Report to the Board of Education Urbana School District on the State of our Schools, S Thompson

Tags: Range Minimum Maximum, Variance, Valid N, COMMUNITY, Avg, Average Mean, constituencies, the community, Students Community Agreement, Parental Support, stdnts, District's schools, major indices, Accountability, research paper, Samuel Thompson, Minimum Maximum, Students, Organizational COMMUNITY, Curriculum Assessment, support students, target areas, Collaboration, Accountability index, Disagreement, Climate Index, areas of concern, Communication for teachers, Parent Support, survey questions, Board of Education Urbana School District, Students Community, Resource index, Leadership Of The School of Education St. John's University
Content: 1 Report to the Board of Education Urbana School District on the State of our Schools A Research Paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for EDU 5655 Data analysis Professor Jonathan Hughes, Ph.D. Of the Division of Administrative and Instructional Leadership Of The School of Education St. John's University Oakdale, N.Y. By Samuel Thompson and Garner Bass
2 Introduction: Like all large systems, the Urbana school system is a complex, interdependent system made up of important constituencies. The researchers were asked to survey those constituencies; consisting of students, teachers, parents and the community at large, in an effort to understand their viewpoints around the state of our system and areas that should be maintained and those that are in need of improvement. Careful attention was paid to the variable of anonymity in an effort to ensure that responses were honest and ultimately valid. As such, while no research is without its flaws, the researchers sought to ensure validity through the frequency of questions that were asked and the number of respondents asked. Above all else, the researchers sought to ascertain an honest picture of the state of our schools.
3 Research Methodology Four surveys consisting of a range of survey questions from 97 to 101 questions (see Appendices A-P for complete list of survey questions by index) were distributed to the four major constituencies. Of those surveys, the number of respondents included, 396 students, 164 parents, 164 teachers and 46 community members. The initial analysis of the data included looking at the four major constituencies and determining the most and least important priorities for them. The researchers then organized the data into a proven research framework. The questions were categorized into Dr. Frank Smith's Advocacy Design Center (ADC) Model. This framework divides school organizations into the four major categories of Instruction, Organization, Governance and Accountability (IOGA). For the purpose of this study, these are defined as follows: Instruction: All questions related to the instructional process, assessment and the work of teaching and learning. Organization: All questions that revolve around the manner by which the schools are organized and the subsequent effect on teaching and learning. Governance : All questions that describe the way in which the Board, and schools within the district and its constituencies are governed and operate. Accountability: All questions that relate to the manner by which the district informs the public and its constituent members on the issues that impact the schools within the district.
4 Within those larger categories, indices were created in an effort to better understand the data in a more meaningful and precise manner. Instructional indices include: 1. Curriculum Practice ­ This index includes questions that describe the day to day teaching and learning that goes on in classrooms. 2. Curriculum Assessment ­ This index includes questions that relate to the ways in which student growth is measured using various forms of assessment. 3. Teacher Support- This index includes the questions that relate to the ways in which teachers support students both in and out of the classroom. Organizational indices include: 1. Climate (Tone/Safety) - This index includes all questions that relate to the climate and general conditions of the District's schools with an emphasis on safety and tone. Governance indices include: 1. Resources ­ This index includes all questions that refer to budget, available resources and the ways in which the District utilizes its resources. 2. Collaboration and Communication between Constituencies ­ This index relates to all questions that refer to the manner by which the various constituencies communicate within themselves and with each other. Additionally, it also includes questions that
5 revolve around collegiality amongst all staff members including teachers and administrators. Accountability indices include: 1. Community Support ­ This index includes all questions that refer to the degree by which the community is accountable to the District, its schools, and students. 2. Parental Support- This index includes all questions that refer to the degree by which Parents are accountable to their children, the District, and its schools. 3. Educational Perceptions ­ This index includes all questions that describe the ways the District and its schools are perceived by the various constituencies. 4. Educational Expectations ­ This index includes all questions that describe the ways various constituencies hold expectations of each other, the District, and schools relative to educational outcomes. Excluding the nominal biographical data, the questions on the surveys were ordinal with a response of "1" representing strongly agree, "2" agree, "3" undecided, "4" disagree, and "5" strongly disagree. In order to understand the data, the questions were ordered within each of the ten major indices. They were then placed into their framework assignation and then ranked based on the mean of responses. As mean was used as the main vehicle for understanding this meta- study, it is of note that a mean below 2 represents an index category that demonstrates agreement amongst the majority of respondents in a particular constituency. Conversely, a mean score above 2 would suggest
6 movement towards disagreement. A mean score above 3 would suggest disagreement by a particular constituency on a given index. Any score above 3 is certainly a target area of concern for the district (See Appendices A-P for each index, the questions included in it, and its mean score). After compiling the index questions, mean score for each index and, constituency, the mean was determined. This led to an overall mean score for each of the indices by constituency.
7
Findings
The summative findings are represented by the tables below:
Table 1- Summative Means for all Indices
Conceptual Framework Categories INSTRUCTIONAL
Indices
Teachers Parents
Curriculum Practice
2.01
2.41
INSTRUCTIONAL
Curriculum Assessment
2.25
2.34
INSTRUCTIONAL
Teacher Support
1.72
2.56
ORGANIZATIONAL
Climate (Tone/Safety)
2.46
2.57
Students 2.58 2.38 2.2 2.81
Community 2.8 2.66 3.12 2.87
GOVERNANCE
Resources
3.12
2.62
3.28
3.28
Collaboration
&
GOVERNANCE Communication 3.01
2.56
2.97
3.23
btw
Constituencies
ACCOUNTABILITY Community
N/A
3.56
2.6
3.29
ACCOUNTABILITY
Parental Support
2.83
1.91
2.55
2.11
ACCOUNTABILITY
Educational Perceptions
2.1
2.21
2.46
3.04
ACCOUNTABILITY
Educational Expectations
2.73
2.44
2.27
3.19
8
Table 1a- Summative Means for all Indices
Framework INST. INST. INST. ORG. GOV.
