West Virginia

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Content: GUIDE FOR THE International Community IN HUNTINGTON, WEST VIRGINIA June 2015 The Cabell County, WV Schools English as a Second Language Program By: Janne M. Rice, ESL Coordinator, 1
Emergency Services
County Government Services 9
Places to Rent
Housekeeping and Security
Better Business Bureau and
Attorney General
Social Security #
Driver's License
Bank Accounts
Other Services
State and Local Taxes
Legal Rights and Responsibilities 51
Various Health Care Options
Senior Care
Nursing Homes
Health Care Providers
Local TTA
Bus Schedules
Taxi Cabs
Telegrams and Fax
Sending Packages
TV and Radio
English Classes
Parks and Playgrounds
Fairs, Festivals, and Parades
Performing Arts
public schools
Private Schools
Daycare Programs
School Enrollment
Charitable Organizations
Culture & Entertainment
domestic violence
Healthcare & Relief Agencies 103
Kids & their needs
Meals, Housing, Support
Social Customs
Covered Dish or Pot Luck Dinners 110
Friendship and Dating
Your Own Celebrations
Child Care
Laws and Warnings
Your Happiness
American Slang
Postal Abbreviations
Basic Traffic Signs
Weights and Measurements
FORWARD Welcome to Huntington! We hope that your time here will be educational, exciting, and personally rewarding. If you are settling here, we welcome you as a new resident. This handbook was compiled to help you to become familiar with the City of Huntington, the surrounding area, and the community services available. We hope that it will help ease your adjustment to the community and enable you to become more comfortable with the American "way of life". We realize that you might not be able to read through the entire handbook immediately. However, we hope that it will be a useful resource for you in the future. Funds for this guidebook were originally provided by the English Language Civics Program Grant. It was prepared by the Cabell County English as a Second Language staff, Janne M. Rice, ESL Coordinator/Teacher, Dr. Asli Hassan, ESL Professor and Consultant and former Cabell County ESL Teacher, and Neal Harper, former Cabell County ESL Teacher, with additional technical help from Julia Harper in whose memory this book is dedicated. Updates have been funded by Cabell County Schools to give to International families of our ESL students. This book was inspired by A Guide for the International Community in Morgantown published by Women Across Cultures at WVU, and Make Yourself at Home in WV published by the LEAP and International Programs at Marshall University. Ideas were also gleaned from A Resource Booklet for ESL Teachers published by the Washington Association for the Education of Speakers of Other Languages and from The ESL Student Guide published by the Santa Barbara City College Adult Education and ESL Department. Thanks to all these authors and sources. Janne M. Rice Cabell County WV K-Adult ESL Coordinator/ Consultant/Teacher 5
ABOUT HUNTINGTON Depending upon where you have come from, Huntington may seem like a quaint small town situated in a beautiful river valley or a mid-sized twenty-first century city. But no matter how Huntington appears to you, it is probably difficult to imagine what this corner of West Virginia was like 250 years ago. The United States has a relatively short history compared with many other societies across the globe. Before Europeans even knew that the Americans existed, there were many different groups of people who lived in the area, which would become West Virginia. The first people who lived or hunted in WV were believed to be descendants of people who traveled across the Bering Straits, over the ice, from the continent of Asia. They may also have come in boats from the Polynesian area or even the African continent. These early people are known as the Early Hunters who pursued the wooly mammoth and mastodons with their distinctly fluted spear points which have been found in the Ohio Valley. They were followed by the Archaic Foragers (Or the Hunter/Gatherers) who lived on nuts, berries, roots, edible plants, and sometimes small game. In time they learned to make pottery and started cultivating plants rather then just foraging. Also, part of the Ohio Valley's folklore centers on the Mound Builders--the creators of strange earthen mounds that dot the valley. Two examples of these may be found at Camden Park and along White's Creek in Wayne County. These people were followed by the Hopewell and Adena people who also left mounds especially in Ohio, across the Ohio River from WV. The first Europeans who penetrated the Ohio Valley were fascinated by the mounds they discovered and were amazed that the Indians or Native Americans whom they encountered seemed to know little or nothing about the mounds. This is not surprising since the mounds had not been built for 500 to 1000 years. To continue the history of our area, one must acknowledge the different groups of Indians or Native Americans who lived in the area. Much of WV, especially the Huntington area was used by many different tribes and confederations of Indians as a hunting preserve. Artifacts found in this area tended to be those of hunting parties rather than permanent settlements. 6
The Mingo, Shawnee, Iroquis Confederation, and others spent time in the Ohio Valley. Rene-Robert Cavalier, Sieur de LaSalle is credited by historians to be the first white man to see the Ohio River. Born in France, La Salle immigrated to Canada in 1666. In 1669, he began exploring and eventually came upon the Ohio River, descending all the way past what would become WV to the falls just outside the present Louisville, KY. In 1749, the French sent a large military expedition down the Ohio to claim land for France by planting metal plates. The British also claimed the land creating a conflict in the Ohio Valley that was a sideshow to the Seven Years' War between the two which ended with the Treaty of Paris, signed in 1763. There were periodic clashes with Indians over ownership of the land along the Ohio River. The loss by the French supported by the Native American Indians of the French and IndianWars and by the British supported by the Native American Indians in the War of 1812 seemed to end the conflict between the whites and the Indians who moved farther west. The valley began to be settled. An early mail drop for the Huntington area was at Burlington, Ohio. Everyone went there by boat and horseback to get their mail and news. There was a great deal of keelboat commerce on the Ohio River. Holderby Landing in the eastern part of what would later become Huntington was an early river port. Guyandotte was an early city in Cabell County, Virginia (Virginia then later to become WV) . It was the first county seat of Cabell County. George Washington, who later became the United States of America's first President, surveyed the Huntington area as he surveyed the James River Turnpike and the Kanawha Turnpike. Europeans began to settle the Huntington area in earnest in about 1815. By 1837, the town that would become Huntington was really beginning with the establishment of Marshall Academy, predecessor of Marshall University (our local University). In 1867, the new state of WV created the State Normal School of Marshall College to train teachers. Marshall College continued to increase in size and, in 1961, achieved University status. People in the Huntington area fought on both sides of the American Civil War. There was much conflict about this. WV finally seceded from Virginia on June 20, 1863, becoming a state. Collis P. Huntington, a railroad owner, 7
wanted to use Guyandotte as an end point for his railroad. He finally decided on Huntington instead and helped plan the town that would later be named for him. Huntington became the county seat in 1887. As far as US history is concerned, Huntington has a long history. It was a much larger town in the 1960's than it is now (86,000 in 1960 and 50,500 in 2000). Jobs have become harder to find as old industries closed down. The downtown area emptied as the outlying malls opened. Huntington is now trying to revitalize itself and attract jobs by rebuilding the center of the city and recruiting businesses. West Virginia is considered a relatively poor state especially in the rural areas. Sometimes West Virginians, who have been relatively isolated, are wary of outsiders. However, like rural people elsewhere, they can be uncommonly generous and accepting of guests and travelers. West Virginia is rich in Natural Resources such as coal and gas, but these riches often don't end up in the hands of the people. It is also rich in less tangible forms of wealth, such as a rich cultural heritage that can be seen in the music, stories, and crafts of the region. West Virginians are surrounded by a startlingly beautiful environment: gentle mountains, plentiful streams, and lush greenery, and many do appreciate this and wish to share it with you. The Huntington area is not easily accessible by mass transportation. The bus system is good but somewhat limited as is the taxi service. There is no other mass transit. Most who live in Huntington will need to have access to a car. Please check the section on transportation to learn more about this. You are living in a historical community with wide streets, beautiful parks, and friendly people. Please enjoy your time in Huntington and access the resources We welcome you to the area and are pleased to offer you free classes to improve your English language proficiency at the Cabell County Career Technology Center, Room 212, 1035 Norway Ave. 528-5106 ext 212. These classes for adults run during the school year from 8-12, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, & Thursday with Janne Rice as teacher. 8
Call 911 in any emergency. If it is not an emergency you can call police or fire departments at the following numbers:
Huntington Police
Cabell County Police 528-5555
Cabell County Sheriff 526-8657
Cabell County Government Services
Board of Education 528-5000
Circuit Clerk
County Clerk
County Commission 526-8634
Sheriff's Department
Tax Office
Law Enforcement 526-8657
Wayne County Government
Board of Education 304-272-6359
County Clerk
Magistrate Clerk
Sheriff's Tax Office 304-272-6723
HOUSING Huntington has many options for housing including houses to rent or buy, and apartments. Houses---Visitors and full-time residents who are here with their families may want to rent an entire house. Houses may be furnished or unfurnished, and the rent will vary depending upon the size, location, furnishings, and general condition of the house. Since unfurnished houses generally cost less to rent and used furniture is quite easy to find in Huntington, many visitors and residents who will be here for more than a year choose this option. Utilities (electricity, gas, water, and telephone) are usually paid in addition to rent. If you are interested in buying a house, information may be obtained from a local real estate agency. There is a list of these agencies in the yellow pages of the telephone book. Apartments---An apartment is a complete living unit. An efficiency apartment has two rooms: a bathroom and another large room that serves as kitchen, bedroom and living room. It is suitable for one or two people. There are also one, two, and three-bedroom 10
apartments. "Unfurnished" apartments have only a refrigerator, stove, and window coverings. The renter must provide all other furniture needed. A "furnished apartment" includes all furniture but not linens (towels, sheets, etc.) or cooking and eating pots, pans, plates, and utensils. As with houses, unfurnished apartments cost less to rent, and it might be financially advantageous to choose this option. Apartments in large complexes generally provide laundry facilities which are shared with other residents in the apartment building. A renter or "tenant" usually has to pay for utilities, although some of these may be included in the monthly rent. Sleeping rooms---A "room has facilities for sleeping and studying. It may be in a private home, or it may be in a "rooming house" where there are many "rooms." In either case, bathrooms are usually shared with other residents. Check to see if use of the kitchen is available. See the local newspaper classified ads for this type of housing. When looking for a place to live, it is important to consider: - the distance to your work or classes - the availability of laundry facilities - the availability of parking, or alternatively, - access to public transportation 11
Before signing a lease---You should inspect an apartment or house before renting. Check the general condition of the house or apartment, and make a list of all problems such as holes in the floor, walls, and ceilings, cracked or broken windows, etc. See that the entrance doors lock securely. Make certain that there is a heating unit and that it is vented into a chimney on the outside and above the roof. Ask the landlord to show you where the electric box is. For fire safety there should be a smoke detector and two means of exit. Ask that any problems be corrected before you sign a lease, but make a note on all copies of the lease of any damage that remains when you move in. Otherwise, you may be charged for damage that was not your fault. Photographs showing the condition of the apartment or house are helpful. Signing a lease---A lease is a legal document that states the rights and responsibilities of the tenant and the landlord. When you sign a lease, you will usually have to pay a "security deposit" which may amount to as much as one month's rent. The deposit is returned to you when you leave if there is no damage and the property is clean. Otherwise, the landlord keeps the deposit. 12
Some questions to ask before signing a lease: -How much is the rent? -Is there a deposit? If so, how much is it? -Does the rent include gas, electricity, telephone, air conditioning, heat? -Can you regulate the heat and air? -What furniture, bedding, and dishes are included? -For how many months is the lease? -Can you sublet? -Is there any provision for "breaking" the lease or for renewing it? The lease usually states the dates of the rental agreement, the amount of the deposit and rent, and whether or not utilities are included. Do not sign a lease until you have read it and fully understand it. Ask for help to explain the lease from someone other than the landlord who is knowledgeable. Before signing a lease, take a video or take pictures to show and verify any damage that is already there on the property. The owner should be present. This will help protect your damage deposit. 13
After you have rented---A few tips: -Pay rent on time! -Keep the place clean inside and outside. -Place all garbage and trash in plastic bags. -Tell the landlord when something needs to be repaired. -Be considerate of neighbors in regard to noise. -Keep records of your rental finances. -If serious problems with your landlord arise, consult a lawyer. ON CAMPUS HOUSING Marshall University owns and operates dormitories for undergraduate mostly single students and apartments for faculty, staff, graduate, nontraditional (usually older than 23) and married students. You may call Marshall University at 304696-3170 for more information. 14
Some Places to rent in Huntington: Courtyard by Pyramid Properties 2101 Sixth Avenue Huntington, WV 25703 (304) 522-8700 Country Club Apartments 6275 Country Club Drive Huntington, WV 25705 (304) 736 ­ 5994 Cyrus Apartments 2829 3rd Avenue Huntington, WV 25705 (304) 529 ­ 2555 Downtown Apartments 101 4th Avenue Huntington, WV 25701 (304) 736 ­ 3375 Garden Park Apartments 6300 Beech Drive Huntington, WV 25705 (304) 736 ­ 3375 Glenbrier Apartments 60 Marti ­Jo Drive Huntington, WV 25702 (304) 529 ­ 6607 15
Greentree and Spicetree Apartments 1615 6th Avenue Huntington, WV 25701 (304) 529 ­ 3902 Hickory Way Apartments 1150 Florida Street Milton, WV 25541 (304) 529 ­ 6607 Hidden Trails 5601 Peyton Court Huntington, WV 25705 (304) 529 ­ 6607 Pyramid Properties 2101 Sixth Avenue Huntington, WV 25703 (304) 697 ­ 5381 Shoals Manor 3720 Manor Drive Huntington, WV 25704 (304) 525 ­ 8788 University Suites 1517 6th Avenue Huntington, WV 25701 (304) 529 ­ 0001 Upper Classmen 1415 Fourth Avenue Huntington, WV 25701 (304) 525-7741 16
Westwood Acres Apartments 2402 West Fifth Avenue Huntington, WV 25704 (304) 529-6381 More About Housing Government Assistance/Huntington, WV, Housing Authority/304-5264400/www.homeswvoky.com/ Serves ages 18-senior citizens (Huntington Housing Authority in Marcum Terrace 230 Marcum Terrace 522-0576) Senior Housing/Marcum Terrace/Olive Street and St. Louis Avenue/1-3 bedroom$250-$300 per month (1100 Marcum Terrace 304-781-1034) Fairfield Tower/17th Street and McVeigh Avenue/1-3 bedroom-$310-$375 per month Carter G. Woodson/8th Avenue and Hal Greer Boulevard-3 bedroom-$350 per month Northcott Court/#30 Hal Greer and Doulton Avenue-1-3 bedroom-$250-$325 per month Trowbridge Manor/ 101 8th Avenue-1-2 bedroom-$325-$375 per month 17
Washington Square/17th Street and 8th Avenue-1-3 bedroom-$250-$325 per month Madison Manor/13th Street and Madison Avenue-1-2 bedroom-$310-$375 per month W.K. Elliott Apartments/510 Bridge Street in Guyandotte-1-3 bedroom-$300-$375 per month There are many other privately owned apartments available to rent. These may be found through real estate companies whose numbers may be found in the Huntington Phone Directory in the yellow pages under Real Estate. Apartments may also be found by looking for signs in front of apartments that say "For Rent" or "For Lease." 18
Neighborhoods in Huntington, West Virginia Courtesy of http://www.cityofhuntington.com/Visiting/tour/inde x.asp -- the city of Huntington website Downtown: "Downtown provides many opportunities for family fun and recreation. These include dining, the arts and various entertainment options. Some of the choices are the Harris Riverfront Park, Heritage Village, and our many movie theatres and our various restaurants. The options for dining range from fast food to fine dining with a variety of ethnic cuisines." Schools serving this area may be Central City Elementary, Huntinton middle school, Southside Elementary, Enslow Middle School, and Huntington High School. Fairfield: "Residential areas in the Fairfield area continue the theme with trees lining the streets and a brick-paved road thrown in here and there. Community services, shopping and schools are conveniently located in the Fairfield area. Varied churches, businesses and offices are interspersed throughout the neighborhood." Schools serving this area are Spring Hill Elementary, Meadows Elementary, Hunmtington Middle School, and Huntington High School. 19
Guyandotte: "Guyandotte is an eastern suburb of Huntington and is a primarily residential area. Guyandotte is rich in area history, with the oldest church of Huntington located in Guyandotte. The Guyandotte United Methodist Church has had its doors open since 1804. Although the original building was used as a supply depot during the Civil War by the Confederates, it was eventually burned down in 1861 by the Union Army. Another structure was erected on the same site in 1869-1870 and still is used today." Schools serving this area are Guyandotte Elementary, Altizer Elementary, Enslow Middle School, and Huntington High School. Highlawn: "The Highlawn area is primarily a business and residential area. The residential areas continue to be tree-lined and contain a beautiful array of churches, homes and apartments. The beautiful and colorful churches in the Highlawn area are abundant. More of the older fine homes with their well-groomed lawns may be found in the Highlawn neighborhood. Stylish homes and apartments are available to fit any budget. A large variety of businesses and medical facilities are located throughout the area. Steel of West Virginia, located between the Ohio River and Marshall University, has 20
been making steel since 1909. ACF
Industries, Incorporated began in 1873 when
the city was incorporated and is still
designing and developing railroad cars for
the railroad needs of today. BASF
manufacturers, began producing pigments in
1912 and still conducts business all over the
World." Schools serving this area are
Highlawn Elementary, Enslow Middle
School, and Huntington High School.
