Discussion, Book Quizzes, East Asia, Li Peng, Deng Xiaoping, Tiananmen Square Incident, Reform & Capitalism, Japan, East Gate Book, pts, Office Hours, Makiko Nakano, Revolutionary China, READINGS, BOOK QUIZ, Opium Wars, China, Course Introduction, Imperial Rescript on Education
Instructor: David G. Atwill
e-mail: [email protected]
Course URL: http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/dga11/HIST175_2008.htm
413a WeaverOffice hours
: W 2-3:30 p.m.
and by appointment
Course Description: This course will begin by examining the end of the Asian imperial rule and early European contact with East Asia
in the 19th century
before examining the rise of democratic structures. Throughout the class we will employ a variety of political, cultural and gendered lenses to highlight the varied nature of change. This course is premised on the idea that conspicuously highlighting political and military events to the detriment of religion, culture and societal trends is an undesirable goal. Thus, students should be prepared for (and excited about) investigations into and discussions about the manner in which art, religion, philosophy and architecture offer an intimate understanding of the historical process.
Required Reading: Five books are required for this course. The primary textbook, East Asia: Identities and Change in THE MODERN WORLD
(Schoppa), is meant to serve primarily as background reading not a substitute for the lectures. The four secondary books correspond to four significant areas and eras in modern Asian history. Finally in the weeks there are no quizzes I have assigned 3 or 4 primary documents available through the course website
. Not having purchased the book (or not being able to have it shipped in time) is not a valid excuse for not reading the assignment.
TITLE: East Asia: Identities and Change in the Modern World AUTHOR: R. Keith Schoppa ISBN: 0132431467 PUBLISHER: PRENTICE HALL
TITLE: Makiko's Diary: A Merchant Wife in 1910 Kyoto AUTHOR: Kazuko Smith, Makiko Nakano ISBN: 0804724415 PUBLISHER: Stanford University
TITLE: Family AUTHOR: Pa Chin ISBN: 0881333735 PUBLISHER: Waveland Press (1988)
TITLE: When Broken Glass Floats AUTHOR: Chanrithy Him ISBN: 0393322106 PUBLISHER: W.W. Norton
TITLE: The Struggle for Modern Tibet: The Autobiography of Tashi Tsering AUTHOR: Melvyn C. Goldstein Tashi Tsering ISBN: 0765605090 PUBLISHER: East Gate Book (January 2000)
In addition, I ask that you read the New York Times
for articles relating to to the topics being discussed in class.
Videos: The other facet of this course you will soon discover is my reliance on videos, the internet and other audio elements. East Asia is likely an area only peripherally known most of you so it is not enough to simply talk about it, rather we will need to SEE, EXAMINE, and LISTEN as well. Yet, given the contentious debate over Asia's place in the past and present few treatments are completely free of bias. As a result, there is an expectation that you will watch, listen and analyze such "non-lecture" elements of my course. In this light, when I show videos I expect you to take notes, be able to summarize and use it as a source of information which you will include in your responses on the quizzes. Points: 100 pts - Attendance (more than 3 Unexcused absences
will result in 10 pts deduction per absence) 100 pts - Discussion & Participation (4 x 25 pts each unit) 300 pts - Book Quizzes (4 quizzes x 75 pts each) 500 pts - Unit Quizzes (4 quizzes x 125 pts each) 1000 pts - TOTAL final grade
s will be based according to the following breakdown: A = 1000 - 930 pts B+ = 899 - 870 pts C+ = 799 - 770 pts D = 699 - 600 pts A- = 929 - 900 pts B = 869 - 820 pts C = 769 - 700 pts F = 599 pts and below B- = 819 - 800 pts Adjustments to grades on exams are made only on the basis of demonstrable objective or mathematical errors. In accordance with university policies, grades may not be raised by means of "extra-credit" work. Ignorance of what constitutes cheating is not an excuse for dishonesty. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with Penn State
's policy's on academic integrity
and plagiarism. Anyone found cheating on an exam will receive a grade of "F" for that exam. Incompletes are only given in instances of extraordinary circumstances (health, disability, bereavement) which prevent the completion of the course -- not for low grades. In addition, a student must have successfully completed 75% of the course. Attendance, Discussion and Participation: I have found over the years that an essential element in students excelling in this course is to actually need to attend the course. As a result to encourage this 10% of your grade (100pts) will depend simply on your physical presence in class. Attendance will be taken at the start of every session. Those who miss more than three (3) days of class for reasons other than emergencies or university approved reasons will have their participation and attendance grade deducted 10 pts per unexcused absence. Alas, to do well in this course one must do more than show up. The students who desire a B-grade or above need to display through ACTIVE discussion that one has done the reading and thoughtfully engaged the material. Quality discussion also will depend on the readings being discussed with one another and responding to each other rather than routing each and every query, thought, or idea through the professor. For the few individuals who suffer from the delusion that quantity equals quality those who insist on dominating discussion with excessive comments that add little or nothing to the topic at hand will have their participation grade lowered. Book Quizzes: There will be four book quizzes which will be administered on the day that each of the books is assigned. The short quiz will test your knowledge of the material (through matching, multiple choice questions or IDs. In addition, a short written response offering your own interpretation of the book). Prior to each quiz discussion terms and questions will be provided (on-line) to suggest some themes, ideas of inquiry and possible lines of interpretation. Aside from exceptional circumstances (bodily dismemberment, coma, or a freak blowdart accident) no make-up exams will be allowed. If you must miss a class it is your responsibility to inform the instructor prior to the absence. Alternate methods of evaluation are up to the discretion of the professor. On the day there are quizzes we will also be discussing the book.
