Tags: English Literature, London, New York, Oxford, Option Course, Restoration Literature, Harvard University, Polity Press, Matthew Arnold, Fairy Tales, Victorian Poetry, Contemporary American Fiction, Angela Carter, Oxford University Press, American Fiction, Robert Browning, Fiction, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Christina Rossetti, English Restoration, Arthur Hugh Clough, John Dixon, James Thomson, William Wycherley, John Vanbrugh, Manchester University Press, Restoration, the Victorian period, Restoration Drama, State Dryden, Restoration Theatre, Aphra Behn, Richard von Krafft-Ebing, Johns Hopkins University Press, Charles II. London, University of Illinois Press, New York University Press, Clarendon Press, John Bayes, The Restoration, Zadie Smith, Common course, Postcolonial Literature, Creative Writing courses, M. Nourbese Philip, David Foster Wallace, Creative Writing, Political Shakespeare, English Restoration Theatre, Cambridge University Press, African American Literature, Edinburgh University Press, Shakespeare, Medieval Romance, Margaret Atwood, Basil Bunting, A Visit from the Goon Squad, Catherine Belsey, Philip Larkin, Faber and Faber, Geoffrey Hill, Postcolonial Literary Studies, Film Criticism, Charles Dickens, Science Fiction, Tony Harrison
Content: 2017 ­ 2018 ENGLISH LITERATURE FOURTH YEAR OPTION COURSES (These courses are elective and each is worth 20 credits) Before students will be allowed to take one of the non-departmentally taught Option courses (i.e. a LLC Common course or Divinity course), they must already have chosen to do at least 40-credits worth of English/Scottish literature courses in their Fourth Year. For Joint Honours students this is likely to mean doing the English Literature Dissertation (= 40 credits) or, in the case of Joint MEL & Lit students, one of their two Option courses (= 20 credits) plus two Critical Practice courses (= 10 credits each). Note: Students who have taken any Creative Writing courses (including Writing for Theatre) in their Third Year, ARE NOT ELIGIBLE to take any creative writing courses in their Fourth Year. * Courses with an asterisk have a Scottish component. 26 June 2017
Contemporary American Fiction
Contemporary Postcolonial Writing
Film Criticism and Analysis
[LLC Common course]
Literature in the Age of Terror
Medieval Romance
Poet-Critics: the Style of Modern Poetry
Political Shakespeare
Queering Fictions in the Twentieth Century
Scottish Women's Fiction (Twentieth Century) *
Sex and God in Victorian Poetry
Sex, Seduction and Sedition in Restoration Literature
Slavery and Freedom in 19th C African American Literature NOT RUNNING
Songs of Experience: . . from Shakespeare to Lovelace
Stevenson and the End of the 19th Century *
The Long Summer
Thinking Translation ­ A Beginners Guide
[LLC Common course]
Twenty-First Century Fiction
SEMESTER TWO An English Heritage: . . Four Post-War Poets
Charles Dickens
Contemporary British Drama
Contemporary Science Fiction *
Creative Writing Part I: Poetry *
Creative Writing Part II: Prose *
Fairy Tales *
Feeling Tragic: Tragedy and 18th C. Histories of Emotion
Feminising the Word: Woman and Medieval Literature NOT RUNNING
Literature, Reading, Mental Health
Modern Religious & Ethical Debates in Contemp Lit [Divinity course]
Republican Visions: . . in Modern American Fiction
Shakespearean Sexualities
The Black Atlantic
The Graphic Novel: Narrative in Sequential Art
The Literary Absolute: Truth, Value, Aesthetics
Writing and Tyranny at the Court of Henry VIII
Writing Contemporary Femininities *
Writing for Theatre *
Writing the Body Politic
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English Literature Fourth Year Semester One Option Course Contemporary American Fiction
This course provides an introduction to the most exciting and innovative fiction of the contemporary United States. By studying in close detail the novels of nine radically different writers, the course interrogates the very idea of what it means to be `American' in a contemporary or postmodern society. Are there common themes which make each of these writers American, or does a close examination of these novels tend to explode the very idea of a common national identity? What particular interpretative paradigms (postmodernity, multiculturalism) can we bring to bear on contemporary novels that will best explain their value and significance? What is the relationship between any recent novel's social politics (that American desire for cultural recognition and inclusion), and the issue of its aesthetic merit? How do we assess a recent novel's aesthetic qualities? This course is, partly, an opportunity for students to develop their own critical responses to recent fiction, in the absence of an established body of secondary writing.
Provisional Seminar Schedule
Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7 Week 8 Week 9 Week 10 Week 11
Theories of the contemporary: postmodernism and identity politics. E. L. Doctorow, Ragtime. Don DeLillo, Zero K. Bobbie Ann Mason, In Country. Marilynne Robinson, Housekeeping Joan Didion, Play it as it Lays Jennifer Egan, A Visit from the Goon Squad ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK Sherman Alexie, The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven David Foster Wallace, The Pale King Jeffery Eugenides, The Virgin Suicides
Secondary Texts
Millard, K. Contemporary American Fiction, Oxford University Press, 2000 Millard, K. Coming of Age in Contemporary American Fiction, Edinburgh University Press, 2007. Hilfer, T. American Fiction Since 1940. Clayton, J. The Pleasures of Babel, 1993. Bradbury, M. The Modern American Novel, revised edition 1992 Simmons, P. E., Deep Surfaces: Mass Culture and History in Postmodern American Fiction , 1997 Baker, S. The Fiction of Postmodernity, 2000. Nicol, B. Postmodernism and the Contemporary Novel, 2002. McHale, B. Postmodernist Fiction, 1987. Mengham, R. An Introduction to Contemporary Fiction: International Writing in English Since 1970, 1999.
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Weinstein, A. Nobody's Home: Speech, Self, and Place in American Fiction From Hawthorne to DeLillo, 1993. Hutcheon, L. The Politics of Postmodernism, 1989. Waugh, P. Postmodernism: A Reader, 1992. Docherty, Postmodernism: A Reader, 1993. Conte, J. Design and Debris: A Chaotics of Postmodern American Fiction, 2002. Harvey, D. The Condition of Postmodernism, 1989. Jameson, F. Postmodernism, Or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism, 1991. Page 4
English Literature Fourth Year Semester One Option Course Contemporary Postcolonial Writing
The literature of the Anglophone world outside the British Isles is extraordinarily rich and diverse, and can be productively considered through the lens of postcolonial theory, a body of thought that is attentive to the ways literary production is inflected by historical, geographical and cultural factors resulting from the aftereffects of imperialism. Through a selection of literary texts and films by African, Australian, Canadian, Caribbean, Indian and English authors, we will explore how those living with the legacies of colonialism used their work to engage with this history, and how their texts `write back' to the canon of English literature, problematising its representational strategies and asking us to reconsider how, and why, literary value is assigned. The course is divided into three broad themes ­ colonial encounters, indigenous voices and historical legacies ­ and will cover topics including diaspora, hybridity, orality, gender, `race', resistance, and national identity. As we go, we will continue to interrogate the concept of the postcolonial. What are its limitations? What does it obscure? And how useful is it as an analytical category for studying literature?
Provisional Seminar Schedule
Introduction Week 1 Introduction and African poetry (to be supplied in class)
Subcontinental pasts and presents Week 2 David Hare, Behind the Beautiful Forevers (2014) Week 3 Ashutosh Gowariker (dir.), Lagaan (2001) [screening to be arranged]
African pasts and presents Week 4 J.M. Coetzee, Disgrace (1999) Week 5 Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Half of a Yellow Sun (2006) Week 6 M. NourbeSe Philip, Zong! (2008)
Settler-invader pasts and presents
Week 7 Thomas King, Green Grass, Running Water (1993)
Week 8
*** Essay completion week - no class ***
Week 9 Kate Grenville, The Secret River (2005)
England and the aftermath of empire Week 10 Andrea Levy, Small Island (2004) Week 11 Damien O'Donnell (dir.), East is East (1999) [screening to be arranged]
Additional Reading Relevant critical material will be made available on LEARN.
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Background Bibliography Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso/NLB, 1983. Print. Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin, eds. The Post-Colonial Studies Reader. London: Routledge, 1995. Print. Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin. Post-Colonial Studies: The Key Concepts. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2007. Print. Benwell, Bethan, James Procter, and Gemma Robinson. Postcolonial Audiences: Readers, Viewers and Reception. New York: Routledge, 2012. Print. Bhabha, Homi K. The Location of Culture: Critical Theory and the Postcolonial Perspective. London: Routledge, 1994. Print. Boehmer, Elleke. Colonial and Postcolonial Literature: Migrant Metaphors. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. Print. Boehmer, Elleke, Katy Iddiols, and Robert Eaglestone, eds. J.M. Coetzee in Context and Theory. London: Continuum, 2009. Print. Davidson, Arnold E., Priscilla L. Walton, and Jennifer Andrews. border crossings: Thomas King's Cultural Inversions. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003. Print. Eichorn, Kate. `Multiple Registers of Silence in M. Nourbese Philip's Zong!' XCP: Cross-Cultural Poetics 23 (2010): 33­39. Print. Fanon, Frantz. Black Skin, White Masks. London: Pluto Press, 1986. Print. Gilroy, Paul. The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1993. Print. Goebel, Walter, and Saskia Schabio, eds. Locating Postcolonial Narrative Genres. New York: Routledge, 2013. Print. Head, Dominic. J.M. Coetzee. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997. Print. Innes, Catherine Lynette. The Cambridge Introduction to Postcolonial Literatures in English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Print. Kossew, Sue, ed. Lighting Dark Places: Essays on Kate Grenville. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2010. 17­38. Print. Kossew, Sue. Writing Woman, Writing Place: Contemporary Australian and South African Fiction. London: Routledge, 2004. Print. Lazarus, Neil. The Cambridge Companion to Postcolonial Literary Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Print. Lazarus, Neil. Nationalism and Cultural Practice in the Postcolonial World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. Print. Quayson, Ato. Postcolonialism: Theory, Practice, or Process? Malden, Mass.: Polity Press, 2000. Print. Said, Edward W. Orientalism. London: Penguin, 2003. Print. Sell, Jonathan, ed. Metaphor and Diaspora in Contemporary Writing. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. Print. Stadtler, Florian. `Cultural Connections: "Lagaan" and Its Audience Responses'. Third World Quarterly 26.3 (2005): 517­524. Print. Zapata, Sarah. `Contesting Identities: Representing British South Asians in Damien O'Donnell's East Is East'. Journal of English Studies 8 (2010): 175­186. Print. Page 6
School of Literature, Languages and Cultures Common Courses - Fourth Year Semester One Option Course You will only be allowed to take this LLC Common Course if you are also taking at least 40-credits worth of English/Scottish Literature courses in your Fourth Year. Film Criticism and Analysis Dr David Sorfa, Film Studies (Course Organiser) Dr Daniel Yacavone, Film Studies Delivery: Please note carefully the Compulsory class times: Film Screening, Monday 2pm ­ 4pm Lecture, Tuesday 12pm ­ 1pm Seminar, Tuesday 2pm ­ 3pm Film Criticism and Analysis [CLLC10002] will introduce students to the interpretation of contemporary cinema through a consideration of the ways in which Film style influences the meaning of any individual film. The course will also consider the history and development of film criticism and will present various theoretical and philosophical approaches to the study of film. This course is open to year 4 Honours students in the School of Literatures, Languages and Cultures who are interested in film (except DELC joint degree students). No prior film study is necessary but if you love cinema and are keen on engaging seriously with its study, then Film Criticism and Analysis will give you the opportunity to learn to think and write about film in more depth. The course will survey a broad range of film genres including contemporary popular film as well as art house cinema. At least 50% of films screened will be in English while any non-English language films will be subtitled. Delivery will be in English. Assessment: 2500 word essay (40%); 2 hour examination (60%) (Please note that this assessment differs slightly from the usual pattern for English Literature option courses.) Indicative Syllabus and Example Films (this Syllabus may be updated for 2017-2018): Interpreting and Evaluating Film (DS) Antichrist (Lars von Trier, Denmark, 2009) ­ 1h 48min Developments in Contemporary Film Criticism (DS) For the Love of Movies: The Story of American Film Criticism (Gerald Peary, USA, 2009) ­ 1h 20min Page 7
Film Form and Meaning: Mise-en-scиne, Cinematography, Sound, Editing, Narrative and Narration (DS) Berberian Sound Studio (Peter Strickland, UK, 2012) ­ 1h 32min Feminism, Semiotics and Film (DS) The Headless Woman (La mujer sin cabeza, Lucrecia Martel, Argentina, 2008) ­ 1h 27min Acting in Film (DS) Damsels in Distress (Whit Stillman, USA, 2011) ­ 1h 39min Cognitivist Film Theory (DY) Memento (Christopher Nolan, USA, 2000 ­ 1h 53min Genre (DY) Under the Skin (Jonathan Glazer, UK, 2013) ­ 1h 48min Submission Week ­ No Classes Auteur Theory (DY) The Man Who Wasn't There (Coen Brothers, USA, 2001) ­ 1h 56min Realist Film Theory (DY) Le fils (The Son) (Jean-Pierre Dardenne and Luc Dardenne, Belgium, 2002) ­ 1h 39min Affective and Haptic Approaches (DY) Upstream Colour (Shane Carruth, USA, 2013) ­ 1h 36min Core Reading List: Bibliography General Texts Barsam, Richard (2006) Looking at Movies. 2nd Edition. New York: W.W. Norton. Bordwell, David (1985) Narration in the Fiction Film, London: Methuen. Bordwell, David, and Kristin Thompson (1997) Film Art: An Introduction, 5th ed., McGraw Hill. Branigan, Edward (1992) Narrative Comprehension and Film, London: Routledge. Buckland, Warren (1998) Film Studies, London: Hodder and Stoughton. Cook, Pam, ed. (1985) The Cinema Book, London: British Film Institute. Corrigan, Timothy (1992) A Short Guide to Writing About Film, New York: HarperCollins. Hayward, Susan (2000) Key Concepts in Cinema Studies, 2nd ed.: London: Routledge. Gianetti, Louis (1995) Understanding Movies, 7th ed: Prentice Hall. Kawin, Bruce (1992) How Movies Work, Berkeley: University of California Press. Nelmes, Jill, ed. (1996) Introduction to Film Studies, Routledge. Rogers, Pauline (1998) Contemporary Cinematographers on their Art, Focal Press. Salt, Barry (1992) Film Style and Technology: History and Analysis, London: Starword. Page 8
English Literature Fourth Year Semester One Option Course Literature in the Age of Terror [known on MyEd as "The Reign of Terror: Fear and Loathing in Romantic Literature"]
This course introduces students to different concepts and discourses of terror in romantic period literature. It concentrates mainly on the relationship between aesthetic theories of the sublime and the political climate of fear created by the Reign of Terror in France in the mid-1790s and intensified by the revolutionary wars in Europe. The course explores how ideas and perceptions of terror fed into romantic literature, and how romantic literature in turn helped to reshape notions of fear. Through reading primary texts, students will develop an enhanced understanding of the connections between the romantic language of terror and other topics, including millenarianism, anti-jacobinism, spectatorship, codes of visuality, obscenity and pornography, prophecy, pantheism, materiality, subjectivity, friendship, domesticity, the Gothic, `atrocity,' the body, imagination, gender, and liminality. The course will begin with an introductory session outlining the main themes and writers on the course, and close with a seminar addressing the relevance of notions of terror and the sublime to (post)modern culture and society.
Seminar Schedule
Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7 Week 8 Week 9 Week 10 Week 11
Introduction: Fear and Loathing in Romantic Literature: theory, examples, introduction to main themes The Sublime Spectacle: Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790, excerpts) and Philosophical Inquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful (1759) Apocalypse Now: Blake, The visions of the Daughters of Albion (1793) and The Book of Urizen (1794) Perils of Consciousness: Wordsworth, The Prelude (1805, excerpts) Fears in Solitude: Coleridge, 'Frost at Midnight'; 'France: An Ode'; 'Fears in Solitude' (1798); Lamb, 'Witches, and Other Night Fears' (1821) Gothic Terror: Radcliffe, The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794) The Revolting Body: Mary Shelley, Frankenstein (1818) ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK The Material Sublime: Percy Shelley, 'Ode to The West Wind'; 'Ozymandais'; 'England in 1819'; 'The Triumph of Life' (1822) Gothic Horror: Lewis, The Monk (1795) The Postmodern Sublime: Lyotard, `Postscript to Terror and the Sublime' (1985); Jean Baudrillard, The Spirit of Terrorism (2002) (excerpts); Slavoj Zizek, In Defense of Lost Causes (2008) (excerpts).
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Further Reading Background M.H. Abrams, The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic Theory and the Critical Tradition (1953) Christine Battersby, The Sublime, Terror and Human Difference (2007) Harold Bloom, ed., Romanticism and Consciousness: Essays in Criticism (1970) Andrew Bowie, Aesthetics and Subjectivity: from Kant to Nietzsche (1990) Marilyn Butler, Romantics, Rebels and Reactionaries: English Literature and its Background 17601830 (1981) John Clubbe and Ernest Lovell Jr., English Romanticism: The Grounds of Belief (London, 1983) Andrew Cooper, Doubt and Identity in Romantic Poetry (1988) Stuart Curran, ed., The Cambridge Companion to British Romanticism (1993) Paul de Man, The Rhetoric of Romanticism (New York, 1984) Mary Favret and Nicola Watson, eds., At the Limits of Romanticism: Essays in Cultural, Feminist, and Materialist Criticism (1994) Frances Ferguson, Solitude and the Sublime: Romanticism and the Aesthetics of Individuation (1992) George P. Fletcher, Romantics at War: Glory and Guilt in the Age of Terrorism (2002) John Frow, `The Uses of Terror and the Limits of Cultural Studies,' Symploke 11.1/2 (2003): 69-76 Jean Hall, A Mind that Feeds upon Infinity: The Deep Self in English Romantic Poetry (1991) John Spencer Hill, ed., The Romantic Imagination: A Casebook (1977) Geoffrey Hartman, `Romanticism and Anti-Self-Consciousness,' Beyond Formalism: Literary Essays 1958-1971 (New Haven, 1970), 298-310. ---------, Wordsworth's Poetry 1787-1814 (1964) Richard Holmes, The Age of Wonder: How the Romantic Generation Discovered the Beauty and Terror of Science (2008) Gary Kelly, English Fiction of the Romantic Period 1789-1830 (1989) Mark Kipperman, Beyond Enchantment: German Idealism and English Romantic Poetry (1986) Arthur O. Lovejoy, `On the Discrimination of Romanticisms,' Publications of the Modern Languages Association of America 39 (1924): 229-53 Jerome J. McGann, The Romantic Ideology: A Critical Investigation (1983) Thomas McFarland, Romantic Cruxes: The English Essayists and the Spirit of the Age (1987) Tim Milnes, Knowledge and Indifference in English Romantic Prose (2003) Vincent Newey, Centring the Self: Subjectivity, Society and Reading from Thomas Gray to Thomas Hardy (1995) Michael O'Neill, Romanticism and the Self-Conscious Poem (1997) Philip Shaw, Sublime. Routledge New Critical Idiom (2005) Jonathan Strauss, Subjects of Terror: Nerval, Hegel, and the Modern Self (1998) Charles Taylor, Sources of the Self: The Making of Modern Identity (1989) Nicola Watson, Revolution and the Form of the British Novel 1790-1825 (1994) Kathleen Wheeler, Sources, Processes, and Methods in Coleridge's `Biographia Literaria' (1980) Raymond Williams, Culture and Society 1780-1950 (1963) Further guidance on reading will be made available on LEARN. Page 10
English Literature Fourth Year Semester One Option Course Medieval Romance
Romance was not only the most popular literary genre of the later Middle Ages, in many ways it was also the most adaptable and wide ranging. For while it is a literary form that lends itself to the articulation and celebration of chivalric ideals, the canon of medieval romance consists of a remarkably diverse corpus of narratives, which differ from one another in terms of the values they uphold, the audiences for which they were produced, and the literary sophistication of their execution. But although there is a great deal of variety within romance, there is nonetheless an overarching coherence to the genre, for whatever their individual differences, we find that the same underlying narrative patterns, structures, and motifs endlessly recur. The course will take in the full chronological range of medieval romance, charting its development from the origins of courtly romance in twelfth-century France, through the later Middle Ages, and concluding in the Renaissance with the romances of Shakespeare. In the light of this historical / chronological approach, we shall question why romance emerged when it did, the nature of its relationship to contemporary social, political, and religious ideas, and the reasons not only for its resilience and enduring popularity, but also for its ultimate decline. But as well as examining the historical specificity of the genre, the lengthy timescale that we are considering will enable us to assess the extent to which the underlying structures and meanings of romance remain relatively stable, despite historic change. For however much they may differ from one other in points of detail, romance narratives ­ regardless of when and where they were produced ­ share both a basic subject matter (love and adventure), and narrative structure (the quest). And the persistence with which romance revisits and rehearses this romantic material raises the question ­ to which shall be returning throughout the course - of whether the genre can be said to enjoy a certain degree of autonomy from history, in other words, whether it can be said to have an independent life of its own.
Seminar Schedule
Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7 Week 8 Week 9 Week 10 Week 11
The Origins of Courtly Romance: Chrйtien de Troyes, Arthurian Romances The Birth of the Hero and the Fair Unknown: Malory, `The Tale of King Arthur' and `The Tale of Sir Gareth' The Middle English Breton Lay: Sir Orfeo, Sir Launfal, Lay le Fresne Romance and Saints' Lives I: Sir Isumbras, Sir Gowther, Octavian Romance and Saints' Lives II (Female Sanctity): Geoffrey Chaucer, The Man of Law's Tale, Emare, Athleston Romance and Saints' Lives III: Malory, `The Tale of the Sankgreal' Chronicle and Episodic Romance: Malory, `Arthur and Lucius' and `A Noble Tale of Sir Lancelot Du Lake' ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK The Chivalric Quest: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight The Arthurian Cycle and the End of the Middle Ages: Malory, Le Morte Darthur Shakespearean Romance: Pericles and The Winter's Tale
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Primary Reading Chrйtien de Troyes, Arthurian Romances, trans. William W. Kibler (Penguin, 1991) Sir Gawain and the Green Knight ed. W. R. J Barron (Manchester UP, 1998) Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur - The Winchester Manuscript, ed. Helen Cooper (Oxford World's Classics, 1998) Geoffrey Chaucer, The Man of Law's Tale, in The Riverside Chaucer, ed. Larry D. Benson et al. 3rd edition (Oxford University Press, 2008) ­ there are multiple copies of this text in the library, and there are also online versions of The Man of Law's Tale which are available William Shakespeare, Pericles, ed. Doreen Delvecchio and Antny Hammond (Cambridge, 1998) William Shakespeare, The Winter's Tale, ed. Stephen Orgel (Oxford, 1998) There are also excellent online editions of the following romances produced by TEAMS MIDDLE English texts SERIES: http://www.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/teams/tmsmenu.htm Week 3: The Middle English Breton Lays: Sir Orfeo, Sir Launfal, Lay le Fresne Week 4: Romance & Saints' Lives (I): Sir Isumbras, Sir Gowther, Octavian Week 5: Romance & Saints' Lives (II): Emare, Athleston You can download / upload these from the TEAMS website, but I will also be making them available in a folder on LEARN. Secondary Reading Additional reading will be suggested each week, but below is some useful general reading covering many of the issues we shall be exploring in the course as a whole. For a more comprehensive reading list, see the clearly organised bibliographical section in W. R. J. Barron's English Medieval Romance (London, 1987). Literary / Romance Studies W. R. J. Barron, English Medieval Romance (Longman, 1987) Gillian Beer, Romance (Methuen, 1970) Morton W. Bloomfield, `Episodic Motivation and Marvels in Epic and Romance', in Essays and Explorations (Harvard University Press, 1970) Derek Brewer, Symbolic Stories: Traditional Narratives of the Family Drama in English Literature (D. S. Brewer, 1980) Helen Cooper, The English Romance and Time: Transforming Motifs from Geoffrey of Monmouth to The Death of Shakespeare (Oxford UP, 2004) Northrop Frye, Anatomy of Criticism (Princeton University Press, 1957) _____ A Natural Perspective: The Development of Shakespearean Comedy and Romance (Columbia University Press, 1965) _____ The Secular Scripture: A Study of the Structure of Romance (Harvard University Press, 1976) Andrea Hopkins, The Sinful Knight: A Study of Middle English Penitential Romances (Oxford University Press, 1990) - the University Library does not have a copy of this book but it is available in the National Library Page 12
Roberta L. Krueger, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Romance (Cambridge, 2000) ­ contains useful literary and historical background. Dieter Mehl, The Middle English Romances of the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries (London, 1968) Ad Putter and Jane Gilbert, ed. The Spirit of Medieval English Popular Romance (London, 2000) J. Stevens, Medieval Romance: Themes and Approaches (Hutchinson, 1973) Paul Strohm, `The Origins and Meaning of Middle English Romance', Genre 10 (1977), 1-20. K. S. Whetter, Understanding Genre and Medieval Romance (Ashgate, 2008) A. Wilson, Traditional Romance and Tale: How Stories Mean (D. S. Brewer, 1976) Historical / Cultural Background Richard Barber, The Knight and Chivalry (Rev. Edn, Cambridge, 2000) Roger Boase, The Origin and Meaning of Courtly Love: A Critical Sudy of European Scholarship (Manchester University Press, 1977) Christopher Brooke, The Structure of Medieval Society (London, 1971) David Burnley, Courtliness and Literature in Medieval England(London, 1998) - the University Library does not have a copy of this book but it is available in the National Library Norbert Elias, The Court Society (Oxford, 1983) Tony Hunt, 'The Emergence of the Knight in France and England, 1000 - 1200', Forum for Modern Language Studies 17 (1981), pp. 91-114. Maurice Keen, Chivalry (New Haven, 1984) Richard Kaeuper, Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe (New Edn. Oxford, 2001) C. Stephen Jaeger, Ennobling Love: In Search of a Lost Sensibility (Philadelphia, 1999) C. S. Lewis, The Allegory of Love: A Study in Medieval Tradition (Oxford, 1936) R. W. Southern, The Making of the Middle Ages (London, 1957) Page 13
English Literature Fourth Year Semester One Option Course
According to Michel Agier, `the world today is confronted with the sustained evidence of precarious lives'. This course will look at various ways in which life is made fragile and precarious by what might be called the `neo-imperialisms' of the contemporary globalized world, and will include writing from Ghana, South Africa, Pakistan, India, Britain, the United States, Iraq, and Guantanamo Bay. The course will examine the structural inequalities which underpin oppression and marginalisation, and on creative responses to this: that is, the course will examine the role of governmental structures and economics, and of the imagination (such as constructing fantasies of `the other'), in propagating forms of violence, and also in marking out `other passages' (in Judith Butler's words) out of cycles of oppression and injury. In particular, the course will ask students to consider the extent to which the various positions and theories offered by postcolonial studies and World Literature can provide a viable frame for thinking about representations of current or recent geopolitical situations, such as environmental stress, increased people movement, the `war on terror', the power of international corporations, and the politics of development.
