West European politics in the age of globalization

Tags: Cambridge University Press, Edgar Grande, West European Politics, Simon Bornschier, Romain Lachat, Hanspeter Kriesi, Martin Dolezal, Timotheos Frey Frontmatter, Globalization, election studies, party system, Likelihood ratio tests, German parties, UK parties, varimax rotation, Timotheos Frey, Demand side, Issue salience, Comparative Politics, Western Europe, University of Zurich, the University of Munich, Political Science, European politics, factor analyses, Switzerland, University Press, Institute of Political Science, voting, German Political Science Association, Georg Martin, colleagues, Duke University, Political Science Association, Midwest Political Science Association, American Political Science Association, Simon Hug, Hans-Georg Betz, supply side, conditions, Election results, Economic context, Context conditions, Pierre Martin, preliminary results, Issue positions
Content: Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Over the past three decades the effects of globalization and denationalization have created a division between `winners' and `losers' in western Europe. This study examines the transformation of party political systems in six countries (Austria, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the UK) using opinion surveys, as well as newly collected data on election campaigns. The authors argue that, as a result of structural transformations and the strategic repositioning of political parties, Europe has observed the emergence of a tripolar configuration of political power, comprising the left, the moderate right, and the new populist right. They suggest that, through an emphasis on cultural issues such as mass immigration and resistance to European integration, the traditional focus of political debate ­ the economy ­ has been downplayed or reinterpreted in terms of this new political cleavage. This new analysis of Western European politics will interest all students of European politics and political sociology. H A N S P E T E R K R I E S I is Professor for Comparative Politics in the Institute of Political Science at the University of Zurich. E D G A R G R A N D E is Professor for Comparative Politics in the GeschwisterScholl-Institute for Political Science at the University of Munich. R O M A I N L A C H A T is a visiting scholar at the Department of Politics of New York University. M A R T I N D O L E Z A L is a researcher in the Geschwister-Scholl-Institute for Political Science at the University of Munich. S I M O N B O R N S C H I E R is a researcher in the Institute of Political Science at the University of Zurich. T I M O T H E O S F R E Y is a researcher in the Institute of Political Science at the University of Zurich.
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information West European Politics in the Age of Globalization HANSPETER KRIESI EDGAR GRANDE ROMAIN LACHAT MARTIN DOLEZAL SIMON BORNSCHIER TIMOTHEOS FREY
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, Sгo Paulo, Delhi Cambridge University Press The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 8RU, UK Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New York www.cambridge.org Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521719902 © Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey 2008 This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press. First published 2008 Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication data West European politics in the age of globalization : six countries compared / Hanspeter Kriesi ... [et al.]. p. cm. ISBN 978-0-521-89557-6 1. Europe, Western ­ Politics and government ­ 1989­ 2. Globalization ­ Political aspects ­ Europe, Western. 3. Comparative government. I. Kriesi, Hanspeter. II. Title. JN94.A58W47 2008 320.3094­dc22 2008024374 ISBN 978-0-521-89557-6 hardback ISBN 978-0-521-71990-2 paperback Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this book, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.
© Cambridge University Press
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information Contents
List of figures List of tables Preface and acknowledgments
page xi xiii xvii
Part I Theory and methods
1
1 Globalization and its impact on national spaces of competition
HANSPETER KRIESI, EDGAR GRANDE, ROMAIN LACHAT,
MARTIN DOLEZAL, SIMON BORNSCHIER AND
TIMOTHEOS FREY
3
A new structural conflict between `winners' and `losers'
of globalization
4
The impact of the new structural conflict on the structure
of the political space
9
The positioning of the parties within the transformed space
14
An overview of the volume
20
2 Contexts of party mobilization
HANSPETER KRIESI
23
The societal context
24
The relative strength of the traditional cleavages and the new
cleavage
24
Economic context conditions
28
cultural context conditions
31
The political context
36
The general framework: processes of dealignment and the
established structure of the party systems
38
Institutional opportunity structures: the electoral system
and its consequences
42
The interaction context and the dynamics of adjustment: strategies
of mainstream parties
45
Conclusion
49
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information
vi
Contents
