECTIVE F8.1 The objective of this provision is to: (a) Safeguard people from injury or illness resulting from inadequate identification of escape routes, or of hazards within or about the building, (b) Safeguard people from loss of amenity due to inadequate direction, and (c) Ensure that people with disabilities are able to carry out normal activities and processes within buildings.
Limits on Application Objective F8.1 (c) shall apply only to those buildings to which section 47A of the Act applies.
FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT F8.2 Signs shall be provided in and about buildings to identify: (a) Escape routes, (b) Emergency related safety features, (c) Potential hazards, and (d) Accessible routes and facilities for people with disabilities. PERFORMANCE F8.3.1 Signs shall be clearly visible and readily understandable under all conditions of foreseeable use. F8.3.2 Signs indicating potential hazards shall be provided in sufficient locations to notify people before they encounter the hazard. F8.3.3 Signs to facilitate escape shall: (a) Be provided in sufficient locations to identify escape routes and guide people to a safe place, and
Requirement F8.2 shall not apply to Detached Dwellings, or within household units of Multi-unit Dwellings.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
195
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions
Limits on application
(b) Remain visible in the event of a power failure of the main lighting supply, for the same duration as required by Clause F6 "Lighting for Emergency". F8.3.4 Signs shall be provided in sufficient locations to identify accessible routes and facilities provided for people with disabilities.
196
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
G Services and Facilities
G1 Personal Hygiene
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
197
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
198
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code G2 Laundering
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
199
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK G3 Food Preparation and Prevention of Contamination
ARCHIVED Building Code
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Clause G3­FOOD PREPARATION AND PREVENTION OF
CONTAMINATION
Provisions
Limits on application
OBJECTIVE G3.1 The objective of this provision is to:
(a) Safeguard people from illness due to contamination,
(b) Enable hygienic food preparation without loss of amenity, and
(c) Ensure that people with disabilities are able to carry out normal activities and processes within buildings.
Objective G3.1 (c) shall apply only to those buildings to which section 47A of the Act applies.
FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT G3.2.1 Buildings shall be provided with space and facilities for the hygienic storage, preparation and cooking of food, that are adequate for the intended use of the building. G3.2.2 Buildings used for the storage, manufacture of processing of food, including animal products, shall be constructed to safeguard the contents from contamination. G3.2.3 Buildings used for the medical treatment of humans or animals, or the reception of dead bodies, shall be constructed to avoid the spread of contamination from the building contents. PERFORMANCE G3.3.1 Food preparation facilities shall be hygienic and include: (a) Space for a refrigerator, or a perishable food storage area capable of being cooled and protected from vermin and insects.
Requirement G3.2.1 shall apply to Housing, work camps, old people's homes and early childhood centres, and where appropriate shall also apply to Commercial and Industrial buildings whose intended uses include the manufacture, preparation, packaging or storage of food. Performance G3.3.1 (a) and (b) shall apply to Housing, work camps, old people's homes, early childhood centres and Commercial or Industrial buildings whose intended uses include the handling of perishable food.
200
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions (b) Means for food rinsing, utensil washing and waste water disposal. (c) Means for cooking food, and (d) Space and a surface for food preparation.
Limits on application Performance G3.3.1 (c) shall apply to Housing, work camps, old people's homes and early childhood centres. Performance G3.3.1 (d) shall apply to Housing, work camps, old people's homes and early childhood centres.
G3.3.2 Spaces for food preparation and utensil washing shall have: (a) Interior linings and work surfaces shall be impervious and easily cleaned, (b) All building elements constructed with materials which are free from hazardous substances which could cause contamination to the building contents, and (c) Exposed building elements located and shaped to avoid the accumulation of dirt. G3.3.3 An adequate energy supply shall be provided, appropriately located for use by cooking and refrigeration appliances. G3.3.4 Space and facilities shall be provided within each household unit, or grouped elsewhere in a convenient location. G3.3.5 Where facilities are provided for people with disabilities they shall be accessible.