Syllabus Week 1: Weeks 2 - 4: Weeks 5 - 7: Week 8 Weeks 9 - 11:
Introduction to the 'Colonial Present' The 'War on Terror' and its Legacies 'World Literature': writing resources, growth, and pollution ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK Representing the Anthropocene
Primary Texts J.M. Coetzee, Waiting for the Barbarians Poems by Brian Turner/Imtiaz Dharker/ extracts from The Detainees Speak: Poems from Guantanamo (provided by the tutor) Version 2.0, A Certain Maritime Incident Sonia Linden, Asylum Monologues & Asylum Dialogues Mohsin Hamid, How to Get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia Ayi Kwe Armah, The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born Indra Sinha, Animal's People Paulo Bacigalupi, The Wind-Up Girl Mahasweta Devi, `Pterodactyl, Puran Sahay, and Pirtha' General Secondary Reading: Homi Bhabha, The Location of Culture (Routledge, 1994) Elleke Boehmer, Colonial and Postcolonial Literature (Oxford University Press, 1995). Rajiv Chandrasekaran, Imperial Life in the Emerald City (Bloomsbury, 2007). Pheng Cheah, (ed.) Cosmopolitics: Thinking and Feeling Beyond the Nation (Minnesota, 1998). David Damrosch, How to Read World Literature (2009) Elizabeth Deloughrey, Postcolonial Ecologies, eds Elizabeth Deloughrey and George Handley (OUP, 2011)
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David Farrier, Postcolonial Asylum: Seeking Sanctuary Before the Law (Liverpool, 2011) Paul Gilroy, After Empire (Routledge, 2004) Derek Gregory, The Colonial Present (Blackwell, 2004) Ramachandra Guha, Varieties of Environmentalism (Earthscan, 1997) Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri, Empire (Harvard, 200) Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri, Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire (Penguin, 2006) David Harvey, Cosmopolitanism and the Geographies of Freedom (Columbia, 2009). Graham Huggan, The Post-colonial Exotic: Marketing the Margins (Routledge, 2001) Graham Huggan and Helen Tiffin, Postcolonial Ecocriticism (Routledge, 2010) Michael Ignatieff, Empire Lite (Vintage, 2003) Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Diasater Capitalism (Penguin, 2008) F. Jameson & M. Miyoshi, M. The Cultures of Globalization (1998) Suzie Linfield, The Cruel Radiance: Photography and Political Violence (Chicago, 2010). Ania Loomba et al (eds), Postcolonial Studies and Beyond (Duke, 2005) Ania Loomba, Colonialism/Postcolonialism (Routledge, 1998). Achille Mbembe, `Necropolitics', trans. Libby Meintjes, Public Culture, 15.1 (2003) pp. 11-40. John McLeod, Beginning Postcolonialism (Manchester University Press, 2000). Timothy W Luke, `On Environmentality: Geo-power and Eco-knowledge in the Discourse of the Contemporary Environment' Cultural Critique 31.2. (1995), 57-81. Nicholas Mirzoeff, Watching Babylon (Routledge, 2005). Bart Moore-Gilbert, Postcolonial Theory: Contexts, Practices, Politics (London: Verso, 1997). Upamanyu Pablo Mukherjee, Postcolonial Environments: Nature, Culture and the Contemporary Indian Novel in English (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010) Rob Nixon, `Environmentalism and Postcolonialism', in Postcolonial Studies and Beyond eds Ania Loomba et. al. (Duke, 2005), 233-251. Linda Polman, War Games: The Story of Aid and War in Modern Times (Penguin, 2011). Ato Quayson, Calibrations: Reading for the Social (Minnesota, 2003). Ato Quayson, Postcolonialism: Theory, Practice, or Process? (Polity, 2000). Edward Said, Orientalism (Penguin, 1978). Edward Said, Culture and Imperialism (Chatto and Windus, 1994). Elaine Scarry, The Body in Pain (Oxford, 1985). Abdoualiq Simone, For the City Yet to Come (Duke, 2004) Susan Sontag, Regarding the Pain of Others (Penguin, 2004). Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, In Other Worlds: Essays in Cultural Politics (Methuen, 1987). Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, A Critique of Postcolonial Reason (Harvard, 1999). Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Other Asias (Blackwells, 2007) Janet Wilson et.al. (eds.) Rerouting the Postcolonial (Routledge, 2010) Robert Young, Postcolonialism: An Historical Introduction (Blackwell, 2002). Slavoj Zizek, First as Tragedy, Then as Farce (Verso, 2009) Page 15
English Literature Fourth Year Semester One Option Course Poet-Critics: the Style of Modern Poetry
This course re-examines the aesthetics of canonical modern poets, including W. B. Yeats, T. S. Eliot, Ezra Pound, Robert Frost, WALLACE STEVENS, William Carlos Williams and W. H. Auden. Most of the writers it explores did not just write influential verse, but also criticism. In their essays, letters, books and manifestoes, they rank among the most influential contributors to poetics in the twentiethcentury. With a central interest in asking how modern poems work, we will read their poetry alongside and against their discursive ideas about art. We will engage in close readings of poems, asking how their manifestoes take shape in their verse. We will be interested in potential differences between the style of poems and discursive arguments about that style. And we will chart the various interconnections and differences between these poets, building-up a sense of their aesthetic contexts. Seminar Schedule
Core Texts: Auden, W. H. Selected Poems. London: Faber, 2010. Eliot, T. S. Collected Poems 1909-1962. London: Faber, 1974. Frost, Robert. The Poetry of Robert Frost. London: Vintage, 2001. MacNeice, Louis. Selected Poems. London: Faber, 1988.
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Moore, Marianne. The Poems of Marianne Moore. New York: Penguin, 2005. Pound, Ezra. Selected Poems and Translations 1908-1969. London: Faber, 2011. Stevens, Wallace. Selected Poems. New York: Knopf, 2009. Williams, William Carlos. Selected Poems. London: Penguin, 2005. Yeats, W. B. The Major Works. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Recommended Reading: Auden, W. H. The Dyer's Hand and Other Essays. Faber and Faber, 1975. _____ The English Auden: Poems, Essays and Dramatic Writings 1927-1939. Faber, 1986. _____ Collected Poems. Faber and Faber, 2004. Cook, Jon (ed). Poetry in Theory: An Anthology 1900-2000. Blackwell. 2004. Eliot, T. S. Selected Prose of T S. Eliot. Faber and Faber, 1975. Frost, Robert. Frost: Collected Poems, Prose, and Plays. Library of America, 1995. Jackson, Virginia and Yopie Prins (eds.). The Lyric Theory Reader: A Critical Anthology. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014. Moore, Marianne. The Complete Prose. Faber and Faber, 1987. _____ The Selected Letters. Alfred A. Knopf, 1997. Pound, Ezra. Literary Essays of Ezra Pound. New Directions, 1968. _____ The Cantos of Ezra Pound. W. W. Norton & Co Ltd, 1996. _____ Pound: Poems and Translations. Library of America, 2003. Ramazani, Jahan, Richard Ellmann, and Robert O'Clair (eds.). The Norton Anthology of Modern and Contemporary Poetry (3rd ed). W. W. Norton & Company, 2003. Stevens, Wallace. Stevens: Collected Poetry and Prose. Library of America, 1997. _____ The Letters of Wallace Stevens. University of California, 1997. Williams, W. C. Paterson. New Directions, 1963. _____ Selected Essays of William Carlos Williams. New Directions, 1969. _____ Imaginations: Five Experimental Prose Pieces. New Directions, 1971. _____ Collected Poems, Vols. I and 2. Carcanet, 2000. Yeats, W. B. The Letters of W.B. Yeats. Ed. Allan Wade. Macmillan, 1955. _____ Essays and Introductions. Macmillan, 1962. _____ Collected Poems. Macmillan, 1989. Page 17
Fourth Year English Literature Semester One Option Course Political Shakespeare Course Outline What do Shakespeare's plays have to tell us about politics? In this course, we'll consider how a range of plays in different genres explore how authority is achieved (and resisted) and how power is exercised between governors and governed, between the generations and between men and women. The course will examine how these works responded to political ideas and experiences in Shakespeare's time. It will also consider the competing ways in which the plays have been interpreted subsequently and the significance of their concerns for the contemporary world. Course Schedule Week 1 Introduction Extract: Raymond Geuss, from Philosophy and Real Politics (2008) [On Learn] Sovereignty Week 2 Richard II Week 3 Henry IV, 1 and 2 Week 4 Henry V City States Week 5 Romeo and Juliet Week 6 The Merchant of Venice Week 7 Measure for Measure Week 8: Essay Completion Week Resistance Week 9 Julius Caesar Week 10 Hamlet Week 11 Macbeth Primary Text The Norton Shakespeare. Ed. Stephen Greenblatt et al. 3rd edition. New York: Norton, 2015. Secondary Reading: Alexander, Catherine M.S., (ed.) Shakespeare and Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Page 18
Armitage, D., C. Condren and A. Fitzmaurice (eds.) Shakespeare and Early Modern Political
Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Barker, Deborah and Ivo Shakespeare and Gender: A History. London: Verso, Kamps. 1995.
Callaghan, Dympna.
A Feminist Companion to Shakespeare. Oxford: Blackwell, 2000.
Dollimore J. & A. Sinfield (eds.) Political Shakespeare. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2nd
ed, 1994.
Collinson, Patrick.
`The Monarchical Republic of Queen Elizabeth I'. In Elizabethan Essays.
London: Hambledon, 1994.
Dzelzainis, Martin.
`Shakespeare and Political Thought.' In A Companion to Shakespeare.
Oxford: Blackwell. Ed. David Scott Kastan, pp. 100-16.
Geuss, Raymond.
Philosophy and Real Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press,
Guy, John.
The Reign of Elizabeth I: Court and Culture in the Last Decade.
Cambridge, 1995.
Hadfield, Andrew.
Shakespeare and Renaissance Politics. Thomson Learning: Arden
Critical Companions, 2003.
Shakespeare and Republicanism. Cambridge: Cambridge: University
Press, 2005.
James VI and I
Political Writings Ed. Johann P. Somerville. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 1994.
The Prince. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
McLaren, A. N.
Political Culture in the Reign of Elizabeth I: Queen and
Commonwealth, 1558-1585. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Shapiro, James.
1599: A Year in the Life of William Shakespeare. London: Faber, 2005.
Shapiro, James.
1606: William Shakespeare and the Year of Lear. London: Faber, 2015.
Sinfield, Alan.
Faultlines: Cultural Materialism and the Politics of Dissident Reading.
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992.
Wells, Robin Headlam. Shakespeare, Politics and the State. London: Macmillan, 1986.
Tuck, Richard.
Philosophy and Government, 1572-1651. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 1993.
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Fourth Year English Literature Semester One Option Course Queering Fictions in the Twentieth Century
This course explores the multifaceted representations of sexual identity in twentieth century fiction. It engages with the historical and social construction of homosexuality and investigates the emergence of gay, lesbian, transgender and queer identities in Western culture. We will focus on the theorising of homosexual identity from the perspectives of Freud and the sexologists of the early twentieth century, the gay and lesbian civil rights movements of the 1970s, the impact of HIV and AIDS, and the emergence of queer theory in the 1990s. In our survey of this literature we will focus on how the literary texts engage with political, sociological and philosophical ideas and discourses and so each novel will be read in parallel with key critical texts of the period.
Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7 Week 8 Week 9 Week 10 Week 11
Introduction: Theorising sexualities Radclyffe Hall, The Well of Loneliness (1928) Virginia Woolf, Orlando (1928) Gay and Lesbian Pulp Fiction of the 1950s [extracts] James Baldwin, Giovanni's Room (1956) Manuel Puig, Kiss of the Spider Woman (1979) Audre Lorde, Zami: A New Spelling of My Name (1982) Edmund White, A Boy's Own Story (1982) Essay Completion Week Richard Canning (ed.), Vital Signs: Essential AIDS Fiction (2007) [extracts] Jeanette Winterson, Written on the Body (1992) Sarah Waters, Tipping the Velvet (1997)
SELECTED GENERAL SECONDARY READING Abelove, Henry, Michele Aina Barale, and David M. Halperin (eds), The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader (1993) Bristow, Joseph, Sexuality (1997) Butler, Judith, Gender Trouble (1990) Butler, Judith, Bodies that Matter (1993) Butler, Judith, Undoing Gender (2004) Page 20
Dollimore, Jonathan, Sexual Dissidence: Augustine to Wilde, Freud to Foucault (1991) Edelman, Lee, Homographesis: Essays in Gay Literary and Cultural Theory (1994) Faderman, Lillian, Surpassing the Love of Men: Romantic Friendship and Love Between Women from the Renaissance to the Present (1985) Foucault, Michel, The History of Sexuality: The Will to Knowledge Vol 1 (1978) Fuss, Diana, Inside/Out: Lesbian Theories, Gay Theories (1991) Halberstam, Judith, Female Masculinity (1998) Hall, Donald E, Queer Theories (2002) Hammond, Paul, Love Between Men in English Literature (1996) Jay, Karla and Joanne Glasgow (eds), Lesbian Texts and Contexts (1990) Jagose, Annamarie, Queer Theory: An Introduction (1997) Munt, Sally (ed.), New Lesbian Criticism (1992) Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky, Epistemology of the Closet (1990) Sinfield, Alan, Gay and After (1998) Stryker, Susan, Queer Pulp (2001) Weeks, Jeffrey, Sexuality and its Discontents (1985) Woods, Greg, A History of Gay Literature: The Male Tradition (1999) Wolfe, Susan J and Julia Penelope (eds), Sexual Practice, Textual Theory: Lesbian Cultural Criticism (1993) Page 21
English Literature Fourth Year Semester One Option Course Scottish Women's Fiction (20th Century) *
Scottish women's fiction in the twentieth century presents us with a field of enquiry which both parallels and challenges dominant conceptions and readings of Scottish cultural tradition. In every era women writers have foregrounded literary innovation and formal experimentation in their engagement with the social and political questions of their time and location and beyond, emphasising their special perspective on crucial issues of identity concerning nationalism, gender, sexuality and the politics of emancipation. This course will explore the development of Scottish women's fiction from the twenties to the nineties and consider their work in relation to the literary strategies associated with realism, modernism and the Scottish Renaissance, and postmodernism. Alongside the fiction we will engage with contextualising theoretical approaches including feminism, nationalism and other perspectives informing contemporary Scottish studies.
Week 1
Introduction; Short stories: Violet Jacob, `Thievie', Jane Helen Findlater, `The Pictures', Willa Muir, `Clock a doodle do' (electronic copies will be available)
Week 2
Willa Muir, Imagined Corners (1931) and Mrs Richie (1933) [both available in Imagined Selves]
Week 3
Nan Shepherd, The Quarry Wood (1928) in The Grampian Quartet
Week 4
Jessie Kesson, A White Bird Passes (1958)
Week 5
Muriel Spark, The Ballad of Peckham Rye (1960) Elspeth Barker, O Caledonia (1995)
Week 6
Janice Galloway, The Trick is To Keep Breathing (1989)
Week 7
A.L. Kennedy, Looking For the Possible Dance (1993) and So I Am Glad (1995)
Week 8
Week 9
Jackie Kay, Trumpet (1998)
Week 10
Laura Hird, Born Free (1999)
Week 11
Contemporary short stories; Conclusions
SELECTED SECONDARY READING Anderson, Carol and Aileen Christianson. Eds. Scottish Women's Fiction 1920s to 1960s: Journeys into Being. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 2000. Craig, Cairns. The Modern Scottish Novel: Narrative and the National Page 22
Imagination. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1999 Christianson, Aileen and Alison Lumsden. Eds. Contemporary Scottish Women Writers. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000. Freeman, Alan. Imagined Worlds: Fiction by Scottish Women 1900-1935. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2005. Gifford, Douglas and Dorothy McMillan. Eds. The History of Scottish Women's Writing. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1997. Gonda, Caroline (ed.). Tea and Leg Irons. London: Open Letters, 1992 Moi, Toril. Sexual/Textual Politics: Feminist Literary Theory. 1985; London: Routledge, 1988. Morris, Pam. Literature and Feminism. Oxford: Blackwell, 1993. Stevenson, Randall and Gavin Wallace (eds) Scottish Novel Since the Seventies. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1993. Whyte, Christopher. Gendering the Nation. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1995. Page 23
English Literature Fourth Year Semester One Option Course Sex and God in Victorian Poetry
According to some accounts, sex and God both died out in the Victorian period. Conventional understandings of the period often depict it as one plagued by sexual repression and religious doubt. Sigmund Freud theorized sexual repression, while Richard von Krafft-Ebing catalogued sexual `perversions' in 1886, narrowing and defining the range of acceptable sexual practices. Friedrich Nietzsche proclaimed `God is dead' in 1882, and Thomas Henry Huxley coined the word `agnostic' in 1869. But these tendencies were not straightforward ­ prostitution and pornography thrived in the period, while religious debates often took centre stage precisely because the foundations of religious belief no longer seemed secure. Victorian poets were deeply engaged with issues of sexuality and theology and these two concerns often became connected in their poems ­ sometimes in uncomfortable ways. In this class we will encounter a variety of approaches to these subjects and will ask what makes those approaches specifically `Victorian'.
Most texts are available in Victorian Poetry: An Annotated Anthology, ed. by Francis O'Gorman (Oxford: Blackwell, 2004).
Provisional Seminar Schedule
Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7 Week 8 Week 9 Week 10 Week 11
Introduction Matthew Arnold `The Buried Life' (p. 296), `Stanzas from the Grand Chartreuse' (p. 305), and `Dover Beach' (p. 312) Alfred, Lord Tennyson `Mariana' (p. 64), `The Lady of Shallot' (p. 71), St Simeon Stylites, and `Crossing the Bar' (p. 169) Alfred, Lord Tennyson (cont.) In Memoriam A.H.H. (p. 88) Robert Browning `Porphyria's Lover' (p. 171), `My Last Duchess' (p. 173), and `Two in the Campagna' (p. 204) Robert Browning (cont.) `The Bishop Orders his Tomb at Saint Praxed's Church' (p. 175), and `Fra Lippo Lippi' (p. 179) Dante Gabriel Rossetti `Jenny' (p. 358), `Nuptial Sleep' (p. 367), and `Song 8: The Woodspurge' (p. 368) ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK Christina Rossetti Christina Rossetti, `In an Artist's Studio' (p. 370), `An Apple Gathering' (p. 371), `Resurgam' (p. 392), and `Goblin Market' (p. 373) Arthur Hugh Clough `Dipsychus', `A New Decalogue', `Say Not the Struggle Nought Availeth' James Thomson `City of Dreadful Night'
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Indicative Secondary Texts Armstrong, Isobel, Robert Browning, Writers and their Background (London: Bell, 1974). Biswas, Robindra K., Arthur Hugh Clough: Towards a Reconsideration (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972). Bone, J. Drummond. "Tourists and Lovers: Beppo and Amours De Voyage." The Byron Journal 28 (2000): 13-28. Buckler, William E., On the Poetry of Matthew Arnold: Essays in Critical Reconstruction (New York: New York University Press, 1982). Cheeke, Stephen, Writing for Art: The Aesthetics of Ekphrasis (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2008). Chorley, Katherine, Arthur Hugh Clough: The Uncommitted Mind (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1962). DeLaura, David J., `The Context of Browning's Painter Poems: Aesthetics, Polemics, Histories', PMLA, 95 (1980), 367-88. Elliot, Anthony, Concepts of the Self (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2001). Griffiths, Eric, The Printed Voice of Victorian Poetry (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988). Hillis Miller, J., The Disappearance of God: Five Nineteenth-Century Writers (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1963). Hunt, John Dixon, Tennyson In Memoriam: A Casebook (London: Macmillan, 1970). Longenbach, James, `Matthew Arnold and the Modern Apocalypse', PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America, 104:5 (1989), 844-55. Martin, Loy D., Browning's Dramatic Monologues and the Post-Romantic Subject (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985) Sinfield, Alan, The Language of Tennyson's In Memoriam (New York: Barnes & Noble, 1971). Taylor, Charles, A Secular Age (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007). Tennyson, Alfred, Lord, In Memoriam: Authoritative Text: Criticism, edited by Erik Gray (New York: W.W. Norton, 2004). Wood, Sarah, Robert Browning: a Literary Life (New York: Palgrave, 2001). Page 25
English Literature Fourth Year Semester One Option Course Sex, Seduction and Sedition in Restoration Literature
Introduction Students taking this course will explore the ways in which Restoration literature depicts sex, desire and love. They will analyse relationships between literary texts and the political, theological and philosophical debates taking place about sexuality in Restoration culture. As well as reading a range of different types of literary text (from religious epic to sexually explicit libertine poetry; poetic encomiums on the sanctity of marriage to sensationalist narratives about debauchery and prostitution), students will also examine and assess the place of sexual imagery in contemporary philosophical and theological arguments about the nature of truth, morality, politics and the state. The aim will be to develop an understanding of the ways in which Restoration literary texts present, endorse, question or challenge the ideas and practices of the culture in which they are produced.
After the radical challenges to social order and hierarchy that occurred during the Civil Wars, the Restoration settlement sought to re-impose cohesion by means of an idea of the state as a secure family unit. At the same time, however, the period also saw the flourishing of libertine culture with its sexually explicit literature and art, much of which appeared deliberately to challenge the officially sanctioned images of family and state. Images of seduction in Restoration culture thus present not only a range of sexual behaviours but also, and particularly when linked to ideas of sedition, address political tensions and debates directly, especially with regard to the Exclusion Crisis.
Students will have the opportunity to read some of the most influential literary writing of the Restoration period (including texts by Dryden, Behn, Rochester, Milton and Vanbrugh) in the context of political theory, philosophy and conduct writing by thinkers such as Hobbes, Filmer, Allestree and Locke. They will be able to discuss these writers in relation to topics such as libertinism, conscience, national identity, marriage, sexuality, pornography, debauchery and lust.
Primary Texts Anonymous, The London Jilt; or, The Politic Whore Behn, Aphra. The Rover and Other Plays Paul Hammond. Restoration Literature: an Anthology Milton, John. Paradise Lost Vanbrugh, John. The Provoked Wife Wycherley, William. The Country Wife
Seminar Schedule
Policing Desire: Sex and the Social Order
Of woman's first disobedience? Eve's Seduction
Milton, Paradise Lost
Love and Marriage: Desire, Power and Patriarchy
Milton, Paradise Lost; Dryden, `Eleanora'; Behn `The Adventure of the Black Lady' and
`The Unfortunate Bride'; and Allestree, `Preface' to The Ladies Calling (handouts)
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`His sceptre and his prick are of a length': Seduction, Sedition and the State
Dryden, `Astraea Redux', Milton, Paradise Lost, Hobbes, Leviathan (excerpts), Filmer,
Patriarcha (excerpts), Locke, Two Treatises on Government (excerpts) and Rochester, `A
Satire on Charles II'
Sex and Seduction: Libertinism
`And love he loves, for he loves fucking much...': Celebrating Vice?
Libertine poems by Etherege, Rochester, Oldham and Behn
`Restless he rolls about from whore to whore...': Writing Prostitution
Anonymous, The London Jilt; or, The Politick Whore
Seduction and the Politics of Sedition: Writing the Exclusion Crisis
`Made drunk with honour, and debauched with praise': Seduction as Sedition (1)
Dryden, Absalom and Achitophel
Rage, Invective and Political Violence: Seduction as Sedition (2)
Dryden, The Medal, Settle, The Medal Reversed and Shadwell, The Medal of John Bayes
Essay Completion Week (no class)
Restoration Theatre and Family Values: Lust Provoked or Disorder Contained?
`What is wit in a wife good for, but to make a man a cuckold?'
