The International law of patents and development countries, H Kaur

Tags: Intellectual Property Rights, Paris Convention, Industrial Property, Intellectual Property, Patent System, pp, International, Geneva, Foreign Trade, United States, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, Journal of World Trade, New Delhi, India, Patent Law, Uruguay Round, Diplomatic Conference, GATT, Developing Countries, Revision, International Trade, New York, Journal of World Trade Law, Patent Protection, Agreement, Property Rights, Paris, Protection of Industrial Property, United Kingdom Patents Act, Industrial Designs, Madrid Agreement, Documents Siener, United Kingdom, Conductor Products, European Community, Intellectual Property Law, World Patent Convention, International Patent System, European Patent Law, Economic Sovereignty, vol, Perspectives on Technology, Geneva Agreement, International Recognition, Commission of the Cartagena Agreement, United Republic of Tanzania, Transnational Corporations, United Kingdom Patents, European Patent Convention, Indian Journal of International Law, International Law, Trade Negotiations Committee, National Trade Estimate Report, Federal Drug Committee Report, Indian Pharmaceutical Industry, Rural Advancement Foundation International, International Patent, Uruguay, Indian Constitution, Copyright Law, GATT Panel, United States Senate, Free Trade Agreement, Multilateral Trade Organisation, Patent Act, Protection Act, World Intellectual Property Organisation, Patent Cooperation Treaty, Lisbon Agreement, Preparatory Intergovernmental Committee, Berne Convention, United Nations, Patents Act, North American Free Trade Agreement
Content: BIB LIOORAPHY ffiiMARY SOtECES A. ~ventions and Agreements Agreement Establishing the Multilateral Trade Organisation, 15 11ecsnber 1993. Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual property rights, including Trade in Counterfeit Goods, 15 Decan ber 1993. Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, 9 Septanber 1%~6, as revised at Paris on 24 July 1971. Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure, 28 April 1977. Commission of the Cartagena Agreement --Decision 85 adopted at the thirteenth Special Session, 27 May - 5 June 1974. Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), 14 July 1967. Convention on Biological Divers! ty, 5 June 1992. Convention on International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants of 2 December 1961 as revised at Geneva on 10 November 1972 · , on 23 October 1978 and on 19 March 1991. European Patent Convention, 5 October 1973. Final Act Embodying the Results of the Uruguay Roun:i of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, 15 December 1993. Framework Understanding on Bilateral Trade and Investment (United States, Mexico and Canada), 1988. Free Trade Agreement between United States aro Canada, 1 January 1989. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 1969. Geneva Agreement Establishir:t9 the International Patent Docunentation Centre (INPAI:)(X;), 2 May 1972.
730' Geneva Treaty on the International Recording of Scientific Discoveries, 3 March 1978. Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellat ions of Origin and their International Registration, 31 October 1958. Locarno Agreement Estab~hing an International Classification for Industrial Designs, 8 October 1968. Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks, 14 April 1891. Madrid Agreanent for the Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods, 14 April 1891. Nairobi Treaty on the Protection of the Olympic Symbol, 26 September 1981. Nice Agreement concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Regi str at ion of Marks, 15 June 1957. North American Free Trade Agreement, December 1992. Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property of 20 March 1883 as revised at Brussels on 14 December 1990, at Washington on 2 June 1911, at "the Hague on 6 Noieminber 1925, at London on 2 June 1934, at Lisbon on 31 October 1958 and at Stockholm on 14 July 1967 and as amended on 2 October 1979. Patent Cooperation Treaty, 19 June 1970. Strasbourg Agreement concerning International Patent Clas-stfication (IfC), 24 March 1971. Str asbourg Convention on the Uni ficat&on of Certain Points of Substantive Law on Patents for Invention, 1963. The Hague Agreement concerning the International Deposit 9f Industrial Designs, 6 November 1925. Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948. Vienna Agreement Establishing Classification of the Figurative Elements of Marks, 12 June 1973.
