People and Things, M Jeudy

Tags: Monique Jeudy-Ballini, Cultural Property, Aboriginal Culture, Aboriginal Culture Centre, Cultural Knowledge, Central Australia, Objects, Barbara Glowczewski, Bugarrigarra Nyurdany Culture Centre, Kanak Art Alban Bensa, Mother's Gift, Bernard Juillerat, Ancestral Spirits, Kava Liquid, CAROLINA ACADEMIC PRESS, Ceremonial Objects, Kava, Gratification, Redistributing 9 Exchange, Land Rights
Content: People and Things social mediations in Oceania Edited by Monique Jeudy-Ballini and Bernard Juillerat CAROLINA ACADEMIC PRESS Durham, North Carolina
Contents
Foreword
xi
Introduction The Social Life of Objects
Monique Jeudy-Ballini and Bernard Juillerat
3
Meanings and Efficacy of the Object
4
Social Mobility of the Object in Space and Time
7
Accumulating for the Sake of Redistributing
9
Exchange and Violence
10
On Some Paradoxical Forms of Exchange
11
Receiving without Having Given/Giving without
Receiving/Receiving or Not Receiving
11
Incorporating the Object
12
Receiving without Consuming
13
Hiding, All the Better to Show
(Showing, All the Better to Hide)
13
Inalienability: Possessing without Putting into Circulation
17
Objects, Personhood and Society
18
The Object as Person
19
Relation to the Object, Relation to the Other,
Object-Relation
22
Chapter 1 Subjects and Objects in Samoa
Ceremonial Mats Have a "Soul"
Serge Tcherkйzoff
27
The Misunderstanding About Some Ceremonial Objects:
Are They "Objects"?
27
The Mandatory Gift, Mauss and Samoa
29
Samoan Mats, Mandatory Gift-giving and Land
31
V
VI
Contents
The Permanence of Mats: Reference to a Set Point and
Objects that Circulate
34
Mats as "Gifts of Life"
36
The Efficient Object
36
The Ifoga Rite in Case of Murder
37
The Myth of the Mat that Saves by "Enveloping Life"
39
Mats and the Soul
42
Mats, the Soul and the Land
45
Mats, the Soul and Symbolism
46
The Soul and Symbolic Efficacy
46
The Imaginary and the Symbolic
47
Generalization
48
Chapter 2 The Kava Ritual and the Reproduction
of Male Identity in Polynesia
Franзoise Douaire-Marsaudon
53
General Remarks on Kava
54
The Consumption of Kava in the Pacific Islands
54
The Plant and the Drink
55
The Ritual
56
A Ritual Evoking the Ancestral Spirits
58
A Ritual Associated with the Chiefdom
and the Title System
58
A Male Ritual
59
What the Myths Say about Kava
61
The Sacrifice of the Leprous
Girl
61
The Cannibalistic Murder
64
Relations Based on Debt
67
An Ancestral Seminal Substance
68
Metamorphoses
68
On Kava Roots as Bones and Kava Liquid as Semen
69
The Symbolic Production of Male Identity
72
The Kava Ritual and Men's Initiation Ceremonies
72
Virility, the Prerogative of Polynesian Chiefs
75
Is a Woman Enough to Make a Man?
76
Chapter 3 Surrogates for Humans and for Gods
Maurice Godelier
79
I. T H E BARUYA: A N EXAMPLE OF A SOCIETY WITH
GIFT-EXCHANGE, N O T POTLATCH
79
Baruya Sacred Objects
81
Contents
vu
Sacred Objects: Gifts from the Sun, and the Spirits
to the Baruya's Mythic Ancestors
81
What is Concealed Inside a Sacred Object?
82
Concerning Things Repressed Which Enable People
to Live in Society
84
Salt Money and Valuables
85
Concerning the Sociological Conditions Permitting the
Emergence and the Development of Potlatch Societies
87
Concerning the Metamorphosis of an Object of Trade
into a Gift-Object or a Sacred Object
93
II. THE DIS-ENCHANTED G I F T
95
Listening to Mauss and Choosing the Right Trail
95
Between the Explanation for Giving and the Explanation
for Reciprocating, a Hole in Mauss' Reasoning and
Two Theories that Come Down to One
98
Chapter 4 Women and Wealth in New Guinea
Pierre Lemonnier
103
Wealth on the Fringes of Sister-Exchange
110
Substitution and the Paradoxes of the Pursuit of
Parity
113
Segregation of Exchanges in Great-Men Societies and
in General
116
Chapter 5 The Spectacle of Things
A Melanesian Perspective on the Person and the Self
Stйphane Breton
123
Heads
124
Shells
133
The Missing Part
144
Chapter 6 The Other Side of the Gift: From Desire to Taboo
Representations of Exchange and OEdipal Symbolism
Among the Yafar, Papua New Guinea
Bernard Juillerat
157
Receiving Without Giving: Semen and Milk
160
Submitting to the Law in Order to Receive:
Gratification and Guilt
166
To Give/to Receive or Not to Receive:
The Exchange Contract
169
vin
Contents
To Exchange/Not to Exchange Between Humans
175
Mother's Gift, Father's Gift
178
Chapter 7 To Help and To "Hold"
Forms of Cooperation Among the Sulka, New Britain
Monique Jeudy-Ballini
185
"Following Roads"
186
"Fighting" and "Going to Die"
189
Group Composition
191
The Rules of Solidarity
194
The Food Prohibition
194
The Art of Consultation
197
Redistribution
199
Marriage Prohibitions
201
The Ways of the Cassowary
202
Incest Through Food
203
One Form of Non-voluntary Cooperation
206
Chapter 8 Copy Rights for Objects of Worship, Land Tenure
and Filiation in New Ireland
Brigitte Derlon
211
Copy Rights and Control of the Malanggan
214
land rights: Use and Control
221
Systematic Equivalencies
226
Matriliny, Paternal Filiation and Dualism
230
Chapter 9 Australian Aboriginal ritual objects
Or How to Represent the Unrepresentable
Marika Moisseeff
239
A Historical Object
242
A Discursive Object
246
A Relational Object
249
At Once Artifact and Concept
254
A Self-referential Artifact
256
Are Tjurunga Exemplary Ritual Objects?
260
Chapter 10 Culture Cult
Ritual Circulation of Inalienable Objects and Appropriation
of cultural knowledge (Northwest and Central Australia)
Barbara Glowczewski
265
Contents
ix
Cultural Property, Inalienable Objects and Knowledge
267
Traveling Cults, History and Secrecy
270
The Bugarrigarra Nyurdany Culture Centre in Broome
278
What is Aboriginal culture for You?
279
What Does an Aboriginal Culture Center Mean to You?
280
What Should the Center Do to Support Language and
Culture in THE COMMUNITY?
281
Who Should be the Main People Involved with the
Aboriginal Culture Centre?
282
The Virtual Circulation of Non-Alienable Objects:
Giving-Without-Loosing
283
Chapter 11 Time, Objects and Identities
The Destiny of Kanak Art
Alban Bensa
289
History of a Collection
289
The Long Night of Kanak Objects
290
The Reversal of the Situation
292
Present-day Kanak Culture
294
Objects in Time
296
An Invisible Heritage
297
"Contemporary Art is Universal"
301
Histories of Identities
306
Bibliography
311
The Authors
339
Summaries
343
Index of Personal Names
349
Index of Proper names
353
Subject Index
357

M Jeudy

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