the Seedhead News, C Khoury

Tags: Mexico, Native Seeds/SEARCH, peas, Arizona, lentils, New Mexico, conservation, Sam Johnson, Anne Lawrence, Robert Martin, Cara Keller Sally, Gabriella Smith, Mary Sarvak, Retail Assistant, Jane Evans, Ed Hacskaylo, Bill Roe, Mahina Drees, Cassandra Johnson, Holdsworth Michael Mustacci Matts Myhrman, Floyd Miller Richard, Robert Sanderson Paul C. Barringer Ron, Nash Paul Icenogle Jay Newburgh Barry Infuso Gary, William E. Horst Keiko Imaoka, Pam Golden Tapahonso Richard Stout Members Rose A. Bierce, Barbara O'Neill Jane E. Fischer, James B., Russ Stephens Ross Zimmerman, Ruth E. Shetron Richard, Steve Bosse Michael, Richard Smith Kathy D. Smith J. Vincent Smith, Marla Rudd Hazel Rugg Ross Zimmerman, Richard W. Smith, Suzanne Swetnam Cherry Talbott Mildred Talboy Gilbert W. Templeton Tom, Ross Johnson, Linda Shipley Tom, Peggy Brockamp Arnold Hector Campoy, Alice Roe Camille Weiss Betsy Armstrong David Engel Pierre Landau, John Boyer, Cynthia Jim, Steve Johnson, Rob Johnston, Brian McLaughlin John, Lucy Daley Nancy Davis Eli Dayton Georgina Maldonado Phyllis, John Whitson, Nancy Laney, Laurie Thompson David Tiers, Steve Marshall Chrostowski Ronilee A. Clark, Linda Powers Edwin Joseph Marcia Kaufmann, Lori McQuinn David Silverberg, Liebman Jessica B. Smith Chile, Jerry Keller, Robert Peters, John Windham Aylward, David Klein, Dick Evans Stuart, Suzanne Swetnam Winslett Larry M., Charline Watts B. A., Elizabeth S. Maynard Suzanne Seay, Judy Beal Christina Gibbs Tom, Therese Valdene Daniel, Nora R. Stark Bob, Susan Tweit, Cecilia Castaneda James, Marcey Olajos Stuart Jacobson Fritz, Pat Vivian Kay, Sally Greenleaf Larry, Eb Eberlein Robert, Kit Schweitzer Alex, Dennis Schmidt, Luci Lois Steele, Bender Susan Gilliland Max Gillmor Beth Godfrey Natalie Goethals Rosalie Gold, Richard Cabe Ruth, E. Shoor Edna, Dave Weigel David Silverberg, Barbara Varner, Richard Kornmeyer Louise M. Cudzilo Dilki Da Costa Richard H., Trish London Marie Salter Diane Barrett Mary, Glenda Zahner Ed Manning Robert Martin, Mary Leonard Cynthia, George Scharf Gwinn, Greg Smith, Bob Menard Paul K., Elizabeth Winston John Wirth, Susan McDonald, Louellyn Kathy McQuown Christina, Glory Joseph Cleveland Baila, Katie Gannon Grace Cappelletti Martha J. Egan Neva, Herman Quiroga Joe Kelly B. Radwan-Kuzelewski, David Klein Carole Knapp Delight, Susan Tomlinson Robert B. Jones Robert Sanderson Marie, Charles Corfield Beverley C. Allan Jean Couston Mike, Bill Lillis, Quentin Lewton Charles M. Pettis Andy Robinson, Judy Knox Diana Kennedy Dariine, William Burning Sky Hector Campoy, Barney Burns Georgina Maldonado Diana Hadley, Robert Peter Lawson, Beal Michael Mayer C. Diane Bell Michael, Kathleen Rosskopf Gail, John Waldron A. Ahlstrom Frank, Alice Roth Heidi C. Schlitt, Betty Bordenave Georgiana T., crop varieties, Marian Weaver Waterman Priscilla, Bill Hartmann, Jerorne Alpin Charlotte Finley Fritz, Conservation Farm, tepary bean leaves, Bob Menard Matts Myhrman, Tohono O'odham Community College, Bill Fowler, Development Assistant, Volunteer Coordinator, Mahina, Janos Wilder, board meeting, News & Notes, Board Secretary, tepary bean, bean leaves, Richard Kornrneyer Mahina Drees, Lynnet Bannion Nancy Kelly Maria Bartelt Suzy, Nancy Carol Schatt Laurel Wilkening, Bill Robinson, seed collections, Cultural Memory Bank, Jonathan Schorsch Nancy H., Roger Schuelke Roland H. Pesch, Kathleen A. Rosskopf, Cynthia Rubiner Gail D. Tierney Carol Toben, John Shannon Scott, Lucile Burkholder Jolie A. Sibert Michael, C. Paige Barbara Rose, Heather Chase Mary Ann Clark Doug Biggers, Johnson Jeff Rogers, Joann Meyer Kathleen Heitzmann Barbara, Linda Susan, Rayna Green Charles E. McKittrick, Kathleen Williams, Silverbell Tom, Mark Shellaway Greg Watson Stephen G., Janet Swanson, Jack Stewart Richard Stout Annette Sutera Janet Swanson, John Marion DeGrazia Charo Diaz Mueller Mary Hope Dillon H. Stewart, John Jeavons, Barbara Jones Nelson Jones, Alison Wilson Mary F. Bartol Wayne Yehling A. Thomas, Barranca del Cobre, black bean, Linda McKittrick Roland H. Pesch, Barbara Eshbaugh Jane Evans, Charo Diaz Shaun Case Betsy Dokken, John Boyer Jim Burke, Janos Restaurant Arlene Martinez Phyllis, William Ferrell Gena Fleming Elizabeth McDonald Betsy, Bill Ring, southwestern United States, Fava beans, Cudzilo Randy Aronson Doug Biggers, Gayle Jandrey Bonnie Angelie Sidney, William E. Horst, Phyllis Hogan, Jr. Robert John Jones Coby Jordan
Content: Number 75
Winter Solstice 2001
the Seedhead News
Old World Crops Meet New World Needs by Colin Khoury, Field Assistant
Imagine heading into the southwestern United States just as it was acquired by the U.S. government through the Mexican War of 1846-48. You are a recent
The seedbank at Native Seeds/SEARCH maintains samples of over 50 different crops traditionally culti vated by peoples of the southwestern United States and
European immigrant, full of wonder at the sight of this
northwestern Mexico. Most of these plants have been
new country. As you travel west along the Gila River, entering the croplands of the Pima, your mind races
in the care of inhabit:tnts of this region since before recorded history, yet a portion-crops such as wheat,
with confusion at the sight
melons, sorghum, okra, basil,
before you- fields of
cowpeas, garbanzos, lentils, peas,
wheat and peas- the
and favas-are relative newcomers,
very crops that you were raised on! Your eyes swell
introduced through European contact only in the last 400 years.