Performance G3.3.2 (b) shall apply to Housing, work camps, old people's homes and early childhood centres, and where appropriate shall also apply to Commercial and Industrial buildings whose intended uses include the manufacture, preparation, packaging or storage of food. Performance G3.3.2 (c) shall not apply to Housing. Performance G3.3.5 shall apply only to camping grounds and accessible accommodation units in Communal Residential buildings.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
201
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions
Limits on application
G3.3.6 Spaces in buildings shall be protected from the likelihood of contamination or vermin entering areas used for the storage, processing or preparation of food, and shall have a means of preventing contamination spreading from these areas to other spaces.
Performance G3.3.6 shall apply to Commercial or Industrial buildings whose intended uses include the handling of perishable food, the medical treatment of humans or animals, the slaughter of animals or the reception of dead bodies.
202
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code G4 Ventilation
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Sec. ed. Feb 1998 Sec. ed. Feb 1998
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued Clause G4­VENTILATION
Provisions OBJECTIVE G4.1 The objective of this provision is to safeguard people from illness or loss of amenity due to lack of fresh air.
Limits on application
FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT G4.2 Spaces within buildings shall be provided with adequate ventilation consistent with their maximum occupancy and their intended use.
PERFORMANCE G4.3.1 Spaces within buildings shall have means of ventilation with outdoor air that will provide an adequate number of air changes to maintain air purity. G4.3.2 Mechanical air-handling systems shall be constructed and maintained in a manner that prevents harmful bacteria, pathogens and allergens from multiplying within them. G4.3.3 Buildings shall have a means of collecting or otherwise removing the following products from the spaces in which they are generated: (a) Cooking fumes and odours, (b) Moisture from laundering, utensil washing, bathing and showering, (c) Odours from sanitary and waste storage spaces, (d) Gaseous by-products and excessive moisture from commercial or industrial processes, (e) Poisonous fumes and gases, (f) Flammable fumes and gases, (g) Airborne particles, (h) Bacteria, viruses or other pathogens, or (i) Products of combustion.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
203
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions
Limits on application
G4.3.4 Contaminated air shall be disposed of in a way which avoids creating a nuisance or hazard to people and other property. G4.3.5 The quantities of air supplied for ventilation shall meet the additional demands of any fixed combustion appliances.
204
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code G5 Interior Environment
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued Clause G5­INTERIOR ENVIRONMENT
Provisions OBJECTIVE G5.1 The objective of this provision is to: (a) Safeguard people from illness caused by low air temperature, (b) Safeguard people from injury or loss of amenity caused by inadequate activity space, (c) Safeguard people from injury caused by unsafe installations, and (d) Ensure that people with disabilities are able to carry out normal activities and processes within buildings. FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT G5.2.1 Buildings shall be constructed to provide: (a) An adequate, controlled interior temperature,
Limits on application Objective G5.1 (d) shall apply to those buildings to which section 25 of the Disabled Persons Community Welfare Act 1975 applies. Requirement G5.2.1 (a) shall apply only to habitable spaces, bathrooms and recreation rooms in old people's homes and early childhood centres.
(b) Adequate activity space for the intended use, and (c) Accessible spaces and facilities. G5.2.2 Heating appliances in buildings shall be installed in a way that reduces the likelihood of injury. PERFORMANCE G5.3.1 Habitable spaces, bathrooms and recreation rooms shall have the provision for maintaining the internal temperature at no less that 16єC measured at 750 mm above floor level, while the space is adequately ventilated.
Requirement G5.2.1 (b) shall apply only to old people's homes. Requirement G5.2.1 (c) shall apply only to Communal Residential, Communal Nonresidential, and Commercial buildings. Performance G5.3.1 shall apply only to old people's homes and early childhood centres.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
205
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions
Limits on application
G5.3.2 Heating appliances, and any attached cables, pipes or other fittings shall be securely fixed in place. G5.3.3 Habitable spaces shall have sufficient space for activity, furniture, and sanitary and mobility aids. G5.3.4 Where reception counters or desks are provided for public use, at least one counter or desk shall be accessible. G5.3.5 Buildings shall be provided with listening systems which enable enhanced hearing by people with Hearing Aids.