731 B. State and Regional Legislations Brazilian Code on Industrial Property, Law 5722, 1971. Canadian Patents Act, 1935. Costa Rica Act No. 6219 of 1978. Denmark's Semiconductors Protection Act, 1987. Ecuador, D2.G.ree 951, 1977. European Community Commission's Directive on Semi- Conductor Products, 1986. European Community's Co unci 1 Directive on the Legal Protection of Computer Programs, 14 May 1991. European Community's Draft Council Regulation on Community Breeders' Rights, 1988. Federal Republic of Germany's Ssni-Gonductor Chips Protection, 1987. France Semi-Conductor Chips Protection Law, 1987. French Patent Act of 5 July 1844. French Patent Act of 13 July 1978. German Patent Act, 1981. German Patent Acts of 1877 and 1881. Indian Atomic Energy Act No. 33 of 1962. Indian Eviden_c_e Act, 1872. Indian Patents Act No. 39 of 1970. Indian Patents (Amencinen~ Ordinance No. 13 of 1994. Italian Patent Law (Royal Decree No. 1127 of 29 June 1939) as ameooed by om Nc. 338 of 22 June 1979. Japanese Act concerning the Circuit layout of Semi-Coooucto.r integrated Circuits, 1985. Japanese Patent Law No. 121 of 1959. Malaysian Patents Act, 1983.
732 Mexican Law on Inventions and Marks of 30 December 1975. Mexican New Patent Law of 1986. Netherland's Semi-conductor Chips Protection Law, 1987. People's Republic of China's Patent Law of l2 March 1984. Peruvian Industrial Property Regulations of 1977. Peruvian Legislative Decree No. 18350 of 27 July 1970. Philippines Presidential Decree No. 1263 of 1978. Republic of Korea PatentLaw 950 of 1961 as amended in 1963 and 1973. Russian Law on Inventions, 31 May 1991. Spanish Patent Act of 1986. Sri Lankan Code of Intellectual Property Act, 1979. Sweden Semi--Conductor Chips Law, 1986. Switzerland's Unfair Competition/Ssni-Conductor Chips Law, 1986. Taiwan, Province of China, Patents (Amendment) Law of 1985. Thailand Patent Act B.E. 2522 of l2 September 1979. United Kingdom Patents Act,~..~ 1907. United Kingdom Patents Act, 1949. United Kingdom Patents Act,-.__ 1977. United Kingdom Semi-conductor -chips Law No. 1497, 1987 United Republic of Tanzania's Patent Act No. 1 of 1987. United States Generalized System of Preferences Renewal Act, 1984. United States International Protection Act, 1985. United States Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 23 August 1988.
733
United States Patents Act, 1952. United States Patent Term Restoration Act, 1984. United States Piracy/Counterfeiting Amendments Act, 1982. United States President's Guidelines of 18 June 1986. United States Semi-Conductor Chip Protection Act, 1984. United States Technology Transfer and Intellectual Property Protection Act, 1986. United States, The Stevenson Wydler Technology Innovation Act, 1980. United States Trade Act, : 1974. United States Trade and Tariff Act, 1984.
C. United Nations Resolutions and Documents
Siener al ASsembly Resolutions
217A(III), 10 DecEmber 1948. 1713 (XVI), 19 December 1961. 2626 (XXV), 24 October 1970. 3346 (XXIX), 17 December 1974. 3362 (S-VII}, 16 September 1975.
United Nations Publications
The Role .of Patents in the Transfer of Technology to
·
developing countries (New York, 1964). United Nations
Publication Sales No. 65.II.B.l.
The Role of the Patent System in the Transfer of Technology to Developing Countries (New York, 1975). United Nations Publication Sales No. E. 75.II.D.6.
An International Code of Conduct on Transfer of Technology (New York, 1975). United Nations Publication Sales No. E.75.II D.15.