GOV. ACCT. ACCT. ACCT. ACCT.
Index Teachers
Curr. Prac. 2.01
Curr. Tchr. Climate Resources Collab Commty. Parental Percept. Expect.
Assmt. Supp.
&
Supp.
Supp.
Comm.
2.25
1.72 2.46
3.12
3.01
N/A
2.83
2.10
2.73
2.41 2.34
2.56 2.57
2.62
Parents
2.56
3.56
1.91
2.21
2.44
2.58 2.38
2.20 2.81
3.28
Students
2.97
2.60
2.55
2.46
2.27
2.80 2.66
3.12 2.87
3.28
Community
3.23
3.29
2.11
3.04
3.19
The findings on this table reveal many important understandings about the District and its constituencies. The highlighted yellow/orange columns represent the most significant index in their framework category. The means highlighted in blue represent means that show agreement. Means highlighted in red show significant disagreement. In the columns, numbers highlighted in purple denote movement toward disagreement in significant index.
9 The indices where there appears to be agreement are minimal. They include teacher questions around their practice and the degree to which they support students. Additionally, parents believe they support students. What makes these indices noteworthy is the vast level of disagreement within the index by varying constituencies. Most notably, in the Instructional index, the teachers believe strongly that they support students, however, no other constituency does. In fact, the community overwhelmingly disagrees with a mean score of 3.12 in regard to teacher support of students. See graph below: Graph 1: Instruction: Teacher Support Index
Average Mean
3.5
3
2.5
2
1.72
1.5
1
0.5
0 Teachers
2.56 Parents
3.12 2.2 Students Community
Agreement Disagreement
10 A similar phenomenon exists in the Accountability index for Parental Support. According to parents, they are in strong agreement that they support the students in the district. The data suggests that they hold this belief solely. In fact, teachers hold a mean score of 2.83 in regard to parental support. See graph below:
Graph 2: Accountability: Parent Support Index
Average Mean
3.5
3
2.83
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
0 Teachers
1.91 Parents
2.55 2.11 Students Community
Agreement Disagreement
These indices reveal a critical finding. While both teachers and parents believe they support students, neither constituency believes the other does. Additionally, the other constituencies
11 including the community at large and even the students themselves do not believe that students are supported. The area of Organization is represented by the Climate Index. The climate index included questions around safety and school tone. In this index, the scores range from 2.46 ­ 2.87. These mean scores suggest a community and district that does not feel comfortable or safe in their schools. See graph below:
Graph 3: Organization: Climate Index
Average Mean
3.5 3 2.46 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 Teachers Agreement Disagreement
2.57 Parents
2.81
2.87
Students Community
The area of Governance is best represented by the Resource index. According to this index, there is a great deal of concern by all constituencies in regard to resources. This is represented by a range of mean scores from 2.62 ­ 3.28. Additionally, three of the four constituencies had a mean
12 score above 3 in this category. This suggests that this is a target areas of concern due to a high level of disagreement by all constituencies with regard to the availability of resources. See graph below. Graph 4: Governance : Resource Index
3.5 3.12 3
2.5
Average Mean
2
1.5
1
0.5
0 G
Teachers
2.62 Parents
3.28
3.28
Students Community
Agreement Disagreement
Beyond the aforementioned indices, there are several targeted areas suggested by mean scores above 3. These areas are notable, because they represent significant degrees of disagreement around important questions of instruction, organization, governance, and accountability. They include Collaboration and Communication for teachers and the community. Community support
13 as stated by parents and the community itself. Additional target areas include perceptions of the schools and schooling by the community and the community's expectations for the students and schools.
14 Conclusions and Recommendations The Urbana School district has constituencies that care very much about their schools, students and the community at large. The data reveal many areas of concern for the indices of Curriculum Practice, Assessment, Teacher Support, Climate, Resources, Collaboration and Communication, Community Support, Parental Support, Perceptions and Expectations. However, they also reveal a foundation upon which to build. First steps toward progress should include the following: · Greater collaboration amongst all constituencies through the establishment of a community-wide task force. This task force should be comprised of members from each constituency to address the target areas of concern around resources, safety, and accountability. · Parent workshops, run by school personnel, to support student achievement and foster meaningful between teachers and parents. · The creation of real world curriculum projects to foster citizenship and pride in the community and improve overall community relations with students. · A comprehensive professional development and curriculum alignment plan to assist teachers in developing curricula that fosters rigor, depth of understanding, and engagement.