with tears at the memories
of home induced by this
Of all the aspects of "civilized"
exotic arid land.
society the Spanish padres hoped to
introduce to the Indigenous Peoples
Many food plants native to
of the American Southwest and
the Americas, such as
northern Mexico, new foods may
corn, tomatoes, and
have been met with the least
potatoes, were brought to
resistance. The corn, beans, and
Europe during and follow
squash the padres encountered in
ing the "Columbian
the region were imports from
exchange." These crops
further south hundreds to thousands
were quickly adopted into
of years prior; similarly, the Span
the diets of the old COUll-
iards' foods were generally adopted
tries, even to the point where people forgot that
Fava beans, one of the many legumes to find a home in the Americas
and utilized.
these plants had not always been part of the everyday European foods resembled native foods but added new
fare-corn in Italy, for example. But before seeing
tastes, textures, and sources of nutrition. W heat was
these fields, you were unaware that crops had moved
similar to panic grass, yet with larger seeds, good for
so successfully in the other direction-Old World to
grinding and cooking to porridges and breads. Water-
New. How did these crops make their way to the
melon grew like the squashes eaten during the fall, yet
desert, more than two thousand miles from the Atlantic was full of sweet, pure water like the fruits of the
Ocean? Looking down the arroyo toward the remains
cactus. Cowpeas evoked common beans but could
of an early mission, you might be observant enough to
produce in the heat of the subtropical lowlands.
find your answer.
Continued on page 2
Native Seeds/SEARCH, Tucson, AZ
ISSN 1083-8074/Single issue price $2.00
Old World New World continuedfrom page 1
The most important contribution of Old World crops
companion of wheat and barley in traditional Mediterra
may have been increased food security. Coming from
nean agriculture. The small tasty seeds are now culti
the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Region, wheat
vated in subtropical and warm temperate regions of the
and a number of legumes were adapted to cultivation
world, as well as at high altitude in the tropics. Dry seed
during the WINTER AND SPRING months. In the American
is cooked to dhal (a thick porridge) or ground into flour,
Southwest and northwestern Mexico, this time of year
and immature pods are eaten like green beans.
was not generally utilized for crop production. W heat,
as well as peas, favas, lentils, and garbanzos, thus
Native Seeds/SEARCH maintains three accessions of
became very important to the success of year-round
lentils. Lentils in the collection from the Tarahumara
food production. Garbanzos, Cicer arietinum, are thought to have been domesti
region of Chihuahua and Taos Pueblo of New Mexico are known by their Spanish name, lentejas. The remain ing NS/S accession is from the Tohono 0' odham reservation in Arizona,
cated in the Middle East and
where lentils are cultivated as a spring
subsequently spread to India and
crop and harvested in May.
Ethiopia. The earliest fossil evidence of domesticated garban
Peas, Pisum sativum, are believed to
zos (also called chickpeas) comes from Turkey, dating to 5450 Be.
have been domesticated in the Near East/Mediterranean region. Centers of
Chickpea seeds are eaten fresh,
diversity are now found in Ethiopia
cooked like dry beans, or
and Central Asia, as well as in the
sprouted, and the green pods as well as the tender leaves are consumed as a vegetable. In l6th_
Mediterranean. Earliest fossil evidence of pea cultivation dates to 7000 Be, both in the Near East and Switzerland.
century Europe, garbanzos were
After transporting them across the
considered an aphrodisiac. Lentils were thought to have the opposite effect, and thus were included in the diet in monaster ies on meatless days.
Trellised peas growing at the Conservation Farm
Atlantic, Columbus planted peas in 1493 in his garden on Isabella Island. The Hopi cultivated Pisum at least as early as 19 18.
Peas are now grown worldwide in cool temperate
Around that same time, the Spanish and Portuguese
countries, at high altitudes in the tropics, and as a winter
carried garbanzos (the Spanish name) to South and
crop in hot regions. The seeds of peas are eaten shelled
Central America, especially into Mexico. Garbanzos were grown in Arizona at least as early as 1908. Chickpeas are now cultivated throughout the temperate world, and in the Americas they remain important in
(still green) as well as cooked like dry beans, and in certain varieties the whole shell and even the leaves are consumed. Native Seeds/SEARCH maintains 27 accessions of Pisum sativum from Arizona, New
Mexico, Argentina, Chile, and Peru. The NS/S
Mexico, and Colorado, as well as Chihuahua and
seedbank maintains six accessions of garbanzo, ranging from Chihuahua and Sonora to Texas and New Mexico. Chickpeas are a fall crop for the Tarahumara, and are
Sonora. Collection records from reservations in New Mexico, where peas are called arvejon, arvejas, or alverjones, mention boiling the dry seeds to a porridge,
dry farmed in the winter months in lowland Sonora. Lentils, Lens culinaris, along with wheat, barley, flax,
or eating the peas like common beans, with pork. The Tarahumara call the peas chicharros and prepare them both green and cooked from dry seed. From highland
and peas, are associated with the earliest agriculture in
regions such as northern New Mexico to the lowland
the Mediterranean and Middle East. The proposed wild deserts of Arizona, peas are a typical spring crop,
progenitor of lentils is native to Turkey, Syria, Israel,
harvested in late spring/early summer.
Iraq, and Iran, and fossil evidence for a domesticated lentil dates to 7000 Be. Lentils are the characteristic
Old World New World continued on page 3
Thank You
Arizona Community Foundation Community Foundation for Southern Arizona Compton Foundation CS Fund
Supporters October 1, 2000 through
Environmental Support Center Finnova Capital Corporation
September 30,2001
Harris Foundation
Lawson Valentine Foundation
Norcross Foundation
Patagonia, Inc.
Quinney Foundation
Solidago Foundation
Southwestern Foundation
Steve C. Leuthold Family Foundation
Stocker Foundation
Wallace Research Foundation
Western SARE
(See pages 8 & 9 for individual donors)
In-Kind Donors Ace Hardware of Sonoita AZ Party Rental Betts Printing Dave Bilgray Brooklyn Pizza Callaghan V ineyards Brian Clymer Dean Davis Barbara Goldman Edward Hacskaylo Duncan Hudson Janos Restaurant James Johnson Bob Klepinger Ann Lawrence Magpies Gourmet Pizza Joan Ridder Roberts, Ludwig & Roberts Linda Wallace-Gray Water Street Station, Grant & Country Club
Old World New World continuedfrom page 3 Fava beans (Vida faba), also called broad beans, horse beans, field beans, and European beans, as well as fabas or havas in Spanish, were also domesticated in the Near EastlMediterranean region and quickly spread as far as Northern Europe, India, Ethiopia, and Spain, probably because of their large seed size and high protein content (a characteristic of the bean family). Favas were important both in food and politics in the ancient cultures of the Mediterranean-Plutarch's dictum "abstain from beans" meant to keep out of Greek politics, as favas were used as voting tokens during elections. Favas were brought to Mexico and South America by the Spaniards. They are now impor tant worldwide in temperate zones and high altitude subtropics. Favas are also one of the principal commer cial sources of L-DOPA, the chemical neurotransmitter used today as a pharmaceutical in the treatment of Parkinson's Disease. Native Seeds/SEARCH maintains 2 1 accessions of favas from Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Chihuahua, as well as one purple-seeded variety from Guatemala. According to the Espanola, New Mexico accession, favas are either cooked like dry beans, or dry roasted and eaten with or without salt. Favas are a winter/spring crop throughout their range, although at high elevations such as in the Sierra Madre, they may also be grown as a summer crop.