3 The design of the study: the distinguishing characteristics
of our approach
MARTIN DOLEZAL
53
Selection of countries and elections
54
Two sides of party competition: data collection and analysis
57
Twelve issue categories
58
Analysis of the demand side
60
Analysis of the supply side
65
Conclusion
73
Part II Country studies
75
4 France: the model case of party system transformation
SIMON BORNSCHIER
77
Introduction
77
Context conditions
79
Traditional cleavages and dealignment in the party system
79
Economic context conditions
82
Cultural context conditions
85
Political context conditions
87
Analysis of the demand side: voters' political potentials
90
Analysis of the supply side: structures of competition in the
party system
98
Conclusion
102
5 Austria: transformation driven by an established party
MARTIN DOLEZAL
105
Introduction
105
Social-economic and political context conditions
106
Relative strength of traditional cleavages
106
Economic context conditions
108
Cultural context conditions
109
Political context conditions
112
Analysis of the demand side: voters' attitudes and issue-priorities
116
Analysis of the supply side: the parties' programmatic offer
123
Conclusion
128
6 Switzerland: another case of transformation driven
by an established party
ROMAIN LACHAT
130
Introduction
130
Traditional cleavages
131
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information
Contents
vii
Economic context conditions
134
Cultural context conditions
136
The political context
138
Analysis of the demand side: the electoral potential
for a new cleavage
143
Analysis of the supply side: the articulation of the
integration­demarcation cleavage
148
Conclusion
152
7 The Netherlands: a challenge that was slow in coming
HANSPETER KRIESI AND TIMOTHEOS FREY
154
Introduction
154
Social and economic context conditions
155
The relative strength of traditional cleavages
155
Economic context conditions
156
Cultural context conditions
160
Political context conditions
161
The new right-wing populist challenge
163
Analysis of the demand side: the voters' political potentials
165
Analysis of the supply side: the parties' programmatic offer
172
Conclusion
181
8 The United Kingdom: moving parties in a stable configuration
HANSPETER KRIESI AND TIMOTHEOS FREY
183
Introduction
183
Social and economic context conditions
185
The relative strength of traditional cleavages
185
Economic context conditions
187
Cultural context conditions
189
Political context conditions
191
Dealignment and realignment
191
Difficulties for new challengers
193
Transformation of major parties
194
Analysis of the demand side: the voters' political potentials
197
Analysis of the supply side: the parties' programmatic offer
202
Conclusion
206
9 Germany: the dog that didn't bark
MARTIN DOLEZAL
208
Introduction
208
Social-economic and cultural context conditions
209
Relative strength of traditional cleavages
209
© Cambridge University Press
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information
viii
Contents
Economic context conditions
211
Cultural context conditions
212
Political context conditions
214
Dealignment
214
Institutional structure
216
Organizational capacity and leadership quality
of the new challengers
217
Strategies of mainstream parties
218
Analysis of the demand side: voters' attitudes and issue
priorities
220
Analysis of the supply side: the parties' programmatic offer
226
Conclusion
232
Part III Comparative analyses
235
10 Demand side: dealignment and realignment of the structural
political potentials
ROMAIN LACHAT AND MARTIN DOLEZAL
237
Introduction
237
The structure of voters' attitudes
238
The relationship between economic and cultural issues
240
Winners and losers of globalization
243
The configuration of partisan groups
251
The structural basis of the new divide
257
Conclusion
264
11 Supply side: the positioning of the political parties
in a restructuring space
ROMAIN LACHAT AND HANSPETER KRIESI
267
Introduction
267
The structure of the political space
269
The transformation of the basic dimensions of the space
269
The degree of integration of the two dimensions
271
The configuration of party positions
274
`Tripolarity'
274
Party families
278
Comparing national party configurations
282
The determinants of parties' issue-positions
285
economic issues
286
European integration and immigration
288
Cultural liberalism and law and order
290
Conclusion
294
© Cambridge University Press
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information
Contents
ix
12 The electoral consequences of the integration­demarcation
cleavage
ROMAIN LACHAT
296
Introduction
296
The issue basis of voting choices
297
Strategy of analysis
300
France
301
Austria
305
Switzerland
308
The Netherlands
311
United Kingdom
314
Germany
316
Conclusion
317
13 Globalizing West European politics: the change of cleavage
structures, parties and party systems in comparative
perspective
EDGAR GRANDE
320
Globalizing West European politics: dimensions of comparative
analysis
320
The transformation of cleavage structures and political spaces
322
The rise of new parties and party families in Western Europe
328
The fragmentation and polarization of party systems in Western
Europe
335
Fragmentation
336
Polarization
338
Still the age of moderate pluralism?
