The first record of the banana prawn Fenneropenaeus merguiensis (De Man, 1888)(Crustacea: Decapoda: Penaeidae) from the Mediterranean Sea, T Özcan, BS Galil, K Bakır, T Katağan

Tags: Fenneropenaeus merguiensis, the Mediterranean, Turkey, Institute of Oceanography, Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research, aquaculture facilities, Tel Aviv University, Israel, aquaculture facility, banana prawn, Bella S., Izmir, Turkey Email, Aquatic Invasions, Bay of Iskenderun, Invasive aquatic species of Europe, Lessepsian migration, invasive species, pp, World Conservation Union, penaeid prawn, Fenneropenaeus merguiensis color pattern, University, Department of Marine Biology, Fisheries Faculty
Content: Aquatic Invasions (2006) Volume 1, Issue 4: 286-288 DOI 10.3391/ai.2006.1.4.13 © 2006 The Author(s) Journal compilation © 2006 REABIC ( This is an open access article
Short communication
The first record of the banana prawn Fenneropenaeus merguiensis (De Man, 1888) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Penaeidae) from the Mediterranean Sea Tahir Цzcan1, Bella S. Galil2*, Kerem Bakir1 and Tuncer Kataan1 1Ege University, Department of Marine Biology, Fisheries Faculty, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Turkey Email: [email protected] 2National Institute of Oceanography, Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research, POB 8030, Haifa 31080, Israel Email: [email protected] *Corresponding author Received 7 November 2006; accepted in revised form 10 November 2006
Abstract A bilaterally ablated female banana prawn, Fenneropenaeus merguiensis, collected in the Bay of Iskenderun, southeastern Turkey on 6 October 2006, is likely an escape or an inadvertent release from an aquaculture facility. Because of the high permeability of aquaculture facilities, all introductions should be administered as to avoid unintentional releases or escapes into the wild. Key words: Fenneropenaeus merguiensis, Decapoda, Turkey, Mediterranean, aquaculture, alien
An adult female specimen of Fenneropenaeus merguiensis (De Man, 1888), length of carapace (measured dorsally from the orbital margin to the posterior margin of the carapace) 53 mm, was collected in Iskenderun Bay, Turkey, (between 36°30'75"N, 35°59'70"E and 36°35'03"N, 36°59'77"E) on 6 October, 2006, at a depth of 20-35m, by the fishing boat ERKAN. The specimen was deposited at the national collections, Tel Aviv University, Israel (TAU AR-27825). Eight species of alien penaeid prawns occur in the Levant Basin, eastern Mediterranean, all of them known from the Turkish coast: Marsupenaeus japonicus (Bate, 1888), Metapenaeus monoceros (Fabricius, 1798), Penaeus semisulcatus de Haan, 1844, Melicertus hathor (Burkenroad, 1959), Metapenaeopsis aegyptia Galil, 1990, Metapenaeopsis moigensis consobrina (Nobili, 1904), Metapenaeus
stebbingi (Nobili, 1904), and Trachysalambria palaestinensis (Steinitz, 1932). The first three species are highly prized and compose most of the prawn catch from the coast of Egypt and the Nile delta lagoons (Dowidar and Ramadan 1976, Bishara 1976), the Israeli coast (Pisanty and Grofit 1991, Galil 1993, Snovsky and Shapiro 1999), as well as the Bay of Iskenderun, Turkey (B. Yokes, pers. com.). However, that boon came at the expense of the native penaeid prawn, Melicertus kerathurus (Forskеl, 1775). Geldiay and Kocatas (1972) reported that off the southern coast of Turkey the native prawn had been replaced by M. japonicus in fisheries catches. All the alien penaeids had entered the Mediterranean through the Suez Canal. Indeed, all but one (M. aegyptia), had been collected from the Canal. Fenneropenaeus merguiensis (Figure 1) is distinguished from the other alien penaeid prawns in the Mediterranean in its distinctive
The first record of Fenneropenaeus merguiensis
color pattern, and by the following combination of characters: high rostral crest, rostrum armed with 6-7 dorsal teeth, 3-5 ventral teeth; adrostral carina short of the epigastric tooth; sixth abdominal somite bearing three cicatrices; telson unarmed; thelycum closed, lateral plates rounded, meeting along midline. Fenneropenaeus merguiensis occurs in the Indo-West Pacific ocean, from the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea, to New Guinea, Australia, New Caledonia and Fiji (Pйrez Farfante and Kensley 1997). The species is "commercially of major importance in the Persian Gulf and in Pakistan" (Longhurst 1970, Holthuis 1980: 43), where it is commonly captured on muddy and sandy bottoms, mostly at depths of 10-45 m (Siddeek et al. 1999). The global farm production of F. merguiensis was 219,309 tons in 1999 (Hoang 2001): it is raised in extensive ponds in Southeast Asia, and in semi-extensive ponds in Australia, Thailand, Indonesia, and elsewhere (Gundermann and Popper 1975, Holthuis 1980). Because unilateral and bilateral eyestalk ablation is commonly used in aquaculture for inducing maturation of gonads, there is no doubt that the