Lectures & Reading Schedule [all page numbers refer to Schoppa textbook] INTRODUCTION Aug 26 (T) Course Introduction Aug 28 (Th) "Traditional" East Asia & Western Perceptions of the "Orient" READINGS: 1-35 UNIT I: 19th CENTURY EAST ASIA Sept 2 (T) China, Great Britain
, and the Opium Wars Sept 4 (Th) Discussion: The Opium Question READINGS: 35-46 Doc 1.1 Huang Juezi, Memorial Against the Legalization of Opium (June 1838) Doc 1.2 The Opium Question Among Westerners in China (1836-7) Doc 1.3 Lin Zexu, Letter to the Queen (July 19, 1839) Sept 9 (T) - "Fleeing Asia" Japan's Rise in the World Order Sept 11 (Th) - Discussion: Makiko's Diary (BOOK QUIZ) READINGS: 149-168; 230-238; Makiko's Diary (Questions) Sept 16 (T) Tibet and the Dalai Lama: The Power of Reincarnation Sept 18 (Th) UNIT I QUIZ (Study Guide) UNIT II: ASIA'S STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE Sept 23 (T) Taisho Democracy and Japanese Militarism Sept 25 (Th) - Discussion: Men of Action READINGS: 239-255 DOC 2.1 Imperial Rescript on Education (1890) DOC 2.2 Nitobe Inazo, Bushid The Way of the Warrior (1904?) DOC 2.3 Japan's 21 Demands (1915) Sept 30 (T) China's Revolution: Chaos out of Unity Oct 2 (Th) Discussion: Family (BOOK QUIZ) READINGS: 202-219; Family (Questions) Oct 7 (T) In Search of Stability: Japan and China in the 1930s Oct 9 (Th) Discussion: Desperate Times and Desperate Measures READINGS: 219-255 DOC 3.1 Kita Ikki, Plan for the Reorganization of Japan (1919) DOC 3.2 Joseph Grew, February 26, 1936 Incident (1936) DOC 3.3 Zhang Xueliang, Manifesto on the Seizure of Jiang Jieshi (1936) DOC 3.4 Jiang Jieshi, A Fortnight in Xian (1937) Oct 14 (T) Nanjing Massacre Oct 16 (Th) UNIT II QUIZ UNIT III: NEW DIRECTIONS & NEW DILEMMAS Oct 21 (T) From the Ashes: Occupied Japan and the Yoshida Era Oct 23 (Th) Discussion: Japan's Olympics (1964) READINGS: 339-363 DOC 4.1 Rescript on the Construction of a New Japan (1946) DOC 4.2 Japan Democratic-Socialist Party
Statement (1960) DOC 4.3 A Reek of Cement in Fuji's Shadow (1964) Oct 28 (T) Revolutionary China: A New Direction Oct 30 (Th) Discussion: The Struggle for Modern Tibet (BOOK QUIZ) READINGS: 311-336; The Struggle for Modern Tibet: The Autobiography of Tashi Tsering Nov 4 (T) Vietnam's August Revolution (READING: 258-266; 293-400) Nov 6 (Th) UNIT III QUIZ
UNIT IV: ASIAN ORIENTATIONS Nov 11 (T) Reform & Capitalism in China Nov 13 (Th) Discussion: Tiananmen Square Incident (1989) READINGS: 419-438 DOC 5.1 Transcript of May 18 Meeting Between Premier Li Peng and Student Leaders (1989) DOC 5.2 Deng Xiaoping, "Address to the Officers Enforcing Martial Law in Beijing" (1989) DOC 5.3 "The Truth About the Beijing Turmoil" (1989) Nov 18 (T) Year Zero- Cambodia's Road to Liberation Nov 20 (Th) Discussion: When Broken Glass Floats (BOOK QUIZ) READINGS: When Broken Glass Floats Thanksgiving Holiday (Nov. 24-28) Dec 2 (T) Asian Cinema Dec 4 (Th) Asian Cinema II READINGS: DOC 6.1 Ozu, "Tokyo Story" DOC 6.2 Zhang Yimou, "Story of Qiu Ju" DOC 6.3 Kang Je-gyu, "Shiri" Dec 9 (T) East Asia Today: Modernization, Westernization, or Commercialization (493-519) Dec 11 (Th) UNIT IV QUIZ