15 Appendix Appendix A Instruction TEACHERS ­ Curriculum Practice Avg. Mean: 2.01
Q19: Teachers familiar with other grade-level instruction Q7: Curriculum Emphasizes Skills Q48: Assign workbk pages and dittos Q66: Need more time to wk with clsmates Q43: Small group work done in class Q56: Let stdnts work on what interests them Q91: Try to get stdnts to question reading,TV Q55: Students work together on projects Q44: Provide class time for discussion Q75: I encourage stdnts to do creative work Q26: I Stress reasons for what I teach Q64: I organize small stdnt wk groups Q51: Relate class to current issues Q50: Don't mind student ?s in class Valid N (listwise)
N 100
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.15
1.301
100
4
1
5
2.84
1.590
95
4
1
5
2.66
1.524
97
4
1
5
2.45
1.125
100
4
1
5
2.13
1.084
99
3
1
4
1.95
.681
99
4
1
5
1.83
.715
100
3
1
4
1.81
.539
100
3
1
4
1.71
.572
101
4
1
5
1.59
.384
101
3
1
4
1.56
.328
100
3
1
4
1.56
.330
98
3
1
4
1.53
.355
101
1
1
2
1.37
.234
89
16
TEACHERS ­ Curriculum Assessment Avg. Mean : 2.25
Q98: Videotape oral reports? Q36: Grade stndts by my acad. standards Q96: I assign independent research projts Q41: Penalize for incomplete work Q97: Stdnts do oral reports Q68: Give choices in assignments Q47: Provide optional assignments Q37: Grade on basis of effort Q94: Give writing assignments once a wk Q38: Provide cls time for stdnt projects Q39: I give challenging assignments Q63: I give enough tests Q34a: I reviewed homework... Q67: Stdnts have # of ways to demo learning Q34: Frequency of homework I assign Q40: Provide time for stdnts to finish assignments Q32: I let students know when they do well Valid N (listwise)
N 92 96
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.73
1.453
2.71
1.472
92
4
1
5
2.63
1.334
99
4
1
5
2.59
1.368
94
4
1
5
2.41
1.385
98
4
1
5
2.35
.992
99
3
98
4
97
21
1
4
2.25
.885
1
5
2.16
.942
1
22
2.07
5.068
99
3
1
4
2.02
.693
98
4
1
5
1.87
.694
95
3
1
4
1.83
.482
96
4
1
5
1.82
1.600
100
2
1
3
1.75
.311
97
4
1
5
1.60
1.639
100
3
1
4
1.55
.331
101
3
1
4
1.16
.195
85
17
TEACHERS ­ Teacher Support Avg. Mean: 1.72
Q93: Aware of what stdnts do after school Q16: Teachers exchange information about students and instruction Q10: I am available for help Q87: I worry about how stdnts doing in school Q35: Make self available for help Q61: I enjoy working with my students Q29: Interested in students as individuals Q33: Try to help students material Valid N (listwise)
N 99
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
2.60
1.182
99
4
1
5
2.48
1.395
100
4
1
5
1.71
.935
99
4
1
5
1.63
.543
101
3
1
4
1.45
.330
102
3
1
4
1.43
.406
101
4
1
5
1.25
.308
101
2
1
3
1.22
.192
96
18 Appendix B Organization TEACHERS- Organization Average Mean: 2.46
Q59: Most colleagues enjoy working here Q74: I feel safe in our school Q23: Admin encourages teamwork Q73: Admin cares about students &future Q83: Princ. interested in what I teach Q8: Teachers feel pressured... Valid N (listwise)
N 102 100 98
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
4
1
5
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.17
1.210
2.69
1.671
2.59
1.357
101
4
1
5
2.20
1.180
99
4
1
5
2.12
1.067
100
4
1
5
1.97
1.484
95
19 Appendix C Governance TEACHERS ­ Resources Avg. Mean: 3.12
Q57: Stdnts use computers for assignments Q12: Materials and resources available Q81: Student home computer access? Q92: Stdnt have access to home computers Q79: Stdnts can use computer to help Q89: I help stdnts use library effectively Q85: Take stdnts of ed. field trips? Q90: I use library regularly Valid N (listwise)
N 95
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.80
1.502
98
4
1
5
3.76
1.362
101
4
1
5
3.75
.968
97
4
1
5
3.47
1.648
97
4
1
5
3.23
1.823
95
4
1
5
2.64
1.062
95
4
1
5
2.39
1.411
97
4
1
5
1.89
1.060
89
20
TEACHERS ­ Collaboration and Communication Between Constituencies Avg. Mean: 3.01
Q18: Climate of teacher empowerment exists Q17: Teachers and parents work together closely Q21: Bd/Comm Support Q15: District has adequate staff development Q22: Involved in Materials Selection Q24: Have input into student decisions Q20: Teachers and Administrators relationships are positive Q82: Princ. knows faculty as individuals Q14: Staff continue to seek improvement Q80: Comfortable discussing problems Q84: I participate in prof. outside groups Valid N (listwise)
N 101
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.96
1.158
100
4
1
5
3.78
1.042
101
3
2
5
3.56
.948
101
4
1
5
3.50
1.292
99
4
1
5
3.43
1.248
100
4
1
5
3.31
1.509
101
4
1
5
3.23
1.518
100
4
1
5
2.34
1.580
100
4
1
5
2.25
1.280
100
3
1
4
1.88
.470
99
4
1
5
1.87
.625
96
21
Appendix D Accountability TEACHERS ­ Parental Support Avg. Mean: 2.83