South ­ East Hills: "The rolling green hills of the southern suburbs of the city is full of cool, tree-lined and winding streets with a relaxing presence that can be felt while just gazing around. The area is generally a residential area with the Huntington Museum of Art resting on top of the hill on McCoy Road. The homes are the larger more luxurious homes. Chateaus, villas and a mansion or two may be glimpsed beyond their driveways or in the background as you drive along. There are more modest homes available in the area also for the smaller or mid-sized families." Schools serving this area are Southside Elementary, Huntington Middle School, and Huntington High School.
South-Side: "Welcome to one of the most scenic areas of our city. The Southside is mainly a residential area with lots of scenery, tree-
lined streets with a many brick-paved streets, neighborhood businesses and shops. The community is full of beautiful homes, churches and upscale apartment complexes with well-groomed lawns. The homes range from large luxuriously extravagant homes to the smaller more modern homes. Apartment complexes and many duplexes are scattered throughout the south side increasing the housing options." Schools serving this area are Southside Elementary, Huntington Middle School, and Huntington High School. Altizer: "Altizer, in the eastern area of the city, is a close-knit community with easy navigation of the streets between homes, schools, churches and businesses. Although this area is primarily residential, it does include some businesses, such as Special Metals, formerly known as INCO (International Nickel Company)." Most of the area is protected by the Huntington Flood Wall and is next to a small river. It has many businesses nearby on Route 60 East such as restaurants, supermarkets, urgent care center, and doctors' and dentists' offices. It also has a lovely park. Altizer Elementary, an award winning elementary school, serves this area along with Beverly Hills Middle School and Huntington High School. 22
Walnut Hills: "Walnut Hills is a mostly a suburban residential area with various businesses, stores, shops, churches, restaurants and lodgings. The streets wind pleasingly throughout the hills with a lulling and soothing drive. In some instances it is almost like driving through country roads--peaceful and serene. Stores and shops abound by the dozen, providing shopping opportunities for all, giving you a choice of department, clothing, grocery, furniture, shoes and movie stores. After shopping, or before, you may wish to dine in one of the many family or fast-food restaurants." Schools serving this area are Geneva Kent Elementary, Beverly Hills Middle School, and Huntington High School. West End: "Welcome to the West End of Huntington and the home of "Old Central City." The West End is just as busy as downtown at times. Fourteenth Street West is the main business street in this area and the main street for Old Central City. The shopping plaza, antique shops, farmers marker, library, restaurants and businesses have people milling around everyday all-day. Some of the homes in the West End have been converted into duplexes or several 23
smaller apartments. The homes and apartments vary in size and affordability in this area. There are also many historic homes located in the West Huntington area, many being over 100 years old. Various businesses, large and small, are located throughout the West End. You will find many construction, remodeling and roofing companies with their suppliers in this area. The Huntington Industrial Center, formerly known as the Owens-Illinois Company, is expanding as new and established companies rent space from the center. Community organizations/services along with the schools are strategically located in the West End. Where people go, there is food! With this thought, you have your choice of fast food restaurants and family restaurants and delicious menus to choose from." Schools serving this area are Central City Elementary, Huntington Middle School, and Huntington High School. Westmoreland: "Westmoreland is the western suburb of Huntington and is the portion of the city that resides in Wayne County. The community is peaceful and serene with many homes, apartment complexes, businesses, stores, shops, medical offices, churches and community services conveniently located throughout the area. Attractions to this area include the Westmoreland Park, which includes picnic 24
tables, a playground, basketball court and tennis courts for you and your family's recreation and leisure time." Schools, serving this area are Kellogg Elementary, Vinson Middle School, and Spring Valley High School. HOUSEKEEPING AND SECURITY Remember that you are representing all international visitors to Huntington. Most landlords will expect all internationals to be just like you although they know that some North Americans are good housekeepers and some are bad housekeepers. Some things about your home here may seem strange and unfamiliar to you. Here are some tips that may be helpful to you: Ask your landlord to show you how to use your oven/stove, refrigerator, heating and cooling units, and garbage disposal. If anything does stop working, call your landlord immediately so that repairs can be arranged. This is the landlord's responsibility. Appliances from some foreign countries will not work in the United States because most electrical outlets here provide 110 volt AC current at a frequency of 60 cycles. Foods bought refrigerated from the grocery store should also be placed in the home 25
refrigerator. Cooked leftover food should always be stored in a clean, covered container in the refrigerator until used. Frozen foods must be kept in the freezing compartment of your refrigerator until ready for use. If they become thawed, they should be kept refrigerated and used within 12 hours and not re-frozen. Finding reasonably priced cleaning supplies is made easier by looking for store brands that are often labeled as "generic." An American neighbor will likely be more-thanwilling to go to the store with you and help you until you learn our system. For hand washing dishes one can use a dishwashing detergent such as Ivory, Joy, or Palmolive. When using an automatic dishwasher, DO NOT use regular dishwashing detergent. Use only automatic dishwasher detergent such as Cascade. (If you use Joy or Ivory, you will get a terrible mess with bubbles everywhere.) You can also use common household solutions for general cleaning. For example, you can use baking soda to clean refrigerators and as a mild abrasive on sink and counter stains. Vinegar is good for cleaning glass and mirrors. Chlorine beach is an excellent disinfectant for toilet bowls as well as for whitening clothes and linens. 26
Never mix anything containing chlorine bleach with ammonia because they combine to form a poisonous gas! All cleaning supplies should be kept out of the reach of children. Pest Control Tips--To prevent infestation: ---Keep the kitchen floors, cabinets, and counters clean. ---Don't leave food out on kitchen counters or tables. ---Store food in tightly closed hard plastic or metal containers. ---Empty garbage daily into refuse containers. Request that your landlord call an exterminator if you notice a large number of bugs. For safety in the kitchen, it is recommended that a box of baking soda be kept by the stove to extinguish grease fires. Never use water on a grease fire. Always wipe up food spilled on the stove and outside of pans to prevent grease fires. Emergency numbers for the police, fire department, and poison control are listed inside the front cover of the telephone book and in this book. 911 will work for any of 27
these emergencies as well. Keep these numbers near every telephone. Keep your doors locked at all times. Ask for proper identification before allowing service people to enter your home. If a stranger comes to your home and wants to use the telephone, do not let them in; offer to make the necessary call for them. Then, lock the door behind you. In the USA, people tend NOT to carry much cash. Do not keep large amounts of cash at home or in the wallet. Leave the money in the bank and get out only what is necessary. Keep a list of your possessions. You may rent a safe deposit box from your bank for safekeeping important items such as passports and insurance policies and expensive jewelry. You will need to buy personal renters' property insurance to cover the loss of personal items. Be sure that your insurance policy covers items such as your camera outside the home. You will find a list of insurance agents in the yellow pages of the telephone directory. You can buy insurance from an agent of one company or from an independent insurance agent. The difference is that the first one sells for only one company where the second sells for several companies. Some big insurance companies are Allstate, 28
Progressive, Liberty Mutual, Safeco, Erie Insurance, Prudential, State Farm Insurance, and many, many more. Ask several companies for bids and choose the most coverage for the least amount of money. UTILITIES Gas---Mountaineer Gas 1205 6th Avenue Huntington, West Virginia 25701 1-800-834-2070 Call the above number to arrange for gas service, giving your name, full address and you social security number. Service will be installed usually 1---3 business days from the time you call. You will be expected to be there when your service is turned on. Bills are sent once a month. Electricity---American Electric Power www.aep.com Customer Service: 1-877-237-2886 You should call 1-800-277-2177 to set up an account. A refundable deposit will be required based on one month's average usage for your home. The minimum deposit 29
required is $65-$165. Once the contract is signed, it may take several days for power to be supplied. Bills are normally sent every two months. You will need to provide the following information: 1. Social Security number 2. Full address 3. Phone number 4. Next of kin (a relative) 5. Proof of employment Water---WV American Water Company www.wvawater.com 1-800-685-8660 You must call 1-800-685-8660 to arrange for water to be turned on at your home. You may be asked for a social security number, your phone number, and if your home will be heated by gas or electricity. Bills are sent monthly and can be paid by mail or dropped off at 4202 Ohio River Road (in Guyandotte). Sanitation---City of Huntington 304-696-5930 304-696-5929 You need to call the office to arrange for garbage collection from your home. Check which day your garbage will be picked up. The city employee who takes 30
your call will explain the collection charges. Animal Control---If there are stray animals running along the streets that are not being taken care of or are frightening you or your family, you can call Animal Control to come and check on or catch and take away the animals at 696-5551 Telephone--- For Home land line phone service: Frontier 1-866-226-5170 Suddenlink 1-800-972-5757 AT&T 1-800-222-0300 Information about the different types of local service will be given to you by a service representative, and you should be prepared to give them the following information: -Name and complete address -If renting, your landlord's name and address -How you would like your name to appear in the telephone directory -Type of local service you need -The long distance company you prefer -Information on previous telephone service in the U.S.A., if any. 31
Once this service is received, your service will be installed within a few days. There will be an installation fee which will appear on your first bill and may be paid over two to six months. Cable TV companies such as ComCast, Charter, and Armstrong are now offering phone service along with TV and high speed Internet service. This is another way to get home phone service. For long distance service, you may select from the following companies: AT&T 1-800-660-3000 Frontier 1-877-392-5160 Sprint 1-800-877-7746 All of the long distance carriers offer direct dial service worldwide, but you should make sure that their service meets your needs. For full information, call the companies directly.