341
Conclusion
343
Appendix A Technical appendix
345
Introduction
345
Analysis of the supply side of electoral competition:
data collection
345
Analysis of the demand side: list of datasets used
348
Operationalization of social-structural variables
349
Social class
349
Education
353
Religion and religiosity
353
Measuring voters' issue-positions
353
Statistical methods
359
Multidimensional scaling
359
© Cambridge University Press
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information
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Contents
Measuring the degree of integration of two axes in
an MDS configuration
362
Polarization measure
364
Weighted Euclidian distance between parties in a
multidimensional issue space
364
Appendix B Detailed statistical results
366
References
388
Index
424
© Cambridge University Press
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information Figures
1.1 Expected positioning of party families with respect
to the new cleavage
page 15
2.1 Number of new asylum-seekers per year and country
37
3.1 The rise of globalization, 1970­2003
56
4.1 Demand side of party competition, 1978, 1988, 1995
and 2002 elections (France)
94
4.2 Demand side, distances between selected socio-demographic
categories (in standard deviations) (France)
96
4.3 Supply side of party competition, 1978, 1988, 1995
and 2002 elections (France)
99
5.1 Demand side of party competition, 1975, 1994, 1999
and 2002 elections (Austria)
119
5.2 Demand side of party competition in Austria, distances
between selected socio-demographic categories (in standard
deviations) (Austria)
122
5.3 Supply side of party competition, 1975, 1994, 1999
and 2002 elections (Austria)
125
6.1 Demand side of party competition, 1975, 1995 and 1999
elections (Switzerland)
145
6.2 Distances between selected socio-demographic categories
(in standard deviations) (Switzerland)
147
6.3 Supply side of party competition, 1975, 1991, 1995
and 1999 elections (Switzerland)
149
7.1 Demand side of party competition, 1972, 1994, 1998
and 2002 elections (The Netherlands)
168
7.2 Demand side, distances between selected socio-demographic
categories (in standard deviations) (The Netherlands)
170
7.3 Supply side of party competition, 1972, 1994 and 1998
elections (The Netherlands)
174
7.4 Supply side of party competition, 2002 and 2003 elections
(The Netherlands)
179
xi
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information
xii
List of figures
8.1 Level of industrial conflict, days not worked (in million)
(United Kingdom)
187
8.2 Demand side of party competition, 1974, 1992, 1997
and 2001 elections (United Kingdom)
199
8.3 Demand side, distances between selected socio-demographic
categories (in standard deviations) (United Kingdom)
201
8.4 Supply side of party competition, 1974, 1992, 1997
and 2001 elections (United Kingdom)
203
9.1 Demand side of party competition, 1976, 1994, 1998
and 2002 elections (Germany)
223
9.2 Demand side of party competition, distances between
selected socio-demographic categories (in standard
deviations) (Germany)
225
9.3 Supply side of party competition, 1976, 1994, 1998
and 2002 elections (Germany)
227
10.1 Strength of traditional and new divides among social groups 244
10.2 Distances between social groups on economic
issue-categories
247
10.3 Distances between social groups on cultural issue-categories 247
10.4 Average location of education levels on the economic
and cultural dimensions
249
10.5 Average location of social classes on the economic
and cultural dimensions
249
10.6 Average location of partisan groups in the political
space, 1970s
255
10.7 Average location of partisan groups in the political
space, 1990s
256
11.1 Issue-positions and values of the integration indices
in Austria, 1999 and France, 1978
271
11.2 Positions of party families in the political space
279
11.3 Positions of parties in the political space
283
13.1 Typology of ideological profiles of political parties
326
13.2 Typology of pluralist party systems
342
A.1 Screeplot of a factor analysis of the issue-categories,
Netherlands, 1994
358
A.2 Factor loadings for the preferred solution and for two
alternative solutions, Netherlands, 1994
359
A.3 Schematic representation of the distances on which the
integration index is based
363
© Cambridge University Press
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information Tables
2.1 Strength of traditional cleavages in the six countries
page 26
2.2 Social and economic indicators
30
2.3 Classification of cultural context conditions
34
2.4 Foreign population
35
2.5 Indicators of dealignment: volatility, party identification
and party membership
39
2.6 Indicators of the party system: number of parties, type of
democracy and ideological distance
40
2.7 Summary of hypotheses concerning national contexts of
party mobilization
50
3.1 Elections
57
3.2 Issue-categories
59
3.3 Surveys used for the demand-side analyses
62
3.4 Issue-categories covered by the surveys
63
3.5 Selected newspapers
68
3.6 Parties according to current membership of party families 69
