da Silva, JF GRAZIANO

Tags: FAO, social protection, World Organisation for Animal Health, people all over the world, Voluntary Guidelines, Caribbean States, da Silva FAO, Sustainable Development Agenda, African Union, United Nations General Assembly, global markets, Responsible Governance, exchange rates, AMIS, OIE, tenure rights, veterinary science, National Food Security, wheat breeder, ACHIEVEMENTS, sustainable fisheries, poverty reduction, agriculture, FAO Conference, sustainable agriculture, Food and Agriculture, United Nations Conference, Responsible Fisheries, Committee on World Food Security, developing countries, The Green Revolution, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, World Health Organization, Dr. Norman Borlaug, environmentally sustainable, Codex Alimentarius Commission
Content: 1945
`If we all do our part, together we can achieve zero hunger during our lifetimesґ Josй Graziano da Silva FAO Director-General
2015
Our ACHIEVEMENTS
1 In 1963, the Codex Alimentarius
Commission was established by FAO and the
World Health Organization (WHO). The objective
was to develop harmonized international food
standards, guidelines and codes of practice
for the protection of consumers' health and the
promotion of fair practices in food trade. Codex
Alimentarius is Latin for "food code" or "food
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law" and its role is to ensure safe, good food for
everyone, everywhere.
2 The Green Revolution of the
1960s and 1970s, saved millions of people
from starvation. It was achieved by an
unprecedented increase in the cultivation of
high yielding varieties of cereals, principally
wheat and rice, in developing countries,
especially Mexico and India. Dr. Norman
Borlaug, the US-born wheat breeder, who
is considered the `Father of the Green
Revolution', had been contracted by FAO to
conduct an extensive study the results of which
would lead to the introduction of improved
varieties of wheat developed in Mexico into
other countries, especially India, and the
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identification and training of young scientists
who would go on to lead the development
of agriculture in their countries. An important
legacy of the Green Revolution is the
establishment of the Consultative Group on
International Agricultural research (CGIAR). In
1970, Borlaug was awarded the Nobel Peace
Prize in recognition of his work.
3 In 1974, in collaboration with other
organizations, FAO launched a programme
that eradicated "river blindness"
in a dozen West African countries, sparing
40 million people from infection and another
600 000 from blindness. According to the
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Our Origins and Mission FAO was founded in 1945 at a time when the world was emerging from World War II. Its mandate was to cover all aspects of food and agriculture and achieve a world without poverty and hunger In 1943 during the United Nations Conference on Food and Agriculture, 44 governments gathered to find a way to eliminate poverty, hunger and malnutrition in the world. The lofty aims set out by its founding Charter included the realization that political and economic agreements were not enough. Their shared vision was to use agriculture, the proven engine of poverty reduction, to contribute to improving living standards, especially for the rural poor, in an economically, socially and environmentally sustainable way. All of FAO's work and efforts are built on its five strategic objectives; help eliminate hunger, make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable, reduce rural poverty, enable inclusive and efficient agricultural systems, and increase the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises. In 2015 we celebrate 70 years of unique history and achievements. The 70th Anniversary also offers an opportunity to reflect on the past and envision ways in which the Organization can make a difference in the future, drawing on expertise built over seven decades.
I5009E/1/10.15
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World Health Organization (WHO), river blindness is the fourth-leading cause of preventable blindness after cataract, glaucoma and trachoma. 4 In 1995, the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries was adopted by FAO Member Countries to promote sustainable fisheries. The Code provides a framework for national and international efforts to ensure sustainable exploitation of aquatic living resources, in harmony with the environment. 5 In 2001, the legally binding International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture was adopted by the FAO Conference. The treaty encouraged sustainable agriculture through the equitable sharing of genetic material and its benefits among plant breeders, farmers and public and private research institutions. 6 In 2008, rising food prices led to widespread protests forcing governments to take measures, including the reforming of the Committee on World food security (CFS). This was an attempt to prevent the recurrence of similar crises and to address problems both the long and short-term. The CFS, where FAO is an active member, has been the platform for the negotiation of issues such as the Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security, the Principles for Responsible Investment in Agriculture and Food Systems, and the Framework for Action for Food Security and Nutrition in Protracted Crises. 7 In 2010, the G20 tasked various international organizations with proposing ways of reducing the likelihood of excessive food price spikes. As a result in 2011, the Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS) was created, an interagency platform to enhance transparency in global food markets and promote policy
coordination in times of crisis. AMIS, which is hosted by FAO analyses factors that could influence global markets of wheat, maize, rice and soybeans such as crop growing conditions, exchange rates, energy prices, and the cost of fertilizers. It also detects situations that require policy action, bringing main exporting and importing countries together and helping to identify appropriate policy responses.
8 In 2011, in a historic victory for veterinary
science, FAO and the World Organisation for
Animal Health (OIE) announced the successful
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eradication of rinderpest. This deadly
and highly contagious viral disease affected
several species of wild and domestic cloven
hoofed animals, notably cattle and buffalo.
9 In 2012, the Committee on World Food
Security officially endorsed the Voluntary
Guidelines on the Responsible
Governance of Tenure of Land,
Fisheries and Forests in the Context
of National Food Security in order to promote
secure tenure rights and equitable access to land,
fisheries and forests. Since then, implementation
has been encouraged by not only the most
advanced global economies, such as the G7
and G8, but also by the G20, Rio+ 20, United
Nations General Assembly and Francophone
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Assembly of Parliamentarians. The key message
of the Voluntary Guidelines is that improving the
governance of tenure, recognizing and protecting
legitimate tenure rights, contributes to food
security and nutrition, especially for the most
vulnerable rural populations.
10 In 2013, FAO elevated its main goal from
"reducing" to "eliminating" global hunger. This
decision has been matched by unprecedented
international political commitment by national
governments and regional groupings, including
the Community of Latin American
and Caribbean States (CELAC), and
the African Union, whose leaders in 2014
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committed to eradicating hunger by 2025.
Our FUTURE a world free of hunger Over the last 70 years, FAO has made an important contribution to helping the millions of hungry people all over the world. Still, according to the most recent trends, around 800 million people still go to bed hungry. If we adopt a "business as usual" approach, by 2030, we would still have more than 650 million people suffering from hunger. Eliminating chronic undernourishment by 2030 is a key element of the Goal 2 of the Sustainable development Agenda recently adopted by the international community. It is also at the heart of the Zero Hunger Challenge. FAO is committed to playing its part in ending poverty and hunger by 2030. This can be achieved by combining public provision of social protection with additional pro-poor investments in agriculture and rural development. To achieve the greatest impact, the majority of "zero hunger" investments should target goods and services for the poor and vulnerable in rural areas where over 80% of the poor live. Building on the successes of the past 70 years, FAO will redouble its efforts to contribute to the greatest feat of all; a world without hunger. The challenge of Zero Hunger means: · Zero stunted children under 2 years of age · 100% year-round access to adequate food · All food systems are sustainable · 100% increase in smallholder productivity and income · Zero loss or waste of food
© FAO, 2015
70 Years of fao (1945-2015) THE BOOK With this publication we want to mark the 70th anniversary of the founding of FAO as the United Nations Agency for Food and Agriculture. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS Viale delle Terme di Caracalla - 00153 Rome, Italy www.fao.org

JF GRAZIANO

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