734 Handbook on the acquisition of technology by developing countries (New York, 1978). Doc. UNCTAD/TT/AS/5, · Decenber 1978, United Nations Sales No. E. 78.II 0.15. Uruguay Round : Papers on Selected Issues (New York, 1989), UNCTAD/ITP/10. Technology, Trade Policy and the Uruguay Round {New York, 1990) , UNCTAD/ITP/23. URUGUAY ROUND: Further Papers on Selected Issues (New York, 1990), UNCTAD/ITP/42. Year Book of the United Nations (New York). United Nations Centre on Transnational Corporations Documents National Legislation and Regulations Relating to Transnational Corporations (New York, 1978), Doc. ST/CTC/6. Transnational Corporat~ons and the R'larmaceutical Industry (New York, 1979), Doc. ST/CTC/9. Transnational Corporations in the Pharmaceutical Industry of Developing Countries (New York, 1984) , Transnational Corporations in World Development {New York, 1988). United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Resolutions anct Docunen ts UNCTAD Resolution 39(III), 16 May 1972. UNCTAD Committee on Transfer of Technology Resolution 3(1), 5 DecE!ITlber 1975. The Role of the Patent System in the Tr-ansfer of Technology to Developing Countries, TD/B/AC/ 11/19, 23 April 1974. The Role of the Patent SystEm in the Transfer of Technology to Developing Countries, TD/B/AC/11/19 Rev.1, 1975. The International Patent System as an Instrument of Policy for National Development, TD/B/C.6/AC.2/3, 24 July 1975.
735 An International Code of Conduct on tr ansf er of technology, Doc. TD/B/C.6/AC.1/2/Supp.1/Rev.1, 1975. Report of the Committee on Transfer of Technology, first session, 24. November - 5 December 1975, TD/8/593. The Role of the Patent System in the Transfer of Technology to Developing Countries: Conclusions of Experts from Developing Countries, Anex 111 to the UNCTAD, ~eport of the Committee on Transfer of Technology, First session, 24 November-5 December 1975. Industrial Property in Latin America and its Role in Development and Economic Integration, TD/B/C.o/16, 10 December 1975. Promotion of national scientific and technology capabilities and revision of the Patent System, TD/B/C.6/AC.2/2. Promotion and Encouragement of Technological Innovation: A Selective Reviev..: of Policies and Instruments, TD/B/C.6/ 139. The International Patent System : The Revision of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, TD/B/C.6/AC. 3/2, 28 June 1977. Hand book on the acquisition of technology by developing countries, UNCTAD/77/A 3/5, December 1978. Review of recent trends in Patents in developing countries, TD/3/C.6/AC.5/3, 24 November 1981. Guidelines on Techno.logy in the- Rlarmaceutical Sector in the Developing Countries (New York, 1982). Trends in Inte.rnat~onal Iran sf er o.f Technology to Developing Count.ri es by Small and Medi un sized Companies, Doc. TD/B/C.6/138, 1986. j Technology -Related Polici~s and Legislat.~.on in Ch,nging Economic and Technolog1cal Environment, TD/B C.6 146, 8 August 1988. Trade -Related ASpects of Intellectual Property Rights: Analysis of Proposals and their Possible Implications for Developing Countries and Suggestions regarding Possible Approaches, Doc. UNCTAD/MTN/INT/CB/5, 1988.
736
Historical trends in protection of technology in developed countries and their relevance for developing countries, UNCTAD/ITP/TEC/18, 26 December 1990. Technology Indicators and developing countries, UNCTAD/ ITP/TEC/19, 22 January 1991. Industrial Property Protection and Technological Innovation : A Case study of the United Republic of Tanzania, UNCTAD/lTP/TEC/17, 24 January 1991. Trade and D.evelopnent F.eport (New York, 1991).
United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Documents Guidelines for the Acquisition of Foreign Technology in Developing Countri E>S with Special reference to technology licence agreements (New York, 1973). National Approaches to the Acquisition of Technology (New York, 1978), Doc. ID/ 187. Patent Examination in Developing Countries - paper prepared by the WIPO at the request of the Executive Director of UNIOO, Third General Conference of UNIDO, New Delhi, India, 21 January - 8 February 1980, ID/CONF. 4/1b, 17 December 1979.
D. Uru ua Round Docunents and other· Re rts of the General Agreement on Tarl. s ana Tr e
United States Imports of Certain Automative Spring Assemblies :GATT Panel, Report of 2b May 1983, GATT, BISD, Thirtieth Supplement, 1984.
United States Manufacturing C!ause : GATT Panel, Report of 1o May 1984, GATT, BISD, Thirt-y first Supplement ( 1983-84).
GATT, Trade Policies for a better future : Proposal
for action (Geneva, 1985).