Old World legumes such as garbanzos, lentils, peas, and favas added variety to diets relying on New World beans (Phaseolus spp.). Especially in the lowlands of the southwestern U.S. and northwestern Mexico, these crops produce in periods of the year when beans do not grow, strengthening year-round food security. Native Seeds/SEARCH maintains these "non-native" crops because they have been grown by inhabitants of the southwestern U.S. and northern Mexico for hundreds of years. Old World pulses, not to mention wheat, sor ghum, okra, basil, and melons, have become regionally adapted to the stresses of heat and drought in our arid environment, and have become an important part of diet and culture in many native communities. At fall, winter, and early spring planting time in our region, we fill our gardens with many of these Old World foods. References: Ashworth, Suzanne. 1991. Seed to Seed.Seed Saver's Publications, Decorah, Iowa. Duke, James A. 1981. Handbook of Legumes of World Economic Importance. Plenum Press, New York. Rupp, Rebecca. 1987. Blue Corn and Square Toma toes. Storey Communications, Pownal, Vermont. Simmonds, N. W., editor. 1976. Evolution of Crop Plants. Longman Group Limited, London. W hiting, Alfred F. 1939. Ethnobotany of the Hopi. Bulletin 15, Museum of Northern Arizona, Flagstaff. Yanovsky, Elias. 1936. Food Plants of the North American Indians. USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. 237, Washington DC.
Suzanne Nelson, Director of Conservation, and 20 other NS/S members traveled to Oaxaca with Baja s Frontier Tours in November. They were joined by chef and NS/S board member Janos Wilder for a culinary and cultural adventure. Thanks to these happy travelers and tour organizers, Piet Van de Mark and Mary Erikson, NS/S received a $10, 000 donation. Sit back and enjoy an armchair visit to Oaxaca-it will certainly make you hungry and may inspire you to join Piet and Mary next year. A Taste of
other suggestion of its naming. The Aztec settlement that existed before the Spanish arrived was called Huaxyacac (wha-he-ah-cock), which means "in the nose of the squash" (at least according to one source). What makes this so intriguing is that Oaxaca is thought to be the center of origin for domesticated squash, at least for some species.That is, the domestication of wild squash species may have occurred in or near present-day Oaxaca. Recently, archaeologists have discovered squash seeds nearby that date to nearly 10,000 years ago! That would make squash among the first domesticated crops!
Once the tour started, our days were filled with
wonderful trips within and around the city: the
I arrived in Oaxaca late in
houses/workshops of local artisans; Zapotec
the afternoon, nearly a
ruins, including the ancient Zapotec capital of
week before the rest of
Monte Alban; mezcal breweries; and the reno
the group. After checking
vated Santo Domingo complex, including the
into the hotel, I headed
lavishly ornamented Santo Domingo church and
straight to the zocolo
Capilla de la Virgen Del Rosario (Rosary Chapel),
(town square), to get my
the Museum of Oaxacan Cultures housed within
bearings and figure out
the restored Dominican monastery and the
where to start my
Ethnobotanical Garden occupying the old monas
journey. After having
tery grounds. The entire complex is so magnifi
succumbed to a typical
cently restored and interpreted that it is a must
American-style meal in
see when in Oaxaca. We explored the markets in
the airport in Mexico City, I needed to see how
Making torillas the traditional way.
Oaxaca and nearby villages, awed by the vivid tapestry of foods, housewares, clothing, leather
close I could come to the
goods, fabrics, folk art, baskets, seeds, hats,
region's famous moles. "Mole" comes from the Nahuatl hammocks, flowers and animals being bought and sold
word molli, meaning mixture or concoction. Under the
from under a plethora of brightly colored plastic awnings.
majestic fig trees filling the entire zocolo with cool air
And we sampled the local cuisine.
filtered through dappled sun, I had the first of what would be many "holy mole" meals. Spying the bowls of hot chocolate most of the other patrons at the sidewalk cafe were sipping, I ordered chocolate de leche (hot chocolate)-hot chocolate can be made with either milk or water (ordered as simply "chocolate"). While the mole was decidedly good, the hot chocolate was like manna from heaven-warm, frothing with foam on top, with a hint of cinnamon and possibly even vanilla (though my taste buds could have been so completely overwhelmed at this point that they were hallucinating)! As tradition had it, hot chocolate was to be drunk from a bowl, not a cup! I could only hope I looked as good as everyone else with my chocolate milk mustache! Oaxaca is believed to be named after the guaje (Leuceana spp.), a leguminous tree that occurs through out the region. Guaje pods and seeds are eaten green and are readily available in the markets. Although guaje trees are abundant in Oaxaca and so the derivation of its name
Oaxaca is famous for a number of culinary delights: moles, chapulines (grasshoppers), tlayudas (large, crisp tortillas considered to be good traveling food), and quesillo (Oaxacan string cheese). There are seven traditional moles. Mole negro, the king of moles, is made with chocolate and a diversity of chiles-chihuacle negro, gaujillo, mulato, chipotle negro and pasilla Mexicano. Rojo and coloradito are both red moles, varying mostly in which chiles they each use and therefore how spicy each is. Rojo is the spicier version. Coloradito is the only mole besides negro that includes chocolate. Mole amarillo gets its name from the amarillo chiles used in its sauce. It's a less fiery mole, thus making it the mole of choice for young children, especially during the Dia de los Muertos (Day of the Dead) ceremo nies in Oaxaca. Manchamanteles ("tablecloth stainers") is a sweeter mole and includes plantain (or banana) and pine apple. Chichilo mole is unique in that the chile seeds are placed onto a tortilla and the whole kit and kaboodle is torched! When the oils in the seeds have completely
from this tree seems plausible, there exists at least one
continued on page 5
Tohono O'odham Community Action
Last summer, NS/S intern Shannon ONeill visited three organizations in Southern Arizona whose efforts NS/S supports. The following is the first in a three-part series in which Shannon describes her adventures.