Q11: Parents are supportive Q49: Students get homework help @ home Q88: Stdnts talk about school wrk at home Q77: Stdnts' families satisfied with grades Q95: Parents interested in school work Q46: Doing well important to families Valid N (listwise)
N 101 96
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.34
1.226
3.00
.926
98
4
1
5
2.92
1.333
101
4
1
5
2.82
.808
99
4
1
5
2.51
1.028
98
4
1
5
2.38
.938
92
TEACHERS ­ Educational Perceptions Avg. Mean: 2.10
Q25: Good job preparing students for society Q62: Students can work independently Q72: Stdnts do best they can Q86: Stdnts think what learned is import? Q71: Stdnts proud of school work Q27: % of students whose needs I meet Q13: Staff members do a good job Q42: Students interested in what I teach Q30: My classes are interesting to students Q28: I'm proud of my teaching Q52: Interested in students' opinions
N 101
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.51
1.232
98
4
1
5
2.61
1.477
100
4
1
5
2.45
1.018
98
4
1
5
2.40
.984
99
4
1
5
2.27
.996
97
4
1
5
2.23
.865
100
4
1
5
2.06
.926
97
3
1
4
1.98
.500
101
3
1
4
1.68
.499
101
4
1
5
1.45
.490
101
2
1
3
1.43
.267
22
Q53: I care if students learn
or not
101
1
1
2
1.20
.160
Valid N (listwise)
90
TEACHERS- Educational Expectations Avg. Mean: 2.73
Q9: Curriculum meets student abilities Q70: Academic wk too hard for stdnts Q69: Stdnts use library effectively Q60: Stdnts responsible for their learning Q58: Students like challenging work Q54: Stdnts feel good grades important Q65: Stdnts can learn on own with time Q76: Students do best they can Q45: Doing well important to students Q78: Given chance, stdnts can do imaginative work Q31: I clearly communicate expectations Valid N (listwise)
N 100
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.53
1.282
98
4
1
5
3.48
1.098
98
4
1
5
3.30
1.283
101
4
1
5
3.15
1.488
98
4
1
5
3.04
1.318
99
4
1
5
2.70
1.193
100
4
1
5
2.67
1.435
100
4
1
5
2.57
1.116
99
4
1
5
2.48
1.252
101
4
1
5
1.83
.601
101
3
1
4
1.31
.275
94
23 Appendix E Instruction PARENTS- Curriculum Practice Avg. Mean: 2.41
Q97: chld learns job skills in school Q9a: curriculum meets needs of stdnts Q19: tchrs know other levels of curriculum Q56: stdnts can work on interesting projects Q38: class-time provided for stdnt projects Q66: stdnts need to work more with others Q26: tchrs stress reasons for whats taught Q91: stdnts asked to question reading Q34: Tchrs assign homework Valid N (listwise)
N 290
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
2.85
1.552
290
4
1
5
2.68
1.449
291
4
1
5
2.65
1.131
296
4
1
5
2.52
1.240
295
4
1
5
2.50
1.237
291
4
1
5
2.50
1.058
295
4
1
5
2.46
1.331
296
4
1
5
2.18
1.063
281
4
1
5
1.40
.806
245
PARENTS- Curriculum and Assessment Avg. Mean: 2.34
Q68: tchrs give stdnts choices of assignments Q37: tchrs grade on effort-not quality Q96: tchrs assign research projs/papers Q41: stdnts penalized for incomplt work Q63: tchrs give enough tests Q40: enough time provided for homework Q67: test only 1 way to measure learning Q36: Chld graded fairly on work quality Valid N (listwise)
N 295
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
2.66
1.170
293
4
1
5
2.55
1.269
287
4
1
5
2.54
1.417
288
4
1
5
2.45
1.210
293
4
1
5
2.29
.809
293
4
1
5
2.17
.923
290
4
1
5
2.08
1.060
298
4
1
5
2.01
1.067
265
24
PARENTS- Teacher Support Avg. Mean: 2.56
Q29: tchrs interested in indivual stdnts Q10: teachers help students Q61: tchrs like their students Valid N (listwise)
N 297 293 296 285
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
4
1
5
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
2.75
1.308
2.54
1.427
2.41
1.104
25 Appendix F Organization PARENTS- Climate(Tone/Safety) Avg. Mean: 2.57
Q49: bad students interfere with my chlds learning Q74: I feel safe in our schools Q20: schls generally safe Q48: stdnts should be thrown out when bad Q83: principal interested in what's taught Q47: schls have serious discpln problems Valid N (listwise)
N 292 297 297 293
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
4
1
5
4
1
5
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.03
1.552
2.90
1.551
2.89
1.714
2.44
1.870
299
4
1
5
2.30
1.212
296
4
1
5
1.91
1.287
282
26 Appendix G Governance PARENTS- Collaboration and Communication Between Constituencies Avg. Mean: 2.56
Q16: Bd. responsive to parents and comm Q17: tchrs & prnts work together on goals Q15: dist has staff development progm Q21: Bd and comm support tchrs & prncpls Q23: Schls encourage teamwork Q18: prnts listened to about stdnt needs Q82: principal tries to know parents Q64: PTO is positive force in schls Q24: I have input regarding my chld Valid N (listwise)
N 296
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
2.84
1.585
293
4
1
5
2.82
1.576
286
4
1
5
2.69
.932
291
4
1
5
2.62
1.208
293
4
1
5
2.54
1.325
295
4
1
5
2.50
1.700
297
4
1
5
2.45
1.722
289
4
1
5
2.35
1.166
297
4
1
5
2.26
1.485
265
PARENTS- Resources Avg. Mean: 2.62