4.1 ELECTION RESULTS and party system features
81
4.2 Demand side of party competition: results of factor
analyses after varimax rotation
92
5.1 Election results and party system features
113
5.2 Demand side of party competition: results of factor
analyses after varimax rotation
117
6.1 Election results and characteristics of the party system,
Switzerland, 1971­2003
140
6.2 Structure of the Swiss political space: analysis of the demand
side, 1975­1999: factor loadings after a varimax rotation 144
7.1 Election results and party system features
157
7.2 Demand side of party competition: results of factor
analyses after varimax rotation
166
8.1 Election results, House of Commons: shares of votes
and numbers of seats
184
xiii
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information
xiv
List of tables
8.2 Demand side of party competition: results of factor
analyses after varimax rotation
198
9.1 Election results and party system features
215
9.2 Results of factor analyses after varimax rotation
221
10.1 Strength of the association between economic
and cultural attitudes
242
10.2 Polarization of partisan groups on the economic
and cultural dimensions
252
10.3 Degree of `tripolarity' of the party configuration
253
10.4 Impact of social-structural characteristics on voters'
attitudes towards a restrictive immigration policy
260
10.5 Impact of social-structural characteristics on voters'
attitudes towards European integration
262
11.1 Degree of integration of the `left-integration' and
`right-demarcation' poles
273
11.2 Degree of `tripolarity' of the party configuration
277
11.3 Impact of party-level and country-level factors on
average issue-positions: welfare and economic liberalism 287
11.4 Impact of party-level and country-level factors on
average issue-positions: European integration and
immigration
289
11.5 Impact of party-level and country-level factors on
average issue-positions: cultural liberalism and law
and order
292
11.6 Party family and period: percentages
293
12.1 Likelihood ratio tests of the impact of issue-categories
on voting choice, France
302
12.2 Impact of issue-positions on voting probabilities, France 303
12.3 Likelihood ratio tests of the impact of issue-categories
on voting choice, Austria
306
12.4 Impact of issue-positions on voting probabilities, Austria 307
12.5 Likelihood ratio tests of the impact of issue-categories
on voting choice, Switzerland
309
12.6 Impact of issue-positions on voting probabilities,
Switzerland
310
12.7 Likelihood ratio tests of the impact of issue-categories
on voting choice, the Netherlands
311
12.8 Impact of issue-positions on voting probabilities, the
Netherlands
313
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information
List of tables
xv
12.9 Likelihood ratio tests of the impact of issue-categories
on voting choice, the UK
314
12.10 Impact of issue-positions on voting probabilities, the UK 315
12.11 Likelihood ratio tests of the impact of issue-categories
on voting choice, Germany
316
12.12 Impact of issue-positions on voting probabilities,
Germany
317
13.1 Political and institutional opportunity structures for
radical-right parties
334
13.2 Effective number of parties (based on votes at national
parliamentary elections)
336
13.3 Party systems and party system change in Western Europe 343
A.1 Days selected for the Content Analysis, by year
and newspaper
347
A.2 List of available indicators (Netherlands 1994, first wave) 355
A.3 List of available indicators (Netherlands 1994,
second wave)
355
A.4 Factor loadings for the category cultural liberalism
357
A.5 Factor loadings for the category anti-immigration
357
B.1 Issue positions of French parties in the four campaigns 367
B.2 Issue salience for French parties in the four campaigns 369
B.3 Issue positions of Austrian parties in the four campaigns 371
B.4 Issue salience for Austrian parties in the four campaigns 372
B.5 Issue positions of Swiss parties in the four campaigns
374
B.6 Issue salience for Swiss parties in the four campaigns
376
B.7 Issue positions of Dutch parties in the four campaigns 378
B.8 Issue salience for Dutch parties in the four campaigns
380
B.9 Issue positions of UK parties in the four campaigns
382
B.10 Issue salience for UK parties in the four campaigns
383
B.11 Issue positions of German parties in the four campaigns 384
B.12 Issue salience for German parties in the four campaigns 386
© Cambridge University Press
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information Preface and acknowledgments