I first went to Sells on the Tohono
educates children and others about
O'odham Reservation to speak with diabetes prevention, and promotes
people at TOCA-Tohono O'odham crafts such as basket making and
Community Action. TOCA started in 1998 when several people in Sells
participation in ceremonies.
began collaborating to support
The struggle to combat diabetes
traditional crafts such as basket
through return to traditional diet is
making, and also to address commu not one that will likely end soon.
nity health problems. TOCA focuses Towards this goal TOCA has orga
on nutrition and diabetes and on
nized a small community garden.
encouraging gardening and farming The organization has plans to start a
of tradi
farm next year to
cultivate native
foods. The
foods on a larger
most basic
scale. The land has
goal of
already been pur
TOCA is to
chased, and plans
are underway to
begin growing out
crops by next
summer. TOCA
plans to distribute
contribute to commu
Tohono O'odham Juanita Ahil harvesting cholla buds.
produce grown on the farm hand-in-
nity well-being. TOCA helps elderly
hand with information about prepar
people who need help with chores,
ing traditional foods and nutrition.
TOCA's project is just another link connecting traditional farming, traditional foods, and healthy lifestyles. Native Seeds!SEARCH has provided seed to TOCA for garden use and for distribution to local growers. The two organizations have also collaboratively hosted workshops. People I spoke with from TOCA mentioned that the greatest thing that NS!S can do is to continue to preserve, propagate, and distribute seed. TOCA is about to take a big step-one that NS!S took recently by starting their own farm. We wish them great success and look forward to swapping farm stories in the future. For more information on TOCA and its projects call 520-383-4966.
Oaxaca, continuedfrom page 4 burned, the crispy blackened mass is ground and added to the mole. Chichilo is also made with pork rather than chicken or turkey. Mole verde is made with a variety of green herbs and chiles. Over the five days of the tour, our meals consisted of moles (negro, manchamanteles, and chichilo), picadillo-stuffed rellenos covered in pecan sauce topped with pomegran ates (if you've read Like Water for Chocolate you'll be glad to know the chef wasn't crying when he made it!), fresh salmon, vegetable lasagna with huitlacoche (com smut), tasajo (thinly cut beef), chapulines (the small ones reportedly don't get
caught between your teeth! ), squash! bread pudding smothered in a rum like sauce made with coffee-flavored mezcal and topped with hand whipped cream (this was the most wonderful dish! ), nopal and shrimp egg-drop soup, sopa de quias (soup made with the flowers and tender young leaves of squash), quesillo and squash-flower quesadillas, memelitas (thicker, soft tortillas with beans and farmer's cheese spread on top), and barbecued lamb served with warmed mezcal! It was a culinary experience to be sure! As well known for its folkart as for its mole, Oaxaca is a collectors paradise! We were implored to buy pottery made from natural black clay, hand-carved animals painted in vivid
tempura paints (alebrijes), clay figures, stamped and colored tin work, hand-woven rebozos (shawls) and tapetes (wool rugs). We all did our best to infuse the local econo mies with financial resources and most succeeded quite handsomely! But then, we'd been forewarned and brought trunks or extra duffle bags for this exact purpose. Of course, the diversity of beans, squash seeds, herbs and dried chiles in the markets that lured folks like Janos and me posed little challenge to our packing skills! (Keep an eye out for seeds of a few Oaxacan crops such as "chile de agua" or "tamala" squash seeds in future NS!S catalogs! ) In the meantime, buen provecho (bon appetite)! 5
Conservation Farm Harvest Report
Every year, thoughts of what the upcoming season will bring fill our minds both with visions of grandeur and worry. After a close call with grasshoppers last year, we had prepared ourselves for the worst. Luckily, this season brought an over whelming abundance of healthy, viable seeds both for long-term storage in the seed bank and for distribution to gardeners and farmers through our retail store, mail-order catalog, and free seed program to Native Americans. This year, we planted and harvested nearly 150 accessions of common bean, tepary, chile, com, squash, gourd, melon and watermelon, chia/ conivari, scarlet runner, and tobacco. What makes it such an extraordinary accomplishment this year-besides doubling the number of accessions grown and har vested-is the quantity of seed harvested. Much of what was grown this year will likely be offered in the 2002 Seedlisting. Here's a smattering of what went on at the Conservation Farm this past season: · Everyone pitched in to help get everything planted, weeded, and harvested-thanks to all those hearty volunteers, garden groups, and our summer interns! · We grew (and harvested) 59 different accessions of chiles, discovering they come in all sizes, shapes and spiciness! The chiles were sown in the greenhouse March 30 and transplanted into the field May 28. The first chile to flower (Velarde) actually did so in the greenhouse on May 24, before we got it into the ground. The last chile to flower-not until August 4---was Datil, from st. Augustine, Florida. Chile fruits ranged in color from orange to red, dark red, and chocolate brown. Some were short and fat while others were rail thin. Chiles collected in Cumpas, Sonora had the largest fruit, measuring just over 17 cm (6.7 in) in length. In contrast, the smallest fruit, Coban, was only 2 cm (0.8 in) long. One accession, collected in the Yucatan, turned out to be a sweet pepper! · The oldest accessions grown this year were tepary beans-as old as 25 years in some cases! Of the 27 accessions planted, only 2 failed to germinate (and these weren't among the oldest!). The first teparies to be harvested (starting mid-September) were from the Tohono O'odham and Gila River reservations. The last teparies to be harvested were both from Hopi land and weren't harvested until late October/early November. 6
· We planted 46 different common beans this year, including ojo de cabra, azufrado, vayo, amarillo, black, red and pinto colored beans. Of these, only 5 didn't germinate. A black bean from Guadalupe y Calvo in southern Chihuahua was both the first and last to flower. We discovered that this particular accession actually consisted of two distinct genotypes-an early-flowering bush bean AND a late-flowering climbing bean! Only 3 accessions appeared to be bush-types. All the others were climbers. An azufrado from the Barranca del Cobre in Mexico and a vayo blanco from Durango were among the most vigorous climbers, completely engulfing the 6- ft-tall by 30-ft-Iong trellises. And who knew bean leaves could be so different? Some were small like tepary bean leaves while one accession had leaves nearly the size of a salad plate! Some leaves were hairy, others not; some had purple veins and stems, others didn't.
· Weedy mustard is a host plant for false-chinch bug. These little suckers (literally, because they are xylem sucking insects) were a big nuisance for us this year, threatening the chile, bean, and tepary bean growouts early in the season. Luckily, Bill didn't mind life behind goggles as he spent many hours and days spraying Pyrethrum on the fields. Though a heroic effort on his part, we hope to avoid the problem in the future by keeping the mustards mowed.
· While digging holes for perk tests (yes, the bam is actually going to be built!), we discov ered that our alluvial topsoil extends down at least 15 feet!
One of 41 different bean varieties
· Turkeys are excellent foragers and are also very entertaining. They would also likely be quite tasty! Fortunately for the turkeys, they are being spared in order to raise more turkeys next year.