Q12: necessary resources for teachers Q81: chld has computer avail at home Q57: my chld uses computers at school Q92: chld can use computer at school Q79: chld can use computer to help him Q90: I use libraries Q55: class sizes too large
N 296
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.09
1.455
285
4
1
5
3.07
1.956
286
4
1
5
2.64
1.706
291
4
1
5
2.62
1.444
294
4
1
5
2.48
1.458
292
4
1
5
2.26
1.293
292
4
1
5
2.23
1.511
27
Valid N (listwise)
261
28
Appendix H Accountability PARENTS- Community Support Avg. Mean: 3.56
Q98: chld has after school/wkend job Valid N (listwise)
N 274 274
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.56
1.793
PARENTS- Parental Support Avg. Mean: 1.91
Q84: I participate in PTO Q11: understand and support schl goals Q22: prnts have input into running schls Q89: I help chld use library effectively Q85: I do educational things with my chld Q87: worry about how chld is doing in school Q88: chld talks about schl work at home Q75: I encourage chld to be creative Q80: chld discusses problems with me Q94: I've read chld's papers(research) Q50: I don't mind schl questions from chld Q32: I tell my chld when doing well in schl Q93: know what my chld does after schl Q33: I help chld with homework Q35: I make sure chld does homework Q95: interested in what chld does in schl Q51: I help chld learn schl import to future
N 287 295
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
2.90
1.479
2.77
1.568
299
4
1
5
2.73
1.465
293
4
1
5
2.20
1.091
291
4
1
5
2.09
1.109
295
4
1
5
1.95
1.110
298
4
1
5
1.90
1.017
296
4
1
5
1.81
.712
297
4
1
5
1.77
.949
293
4
1
5
1.73
.829
296
4
1
5
1.67
.987
294
4
1
5
1.62
.707
296
4
1
5
1.59
.779
298
4
1
5
1.53
.775
300
4
1
5
1.49
.719
296
4
1
5
1.45
.642
296
4
1
5
1.38
.723
29
Valid N (listwise)
254
PARENTS- Educational Perception Avg. Mean: 2.21
Q70: academic wrk too hard for my chld Q60: stdnts are responsible for learning Q44: schls should focus on personal needs Q28: schls doing as well as they can Q8: too much social promotion Q65: stndts can learn mostly on own Q43: schls should just focus on academics q7: teach the basic skills adequately Q30: the schl is interested in my chld Q59: our teachers like their work Q69: my chld uses library effectively Q73: Principal cares about stnds & futures Q78: my chld can do imaginative work Q71: my chld is proud of schl work Q76: my chld does best (s)he can Q86: stdnts think their learning is important Q42: chld feels must get good grades Q72: chld does best (s)he can Q45: Doing well important to my chld Q52: interested in chld's opinions
N 293
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.54
1.188
293
4
1
5
2.99
1.911
292
4
1
5
2.87
1.486
301
4
1
5
2.80
2.098
292
4
1
5
2.74
1.453
292
4
1
5
2.65
1.499
293
4
1
5
2.54
1.544
298
4
1
5
2.40
1.540
296
4
1
5
2.34
1.338
295
4
1
5
2.32
1.068
295
4
1
5
2.26
1.243
297
4
1
5
2.14
1.275
296
4
1
5
2.00
.885
295
4
1
5
1.98
.962
296
4
1
5
1.95
1.079
296
4
1
5
1.89
.943
298
4
1
5
1.85
1.042
295
4
1
5
1.83
.985
296
4
1
5
1.56
.749
297
4
1
5
1.42
.583
Q53: I care if chld learns what's taught Q46: chld doing well important to me Valid N (listwise)
30
297
4
1
5
1.42
.670
297
4
1
5
1.34
.618
262
PARENTS- Educational Expectations Avg. Mean: 2.44
Q25: stdnts prepared for role in society Q27: schls meet needs of what % of stdnts Q9: curriculum meets abilities of stdts Q13: schools educate most students Q77: I'm satisfied with chld's grades Q31: Admins communicate expectations Q14: teachers communicate expectations Q39: tchrs give challenging assignments Q58: my chld likes hard assignments Q62: chld works on own without prompting Q54: my chld feels must get good grades Valid N (listwise)
N 299
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
2.79
1.684
290
4
1
5
2.76
1.580
290
4
1
5
2.73
1.400
295
4
1
5
2.63
1.695
296
4
1
5
2.49
1.580
290
4
1
5
2.46
1.135
299
4
1
5
2.41
1.356
292
4
1
5
2.33
1.093
293
4
1
5
2.29
1.140
292
4
1
5
2.26
1.258
293
4
1
5
1.73
.850
258
31
Appendix I Instruction STUDENTS- Curriculum Practice Avg. Mean: 2.58
Q37: We spend a lot of time on computers. Q28: My time is spent doing workbooks and dittos. Q29: Assignments are too hard. Q23: We spend a lot of time in small groups. Q21: My T's give too much homework. Q36: We do a lot of projects of interest. Q71: My T's get us to question... Q77: We make presentations of our reports. Q76: We do independent research in class. Q74: We have writing work > once a week. Q46: I need time to work with classmates Q64: I spend time thinking about after school. Q44: In groups, I'm with right classmates. Q17: My T's treat students fairly. Q42: We spend time working independently Q35: We work with other students on projects. Q80: We lran a lot of history & geography. Q73: We learn a lot about science. Q59: I learned to use a computer in school Q41: My T's like working with us.