Cellular Telephone Companies
Telephone directories---The telephone company provides all customers with a telephone book covering Huntington and the surrounding areas. If you are unable to find a number in this book, dial 1-411 for directory information. For long distance information within West Virginia, call 1-304-555-1212. For an out-of-state number, dial 1-area code555-1212. Marshall University also has its own Campus Telephone Directory with listings for departments, faculty, staff and students. To order a Verizon Phone Directory you can call 1-800-8888448 Long Distance Telephone Calls---The rate for a long distance call depends on the time of day, the length of time, the distance of the call and the type of call (person-to-person or station-to-station). For information on rates for calls, look in the front pages of the telephone directory or dial "0." It is a good idea to buy a prepaid phone card to use for long distance. These may be purchased at many places. For within the US, AT&T cards purchased at Sam's Club give rates at about 4 cents per minute. Some people use their cell phones for all long distance since many companies 33
offer free or very low cost long distance rates. Overseas calling cards can be purchased for a good value or on the Internet. Ask your friends what card has the best rates for calling the country that you want to call. Free USA Long Distance comes with some land and cell phone line services and also along with many cable TV or satellite services. Worldwide long distance phone service will usually cost extra and you MUST ask questions to find out what you will have to pay. Collect Telephone Calls---A collect call is a call made to someone who agrees to accept the charges for the call. Do not accept a "collect" call unless you are willing to pay for it. You may dial a collect call by dialing "0," the area code and the number. The operator will come on the line, and you may tell her/him that this is a collect call and give your name. You will not be able to talk to the person you are calling until they agree to pay for the call. Telephone Solicitations---You may receive calls from salespeople. You should feel free to say "no thank you" and hang up if you are not interested. If you are bothered by other "nuisance" 34
calls, report it to the telephone company. You can request to be put on a "no-call" list. State Services Better Business Bureau - 1-800-362-0494 www.greaterwestvirginiabbb.org Address: 910 Quarrier Street, Charleston, WV Better Business Bureau Attorney General 558-3284 WV Attorney General 1-800-368-8808. One can check to see if a business is a good one to deal with or to report a business that has not treated you fairly. This is the agency to call. If you live in Ohio or do business there the number is 1800-471-3015, located at 898 Walnut, Cincinnati, OH IDENTIFICATION Social Security Number ­ An individual's identification number under the Social Security system has become an accepted form of identification for many purposes such as obtaining driver's licenses, student and faculty identity cards, library user cards and on local, state, and federal tax forms, etc. The Social Security Number, in short, has become the numerical substitute of an individual's name, so if you plan to stay for more than a brief visit, you will need to obtain one. It may take a considerable amount of time to get one, so one should 35
begin the process to get one as soon as possible. The rules have changed since September 11, 2001, so persistence and following the process are important. When it is time to open a bank account, get a driver's license, and many other things, you will need to have a Social Security Number. If you are not eligible to get a Social Security Card, it is possible to get a Tax Number to substitute for the SS number from the U.S. Internal Revenue Service at 845 5th Avenue. If you don't have a "green card" or are a dependent of a student or "green card" holder, you will probably have to get this Tax ID in order to get a driver's license. The telephone number for general information is 1-800-772-1213. The local number is: 304-529-5424 In Charleston: 304-347-5217. To get a Social Security Number, you must apply in person at the Social Security Administration's office, 640 4th Avenue in Huntington. You will be required to give 3 proofs of your identity and legal status in the United States by producing your passport and I-94 or I-20 and IAP-66 or your "Green Card." In WV you can drive on a foreign or international driver's license for 60 days as a visitor or new resident. After that, you must get a WV license. To get a WV Driver's License, you must have either a Social 36
Security Card and number or a Tax ID number which can be obtained from the Internal Revenue Service. You also need a passport or a birth certificate. You will have to take a written test which is only given in English. You may also have to take a driving test along with an eye test for vision. There are driver's education teachers listed in the phone directory. Your Adult Education English as a Second Language class also has study materials to help you prepare to take the tests. West Virginia requires a birth certificate, proof of residence such as an electric bill with your name on it, or rent receipt, or passport. If you cannot get a Social Security number, you must get a letter from the Social Security office saying that you cannot get a number. You can apply for a tax number from the Internal Revenue Service if you are paying income taxes. You can use this instead of the social security number to get your driver's license. If you are not paying income taxes, they will not give you a tax number. You must apply for the tax number, however, and get a letter from the IRS saying that you cannot get a tax number. If you do not have a social security number or a tax number, you can take these two letters saying you cannot get these numbers along with your passport, VISA, I94, and proof of residence and you will be allowed to apply for a driver's license or an 37
official photo ID (which you will need to open bank accounts and many other things..). You will still have to take the driver's license written and driving tests. Mrs. Janne Rice has study materials for these exams that you may borrow at the Cabell County Career Technology Center, Room 212. If you do not want to get driver's license, you will need to get an official Photo ID card. You will need to take the same documentation to the Department of Motor Vehicles to get either your driver's license or your photo ID at the DMV Office at 8th Street West and Madison Avenue, 1-800642-9066. This is right on the #6 Madison Avenue Bus Line. A bit of advice: DO NOT GIVE UP your driver's license from your country if you plan to return there. You do not have to give that license to the WV Drivers' License people. Have someone drive you there to take the test and do not take the home license with you. 38
MONEY, BANKING, AND TAXES (Ask Mrs. Rice for the Banking Module to learn more about the American Banking System.) Currency United States currency is based on the decimal system. The basic unit is the dollar ($) that equals 100 cents (c). Coins include the penny (1c), the nickel (5c), the dime (10c), the quarter (25c), and the half dollar (50c). Paper currency is in denominations of $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $50 and up. Because paper money is all the same color and size, be very careful to look at the number in the corner of each paper bill every time money is exchanged. (The US is changing some of the currency and some bills may look different.) Coins are used for many machines, and you will want to keep some on hand. Coins are used in machines to buy soft drinks, candy, snacks, cigarettes, newspapers, and postage stamps. They are also used for public telephones, lockers, parking meters, and washing and drying machines. Some places, such as Laundromats, have machines that will exchange paper money for coins. Most snack machines will now accept paper money as well as coins. 39
Bank Accounts It is not wise to keep much money on your person, in your house, or in your car. Instead, deposit it in a bank. Banks and credit unions handle savings accounts, checking accounts, and certificates of deposit. If you bring a large amount of money with you, (for example, enough to live on for a year or more), it may be advisable to divide the money among a certificate of deposit, a savings account, and a checking account. Choose a bank or credit union in a convenient location, and tell the receptionist you would like to open an account. The receptionist will direct you to a person who can explain the kinds of accounts that are available and can open one for you. Married persons can open a "joint account" which both of them can use. Banks and credit unions have "customer service" personnel whose job it is to answer customers' questions and assist with problems that have to do with banking services. For local banks and credit unions see the yellow pages (Banking) in your phone book. Checking accounts---Americans pay most of their bills by check. Therefore, you may wish to open a checking account (called a current account in many countries of the 40
world) at your bank. The place to open a checking account is a full-service bank or credit union. Both offer special accounts in which you can earn interest on money that remains in the account and also write checks to pay your bills. Maintaining a checking account may cost you a fee. Most banks in this area charge monthly fees for your checking account unless you keep a certain minimum balance of money in it at all times. Banks also charge extra for checks printed with your name and address (information that will make it easier for you to cash checks) and special checks with pictures on them (an extra you may want to have for the fun of it, but which will not affect the use of your checks). To write checks for more money than is in your bank account is a very bad practice, and in some cases, is illegal. This is called "overdrawing." Keep good records. Your bank will charge you a fee for overdrawing your account. The business to which you wrote the check will charge you an additional penalty. Once you have overdrawn your account, paying your bills by check may be difficult in the future. Many people now use ATM or Check Debit cards. These cards allow you to take money directly out of your checking account and pay at stores and restaurants. They also 41
allow you to pay bills online from your computer. Always carry ample identification with you for cashing checks. Most merchants are willing to accept checks if they are satisfied with the identification supplied. A driver's license, student/faculty identification card, credit card, and passport are good forms of identification. Savings accounts---Savings accounts at a bank or credit union will pay you interest on your money. OTHER SERVICES Certificates of deposit---These may be purchased at a bank or credit union. They will pay more interest on your money than a regular savings account, but you will not be able to withdraw the money for a length of time. Automated Teller Machines (ATM)---This service provides 24-hour banking. These machines can perform many different functions including deposits, cash withdrawals, and account enquiries. Full details may be obtained from the banks or credit unions. Travelers' Checks---Travelers' checks provide a safe way to carry money when 42
traveling in the U.S.A. and abroad. They can be replaced if they are lost, and they are more easily accepted by businesses away from your own area of residence. Banks and credit unions sell travelers' checks for a small fee. This option, however, is not popular any more. Cashier's Checks---You may need cash to buy some things from individuals who do not know you well enough to trust your personal check. If you must pay someone more than $100 (for something like a car), have them meet you at your bank, or have your bank issue a "cashier's check" which guarantees payment. If you pay for anything in cash, always obtain a receipt in writing to prove that you have paid. Money Orders---If you pay only a few bills each month but need to pay them by mail, you can buy money orders at credit unions, post offices, and some large stores. It is safer than sending cash through the mail and provides you with a receipt. International Transfer of Money---Local banks can arrange the transfer of funds to and from banks in other countries. It is simpler and less expensive to handle a draft in US dollars rather than in the currency of your country. This applies to funds you bring with you and to those you send out of 43
the U.S.A. Since drafts in foreign currencies must be processed by larger financial institutions, you must allow about a week before the funds become available to you. Your bank can exchange foreign currency for US dollars or obtain foreign currency for you for a nominal fee. You will need to allow about a week for this transaction. Fees will vary from bank to bank. CREDIT The American economy works on credit, and a person's credit record has become an important asset. Major credit cards such as Master Card and Visa are often requested as identification to establish your reliability as a customer. However, qualifying for a loan or credit card can sometimes be difficult, not just for newly-arrived internationals but for many Americans as well. If you must obtain a loan, perhaps to pay for a major purchase such as a car, you must have a place of employment and will need to verify your source of income. Before you borrow money, be sure that you know the rate of interest that you will pay and that you understand every word of the loan document. Never sign anything without fully understanding what you are signing. 44
You may establish a credit record by paying your bills regularly and promptly by check. Another good way is to take out a small loan, for which you have security (for example, a certificate of deposit), and repay it. One way to get credit if you have none is to apply for a collateralized credit card. With this type of card you must deposit money into a savings account that will earn interest. You must leave the money in that account while you have the credit card for the first year or so. If you pay your bill regularly, then after a set period of time the card may be turned into a regular credit card account and your money in the savings account will be freed. This may be a good way to get started with credit. TAXES International students, scholars, visitors, faculty, researchers, and "green card" holders, etc. who are being paid for services are generally subject to federal and state income taxes. Holders of J-2 and H visas are subject to Social Security Taxes (FICA) although they may not be entitled to any Social Security benefits nor can they recover their contributions. With certain types of visas, some money, which may have been withheld from your 45
paycheck for tax purposes, may be refunded to you if you fill out the proper tax forms. It is extremely important that you file a tax return for any year in which you earn money in the US, no matter how much money you make in a given year. J-1 and F-1 Students: A. In the US in that status for 5 calendar years or if you are considered a nonresident alien you should file a 1040NR by April 15th of each year. B. In the US in that status for more than 5 calendar years, you are considered a resident alien (for tax purposes only) and you should file a 1040 or 1040EZ. H-1 Teachers, Researchers, or Special Workers: A. In the US 183 days or more in the calendar year, you are considered a resident alien (for tax purposes only) and you are taxed on a worldwide income. You must file a 1040 or 1040EZ. B. In the US less than 183 days in the calendar year and not a resident alien for federal tax purposes in the prior year or prior two years, you are considered a non-resident alien and 46
you must file a 1040Nr BY April 15th of each year. As of January 1, 1991, the US had Tax Treaties with 41 countries. You should check if your home country has a treaty with the US and find out what that treaty covers, and what income exemptions you are entitled to. Since the tax laws change frequently and each situation is unique, do not rely on the advice of a friend. You should contact the Internal Revenue Service. They maintain an office in Huntington at 845 5th Avenue. You may call their toll free number (1-800-8291040) for information but you should understand that no information that you receive from the IRS, either by telephone or from their office is legally binding. STATE AND LOCAL TAXES **(The Adult ESL Class has an in depth lesson on State and Local Government and taxes. You can get this lesson from Mrs. Rice. What follows is a summary.) Most Internationals must also pay WV State Income Taxes on money they earn in WV. This will be deducted (taken out of your paycheck) automatically, but you must file a WV State Tax form by April 15th of every 47