We invite you to start thinking now about volunteering at the farm in 2002. We 'U need your help starting in the late spring. Thank you again to our 2001 volunteers.
Dear Friends:
What an incredible year of conserva tion! Thanks to your support and everybody's hard work, we have successfully harvested seed from some 150 rare and locally-endan gered native crop varieties (see farm story to the left). This is an unprec edented achievement for NS/S and represents a doubling of previous years' regeneration successes!
Much of this seed will be available
to you and gardeners worldwide in our 2002 Seedlisting. Through our
Tribal Crop Growout Project, we
will be returning seed to Native
American communities for commu
nity-garden and farming projects. In
addition to growing fresh seed at our
Conservation Farm, we continue our
Sierra Madre land reclamation and
food produc-
tion project
among the
of northwest
Mexico, and
our diabetes
and nutri
information program. We
Diversity at work!
are still maintaining the Cultural
Memory Bank to document the
ethnobotanical and cultural history
of seedbank crops. Together with
other conservation and farming
organizations, Native American
communities, and government
natural resource agencies in the U.S.
and Mexico, Native Seeds/SEARCH
staff and board are exploring new
collaborations to conserve the
rapidly vanishing and unique
agricultural legacy of the diverse
cultures and ecosystems of the
greater Southwest.
Our unprecedented conservation successes in 200 1 have been
matched by strong growth in mem bership, donations, sale of seeds and craft, as well as by support from our growing base of dedicated volun teers. While we have yet to complete our fiscal year 2001 audit, we anticipate that we have remained well within our budget. A summary of our audited financials will appear in the Spring 2002 Seedhead News. With the downturn in the economy and with our ever-pressing need to regenerate our aging seed collections before their viability is lost (espe cially our 345 com varieties)-now more than ever, we need everybody's support throughout 2002. Through vision and lots of roll-up-our-sleeves hard work, we have just completed our most successful conservation and fiscal year ever. The realization of our critical goal to completely regenerate our most aged seed collections is just around the comer. Through your support we can fully restore our seedbank within two years, and then we'll be ready and able to take on ever more important on-farmlin-community projects at a whole new scale of conservation. I recently told some folks that I've been carrying around a variety of seeds in my pocket ever since I got word this time last year that I'd be joining NS/S. Purple, red, yellow, and silver seeds have been nestling in the little change-pocket in my jeans ever since, even as I inevitably find myself reaching for them throughout any given day, rolling them between my thumb and index finger for inspiration, wisdom, and guidance. As a child, I couldn't wait to get what I called "big-boy pants," the kind that have this special little change pocket in the upper-left comer of the right-hand pocket. And once I got my first pair, I always hoped to keep that little pocket filled
with-besides an occasional lucky penny found on the ground-a dime or two for that rare treat of a schoolyard ice-cream bar, or a just pulled tooth waiting to go under my pillow that night for the arrival of the tooth-fairy, or notes of affection from the odd girl (decidedly odd if they actually found me interesting; one of whom actually asked me to marry her years later). And so, I have spent years keeping talismans and symbols of everyday hope and promise and joy in the little pocket of my big-boy pants. And each of these "seeds" of promise have borne fruit in surpris ingly unforeseen, wonderful, and abundant ways, as did our seeds at our farm this year. During these uncertain and anxious times, it's important for all of us to reach into our little pockets of hope, to celebrate everyday joys, and to recognize that together we can, as diverse people, fulfill our sacred duties to our relationships, communi ties, and to the earth. Thank you for helping us to conserve and celebrate diversity and for making Native Seeds/SEARCH one of those little pockets of hope in an often uncer tain, divisive world! Michael McDonald Executive Director 7
Thanks to All Our Friends Native Seeds/SEARCH thanks you for your generous support. T he following donations and membership contributions were received between October 1, 2000 and September 30, 2001. Due to space limitations we are unable to list the thousands of supporters who make very much appreciated contributions under $100.
Phyllis Hogan
Dr. & Mrs. William E. Horst
$1000 and Above Rose A. Bierce
Suzanne & Todd Horst Pam Hyde-Nakai & R. Carlos
Phoebe S. de Reynier & Larry Fleming
Nakai Julie & Richard Kornrneyer
Mahina Drees & Barney Burns Georgina Maldonado
Diana Hadley & Peter Warshall The Chester Hursch Estate Janos Restaurant
Arlene Martinez Phyllis & Bob Menard Matts Myhrman & Judy
Diana Kennedy Dariine & Ted Martin
Beth Naylor Nancy Parezo & Richard
Alice & Linda McKittrick Roland H. Pesch & Kathleen Rosskopf Gail & Jonathan Schorsch Nancy H. & John Waldron
Ahlstrom Frank & Donna Patania Michael & Linda Powers Jim & Alice Roth Heidi C. Schlitt & Robert
Peter Lawson & Anne Wilson
Nan Steiner
Wes & Alison Wilson
Mary F. Bartol
Wayne Yehling
A. Thomas & Cinda Cole Desert Diamond Casino Matha J Egan
$100-$249 Jane & Jerorne Alpin
Charlotte Finley Fritz & Gayle Jandrey