William Wycherley, The Country Wife
10 Vain amorous coxcombs everywhere are found': Staging Desire Aphra Behn, The Feigned Courtesans and The Lucky Chance
11 Unhappily ever after: Performing Marriage John Vanbrugh, The Provoked Wife
Selected Secondary Reading Alexander, Julia and MacLeod, Catherine, eds. Politics, Transgression and Representation at the Court of Charles II. London: Paul Mellon, 2007 Bowers, Toni, Force or Fraud: British Seduction Stories and the Problem of Resistance, 1660-1760, Oxford: Oxford UP, 2011 Brant, Clare and Purkiss, Diane, Women, Texts and Histories 1575-1760, London: Routledge, 1992 Braverman, Richard, Plots and Counterplots: Sexual Politics and the Body Politic in English Literature, 1660-1730 Chernaik, Warren, Sexual Freedom in Restoration Literature, Cambridge: CUP, 1995 Earle, Peter, The Making of the English Middle Class: Business, Society and Family Life in London 1660-1730, London: Methuen, 1989 Fisk, Deborah Payne, The Cambridge Companion to English Restoration Theatre, Cambridge: CUP, 2000 Frank, Marcie, Gender, Theatre, and the Origins of Criticism: From Dryden to Manley, Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2011 Page 27
Harris, Tim, Restoration, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2005 Harris, Tim, Revolution, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2006 Hillyer, Richard, Hobbes and his Poetic Contemporaries: Cultural Transmission in Early Modern England, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2007 Hulme, Peter and Ludmilla Jordanova, eds, The Enlightenment and its Shadows, London: Routledge, 1990 Jones, J.R., The First Whigs: the Politics of the Exclusion Crisis, 1678-83, Oxford: Oxford UP, 1970 Jose, Nicholas. Ideas of the Restoration in English Literature 1660-71. London: Macmillan, 1984 Keeble, N.H., The Restoration: England in the 1660s, Oxford: Blackwell, 2002 Kenyon, J.P., The Popish Plot, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1974 Kroll, Richard. Restoration Drama and the `Circle of Commerce': tragicomedy, politics and trade in the seventeenth century. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2007 Lord, George de F., Poems on the Affairs of State, New Haven and London: Yale UP, 1975 Marsden, Jean, Fatal Desire: Women, Sexuality and the English Stage, 1660-1720, Ithaca: Cornell UP, 2006 Mowray, Melissa, The Bawdy Politic in Stuart England, 1660-1714, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004 Owen, Susan J., Restoration Theatre and Crisis, Oxford: Clarendon, 1996 Pullen, Kirsten, Actresses and Whores on Stage and in Society, Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2005 Quinsey, Katherine, Broken Boundaries: Women and Feminism in Restoration Drama, Lexington: UP of Kentucky, 1996 Southcombe, George and Tapsell, Grant, Restoration Politics, Religion and Culture, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2010 Spurr, John, England in the 1670s: the Masquerading Age, Oxford: Blackwell, 2000 Staves, Susan, Players' Scepters: Fictions of Authority in the Restoration, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1979 Stone, Lawrence, The Family, Sex and Marriage in England, 1500-1800, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1977 Stone, Lawrence, Broken Lives: Separation and Divorce in England 1660-1857, Oxford: Oxford UP, 1993 Thompson, Roger, Unfit for Modest Ears, New Jersey: Rowan and Littlefield, 1979 Tilmouth, Christopher, Passion's Triumph over Reason: A History of Moral Imagination from Spencer to Rochester, Oxford: Oxford UP, 2007 Toulalan, Sarah, Imagining Sex: Pornography and Bodies in Seventeenth-Century England, Oxford: Oxford UP, 2007 Turner, James Grantham, One Flesh: Paradisial Marriage and Sexual Relations in the Age of Milton, Oxford: Calrendon Press, 1987 Turner, James Grantham, Libertines and Radicals in Early Modern London: Sexuality, Politics and Literary Culture, 1630-1685, Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2002 Weber, Harold, The Restoration Rake-Hero: Transformations in Sexual Understanding in Seventeenth-Century England, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1986 Webster, Jeremy, Performing Libertinism in Charles II's Court, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2005 Zwicker, Steven, Lines of Authority: Politics and English Literary Culture, 1649-1689, Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1993 Zwicker, Steven, The Cambridge Companion to English Literature 1650-1740, Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998 Page 28
English Literature Fourth Year Semester One Option Course Slavery and Freedom in Nineteenth-Century African American Literature NOT RUNNING IN SESSION 2017-18 Summary Description: This course will introduce students to the beginnings of African American literature in the writings authored by enslaved and free women and men which were published in the US from the mideighteenth century onwards. First generation US Black writers obtained the ability to read no less than to write against body-and-soul destroying odds: the acquisition of literacy was not only denied enslaved people on pain of torture and death, it was scarcely less off-limits to emancipated individuals suffering from inequalities in every area of their lives as lived within the US as a white supremacist nation. Working to do justice to the experiences of Black women, men, and children who were repeatedly exposed to unimaginable acts of physical, psychological, imaginative, and emotional suffering that typically defeated all forms of literary expression, early Black writers pioneered experimental techniques in order to arrive at alternative literary modes in which to begin to put flesh on the bones of otherwise erased Black stories. Working to give voice to the voiceless across their writings, they developed a self-reflexive relationship to language in order to work with symbolism, allegory, and imagery to produce diverse texts across numerous genres, including: slave narratives, spiritual confessions, prison narratives, poetry, plays, essays, letters, diaries, novels, short stories, songs, and folktales. Their social, political, historical, cultural and artistic legacies live on today in African American twentieth and twenty-first century literary and performative traditions. Syllabus: Week 1 "I was Born:" The Beginnings of African American Literature in Oral and Written Cultures. Selections from Phillis Wheatley, Poems on Various Subjects (1773) and Francis E. W. Harper's short story, "Theresa: A Haytien Tale" (1828) Week 2 "Black is Beautiful" and the Advent of Black Power: David Walker's Appeal in Four Articles (1829); The Confessions of Nat Turner (1831); Maria W. Stewart, Why Sit Ye here and die?" (1832) Week 3 "A Man was Made a Slave:" Masculinity, Identity, and Frederick Douglass's Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass an American 4 Slave (1845) Week 4 "Don't call me Uncle Tom:" Race, Racism, and Resistance in Josiah Henson, The Life of Josiah Henson (1849) Week 5 "I am a Woman's Rights:" Tracing the Trickster in Sojourner Truth's "Arn't I a Woman" (1851) and Harriet Jacobs's Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (1861) Week 6 Novelistic Adaptation and Authorship Controversies: William Wells Brown, Clotel or the President's Daughter (1853): Hannah Crafts, The Bondwoman's Narrative (1850s) Page 29
Week 7 Revolution in Reform in Urban Free Black Communities: Frank J. Webb, The Garies and their Friends (1857) Week 8 Essay completion week: no class Week 9 Black Incarceration: Austin Reed, The Life and Adventures of a Haunted Convict (1859) as the First Prison Narrative Week 10 From the Slave Cabin to the White House: The Postbellum Slave Narrative and Elizabeth Keckley, Behind the Scenes: or Thirty Years a Slave and Four Years in the White House (1868) Week 11 Norman R. Yetman, ed. Voices from Slavery: 100 Authentic Slave Narratives Reading List: Essential [List of primary texts in order of weekly topics]: Phillis Wheatley, Poems on Various Subjects (1773) [Docusouth.** Selections in North Anthology. 3rd Ed]* [Penguin, Complete Writings, 2001]. Frances E. W. Harper, "Theresa: A Haytien Tale" (1828) [North Anthology. 3rd Ed.]* David Walker, David Walker's Appeal in Four Articles (1829) [Docusouth]** Thomas Gray/Nathaniel Turner, The Confessions of Nat Turner (1831) Maria W. Stewart, "Why Sit Ye here and die?" (1832) [Available online: http://www.blackpast.org/1832-maria-w-stewart-why-sit-ye-here-and-die] Frederick Douglass, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave (1845) [*Docusouth; North Anthology. 3rd Ed]** Josiah Henson, The Life of Josiah Henson (1849) [Docusouth]** Sojourner Truth, "Arn't I a Woman" (1851) [North Anthology. 3rd Ed.]* Harriet Jacobs, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (1861) [Docusouth]** [W. W. Norton, 2000]. William Wells Brown, Clotel or the President's Daughter (1853) [Docusouth and Penguin, 2003]** Hannah Crafts, The Bondwoman's Narrative (n.d. c.1850s) [Warner Books, 2003]. Frank J. Webb, The Garies and their Friends (1857) [Broadview Press, 2016] Austin Reed, The Life and Adventures of a Haunted Convict (1859) [Penguin, 2017] Elizabeth Keckley, Behind the Scenes: or Thirty Years a Slave and Four Years in the White House (1868) [Eno Publishers, 2017 Docusouth]** Norman. R. Yetman, ed. Voices from Slavery: 100 Authentic Slave Narratives. [Dover Publications, 1999). Recommended: *Henry Louis Gates Jr., Valerie Smith and William L. Andrews (eds.) et al, The Norton Anthology of African American Literature Third Ed., New York: W. W. Norton. Volume 1. [Includes in entirety works listed by Douglass, Harper, Truth, Crafts, and excerpts of nearly all the rest]. ** Docusouth:A major website including digital reproductions: "Documenting the American South," University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, "North American Slave Narratives": http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/ Page 30
Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936 to 1938 A Digital Website archival Collection at the Library of Congress: https://www.loc.gov/collections/slave-narratives-from-the-federal-writers-project-1936-to1938/about-this-collection/ Secondary [including additional primary works of authors]: Allen, James. Ed. Without Sanctuary: Photographs and Postcards of Lynching in America. New York: Twin Palms Publisher, 2000. Andrews, William L. To Tell A Free Story: The First Century of Afro-American Autobiography, 17601865. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986. Andrew, William L. et al Eds. The Oxford Companion to African American Literature. Oxford: O.U.P., 1997. Bernier, Celeste-Marie. Characters of Blood: Black Heroism in the Transatlantic Imagination. Charlottesville, University of Virginia Press, 2012. Blassingame, John. W. The Slave Community: Plantation Life in the Ante-Bellum South. New York: Oxford University Press, 1972. ___. Slave Testimony: Two Centuries of Letters, Speeches, Interviews and Autobiographies. Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1977. Breen, Patrick H. The Land Shall Be Drenched in Blood: A New History of the Nat Turner Revolt. Oxford: OUP, 2016. Camp, Stephanie M. H. Closer to Freedom: Enslaved Women and Everyday Resistance in the Plantation South. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 2004. Carpio, Glenda. Laughing Fit to Kill: Black Humor in the Fictions of Slavery. Oxford: OUP, 2008. Caretta, Vincent. Phillis Wheatley: Biography of a Genius in Bondage. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2014. Cutter, Martha J. The Illustrated Slave: Empathy, Graphic Narrative, and the Visual Culture of the Transatlantic Abolition Movement, 1800-1852. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2017. Davis, Charles T. and Henry Louis Gates, eds. The Slave's Narrative. Oxford: O. U.P., 1985. Douglass, Frederick. My Bondage and My Freedom. Rpt. New Haven: Yale UP, 2014. ___. The Heroic Slave: A Cultural Critical Edition. New Haven: Yale UP, 2015. Ernest, John, ed. The Oxford Handbook of the African American Slave Narrative. Oxford: OUP, 2014. Fisch, Audrey. American Slaves in Victorian England: Abolitionist Politics in Popular Literature and Culture. Cambridge: CUP., 2000. Fisch, Audrey, ed. The Cambridge Companion to the African American Slave Narrative. Cambridge: CUP, 2007. Fought, Leigh. Women in the World of Frederick Douglass. Oxford: OUP, 2017. Garfield, Deborah M. and Rafia Zafar eds. Harriet Jacobs and Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: New Critical Essays. Cambridge: CUP, 1996. Gates, Jr. Henry Louis and Hollis Robbins, eds. In Search of Hannah Crafts: Critical Essays on the Bondwoman's Narrative. New York: Civitas Books, 2004. Greenberg, Kenneth S. ed. The Confessions of Nat Turner. Boston: Bedford Books, 1996. Greenspan, Ezra. William Wells Brown: An African American Life. New York: W. W. Norton, 2014. Hager, Christopher. Word by Word: Emancipation and the Act of Writing. Harvard: HUP, 2015. Harper, Frances E. W. Iola Leroy. New York: Penguin, 2010. ___. Minnie's Sacrifice, Sowing and Reaping, Trial and Triumph: Three Rediscovered Novels. Boston: Beacon Press, 1996. Hartman, Saidiya V. Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America. Oxford: OUP, 1997. Hinks, Peter P. David Walker's Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World. PA: Penn State, 2000. Page 31
Johnson, Walter. Soul by Soul: Life inside the Antebellum Slave Market. Harvard: HUP, 1991. Lee, Maurice S. ed. Cambridge Companion to Frederick Douglass. Cambridge: CUP, 2009. Levine, Robert S. The Lives of Frederick Douglass. Harvard: HUP, 2016. McKoy, Sheila Smith. Ed. The Elizabeth Keckley Reader. Eno Publishers, 2016. Nelson, Dana. The Word in Black and White: Reading "Race" in American Literature 1638-1867. New York: OUP, 1993. Painter, Nell Irvin. Sojourner Truth: A Life, A Symbol. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1997. Richardson, Marilyn. Maria W. Stewart, America's First Black Woman Political Writer: Essays and Speeches. Champagne: Indiana University Press, 1987). Rodriguez, Barbara. Autobiographical Inscriptions: Form, Personhood, and the American Woman Writer of Color. Oxford: OUP, 1999. Sinah, Manisha. The Slave's Cause: A History of Abolition. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2017. Smallwood, Stephanie E. Saltwater Slavery: A Middle Passage from Africa to American Diaspora. Harvard: HUP, 2008. Stauffer, John. The Black Hearts of Men: Radical Abolitionists and the Transformation of Race. Harvard: HUP, 2001. Stepto, Robert B. From Behind the Veil. Chicago : U. of Illinois Press, 1979. Sundquist, Eric J. To Wake the Nations: Race in the Making of American Literature. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1993. Washington, Margaret. Narrative of Sojourner Truth. New York: Vintage, 1993. Wood, Marcus. Blind Memory: Visual Representation of Slavery in England and America 1780-1865. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000. Page 32
English Literature Fourth Year Semester One Option Course Songs of Experience (Poetry and Worldliness from Shakespeare to Lovelace)
This course will explore a range of poetry from the first half of the seventeenth century, focusing particularly on lyric, epigrammatic and epistolary poetry by William Shakespeare, John Donne, Ben Jonson, Thomas Carew and Richard Lovelace, though we will also study a few poems by others whose work has been classified as `metaphysical' or `cavalier'. The thematic continuity of the course will be provided by a focus on this poetry's sense of its world, and the place of poetic utterance within it. The late Renaissance in England saw new or renewed attention to secular ways of comprehending the world, ways that troubled but did not displace a theological approach to the comprehension of earthly experience. In the light of this `new philosophy', the course will examine how it is invoked by the poetics underpinning `metaphysical' and `cavalier' poetry. Questions of voice and address, genre, figuration and style will all be explored in this light. The course will also pay particular attention to the thematic handling of erotic love, the experience of friendship and the approach to earthly nature. Throughout, it will explore the tensions in this worldly poetics between a concern with immanence and the demands of other ways of understanding humanity and its world. Seminar Schedule
Introduction; `worldliness': experience, immanence and transcendence William Shakespeare, Sonnets John Donne, 'An Anatomy of the World' John Donne, Songs and Sonnets, Ben Jonson, Epigrams Ben Jonson, 'The Forest' Thomas Carew, selected poems ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK Carew, selected poems Richard Lovelace, selected poems Lovelace, selected poems
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Primary Texts: John Donne, The Major Works (OUP, ed. John Carey) Ben Jonson, The Complete Poems (Penguin, ed. George Parfitt) William Shakespeare, The Complete Poems and Sonnets (OUP, ed. Colin Burrow) Supplemented with texts from: David Norbrook and Henry Woudhuysen, eds, The Penguin Book of Renaissance Verse (1993) Colin Burrow, ed., Metaphysical Poetry (Penguin 2006) Oxford Scholarly Editions Online Literature Online: English Poetry Secondary Reading: Richard Strier, Resistant Structures: Particularity, Radicalism and Renaissance Texts (1995) Chris Fitter, Poetry, Space, Landscape: Toward a New Theory (1995) Catherine Gimelli Martin and Julie Robin Solomon, eds, Francis Bacon and the Refiguring of Early Modern Thought: Essays to Commemorate the Advancement of Learning (2005) A. J. Smith, The Metaphysics of Love (1985) Richard Dutton, ed., Ben Jonson (2000) Frances Austin, The Language of the Metaphysical Poets (1992) Donald Mackenzie, The Metaphysical Poets (1990) Marjorie Nicolson, The Breaking of the Circle: Studies in the Effect of the `New Science' upon Seventeenth Century Poetry (1960) William Empson, Some Versions of Pastoral (1966) Thomas Corns, ed., The Cambridge Companion to English Poetry, Donne to Marvell (1993) Anthony Low, The Reinvention of Love (1993) Katherine Eisaman Maus and Elizabeth Harvey, eds, Soliciting Interpretation: Literary Theory and Seventeenth Century English Poetry (1990) Geoffrey Hill, The Enemy's Country (1991) Alan Sinfield, Faultlines: Cultural Materialism and the Politics of Dissident Reading (1992) Judith Haber, Pastoral and the Poetics of Self-Contradiction (1994) Theresa DiPasquale, Literature and Sacrament: The Sacred and the Secular in John Donne (1999) Robert Watson, Back to Nature: The Green and the Real in the Late Renaissance (2005) Andrew Barnaby and Lisa J. Schnell, Literate Experience: The Work of Knowing in SeventeenthCentury English Writing (2002) Page 34
English Literature Fourth Year Semester One Option Course Stevenson and the End of the Nineteenth Century *
This course looks in detail at the novels, prose and poetry of Robert Louis Stevenson, making connections with his work and the fiction and non-fiction of the last decades of the nineteenth century. We will look at subjects such as: children's fiction, gothic, adventure, gender, anthropology, Scotland, and the Pacific. We will compare Stevenson to writers such as R. M. Ballantyne, Grant Allen, Henry James, Oscar Wilde and Mona Caird.
Seminar Schedule and Primary Texts
Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7 Week 8 Week 9 Week 10 Week 11
Introduction (handout provided) Modernism and before: Poems (download handout from WebCT) Boys: Treasure Island and Ballantyne, The Coral Island (extracts) History: The Master of Ballantrae (Penguin), Scott, The Bride of Lammermoor (extracts) Empire: The Master of Ballantrae and Conrad, Heart of Darkness Pacific: The Ebb-Tide, The Beach of Falesа (in OUP South Seas Tales) and London, Tales of the Pacific (selected) Unconscious: Freud handout, `The Merry Men' ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK Consciousness: Weir of Hermiston and James, `The Pupil' Fin de Siиcle: Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, and Wilde, Picture of Dorian Gray Conclusion: Stevenson's Contexts (ALG presentations)
Selected Secondary Reading Ambrosini, Richard and Richard Dury, Robert Louis Stevenson: Writer of Boundaries Botting, Fred, Gothic Bristow, Joseph Empire Boys: Adventures in a Man's World Christensen Nelson, Caroline (ed), A New Woman Reader Fielding, Penny (ed.), The Edinburgh Companion to Robert Louis Stevenson ---. Writing and Orality: Nationality, Culture and 19th C. Scottish Fiction Heilmann, Ann (ed.), The Late-Victorian Marriage Question Jolly, Roslyn, Robert Louis Stevenson and the Pacific Keating, Peter, The Haunted Study Said, Edward, Orientalism Trotter, David, The English Novel in History 1895-1920
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English Literature Fourth Year Semester One Option Course The Long Summer: Edwardian Texts and Contexts, 1900-1910
In popular imagination, the Edwardian period is characteristically seen as a long and carefree summer season. This `long summer', according to conventional readings of the era, takes place in the gap between, on one side, a time of heavy Victorian paternalism and, on the other side, a disastrous world war. Literary histories of this era have similarly depicted the Edwardians as existing in a period of transition: bordered before 1900 by decadent reactions to the end of the Victorian period and after 1910 by the stirrings of literary Modernism. For these reasons, the first decade of the twentieth century has tended to be overlooked by students of both Victorian and Twentieth Century Modernist literature. This course offers an excellent opportunity to address this lacuna by examining several key literary texts alongside a number of the important social and political themes that emerged at this time. We will, for example, study the work of writers such as Arnold Bennett, H.G. Wells, E.M. Forster, George Bernard Shaw, G.K. Chesterton, Joseph Conrad, J.M. Barrie and Rudyard Kipling. And we will examine the texts produced by these writers ­ many of whom produced their best work at this time - in light of important social and cultural debates: these will include Imperialism, the countryside and the Condition of England, the role of women in the new century, the rise of the lower middle class in literary culture, the effects of new technological breakthroughs at this time (the motor car, and aeroplane move from imagination to reality in this period), and those heated debates conducted between Henry James and H.G. Wells ­ among other protagonists ­ about the role of the writer in the new century. By the end of this course students, will gain a detailed historical and theoretical understanding of this period. This knowledge will allow students of Victorian and twentieth century Modernist literature to bridge the gap between these distinct periods. The student completing this course will gain an excellent understanding of a variety of print cultural forms: these will include novels, verse, drama, children's literature, and journalism. In addition, students interested in the intersection between literature and history will gain insights into the relationship between these disciplines over a ten year period.
Course schedule
Week 1:
Introduction to the course
Week 2: Week 3:
Crisis of Imperialism Rudyard Kipling, Kim and poetry Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness
Week 4: Week 5:
Young Turks: Bennett and Wells Arnold Bennett, The Old Wives' Tale H.G. Wells, The History of Mr Polly
Week 6: Week 7:
The City and the Countryside in Edwardian Children's Writing Kenneth Grahame, Wind in the Willows J.M. Barrie, Peter Pan E. Nesbit, The Railway Children
Week 8:
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Week 9: Week 10: Week 11:
Edwardian Women: from New Women to Suffragette George Bernard Shaw, Major Barbara Elizabeth Robins, The Convert Condition of England E.M. Forster, Howards End
Background Reading Anderson, Linda. Bennett, Wells, and Conrad: Narrative in Transition. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1988. Baldick, Chris. The Social Mission of English Criticism: 1848-1932. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983. Batchelor, John. The Edwardian Novelists. London: Duckworth, 1982. Bell, Michael (ed). The Context of English Literature:1900-1930. London: Methuen, 1980. Bellamy, William. The Novels of Wells, Bennett and Galsworthy, 1890-1910. London: Routledge, 1971. Brooks, David. The Age of Upheaval: Edwardian Politics 1899-1914, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995. Chapple, J. A. V. Documentary and Imaginative Literature 1880-1920. London: Blandford, 1970. Colls. R and Dodd. P (eds.). Englishness: Politics and Culture 1880-1920. London: Croom Helm, 1986. Eagleton, Terry. Exiles and Emigres. London: Chatto and Windus, 1970. Ellmann, Richard (ed), Edwardians and Late Victorians, New York: Columbia University Press, 1960. Flint, Kate. The Woman Reader: 1837-1914, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. Green, Martin. The English Novel in the Twentieth Century: the Doom of Empire, London: Routledge, 1984. Hattersley, Roy. The Edwardians, London: Little Brown, 2004. Hunter, Jefferson. Edwardian Fiction, Cambridge. Mass: Harvard University Press, 1982. Hynes, Samuel. The Edwardian Turn of Mind, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1968. Hynes, Samuel. Edwardian Occasions, London: Routledge, 1972. Keating, Peter. The Haunted Study: A Social History of the English Novel 1875-1914. London, Secker and Warburg, 1989. Kemp, Sandra. Mitchell, Charlotte. Trotter, David (eds.). Edwardian Fiction: An Oxford Companion, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997. Lucas, John. Arnold Bennett: A Study of His Fiction, London, Methuen, 1974. Masterman, C. F. G. The Condition of England, London: Methuen, 1960. McDonald, Peter D. British Literary Culture and Publishing Practice 1880-1914, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997. Millard, Kenneth. Edwardian Poetry, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991. Nowell-Smith, Simon (ed). Edwardian England, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1964. Powell, Kerry (ed). Victorian and Edwardian Theatre, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Pykett, Lynn. Engendering Fictions: the English Novel in the Early Twentieth Century, London: Arnold, 1995. Rose, Jonathan. The Edwardian Temperament, 1895-1919, Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1986. Stubbs, Patricia. Women and Fiction: Feminism and the Novel 1880-1920, Brighton: Harvester Press, 1979. Thompson, Paul. The Edwardians, London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1975. Trewin, J.C. The Edwardian Theatre, Oxford: Blackwell, 1976. Trodd, Anthea. A Reader's Guide to Edwardian Literature, Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1991.