This book is the result of a joint project of two teams of political scientists, one at the University of Zurich, the other at the University of Munich. The origins of this project date back to a hot summer afternoon in 2001, when Hanspeter Kriesi gave a presentation of some of his ideas about the impact of globalization on the transformation of Western European party systems before the special research programme (SFB) on `Reflexive modernization' at the Technical University of Munich. The presentation was well received by the small audience of dedicated colleagues who did bear with the heat. Edgar Grande reacted by proposing to set up a joint comparative research project designed to test these largely speculative ideas. Eventually, the project got going in late 2002, with the joint support of the German Research Foundation (SFB 536 ­ Project C5), and of the Swiss National Science Foundation (1214-68010.02). Martin Dolezal together with several research assistants joined Edgar Grande to form the Munich team, while Simon Bornschier, Timotheos Frey, Romain Lachat and Hanspeter Kriesi constituted the Zurich team. The two teams closely collaborated from the start, and evenly divided the challenging task of data collection in six selected countries ­ Austria, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the UK ­ between them. We assembled data both for the political supply by the parties, and for the political demand by the voters. Unsurprisingly, our decision not to rely on the readily available expert data for the supply side, nor to use the data provided by the Manifesto group, but to create our own data on the basis of an analysis of the public debate during election campaigns in the media, proved to be particularly consequential. We spent long months setting up the database and eventually coding the selected newspaper articles, ads and TV news. Let us add that, for the Dutch data, we got some decisive help from Jan Kleinnijenhuis and his collaborators from the Free University of Amsterdam, who also provided us with the key methodological ideas for how to code the public debate xvii
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information
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Preface and acknowledgments
during election campaigns. With regard to the demand side, we used the available election surveys from the different countries. To render these surveys comparable across individual elections and across countries, and make them usable for our own purposes was, however, no mean task, given that there are no standardized formats for election studies in the various European Countries. As we suspected, and as the reader will, we believe, come to appreciate on becoming familiar with our work, this investment into the data collection paid off handsomely. As the corpus on which this book is based was shaping up, we started to present our ideas and tentative results, first to our students and colleagues at our own universities and at the SFB, then to colleagues at conferences in Berlin (a WZB conference on `political participation and protest mobilization in the age of globalization'), Budapest (3rd ECPR General Conference), Chicago (Midwest Political Science Association), Duke University (workshop on the `analysis of political cleavages and party competition'), Mannheim (the working group `Wahlen und politische Einstellungen' of the German Political Science Association), Munich (a workshop explicitly organized on our preliminary results), Paris (a conference on `right-wing extremism in Europe'), Philadelphia (American Political Science Association), Rethymnon (a conference on `political change and globalization') and Vienna (Austrian Political Science Association). We also presented some preliminary results to our colleagues at the SFB in Bremen, the Max-Planck-Institute in Cologne, the Cevipof in Paris, and at universities in Amsterdam, Dublin and Grenoble. We would like to thank all those who attended these presentations, and who provided us with comments. They allowed us to elaborate and revise our thinking about how party systems change in an age of globalization, to correct our interpretations of the six cases we are dealing with here, and to improve several aspects of our statistical analyses. Several colleagues also provided us with precious information on the election studies in their respective countries and helped us with the collection of data from newspapers and TV news. In particular, we would like to thank Kees Aarts, Ulrich Beck, Hans-Georg Betz, Lars-Erik Cederman, Tony Coxon, Roland Erne, Franz Fallend, Matthew Gabel, Olivier Grosjean, Niamh Hardiman, Jude Hays, Simon Hug, Achim Hurrelmann, Galen Irwin, Bob Jessop, Herbert Kitschelt, Jan Kleinnijenhuis, Frank Nullmeier, Philip Manow, Pierre Martin, Erik Neveu, Franz-Urban Pappi, Pascal Perrineau, Philip van Praag,
© Cambridge University Press
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Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-71990-2 - West European Politics in the Age of Globalization Hanspeter Kriesi, Edgar Grande, Romain Lachat, Martin Dolezal, Simon Bornschier and Timotheos Frey Frontmatter More information
Preface and acknowledgments
xix
Edeltraud Roller, Sabine Saurugger, Yves Schemeil, Kenneth Scheve, Tobias Schulz, Peter Selb and Michael Zьrn. We also thank Axel Berger, Simone Debrunner, Fabienne Frei, Swen Hutter, Tina Knoll, Georg Martin, Vanessa Flцge and Bettina Wapf for their research assistance. Finally, we would like to thank the efficient team from Cambridge University Press.
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