year to get some money back, pay more, or be even. The State of WV collects a 6% sales tax on most items sold within the state. Stores will routinely charge this, and you do not have to worry about this--only pay it. The State of WV also collects a Title Tax on each vehicle (car, truck, motor home, etc.) purchased. You must pay this in order to get a Title (certificate of ownership) to your vehicle. Another tax must be paid on vehicles each year called a Personal Property Tax. One must go to the County Court House and be assessed at the Assessor's Office on their vehicles each year. A car license plate cannot be purchased without proof that the Personal Property Tax has been paid. To get a car license plate from the state, one must have proof of insurance on the car, a receipt for paid Personal Property Tax, and of course payment for the plate. This can be acquired at the Department of Motor Vehicles. Another tax that must be paid is the Property Tax if one owns land or a house. This also goes to the State and can be paid, like the personal property tax at the County Court House in the Sheriff's Office. 48
IMMIGRATION QUESTIONS Before you arrived in the US, you will have received information on the type of visa you have been granted, including the privileges and obligations that apply to that visa. The stamp in your passport states the kind of visa and the number of times you can enter the US before the visa expires. The white card stapled in your passport by the Immigration Officer when you entered the US is your I94. This card is your proof that you are in the country legally and is dated to show when you entered the country. If your stay in this country is extended, the Immigration and Naturalization Service will amend this card and put a new departure date on the back of the card. The "Admission Number" on this card will be your Immigration file number as long as you are in the US. Some International visitors enjoy the US and want to stay on as a student. This can only be done if one is interested in becoming a university student. To get more information on this, contact the International Department at Marshall University. They can explain what needs to be done to obtain a student visa. The Adult Education English as a Second Language Program is no longer able to issue student visas. 49
Immigration Questions/Answers Q. How does a person become a citizen of the United States? A. To become a citizen, a person must: Be age 18 or older Be a permanent resident (have a green card: for the past five years Have resided continuously in the U.S. for the past two years Have resided in your state for at least three months Not have broken any immigration law Not have been a member of the communist party at any time during the past ten years Be able to show at least five years of good moral character Believe in the principles of the U.S. Constitution Be able to speak, understand, read and write simple English during an INS interview Pass the INS test on U.S. history and government Take an oath of allegiance to the U.S. 50
There are exceptions to some of these requirements. For more information, contact the Immigration and Naturalization Service. Q. Have the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, changed U.S. immigration rules? A. Yes. The attacks focused the Nation's attention on who we let into the U.S. and what we know about those who we admitted. The USAPATRIOT Act passed in October of 2001 makes certain changes related to immigration. They are (among other things) aimed at increasing the number of Border Patrol agents, improving the technology used to screen and process and track those who enter the country, add new criteria for denying entry based on association with terrorist organizations, and direct the INS to fully implement the Foreign Student VISA Monitoring Program established in 1996. According to the National Immigration Forum, the challenge will be to "make our country more secure without turning away from our tradition as a nation of immigrants." 51
Legal Rights and Responsibilities ­ With the exception of laws governing citizenship, voting, and matters of residence, international students and other aliens in the US are subject to the same laws as American citizens. They share the constitutional right to express their views freely, both individually and with others, as long as these expressions are made in an orderly and peaceful manner. A non-resident's immigration status will not normally be affected by conviction of a minor offence such as a misdemeanor or traffic violation. However, immediate deportation can result from conviction of an offense involving "moral turpitude". This means such crimes as prostitution, possessing or trafficking in illegal drugs, carrying a concealed weapon, espionage, etc. International students are in violation of immigration law if their studies are suspended or terminated. In some cases these offenses can result in deportation. However, in such cases they are entitled to a hearing before a judge. Civil law governs "non-criminal public actions" such as drawing up contracts, paying bills, and signing rental agreements (leases). All contracts, whether written or oral, are enforceable by law. 52
Questions/Answers on Myths vs. Facts about the Legal Rights of Adult Immigrants and Refugees Q. Can legal immigrants or legal refugees be denied jobs they are qualified for? A. No. An employer may not discriminate on the basis of race, religion, age or gender. If you have evidence that you are being discriminated against, seek legal advice from a lawyer. Q. Can someone be denied housing on the basis of race? A. No. No landlord or apartment manager can turn someone down based on race. If you feel your rights have been violated, consult a lawyer or a legal agency. Q. What do you do if you cannot afford housing? A. Call the Huntington Housing Authority Q. Where can the homeless go for help? The Huntington City Mission at 7th Avenue and 10th Street will provide a place to stay for the homeless. 53
Q. Can a person be denied emergency medical attention if that person has no medical insurance or money? A. No, a hospital cannot turn away someone who needs emergency medical attention. In addition, an ambulance will be sent if the 911 operator considers it necessary. Community clinics at the Cabell Huntington health department and the Ebeneezer Outreach Center on 8th Ave. just east of Hal Greer Boulevard offer low-cost or sliding scale fees and do not turn away clients who cannot pay. These clinics usually accept Medicaid and Medicare as well. Q. Does a woman have to put up with sexual and /or domestic abuse where someone is physically or mentally hurt? A. No, she doesn't! There is a place for shelter and protection. Q. Where can someone who is being abused get help? A. Someone who is being abused can call Branches for a safe place to stay at 304-529-2392 or the National Domestic Violence Hotline 1-800-799 7233 or the West Virginia coalition Against Domestic Violence Prevention Office: 304-965-3552 Huntington area 1-888-538-9838 54
There is No Excuse for Domestic Violence! Here are some suggestions: Safety during a violent incident: *Practice how to get out of your home safely. *Keep purse and car keys readily available. *Teach children how to use the telephone to contact the police and the fire department and dial 911. Safety when preparing to leave: *Open a savings account to increase independence. *Rehearse an escape plan. *Practice it with your children. Safety with an Order of Protection: *Keep your protection order on or near you at all times. *Give your protection order to police departments in communities where you visit family or friends. *Inform your employer, minister, closest friend and relatives that you have a protection order in effect. Show them pictures of the abuser. *Ask for help screening telephone calls at work. *Call police immediately if order is violated. Items to consider taking when leaving: *Identification, birth certificates, social security cards, school and vaccination records, money checkbook, ATM card, credit cards, bank books, house and car keys, driver's license and registration, medication, welfare ID, work permits, green card, passport(s), divorce papers, medical records, lease or rental agreements, house deed, mortgage payment book, and insurance papers. Health Care Services in Huntington Huntington offers a variety of health care options. With several health care options in Huntington, the choice between different doctors and hospitals vary. The health care options are a hospital or a "private practice" which is when doctors form their own 55
practice and see patients and do some minor selective outpatient surgery. You will never be turned down from the hospital for emergency cases and some other circumstances regardless of your ability to pay or lack of health insurance. Various Health Care Options: Hospitals: - Cabell Huntington Hospital o Free immunization and doctors available by appointment for routine check-ups - St. Mary's o Free immunization and doctors available by appointment for routine check-ups - Private Practices & clinics Prices and availability of doctors differ from practice to practice Home Care: This is for those who can't leave home and is ill or old and can't take care by themselves. - Elite Home Health Corps 1-800-638-3870 - Elite Professional health service Inc. 56
1-304-525-6800 - Gentiva Health Services www.gentiva.com 1400 Commerce Avenue Huntington, WV 529-0726 - Kelly Home Services 501 5th Ave. Huntington, WV 5296624 - Pro Nursing & Health Services, Inc. 406 31st Street Huntington, WV 525-6092 - Prestera's Addication Recovery Centers 625 8th Street, 304-697-1269 - Area Psychiatric & Psychotherapy Group 1326 6th Ave. 304-525-9355 Drug Screening: If one needs to know or prove if drugs are being used. - Family Urgent Care Center 2 Stonehenge Drive, Huntington, WV 304-525-2206 - Health Research Systems: 57
529 6th Ave. Huntington, WV 304529-4453 Hospice of Huntington: (To help with issues of dying and death--final days) 1101 6th Avenue, Huntington, WV 304-529-4217 Alcoholics Annonymous: (To help people stop drinking alcohol) 1-800-333-5051 and 304-529-9820 Alcohol Abuse and Addictions Abuse 24 hour Helpline and Treatment: 304-5226818 Hospital Hospitality House of Huntington: (To have a place to stay if a family member is in the hospital at low cost) 2801 S. Staunton Road Huntington, WV 25702 Senior Care for older people: Adkins & Rollins Memorial Senior Center, 1511 Chestnut St. Kenova, WV 304-453-04925 58
CCCSO has Senior Centers, Meals on Wheels, Congregate Meals, InHome Services, Health Related Services, Voice-Care Adult Day Care Home Instead Senior Care 845 4th Avenue, Huntington, WV 304522-9112 Westmoreland Senior Citizens 3609 Hughes Street Huntington, WV 304-429-6683 Cabell/Wayne Society for the Blind 38 Washington Avenue Huntington, WV 25701 304-522-6991 Nursing Homes: Wayne Nursing and Rehab. Center RR 152 Box 1372 Wayne, WV 1-304-697-7007 Chateau Grove Senior Living Apartments www.chateaugrove.com Barbousville, WV 304-736-3443 Madison Manor 800 Madison Avenue Huntington, WV 59
Halls Assisted Living 2910 3rd Ave. Huntington, WV 304-525-3062 Heartland of Riverview 743 County Rd. 1 (behind Sam's Club) South Point, Ohio 1-740-8943287 Heritage Center Genesis Health Care Network 101 13th St. Huntington, WV 304-525-7622 Morris Memorial Convalescent & Nursing Home Inc. Milton, WV 304-743-6861 River's Bend Nursing Home South Point, Ohio Fitness: YMCA-- 935 10th Ave. 304--5258127 Curves -- 304--736-9188 Hit Center -- 304--529-4482 Weight Watchers -- 304--781-2045 ABSolute Fitness-- 304-733-1600 60
HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS This is a list of the names applied to different type of doctors who will help people with different problems. Allergist - A physician specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of allergies. Immunologist - The branch of biomedicine concerned with the structure and function of the immune system, innate and acquired immunity, the bodily distinction of self from oneself, and laboratory techniques involving the interaction of antigens with specific antibodies. Anesthesiologist - a specialist who administers an anesthetic to a patient before he is treated Cardiologist - a specialist in the structure and function and disorders of the heart Dentist - a licensed practitioner who is skilled in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases, injuries, and malformations of the teeth, jaws, and mouth and who makes and inserts false teeth Dermatologist - The branch of medicine 61
that is concerned with the physiology and pathology of the skin. Family Practitioner - A physician who practices the specialty of family medicine. Gastroenterologist - The branch of medicine dealing with the study of disorders affecting the stomach, intestines, and associated organs. Hematologist - The science encompassing the medical study of the blood and blood-producing organs. Internist - A physician specializing in internal medicine. Medical geneticist - a scientist who specializes in genetics Neurologist - The medical science that deals with the nervous system and disorders affecting it. Obstetrician - A physician who specializes in obstetrics. Gynecologist - The branch of medicine dealing with health care for women, especially the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the female reproductive organs. 62
Oncologist - The branch of medicine that deals with tumors, including study of their development, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Ophthalmologist - a medical doctor specializing in the treatment of diseases of the eye Optometrist - A person who is professionally trained and licensed to examine the eyes for visual defects, diagnose problems or impairments, and prescribe corrective lenses or provide other types of treatment. Orthopedic surgeon - The branch of medicine that deals with the prevention or correction of injuries or disorders of the skeletal system (bones), associated muscles, joints, and ligaments. Pathologist - a physician who interprets and diagnoses the changes caused by disease in tissues and body fluids Pediatrician ­ a physician who deals with the care of infants and children and the treatment of their diseases. Physical medicine & rehabilitation (sports medicine) 63
Plastic surgeon - Surgery to remodel, repair, or restore body parts, especially by the transfer of tissue. Podiatrist - a specialist in care for the feet Psychiatrist ­ a specialist who deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental and emotional disorders. Rheumatologist - a specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic conditions and arthritis. Radiologist - a physician specializing in the use of radiant energy for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes Surgeon - a physician qualified to treat those diseases that are amenable to or require surgery Urologist - a specialist in the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract and urogenital system. 64
Public Transportation in Huntington, West Virginia There is a bus system that is called the Transit Authority (TTA). TTA is in service Monday through Saturday from 6:00 a.m. to 11:15 p.m. in Huntington.. TTA buses travel from Huntington to Milton, Barboursville, Ceredo and Kenova. The TTA Center is located in the Greyhound bus terminal on 4th Avenue at the intersection of 13th Street. How much? You must pay $.75 every time you board a bus. If you are coming in or out of the Huntington city limits there is an additional fee of 25 cents. For more information call (304) 529-RIDE. Here are two TTA schedules. Others may be obtained at the bus station at 4th Ave. and 13th Street 65
Weekday Leaving Town
13th St / 4th Av. -- -6:45 7:45 8:45 9:45 10:45 11:45 1:15 2:15 3:15 4:15 5:15 6:15
12th St. / 12th Ave. -- -6:51 7:51 8:51 9:51 10:51 11:51 1:21 2:21 3:21 4:21 5:21 6:21
Prestera Center -- -7:05 8:05 9:05 10:05 11:05 12:05 1:35 2:35 3:35 4:35 5:35 6:35
Eastern Heights 6:10 7:10 8:10 9:10 10:10 11:10 12:10 1:40 2:40 3:40 4:40 5:40 6:40
Weekday Going to Town
Eastern Heights
Vo-Tech Center
St. / 12th
6:15 6:25
7:15 7:25
8:15 8:25
9:15 9:25
10:15 10:25
11:15 11:25
12:15 12:25
1:45 1:55
2:45 2:55
3:45 3:55
4:45 4:55
5:45 5:55
6:45 6:55
Saturday Leaving Town
10th St / 4th Ave 6:30 7:30 8:30 9:30 10:30 11:30 12:30 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00
13th St / 4th 12th St. / 12th
-- --
-- --
Pretsera Center -- -7:05 8:05 9:05 10:05 11:05 12:05 1:35 2:35 3:35 4:35 5:35 6:35
13th St / 4th Ave 6:45 7:45 8:45 9:45 10:45 11:45 12:45 2:15 3:15 4:15 5:15 6:15 7:15 Eastern Heights 6:10 7:10 8:10 9:10 10:10 11:10 12:10 1:40 2:40 3:40 4:40 5:40 6:40
Saturday Going to Town
Eastern Heights
VoTech Center
12th St. / 12th Ave.
10th St / 4th Ave
6:10 -- 6:25 6:30
7:10 -- 7:25 7:30
8:10 -- 8:25 8:30
9:10 -- 9:25 9:30
10:10 -- 10:25 10:30
11:10 -- 11:25 11:30
12:10 -- 12:25 12:30
1:40 -- 1:55 2:00
2:40 -- 2:55 3:00
3:40 -- 3:55 4:00
4:40 -- 4:55 5:00
5:40 -- 5:55 6:00
6:40 -- 6:55 7:00
13th St / 4th Ave 6:45 7:45 8:45 9:45 10:45 11:45 12:45 2:15 3:15 4:15 5:15 6:15 7:15
For More Route and Schedule Information Call 529-RIDE.
All images and copy are the property of Tri-State Transit Authority 1997 68
Route 7 Weekday Leaving Town
Walmart Huntington
13th St
St. / 5th
Apple St. /Altizer
Lee St & Central
/ 4th Av. Ave.
6:45 6:50 6:55 7:05 7:15 7:22
7:45 7:50 7:55 8:05 8:15 8:22
8:45 8:50 8:55 9:05 9:15 9:22
9:45 9:50 9:55 10:05 10:15 10:22 10:30
10:45 10:50 10:55 11:05 11:15 11:22 11:30
11:45 11:50 11:55 12:05 12:15 12:22 12:30
12:15 12:20 12:25 12:35 12:45 12:52 1:00
1:15 1:20 1:25 1:35 1:45 1:52
2:15 2:20 2:25 2:35 2:45 2:52
3:15 3:20 3:25 3:35 3:45 3:52
4:15 4:20 4:25 4:35 4:45 4:52
5:15 5:20 5:25 5:35 5:45 5:52
6:15 6:20 6:25 6:35 6:45 6:52
Weekday Going to Town
Huntington Mall
Lee St. & Central
Apple St. /Altizer
3rd Ave. / 29th St.
13th St. / 4th Ave.
10:05 10:15 10:20
11:25 11:35 11:45 11:50 12:15
12:25 12:35 12:45 12:50
Rte. 60 Rte. 60
Saturday Leaving Town
13th St / 4th Av.