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Trotter, David. The English Novel in History 1895-1920, London: Routledge, 1993. Weiner, Martin. English Culture and the Decline of the Industrial Spirit, 1850-1980, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981. Widdowson, Peter. E M Forster's Howards End: Fiction as History, London: Methuen, 1978. Wild, Jonathan. The Rise of the Office Clerk in Literary Culture, 1880-1939, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. Williams, Raymond. Culture and Society 1880-1950, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1963. Williams, Raymond. The Long Revolution, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973. Page 38
School of Literature, Languages and Cultures Common Courses - Fourth Year Semester One Option Course You will only be allowed to take this LLC Common Course if you are also taking at least 40-credits worth of English/Scottish Literature courses in your Fourth Year. Thinking Translation: a Beginner's Guide Course Organiser: Dr Sebnem Susam-Saraveva Teaching staff: Dr Charlotte Bosseaux, Dr Hephzibah Israel and Dr ebnem Susam-Saraeva. Description: This course is an introduction to the activity of translation and the discipline of Translation Studies. It aims at giving the students an idea about what the translation profession involves, what role translations may play in a society, and which areas Translation Studies as a discipline covers. Sessions take the form of tutorials or workshops on specific genres or translation areas in order to sensitize students to the challenges of translating different type of texts. Course structure: 11 weeks, 2 hours per week (tutorials/workshops) Assessment: Student performance will be assessed by one 2,500-word essay (70 per cent), a mid-term discussion paper (1,000 words, 30%) (Please note that this assessment differs slightly from the usual pattern for English Literature option courses.) Course Schedule Week 1. Introduction to the course The first class will be dedicated to presenting the course and starting to think critically about translation in terms of genres. Week 2. Translating for Children: Putting Humpty together again This session will focus on the joys and challenges of translating children's literature. The session will explore some questions particularly challenging to the translation of children's literature: from what is 'children's literature' to the age of the target readers, the use of fantasy and elements of nonsense and poetry. The students will discuss existing translations as well as try their hand at translating short pieces. Page 39
Week 3. Translating multilingual films This session will explore the challenges brought about by multilingual films. Students will need to watch a film (Inglorious Basterds) and have thought about the following questions: what is the function of each language present in this film, if it was subtitled or dubbed in one language (i.e. your mother tongue or other working language) how would you cope with the presence of various languages. Week 4. Representations of translators and interpreters The session will look into how translators and interpreters are represented, through the lens of movies. It aims at raising the students' attention to issues surrounding faithfulness, expectations in cross-linguistic encounters, responsibilities, control, and anxieties surrounding the duplicity of translators and interpreters. Several excerpts from relevant movies will be shown and discussed. Week 5. Translating romance This session focuses on the themes and issues brought about when writing and translating romance texts and erotica. During the session we will discuss the situation of Romance and Erotica fiction (original writings and translation) in your SL and TL countries: who are the publishers (including the internet and fan fiction), how is this genre received (e.g. is it a well-known genre, well accepted? Frowned upon?), is there a 'famous' national production or is it all translated (or both), and any other aspects that you think are relevant when considering these genres in your SL and TL countries. The session will also include some creative writing and translation. Week 5 submit mid-term discussion paper (1,000 words, 30%). Tutorial Diary: how has your understanding of translation evolved since you started the course? Week 6. Translating the Four-letter Word: 'F**k, is that possible?' This session will explore the challenges of translating shifting language registers. It will focus specifically on texts that are inflected by swearing, slang or obscenity highlighting differences in regional/class registers and translating swearing from previous centuries. Students will evaluate the function of such language use in literature and compare them across the language pairs that they have. What are the challenges of translating such language use and are there any strategies that can be employed? They will also try their hand at translating short extracts of English literary texts from previous centuries that employed swearing into contemporary English and into their second language. Week 7. Workshop: Lives in Translation This session will explore what it means to translate texts such as autobiographies, memoirs, testimonials and diaries that set out to record the lived experiences of the author. Students will be encouraged to think about questions of accuracy, representation and responsibility, especially in light of works that deal with events that are traumatic or far outside the translator's own realm of experience. The discussion will be based on examples of translators' paratexts that engage with these issues, and students will then be invited to consider the specific challenges they might face when translating a selected passage. Week 8. Difficult translations The session will focus on translating antagonistic texts. Students will be offered texts which might be challenging for them, not in terms of their linguistic difficulty or cultural otherness, but in terms of the ideologies inherent in the texts. This session will tie in discussions within translation studies surrounding ideology, gender, and ethics, among others. Week 9. Feedback session on mid-term paper & Poster presentations ' In Search of Translation' Page 40
The first part of the session will be looking at the feedback students received on their mid-term papers. In the second part, the students will be invited to bring examples from a variety of text types that may include translations, either overtly or covertly. These may range from newspaper articles to blogs. The presentations will focus on what gets translated, by whom, for which purposes, and how. The intended outcome is to open the students' perceptions to the prevalence of translations in daily life. Week 10. Non-professionals translating and interpreting This session will discuss the areas in which lay people use translation and interpreting within a wide range of areas and for various different purposes. It will examine in what ways non-professional translation/interpreting might be different, and what we can learn from it. Week 11. Course review & Q&A This session aims at bringing together the issues covered during the course in preparation to submitting your second essay. Bibliography (all compulsory): Cronin, Michael (2009) Translation Goes to the Movies. London and New York: Routledge. Franzon, Johan (2008) "Choices in Song Translation. Singability in Print, Subtitles and Sung Performance". In ebnem Susam-Saraeva ed. Translation and Music. Special issue of The Translator 14(2): 373-399. Guix, Juan Gabriel Lopez (2006) "The translator in Aliceland: on translating Alice in Wonderland into Spanish," in Susan Bassnett and Peter Bush (eds.) The Translator as Writer, London & New York: Continuum, pp. 95-105. Kershaw, Angela (2014) `Complexity and unpredictability in cultural flows: Two French Holocaust novels in English translation', Translation Studies, 7:1, 34-49. Aims and learning outcomes As an introduction to Translation Studies, the course aims at encouraging the students: to be aware of translations they use on a daily basis to develop a critical attitude towards language use, the translation process and product to contextualise translations within wider issues, such as politics, culture, history, etc. to focus on the figure of the translator/interpreter as crucial mediators and gatekeepers in a society to promote the development and refinement of transferable skills, including the following: time and resource management; independence and self-directedness; clarity, fluency and confidence in written and oral presentation; the ability to plan and execute complex tasks independently and in groups. Learning Outcomes: By the end of these courses students will be expected to show the ability: to demonstrate a high level of expression in both written and oral presentations to recognise and acknowledge the complexity of the subject to construct coherent arguments which demonstrate an awareness of the problems and translational issues posed by the texts/ issues studied Page 41
to demonstrate a high level of expression in both written and oral presentations to carry out personal research on the specific topics covered under the guidance of the tutor and offer evidence of research initiative to demonstrate an awareness of the research potential relating to the topics covered in class (to provide examples in class, to write essays or do to presentations). Students will be expected to show adaptability and originality in their responses to different translation tasks and problems and to demonstrate the ability to carry out an in-depth study of translation related topics. In addition to the above, students will be expected to demonstrate a high level of competence in the following areas: time-management, expression, classroom interaction and group work, written and oral presentation. Page 42
English Literature Fourth Year Semester One Option Course Twenty-First Century Fiction
Course Description This course will introduce students to the major themes, crises and debates surrounding the contemporary novel, exploring how authors have responded to the cultural and technological challenges of living in the new century. The course will begin by asking students to consider depictions of globalisation and urban environments in contemporary fiction ­ thinking through authors' engagement with various aspects of late modernity in their novels, and their invention of new forms through which to narrate the ambivalence of an increasingly frenetic and fragmented identity. Students will therefore consider the ways in which the financial crash, anti-capitalism and progressive politics have triggered a novelistic search for solipsistic authenticity and a renewed faith in artistic sincerity. Thereafter the course will examine the new relationship between fiction and contemporary terrorism following the events of 9/11. It will explore the range of responses, from novelists and critics alike, to the terrorist attacks: we will consider why some influential commentators suggested that the novel as a form was in some way `humbled', or rendered trivial, by real life events, while others argued that novelists were among those best equipped to offer an appropriate imaginative response. Finally, students on the course will consider how twenty-firstcentury fiction engages with some of the new technologies that have transformed our understanding of privacy and subjectivity. This course provides fourth-year students with an opportunity to read and reflect on the most important fiction of the current time, exploring and interrogating the novelistic response to our twenty-first-century contemporaneity. Students on this course will gain a thorough and broad understanding of literature's relation to contemporary politics and culture; they will be encouraged to think about the ways in which authors have had to invent new forms to narrate a reimagined subjectivity; and they will be asked to consider whether the novel remains an appropriate or even credible medium for relating shared cultural life in the new century. Readings of individual novels will be supplemented by perspectives drawn from a variety of relevant critical and cultural theorists. Students will be expected to read primary texts each week in advance of class; texts on the course may include:
Seminar Schedule
Week 1: Week 2: Week 3: Week 4: Week 5: Week 6: Week 7: Week 8: Week 9: Week 10: Week 11:
Introductory class Zadie Smith, White Teeth (2000) Ian McEwan, Atonement (2001) Margaret Atwood, Oryx and Crake (2003) Don DeLillo, Falling Man (2007) Joseph O'Neill, Netherland (2008) Jennifer Egan, A Visit from the Goon Squad (2010) Essay Completion Week Teju Cole, Open City (2011) Zia Haider Rahman, In the Light of What We Know (2014) Ben Lerner, 10:04 (2014)
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Reading List/Learning Resources Compulsory: Zadie Smith, White Teeth. London: Hamish Hamilton, 2000. Ian McEwan, Atonement. London: Jonathan Cape, 2001. Margaret Atwood, Oryx and Crake. London: Bloomsbury, 2003. Don DeLillo, Falling Man. London: Scribner, 2007. Joseph O'Neill, Netherland. London: Fourth Estate, 2008. Jennifer Egan, A Visit from the Goon Squad. London: Random House, 2010. Teju Cole, Open City. London: Faber and Faber, 2011. Zia Haider Rahman, In the Light of What We Know. London: Picador, 2014. Ben Lerner, 10:04. London: Faber and Faber, 2014. Recommended: Jean Baudrillard, The Spirit of Terrorism. London: Verso, 2002. Zygmunt Bauman, Liquid Modernity. Cambridge: Polity, 2000. Catherine Belsey, Culture and the Real. London: Routledge, 2005. Peter Boxall, Twenty-First-Century Fiction: A Critical Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2013. Peter Boxall, Don DeLillo: The Possibility of Fiction. London and New York: Routledge, 2006. Jason Burke, The 9/11 Wars. London: Penguin, 2011. Cathy Caruth, `Unclaimed Experience: Trauma and the Possibility of History.' Yale French Studies 79 (1991). Peter Childs and James Green. Aesthetics and Ethics in Twenty-First Century British Novels. London: Bloomsbury, 2013. Noam Chomsky. Hegemony or Survival: America's Quest for Global Dominance. London: Penguin, 2004. Teju Cole, Every Day is for the Thief. London: Faber and Faber, 2014. David Cowart, `Thirteen Ways of Looking: Jennifer Egan's A Visit from the Goon Squad.' Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction 56.3 (2015): 241-254. Raoul Eshelman, Performatism, or the End of Postmodernism. Aurora: Davies Group, 2008. Hal Foster. The Return of the Real: The Avant-Garde at the End of the Century. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001. Jeremy Green, Late Postmodernism: American Fiction at the Millennium. New York: Palgrave, 2005. Martin Halliwell and Catherine Morley, eds. American Thought and Culture in the 21st Century. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2013. Patrick Hayden, Cosmopolitan Global Politics. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005. Dominic Head, Ian McEwan. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2007. Dominic Head. The State of the Novel: Britain and Beyond. Oxford: Blackwell, 2008. Ursula K. Heise, Chronoschisms: Time, Narrative and Postmodernism. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997. Ursula K. Heise. Sense of Place and Sense of Planet: The Environmental Imagination of the Global. New York: Oxford UP, 2008. Andreas Huyssen, Present Pasts: Urban Palimpsests and the Politics of Memory. Stanford: Stanford UP, 2003. Fredric Jameson, Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. London: Verso, 1991. Josй Lуpez and Garry Potter, eds. After Postmodernism: An Introduction to Critical Realism. London: Continuum, 2001. Page 44
Catherine Morley, `"How Do We Write about This?" The Domestic and the Global in the Post-9/11 Novel.' Journal of American Studies 45.4 (2011): 717-731. Jeffrey T. Nealon, Post-Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Just-in-Time Capitalism. Stanford: Stanford UP, 2012. Patrick O'Donnell and Robert Con Davis, eds. Intertextuality and Contemporary American Fiction. Baltimore: John Hopkins UP, 1989. Stanley Renshon, The 50% American: Immigration and National Identity in an Age of Terror. Washington, DC: Georgetown UP, 2005. Roland Robertson, Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture. London: Sage, 1992. Berthold Schoene, The Cosmopolitan Novel. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 2009. Zadie Smith, `Two Paths for the Novel.' The New York Review of Books 20 Nov. 2008. Philip Tew and Rod Mengham, eds. British Fiction Today. London: Continuum, 2006. Kim Toffoletti, Cyborgs and Barbie Dolls: Feminism, Popular Culture and the Posthuman Body. London: Tauris, 2007. Kristiaan Versluys, Out of the Blue: September 11 and the Novel. New York: Columbia UP, 2009. Sarah L. Wasserman, `Looking Away from 9/11: The Optics of Joseph O'Neill's Netherland.' Contemporary Literature 55.2 (2014): 249-269. James Wood, The Fun Stuff and Other Essays. London: Jonathan Cape, 2013. Jock Young, The Vertigo of Late Modernity. Los Angeles: Sage, 2007. Page 45
An English Heritage: . . Four Post-War Poets
Charles Dickens
Contemporary British Drama
Contemporary Science Fiction *
Creative Writing Part I: Poetry *
Creative Writing Part II: Prose *
Fairy Tales *
Feeling Tragic: Tragedy and 18th C. Histories of Emotion
Feminising the Word: Woman and Medieval Literature NOT RUNNING
Literature, Reading, Mental Health
Modern Religious & Ethical Debates in Contemp Lit [Divinity course]
Republican Visions: . . in Modern American Fiction
Shakespearean Sexualities
The Black Atlantic
The Graphic Novel: Narrative in Sequential Art
The Literary Absolute: Truth, Value, Aesthetics
Writing and Tyranny at the Court of Henry VIII
Writing Contemporary Femininities *
Writing for Theatre *
Writing the Body Politic
* Courses with an asterisk have a Scottish component.
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English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course
An English Heritage: Nativism, Language and History in the Work of Four Post-war Poets
This course will explore the work of four post-war English poets in relation to their shared concerns both with Englishness and with arguments concerning the nature of distinctively `English' poetic traditions. It will focus on works by the four poets in which these issues are raised as matters of style, language and theme, and will also address those works through the critical and other controversies to which they have given rise. What, for example, does it mean for these poets to write about place, and the his54tory of place? How do they write about belonging, and ideas of home? How do they relate such questions to broader or grander or more abstract ideas of nation, and national tradition? These four poets are all associated strongly with locales some distance, literal and otherwise, from the English and British capital ­ so how does Englishness look from here?
Week 1
Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7
Issues of `nativism' and the place of poetry Philip Larkin, selected poems Philip Larkin, selected poems Basil Bunting, selected poems NO CLASSES - Flexible Learning Week Basil Bunting, Briggflatts
Week 8 Week 9 Week 10 Week 11 Week 12
Geoffrey Hill, selected poems ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK Geoffrey Hill, selected poems Tony Harrison, `The School of Eloquence' Tony Harrison, V; Geoffrey Hill, selected poems
Primary Texts: Basil Bunting, Briggflatts (2009) Philip Larkin, Collected Poems (2003) Geoffrey Hill, Selected Poems (Penguin 2006) Tony Harrison, Selected Poems (1995)
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Other texts to be supplied in pdf or photocopy Secondary Reading: Basil Bunting, Basil Bunting on Poetry (2000) Philip Larkin, Required Writing (1983) Geoffrey Hill, The Lords of Limit (1984) Geoffrey Hill, The Enemy's Country (1991) Robert Colls, Identity of England (2002) Krishan Kumar, The Making of English National Identity (2003) Dave Russell, Looking North: Northern England and the National Imagination (2004) Seamus Heaney, Preoccupations (1980) Randall Stevenson, The Oxford English Literary History vol 12: The Last of England? (2004) Andrew Roberts, Geoffrey Hill (2004) Laurence Lerner, Philip Larkin (2003) Joe Kelleher, Tony Harrison (1996) Julian Stannard, Basil Bunting (2004) John Osborne, Radical Larkin and his Conservative Commentators (2005) James McGonigal and Richard Price, eds, The Star You Steer by: Basil Bunting and British Modernism (2000) Peter Quartermain, Basil Bunting: Poet of the North (1990) Victoria Forde, The Poetry of Basil Bunting (1997) James Booth, ed., New Larkins for Old (2002) Andrew Swarbrick, Out of Reach: the Poetry of Philip Larkin (1995) Stephen Regan, ed., Philip Larkin (1997) Jeffrey Wainwright, Acceptable Words: Essays on the Poetry of Geoffrey Hill (2205) Peter Robinson, ed., Geoffrey Hill: Essays on His Work (1985) Vincent Sherry, The Uncommon Tongue: the Poetry and Criticism of Geoffrey Hill (1987) Avril Horner, Geoffrey Hill: English Modernist or Postmodern European? (1994) Neil Astley, ed., Tony Harrison (1997) Sandie Byrne, H, V. and O: the Poetry of Tony Harrison (1998) Antony Rowland, Mourning and Annihilation in Tony Harrison's `School of Eloquence' Sequence (1996) Page 48
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Censorship John Milton's 'Areopagitica' (1644) describes two forms of censorship: pre-publication censorship, which Milton rejects as incompatible with English liberty; and destruction of the book after publication, which he holds compatible with English justice. This course studies the ways in which censorship, pre- and post-publication, has been enforced, resisted, and accepted from the seventeenth century to the present day. The operation of the censor is apparent in the prosecution of authors, publishers and booksellers for blasphemy, sedition, and obscenity; but censorship operates just as effectively through editorial intervention and the quiet rejection of offending texts by libraries and bookshops. We will learn about the economic, social, and legal pressures to which writers and publishers are subject, considering how the threat of censorship influences the formation, production, and reception of literature. We will read a range of texts that have provoked official and unofficial censorship, and texts that articulate and challenge the position of the censor. Throughout the course, we will analyse censorship's construction of vulnerable readers, who, like Don Quixote, the hero of the first novel, become that which they read. Seminar Schedule WEEK 1 Introduction to censorship: the liberty of the press and vulnerable readers John Milton, `Areopagitica' (1644) (via Learn). Extracts from Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote (1605; 1612); Mary Elizabeth Braddon, The Doctor's Wife (1864); George Moore, A Mummer's Wife (1885). (via Learn). WEEK 2 Self-censorship. Frances Burney, The Witlings, in Frances Burney, The Witlings and the Woman Hater (Broadview, 2002) Students to select reading for Week 12. WEEK 3 Blasphemy and radical publishing. Percy Bysse Shelley, `Queen Mab' (1813; 1821, Carlile edition) (via Learn). WEEK 4 Obscenity in Translation. Йmile Zola, La Terre [The Earth] (1887), trans. Nelson and Rose (Oxford, 2016). Extracts from Йmile Zola, The Soil (London: Vizetelly, 1888); [Henry Vizetelly], Extracts Principally from English Classics: Showing that the Legal Suppression of M. Zola's Novels Would Logically Involve the Bowdlerizing of Some of the Greatest Works in English Literature (London: [Vizetelly], 1888); Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality Vol 1. (1978) (via Learn). WEEK 5 The Lord Chamberlain's office. George Bernard Shaw, Mrs Warren's Profession (1893; Norton 9th edn) Harley Granville Barker, Waste (1926 revision; Granville Barker, Plays: One, Methuen, 1993). Extract from Dominic Shellard and Steve Nicholson. The Lord Chamberlain Regrets... A History of British Theatre Censorship. (2004). 3-11. (via Learn) WEEK 6 NO CLASS - Flexible Learning Week Page 49
WEEK 7 `Inversion': Obscenity in the UK, Literature in the US Extract from Radclyffe Hall, The Well of Loneliness (1928) (via Learn) UK obscenity proceedings (via Hйritage Canadiana online) US obscenity proceedings (via Hйritage Canadiana online) WEEK 8 Establishing Literary Merit: Obscenity after the Obscene Publications Act 1959 D.H. Lawrence, Lady Chatterley's Lover (1928; 1960; Penguin, 2010). Obscene Publications Act, 1959. (via Learn) Extract from C.H. Rolph, ed., The Trial of Lady Chatterley: Regina v. Penguin Books Limited. (1961) (via Learn) WEEK 9 NO CLASS ­ ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK 10 Remembering Black History Extract from Mary Prince, The History of Mary Prince, A West Indian Slave, ed. Sara Salih (1831; Penguin, 2004) (via Learn) Extract from Etheridge Knight, ed. Black Voices from Prison (1970) (via Learn) Toni Morrison, `The Site of Memory' (1995) (via Learn) WEEK 11 Remembering Dissidence Ma Jian, Beijing Coma (Vintage, 2009) Pierre Bourdieu. `Censorship and the Imposition of Form', in Language and Symbolic Power. (1991). 137-59. (via Learn) WEEK 12 The Vulnerable Reader 3: Children and Young Adults. One text, chosen by students in Week 2, from the American Library Association's list of the most frequently challenged and banned books in American public libraries. In recent years these have included Beloved, Persepolis, and The Hunger Games trilogy. Our focus shifts from the UK to the US not because censorship is necessarily more prevalent in US public libraries than in the UK, but because the ALA's reporting system quantifies censorship and makes it visible. Indicative Bibliography ­ the full Bibliography is on the Resource List for the course. Brantlinger, Patrick, The Reading Lesson: The Threat of Mass Literacy in Nineteenth-Century British Fiction (Indiana UP, 1998). Fellion, Matthew, and Katherine Inglis, Censored: A Literary History of Subversion and Control (London: British Library, 2017). Flint, Kate, The Woman Reader 1837-1914. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993). Griest, Guinevere L., Mudie's Circulating Library and the Victorian Novel (Bloomington: Indiana UP,1970). Heath, Deana, "Obscenity, Censorship and Modernity", in A Companion to the History of the Book, ed. Simon Eliot and Jonathan Rose, (Wiley-Blackwell, 2007), pp. 508-519. Hunter, Ian, David Saunders and Dugald Williamson, On Pornography: Literature, Sexuality and Obscenity Law (New York: St Martin's, 1993). Hyland, Paul, and Neil Sammells (eds.), Writing and Censorship in Britain (London: Routledge, 1992). Nash, David, ed. Blasphemy in Britain and America, 1800­1930. (Pickering & Chatto, 2010). Pease, Allison, Modernism, Mass Culture, and the Aesthetics of Obscenity (CUP, 2000). Shellard, Dominic and Steve Nicholson, The Lord Chamberlain Regrets...: A History of British Theatre Censorship (London: British Library, 2004). Page 50
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Charles Dickens
(Please be advised: many of the works studied on this course are typically Victorian in length, so it is recommended that you make a start on the bigger books over the summer vacation.)
This course involves a close and concentrated reading of a selection of Dickens's writing spanning his career. It looks at the ways in which Dickens's understanding of the novel form developed, moving from the energetic sentimentalism of the early work to the much more controlled and sophisticated layering of a book like Great Expectations. The course is designed to explore questions of narratology, and will engage with both recent and influential accounts of Dickens's formal experimentation (J. Hillis Miller, D. A. Miller, Peter Brooks, for example). We'll discuss the extent to which Dickens has become the definitive Victorian novelist, and consider the ways in which his writing might also point towards later, post-Victorian developments in the novel. The course also examines aspects of the material and social culture in and about which Dickens writes, including the impact of serial publication on ideas of authorship, the pervasiveness of ideologies of domesticity in his work, his response to the United States, and the tension in his writing between social radicalism and forms of political conservatism. Students will be able to concentrate intensively on an author whose centrality to Victorian culture and to histories of the novel as a mode of textual practice allows for a wide range of critical and theoretical approaches.
Introductory Class
Reform and Sentimentality: Oliver Twist (1837-9)
Festive Philanthropy: "A Christmas Carol" (1843)
Childhood and the bildungsroman I: David Copperfield (1849-50)
Childhood and the bildungsroman II: David Copperfield (1849-50)
NO CLASSES - Flexible Learning Week
Narrative and the law I: Bleak House (1852-3)
Narrative and the law II: Bleak House (1852-3)
Fiction and/as ideology: Hard Times (1854)
Writing the historical novel: A Tale of Two Cities (1859)
Empire and metropolis: Great Expectations (1860-1)
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Secondary Reading Andrew, Malcolm. Dickens and the Grown-Up Child. London: Macmillan, 1994. Brooks, Peter. Reading for the Plot: Design and Intention in Narrative. Cambridge, M.A.: Harvard University Press, 1984. Carey, John. The Violent Effigy: A Study of Dickens' Imagination. London: Faber and Faber, 1973. Clayton, Jay. Charles Dickens in Cyberspace: The Afterlife of the Nineteenth Century in Postmodern Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. Daldry, Graham. Charles Dickens and the Form of the Novel. London: Croom Helm, 1987. Drew, John M. L. Dickens the Journalist. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2003. Flint, Kate. Dickens. Brighton: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1985. Forster, John. The Life of Charles Dickens. 3 vols. London: Chapman and Hall, 1872-74. Holbrook, David. Charles Dickens and the Image of Women. New York: New York University Press, 1993. Leavis, F. R. and Q. D. Dickens the Novelist. London: Chatto & Windus, 1970. Miller, D.A. The Novel and the Police. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988. Miller, J. Hillis. Charles Dickens: The World of His Novels. Cambridge, M.A.: Harvard University Press, 1958. Moore, Grace. Dickens and Empire: Discourses of Class, Race and Colonialism in the Works of Charles Dickens. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004. Morris, Pam. Dickens's Class Consciousness: A Marginal View. London: Macmillan, 1991. Newlin, George. Everything in Dickens: Ideas and Subjects Discussed by Charles Dickens in His Complete Works. New York: Greenwood, 1996. Patten, Robert L. Charles Dickens and His Publishers. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978. Pykett, Lyn. Charles Dickens. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002. Trotter, David. Circulation: Defoe, Dickens, and the Economies of the Novel. London: Macmillan, 1988. Vlock, Deborah. Dickens, Novel Reading, and the Victorian Popular Theatre. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Waters, Catherine. Dickens and the Politics of the Family. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997. Wolfreys, Julian. Writing London: The Trace of the Urban Text from Blake to Dickens. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 1999. A cumulative bibliography of Dickens studies is available at: http://lang.nagoya-u.ac.jp/~matsuoka/CD-Biblio.html#Bibliography Page 52
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Contemporary British Drama Introduction This course aims to provide a clear overview of the range of contemporary British drama, and to assess this controversial but significant area critically and constructively. Since the mid-1960s, dramatists have experimented relentlessly with form and material in order to respond to changes in culture and society, as well as to confront audiences, challenging their political and ethical beliefs and expectations. A central focus of the course will, therefore, be to investigate the different ways in which contemporary drama has explored the range of possibilities inherent in the medium of live theatre. The course will cover a broad spectrum of work by living dramatists, from the major plays of established writers from the second half of the twentieth century such as Harold Pinter, Edward Bond and Caryl Churchill, to work by playwrights of the twenty-first century including David Greig and Gregory Burke. The approach will be informed at all times by contemporary critical and theoretical thinking, and will also include some investigation of contemporary theatre practice, including new ideas about staging and new techniques of acting. Students will thus be encouraged to explore practically issues of staging and performance, as well as to think theoretically about questions of representation, style and politics. Please note: in order to understand the ways in which a play's use of theatrical conventions are central to the communication of meaning in performance, some time in class will be devoted to getting up and acting parts of the texts studied. Students won't be marked on their acting ability, but getting involved will be necessary. Primary Texts: (Each of these should be purchased and read in advance of the relevant seminar.) Howard Barker, Plays One, London: Oberon, 2006 Edward Bond, Saved, London: Methuen, 2000 Gregory Burke, Black Watch, London: Faber, 2007 Caryl Churchill, Plays Two, London: Methuen, 1990 David Edgar, Plays One, London: Methuen, 1987 Michael Frayn, Copenhagen, London: Methuen, 2003 David Greig, Plays One, London: Methuen, 2002 Sarah Kane, Complete Plays, London: Methuen, 2001 Joe Orton, What The Butler Saw, London: Methuen, 1969 Harold Pinter, Plays Two, London: Faber, 1996 Diane Samuels, Kindertransport, London: Nick Hern, 2009 Weiss, Peter, Marat / Sade, trans. Adrian Mitchell, London: Marion Boyars, 1969 (please make sure you get the Adrian Mitchell translation of Marat/Sade.) Page 53
Seminar Schedule:
Introduction: A New Stage?