N 602
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
4.07
1.503
604
4
1
5
3.33
1.960
600
4
1
5
3.20
1.676
608
4
1
5
3.14
2.016
604
4
1
5
2.95
2.351
587
4
1
5
2.91
1.983
587
4
1
5
2.83
1.857
595
4
1
5
2.76
1.841
595
4
1
5
2.72
1.783
594
4
1
5
2.66
2.012
591
4
1
5
2.65
1.687
595
4
1
5
2.63
2.063
580
4
1
5
2.61
1.859
607
4
1
5
2.61
1.727
596
4
1
5
2.51
1.877
594
4
1
5
2.49
1.927
596
4
1
5
2.41
1.815
597
4
1
5
2.40
1.751
597
4
1
5
2.39
2.206
597
4
1
5
2.36
1.482
32
Q31: We discuss a lot of current issues.
594
4
1
5
2.26
1.458
Q20: I need more time to complete work.
603
4
1
5
2.19
1.565
Q48: I'd like more choices in
assignments
587
4
1
5
2.13
1.420
Q18: I wish I had more class
time for my interests
604
4
1
5
2.13
1.785
Q66: I feel what we learn is
important.
596
4
1
5
1.96
1.385
Q79: We learn a lot of math
in school.
589
4
1
5
1.93
1.250
Q52: I try to do my best in school.
597
4
1
5
1.65
.951
Valid N (listwise)
496
STUDENTS- Curriculum and Assessment Avg. Mean: 2.38
Q75: We write > one book report a month Q30: My T's don't mind answering my questions. Q10: My T's make classwork interesting Q16: My T's grade fairly. Q47: I'd like more ways to show what I learned Q58: I enjoy projects which use imagination Valid N (listwise)
N 595
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
2.99
2.131
603
4
1
5
2.47
1.665
603
4
1
5
2.45
1.547
598
4
1
5
2.24
1.417
591
4
1
5
2.14
1.201
594
4
1
5
2.04
1.438
558
STUDENTS-Teacher Support Avg. Mean: 2.202
Q60: I can talk to my T about a problem. Q32: My T's are interested in my opinion. Q55: T's encourage me to be creative.
N 595
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
2.79
2.100
599
4
1
5
2.37
1.607
599
4
1
5
2.32
1.528
33
Q13: T's try hard to help
me understand.
607
4
1
5
2.26
1.514
Q9: My T's are interested
in me...
605
4
1
5
2.19
1.332
Q24: We spend time in class discussing things.
605
4
1
5
2.13
1.321
Q33: My T's seem to care
if I learn.
597
4
1
5
2.09
1.478
Q15: My T's help me when
I need help.
602
4
1
5
2.02
1.074
Q11: My T's let me know
what to expect of me.
602
4
1
5
1.93
1.148
Q12: My T's let me know
when I do well
607
4
1
5
1.92
1.060
Valid N (listwise)
562
34
Appendix J Organization STUDENTS-Climate(Tone/Safety) Avg Mean: 2.81
Q54: I feel safe in school. Q53: Our Principal seems to care... Q63: Our P is interested in what we learn. Valid N (listwise)
N 597 600
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.32
2.101
2.59
2.373
592
4
1
5
2.51
1.936
588
35
Appendix K Governance STUDENTS- Collaboration and Communication Between Constituencies Avg. Mean: 2.97
Q62: Our principal tries to get to know us. Valid N (listwise)
N 594 594
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
2.97
2.146
Q78: Sometimes we're videotaped... Q65: We go on interesting field trips. Q72: If I need to use a computer, I can. Q69: I use the school library regularly. Q87: I often use the public library. Q70: I use the public library regularly. Q49: I use the library to read what I want Valid N (listwise)
STUDENTS- Resources Avg. Mean: 3.28
N 593
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.94
1.643
594
4
1
5
3.61
2.296
589
4
1
5
3.56
1.947
593
4
1
5
3.56
1.869
593
4
1
5
2.89
2.149
596
4
1
5
2.85
2.182
596
4
1
5
2.57
2.084
561
36 Appendix L Accountability STUDENTS- Community Support Avg. Mean: 2.60
Q89: I belong to groups outside school. Q81: I play games or sports after school. Valid N (listwise)
N 591
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
2.86
2.400
598
4
1
5
2.35
1.960
589
STUDENTS- Parental Support Avg. Mean: 2.55
Q61: I have a computer at home for work. Q85: I have a computer at home to learn things. Q84: I have a computer at home to play games. Q88: My family and I visit places like museums. Q68: I talk about school with my family. Q86: I often read books at home. Q90: My family is satisfied w/ my grades. Q83: I watch a lot of TV at home. Q91: My family helps with my schoolwork. Q82: My parents are interested in my work. Q26: Doing well is important to my family. Valid N (listwise)
N 592
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.57
2.228
589
4
1
5
3.47
2.372
593
4
1
5
3.31
2.491
592
4
1
5
3.23
2.135
597
4
1
5
2.47
2.011
591
4
1
5
2.46
1.686
586
4
1
5
2.22
1.528
597
4
1
5
2.16
1.778
593
4
1
5
2.16
1.649
596
4
1
5
1.62
.968
604
4
1
5
1.38
.611
558
37
STUDENTS- Educational Perception Avg. Mean: 2.46
Q19: Assignments are too easy. Q27: I have choices about what I learn. Q39: My friends enjoy this school. Q50: Schoolwork is hard for me. Q43: We take too many tests. Q45: I need more time to work by myself Q38: I like difficult assignments. Q14: Schoolwork is easy for me. Q34: We feel we have to get good grades... Q67: I worry about my schoolwork. Q22: I learn a lot in school that is interesting. Q57: I'm able to do work as well as others. Q51: I'm proud of my schoolwork. Q8: I am proud of my school work. Q40: I'm responsible for my own learning Q56: I do the best I can. Q25: Doing well in school is important to me. Valid N (listwise)
N 603
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.30
1.642
606
4
1
5
3.24
2.115
597
4
1
5
3.20
1.953
594
4
1
5
3.01
1.841
597
4
1
5
2.90
2.063
584
4
1
5
2.78
1.742
601
4
1
5
2.65
1.778
603
4
1
5
2.50
1.426
603
4
1
5
2.45
1.919
597
4
1
5
2.25
1.643
606
4
1
5
2.23
1.475
588
4
1
5
2.20
1.425
592
4
1
5
2.05
1.341
607
4
1
5
2.02
1.204
600
4
1
5
1.88
1.260
595
4
1
5
1.78
1.011
607
4
1
5
1.43
.700
543
STUDENTS- Educational Expectations Avg. Mean: 2.27
N
Range
Minimum Maximum
Mean
Variance
38
Q23: We spend a lot of
time in small groups.