bilaterally ablated mature female specimen collected in the Bay of Iskenderun escaped or was inadvertently released from a nearby aquaculture facility. Market-driven demands for alien fish and shellfish are on the rise with the increasing affluence of Mediterranean countries. This, coupled with the crisis in wild fisheries, has created a surge in development of marine aquaculture (mariculture) farming along the shores of the Mediterranean in the last twenty years. Two commercially-important shellfish, Crassostrea gigas and Ruditapes philippinarum, were intentionally introduced to the Mediterranean in the 1960s and 1970s, respectively, and are implicated in the arrival of scores of alien species (Ribera Siguan 2002, Occhipinti-Ambrogi 2002). Because of the high permeability of aquaculture facilities, all introductions for the purpose of aquaculture should be regarded and administered as possible, even probable, introductions into the wild. To reduce environmental and other risks, the responsible ministries and the aquaculture industry need to pursue management practices that prevent escapes and reduce the number of inadvertent releases. Proper decision protocols,
Figure 1. Fenneropenaeus merguiensis (De Man, 1888), female, 53 mm, Iskenderun Bay, Turkey (TAU AR-27825), lateral view (photo by Tahir Цzcan) containment, contingency planning, and end-user education are proactive means of coping with potentially invasive species (ICES 2005, Hewitt et al. 2006). Acknowledgements The authors thank Captain M. Dцnmez (F/V Erkan) for providing specimens. B.S. Galil was supported by the EC specific targeted project Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE, see also (SSPI-CT-2003-511202). References Bishara N (1976) Contributions to the biology of penaeid prawns in Lake Manzalah, Egypt. I. Growth studies and length-weight relationship. Aquaculture 8: 337-349 Dowidar NM and Ramadan SE (1976) Family Penaeidae from the Mediterranean waters of Egypt. Thalassia Jugoslavica 8: 121-126 Galil BS (1993) Lessepsian migration: New findings on the foremost anthropogenic change in the Levant Basin fauna. In: Della Croce NFR (ed) Symposium Mediterranean Seas 2000 307-318 pp. Geldiay A and Kocatas A (1972) A report on the occurrence of Penaeidae (Decapoda, Crustacea) along the coast of Turkey from eastern Mediterranean to the vicinity of Izmir, as a result of migration and its factors. 17e Congrйs International de Zoologie (Monte Carlo, 1972). 7 pp. Gundermann N and Popper D (1975) Experiment in growing Penaeus merguiensis (de Man, 1888) in a fish pond in Fiji. Aquaculture 6(2): 197-198
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Hewitt C, Campbell M and Gollasch S (2006) Alien species in aquaculture ­ Considerations for responsible use. IUCN, World Conservation Union, Global Marine Programme. 32 pp Hoang T (2001) The banana prawn ­ the right species for shrimp farming? World aquaculture 32(4): 40-44 Holthuis LB (1980) FAO Species Catalogue. Volume 1. Shrimps and Prawns of the World. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, volume 1: 1-271 ICES 2005. ICES Code of practice on the Introductions and Transfers of Marine Organisms 2005. 30 pp Longhurst AR (1970) Crustacean Resources. In: Gulland, W.M. (ed). FAO Fisheries Tech Pap. 97: 252-305 Occhipinti-Ambrogi A (2002) Current status of aquatic introductions in Italy. In: Leppдkoski E., Gollasch, S., Olenin S. (eds) Invasive aquatic species of Europe, Distribution, impacts and management. Kluwer, Dordrecht. pp. 311-324
Pйrez Farfante I and Kensley B (1997) Penaeoid and sergestoid shrimps and prawns of the world, keys and diagnoses for the families and genera. Mйmoires du Musйum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris 175: 1-233 Pisanty S and Grofit E (1991) Limiting effort in the Israeli trawl fishery. Fisheries and Fishbreeding in Israel 24: 100133. [English Abstract] Ribera Siguan MA (2002) Review of non-native marine plants in the Mediterranean Sea. In: Leppдkoski E., Gollasch, S., Olenin S. (eds) Invasive aquatic species of Europe, Distribution, impacts and management. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 291-310 Siddeek MSM, Fouda MM and Hermosa GV (1999) Demersal fisheries of the Arabian Sea, the gulf of Oman and the Arabian gulf. Estuarine, Coastal and shelf Science 49, Suppl. A, 87-97 Snovsky Z and Shapiro J (1999) The fisheries and Aquaculture of Israel 1997 in figures. Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Fisheries, xii+42 pp.

T Özcan, BS Galil, K Bakır, T Katağan

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Title: The first record of the banana prawn Fenneropenaeus merguiensis (De Man, 1888) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Penaeidae) from the Mediterranean Sea
Author: T Özcan, BS Galil, K Bakır, T Katağan
Subject: Aquatic Invasions
Keywords: Fenneropenaeus merguiensis; Decapoda; Turkey; Mediterranean; aquaculture; alien
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