Theoretical arguments from Brecht, Artaud and Brook
Epic Cruelty: Experimenting with the Limits of Performance
Peter Weiss, Marat / Sade
Performing Pinter: Problems of Identity, Power and Verification
Harold Pinter, The Caretaker and The Lover and essays by the author
Assaulting the Audience
Edward Bond, Saved and theoretical writings
Identity, Madness and Politics
David Edgar, Mary Barnes and Joe Orton, What the Butler Saw
NO CLASSES - Flexible Learning Week
Performing Communities
Caryl Churchill, Top Girls, Fen and Serious Money
A Theatre of Catastrophe
Howard Barker, Victory and Scenes from an Execution and theoretical
10 Staging History Michael Frayn, Copenhagen and Diane Samuels, Kindertransport
11 The Power of Horror Sarah Kane, Blasted and 4.48 Psychosis
12 The Scottish Renaissance? David Greig, Europe and The Cosmonaut's Last Message to the Woman he Once Loved in the Former Soviet Union and Gregory Burke, Black Watch
Secondary Reading: Artaud, Antonin, The Theatre and its Double, New York: Grove Press, 1958 Aston, Elaine and Janelle Reinelt, eds, The Cambridge Companion to Modern British Women Playwrights, Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2000 Brandt, George William, Modern Theories of Drama, Oxford: Clarendon, 1998 Brecht, Bertolt, Brecht on Theatre: the development of an aesthetic, ed. John Willett, London: Methuen, 1964 Brecht, Bertolt, The Messingkauf Dialogues, trans. John Willet, London: Methuen, 1965 Brook, Peter, The Empty Space, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972 Brook, Peter, The Shifting Point: Forty Years of Theatrical Exploration, London: Methuen, 1988 Bull, John, New British Political Dramatists, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1984
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Demastes, W.A. (ed) British Playwrights 1956-1995: A Research and Production Sourcebook, London: Greenwood Press, 1996 Edgar, David, The Second Time as Farce: Reflections on the Drama of Mean Times, London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1988 Edgar, David (ed), State of Play: Playwrights on Playwriting, London: Faber, 1999 Fortier, Mark, Theory/Theatre, London: Routledge, 1997 Innes, Christopher D., Modern British Drama: the Twentieth Century, Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2002 Itzin, Catherine, Stages in the Revolution: political theatre in Britain since 1968, London: Methuen, 1980 King, Kimball, Modern Dramatists, London: Routledge, 2001 Leach, Robert, The Makers of Modern Theatre: an introduction, London: Routledge, 2004 Rabey, David Ian, English Drama Since 1940, London: Longman, 2003 Rabey, David Ian, British and Irish Drama during the Twentieth Century: implicating the audience, London: Macmillan, 1986 Reballato, Dan, 1956 and All That: the making of modern British drama, London: Routledge, 1999 Reinelt, Janelle G., The Cambridge Companion to Modern British Women Playwrights, Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2000 Reinelt, Janelle G., Critical Theory and Performance, Ann Arbor: Michigan UP, 1992 Shank, Theodore, Contemporary British Theatre, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1996 Sierz, Aleks, In-Yer-Face Theatre: British Drama Today, London: Faber, 2001 Stevenson, Randall, The Last of England: 1960-2000, Oxford UP, 2004 Stevenson, Randall and Wallace, Greg, Scottish Theatre since the Seventies, Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1996 Wandor, Micheline, Post-War British Drama: Looking Back in Gender, London: Methuen, 1987 Wu, Duncan, Making Plays: Interviews with Contemporary British Dramatists and their Directors, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 2000 Page 55
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Contemporary Science Fiction *
Summary Description: This course focuses on contemporary literary science fiction and its representations and analyses of today's world. Although often setting its narratives in the future or an alternative reality, science fiction explores contemporary pressures, problems and possibilities, extrapolating from the present to estrange and interrogate its ideas, beliefs and practices. This course discusses some of the most influential science fiction writing of the last thirty years, and examines how it has depicted the world we live in. Rather than focusing on the history and development of science fiction or attempting a complete survey of the current state of the field, this course will be idea-led: as its key themes, it will explore identity and experience; the human, the posthuman and the alien; and technology, reality and the politics of representation. Students will have the opportunity to discuss the presentation of these issues in contemporary science fiction literature by reading the texts alongside arguments drawn from recent work in science, philosophy, politics and critical theory. The way particular genres of science fiction (the short story or novel, `hard' or `soft' science fiction, cyberpunk and its cognate subgenres, space opera, utopian and dystopian fiction, etc.) find different means of depicting, exploring and putting into narrative the course's chosen themes will also be a focus of discussion. The structure of reading and analysis on the course is, therefore, broadly comparative: students will be asked to explore the similarities and differences between the set texts, and examine the various types of analysis made possible by the critical and theoretical modes of reading to which they are introduced. The guided examination of the similarities and differences between the range of texts and approaches studied in class will help students to develop the analytical skills and knowledge that will be assessed in their essays.
Week 1
Introduction: Rewriting the Present Connie Willis, `Even the Queen' (1992) and Ted Chiang, `Liking What You See: A Documentary' (2002)
Week 2
The New Space Opera: Today's Politics / Tomorrow's World Iain M. Banks, The Player of Games (1988)
Week 3
Apocalypse One: The End of the Human? Margaret Atwood, Oryx and Crake (2003)
Week 4
Apocalypse Two: The Politics of Reality? Ken MacLeod, The Execution Channel (2007)
Week 5
Death, Identity and Genre: Writing the Self from Keats to Chaucer Dan Simmons, Hyperion (1989)
Week 6
No Classes - Flexible Learning Week
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Week 7 Week 8 Week 9 Week 10 Week 11 Week 12
Strangers to Ourselves: The Limits of the Human Octavia Butler, Bloodchild (1996) and Greg Egan, Axiomatic (1995) (short story collections) Human / Metahuman / Inhuman: The Alien and the Self as Absolute Alterity Peter Watts, Blindsight (2006) Essay completion week: no class Mathematics and Monstrosity: Alternative Reality as Humour or Horror? Charles Stross, The Atrocity Archives (2004) Freedom, Science or Religion: Nanopunk Politics and Posthuman Identity Linda Nagata, The Bohr Maker (1995) Surveillance and Discipline: Agency, Memory and Resistance Hannu Rajaniemi, The Quantum Thief (2010)
Reading List: Essential: Margaret Atwood, Oryx and Crake, London: Virago, 2003 Iain M. Banks, The Player of Games, London: Orbit, 1988 Octavia Butler, Bloodchild and Other Stories, second edition, New York: Seven Stories, 2005 Ted Chiang, Stories of Your Life and Others, New York: Vintage, 2002 Greg Egan, Axiomatic, London: Orion, 1995 Ken MacLeod, The Execution Channel, London: Orbit, 2007 Linda Nagata, The Bohr Maker, Hawaii: Mythic Island Press, 1995 Hannu Rajaniemi, The Quantum Thief, London: Orion, 2010 Dan Simmons, Hyperion, London: Gollancz, 2011 Charles Stross, The Atrocity Archives, London: Orbit, 2013 Peter Watts, Blindsight, New York: Tor, 2006 Connie Willis, Time is the Fire: The Best of Connie Willis, London: Gollancz, 2013 Recommended: Vincent B. Leitch, ed., The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism (2nd ed), New York and London: Norton, 2010 Neil Badmington, ed., Posthumanism, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2000 Donna Haraway, Simians, Cyborgs and Women: the Reinvention of Nature, London: Routledge, 1991 N. Katherine Hayles, How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature and Informatics, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999 Simon Malpas, ed., Postmodern Debates, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001
Secondary: Brian Attebery, Decoding Gender in Science Fiction, London: Routledge, 2002 Margaret Atwood, In Other Worlds: SF and the Human Imagination, London: Virago, 2011 M. Keith Booker and Anne-Marie Thomas, eds, The Science Fiction Handbook, Oxford: Blackwell, 2009
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Mark Bould and China Miйville, eds, Red Planets: Marxism and Science Fiction, Hanover, NH: Wesleyan UP, 2009 Mark Bould, et. al., eds, The Routledge Companion to Science Fiction, Basingstoke: Routledge, 2009 Bukatman, Scott, Terminal Identity: The Virtual Subject in Postmodern Science Fiction, Durham: Duke UP, 1993 Carl Freedman, Critical Theory and Science Fiction, Hanover, NH: Wesleyan UP, 2000 Chris Hables Gray, ed., The Cyborg Handbook, London: Routledge, 1995 David G. Hartwell and Kathryn Cramer, eds, The Ascent of Wonder: The Evolution of Hard SF, New York: Tor, 1994 Donald M. Hassler and Clyde Wilcox, eds, Political Science Fiction, Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1997 Edward James and Farah Mendlesohn, eds, The Cambridge Companion to Science Fiction, Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003 Fredric Jameson, Archaeologies of the Future: The Desire Called Utopia and Other Science Fictions, London: Verso, 2005 Ursula Le Guin, Dancing at the Edge of the World: Thoughts on Words, Women and Places, New York: Grove Press, 1989 Roger Luckhurst, Science Fiction, London: Polity, 2005 Andrew Milner, Locating Science Fiction, Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 2012 Tom Moylan, Scraps of the Untainted Sky: Science Fiction, Utopia, Dystopia, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000 Peter Y. Paik, From Utopia to Apocalypse: Science Fiction and the Politics of Catastrophe, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2010 Adam Roberts, Science Fiction, London: Routledge, 2006 Joanna Russ, To Write Like a Woman: Essays in Feminism and Science Fiction, Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1995 David Seed, Science Fiction: a Very Short Introduction, Oxford: Oxford UP, 2011 Darko Suvin, Metamorphoses of Science Fiction, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1979 Darko Suvin, Defined by a Hollow: Essays on Utopia, Science Fiction and Political Epistemology, Frankfurt am Main and Oxford: Peter Lang, 2010 Gary Westfahl, Cosmic Engineers: A Study of Hard Science Fiction, Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1996 Jenny Wolmark, Aliens and Others: Science Fiction, Feminism and Postmodernism, Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993 Jenny Wolmark, ed., Cybersexualities: A Reader on Feminist Theory, Cyborgs and Cyberspace, Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1999 Page 58
English Literature Third and Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Creative Writing Part I: Poetry *
If we trace the etymological root of the word `poem' we find its meaning to be a `thing made or created'. To be a poet is thus to be `a maker'. The aim of this course is to take a practical, hands-on approach to the making of poems. Each week we will discuss and explore differing components of poetic form, and of the crucial techniques involved in poetic composition, while students will also be asked to compose their own poems throughout the course. Weekly classes will effectively be split into two. The first hour will involve seminar discussion of formal techniques and ideas. For this, students will be given, via LEARN, a selection of poems to read as well as some critical writing that relates to each week's theme. The second hour will be a workshop in which students, on a rotating basis, will be required to read their work-in-progress to class. ALGs will form a second, smaller workshop in which students participate weekly. As such, the giving and receiving of constructive feedback to and from peers is central to the course, and full participation in workshop and ALG discussion is essential. Emphasis will be placed on the personal development of each individual, but, to aid this, students will be encouraged to write new verse that reflects each week's theme, if possible. All in all, the course is designed to provide a constructive and encouraging arena in which students can hone and improve their poetic skill, while gaining perspectives on the art form that will complement their literary study more broadly. It should be noted that the course involves formal assessment based on a portfolio of each student's own poems.
Week 1
Week 2
Sound & Rhythm
Week 3
Week 4
Words & Tone
Week 5
Voice & Persona
Week 6
NO CLASSES - Flexible Learning Week
Week 7
Repetition & Rhyme
Week 8
Line, Stanza & Shape
Week 9
Week 10
Ellipsis & Continuity
Week 11
Making Strange & Being Clear
Week 12
A Sense of Perspective
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Primary Text: An anthology of modern and contemporary poetry is downloadable from LEARN. Students are encouraged to print this out, bind it, and use it as a conventional text book. But circa 15 poems will be itemized for reading each week, so they can also be printed week-by-week, as necessary. Recommended Reading: Criticism Auden, W. H. The Dyer's Hand and Other Essays. London: Faber, 1963. Bell, Julia, and Paul Magrs, eds. The Creative Writing Coursebook. London: Macmillan, 2001. Cook, Jon, ed. Poetry in Theory: An Anthology 1900-2000. Blackwell. 2004. Eagleton, Terry. How to Read a Poem. Oxford: Blackwell, 2007. Eliot, T. S. Selected Essays. London: Faber, 1951. Gross, Harvey. Sound and Form in Modern Poetry. 2nd ed. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996. Herbert, W. N., and Matthew Hollis, eds. Strong Words: Modern Poets on Modern Poetry. Bloodaxe, 2000. Koch, Kenneth. Making Your Own Days: The Pleasures of Reading and Writing Poetry. Touchstone, 1999. Lennard, John. The Poetry Handbook. 2nd ed. (Oxford UP, 2005). Morley, David. The Cambridge Introduction to Creative Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Nims, John Frederick. Western Wind: An Introduction to Poetry. 4th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1999. Pound, Ezra. Literary Essays of Ezra Pound. London: Faber, 1954. Preminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, eds. The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. 3rd ed. New York: Princeton University Press, 1993. Redmond, John. How to Write a Poem. Oxford: Blackwell, 2006. Strand, Mark, and Eavan Boland, eds. Making of a Poem: A Norton Anthology of Poetic Forms. Norton, 2000. Valйry, Paul. The Art of Poetry. New York: Vintage, 1958. Vendler, Helen. Poems, Poets, Poetry: An Introduction and Anthology. New York: Bedford Books, 1997. Wainright, Jeffrey. Poetry: The Basics. Oxford: Routledge, 2004. Anthologies Allen, Donald, ed. The New American Poetry. University of California, 1999. Alvarez, Al, ed. The New Poetry. Penguin, 1962. _____, ed. The Faber Book of Modern European Poetry. Faber, 1992. Armitage, Simon, and Robert Crawford, eds. The Penguin Book of Poetry from Britain and Ireland Since 1945. Penguin, 1998. Astley, Neil, ed. Poetry with an Edge. Bloodaxe, 1993. _____ ed. Staying Alive. Bloodaxe, 2002. _____ ed. Being Alive. Bloodaxe, 2004. _____ ed. Being Human. Bloodaxe, 2011. Bownas, Geoffrey and Anthony Thwaite, eds. The Penguin Book of Japanese Verse. Penguin, 1998. Burnett, Paula, ed. The Penguin Book of Caribbean Verse in English. Penguin, 2005. Page 60
Crotty, Patrick, ed. The Penguin Book of Irish Poetry. London: Penguin, 2010. Heaney, Seamus, and Ted Hughes, eds. The Rattle Bag. Faber, 1982. Hoover, Paul, ed. Postmodern American Poetry. Norton, 1994. Hulse, Michael, David Kennedy, and David Morley, eds. The New Poetry. Bloodaxe, 1993. Keegan, Paul, ed. The New Penguin Book of English Verse. Penguin, 2000. Longley, Edna, ed. The Bloodaxe Book of 20th Century Poetry. Bloodaxe, 2000. Lumsden, Roddy, ed. Identity Parade: New British and Irish Poets. Tarset: Bloodaxe, 2010. O'Brien, Sean, ed. The Firebox: Poetry in Britain and Ireland after 1945. Picador, 1998. Ramazani, Jahan, Richard Ellmann, and Robert O'Clair, eds. The Norton Anthology of Modern and Contemporary Poetry. 2 vols., 3rd ed. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2003. Rees-Jones, Deryn, ed. Modern Women Poets. Bloodaxe, 2005. Shapcott, Jo, and Matthew Sweeney (eds.), Emergency Kit: Poems for Strange Times. (Faber, 1996). Swenson, Cole, and David St. John, eds. American Hybrid: A Norton Anthology of New Poetry. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2009. Page 61
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Creative Writing Part II: Prose *
Overview In this course, students will explore the structures, techniques, and methodologies of fiction writing through both analytical and creative practice. Focusing specifically on the art and craft of the short story, students will examine a wide range of stories, learning to analyse works from a writer's perspective. Discussions will emphasize unpacking the functional elements of selected works (character, setting, point-of-view, narrative voice, dialogue, scene versus narrative, plot, and so on) with the aim of learning strategies for evaluating, writing, and revising their own short stories. Weekly creative exercises and workshop sessions will complement and enhance these discussions. Students will also draft, edit and revise their own short stories, while also critiquing and offering constructive feedback on the work of their peers.
Approach Students will spend the first half of the course analyzing published stories and exploring these techniques and practices through weekly creative exercises in which they will be expected to put these techniques and strategies into practice. The second half of the course will be devoted to workshop sessions in which students read, analyze, and critique short stories drafted by their peers, bringing the strategies and analytic vocabulary developed in the opening half of the course to bear on one another's short stories, while also using them to guide their own creative process as they draft and revise their own short fiction.
Weekly Schedule: WEEK 1: Introduction. Details that Work: George Saunders's `Sticks' (in class).
Character and Setting. READ Anton Chekov's `Lady with the Little Dog'; V. S. Pritchett's `The Saint'; Italo Calvino's `The Distance of the Moon'; T. C. Boyle's `Greasy Lake'; Patricia Duncker's `The Stalker'. Ron Carlson on Inner Story (excerpt from Ron Carlson Writes a Story)
WEEK 3: Point-of-View and Narrative Voice. READ George Saunders's `Puppy'; Margaret Atwood's `Hair Jewelry'; Sandra Cisneros's `Salvador Late or Early' & `Eleven'; David Foster Wallace's `Girl with Curious Hair'; David Jauss's essay `From Long-Shots to X-Rays'.
Scene versus Narrative. Dialogue and Stage Business. READ Ernest Hemmingway's `Hills Like White Elephants'; Edith Wharton's THE REEF (novel excerpt); Vladimir Nabokov's `Spring in Fialta'; Jorge Luis Borges's `The Aleph'; Ron Carlson on dialogue (excerpt from Ron Carlson Writes a Short Story).
WEEK 5: Plot. READ Yukio Mishima's `Patriotism'; Octavio Paz's `My Life with the Wave' and Cormac McCarthy's All the Pretty Horses.
WEEK 6: Flexible Learning Week: NO CLASS WEEK 7: WORKSHOP--3 stories WEEK 8: WORKSHOP­­3 stories
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WEEK 9: Essay Completion Week (class will not meet this week) WEEK 10: WORKSHOP--3 stories WEEK 11: WORKSHOP--3 stories WEEK 12: WORKSHOP--3 stories The above-listed readings are mostly drawn from THE ART OF THE TALE, edited by Daniel Halpern. In addition to those assigned, you are encouraged to read as many stories as possible from this excellent anthology of short fiction. There are copies in the library, or even better, you can purchase a copy. All assigned readings (listed above) are available electronically via LEARN, except for ALL THE PRETTY HORSES (a novel) by Cormac McCarthy. Required Text: McCarthy, Cormac. All the Pretty Horses. New York: Knopf, 1992. Highly Recommended: Halpern, Daniel (ed.). The Penguin Book of International Short Stories (also published as The Art of the Tale: An International Anthology of Short Stories). New York: Penguin, 1986. Additional Reading: Atwood, Margaret. Negotiating with the Dead: A Writer on Writing. Virago, 2003. Bernays, Anne and Pamela Painter. What If? New York: Harper Collins, 1995. Bickman, Jack. Scene and Structure, Writer's Digest Books, 1999. Calvino, Italo. The Literature Machine. London: Vintage, 1997. Chamberlain, Daniel. Narrative Perspective in Fiction. Toronto UP, 1990. Dipple, Elizabeth. Plot. London: Methuen, 1970. Ehrlich, Susan. Point of View: a linguistic analysis of literary style. London: Routledge, 1990. Docherty, Thomas. Reading (absent) Character. Oxford: Clarendon, 1983. Jauss, David. Alone with All That Could Happen. Writer's Digest Books, 2008. Morrison, Toni. `The Site of Memory.' in What Moves at the Margin. Carolyn C . Denard, Ed. Mississippi UP, 2008. Prose, Francine. Reading Like a Writer: A Guide for People Who Love Books and for Those Who Want to Write Them. HarperPerennial, 2007. Sellers, Susan. Delighting the Heart. London: Women's Press, 1989. Snaider, Susan. The Narrative Act: point of view in prose fiction. Princeton UP, 1981. Stevick, Phillip, ed. The Theory of the Novel. New York: Collier-Macmillan, 1967. Wharton, Edith. The Writing of Fiction. New York: Scribner, 1929. Alternative Learning Groups: Through week 5, ALGs will proceed as in any literature course: you will read assigned stories then discuss a specific question set by the instructor, reporting the substance of your discussion back to the entire class. Once we move into workshop, ALGs will be devoted to writing exercises. Workshop: The second half of the term will be devoted to reading one another's writing, giving feedback (written and oral) to your classmates, and drafting your own short story. Each student will Page 63
have ONE full-length story (approx. 3,000 words in length) discussed in workshop. Students must distribute their stories electronically via email as Word.docx attachment by 5pm on the Friday) the week BEFORE your scheduled workshop date. This will give the tutor and your fellow students the time they need to give a careful, considerate reading to your work and to write appropriate comments. Any stories received after this deadline will not be read, and the student in question will then forfeit his or her workshop slot. Stories must have page numbers and the writer's name on EVERY PAGE. Upon receiving your peers' stories electronically, students must print a hard copy of each one and read it with pen or pencil in hand, giving constructive feedback and advice in the margins where appropriate. These hard copies must then be brought to class, as they will be referred to throughout our discussion. At the conclusion of each workshop, all hard copies are then returned to the writer, so that she/he may have the benefit of everyone's feedback when undertaking revisions. Assessment: A 2,500 word critical essay in response to questions set forth to the class in week 3 will form 30% of the final mark. A class participation assessment will form 10% of the final mark. A short story of 3,000 to 4,000 words that has been drafted, critiqued, and revised will form 60% of the final mark. Final Note: This is a class on short story writing. As such, this final work of fiction must be a single short story­­a fully realized narrative with a beginning, a middle, and an end­­not a collection of `flash fiction' nor an excerpt from a work of fiction that is part of a larger work. Page 64
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Fairy Tales * 'Fairy Tales seek to remake the world in the image of desire' (Marina Warner). Fairy tales are ubiquitously and powerfully part of traditional cultures; for most of us, a rich part of our childhood with their capacity to enchant, inspire, and provoke fear whilst, in the last five years particularly, they have had a vibrant resurgence in contemporary literature, film, and media. This course traces a particular series of moments in fairytale literary history in European and British cultures, drawing on examples from what has become the classical fairy tale canon (eg.'Beauty and the Beast', `Snow White'; `Cinderella' `Little Red Riding Hood`), its emergence and development in Britain in the nineteenth century (eg. in the hands of writers such as Christina Rossetti, George MacDonald, Oscar Wilde , and others) as well as later reimaginings and revisions in prose, poetry, and film (eg. the work of Angela Carter, Neil Gaiman, Guillermo del Toro in Pan's Labyrinth, Sara Maitland, and others). In tracing the evolution of the literary fairy tale from the early sixteenth to the twenty-first centuries, the course offers a broad historical and cultural survey of this rich and diverse form and will both introduce and re-acquaint you with some of the most famous fairy tale collectors and creators, such as the Grimms and Andersen, as well as those texts and writers which sit less familiarly within the tradition. Provisional Seminar schedule [please note: students will also be notified by email of the selected primary readings from the anthologies; if possible, please read ahead since there are many tales, albeit quite short, to be covered!] Week 1. Introduction Week 2. Early Modern Fairy Tales I (readings from the Italian tradition - Straparola and Basile; selected from Zipes, ed., The Great Fairy Tale Tradition). Week 3. Early Modern Fairy Tales II (readings from the French tradition ­ women writers and Perrault selected from Zipes, ed., The Great Fairy Tale Tradition). Week 4. Romantic Fairy Tales I: the Brothers Grimm (selected tales from Crick ed.) Week 5. Romantic Fairy Tales II: Hans Christian Andersen: selected tales from Nunnally (ed). Week 6. NO CLASSES - Flexible Learning Week Week 7. Victorian Fairy Tales and the fin-de-siиcle* Week 8. `The Fairy Play': J.M. Barrie, Peter Pan. Page 65
Week 9. ESSAY WRITING WEEK Week 10: Fairy Tale Modernities I: Angela Carter, The Bloody Chamber Week 11: Fairy Tale Modernities II*: fairy tales and film Week 12: Fairy Tale Modernities III*: fairy tales and film Primary Texts Zipes, Jack ed., The Great Fairy Tale Tradition (Norton Critical Editions, 2001) Tatar, Maria, The Classic Fairy Tales (1998) Grimms, Selected Tales , ed. Joyce Crick. (OUP, 2005) Carter, Angela, The Bloody Chamber and other Stories (Vintage, 2006) Barrie, J.M., Peter Pan and Other Plays (Oxford World's Classics, 1999) Andersen, Hans Christian, Fairy Tales, ed. Tina Nunnally (Penguin Classics, 2004) * Asterisked material will be available in a departmental handout. Selected Secondary Reading List Davidson, Hilda ed., A Companion to the Fairy Tale (D.S.Brewer, 2003) Jones, Steven Swann, The Fairy Tale: the magic mirror of imagination (New York, 1995) Luthi, Max, The Fairytale as art form and portrait of man (Indiana UP, 1984) ---Once Upon a Time: on the nature of fairy tales (New York, 1970) Warner, Marina, From the Beast to the Blonde: on fairy tales and their tellers (New York, 1995) Zipes, Jack ed., The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales (Oxford, 2000) --- When Dreams Come True. Classical Fairy Tales and their Tradition (Routledge, 1999) ---The Brothers Grimm: from enchanted forests to the modern world (Routledge, 1988) ---Fairy Tale as Myth/Myth as Fairy Tale (Kentucky UP, 1994) ---FairyTales and the art of subversion (Heinemann, 1983) ---Breaking the Magic Spell: radical theories of folk and fairy tales (Routledge, 1992) Page 66
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Feeling Tragic: Tragedy and Eighteenth-Century Histories of Emotion Summary Description: Why do we enjoy tragedy? What's pleasurable about watching suffering? Why are pity and fear good kinds of emotions to have? How should we relate to tragic heroes and punish villains? How should we feel in the theatre and what kinds of feelings do we take home? These are questions that plagued seventeenth- and eighteenth-century thinkers. The Restoration saw the reopening of the theatres and the revitalisation of the drama in England. The beginnings of literary criticism as a formal discipline also emerged in this period, followed by what we now call aesthetic philosophy at the beginning of the eighteenth century. In its early going, criticism was anxiously concerned to assess the utility of literature's provocation of emotion. The culture at large wondered about the place of the passions in human life. Literature and philosophy alike looked to tragedy to provide a model for how we ought to be and act, and even more importantly, how we ought to feel. We can observe, simultaneously, an upsurge of concern for audience emotion, a complete reordering of tragedy as a genre and a widespread interest in sympathetic feeling. But many modern critics have insisted that tragedy dies an ignominious, bourgeois death in this period, degenerating into the crude histrionics of melodrama. In this course, we're going to talk about the early days of that supposedly bad, boring, bourgeois tragedy; why it stayed on the stage and why eighteenth-century audiences liked it; what they thought it taught them; and what it said about the structures of emotion that shaped eighteenth-century culture and made their way into modern definitions of the self. Syllabus: Please note that the weekly secondary reading is recommended, not required; you may find it useful to guide your reading for the week's seminar. The longer secondary reading lists are recommended as a starting-point for your research toward your essays. These lists are selective; please see me for further guidance. [BA] = The Broadview Anthology of Restoration and Early Eighteenth-Century Drama, Concise Ed., ed. J. Douglas Canfield (Broadview, 2003). [W] = available as a link on the course website on MyEd WEEK 1 Introduction: Tragedy and Eighteenth-Century Histories of Emotion Bulwer, from Chironomia (1644) [W]; Le Brun, from Confйrence sur L'Expression (1698) [W]; Hill, from Essay on the Art of Acting (1753) [W]; Anon. from Theatrical Expression in Tragedy (1755) [W] Note: no advance preparation is required for this week's seminar. Secondary reading: Roach, J. The Player's Passion (Univ. of Delaware Press, 1985), Ch. 2: `Nature Still but Nature Mechaniz'd.' Page 67
WEEK 2 Rewriting Tragic Feeling Dryden, All for Love (1677) [BA] (recommended reading: Shakespeare, Antony and Cleopatra) Dennis, from The Usefulness of the Stage (1698) [W]
Secondary reading: Ritchie, F. Women and Shakespeare (Cambridge, 2014), Intro: `Women and Shakespeare in the Restoration.'