Performance G5.3.2 shall apply only to old people's homes and early childhood centres. Performance G5.3.3 shall apply only to old people's homes. Performance G5.3.4 applies only to Communal Residential, Communal Non-Residential, and Commercial buildings. Performance G5.3.5 applies only to: (a) Communal Non-residential assembly spaces occupied by more than 250 people, and (b) Any theatre, cinema, or public hall, and (c) Assembly spaces in old people's homes occupied by more than 20 people.
G5.3.6 Enhanced listening systems shall be identified by signs complying the Clause F8 "Signs".
206
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code G6 Airborne and Impact Sound
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
207
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK G7 Natural Light
ARCHIVED Building Code
208
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code G8 Artificial Light
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
209
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK G9 Electricity
ARCHIVED Building Code
210
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
211
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK G10 Piped Services
ARCHIVED Building Code
212
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
213
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK G11 Gas as an Energy Source
ARCHIVED Building Code
214
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
215
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK G12 Water Supplies
ARCHIVED Building Code
Schedule
Building Amendment Regulations 2001
Schedule New clause G12 substituted in First Schedule of principal regulations
Clause G12­Water Supplies Provisions Objective G12.1 The objective of this provision is to­ (a) safeguard people from illness caused by contaminated water: (b) safeguard people from injury caused by hot water system explosion, or from contact with excessively hot water: (c) safeguard people from loss of amenity arising from­ (i) a lack of hot water for personal hygiene; or (ii) water for human consumption, which is offensive in appearance, odour or taste: (d) ensure that people with disabilities are able to carry out normal activities and functions within buildings. Functional requirement G12.2 Buildings provided with water outlets, sanitary fixtures, or sanitary appliances must have safe and adequate water supplies. Performance G12.3.1 Water intended for human consumption, food preparation, utensil washing, or oral hygiene must be potable G12.3.2 A potable water supply system shall be­ (a) protected from contamination; and (b) installed in a manner which avoids the likelihood of contamination within the system and the water main; and (c) installed using components that will not contaminate the water. G12.3.3 A non-potable water supply system used for personal hygiene shall be installed in a manner that avoids the likelihood of illness or injury being caused by the system. G12.3.4 Water pipes and outlets provided with non-potable water shall be clearly identified.
Limits on application Objective G12.1(d) shall apply only to those buildings to which section 47A of the Act applies.
216
6 January 2002
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
Building Amendment Regulations 2001
Schedule
Provisions Performance­continued G12.3.5 Sanitary fixtures and sanitary appliances must be provided with hot water when intended to be used for­ (a) utensil washing; and (b) personal washing, showering, or bathing. G12.3.6 Where hot water is provided to sanitary fixtures and sanitary appliances, used for personal hygiene, it must be delivered at a temperature that avoids the likelihood of scalding. G12.3.7 Water supply systems must be installed in a manner that­ (a) pipes water to sanitary fixtures and sanitary appliances flow rates that are adequate for the correct functioning of those fixtures and appliances under normal conditions; and (b) avoids the likelihood of leakage; and (c) allows reasonable access to components likely to need maintenance; and (d) allows the system and any backflow prevention devices to be isolated for testing and maintenance. G12.3.8 Vessels used for producing or storing hot water must be provided with safety features that­ (a) relieve excessive pressure during both normal and abnormal conditions; and (b) limit temperatures to avoid the likelihood of flash steam production in the event of rupture. G12.3.9 A hot water system must be capable of being controlled to prevent the growth of legionella bacteria. G12.3.10 Water supply taps must be accessible and usable for people with disabilities.
Limits on application Performance G12.3.5(b) shall apply only to housing, retirement homes and early childhood centres. Performance G12.3.10 applies only to those buildings to which section 47A of the Act applies.
Clerk of the Executive Council.