29th St. / 5th Ave
Apple St. /Altizer
Lee St Walmart Huntington
& Central
7:45 7:50
7:55 8:05
8:45 8:50
8:55 9:05
9:45 9:50
9:55 10:05 10:15 10:22
10:45 10:50 10:55 11:05 11:15 11:22 11:30
12:15 12:20 12:25 12:35 12:45 12:52
1:15 1:20
1:25 1:35
2:15 2:20
2:25 2:35
3:15 3:20
3:25 3:35
4:15 4:20
4:25 4:35
5:15 5:20
5:25 5:35
6:15 6:20
6:25 6:35
Saturday Going to Town
Huntington Mall 8:45 9:45 11:15 12:15 1:15 2:15 3:15 4:15 5:15 6:15 7:15
Lee St. & Central 6:50 8:55 9:55 11:25 12:25 1:25 2:25 3:25 4:25 5:25 6:25 7:25
K-Mart 7:00 9:05 10:05 11:35 12:35 1:35 2:35 3:35 4:35 5:35 6:35 7:35
Apple St. /Altizer 7:10 9:15 10:15 11:45 12:45 1:45 2:45 3:45 4:45 5:45 6:45 7:45
3rd Ave. / 29th St. 7:15 9:20 10:20 11:50 12:50 1:50 2:50 3:50 4:50 5:50 6:50 7:50
13th St. / 4th Ave. 7:45 9:45 10:45 12:15 1:15 2:15 3:15 4:15 5:15 6:15 7:15 8:15
For More Route and Schedule Information Call 529-RIDE.
Public Transportation: Taxicabs Express Auto Care 3494 Cypress Creek Rd. Barboursville, WV 304-736-3750 Express Cab Co. 5267 East US Route 60 Barboursville, WV 304- 736-0717 71
Yellow Cab Company Huntington, WV Call 304-529-7131 Around Pullman Square you can find pedal cabs and horse drawn carriages as well. Always be careful that a cab company is legitimate and how much they will charge you before you enter the cab and ride. TRAVEL TO AND FROM HUNTINGTON: Airplane: One may travel from the TriState Airport, located just west of Huntington, near Kenova. From here one can connect at Pittsburg, Charlotte, Cincinnati, and Atlanta. Also, one may travel from Charleston's Yeager Airport. It has a few more connections, but is 50 miles east off Interstate 64. Some people choose 72
to drive to Columbus, Ohio, Washington, DC, or Lexington, Kentucky and fly from there. Connections from each of these should be explored if one has transportation to them because the price may be less. It is suggested that good prices may found by exploring internet sites such as Expedia, Orbitz, or other travel sites. Train: One may travel by Amtrak from Huntington. There is an eastbound Amtrak Train service that goes to Washington, D.C. where one can connect and go farther north to destinations such as New York. However, this route is only available on Fridays, Sundays, and Wednesdays. There is another westbound training going toward Cincinnati and Chicago where one can connect to other trains going toward the west coast and points along the way. This train travels on Thursdays, Saturdays, and Tuesdays. The train is usually less expensive than the airplane (but takes longer), but it is more expensive than the bus. The station is at 1050 8th Avenue. Phone: 304-523-7721 or for fares and reservations: 1-800-872-7245. Buses: Greyhound Buses depart from the same station as TTA Buses at 13th Street and 4th Avenue in Huntington. 529-3081 [There is also a Chinese bus that goes to New York City once or twice a week.] 73
KEEPING IN TOUCH Telegrams---Short messages that need to be sent quickly can be handled by Western Union. You may call 1-800-325-6000 and have the cost of the telegram billed to your telephone account. Make sure the address and message are repeated back to you to ensure the correct message is sent to the right address. Western Union is located at: Foodland/ 3120 Route 60 East/Huntington, WV 25705 Telephone: 522-0383 74
FAX---Electronic facsimile transmission, known as "FAX," enables facsimile copies of letters, documents, etc., to be sent by special telephone line to another facsimile machine anywhere in the world. Services can vary widely from business-to-business as can prices, so it is advisable to check first. The following businesses offer "FAX" services in the Huntington area: 1. Copies/1408 6th Avenue/ 525-6830 2. Office Depot/5201 U.S. Merrits Creek Mall 304-733-1170 3. Prime Copy/1452 4th Avenue/523-1600 4. UPS Store Barboursville Route 60 East Sending Packages---There are several ways to ship packages. Size, weight, distance and your own convenience will determine which service is most appropriate. For details you may contact one of the following: U.S. Postal Service 526-9600 Federal Express 1-800-463-333 United Parcel Service 1-800-742-5877 or 529-1776 75
Newspapers---The Herald-Dispatch/946 5th Avenue/526-4000 www.heralddispatch.com/ Huntington News.com / 304781-6397 The Charleston Gazette/Charleston, West Virginia/1-304-348-5151 Tri-State Shoppers' Guide/Wayne, West Virginia 522-3910 The Putnam Post/Culloden, West Virginia 743-6731 The Parthenon/Marshall University/6966696 The Wayne County News/ Wayne, WV 304-272-3433/ 310 Central Avenue, Wayne, WV/ www.waynecountynews.com The Big Eagle/400 W. Ninth St./Huntington, West Virginia/521-0441 Residence Services/Marshall University/696-6765 The Cabell Record/Culloden, West Virginia/743-1222 More about Newspapers---A common complaint from the international population is the lack of good international news coverage. A good source of international news is the Christian Science Monitor which can be found in the public library and on news stands along with The New York 76
Times and the Washington Post. Also, check in the Marshall University library for news publications from your own country. One can also read national and international news on the internet. You should learn as much about your new home area as quickly as you can. A list of local newspapers in the "Keeping in Touch" section of this guide. The papers can be bought from vending machines, or you may wish to subscribe to them through home delivery. Television and Radio---The number and variety of radio and television stations you may receive depend upon the quality of your set and cable server. Generally, the television cable providers available in the Huntington area are: Comcast Cable, Internet, & Phone 1-800346-2288 Armstrong Cable, Internet, & Phone 1-740894-3886 Charter Communication TV Cable, Internet, & Phone 1-800-975-5757 Direct TV/1-800-481-6922 Some of the local TV& Radio stations are: 77
WOWK TV/555 5th Avenue/Huntington, West Virginia/525-1313 WSAZ TV/645 5th Avenue/Huntington, West Virginia/523-5333/697-4781 WVAH TV/11 Broadcast Plaza/Hurricane, West Virginia/529-0011 There are many local and regional radio stations, including: JOY Radio/525-7789 Rock 105 WKLC/743-1051 WCMI/523-8401 WDGG FM The Dawg/523-8401 Page 13 NFH WAMX FM 106.3/529-9269 WBKS-KISS/107.1 FM/525-7788 WBVB/97.1/525-7788 WKEE FM/100.5/525-7788 WRVC FM-AM/523-8401 WTCR FM/103.3/525-7788 WVHU AM 800/525-7788 WVPR/89.9 78
SERVICES IN HUNTINGTON RELIGION Due to the influence of the university and the history of the city, Huntington has a more religiously diverse population than other cities of similar size in West Virginia. The majority of Americans in Huntington practice or are associated with the Christian religion. religious beliefs and church services (the way people worship) can vary greatly from church to church to church. Many church services are held on Sunday mornings. There is usually also a "Sunday School", a religious education period, before or after church services. Children and adults attend these sessions. Some churches have services on Saturday such as the 7th Day Adventists, the Jewish Synagogue services, or the Catholic Saturday Mass, and the Islam services are on Friday afternoons. In many churches there are also interest groups for different family members to become involved with during the week. One might join, for example, a Bible study, prayer meeting, choir, service-to-thecommunity, or youth and children's groups. In this country a person attending a church can find both religious and social fulfillment. There are two major religious observances. On Christmas (December 25), Christians 79
celebrate the birth of Christ. In early spring, followers observe Easter, the resurrection of Christ. Some churches will leave their front doors open during the week. If you are interested you can go in to look. Churches welcome visitors. You can attend almost any church service in the Huntington area and find a warm welcome. There are many different kinds of churches and philosophies represented in Huntington's churches. There is something for everyone. Look around and visit and find a church in which you feel comfortable and with whose doctrine you agree. There are different religious groups which meet within the tristate area such as Moslem, Bahai, Hindu, Jewish, Catholic, Lutheran, Episcopal, Congregationalist, many kinds of Baptist, United Methodist, Church of Christ, Church of God, Christian Church, Independent Fundamentalist, Jehovah's Witnesses, Mormon, and many other independent groups. Religion is very important to the people of the Huntington area. West Virginians, in general, are good, spiritual people who try to be kind and helpful to others and have great respect for God. This makes for a good community. 80
ENGLISH CLASSES There are two major opportunities to learn or improve your English while you are in Huntington. Free English classes are offered during the school year at the Cabell County Career Technology Center Adult Education English as a Second Language Program. Classes meet Monday through Thursday mornings from 8-12. Studies include Conversation, Pronunciation, Reading, Writing, Grammar, Listening Skills, Culture and Coping Skills, and Citizenship Studies along with English Language Civics Studies. This is a multilevel class with students from many countries, cultures, and religions. Students in this class report that it has greatly helped their English and coping skills. During the year, several field trips to area attractions are scheduled along with parties where food and culture are shared. A second opportunity to learn English, if you can afford to pay, is to attend the Marshall University English Language Program. This program is keyed to preparing international students for university studies. It helps them prepare for both entrance exams such as the TOEFL and for college level work in the English language. This is an intensive course and students find it helpful to have some prior 81
English exposure before beginning classes although this is not absolutely necessary. This program does not carry University credit and does have a tuition charge. Information about tuition costs can be obtained by calling the Marshall University International program. SHOPPING There are several shopping malls in the Huntington area. The Huntington Mall is located near Barboursville along Interstate 64. It has many different kinds of stores and shops. There is a smaller mall at the Merrits' Creek exit on the I-64 exit just before the Huntington Mall exit. There is another mall, Town Center Mall, in midtown Ashland, KY, a small city just across the Kentucky/WV border down Rt. 60 W. Another mall, Charleston Town Center Mall, is located in the middle of Charleston WV, about 50 miles east of Huntington on I64. Downtown Huntington now boosts Pullman Square with theatres, restaurants, ice cream shop, book store, retail shops, and a comedy club. Discount Stores- There are many different discount stores in the Huntington area where items may be purchased for less money. Scattered all over the area are stores called Dollar General Stores, Family Dollar Stores, and Big Lots Stores. These have all kinds of 82
general merchandise from clothes to furniture, household items, to even food, all at low prices. There is a discount store on Rt. 60 east of Huntington called Gabriel Brothers that has discount clothing, household items, and shoes. Another discount location is Value City Department Store located beside the Huntington Mall. There are a number of Dollar Stores as well. These are stores where everything costs only $1. Items are not of super quality, but many times one can find some good bargains at these stores, located all over the area. (Don't confuse these Dollar stores with Dollar General or Family Dollar). One other name brand discount store is Marshall's, located at Merrit's Creek Plaza. Also located there is Target where many bargains may also be found. \ If one needs construction items, Lowe's, Home Depot, 84 Lumber, or local Hardware Stores are where you need to go. A phenomenon that is very popular in the Huntington area is that of the Yard Sale, Garage Sale, or Rummage Sale where families or groups of people like church groups or clubs have sales of things that they no longer need or want. Great bargains can be found at these sales. These are many times advertised in the Herald Dispatch and Shoppers' Guide. Watch the local newspaper on Fridays. Sometimes these 83
have beautiful clothes, appliances, furniture, and many children's and baby items for a very small cost. One other shopping source is resale shops. These shops have things donated or left for sale second-handed. Good Will has big resale shops all over the area and there are also a number of other private resale and consignment shops. Consignment shops take items from individuals and if the items are sold, they keep part of the money and give an agreed amount to the original owner. One can find high quality items for a modest cost. PARKS AND PLAYGROUNDS **(The Adult ESL Class has a special book about accessing the local culture and what there is to do around Huntington that you can get from Mrs. Rice. What follows is a short summary.) Huntington is fortunate to have a park system that provides recreational parks throughout the county. 84
Ritter Park is located along 13th Avenue from 12th Street to 14th Street West. Here you will find picnic areas that can be reserved for special occasions, play areas for children, tennis courts and several miles of walking trails. In one area of the park there is an outdoor amphitheater for summertime plays and musicals. More detailed information about what is going on at the park can be obtained by calling Parks and Recreation--Greater Huntington District--696-5954 or by going on line at www.ghprd.org. The telephone number for the tennis courts is 696-5977. Harris River Front Park is located in the downtown area along the floodwall between 9th and 10th Streets. Boating, walking, and picnicking can be enjoyed here. For more information call: 696-5990. Playgrounds are found in the city parks as well as at every public elementary school in Cabell County. For locations, check the local phone directory for all Cabell County Schools. Call 528-5000 for the nearest school in your neighborhood. Another local park is St. Cloud's Common located in the west of Huntington just off Madison Avenue and 19th Street West toward the CSX Railroad. This park is used for ballgames, receptions, and walking. 85
Contact the Park Board at 696-5954 for more information. Camden Park is an over 100 year old amusement park located on Route 60 West in the Western part of Huntington. This is a great place to take kids with about 20 rides such as roller coasters, Ferris wheel, children's rides, merry-go-round, and things to fly and drive. They also have a brand new Miniature Golf Course. You can picnic there as well or they have food available to buy. They are open during the summer and on weekends in the spring and fall. Nearby State Parks provide for boating, fishing, swimming, hiking, camping, etc.: Beech Fork 304-528-5794 Cabwaylingo 304-385-4255 East Lynn State Park For more information about other State Parks and facilities, contact 1-800-CALL WVA or visit the website at www.wvstateparks.com. Other nearby state parks in Kentucky which are great places to visit are: Carter Caves State Park in Olive Hill Kentucky about 25 minutes from Huntington down I-64 West. Here you can 86
hike, explore caves, ride horses, swim, play golf, eat, fish, camp, or stay in the lodge. Greenbo Lake State Park in Kentucky about 30 minutes from Huntington offers many of the same things as Carter Caves without the caves. Ohio has Lake Vesuvius State Park within easy driving distance. FAIRS, FESTIVALS, AND PARADES Among other activities in our area, we have access to many fairs, festivals, and parades: Pullman Square Music every Tuesday at 7 p.m. during the summer. Many different kinds of music from the Huntington Harmonica Club to Rock to String Quartets. Annual Dogwood Arts and Crafts Festival: Last weekend in April at Big Sandy Superstore Arean 304-696-5990 Barboursville Octoberfest/Fallfest TBA/contact: Tim Patton; P.O. Box 201; Barboursville, WV 25504 CAFЙ Children's Art Festival Extravaganza in Downtown Huntington in June. A free event for the whole family. 87
Easter Egg Hunt: Held near Easter in Ritter Park for children up to 12 years old. 304696-5954
St. Albans Riverfest July 304-722-5129
Mountain State Arts and Crafts Fair July/Ripley, WV 304-372-8159/304-3723247/FAX: 304-372-8159
Pt. Pleasant Sternwheel Regatta and River Festival/Pt. Pleasant, WV in July 304-6755768
Ritter Park Days in July 304-696-5954 FAX:304-696-5588 [email protected]
WV Quilt Show and Fair in July S. Charleston, WV 304-746-1052
Cabell County Fair in July Milton, WV 304-743-4273 FAX: 304-743-4273
Charleston Ribfest Charleston, WV July 304-984-2412 FAX: 304-984-2425
Heritage Farm Festival First Saturday in
May. Experience life as it was in an
www.heritagefarmmuseum.com 522-1244
Jomie Jazz Festival Marshall University 696-3117
West Virginia State Fair Lewisburg, WV 304-645-1090 FAX: 304-645-6660
WV Italian Heritage Festival September Clarksburg, WV 304-622-7314 FAX: 304622-5727 or ben [email protected] WV Pumpkin Festival First whole weekend of October at the Milton Fair Grounds in Milton, WV 304-743-9222 FAX: 304-7438857 or www.wvpumpkinfestival.org (Cabell) Youthfest October Huntington, West Virginia 886-325-0556 FAX: 606-327-5596 [email protected] (Cabell) Old Central City Days third weekend in June. Flea markets, inflatables, entertainment, antiques, old west style gunfights, and more. 304-528-5697 Vandalia Festival held in May of each year in Charleston, WV 304-558-0220 Art in the Park: Ritter Park the third weekend in June. Forty artists display and sell their work. Band Festival, Area High School Bands play in concert for free, April in Huntington call 528-5000 for dates each year. Barboursville Civil War Days and Living History Reenactment: Second Weekend in July 304-762-2657 89
WV Hot Dog Festival: Last Saturday in July located at the Pullman Square www.wvhotdogfestival.com Fire Parade to celebrate Fire Prevention Week with area youth and High School bands marching down 4th Avenue First Monday in October Downtown Huntington New River Gorge Excursion Train Trip ­ Weekends in September and October to see the fall colors. Collis P. Huntington Historical Railway Society 1085 8th Avenue, Huntington, WV Barboursville Fall Fest: Arts and Crafts, car show, beauty pageant, carnival, parade. 304736-8994 Hilltop Festival: Second weekend in August at the Huntington Museum of Art on McCoy Road up past the Rose Garden. 304-5294857 Chilifest: Chili making contest with food music and fun at Pullman Square in September. 304-529-4857 Greek Festival: Greek Food, dancing, and music. Last complete weekend in September at St. George Greek Orthodox Church 701 11th Avenue 304-522-7890 For more information on things to do in the Huntington area, visit the local visitor center on I-64 East between Exit 8 and Exit 11. 90
More information about activities in the Huntington Area may be obtained from the Cabell Huntington Convention and Visitors Bureau at [email protected] or call 1-800635-6329
Performing Arts:
The Huntington area abounds in performing
arts. Whether you wish to participate or just
enjoy watching a performance, there is an
abundance of drama, dance, and music. The
Marshall Artists Series exemplifies the
strong ties between the University and City.