·
Ministerial Declaration on the Uruguay Roundof Multilateral Trade Negotiations, Punta del Este, 20 Sept ember 1986.
737 Decision of the Trade Negotiations Committee on Mechanism for Surveil! ance of Stand still and Rollback, 28 January 1987. Decisions of the Trade Negotiations Committee on Negoti ati()g Structure and Pl~ns for the Uruguay Round, 28 January 1987. United States Framework Proposal to GATT Concerning Intellectual Property Rights, 28 October 1987. Proposal by Switzerland for adoption of an amendment to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, GATT Doc. MTN. GNG/NG.11/W/25, 29 June 1988. Guidelines and Objectives Proposed by the European Community for the Negotiations on Trade Related Aspects of Substantive Standards of Intellectual Property Rights, GATT Doc. MTN/GNG/~G.17/W/ 2o,July 1988. Decisions of the Trade Negotiations Committee adopted at Mid-Term Review of the Uruguay Round, 8 April 1989. Applicability of the Basic Principles of the GATT and the Relevant International Intellectual Property Agreements or Conventions, Doc. No. MTN/GNG/N:3/ 11/W/39, 5 September 1989. GATT, 1988 World Trade Growth up Sharply, Strong 1989 possible (Geneva, 1989). Proposal by the European Community to the 1RIPS Negotiating Group : Draft Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, 2 April 1990. Draft Final Act Embodying the Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiatr\ons, MTN, TNC/WfF A, 20 De-c-an ber 1991. Final Act Emboyding the Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiati-ons, MTN/fA, 15 Decenber 1993. Agreement on Trade~elated Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, including Trade in Counterfeit Goods, MTN/FA II-AIC, 15 Decenber 1993. Ministerial Decision on Measures in Favour of Least Developed Countries, Doc. MTNfFA, Part III.I, 15 December 1993.
738 E. World Intellectual Property Organisation Documents Seminar on the role of Patents and trademarks in industrial d evelopnent with particular reference to the transfer of technology, WIR) Doc. B S/5, 18 September 1973. Model Law for Developing Countries on Inventions (Geneva, 1979), volume 1: Patents, WIPO Publication 840(E). Diplomatic Conference on the Revision of the Paris Convention, Geneva, 4 February to 4 March 1980: Basic Proposals (Drafts approved or forwarded to the Diplomatic Conference by the Preparatory Intergovernmental Committee and other proposals refer red to in the Provisional Rules of Procedure of the Diplomatic Conference, ffi/DC/3, 25 June 1979. WIPO-UWJASIA Seminar on Industrial Property (Geneva,1983). Final Summary Minutes of the First Session of the Diplomatic Conference on the Revi s1.on of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, Geneva, 4 February to 4 March 1980, FR/SM/3, 12 September 1983. Final Summary Minutes of the Meetings of the Plenary and of Main Committee I held during the Second Session of the Diplomatic Conference on the Revision of the Paris Convention, Nairobi, 28 September to 24 October 1981, FR/SM/6, 23 December 1983. Final Summary J.:inutes of the Meetings of Main Committee II and III held during the Second Session of the Diplomatic Conference on the Revision of the Paris Convention, Nairobi, 28 September to 24 October 1981, ffi/SM/6 Add. , 23 December 1983. Final S\.lllillary Minutes of the [email protected] of the Plenary and of Main Committee I held during the Thtrd Session of the Diplomatic Conference on the Revision of the Paris Convention, 4 to 30 October 1982 and 23 to 2 7 November 1982, ffi/SM/9, 20 February 1984. Synoptic Tables Concerning Articles I, 5A and 5 quater of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Iooustrial Property, Diplomatic Conference on the Revision of the Paris Convention, ffi/DC/INF /51, September .1984.