608
4
1
5
3.14
2.016
Q32: My T's are
interested in my opinion.
599
4
1
5
2.37
1.607
Q13: T's try hard to help
me understand.
607
4
1
5
2.26
1.514
Q31: We discuss a lot of
current issues.
594
4
1
5
2.26
1.458
Q20: I need more time to
complete work.
603
4
1
5
2.19
1.565
Q91: My family helps with my schoolwork.
593
4
1
5
2.16
1.649
Q47: I'd like more ways
to show what I learned
591
4
1
5
2.14
1.201
Q58: I enjoy projects which use imagination
594
4
1
5
2.04
1.438
Q12: My T's let me know
when I do well
607
4
1
5
1.92
1.060
Valid N (listwise)
553
39
Appendix M Instructional COMMUNITY ­ Curriculum Practice Avg. Mean: 2.80
Q9: curriculum meets abilities of most Q82: studnts get individual attention in schls Q7: schools teach basic skills adequately Q30: schl in interesting to students tchrs Q26: stress reasons for what they teach Q38: stdnts have class time for projects sQ66: stdnts need more time to work with other stndts Q57: more creative new programs are needed Q34: teachers assign homework Valid N (listwise)
N 42
Range
Minimum Maximum
3
2
5
Mean
Variance
3.57
1.080
42
4
1
5
3.43
1.275
42
4
1
5
3.24
1.893
39
4
1
5
3.05
1.734
42
4
1
5
3.00
1.171
41
4
1
5
2.80
.761
42
3
1
4
2.71
.843
42
4
1
5
1.71
.648
32
4
1
5
1.66
1.201
31
COMMUNITY ­ Curriculum Assessment Avg. Mean: 2.66
Q9a: curriculum meets needs of most Q37: tchrs grade on effort--not quality Q68: grading system is too easy Q63: teachers give enough tests Q34a: teachers grade homework Q36: stdnts graded fairly on qual of work Q67: tests are not only way to show learning
N 42
Range
Minimum Maximum
3
2
5
Mean
Variance
3.52
1.134
40
4
1
5
2.90
.810
41
4
1
5
2.80
1.061
41
4
1
5
2.63
.788
33
4
1
5
2.48
2.508
35
3
1
4
2.17
.852
42
3
1
4
2.12
.644
40
Valid N (listwise)
29
COMMUNITY ­ Teacher Support Avg. Mean: 3.12
Q29: tchrs and admin interested in individual stdnts Q10: tchrs help individual students in need Valid N (listwise)
N 42
Range
Minimum Maximum
3
2
5
Mean
Variance
3.26
1.222
42
4
1
5
2.98
1.390
42
41 Appendix N Organizational COMMUNITY ­ Climate (Tone and Safety) Avg. Mean: 2.87
Q51: schls have positive climate for learning Q20: schls safe for stdnts and tchrs Q74: I feel safe in the schls Q49: bad stdnts interfer with good stdnts Q48: bad behaving stdnts should be thrownout schls Q47: every where have discipline probs Valid N (listwise)
N 41
Range Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean Variance
3.90
1.190
42
4
1
5
3.26
1.661
41
4
1
5
3.17
2.045
42
4
1
5
2.45
1.522
42
4
1
5
2.40
2.296
42
4
1
5
2.07
1.922
40
42 Appendix O Governance COMMUNITY ­ Resources Avg. Mean: 3.28
Q56: too many special programs in schls Q12: necessary resources provided to tchrs Q58: schl libraries are adequate Q93: community make use of schls in evenings Q80: guidance/counseling services adequate Q88: schls make use of regional resources Q75: stdnts have adequate access to computers Q40: schls provide for Special Needs stdnts Q76: schls have adequate adult ed programs Q62: schls provide opportunities for stdnts Q89: I use the public library regularly Q55: class sizes are too large Valid N (listwise)
N 41
Range
Minimum Maximum
3
2
5
Mean
Variance
3.83
.795
42
3
2
5
3.76
1.308
41
3
2
5
3.68
1.172
42
4
1
5
3.52
1.280
42
4
1
5
3.48
1.231
42
3
2
5
3.43
.934
42
4
1
5
3.40
1.515
42
4
1
5
3.33
1.593
41
4
1
5
3.10
1.140
42
4
1
5
3.10
1.259
39
4
1
5
2.38
1.348
42
4
1
5
2.38
1.315
36
43
COMMUNITY ­ Collaboration and Communication Between Constituencies Avg. Mean: 3.23
Q17: tchrs and prnts work together toward goals Q41: schls communicate programs to comm Q16: Bd is responsive to prnts and comm Q19: comm input into costs of schools Q81: Bd of Ed responsive to community Q95: admin accessible to parents and comm Q22: prnts have input into running schls Q21: Bd & comm support tchrs & principals Q23: chls encourage teamwork Q92: I know what stdnts do on wkends Q15: dist has staff development program Q64: P.T.A is positive, contributing force Valid N (listwise)