The Huntington Chamber Orchestra and
Symphonic Band along with the Huntington
Brass Band, the CK Alumni Band, and the
Huntington Harmonica Club all give
fantastic concerts year round, some for free.
One can check the calendar of events at
[email protected]
performances and check the Thursday,
Huntington Herald Dispatch Newspaper
entertainment section for other
entertainment events from the below groups
and more:
Huntington Outdoor Theater performing at the Ritter Park Outdoor Amphitheater in the summer 304-523-8080
5th Avenue Theater Company 304-696-5522
First Stage Theater Company 304-638-6336
Freespirit Productions 304-697-0602 91
Gallery Theater Associates 304-529-2701 Huntington Chamber Orchestra 304-5250670 Huntington Dance Theater 304-522-6314 Jean Stephenson Auditorium 304-696-5522 Marshall Artists Series 304-696-6656 Marshall University Chamber 10 - Concert Series, Ritter Park Amphitheater, Virginia Point Park and other locations. Greater Huntington Park and Recreation District 304-696-5954 Marshall University Theater 304-696-2787 There are also many private schools and teachers who teach piano, dance, guitar, and other performing skills. Check with Marshall University Music Department and friends for recommendations and check your telephone directory yellow pages. Schools in Huntington Huntington is known for its excellent public schools, which are free and available to all students from Kindergarten (age 5) to 12th grade (age 18). The students typically attend the schools that are nearest to their home. 92
Another option is private schools, which are not free and generally follow the same schedule as the public school system. Fall 2012 brings free pre-school for all 4 year old children. As soon as you move to Huntington or Cabell County, you need to go to yo9ur local school and sign up your children ages 4-18 for Public School. For children who are not old enough for pre-school, there are daycares where a licensed provider will have qualified instructors and supervisors for the children. WV Public Schools have some rules which must be followed in order to keep schools safe and productive. There are several things which are not allowed on school property. Not allowed are any kinds of knives (not even to sharpen pencils), guns, alcohol, tobacco of any kind, drugs, or any kind of medicine. If a child needs to take medicine, the parent needs to bring it to the school and take it to the office. The office and School Nurses will give the prescribed medicines to the students. Public Elementary Schools Altizer Elementary School 250 Third Street , Altizer Addition Huntington , West Virginia 25702 528-5110 Fax 528-5148 Central City Elementary School Washington Avenue 93
Huntington , WV 25704
Fax 528-5245
Cox Landing Elementary School 6358 Cox Lane Lesage , West Virginia 25537 733-3019 Fax 733-3021
Culloden Elementary School
2100 U.S. Route 60 East
Culloden , West Virginia 25510
Fax 743-7306
Davis Creek Elementary School
Route 2, Box 498
Barboursville , West Virginia 25504
Fax 733-3049
Explorer Academy Elementary School 2901 Saltwell Road Huntington, WV 25705
Guyandotte Elementary School
Fifth Avenue , B & O Railway
Huntington , West Virginia 25702
Fax 528-5151
Highlawn Elementary School
2549 First Avenue
Huntington , West Virginia 25702
Fax 528-5152
Hite-Saunders Elementary School
3708 Green Valley Road
Huntington , West Virginia 25701
Fax 528-5038
Martha Elementary School 3065 Martha Road Barboursville , West Virginia 25504 733-3027 Fax 733-3016
Meadows Elementary School
1601 Washington Boulevard
Huntington , West Virginia 25701
Fax 528-5153 (Meadows)
Southside Elementary School
10th Ave. between 2nd and 3rd St.
Huntington , West Virginia 25701
Fax 528-5154
Milton Elementary School
1201 Pike Street
Milton , West Virginia 25541
Fax 743-7307
Nichols Elementary School
3505 Erwin Road
Barboursville , West Virginia 25504
Fax 733-3054
Ona Elementary School
U. S. Route 60 East
Ona , West Virginia 25545
Fax 743-7321
Salt Rock Elementary School
5570 Madison Creek Road
Salt Rock , West Virginia 25559
Fax 733-3060
Spring Hill Elementary School 1901 Hall Avenue Huntington , West Virginia 25701 528-5175 Fax 528-5177
Village of Barboursville Elementary School 718 Central Avenue Barboursville , West Virginia 25504 733-3035 or 733-3000 Fax 733-3036
Public Middle Schools
Barboursville Middle School
1400 Central Avenue
Barboursville , West Virginia 25504
Fax 733-3009
Temporary Huntington East Middle
School Grades 7 and 8
Saltwell Road
Huntington , West Virginia 25705
Fax 528-5197
Huntington Middle School
10th Ave between 2nd and 3rd Sts..
Huntington, WV 25704
Fax 528-5215
Enslow Middle School Temporary
Grade 6
26th Street & Collis Avenue
Huntington , West Virginia 25702
Fax 528-5097
Milton Middle School 1302 West Main St., Rear Milton , West Virginia 25541 743-7308 Fax 743-7324
Public High Schools
Huntington High School
#1 Highlander Way
Huntington , West Virginia 25701
Fax 528-6422
Cabell Midland High School
2300 U. S. Route 60 East
Ona, West Virginia 25545
Fax 743-7577
Cabell County Career Technology Center 1035 Norway Avenue Huntington , West Virginia 25705 528-5106 Fax 528-5110 The Career Technology Center has Vocational HS courses, High School Academy, and Adult Vocational and ESL programs. 97
Private Schools Grace Christian School Private School Pre-Kindergarten ­ 12th grade 1111 Adams Ave Huntington, WV 25704 (304) 525-1532 Our Lady of Fatima School Private School Kindergarten ­ 8th grade 535 Norway Ave Huntington, WV 25705 (304) 523-2861 St Joseph Grade School Private School Kindergarten ­ 6th and Pre-School 520 13th Street Huntington, WV 25701 (304) 522-2644 St. Joseph Central High School Private School 7th ­ 12th grade 600 Thirteenth Street Huntington, WV 25701 (304) 525-5096 Covenant School 5800 E US Rt. 60 Huntington, WV 25705 304-736-0000 98
Day Care Programs Barnett Child Care Program 1524 10th Ave Huntington, WV 25701 YMCA Day Care Center 917 9th St Huntington 25701 Fifth Avenue Baptist Daycare Center 1135 5th Ave Huntington 25704 Children's Place, Inc. 625 Richmond St. Huntington 25702 The Child Development Academy At Marshall University 520 22nd St. Huntington 25701 Beverly Hills Child Care Center 469 Norway Ave. Huntington 25705 99
SCHOOL ENROLLMENT: Steps needed to enroll your child in school: 1. proof of age: birth certificate or passport 2. proof of immunization a. diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough (DTP) b. polio c. mumps, measles and rubella (MMR) 3. TB Test: tuberculin skin test must be given within a four-month period before the beginning of school. If your child has already been immunized against TB, bring proof of this immunization to prevent another test. 4. Certificate of Health: your child must have a physical examination by a licensed doctor in the USA. The doctor will complete the school health form and could also provide the 100
immunizations that your child is lacking. 5. Immunizations (or shots) needed can be obtained at the Cabell/Huntington Health Department located on 7th Avenue and 7th Street. You can call for current information and hours at 523-6483. New regulations state that 11th graders and 7th graders must have extra booster shots as well. 6. Academic records: if necessary, your child's records from previous schools. VOLUNTEER OPPORTUNITIES IN THE TRI-STATE: These are agencies and groups where you can volunteer your time to help others. SCHOOLS: Work with your neighborhood school and volunteer with the PTA or PTO (Parent/Teacher Association or Organization), become a home room parent and provide food for parties, become a parent volunteer to help read, 101
copy, or other tasks the teachers need help with.
Ceredo Beautification 304-453-1041
United Way of the River
Cities, Inc.
Habitat for Humanity 304-523-4822
Highlands Museum & Discovery Center 606-329-8888 Paramount Arts Center 606-324-3175 Huntington Museum of Art 304-529-2701
American Red Cross 304-526-2900
Hospice of Huntington 304-529-4217 American Cancer Soc. 800-227-2345 American Heart Assoc. 304-525-4431 KIDS AND THEIR NEEDS: Big Brothers Big Sisters of The Tri-State, WV 304-522-2191 Huntington Child Shelter 304-697-3332 All schools (see school section)
Tri-State Literacy Coun. 304-528-5700 Cabell County Library 304-528-5700
Huntington Area Food
Huntington City Mission 304-523-0293
Salvation Army, WV 304-529-2401
Stella Fuller Settlement 304-522-4468
Information & Referral 304-528-5660
Two Hearts Pregnancy Care Center,
Ashland, KY
U.S. CUSTOMS AND CULTURE No one is an expert in all areas of all cultures. The best advice one can get is to ask questions, research, and be forgiving. If someone does something which you consider ill-mannered, remember that they may not know the rules which you have learned to live by, so assume that they did not mean to be impolite. Forgive them and gently explain what you were expecting. The following tips will help you to understand the WV and US culture better, but no one knows everything.