WEEK 3 Tragic Politics Otway, Venice Preserv'd (1682) [BA] Hutcheson, from An Essay on the Nature and Conduct of the Passions and Affections (1728), ed. Garrett (Liberty Fund, 2002) [W]
Secondary reading: Williams, R. Modern Tragedy (Penguin, 1992), `Tragedy and the Tradition'
WEEK 4 Colonising Tragedy Southerne, Oroonoko (1695) [BA] (recommended reading: Behn, Oroonoko) Addison & Steele, Spectator 40, 42, 44 (1711-12), ed. Bond (Clarendon, 1965) [W]
Secondary reading: Rosenthal, `Owning Oroonoko' Renaissance Drama 23 (1992): 25-58.
WEEK 5 The Standard of Tragedy Congreve, The Mourning Bride (1697) [W] Hume, `Of Tragedy' (1757), in Essays Moral, Political, and Literary, ed. Miller (Liberty Fund, 1987) [W]
Secondary reading: Saccamano, `Parting with Prejudice,' in Politics and the Passions, ed. Kahn, Saccamano and Coli (Princeton, 2006)
NO CLASSES - Flexible Learning Week
WEEK 7 Tragic Femininity Rowe, Fair Penitent (1703) [BA] Rorty, A. `From Passions to Emotions and Sentiments' Philosophy 57.220 (1982): 159-72. [W]
Secondary reading: Marsden, Fatal Desire (Cornell, 2006), Ch. 1: `Female Spectatorship'
WEEK 8 Tragic Unfeeling Addison, Cato (1713), ed. Henderson and Yellin (Liberty Fund, 2004) [W] Dennis, from Remarks Upon Cato (1713) [W] Smith, from Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759), ed. Haakonssen (Cambridge, 2002) [W]
Secondary reading: Ellison, Cato's Tears (Univ. of Chicago Press, 1999) Ch. 2: `Cato's Tears'
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WEEK 9 Essay completion week: no class WEEK 10 The Descent of Tragedy Lillo, The London Merchant (1731) [BA] Burke, Philosophical Enquiry (1757), ed. Phillips (Oxford, 1990), Parts I, Sect. xiii-xvi & V, Sect. vii [W] Secondary reading: Hernandez, `Modernity and Affliction,' unpublished chapter [W] WEEK 11 Tragic Colonialism Steele, Spectator 11, `Inkle and Yarico' (1711), ed. Bond (Clarendon, 1965) [W] Colman, Inkle and Yarico (1787) [W] Secondary reading: O'Quinn, `Mercantile Deformities' Theatre Journal 54.3 (2002): 389-410 WEEK 12 Presentations Indicative Secondary Reading: Selected Secondary Reading: Theatre Backscheider, P. Spectacular Politics: Theatrical Power and Mass Culture in Early Modern England (Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1993) Baer, M. Theatre and Disorder in Late Georgian London (Clarendon, 1992) A Biographical Dictionary of Actors, Actresses, Musicians, Dancers, Managers and Other Stage Personnel in London, 1660-1800, ed. Highfill et al. (Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 1984) Brown, L. Ends of Empire: Women and Ideology in Early Eighteenth-Century English Literature (Cornell Univ. Press, 1993) Brown, L. English Dramatic Form, 1660-1760 (Yale Univ. Press, 1981) The Cambridge Companion to British Theatre, 1730-1830, ed. O'Quinn and Moody (Cambridge, 2007) The Cambridge Companion to English Restoration Theatre, ed. Fisk (Cambridge, 2000) Ellison, Cato's Tears and the Making of Anglo-American Emotion (Univ. of Chicago Press, 1999) Freeman, L. Character's Theater: Genre and Identity on the Eighteenth-Century English Stage (Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 2002), Ch. 3: "Tragedy's Tragic Flaw" Gray, Theatrical Criticism in London to 1795 (Columbia Univ. Press, 1931) A History of Scottish Theatre, ed. Findlay (Polygon, 1998) Howe, E. The First English Actresses: Women and Drama 1660-1700 (Cambridge, 1992) Hughes, D. English Drama, 1660-1700 (Clarendon, 1996) Hume, R. The London Theatre World, 1660-1800 (Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 1980) The London Stage 1660-1800: A Calendar of Plays, Entertainments and Afterpieces, 11 Vols. (Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 1960-68) Marsden, J. Fatal Desire: Women, Sexuality and the English Stage, 1660-1720 (Cornell Univ. Press, 2006) Nussbaum, F. Rival Queens: Actresses, Performance and the Eighteenth-Century British Theatre (Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 2010) O'Quinn, `Mercantile Deformities' Theatre Journal 54.3 (2002): 389-410 Page 69
O'Quinn, D. Staging Governance: Theatrical Imperialism in London, 1770-1800 (Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 2005) Orr, B. Empire on the English Stage, 1660-1714 (Cambridge, 2001) Owen, S. Restoration Theatre in Crisis (Clarendon, 1996) The Oxford Handbook of the Georgian Theatre, 1737-1832, ed. Swindells and Taylor (Oxford, 2014) Powell, J. Restoration Theatre Production (Routledge, 1984) A Register of English Theatrical Documents, 1660-1737, ed. Milhous and Hume (Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 1991) Ritchie, F. Women and Shakespeare in the Eighteenth Century (Cambridge, 2014), Roach, J. The Player's Passion: Studies in the Science of Acting (Univ. of Delaware Press, 1985) Rosenfeld, S. Strolling Players and Drama in the Provinces, 1660-1765 (Cambridge, 1939) Rosenthal, L. `Owning Oroonoko' Renaissance Drama 23 (1992): 25-58. Rothstein, E. Restoration Tragedy: Form and the Process of Change (Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1967) Russell, G. Women, Sociability and Theatre in Georgian London (Cambridge, 2007) Staves, S. Players' Scepters: Fictions of Authority in the Restoration Univ. of Nebraska Press, 1979) Straub, K. Sexual Suspects: Eighteenth-Century Players and Sexual Ideology (Princeton Univ. Press, 1992) Selected Secondary Reading: Tragedy and Emotion Belfiore, E. Tragic Pleasures: Aristotle on Plot and Emotion (Princeton Univ. Press, 1992) Gellrich, M. Tragedy and Theory: The Problem of Conflict Since Aristotle (Princeton Univ. Press, 1988) Halliwell, S. Between Ecstasy and Truth: Interpretations of Greek Poetics from Homer to Longinus (Oxford, 2012), Ch. 5: `Aristotle and the Experience of Tragic Emotion' Heller, J. "The Bias Against Spectacle in Tragedy: The History of an Idea." The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation 23 (1982): 239-55. Macpherson, S. Harm's Way: Tragic Responsibility and the Novel Form (Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 2010) Nussbaum, M. Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions (Cambridge, 2001), Part II: `Compassion: Tragic Predicaments' Rorty, A. `From Passions to Emotions and Sentiments' Philosophy 57.220 (1982): 159-72. Saccamano, N. `Parting with Prejudice,' in Politics and the Passions, 1500-1850, ed. Kahn, Saccamano and Coli (Princeton Univ. Press, 2006) Steiner, G. The Death of Tragedy (Knopf, 1961) Wasserman, E. "The Pleasures of Tragedy." ELH 14 (1947): 283-307. Williams, R. Modern Tragedy (Penguin, 1992) Page 70
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Feminising the Word: Woman and Medieval Literature C.1180 C.1500 NOT RUNNING IN SESSION 2017-18 `...it was an unusual thing that a woman should write ... in a short time my said books were being talked about and carried to many different countries' (Christine de Pisan). What was it like to be a woman reading and writing in medieval Britain and Europe? How were women imagined in medieval literature? What was the nature of female creativity in the period? Such questions will be explored in this course which looks at a range of the small but extraordinary body of surviving texts (taught in translation) by, and about, women drawn from the twelfth to the fifteenth centuries. The course is divided into two parts: in Part One (weeks 1-5), `Imagined Women' we analyse how the subject of `woman' and the idea of the feminine is represented in a variety of medieval genres including polemical discourse; erotic love poetry; myth, romance and folktale; hagiography and saints' lives. We will read material from Chaucer and Dante but also from lesser known, noncanonical writing. In Part Two (weeks 6-11), `Imagining Women', we consider the work of some key British and European women writers in the genres of romance, lyric poetry, prose polemic, and mystical writing. Was there a distinctive tradition of women's literary writing in medieval Europe, and in what sense can we conceptualise female authorship in this period? To what degree does this corpus of writing articulate female/feminine subjectivity and selfhood? Can we speak of female or `feminine' literary identities and creativities? What is the relationship between imaginative and discursive women's writing in this period? To what degree are women's social, cultural, and political roles and identities (re)shaped and (re)imagined in this body of work? Throughout the course, emphasis will be placed on the close readings of our key literary texts. This will enable us to explore broader questions of how different religious, cultural, and social conditions in the period shaped the richness of female expression and creativity. Seminar Schedule Week 1 Introduction: debating women in medieval culture (extracts from Alcuin Blamires (ed.), Woman Defamed and Woman Defended). Part One: Imagined women Week 2 Eros and the feminine: Dante, The Vita Nuova Week 3 Daughters, wives, lovers, and mothers: the Middle English romance tradition* Week 4 Transgression and the fabliau tradition Page 71
Week 5 Sanctity and virtue: hagiography and saints' lives* Week 6 No Classes - Flexible Learning Week Part Two: Imagining women Week 7 Storytelling and romance: Marie de France Week 8 The dissenting imagination: Christine de Pisan Week 9 Essay completion week Week 10 Envisioning and embodying love I: Julian of Norwich Week 11 Envisioning and embodying love II: Margery Kempe Week 12 Lyrical Traditions: Marian lyrics and female-voiced lyrics from British, Celtic, and European traditions * Primary Texts: *Asterisked texts (in schedule above) will be available on Learn Chaucer, The Riverside Chaucer ed. L.D. Benson (Oxford, 1988) Dante, La Vita Nuova (Penguin, 1992) Julian of Norwich, Revelations of Divine Love ed. by Barry Windeatt (Oxford World's Classics, 2015) Margery Kempe, The Book of Margery Kempe (Oxford World's Classics, 2015) Marie de France, Lais (Penguin, 1999) Christine de Pisan, Selected Writings of Christine de Pizan (Norton Critical Edition, 1997) Further Reading Detailed readings lists will be distributed when the course begins but for an introduction to the period, and to some of the issues to be explored, the following texts are recommended: Ferrante, Joan M. Woman as Image in Medieval Literature from the Twelfth Century to Dante (Columbia University Press, 1975) Fisher, Sheila and Janet Halley eds. Seeking the Woman in Late Medieval and Renaissance Writings, Essays in Feminist Contextual Criticism (University of Tennessee Press: Knoxville, 1989) Klapish-Zuber, Christine ed. Silences of the Middle Ages, volume 2 of A History of women in the West edited by Georges Duby and Michelle Perrot, 4 vols (Harvard University Press, 1994) Page 72
Levin, Carole and Jeanie Watson eds. Ambiguous Realities. Women in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1987) Rose, Mary Beth ed. Women in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Literary and Historical Perspectives (Syracuse University Press, 1980) Watt, Diane. Medieval Women's Writing (2007) Wilcox, Helen ed. Women and Literature in Britain, 1500-1700 (Cambridge University Press, 1996) Page 73
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Literature, Reading, Mental Health Summary description This course examines the relationship between literature and a range of mental health issues. Its primary interest is in the figuration of mental distress--from diagnosable states of acute depression to the implication on mental health of life-events including loneliness and bereavement. The course also tests the correspondence between literature's ability to figure the inner life and the experience of silent reading as itself a feature of that life. During the course, students will examine matters including the spectacle of mental health, the challenges of writing about the inner life, the genres of such writing, the question of mental health therapies especially psychoanalysis and their relation to writing and reading, and questions concerning the aesthetics of mental illness not least in the light of Swinburne's assertion that `Nothing which leaves us depressed is a true work of art' (1867). The approach throughout will primarily be literary--that is to say will prioritise attentive critical reading of the texts. But reading will also have a conceptual basis in the broad history and theory of mental health. Students will be introduced to a range of psychological models in classes and in directed reading, including those of psychoanalysis, and to debates about psychology v psychiatry, the categorising of mental illness across time, the historically contingent nature of therapies, and of ideas about what the opposite of mental illness might be. Course description The association between creativity and madness is ancient. But the entanglements of literature, the experience of reading, and states of `mental health' are far more diverse. This course examines a range of literary writing, and one autobiography, to explore a variety of mental conditions and topics of mental health as they have appeared in writing from Shakespeare to the present: from murderous insanity to depression; from shell-shock to bipolarity, from life events including loneliness and bereavement to a figurative sense of history itself as a narrative of madness. The module is particularly interested in the languages of interiority; in narratives of `redemption' and how these draw on established literary and cultural tropes; in the nature of literary forms as they are driven by particular conceptions of mental health/life; and in the question of what it means when we say that we found a book `depressing'. Paying particular attention to the sustained tragi-comedy of writing about mental health, we will think carefully about the ethics of representation, the moral problems of talking about the figuring of mental health, as we will consider the idea of reading and mental activity itself. The textual construction of mental health--how a reader might understand the dividing line between healthy and unhealthy--will be explored in a course that examines the peculiarly intimate relationship between narrative, metaphor, and the mind; between mental health and what can be said in words about it; between mental health, the strange intimacies of reading, and the exceptional territory of literature. Page 74
Seminar Syllabus
Introduction (which will include some discussion of Freud's Civilization and its Discontents (1930), extracts of which will be made available) The spectacle of madness William Shakespeare, King Lear (Folio) from The Oxford Shakespeare: The Complete Works, 2nd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005) Literature, Romanticism, and the Problem of Consciousness John Clare, `I am'; Coleridge, `Dejection: An Ode'; Cowper, `The Castaway'; Wordsworth, `Ode: Intimations of Immortality' Victorian interiority Charlotte Brontл, Villette ([1853] Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008) War Virginia Woolf, Mrs Dalloway ([1925] Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000) NO CLASSES / Flexible Learning Week Psychology and modernism James Joyce, `The Dead' from Dubliners (London: Richards, 1914); T.S. Eliot, The Cocktail Party (London: Faber, 1948) Narrating mental illness and its (apparent) causes `Victoria Lucas' [Sylvia Plath], The Bell Jar ([1963] London: Faber, 2005) ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK History's madness W.G. Sebald (trans. M. Hulse) The Rings of Saturn (London: Vintage, 1998)
Popular fiction and therapy Salley Vickers, The Other Side of You (London: Harper, 2006) Writing one's own sickness Kay Redfield Jamison, An Unquiet Mind: A Memoir of Moods and Madness (London: Picador 1997)
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Reading Please acquaint yourself with the outline history of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders (now DSM-5) which we will discuss in the first seminar and during the course of the module. You can see an introduction to this on http://www.dsm5.org/Pages/Default.aspx . There is a decent account of the history of DSM, which began in 1952, on Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diagnostic_and_Statistical_Manual_of_Mental_Disorders#DSMI_.281952.29 ). a. Important critical texts in the development of arguments about the relationship between literature and mental health Sigmund Freud, Art and Literature, Penguin Freud Library, volume 14 (London: Penguin, 1990) Llewelyn Jones, `Psychoanalysis and Creative Literature', The English Journal, 23 (1934): 443-452 Charles Lamb, `Sanity of True Genius' in The Works of Charles and Mary Lamb, ed. E. V. Lucas, 7 vols (London: Methuen, 1903-1905), volume 2 (available on Google Books). This volume is also available on Project Gutenberg: http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/10343 . Adam Phillips, Winnicott (Harvard: Harvard University Press, 1988) Pamela Thurschwell, Sigmund Freud, Routledge Critical Thinkers, 2nd edn (London: Routledge, 2009) esp. the chapter `After Freud' Lionel Trilling, `Art and Neurosis' and `Freud and Literature' in The Liberal Imagination: Essays on Literature and Society (London: Secker and Warburg, 1951) Edmund Wilson, The Wound and the Bow: Seven Studies in Literature (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1941) (see http://www.archive.org/details/woundandthebow030359mbp ) b. General studies of contemporary and historical mental health including (some) literary material but also important conceptual frames (some of these have a memoir dimension to them too) Richard Bentall, Madness Explained: Psychosis and human nature (London: Penguin, 2003) Lennard J. Davis, Obsession: A History (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008) Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison(1975: Surveiller et punir: Naissance de la prison, London: Vintage, 1995) P.M. Logan, Nerves and Narratives: A Cultural History of Hysteria in Nineteenth-Century British Prose (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997) (http://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft5d5nb38x&brand=ucpress) Emily Martin, Bipolar Expeditions: Mania and Depression in American Culture (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007) Page 76
Roy Porter, A Social History of Madness: The World Through the Eyes of the Insane(London: Grove, 1988) -------------, Mind-Forg'd Manacles: A History of Madness in England from the Restoration to the Regency(London, Penguin, 1990) -------------, Madness: A Brief History (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002) Edward Shorter, A History of Psychiatry: From the Era of the Asylum to the Age of Prozac (London: Bass, 1998 edn) Lewis Wolpert, Malignant Sadness: The Anatomy of Depression (London: Faber, 1999) c. Memoirs/Reflections, mostly contemporary Sally Brampton, Shoot the Damn Dog: A Memoir of Depression (London: Bloomsbury, 2008) Albert Camus, `The Myth of Sisyphus', Penguin Great Ideas (London: Penguin, 2005) Emily Colas, Just Checking: Scenes from the Life of An Obsessive-Compulsive (London: Pocket, 2000) Siri Hustvedt, The Shaking Woman, Or, A History of My Nerves (London: Sceptre, 2010), Darian Leader, The New Black: Mourning, Melancholia, and Depression (London: Penguin, 2009) Tim Lott, The Scent of Dried Roses: One Family and the End of English Suburbia: An Elegy ([1996] London Penguin Modern Classics, 2006) Francis O'Gorman, Worrying: A Literary and Cultural History (New York: Bloomsbury, 2015) Adam Phillips, Going Sane (London: Penguin, 2006) ------------------, On Balance (London: Hamish Hamilton, 2010) John Ruskin, Praeterita, ed. Francis O'Gorman ([1885-9] Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012) Jean-Paul Sartre, Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology (L'Кtre et le nйant: Essai d'ontologie phйnomйnologique, 1943), trans. Hazel Barnes (New York: Washington Square, 1956) Arthur Symons, Confessions: a Study in Pathology(New York: Fountain Press, 1930)--harrowing account of his breakdown in Italy. Andrew Solomon, The Noonday Demon: An Anatomy of Depression (London: Chatto & Windus, 2001) William Styron, Darkness Visible: A Memoir of Madness (New York: Random House, 1990) Virginia Woolf, `On Being Ill' (1931) in Collected Essays, 6 vols (London: Hogarth, 1967), volume 4, pp.193-203. Page 77
d. Specifically literary examinations Jonathan Bate, John Clare: A Biography (New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2003), especially Part 4 Evan Blackmore, `John Clare's Psychiatric Disorder and Its Influence on His Poetry', Victorian Poetry, 24 (1986): 209-28 Diane S. Bonds, `The Separative Self in Sylvia Plath's The Bell Jar', Women's Studies, 18 (1990): 49-64 (http://www.sylviaplath.de/plath/bonds.html) Edward Butscher, ed., Sylvia Plath: The Woman and the Work (New York: Dood, Mead, 1977 Thomas C. Caramagno, The Flight of the Mind: Virginia Woolf's Art and Manic-Depressive Illness (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992) Ann C. Colley, Tennyson and Madness (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1983) Nicholas Dames, `The Withering of the Individual: Psychology in the Victorian Novel' in Francis O'Gorman, ed., The Concise Companion to the Victorian Novel (Oxford: Blackwell, 2005), 91-112 Carolyn Dever, Death and the Mother from Dickens to Freud: Victorian Fiction and the Anxiety of Origins (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998) Lucile Dooley, `Psychoanalysis of Charlotte Brontл, as a Type of the Woman of Genius', American Journal of Psychology, 31 (1920), 221-272 Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar, The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-century Literary Imagination (Yale: Yale UP, 1979)--see also the important second edition (2000) ruminating on the personal context of this influential book. Jo Gill, ed.,The Cambridge Companion to Sylvia Plath (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2006)--includes a chapter on The Bell Jar Sean Haldane, `Clare's Madness', PN Review, 30 (2004): 42-6 Ian Jack, `Phrenology, Physiognomy, and Characterisation in the Novels of Charlotte Brontл', Brontл Society Transactions, 15/80 (1970): 377-91 Karl Miller, Doubles: Studies in Literary History ([1985] London: Faber,2008)--includes material on Plath Lorri G. Nandrea, `Desiring Difference: Sympathy and Sensibility in Jane Eyre', Novel, 37 (2003): 11234 Francis O'Gorman, `Modernism, T.S. Eliot, and the "Age of Worry"', Textual Practice, 26 (2012): 1001-19 Page 78
Robin Peel,`The Bell Jarmanuscripts, two January 1962 poems, Elm, andAriel', Journal of Modern Literature, 23 (2000): 441-54 Roy Porter, `All Madness for Writing: John Clare and the Asylum', in John Clare in Context, ed. Hugh Haughton, Adam Phillips, and Geoffrey Summerfield (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1994) Dean Rapp, `The Reception of Freud by the British Press: General Interest and Literary Magazines, 1920-1925', Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 24 (1988), 191-201 Branimir M. Rieger, ed., Dionysius in Literature: Essays on Literary Madness (Bowling Green: Bowling Green State University Press, 1994) Glenn Rohrer, ed., Mental Health in Literature: Literary Lunacy and Lucidity (Chicago: Lyceum, 2005) Jacqueline Rose, The Haunting of Sylvia Plath (Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1992) Sally Shuttleworth, Charlotte Brontл and Victorian Psychology, Cambridge Studies in NineteenthCentury Literature and Culture(Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1996) Helen Small, Love's Madness: Medicine, the Novel, and Female Insanity, 1800-1865 (Oxford: Clarendon, 1996) Allen Thiher, Revels in Madness: Insanity in Medicine and Literature (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2004) Stephen Trombley, All that Summer She was Mad: Virginia Woolf and her Doctors (London: Junction, 1981) Linda W. Wagner-Martin, The Bell Jar: A Novel of the Fifties (Twayne's Masterworks Studies; No. 98) ([London]: Twayne, 1992) http://www.gale.cengage.com/TwaynesAuthors/ Ted Winslow, `Bloomsbury, Freud, and the Vulgar Passions', Social Research, 57 (1990): 785-819 e. Other resources i. On the legal/medical status of mental health issues: http://studymore.org.uk/mhhtim.htm . ii. On literature and madness specifically, see http://www.madnessandliterature.org/who.php . iii. The journal Literature and Medicine from Johns Hopkins University Press (https://www.press.jhu.edu/journals/literature_and_medicine/ ) iv. Literature, Arts, and Medicine database of New York University (start from http://litmed.med.nyu.edu/Main?action=new). Page 79
English Literature (and Divinity) Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course You will only be allowed to take this Divinity-taught course if you are also taking at least 40-credits worth of English/Scottish Literature courses in your Fourth Year. Modern Religious and Ethical Debates in Contemporary Literature Course Organiser: Dr Alison Jack ([email protected]), School of Divinity The course is co-taught with Dr Mark Harris and Dr Linden Bicket. Class Contact Hours: Seminars on Thursdays 11am -1pm in New College, School of Divinity; Autonomous Learning Groups will also meet for one hour per week. Course Summary This course will explore the influence of contemporary religious and ethical debates on literature of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. It will consider the differences between Scottish, English and American fiction in religious and theological terms. Writers from Christian, Jewish, and atheist perspectives will be contrasted. Learning Outcomes On completion of the course, students should have a detailed knowledge of selected contemporary literary texts and of their interaction with modern religious and ethical issues. They should be aware of current debates in the field of literature, religion and theology. They should be able to discuss the differences in theological and literary emphasis between Scottish, English and American literature, and between Christian and Jewish writers. Seminar Schedule Weeks 1-2 Jewish Literature: "Religion, Culture or Ethnicity?" Week 1: Introduction to the Course: Aims and Objectives Introduction to Jewish Literature Week 2: Holocaust Writing: Ruth Kluger, still alive Weeks 3-5 "God is Dead?" Week 3: Aldous Huxley, Brave New World Week 4: Secularism in Scottish Culture: James Robertson, The Testament of Gideon Mack Week 5: Philip Pullman, His Dark Materials, focusing on Northern Lights - - Flexible Learning Week - - Week 6: Essay Preparation Week- formative feedback event Page 80
Weeks 7-9 "Making the Case for God" Week 7: Twentieth Century English Catholicism: Graham Greene, The Power and the Glory Week 8: Scottish Catholic Spirituality: A selection of short stories from George Mackay Brown, A Time to Keep Week 9: Twenty-First Century American Piety: Marilynne Robertson, Gilead Week 10 "Spirituality Without Religion?" Week 10: J. K. Rowling, The Harry Potter series, focusing on Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Week 11: Review of the course Selected Secondary Reading Cheyette, Brian, Constructions of `the Jew' in English Literature and Society: Racial Representations, 1875-1945, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Craig, Cairns, Intending Scotland: Explorations in Scottish Culture since the Enlightenment (Edinburgh: EUP, 2009) Hass, Andrew, Jasper, David & Jay, Elizabeth (eds), The Oxford Handbook of English Literature and Theology (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007) Jasper, David, Sacred Desert: Religion, Literature, Art and Culture (Oxford: Blackwell, 2004) Jasper, David & Smith, Allen (eds), Between Truth and Fiction: A Reader in Literature and Christian Theology (SCM: London, 2010) Moore, Stephen D., The Bible in Theory: Critical and Postcritical Essays (Atlanta: SBL, 2010) Stдhler, Axel (ed.), Anglophone Jewish Literature, Routledge Studies in Twentieth-Century Literature (London: Routledge, 2007). Vattimo, Gianni Belief, trans. Luca D'Isanto and David Webb (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1999) Assessment Essay of 2,500 words (40%); Examination at the end of the course (60%). Please note that this assessment differs slightly from the usual pattern for English Literature option courses. Page 81
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Republican Visions (Culture, Time and Memory in Modern American Fiction)
The aim of this course is to explore the various ways in which a number of key modern American writers have interrogated and refashioned the rhetoric and the ideology of the American Republic. To this end, the course begins by identifying and discussing some of the central ideological constituents of the discourse of American republicanism (the idea of American "exceptionalism," the claims of manifest destiny, the rhetoric of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, the importance of the tradition of Puritan redemption, and so on). Having established this ideological background, the course proceeds to examine the way that nine writers have drawn upon the historical and cultural repertoire of American republicanism in order to consider the influence of this intellectual inheritance upon contemporary ideas of subjectivity, cultural value and the relationship between politics and ethics.