Bonnie Angelie Sidney & MaryAnn Arnold
Anne Johnson Dave & Trish Kukor
Lina K. Austin B & B Cactus Farm
D. Terence Langendoen &
Lynnet Bannion
Nancy Kelly
Maria Bartelt
Suzy & Bill Lillis
Deron Beal
Michael Mayer
C. Diane Bell
Michael & DeAnna McDonald Cynthia Bennett
Annie McGreevy & Quentin Lewton Charles M. Pettis Andy Robinson & Jan
Meg Berlin John & Betty Bordenave Georgiana T. & John Boyer Jim Burke & Marian Weaver
Waterman Priscilla & Bill Robinson
Joseph Cleveland Dean Cleverdon & Nancy
Carol Schatt Laurel Wilkening
Nyberg Baila & Tom Colglazier Laurel Cooper & John Gilkey
Charles Corfield
Beverley C. Allan
Jean Couston
Mike & Kathy Arnold
Louise M. Cudzilo
Randy Aronson Doug Biggers & Katie Gannon Jan Bowers & Steve McLaughlin
Shawn V. Cunningham Nancy T. Curriden Richard H. & Lucy Daley Lucy Del GiorgiO & William
Burning Sky Hector Campoy & Glory
Lockwood Lyle & Vera Dethlefsen
Charo Diaz
Shaun Case
Betsy Dokken
Mr. & Mrs. Melville Chapin Brian & Patty Clymer
Jerry Dunbar Robert H. & Mary Dunn
Sean Culliney William Doolittle Bette L. & Gerard Ervin Food Conspiracy Co-op
Ed Edwards Hardy & Barbara Eshbaugh Jane Evans & Gene Joseph Jane & Dick Evans
Don & Mima Falk Frances & Bob Farishon Amy & Mark Fatzinger
N.L. Marunich Lorraine Mason Katherine, T homas &
William Ferrell Gena Fleming
Elizabeth McDonald Betsy & Fred McGee
Georgia B. Flittner
Kathy Mcintyre
Chris Florence
Catherine J McNeill
Kay Fowler Dr. Peter & Mrs. Fay Franck Kate & Mark Frankel Ron Fridlind & Kathryn Riser Dr. Harold C. & Mrs. Miriam
Jeff Merkey Alex & Joann Meyer Christine Michalowski Dr. Richard Miller & Mardith Schuetz-
Dody Fugate
Miriam Moore
Kevin & Kelli Gaither-Banchoff Suzanne Nelson & Rob
Halbert & Margaret Gates
Natalie Goethals
Richard Noble, MD
Phil Gold
Remy O'Neill
Rosalie Gold
Cathy Overholt
Martin Goldberg Katherine Gould-Martin &
Robert Peters Renee Polan
Robert Martin
Herbert C. Puffer, Pacific
Sadie Hadley & Sage Goodwin
Western Traders
Heidi Harley & Art Torrance Ralph & Jean Quinsey
Gayle & Bill Hartmann
Bea & Herman Quiroga
Peter Heiden
Judith Reynolds
Kathleen Heitzmann George B. Herlihy Mrs. J B. Holdsworth Gary & Mary Irish Janet Jarnes
David G. Rich Janice Rickert-Mueller & John Mueller Joan Ridder Wendy & Bill Ring
Sunflower Guild Members Marshall Ashcraft Alice H. Brown Rayna Green Charles E. McKittrick, Jr. Sally Greenleaf Larry & Susan McDonald Dr. Edward Hacskaylo Col. James B. and Lucile Burkholder Jolie A. Sibert Michael & DeAnna McDonald Ken Beller & Heather Chase Mary Ann Clark Doug Biggers & Katie Gannon Grace Cappelletti Martha J. Egan Neva & Roger Schuelke Roland H. Pesch & Kathleen A. Rosskopf Anonymous Anonymous
John Jeavons, Ecology Action Lucia Robinson
Harry J Swafford
Jane & Sam Johnson
Cheryl Roe, Cerarnic Store, Inc. Janet Swanson & Linda
Susan & AI Johnson
Jeff Rogers
Stephen Johnston & C. Paige Barbara Rose, Silverbell
Tom & Suzanne Swetnam
Winslett Larry M. & Barbara Jones Nelson Jones & Peg
Trading H. Stewart Ross Cynthia Rubiner
Gail D. Tierney Carol Toben & Greg Smith Tohono Chul Park, Inc.
Hazel Rugg
Susan Tomlinson
Robert B. Jones
Robert Sanderson
Marie Tsaguris
Patricia S. Kaeser Mark & Kelli Kaib Pauline Kaplan Roger & Cara Keller Sally & Jerry Keller Charlie & Elen Kentnor
Pueblo of Sandia, Education T homas J & Jackie Tucker
Susan Tweit & Richard Cabe
Ruth & George Scharf
Gwinn & Pat Vivian
Kay & Paul Schulz
Linda Wallace-Gray & John
Shannon Scott & David Walker
Suzanne Seay
Katherine Waser
Clara Sue Kidwell Joan B. Kitchens David Klein Carole Knapp Delight & Timothy Lane Nancy Laney
Mark Shellaway
Greg Watson
Stephen G. & Ruth E. Shetron Richard & Charline Watts
B. A. & E. Shoor
Edna & Dave Weigel
David Silverberg & Louellyn Camille Weiss
White Norman B. & Gabriella Smith
Kathleen Williams Kathleen Williamson
Mrs. Eulah C. Laucks
Richard W. Smith
Nina M Woessner
Anne Lawrence
Kathy D. Smith
Kevin Wrigley
Ali Lindsey
Cynthia Soller
Waly Young
Robert Majors
Nora R. Stark
Bob & Glenda Zahner
Ed Manning Robert Martin & Luci
Lois Steele, MD Russ Stephens
Ross Zimmerman & Pam Golden
Richard Stout
Rose A. Bierce Joel Birkeland
Edith Greene Jim & Loma Griffith
Molly M McGinnis John McLean
Kim Allan Seifert Mark Shellaway
Corn ($500) A. Thomas & Cinda Cole Ralph & Mary Dwan Jr. Ann F. Lennartz Alice McKittrick Linda McKittrick Charles M. Pettis
Mickie Bond Georgiana 1. & John Boyer Shirley Bray Susan Breckenridge Peter Bretting & Kim Lewers Dr. Joan E. Canfield Sarah Carrier Cecilia Castaneda
James & Linda Gungoll Patricia L Hageman Allan Haifley David Hall Mark Hammond Joan Hardy Heidi Harley & Art Torrance Nancy J. Hector
Scott McMullen & Cin-d Turner Lois Shelton
Donna McNamara
Stephen G. & Ruth E. Shetron
Mark & Lori McQuinn
David Silverberg & Louellyn
Kathy McQuown Christina & Douglas McVie
White Robert A Skelly
Jeff Merkey Laura C. Merrick & Matt
Andy Small Susan S. Small
Jessica B. Smith
Chile ($250) Mike & Kathy Arnold
Helen Chandler Mr. & Mrs. Melville Chapin Marshall Chapman
Randy Aronson Jan Bowers & Steve
Marshall Chrostowski Ronilee A. Clark & Brian
McLaughlin John & Peggy Brockamp
Hector Campoy & Glory
Joseph Cleveland Baila & Tom Colglazier
Tacheenie-Campoy Lucy Del Giorgio & William
Mr. & Mrs. John Cook Steve C. Cover
Lockwood Kate & LeRoy Ellison Dr. & Mrs. William E. Horst Keiko Imaoka & Rick Florez Julie & Richard Kornmeyer
Louise M. Cudzilo Dilki Da Costa Richard H. & Lucy Daley Nancy Davis Eli Dayton
Georgina Maldonado Phyllis & Bob Menard
Paul K. & Umrea Dayton III Estela V. De Jacome
Barbara O'Neill Jane E. Fischer & Clyde H.