TIPPING Service is not usually included in restaurant bills and it is customary to leave a tip for the server unless you receive bad service. As a guideline, you should tip 20% in an expensive restaurant, and 15% of the bill in a medium price restaurant. Tips are not
expected in cafeterias or fast food restaurants. Tips are also given to luggage carriers in hotels, airports, and stations ($.50 per piece of luggage), to taxi drivers and hairdressers (15%) and coatroom attendants ($.25). Do not tip repairmen (utilities or household appliances), mechanics, service station attendants, supermarket clerks or people who carry grocery bags. Do not offer tips to public officials or police­ it is illegal and regarded as bribery. SOCIAL CUSTOMS There is a distinct set of customs and behavior patterns that exist in the United States. Here are a few things that you may want to consider when relating to Americans. Greetings ­ Men usually shake hands the first time that they meet. Generally, a man does not shake hands with a woman unless she offers her hand first, but this is changing so offering to shake hands with a woman is 105
not incorrect. "How do you do?", How're you doing?" "Good morning" and "Good afternoon" are common formal greetings. In more casual settings, people just say "hello" or "hi" or for kids, "What's up?" or "Waz up?". After greetings, Americans usually ask questions to show interest in the other person (Americans included) such as, "Where are you from?" and "What do you do?" If these are not correct questions in your culture, do not become upset with the questioner since he or she is only trying to be friendly. Americans may be uncomfortable with greetings of hugs. After a friendship is established this may be added. The use of names ­ First names are probably more readily used in the United States than in other countries. It is automatically correct to use the first name of someone of approximately your same age or younger. A man or woman older than you should be addressed as Mr., Mrs., or Ms. until the individual requests you to use his/her first name. The title Ms. is used by many American women instead of Miss or 106
Mrs. If you do not know if a person is single or married, Ms. is a handy substitute. Social invitations ­ Invitations should always be accepted or refused as soon as possible. You should arrive for an invitation to a meal at the exact time specified. It is usually considered impolite to be more than a few minutes late. If the invitation is for a reception or party, you can arrive at any time between the hours on the invitation. It is also important to keep in mind when to leave a party or dinner. Generally, you will be expected to remain for at least one hour after dinner, but always notice what other guests are doing and when they leave. Do not assume that your children are included in a dinner invitation. Ask first. Also, if you have food restrictions, tell your hostess when you accept the invitation. She can take these into account when planning her menu. No one will expect you to eat food which will violate your religious practices or cause an allergic reaction. 107
Americans usually eat dinner between 5:00 and 6:30 in the evening. This enables them to attend the many activities which are scheduled for the evening hours. However, dinner may be served at noon or in the middle of the afternoon on a Sunday or holiday. A uniquely American meal is brunch. Brunch is served any time between 10 am and 2 pm and combines breakfast and lunch foods. In their homes, Americans often pass foods around the table. You may take small servings of unfamiliar foods. There is no custom of completely emptying your plate or leaving a little to indicate your pleasure with the meal. If you want more of something that is still on the table, ask for it. Your hostess probably prepared the food herself and will be pleased that you like it. If your hostess offers you more of anything, answer honestly the first time. Americans do not ask three times as is common in some countries! If the food or implements are strange to you, watch your hostess and follow her example. It is considered impolite to start eating before the hostess begins. 108
Some Americans pray before meals. This is called a "blessing" or "grace". You do not have to join in the prayer but should remain standing or sitting respectfully until the prayer is over. Covered Dish or Pot Luck Dinner Sometimes an invitation may be for a "pot luck" or "covered dish" dinner. This means that each guest or family is expected to bring part of the meal. A dish typical of your country is always welcome, but do not hesitate to call the host or hostess to discuss what you should bring. In this area, this is a very socially acceptable and popular way to have a party. If you are having a party and would like to make it "pot luck," this would be well accepted. If your guests ask what to bring, please give them ideas what you will have and what you need. Do not tell them that you need nothing. Saying thank you ­ A sincere "thank you" as you are leaving or a short letter afterwards is enough. Your host or hostess will not expect gifts from guests. You may wish to extend an invitation to your friends 109
in return. For instance you might invite your host to join you at some international event or to cook your own country's special dishes for your friends. Friendship and dating ­ Americans tend to be very casual. In general, a casual discussion does not imply a commitment to further personal friendship. Some relationships will develop into close friendships; however, this can never be assumed and will undoubtedly take a considerable amount of time to happen. Relationships between men and women may be more difficult to interpret. The casual interchange that occurs can often be misinterpreted. It is important to keep in mind that Americans place a great emphasis on individuality in defining acceptable adult behavior between the sexes. For example, meeting members of the opposite sex for a movie, lecture, or dance does not necessarily signify a commitment and should be viewed accordingly. In the US, it is illegal to marry within the close family with first cousins, brothers, sisters, aunts, uncles, and so forth. 110
This may be different from your country, but it is an important law and custom in the US which you must respect and obey. You may find the initial adjustment to life in the U.S. to be confusing and challenging. You should never feel pressured to abandon customs and beliefs that are important to you. If you find that you are having difficulty adjusting, seek help. HOLIDAYS Most Americans have a five-day workweek, Monday through Friday, approximately 40 hours in length. Most workplaces and government offices observe this schedule. Schools are closed for holidays and during most of the months of June and July, and some of August. Retail stores are almost always open Saturdays and some are also open Sunday afternoons (for example, at the malls). People who work Saturday or Sunday are usually given compensatory time off during the regular workweek. 111
In addition to the weekends, there are a number of other "holidays" celebrated throughout the year. Some holidays are celebrated by almost all Americans such as Thanksgiving, Independence Day (4th of July), Halloween, Memorial Day, and Labor Day. Other holidays are celebrated by specific religious groups. For example, Christians observe Easter and Christmas while the Jewish community observes Hanukkah, Yom Kippur, Passover, and Rosh Hashanah. Our Moslem community celebrates holidays and observances such as Id al Adha, Id al Fitr, Ramadan and Hijra New Year. Still other holidays are emphasized by varying ethnic groups such as the predominantly Irish celebration of St. Patrick's Day. Some holidays always fall on a given date. For example, Christmas is always December 25th. Some holidays' dates are set by religious calendars and change each year. Still others have been set by law so as to fall on a particular day, rather than a date. Thanksgiving, for example, is always on the 112
fourth Thursday in November, Memorial Day the fourth Monday of May, and Labor Day the first Monday in September. Sometimes when major holidays fall on Saturday or Sunday an additional holiday is observed the following Monday or previous Friday. Even within Huntington there is not always consistency about holidays. The University may be closed, but the public schools may be in session. The banks may be closed but the schools may be open. Some stores may do business while others shut their doors. County government offices may be closed while city government offices are open. The way to deal with this is to ask for and check schedules and call ahead. INFORMATION ABOUT SOME IMPORTANT HOLIDAYS New Year's Eve (December 31) and New Year's Day (January 1) Celebration of New Year's Day usually begins the night before, on New Year's Eve, 113
when it is common for groups of people to have a party to celebrate the coming of the new year. Alcoholic beverages are often consumed at these parties, but this is not mandatory. Some churches have Watch Night Services and worship the new year in. It is customary to make loud noises at midnight, when the new year officially arrives; embracing or kissing others at the party at midnight is not unusual. On New Year's Day special television programs such as parades and football games are often watched. Valentine's Day (February 14) Valentine's Day is for telling someone you care about him or her. Elementary school children generally exchange cards at school with their teachers and classmates. Sometimes the students make the cards to take to school, and sometimes they buy inexpensive cards that are sold especially for school children at discount stores, grocery stores, etc. Ask your child's teacher what is planned. Adults sometimes exchange cards, flowers, or candy. Hearts, flowers, and cupids are traditional symbols of decoration. 114
Easter (Different dates each year in March or April) Easter's date varies from year to year. It is a Christian religious celebration of the resurrection (or coming back to life after being dead) of Jesus. It also is celebrated as the coming of Spring and the revival of nature. Colored eggs, rabbits (called Easter Bunnies), and chickens are symbols of the season. Christians go to church, have special meals, and often organize egg coloring, egg hiding, and egg hunts for children. On Good Friday, the Friday before Easter Sunday, which commemorates the day Christ was crucified, you may find some businesses closed. Mother's Day (2nd Sunday in May) On the second Sunday in May, Americans celebrate the day to honor mothers and grandmothers. Children usually make something at school for their mothers, buy a small present, or just do nice things for her that day. Adults also honor their mothers with greeting cards, gifts, and/or a special meal. Mother's Day was 115
founded by a West Virginia woman, Anna Jarvis, and was first observed in Grafton, where she was b0orn on May 10, 1908. Memorial Day (4th Monday in May--Old date was May 30) Memorial Day was created to honor members of the U.S. armed forces who have died. There may be a parade and special ceremonies at cemeteries. Many families take flowers to cemeteries to honor their deceased family members as well. However, most people also celebrate the day as the beginning of summer and enjoy the day with their families and friends. West Virginia Day (June 20th) Celebration of the formation of West Virginia when it broke away from Virginia on June 20, 1863. There are celebrations in the State Capitol, Charleston, WV. State offices are closed but most people are not off work for this holiday. Father's Day (3rd Sunday in June) The third Sunday in June is a day set aside to honor Fathers and grandfathers in 116
the same manner as Mother's Day does mothers. Independence Day (July 4th) On July 4th 1776, the American Colonists declared their independence from Great Britain with their Declaration of Independence. Each year this is traditionally celebrated with parades, picnics, and fireworks. Decorations are usually red, white, and blue ­ the colors of the U.S. flag. Labor Day (1st Monday in September) On the first Monday in September, Labor Day recognizes people who work or labor, by letting them rest. It signals the end of summer and often features outdoor activities with families and friends. Halloween (October 31st) Halloween was originally All Saints Day Eve. Historically it was believed that the dead returned that night to roam the earth as ghosts. All manner of magic and ill luck was thought possible. Vandals used 117
this as an excuse to cut down trees across roads and set fire to old tires in roads. This sometimes still goes on, but not as much as it did years ago. The holiday has really changed into a children's celebration in the U.S.A. Children have parties at school, and sometimes are asked to wear costumes on that day. Costumes can be purchased inexpensively in stores or made at home and need not be elaborate. Children like to wear some sort of costume and mask on the day designated for the community (sometimes Oct. 29th or 30th) and go "Trick or Treating." This is when children (accompanied by an adult for safety) knock on their neighbor's doors call "Trick or Treat". Most people expect the children and have treats such as candy to give out so that no tricks are played by anyone. Most tricks can be considered vandalism under U.S. laws and should be discouraged. For several years some children have been collecting money for the United Nations Children's Fund, on Halloween. The effort is called "Trick or Treat for UNICEF". Churches and schools coordinate this effort. 118
Children participating in the UNICEF collection are given official identification or collection receptacles. It is very important that you observe some safety rules, especially with small children, on this holiday. Make sure that your youngster's costume is light in color or reflects light so that motorists can see him or her in the dark. No mask or costume should hinder the child's sight. Observe the hours designated by the city for "trick or treating". Accompany small children on their trick or treat rounds and advise older children to knock only on doors where porch lights are on. Also, warn your children not to eat any of the treats until they get home and you examine their bag of treats. Things that are unwrapped or look tampered with should be thrown away. Unfortunately, some people have tried to ruin this holiday for children by giving them harmful things to eat. If you should find anything harmful in the treats, report it to the police. Traditional colors for Halloween are orange and black. Familiar symbols are pumpkins, 119
black cats, witches on broomsticks, skeletons, and monsters. Many families make jack-o-lanterns. This is a pumpkin hollowed out and carved with a face. A candle or flashlight is then placed inside and shines through the carved out holes. Jack-olanterns are placed on porches or on window sills as decorations. Be careful when using candles near flammable objects. This is now just a fun holiday where folks get to dress in costumes, have parties, and give candy to each other. Veterans' Day (Celebrated on November 11th) On November 11th, the US celebrates Veterans' Day to honor all those who served in the military throughout the history of the country and those who serve now. There are parades and services to honor those who died for their country. Thanksgiving (4th Thursday in November) On the 4th Thursday in November, Americans celebrate Thanksgiving that commemorates the early settlers of the 120
country. The first white settlers of Massachusetts were Pilgrims, a religious sect. At the end of their first successful harvest, they invited the Native Americans, who had helped them, to a feast to give thanks. Americans now traditionally have a large meal on this day with family and friends. There are parades and football games on television. Symbols of this holiday are turkeys (which usually are cooked for the main course of the big dinner), pumpkin pie, and people dressed as Pilgrims in black, white, and gray clothes. Schools often have Thanksgiving plays with costumes of Pilgrims and Native American Indians. You may be asked to provide your child a costume. Ask the teacher what is needed. These costumes should be inexpensive to make or buy. Christmas (December 25th) Although a religious holiday commemorating the day of Jesus Christ's birth, Christmas has also become a legal holiday. U.S. family observances of Christmas vary as widely as do ethnic or 121
religious backgrounds. This is a day of church attendance, gift exchange, and large meals with families and friends. Some families also have a tradition of church, gifts, and a special meal on Christmas Eve, December 24. Some young children believe that Santa Claus, a fat, white-bearded man in a red suit, brings gifts to good boys and girls; and they delight in writing him letters and visiting "him" at shopping centers. Americans frequently exchange Christmas cards and gifts with friends. Preparations for Christmas may begin a good deal earlier and be more commercialized in the U.S. than you are accustomed to. Many stores have sales and extra merchandise to sell. Store Christmas decorations often are put up in September or October. You can even buy some Christmas things (such as sewing projects and decorations) in the summer months. Usually many businesses and families give holiday parties. When Americans talk about preparations for "the holidays," they sometimes mean the entire period starting 122