Summary of Intended Learning Outcomes:-
By the end of the course the students will have achieved three specific learning outcomes. First, they will have learnt to identify the various formal constituents of the discourse(s) of American Republicanism. Secondly, they will have developed the ability to interrogate the often complex relationship between the modalities of literary narrative and the forms and structures of historiographical writing. And, third, the course's continuing emphasis upon generic and discursive constructions such as "realism," "modernism," "postmodernism," "historiography" and "ideology" will encourage them to develop a conceptual sophistication that will serve them well in each phase of their Honours education.
Seminar Schedule:-
Week 1: Week 2: Week 3: Week 4 Week 5: Week 6: Week 7: Week 8: Week 9: Week 10: Week 11: Week 12
Introduction: Imagining The Republic. John Dos Passos: The Forty Second Parallel (1930). William Faulkner, Absolom! Absolom! (1936). Saul Bellow, The Adventures of Augie March (1953). Thomas Pynchon, The Crying of Lot 49 (1965). NO CLASSES - Flexible Learning Week Norman Mailer, The Armies of the Night (1968). Toni Morrison, Beloved (1987). NO CLASSES/ ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK Philip Roth, American Pastoral (1997). Marilynne Robinson, Gilead (2004). Michael Cunningham, Specimen Days (2005).
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Secondary Reading:- General Background Reading:- Carr, Virginia Spencer. Dos Passos: A Life. Evanston, Ill: Northwestern University Press, 2004. Colley, Iain, Dos Passos and the Fiction of Despair. London: Macmillan, 1978. Harding., Desmond. Writing the City: Urban Visions and Literary Modernism. London: Routledge, 2003. Hook, Andrew (ed). Dos Passos: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood-Cliffs: London Prentice- Hall, 1984. Maine, Barry. Dos Passos: The Critical Heritage. London: Routledge, 2008. Michaels, Walter Benn. The Gold Standard and the Logic of Naturalism. Berkeley: University of California, 1987. Nanney, Lisa. John Dos Passos. New York: Twayne, 1998. Strychacz, Thomas, Modernism, Mass Culture and Professionalism (Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1993. Wagner, Linda. Dos Passos: Artist as American. Austin: University of Texas Press. 1979. Godden, Richard. Fictions of Labor: William Faulkner and the South's Long Revolution. Cambridge: CUP, 1997. - - - . William Faulkner: An Economy of Complex Words. Princeton: Princeton UP, 2007. Hannon, Charles. Faulkner and the Discourses of Culture. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2005. Moreland, Richard C. Faulkner and Modernisn: Reading and Rewriting. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1990. Singal, Daniel J. William Faulkner: The Making of a Modernist. Chapel Hill: University of NC Press, 1997. Snead, James A. Figures of Division: Faulkner's Major Novels. London: Methuen, 1986. Volpe, Edmond Lois. Reader's Guide to William Faulkner. Syracuse: Syracuse UP, 2003. Warren, Robert Penn. Faulkner: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice- Hall, Inc, 1966. Weinstein, Philip M. What Else But Love: The Ordeal of Race in Faulkner and Morrison. NY: Columbia UP, 1996. Bradbury, Malcolm. Saul Bellow. London, Methuen, 1982. Clayton, John Jacob. Saul Bellow: In Defence of Man. Bloomington: Indiana Press, 1968. Dutton, Robert R. Saul Bellow. Boston: Twayne, 1982. Glenday, Michael K. Saul Bellow and the Decline of Humanism. London: MacMillan, 1990. Newman, Judie. Saul Bellow and History. London: MacMillan, 1984. Opadhl, Keith. The Novels of Saul bellow: An Introduction. University Park: Penn State UP, 1967. Wilson, Jonathan. On Bellow's Planet: Readings from the Dark Side. Rutherford N.J: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1985. Berube, Michael. Marginal Forces/Cultural Centers: Tolson, Pynchon and the Politics of the Canon. New York: Cornell UP, 1992. Chambers, Judith. Thomas Pynchon. New York: Twayne, 1992. Levine, George and David Levernez. Mindful Pleasures: Essays on Thomas Pynchon. Boston, Mass: Little Brown, 1976. Maltby Paul. Dissident Postmodernists: Barthelme, Coover, Pynchon. Philadelphia: UP Press, 1981. Mendelson, Edward. Pynchon: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs London Prentice- Hall, 1978. Newman, Robert. Understanding Thomas Pynchon. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1986. Page 83
Schaub, Thomas. Thomas Pynchon: The Voice of Ambiguity. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1981. Tanner, Tony. Thomas Pynchon. London: Methuen, 1982. Thomas, Samuel. Pynchon and the Political. London: Routledge, 2007. Witzling, David. Everybody's Postmodernism: Thomas Pynchon, Race and the Cultures of Postmodernism. London: Routledge, 2008. Bloom, Harold (ed). Modern Critical Views: Norman Mailer. New York: Chelsea, 1986. Braudy, Leo. Norman Mailer: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs London Prentice-Hall, 1972. Foster, Richard. Norman Mailer. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1968. Glenday, Michael K. Norman Mailer. London: Macmillan, 1995. Leigh, Nigel. Radical Fictions and the Novels of Norman mailer. London: MacMillan, 1990. Lennon, Michael J. Critical Essays on Norman Mailer. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1986. Merrill, Robert. Norman Mailer. Boston: Twayne, 1978. Poirier, Richard. Mailer. London: Fontana, 1972. Wenke, Jospeh. Mailer's America. Hanover: University of New England Press, 1986. Bloom, Harold (ed). Toni Morrison. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 2002. Conner, Mark C (ed). Aesthetics of Toni Morrison: Speaking the Unspeakable. Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 2000. Duvall, John N. Identifying Fictions of Toni Morrison: Modernist Authenticity and Postmodern Blackness. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2000. Fultz, Lucille P. Toni Morrison: Playing with Difference. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2003. Furman, Jan. Toni Morrison's Fiction. Columbia: University of South California Press, 1996. Gates Jr, Henry Louis and K. A Appiah (eds). Toni Morrison: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. New York: Amistead, 1993. Matus, Jill. Toni Morrison. Manchester: MUP, 1998. Tally, Justine (ed). Cambridge Companion to Toni Morrison. Cambridge: CUP, 2006. Brauner, David. Philip Roth. Manchester: MUP, 2007. Cooper, Alan. Philip Roth and the Jews. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996. Lee, Hermione. Philip Roth. London: Methuen, 1982. Posnock, Ross. Philip Roth's Rude Truth: The Art of Immaturity. Princeton: Princeton UP, 2006. Safer, Elaine B. Mocking the Age: The Later Novels of Philip Roth. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2006. Shostak, Debra B. Philip Roth: Countertexts, Counterlives. Columbia:University of South Carolina, 2004. Herrington, Eldrid and Andrew Taylor (eds). The Afterlife of John Brown. London: Palgrave, 2005. Lamascus, Scott. "An Interview with Marilynne Robinson." 2007. http://www.oc.edu/academics/arts_sciences/lang_lit/mcbride/images/RobinsonandLaMascusInterv iew2007.pdf Reynolds, David S. John Brown, Abolitionist: The Man who Killed Slavery, Sparked the Civil War, and Seeded Civil Rights. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005). Robinson, Marilynne. Mother Country. London: Faber, 1989. - - . The Death of Adam: Essays on Modern Thought. New York: Houghton, 1998. Rose, Jacqueline. "Entryism." Review of Specimen Days. London Review of Books. September 22, 2005. Whitman, Walt. The Portable Walt Whitman. Ed Mark van Doren. London: Penguin, 1979. Page 84
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Shakespearean Sexualities This course will explore the construction of sexuality within Shakespearean texts, with reference to modern theoretical approaches to the study of literature, including feminist and queer theory. It will examine the way in which gender roles were conceptualised during the Renaissance (that is, what did it mean to be 'masculine' or 'feminine'), but will focus on the expression, or repression, of sexual desire. This will involve students in examining heterosexual, homosexual and homosocial relationships and, indeed, to explore the relevance of these categories to Shakespearean texts. Students will also be asked to consider how issues of race and/or nationality intersect with the construction of gender and sexuality. Seminar Schedule 1. Introduction: 2. The Two Gentlemen of Verona 3. Romeo and Juliet 4. Much Ado About Nothing 5. The Merry Wives of Windsor 6. No Classes - Flexible Learning Week 7. Twelfth Night 8. Troilus and Cressida 9. Essay Completion week 10. Antony and Cleopatra 11. The Winter's Tale 12. Two Noble Kinsmen Set Text The Norton Shakespeare, edited by Stephen Greenblatt et al., New York & London: W.W. Norton & Co., 2008 (Second Edition). Page 85
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course The Black Atlantic
This interdisciplinary course gives "voice to the voicless" and "power to the powerless" by examining the autobiographies, novels, essays, speeches and letters written and disseminated by African American and African Caribbean authors across the Black Atlantic world in the nineteenth century. This course will map the ways in which "words are weapons" and "language is a power" for Black women and men, enslaved and free, who worked with pioneering literary forms, radical textual discourses, and experimental formal practices in order to visualise "black" to white supremacy and dominant hegemonic power and do justice to invisibilised lives. The key themes of this course include the following: aesthetic innovation; formal radicalism; race and racism; identity; slavery; abolition; gender; sexuality; white supremacy; discrimination; lynching; dystopia; resistance. The focus of this course is on developing new analytical tools in which to examine an African Atlantic tradition of black activism and artistry. There will be opportunities not only to work with renowned and established authors and texts but also newly excavated and recent uncovered primary works by forgotten and neglected writers.
Primary Texts [all others will either be handouts supplied by CMB or are available on the website, "Documenting the American South"]
Mary Prince, The History of Mary Prince (1831) Wonderful Adventures of Mrs Seacole in Many Lands (1857) William and Ellen Craft, Running A Thousand Miles (1860) Frederick Douglass, My Bondage and My Freedom (1855) Ida B. Wells: The Light of Truth: Writings of an Anti-Lynching Campaigner. Sutton E. Griggs, Imperium in Imperio (1899) Booker T. Washington, Up From Slavery (1901) Pauline Hopkins, Of One Blood (1902-3). Anna Julia Cooper, A Voice from the South (1892) W. E. B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk (1903)
Seminar Schedule (**Please kindly note the readings are either short full-length texts or selected excerpts from longer works)
"The Real Thing:" Mapping the Black Atlantic in Early Literature and Visual Culture: Race,
Representation and Resistance: African Atlantic Narratives of Slavery and Freedom in UK and
US Broadsides:
Josiah Wedgwood, Am I Not a Man and a Brother (Stafford, 1787); Slave Ship Brooks
(Liverpool, 1788); John Comber, A Poor African (London,1861). [all hand-outs supplied]
"Loophole of Retreat:" Tracing Transatlantic Black Womanist Literary Paradigms Part I:
Mary Prince, The History of Mary Prince (1831); Wonderful Adventures of Mrs Seacole in Many
Lands (1857). [selected excerpts]
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"Women and Sisters:" Tracing Transatlantic Black Womanist Literary Paradigms Part II:
T. C. Upham, Narrative of Phebe Ann Jacobs, 1850; John Hawkins Simpson, The True Story of
Dinah, An Escaped Plantation Slave (1863).
[available online at "Documenting the American South"]
"Men and Brothers:" African Atlantic Slave Narratives Published in the UK:
Benjamin Compton Chisley, A Short Narrative (1851); John Brown, "Untitled Manuscript
Narrative" (1854); William and Ellen Craft, Running A Thousand Miles (1860); James Johnson,
The Life of the Late James Johnson (1877). [selected excerpts; handouts supplied]
"No Right to be a Hero:" African Atlantic Acts and Arts of Revolution and Resistance:
Toussaint Louverture, Sengbe Pieh and Harriet Tubman:
John Barber, A History of the Amistad (1840); William Wells Brown, St. Domingo (1855); Sarah
Bradford, Harriet, the Moses of Her People (1869). ).
[available online at "Documenting the American South"] [selected excerpts]
No Classes - Flexible Learning Week
Authorship, Artistry and Black Masculinity:
William Wells Brown, Travels in Europe (1852) and Frederick Douglass, My Bondage and My
Freedom (1855). [selected excerpts]
Transatlantic Anti-Lynching Activism:
Ida B. Wells: The Light of Truth: Writings of an Anti-Lynching Campaigner. (new ed. 2014).
To consult website: "Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America."
Essay completion; no class.
10. Race Relations and the Search for a Diasporic Utopia: Sutton E. Griggs, Imperium in Imperio (1899) and Booker T. Washington, Up From Slavery (1901). [selected excerpts]
11. Africa in an Atlantic Imaginary: Pauline Hopkins, Of One Blood (1902-3).
12. Black intellectual traditions, Education and Uplift: Anna Julia Cooper, A Voice from the South (1892) and W. E. B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk (1903). [selected excepts]
Secondary Texts Celeste-Marie Bernier, Characters of Blood: Black Heroism in the Transatlantic Imagination R. J. M. Blackett, Building an Antislavery Wall Daphne Brooks, Bodies in Dissent Jeannine Delombard, Slavery on Trial Audrey Fisch, American Slaves in Victorian England Frances Smith Foster, Witnessing Slavery Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Figures in Black Kate Clifford Larsen, Bound for the Promised Land Shirley Wilson Logan, We Are Coming: The Persuasive Discourse of Nineteenth Century Black Women Page 87
Paul Gilroy, The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness Julia Sun-Joo Lee, The American Slave Narrative and the Victorian Novel Toni Morrison, Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination Alan Rice, Radical Narratives of the Black Atlantic Eric Sundquist, To Wake the Nations: Race in the Making of American Literature Jean Fagan Yellin, The Abolitionist Sisterhood Marcus Wood, Blind Memory Additional author-specific secondary material will be recommended or provided in the form of handouts during the course. Page 88
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course The Graphic Novel: Narrative in Sequential Art This course features works by graphic novelists from the U.S., Canada; Latin America; the U.K and the Pacific, with attention to specific regional subgenres (such as American superhero narratives, Japanese manga styles, and the European bande dessinйe tradition), as well as the thematic content and formal properties of individual graphic narratives. Our focus will be on three particular subgenres: adaptations from printed literary texts; memoirs; and historiography (including indigenous oral history). In addition to exploring conventions of narrative drawing, we will analyse these subgenres with reference to established literary criticism (on literary form, life writing, historiography, and adaptation), but also engage with a range of critical models specific to the analysis of graphic narrative. The course follows a broadly chronological structure, beginning with an overview of the evolution of the graphic novel from visual and literary antecedents (including comics and figurative art), and then engaging with a range of texts emerging from (or focused around) successive historical epochs (from the early modern period to the present). We range from early graphic novels such as Art Spiegelman's holocaust memoir Maus (serialised from 1980-1991) to recent digital narratives including Robert Berry's Ulysses Seen and Matt Huynh's The Boat (adapted from Nam Le's short story about Vietnam War refugees). Strong emphasis will be placed on the process of adaptation of literary texts to graphic format, with particular attention to the ways in which narrative is rendered. Students will therefore be able to draw upon existing skills in the close reading of literary texts, but extend them further by exploring how literary criticism on the formal properties of texts can be applied to a new visual format. In addition, students will encounter new critical models on sequential art, focused around the potential of narrative drawing for creating unique stylistic effects and characterisation, and the way in which time and space are represented differently than in printed texts. Seminar Schedule Week 1: Course introduction - the emergence of the graphic novel Week 2: Manga Shakespeare Othello: Manga Shakespeare (adapted by Richard Appignanesi and illustrated by Ryuda Osada), with reference to scenes from William Shakespeare's Othello. Week 3: Victorian intrigue Grennan, Simon. Dispossession (Jonathan Cape, 2015), with reference to relevant sections of the literary source text, Anthony Trollope's John Caldigate (we will use the free project Gutenberg version at http://www.gutenberg.org/files/11643/11643-h/11643-h.htm ) Page 89
Week 4: Graphic horror -Edgar Allan Poe's `The Black Cat' (including original story and graphic narrative adaptation in Alberto Breccia's Le Coeur Rйvelateur, both posted on Learn). -Robert Louis Stevenson's The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (adapted by Simon Gane and Michael Slack in Graphic Classics: Robert Louis Stevenson) [excerpted on Learn] with reference to Stevenson's original novella. Week 5: Graphic modernism -Robert Berry's Ulysses ``Seen'' (http://www.ulyssesseen.com) [free access], with reference to selected excerpts from James Joyce's Ulysses. -Julian Peter's online adaptation of T.S. Eliot's `The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock' (http://julianpeterscomics.com/page-1-the-love-song-of-j-alfred-prufrock-by-t-s-eliot/) Week 6: NO CLASSES / Flexible Learning Week Week 7: Graphic memoir 1- the holocaust Art Spiegelman's The Complete Maus Week 8: Graphic memoir 2 - the Iranian Islamic Revolution Marjane Satrapi's Persepolis Week 9: ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK Week 10: Crime fiction and the postmodern Paul Auster, City of Glass (Faber and Faber graphic novel version adapted by Paul Karasik and David Mazzucchelli),with reference to selected excerpts from Paul Auster's original novel (in the New York Trilogy). Week 11: Refugee and migrant narratives -Nam Le, `The Boat' (2008; short story posted on Learn) -Online graphic novel adaptation by Matt Huynh ( http://www.sbs.com.au/theboat/ ) [free access] Week 12: Indigenous graphic narratives -Excerpts from Robert Sullivan and Chris Slane's graphic novel Maui: Legends of the Outcast (Westhampton House, 1996) alongside print versions of Maori legends focused around the demigod Maui. [all on Learn] -Excerpts from Moonshot: The Indigenous Comic Collection (Alternate History Comics, 2015), and Native American Classics (Graphic Classics, 2013) alongside print versions of native American myths/oral histories. [again, all posted on Learn] Reading Lists Essential Texts Auster, Paul. The New York Trilogy (Faber and Faber, 2015). [We will refer to City of Glass only] Auster, Paul. City of Glass: Graphic Novel (Faber and Faber, 2005; adapted by Paul Karasik and David Mazzucchelli). Grennan, Simon. Dispossession (Jonathan Cape, 2015). Page 90
Joyce, James. Ulysses (Wordsworth Classics, 2010). Satrapi, Marjane. Persepolis (Vintage, 2008). Shakespeare, William. Othello (Wordsworth Classics, 1992). Shakespeare, William. Othello: Manga Shakespeare (SelfMadeHero, 2008) [adapted by Richard Appignanesi] Spiegelman, Art. The Complete Maus (Penguin, 2003). Stevenson, Robert Louis. The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (Wordsworth Classics, 1993). Selected Secondary Reading Aldama, Frederick. Multicultural Comics (University of Texas Press, 2010). Ayaka, Carolene and Hague, Ian (eds). Representing Multiculturalism in Comics and Graphic Novels (Routledge, 2015). Baetens, Jan and Frey, Hugo. The Graphic Novel: An Introduction (Cambridge University Press, 2015). Baskind, Samantha and Ranen Omer-Sherman (eds). The Jewish Graphic Novel (Rutgers UP, 2010). Denson, Shane, Christina Meyer and Daniel Stein (eds). Transnational Perspectives on Graphic Narratives (Bloomsbury, 2013). Dewey, Joseph O. The Graphic Novel and the Post Cold-War American Narrative (ABC-CLIO Praeger, 2016). Eisner, Will. Graphic Storytelling and Visual Narrative (Norton, 2008). Fingeroth, Danny. Superman on the Couch: What Superheroes Really Tell Us About Ourselves and Our Society (Continuum, 2004). Garcia, Santiago. On the Graphic Novel (University Press of Mississippi, 2015). Groensteen, Thierry. The System of Comics (UP of Mississippi, 2007). Goggin, Joyce and Hassler-Forest, Dan (eds). The Rise and Reason of Comics and Graphic Literature (McFarland, 2010). Grenna, Simon and Grove, L (eds). Transforming Anthony Trollope: Disposession, Victorianism and Nineteenth-Century Word and Image (Leuven UP, 2015). Griggs, Yvonne. The Bloomsbury Introduction to Adaptation Studies (Bloomsbury, 2015). Hatfield, C. Alternative Comics: An Emerging Literature (University Press of Mississippi, 2006). Page 91
Hutcheon, Linda. A Theory of Adaptation (Routledge, 2006). Iadonisi, Richard. Graphic History: Essays on Graphic Novels and/as History (Cambridge Scholars Publishing 2012). Jakaitis, Jake and Wurtz, James (eds). Crossing Boundaries in Graphic Narrative (McFarland, 2012). Lee, Hermione. Body Parts: Essays in Life-writing (Chatto and Windus, 2005). Marcus, Laura. Auto/biographical Discourses (Manchester UP, 1994). McCloud, Scott. Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art (HarperPerennial, 1994). --. Making Comics: Storytelling Secrets of Comics, Manga and Graphic Novels (Harper, 2006). Moore-Gilbert, Bart. Postcolonial Life-writing (Routledge, 2009). Peterson, Robert. Comics, Manga and Graphic Novels (ebook) Round, Julia. The Gothic in Comics and Graphic Novels (McFarland and Co., 2014) Sanders, Julie. Adaptation and Appropriation (Routledge, 2016). Sabin, Roger. Comics, Comix and Graphic Novels (Phaidon, 2001). Schodt, Frederick L. Deamland Japan: Writings on Modern Manga (Stone Bridge Press, 1996). Tabachnick, Stephen and Saltzman, Esther. Drawn from the Classics: Essays on Graphic Adaptations of Literary Works (McFarland, 2015). The Graphic Novel (Salem Press, 2014). Westerman, Alisa. Graphic Adaptation of Paul Auster's City of Glass (Grin Verlag, 2013). Page 92
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course The Literary Absolute: Truth, Value, Aesthetics This aims to extend students' knowledge of the growth of the idea of the literary aesthetic and its relations to philosophy, and in particular to questions of truth and value. After an introduction to eighteenth and nineteenth-century constructions of mimesis, imagination and the aesthetic as "literary absolute," the course turns to the implications of the epistemic and moral disengagement of the aesthetic in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The course then charts how through developing interest in notions of the unconscious, experience, expression, the sublime and power, the aesthetic is drawn into an attack upon the notion of truth. Finally, two weeks will be spent considering the location of the literary aesthetic within the context of a culture which has largely collapsed the meaning/truth distinction traditionally nurtured by philosophy, and which is disposed to view the aesthetic as a type of ideology rather than a value. Correspondingly, in the light of the review of the aesthetic's relation (both synchronic and diachronic) to truth, the central theoretical question will concern the possibility of the recovery of a sphere of autonomous literary value. Most of the writers listed below will be read through the texts available in The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism, gen. ed. Vincent B. Leitch (Norton, 2001). Although the first edition is preferable, the second edition (2010) is also acceptable. Core text: The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism, gen. ed. Vincent B. Leitch (Norton, 2001). Copies of primary texts not in this volume will be made available online by the course organiser. SEMINAR SCHEDULE Week 1. The Literary Absolute Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe and Jean-Luc Nancy, `Preface: The Literary Absolute,' The Literary Absolute: The Theory of Literature in German Romanticism, trans. Philip Barnard and Cheryl Lester (SUNY Press, 1988), pp. 1­17; Friedrich Schlegel, extracts (handout) Week 2. Representation Extracts from: Plato, Republic; Aristotle, Poetics; Samuel Johnson, Preface to Shakespeare Week 3. Imagination and the Aesthetic Extracts from: Immanuel Kant, Critique of the Power of Judgement, Friedrich von Schiller, On the Aesthetic Education of Man, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Biographia Literaria, Percy Bysshe Shelley, `A Defence of Poetry' Week 4. Aestheticism From: Walter Pater, Studies in the History of the Renaissance, Oscar Wilde, `The Decay of Lying' (handout); Leo Tolstoy, `What is Art?' (handout) Page 93
Week 5. The Unconscious From: Sigmund Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams, `The "Uncanny'; Jacques Lacan, `The Mirror Stage', `The Agency of the Letter in the Unconscious.' Week 6. FLEXIBLE LEARNING WEEK Week 7. Experience and Expression Martin Heidegger, `Language'; Benedetto Croce, from Aesthetic (handout) Week 8. Realism and Formalism Georg Lukacs, `Realism in the Balance' (handout); Theodor Adorno, `Reconciliation Under Duress' (handout) Week 9. ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK Week 10. The Sublime. From: Longinus, `On Sublimity'; Edmund Burke; Immanuel Kant, Critique of the Power of Judgement (handout); Jean-Franзois Lyotard (handout) Week 11. Power. From: Friedrich Nietzsche, 'On Truth and Lying in a Non-Moral Sense,' Harold Bloom, `The Anxiety of Influence'; Michel Foucault, `Truth and Power' (handout) Week 12. Dialectic and Metaphor From: George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Phenomenology of Spirit, Lectures on Fine Art; Jacques Derrida, `Plato's Pharmacy.' Suggested Additional Reading Hazard Adams, ed., Critical Theory Since Plato, rev. ed. (1992) Walter Benjamin, "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction," Illuminations, trans. Henry Zohn, ed. Hannah Arendt (1968) Harold Bloom, The Anxiety of Influence: A Theory of Poetry (1973) ---------, et al., Deconstruction and Criticism (1979) Paul de Man, Blindness and Insight, 1971, rev. ed. (1983) Jacques Derrida, Of Grammatology (1967) ---------, Writing and Difference (1967) ---------, Margins of Philosophy (1972) Michel Foucault, The Order of Things (1966, trans. 1970) ---------, The Archaeology of Knowledge (1969, trans. 1972) Martin Heidegger, Poetry, Language, Thought (1971) Immanuel Kant, Critique of Judgement, trans. James Creed Meredith (1978) Jean-Francois Lyotard, Lessons on the Analytic of the Sublime (1994) Friedrich Nietzsche, The Birth of Tragedy and The Case Against Wagner, trans. Walter Kaufmann (1967) Page 94
Background Bibliography Gary Banham, Kant and the Ends of Aesthetics (St Martin's P, 1999) Andrew Bowie, Aesthetics and Subjectivity: from Kant to Nietzsche (Manchester, 1990) Malcolm Bowie, Lacan (1991) David Carroll, Paraesthetics, Foucault, Lyotard, Derrida (1987) David Cooper, A Companion to Aesthetics (1992) Arthur Danto, The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (1988) Terry Eagleton, The Ideology of the Aesthetic (1990) Victor Erlich, Russian Formalism, History-Doctrine, rev. ed. (1964) E.H. Gombrich, Art and Illusion (1960) Nelson Goodman, Languages of Art, 2nd. ed. (1988) E.D. Hirsch, Validity in Interpretation (1967) F.J. Hoffman, Freudianism and the Literary Mind (1945) Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe and Jean-Luc Nancy, The Literary Absolute, 1978, trans. Philip Barnard and Cheryl Lester (1988) Peter Lamarque and Stein Haugom Olsen, Truth, Fiction, and Literature (1994) Eva Schaper, Pleasure, Preference and Value (1983) Kendall Walton, Mimesis as Make-Believe (1990) Page 95
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Writing and Tyranny at the Court of Henry VIII NOT RUNNING IN SESSION 2017-18 The course will study the writings of a period when politics and literature were intimately and powerfully connected. The dramatic and bloody events of the reign of Henry VIII are, thanks to frequent television adaptations, films and works of popular history, well known to many of us. But the equally extraordinary literary works produced and performed at and around the royal court in this period are less frequently studied. This course will focus on those works: poems, plays and prose writings, ranging from erotic lyrics to savage satirical attacks on the king and his ministers, from lightly comic plays to fierce polemical dramas. All of these texts are both powerful works in their own right and also contributions to political debates about the nature of royal power, religious truth or personal and sexual morality. And many of the writers we shall encounter, from the staunchly catholic Sir Thomas More to the fiercely protestant reformer John Bale, from the satirist John Skelton to the humourist John Heywood are equally fascinating. The emphasis will be on gaining an understanding of how these writers and their texts both responded to and contributed to the political culture of the reign of Henry VIII. Reading literary texts alongside a variety of visual images and historical documents, we will explore how poets, dramatists and prose writers used their work to explore the moral issues and social tensions exposed by Henry VIII's rejection of his first wife, Katherine of Aragon, his break with the papacy and establishment of the Royal Supremacy, and the growth of what many perceived to be the king's tyrannical domination of the realm. We will explore how many of the forms and modes of writing that would form the staple repertoire of English literature in the age of Shakespeare were actually forged out of the fierce struggles to promote or resist royal power in the court of King Henry.