Jane K. Dean Anthony 1. Dean
Karen Deaton & Andy Garst
Robert Peters Janice Rickert-Mueller & John
Marion DeGrazia Charo Diaz
Mary Hope Dillon
H. Stewart Ross Heidi C. Schlitt & Robert
Darryl & Mary Ann Dobras Kara Dohrenwend
Betsy Dokken
Sukey Wirshup
Joan Donnelly
Wayne Yehling
Cliff Douglas
Ann Hedlund & Kit Schweitzer Alex & Joann Meyer
Kathleen Heitzmann
Barbara & Floyd Miller
Richard & Helen Henderson Jill (Cynthia) Minar
James Henson
Matthew Miner
Barbara H. Henward Stan & Lily Heymann
Sharon Moore Miriam Moore
Ms. Nancy Butler Hochwald Susan Murchie
Mark Holcomb Mrs J. B. Holdsworth
Michael Mustacci Matts Myhrman & Judy Knox
Katherine I. Hyzy
Mrs. Lucia S. Nash
Paul Icenogle
Jay Newburgh
Barry Infuso Gary & Mary Irish
Anne Hughes O'Brien Marcey Olajos
Stuart Jacobson Fritz & Gayle Jandrey Darcy & Ross Johnson
Marcia L. Osborn Lydia R Paulsen Frederick Pavlich
Cynthia S Johnson
Cele Peterson
Steve Johnson Jane & Sam Johnson
Beatrice Pilaria Sparky & Terry Plassman
Rob Johnston, Jr. Robert John Jones Coby Jordan
William L. Pogue Patty Popp & Steve Bosse Michael & Linda Powers
Edwin Joseph Marcia Kaufmann & Scott
V. B. Price Annie Proulx
Hosfeld Roger & Cara Keller Sally & Jerry Keller
Herbert C. Puffer Ernesto Quiroga Bea & Herman Quiroga
Joe Kelly
B. Radwan-Kuzelewski
Norman B. & Gabriella Smith Richard Smith Kathy D. Smith J. Vincent Smith, DDS PS James Smyle & Joan Miller Janet Snowden Cynthia Soller Kay S. Soltesz, Ph.D, RD Claude Souquet Julia Spray Eve Sproule Nora R. Stark Jack Stewart Richard Stout Annette Sutera Janet Swanson & Linda Shipley Tom & Suzanne Swetnam Cherry Talbott Mildred Talboy Gilbert W. Templeton Tom & Laurie Thompson David Tiers & Sue Breems Jim Townsend T homas J. & Jackie Tucker Guy & Therese Valdene Daniel & Amber Vallotton Tim Van Loon
Bean ($100)
Barbara 1. Dregallo
Charlie & Elen Kentnor
Charlotte Rafetto
Barbara Varner
T homas H. Driscoll
Jane Kerr
Paul E Randall
Kathleen M. Varty
Shirley Allen
David & Sally Duncan
David Klein
Pat & Mimi Reid
Janet Vasilius
Carole Allen Jane & Jerome Alpin
Evelyn Duncan & Larry Hayden Carole Knapp
Ronald E Dunn
Charles D. Kober & Co. Inc.
David G. Rich Phil & Cathy Roberts
J Giles Waines Bettine K. Wallin
Ginny Ames
Bill & Rosy Edmonston
Ed Kohlhepp
Priscilla & Bill Robinson
David & Kay Walters
Brenda R. Armstrong
Nancy & Scott Ellis
Holly Lachowicz
Bill & Alice Roe
Camille Weiss
Betsy Armstrong
David Engel
Pierre Landau & Katta
Jeff Rogers
John Whitson
Joan Atkinson
Paul Erickson
Norma Roland
Kathleen Williamson
Jonathan AuBuchon
Jane & Dick Evans
Stuart & Debby Lane
Richard D Roll I
John Windham
Aylward Family Gary Bachman &
Larry Evers Basta Amy & Mark
Delight & Timothy Lane Nancy Lane-Lazarski
Barbara Rose Philip G. Rosenberg
Elizabeth Winston John Wirth
Billie Jane Bagaley Mark Bahti & Emmi
Dick Fisher Gena Fleming
Anne Lawrence Sam Leffler & Cynthia
Jim & Alice Roth Tom Rothe
Richard Wolff Joyce York
Mark Fleming
Mrs. A. Frank Rothschild
Mark Yoshino & Grace Hou
Michael Baltzly
Georgia B. Flittner
AI & Mary Leonard
Cynthia Rubiner
Waly Young
Leonard Banegas, Sr. Henrietta & Louis Barassi
Chris Florence Joseph & Patricia Frannea
Jack & Phoebe Lewis Hartman & K.T. Lomawaima
Mark & Marla Rudd Hazel Rugg
Ross Zimmerman & Pam Golden
Leslie Barclay
Mrs. Billy L. Gaunt
Trish London
Marie Salter
Diane Barrett
Mary & Michelle Gensman
Dennis Lubbs
Robert Sanderson
Paul C. Barringer Ron & Judy Beal
Christina Gibbs
Tom & Margie Beal Jennifer & Ayla Beigel/Marsden & Steve S. Marsden Dr. & Mrs. Roger J. Bender
Susan Gilliland Max Gillmor Beth Godfrey Natalie Goethals Rosalie Gold
Sherry Luna Lynne MacNeil Micheal Magnan N.L. Marunich Lorraine Mason Susan Masta & Jay Withgott
Dr. John & Dr. Helen Schaefer Dennis Schmidt G. Dennis Schmidt Alexander Schneider Eugene W. Schupp & Janis Boettinger
James B. Benedict Marlene & Ralph Bennett
Martin Goldberg
Michael Mayer
Lori Scott
Gwen Goodman & Eb Eberlein Robert & Elizabeth S. Maynard Suzanne Seay
We did our best to exclude any indi viduals who wish to remain anonymous. Please just let us know if we should tal{e out your name next time.