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
6 January 2002
217
ARCHIVED 218
Building Code G13 Foul Water
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
219
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
220
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code G14 Industrial Liquid Waste
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued Clause G14­INDUSTRIAL LIQUID WASTE
Provisions OBJECTIVE G14.1 The objective of this provision is to safeguard people from injury or illness caused by infection or contamination resulting from industrial liquid waste.
Limits on application
FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT G14.2 Buildings in which industrial liquid waste is generated shall be provided with adequate spaces and facilities for the safe and hygienic collection, holding, treatment and disposal of the waste.
PERFORMANCE G14.3.1 Industrial liquid waste shall be conveyed to storage containers and within disposal systems in a way which will: (a) Transfer wastes from buildings safely and hygienically, (b) Avoid the likelihood of blockage and leakage, (c) Avoid the likelihood of foul air and gases entering buildings, and (d) Provides reasonable access for clearing of blockages. G14.3.2 Facilities for the storage, treatment, and disposal of industrial liquid waste shall be constructed: (a) With adequate capacity for the volume of waste and the frequency of disposal, (b) With adequate vehicle access for collection if required, (c) To avoid the likelihood of contamination of any potable water supplies in compliance with Clause G12 "Water Supplies",
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
221
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
Amend 2 Dec 1995
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions
Limits on application
(d) To avoid the likelihood of contamination of soils, ground water and waterways except as permitted under the Resource Management Act 1991. (e) From materials which are impervious both to the waste for which disposal is required, and to water, (f) To avoid the likelihood of foul air and gases accumulating within or entering into buildings, (g) To avoid the likelihood of unauthorised access by people, and (h) To permit easy cleaning and maintenance.
222
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code G15 Solid Waste
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued Clause G15­SOLID WASTE
Provisions OBJECTIVE G15.1 The objective of this provision is to safeguard people from injury or illness caused by infection or contamination from solid waste.
Limits on application
FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT G15.2 Buildings shall be provided with space and facilities for the collection, and safe hygienic holding prior to disposal, of solid waste arising from the intended use of the buildings.
Requirement G15.2 shall not apply to Detached Dwellings, household units of Multi-unit Dwellings, Outbuildings or Ancilliary buildings if there is independent access or private open space at ground level.
PERFORMANCE G15.3.1 Where provision is made within buildings for the collection and temporary holding of solid waste, the spaces provided shall be: (a) Of sufficient size for the volume of waste and frequency of disposal, (b) Provided with reasonable access for the depositing and collection of the waste, (c) Capable of maintaining sanitary conditions having regard to the types of waste and storage containers, and (d) Capable of maintaining the appropriate temperature for the type of waste stored. G15.3.2 Where a rubbish chute is provided, it shall be located and constructed to: (a) Convey the solid waste to an appropriate storage container, (b) Avoid the likelihood of blockage or leakage, (c) Permit easy cleaning and maintenance,
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
223
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
FIRST SCHEDULE­continued
Provisions
Limits on application
(d) Avoid the likelihood of foul air or gases accumulating or entering the building, (e) Avoid the likelihood of the spread of fire beyond the refuse chute, (f) Have openings that allow waste to be safely deposited in the chute, and (g) Restrict access by children, animals and vermin. G15.3.3 Where it is acceptable to the network utility operator, solid waste which has been suitably treated for disposal to a sewer may be discharged via a foul water drain complying with Clause G13 "Foul Water".
224
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
Building Code
ARCHIVED NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
H Energy Efficiency
H1 Energy Efficiency Provisions
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY
1 December 1995
225
NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE HANDBOOK
ARCHIVED Building Code
226
1 December 1995
BUILDING INDUSTRY AUTHORITY

BI Authority

File: the-new-zealand-building-code-handbook.pdf
Title: New Zealand Building Code Handbook - 2nd Edition - amendment 9
Author: BI Authority
Author: Ministry of Business, Innovation & Employment - Building and Housing Group
Subject: Building Code Handbook
Keywords: Effective date: 1 April 2004
Published: Mon Mar 15 22:24:24 2004
Pages: 228
File size: 1.37 Mb


Over the rainbow, 17 pages, 0.33 Mb
Copyright © 2018 doc.uments.com