Seminar Schedule
Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7 Week 8 Week 9
The New Reign: The Accession poems and More's Epigrams Humanism and Idealism: Thomas More's The History of Richard III, Erasmus, The Education of a Christian Prince, Machiavelli, The Prince Thomas More's Utopia and Henry Medwall's Fulgens and Lucrece. Unruly Women?: John Skelton's poetry and Sir Thomas Elyot's Defence of Good Women. Corruption in the Royal Household: Skelton's Magnificence, the King's Minions, Hall's Chronicle, The Eltham Ordinances NO CLASSES - Flexible Learning Week The Ascendancy of Cardinal Wolsey: Skelton's Speak Parrot, Colin Clout and Why Come Ye Not to Court?, George Cavendish's Life of Wolsey The Early Reformation: Simon Fish, The Supplication for the Beggars; Roper's Life of More; More's Dialogue Concerning Heresies; John Bale's Three Laws ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK
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Week 10 Week 11 Week 12
John Heywood, The Play of the Weather, the Acts of Supremacy and Appeals Sir Thomas Elyot, The Book Named the Governor and the Paintings of Hans Holbein the Younger Wyatt's satires and lyrics, Surrey, Poems, Henry's poems and letters to Anne Boleyn
Bibliography Core Texts Greg Walker, ed., Medieval Drama: An Anthology (Oxford, Blackwell, 2000) Other texts will be provided by the tutor or can be accessed via Early English Books On-line.
Suggestions for Background Reading Historical Studies Dickens, A.G. The English Reformation. 2nd ed. Penn State UP, 1989. Susan Doran, S., ed. Henry VIII: Man and Monarch. London: British Library, 2009. Duffy, Eamon. The Stripping of the Altars: Traditional Religion in England, 1400-1580. New Haven and London: Yale UP, 1992. Elton, G. R. Policy and Police: The Enforcement of the Reformation in the Age of Thomas Cromwell. Cambridge: CUP, 1972. Guy, John. Tudor England. New ed. Oxford: OUP, 2000. MacCulloch, Diarmaid, ed. The Reign of Henry VIII: Politics, Policy and Piety. London: Palgrave, 1995. Scarisbrick, J. J. Henry VIII. 2nd ed. New Haven: Yale UP, 2001. General Literary Studies Betteridge, Thomas. Literature and Politics in the English Reformation. Manchester: MUP, 2004 Cummings, Brian. The Literary Culture of the Reformation: Grammar and Grace. Oxford: OUP, 2000. Cummings, Brian. `Reformed Literature and Literature Reformed'. The Cambridge History of Medieval English Literature. Ed., David Wallace. Cambridge: CUP, 1999. 821-51. Greenblatt, Stephen. Renaissance Self-Fashioning. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.* Hadfield, Andrew. Literature, Politics and National Identity: Reformation to Renaissance. Cambridge: CUP, 1994. Herman, Peter C., ed. Rethinking the Henrician Era: Essays on Early Tudor Texts and Contexts. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1994. Lerer, Seth. Courtly Letters in the Reign of Henry VIII. Cambridge: CUP, 1997. Lewis, C. S. English Literature in the Sixteenth Century, Excluding Drama. Oxford: OUP, 1944. Simpson, James. Reform and Cultural Revolution: The Oxford English Literary History. Oxford: OUP, 2002. Walker, Greg. Persuasive Fictions: Faction, Faith and Political Culture in the Reign of Henry VIII. Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1996. Walker, Greg. Writing Under Tyranny: English Literature and the Henrician Reformation. Oxford: OUP, 2005. Warner, Christopher J. Henry VIII's Divorce: Literature and the Politics of the Printing Press. Cambridge: Boydell Press, 1998.
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English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Writing Contemporary Femininities: Experiments in Waywardness *
The current climate is replete with contradictory ideas, images and interpellations of women and femininity, with vaunted social freedoms existing amidst prominent reporting of sexism and misogyny across cultural contexts and communities. Making sense of this situation after 50 years of feminism is a fraught task, with competing analyses accounting for the persistence of traditional paradigms of gender identities and relations alongside innovative social, personal and sexual liberations which characterise contemporary life. This course addresses how the pressing confusions informing feminine social being are critically engaged and challenged by literary and filmic representations from the recent period. Therefore, it explores what can be characterised as a women's genre of disaffection in contemporary fictions. 'Writing Contemporary Femininities' investigates representations which challenge existing modes and ideals of femininity in a diverse range of contemporary texts. The aim is to question and further understanding of current cultural formations and discourses of the feminine in these texts in order to explore how they reproduce or resist traditional ideals, constrict or promote liberation, limit or expand ideas of the human. In this the course is informed by the notion of waywardness ­ behaviour that is difficult to control or predict, prone to the seemingly perverse ­ in its questioning of the potential of the feminine for troubling power and imagining life otherwise. We will focus on a deliberately wide variety of texts, from the popular (the chick-lit of Bridget Jones's Diary) to the radically experimental avant garde (Kathy Acker and Chris Kraus), some of whom deploy a purposefully provocative, obscuring and violent style. In considering current representations of women, particularly in the Scottish context, the course foregrounds questions of form, genre, the significance of representational strategies and style, the relation between fiction and reality, and cultural value. However, it also necessarily engages with critical discourses, particularly postfeminism and its contradictory and ambivalent emanations in cultural critique. Therefore, the primary texts will be read alongside critical theory which addresses the idea of the feminine ­ psychoanalysis, difference feminism, the work of Judith Butler ­ and which engages the social, cultural and political context, particularly the work of cultural theorists such as Angela McRobbie and Rosalind Gill, and critiques of postfeminism as a neoliberal discourse. In this the course aims to provide a stimulating snapshot of current gender debates and confusions, and of the character of their interrogation in representations over the recent period.
Week 1
Week 2
Interrogating postfeminism and its critiques: Helen Fielding. Bridget Jones's Diary. 1996
Week 3
Identity: wrecking the heteronormative self: Kathy Acker. Essential Acker: Selected Writings of Kathy Acker. 2002 Female abjection: Chris Kraus. I Love Dick. 1997 Extracts will be provided.
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Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7 Week 8 Week 9 Week 10 Week 11 Week 12
Writing female waywardness: Alan Warner. The Sopranos 1998; The Stars in the Bright Sky. 2010 Challenging the family: Sapphire. Push: A Novel. 1996 NO CLASSES - Flexible Learning Week Encountering the female trickster: Ali Smith. The Accidental. 2005 Future Girl ­ speculative femininities: Jeanette Winterson. The Stone Gods. 2007 ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK Defamiliarizing the feminine: Films: Shell (dir: Scott Graham) 2012; Under the Skin (dir: Jonathan Glazer) 2013 Homelessness and exile: Jenni Fagan. The Panopticon. 2012 Writing feminine disaffection: Eimear McBride. A Girl is a Half-formed Thing. 2013
SOME SUGGESTED PRE-COURSE READING Gill, Rosalind. 'Ch 8: Postfeminist Media Culture?' In Gender and the Media. Cambridge: Polity, 2007: 249-71. Gill, Rosalind and Christina Scharff (eds). Prefaces and Introduction. New Femininities: Postfeminism, Neoliberalism and Subjectivity. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. Jaggar, Alison M. and Iris Marion Young. Companion to Feminist Philosophy. Oxford: Blackwell, 1998. Electronic resource with searchable categories. Friedman, Ellen G. 'Sexing the Text: Women's Avant Garde Writing in the Twentieth Century.' In Joe Bray, Alison Gibbons and Brian McHale (eds). Routledge Companion to Experimental Literature. Abingdon: Routledge, 2012: 154-67 McRobbie, Angela. 'Post-Feminism and Popular Culture.' Feminist Media Studies 4.3(2004): 255-64. Moi, Toril. 'Introduction.' Sexual Textual Politics: Feminist Literary Theory. London: Routledge, 2001 [1985] Whelehan, Imelda. Modern Feminist Thought: From Second Wave to 'Post-Feminism'. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1995.
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SELECTED GENERAL BACKGROUND READING Braidotti, Rosi. Nomadic Subjects: Embodiment and Sexual Difference in Contemporary Feminist Theory. 2nd ed. Columbia UP, 2011. Braidotti, Rosi. "Sexual Difference Theory." A Companion to Feminist Philosophy. Eds. Jaggar, Alison M. and Iris Marion Young. Malden, Mass.; Oxford: Blackwell, 1998. 298-306. Brooks, Ann. Postfeminisms: Feminism, Cultural Theory and Cultural Forms. London and New York: Routledge, 1997. Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble. New York/London: Routledge, 1990. Butler, Judith. Undoing Gender. New York/London: Routledge, 2004. Cixous, Hйlиne. 'Castration or Decapitation?' Trans Annette Kuhn. Signs 7 (1981): 41-55. Cixous, Hйlиne. 'The Laugh of the Medusa.' Trans Keith Cohen and Paula Cohen. Signs 1 (1976): 87593. Colebrook, Claire. Gender. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Felski, Rita. Beyond Feminist Aesthetics: Feminist Literature and Social Change. Harvard UP, 1989. Friedman, Ellen G. And Miriam Fuchs (eds). Breaking the Sequence: Women's Experimental Fiction. Princeton UP, 1989. Genz, Stephanie and Benjamin A Brabon. Postfeminism: Cultural Texts and Theories. Edinburgh UP, 2009. Halberstam, J. Jack. Gaga Feminism: Sex, Gender, and the End of Normal. Boston, Mass. Beacon Press, 2012. Irigaray, Luce. The Irigaray Reader. Ed. by Margaret Whitford. Oxford: Blackwell, 1991. McRobbie, Angela. The Aftermath of Feminism: Gender, Culture and Social Change. London: Sage, 2009. Mitchell, Kaye. 'Introduction: The Gender Politics of Experiment'. Contemporary Women's Writing Special Issue: Experimental Writing 9:1 (2015): 1-15. Munford, Rebecca and Melanie Waters. Feminism and Popular Culture: Investigating the Postfeminist Mystique. London: IB Taurus, 2014. Negra, Diane. What a Girl Wants? Fantasizing the Reclamation of the Self in Postfeminism. Abingdon: Routledge, 2009. Philips, Deborah. Women's Fiction From 1945 to Today. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2014 [2006]. Plain, Gill and Susan Sellers (eds). A History of Feminist Literary Criticism. Cambridge UP, 2007. Page 100
Power, Nina. One Dimensional Woman. Winchester: Zero Books, 2009. Tasker, Yvonne and Diane Negra (eds). Interrogating Postfeminism: Gender and the Politics of Popular Culture. Durham and London: Duke UP, 2007. Waugh, Patricia. 'Introduction.' Feminine Fictions: Revisiting the Postmodern. London and New York: Routledge, 1989. Whelehan, Imelda. Overloaded: Popular Culture and the Future of Feminism. London: Women's Press, 2000. Woolf, Virginia. 'Professions for Women.' Selected Essays. Ed. By David Bradshaw. OUP, 2008. Page 101
English Literature Third and Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Writing for the Theatre: An Introduction *
Course Schedule:
WEEK 1: WEEK 2: WEEK 3: WEEK 4: WEEK 5: WEEK 6: WEEK 7: WEEK 8: WEEK 9: WEEK 10: WEEK 11: WEEK 12:
Introduction. Theatre in Four Dimensions ­ workshop/ seminar Character and Action. "Ramallah" by David Greig, "Snuff" by Davey Anderson, From page to stage: using the sign systems of theatre ­ "Theatre as Sign-System" by Astona and Savona Virtual World: space and time. "Distracted" by Morna Pearson, "The Price of a Fish Supper" by Catherine Czerkawska Dialogue. "Harm" by Douglas Maxwell, "The Basement Flat" by Rona Munro No Classes - Flexible Learning Week Plot and Structure. "Better Days, Better Knights" by Stanley Eveling, "The Importance of Being Alfred" by Louise Welsh WORKSHOP ­ 3 plays Essay Completion Week (class will not meet this week) WORKSHOP ­ 3 plays WORKSHOP ­ 3 plays WORKSHOP ­ 3 plays
This is a practical and theoretical course on short play writing. It will involve both reading other people's work and writing your own. All plays discussed come from Scottish Shorts, a collection of nine short plays by three generations of Scottish playwrights. Texts & Performances: Scottish Shorts, selected and introduced by Philip Howard, Nick Hern Books (5 Aug 2010) Aston, Elaine & Savona, George. Theatre as Sign-System: a Semiotics of Text and Performance, Routledge, (Nov 1991) NB: As students will be required to write a critical essay on a live production, they will be required to see that production preferably twice before writing about it. A list of productions which can be written about will be distributed at the start of term. Additional reading will be given for certain seminars. Additional Reading: Elam, Keir. The Semiotics of Theatre and Drama, Routledge (June 2002) Shakespeare, William. The Complete Works , various editions Sophocles, Oedipus, various editions Carter, David. How to Write a Play (Teach Yourself Educational), Teach Yourself Books 1998 Edgar, David. How Plays Work: A Practical Guide to Playwriting, Nick Hern Books (June 2009) Autonomous Learning Groups: In this course, ALGs will be devoted to both analysing the plays from the Scottish Shorts book, and sometimes to writing exercises. When a writing exercise is assigned,
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the tutor will assign a different writing exercise to be completed during the first Ѕ hour of each ALG session. Everyone will stop writing after Ѕ hour and devote the remaining time to sharing your work by reading it aloud and then discussing it in the remaining Ѕ hour of the session. We will then engage in a brief discussion about these sessions when we meet in class each week. In the second half of the course, ALGS will be used to support each other as you develop ideas and script for your exam assignment. Workshop: The second half of the term will be devoted to reading aloud and giving feedback (both written and oral) to your classmates, along with writing and revising your own short play. Each student will have ONE short play (running time, 20-30 minutes) distributed to the class, read aloud and discussed in each workshop. Students must distribute their plays electronically by 5pm on Friday the week BEFORE they are slated to be discussed in class. This will give the tutor and your fellow students the time they need to give a careful, considerate reading to your work and to write appropriate comments. Any plays received after this deadline will not be read, and the student in question will then forfeit his or her workshop slot. Upon receiving your peers' plays electronically, students must print a hard copy of each one and read it with pen or pencil in hand, giving constructive feedback and advice in the margins where appropriate. These hard copies must then be brought to class, as they will be referred to throughout our discussion of the work. At the conclusion of each workshop, all hard copies are then returned to the writer, so that she/he may have the benefit of everyone's feedback when undertaking revisions. Assessment: A 2,500 word critical essay in response to a production of a recently staged play in Edinburgh (or Glasgow). Students will be directed to which plays to see at the start of the term and essay questions relating to these set forth to the class in week 3 will form 30% of the final mark. A short play of 20-30 minutes running time that has been drafted, critiqued, and revised will form 60% of the final mark. The final 10% of the mark will be peer assessment of class participation. This is a class on short play writing. As such, this final work must be a single short play­ with a beginning, a middle, and an end­­not a collection of scenes nor an excerpt from a full length play. Page 103
English Literature Fourth Year Semester Two Option Course Writing the Body Politic The course will aim to examine a selection of texts exploring the reinvention of cultural identity in American poetry from Walt Whitman to the present day. Because the course encompasses such broad cultural and intellectual movements as "Transcendentalism," "Modernism" and the "Postmodern," issues of cultural identity and value will be examined in a context that also enable students to examine the nature and utility of these more general ideological formations. The term "body politic," while inescapably cultural and political in its primary emphasis, is also intended to facilitate discussion of those issues of sexuality and gender that inflect cultural and political subjectivities. SEMINAR SCHEDULE Week 1: Introductory Class. Week 2: Emerson: Self-Reliance / Experience. Week 3: Walt Whitman, Song of Myself. Week 4: Emily Dickinson, Collected Poems. Week 5: Hart Crane, The Bridge. Week 6: No Class - Flexible Learning Week Week 7: Robert Frost, Selected Poems. Week 8: George Oppen, Of Being Numerous. Week 9 : ESSAY COMPLETION WEEK Week 10: Robert Lowell, Selected Poems. Week 11: Adrienne Rich, The Fact of a Doorframe Week 12: John Ashbery, Selected Poems Selected Bibliography Allen, Gay Wilson. Waldo Emerson: A Biography. NY: Viking P, 1981. Bauerlein, Mark. The Pragmatic Mind: Explorations in the Psychology of Belief. Durham: Duke UP, 1997. Levin, Jonathan. The Poetics of Transition: Emerson, Pragmatism & American Literary Modernism. Durham: Duke UP, 1999. Myerson, Joel. ed. A Historical Guide to Ralph Waldo Emerson. NY: Oxford UP, 1999. Packer, B. L. Emerson's Fall : A New Interpretation of the Major Essays. NY: Continuum, 1982. Poirier, Jr. Richard, ed. Ralph Waldo Emerson. NY: Oxford UP, 1990. --- . The Renewal of Literature: Emersonian Reflections. NY: Random, 1987. Porte, Joel. ed. Emerson, Prospect and Retrospect. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1982. Bauerlein, Mark. Whitman and the American idiom. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1991. Crawley, Thomas E. The Structure Of Leaves Of Grass. Austin, U of Texas P, 1971. Erkkila, Betsy. Whitman the Political Poet. NY: Oxford UP, 1989. Page 104
Gardner, Thomas. Discovering Ourselves in Whitman: The Contemporary American Long Poem. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1989. Miller, James E. The American Quest for a Supreme Fiction: Whitman's Legacy in the Personal Epic. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1979. Cameron, Sharon. Lyric Time: Dickinson and the Limits of Genre. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1979. Chase, Richard V. Emily Dickinson. NY: Dell, 1965. 30 Dickie, Margaret. Lyric Contingencies: Emily Dickinson and Wallace Stevens. Philadelphia: U of Penn. P, 1991. Diehl, Joanne F. Dickinson and the Romantic Imagination. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 1981. Farr, Judith. ed. Emily Dickinson: A Collection of Critical Essays. NY: Prentice Hall, 1996. Miller, Cristanne. Emily Dickinson: A Poet's Grammar. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1987. Clark, David R. ed. Critical Essays on Hart Crane. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1982. Leibowitz, Herbert A. Hart Crane; an introduction to the poetry. NY: Columbia UP, 1968. Lewis, R. W. B. The poetry of Hart Crane; a Critical Study. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1967. Quinn, Vincent G. Hart Crane. NY: Twayne, 1963. Schwartz, Joseph. Hart Crane, a reference guide. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1983. Trachtenberg, Alan. ed. Hart Crane: a Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, NJ Prentice-Hall, 1982. Gerber, Philip L., ed. Critical Essays on Robert Frost. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1982. ---. Robert Frost. Boston: Twayne, 1982. Hall, Dorothy J. Robert Frost: contours of belief. Athens: Ohio UP, 1984. Poirier, Richard. Robert Frost: The Work of Knowing. New York: Oxford UP, 1977. Squires, Radcliffe. The major themes of Robert Frost. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1963. Axelrod, Steven G. Robert Lowell: life and art. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 1978. Fein, Richard J. Robert Lowell. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1979. Hart, Henry. Robert Lowell and the Sublime. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse UP, 1995. Martin, Jay. Robert Lowell. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P 1970. Perloff, Marjorie. The poetic art of Robert Lowell. Ithaca, Cornell UP 1973. Rudman, Mark. Robert Lowell, an introduction to the poetry. NY: Columbia UP, 1983. Heller, Michael. Speaking the Estranged: Essays on the Poetry of George Oppen (Cambridge: Salt, 2008). Naylor, Paul Kenneth. "The Pre-Position "Of": Being, Seeing and Knowing in George Oppen's Poetry," Contemporary Literature 32 (1) 1991. Nicholls, Peter. George Oppen and the Fate of Modernism (Oxford: OUP, 2007). - - - . "Of Being Ethical: Reflections on George Oppen," Journal of American Studies 31 (1997). Perloff, Marjorie. "The Rescue of the Singular," Contemporary Literature 43 (3) 2002. Altieri, Charles. Self and Sensibility in Contemporary American Poetry. NY: Cambridge UP, 1984. Keyes, Claire. The Aesthetics of power: The Poetry of Adrienne Rich. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1986. Martin, Wendy. An American Triptych: Anne Bradstreet, Emily Dickinson, Adrienne Rich. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1984. Herd, David. John Ashbery and American Poetry (2000). Lehman, David (ed). Beyond Amazement: New Essays on John Ashbery (1979). Shapiro, David. John Ashbery: An Introduction to the Poetry (1979).Shetley, Vernon. After the Death of Poetry: Poet and Audience in Contemporary America (1993). Shoptaw, John. On the Outside Looking out: John Ashbery's Poetry (1994). Vincent, John. Queer Lyrics: Difficulty and Closure in American Poetry. (London: Palgrave, 2002). - - - . John Ashbery and You: His Later Books. (Athens: University of Georgia, 2007). Ward, Geoff. Statues of Liberty: The New York School of Poets (1993). Page 105

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