with Thanksgiving and continuing through New Year's Day. Americans never put candles on their Christmas trees because they could start a house fire. Many electrical Christmas lights are sold to decorate Christmas trees; it is important to buy the right type. Artificial Christmas trees need different lights than real trees. Lights for display inside and outside houses also differ. Read all instructions on boxes of Christmas lights. One does not have to be a Christian to celebrate "the holidays." People of many faiths use it as a time to celebrate friendship and love for others. Some even "let Santa come to their house" for their children. This has not proved to be a problem for most families. There will be a 10 to 14 day holiday from school at this time. Birthdays In the U.S.A., children often celebrate the day of their birth with a party. Birthday parties held at home usually include a few friends of the birthday child; games are 123
played, songs are sung, and refreshments are served. The food always includes a cake with a candle to represent each year of the child's life. Each guest brings an inexpensive gift and receives a small party favor (such as a small toy, balloon, or candy) to take home. Some people opt to give their children birthday parties outside the home at places such as McDonald's, Billy Bob's, Skating Rinks, Bowling Alleys, YMCA, Gymnastics Gyms, or parks. This may cost more, but cuts down preparation and clean up time as well as making it possible to invite a large number of people. If your child is invited to a birthday party of this type, you can either go along and observe or drop them and pick them up at the time the inviting parent specifies (don't be late though). You should ask what would be best. The child should bring a birthday gift or money in a card for the birthday child. In some elementary schools, there is an observance of the birthday in class. The birthday child usually takes a small treat (such as cupcakes or cookies) for each of the classmates in his or her classroom. 124
Showers Showers are parties given in honor of either the birth of a baby (Baby Shower) or to honor a bride (Bridal Shower) right before a wedding. It is traditional to give showers where guests give gifts for a new baby or to help a couple get started in a new marriage. Usually, there is food served, games played, and gifts opened. Afterwards, it is important for the new mother or bride to send notes of thank you to everyone who gave gifts. Any friend or family member may give a shower and invite friends and family of the mother or bride. Your Own Celebrations Your religious or national holidays are important. If observing one of your special days necessitates keeping your child home from school, remember to notify the school officials in advance. Many of your new American and international friends would like to learn about your holidays and 125
participate in them with you. Never be embarrassed to talk about and celebrate your holidays. Childcare Babysitting is not just for "babies." The term is used when you pay someone to come to your home and care for your child, regardless of his or her age. While this is sometimes done by working parents on a daily basis, more commonly people use a "babysitter" (what you call the person you hire: when they have a special event to attend. Rates for babysitters vary greatly depending upon age, experience, and the number of children being cared for. Don't hesitate to ask other parents for suggestions of babysitters or how much they have to pay. Ask your friends and neighbors for recommendations as to babysitters. It is a good idea to ask the sitter what his or her usual rate is before employing one. Ages of sitters vary greatly. In selecting a sitter be sure that they are mature and 126
responsible enough to care for your child and respond to an emergency (such as fire or sickness). You may want to ask for a reference of someone else for whom they have worked that you should call and check how good a sitter is before hiring them. When you leave, be sure to leave information about where you can be reached if a problem arises and all the emergency phone numbers for fire, police, poison control, and ambulance. When you transport your child to a place that has a number of children and leave them there on a regular basis, you are using "day care." Laws and warnings ­ Child neglect laws make it a crime to leave a young child alone. Do not leave your child alone in your car, house, or apartment even for a very short time. If you must leave for an emergency, ask a neighbor to help you or take the child or children along with you. Because of the numerous gas and electrical appliances with buttons and gadgets with which children like to play, there is a constant danger of fire even in so called "fire-proof" buildings. Many countries traditionally leave children at home in apartments or houses. This is not 127
done in the US and it is ILLEGAL and against the law to do so. YOUR HAPPINESS When international folks first arrive in the US, there is usually a feeling of excitement and adventure. In the beginning, there is much to do to find housing, and get everything set up. After a while, almost everyone begins to feel homesick. Cultural shock is also felt. This means that when things are no longer new, most people begin to feel sad and lonely. They begin to miss the food, housing, and customs of "home." This is normal and will pass as time goes on. Just know that this is normal. 128
AMERICAN SLANG Standard English can be confusing enough but, when Americans use "slang," the language can become confusing to an outsider. We offer the following glossary to help you avoid some of the pitfalls. Although you will hear all of these expressions and more, some may and some may not be considered acceptable in the community. Expressions which are generally considered unacceptable by society are marked ** Do not use these expressions marked **!! to ace: to score an A grade, e.g. to ace a test. To do a good job on something, e.g. Good tennis shot. To get something that someone else wants, e.g. to ace someone else out of a business deal. to have a ball: to have fun to ball someone *** to have sex (do not say this bar: place where alcoholic beverages are sold. Narrow place to eat. Verb- to not allow bastard: **a very nasty, unpleasant man big deal: an exclamation meaning something is not important 129
bitch: ** 1. to complain. 2. a woman with an unpleasant personality** to have a blast: to have fun to blow: 1. to spend money unwisely, 2. to fail something, e.g. to blow a test. 3. to leave. 4.**also has sexual meaning having to do with oral sex--also an expletive "this blows" ­do not use these. to bomb: to be unsuccessful, to fail, e.g. the show bombed, I bombed. to be bombed: intoxicated, drunk, or on drugs. booze: alcohol to bounce a check: to overdraw your checking account and try to spend money that you do not have in the bank. bread: money brain storm: to think of many possible ways to do things or write things bullshitting: *1. just talking about many things and nothing--could be a way to brainstorm as well 2. telling lies brunch: a combination of breakfast and lunch served in the late morning. buck: a dollar, verb -- go against-object to, 2. a man or male deer, but not politically correct to use for person. 130
to bug someone: 1.to bother someone 2. to eavesdrop or listen in secretly on someone bull session: informal group discussion bullshit: ** rubbish or nonsense ** lying to someone bum: a homeless or destitute person or to borrow or a worthless person bummed or bummed out: sad or unhappy to bum a ride: to seek a free ride a bummer: an unpleasant or depressing experience to burn the midnight oil: to stay up very late a night working on a project. to burn the candle at both ends: to work or play both day and night. to bust: to break, or to arrest criminals to be busted: to be arrested, to be found out, or to find out someone's secret to buy it: to die, to assume room temperature, to kick the bucket all mean to die. calm down: do not be upset to check out: 1. to sign out materials from the library. 2. look over a situation. 3. to try to find out something. 4. cash register place in grocery and some other stores 5. look at the opposite sex 6. to get information 131
chill out: calm down cool: pleasant, nice, fashionable cool down: don't be angry cool it: stop what you are doing, calm down. cop: policeman to cop a plea: to admit to doing something whether you did it or not. to cop out: not face the issue, or dodge a commitment corny: something overfamiliar or trite, e.g. a corny joke, one which has been repeated too many times couch potato: someone who spends too much time watching TV to cram: to study hard just before a test crap: see bullshit *(not quite as profane or nasty as bullshit) creep: a derogatory term applied to someone whose behavior does not meet your standards, an insult creeps me out: makes one feel very uncomfortable and maybe afraid cut it out: stop it, see also cool it damn ** or damn it **: an expletive that one should not use meaning one is upset date: a pre-arranged social activity involving at least two people, usually a male 132
and a female; to take someone to an event, like a movie dead: 1.very tired, e.g. I'm just dead! 2. nothing happening, e.g. This club is dead. deadbeat: an incompetent person, or someone who does not pay bills don't get smart: or don't try to be a wiseguy: don't try to be clever or funny-- you're not funny dough: money drag: 1. a type of car race. 2. something that is boring or tedious in drag: men who dress up like women dress up: put on one's best clothes to drive one up the wall or to drive one nuts: to make one very nervous or upset drop off: 1. go to sleep 2. stop and leave someone or some thing some place. to drop in: to visit unexpectedly to drop out: to stop formal studies or leave conventional society fed up, or sick of: disgusted with, tired of to flunk: to fail to achieve a passing grade formal, formal dress, formal wear: a tuxedo or suit for men, a long or very fancy dress for women (Your national dress is generally acceptable) 133
foxy: 1. as in "a foxy lady", a sexy and attractive person, 2. sneaky freak out: to lose control, become very upset. fuck: *** refers to sexual intercourse in a very crude manner; do not use this term fucked up: ** 1.you failed and made a large mistake 2.** when one is drunk or drugged out-had illegal drugs, gay: homosexual or lesbian, old word-queer getting it together: Making something or your life work well give me a break: 1. stop bothering me 2. or I don't believe you flamer: a homosexual person food to go: food bought at a restaurant to eat elsewhere to go together: 1. to date a person on a regular basis 2. things that look or work well together goofball: a silly person (also a bad type of illegal drug) goofing off: 1. acting silly 2. avoiding a task gross: 1. something unpleasant or disgusting 2. 144 of something grossed out: disgusted 134
hairy: difficult, hard to do, scary, or having a lot of hair hammered: drunk or drugged hang in there: keep trying, do not be discouraged hang ups: problems, personal maladjustment hassle, hassled: bother, to be bothered or troubled. hero: a sandwich on a long roll with assorted fillings and condiments (also known as hoagy or sub or submarine) to hit the hay, hit the sack, turn in, cut some z's, take a nap, catnap, snooze, flake out: to go to bed with the purpose of sleeping. hitch: 1. problem, difficulty, hindrance, 2. get married hoagy: see hero horny: **wanting sexual activity ** hot: 1. stolen, e.g. a hot car 2. sexy 3. currently fashionable how come?: why? in a nutshell: very briefly and concisely jam session: a gathering to improvise on musical instruments jerk: see creep 135
jock: an amateur sportsman, usually a football, basketball, or baseball player john: 1. toilet, bathroom, restroom 2. ** a customer of a prostitute buying sex knock off: to stop or quit or to get done knock up: to make pregnant knock out: 1. to end a boxing match by one boxer being down and out 2. knock yourself out--work hard and get done knock down: someone ends up on the ground or floor liquor: alcohol let the cat out of the bag: tell a secret or confidence or tell something that is supposed to be a surprise loaded: 1.see bombed 2. have lots of money to make out: 1. a form--to complete a form 2. how did you make out? ­how did you do? 3. heavy kissing and hugging messed up: 1. confused 2. not neat mixer: 1. an organized activity to get people acquainted with each other, usually with refreshments 2. juice or soda to mix with liquor naked as a jay bird: having on no clothes 136
nerd: 1. someone very interested in computers and book learning 2. unfashionable 3.see creep on the house: free on me: I will pay on the spur of the moment: done without premeditation or planning. out to lunch: not concentrating on the present events, not seeming to pay attention pain in the neck: an unpleasant person or experience past good: something really fine and good perks: some extra good things you like, benefits pet peeve: something you really don't like pissed off **: very crude term for anger, e.g. "I am really pissed off.: Do not use this pitch: 1. to throw away, dispose of, 2. to tell about and try to convince others of something pitcher: 1. jug or bottle 2. baseball player who throws the ball to the batter plastered: see bombed poop: 1. the inside information i.e. get the poop on 2. solid waste (shit) pooped: tired or exhausted 137
psyched up: to be mentally prepared for something to pull one's leg: tease and telling little lies prick:**derogatory way to say someone is unkind, unfair, and stuck up queer: homosexual person, usually a male raincheck: 1. a voucher given by stores for sales merchandise not in stock 2. to take a raincheck--to postpone, to accept the same invitation but for a later date. to rap: 1.to talk or discuss, also a rap session 2.talking with music in the background, a type of Popular music to take the rap: to take the blame redneck: 1. very prejudiced person 2. a very rural person whose view of the world is small, ignorant of many things beyond their small experience to rip off: to steal rip off artist: someone who copies someone or something or steals something to score: 1. **to successfully get someone to have sex with you 2. success on a project to screw: ** to have sexual intercourse screwed up: confused and having big problems. big problem or mistake 138
to not have one's head screwed on: see screwed up to have one's head screwed on: not having problems to get screwed: * to be deceived or treated unfairly shit: ** feces, an obscene swear word skinny--dip: to swim in the nude, without bathing suit or clothes slob: a lazy, messy, slovenly person snow job: to hide the truth with unnecessary information snowed under: to be overwhelmed by work, to much work steady: someone you date regularly stoned: heavily drugged, usually on illegal drugs or on alcohol straight from the horse's mouth: getting information from the direct source--hearing or seeing it yourself. submarine sandwich (a sub): see hero to be turned on: to be excited by something, frequently in a sexual context tough, tough luck: it's too bad, so what (also: tough shit** which means very bad but I don't care) 139
up tight: worried, tense, way too uptight-- too worried yucky: disgusting and nasty, not nice zero in on: focus on or concentrate on Some expletives that one can use to express surprise--not necessarily a good surprise: Oh my gosh! Crap! Oh man! Phooey! Darn! Gee Whiz! Wow! 140
WEIGHTS AND MEASURMENTS Common abbreviations: oz. = ounce lb. = pound g. = gram kg. = kilogram pt. = pint qt. = quart gal. = gallon ml. = milliliter cl. = centiliter l. = liter in. = inch ft. = foot yd. = yard cm. = centimeter m. = meter km. = kilometer net. wt. = weight of contents not including weight of container 1 T or 1 tbl. = 1 tablespoon = 3 teaspoons 1 t or 1 tsp = 1 teaspoon 1 C or 1 cup = 16 tablespoons Most products are sold by weight but in their homes Americans measure by cups or fractions of cups, tablespoons, and teaspoons. Measuring cups and spoons are available in supermarkets and department stores. 143
TABLE OF WEIGHTS Table of Dry Measurments 1 oz. = 28.35 grams (1 gram = .035 oz.) 1 lb. = 16 oz. = .454 kilograms 1 ton = 2,000 lbs. \ 1 pound = Ѕ kilogram (approx) 2.2 lbs. = 1 kg. 4.4 lbs. = 2 kg. Cms. \ 11lbs. = 5 kg. 22.05 lbs. = 10 kg. Table of Liquid Measurments 1 cup = 8 fluid ounces 1 pint = 2 cups = .473 liters 1 quart = 4 cups = .946. liters 1.057 quarts = 1 liter 1 gallon = 3.875 liters Distance 1 inch = 2.54 centimeters 1 foot = 12 inches = 30.48 1 yard = 3 ft. = 36 ins. = 91.44 cms. 1 mile = 5.280 ft. = 1.609 kilometers (to convert miles to kms., multiply by 1.6) 144
Temperature Body "Normal" = 98.6 degrees F or 37 degrees C (thermometer in mouth) Air 0 degrees F = -17.8 degrees C 32 degrees F = 0 degrees C 68 degrees F = 20 degrees C 85 degrees F = 29.4 degrees C Oven 250 degrees F = 120 degrees C = Very slow 300 degrees F = 150 degrees C = Slow 350 degrees F = 180 degrees C = Moderate 425 degrees F = 220 degrees C = Hot 500 degrees F = 260 degrees C = Very hot To convert C to F, Multiply C by 9, divide by 5, add 32 To convert F to C, subtract 32 from F, multiply by 5, divide by 9 145
Other Publications available from the Cabell County English as a Second Language Programs: Accessing the Local Culture State and local governments in WV Banking in WV and the USA Survival Guide for Teachers of Limited English Proficiency/English as a Second Language Students in Cabell County Schools These may be obtained from: Janne M. Rice ESL Coordinator for Cabell County Schools Room 212, Cabell County Career Technology Center 1035 Norway Avenue Huntington, WV 25705 304-528-5106, Ext. 212 146

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