Meg Berlin
Dan Gordon
Kevin McBride
October, 2001 Hello all from Colin Khoury's Auntie Linda, I just sent my membership at the gourd level and look forward to holiday shopping online with Native Seeds/Search. I once received from Colin's mom one of these gift baskets. T he beans are long gone and I love the basket which is in daily use. I also love the image of the seed bank Colin painted with words for me. It's a comforting vision in these times of both great danger and great opportunity. In my peace group, we tell a transformation story about "imaginal cells." Inside the caterpillar are cells that serve no function to the daily life of the organism in that particular stage. Rather, they go about their own quiet business getting ready for what will come next. When the caterpillar goes into the chrysalis, the imaginal cells become active organizing the "goop" of the former caterpillar into the shape of the soon-to-be butterfly. Perhaps what's true at the cellular level is also true at the social level. Maybe we're ready to change. Maybe this trying time is the "goop" of our old industrial way. And maybe we can trust the imaginal cells to do the work of shaping a magnificent butterfly. Surely, NS/S is one of those imaginal cells. Deepest gratitude, Auntie Linda Dear Native Seeds/SEARCH, T hank you for your donation of seed and advice to the ACL To'Hajiilee Teen Center located on the Navajo Nation in New Mexico. Students from the community school and Teen Center staff prepared approximately 250 square feet of double dug raised beds. We planted many of the varieties you donated, and what we did not we gave to people in the community. During the initial planting and caring of the garden there was sporadic participation, and many of the beds went without needed nurturing. Once school let out in June there was a cohort of students responsible for the garden as a whole, and what was growing and had not been eaten by hungry herbivores, really took off. T he gourds grew incredibly well, as did the Lima beans and sunflowers. T he squash grew very well but bore only two small fruits, which were gobbled up by bunnies or other small furry quadrupeds. Needless to say, the students were in awe of the garden, we all learned, and look forward to the continued success in the future. Once again thank you for your support. David C. Fenn, Health Educator/ACL Teen Center
News & Notes At the September 29, 2001 board meeting, the torch was passed from co-founder Mahina Drees to our new Board Chair, longtime Board Secretary and faithful volunteer Ed Hacskaylo. NS/S owes an inestimable debt of gratitude to Mahina for her leadership since 1983. Mahina expressed her confidence in board, staff, and all that the future holds for NS/S, and her joy to be able to focus more of her time on the many other wonderful parts of her life. Watch for first-hand accounts of her NS/S adven tures in the spring 2002 newletter. Mahina remains on our Board. Thanks to two board members who have assumed new responsibilities. Jane Evans was elected Secretary, and Robert Martin was elected to the Executive Committee. Congratulations to Robert in his new role as President of Tohono O'odham community college! New NS/S Board members were elected at the Septem ber meeting. Bill Roe brings 25 years of unceasing dedication to conservation work in Southern Arizona and beyond. Bill and his wife, Alice, are valued supporters of The Nature Conservancy, Tucson Botanical Gardens, Audubon Society, ASDM and other groups. Janos Wilder has been a staunch supporter of Native Seeds/SEARCH for many years, including our food products and the value of our conservation mission in his work as one of the West's finest chefs. Board and staff look forward to working with Janos and Bill and learning from their wide experience. Roberta O'Key left our board to pursue other endeav ors, and we thank her for her participation and contribu tion to NS/S. ·························· Cassandra Johnson joins us as Retail Assistant in our store and has already lent her enormous creativity to the task-check out the new window display! Mary Sarvak now splits her time between NS/S and the Tucson Urban Garden Program where she is working with High School dropouts to set up community and backyard gardens. Mary reports the project to be challenging and fulfilling. On the NS/S side, she is still our Volunteer Coordinator. Call her at 622-5561, Mon day-Thursday, 2:00-5:30 p.m. if you are interested in volunteering with NS/S.
Board of Directors: Chair, Ed Hacskaylo; Vice Chair, Barney T. Burns; Secretary, Jane Evans; Treasurer, Don Falk; Mahina Drees; Dody Fugate, Phyllis Hogan, Robert Martin, Bill Roe, Janos Wilder
Native Seeds/SEARCH conserves, distributes and documents the adapted and diverse varieties of agricul tural seeds, their wild rela tives and the role these seeds play in cultures ofthe Ameri can Southwest and northwest Mexico.
Staff: Executive Director, Michael McDonald; Operations Coordinator, Todd Horst; Develop ment Director, Deron Beal; Director of Conservation & Seed Bank Curator, Suzanne Nelson; Distribution and Retail Manager, Julie Kommeyer; Farm Manager, Bill Fowler; Membership & Events Coordinator, Shannon Scott; Crop Curator, Amy Schwemm; Farm Worker, Brian McGinness; Field Assistant, Colin Khoury; Of f ice Brady; Volunteer Coordinator, Mary Sarvak; Bookkeeper, Molly Bianculli; Distribution Assistant, Betsy Armstrong; Development Assistant, Julie Kentnor; Retail Assistant, Cassandra Johnson; Retail Assistant, Marilyn Klepinger; Newsletter Editor, Brooke Gebow
The Seedhead News published quarterly by Native Seeds/SEARCH contents copyright 2001 ISSN 1083-8074
Mailing & Store Address: 526 N. 4th Avenue Tucson, Arizona 85705-8450
Phone (520) 622-5561
(520) 622-5591
website: ww.w
e-mail: [email protected]
4th Avenue Store Hours: Monday-Saturday 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Sunday, noon--4 p.m.
If}' VLOt too- Late;to- do-ycmr Mwpp Ctt NCJ.:twe; SeeiWSEA'RCH.. Ifyou; liNe; &v the;T Avec<;you; CCtҐ\I call; &v cv g-ift bctMve; Umi,ted; CGive a Gift Membership to Native Seeds/SEARCH D Gift D New member D Renewal D Squash ($25/year) D Gourd ($45/year) D Bean ($100/year) D Chile ($250/year) D Cor n ($500/year) D Sunflower Guild ($lOOO /year) D Native American outside Greater Southwest ($20) D Native American within Greater Southwest (free) Please list t ribal affiliation.____________ Outside the U.S., please add $10 to all levels. D Donation ($ ,) ___ D Check here if you do not want your name exchanged with other groups who share our view of the world. Name (s) _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ ___ __ Address_____________________ --- Cit y___State__Zip Email address__________________ Payment method: D check D money order credit card: D Visa D MasterCard D DiscoverlNovus Card No.__,_ Exp. / __ __ Signat ure___________________ 11
From yo ur Volunte e r Co ordin ator The 2 0 0 I "volunteer year" has been a great success! This year we initiated volunteer orientations, interviews, and networking with other non-profits. We have made many new friends and connected with longtime old friends. In these troubled times, staff and volunteers have found a peaceful sanctuary in working together to protect precious seeds. Our job is more important than ever, and we simply cannot get it done without the strength, positive energy, and support of our volunteers. Thanks again to all who support Native Seeds/SEARCH!
New Volunteer Orientation join us january 9 and 1 0 (a Wednesday and a Thurs day), starting at 9 a.m. on Wednesday, and at 1 0 a.m. on Thursday. Sessions last two hours, and we'll have a Welcome Potluck for all the new volunteers on Thursday after the orientation. This will be a great opportunity for new folks to m e et season ed veterans as well as staff. Volunteer Appreciation Fiesta Friday, February 15 from 6 to 8 p.m. All volun teers will b e receiving invitations for this event. Plan to come to the Sylvester House garden and seed bank to honor our wonde rful volunteers.
Frien ds, ark your calenda The annual n ative foods Flavors of the Desert will take place April 25 and 26. We 'll take reservations starting january 1 5. Call 622-556 1 to find out how to host a table. We look forward to
Tou r the Native Seed/SEARC H Seed Bank The Sylvester H ouse is overflowing with the 200 I harvest. We'd l i ke to invite you and your friends to spend an hour su rrounded by seeds. Last year we had so many interested folks that we had to add more tours! In 2002 we will conduct tours at 6 p.m. the first and third Thu rsday eveni ngs of each month th rough April, begi n n i ng January 1 7. Call Deron at 622-5 5 6 1 to schedule a tou r. Reserve early because space is l i m ited.
Native Seeds/SEARCH 526 N. 4th Avenue Tucson, Arizona 85705
Non-profit Org U.S. Postage PAID Tucson, AZ Permit #2 1 57

C Khoury

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Author: C Khoury
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