N 42
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.83
.874
42
4
1
5
3.62
1.364
42
3
2
5
3.45
1.083
38
4
1
5
3.45
1.335
42
4
1
5
3.33
1.252
42
4
1
5
3.29
1.672
40
4
1
5
3.28
1.538
41
4
1
5
3.15
1.228
42
4
1
5
3.00
1.512
40
4
1
5
2.90
1.836
40
4
1
5
2.80
.933
42
4
1
5
2.64
1.406
35
44 Appendix P Accountability COMMUNITY ­ Community Support Avg. Mean: 3.29
Q84: community has opportunities for stdnts Q97: I know students who work after school Q24: comm has input into schl decisions Valid N (listwise)
N 42
Range
Minimum Maximum
3
2
5
Mean
Variance
3.98
1.146
40
4
1
5
3.00
1.487
42
4
1
5
2.90
1.552
40
COMMUNITY ­ Parental Support Avg. Mean: 2.11
Q11: parents understand and support goals Q87: stdnts talk about schl work at home Q83: I participate in PTO Q33: I help stdnts with homework Q50: I help stdnts when they ask questions Q32: I tell stdnts when they do something well Q94: I'm interested in what stdnts do in schl Q35: I see that my chld does homework Valid N (listwise)
N 42
Range
Minimum Maximum
3
2
5
Mean
Variance
3.81
1.134
40
4
1
5
2.88
1.394
37
4
1
5
2.49
1.368
38
2
1
3
1.61
.516
38
2
1
3
1.58
.467
37
2
1
3
1.54
.477
41
4
1
5
1.54
.705
35
2
1
3
1.46
.432
33
45
COMMUNITY ­ Educational Perceptions Avg. Mean: 3.04
Q70: academic work is too hard for stdnts Q77: I am satisfied with schools Q91: boys get better education than girls Q69: grading system is too hard so stdnts quit Q90: girls get better education than boys Q71: stdnts are proud of their school Q54: stdnts are motived to achieve in schl Q42: stdnts see value of learning Q13: schls educate most students Q28: schls do as good a job as they can Q78: schls help studnts develop special talents/interests Q60: stdnts are responsible for own learning Q44: schls should focus on stdnt personal probs Q61: tchrs like their students Q59: our teachers like their work Q43: schls should focus on learning only Q65: stdnts can learn by themselves with direction Q72: stdnts do best they can in schl Q73: Principals care about stdnts Q86: I worry about how children are doing
N 41
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
4.12
.910
42
4
1
5
4.12
1.229
41
2
3
5
4.10
.640
42
3
2
5
3.98
.707
41
3
2
5
3.93
.920
42
3
2
5
3.88
.839
41
4
1
5
3.76
1.289
42
4
1
5
3.74
1.174
42
3
2
5
3.62
1.510
42
4
1
5
3.50
1.963
42
3
2
5
3.38
1.364
42
4
1
5
3.24
2.088
41
4
1
5
3.12
1.560
42
3
2
5
3.05
1.022
42
4
1
5
3.00
1.220
42
4
1
5
2.95
1.412
42
4
1
5
2.83
.923
42
4
1
5
2.83
1.654
42
4
1
5
2.48
1.573
42
4
1
5
1.62
.681
46
Q45: education is important national priority
42
4
1
5
1.62
1.168
Q52: I'm interested in stdnt opinions
42
3
1
4
1.50
.451
Q53: I care if our stndts learn
42
2
1
3
1.45
.303
Q46: that stdnts to do well in
school is important
42
1
1
2
1.10
.088
Valid N (listwise)
39
COMMUNITY- Educational Expectations Avg. Mean: 3.19
Q79: voc programs prepare stdnts for employment Q96: Students learn valuable future job skills Q27: schls meet needs of what % of stdnts Q25: schls prepare stdnts for society Q18: comm has input into performance expectations Q14: tchrs communicate expectations to stdnts Q31: Admins communicate expectations to stdnts Q39: tchrs give challenging assignments Q8: too much social promotion Valid N (listwise)
N 42
Range
Minimum Maximum
4
1
5
Mean
Variance
3.64
1.308
42
4
1
5
3.62
1.510
39
3
2
5
3.62
.927
42
4
1
5
3.50
1.329
42
3
2
5
3.43
.739
42
4
1
5
3.02
1.097
42
4
1
5
2.88
1.620
41
4
1
5
2.76
.939
42
4
1
5
2.29
1.087
38

S Thompson

File: report-to-the-board-of-education-urbana-school-district-on-the.pdf
Title: Microsoft Word - Urbana School District paperFinal rev 10 2-3.docx
Author: S Thompson
Author: Dr. Hughes
Published: Sun Oct 2 11:11:06 2011
Pages: 46
File size: 0.18 Mb


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