739 Final S\mil'l ary Minutes of the Fourth Session of the Diplomatic Conference on the Revision of the Paris Convention, Geneva, 27 February to 24 March 1984, ffi/SM/ J2, 31 May 1985. Report of the First Consultative Meeting on the Revision of the Paris Convention, Geneva, 1985, ffi/CM/1/3. Committee of Experts on biotechnological inventions and Industrial Property Report on Industrial Property Protection of Bio-technical Inventions, BioT/CE/11/2, 5 November 1985. Report of the Second Consultative Meeting on the Revision of the Paris Convent1on, Geneva, 1987, ffi/CM/11/1. Report of the Third Consultative Meeting on the Revision of the Paris Convention, Geneva, 1987, PR/CM/III/I. Studies and analyses dealing with legal matters concerning intellectual property in respect of Integrated Circuits (Study No. 1, Sui generis approach), IPIC/ February 1988. Revised Suggested Solutions BioT/CE/IV/3, 24 June 1988. Report of the Committee of Experts on Biotechnological Inventions and Industrial Property, WIPO, Doc. BioT/CE/IV/4, October 1988. Background Reading Material on Intellectual Property (Geneva, 1988), WIPO Publication o59 (E). Report of the Sixth Consultative Meeting on the Revision of the Paris Converttion : Geneva, 1989, ffi/CM/VI/1. Diplomatic Conference for the Conclusion of a Treaty Supplementing the Paris Convention as far as Patents are conc-erned, The Hague, 3 June to 28, 1991: The ·Basic Proposal· for the Treaty and the Regulations, PLT/DC/3, 21 Decenber 1990. Internation-al Union for the Protection of Industrial Property (Paris Union), Assembly, Seventeenth Session (8th Ext.raordinary) Geneva 29 and 30 April 1991, P/A/XVII/2, 30 April 1991.· The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property and the Patent Cooper at1on Treaty, WO/INF /80, September 1991.
740 Wiro National Workshop on Intellectual Property Teaching, Delhi, 21-25 October 1991, WIFO/IP/DEL/91/4 bis, October 1991. F. Government Documents Canada Royal Commission on Patents, Copyright and Industrial Designs, Report on Patents of Inventions (Ottawa: Queen ·s Printer, 19t:>O). Department of Consumer and Corporate Affairs of Canada, Working Paper on Patent Law Revision, June 1976. Department of Consumer and Corporate Affairs of Canada, Studies on a Possi'lle Amendment ot Articles 48 and 4 bis (5) ot the Paris Convention, .:n.PO Doc. ffi/GE/III/ 7, annex I. India Goverr.ment of India -Resolution of 10 October 1948 Industrial Policy Resolution, 1956 Scientific Policy Resolution, 1958. Chand, Justice Bakshi TeK., Report ot the Patents Enquiry Committee 1~48-50 {Government ot India Press). Ayyanger, Justice N. Rajagopala, Report on the Revision ot the Patents Law (New Delhi : Government _of India press, September 1959). Report of the Committee on Drugs and H"larmaceuticals lMinistry of Petroleum and Chemicals, Government of India, April 1Y75). Annual Reports ot the Controller GeA-er- al of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks unci er Section 155 ot the Patents Act, 1970 (Government ot India Press). Standards and Principles Concerning the Availability, Scope and Use of Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights embodying India's stand on Intellectual Property Rights Controversy (New Delhi: Government ot India Press, 12 July 1989).
741 Heserve Bank of India, Foreign Collaborat.Lon in Indian Industry, Fourth Survey Report, 1985. United Kingdom Swan Committee, Report on the Review of the Patent System, 1947. The British Patent System : Report of the Committee to Examine the Patent System and Patent Law (London, 1970). Machlup, F., An Economic Review of the Patent System, Study No. 15 of the United States Senate Sub-Committee on Patents, Trademarks and Copyrights (Washington D.C. : United States Government Printing Office, 1958). Federal Drug Committee Report, Drugs and Cosmetics (Washington, 23 March 1970). United States Senae, Bill for the general reform and modernization of the patent laws, 1973. United States Senate, Bill for the Transgenic Animal Patent Reform ActJ( 13 September 1988. United States Senate, Introduction of a Supplemental Appropriation Provision to bar the PTO from spending funds during 1987 to grant patents am genetically altered or modified animals, May 1987. United States Trade Representative, National Trade Estimate Report, 28 April 1989. G. Other Publications Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Publications Main Science and Technology Indicators 1981-1987 (Paris, 1988). Competition Policy and Intellectual Property Rights (Paris, 1989) ·
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